EDUCATIONAL DATA MINING (EDM

)
Dr. Dheeraj Mehrotra
(National Awardee)

PREFACE
The world of computing has generated the interest of learning much more than it was ever before. Thanks to the World Wide Web based scenario which makes it more as WWW- What Ever, When Ever, Where Ever, to the surprise of many. I am sure with this little introduction of EDM, the Educational Data Mining which incorporates learners’ resource to extract when in need apart from the Head Top to an arena of substance, in particular. It is a research based observatory skill to enhance the teaching learning process as a delivery in ultima. The e-book is a step towards understand a niche of the above. Hope you enjoy learning ! Cheers. Dr. Dheeraj Mehrotra sixsigmaineducation@gmail.com

WHAT IS EDM?
Educational Data Mining is an emerging discipline, concerned with developing methods for exploring the unique types of data that come from educational settings, and using those methods to better understand students, and the settings which they learn in.

A N E D U C AT IO N AL A N A LY S I S

ABOUT ANALYSIS
The data is taken from students' use of interactive learning environments, computer-supported collaborative learning, or administrative data from schools and universities, to perceive a new definition of understanding and feasibility towards explorage.

ABOUT:
With distractions on the rise, within the classrooms, Large amounts of data are generated while students interact with computer based learning systems. These data can be analysed through data mining techniques to find patterns or train models that can help tutoring systems or teachers to provide better support towards gaining excellence in the classrooms of today at large.

ABOUT:
Commonly, teachers try to identify the groups that work effectively to leave them work more independently and be able to devote time to groups needing their attention in particular. A new age learner hence produces learning via a framework tested by his students and works on their demands and actions.

THE PROPOSAL
The very digital traces of activity, offering teachers and researchers the possibility to inspect the process followed by students and recognise patterns of group behaviour in particular.

ABOUT:
It also focuses on applying data mining tools and techniques to educationally related data which further helps to analyze and develop skills towards better teaching and learning environment within the schools’ fraternity in totality.

TYPES OF DATA MINING
Data Mining Applies at length to improving Student Learning Processes. Data mining has its roots in machine learning, artificial intelligence, computer science. There are a variety of different data mining techniques and approaches, such as clustering, classification, and association rule mining.

ACADEMIC FRONT
Educational data mining is a field of study that analyzes and applies data mining to solve educationally-related problems. Applying this further helps the researchers and practitioners to discover new ways to uncover patterns and trends within large amounts of data. It applicates better understanding the students and the settings which they learn in. It also provides and give way to institutional effectiveness and student retention issues.

ESSENTIALS
In order for educational data mining to be successful, it is so very critical to have a solid data warehousing strategy. It is also a big challenge to get the information that decision makers need quickly and efficiently.

OUR OBJECTIVEUltimate

 Empowered by ICT……

Learning 221 Learning in the Second Decade of the 21st Century.

The new age learning scenario……

 EDM must explore : Rockstar Teachers ! ! !

• A Rockstar teacher uses 21st century ICT tools to createBE self-directed learners acting as agents of change, A ROCKSTAR TEACHER ! who will

transform the world in several

different spheres of activities. Their students are achievers, creators, thinkers and innovators, driven by passion and commitment, to make a

difference.

 Mantra through EDM……..

THE TEACHING PROFESSION IS IN TRANSITION

STEPS TO BETTER STUDENT

ENGAGEMENTS
B Y T E AC H E R S I N T H E C L A S S R O O M S O F T O DAY !

OUR CHILDREN MUST KNOW….

STEP #1

 Create an

Emotionally

Safe Classroom
• Students who have been shamed or belittled by the teacher or another student will not effectively engage in challenging tasks.

STEP #2

 Create an Safe Classroom

Intellectually
Begin every activity with a task that 95 percent of the class can do without your help. Get your students used to the fact that when you say, "Please begin," they should pick up a pencil and start working successfully.

STEP #3

Cultivate
Your Engagement Meter
• Be acutely aware of when your students are paying strong attention or are deeply engaged in their tasks.

STEP #4
 Create Appropriate Intermediate Steps
• create intermediate steps -- such as

brainstorming,

searching

online for phone numbers, crafting high-quality interview questions, and roleplaying the interview -- that train all students for success. Rote learning an evil in education system, national survey reveals

STEP #5
 Communicate with Students
• Encourage and focus their writing with a

prompt.

STEP #6
 Create a Culture of

Explanation
Instead of a Culture of the Right Answer
• Challenge them to operate at a higher level of thinking than when they can share only the "correct" answer.

STEP #7

 Teach

Self-Awareness
• Many students let too much of their knowledge float in a sea of confusion and develop a habit of guessing, sometimes without even knowing that they are guessing.

About Knowledge

STEP #8

Use Questioning Strategies That Make All Students

Think

and Answer
▪ Every day, include some questions you require every student to answer. Find a question you know everyone can answer simply, and have the class respond all at once.

APPLICATIONS
As a part of exploring the usage, in order to encapsulate improvement of student success and processes which directly relate to student’s learning, the Educational Data Mining examines various course management systems which can be mined to provide new patters of student behavior.

TRENDS IN EDM
 A growing field for supporting learning.  Must involve teachers and parents as stake holders  Promote Educational Climate at schools  Review the data.

PDCA IMPLEMENTATION
 The module relates to implementation of PDCA
• • • • Plan Do Check Act

EXPLORAGE REQUIRED
 Exploring is required via the students.  Understanding the nature or learning  Evaluation of Desire and Demand

Data Mining Gets Traction in Education: Researchers Sift ‘Data Exhaust’ For Clues to Improve Learning by Sarah D. Sparks / Education Week / 11 January 2011 The new and rapidly growing field of educational data mining is using the chaff from data collected through normal school activities to explore learning in more detail than ever, and researchers say the day when educators can make use of Amazon.com-like feedback on student learning behaviors may be closer than most people think.

EDM- A REVIEW
 Educational data mining uses some of the typical data included in state longitudinal databases, such as test scores and attendance, but researchers often spend more time analyzing ancillary data, such as student interactions in a chat log or the length of responses to homework assignments—information that researchers call “data exhaust.” by Sarah D. Sparks

A B I G A I D T O T H E C L A S S RO O M
 To explore the DISTRACTIONS IN THE CLASSROOMS.  A big support to gain confidence in learning scenario among the students.  A great change and modulation in desire by the Management.

 At present, educational data mining tends to focus on developing new tools for discovering patterns in data. These patterns are generally about the microconcepts involved in learning: one-digit multiplication, subtraction with carries, and so on. Learning analytics—at least as it is currently contrasted with data mining—focuses on applying tools and techniques at larger scales, such as in courses and at schools and postsecondary institutions. But both disciplines work with patterns and prediction: If we can discern the pattern in the data and make sense of what is happening, we can predict what should come next and take the appropriate action. • Source: Classroom-aid.com

QUOTES
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology, Enhancing Teaching and Learning Through Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics: An Issue Brief, Washington, D.C., 2012.

 Data Use in Adaptive Learning Systems  Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics Applications
• • • • • • • • User Knowledge Modeling User Behavior Modeling User Experience Modeling User Profiling Domain Modeling Learning System Components and Instructional Principle Analysis Trend Analysis Adaptation and Personalization

 This report is available on the Department’s Web site at http://www.ed.gov/technology. And, it’s in public domain. Its content covers the following topics:  Personalized Learning Scenarios  Data Mining and Analytics: The Research Base
• Educational Data Mining • Learning Analytics • Visual Data Analytics

 Implementation Challenges and Considerations
• Technical Challenges • Limitations in Institutional Capacity • Privacy and Ethics Issues

 Recommendations
• Educators • Researchers and Developers • Collaborations Across Sectors

E X P L O R I N G Q UA L I T Y L E A R N I N G F O R A L L VIA SIX SIGMA IN EDUCATION

Queries and Comments: sixsigmaineducation@gmail.com www.sixsigmaineducation.com

Dr. Dheeraj Mehrotra
(National Awardee)

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