Nanzan University

Types of Japanese Folktales Author(s): Keigo Seki Reviewed work(s): Source: Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. 25 (1966), pp. 1-220 Published by: Nanzan University Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1177478 . Accessed: 06/11/2012 04:10
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of Japanese Folktales Types
By
KEIGO SEKI
CONTENTS
........................................ .......................... Bibliography .......... I. Origin of Animals. No. 1-30 ........ ........... II. Animal Tales. No. 31-74 ......................... III. Man and Animal ................................ A. Escape from Ogre. No. 75-88 ............. B. Stupid Animals. No. 87-118 ............... C. Grateful Animals. No. 119-132 ............ IV. Supernatural Wifes and Husbands . .............. A. Supernatural Husbands. No. 133-140 ........ B. Supernatural Wifes. No. 141-150 .......... V. Supernatural Birth. No. 151-165 ................ VI. Man and Waterspirit. No. 166-170 .............. VII. Magic Objects. No. 171-182 . ..................... VIII. Tales of Fate. No. 183-188 ...................... IX. Human Marriage. No. 189-200 . ................ X. Acquisition of Riches. No. 201-209 ............. XI. Conflicts ........................................ A. Parent and Child. No. 210-223 ............ B. Brothers (or Sisters). No. 224-233 ........ C. Neighbors. No. 234-253 .................... XII. The Clever Man. No. 254-262 .................. XIII. Jokes. No. 263-308 ................... . XIV. Contests. No. 309-326. ................. XV. Osho and Kozo (Priest and his Acolyte). No. 327-344 XVI. Lucky Accidents. No. 345-356 ................... XVII. Fools and Numskulls .......... ............. A. Fools. No. 357-385 ........................ B. Blunderers. No. 386-399 ................... C. Village of Numskulls. No. 400-417 ......... D. Foolish Son-in-Law. No. 418-441 .......... E. Foolish Daughter-in-Law. No. 442-452 .... XVIII. Formula Tales. No. 453-457 ..................... Supplement. No. 458-460 ....................... Preface 2 15 24 43 43 49 63 69 69 74 80 87 90 95 100 106 111 111 119 123 136 141 152 159 166 173 173 182 188 193 205 209 211

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KEIGO SEKI

PREFACE I. Purpose. During the past fifty years Japanese folktales have been collected from almost all districts. These tales were examined and classified by the folklorists for the purpose of scientific studies. Nevertheless, few of the texts available for scientific study have been translated into European languages or introduced to European scholars. For this reason Japanese materials in the field of folktale research have been neglected in comparative studies. This paper is intended to fill this gap. II. Scope. First of all this work deals with the folktales still living in present-day Japan. These tales include, besides the so-called fairy tales, fables, jokes, anecdotes and a few legends. This is because Japanese folktales have motifs which often intermix with those of other tales. For instance some motifs that appear in fairy tales are also found in legends, some others are combined with historical characters, and in some cases they are adapted to folk beliefs. III. Japanese terms for folktale. Folktale is called in Japanese, mukashi-banashi, otogi-banashi, or d6wa. Mukashi-banashi literally means an old tale or a tale of ancient times. This term is derived from the peculiar form of the opening phrase of folktales, "mukashi, mukashi (a long, long time ago)." Togi of otogibanashi meant a night meeting or a kind of vigil kept by groups of people who worshipped the same Shintoistic or Buddhistic deity. Since the late fourteenth century there existed professional narrators, called "otogi-no-shu", who attended daimyos or feudal lords, telling tales in the evening. Although not all of the tales told on these occasions were folktales in the strict sense of the word, otogi-banashi, tales told by the people who Dowa which literally did togi, came to stand for folktales. means stories for children, is now usually applied to the artistic stories written by modern writers of children's stories. IV. Formulas of Japanese folktales. Many local variations are seen among the Japanese folktales, but generally speaking, the proper form with an opening and an ending phrase, is still preserved. The story begins with the phrase, "mukashi, mukashi' (in the old, old times; a long, long time ago), "zutto mukashi no 6-mukashi" (a great many years ago), or "mazu aru tokoro ni, jiji to baba to ga arimashita" (once there were

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES

3

an old man and an old woman), or the like. This formula is used in Nihon Ryoiki, which was compiled in the early eighth century, and also in Ise Monogatari, written in the middle of the tenth century, the opening phrase, "once there was a man", is very often seen. Each tale in Konjaku Monogatari, compiled in the early twelfth century, begins with the phrase, "ima wa mukashi" (it was a long time ago). As for the ending phrase of folktales, five kinds can be mentioned, (a) a phrase which explains that the hero or the heroine becomes happy; (b) which tells of the prosperity of the main characters' offsprings; (c) which indicates the end of the story; (d) which gives moral or instructive teachings; (e) which explains the origin of a species or a form of animals or plants. The last one appears mostly in fables. V. Present source materials. The materials used in this work are all modern versions based on oral transmission. They were published in books of small circulation, pamphlets, mimeographed prints, local magazines and newspapers and topographies Besides these, there are some unpublished (see bibliography). The writer tried to make the best use of these manuscripts. source materials. VI. Collection of materials. Investigation into folktales in Japan began in the first decade of this century. At first the Ministry of Education undertook the collection of folktales, simultaneously with that of folk songs, and commissioned the primary schools of various districts to carry out this undertaking. As to folk songs this method was pretty successful, while the collection of folktales was not carried out satisfactorily and ended in failure. Later some dilettants were interested in collecting tales from rural districts. Meanwhile Japanese folklore research rose, and under the strong influence of Kunio Yanagita (1875-1962), the pioneer of Japanese folklore, the scientific research workers began investigation into folktales. In 1922 two pamphlets containing word-for-word versions of folktales were issued. Referring to these materials, Yanagita published a paper in which he emphasized the necessity of collecting materials and he urged young students to undertake this work. Since then under his direct guidance or his influence, many texts were written by trained folklorists. From 1936 the present writer co-operated with Yanagita in making a Note Book for the Collection of Folktales and in carrying out systematic collection from various districts. This work, how-

Foolish son-in-law E. Supernatural wifes and husbands A.21%) (8. was interrupted by the outbreak of the Great War.02%) (5. Conflicts A. Most of the narrators were peasants or fishermen and their families.4 KEIGO SEKI ever.15%) (9. there appeared some earnest local workers. Contests XV.65%) (2. Animal tales III. Foolish daughter-in-law XVIII. Among them there were twenty narrators who remembered more than thirty stories. Fools B. Origin of animals II.90%) (4. Blunderers C. Supernatural wifes V.17%) (4. and many texts are still written down by them. Formula tales Supplement (unclassified) 556 878 463 674 231 434 343 423 125 162 220 286 248 576 122 975 176 310 427 589 413 384 210 322 627 163 214 123 (5.68%) (2. Man and water spirit VII. Acquisition of riches XI.00%) (5.53%) (2. Brothers (or sisters) C.23%) (4. They were all very old and the numbers of men and women were equal. Lucky accidents XVII.97%) (1.07%) (2. Man and ogre A.32%) (2. After the war.60%) (2.87%) (3. besides the advance of dilettants in this field.27%) (3.07%) (3.33%) (6. Neighbors XII.18%) (1. Priest and his acolyte XVI. Grateful animals IV. Magic objects VIII. Supernatural birth VI.33%) (5. Village of numskulls D. In order to write down the versions in which the least possible influence from literary sources is found.88%) (1. The tales collected are of the following types: I. Human marriage X.15%) . Clever man XIII. Fools and numskulls A.40%) (1. Tales of fate IX. Jokes XIV. Parent and child B. they tried to choose the narrators of advanced age and of comparatively low education. Stupid animals C. and five or six among them remembered more than a hundred stories. Escape from ogre B.52%) (2.52%) (3.14%) (1. Supernatural hubands B.01%) (1.00%) (3.

. the Uchigiki-shu (later 12th century). compiled by Prince Toneri (?-735). Nihon Shoki (30 vols. Fudoki means topography. and historical events of ancient Japan. the Hobutsushu (1179-1180) by Taira Yasuyori. The oldest Japanese literature are the following three books. Also by order . five Fudoki of different provinces remained till -our days in their complete forms. Those which belong to the third group are collections of tales compiled for the purpose of religious propaganda. written for the purpose of propagating Buddhism. Lastly there are some volumes named Fudoki (708-733). we can mention the Sanboekotoba (984) by Minamoto Tamenori. Secondly.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 5 VII. is the record which Ono Yasumaro (?-728) wrote down according to what was told by Hieda Are. and the Hosshin-shu (1215) by Kamo Chomei. Kyokai. the Utsubo Monogatari. There are also the collections of ethical or instructive tales. 720) is the first historical document in Japan. the Kankyo- .other examples of the same kind of books. the Ojoyoshu (985) by Genshin. After the tenth century a large number of popular tales were recorded. Firstly. This book consists of one hundred and sixteen narratives. Literary sources. mainly legends. such as the Zoku-Kojidan (1219). the Kojidan (12121215) by Minamoto Akikane. Kojiki (3 vols. Ono Yasumaro and others. is the Nihon Ryoiki (822) written by a Buddhist priest. (2) ballades. some of them appearing in the oldest records known at present. legends. but also parallels to modern versions of folktales and legends in their complete forms. The oldest among them which remains today. and the Heichu Monogatari. which came out in the first half of the tenth century. It contains myths. As . We can mention four different forms in which these tales were recorded: (1) novels. Among them. (4) genuine narratives. The oldest literary works belonging to the first group are the Taketori Monogatari. Fudoki of various provinces were written. 712) which was compiled by imperial order. a professional narrator. traditions. The first two volumes contains myths. Among those which belong to the second group there are the Ise Monogatari. and records of clans... the Yamato Monogatari (950). We find in these old literature not only motifs or fragmentary descriptions similar to those of folktales.of the emperor. and the Ochikubo Monogatari (985) which were written in the late tenth century. There are many folktales which were recorded in Japanese classics. (3) stories told for the purpose of religious instructions.

The contents of these books are mainly legends. Story books. Next to be mentioned is the Kohon Setsuwa-shu (1130) and Uji-shui Monogatari (1212-1221). (3) parallels to those of European countries. and Japanese. however. and anecdotes. The most important ones among them are the following: the G6dansho (1104-1107) by be Masafusa. The former contains seventy and the latter one hundred and ninetyfive tales. are parallels to our present folktales based upon oral transmission. (2) parallels to those of SouthEastern Asia. and India. called Otogi Soshi. The first two were written by a Buddhist priest for the propagation of Buddhism. They were made in large numbers. and the Kokon-chomon-shu (1254) by Tachibana Narisue. Genealogy. including legends. Many of the individual tales contained in these literary works which were compiled for some purposes. Some . It is mainly because these tales were originally also taken from oral traditions. Chinese. The Konjaku Monogatari or Uji Dainagon Monogatari (31 vols. The important collections of religious tales made from the late thirteenth century to the fourteenth. stories and anecdotes which had been transmitted among the aristocratic people. the Z6dan-sho (1305) by the same author. and the other two were written by Shinto priests for the propagation of Shintoism. is the greatest collection of tales from those days. (4) tales of pure Japanese origin. China. and contains 1031 tales in all. are the Shaseki-shu (1283) by Mujo. It is made up of three parts. which consists of legends. the Jukkin-sh6 (1252) by Rokuhara Jirozaemon. VIII. The literary works which belong to the fourth group. fables. and Pacific areas.6 KEIGO SEKI no-Tomo (1222). the Genkoshaku-sho (1322) by Kokan Shiren. There are also not a few cases that some literary tales were brought to the common people and came to be told among them again. when and by whom they were written is not exactly known at present. the Ima Monogatari (1239) by Fujiwara Nobuzane. which appeared from the fourteenth century on are fictions made up from folktales and legends for the purpose of religious instructions for women and children. Indian. 1120?). folktales. Japanese folktales are divided into four groups of different genealogies. and the Shint6-shu (1356-1360).. which is said to have been written by Minamoto Takakuni. Indonesia. (1) tales which are parallels to those of Korea. appeared mostly from the twelfth to the thirteenth century.

South-Eastern Asia. Indiana University. The variants of some types which prefectures. were brought into Japan directly from the continent. IX. because the writer intended to indicate the characteristics of each type. gama no hara wa taiko no y6 ni natta" (From that time on the rabbit's forelegs became crooked and short. through Korea.) . Although the principle genealogies of Japanese folktales cannot be brought to light with our present knowledge. and not each tale type is divided into motifs. and as to the translation he also owes his gratitude to Miss Yasuko Ishiwara for her help. and since then stem and root of this became red. the monkey's bottom became red. with the introduction of Buddhism and Taoism. (b) "Magoko shigeta" (The offspring prospered. As for the distribution of variants the bibliographical references are put in alphabetical order of (See the map). or from various races of the Pacific Islands. and the frog's stomach became swollen as a drum).) (c) "Sore bakkari" (That is all. or "Yama-uba no chi ga soba no ne ya kuki ni kakatta. As to the publication of this book the writer should like to express gratitude for the kindness of Dr.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 7 of these tales were probably compiled before the eighth century and some others.) (d) "Sore da kara hito no mane wo suru mono dewa nai" (Therefore you should not imitate other persons. saru no shiri wa akaku. and India is most prominent. My method of classification is not entirely based on Antti Aarne's scheme. Richard M. China. we notice that the relation to Korea. (a) "Sore de ichigo sakaeta" (Thus tile hero lived happily everafter. Dorson. Chairman of the Folklore Program. Sore kara soba no ne ya kuki ga akaku natta" (Yama-uba's blood dropped on the buckwheat. Classification.) (e) "Sore kara usagi no mae-ashi wa orete mijikaku. are known to us now are in such a large number that not all the references could be mentioned in this book. Examples of closing phrases. Note.

SKT Hirano Sunao. 1939. 1932. 1-212. Tokyo. Tokyo. p. Yuko-sha. 1-370. 1910? Manuscript. print. Priv. p. 1931. ZKI (More Folktales from Kai Province). ed. Genkyu-sha. Kyodoshi (Local Studies of Goka Village). 1-210. FO-D Fukuoka-ken Kyoikukai (Fukuoka Educational Children's Association). 1930. Tottori. Sanseido. 1939. 1-119. . Tokyo. priv. Rev. 1934. Fukui-ken kyodoshi (Local Studies of Fukui Prefecture). Isogai Isami. Tokyo. Ichiba. p. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Hiroshima.Tokyo. Satoki. KB Iwakura Ichiro. HS-M Hiroshima Shihangakko (Hiroshima Normal School). IP-M Inpaku mukashibanashi (The Folktales from Inaba-Hoki Province). p. 1-180. 1932. 1940. MKB from South Kambara County). 1-290. I. Oita. AM-M Island). Hirano. AK Isogai. 1212. Minami-Kambara mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales Iwakura. 3-307. II. 1936.8 KEIGO SEKI Bibliography and Abbreviations Dohashi. OE (Folktales from Okierabu Island). Imamura. 1931. Goka-mura (Kyoto). Iwakura. Yokoyama. Sunekotanpako . Tokyo. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Tottori. Hamada. KI Dohashi. Sanseido. Amakusa-to minzokushi (Folklore of Amakusa Hamada. Mukashibanashi no kenkyu (The Study of Folktales). Tokyo. Kai mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Kai Province). p. 1931.) (Kambara Night Stories). Okierabu-to mukashibanashi-shu Iwakura. 1936. 3-237. 1944. AM-D Hamada Ryuichi. 3-314. MT Imamura Katsuomi. Minkandensho-hen. Kambara yadan (by Fumino Shirakoma. Kikai-to mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from KiIwakura. IP-D Inpaku Shiwakai. Kyodo shiseki-densetsu-kenkyukai. Sansei-do. Tokyo. Fukuoka-ken dowa-shu (Children's Stories of Fukuoka Prefecture). pseud. 1934. p. Yokoyama. p. print. Tokyo. Bungo densetsu-shu (Legends of Bungo Province). 1934. p. p. p. p. FI-K Fukui Jikka-kotojogakko (Girls' Practical High School of Fukui). p. Amakusa-to densetsu-sanshu (Legends of Amakusa Island). Minkandensho-no-kai. 3-355. Inpaku dowa (Children's Stories from InabaHoki Province). Mitsu-gun mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Mitsu County). p. Oka. p. 1-103. KK kai Island). Fukui. GK-K Goka Jinjo-kotoshogakko (Goka Primary and Higher School). Zoku Kai mukashibanashi-shu Dohashi. 3-276. BG Ichiba Naojiro. Mimeograph. Tokyo. 1914 p. Mimeograph. 1925. 1-196. Aki no kuni mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Aki Province). Kyodokenkyu-sha. 1-99. p. 1-32. 1-207. p.

p. p. CG Koyama Masao. KYS Miyamoto Kiyoshi. Goto minzoku-shi. K. GT Kubo Kiyoshi & Hashiura Yasuo. print. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Aomori. SG Mitamura Koji. p. p. 1-214. MT Kato Koichi. 1-186. T. Tokyo. 1-191. Tokyo. Tokyo. ST Kondo Kiichi. NM Kikuchi Isamu. Shintatsu mindan-shu (Folktales from ShiKondo. MB Iwasaki Kiyomi. 1930. Kimura. Kubo. Tokyo. 1-119. p. 1-140. p. TGM Kawai Yutaro. Tokyo. I. Oita. Shimozuke Motegi mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Motegi Village. Sangen-sha. p. Higo mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Higo Privence). 1930-36. Otari kohi-shu (Oral Traditions from Otari Village). Iwasaki. Priv. Iwaki mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Iwaki Province). Manuscript. 1927. p. HG Kimura Yusho. 1-548. Tosa mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Tosa Province). Sanseido. 1937. Kyodo-shobo. Kumamoto. Kita-Azumi-gun kyodoshiko (Local Studies of North Azumi County).. 1939 p. p. Kochi. 19-320. Ikaruga-gun no densho (Traditions in Ikaruga County). VII. p. Kichiyomu-san monogatari (Kichiyomu-san's Tales). 1934. 1922. privat. Tokyo. Shimozuke Province). 1203. Mukashibanashi (Folktales). Mimeograph. 3-282. 1935. Koike. 1-204.. Koyama. p. print. Issei-sha. Kyodokenkyusha. 1933. Minami. Kyodokenkyu-sha. p.. 1-151.. Kato. 1928. Kuchi-tanba kohishu (Oral Tradition in Kuchitanba Province). Iida. Shiga mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Shiga Prefecture). TS Katsurai Kazuo. 1936. 17-198. p. Katsurai. .. KT Kakita Joji & Tsuboi Tadashiko. Kakita. Mitamura. Kawai. Waraibanashi to kidan (Jokes and Ghost Stories). Tsugaru mugashiko-shu (Folktales from Tsugaru District). Izumi mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Izumi Province). 1955. OT Koike Naotaro. WK Kochi. (Ethonography of Goto Islands). 1952. IG Kato Soichi. Ayabe. 1942. 1954. Tokyo. Chisagata-gun mindan-shu (Folktales from Chisagata County). KA-K Nagano-ken Kita-Azumi-gun Kyoikukai. Mitarai. 1-147. p. K. Tokyo. Kumamoto-nenkan-sha. K. Kohidensetsu-shu (Traditions and Legends). Shinano Kyodoshuppan-sha. Fukuoka (Iwate). 162. Kato. 1934. Kyodokenkyusha. 1925. nobu and Adachi County). Kikuchi. Too-nippo-sha. Fukushijigyo-zaidan.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 9 Iwasaki. IK Iwasaki Toshio. Katsurai. Miyamoto. 1124. II. IZ Minami Kaname. Ninohe no mukashibanashi (Folktales from Ninohe County). Kyodokenkyu-sha. 1-93. Izumicho (Osaka). Hochi-nippo-sha. p. 1948. S.

Mikuni-shobo.. NK-a Naka-gun mukashibanashi (Folktales from Naka County). Tonto hitotsu attengana. Tokyo. TTM-b Moriguchi. p. no mukashiMoriwaki. 3-26. MN Mino-gun mukashibanashi (Folktales from Mino County). Moriwaki.. Mimeograph. priv. TTH p. Kii Province). 27-369. NK-c densetsu (Folktales and Legends of Yasugi Village). Tonto mukashiga attakedo. priv. Mizusawa. I.. Moriwaki. 1916. Mimeograph.. Mimeograph. Mizusawa. print. Matsukawa. Mirai-sha. 1954. 3-35. Mimeograph. I. 1957. p. p. IKP 25-345. Mirai-sha. Kii Arita-gun mukashibanashishu (Folktales from Arita County.. Tokyo. MAT kai. print. p. Anno-gun Toyama to Torii no mukashibanashi to minwa-shu (Folktales and Legends from Toyama and Torii Villages. 3-25. KA Kanoashi-gun mukashibanashi (Folktales from Kanoashi County). 1955. print. p. Mimeograph. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). Moriwaki. p. 11-291.). Mirai-sha. Mimeograph. 9-414. 1951. p. 1958.d. KG Moriguchi Tari. Nagaoka. Moriguchi. p. Tochi mukashibanashi to densetsu (Folktales and Legends of Tochi Village). Mimeograph. Echigo no minwa (Folktales from Echigo Province). p. AN Moriwaki Taichi. Anno County). Suo Province). p. 1958. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). 3-15. print. NK-d banashi to minwa-shu (Folktales from Matsukawa Village. Mimeograph. p. 1955. T. priv. 3-29. print. Priv. 1954. p 27-331. Fusoki minzoku-shi (Folklore of Fusoki Village). 1942. 1958. p. priv. II. densetsu. 1956. p. 2-430.. Tokyo. 19-278. S. Moriwaki. priv.. Tokyo. 3-216. (1954?). 1957. II. 1-114. KAT Moriguchi Seiichi. Mukashi attatengana. Kogane no uma (The Gold Horse). III. Iki ga pontosaketa. T. MiraiMizusawa. Mirai-sha. 3-43. ShisekihozonMizusawa. Tachibana-cho Priv. 1956. Mimeograph. 1954. print. Mimeograph. Moriwaki. Mizusawa. IV. FS Nagaoka. print. (Yamaguchi). Atoichi-mura (Shimane). Yasugi-mura no mukashibanashi to Moriwaki. Mizusawa. Mimeograph. 3-42. Mizusawa. n. Fusoki komin-kan. print. print. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). . EG Mizusawa Kenichi. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). Atoichimura (Shimane).10 KEIGO SEKI Miyamoto. Kokubu. NK-b minwa (Folktales and Legends from Watazu Village). p. Tokyo. Suo-Oshima mukashibanashishu (Folktales from Oshima Island. SOS Miyamoto Tsuneichi. Watazu no mukashibanashi. priv. Tokyo. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). TTM-a sha. 1955. priv.

NM-b 1955. 1950-1958. Tekkiri anesa (Maiden without hands). 13-336. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). Seki Keigo.d. Tokyo. 1922. Ordinary tales. print. 3-42. p. Diederich. p. Kyodokenkyu-sha. p. 1931. 1323. (Die Marchen der Weltliteratur). 1-30. Sakima. Kishi-mura (Wakayama). 1-6. Ogasawara. 1. Sangen-sha. Kishi no tani mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Kishi Valley). Nakanishi. print. 1954. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). NMS . Japanische Volksmarchen. p. Atoichi-mura (Shimane). OC-a Ochi-gun mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Ochi County). Muro kohi-shu (Oral Traditions from Muro County). 13-1384. Tokyo. Jokes and anecdotes. Mirai-sha. print. 3-36. priv. p. JVM Rumpf. p. 1922. -II. 27-351. Moriwaki. their classification and bibliography). Atoichi-mura (Shimane). Vol. Mimeograph. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Tokyo. I. Kadokawa. Shiwa-gun mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Shiwa County).d. kohi. 1-582. Fritz. (1942). n. (Shimane). Jena. 1938. TKA Noda Tayoko. Rump. Mimeograph. 1952. Noda. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Mimeograph. Nagatani-mura no mukashibanashi to minwa (Folktales and Legend of Nagatani Village). Moriwaki. Nihon mukashibanashi-meii (Glossary of Japanese Folktales). OC-d shi-shu (Folktales from Kawamoto and Kasubuchi Village). Vol. Vol. densetsu-shu (Folktales. MR Saiga Teijiro. Sasaki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 11 Moriwaki. 1952. 1-79. Tokyo. IV. Tokyo. Tokyo. 3-220. NMM Yanagita Kunio. Nihon mukashibanashi-shusei (Japanese Folktales. priv. p. priv. 2-4. Nanto setsuwa (South Islands Folktales). 1-154. Sasaki. 1927. I. Nihon hososhuppan-kyokai. KMZ Kikimimi-zoshi. (1940?) p. 3-32. n. 1948. p. p. Esashi-gun mukashibanashi (Folktales from Esashi County). 1-132. 5-6. p. Saiga. SW Ogasawara Kenkichi. print. NT -Nagatani-mura (Folktales from Nagatani Village). Takahashi Umekichi-o mukashibanashi-shu (Tales told by Takahashi Umekichi). 1-30. Sansei-do. 1-141. p. Tokyo. Mimeograph. 1952. Mimeograph. 15-920. NT Sakima Koei. mukashibanashi-shu Moriwaki. p. 1-95. p. Tokyo. ES Sasaki Kizen. Vol. 1942. priv. KS Nakanishi Kaneo. Animal tales. Kawamoto. NM-a Nima-gun mukashibanashi (Folktales from Nima County). Atoichi-mura Moriwaki. p. Kishi Chugakko. Mimeograph. Kasubuchi mukashibanaMoriwaki. p. Omori mukashibanashi. 1958. Oral Traditions and Legends from Omori Village). p. print. Atoichimura (Shimane). priv. OC-b II.

Minkandensho-no-kai. Naze. 1-144. in: Zoku Hida saihonisshi. p. priv. 15-273. BOG Takada Juro. p. Tokyo. Tokyo. Suzuki. Kensetsu-sha. Suzuki. NSK -Nishi-Sanuki mukashibanashi-shu (Folkales from West Sanuki Province). T. 1-104.. in: Utsushibana. 1-72. 1913. Manuscript. 1929. No. 1-251. SUG Suzuki Shigemitsu. Shimabara-hanto minwa-shu (Folktales from Shimabara Peninsula). Takahashi.. Tokyo. Shizuoka. (Legends and Folktales from Shizuoka Prefecture). 1943. p. Sangen-sha. SW Shiwa-gun mukashibanashi (Folktales from Shiwa County). 1-184. p. KY Takahashi Katsutoshi. Minkandensho-no-kai. KTJ (narrator's) . p. Nara. Tokyo. Sagami Province). 1-155. 1935. 1939. 1-158. 3-42. 335. 1922. Suzuki. Kuttan-jiji no hanashi (The old man Kuttan Tokyo. print. Awa Iyayama mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Iyayama Village in Awa Province). p. 19-306. Tabata.. Tokyo. Tokyo. 1958. Sansei-do. Suzuki. p. No. 19-223.. tales). 1934. 1934. K. Sanseido. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Tokyo. S. KG Suzuki Tozo. 1-503. Musashino-shoin. K. p.. 1937. Nihon densetsu-shu (Japanese Legends). p. p.12 KEIGO SEKI Sasaki. AM Tabata Hidekatsu.. Kawagoe-chiho mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales of Kawagoe Town). SB Seki Keigo. Nara. ROY Roon-yadan (Old Women's Night Stories). 1-129. Sado mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Sado Suzuki. T. Banshu Ogo-chiho no mukashibanashi (Folktales from Ogo Village. p. print. Amami-Oshima mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Amami-Oshima Island). p. Tokyo. Takagi. p. Seki. 1941. p. AS Suzuki Kiyoshi. Takeda. Nibukawa mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Nibukawa Village). 1-35. ND Takagi Toshio. Mimeograph. 1954. Sasaki. 1-299. SD -Island). SO-D Shizuoka-ken Joshi-shihangakko (Shizuoka Women's Normal Shizuoka-ken densetsu-mukashibanashi-shu School). priv. Takada. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Mirai-sha. 35-126. 1936. Kuriyama no hanashi (Tales from Kuriyama Village). Harima Province). 1931. Osaka. Tokyo. p. Amanosagume. 1935. Kyodokenkyu-sha. NBK Sawata Shirosaku. Takeda. 1-224. AIY Takeda Akira. 73-151. Sawata. Sansei-do. Tokyo. p. print. T. 86-164. 1939-1941. Tokyo. p. Suzuki. priv. p. YT Yamato no densetsu (Legends from Yamato Province). Yamato Shisekikenkyu-kai. 1943. NI Naoiri-gun mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Naoiri County). Soshu Uchigo-mura banashi (Stories of Uchigo Village. 1927. Takada.

SK mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Sayagi and Shishi Islands. yagi-ken Kyoiku-kai. Tokyo. 1-54. p. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Sansei-do. JFT Yanagita Kunio. Vol. p. 1936. print. Sakai. HB . Umebayashi. Tokyo News Service Ltd. IK Yamaguchi Asataro. Yokoji. Sendai. NS Uchida Kuniko. 1944. Uchida. IM Inpaku-mindan (The Journal of Inaba and Hoki Folklore). 1926. 1-26. Nanso no rizoku (Traditions from South Kazusa). 5-85. Tokyo. Yanagita-Mayer. Toyama. 1-162. 1-4: 1913-1917. Ed. Tokyo. 5-7: 1931-1934. DRM Ueno Isamu. Ogawa. Echigo Sanjonango-dan (Tales from Sanjonango Village. Yuki. 1943. 3-233. Ed. Kyodokenkyu-sha. 1931. by Fanny Hagin Mayer. Takayama. Kaga Province).TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 13 Sanuki Sayagi-Shishi-jima Takeda. 1-167. Mimeograph. p. 1-165. 1-234. 1951. 1-3: 1931-1934. Sogen-shobo. Yamaguchi. 1-5: 1936-1938. Tokyo. Sansei-do. Kokugakuin-Univ. Tokyo. Tokyo. Ueno.. 1-290. p. Hizen no kuni Kita-takaki-gun mukashibanashishu (Folktales from North Takaki County. Sanuki Province). Oki no mukashibanashi to hogen (Folktales and Dialect of Oki Island). OK Yokoji Manji & Asada Yoshiro. Kunisoto-mura (Hyogo). 1954. TGK Tsugaru kohi-shu (Oral Traditions in Tsugaru District). ed. 1935. Mimeograph. Fukuoka. Vol. Echigo Province). Tokyo. p. Tokyo. Hizen Province). No. Ed. Japanese Folk Tales.. 1-146. by Hida koko-dozoku-gakkai. p. I. Tottori. Buzen mukashibanashi-shu. print. Kyodobunka-sha. 1915. Yamaguchi. Vol. 1-12: 1933-1944. by MiVol. p. 1-78. HKT Yuki Jiro. Ed. p. Tokyo. 1-135. 5 and after ed. Tr. priv. Rev. KB Koshobungaku (The Journal of Oral Literature). 1935. 1929. by Kyodokenkyu-kai. KD Kyodo no densho (The Journal of Local Traditions). (Folktales from Buzen Province). p. by Miyamoto Tsuneichi. 1939. Deron musuko (The Snail Son). by Okamura Chiaki. Periodicals Hidabito (The Journal of Archaeology and Folklore). Vol. p. Kyodokenkyu-sha. Uchida. p. Tokyo. p. BZ Umebayashi Shinichi. Iki-to mukashibanashi-shu (Folktales from Iki Island). Kaga Enuma-gun mukashibanashishu 'Folktales from Enuma County. Ed. KK Kyodokenkyu (The Journal of Local Study). Tokyo. Vol. KEN Yamashita Hisao. by Yanagita Kunio. IK2 Yamashita. ESJ Toyama Rekiro. priv. 1-2: 1933-1936.

125-141. Vol. Ed. Ed. Ed. Tokyo. Vol. by Hagiwara Seitoku. . Vol. Vol. 1-16: 1935-1952. MZ Minzoku (The Ethnos). 1-2. 1-5: 1929-1933. Ed. by No. Tokyo. TD Tabi to densetsu (The Travels and Traditions). by Kuma kyodokenkyu-kai. MZGK Minzokugakukenkyu (The Japanese Journal of Ethnology). NMZ Nihon minzoku (The Journal of Japanese Folklore). Fukui. by Oka Masao. by Minzoku-gakkai. Tokyo. 1-17: 1928-1944. Ed. 1-4: 1925-1929. Ed. MD Minkandensho (The Folklore). Vol. Ed. Tokyo. by Nihon minzoku-gakkai. 1. Tokyo. 1935. Minkandensho-no-kai. Ed. Tokyo. 1935-1937. Kami-mura (Kumamoto). Vol. Vol. 1-5: 1933-1957. by Seki Keigo. 1-3: 1937-1940. NEM Nanetsuminzoku (The Journal of South Etchu Folklore). by Nihon minzokugaku-kyokai.14 KM KEIGO SEKI Kuma. Ed. Vol. 1940-1941. MZG Minzokugaku (The Journal of Folklore). Tokyo. MK Mukashibanashi-kenkyu (The Journal of Folktale Study). by Fukui Kyodokenkyu-kai.

Gifu: Sawata. ND p. HB IV-598. - 2. MZG IV570. JFT no. . Mizusawa.Ehime: MK 11-130. KG p. . 52. NBK no. Hototogisu* Brothers. .Nagano: Iwasaki. . Kanagawa: Suzuki. 245.Ishikawa: * see Glossary. S.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. MK II-580. - Niigata: IwaSaitama: Suzuki. 290. NS p.Kagawa: TD IV-440.Fukushima: Iwasaki.. . while woodpecker makes up her toilet before she goes. 122. 13. 415.Gifu: HB IV-599. MB p. 38. 126. and she is too late to see her parent alive. 108. or (b) younger brother cuts his own stomach open to show that only the bad parts of the yam are in his stomach. TKA p. MN 11-581. .Aomori: Noda. 356ff.Yamagata: MK 11-282.Fukuoka: Umebayashi. Aichi: MZG V-654.Fukui: MK 1-369. MAT p. that brother has him bad a suspects younger given part of the Elder brother yam and has eaten the good part himself. SUG p. 46. . KB p. 183. K. Tokushima: Takeda. 25. . TD XV-10-30. .. 78. The Dutiful Sparrow. 264. 207. . AIY p. 258.Iwate: Hirano. TKA . SKT p. OT p. KA-K II-158. 405. KMZ p.6. sparrow immediately goes to see him or her. . Oita: TD VII-12-9.Fukushima: Iwasaki. pp.NMS no. MZ 11-792. TT-a p. MK 11-129. Akita: TD XIV-6-18. T. . 86. IK p. NH p. Upon being informed of the sudden illness of their parent (or Buddha). 243. 194.. 217 ff. 5. TD III-172. 312ff. Younger brother (younger sister. Therefore.. 164. 198. Koike. . - Aomori: Noda. - Shizuoka: SO-D p. Remorseful elder brother turns into a hototogisu (cuckoo). - p. TD VIII-10-83. 137ff. FS p.- Osaka: MK II-233. IK p. 73. - kura. 135. T. Sasaki. or parent) gives some wild The latter yam to his elder brother (elder sister or child). MK 1-469. 140.Yanagita-Mayer. who cries as "ototo-koishi !" ("dear brother !").Kumamoto: KM no. Suzuki. 389. (a) stabs younger brother in the stomach. IK p. Sparrow and woodpecker (swallow or kingfisher) are sisters. 182. . . Kikuchi. sparrow eats cereals though her plumage is not pretty. 212... MZG V-54. Chiba: Uchida. T. Nara: Takada. Akita: TD XIV-6-17. KTJ p. .Tokyo: KK IV-162. ORIGIN OF ANIMALS 15 1.. YT p.. 59. while woodpecker has a pretty plumage but pecks only insects....Hyogo: MK II420. KK VII-84.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES I.NMM p. . . MZ p.Miyagi: KD III-110. 260. Takagi.

NBK no. . JVM p.Niigata: OkiMizusawa.Kumamoto: Kimura. 84. . IVI. Koike. 134. AB p. 88.Okayama: Imamura. JFT no. 270. FS p. KK IV-218.Iwate: Hirano. .Ishikawa: TD VII-12-9. 146.. being obedient for the first time. NSK p. 99. 176. 3. 135. . . . . 62ff. ND p. 292ff. MT p. Thereafter. NMM p. when it threatens to rain. 94. TS p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. T. NT p. KM no. OT p.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . . OE p. 122. 380ff. 105. KS p. The Disobedient Kite. 382. TTM-b p. . SKT p. MZG 1-454. YT p.Kyoto: Kakita. although sparrow is allowed to eat cereals and build her nest with straw. . TTM-a p. . Shizuoka: SO-D p. IZ p.Okinawa: .16 KEIGO SEKI Yamashita. Niigata: MK 1-471. CG p. Kite.. . . BG p. 114. 47 B. 165.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 4. 261. MZG 1V-571. Nagasaki: Suzuki. SK p. . NS p. KB 9-9. HG p. . . 135. OE p. 291ff. 205. . 25. 178. Tabata. 145. . SOS p. . 113. Sasaki.. 271. 256. 378.Nagano: Iwasaki. IKP p.Nara: Takada. 242. 70. and swallow is given only mud for building nest and has only worms to eat. MAT p. IK p.Yanagita-Mayer. 379ff. KI p. . 67. 192ff. Sasaki. Dying parent tells kite to bury his (or her) body after death by the riverside. 42. 136. because it had taken her too much time in dressing herself. KK p. . T. KB 11-31. KTJ p.Kumamoto: Kimura. 402. 23. kite cries for fear that his parent's grave will be washed away by the water. . .Hyogo: TD IV-436..Kagawa: Takeda. Oita: Ichiba.Rump. 66. 408ff.nawa: Sakima. . TD XIV-8-16. 26.Kagoshima: Iwakura.. SKT p.NMS no.Kagoshima: Iwakura.Nara: Takada. Sparrow and swallow are sisters. 166.Shimane: Takagi. 88. . Kite (copper-pheasant. KK p. . . thinking that his disobedient son will bury him (or her) in the mountain against his words. K. 280. MB p. 3. cuckoo. The Careless Sparrow. SK p. KMZ p. Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.Chiba: Uchida. 385.Kochi: Katsurai.. KMZ p. Koyama. 106. MZG II509. 149. CG p.Iwate: Hirano. 267. she has to hop with her feet together. Yamaguchi. TTM-a p.Niigata. Aichi: MZG III-515. . KT p. 55. MK 1-172. IK p.Hiroshima: HSM p. while swallow comes after parent has passed away. 263. Mizusawa. MK 1-81. Sparrow is so hasty when she goes to see her sick parent that she kicks parent by mistake.Nagano: Koyama. Therefore. T. HG p. YT p. KK VII-409.Kagawa: Takeda. or green-frog) is always disobedient to his parent. . buries the body by the riverside. 261. owl.Tokyo: MZG 11-503. 410. 123. . 277. KA-K II-160. . .Yamanashi: Dohashi.Gifu: Sawata.Osaka: Minami. 303. KEN p.

407. Mother dies and child in remorse turns into a bird.Hiroshima: Isogai. . TD VIII-10-82. KS p. . YT p. 5. 51. Yanagita-Mayer.Kumamoto: MZG VI-571. . finds out that his father died from hunger.Gifu: HB IV-600. ZKI p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 24. Mother wants her child to scratch her back. 7. OT p. . JVM p. . (a) Sick mother asks for water.NMM p. 64ff. 83. 255. . NMM p. .Shimane: Moriwaki. The Cuckoo Mother and Child. KMZ p. 134. and mother dies in pain. but her child does not care for her. . - no. or (b) Maid (or apprentice) of a horse-owner does not give water to his horse and turns into a ruddy kingfisher (skylark or cuckoo) upon death of the horse. Aichi: KK II-746. * See glossary.Wakayama: Nakanishi.Wakayama: Yamanashi: Dohashi. 4. NMS MZ 11-791. . So he cries for rain. KNZ p. The Neglectful Turtledove In the year of a poor crop. 38. 23.NMS no. KT p. 96. JFT no. 5. - NMM p. but child does not obey. 575.Hyogo: MK 11-420. 249. Shizuoka: SO-D p. child. 388ff. 62. 48.Saitama: MK 11-129. 6. NMS no. 362. . 50 B. eat flour"). Nara: Takada. . S. For this reason this bird sees fire in water and cannot quench his thirst. on his way to take k6sen* (parched barley) to his father who is working in the field. . 125. 49. Akita: TD XIV-6-16. Child turns into a turtleoeve (or a cuckoo). . MZG V-654. 291. NY p. - Nagano: KA-K 11-159. NMS no. 252. SUG p.Iwate: Sasaki. NSK p. NT p. 24.. MZG IV-817. 142. 254ff. - Kyoto: Kakita.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 17 Sakima. .Iwate: Sasaki. Child is sorrow-stricken and turns into a cuckoo.Kagawa: Takeda. 377ff. OC-b p. 21. spends his time playing and upon getting to the field.Nagano: Koike. . MK II-33. TD VIII-10-33.Kanagawa: Suzuki.Shizuoka: SO-D p. .Aomori: MK II-581. who cries "tede-ko-kee" ("father. NMM p. AK p. Rumpf. 414. The Ruddy Kingfisher. TD 11-1-22.. SK p. . . 72.

Only One Leg with Legging on. he sees that child is out. ma-oo !" ("I shall drive a horse !"). He searches for the zori. Servant who has lost his master's z6ri* (straw sandal) (a) is threatened with beheading. Takagi. For this reason only one leg of cuckoo is black. 54. KB 11-3. 53. 26. TTH p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. ND p.. While father is away. NMS no.Iwate: Hirano. 259. Sasaki. MAT p. KMZ p. NMM Akita: TD RIV-6-19. - Iwate: Sasaki. 267. IK p. or (b) lost. TKA p. He dies and turns into a hototogisu. Niigata: Mizusawa. . .18 8. The Hototogisu (cuckoo) and his Stepmother. For this reason this bird has on its back the mark of a head-stall and cries "ma-oo. . 10. 258.Aomori: MK II-584. KMZ p. who still cries. 107. 266. 9. 258. The Umaoi-dori* KEIGO SEKI Step-child (servant or herdboy) loses a horse. . . NMS no. 52.Kanagawa: TD VII-9-55. Tired of the search. or is pushed down into a ravine. KI p.Tokushima: Takeda. (a) "Where is the zori?" or (b) "I had my head hurt. The Reed-warbler. Scolded and driven away by his stepmother (or master).Nagano: TD IV-421. Chiba: Uchida. 57. NS p. Father comes home and before he takes off both leggings. . 207. AIY p. 378. He immediately sets out to look for child with legging on one leg only. 418. SKT p. Fukushima: Iwasaki.NMS no. because I lost my master's z6ri. child is (a) killed by stepmother." Akita: TD XIV-6-17. - Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. he turns into a cuckoo. and finally turns to a reed-warbler. Stepchild is given only a stone for his lunch and left in the field alone. p. 102. Ehime: HB IX-212. 11. or (b) is struck in the neck. he wanders about looking for horse and eventually turns into a bird. Aomori: Nola. IK p. 416. Fukuoka: Ume- .

. 7. 250. 383. 55. . 268. 58. . JVM p. 96.. . quail. 13. NT p. Then crow had white plumage. KMZ p. 184.. 265. 32. borrows money (millet or rice) from skylark and does not pay the debt. . The sun (shrike. NMS no.Wakayama: Nakanishi. or frog) Skylark is a money-lender. BZ p.Nagasaki: Suzuki. 26. 38. . IK p. . 124. 95.Hiroshima: HS-M p. TD XIII-6-57. The Owl Dyer.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 19 bayashi. . So they are now on bad terms with each other. OT p. MAT p. demanding payment. Aomori: Noda. Man (or hunter) goes on a journey with his dog and gets lost. 80. IK Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. . 375. Hiroshima: HSM p. 311. NMS no.Yanagita-Mayer. 248. 71. Owl dyed crow black. AM p.Kochi: Takagi. T. (a) When spring comes skylark rises up to the sky. 65ff. 417.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. His wife (or daughter) searches for him and turns into a bird. She cries calling the names of her husband and the dog. .NMS no. KK III-368. SOS p. Iwate: Sasaki. . 7. NMM p. FS p. SKT p.Shimane: Moriwaki.Kagawa: Takeda. 411. .Iwate: Hirano. NT p. 118. SK p. ND p. TTH p. Rumpf. NK-c p. p.Shimane: Moriwaki.* Young wife loses her husband in the mountains. T. IKP p. JFT no. 338. .Niigata: Mizusawa. Kyoto: Kakita. KB VI-4. 12.. 15.Niigata: Mizusawa. NSK p. 60. . 257.. ND p. . . MK 11-583. she turns into a little bird who cries "otto-n" ("my husband"). In search of him. . 136. 33. or (b) he rises up in search of debtor. Takagi. TD Nagano: Koike. 255. 329. - NMS no. KTJ p. 165. MAT p. KMZ p. 69. 95. Sasaki.Kagoshima: Tabata. EG p. 25.Fukushima: Iwasaki. . - p. TKA p. IKP p. IK p. He asked owl to dye his feathers more beautifully.NMM p. T. Oita: Ichiba. BG 14. T. KS p. XIV-8-16.Gifu HB IV-598. -- Fukushima: Iwasaki.NMM p. 60. . TTM-a p. 267. 165. The Skylark Money-lender. . Owl (or kite) was a dyer. The Traveller and the Dog. 87. KT p. 71. The Otto-dori. 3. 88ff. 61.

no.NMS no.Yanagita-Mayer. 293. 16. He lost in gambling game with rat. In a former incarnation skylark was a gambler. So skylark cannot stay on earth but cries in the sky. Hototogisu demands payment from shrike. . NMS no. IKP p. or (b) loses by gambling with hototogisu and therefore. 38. . 25. MZG 11-610. YT p. 67. Kikuchi. The Skylark Gambler. The Dog's Legs. The Hototogisu and the Shrike. 6. MK 11-583. JFT 18.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 64. 198. . Gifu: Sawata.NMM p.Niigata: Mizusawa. KG p. 271. .NMS no. Wakayama: KK IV-218ff. KS p. TTM-a p.Kyoto: Kakita.NMM p. 318. . crying "honzon kaketa-ka?" ("did you hang up the picture of Buddha?"). JFT no. owes him money. 95. 79. . NBK no. NH p. 400. KT p. saying that he needs money to buy a picture of Buddha. 356. . Aomori: TD III-172. SKT p. . The reason why dog lifts one leg when he urinates is that he does not want to sprinkle urine on the leg which was given him by god. . .20 KEIGO SEKI Akita: TD XIV-6-16. Iwate: Sasaki. Shizu- 17.Nara: Takada. Yanagita-Mayer.NMS no.Rumpf.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 32. KB 11-4. 6.Kochi: TD IV-616.Saitama: Suzuki. 19. .. . . Ehime: HB IX-212. Wakayama: KK 1V-411. God gave one of crow's legs to dog. FS p. rat insists upon that skylark still owes him. Formerly crow and dog both had three legs.Iwate: Hirano. MAT p. Akita: TD XIV-6-23. Shrike borrows some money from hototogisu. Shrike (a) borrows money from hototogisu. Shrike puts worms on branches for hototogisu to take. . oka: SO-D p. The Hototogisu Money-lender. . 71. 382. Although he paid the debt off. . 70. 250. 247. He spends all money on drinking sake* (rice wine). JVM p. T. 69. 139.

. 142. 35. NT p. 21.Osaka: Minami. 108. Formerly wild-boar had a long neck and turtle was high in stature.. 495. 22. 67. or to another place where there is plenty of water and food. 74ff. FS p. and he falls to earth breaking his shell. TTH p. 20. The Wild-boar and the Turtle. Kyoto: GK-K p. IK p.Niigata: Iwakura. Toad and crab were friends.. Akita: TD XIV-5-1.. IK p. (b) his eyes stick out. against wild-goose's advice. KS p. 40. 166. or (b) his eyes stick NMS no. and wild-boar crushed turtle. (a) His tongue is pressed out. 293.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 48.Saitama: Suzuki. KEN p.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 295.Rumpf. TTM-a p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 65.. 257. MB p. T. 12: Mizusawa. NMS no. . MAT p. Kochi: Katsurai. So the latter has become short. 49. .Hiroshima: Kumamoto: TD IV-448. 60. While thus travelling in the sky.NMM p. . 600. 140. The Wild-goose and the Turtle. . 55. JVM p. 89. Nagano: Iwasaki. IZ p. 64. 262. S. They contested each other's strength. . .- . The victorious wild-boar was so proud that he thrust his head into a rock and accidentally made his neck short as it is now. Turtle wants to be carried up to the sky by a wild-goose (or Japanese stork). 38. . 69.Shizuoka: SO-D p. The Toad and the Crab. GT p. 322. crab's advice. OC-d p. 72. 477ff. 384. KG p.Shimane: Moriwaki. Toad says that (a) is pretending to eat mochi* (rice out because he is staring.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. YT p. 63. KK VI-174. . MAT p. . and in consequence. SOS p. .Nara: Takada. - CG p. T.Gifu: HB IVHS-M p. .Oita: TD VII12-10. T. NMS no.Shimane: Moriwaki. Crab his tongue is out because he cake).. OC-a p. turtle opens his mouth to speak. KB p. 399. 25. Nagano: Koyama. . TS p.Niigata: Mizusawa. Turtle is carried by means of a stick or a piece of straw which he holds in his mouth.. 21. NK-b p. NMS no.- Once toad does not listen to toad is trodden on by horse. Fukui: MK 1-32. .Nagasaki: Kubo. 358. or mocks toad. . Fukushima: Iwasaki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 21 KMZ p.

353. Shizuoka: SO-D p. - Tokyo: MZG 11-503. S.Fukuoka: Umebayashi. (a) When there were seven suns. . ND p. . Yuki. BZ p. 261. Fukuoka: Umebayashi. on the other hand is permitted to lay eggs in warm water. .Niigata: Mizusawa. 61.Kumamoto: Kimura. God decides what each creature should eat. Because frog laughed at snake's slowness on coming to god. 103. . 9. and hego and kuroki die when they grow to a certain height (or pine and cedar do not shoot sprouts from their roots). him his eyes in exchange for snake's song. 262. AK p. BZ p.Gifu: Sawata. . 24. 353. .Kanagawa: Suzuki.Nagasaki: Seki.Kagosbima: Tabata. 73. 115. HG p. . KS p. 42. NMS no. MAT p. (a) moles shot six of them. 87. god allows snake to swallow frog. 12. 26. Earthworm asks what he should eat after he eats all the soil. or (b) moles talked together about shooting the sun with hego* (fern) bow from the top of a kuroki* (pine or cedar). Takagi. The Frog and the Snake. 112. Snake has no eyes but sings beautifully. Frog is told to eat insects. Earthworm is given soil for its food. - Yamanashi: Dohashi. Tokyo: MZG II-503. . YT p. S. .Hiroshima: Isogai. 374. Frog. Kago- .22 KEIGO SEKI 23.NMS no. 72. Frog secretly informed the sun about mole's plan. TTM-a p.Nagano: Iwasaki. . 206. 380. 96. As punishment moles live in the ground. - Wakayama: Naka- NMS no.Fukui: HK 1-33. NI p. Fukui: MK 1-369. - - nishi. Kumamoto: MK 1-45. SUG p. NBK no. 65. BZ p. MB p. Earthworm gives Aomori: TD III-173. 21. The Mole and the Frog. 74.Shizuoka: SO-D p.. HKT p. KI p.Fukuoka: Urnebayasli. The sun (god or Buddha) decides the food for every creature. 12. NMM p. . 75. Nara: Takada..Oita: Suzuki. The Earthworm and Soil.. . 260. because the sunlight was too hot or too bright. 296. . SB p. The Earthworm's Song and the Snake's Eyes. MZ II-792. AM p. 25. K. The sun tells him to expose himself to the sun and he will then be formed into soil..

lice. . The Origin of Fleas. but it is too bitter to eat. TGK p. 265. 73. - 27. but earthworm could not finish weaving before the festive day. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 82. he slips away leaving his tail behind. Frog wove cloth. 263. The Origin of Tobacco. 76. Demon (or stepmother) is killed and the fragments of his flesh turn to fleas. earthworm has a white line around its neck. The Lizard's Tail. NMS no. 86. ND p. Mosquitoes. Formerly human being had tail. It makes her intoxicated and she forgets her sorrow. Lizard borrowed tail from man and he has not given it back. 28. etc. - 28. JVM p. Rumpf. 13. 77. When the leaves are dried. 200.Iwate: Sasaki. . NMM p. but lizard had not. 29. IK p. So. blood into fleas. Oita: Suzuki.Kagoshima: KK IV-633.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES shima: Iwakura. 135. 130. she tries to smoke them. KB 11-9. NMS no. . - 23 NMM p. 10.NMM p. Frog and earthworm who were sisters tried to weave cloth for their festival dresses. 261. Rumpf. 42. BZ p. and she went to the festival with only a thread around her neck. JVM p. While mother is mourning before the tomb of her dead daughter. a plant shoots up. now. NI p. NMM p. NMS no. 157. 19. Shimane: Takagi. 78. The Earthworm with a Reel around Itself. 128.. 264. 264. 264. 30. NMS no. Mother picks it up and boils it. NMS no. KS p. NMM p. - Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. mucus turns into frogs. KK p. So when lizard sees man coming near. K. and the ashes into flies. Fukuoka: Umebayashi. . and mosquitoes. ROY p. - Aomori: Uchida.

Tottori: IP-M p.. . 281. 22. 284. Monkey (fox. SW p. TS p. Bear does the same. . Ogasawara. TD VII-5-42. .Tokushima: MK 11-28. S. Uchida. MK II-586. - B.Iwate: Hirano. crab. T. The Tail Fisher. 19. 29. Otter says that he fished for them with his tail by sticking it through a hole in the ice.. .Toyama: MK II269. 92. 94. or badger) asks fox how he has got fish. 18. 84. his tail is frozen fast and (a) it is cut off.Kochi: Katsurai. Kikuchi.. or (c) he is killed by a man. . KEIGO SEKI ANIMAL TALES Fox (bear or monkey) pretends to be dead on the road. 278. . badger. 39. .Gifu: HB IV-599. . NMM p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. TGK p.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. Takagi. SKT p. IX-261. IZ p.Ehime: MK II-130. IM 1-192. MK II-420ff. KTJ p. (b) he is discovered by a man. 42. 147. Sasaki. 31. Akita: MK 1-123. fox. TD IV-436. T. .Fukushima: Iwasaki. NMS no.Niigata: MK 1-468. or fox) is eating fish. 1.Rumpf. 504. . NSK p. 23. Monkey does the same.. his tail freezes fast and is cut off.Kagawa: Takeda. . NH p. MB p. 44. 271. 107. KG p. .NMMIp. p.Kumamoto: Kimura. . KAT no. 111. 68.Saitama: Suzuki. 146.Nagasaki: Suzuki.Yanagita-Mayer. . and upon trying to escape. IK p. T. IZ p. T. 46. Otter (monkey.24 II. ND p. BOG no. loses his tail. TKA p. 255. Hyogo: Takada. .Kochi: Katsurai.. Monkey asks otter how he found fish. 1ff. Fox throws fish off the cart and carries them away. . IK p. Fukushima: Iwasaki.Aomori: Noda. TD IV-418.. S. . 167. . . Fishmonger places him in his cart. 21. 269.. 19.Saitama: Suzuki. T. .. JVM p. 1. 144ff. . 265. frog. KEN p. bear. 2A.NMS no. Fox wants some fish. The Theft of Fish. T. Man tells fox to fish with his tail. 94. . Bear (rabbit. . TD XI-12-60. . A. 145. .Wakayama: Moriguchi. KMZ p.Ishikawa: Yamashita.Shimane: Moriwaki. HG p. IK p. Fox gets his tail frozen fast and it is cut off. While man is fishing. . 20. NM-b p. or rabbit) receives and eats some fish.. 63. 85.Osaka: Minami. Fox says that he caught them by putting his tail into a hole in the ice. MK 11-372..Nagano: Iwasaki. 281. JFT no. fox comes along. KG p.Osaka: Minami. TS p. 278. 32. 46.

a straw-mat (or watermill). CG p.Oita: Miyamoto.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES Akita: TD XIV-5-42.Nagasaki: Seki.Niigata: Iwakura. 41ff. 8. 93. The Badger. TTH p. Aomori: Noda. . but fox does not invite otter to his house. 106.Kyoto: GK-K p. 358. Fukuoka: FO-D no. 223. Isogai.Iwate: Sasaki. 215. and salt (or by three men each carrying one of these things). Fox asks otter to tell him' how to catch fish.NMS no. and he falls from tree (or water-mill does not work). SB p. Kuma- moto: KM no. Leaving his load there. 47. . The Otter and the Fox. 2B. and salt to otter.. OK p. . TTM-a p. 308. TD XV-5-24.Shimane: Yokoji. IK p. 233. . Rabbit comes back and divides the loot among the three. KMZ p. Otter and fox (or monkey) make an agreement to invite each other to dinner. FS p. . Badger takes straw-mat up into branches of a tree.Yanagita-Mayer. . 34. TD XVI-1-23. 11. Hiroshima: 25 Aomori: MK II-586. NMM . SB p. . A. Otter entertains fox with a dish of fish. 394. Kochi: 33. Otter points out fox's inability to fish. and otter find a bean. JFT no. . 195. Rabbit has put bean husks all over himself and explains to badger and otter that he himself is suffering from bean-pox because he ate beans.Fukui: MK 1-369. TKA p. and loses his tail which has become frozen fast. or (b) rabbit runs by a man (or three men) carrying beans. 32. 151.NMS no. Niigata: Toyama. KEN p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. a straw-mat (or water-mill). TS p. Badger and otter go to rabbit to make complaints. and lies down on it as rabbit told him to do. TD V-963. 165.Kochi: Katsurai. and the Otter. AK p. Otter tells him he caught fish with his tail stuck into the ice. the Rabbit.Nagano: Koyama. (a) Fox's tail freezes fast and is cut off. 139. and salt. K. MAT p. ESJ p. man runs after rabbit. 61. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. Rabbit takes beans and gives strawmat to badger. KB p. 44. 266. (a) Rabbit. . badger (or monkey). . NMZ III-1-91. . . T. or (b) otter seizes fox's tail in the water and pulls fox into the ice.Nagasaki: Seki. - Fukushima: Iwasaki. 19. IKP p. . KYS p. Badger and otter take the things away. 266. 41. 45. Mizusawa. Otter puts salt in the pool and tries to fish with his tail as he was told by rabbit. . 3..

He tries to catch rabbit. Shrike knows that he has been cheated. 7C. and quail flies away. 152. 7A.NMS no. he flies away. Fox instructs badger to carry away letter and lunch of rice-balls. Shrike comes near man (or fish-dealer). . EG p. Quail makes badger turn into a stake. and gives rabbit and badger each a rice-ball. 14. 167. . (a) Fox (or monkey).Yamanashi: Dohashi. leaving his lunch and letter behind. Monkey. 275. and top badger is struck.Niigata: Mizusawa.Osaka: Minami. Monkey (pheasant) exchanges a bean for otter's (or monkey's) straw-mat. - NMM 36. Badger opens his mouth to shout. . NMS no. leaving his lunch (or fish) there.26 p. The Shrike and the Fox. and perches on the of it.Nagano: Iwasaki. he flies away and fox in the form of stake is struck.Shimane: Moriwaki. Fukuoka: FO-D no.. Fox carries away lunch and eats it by himself. . AN p. KK p. Quail asks badger to call out for his mother. or (b) badger seizes quail's tail. 270. NK-a p. . 65. Otter sticks beans on his skin and dives into the water but fails to catch fish. 20. 144. K. 4. falls.NMS no. . C. 358. taking all the rest for himself. 7B. badger. When man is about to strike shrike. Monkey answers that he has got bean-pox from eating beans. no. Otter complains to monkey. - MK 1-84. Shrike makes fox turn into a stake and perches on it. KEIGO SEKI B. Fox declares that he is going to distribute rice-balls according to the instructions given in letter. IZ p. The Quail and the Badger. Kumamoto: p. and rabbit pick up a letter and a piece of mochi (rice cake). Kagoshima: NMS Iwakura. . . MB p. (a) Badger seizes quail in his mouth. having lain down on straw-mat which he has placed in a tree. 7D. or (b) upon instructions from fox rabbit squats down before a letter-carrier. . When man is about to strike quail. KI p.Yamagata: MK 1-574. Man runs after shrike. 35. Kyoto: GK-K p. 5. 33.

Aomori: TD XI-12-57. 38. MAT p. Big cat picks up a small rice-ball and little cat picks up a big rice-ball..Kumamoto: MZG IV-574. 287. .Niigata: Mizusawa. GT p. 5.Fukushima: Iwasaki. Fox's tail is torn off and he is thrown against a rock and killed.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 15: TD III-11-46. takes fox to a memorial service and lets him eat dishes. Horse gets excited. Fox takes roots and bear takes upper parts: or (b) they grow turnips. 318. . AK p. 39. 34ff. 250.1-229. . . (b) badger. 177. 159. T. 37. while bear gets stung by bees.NMS no. 40. TS p. The Fox and the Bear Farming Together. thinking that it is all badger's doing.Iwate: Kikuchi.Saga: TD XII-9-23. makes fun of them and is killed. TD XVI-1-25.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 27 and quail flies away without his tail. or (c) fox transforms himself into a Jiz6o statue and eats offerings. AN p. 13. T.Saitama: MK 11-174.Shimane: Moriwaki. During daimyo* procession (or bridal procession). MT p. IK p. Fox sees bear eating horseflesh and he also wants to have some. jumps up and runs around. Nagasaki: Kubo. TTM-b p. . .Osaka: Minami. 257. NH Kochi: Katsurai. . in the shape of a Buddhist priest.NMS no.NMM p.Hiroshima: Isogai. 75. IKP p. The Monkey Arbiter. . a samurai* or hunter passes by. 62. Bear tills field and fox brings seeds. Two cats go to monkey to ask him to ..Yamaguchi Miyamoto. . Fox takes upper parts and bear takes roots: or (c) fox makes bear take bee-hive and carries away honey.Hyogo: TD V-417. He does as he was told by bear. Fox comes to the meadow where there are many horses sleeping. SOS p. TD XV-4-16. Aomori: TD XI-12-59. .Kumamoto: MK p.NMS no. . (a) Fox exhibits a show before badger. (a) They grow raddishes. . Big cat demands big rice-ball in exchange for his own small one. 149.Yanagita-Mayer. Fox. 265. IZ p. Bear tells fox that he should tie his tail and a sleeping horse's tail together and bite horse's hind legs hard so as to make horse die. The Disguise Contest between the Fox and the Badger. 130. 273.4. . JFT no 40. Okayama: Imamura. . .

KAT Moriguchi. Fukuoka: FO-D no. - 10. . 39. eats them bit by bit until he has eaten both rice-balls. Ari (ant) gives san-mon* (three small coins) to sagi. . 10. SKT p. TD IV-418. MK 1-510. . KEN p. 382. 141. HB IX-354. no. KM no.. . - . Wakayama: S.Niigata: Iwakura. 73. . OE p. and hato (dove) quarrel about the division of money which they found. Mizusawa.Okayanla: Imamura. .. 7. Niigata: Mizusawa. T.FO-D no. (a) The moment before arriving at the goal. . Kikuchi. 40. 261. NMS no. . SG no. 7. 16. Mud-snail (crab. Yanagita-Mayer.) Gifu: Sawata. 246. Kagoshima: Iwakura. flea. KB p. 38. Kikuchi. and he himself takes all the rest of the money. 76. 37. MK II-84. 40. KB 10-30.. NH p. 116.Tottori: IP-D p. 277.. He says that he has taken off his shell because it is too warm. but has his shell broken. Hyogo: Minami.Yamagata: MK IYamanashi: Dohashi. and hachi-mon (eight small coins) to hato.Tokushima: MK II-32. frog. fox looks back. 10. KB p. Akita: TD XIV-5-4. TTM-b p. 23. JVM p. 51.Shimane: Moriwaki. T. 21. Fukuoka: Iwate: Hirano. KG p. or rabbit) run a race. 279. NBK no. SOS p. NMS no. 41. shi-mon (four small coins) to shigi. NMM p. KMZ p. 91. JFT no. badgcr. Gifu: HB IV-599. 278. Shiga: Mitamura.Nagasaki: Kubo. 230. K. 11. NT p. 26'. 78.Niigata: Iwakura. 28.. NMS no. 72.. TTH p. IK p. SKT p. . shigi (snipe). FS p. Sasaki. 144. The Mud-snail and the Fox. 8. Koyama. MZG IV-578. SB p. 21. Fukushima: Iwasaki. GT p.Saitama: Suzuki. .Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 26.Oita: Suzuki. . IZ p. "ari wa arittake" (ant may take all that there is. MB p. IZ p. KK p. 329. . IKP p. TTH p. or fox) and fox (weasel. Mud-snail sticks to fox's tail. 9. MT p. 8. . K. CG p.Rumpf. AS no. . 278.Osaka: Minami.Ishikawa: Yamashita. TTM-a p. 15. 195. 453. Sagi (white heron).28 KEIGO SEKI settle their quarrel.Kumamoto: KK V-4-261. ZKI p. Mizusawa. saying that he is making the two rice-balls equal. 30. 81.Iwate: Hirano. NH p. Seki. or (b) mud-snail is shaken from the tail of weasel (or badger) and wins the race. . and mudsnail falls from fox's tail. . Monkey. 146. Division of Findings. 143.Osaka: Minami. IZ p.. saying. T. 124. 127. NMM p. Nagano: Iwasaki. 272.

Akita: TD XIV-6-22. 272. IK p. 15. 160.NMM NMS no. 69ff. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 29 42. NMM p. .. Kumamoto: TD IV-448. Rat rides on the back of ox and arrives ahead of all the others. 9. They decide to take turns carrying each other on their backs. S. Cat forgets the day of the call and asks rat about it. NMM p. . . 20.Osaka: TD VII-12-10.Aomori: TD XI-12-52. KS p. Nagasaki: Yamaguchi.Kagoshima: Tabata.Fukushima: Iwasaki. First monkey carries frog. IKP 270. This explains the unfriendly relations between cat and rat. 372. . or (b) the ruler of human beings. 13. 260.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 272. 77ff. OC-c p. - 44.Oita: Suzuki. Hiroshima: MD IX-225. Aomori: Noda. 488. . The Race of the Flea and the Louse.Kumamoto: KK V-261. . Cat comes one day late so that he is not included in the twelve zodiacal signs. AM p. . sees a cloud moving quickly. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. MAT p. KS p.Wakayama: Moriguchi. thereby determining who is to be (a) the head of all the animals. Rat purposely tells cat a wrong date.. Frog says that there are seven places which are all alike. looking up to the sky. When flea learns this. When he gets off from frog's back.Niigata: Mizusawa. Monkey (rabbit or weasel) and frog (or mud-snail) travel together. Centipede (or flea) takes a nap on the way and loses the race with slug (or louse). Shiga: MK 1-479. 14. KAT no. Louse sticks to man and wins the race. 94ff. 12. The Monkey and the Frog Travel Together. he finds that he is in the same place. TKA p. . . 107. On frog's turn. S. saying that it is one day later than the appointed time. B.NMS no. Shizuoka: SO-D p.Shimane: Moriwaki. The Origin of the Twelve Zodiacal Signs. AS no. . he becomes angry and red. God summons all the creatures to see who will arrive first. . T. 201. - 43. monkey.NMS no.. 272. A. IK 91. p. NMS no.

115ff. loses the race. or Chinese cormorant) places his fellows in several places on the race course. 95. . being ignorant of this trick. NMS no.Nagano: KA-K II-p.Okayama: Imamura.Saitama: Suzuki. AM p. MT p. 46. . SB p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 54. enters into a cave. . 86. 146. 283. Then fox goes to Tenjiku* (India) and meets lion who boasts of his roaring.Kyoto: GK-K p. . . The Race of the Tiger and the Fox. MK 1-471.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Hiroshima: MK 1-527. Doctor (or child) picks up clam. 272. IK1 p. p. he roars so hard that his head flies off. . KS p. EG p. Akita: TD XIV-5-. which are found to be the nostrils of a big flatfish (turtle. SKT p. goes on a trip. 92. Iwate: Hirano. swims from one hole to another.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Wakayama: Saiga. 311. . Lobster. . the Lobster. 210. TKA p. and the Lion. blown off by flatfish's sneeze. or whale).Hyogo: Takada. sea-bream. KG p. 445. T. . Fox goes to Korea and runs a race with tiger. NSK p. 71. 17. 202ff. OE p. . . Tiger (whale or Japanese cormorant). . The Big Bird. Big bird (Japanese stork or hawk). Flatfish sleeps in the mouth of a clam.. strikes a rock and gets his back bent. . sea-slug. fox covering his ears. 236. p. The Fox. He spends the whole day in flying from one horn to another of a big lobster. KI p. KMZ p. . 482. NMS no. 355.Kagawa: Takeda.Fukui: NEM II239. 278. Therefore. . When lion roars. 208. . and the Turtle. 447.Fukuoka: FO-D no. The third time lion roars.Oita: MK 1-137. 80. 219.Kagoshima: Iwakura. man is the biggest of all. Sasaki.Niigata: Mizusawa.NMS no.Kumamoto: MK 1-335. Yamaguchi. 135. - 47. . the Tiger. 279. thinking himself to be the largest in the world. Clam is cast up on the shore. Lobster. Fox (turtle. 16.Kumamoto: MK 1-84. 280. Tabata.Ehime: MK 11-130.. 72. TTH p. thinking himself to be the biggest.NMM 213.Yamaguchi: KB 8-9. 447.30 KEIGO SEKI 45. . MR NMM p. . . . Aomori: Noda. . .Niigata: Mizusawa. Fox hangs on to the tiger's tail and wins the race. .Yamaguchi: KB 8-10.Tokushima: Takeda AIY p. KS p.Nagasaki: Seki. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. catfish. YT no.

KMZ p. 419ff. Wren turns to the East. JVM p. MZG V-654. SUG p. . 319. The Election of the Birds' King.Niigata: Moriwaki. .Shizuoka: MZG V-654. or (b) Fox faces the West and other animals face the East. - Kanagawa: NMS no.Shirane: Moriwaki. 171. He wins the contest and becomes the king of birds.NMS no. KAT no. Hawk. OT p. 90. . he turns to the East. 134. AK p.Rumpf. when the sun rises. They may (a) make the tree rot from their droppings. 61. Iwate: Sasaki.. 259.Tokushima: Takeda.Shimane: NK-a D.NMS no. TTH p. Aichi: MZ 1-789. Hiroshima: Isogai. 375ff. . NK-a p. 124. S. The Wren. . 1A. . AM p. 419. 9.Hyogo: MZ 1-981. and while the others are turning to the West. . 19B. . 50. .Kagoshima: Tabata.Niigata: Mizusawa. 85. The Hawk and the Wren. Yanagita-Mayer.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 256. JFT no. and he wins. TTM-b p. (b) cut off the legs of big bird. Suzuki. . (a) Wren's cleverness is praised. . 19. AIY p. 18. . FS p.Iwate: Sasaki. Hawk enters the ear of wild-boar and kills it.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 31 48.Wakayama: Moriguchi. - Shimane: Moriwaki. . (a) Hawk faces the West. Big bird is caught in a trap or is trapped in the crotch of a tree. Tokushima: Takeda.Osaka: KB 10-28. Little birds gather to talk together about how to rescue big bird. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. or (c) pull his feathers off. and wren have a contest for catching wild-boars. . - 49. . the King of Birds. S.. OC-d p.NMM p. . or (b) he is approved as the king of birds. AIY p. Wren suggests (a) having a bird sit on the trap to loosen it.. . 19. Fox cries out that the sun is rising. Mizusawa. .Gifu MZG V-54. KMZ p. 21. 311.Kumamoto: MZG IV-572. Wren (or fox) and hawk (Japanese stork or other animals) wager that the one who sees the sunrise first is to be the king. 16. In consequence. or (b) cutting strings of the trap. 62. the king of birds. 762. . wren (or fox) becomes the king of birds (or animals).

TKA p. . 232. 8ff. under an agreement that the one who catches up with it first is to eat mochi. 12. 149ff. . drops dung into the mouth of crab's hole.. . TS p. 146. NH p. 264ff. 13. T. . T. . Crab says to monkey that mochi will taste better if he puts it on a dead branch and shakes the branch. and his stomach becomes quite enlarged. so his eyes stick out. 191. . 13. . ST p. or (b) prepare rice field and make mochi together.. TD XII-11-43. 21. KEN p. FS p. 13. 100. 18.. TD IV-436. 95. and mochi falls to the ground. NT p. (a) They let the mortar with mochi in it roll down hill.Yamagata: MK 11-282.Osaka: Minami. 54ff.Yanagita-Mayer. 9.Fukuoka: FO-D no. OT p. Noda. DRM p. 63. in return. Crab does not give mochi to monkey. 87. . The Monkey and the Crab Make Mochi Together. 199. 52. MAT p. and does not share it with crab. KS p. 137. Monkey does so. TGM p. JFT no. or (b) frog is stepped on by monkey. OC-c p. XV-5-20. 255ff.NMS no. or (c) steal mochi. 41. 115. 50. BOG no. MK 11-371. .Gifu: HB IV-471.Rumpf. Monkey wants to eat mochi. TTH p. .NMM p. IKP p. 20. EG p. 52. Hyogo: Takada. Monkey gets himself released in exchange for giving his hair to crab. Monkey runs after the mortar and finds that it is empty. Suzuki.Iwate: Kikuchi.Saga: MK II-260. Monkey climbs a up tree taking all the mochi. SD p.. KMZ p. or (c) crab pinches monkey's bottom. . 22.32 KEIGO SEKI 51. Sasaki. His bottom is pinched by crab. . . TTM-a p. 68. TTM-b p. 110. SOS p.. The Quarrel between the Monkey and the Frog over Mochi (rice-cake).Aomori: Kawai. CG p. 264. . OC-d p.Niigata: Iwakura. Isogai.Nagano: Koike. .Shimane: Moriwaki. 83ff. 280.Gumma: Ueno. Akita: MK II-365. 106. (b) monkey is hit by the hot mochi and gets burned. ZKI p. 268. IZ p. Kondo. 98. . Koyama. KB p. 39. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. the branch breaks. Monkey (or rabbit) and frog (crab or rabbit) (a) find rice ears. For this reason monkey's face is . 599 . (a) Frog eats too much mochi.Ishikawa: Yamashita. AK p. .Fukushima: Iwasaki. 397. A. who. TD IX-223.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. IK p. Frog goes slowly behind monkey and eats the mochi which has fallen from the mortar. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. 93. . . SW p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. TD XIV-6-86. or (b) Monkey carries away the mortar with mochi in it. 74. Mizusawa. Monkey and crab make mochi together. 90.Kochi: Katsurai.. Crab carries it into his hole. and monkey feels ashamed and his face becomes red. JVM p. 46. but (a) frog gives him nothing. 29. 237. 14. TD IV-416.

He eats ripe persimmons himself and gives only green ones to crab. dung (or miso*.- Saga: KB 10-15. Monkey comes home. Isogai. KS p. Chestnut hides in the ashes of the hearth. MK 1-267. TGK p. TGM p. - Aomori: Kawai. MK 11-586. 124. or (b) crab's children plan revenge upon monkey. or (b) exchange persimmon seed and rice-ball between themselves. and crab takes it into his hole. 4. is stung by needle. . - Kagawa: Takeda. KB 3-8. That explains why monkey has a red face and why crab has hairy legs. Crab tells monkey to hang his bag of persimmons on a branch and to shake the branch. AS no. Tabata. (a) Monkey fails to take mochi (or persimmons) from crab. AK p. B. KS p. 11-40. - Nagasaki: Kubo. and mortar above the door. 23.. 196. 71. 24ff. which bears fruits. 133. and mortar (a) sympathize with crab. Bag falls down. 72.Kumamoto: KM no. Chestnut (egg or acorn). 267. slips on dung. 3. cries. 23. Hiroshima: HS-M p. K. or (b) monkey strikes or kills crab with persimmons. . SK p.Oita: Suzuki. 6.Wakayama: NakaNMS no. 162. and make mochi together. needle in the water tub. 270ff. MK 1-42.Kagoshima: Iwakura. GT p. or (b) receive mochi from crabs and give their assistance in avenging father-crab's death. MK II-258ff. 27. 150. (a) Crab. Monkey is released in exchange for his hair. 5. 163. They go to monkey's house.nishi. 23. . 7. bean-curd). Monkey (fox or rabbit) and crab (or pheasant) (a) grow rice. 198. Monkey cheats crab into exchanging his rice-ball for a persimmon seed. - Noda.Hiroshima: Isogai. . BOG Fukui: MK 1-370. NMS no. Akita: MK II-126. and crab has hair on his legs. gets burnt by chestnut. Hyogo: Takada. harvest it. KS p.. needle (or bee). and is crushed by mortar. SB p. Fukuoka: FO-D no. . Yamaguchi. 147ff. AM p.. - Kumamoto: Kimura. having been threatened by monkey. XIV-5-2. 166. . Crab pinches monkey's bottom. Crab sows it and grows persimmon tree. dung at the entrance. AK p. 165. TKA p. 231. 71.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 33 red. 18. Uchida. IK p. TD IV-408. Monkey drops dung at the entrance of hole. 78. Monkey climbs the tree to pick fruits. HG p.Nagasaki: Seki. 164. The Quarrel between the Monkey and the Crab. Oita: MK 1-573. 157. HS-M p. Fukuoka: FO-D no.- Wakayama: Nakanishi. 53. . 160. 161.

34 KEIGO SEKI no. Hiroshima: HS-M p. MK 1-418. 143. TS p. 105. 91.Tokushima: Takeda. NMS no. ROY p. . . horse-leader or (b) a man's father is killed. T. and mortar help him in return for some of his dumpings. . and throws green fruits Monkey comes to pick persimmons at old man who consequently dies. KB p.Kochi: KaMK 1-35. 219.Rumpf. Ogasawara.Kumamoto: KM no. ES p 192. . . 63. . His son sets out to revenge father's death... Isogai. XII-11-43. 37. - Shiga: Mitamura. has his horse eaten (a) On a mountain pass. . Horse-leader by yama-uba*: sets out to take his revenge on yama-uba.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Moriguchi. JVM p. lings. .Niigata: . 85. 192. bee (centipede crab. AK p. 119.. 30. 22.Niigata: Iwakura. Yamanashi: 56. . crab. T. IKP p. AIY p. Saitama: Suzuki. 77. 319. 113. . Suzuki.Kagoshima: Iwakura. (or clam). needle.NMM p. T. horse-leader accomplishes same as Type 53. KG p. The Horse-leader's Revenge. 85. p. 224. . TD X-9-38. 54. . . TD VII-12-13. MAT p. The Through their help. KG p. 69. 42.Yainaguchi: Miyamoto. Umebayashi. bee (ox. 232.Kagawa: Takeda. -Nagano: Mizusawa. ZKI p. BZ p. SKT p. grows up. The Monkey and the Old Man. T. 290. NMM p. NSK p. (bee or centipede).NMS no. 26. 15. his revenge. SOS p. The Sparrow's Revenge. . cow's dung. or crab). 224. Tokyo: MK 11-48. 25. 286. Hiroshima: HS-M p. sea-weed). The same as Type 53. Dohashi. KEN p. 28. TTM-a p.NMS no. 27B. 88. 13.Yamanashi: Dohashi. clay (or green and mortar by offering some of his dumplings. 39. . 152. Fukucka: FO-D no. SG no. . tsurai. Horse-chestnut. ZKI p. 147ff. 27A. 24. Egg hatches. 35. 55. 286.. and goes to avenge its mother's (or father's) death. 11. 391. 288.Iwate: Hirano. 38ff. 30. KS p. Chestnut or snake). needle. On the way he makes friends with chestnut.Iwate: Sasaki. . Yama-uba eats sparrow and all of its eggs but one. SW p. cow's dung and mortar help sparrow in return for some of his dumpThe same as Type 53.Ishikawa: Yamashita.

NMS no. SMT p. 31.Tochigi: Kato. IKP p. 91. 72.NMM p. NMS no. 343.NMS no.. regains his keeper's favor. NMS no.el. 156. 58. KB p. and they hide in a cave in the mountain. MK 11-513. Mizusawa. Wolf becomes angry. Horse. learning it through child rat. Wea. MT p. Thinking a demon's ear is a mouse. Nagano: Iwasaki. Thieves are frightened and run away. The four animals take money and (a) continue to travel on. K. They sleep in the woods or in a lonely house. The four animals cry all at once. and dog then. S. Rat does not work. Dog refuses. 127. . Niigata: Iwakura. Wolf comes with demons to eat dog. 29. When dog hears it he feels unhappy. Dog feels uneasy and asks cat for his aid. Dog tells wolf about his pathetic fate and asks his help. 376.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES Mizusawa. dog. Iwate: Sasaki. 34. or (b) live there happily everafter. Dog. 66. Okayama: Imamura. TTM-b p. beromes angry. 30. . 290. 35 Yamagata: 57. When millet ripens. IKP p. . or (b) leave their keeper who has become poor. Dog barks noisily to warn the household. cat. The Rat Cooperating with the Weasel in Growing Corn. and Cock Travel together. 292.. . Thieves come and begin to divide their money. and Cat. Rat and weasel grow millet together. 257. Dog. EG p. MAT p. The Horse. cat bites at it. and pulls rat's teeth out. 59. whereupon demons run away. 176. Wolf comes at night to take the keeper's child away. Cat. The Wolf. and cock (a) are ill-treated by their keeper and escape. leaving money there. MB p. rat secretly gathers crop and makes it into mochi and eats it by himself. ROY p. Wolf demands a chicken in reward for his help. Child is safe. . An old dog's keeper tells someone in his household that he is going to kill his dog because it is very old now.

JFT no.Tottori: TD XI-1-13. NMM p. 260. becomes ill. NBK Yamaguchi. Yanagita-Mayer. MT p. KB p. 141. . KS p. 261. 161ff. Kochi: Katsurai. . Mizusawa. 277. T. Cat goes alone to the temple. 35.NMS no. 1. Rat discovers cat's activity and reproaches cat. FS p. ND p. MAT p. 66. 90. Okayama: Imamura. The Fox and the Dog. princess who lives in dragon palace under the sea. .3. T. 61.Niigata: Iwakura. 168. 287. SW p. The Monkey's Liver.Wakayama: KB 9-15. 63. Field rat likes peaceful country life better than the high living in town. Field rat invites town rat. There are many good things to eat in town. Nagasaki: 62. Gifu: Sawata. 406. 38. 261. NMS no. 113. Jellyfish (or octopus) tells monkey the purpose of turtle's visit. TS p. - _ Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. He runs away as soon as he is taken back to land. 35.36 KEIGO SEKI 60. Tabata. Town rat invites field rat. 147.Shimane: Moriwaki. OC-d p. KK p. 26. Otohime. KG p.Saitama: Suzuki. Iwate: Sasaki. saying that he is invited to a funeral ceremony. So he is sent back to get it. 194. Fox boasts that he is a spirit capable of making predictions. The Cat and the Rat. but there are also many cats. Turtle (globefish or dog) is sent to bring a monkey back so that its liver can be used for ailing princess. 129. MK 11-235.Yuki. 32. Cat and rat prepare food together and keep it in a temple. Then monkey says he has forgotten to bring his liver. Aomori: Noda. EG p. TKA p. . 6. and eats food. Town rat quickly escapes for there is no good food there. 27. 1. TTM-b p. HKT p. IK no. . NMM p. - Kagoshima: Iwakura. Turtle's shell becomes cracked. IKP p. The Field Rat and the Town Rat... Then cat eats rat. SOS p. 36. . Fukui: MK 1-369. 57. Rat and cat go to the temple together and find food gone. p. NMS no. Takagi. AM p. and jellyfish loses his bones as punishment. 35.. 326. TTM-a p.

40.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 37 When fox crosses a bridge. The Race of the Centipede and the Slug. 65. .NMS no. A. Kumamoto: KK V-77. Slug reaches there late. Rabbit. NMS no. -. dog barks. The Rabbit Who Was Defeated by the Tortoise.- Shiga: Mitamura. having lost a race with tortoise. . Banished rabbit plays a trick on wolf and pushes him off a precipice. 26. Centipede Sent on an Errand. p. 65. Wolf demands three young rabbits from rabbit village. Centipede reaches Edo early.NMS no. Dog laughs at fox for he has failed to foretell even an event in the very near future. Niigata: Mizusawa. Because of this merit. Miyagi: KD II-117. but when he gets into the inn. 107. After they had been kept waiting for a long time. rabbit is received into his village once more. Kochi: Katsurai. ROY p. IKP p. SG no. but centipede has not yet putting on warajis. FS 66. TTH p. 48. NMS no. * Edo is the old name for Tokyo. 39. 67. KB p. He has still eighteen more pairs to - a feast. The Centipede Sent for the Doctor. centipede still has to take off eighteen pairs of warajis. 254. 118. Iwate: Sasaki. Worms and crawling creatures are going to have Centipede and frog are sent to buy food and drinks. 39. because he has many feet and consequently is supposed to go fast. 64. Niigata: Iwakura. Centipede is sent for doctor. 268. is driven away from his community. turns with sake (rice-wine). 42. Niigata: Mizusawa. they find out that centipede is still putting waraji* (strawsandals) on his feet. Frog refinished put on. TS p. and fox falls into the river. Centipede and slug have a race to Edo*. King of worms and insects becomes ill.

ZXI p. NI p. straw catches fire. . - Waka- 69. 14. The sun. IKP p. 177. T. 82. 259. 41. . that he is split open.NMS no.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto T.. 67. TTM-a p. Oita: yama: Nakanishi. - Suzuki.38 Kumamoto: no. - KEIGO SEKI Niigata: Mizusawa. 43. T. Mole (rat or stone-cutter) wishes to have his daughter make the best marriage possible. .Kochi: Katsurai. Shimane: TD IV-445.. 46. When slug comes for centipede. . 27. Shizuoka: SO-D yama: Nakanishi. KS p. p. SOS p. The Mole's Bridegroom. KTJ p.Okayara: Imamura. 499. 67. Sasaki. 68. KM no. NMS ro. Charcoal. When charcoal goes on it. a piece of charcoal. 133. Girl (or doctor) mends it with black thread. . Frog from Kyoto goes to see city of Osaka.. 359. SB p. centipede is making warajis. 275. K. S.. Akita: TD XIV-5-1.NMM p.Kumamoto: KK V-266. . . KS p. They stand up on their hind legs to look down toward cities they are headed for. - Iwate: Kikuchi. Bean laughs so much at this sight. 67. and falls into the river with charcoal.Kyoto: KG-K p. TS p.Saitama: Suzuki. 171. As cities look just like their own. KG p. Slug comes back from the trip and he finds centipede still making his warajis. . Nagasaki: Seki. and wall (rock . - Yamaguchi: KB 9-14. Suzuki. A piece of straw. 41. SKT p. 54. wind. 89. Thus the bean has a black line. and breaks. Centipede and slug make arrangements to go on a trip. KMZ p. 141. 70. Yamanashi: Dohashi. . 329. and a bean go on a trip together. On mountain pass he meets with frog from Osaka who is on a journey to Kyoto. Wakayama: Moriguchi. MT p. Straw makes himself a bridge over the river.Nagasaki: Seki. 266.. KAT no. . Iwate: Hirano. 85. so slug sets out on the journey by himself. 496ff. NH p.. 147. TTM-a p. NMS B.Niigata: Mizusawa. 308. The Frog from Kyoto and the Frog from Osaka. - Waka- NMS no. and Straw. 40. cloud. It is because they stood on their hind legs and looked backwards. they lose interest in the journey and go back home. The Bean. SB p.

KB p. 380.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 44. Old man catches badger. MB p. Mud-snail recites a poem praising crow's beautiful color and form. he chants bad words about crow.NMS no. or asks him to sing. MK Saitama: Suzuki.Niigata: KB p. . he kills her. or puts him into salt* Kachi-kachi signifies the sound of striking flints. 74. MAT p. . Crow (or fox) tries to catch mud-snail seizes it in his mouth.Iwate: Sasaki. 264. 322. Kachi-kachi* Mountain.NMS no. He burns grass on badger's back. .Fukushima: T. T. 401. Badger asks what makes kachi-kachi sound at his back. KK p. Hiroshima: HS-M p. (a) Rabbit applies mustard. 80. 20. 201. . miso (bean paste). Rabit tells badger that they are passing B6-b6 mountain. When mud-snail goes away into the earth.Yamagata: MK 1-428.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Rabbit makes fire by striking flints. 224. Badger (or monkey) plays a trick on old man working in his field. At last another mole proves to be the best prospective bridegroom.. ties it up and gives it to his old wife to use it for badger soup. TTH p. A. Rabbit says it is because they are on Kachikachi mountain. (or mole-cricket).Nagano: Iwasaki. or 72.. 183. TTH p. or (b) Rabbit tricks badger into going into a thatched hut and sets fire to it: or (c) Rabbit catches badger and throws him into boiling water. SOS p. . II-37. Fire sounds b6-b6. When released.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 39 or stone) are tested one by one. KMZ p. T. 135. . .. 37. 262. KG p. Iwasaki. 71. Rabbit sympathizing with old man. . IKP p. 140ff.Niigata: Iwakura. . promises to assist him in taking revenge on badger. IKP p. .. S. . or damages his field. Badger gets his back burned. Mizusawa. and is released. Mizusawa. 197. Badger persuades wife to untie him. The Mud-snail and the Crow Exchanging Words in Verse. offers to old man the soup made of his dead wife and runs away. 144. Aomori: MK II-507. Iwakura.NMM p. IK p. 45. Badger in disguise as old woman. 42. 107.Fukuoka: FO-D no. . or some irritating ointment to badger's burnt skin. promising to help her in making rice. (a) Rabbit tricks badger into gathering miscanthus (grass or fire-wood) together and carrying it on his back. .

Rabbit makes a wooden boat for his own use and has badger make a mud boat for his use. . Ehime: HB IX-212. . K. 150. 206. KS p. 385. IX-258. TD X-9-38. 19. 57.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. Badger persuades wife to untie him. KB 8-5. Ogasawara. 97. OC-c p.. . 167. and runs away. SW p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. NH p.Shimane: Moriwaki.Gifu: HB IV-600. .. SG no. . Sasaki.Ehime: MK 11-131. he kills old woman. . 188. 11. 95. Sasaki. offers to old man the soup made of old woman. T. 118. 298..Shiga: Mitamura. . KB p.Kumamoto: KM no. 28. OC-a p. 51. or monkey) comes to see rabbit (or old man) who is making a winter fence around his house and asks rabbit to put a fence around his house. Akita: TD XIV-5-5. AS no. or (b) Rabbit beats badger with a wisteria cane or a bamboo stick. 66.. Badger in disguise as old woman. T.40 KEIGO SEKI water. 32A. . 230. 107. MK I421.Saitama: Suzuki. Rabbit sinks badger's mud boat. KS p. MT p. Moriguchi.Iwate: Kikuchi. frog. TTM p. The Rabbit and the Bear.Oita: Suzuki. Mizusawa. KMZ p. wolf.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 460. T. KA p. 36. AS no. When released. . T. KG p. T. 9. NI p. IK p.. BOG p. . Rabbit and old man cook and eat badger soup. Rabbit lacquers up badger's hole so that he will not need to eat food during wintertime. . 138. .. .Niigata: Suzuki. 72ff. 164. NH p. Kikuchi.Shimane: Moriwaki. 35. Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 150. KTJ p. 106. 9. Bear (badger. 204. 45. 153. 291:.Nagasaki: Suzuki.Fukushima: Iwasaki. MAT p. 40. .Kochi: Katsurai. OC-b p. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 152. . 43.Yamagata: MK II-280. saying that is a charm for curing burns. 30. SD p. 144. 32C.NMS no. too. .Wakayama: Nakanishi.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 172ff. TS p. . .Tokushima: Takeda. . 73. 19. ties it up and gives it to his old wife to make badger soup. IK p. . B.. 26. Suzuki. 327. or (c) Rabbit rolls badger over bamboo stumps. Oita: Suzuki. . 43ff. T. 53.NMM p. Oka- yama: Imamura. SOS p. .. A. SO p. T. .Shizuoka: SO-D p. 43.Saga: TD XII-7-13ff. . . Then they go fishing.. 475. Old man catches badger. K. 110. 292. Badger (monkey. NI p. 133. 123. . 55. KG p. .Hyogo: Takada. or fox) plays a trick on old man working in his field. SKT p.Kumamoto: MK 1-43.Iwate: Hirano. AIY p. Rabbit takes .. SW p. . NMS no. 306. ZKI p.Saga: KB 11-12. KEN p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 208. Niigata: Iwakura. promising to help her in hulling rice.

Yamagata: MK 1-513. Fox throws knife at rabbit. 312.. Akita: NMZ III-107.Gifu: HB IV-601. Rabbit plays a trick on children and escapes. . To badger's burns. 32D. TKA p. NI p.Saga: TD XII-7-15.NMS no. and rabbit drowns bear. Rabbit cheats pheasant and he escapes. 32B. Father makes children continue to hold rabbit down and goes to fetch a knife himself.Iwate: Kikuchi. Rabbit sinks badger's mud-boat while fishing. or (b) they build a thatched hut and rabbit tricks bear into going into the hut. C. or (b) he sends them for a hatchet. 59. . KMZ p. K. SD p. (a) Rabbit makes bear carry miscanthus on his back and sets fire to it. Father has his teeth broken by bear's skull. He tells children that they should tell their father to gnaw bear's skull when he returns. 32E. 318. KEN p. NH p. Rabbit comes along to the place where pheasant and fox are feasting. or (b) Rabbit applies smartweed-paste to bear's wounds. . 63.NMS no.NMM p. MK II-586. and his tail is cut off.. Fox catches rabbit and sends pheasant for a knife. 52. . 33.. He goes to catch rabbit. cutting off his tail. . Rabbit takes dead bear to a house where there are only children. T.NMS no. Sasaki. and they bring a board. . which rabbit burns.Niigata: Suzuki. . He catches rabbit and (a) sends his children for a knife.Aomori: Noda. 1. and they bring a chopping-board.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 41 bear to the fields for gathering miscanthus. or (b) Rabbit builds a hut. . Pheasant comes back with a board instead of a knife. TKA p. 295... or (c) he sends them for a broad-axe. Akita: TD XIX-5-3. 7. . B. Rabbit and bear (a) go to gather firewood and rabbit sets fire to firewood on badger's back. has bear get into it and sets fire to it. Rabbit in a wooden boat and bear in a mud-boat go fishing.Aomori: Noda.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 56. . Fox goes to fetch a knife himself. (a) Rabbit ties up bear with vines and has him roll down to the bottom of the ravine. or he sews up badger's hole so that he will not need to eat food. -.Isikawa: Yamashita.Oita: Suzuki. and they bring a wooden pillow instead of a knife. rabbit applies miso or pine resin. Rabbit makes a wooden boat and has bear make a mud-boat. . Father throws knife at rabbit. KEN p. 36. Gifu: HB V-45. He cooks bear and serves it to children and himself.

ZKI p. AIY p. p. AIY p.Kochi: Katsurai. 165ff. gano: Iwasaki. 276. NK-c p. KEN Isogai. Sasaki. KMZ p.Kanagawa: MK 1-477. On a rainy night old man and his wife talk to each other. 138ff. Miyagi: KD 1-175.Shimane: Moriwaki. . TTM-a p. KB p. MK 1-334. ND p. . Suzuki.. 263. . T. Moriguchi. Tiger overhears this conversation and runs away. . TTH p. 142ff.. NT p. KK VII-202. T. KG p. 81. . 125.Iwate: Hirano. TD VIII-12-86. takes tiger for horse and jumps on it. MK p. 267. He sees that it is not a horse but a tiger. 329. Robber who is in the hole cuts monkey's tail off. SKT p. 334. Na- - * Mori means here a leak in the roof. 467. NI p. Akita: TD XIV-6-21. K. . 162. Kikuchi. . AK p.NMS no. . 276. 95. 222. JFT no.Ishikawa: Yamashita.Kumamoto: Takai. MAT p.. MK 1-411. 34.. 67. 118. 326. Yanagita375. . 469ff.Osaka: MK 11-233.. 403. 3. Tiger reports this event to animals in the wood. T. 185. 228. 324. . KS p. 160..Fukushima: Iwasaki. SB p. 422.Niigata: Iwakura. III-111. IK Gifu: HB V-60.Shizuoka: SO-D p. Monkey comes to see what is in the hole and puts his tail into it.p. MK II-585. 137. SW p. . 254.. 67. KG p. MK 1-459. 169. 129.42 KEIGO SEKI 74. They say that they are more afraid of a mori* of an old house than they are of a tiger (wolf or bill-collector). TGK p 2. FS p.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 253. Seki. NK-a p. 89. 80ff. Robber who has come to steal horse. 80.Saitama: Suzuki. Kyoto: GK-K p. ESJ p. 68. . 50. OC-e p. Yamanashi: Dohashi. 27.. Toyama. TTM-b p. . and he hides in a hole. JVM p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 47.Hiroshima: HS-M p. TKA p. Tokushima: Takeda.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . 104. Uchida..Oita: Suzuki. Ogasawara. The Leak in the Roof of an Old House. thinking there is someone called mori who is more fearful than himself. Kagawa: Takeda. 33.Rumpf. KS p.Nagasaki: Kubo. KTJ p. 335...NMM p. . 30. GT p. Mayer. KD 8-1. 21. TS p. . TD IV-441].Aomori: Noda. K. OE p. . OC-c p. 68ff. . 72. 118. 239. NH p. T. Then tiger thinks that he has been caught by mori of this old house and shakes robber off. 190. 98.Hyogo: TD IV-317. 345. IX-350. Mizusawa.

250. TGK p.Kumamoto: Hamada. KG p. 11-124. OE p.Saitama: Suzuki.Tochigi: Kato. 515. or puts it into a box. 134.Nagano: Koyama. Eating the Demon at a Mouthful. Man and demon (or fox) have a contest in which they try their skill of changing their shapes. 97. KMZ p. After he escapes from the privy. Ogasawara. acolythe) goes to a forest to gather fruit.. KB p. TD.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 149. 21. . 40. 1. . HK 1-92. comb. KK VII-198. Mizusawa.Miyagi: KD 1-174. . AK-D p. 312. TD XV-5-17. 138. 6. As boy flees from yamauba. MK 1-327. Yama-uba lets boy go into the privy. 236. 96. CG p. Akita: Sasaki. TTM-a p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. FS p. who changes herself into a bean and is swallowed by osho. . Noda. the charm answers yama-uba. . fire (or bush).Nagasaki: Seki. SG no. TKA p. . . MAT p. . SKT p. TTH n. 240. 118. . 25. SB p. (a) Yama-uba is burned to death. and the third one. Three Charms. burns it. . KI p. 173. T. 52.Yamanashi: Dohashi.NMM p. 77. 22. Kikuchi. 167. IKP p.Shiga: Mitamura. binding a string around his waist. 32. Man eats it up. KG p. T. 75. SW p. He unties it and puts one of the charms given by osho (priest) on the string. and needle. 23. a mountain (or sword mountain). TD XIV6-44. TGM p. . . 146. 91. Osh6 tries a disguise contest with yama-uba. or is driven out from temple because of his naughtiness. 86. . Uchida. 36. He w. 100. 256. XTI-1141. 111-112. or jewels) over his shoulder one by one. 146.Gifu: HB V-249. 111. 4..TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 43 III. 277.. T. 29. 91. Moriguchi. .Aomori: Kawai.NMS no. OC-d p. A.Niigata: Iwakura.Shimane: Moriwaki. or (b) Boy barely gets back to temple and asks osho for help. . SMT p. MAN AND ANIMAL Escape from Ogre Boy (or kozo.Iwate: Hirano. 79. the second one. 297. . IK p. NH p. The first one causes a river (or sea) to appear between himself and yama-uba. 51. he throws three charms (or mirror. 76.ants to stay over night at yama-uba's* (mountain witch) house in the forest. MK 1-469.. 177. Demon transforms himself into something small. NMZ III-109.

119. . MZG V-1064. 19. 89. 59ff.Tochigi: Kato. Horse-driver (or ox-driver) is driving his horse packed with salt and salted fish (or rice). . Isogai. 87. 7. . AIY p. . or wood-cutter. Aomori: MK II-429ff. 37. when he meets yama-uba (yamaotoko* or demon). 105. . 91: Umebayashi. 36.. BZ p. are bitten off by demon. yamauba climbs into a cauldron or a box in order to sleep. 147. NI . 196. . 57. SMT p. Fukushima: Iwasaki. Tokushima: Takeda.44 KEIGO SEKI Akita: TD XIV-6-34. 276. 84. KA-K 1-154. Yama-uba comes back and begins to toast some pieces of mochi.. . TD 1-8-51.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 19. pursued by yama-uba. 46. AK p. KMZ p. 242.Ishikawa: Yamashita. Mizusawa. 77. or pours boiling water into the box. T. ESJ p.Kumamoto: Hamada. 57. X-9-33. . He enters into a solitary house and hides himself. TTM-a p. T. and kills yama-uba.Niigata: Iwakura. 26. K. 158. 95. KS p. KM no. 100. or a girl of the house hides him. 82. IKP p. . NMZ III-104. He learns that it is yama-uba's house. MK 1-34.NMS no. 23. MAT p. therefore. 76. 54. Ogasawara. . -.NMS no. above the ceiling.Kochi: Katsurai. SB p. The Horse-driver and Yama-uba. . and escapes through the help of boat-carpenter. Yama-uba thinks that mochi has been taken away by a rat. 140. FS p. 19. 92. 24. IK p. . NSK p. which. Horse-driver strikes the mochi with a stick. OE p. Toyama. K. AS no.Kagawa: Takeda. or in a tree.Nagasaki: Seki.Oita: Suzuki. 100. NI p. Horse-driver. TD XVI-5-25. KEN p. 78. takes it and eats it. 181. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. Kozo named Dan-ichi (or man) is pursued by demon (or yama-uba). 51. AM-D p. among the reeds. . reed-reaper. KB p. Horsedriver pours water into the cauldron and puts a fire under it. OT p. MK 1-417. 215. . . Yamaguchi. Iwate: Hirano. . 29. . 101.Kagoshima: Iwakura.Gifu: HB V-142. SW p. shima: KK II-249. Dan-ichi Whose Ears Are Bitten. . hides himself under a boat. ROY p. TS p. TTH p. IK p.. .Niigata: TTM-b p. Feeling somewhat uneasy. 148.Hyogo: TD X-6-42. SKT p. 241. 297.Fukuoka: FO-D no.Niigata: MK 1-469. Osho for- gets to write on kozo's ears. ROY p. IK p. . 202. He takes refuge in temple.NMM p. 56. Sasaki. 44. . who eats up all the things packed on the horse and then eats horse.Oita: Suzuki. Osh6 writes phrases of Sutras all over his body to protect him from demon.Nagano: Koike. Toku- 78.NMM p.Iwate: Sasaki..

Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 243.Kochi: Katsurai. Mizusawa.Rumpf. MK 11-418. . SB p.Shimane: Moriguchi. 46. 55. .Gifu: Sawata. FS p. KS p.Tottori: IP-M p. OC-a p.Tochigi: Kato. The custom of putting iris and mugworts on the eaves on May 5th. 94. . 67. NBK no. MD XVI-177. T. . Iwate. 176. MD XVI-176. K. S. 125.NMS no. 72.. .Aomori: Kawai.Nagasaki: Seki. KB 8-2. 18. NI p. . JVM p. frog.Kagoshima: Iwakura. - 45 Saitama: Suzuki. 54. 227. . 28. 107. 43. 9. TD XV-5-22.. SOS p. 9ff. He tries to drive his wife away. 116. KK VII-83. visits and marries him. 12. 88. SMT p. . 244. 172. .Yanagita-Mayer. 153. . 107. 103. 84. He secretly peeps in and sees wife putting rice into her large mouth on top of her head. MK II-170. . 149. 149. 147. TGM p.Hirano.Okayama: Imamura. Tabata. ... AIY p. TKA p.Okinawa: Sakima.Osaka: Minami. KM no. 32. 184. NK-c p. 66. . 97.Yanagita-Mayer.NMM p. MK II-430ff. 75. . SMT p. T. T. 135.Yamanashi: Dohashi. KB p. 11. 213. . OK p. Suzuki. JVM p. T. MT p. . -NMM p. JFT no. KEN p. The Wife Who Does not Eat. SKT p. p. AM-D p. Noda. IZ p. 95ff. SW p. 50. Okayama: Imamura. KAT no.Nagano: Iwasaki.Wakayama: Moriguchi.Saitama: Suzuki. AM-M p. 45. T. . KA-K 1-155. . KI p.Yamagata MK II-318. MK 11-372. . 79. TS p. NT p. TD IV-403. . Isogai.Ishikawa: Yamashita. MT p. . She puts him in a tub which she carries away on her head into a forest.. Kikuchi. KM 1-374. KG p. .Oita: Suzuki. NSK p. . . T. KG p. NMS no. 31. 21. 87. He manages to get out of the tub and hides himself among iris and mugworts.. 88.Toyama: HB VII562.Kumamoto: Hamada. 187. MK 1-30. IM 1-258. 67.Ehime: HB IX-210.. XII-11-37. 58. runs after man. 147. . Man wishes to have a wife who would not eat food. snake. having changed herself into yama-uba (femaledemon. 157. 45. . NS p. KB 10-20. Wife. HB IV-501. 318. 456ff. Woman who meets his wish.Tokushima: Takeda. 67. 68. Koike. AN p. 130ff. 57. badger. JFT no. Saga: KB 11-12. KI p. 14. 28. . 42.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . MK 11-566. 282. AK p. MK 1-132. 201. 142. 130. S. 17. Yamagata: MK II-92. . 136. IK p. ..Shizuoka: SO-D p.Kagawa: Takeda. AM p. 40.. AIY p. MB p. KTJ p. .Tokushima: Takeda. . is said to be done in memory of this. . TTM-b p. NH p.Hyogo: Minami. 132. 23. 125. -Yamanashi: Dohashi.Tochigi: Kato. Niigata: Iwakura. IZ p. TD XIV-6-38. MAT p. . 192. TD VII-12-35. Koyama. IK p. CG p. but is unable to reach him. TTH p. -Shimane: Moriwaki. V-251. . Aichi: TD IV-425.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES p. TTM-a p.Rumpf. OC-b p.Fukui: FI-K p. . as she is afraid of the magic power of the iris and mugworts. OT p. Yamaguchi. Ogasawara. 90. II-364.Toyama: MK 11-270. 57.. . 28. or spider). 89. 73. . KK 1-379. .Akita: MK 1-507. 47. 65.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 44. Miyagi: KD III-116.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 128. Yokoji. 14.

Yama-uba (demon. ND p. AIY p. . MK 1-474. 62: TD VIII-12-38. T. wolf. III-646. Yama-uba does the same and comes near children. 21. Carrying persimmons. 147.Oita: Suzuki. SMT p. Yamna-uba tries to seize their reflections on the water. The buckwheat's stalk is stained red with the blood of yama-uba. . KG p. KB 8-4. 204. 175. or they climbed upside-down Yama-uba tries to climb just (with their heads downward). NT p. NM-a p.Niigata: Suzuki. . Tabata. MK II-374. Takagi.Yanagita-Mayer. 81. OE p.. 206. . .Shimane: Moriguchi. SD p. and thus tricks children into letting her into the house. ogress. 21. "Oh. Yamaguchi.NMS no. NH p. 99. IK p. eats mother. Seki. 185ff.. HKT p.Kagawa: Takeda. Sun-God! KEIGO SEKI Let down the Iron Chain !" Mother. 48. female-demon. 140. or two stars. 182. . Umebayashi. GT p. 258. . AM p. 101. 56. 92.Saitama: Suzuki.. 97. KK p. which breaks. TKA p. .Okayama: Imamura.. "Oh. 32. MT p. Eldest brother says they climbed with their feet oiled. tells her three (two or seven) children that they should not open the door to any stranger. They call to Let down the iron chain for us!" Sun-God.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 205. 42. . . 100. brother and sister go to visit their grandmother. . deceives them and takes them to her house.NMM p. 4. 93.) Aomori: Noda.Tochigi: Kato. JFT no. SB p. . IK p. . 13. NSK p. 33. She gives his little finger to the second child. The Brother and Sister at Ogress's House.Tokushima: Takeda. 97. 94.Fukui: NEM III-18ff. one-eyedGoro. 60. Two elder brothers (or sisters) escape and climb up a tree. 60. 267. . 152. K.Nagasaki: Kubo. (Two children are changed into the moon and the sun.. AK p. . 180. Ogress. . . NI p. Hamada. 133. TD VII-12-37. Younger child tells her they made cuts on the trunk in order to make it easy to climb up. 139. . Yuki. HG p. 245. T. She falls to her death. TD 1-8-51. before going out to work. 70. Isogai.Rumpf. in the guise of grandmother. They up A rotten rope comes down for yama-uba. Ogress sleeps with brother . as eldest child told her and she falls. KM no. Brothers laugh at her and are discovered. or tiger). BZ p. 55. 85.Hiroshima: HS-M p. disguises herself as mother. Yamauba eats the youngest child.Iwate: Kikuchi.Kumamoto: Kimura. TD VII-12-35. AM-D p. She climbs up the rope.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 58. 115. TS p. Sun-God! climb the chain which has come down from heaven. TD VI-1151. 30. 21.46 80. 51.Kochi: Katsurai.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 182. T. JVM p. .

or (b) that she has conceived. 110. Sister asks ogress what she is eating. T. TTM-a p. Wife tells him (a) that a child has come.Iwate: Hirano. or two children are lost in a forest. Wife hides him in the cellar. When a man is present a white flower blooms and when a woman is present a red flower blooms (or Ogre sees a magic camellia flower which blooms when a human being is present).Okayama: Imamura. NMS no.Nagano: TD IV-422. NM-a p.. . They boat across the sea (or river). 'B. Ogress gathers her neighbors together the girl together. Ogre bursts into laughter at this sight and throws up all the water. Wife tucks up the bottom of her clothes and slaps her buttocks.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 47 Ogress clothes to eat on the and eats him. MK 11-180. Toyama: HB VIII-33. . - Fukushiina: Iwasaki. or (b) Ogre sees his magic tree has a white flower blooming. Ogre drinks sake in celebration of her conception. Wife escapes with her father and child. drinks water to draw back their boat. Her father goes in search of her. (a) Ogre smells a human being. Wife tells him that it is probably because she has conceived a child. Husband (or father) goes in search of her and finds her in ogre's house. MT p. KB p. he drinks himself to sleep. leaving her behind on a tree. Wife kills him by giving him poison and escapes. . Sasaki. So they come home safely. .Shimane: Moriwaki. 113. Ogre is pleased at this information. Akita: MK 1-123. In celebration of this. 186. 60. NMM p. 135. 65. 82. . gives her brother's hand.Niigata: Iwakura. who guides him to ogre's house. 89ff. 147. Ogre in pursuit of them. . ROY p. 111. He meets his daughter's child named Kozuna. Kozuna. Ogre comes home and says he smells a human being. Ogre's wife hides her father in a box. SKT p. IK p. Sister escapes. Niigata: Mizusawa. She offers to king the magic flower which she taken from ogre's garden and is rewarded. 148. . NMS no. So girl is saved. 338. 170. Girl is kidnapped by ogre and becomes his wife.Kagoshima: Iwakura. KK p. 246. 113. they are offended and kill ogress. A. the Ogre's Child.Aomori: MK II-428ff. MKB p. Wife (or daughter) is carried away by ogre (or yamauba). 247A. As they find only the girl's clothes tree. KMZ p.

At an inn. Akita: TD XIV-6-35. but they don't believe him and drive him out. Sasaki. NH p. 248. 28. to eat one sh6* of beans. and to make straw ropes).Shimane: Moriwaki.Kagoshima: Iwakura. NBK no. KI p. 72. . SB p. Brother wins with the help of his sister. to eat rice as much as possible. 155. Suzuki. appear and beat on the drum for him with their tails. KMZ p. IK p. 119.Nagasaki: Kubo. 83.Ishikawa: Yamashita. travelers are transformed into horses (or oxen) .48 KEIGO SEKI Gifu: HB V-250.NMS no. OE p. 64. He goes into demon's house and is discovered Sister proposes three conby demon. Demon-sister runs after brother. AM p. KK p. whose wife learns of her husband's danger from a blur in her mirror and sets her eagle and hawk (or Demon-sister is killed by these tiger) free to save husband. . 85. 90. tests for her brother and demon. The Travelers Who Are Changed into Horses.NMS no. . 98. The loser of the contests is to be eaten by the winner. There is no one left in the house except his younger sister. She tells him to keep beating a drum while she is out.Kagawa: Takeda. 249. 130.Kagoshima: Iwakura.Hyogo: TD X-4-74. 72. KS p. KEN p. 105. OC-b p. 91. Two rats who are the incarnation of his dead parents' spirits. Tabata. . MK 11-168. . He returns home with treasure. The Younger Sister Who Is a Female Demon. . 126.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 247B.Iwate: Kikuchi. . Brother tells his parents that his younger sister is a female demon. . 57. . Seki.. ZKI p. 154. T. 92. . -. KK p. 69. 112. The contests are to fill a bath-tub with water. MK 11-522.NMM p. OE p. and to drink boiling water (or to cut down trees. Gifu: Sawata. 231. brother (or mother) goes in search of her. 126. 249. .NMS no. KTJ p. The Contest with the Demon. . 84. 129. Brother on his journey learns of his parents' calamity through a blur in his mirror and returns home.Yamanashi: Dohashi. SK p. GT p. Sister is carried Her (or daughter) away by demon. . and they let him escape. 94. birds or by the tiger. Yamaguchi.

learns from an old man that seven egg-plants developed on one plant will restore them to human beings. carpenter.Iwate: Hirano. 25. 250. or in a hut in a wood. ZKI p. goes to a house according to the instructions of god.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 166. Kagoshima: Iwakura. KK p. but are checked by his sword.Kagawa: Takeda. or (c) Lazy man who prays to god for showing him a way to live comfortably without working.NMS no. 51. 108. 206: Ogasawara.Fukushima: Iwasaki.Aomori: Noda. 96. . 36. The one who did not eat the magic food. . 97. They are disenchanted. 274.NMS no. KK p. Without keeping this. TKA p. IK p. SW p. Traveler (hunter. 52. or he thinks he is discovered by the man. Soon a big wolf appears. .NMM p. or yamabushi* (mountain ascetic) ) sleeps in a tree. Sasaki. 251. 97. (a) Traveler stops at a house. . when he awakes from his dream. He (or she) is forbidden to see one of many rooms. ..Yamanashi: Dohashi. OE p. 110. KS p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 49 through eating some cooked grass. Only one person does not eat it. (b) Woman is deceived and is taken to a lonely house by a man. he opens that room and sees (a) many men being pressed so that fat could be taken out of them. Wolves cry out asking that someone be sent for "blacksmith's old mother" (or their boss). and so he escapes. 129. SKT p. 37. Many wolves (cats or badgers) climb on top of one another to the tree to attack him.Niigata: Mizusawa. KMZ p. 165. 141. AIY p. Aomori: Noda. He is told by a guard that he too is to have his fat removed. but this wolf is also . . 130. Those horses are sold and are forced to work hard. They come again to the same inn and change inn-keeper into a horse through the aid of the same magic grass. 125. or (b) woman hanging from the ceiling.Tochigi: Kato. courier.NMM p.. After difficulties he gets those fruits and gives them to the horses. . B. 146. ROC p.Iwate: Sasaki. T. The Blacksmith's Stupid Animals Old Mother. . SMT p. IKP p. Akita: TD XIV-5-7. Pressing Fat Out. He takes refuge in a white-haired old woman's house and is saved. 95. TKA p.

his own cat watches him and counts bullets. . Takagi.Kumamoto: TD VI8-78. shoots her. Shiga: KK III-691. Hunter's wife dislikes her husband to go out hunting.. 341.Kochi: Katsurai. .Miyagi: KD III-38. . KMZ p. NK-a p. Yamanashi: Dohashi. Traveler comes home safely. 157. ND p. 252. While hunter is preparing bullets (or arrows) for shooting an evil cat in the wood.Yamanashi: Dohashi.Fukushima: Iwasaki. MB p.a p. ZKI p. Fukui: MK II-140. 174. T. ST p.50 KEIGO SEKI injured or has one of its forelegs cut off. (a) He kills old woman. 344. Fukui: MK 1-29. 121. 20.Hyogo: TD IV-320.Tokushima: Takeda.Tottori: IP-M p. Cat disappears.Iwate: Sasaki. 113. NMS no. Old woman takes it and goes away with it. Oita: MK 1-179. 148. or goes to blacksmith's house. IM 1-187. OC.Oita: Suzuki. 11. . Hunter shoots at evil cat in the wood until he uses up his bullets. 360. Sasaki. NMS no. 127. 299. or (b) he shows her the wolf's foreleg which he cut off. . Every time he shoots. 60. SOS p. . KI p. - Kagoshima: B. 88. Mizusawa. BZ p. Yokoji. . 253A. 291. 12. Koyama. IK p. 14. MB p. 36. KI p. She withstands shots of twelve arrows. A. Hunter being suspicious.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.Niigata: Iwakura.Shizuoka: SO-D p. NK-b p..Nagano: Iwasaki. but is finally shot to death by hunter's . Hunter's cat counts twelve arrows which hunter is preparing. 93. CG p.Kumamoto: KM no. AJ no. 296. T. K. MK TI-286. 106. She sends a maid servant for her husband who has gone out hunting.Kagawa: Takeda. 320. . TTM-b p. 71.Nagano: Iwasaki. 119. who then turns into a wolf. . KMZ p.Fukuoka: Umebayashi.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 14. Tabata. Ishikawa: MK 11-274. NBK no. TS p. S. 120. 30. 12: Takagi. . . VII-138. . . 123. OK p. or with one of her arms cut off. 74. . 96. which hits and kills the strange cat. AM p. The Cat and the Iron Lid of a Pot. He finds the bones of his true mother under the floor. NK-c p. 49: KA-K 1-125. . 56. NMM p..Gifu: Sawata. he hears a sound which seems to be that of a bullet striking something made of iron. 146ff. . and finds his old mother (or blacksmith's mother) wounded. Then he discovers his own cat lying dead with the iron pot's lid beside it. .Kyoto: GK-K p. SK p. Iwate: Iwakura. Shimane: Mori- waki.Miyagi: Kondo.. 124... AIY p. Finally hunter shoots his secret gold bullet. . K. TD IV-715. KK V-451. KB p. . 22. ND p. KK p. . At the same time the lid of an iron pot is lost. 10. . 173.

or keeping a light burning in the wood. 62. 153. 151.Yamanashi: Dohashi. He shoots her with his gun. Her husband overhears the singing and asks wife who was singing. He gives it to a dog. 128. The Cat's Dance. 328ff. Cat jumps upon the traveler. 65.. Suzuki. KMZ p. The Cat and the Squash. Cat warns her to keep it secret lest she should be killed.Miyagi: KR 1-169. 254. .Fukuoka: MK 1-172. 115. TKA p. Instructed by someone. 195. or (b) hears her cat singing or talking.. TS p. Her corpse turns into a monkey (or badger). . 214. A maid servant is suspected of robbery. . but she is not harmed and laughs. A traveler sees cat (a) taking fish. In an inn some fish are lost. and find out that it has grown from the eye of the buried cat. 349. A squash bud comes up on its grave. SMT p. Hunter finds a woman spinning. . Naga- C. KTJ p. TKA p.Iwate: Sasaki. T. 191. 163. . 208. saki: Suzuki. T. 202. . 60. 200. He kills cat and buries it. KB 6-18. IK p..Iwate: Sasaki. 194. which goes out. ROY p. 253C. .Fukushima: Twasaki. .. . TTM-b p. TD IV-3-34. Next year the traveler stops at the same inn and is served a dish of squash. T. Tochigi: no. . . NMS no. OE p.Hiroshima: HS-M p. or (b) putting his poisoned tail into inn-keeper's bowl. or shoots under the light. he shoots her with a gold bullet. As soon as . . Upon returning home he finds his cat dead with an iron pot's lid on its head. 89. 251. . .. 3. Hyogo: TD X-9-33. IK p. KI p. 58. KMZ p. who eats it and dies immediately. SD p.Niigata: Iwakura. MK 1-171. 197.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi.Miyagi: KD 1-91.Kochi: Katsurai. KB p. Aomori: Noda. Akita: TD-XIV-6-44. . 253B.Kumamoto: KM no.Aomori: Noda. 58.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . 254. Young wife (old woman or daughter) (a) sees her cat dancing. Kato. He tells inn-keeper what he has seen. NMM p.NMS no. ZKI p. They dig up the root of squash (grass or mandarine orange tree). - NMS 90. 331. - NMM p.Niigata: Mizusawa.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 51 secret arrow.Kagoshima: MK 1-232.Kagoshima: Iwakura.

233. TKA p. KK 1-170. . ZKI p. 59. Mizusawa. 490. GT p.NMS no. . ND p. 94ff. KK 1-171. 126. - Miyagi: KD III-113. . TS p. SKT p. 53. MK 1-526. IKP p. . 162. 344. 103. 11. rat. . or (b) a girl is sacrificed when prayers are said for a rich harvest. . . 200.Kumamoto: MK 1-172. NH p. Uchida. Akita: MK II-365. NK-b p.Okayama: Imamura. IX-11-18. Sasaki. MK 1-509. . 5.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. Shizuoka: SO-D NMS no. MT p. 48. 192.Oita: MK 1-573. TTM-b p.Fukuoka: FO-D no.Aomori: Noda. 77. 151. NMM p. KI p. . MT p. KS p. KS p. KG p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 48. TGK p. Seki. 199.Iwate: Kikuchi. (a) A girl is offered as sacrifice to village shrine every year.Rumpf. JVM p.. Shizuoka: Takagi. 345. IK p. Yuki. badger). cat. 94. MZ 11-760. .Hyogo: TD X-9-34. KMZ p. (b) every osh6 who comes to live in a village temple is Nagano: Koyama. KMZ p. .Iwate: Hirano. . . ND comes back with him to the shrine.Fukushima: Iwasaki. .Gumma: Ueno. . or serpent). p. 28. Destroying the Monkey Demon. He finds a dog of the same name and A. 74. or (c) a kozo of a temple is killed. 148. . KK 1-170. . (a) Every year a girl is offered to village deity. 257.Aomori: Noda. . 14.Ishikawa: Yamashita. Okinawa: Imamura. - 91. 151. KK 1-171. The dog destroys the evil spirit. 20. . 199. she is bitten to death by the cat. . 34. TD XIV-5-44. IK p. Takagi. IK p. 51. . 137.. . CG p. . 49. Kumamoto: Takagi. T. or hunter) goes to shrine in place of girl. 256ff. HKT p.52 KEIGO SEKI she answers that it was her cat. A traveler (or samurai) who stays overnight at the shrine or is praying to the deity of the shrine. 85. NT p. ZKI p. 160. . 89. who turns into his real form of a monkey (cat. 88. 256. ND p. and destroys evil spirit (monkey. VII-6-21. Traveling samurai (traveler. 18.Tokushima: Takeda. 39.Hyogo: MK II-418. AIY p." (a) Traveler goes in search of the one called Shippei-Taro. TKA p. NK-c p. - . Akita: TD 1V-413. 67. 48.Yamanashi: Dohashi. or killed.Nagasaki: Kubo.NMM p. KB p. Yamanashi. . ROY p. 97. 105: Yamaguchi. Niigata: Mizusawa. XIV-6-42ff. 63.. 326ff. TTM-a p. KEN p. overhears someone chanting "Shippei-Taro is the only one whom I fear. 121.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 16. The dog also dies from injuries in the fight. p. 187. 193.Shimane: Moriwaki. 190. 176ff. . B. 99.Kochi: Katsurai. 130. Moriguchi. 255.Niigata: Iwakura.Miyagi: KD 1-90.Yamagata: TD I-8-64.Wakayama: Nakanishi. SB p. Sasaki. . DRM p. 23. TD X-7-49.

being unafraid of the ghost. Then the temple is no longer haunted. finds out that the ghost is really the buried gold. Akita: TD XIV-6-40ff. NK-b p. T. 154. T. 8. 563. . the ghost immediately disappears. KK VII-82. The Treasure Ghost.Nagasaki: Suzuki. KI NMS no.Kochi: Katsurai. NMS no. EG p.Okayama: Imamura. MK p. 136. Hyogo: TD IV-3181. 118. . SK p. 45. MT p. 167. silver. 24.Saitama: Suzuki.Gifu: HB IX-350. 165. . TTH-p. 266. or three ghosts of bozu*. 97! ZKI p. The Conversation with Ghosts. which wants to be dug up. 6. TKJ p. . TTM-b p. 22. T. .Niigata: Iwakura.Gifu: HB V284. . and each one utters a riddle using pedantic language. He digs under the floor or in some other place suggested by the ghosts. SD p. CG p. . . A traveling man or a couple (husband is coward) stops at an empty house. Miyagi: KD 1-39. - NMM p. 185. Traveler (or wife).Kagoshima: Iwakura. IKP p. 89. 259.Oita: MK 1-183. NM-a p. The Temple of Ghosts. 93. 60.Nagano: Koyama. 136. He digs in the ground at the place suggested to him by the ghost. 59.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 53 92. .Niigata: Mizusawa. 294. NG p.Kagawa: Takeda. and finds gold. 201. TGM p. 239. 162. . footgear.. 88. Several ghosts appear one by one.Miyagi: KD 1-39. X-7-50. 241.. 94. . T. MAT-p. and finds gold together with the things which ghosts mentioned.Shimane: Moriwaki.Ehirre: HB IX211.. - Yamanashi: Dohashi. .. 48. monks) appears. 68.Hiroshima: HS-M p. . 258.Aomori: Noda.Iwate: Ogasawara. Akita: TD XIV-6-34. When traveler answers each one. NSK p. . 1. or utensils.Aomori: Kawai. T. . . . KK p. IK p. TKA p. or copper. 49. 190. 98.Fukushima: Iwasaki. KB p. 33. SW p. . Three ghosts come out dancing and calling out the names of three things such as rain-gear. 74. 120. Traveler stays overnight in a haunted temple.Iwate: Sasaki. KG p. . . Suzuki.. . SD p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 84. . MZ 1-1162. 210. (or twelve ghosts. TTM-a p. - Tokushima: MK II-425. . . - 11-415. 42. TS p.Oita: MK 1-183.Kagawa: Takeda. 88. Thereafter ghosts never haunted the temple. SW p. A woman ghost. 318: Suzuki. Traveler stays overnight at an old haunted temple. .

Rumpf. ZKI p. 96.Kumamoto: Hamada.NMM p. 62.Niigata: Mizusawa. NH p. "a human being does what he does not think he does. Then the ghost disappears. MAT p.NMS no. . 265. 141. . 162. 100.. Mizusawa. 157. JFT no." Then she goes away. KB p. TTM-a p. Yama-uba and the Cooper. . . 281. 199. Traveler stops at a hut in the wood. NMM p.Nagano: Iwasaki. The Carpenter and Oniroku. 142. TTM-a p. NMS no. . 95. . Aichi: MZ III-143. Demon . MB p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 290. IKP p. IKP p. KG p. KI p. Demon builds a bridge but carpenter begs that the giving of his eyes be postponed. KI p. 181.Nagano: Koike. . Yama-uba is frightened at this sudden happening and she says. . Carpenter is engaged in building a bridge over a rapid stream. Demon appears and agrees to build a bridge in exchange for carpenter's giving him his eyes.Hyogo: MK 11-421. Iwate: Kikuchi. 207. NMM p.Fukuoka: Umebayashi. 105: TD IV-405. walks sideways. . 299. T. 261.NMS no. The Conversation with the Ghost Crab.Yanagita-Mayer. "Eight little legs. . Cooper (wood-cutter. 81. two big legs.Niigata: Iwakura.Niigata: Mizusawa. 225. BZ p. 319." Traveler answers. K. 183. . making the ashes in the fireplace fly up against yama-uba. A ghost appears and says. EG p. . TTM-b p. . . or (c) a burning bamboo cane springs up against yama-uba. . MZ III142. (b) when he breaks a stick. . . 147. a piece of stick flies against yama-uba.. Yama-uba (yama-otoko.Saitama: Suzuki.Iwate: Sasaki. 187. 135ff. 5: TD V-12-73.. 242. or charcoal-maker) in a mountain hut is bending canes in his hut in the wood. TS p. 70. 28. Yamanashi: Dohashi.54 KEIGO SEKI Kochi: Katsurai. 260. .Tokushima: KK 11-378.Kochi: TD V-965. KA-K 1-89. 161. beautiful badger. AK-M p. . JVM p. 11. Both eyes sparkling toward heaven.Akita: TD XIV-6-30. OT p. tengu*. KMZ p. 108. "crab". or monkey) comes and guesses what cooper is thinking in his mind.Shimane: TD IV-716.Kumamoto: KK V-176. 171. 103. 82. . TTH p. . . EG p. (a) Cooper's round cane suddenly springs off. ZKI p. 97. TTM-a p.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 249.Gifu: MK 11-266.

290.Fukuoka: FO-D no. MB p. 296.Nagano: Iwasaki. 197. 40. Zuitonbo.Yamanashi: Dohashi. (b) Traveler (or tatami-maker) stops at a solitary house where he finds a woman. 99. OG p. Man named Zuiton is in an old temple. through which he learns that demon's name is Oniroku. KI p.NMM p. KA-K VII-121. 45.Nagano: Iwasaki. . 78. 262.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . TD IV-7-49. . TTM-a p. (a) A woman (or badger) appears in a wood-cutter's hut in the wood. 219.NMM p. . 106. HG p. TTM-a p. K. NMM p.Shimane: Moriwaki. . 151. NMS no.. TTH p. NT p.Niigata: Iwakura. Saga: TD XII-9-25. . 141. after trying some other names. KMZ p. or is killed. . 202. 266. . The Badger's Something as Large as Eight Tatamis* (room mats). 244. 263. 144. KI p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 55 says that he will excuse carpenter from giving his eyes if he can guess demon's name. . 123. 143. MB p. and warms herself at the fire. Iwate: Sasaki. "Is Zuiton there?" Man answers. 220. KB p. 293ff. - 98. and man answers until badger is exhausted and defeated. Koyama. 186. Rumpf. 269.Kumamoto: Kimura. Mizusawa. K. 27. or (b) Traveler sees that tatami becomes hairy. The next morning a dead badger is discovered.Niigata: Mizusawa. MAT p. TTH p. Woman (or badger) cries out with pain and goes away.NMS no. Fukuoka: FO-D no.. or (b) Traveler pricks tatami with his needle. .. . The next day when he meets demon. he is. Demon disappears at once. 69." Badger repeats the same question.Yamanashi: Dohashi. NMS no. (a) Woodcutter puts burning fire-wood on the furoshiki (or throws a heated stone at badger's testicle). 374. . he says "Oniroku". "Yes. . 76.Gifu: HB IX-259. . Carpenter hears a lullaby in the mountain. or. TTM-b p. JVM p. (a) Woman takes out a furoshiki* (wrapping cloth) (or badger discloses his testicle which spreads out as large as eight tatamis). 30. 76. Akita: TD XIV-6-29. Badger comes and asks. . 86.

125. NMS no. KTJ p. Looking into the Buttocks. it sticks to his hand. and nothing strange comes to the temple anymore. 2ff. 260.56 KEIGO SEKI 100. and teases koz6 or bids him eat dirty things. Traveler strikes woman with his sword. IK p. or kills her with the aid of villagers.Okayama: Imamura. T.. 92.. He eats or drinks this and is killed. . .Iwate: Sasaki. The Spider-woman. . . . SW p. MT p. 103. Akita: TD XIV-5-53. Iwate: Sasaki.NMS no. (a) A beautiful woman (or nyudo) appears with a shanisen* (guitar). or (b) when traveler holds mochi (furoshiki or thread) offered by woman (or nyudo). . Man who believes that he is never bewitched by a fox. 211. Fukushima: Iwasaki. 152. TTM-a p. 97.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Nagasaki: Suzuki. 66. Bozu (old man or yama-uba) appears and asks for some mochi.Niigata: Iwakura.Oita: Suzuki. Mizusawa. sees . 148. The next day osh6 and kozo go to the same place and find a heap of rotten fruit under a wild pear-tree in the forest. KB p.. 269. . They clear up all around the tree. She turns into a spider. Kozo follows nyud6 and (a) puts a mark at the place where nyudo has disappeared. . and plays it. 119.Niigata: Iwakura. Every time she tightens up the strings of shamisen. KB p. 267. 178.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 35. 101. - 102. . 268. 48. 151. or (b) strikes it with a sword. traveler feels his throat being strangled. 5. Yama-uba and Stone-mochi. . ROY p. 192. 81.NMM p. Wood-cutter (or osho) is toasting and eating mochi. TTM-b p. The Strange Wild Pear-tree. but is given a burned stone or heated oil instead. NI p. TTH p. NMS no. TS p. K. Nyudo* (lay monk) often visits a lonely temple in the outskirts of a village when osh6 is out. SW p. 154. Kochi: Katsurai. NMM p. IK p. Traveler (or yamabushi) passes a night at an old temple.

AN p. 19. . where she is entertained. Upon putting horse-dung in a lacquered box. and the dumplings are horse-dung.Nagasaki: Seki. He tells the people in the house that the woman is really a fox. . Aomori: TD XI-12-59. ES p. S. . TTH p. 270.NMS no. ST p.. SD p. EG p. NBK no. Kakida. she walks away.Yamanashi: Dohashi.Kochi: Katsurai. T. . He is served dumplings. and the man follows her. .. 129.SW p. . 274. He eats horse's droppings and takes a bath in a night-soil pot. . Man tells the people of the house that the woman is a fox. K. . She walks away.Wakayama: Nakanishi. TTM-b p. is invited to a fox's wedding feast. but they do not believe him. .NMS no. His fish is stolen. . Kochi: Katsurai. Akita: TD XIV-6-28. Kyoto: Gifu: Sawata. 140. Taking a Bath in a Night-soil Pot. . Then he is kicked by a horse. he becomes conscious of himself eating horse-dung. KMZ p. SB p. Iwate : Sasaki.Shimane: Moriwaki. Oita: Suzuki. 362.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 57 a fox transforming himself into a woman with a baby in her arms. WK p.. and he becomes aware of himself looking into the buttocks of between things of a horse. As someone arouses his attention. 104. 194. .Niigata: Mizusawa. TS p. KMZ MK 1-85. Self-confident man sees a fox change himself into a woman. NMS no. p. KT p. .Niigata: Mizusawa. or his attention is aroused by another person. 17. 137. who holds in her arms a stone which is transformed into a baby. 124. 24. Man follows her. 105. 268. Woman goes into a certain house. GK-K p. 131. KK V-249. 299.Shizuoka: SO-D p. KS p. Man looks through a window (or through a hole in the sh6ji*. 216. . Suzuki. paper partition) into the house. 68.Ishikawa: TD VII-12-41. Woman goes into a certain house. IG p. ES p. Kato.Fukushima: Kondo. 35. Kumamoto: Iwate: Ogasawa-a. Fishmonger who has confidence that he is not bewitched by a fox.. ZKI p. 151. the baby is a stone.Nagano: KA-K 1-79.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 303. 92.Saitama: MK II-127. 281. 73. 184. 271B.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 55. . 60ff. The Horse-dung Dumpling. . 265. Sasaki. 300. NMM p. 125. KI p. AS no. 271A.

It is then learned that at a wedding feast in a certain house in the village. 56. KB p. . SB p. . dishes were carried away. K. . SMT p. Man is entertained with nice food. or (c) becomes friend with a fox on a journey. . He is invited to fox's home and is entertained. 65. The Fox's Wedding. 69.Miyagi: KD 11-131.58 KEIGO SEKI 106. or boils baby in a pot. praises daimyo procession. People find him reciting sutras by the roadside.Niigata: sawa. . Man (a) helps a fox do something. . 310. They go into a house. advises man to become a priest to console the soul of the dead baby. or (b) helps a fox. 107. When he leaves.Tottori: IP-M p. 40. Priest who has come to arbitrate. . (a) Self-confident man follows a fox who has transformed himself into a woman holding a baby which was formerly a stone. or he finds horse-dung inside his purse. TKA p. 274. Man (a) gives meat to a fox. (b) Man sees a fox turn into a daimyo* procession. KEN p.NMS no. So he is tonsured.Yanagita-Mayer. (b) takes a fox over the river.Nagano: TD XI-953ff. . Leaf Money. The Tonsured Fox. fox presents him with some money. 272. . ZKI p. SMT p. (a) When he becomes conscious of himself. 95. JFT no. 273 Mizu- 108. with utensils and remnants of food scattered around him.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 125. He is invited to the fox's wedding feast. TTM-b p. IKP p. holding up a taro leaf as an umbrella. 48. Mizusawa. Tochigi: Kato.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . 255.NMS no. EG p. TTM-a p. Aomori: Noda.Nagasaki: Seki. (b) He is caught by daimyo. 36. . 68. MAT p. Tochigi: Kato.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 258. Fukuoka: FO-D no. 271. (a) He kills baby. but the baby does not reveal itself in its original form. . 20.Shizuoka: SO-D p. (b) He (a) He is blamed for killing baby. or (b) his neighbors find him coming back. IKP p. 210. Kumamoto: MK I-86. he finds himself alone in the field. .. 48. 29. 217. .NMS no. Money turns into leaves.Niigata: Iwakura. . 222.

Sasaki. Aomori: TD XI-12-58. Yamabushi frightens a fox by blowing his trumpet-shell.Fukushima: Iwasaki. KG p. 275A. SW p. p.Iwate: Hirano. - Fukushima: Iwasaki. 240. 99... C. SB p. When he comes to his senses. As it becomes dark. He takes him to be the fox in the shape of the yamabushi. . T. Fukuoka: FO-D no. KB 9-1. Yamabushi frightens a sleeping fox by blowing a trumpet-shell. FS p. The Yamabushi and the Fox. 275B. 32. 66. A.. At midnight the dead man comes up the tree toward him. - Gifu: . He comes to his senses and sees a villager laughing at him. A farmer (or another yamabushi) sees the fox changing himself into an yamabushi in a bush near the field. He climbs up a tree to allow the procession to pass on. Sawata. It is still daytime. T.Nagasaki: Seki. 127. so they strike him hard. TTH p.Niigata: Mizusawa. He sees that the dead man is buried at the foot of the tree. Moriguchi.Iwate: Sasaki. NSK p.Nagano: Iwasaki. 65.. NT p. . 160.Aomori: TD XI-12-58. 126. GC p. KG p. Yamabushi climbs to the top of tree driven by the dead man. IK p. 87. yamabushi stops at a lonely house where (a) a dead person appears. Shimane: Moriwaki. and tells them about what he saw in the field.NMS - no. 108. SK p. 76. KTJ p. 145. Suddenly it becomes bright again. T. B. They think it is the false yamabushi. Upon coming home farmer finds the same yamabushi talking with the people of his home. Mie: Suzuki. 56. KMZ p. ES p. 290. Yamabushi frightens a fox by blowing his trumpet-shell. T. (b) a sick person is groaning. and a villager is laughing at him. or (c) an old woman who is dyeing her teeth black opens her big mouth at him. . NSK Kumamoto: KM no.. . IK p. 302. MAT p. 28.Kagawa: Takeda. . . 30. Yamabushi leaves the house and falls into a river. Then (a) the branch breaks and he falls into river. and that all the congregation has gone . 76. MB p. 157. . 25. Akita: TD XIV-6-26. T. NBK no. Fox falls into a river. Koyama. NMS no 275B. or (b) he blows on his trumpet-shell loudly. 219. 63. 87. K. 213. and yamabushi meets with a funeral procession. . IKP p. . 289. Suddenly it becomes dark. Wakayama: KK 1-237. 41.. 33.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 59 109. he finds that it is still daytime. . Tochigi: TD XIV-4-6. SKT p.Saitama: Suzuki. 126.Kagawa: Takeda.

Niigata: Mizusawa. Funeral procession comes. 292.Nagano: KA-K 11-80. .Kochi: TD V-962. 20. T. clever as they are they know that their three years old miso has a magic power over foxes. -Yanagita-Mayer. One fox escapes and returns to his hole. Man on the tree strikes ghost with his sword. . JFT no. T. . or (b) tricks them into entering a bag. SW p.NMS no. (a) He comes home and finds his parents as well as usual. and they cremate the body. or (b) the next morning he finds a dead fox (or badger) under the tree. . 277. Aomori: MK II-431. . 58. 276." Man kills all the foxes with miso three years old. 280. . or pushes it down from the tree. 128.Niigata: Mizusawa. Overhearing the Foxes.. one of his parents has become ill. AN p.NMS no. 278. 216. 97. 35. . ." "However. Man climbs up a tree and watches the funeral ceremony or the cremation. and give orders to man to prepare nice food for them or to offer to the lord three warts from man's old wife. K. TTM-b p.. TTM-a p. They turn into a feudal lord (or an officer) and his attendants.Tottori: IP-M p. Suzuki. 195. Man (a) serves them the food which foxes usually like and shuts them up in a room. 68. . 21. 110. TTH p. . TTM-b p. MB p. TTM-a p. ESJ p. .. 121.Nagasaki: KB 9-9. IKP p. 173. 101.. After the people have all gone. Gifu: Sawata: NBK no. 214. . Foxes play a trick upon men. .60 KEIGO SEKI Nagano: Iwasaki. The Information of the Funeral. ghost comes out and condemns man for his undutifulness that he did not come home when his parent died. 111. TD XI-12-31ff. SOS p.NMM p.NMS no. "A human being will die when a fox goes up on the roof of his house in a certain way. 83. FS p. 193. NMM p. TTM-a p. Then another messenger brings the information of the parent's death.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 72.Niigata: Mizusawa. 126. KTJ p.Shimane: Moriwaki. Man follows this fox and overhears foxes' conversation at the mouth of their hole. Man goes to the crematory to destroy mischievous fox (or A messenger comes from his home to inform him that badger). 214. MAT p. 37. Ogasawara. Toyama. 45. 85.

Shizuoka: SO-D p. ZKI p. .Shimane: Moriwaki. 25. 300. K. Mizusawa. The Fox in a Straw-bag. IZ p. NK-b p. .Yamanashi: Dohashi.Iwate: Sasaki. SKT p.Iwate: Moriguchi.. NK-d p. ..Yanagita-Mayer. KG p.. Akita: TD XIV-6-27. MAT p. The Bosama* and the Fox. Yuki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 61 112.Niigata: Iwakura. So she says that her husband usually gets into a straw-bag.NMS no. TD II-12-57. She notices something different in him from his usual appearance. TTH p. KEN p. KTJ p. T. Suzuki. 19.NMM p.NMS no. . SB p.Nagano: Iwasaki.. AIY p. By trickery she has the false old man get into a straw-bag. because his left eye. . . . . 297.Aomori: Noda. Old couple cook and eat the fox with their neighbors. KG p. T.. 62. 113. WK p. B. . . When husband comes home they smoke the fox in the straw-bag to death. Fox enters the bag to eat the fried rat. She meets her husband (or father) coming home.Nagasaki: Seki. 304. 43. 63. 32ff. 91. She knows that it is a fox in the shape of her husband. 280. . 17. -. 325.Nagasaki: Seki. T. He tells them to put a fried rat in a big bag and to place the bag at the place where fox will appear. . EG p. Tottori: IP-D p. . 41. Bosama (monk) comes to the place where villagers are talking about destroying an evil fox. TD VI-1343. 269. FS p. Sasaki. 51. 67. JFT no. KMZ p. Old woman takes it to her house on horseback. The false man immediately enters the straw-bag. MB p. takes it home and kills fox. 145ff. . Moriguchi. . Aomori: MK II-446ff. 278.. 16. 276. IK p. SB p. . 132. 33. 127. 45. 138. TKA p. NT p. Old woman sees her husband coming back. TTH p. HKT p.Tokushima: Takeda. MD IX-332. 284. 321. 49. 279.Osaka: Minami.. . T. ROY p. 45. 47ff. 11. KB 9-2. Then he sits by the bag and plays his biwa* (lute). . TD XVI-5-30. A. 188. instead of his right eye.Iwate: Hirano. is bad. IKP p. Aomori: MK II-446.Nagano: KA-K 11-76. NMS no. Villagers close the bag and catch fox. . AN p. 281. 45. 281.Fukushima: Iwasaki.Ishikawa: Yamashita.Niigata: Mizusawa. TTM-a p. Old woman (or young man) goes to catch an evil fox. KB p.Kochi: Katsurai. 41. 204.

The Magic Hood of Eight Disguises. Osh6 tells fox that he is not very skillful in transforming himself. . Akita: TD XIV-6-26. Mayer. ROY p. 55. 16.Hiroshima: Isogai.Iwate: Moriguchi. . SD p... Kozo tricks a fox into getting into a straw-bag and carries it back to temple on horseback. . The sham image acts as he says. KS p. 116. AK p.. 64. TTH p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Shi- Fukushima: Iwasaki. 65. 11. NK-b p. IK Suzuki. 150.62 KEIGO SEKI 114. EG p. NM-b p. JFT no.. He kills it. . 279. 149. T. Suzuki. Shimane: Moriwaki. Yamanashi: Dohashi. 17. but is discovered and driven away by children or by dog. putting out its tongue. Fox says that he has magic hood of seven disguises.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 17. 43. When he opens the bag to show the fox to osh6. 146. Fox wears the papercovered sieve. .Niigata: Mizusawa. by means of which he can transform himself into various things. . Kozo says that the Buddhist image is beckoning.Wakayama: Nakanishi. p. 171. 26.Kochi: Katsurai.Fukuoka: FO-D no. Fox takes it in exchange for his magic hood (or treasure ball).Kumamoto: KK VII-204.. 10. SB p.NMS no. NBK no. NT p. mane: Moriwaki. K.Yanagita-Mayer. IKP p. 232. KI p. IZ p. 283.Iwate: Sasaki. T. 60. and it turns into fox. ROY p. 49.Tokushima: Takeda. 152. for his tail is still seen when he is in the shape of a human being. 186. . NK-a p. Ogasawara. . . . trying to transform himself skilfully. or eating the offerings. 130.NMM p. TD II-10-19.. SW p. 113. NMM p. OE p. He seizes the sham image. 17ff. NMS no. Sasaki. The Sham Buddhist Image. NK-b p. AN p. AIY p. T. but fails. NI p. Yokoji. 43. . 82. 37. IK p. . 158. 30. . 29. . Osh6 says he has the magic hood of eight disguises and shows a paper-covered sieve to fox. 27. 15. 156. fox slips away. Yamaguchi. 19. or (b) one more Jizo statue. . IK2 p. KG p. laughing. - Gifu: Sawata. 39. SB p. 137.Nagasaki: Seki. 282.Niigata: Mizusawa. 12. 74. AS no. 210.Tottori: IP-D p. .Nagano: KA-K 11-83. 135. .Osaka: Minami. . . OK p. T. TTM-b p. There appears (a) another Buddhist image beside the original one.Yanagita- . 180. Fox tries to recover his magic hood. KTJ p.Nagasaki: Seki. Oita: Suzuki. 204. JFT no. 97. 32. 115. WK p.

Old couple prays to tutelary deity for a good match for their daughter. villagers. Grateful Animals 119. ZKI p. Iwate: Kikuchi. C.NMS no. Old man tries to fool fox who has often bewitched by exchanging his rice-balls with fox's invisible hood straw hat and coat). 284. 70. 33. NM-b p. to wolf. Her parents invite fox bridegroom and his family. After the marriage. Aomori: TD XI-12-51. .Tochigi: Kato. or (b) protects him from other wolves. Aomori: MK II-432.Niigata: Mizusawa. or (b) gives salt Wolf. A doctor is sent for to help fox wife in child-bed. . SMT p. saying it is the invisible hood. entertain them with sake and catch them in a bag.Iwate: Sasaki. in return. KMZ p. covered and beaten by shop-keeper. KS p. 293. The Grateful Wolf. - Yama- NMS no. TKA p. Man (a) pulls a thorn out a wolfs mouth. - nashi: Dohashi. 17. daughter learns that her bridegroom and his family are foxes. sawa. TTM-a p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 63 116. as a reward. 82. NMS no. All the foxes but one are killed. TTM-b p. 285. 67. NH p. Fox gives him an old towel woman's underwear. 305. ceives money or a pheasant or a chicken. The Invisible Hood. The one fox who escaped multiplies. He re- Aomori: Noda. . - Wakayama: Nakanishi. . 273.Shimane: Moriwaki. 286. The Fox's Childbirth. 109. MAT p. The Fox's Marriage. - Miyagi: KK VII- 118. (a) brings him a wild-boar or pheasant. (or magic or an old Old man He is dis- Niigata: Mizu- 117. Fox hears of this and comes in human form to take her as wife. 37. 285. . Tottori: MZ III-1170. wears it and tries to steal sweets from confectioner. .

Shizuoka: SO-D p. 80. . NMM p.Yamanashi: KK V-46. (a) Osho of a poor temple tells his cat that he cannot feed it any more because of poverty. 120. NSK p. T. 161. Akita: MZG V-439. Mizusawa. Sasaki. Akita: TD XIV-5-62. 322ff. . or (b) osho sees his old cat dancing or feasting with other cats in the forest at the back of his temple. . NMS no. As he offers prayer. 228.Kagoshima: Iwakura. SOS p. 47. Hyogo: KEIGO SEKI MK 11-419.. 229. Cat jumps over keeper's dish. 130. who. and he knows that his cat has assumed a supernatural character because of old age. tells another man in a dream to give keeper her advice. as soon as he eats it. 52. KTJ p. 36. NH p. Miyagi: KD 11-44.NMS no.Niigata: TTM-a p. MKB p. . (a) the coffin is pulled up to the sky. Dying hen or the ghost of the hen. the coffin comes down or the corpse is recovered. p. At last osho of the poor temple is sent for to try his prayer. 279. or many people become supporters of his temple.Niigata: Iwakura. 41. Cat appears in osho's dream. . Miyagi: KD 1-84. . MB p. 138. K. KK p. It is because this event has been caused by osho's old cat in order to do him good. She crows to warn him that his cat is watching for a chance to harm him.Nagano: KA-K 1-104. 336. putting his poisoned tail into it. TD IV-330. TTM-a p. 42. None of the oshos who are present there can recover the corpse from the magic power or pray down the storm. 125. KA-K I-95ff. MK 1-564. . or appears in the form of a kozo. Hen is grateful to her keeper. 121. NI p. T. Osko is rewarded by the rich man. Keeper remembers hen's advice and gives the dish to a dog. . 127. 342. KMZ p. K. 131. . When there is a funeral ceremony in a rich man's house.. or the corpse is carried away. but he thinks the hen's crowing is a bad omen and kills her.Kagawa: Takeda. AS no. IK p. and says that he will reward osho for his kindness through the years.. .Niigata: MAT p. or (b) a severe storm suddenly occurs there.64 Gifu: MZG IV-817. 159.. OE p.Oita: Suzuki.. The Grateful Hen. 45. TTM-a T. 254..Fukushima: Iwasaki. - . EG p. 79. Iwate: Kikuchi.Nagasaki: Suzuki. Na- gano: Iwasaki. 303ff.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. .. dies. . 132. The Cat Helper of a Temple.

Okayama: Imamura. T. 107. KK p. Koz6 who draws pictures of cats instead is driven out of temple. KB p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 189. Sasaki. NMM p. SW p. T. The Picture Cat Which Kills the Rat. MT p. SOS p. Nekomata-Yashiki (Cat's Mansion). ZKI p. . 232A. destroys old rat and rescues osho from the danger. against rat and kills it.NMS no. T. 230.3. Osh6 (or girl's mother) is suspicious of cat. . She lets maid go back safely. Akita: TD XIV-12-21. . . koz6 bemoney. Kagoshima: Iwa- 123. 130. NT p. .Niigata: Iwakura. 334ff. Cat tells him (or her) in a dream that an old rat is watching for a chance to bite him (or her) to death. Mistress mistreats it and hurts its eye. Cat. 129. 16. house (or temple) pastes up a picture a girl in the house Picture cat fights request. NK-c p. . 122. . Maid goes in search of cat and stops at a house in a forest.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 65 Shizuoka: SO-D p. 33. . . NBK no. but she fails and is bitten to death by cats. Destroying the Old Rat. 57. 83. 77.Tokyo: Suzuki. or (b) pet cat becomes old and is lost one day. Cat disappears.. or he receives of learning sutras. kura.. 231. 80. 53.Yamanashi: Dohashi. Mistress goes there trying to get the treasure too. assisted by other cats. (a) Maid (or man) feeds a cat. KG p.) Gifu: Sawata. .Shizuoka: SO-D p. She says that it is a cat's mansion where all the old cats in Japan have come to live. but dies from the wounds received in the struggle. 125. 198. 49. 79. MK 1-509. -. He stops at a lonely in the outskirts of a village and (a) draws or of a cat on a sliding door. NMS no.NMM p. or (b) is told by that she is to be eaten by a rat that night. . Through villagers' comes the osh6 of the temple. Ishikawa: MK 11-273. MK 11-29. 82. .NMM p. (Osho find the bones of other osh6s under the floor. Osho's (or girl's) pet (or grateful) cat is always beside him. KG p. HB V-146. where there is a one-eyed woman. 124.NMS no. 206ff.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 116ff. . .Shimane: Moriwaki. Moriguchi. ROY p.Tokushima: Takeda. or gives her some treasure..Shimane: Moriwaki. KI p. OC-d p. KI p. 133. 37. AIY p.Iwate: Ogasawara. . 16. 101.

- Gifu: Sawata. Man (a) becomes envious of the doctor because he has earned money. HG p. T. 228. 41. 126. KK p. 451. and persuades lord (or rich man) to put him into prison. (s) rescues him from a serpent. . 347. Grateful monkey (a) brings fruits to man. TGM p. 48. (b) has his hands pinched between shells. HB IV-346. Shizuoka: SO-D p.Hyogo. Doctor is discharged from the prison and ungrateful man is put into prison instead. 172. (b) rescues man from danger.Iwate: Sasaki. TKA p. ROY p. NK-b p. Aomori: Noda. The Ungrateful Human Being. . . KMZ p. . KEIGO SEXI Fukui: NEM 1-150. NBK no.Takeda. SK p.Gifu: Sawata. Iwate: Sasaki. (c) is inserted between tree branches. 19. 127. Snake bites lord's foot. 126. Tochigi: Kato. S. . sawa.Fukuoka: FO-D no. Niigata: MizuES p. 70. NBK no. 233B. BOG no. 44. KD 11-133.Wakayama: Moriguchi. 233A. . He slanders doctor saying that he is a dangerous sorcerer. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 107. 27. 125. Crab comes in time to save daughter from being swallowed up by snake.Kyoto: GK-K p.NMS no. TTM-b p. . Fox in the guise of a fortune-teller. 38. . . Man rescues a monkey who (a) is caught by an octopus. or (b) borrows money from the doctor. 232B. . 77. or (b) rescues crab who is about to be killed by a snake. SOS p. TKA p. Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 460.Miyagi: KD 1-86. EG p. . 89. tells lord that only the imprisoned doctor can treat his wound. Travelling doctor saves a man. Noda. and a fox from a flood.Niigata: Mizusawa. 3. - NMS no. . .Kagawa: Takeda. Yamagata: MK 1-428. Akita: TD XIV-5-54. 232. - Aomori: Kawai. 5. 354. The Grateful Crab. a snake.Shimane: Moriwaki. 6. 34.Kumamoto: MK 1-45. MK 11-123. or (e) is suffering from burns. 109. Kumamoto: KK VII-201.Osaka: Minami. 104B. . 92. KAT no. Daughter (or maid) (a) feeds crab. 133. Miyagi: NMS no.. The Grateful Monkey. (d) is suffering from illness.Kumamoto: Kimura. or (d) rescues his child from an eagle. IZ p..66 Iwate: Sasaki.

Iwate: Sasaki.. 123. the .NMS no. Fukushima: Iwasaki. Hunter's dog suddenly barks sharply. and buries it carefully. 14.NMM p. Man is rewarded. ROY p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES SMT p. Man saves a fox. nawa: Sakima. NT p.Niigata: Iwakura. KA-K VII-140. He goes to the place where the skeleton is and takes it back. or plays a trick on a fox. Man tells about skeleton. 64. 67 128. 68. 121. 234A. NMS no.Wakayama: Moriguchi. 129. in fear that it will harm him. IK p. tea-kettle. 21. Hunter shoots dog to death. NMS no. Then the guests who have been dining together. The Grateful Skeleton. Man receives a treasure as a reward.. He finds a snake on a tree watching for the opportunity to swallow him. Skeleton also disappears. 234B. but nobody in the house notices them. . and master recognizes that it is his dead son's skeleton. goshima: Iwakura.. 130. MIan (or woman) finds a skeleton and gives it sake and Lood. 236. 52. A. Skeleton kills the person who murdered him (or stepmother). He knows that dog has warned him of the danger. 56. 32. One of house-maids who has broken a dish is scolded by master. OT p. he takes it to its parents' house where a memorial service is being held. ROY p. 235. Upon the request of skeleton. Man finds a singing skeleton and takes it to the house of skeleton's father.Iwate: Sasaki. Buyer * Bunbuku comes from the sound of boiling Chinese characters for this word mean good luck. KS p. S. begin to take their leave. . NKB p. The Faithful Dog. 270. calling it Bunbuku Chagama. 235.NMS no. Bunbuku Chagama (Bunbuku Tea-kettle). Nagano: Koike. KaOki- B. 236. KAT no. Master of the house then notices man for the first time and asks him who he is and why he is there. and has it turn into a tea-kettle to sell it.

57. 98. ouch !" and "hot. T.68 KEIGO SEKI (or osh6) has the tea-kettle polished and put on fire. Suzuki. 237. Suzuki. The Fox and the Horse-dealer. 1. 98. (a) Fox is discovered and runs away.Iwate: Kikuchi. 179. . . 131.Kumamoto: KM no. 205. . 239. SW p. . IKP p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 14.Iwate: Sasaki. IK p. The Fox Prostitute. EG p.Niigata: Iwakura. KB p. . Koyama. IZ p.Iwate: Sasaki.Acmori: Noda.. 273. TKA p. T.Niigata: Mizusawa. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. . He sells it and thus earns some money. . 132. or (b) plays a trick on a fox and has him turn into a woman to sell her as a prostitute. T. . 158. 29.Nagano: Iwasaki. .Yanagita-Mayer. 43. TD VI-9-68. stretching out its arms and legs. IKP p. . EG p. It runs away. . 45. . MAT p. SB p.p. TTM-b p. Uchida. EG p. .Fukushima: Iwasaki. . or (b) fox prostitute prostitute dies.Niigata: Mizusawa. CG p. hot !" and dances.NMS no. 39. 275.Nagano: Koyama. 27.NMS no. KTJ p. 260. and man goes to claim the corpse and receives the obituary gifts. 95. .Nagasaki: Seki. 61. 120.Kumamoto: MK 1-83. 169. KMZ p. 57. The teakettle says "ouch.Nagasaki: Seki. ROY p. .. 96. . NBK no. 72. 266. 189. 46. Aomori: Noda. . TTM-b p. Akita: TD XIV-6-24.Osaka: Minami.Shimane: Moriwaki. 43. ROY p. . 73. 249.. 238. 94.Tokushima: Takeda.Gifu: Sawata. Sasaki. 108. TTM-a p. 198. 139. 116. TGK p. Aomori: MK II-334. . TKA p.. 266. CG p. SD p. or fox transforms itself into a tea-kettle and helps the owner earn money by dancing before people. . MB p. or buyer returns it to seller. K. He meets the other fox who had been shut up in the hole but who finally managed to free himself. NH. 306. 117. 124. Mizusawa. JFT no. The false horse turns into the fox again and runs back to his den. . AIY p.NMM p. . T. IK p. They know then that they have been cheated by the man. 263.NMS no. Horse-dealer catches one of the foxes and makes it turn into a horse. .Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. SB p. 84. 168. TD XV-5-25. Suzuki. ROY p. Horse-dealer (or old man) overhears two foxes saying that they are going to change themselves into a horse-dealer and a horse and go to the horse-fair.. . Man (a) rescues a fox. . SD p. 124ff. ES p. NT p. 178.Hyogo: TD X-6-42.

KK p. 44. (a) Girl says that she has come to see her spouse. 69.Miyagi: KD 1-135.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES IV. 95. T. . VII-130. 423.Hiroshima: Isogai. BG p. JVM p. 118. Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. KTJ p. KM no. KG Shizuoka: SO-D p.Okayama: Imamura. NMM p. 231.419. KB p. 20. T. . or (b) girl takes an iris bath and delivers prematurely snake child. 11-9. SB p.. 34. . 16. NH p.Nagasaki: Seki. SD p. 21. TD II-6-38. or hollow of an old tree). Tabata. 158. On her parent's advice girl puts a threaded needle in man's coat. Girl's mother or girl herself follows the thread and finds it enter into a pool (cave. 75. HB Fukui: NEM 1-6-31. . 112. 94.Nara: Takada.Niigata: Iwakura. A. SOS p. AK p. 34. The Serpent Bridegroom. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. 83. MT p. MAT p. - Fu- no. 129. Father (or mother) tells himself that he will give one of his three (two. -. . 184. ZKI p.Okinawa: Sakima. . NBK no. 162. 45. ND p. Ogasawara. . IV-7. ND p. YT p. . 6. 427ff. 185.Gumma: Takagi.. p.Saitama: Suzuki. . AK-M p.Tokushima: TD II-7-33. 65. NT p. 99ff. 101. 82.Kyoto: GK-K p. 74. . (a) Three children (or one child) are born to girl and they become great men. . 136. . Unknown young man visits girl every night. 181. OE p. or (b) girl's mother overhears the conversation of serpents in the pool. SK p.Nagano: Iwasaki. .Saga: MZ 1-557. 181. . Suzuki. - NMS B. Sasaki. AM p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. V-101. 106. . SUPERNATURAL A. . WIFES AND HUSBANDS Husband 69 Supernatural 133. ND p. 5. OT p. girl who married serpent will have her child miscarried by taking a bath in iris water. 150. 16. NSK p.Shimane: Takagi. 60ff. SW p. 353.Kumamoto: Hamada. T. 162. TD IV-786. TTM-b p. 28. Serpent-mother replies that as human beings are clever. ROY p. KS p. 6.. 175ff. K.Oita: Ichiba. KI p.. Mizusawa. . MK 11-123. TS p. 70ff. .Kochi: Katsurai.. 103. KMZ p. 240. 25. - kushima: Iwasaki. 16.. 129. Rumpf. 80. 183.Tochigi: TD III-792. MB p. KA-K I-11.. IKP p. 357. T. . 75. TKA p.Iwate: Kikuchi. Then a wounded serpent appears and tells her that he is going to die and that the child who is to be born to her will grow to be a great man.Gifu: Sawata. or eight) daughters to whoever will irrigate . XII-11-38. 29. 163. - IV-505. TD II-510. Serpent-son says his child will be born to a human being. 87ff. IK p. 31. MZG III-593.Kagawa: Takeda. T. . Koike. Aomori: Ncda. Takagi.. Suzuki.

Kagoshima: Iwakura. NT p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. TD IV-424. 77. 46. Demon carries youngest daughter over a river. . KM no. . Girl (a) returns home safely. Father asks each of his daughters if she would be willing to marry the one who irrigated his rice-field. 37.Iwate: Hi- Aomori: Noda. SB p. 33.Shiga: Mitamura.Gifu: Sawata. NMM p. 65. 72. or gathers fire-wood for woman. 107. NI p. 25. Serpent (kappa*.. Only the youngest daughter agrees to the marriage. comes for his bride. OT p. or demon) who has transformed itself into a young man.Kumamoto: Hamada. 8.Tokushima: MK 11-528. AS no. 9ff. . 18ff.70 KEIGO SEKI his rice-field which has dried up.Nagasaki: Seki. 66.Hiroshima: Isogai. 5.. . KI p. Suzuki. . but the youngest one consents to the marriage. The Demon Bridegroom. AK p.Ehime: HB IX-209. taking gourds (or cotton) and a thousand needles (nails. NH p. . 16. 165. 145. . KEN p. kills her by throwing her into a pond.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. NBK no. 134. . Yamanashi: Dohashi.- Ka- no. . . They come to a pool. 101C. 3. 12.field wet. 1. 12. NMS rano. SG no.Shimane: Moriwaki.. or (b) goes on a journey. KG p. SOS p. T. 36..Oita: Suzuki. Before he reaches the other side. follows young man. T.Ishikawa: Yamashita..Niigata: Suzuki. 10. NK-c p. 94. TD IX-4-173. Girl marries another man and lives happily. 107. Demon takes woman over a river which is out of its banks. The eldest daughter. 31. 101B. 242. mustard.Fukui: NEM I-6-30ff. 163. OE p. MK 1-182. Serpent dies from the evil effect of needles. 89. but girl jumps safely to the other side. Young man turns into a serpent and tries to sink gourds (or cotton). SK p. KTJ p. HB V-101. MT p. Youngest daughter. she will marry him. MZG V-921. Daughter puts gourds into the pool and says that if he can sink all the gourds. silver. 429... -Shizuoka: SO-D p. T. TD VII-12-48. KG p. . .. . 315. Meanwhile girl throws needles in the pool. Husband . MK 11-121. Two elder sisters refuse. NK-a p. OC-c p. - gawa: Takeda. TKA p. Moriguchi. 68.. and substitutes herself as wife. SD p. or oil) with her. IK p. pepper. She promises to give him one of her daughters.Nagano: Koike. . The next day he finds his rice. T. AK-M p. 95. MK 1-563. 124. 5. T. NSK p. . swords. 5. Kikuchi. 46. being jealous of her sister's happy marriage. -Saitama: Suzuki. 37. 16. T.. SKT p. Akita: TD XIV-6-32. mud-snail. 41.Okayama: Imamura. KS p. 71. She tells her three daughters about her promise with demon. he is swept away by the rapid current. K. 31.

monkey bridegroom is driven away by the current. . but substitute wife does not eat it. - Kagoshima: no. Bride comes back to her father's house safely. or (b) when she draws water from the well the water becomes muddy.Ehime: HB IX-209.. Sasaki. or (b) a mulberry tree grows up in the pigtsy. En route (a) bride asks monkey bridegroom to climb up a cherry tree (wisteria-vine. -NMM p. which alights on husband's tray. 37. Monkey comes to take his bride. 178. 347. and is killed again by substitute wife and thrown away in the pigsty. TTM-a p. TKA p. or azelia tree) to pick some flowers. The Monkey Bridegroom. Husband finds an eel in the well and catches it. (a) Youngest daughter asks monkey bridegroom to carry a waterjar. and monkey with jar or mortar on his back falls into a river. T. IK p. 63ff. OE p. Niigata: Mizusawa. While saying his farewell poem. . or (b) to irrigate his rice-field. or (b) youngest daughter marries monkey.. 109. monkey bridegroom carries mochi in a mortar on his back. .Fukushima: Iwasaki.Aomori: Kawai. (a) Substitute wife is ashamed and enters into a tub to turn herself into an insect. but it is burned by false wife. MK 11-218. 102. Father tells himself that he will give one of his three daughters to any one who is willing (a) to help him farm. Iwakura. He has the eel cooked. Husband digs up the corpse of his true wife and scatters the ashes of mulberry tree on it. MK II-188. MD IX-94. 28. and after some time when they make their first formal visit to bride's parents' house. KMZ p. Its ashes enter false wife's eyes and she dies. 17ff. youngest one accepts. because (a) she is unfamiliar with household affairs. Then dead wife is resuscitated.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 71 suspects wife. Akita: TD XIV-6-34. A branch breaks.Fukuoka: . TGM p. (a) Eel's head in the dish tells husband that the eel is the incarnation of his true wife who was murdered by her sister. NMS 135. Father tells his daughters about his promise to Two elder daughters refuse his request. or (b) bride drops her mirror in a river and asks monkey to pick it up. TD XVI-11-36. and they go together to monkey's house. . 254. Noda. or (b) murdered wife is reincarnated in the form of a bird. Monkey helps him or irrigates his rice-field. but the monkey..

.72 KEIGO SEKI FO-D no. Saga: Suzuki.NMS no. 30. . 39. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. 37. 141. T. Sasaki. 4. HK 11-120. . . SMT p. . . TD XII-7-15. Yamanashi: Dohashi. TTM-b p. Mizusawa. S. p... . 87.Osaka: Minami. 246. Moriguchi. 88. 168: TD XII-11-36. T. Grateful frog appears to rescue her by killing snake.Gifu: HB V-102. 35. 204. MT p. 26.Wakavama: Nakanishi. 3. The Grateful Father Frog. 137. 49. .: KB 9-15. T. MK II-368.Niigata: Iwakura. 17. IZ p. 14. 49.Hiroshinla: HIS-M p. IKP p. NK-c p. SD p. Mizusawa..Miyagi: KD 11-119. 4. MK II-563. 1. KTJ p. 25.. 44. KMZ p. AK p. 99. 63. K. MB p. . NK-b p. 6ff. TS p. 104A. 101. .Gumma: DRM p. KMZ p. rescues a frog from a snake promising (or mother) that he will give one of his three daughters to snake. . KS p. Only the youngest daughter agrees to the marriage with snake. Sasaki. TTM-a p. T. 19ff. 92.Nagasaki: Yuki. 26. HKT p. 42. KA-K 1-157. KA p. . 25. She goes to marry snake and is shut up in snake's hut. 19. JFT no. 21. CG p.Saitama: Suzuki. . TTH p. SG no. 67. 433. . 15. .. 7. 7. . T. . 31.Hiroshima: HS-M p. IKP p. KB p.Niigata: Iwakura. SKT p.Iwate: Hirano. VII-120. . Toyama. MZ III-562. 3ff.Saitama: Suzuki. Katsurai. . 11-161. 14. 203. TGM p. NH p. 19.. . NMM p.Oita: Suzuki.Wakayama: KB 10-19. 59. Ishikawa: Yamashita. 57. KG p. 27. Kyoto: Kakita. MKB p. OC-a p. 6. KG p. 6ff.. 96. 38. 291. 267. Kikuchi. FS p. . HK 1-31. .Nagano: Iwasaki. .Shiga: Mitamura. MD IX-224. KEN p. ESJ p.Kochi: Kumamoto: MK I-90ff. 213. 11-42. 81. TD IV-417.. IZ p. Isogai. Ogasawara. S. . NMS no. 36. 115. 17. TD IV-436. . NI p. X-181.Shimane: Moriwaki. TD X-6-39. 5.. that . ZKI p. Suzuki. 14. 111..Fukushima: Iwasaki.Nagano: Iwasaki.Okayama: Imamura.Osaka: Minami. T. . SKT p. 103. HB III-6-28. .Shizuoka: SO-D p.Hyogo: MD IX-440. 31. SD p. SW p. 47. The Stork's Eggs.Kagawa: Takeda. CG p. MB p. KG p. 22. NSK p. 431. NT p. X-6-39. 172.Yanagita-Mayer.Tochigi: Kato.Gifu: Sawata.. 29ff. NBK no.. TD XV-5-19. MAT p. 136. TD VII-12-17. 9. . SK p. 25. KS p. 418. SMG p. 99ff. 187. 67. Man promises a snake who is going to swallow a frog.Kagawa: Takeda. 33. . 6. 91.. 38. 214. T. . NSK p. Suzuki. 205. 434.Hyogo: MK II-369. Koyarna. 424. . Akita: TD XIV-5-63.. SB p. . TTM-a p. KB p. 62. NK-a p. .Iwate: Hirano. 193. . Koyama.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . AK p. 15ff. 63.Nagasaki: Seki. 77. IK p.Okayama: MZ 1-1162. MK 1-268. or she is carried in a box to snake. NMZG III-104. 421. 166. 57. 220. KM no.Shimane: Moriwaki. . . Isogai. .Tochigi: Kato. Fukui: FI-K p. .Aomori: Kawai. 119. KT p. 270. .Tokushima: MK 11-469.

. it shall have daughter as its bride. or (c) marry it to his daughter. 205. but is pecked by stork and falls to the ground and dies. 246. . 148.Saga: MZ 138. 69. (b) snake transforms itself into a woman and becomes man's wife. KTJ p. She kills hunter and avenges dog's death. . . 20.Gifu: Sawata.NMS no. . (a) Mother dies while father is out on a journey. 20.Nagasaki: Seki. . (a) Snake transforms itself into a young man and visits man's house to become his son-in-law. SD p. . JFT no. 35ff. he will (a) give it one of his daughters. . .Kagawa: Takeda. . KTJ p.. KK 1-474. ROY p.Yanagita-Mayer..Shizuoka: SO-D p.. (a) Daughter promises a . .Nagasaki: Suzuki. 24. . ZKI p. Mother is used to telling a dog that if it clears away her little daughter's faeces. or hawk's) nest will be good for pregnant woman or cure sick man. .Kagoshima: Tabata. (a) Sick wife or husband recovers. AM p.NMS no. KB p. 209. or (b) make it his wife (in case snake is female). Suzuki. . 105. 138. Aomori: Noda. and that sick person's husband or wife should climb a tree to get stork eggs.Iwate: Sasaki.Saitama: Suzuki. . KD 1-173. or (b) mother loses something precious.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 73 if it lets frog go. When husband (or wife) climb up the tree. pregnant. .Fukui: FI-K p. . he (or she) turns into a snake. KEN p. The Girl Who Becomes Silk-worm Deity. The Dog Husband. SK p. 106. T. Suzuki. . 420. 31. 90. 97.Miyagi: III-557.Hyogo: TD X-6-40. T.Nigata: Iwakura. 45. Yamanashi: Dohashi. or (b) wife is delivered prematurely of snake-child and is saved from harm by snake. pilgrim. A fortune-teller (rokubu*. or (c) snake transforms itself into a young man and marries man's (a) Man's daughter. 64. 16. SB p. After some time she learns that hunter killed her dog husband. . or yamabushi) says that eggs from a stork's (eagle's. KG p. . NBK no. 73. JVM p. A hunter shoots dog and marries daughter. or (c) snake-husband becomes sick.Hiroshima: Isogai. 51..Rumpf.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 33. Akita: TD XIV-6-31.Nagano: MK 1-319. T. dog objects. When daughter grows up and mother makes marriage arrangement between daughter and a certain man.- 139. AK p. Mother gives daughter to dog. TKA p. or (b) snake-wife becomes daughter. T.

277. telling him to have child lick it when he wants milk. Father horse (b) is angry.Yamanashi: NMM p. or (b) father promises his horse to give it his daughter if it will find the lost treasure. Man saves a snake. . KI p. kills and skins the horse. KS p. 88. Husband goes to a pond to ask his snake wife for Iwate: TD III-456. Without obeying her words. 89. 165. 109. she gouges out one of her eyes and gives it to husband. . Dohashi. 108A. 141. Yamanashi: NMS no. Hyogo: TD IV-3-36. The Snake Wife. husband peeps into the hut and sees a snake. 275. Dohashi. Horse marries daughter. Skin rises to heaven wrapping daughter up in itself. 297. Tree tells her that three days hence it is to be cut down because of orders from the feudal lord. ZKI p. Kagoshima: Iwakura. Wife becomes pregnant.NMS no. . KMZ p. The eye-ball is taken away by a feudal lord. 161. or from mulberry tree. One day while girl is walking along a mountain path on her way home. 465. when girl leads the others present in singing. NH p. who visits him in the form of a woman. but it does not move an inch at launching. 140. 422. Feudal lord announces that whoever can launch the boat or move tree is to be rewarded. (a) Tree is cut down and made into a boat. Girl lives with her mother. and hangs its skin on a mulberry tree to dry. B. or the finds treasure. (a) Horse brings father home. A worm descends from heaven. She is confined in a hut for childbirth and forbids her husband to see her. They get married. Wife regrets her husband's breaking his promise and leaves him with her child. The Tree Spirit and the Girl. Boat is launched or tree is easily moved. Before she goes. Sasaki.74 KEIGO SEKI horse that she will marry him if he will bring father home. she is overtaken by sudden rain and takes shelter under a tree. Supernatural Wifes . This is the origin of the silkworm. or (b) people cannot move tree which was cut down.Shizuoka: SO-D p. - Iwate: Kikuchi.

. CG p..Tochigi: TD XI-8-1. Wife returns home crippled. MR p. ND p. 230. 35. 195. . . 134. 155.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 118. He throws stones into the pond. - . SK p. KTJ p. JFT no. She says that in the middle of the memorial service a big stone came down and she was hurt. p. TD 1-9-64. Then he hears frogs' croaking in the pond. 134. Husband gces to the pond again. - p. . 137. 64. NSK p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 17. . AIY p. Mayer.Fukui: MK 1-347. Yanagita- 142. 432. T. Tabata. JVM p. Kumamoto: KM no. - Yama- Rumpf. 54. TTM-b Shiga: Mitamura.Hyogo: TD X-4-73. . Suzuki. or wounded. KB 10-21. or. Husband. 165. 37. 247.Saitama: Suzuki. 9.Kyoto: TD XII-2-29. 131. SB p. SOS p.. shima: HS-M p. T. HKT p. 139. Wife visits her native home (a) to pass the time of her childbirth. T. AIY p. KB p. 126. 33. Takagi. Frog comes to him in the form of a woman and they get married. 31. 144. SD p. MAT p. - Wakayama: Saiga.Nara: Takada.Fukushima: IwaIK HB IV-564. TD V-361. Wife appears in the shape of a one-eyed woman and gives him her eye. 272. 58ff. - Fukushima: Iwasaki. NMM p.Hiro8. being suspicious of her. AM p. MZG IV-816. TKA p. SD p. (b) advises him to take refuge at another place because she will take revenge on feudal lord by causing a flood (or earthquake) to take place in his domain. Kagawa: Takeda. . Takagi. 76.Iwate: Sasaki. 79. V-97ff. 60. 3. MK 1-429. 13. YT p. ND p. NMZ III-98. . IKP p. .Kagawa: Takeda. Aomori: Noda. 187. T. Yuki. Suzuki. 200. NT p. Takagi. . 31. Akita: MK 1-122. This eye-ball is also taken away by feudal lord. . 169.. KK p. 110.. she leaves him. Aomori: MK 11-84.Nagasaki: Seki. Frogs' croaking stops. TTM-a p. Woman without eyes appears and (a) requests that a bell be rung every morning and evening to tell her the time. ..TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 75 another eye-ball. Man rescues a frog from a snake. 13.. Yamagata: MK II-317.Kagoshima: Iwakura. KG p.Nagano: Koyama. . SF NMS no.Niigata: Mizusawa. AK p. 62. 78. T.. 295. NMM p. Gifu: saki. T. 28. 229. ND p. - Gifu: HB V-252. or (b) to attend the memorial service for her dead parent. 13ff. 118. IK Niigata: Iwakura. . .Shimane: Moriwaki. 28. EG p. Suzuki. When husband learns that his wife is a frog. 97. 182.. no. FS p. p. Isogai. The Frog Wife. guchi: Miyamoto. follows her and sees her enter into a pond. NMS no. T.. 147. KMZ p. 247.- Mizusawa. 51. 111. . 243.

Wife gives husband a small box. Iwakura. 121. Husband disobeys the instructions and sees a fish bathing in the tub. Mizusawa. or goat) which was presented by wife's relative. Yamagata: MK 11-93.. Husband secretly sees wife urinating into the pot she is using for her cooking. NH p. 68. She becomes his wife or works in his house as a maid servant. . TTH p. Kagoshima: no. MAT p. 72.Kagoshima: Iwakura. telling him not to open it and that if he should decide to open it. Then he becomes poor again. . 133. 48. .Shimane: Moriwaki.Niigata: Iwakura. NM-a p. . taking her youngest child with her. Okinawa: TD IV-208. 12. 198. - MZGK II-934. MZG 11-455. T. NHH p. Man is led by fish or tortoise to the palace at the bottom of the sea. KS p. 58ff. 130. Poor man marries an unknown woman who visited him. She goes away. TTM-b p.NMS no. from which a smoke rises. while he has his feet in the water. . magic sleeve which shakes out money.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 112. it disappears into the sea. A.Iwate: Kikuchi.Nagano: MZG 1-276. Clam changes itself into a woman and visits man. KK p. 5. He marries her. NSK p.. KEIGO SEKI Man saves a clam. . forgets her advice and opens the box. 136. TTM-a p. Akita: TD XIV-5-58ff. he must open it on the seashore. Wife having learned that husband saw her while cooking. 113A. 61. 16: Sasaki. - Fukushima: Iwasaki. . 29. He visits wife's birth place which is associated with the water. inexhaustible ball of hemp. She cooks good soup every day. The Fish Wife. and leaves him forever. . NMS B.76 143. and three children are born. 36. IK p. He returns with a magic treasure (lucky mallet. Husband.Kagawa: Takeda. When husband tries to take it. IKP p. 56. longing for his wife. Poor man rescues a fish or helps a tortoise take her children which have just been hatched. . precious He cloth. 273. - Gifu: 144. 13.Nagasaki: Seki. The Clam Wife. MKB p. KMZ p. . reveals herself as a clam. Two children pick up on the beach a marvellous treasure called "shirufu" which is presented to them by the king of the sea. Wife takes a bath every day in her private room which husband is forbidden to look in. 12. SB p. and returns with a girl from the palace. KEN p.

112. TS p. Type 189). A pretty woman visits him and becomes his wife. .. SD p. KS p. and when he leaves Ryugui he receives a present from king and is allowed to take kinc's daughter as his wife. Akita: TD XIV-5-53. 113B. The cloth which she wove is sold at a high price. OC-d p. Man stays at Ryuguz as king's guest. NMS no. 13. - Aomori: Noda. 30. NMM p. ing saying that he would like to present them to the king of Ryugu. NMM p. - Kochi: Katsurai. 146.. 22. to present an interesting show. Ogasawara. TKA p. - Niigata: Suzuki. Husband asks her to weave another roll of cloth. pheasant. - Ehime: HB IX-206. p. T.Iwate: Kikuchi. SW p.Shimane: MK II-417. (b) departs from husband for some reason. . OC-b NMS no. 30. or to bring a drum that sounds by itself (cf. The Wife from Ryuguz* (Dragon Palace) On New Year's Eve poor flower-dealer throws his remainflowers (New Year pine branches.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 151. Feudal lord is killed while the last test is being performed. 74ff. Crane wife goes away from her husband. or wild duck) or a crane from being killed. Tasks are to offer a thousand koku* of rice. MK 1-312.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . husband looks into the weaving room and sees a crane plucking its feathers out and weaving them into cloth. 10. stork. 74. Ehime: HB IX-208.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES prospers from magic treasure. 121. 71. SB p. 7. 10. 3. 11i.Fukui: MK 1-31. . 145. . Disregarding wife's words. NH p. KK p. 114. A feudal lord hears of man's beautiful wife and imposes three tasks upon man. Wife weaves in the weaving room which she has forbidden her husband to look into. 14. - Shimane: Moriwaki. - Nagasaki: Seki. Then a messenger comes for him to conduct him to Ryugui. MK II-83. The Crane Wife. - Fukuoka: FO-D no.Okinawa: TD IV-208. because her true form has been discovered. 67. to bring a thousand ashropes. 61. SD p.. or fire-wood) into the sea. threatening him that if he cannot accomplish tasks he must offer up his wife. 77 Niigata: Suzuki. . Young man rescues a wounded crane (copper-pheasant. T. MK III-417. (a) Husband and wife live or wife happily everafter. .

TKA p. . K.Osaka: Minami. "If you love me. 42. 25. 275.Osaka: Minami. SK p. ..Shiga: Mitamura. IKP p. 14. NH p. . . SD p. IZ p.Okayama: Imamura. 249. T. KS p. CG p. or (b) child obtains a magic treasure with which he can hear bird's language (cf. . 202.Kumamoto: KM no.. KA-K II-155. Poor farmer picks up and feeds a cat which was abandoned by a rich man. .Niigata: Mizusawa.. KG p.Iwate: Hirano. 193. NMS no. . 7. T. Iwate: Fukushima: Kikuchi. NMM p. 49.. MB p. 19. 37. (a) their child finds mother taking a nap in the form of a fox. (a) Husband harvests a rich rice crop because of the gratitude of his fox wife who returned to her original home in the wood. JFT no. come for me to the woods of Shinoda*. Koyama. 22ff. 11. 90. After they lived peacefully for several years. AIY p.Saitama: Suzuki. IZ p. Yamaguchi. TD XV-5-23. . p. KS p. Farmer says that if the cat helps him in grinding wheat. Yanagita-Mayer. 61. MN p. T. . Sasaki. T. NT p. 264.Kagawa: Takeda.Nagano: Iwasaki. 181.Saitama: Suzuki. 7. Wakayama: Nakanishi.. 35. 63. 5.Yamanashi: Dohashi.Nagasaki: Suzuki. The Cat Wife. he will become better off. TTM-b p. NSK p. TTM-a p. SOS p. Man saves a fox. Mizusawa.78 KEIGO SEKI . IK p. TTM-a p. 39. 116. . . Suzuki. 7. 50. 10ff. KTJ p. NMM p. Aomori: Noda. SKT p. MK 11-84. 147. . visits man and becomes his wife. Kondo. 7ff. or showing her tail. . 7. KI p. . .." or (b) one of two wives is driven out. SK p. . 275. 28. 4. 164.Nagasaki: Suzuki. 91.. 66. NT p. 52. ROY p. 153. 46. . or (b) another woman who looks just like wife appears. 115. he finds his cat grinding * Shinoda is a place name. . 14ff. MT p. 2. MD IX-220.Shimane: Moriwaki. 60. ST p. IK p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 288. 55. .. SMG p. 67. The Fox Wife. 3.Tottori: MK 1-76.. OC-c p. .. Fox transforms itself into a woman.. KB p. KTJ p. 7. Iwasaki. Hiroshima: HS-M p. Takagi. NM-b p. 125.Fukushima: Iwasaki. ND p. 125. T. AN p.Tokushima: Takeda. T.Shimane: Moriwaki. SG no. NMS no. ZKI p. TD XVI-10-20. 12. 44. JFT no. 171. . . 15. MAT p. 26. 4ff. The next day when he comes home from his work in the field.. T. T.Niigata: Iwakura. 98. 53.Tochigi: Kato. (a) Fox wife goes away leaving a poem. 118. KG p.YanagitaMayer. . 80. 34. . Type 171). 218. 24. IK Ka- gawa: Takeda.Hiroshima: HS-M p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 32. - 148.

Aomori: Kawai.4. NT p. KS p.. 127. 49. . KG p. TD 11-3-43. Wife discovers her feather robe (a) by herself. . T. Henceforth cat grinds wheat while farmer is working in the field.Kumamoto: Hamada. or with her children. . (a) According to god's instructions. T. 35. yamoto.Miyagi: KD III-86. TTM-b p. AK-M p. (b) through her child's suggestion. 53. Sasaki. SB p. Husband is assigned tasks by wife's father or mother. KS p. MK II-452. 339. lake.Nagasaki: Seki.. 110. 10. Iwate: Sasaki. IK p. 137. SK p.Shimane: Moriwaki. NS p. or (c) by chance. 133.Yamaguchi: MiNMS no. CG p. 106. TTM-a p. 100. 11. He makes dumplings with the wheat flour and eats them with cat. TGM p. 117. AIY p. . 262. 18. . .Gifu: HB V-97. Okinawa: MZ 11-72.Kagawa: Takeda. JVM p. 335. T. STM p. KK p. .Nagano: Koyama. . 9.. 39. 8. . three.Kagoshima: Iwakura.Hiroshima: HS-M p. SKT p.Niigata: Mizusawa. (a) He performs tasks through his wife's help and is reunited with her. The Wife from the Upper World. . AS no. Akita: MK II-455. 21ff. OE p. XVII-1-36. 6. Tabata. . AK p. NMG III-89. Rump. bathing in a pond. SOS p. EG p. 102. 112.. river. takes woman with him to his home and marries her. Kyoto: GK-K p. SW p. 43.Wakayama: Nakanishi. TD XV5-21. Okinawa: Sakima. KMZ p. Saitama: Suzuki. or (b) he fails in the last test and is separated from his wife. 108.. .. She puts on her robe and returns to the upper world alone. TD 1-1-12. 118. One. 129. He steals woman's feather robe (or one of feather robes). . . 42. 9. Oita: Suzuki. TD 11-1-16. 11.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 79 wheat. 9.Fukushima: Iwasaki. Cat goes on a pilgrimage to the Shrine of Ise and prays to god for turning it into a woman. Fisherman (or wood-cutter) prays to god for a wife. 47. IKP p. . 6. Kondo. 18ff. . 11-263. Isogai. or (c) by husband's carelessness.Iwate: Hirano. Husband plants a bamboo or gourd according to his wife's instructions. 1. 255. 8. 59. MD 11-107. 11. AM p. or several children are born. NMS 149. NMM p. Ogasawara.Tottori: IP-M p. . NSK p. 8. MK 1-473. Tokushima: Takeda. K. 47. he sees a woman (or some women) who descended from the upper world. 5. 22. or on the beach. She returns as a woman and marries farmer. 25ff. 27. and climbs up bamboo cane or gourd vine to the upper land. (b) through the help of an animal which he saved.Yamagata: MZ 11-69. no. KMZ p.

80 150. The Flute-player

KEIGO SEKI

Bridegroom.

Man plays on his flute beautifully. Woman of the upper land is attracted by his music, descends to the earth and marries man. She weaves a piece of cloth, which she gives to her husband to sell. A tonosama (feudal lord) falls in love with wife and assigns three tasks to husband on the condition that he should offer his wife to tonosama if he fails to accomplish those tasks. Man accomplishes tasks with his wife's help. Husband goes to the upper land to pay a visit to his wife's parents. (a) He assists his father-in-law in making rain fall on the earth; or (b) he sympathizes with an ogre who is on a chain in fatherin-law's house, and lets ogre eat magic rice which gives the power of a thousand men to the eater. When ogre eats magic rice, he cuts the chain and rushes down to the earth to take the man's wife away. After many difficulties, husband recovers his wife.
Aomori: MK II-82. - Iwate: Ogasawara, SW p. 71; Sasaki, ROY p. 327, SW p. 138. - Niigata: Iwakura, KB p. 200, MKB p. 42. - NMS no. 119.

V. 151. Mud-snail Son.

SUPERNATURAL

BIRTH

A childless couple prays to god (uji-gami*, Kannon*, or Yakushi*) for a child. (a) They pick up and look after a mudsnail (frog, or snake) as their son; or (b) a small child is born from wife's (or husband's) leg or thumb. (a) Mud-snail son or small boy sets out to find a wife taking flour or rice with him; or (b) he takes rice or fire-wood to land-owner or to rich man's house. (a) Mud-snail son puts some flour on the lips of rich man's youngest daughter while she is sleeping. The next morning he says that the girl who ate his flour must marry him, and he receives youngest daughter whose lips are floury, or (b) mud-snail son wins the confidence of land-owner and becomes engaged to his youngest daughter. Mud-snail son (a) finds magic mallet, (b) takes it from demon's island, or (c) receives it from grateful animal. (a) Bride who dislikes her mud-snail bridegroom, beats him with mallet; (b) mud-snail asks his bride to beat him to pieces with a pestle or with magic mallet; or (c)

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES

81

bride stirs the water in which her bridegroom is bathing; or (d) bride prays to god to turn mud-snail into a human being. Mudsnail is changed into a handsome young man. They obtain a nice house by resorting to the power of magic mallet and live in it happily everafter.
Akita: TD XIV-5-51; MK 11-366. - Aomori: Noda, TKA p. 51, 112. Gumma: DRM p. 1, 4, 6. - Hiroshima: HS-M p. 1. - Iwate: Hirano, SKT p. 23, 27; Ogasawara, SW p. 75; Sasaki, KMZ p. 10, SW p. 142. - Kagawa: Takeda, NSK p. 5. - Kagoshima: Iwakura, KS p. 72; TD 1-7-73. - Kochi: Katsurai, TS p. 16, 20. - Kumamoto: KM no. 5; KK V-387; MZG IV-576. - Miyagi: KD II-122. - Nagasaki: Seki, SB p. 143, 148; Suzuki, T., KTJ p. 63; Yamaguchi, IK p. 179; Yuki, HTK p. 48. - Niigata: Iwakura, KB p. 188, MKB p. 58; Mizusawa, EG p. 174, FS p. 262, IKP p. 290, MAT p. 145, 150, TTH p. 239, TTM-a p. 189, TTM-b p. 204; Suzuki, T., SD p. 211. - Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 7; MK 1-567. - Okayama: Imamura, MT p. 4, 82, 164. - Shimane: Moriwaki, NM p. 3, NK-c
Takeda, p. 3. - Tokushima: p. 13. - NMS no. 134. AIY p. 14. Rumpf, JVM p. 157. NMM

152. The Frog Son. A childless couple prays to god for a child, and a frog boy is born to them. Frog son wishes to marry rich man's daughter. She hates him and throws him away into a pond. A carp swallows him. Father catches carp. As he is about to cut it in two, a voice is heard from inside carp, saying, "don't thrust your knife too deep." A young man who was transformed from frog, comes out of carp. He marries daughter.
Kagoshima: Iwakura, KS p. 74; Tabata, AM p. 23. NMM p. 12. NMS

no. 135. 153. Issun-Boshi. A childless couple prays to god for a child. A small boy is born (a) from wife's (or husband's) leg or thumb, or (b) from a log. Boy does not grow big. So he is called Issun Boshi (One-inch Boy)*. or Mamezo (Bean Boy). (a) He becomes a servant in a rich man's house. One day he goes out attending to his master's daughter. They meet a demon, and Issun Boshi is swallowed by demon. While in demon's stomach, Issun Boshi pricks demon with his needle. Demon vomits out Issun B6shi and runs away, leaving his magic mallet behind. (b) Issun

82

KEIGO SEKI

Boshi goes on an expedition to demon's island and returns with treasure. By shaking magic mallet, (a) Issun Boshi makes himself large and marries rich man's daughter; or (b) he obtains gold and other treasures and he lives with his parents happily the rest of his life.
Aomori: Noda, TKA p. 111. -

- Kagoshima: Iwakura, KS p. 70. - Nagasaki: Seki, SB p. 152; Yamaguchi, IK2 p. 6. - Niigata: Suzuki, T., SD p. 29. - Saga: MK II-324. - Saitama: Suzuki, T., KG p. 11. - Tottori: IP-M p. 32. - Yamaguchi: Miyamoto, T., SOS p. 6. - NMM p. 9. - NMS no. 136.

Iwasaki, T., IK p. 5, 102. - Hiroshima: HS-M p. 48; Isogai, AK p. 87, 90.

Fukuoka: FO-D no. 26, 41. -

Fukushima:

154. Thumb Boy. A childless couple prays to god or asks a sorcerer for a child even though he may be as small as a bean or a finger. They are given a child just as they had wished. Boy drives a horse by sitting in its ear, or rides a horse. (a) He is sold to a traveler; or (b) he is offered to a feudal lord by a villager. Thumb Boy flees from traveler and (a) hides in a snail shell, or (b) in a rat hole, or (c) falls into a river and is swallowed by a carp. (a) He rests in straw and is swallowed with straw by a cow. He cries out or he moves violently in cow's stomach to make cow go on a rampage. Cow is killed by its keeper. A wolf eats cow's intestines, and Thumb Boy is also swallowed by it. He leads wolf to his parents' house, and his father kills wolf, from which Thumb Boy appears. (b) Carp which swallowed Thumb Boy is offered to a feudal lord. When it is cut, boy comes out of it safely.
Fukushima: Iwasaki, T., IK p. 4. - Gifu: MK II-458. - Ishikawa: Yamashita, KEM p. 138. - Nagasaki: Yuki, HKT p. 53. - Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 6. - NMS no. 137.

155. The Snake Son. Childless couple prays to god for a child and (a) bears a snake child; or (b) finds an egg from which a snake child is born. Villagers are afraid of snake child who has grown quite large. He is abandoned in the mountain. Snake (a) makes rain fall in time of drought, (b) waters paddy-fields, (c) saves a rich man's daughter; or (d) harms some villagers. (a) The father

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES

83

and mother of snake son are thanked by villagers or rich man for snake son's good deals; or (b) father destroys snake son who harmed villagers, and he is rewarded.
Akita: TD XIV-5-60. - Fukushima: Iwasaki, T., IK p. 3. - Iwate: Sasaki, KMZ p. 180, ROY p. 256. - Kagoshima: Iwakura, KS p. 154ff; MK 1-565. - Kumamoto: Kimura, HG p. 86; MK II-380. - Nagasaki: Suzuki, T., KTJ p. 115. - Shizuoka: SO-D p. 438ff. - Wakayama: Nakanishi, KST p. 76. - Yamaguchi: Miyamoto, T., SOS p. 47. - Yamanashi: Dohashi, KI p. 113, ZKI p. 102. - NMM p. 12. - NMS no. 142A.

156. Torachiyo-maru. Childless rich man wishes for a child and is given a boy. Child is named Torachiyo-maru. He is educated in a temple. As he surpasses all the other boys who are studying with him, they become jealous of him. He is calumniated. Teacher decides
to exile Torachiyo-maru to the land of death. Father gives him

an iron rod to protect himself along the way. Cat, dog, cow or other evil beings trouble him, while he is journeying. After
defeating those obstacles, he reaches the land of death. The king of the land of death gives Torachiyo-maru eighty-eight years of live. He comes home after three years of exile. (a) The calumniators have already died; or (b) the arrow which Torashot toward the sky, falls on the calumniators and chiyo-maru kills them. Kagoshima: Iwakura, KK p. 34, OE p. 44, 50. 157. Riki Tar6 (Mighty Boy). NMS no. 139.

(a) Childless old couple prays to god for a child, and a boy is born from a chestnut which they picked up, or from wife's leg; or (b) an idle couple makes a doll from the soil of their The child remains in an bodies, and the doll becomes animate. for fifteen years, and he grows to be a strong ejiko* (basket) and gluttonous man. He sets out to test his strength, carrying an iron rod of a hundred kan*. En route he defeats a man who is carrying a shrine and another man who is carrying a big ox (or, a man who breaks stone in his hand and another who rolls

a great rock).
evil spirit Aomori:

They become his assistants.
three girls, whom they

They destroy the
marry. Yamashita, KEN

and save

Noda, TKA p. 51; MK 11-78. -

Ishikawa:

and he is named Momo Tar6. Little boy appears from the peach. MK 1-216. A girl comes out of the cut melon. 1.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . and they travel together to demon's island. 105. 1. Only her heel remains. Ishikawa: Yamashita. 144. Morlo Tar6 (Peach Boy). JVM p. . --Kumamoto: Hamada. NMM p. .Rumpf. SKT p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 1. 3.. Monkey..Kagoshima: Iwakura.Fukushima: Iwasaki. NH p. IKP p. . OE p. 99. 147. . IK p. Old woman picks up (a) a peach (or a peach in a box) which comes floating down a river. happily with old man and woman.Iwate: Hirano. 214..Hiroshima: HS-M p. SKT p. During husband's absence. or she picks up (b) a peach (or chestnut) in the field.Iwate: Hirano. 1.Nagano: Koyama. 30. Suzuki. Fukui: MK 1-29. T. ZKI p. Akita: TD XIV-5-50. 83.Kochi: Katsurai. MK 11-79. AK-M p. 102. .NMS no. Isogai. He goes on an expedition to demons' island. 157. Uchida. . 44. 1. 103.NMM p. SD p. KG p. 56. 80. Along the way he meets a monkey. 3. SW p. 253. SK p.Rumpf. TD V-956. NK-a p. TKA p. . 230.84 KEIGO SEKI p. . 159. 1932. Uriko Hime (Melon Princess). . OK p. 141. . 213. She is named Uriko Hime and looked after . TGK p.Tokyo: MK 11-48. 1. T. Yo- 160. - Shimane: Moriwaki. They fight with demons. Jan.Kagawa: Takeda. CG p. 158. Old woman picks up a melon from the river. 12. In place of the cowardly father. . 132. .Saitama: koji. boy avenges his mother's death by destroying yama-uba through feeding her a burned stone. NSK p. NK-b p. . AK p. Suzuki.Hyogo: Takeda. 184. . 1. KMZ p. 2. a dog and a pheasant and gives them each some of his dumplings. and pheasant become Momo Taro's assistants. -Ehime: MK II-131. 259. 209. JVM p. KEM p. Sasaki. Aomori: Okunan-shinpo.NMS no. Ogasawara. .. 155. . -Niigata: Mizusawa.Shihnane: MK II-561. 143. The heel flesh grows into a boy. 105. Finally demons surrender to Momo Taro and give up all their Momo Taro comes back with treasures and lives treasures. 3. 7. . Kikuchi. T. 140. BOG no. NMS no.Aomori: Noda. 27. Heel Boy.Gifu: MK II-457. 224. TS p. dog. wife is eaten up by yama-uba.

ND p. 1. 199. 5. MD IX-93. SD p. MD IX-225.Aomori: Kawai. 235. Yamagata: JFT MK 11-216. an evil being. 382. MAT p. Ehime: MK 11-131. . 161. 2. . 30.Niigata: Iwakura. 1. 185.Fukushima: Iwasaki. . T. 231. no. 120. Bamboo-sprout Boy. 31. 95. cries and lets them know that she is there Ama-nojaku is driven away or killed. TD IV-413. 96ff. 85.Tokushima: Takeda. Isogai.Toyama: HB VII-34. IK p.Saitama: Suzuki.Hyogo: TD VII-12-50. Ama-no-jaku disguises herself in Uriko-Hime's dress and weaves in place of Uriko Hime. . SW p. 72. 172. NK-b p. CG p.Ishikawa: Yamashita.. T. 216. TGM p. - p. . KG p.Nagano: Iwasaki. MK 1-34. SKT p. . Akita: Sasaki. NM-a p. Uriko Hime is rescued and is taken to the wedding. KTJ p. KMZ p. Ama-no-jaku enters the house and (a) kills Uriko Hime. HB IX-352. 3. . cane. (a) A bird on the top of a tree sings a song to inform old couple that Amano-jaku is in the palanquin. 3. 56. NMZ III-108. TKA p. or (b) takes her outside and fastens her to a persimmon tree. - Yap.. 31. 553.Oita: Suzuki. 15.Iwate: Hirano. . 376. NT p. AS no. . KEM p. MK II-453. Old couple let her ride in a palanquin to go to her wedding ceremony. OC-a p. 10. Bamboo-sprout finds a small child in a bamboo name is Takenoko Doji (Bambooone thousand-two-hundred-thirtyBoy grants the boy his seven (or . 100. . MK 1-365. MB p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 85 by old man and woman. 1.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 271.Kagoshima: Iwakura. NI p. FS p. NMS no. . K. Moriguchi. 268.Shimane: Moriwaki. 371. OK p. 11. TD III-646. . 469. 368. T. While Uriko Hime is weaving. 380.3. Yokoji. alone.Kagawa: Takeda. Mizusawa. SW p. Yamanashi: Dohashi.Miyagi: KD II-123. . . TD III-740. Kikuchi. 243. 5. 1. .Gifu: Sawata. 38. Noda. . 202. 185. 318.3. 150. TTH p. NM-b p. NMM Yanagita-Mayer. Fukui: FI-K no. . KB p.. HK 11-422. Ogasawara. 41ff. Wakayama: Nakanishi. 193. T. TD 1-12-32.. KMZ p. T. 162. 42. and that he is four years old. A boy who cuts bamboo. Old man and woman go to town to buy a wedding dress and other things for Uriko Hime.. 40. KG p. 16. 219. 274. 144. AIY p. Rumpf. SOS p. NBK no. 38. 364. 3.Okayama: Imamura. OC-c p. 3ff. 94. 193. Suzuki. 373. ZKI p. 7ff. Takagi. OC-d p. MT p. 5. AK p. MK II-459ff. 7. Ama-no-jaku. JVM p. 4. 159. NSK p. MK 1-136. XIV5-21.. Sasaki. KS p. 203. TTM-a p. Koyama. GT p. 370. T. KS p. MK 11-57. . NH p.Shiga: Mitamura. 10. The child says that his sprout Boy). She grows up to be a good weaver. 50.. K. SG no. Suzuki.Nagasaki: Kubo. MK 11-78. appears and tricks Uriko Hime into opening the door. IKP p.. KA p. 114. or (b) Uriko Hime who was tied to the tree. II-415. 53. - Fukuoka: FO-D maguchi: Miyamoto.

TKA p. . They open the grave and discover a baby alive in the arms of the dead woman with wheat-gluten beside them. 128. and they see her disappear at a grave in the cemetery (or graveyard of a temple). KG p. Hyogo: MK II-368.NMS no. The shop-keeper together with an osh6 follows the ghost woman.Rumpf. . 87ff. Afterwards he repents and holds a marriage ceremony with her memorial tablet. Tabata. The .Kagawa: Takeda. KS p.YanagitaMayer. 145. KS p. Tabata. . . .Kochi: Katsurai. 181. 61. 1ff. ST p. 146. .NMM p. KEM p. AM p. JVM p. 55. Old man (or old woman) finds a girl in a bamboo which he cut. 7. TD X-4-70. . 75. 2. Tottori: IP-D p. 109. 135. 100.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Aomori: Noda. 85. . SK p. 173. HG p. TTH p. . .. MAT p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 6. 76. 57. When she grows up.Niigata: Mizusawa. . 118ff. A man misunderstands the woman who gave him a fan. The child is looked after by the osho and becomes a noted Buddhist priest. Her ghost appears at a shop every evening to buy sweet wheat-gluten for one mon. T. TD III-409. KS p.NMS no. she gives treasure (an inexhaustible rice box or magic ladle) to old man. EG p. Then he marries another woman. Kagawa: Takeda. 164. 4. KM no.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . 163. Kondo. NSK p. . 1.Ibaragi: KK I-111. Bamboo Maiden. Wakayama: 162.NMS no.Shimane: Moriwaki.Iwate: MZ 1-1113. 33. TTM-a p. 45. 12. . IK p. 283. 147. NI p.Fukui: FI-K p. SB p. A pregnant woman dies and is buried. 147A. 289. 101. 10. . . Fukui: FI-K p.Kumamoto: Kimura. . .Nagasaki: Seki. The Ghost Woman Who Feeds Her Baby. . . and she goes away to her original home in heaven.Kumamoto: MK 1-373. The Ghost Wife. . . NSK p. KS p.. TS p. IK p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. NMM p. JFT no. 13. Nakanishi. 38. .Wakayama: Nakanishi. 14. 163. He looks after her as his daughter. Yamaguchi.Kumamoto: KK VII-405. AM p. T. . and kills her.Ehime: TD III-1187. NM-b p. 2.Saitama: Suzuki.86 KEIGO SEKI five) wishes and then ascends to the sky.

126.Kagawa: Takeda. 94. While a mother is working in the fields. . NS p. Suzuki. Nagasaki: Seki. black cat. hen. 34. He picks the child up and looks after him till he grows up to be a fine priest. T. The supernatural boy or animal produces or buys as much gold as the quantity of food which . The ghost feeds her child with gluten. KB p. as he was told by the turtle. KTJ p. 148. turtle. Iwate: Sasaki. The Child Who Was Fostered by an Eagle. MAN AND WATER SPIRITS 166. Aomori: MK 11-79.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 87 ghost of the woman who was killed.Yamanashi: Dohashi. The man's wife (or her foster-parents) discovers the child. A Buddhist priest discovers the child which is looked after by an eagle in a tree on the compound of his temple. The Boy from Ryugu (Dragon Palace). He is taken by a turtle (or a woman) to Ryuigui to be entertained by the princess of Ryuigu. for the supernatural boy (white dog. or (b) saves a fish (or frog). He takes the child and brings him up as a priest. 169ff. The child cries bitterly.Niigata: Iwakura. he meets his mother who has been wandering around in search of her lost child. . ES p. KMZ p. A Buddhist priest passes by the bush and hears a baby's cry which resembles the voice of one reciting a sutra. . who thanks him for pine branches or for his kindness to the fish. . On parting from the princess the man asks her. 89. 428. Yamanashi: Dohashi. . 350. . 147B. VI.Kumamoto: KM no.NMM p. When he becomes a noted priest. KI p. 8. . her child which is lying on the ground by the field is taken away by an eagle. visits him every night and she gives birth to a child. or a magic object) which produces various things.NMS no.. KI p. 223. SK p. no. 51. horse.Iwate: Sasaki. 107. . and according to the ghost's advice he is put away in a bamboo bush. SB p. NMS 165.Chiba: Uchida. A poor man (or a woman) (a) throws fire-wood or New Year's pine branches into the sea. 220.

or (b) should give him a treasure. and he is rewarded. A priest whom the man meets on the way. 1.88 KEIGO SEKI he is fed every day. . -Iwate: Ogasawara. 109.Kagawa: Takeda. The Letter of the Spirit of a Pond. 175. MKB p. 222. 244. unless it is opened. NS p. 21. JVM p. KMZ p.NMM p. 110. 8. 305. MAT p. 225.Niigata: Iwakura. . 103. Iwate: Sasaki. SK p. YanagitaKumamoto: KK VI-166. Three days which he spent in RyuguOwere three hundred years in the human world. IKP p.Rumpf. an article which is capable of listening to birds' or animals' language.Niigata: Iwakura. 78. Then he loses wealth. 7. 13ff. TD II-10-53. KS p. Tabata. Mizusawa. 44. 75. TH p. 238. - shima: Iwakura. 13.Hiroshima: HS-M p. The letter says that the receiver (a) may eat the letter-carrier.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 57. 161. - Aomori: MK 11-330. saki: Yamaguchi. . (a) By means of the magic object the man learns cause of a tonosama's (feudal lord's) illness and cures him. AK p. 255. JFT no. or (b) he opens the treasure box and instantly becomes a white-haired old man. 463.NMS no. 1. . 60. SW p. Sasaki. NSK p. The woman of the other pond who receives the letter. . 66. or a treasure box which gives a long life. - Fukui: MK 1-220. 53. 58. SK p. NMM p. KK p. . AM p. Aomori: MK 11-331.Kumamoto: MK 11-378. Urashima Taro. Isogai. 69. gives the man a magic mortar or top which . . or a neighbor) borrows the supernatural animal to try to make it produce more gold. but fails. where he is entertained by the princess. 39ff. . 287.Okinawa: MZ 1-1160. A poor man is ordered by a woman dwelling in a pond to take her letter to the woman of another pond (or her sister). 16ff.Kochi: Katsurai. SK p. and in return for his kindness he is carried on the turtle's back to Ryugu. Naga- - 167. . 85. Man named Urashima Taro saves a turtle (of fish). rewrites the letter to read that the carrier is to be given a treasure. HKT p. Yuki. . IK p. or (b) the man becomes immodest and lets the supernatural boy go away. Akita: TD XIV-5-9. 47. . 84. ES p. KB p.. - Kagawa: Takeda. NMS no. OE p. Kago- 168. OE p. (a) The man's wife (brother. 223. 67. 58. The princess presents him upon leaving from Ryugui with a magic medicine. 23. Mayer. TD 11-7-20.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 3.Okinawa: Sakima. Miyagi: KD 1-176. 89. 107. 25. . 68.

Akita: TD VII-12-56. . 20. but because of his dishonesty. or water spirit) appears from the pool and gives him a golden axe. IK p. T.Iwate: Sasaki. or (b) because he ceases to worship the spirit of the pond. but (a) because he or his wife becomes greedy. 357. ZKI p. .Yanagita-Mayer. who gives him a golden axe. KMZ p. . he loses his wealth. Sasaki. .NMM p. 3. 70. . 24. K.NMS no.Shimane: Yokoji. 170. . telling him not to tell his neighbors about what he has seen in the pool. 74. NI p. The Woman Who Takes Treasure Ball. 41. 31. The Golden Axe. ES p. A. 82..TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 89 puts forth whatever the owner wishes. 362.Yamanashi: Dohashi. A wood-cutter drops his axe in a pool or in a rat's hole (a) He goes into the pool in search of the axe and meets an old man. T. 225. TTM-a p. an inexhaustible purse or money-box. . purposely drops his axe in the pool. or (b) an old man (a pretty woman. Wood-cutter does not accept the golden axe.. or a gold-laying puppy or a horse. 14.Aomori: Noda. KG p. AK p. He tries to take the golden axe which the same old man has brought out or which he finds in the pool. 105. KG p. 42. 44. 72. trying to imitate the honest wood-cutter. .. 37. 28. Ogasawara. 101.Shimane: Moriwaki. He breaks this promise and loses his fortune or dies. TKA p. 65.. OK p. A neighboring wood-cutter. . 38. 226. he is refused to take either the golden axe or his own. MK II-331ff. . 83. JFT no. 27. JFT no.Kyoto: Kakita.Niigata: Mizusawa. p.Fukushima: MK 1-514. 226. KMZ p. .Iwate: Moriguchi. A woman on a loom gives him back his axe.Saitama: Suzuki.. 103. By means of the magic object he prospers. T. because it is not his. . Fukui: FI-K p. Then the old man brings out wood-cutter's axe and gives him both axes. 105. KT p. 169. . SW p. Ishikawa: MK 11-372.- B. . 127. 16. A man drops his axe in a pool and goes into the pool to find it. ROY p. 35.Hiroshima: Isogai. 93. A Buddhist priest knows through his sacred power that a . ES p.Oita: Suzuki. Fukushima: Iwasaki. Shizuoka: SO-D p. NT NMS no.YanagitaMayer. NMM p. NMS no.

Shimane: Moriwaki.Kagoshima: Iwakura. CG p. ROY p. The boatman offers the remaining ball to the priest and asks him how he can take back the other ball from the Sea king. The Sea king orders his daughter to steal the balls away from the boatman. 86. The man. (b) the cause of a tonosama's illness or that of a rich man's daughter. . and he sends two treasure balls by boat to the priest. KMZ p. 227. 85. . 1. bamboo-root. Koyama.NMS no. Akita: TD XIV-5-43. K. .Rumpf. Nagasaki: Seki. . 21. Upon the instructions of god or through the help of a grateful animal (fish. applying the magic object to his ears. 214. hat. turtle. NBK no. 59.Nagasaki: Kubo. She succeeds in taking back the ball from the Sea king but dies from injury.Ishikawa: MZG 11-509. 130. . NMS VII. SB p. MAGIC OBJECT A. Kagoshima: Iwakura. . Listening Hood. or (c) he foretells the flood and is rewarded by the tonosama.Iwate: Hirano. MB p.Niigata: Mizusawa.90 KEIGO SEKI palace in China is on fire. or crab). . learns (a) the place where gold is hidden. SKT p. Gifu: Sawata. Aomori: MK II-332. 171. JFT no. fox. 262. . AM p. Tabata. and he pours water on his temple.YanagitaNMM p. 229. . KK p. . .. TTM-b p. 47. mouse. NSK p. cat.Hiroshima: HS-M p.- .Kumamoto: MK II-378. (b) he heals the tonosama and is rewarded. 105.no.Nagano: Iwasaki. . . MK 11-141. 190. JVM p. 122. Mayer. 86.Fukui: MK 1-220. a man obtains a magic object (hood. 164A. or heals the rich man's daughter and marries her. 41. or book) with which the possessor understands the bird's (or tree's) language. Upon the advice of the priest. ball. The Chinese king learns through divination that his palace was saved from fire through the aid of the Japanese priest. OT p. 56. 190. GT p.Kagawa: Takeda. or (c) that a flood will occur and bring a disaster to the tonosama. OC-b p. TD XII-11-39. The boatman buries her in the country of her birth and returns to China to report to the king and receives a reward. She marries the boatman and steals one of the balls from him. he marries a certain woman of a certain country. (a) He discovers gold. IKP p. 246. 329. 136. Sasaki.

Aomori: MK 11-428. or long-life mallet) from the father-snake (father-monkey or the princess of Ryugu2). a magic wand. IK p. The child rescues a tortoise. . . who leads him to Ryugui. 54. 168.Nagano: Iwasaki. money.Niigata: Mizusawa. MB p. K. IZ p. His wife or clerk (a) steals the ring. purse. 82. TKA p. or drowns his adversary by means of the magic ball. 224. . A poor man saves a little snake (monkey. The Dog. TD XII-11-44. a ball which satisfies one's appetite. or cure-all. 161. . or fish). The fox transforms himself into a woman and (a) visits the man and marries him. or cat and dog find the fish which has swallowed the ring. Yamaguchi. 37. TTM-b p. go together to search for the ring. (1) Cat catches a mouse and bids him take the ring from the chief. They bring back the ring to the owner. He becomes rich. 164B. He returns home with magic objects from Ryuguz. in return for his usual kindness. SK p. 22. and when she goes away from her husband and child. and dog carries cat on its back across the river. Nagasaki: . cat sees a fish and trying to catch it. In return he receives a magic ring (ball. she gives them a milk-ball or a listening ball. KS p. Moriwaki. and employs a clerk. or (b) helps him while he is ill on his journey. a ball which controls ebb and flow.Hiroshima: HS-M p. NS p. They cross a river and reach the thief's house.Iwate: Hirano. 133. stick. The man becomes poor again. Shimane: Aomori: Noda. . NM-b p.Okinawa: Sakima.Kagawa: Takeda. wherefore the ring falls into the river.Osaka: Minami. 50. 103. contests with a doctor or soothsayer in healing illness or in guessing things. Cat and dog quarrel while claiming credit for recovering the ring. While they are crossing the river. A man saves a fox. His dog and cat. 194. and the Ring. and since then they have become unfriendly. 172.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 91 B. The child cures his sick father. . the Cat. gets married. 275.Nagasaki: . . MAT p. (3) Cat asks a crab or kappa (water-spirit) to pick up the ring.NMS no. 208.. a listening ball. The fox wife's true form is discovered by her child. SKT p. . learns the cause of a tonosama's illness through the birds' conversation and cures him. (2) Cat holds the recovered ring in his mouth. Kagoshima: Iwakura. Akita: TD XIV-5-60. opens its mouth. or (b) sells the ring. 136. He wins the contest and receives a reward.

A bad man or his greedy elder brother steals the mill and takes it out to the sea where he grinds out salt. 478ff. 67. 70. Tottori: IP-D p. the boat overflows with salt and sinks in the sea. TS p. . 156.92 KEIGO SEKI Seki. MT p. Man becomes wealthy by means of the magic mill and he invites his neighbors to a feast. . 87. MKB p. 165. 116. 12. Aomori: Noda. . JVM p. or cures or resuscitates a sick or dead girl and marries her. TKA p. 171. IKP p. T.12.Kochi: Katsurai.Osaka: Minami. 263. .Niigata: Mizusawa. The Mill that Spouts Salt. OE p.. 69. . 36. . He buys meat and some white cloth with the money.Saitama: Suzuki.Tokushima: Takeda.NMM p.Oita: Suzuki. . 90. As he does not know the way to stop it.Rumpf. 82. 68.. . 71. . Yanagita-Mayer. JVM p. ROY p. Sasaki. . 176. The Bead which Appeared from Inside a Fish.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 173. Boy is driven away (a) because he does not talk about his dream in which he became a king or tonosama. T. -NMS no. . 293. or (b) by defeating demons through trickery. 122.Okayama: Imamura. golden mallet.Shimane: Moriwaki. TTM-b p. Iwata: Kikuchi. 159. NH p. 171. IZ p. 3. JFT no.Yamagata: MK 1-513. 14. NMS no.Niigata: Iwakura. .Fukushima: Iwasaki. The Life-whip and the Death-whip.Iwate: Sasaki. MK II-461. 168.. K. (c) because he is idle. KG p. Rumpf. . . NMM p.. (b) because he wins a contest. JVM p. NMM p. TTM-a p. 174. . MK 1-465. IK p. The meat and the . He becomes king.Niigata: Mizusawa.NMS no. One of two friends gives money to a poor man. AS no. NK-a p. or gourd) which grinds out whatever the owner wishes. 91. Poor man (or honest or modest younger brother) acquires a magic mill (spinning wheel. 182. . The reason why sea water is salty is that the mill still keeps grinding out salt. 167. He obtains a life-whip and a death-whip (a) by rescuing a fish or animal (dog or cat). Hiroshima: HS-M p.Rumpf. 221. SB p. Yamagata: no. 123. 31. KK p. . 13. 233. 127. . Mizusawa. AIY p. KMZ p. or (d) he is forced out by his stepmother. JFT Yanagita-Mayer. 175.

130. The Magic Gourd. Aomori: Noda. He sells it at a high price and becomes rich. money comes but. TKA p. 170.NMS no. 178. but the two children remain with the first owner.. with which he catches fish and gives a fish to the poor man. He goes to the wood where there are wolves. he is to become smaller and smaller. Since nothing comes from it. IK p. he stumbles. 239. . Every time he falls down. 99.NMS no. the horse-dealer is punished. TTM-a p. The horse-dealer presents the gourd to a tonosama. 283. EG p. he finds money and becomes smaller until at last he turns into an insect. His greedy uncle wears those wooden clogs and tries stumbling over and over again. A man acquires a magic gourd (a) through prayers to deities. The young man takes possession of all the money.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 169.Gifu: Sawata. 177. NBK no. A horse-dealer buys the magic gourd. . . or (c) by having followed a rolling rice ball which fell into a rat's hole. When he wishes something. 11. It says that it . Niigata: Mizusawa. two children appear from the magic gourd. 121ff. . A wolf sees him but does not eat him.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 93 remaining money are taken away by a kite. However. The Magic Wooden Clogs. The Wolf's Eyebrow.Iwate: Sasaki. A fisherman borrows the lead. 176. Shimane: MK II-464. NMS no. OE p. but he receives a pair of wooden clogs by praying by to a deity. The other friend gives the poor man a piece of lead. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 33. A desperately poor man has nothing to eat and determines to be eaten by a wolf. 171. and they bring out whatever thing he wishes.Niigata: Mizusawa. . 1. (b) by saving a snake. The poor man finds a glass bead in the fish's stomach. if he purposely stumbles too often. Every time he stumbles. A poor young (or old) man's request for money is refused his uncle. ES p. As he puts on the wooden clogs.

. he finds that she has been changed into a baby.Rumpf. . saying. Tochigi: Kato. He beats her with the mallet.Shimane: Moriwaki. T. Hiroshima: HS-M p. . ZKI p. . 70. TTH p. - Oita: TD VII-12-31. A. The Rejuvenating Water. His wife (a) drinks too much water. 302.Kumamoto: KK VII-406. - 180. TKA p. When old man goes for his wife. ZKI p.Iwate: Sasaki. KG p.Fukui: FI-K p. Saitama: Su- zuki.NMS no. SMG p. 86. .NMM p. NT p. . 103. (1) A man shakes out too much porridge. 161. or (b) swallows the charm. 16.94 KEIGO SEKI would not eat such an honest man as he is. .NMS no. MK 11-464. .NMS no. NMS no. T.Hiroshima: HS-M p. Yamanashi: B. He lives happily with the eyebrow. ROY p. 42.Wakayama: Nakanishi. . . TS p.Nagasaki: Suzuki. KTJ p. Iwate: Sasaki. and gives him one of his eyebrows. Three wishes are to be granted by shaking a magic mallet. 413. - Niigata: Mizusawa. When he looks at people holding the wolf's eyebrow up to his eyes. 104ff. 360. 661. Kome-kura men). . CG p. nose dirt !" Then wife becomes nose dirt. Okinawa: Sakima. 123. An old man (woman) is rejuvenated by (a) drinking water from a certain spring (or peach juice). 16. The Lucky Mallet. Aomori: Kawai. 172. He shakes out a pair of zori (strawsandals). (3) He blackens his wife's hairs. (rice granary) and Ko-mekura (small blind A man receives a lucky mallet (a) from the sea king to . NK-b p.Fukushima: MK 1-514. 26. . .. he can see the true nature of human beings.. 43. KMZ p. 192. 21.Kochi: Katsurai. 79. and is scolded by his wife. . 202. or (b) by rejuvenating charm given by a deity. A man acquires a lucky mallet with which he can shake out whatever he desires. "You.Nagano: Koyama. 79. JVM p. Saga: MK 11-320. K. 179. 413. Dohashi. TTM-b p. (2) He stops porridge. 60. 181. TGM p. KS p.. 196. 211. Yamanashi: Dohashi. 51. . Aomori: Noda.

61.Kumamoto: TD IV-447. . 146. . Umebayashi. 8. . 30. many ko-mekura (small blind men) appear.Hyogo: Takeda. 135. A traveler wants to buy a stone which is placed at the entrance of a house.Hiroshima: HS-M p. His house declines as the traveler foretold. According to the instructions in her dream." Whereupon. kome kura. Wife tells husband that money is gold and it is a valuable thing. NSK p. "Kome (rice). 77.Kagawa: Takeda. TALES OF FATE 183.NMS no. The Rich Charcoal-maker.Kochi: Katsurai. BZ p. . as the traveler said.Okayama: Imamura. . AK p. Husband says that such things are inexhaustibly around his work hut. or (b) discovers a lucky mallet. 299. or (b) from a hawk whom he rescued. After he has gone. KEM p. 175. KK p. 73. MK 11-333. A neighboring old man borrows the mallet and rapidly repeats. the master of the house feels suspicious of his words and breaks the stone. BOG no.NMM p. 80.. She gives her husband some money and sends him to buy rice.Yanagita-Mayer. Consequently they prosper. . SD p. JFT no. 3. He finds a fish in it. EG p.. Wife goes to the woods with her husband to see if he told her the truth. .. Aomori: Noda. . 138. 147. MT p. kura (granary). because it is an unusual stone which has a fish in it. TS p. VIII. 51. He obtains rice and a granary by means of the mallet. 412.Kumamoto: KM no. 177. SKT p. 133. Ishikawa: Yamashita. Kagoshima: Iwakura. and returns home without buying anything. Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. MK II-326. SB p. 69. Kagawa: Takeda. 272.Isogai. . Suzuki. .Iwate: Hirano. .Nagasaki: Seki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 95 whom he offered New Year's pine trees. His request is refused. He throws the money at some ducks (or mandarine ducks) to catch them. SOS p. 142. A. T. The Fish Stone. 157. 48. T. 182.Nagasaki: KB 9-11. 116.Yamagata: MK 1-465. Gifu: HB V-214. KI p. 148. TTH p. AIY p.Niigata: Mizusawa.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . . She (a) finds the gold. ..Fukuoka: FO-D no. an ugly daughter of noble birth travels from the capital city to the country to marry a poor charcoal-maker. . 228. TKA p.

212. The former husband comes to her house peddling winnows.. .Ehime: HB IX-209. KK p. . She knows that he is her former husband and she buys his winnows at a high price and moreover. 136.Shimane: Moriwaki. 19. .Nagasaki: Suzuki. . or because she does not like to have many visitors whom she has to entertain without taking her own meals. . KK V-259. They become wealthy.. but he does not recognize her.Gifu: MK II-516. 87. . SD p. . MK II-284ff. 184. However he does not find the money. Yanagita-Mayer. IKP p. . TTH p. 222. 140.Fukushima: MK II-181. JFT no. NMM p. NT p. Suzuki. . 19. OE p. 75. 239. MK 11-384. 116.Ishikawa: MZG II-509. B. 1. KS p. KK III-182.Tokushima: Takeda. NI p. . . . 165. .Iwate: Kikuchi. or (d) because he shot the sun with the bow and arrow made of iris and mugworts. . . 149B. (a) The wife feeds her former husband without telling him of herself.Kagawa: Takeda. 184. ROY p. .Nagano: Koyama. 115. 193. 149A. because too many people visit his house. . T.Hyogo: MK IT370. 34. 184. 171.Yamanashi: Dohashi.Gifu: MK 11-265. 77. ND p. KTJ p.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 9. TTM-b p.. TKA p.Kumamoto: KM no. (b) because the deity of good luck has gone out with his wife.Niigata: Mizusawa. 48. 4.Shimane: AN p. 191. (a) A rich man divorces his wife because she is wasteful with the money. AIY p.NMS no. 51. SK p. TD IV-421. 517.96 KEIGO SEKI JFT no. 172. 290. K. Wife remarries a charcoal-maker and discovers gold or a wine spring. The man becomes poor (a) because his wife has gone from his house. 97. A woman prays to god for a husband.Oita: Suzuki. 27. 27. 33. IK p.Kagoshima: Iwakura.. TD XII-11-35. 13. NH p. TD XVI-11-34. . ZKI p. - Aomori: Noda. IKP p. 25. 33. (b) He recognizes her at last and regrets his former treatment of her. (c) because his wife wished fewer visitors and shot something which represents good luck. KI p. According to god's . . TD X-6-40. . 23.Niigata: Mizusawa. . OC-b p.Yanagita-Mayer.Okinawa: Sakima. Yamanashi: Dohashi. 1. . MK II-423. CG p. 38. . gives him some money concealed in the rice or miso. 239. . . KI p.Iwate: Sasaki. TTM-b p. NMS no.Shizuoka: Takagi. TKA p.Hiroshima: HS-M p. MAT p. 176.Miyagi: KD 11-31. (b) The wife leaves her husband because she overheard the deities' conversation and learned that husband's destiny is a poor one. 322. NSK p. 174. . Aomori: Noda. T. The Crippled Rich Man. OC-d p. 9. or because wife prepared usual food on a special day.

. 24. 159. 94. SK p. 196. T. .Niigata: KB p. EG p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . KI p. .Shimane: MK 11-560. TTM-b p.NMS no. They sell wine and become prosperous. The former husband who has lost his wealth comes to his former wife's house (a) begging. 118. 150. B.Kagawa: Takeda. (b) in a hollow of a tree. When he recognizes her at last. he is shocked to death or he repents his former deeds. 185. 116. The children grow up and become husband and wife. TKA p.. deity of childbirth. broom deity. MK II-518ff. She remarries a poor man (or charcoal-maker). MAT p. and through discovering gold or a wine spring. 28. The wife buries him kindly or builds a temple for his soul. 182. KB p. . MK 1-470. They prosper. . 237. SW p. 99. 100. KS p. 89. ROY p. 102. 269. or (b) a travelling rokubu* or fortune- . . (a) A villager. 97. .Hiroshima: MK 1-190. 151. SOS p. KK VII-1132. Sasaki. 59.Iwate: Ogasawara. . Overhearing the Deities' Conversation tion of the Child.Gifu: Sawata.Niigata: Iwakura. Mizusawa. or (b) she plants a tree stump which her husband has brought. KK p. TD XVI-11-33. 90. 163. He does not notice it and puts it away. the boy is destined to bad luck. 1.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 97 instructions she marries (a) a cripple who lives under a bridge. 64. Akita: TD XIV-5-35. Aomori: MK II-284. on the Predestina- A. and then a wine spring comes up there. or (b) peddling winnows. Two men (or a man) sleep (a) in a shrine in the woods. . 20. 54. They say that a boy and a girl were born at the same time.Chiba: Uchida. As soon as the wife sees him she recognizes him and gives him rice or miso with some money concealed in it.Shimane: MK 11-417. type 183). . or such) talking together about the childbirths which took place in the village. NBK no. . and they are to be married with each other. 27. 275. OE p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . the girl to good luck.NMS no. KMZ p.Aomori: Noda. They overhear some deities (wood deity. . . or (c) on the seashore with their heads pillowed on a driftwood. JFT no. they become wealthy (cf. or (b) the first man whom she meets on her way from the shrine. IKP p. The two men return to their respective homes and find their children born just as they heard. 60. but presently husband dislikes his wife and drives her out.Kagoshima: Iwakura. .Yanagita-Mayer. 23. (a) She finds an inexhaustible wine barrel. IS p.

151. A man (or woman or a rokubu) stays overnight at a shrine. On the destined day (a) the man ties his boy with a linen cloth to the mortar and puts iris on the thatched roof of his house. NT p. or twentyfive) because of a horse-fly and a hatchet. (c) An old woman comes and begins to untie the rope with which the boy has been fastened to a pole. or by the rokubu. Akita: MK 1-122.Osaka: Minami. She turns into a big fish. She falls into the river and dies.Tokushima: Takeda. or (c) when the rokubu visits the same village again after some years. 81. - Ishi- . 238. 160.Kagawa: Takeda. IZ p. IKP p. C. by a sutra or a sacred charm. MK 11-449. 235. or (b) the next morning the rokubu goes into the village and stops at a house where a baby has been born. 30. They say that the boy who is going to be born on that night shall die at the age of seven (fifteen. The man (or rokubu) finds that a boy was born to his wife (or in a villager's house). TTM-a p. T. (b) When a kappa is about to pull the boy into the river. 120. 296. 40. 82. The boy's father strikes her with his sickle. (a) The boy grows to be a carpenter.Kumamoto: KM no.Shimane: Moriwaki. Niigata: Aomori: Noda. . MAT p. - kawa: MZG II-510.. but when he sees the iris he goes away. As he tries to drive away a horse-fly with his hand in which he has a hatchet. 110. or (b) his father drives a horse-fly away with a hatchet and by mistake he slashes the boy to death.Iwate: Sasaki. 19. he learns that the boy had died at the foretold age.98 KEIGO SEKI teller stops at a shrine and overhears the deities talking together.. OC-a p. he accidentally injures his throat with the hatchet and dies. KMZ p.Kagoshima: Tabata. A kappa comes to take the boy away. broom deity) talking together and saying that the boy who is going to be born on that night is destined to be killed by a kappa on the May fifth (or July seventh) festival day. Iwakura. 112. Nagasaki: Suzuki. 27. . . 105. He overhears some deities (deity of road. SK p. wood deity. . 141. (d) The boy is killed accidentally by something associated with water. he finds that a baby has been born to her wife. . AIY p. 68ff. 107. (a) When the man returns home. . the boy is saved by the kappa's child or the spirit of water. Miyagi: KD 1-49. . AM p. 19. KB p. or drawned at the age of five or fifteen. 87. EG p. Mizusawa. KTJ p.NMS no. 322. 109. 22. seventeen. 158. TKA p.

T. a rich man's daughter visits the poor man and becomes his wife. . 132. . NMM p. AIY p. SOS p. TD 1-8-50. 302. but he throws all the money at the birds. Iwate: Sasaki. NM p. NSK p. He comes home in good spirits . . The Wine Spring. MAT p. 165. type 183). 241. 74. T. 102. OE 187. Tabata. Aomori: Noda.Hycgo: MK II-327. ROY p. TD X-7-51ff. Upon instructions of a god or a fortune-teller. 118.Shimane: Moriwaki. T. .NMS no. NMS no. Mizusawa.Aomori: Noda. 104. 212.Saitama: Suzuki. . .Iwate: Sasaki. .Rumpf. . 77. 59. They dig up gold or sell wine. ROY p. JVM p. . 147.Yamagata: MK 1-512. KTJ p. . TKA p. MB p. 188.Ehime: HB IX212. or (b) he is led to a wine spring by a grateful monkey. .. or a young horse-driver) (a) discovers a wine spring in the woods. NT p. 151. An old man (a dutiful son.Nagasaki: Suzuki. 28. 94. . TTH-b p.Shimane: Moriwaki. . 152.Kagoshima: Iwakura.Fukushima: Iwasaki. NBK no.Gifu: Sawata. 92.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 151.NMM p. and prosper (cf.. 186. . . KS p. 153. p. AM p. Nagasaki: Yamaguchi.Gifu: MK IT519. The chief gives her eightyeight (or seventy-three) years. 42. KG p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. MK II-417. KK p. 28. T. but he does not know its value. IKP p. .Kagawa: Takeda. 117. T. A poor man who lives by digging wild-yams (turnips or radishes) finds gold (or wine). 145. Tokushima: Takeda. KK p.. NMS no. 190. TTM-b 43. She tells him the value of money. or a bird) that his daughter's life will end at her eighteenth year of age. Suzuki.Kumamoto: KK VII-404.. MK II-470. . . 144. MD IX-221. 90. IK p.Niigata: Iwakura. She gives him some money to buy something.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 99 Aichi: MZG III-516. 101. 78. 97. Predestination of the Length of the Child's Life. 4. 186.. 139ff. IK p. . ZKI p. . The girl goes to the other land and does as she was told. NMZ III-102. He wishes to know a way to lengthen her life and learns that she should ask the chief of the other land. 121. TKA p. 171. 121. 103. A man is told by a traveling priest (beggar. TTH p. SD p.Niigata: Mizusawa. 256. - Kagoshima: Iwakura. The Wild-yam Digger Who Becomes a Rich Man. .

or (b) he stabs a pregnant woman again before the eyes of his wife. When another person or his wife goes there. The husband becomes the tonosamra. 127. The tonosama. She never laughs. Yamanashi: Dohashi. IKP p. The wife is brought to the tonosama and is married to him. (a) calls in the peach-seller and exchanges his clothes for those of the peach-seller. 120. it becomes a simple water spring. The wife has a picture of her face drawn and gives the picture to her husband to take it with him (a) whenever he goes out to work in the fields. - Shimane: Moriwaki.Hiroshima: Isogai. 50. or he is killed.NMS no. pears. KB p. ROY p. . Fukui: FI-K p.100 KEIGO SEKI or brings back wine for his sick father. Nagano: MZG III-511. . 240. KMZ p. (b) The wife laughs while looking at a pregnant woman being killed. 80. 36. 36. TTH p. - Nagasaki: Kubo. 58ff. Sasaki. wishing to see her laugh again. Iwate: Sasaki.. she laughs for the first time. . The picture is blown away by the wind into the garden of a tonosama (or king). . 16. and wants to marry her. 187. A. 154. or New Year's pine trees) as he promised his wife. Mizusawa. NMS no. She is so charming that he wants to be with her always. or (b) when he goes on a journey. 1K p. The tonosama in the guise of a peach-seller is driven out of his house by his servants who think that he is a real peach-seller. Ogasawara. SW p. 4. 25.Niigata: Iwakura. When the wife hears her husband's voice. 27. HUMAN MARRIAGE 189. 20. The tonosama sends his servants to search for the woman of the picture. 35. A tonosama looks at her picture The tonosanma imposes . 117ff.Iwate: Hirano.Fukushima: Iwasaki. - GT p. TTM-b p.NMM p. A man marries a beautiful woman. OC-d p. (a) The husband goes to the tonosama's house crying aloud that he is selling peaches (persimmons. ZKI p. T. A man marries a woman from the upper land or a rich man's daughter. The Picture Wife. 49. 180. . MAT p. AK p. IX. . The discoverer becomes a wine dealer and prospers. SKT p. B. SK p. MK 11-94.Fukuoka: KK V-559.Kagawa: Takeda.

Yuki.Hiroshima: HS-M p. KEM p. . Yamaguchi. 76. JVM p. . The falcon falls to death on his second flight across the sea. AM p. the husband accomplishes the tasks (cf. Isogai. AK p. OE p. NMS no. 295. They make many workers walk before the rich man's house to give him the impression that their friend is such a powerful man that he employs those people to work for him. 121. 186. KB p. 125.Kagoshima: Iwakura.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 101 three tasks for the husband to accomplish on condition that he should offer his wife to him if he fails to perform those tasks. . 27. The Turnip Eater Who Becomes Rich. OC-d p. They put white earth in the river to make it appear as if it had been clouded by washing rice at the poor man's house. EG p. MAT p. NA-b p. 71. 22. 120. 109. KK p. The daughter marries him and finds that he is so poor that he has nothing to eat. 137. 3. The falcon reaches the island where Yuriwaka is. Mizusawa. Yuriwaka Daijin. . He destroys the evil vassal and recovers his wife and his former position. 1. 190. . 208. HKT p. 108. Aomori: Noda.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.Nagasaki: MZG 1-207. T.Nagasaki: Seki. His friends advise him to propose marriage to a rich man's daughter. 61. 651. SOS p. . OC-b p. T.NMS no. Tabata. 31. (a) The husband says that something like gold is inexhaustibly in the woods near his . 251. 75.. 76. Ogasawara. The wife lets her favorite falcon fly away with her letter to Yuriwaka tied to its foot. MK II142. TD IV-455. 4. and brings back his message to his wife. . 80ff. 115. With the help of his wife. Kagoshima: Iwakura. NH p.NMM p. .Niigata: Mizusawa.Nagano: Koyama. 161.Rumpf. 43. KTJ p. . . 191. 134. Suzuki. The rich man agrees to give his daughter to the poor man. He disguises himself as a servant and works in his former house. CG p. . SW p. 112. IK p. Yuriwaka returns to his home land. .NiiShimane: Morigata: Iwakura. AN p.Iwate: Kikuchi. 210. 6.waki. KK p.. type 331). TKA p.. SB p. A vassal reports to Yuriwaka's wife that the lord died.Ishikawa: Yamashita. She gives him some money and sends him to buy rice. and takes her for his wife. A poor young man lives on turnips. A lord named Yuriwaka is left alone on a solitary island by his treacherous vassal on their return voyage. 90.

KI p. TD XII-11-41.Aomori: MK II-79ff. The girl with flowing hair. 59. the husband burns the new house to light the way for the parents to go back to their home.102 KEIGO SEKI house. . MK 11-81. MAT p. . a cow comes out of it. 123.Kagawa: Takeda. (b) He acquires a magic mallet which shakes out whatever he desires. A young man who knows this. KK p. . KK p. SKT p.Gifu: Sawata.Iwate: Sasaki. NMS no. The Girl Who Eats a Baby. NMM p. They shake out a house and invite the wife's parents to their new house. . (c) The wife finds a magic mallet. - Niigata: Suzuki. 122. NSK p. 6. 17. . NMS no. 146. 51. The girl becomes the tonosama's wife. When the parents leave the house. A Cow instead of the Bridge in the Palanquin. 36.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 231. 128. 38. - 192.Kagawa: Takeda. SK p. 57. T. . NBK no. KMZ p. A man seeks a husband for his daughter. 62. but they cannot rebuild their house. Three suitors (brothers) come. 148. OE p. JVM Akita: MK 1-280. 193. and a cow is substituted for her. . . The parents invite their daughter and her husband and imitate them in setting their house on fire to light up the road. TD II-10-17.Gifu: Sawata. . . MT p.Iwate: Hirano. NMM p. 144.Iwate: Hirano. KK p. TKA p. The two suitors are frightened and run away. Mizusawa.. takes out a dead baby and begins to eat it. On the bridal trip to the bridegroom's house. Okayama: Imamura. . 50. the girl in the palanquin is taken away by a tonosama. SKT p. The third man is not afraid and he finds that the baby is only a cake doll. Akita: TD XIV-5-14. So the young couple supplies them with a new one by the magic mallet. . 55. . Aomori: Noda. . SD p. He wins the girl as his wife. 86. A daughter prays to a god for a husband. 20. 52.Fukuoka: FO-D no. NBK no. ROY p. 109. NMS no. When the young man opens the palanquin. 127. 36. 121.Aomori: Noda.Kagoshima: Iwakura. pretends to be the god's voice and announces her that he will be her bridegroom.Rumpf. 15. 212. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. - Kagoshima: Iwakura. p. - Sasaki. TKA p. 102.

. . 13. . KTJ Suzuki. 125. Suzuki. SD p. 131. TTM-b p. .Toyama: MK II-269. 213. . KB p. MAT p. says aloud to the rich man. Only the bride is not afraid and entertains the ghosts. 6. p. .NMM p. 124. 314. NT p.. ROY p. 3. ZKI p. .Fukuoka: TD VI-1249. 3ff.. A poor fisherman (or octopus catcher) pretends to be wealthy and makes an engagement between his son and a daughter of a rich man whom he met on a journey. The bride digs up the gold or treasure and becomes rich. The Gambler Son-in-law. 182. . Aomori: Noda. 182. AK p. and lets a dove fly with a lantern tied to its foot. Isogai. NS p.Nagap. NM-b p. Akita: TD XIV-5-37. T. 144. DRM saki: Suzuki. (a) He threatens the rich man by saying that his house will be ruined unless he selects the young man as the husband of his daughter. An idle young man hears that a rich man in the neighborhood is seeking a husband for his daughter. 15. 195. 196. 89. .. NSK p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 17.Kyoto: GK-K p. KMZ p. 50.. TKA Gunma: Ueno.Nagasaki: Suzuki. SD p. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 103 194.. (c) The young man hides himself in the shrine and tells the rich man who is praying to the god. MK II-80ff. SK p. . . ES p. . . "Get your daughter married to the neighboring idle man. The Octopus Catcher Who Becomes Rich. T.Niigata: Mizusawa. SMG p. The rich man believes it to be god's voice and receives the idle man as the bridegroom of his daughter. 128. T. 22.Iwate: Sasaki.Kagawa: Takeda. 20. 100. p. As the fisherman's hut is too small to receive the bride for his son.Kagawa: Takeda. he borrows (a) a deserted house or (b) the old house of a landlord.Okinawa: Sakima. 5. 9. Three fearful ghosts appear in the house. 257." making believe that it is the god's voice. . . K. 58. or (b) he climbs up on the roof or up a tree. 126. MK 1-286.NMS no. 86. AIY p. 2. T. EG p.Tokushima: Takeda. The fisherman and his son are frightened and run away. T. KTJ p. HKT p. 6.Tochigi: Kato. that the neighboring young man will be the suitable husband for his daughter. 62. .Shimane: Moriwaki. . . 105. They admire her courage and tell her that they are the spirits of buried gold or treasure wanting to be dug up by a courageous person. 335. Mizusawa.Hyogo: TD X-4-71. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. . 22. EG p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. Yuki. 62. SOS p. Niigata: Iwakura.NMS no. . 92.Gifu: HB IV-226..

Gifu: Sawata. SOS p. 22.Oita: Suzuki. . . Some other person tells him the meaning of the riddles and he sees the girl. and the guessing the contents of a straw bag.. 127. AIY p. 49. 56. 74. . A rich man seeks a husband for one of his three daughters. A man falls in love with a pretty girl. MAT p.. The daughter gives a suggestion by singing a song to the third suitor (or the suitor whom she likes). TTM-b p.Iwate: Hirano. When he arrives at her town and wishes to meet her. T.Niigata: Mizusawa. CG p. 111. . 10. . . 3. 128. KMZ p. JVM p. .Yamagata: MK II-280.Shimane: Moriwaki. . KTJ p. MK II-471. KG p. . 139. IK p. 2.Nagasaki: Suzuki. Daughter's Advice. - 198. 119. Three tests are assigned by a father to choose a bridegroom for his daughter. SD p. 78. 300.Kagoshima: Iwakura. NBK no. . ..Yamanashi: Miyamoto. or (b) by giving names of symbolic things. The Bee's Help. Iwate: Hirano. she gives him three more riddles to be solved before they can meet. NMS no. 190. IKP p. 43. NM-b p. and in choosing the bride among the daughters. in three tests. Upon his inquiry as to her address. in carrying a big stone on his shoulders. 4. SKT p. 170.Tokushima: Takeda. TD VII-12-43. .Nagano: Koyama. 50. K. KS p. the rolling of a stone and stopping of it by the suitor. Many suitors fail in the tests assigned by the rich man. 62. JVM NMS no. in guessing the numbers of bamboos in the woods. The man learns the meaning of the riddles or the symbolic names from someone else and sets out to meet her. T. 26ff. p. TD XIV-5-55.104 KEIGO SEKI 196.Nagasaki: Seki. SKT p. Rumpf. T. SB p. 38. MK 1-568. A man saves a bee (or three animals). The girl's father requires him in . Akita: Sasaki.. Harirna Itonaga. 197. Moriguchi. 86.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 13. the carrying of a big stone on the suitor's shoulder. Three suitors try the tests and two of them fail. 191.. T. HB V-44. The hero succeeds with the help of the bee (or animals) which he saved. AS no. Suzuki. she answers (a) with three riddles. . NMM p. Yamaguchi. .Rumpf.

NMM p. While the third servant named Yamada1 is working in the garden. NMS no. 80. . . 14.Kagoshima: Tabata. 58. 166ff. Three servants tell their wishes. The master grants wishes to the two servants. AM Seki. KTJ p. Suzuki.Fukui: IX-220. Nagasaki: p. .Fukushima: MD Gifu: HB V-42ff. T. 2 Shirataki means white water-fall. 68. . the master's daughter named Shirataki Hime2 makes the first half of a poem and recites it. --Okayama: Imamura.Tokushima: Takeda. KS p. no. SB p. . Yamada Shirataki.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . 117. MAT p. - Aichi: TD IV-431. 57.Aomori: Noda.Niigata: Iwakura.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 105 riddles to bring three articles before the man can marry his daughter. 129. 40. 23ff. . 1 Yamada means rice-field on the mountain-side. . SOS p. MK 1-31. The second one wishes to possess three measureful of gold money. 19. NM-b p. and the suitor marries the woman. NMS 199. ZKI p. 3. MK II-382. . The third man wishes to marry their master's daughter (or one of the twelve ladies). .Fukuoka: FO-D no. AIY p. - Kanagawa: TD IV-415. 92.Nagasaki: Suzuki. . Yamaguchi: TD VI-479.. NT p.Tokushima: Takeda. MT p. The first one wishes to eat fine fod. - 200. Hime means princess or lady. T. 153. TKA p. SD p. . Kumamoto: MK 1-423. The Bridegroom Who Solved Riddles. She answers with three riddles. The man learns the names of the three articles from another man (Buddhist priest).. Another man solves the riddles for the suitor. - AIY p. . AM p.Hyogo: TD X-4-71. 48. . . 52. Kanagawa: TD IV-414. 161. or she tells him her name in a riddle.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. KB p. 51. Tabata. Be down below the Rie-field on the mountain-side?" As soon as Yamada hears this. Yamanashi: Dohashi. "Why should the White Water-fall shining in the morning sun.Shimane: Moriwaki. 75ff. he makes the next half and recites it. A man proposes marriage to a woman. 265. Gifu: HB V-42ff. T. 197.Hiroshima: HS-M p.. 192. KK p. OE p.Akita: TD XIV-5-54. Mizusawa. 58.Shimane: Moriwaki. 130.

SW p. He (a) becomes a rich man. 51.Iwate: Hirano. 2.Gifu: MK 11-515. K. or some treasure). . . KS p. 127. NMS no.NMM p. T. Fukushima: Iwasaki. SK p.106 KEIGO SEKI "Come down water of the White Water-fall To save the rice of the field on the mountain-side. Mizusawa.Rumpf. He takes it and fastens it to a horse-fly (bee.Nagasaki. .Okayama: Imamura. Na- - gasaki: Seki. SOS p. NMS no.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . IK p.Saitama: Suzuki. MT p. SOS p. MAT p. T.Hiroshima: HS-M p. NT p. 86.Kagosliima: Iwakura. 24.. and the fruit for rice (gold.Kumamoto: MK 1-228. Nagano: Iwasaki. 148. 70.. AIY p. . T. 19. . 33. Suzuki. SD p. 31. 155. NSK p. KTJ p. Kubo. At the gate of the temple he stumbles on a stone and touches a straw on the ground. 71. 61.Kochi: Katsurai. 235. ACQUISITION OF RICHES 201. 114. AK p.Kagawa: Takeda. He receives sacred information from Kannon that he should take whatever his hand touches first when he goes back from the temple. . KK p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.Tokushima: Takeda..Niigata: Iwakura. GT p. 190. X-4-72. . JVM p. Yamaguchi. 7. X. The Man Who Made a Fortune from a Straw. 140.. JFT no. 171. NM-b p. ." Withering The master admires Yamada's talent and gives him his daughter. 16. Moriguchi. . IK p. 102. KG p. 7. OE p. AN p.. 105. 122. 35. IK p. 72. SKT p. or a sword. WK p. . SB p.Shimane: Moriwaki. . 16. 47. T. T. 93. 76. T. 16ff. T. Ogasawara. SW p. from the drought. KB p. 17. .. Yanagita-Mayer. raddish.Shimane: MK 11-4 65. . 189. 169. Suzuki. a horse. KS p. 133. TD VII-12-80. 66.Tokushima: Takeda. .Okinawa: Sakima. . NMM p. . . KG p. SKT p. 163. 10. 31. . AIY p. ROY p. Isogai. MB p. TTM-b p. 10. Yamaguchi. He exchanges the horse-fly for a broad leaf (or something to wrap with). .Kagoshima: Iwakura. or dragon-fly) which he has caught on the way. 30. Sasaki. 38. 244.Hyogo: TD III-774. . 127. 170. 110.. ..Hiroshima: HS-M p. Miyagi: KD 1-179. 13. 31. 187. the leaf for some fruit (miso. . A man prays to Kannon for good luck. . 8. or medicine). or (b) destroys a ghost with the sword to rescue a woman and marries her. NT p.Iwate: Hirano. 152. 75. 160. . 299. Aomori: MK 11-81.

9. . 113. KTJ p. (b) why only one tree blooms and the other two trees wither without blooming. AK p. SMG p.. A boy (or pupil) has a dream. 60.Tochigi: Kato. 268. NK-c p. 155. In the woods he is guided into a fine house. He resuscitates or cures a rich man's dead or sick daughter with the life-stick and becomes her bridegroom. AN p.Hiroshima: Isogai.Fukushima: Iwasaki. MT p. . . T.Okayama: Imamura.Aomori: MK 11-283. a thousand ri* stick. KS p.NMM p. Akita: TD XIV-5-39. The Wood Spirit and the Boy.NMS no. 35. Then he resuscitates another rich man's daughter in the same way and marries her too. He tells his parents that his dream was just like himself. The Boy Whose Dream Comes True. 70. A boy who lives with his mother goes to the woods to gather fire-wood. . 54. where his courage is tested by eating a baby which he finds very tasteful. He receives a great entertainment there. 156.Niigata: Mizusawa. Iwate: Sasaki. a death-stick. 75. but he does not tell his parent (or his teacher) about his dream. He destroys demons and obtains their treasures. - 203. K. . He lives half of each month with each wife.Fukuoka: FO-D no. where he is requested by the shop-keeper to ask the wood spirit (a) why the shop-keeper's gold-bearing tree has neither buds nor blossoms. T. The answer to the first question is that the tree does not blossom because it has a bad * a ri is about 4 km. 12.. where he is requested to ask the reason (a) of the illness of a girl in the house. The boy stops at another house. 28.Nagasaki: Suzuki. or (b) he is exiled to an island. . . KK p. 75. The old man gives the boy the answers to the questions he has brought.. Kagawa: Takeda. IK p. is still unable to ascend to the sky. . (a) He is driven out of his house. or (b) why the questioner who has lived a thousand years in the river and another thousand years in the sea. SK p. The next day on his way to the woods the boy stops at a tea-shop. such as a life-stick. 57. EG p. he tells the boy to come again the next day and that he will give him a good luck then. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 107 202. A strange old man appears and eats the boy's lunch. 4. or (c) why his plum tree does not blossom. KMZ p. 85. - Kagoshima: Iwakura. and listening stick.Shimane: Moriwaki. .. 151.

Iwate: Kikuchi. TTM-b p.230. Kagoshima: Iwakura.NMM p. IKP p. TD III-1170. . . 131. The husband takes a rest and sleeps. . 253.NMS no. On his return the boy relates the answers to the questioners. A husband and wife are working in the field. 271. 204. sawa. moth or hornet). Akita: TD V-987. BG p. 123. IK p. One of the two men who are traveling together. 247. 124. 24. (a) flies in and out of one of his nostrils. KS p. 158. 87. . or (b) he buys this dream. . .Kumamoto: Kimura. He marries the daughters of the two houses and lives half a month in one house and the other half in the other house. 46.Niigata: Iwakura.Aomori: Uchida. MK II-515. 160.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 117. 244. The Dragon-fly Rich Man.108 KEIGO SEKI root spreading in the northern direction. . The other man exchanges some sake for this dream. from whose hand she is willing to take a cup of tea.Kagawa: Takeda. OE p. 99. The man wakes up and says that he had dreamed that gold or some treasure is buried under a tree (pine tree. NMS no. XII-3-37. takes a nap. 336. KB p. T. . .. 157. .NMS no. 33.Gifu: Sawata. 1.. Shimane: MK 11-384.Kagoshima: Iwakura. KTJ p. He goes to the place which was told in the dream and discovers gold or some treasure and becomes prosperous. A bee. JFT no. 246. A dragon-fly flies about his nose and mouth. . . He wakes up and says that he has had a dream in which he drank sake from a spring on the mountain-side. The answer to the second question is (a) that the girl will get well if she will marry a young man in the neighborhood. 71. nettle-tree. . . . 72. . 75. ox's dung. 12. JFT no. NBK no.Oita: Ichiba. Mizu- 205. 119.Nagasaki: Suzuki. or (b) flies out of one of his nostrils and flies back into it. 83.Yanagita-Mayer.NMM p. 41. . TGK p.Nagano: KA-K II-100. ZKI p. The Rich Man Who Bought a Dream. and they discover it (or medicine wine) or they find gold. NH p. Fukushima: Iwasaki.YanagitaMayer. HG p. The wife induces him to go to seek the sake spring. . AIY p. or (b) that it is because the questioner is still keeping gold and silver or a treasure which he should give away to someone. KS p. 223. T. In gratitude for this he is given the treasures and is asked to become the bridegroom of the daughter in each house. or a rock) at such and such a place.

129. He finds only snakes or frogs in it. but he does not find any treasure there. 91.Kumamoto: KM no. Turn into a Frog. TKA p. OT p. KMZ p. Kagawa: Takeda. BD p. 311. TTH p. 70.NMS no. Fukushima: Iwasaki.- Gifu: Sawata. 104. because it is a gift from the earth. NMM p. JVM p. Miyagi: KD 1-173. 132. ZKI p. 'Turn into a snake (or a frog).NMM p.Gifu: Sawata. ROY p. EG p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 72. 207. "Turn to a frog.Tottori: IP-M p. IK p. and he finds gold in it. KB p.Iwate: Kikuchi.Tokushima: Takeda. . 160. 255. and he discovers the treasure. 324. AIY p. 51. 208. 165. The other man has a dream in which he receives wealth from the earth. He tells him of his dream. . 100. Then the other man relates a dream in which he saw a treasure buried under a tree on a certain man's estate. 35ff. The first man hurries back home and digs at the foot of the tree which was indicated in the other man's dream. . KA-K II-100. 25. Mizusawa. MK 1-570. 110. A man has a dream in which he is told he shall find a treasure if he stands on Miso-kai Bashi in Takayama City. He goes to the bridge and stands on it for a whole day. . . SW p. 20. 71. 247. The other man says he does not believe in his dream. Ogasawara.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 109 206. 102.Oita: Ichiba. but he does not take it. MKB p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. NBK no. . 127. NH p. . 37.Niigata: Iwakura. .. When the first man hears this he knows that it is his estate. 40. and he lets the other man dig it up. Another man comes and asks him why he is standing there. The first man digs his field and finds a pot containing gold. 58ff. The Heaven's Gift and the Earth's Gift. The first man receives the pot as it has come down from above. 14. 106: Sasa- Noda. puts it in a box. 227. 131.Yamagata: MK 1-575. T. TTM-b p. 66. when Someone Sees You. . NMS no. (a) A couple buries a pot filled with gold. IM 1-75. . One of two friends has a dream in which he receives wealth from the heaven." or (b) A mother-in-law who does not like to give mochi (or dumplings) to her daughter-in-law. saying. NBK no. when someone else sees you. . . saying. NK-b p. So he throws the pot into the first man's house through a skylight. MK II-171ff. Rumpf. 75. Miso-kai Bashi (Buying-miso Bridge). . KI p.Nagano: Koike. Aomori: - ki. IKP p. - Ehime: HB IX-210. NSK p. 303. 354.

K. .Kumamoto: KM no. 226. OC-b p. 52. They cry. 32. "Let me be carried on your back. 47ff. TKA p. TTH p. not the daughter-in-law !" Aomori: Noda. ." (a) A thief who has heard the couple. Mizusawa. She cries.Wakayama: Mori- . NK-a p. S.Iwate: Sasaki. The eldest of three sons goes to the town or field. 50. . 59. . NSK p. MK 1-136. Aomori: MK 11-283. 56. 5.Kagawa: Takeda. SG no. 30. Suzuki.. 427ff. TS p.. "If you want to be carried on my back. NI p. NMS no. 108." The son is afraid and runs away. KA p. 162B. 71. TTM-b p. hold fast. (b) The mother-in-law opens the box and a frog comes out. Ehime: MK 11-131.Fukuoka: FO-D no.. 165. MT p. . TD XV-8-18. T. . 310. AK p.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 30. 8. KI p. 31. SK p.Oita: Suzuki. AN p. (a) When the couple digs up the pot. B. He carries it to his home and finds that it is gold.Shimane: Moriwaki. "This is we. they find a snake in it. if you want. not someone else!" but the snake does not turn into gold. NM-b p. NI p. 53. 240. IK p. .. IKP p.Niigata: Mizusawa. He hears some one cry. OC-d p. AS no. 22. . TS p. . 170. 209. 5. . . 21. Isogai. 105. T. 3. KTJ p. . SB p. 27.Okayama: Imamura.Niigata: Iwakura. Suzuki. MAT p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. Stick Fast. IKP p.Kochi: Katsurai.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . 101. TD 1-4-72.. 12. lff. .Kagoshima: MK 11-466. 107.Shizuoka: SO-D p.110 KEIGO SEKI should my daughter-in-law open it. "This is I. A.Kochi: Katsurai.Nagasaki: Seki. takes out the gold and puts a snake in the pot. The second son does the same thing. 27. you shall. Kagoshima: TD 1-10-87. TTM-a p. ROY p. . 167. .. 12.Shimane: Moriwaki. . if you want. Stiga: Mitamura. 169. . 5.Hyogo: TD IV-437. The youngest son answers to the voice. 205. . TD IV-443. . "Stick fast. . 163A. 30. digs up the pot.Nagasaki: Seki. 77. 560. OC-c p.NMS no." the gold (or gold money) sticks to his body. (b) The daughter-in-law eats the mochi and puts a frog in the box. 173. A man goes to the wood and hears a voice crying. 128.Kumamoto: KK V-263. 68. NT p. . .NMM p. .Toyama: MZ III-187." Then a heavy (or shining) thing gets on his back.Oita: Suzuki. . 162A. KG p. KB p. 175ff. KK 11-379. SB p. 7ff. NH p. Saitama: Suzuki. 93.Hyogo: TD X-9-39. . OC-d p. Hold Fast. 223. SD p. . 42. 100. MN p. T.Tottori: IM III-2-22.Osaka: Minami. "Shall I stick fast or hold fast?" As soon as he answers. T.Hiroshima: HS-M p. IZ p. . ..

. IKP p. 223. A young man who saw step-daughter at the play. KB p.NMM p. 158. 307. 22. or passes by a haunted place. 127. Rumpf. JVM p. and real daughter's basket contains frogs or dirty things. Akita: TD IV-410. . Mizusawa. no. 99. Aomori: Kawai. XIV-5-24. proposes marriage to her. . TGM p. carrying her real daughter on a mortar. . IK p.Niigata: Iwakura. Komebuku and Awabuku. Mother takes her real daughter to a play (or festival) and has step-daughter stay at home to perform tasks of carrying water in a basket and separating millet. III-62. CONFLICTS Parent and Child 210. The two daughters stop at Yama-uba's house in the woods. Mother tries to get her real daughter married. 73. He takes it home on his shoulder. 290. 132. S.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. MAT p. 163B. Aomori: Kawai. TTH p. A. "Carry me on your back.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES guchi.NMS no. or (b) step-daughter throws something at her step-mother and step-sister. NMS no.. Step-daughter takes lice off of Yama-uba's head. rice and other grains. TTM-a p. (a) step-daughter is discovered by her step-sister. A man goes to destroy a ghost. and sends them to the woods to fill their bags with chestnuts (or acorns). While they are looking at the play. . When they leave Yama-uba's house. Miyagi: KD 1-168. 67.Iwate: Sasaki. 110. He hears a voice crying. and a good bag to her real daughter named Awabuku. Step-daughter's friend (or a priest) and a sparrow help her perform tasks. ROY p. . 63. Real daughter wants to be married. 65. KAT no. 163C. They fall into a stream and turn into mud-snails. 98. she gives them each a basket. while the real daughter does not. but the young man marries step-daughter. Step-daughter's basket contains pretty dresses. Yanagita-Mayer. XI. 196. 72. It turns into gold. TGM p. Noda. 97." and a big ghost or a gourd appears. Mother goes to seek a suitor. MKB p. She goes to the play with her friend. Mother gives a broken bag to her step daughter named Komebuku. 1ll JFT C.

.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 22. 211. 17. Aomori: Kawai. 4. 205A. . 3.NMM p. 105.. Moriguchi. . JFT p. (4) step-daughter's puts step-daughter 1. 23. 40ff.. SD p. 68. Sasaki. The tonosama tests the two daughters by letting them make a poem about a pine branch on a dish. IK p. 22. NT p. step-mother ried to the tonosama. K.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. .NMS no. Suzuki. 3.Tokyo: MK II-47. MK 1-467. 249. T. .Saitama: Suzuki. Hoshi means star. 28. Suzuki. 85. 94. 407.. . TKA p. .. KB p. . . MK 11-182. 153. T. HKT p.. . CG p. Noda.Gifu: HB V-144. Ogasawara. 412.NMS no. 166. KS p. T. . . Kikuchi. 87. Uchida. 13. . Mizusawa.Tokushima: Takeda. Tsuki means moon. 72. . 212. KG p.Yanagita-Mayer. .Chiba: MZG IV-182. O is a prefix used for the name of a woman. Oita: Suzuki. . TGM p. 41. .Niigata: Iwakura. 51. KMZ p. A tonosama (or rich man) wants to marry a clever stepHer tries to get her real daughter mardaughter. 411.Kagawa: Takeda. . . 9. . 308. MZG III-430. 18. 118. MK 1-562.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 16. 126.Iwate: Hirano. 70. . O-gin1 and Ko-gin2 (or O-tsuki3 and O-hoshi4).Shizuoka: SO-D p. 18. . Ill treatment by stepmother: (1) Stepmother gives a poisoned food to her step-daughter named O-gin (or O-tsuki). TD IV-420..Fukuoka: FO-D no.Kochi: Katsurai. KS p. 226. 24ff. T. JVM p. TGK p. . IK p. Ko means little. 53. KI p. Sara-sara Yama (Dish-dish Hill). KS p. T.Nagano: Koyama. TD IV-401.Okayama: Imamura. . 2. AIY p. 404. 14. 392. 85. 21. NSK p. 189. MAT p.Niigata: Iwakura. 91. 271. MT p. 41. 144. MK II-188ff. . a or she stone mortar from the (3) drops big of in she ceiling room. 273. 206. 4. 72. . 225. 140.Fukuoka: FO-D no. SW p. . NI p. . HG p. 69ff.Wakayama: Nakanishi. IK p. SW p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . 198. . 78. NMM p.112 KEIGO SEKI TKA p. SKT p. 43. 74.Fukui: FI-K p.. 164. NH p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 8. Gin means silver.Shimane: Moriwaki. KG p. TS p. 5. Kumamoto: Kimura. KA p. FS p. T.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. . . 262. SOS p. SD p. MKB p. .Wakayama: Nakanishi. NK-d p.Hyogo: MK 11-325. 23. MKB p. 227. 24.Rumpf. . MK 1-224. 411.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 10. Yuki. 408. (2) she thrusts a spear through the floor of her step-daughter's room from downstairs.Kagoshima: Iwakura. makes a good poem and she becomes the wife of Step-daughter the tonosama.

71. Shimane: Miyagi: KD 1-180. TD XIV-5-23ff. Suzuki. or they turn into the sun. 20ff. (c) turns into a mole. 84. NH p. II-366. 25. TGM p. Yamashita: Dohashi. T. 81. 72. TKA p. 225. 98. or they return to their home. Naga- p. SD p. she is discovered by a man of the house and is taken into the house. p.- NMS no. 96. - Shizuoka: SO-D Rumpf. V-400ff. NM p. 20. HB Iwate: Hirano. .9. 9. 117.. 96. Younger daughter's help: (1) Mother's real daughter named Ko-gin (or O-hoshi) advises her step-sister to throw away the poisoned food. Nagano: Koyama.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 17. Uchida. 90. KMZ p. - Fukui: FI-K p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 113 a stone or wooden box and buries it in the woods. 27. MK II-191. T. Sasaki. 59. JVM p.Kumamoto: KM no. 402. MKB p. T. They meet their father who has wept himself blind and who has traveled around the country in search of his lost daughters. A stepmother who hates her step-daughter has her hands cut off by her father or a servant and banishes her. SKT p. KEM p. Happiness regained: (1) The tears of the sisters fall into their father's eyes and open them. The Girl without Hands. MK II-89. 202. 400. 150. T. ROY p. p. Noda. .Kagawa: Takeda. (3) she makes her step-sister lie in her own bed. saki: Suzuki. TGK p. OC-c p. TD XV-5-20. the moon and a star. - shima: Iwasaki.68. . NMM p. - Gifu: Sawata. (c) Some animal and bird rescue her. or (d) is punished. 247. (2) she saves her step-sister by substituting a gourd (or a bag of beans or a doll) for her. T. While the girl without hands is eating fruit from a rich man's garden. Punishment: The cruel step-mother (a) is reformed. or she is found by the son of a rich man in the woods. K. 79. (b) dies of shame.. 29. 183.. 99. Rescue: (a) Ko-gin follows the path of poppy flowers and rescues O-gin out of the buried box. Ogasawara. 139. 88... 50. (b) A priest crosses the way in the woods and rescues O-gin. 63. 201. (4) she makes a hole in the bottom of the box and has poppy seeds drop through the hole on the way to the woods.. 54. 176. KTJ p. 50. The reunion of the daughters with their father: O-gin and Ko-gin work in a tonosama's (or a landlord's) house. 62. NBK no.Aomori: Kawai. . Akita: MK 1-94. KI 213. NSK p. SW p. 75.Saitama: Suzuki. - Tochigi: Kato. 395. (2) The sisters and their father live happily in the landlord's house. . Kikuchi. 141. 397. Moriguchi. SW p. KG p. KB 8-8. 79. IK p. CG p. 47. 93. KG p. - Moriwaki. 26ff.Niigata: Iwakura. 17. 194. 11-124. or (d) a tonosama hunts in the woods and saves her.FukuIshikawa: Yamashita. KB p. 47. 39.

32. KB p. MK 1-217.Nagasaki: Seki. AIY p. OC-d p. He becomes sick. 191. Tabata. A child is born. (b) The girl who is to be married to a serpent bridegroom. or she stops at a solitary house in the woods. SD p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 101. . . 5. Suzuki. MK II-414. She wears the old woman's skin and is employed in a rich man's house as an old kitchen maid or hearth maid. . 208. The heroine meets with an old woman in the woods. 118. Gifu: Sawata. MAT p. where an old woman is.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Kagoshima: Iwakura.Niigata: Iwakura. NSK p. 26. when she is in her room alone. Rumpf. stops at the stepmother's house.Hiroshima: HS-M p. KTJ p. the rich man's son likes her and marries her.114 KEIGO SEKI Although the girl is without hands. SB p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. . 73. 214. Mizusawa. 37. Aomori: Noda. . KI p. flees from him. HB V-248.. The man who carries the letter to the husband informing him of the birth of a child. and she rewrites the letter to say that a snake-like or demon-like child was born. The old woman (who really is the frog saved by the heroine's father) gives her an old woman's skin (or frog skin or hood. When she tries to hold her child with her hands. When he sees the heroine in the old woman's skin. . The husband leaves his home on business. T. 50. TD IV-444. SW p. her hands are restored. 90.. MK 11-190. 390. NMS no. The stepmother is punished. 56. (a) A step-daughter is driven away from her home. 101. 33. 28ff. 84. The rich man's son catches a glimpse of her in her natural form. 30. TKA p. 243. T. 269. the husband sets out to search for his banished wife. She wants to drink water at the riverside. OE p. he . Suzuki. or a magic broom or towel) which makes the wearer dirty or old. NK-a p. AM p. 19. 56. 107. 96. A fortuneteller tells the rich man that his son's illness is caused by his love for a certain woman in his house. . . JVM p. SKT p.Kagawa: Takeda. NMM p.Iwate: Hirano. All the women in the house are taken before the son one by one to offer tea or medicine to him. 41. 304. Ogasawara. and eventually meets her. . -Hyogo: TD X-6-40. . The Frog's Skin. Upon returning from his journey.Tokushima: Takeda. NBK no. . 206. On the way back from the husband his letter is rewritten by the stepmother again. 72. KK p. The heroine is driven out of the house with her child as directed in her husband's letter which had been rewritten by her stepmother.Shimane: Moriwaki.

58. 67. 36. Hachi Katsugi (The Girl Who Has a Large Wooden Bowl on Her Head). . T.Kagawa: Takeda. TTH p. . 155. . 34.Yamanashi: Dohashi. KB p. but his father objects. . . Hai-bo (Ash Boy). The rich man's son wishes to marry her. or (b) is sent away from his home.Shimane: Moriwaki. KG p. and she is driven away because of her strange form. 7. . IKP p. 87.NMM p. Koyama. DRM p. K. MZG V-921. JFT no. 431. IK p.Iwate: Hirano.Oita: MK 1-181. She takes off the old woman's skin and becomes the son's bride. 421. NM-b p. 68. SW p. . -Yanagita-Mayer. CG p.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 77. KG p. 178. 20. . . .Tokushima: MK 11-528. Suzuki. . When she marries the rich man's son. MK 1-469. when the bowl falls from her head and is broken. She is employed by a rich man as a kitchen maid or a hearth maid. 220. TTM-b p. KS p.. .Rumpf.Saitama: Suzuki. TTM-a p. MAT p.Hyogo: MK 11-369. SD p. 193. JVM p. T. Tokushima: JVM p.Gifu: HB V-102. . Suzuki. . Precious things and dresses come out from it. 25. MT p. He is employed by a rich man as a servant in charge of heating the bath. . 221. MB p. 117. and she finds precious things in it. Hyogo: TD X-6-40. 14. 356.- 216.Nagasaki: Seki. 42. 204. 76.Okayama: Imamura. XV-5-19. KMZ p.Gumma: Ueno.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 45. 169. . . NMS no. (b) A girl is born with a bowl on her head. . A young man (a) is cast away by his stepmother.Aomori: Noda. 166. Ogasawara.NMS no. TD XII-11-36. the bowl comes down from her head. SB p. Rumpf.. 254. AIY p. TD VII-12-48. 12. 215. ROY p. 161. Suzuki. T. 81. SKT p. Mizusawa. 424. A dying mother tells her only daughter to cover her head with a big wooden bowl which she should fill with her fine clothes.Ishikawa: Yamashita. Akita: TD XIV-5-63. 98. 76.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 115 smiles at her and takes a drink from the cup she offered him. .. TKA p. (a) The rich man's . . 152. 209. (c) The heroine wins the contest.. 3. ZKI p. 168. and Hachi Katsugi wins. 47. (b) The rich man's son is going to run away with the heroine. T. 124. Saitama: Takeda. KEM p.Niigata: Iwakura. 43. After her mother's death. (a) The rich man tests twelve girls in order to choose a bride for his son.. T. SK p. . KG p..Nagano: Iwasaki. the daughter is driven out of the house by her step-mother. Sasaki. 210. .

46. 64. Sasaki.. The step-daughter stays overnight at the Yamauba's house and receives a treasure from the Yama-uba. TS p. KEM p. all the servants are taken before her to have her choose the one whom she likes. 94. 260.Toyama: HB VII-563. 5. 21. KB p. 48.Wakavama: Nakanishi. NBK no. KK p. A mother gives her step-daughter (elder sister) a torn bag and her real daughter (younger sister) a good bag and sends them together to pick chestnuts (or acorns) in the woods. . and she discovers him to be a servant working in her house. . 217. 392. 30. .Hyogo: MK 11-326. 11. 129. . T. 114. MT p. MZG 1-276. KS p. KMZ p.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . FS p. 47. NSK p. or acquires a demon's treasure.Rumpf. 131. 191. 45ff. JVM p. 75ff. IKP p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. .Gifu: Sawata. The Step-child Picking Chestnuts.. Mizusawa. MK 1-225. 68. The hero appears as a handsome young man and marries her. 94. SD p. T. 149. According to a fortuneteller's advice. 48. HB V-239.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 168. . 131. ES p. HG p. KK III-184.Saitama: Suzuki. MT p. . Tabata. 45. 51. MK 1-479. . ... 394. .Tokushima: Takeca. AIY p. 59ff. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. 29. .Okayama: Imamura. . 34. 164. OE p. Tabata. . She becomes love sick. 7. MKB p.. SW p. IK p. AM p. AIY p. Oita: Suzuki. 197. 404. .Saga: MK II-323.Miyagi: KD 1-180. FI-K p. 18. KI p. 192ff. 58. but she receives dirty things from the Yama-uba. . . . 36. . 14. MK 1-269.Kumamoto: Kimura.Nagasaki: Seki.Niigata: Iwakura.Tokushima: Takeda. . AM p. . Aomori: Noda. Ogasawara. MK 11-527. NMM p. NMS no. OE p. The real daughter follows her sister and fills her bag with chestnuts and goes home.116 KEIGO SEKI daughter sees at a play a fine young man.Fukui.Nagano: Iwasaki. .Osaka: Minami. 99. . IZ p. KB 10-21. SB p. T. K9M p.Kagawa: Takeda. MK I-131ff. .MK 1-179. . 116. KK p. K. . MK 11-265.Kochi: Katsurai. 61. NMM p. AS no. NI p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . 56. KB 8-8. 79. (b) She eventually learns that the man to whom she has been engaged is a menial servant in her house. NMS no. 58. . 1.Fukushima: Iwasaki. . 26. 212. 571.Nagano: Iwasaki. MB p. NK-c p. NM-b p. MK 1-29. . . KM no. KS p. 223. 15. Suzuki. TKA p. 60. 317. 47ff.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 55. 31. 54. 26. Iwate: Hirano. 111. . and returns home.Kagoshima: Iwakura. TKA p. IK p. IK p.Niigata: Iwakura. 25.. Aomori: Noda. ROY p. K. 53. 211. The mother sends her real daughter to the woods again with a torn bag. 7. 61. 14. KI p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 249.Shimane: Moriwaki. SKT p. 6. 230.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. . Yamaguchi. 409. MB p.Okayama: Imamura. K.Yamanashi: Dohashi. KG p.

136.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 117 218. The seven brothers and a younger sister are ill-treated by their stepmother. the younger sister suffers from her stepmother's ill-treatment. Afterwards the step-daughter marries a man and becomes happy. The mother and her real daughter go to the woods to get strawberries.NMS no. (b) The step-daughter who became the tonosama's wife is killed by his retainer. and the retainer substitutes his own daughter for her. 152. The murdered heroine turns into a white bird. When they step into the garden gate. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 214. NMS no. Nagano: Iwasaki. (b) gives him clothes. (a) She is killed by her stepmother. (a) A white-haired old man gives her strawberries. or (b) leads her to the place where the strawberries are ripe. The seven birds make a net with vine and carry their sister away in the net to a distant island. The real daughter takes her step-brother as her servant. On putting on these coats. the sister makes thread from the grass growing in the garden and sews seven coats for her brothers. According to instructions from a white-haired old man in her dream. OE p. An elder sister is wooed by a tonosama. ZKI p. The Step-child Picking Strawberries. 102. 219. but (a) they are frozen to death. 213. their stepmother is changed into a white bird and flies away. KK p. The white bird (1) helps her brother gather fire-wood. and (3) gives him a picture of his sister's face and tells him to look at it when he . 220. A mother sends her step-daughter to pick strawberries in the winter. too. The Seven Swans. OC-a p. The brothers tell their father that they wish to leave their mother. 9. 59. Yamanashi: Dohashi. the seven white birds turn into human beings.. Shimane: Moriwaki. or (b) perish from eating the strawberries. 95. After her brothers have gone away. They return to their home together with their sister. She overhears them and transforms them into seven white birds. NM p. K. and the stepmother offers her real daughter to the tonosama as a substitute. The Elder Sister Who Was Transformed into a White Bird.

118

KEIGO SEKI

wants to see her. The tonosama discovers the heroine's clothes or picture and learns that she has been killed and substituted by a false wife. The tonosama goes to the woods with the stepbrother to see the white bird. It tells them to put a bowl filled with water on each of the two poles. When the bird bathes in the water, it is transformed into a human being again. The heroine is remarried to the tonosama. The false wife and her mother are killed.
Kagoshima: Iwakura, KS p. 50, OE p. 95, 102; Tabata, AM p. 16, 18, 19. -NMS no. 214.

221. The Step-child and the Bird. A father sets out on a journey, promising his three (two or four) daughters to bring back presents for them. The daughters are asked by their stepmother (1) to carry water in a basket, (2) to cut bamboo (or grass) with their finger-nails, and (3) to heat a bath with stones (or horse dung). A priest passes by and he helps them. The stepmother forces the children to walk on a reed bridge over a pot on the fire and makes them fall to their death in the boiling water. She buries their bodies. When the father returns, three little birds (nightingales, white birds, or sparrows) sing to him, "Dear father, we want your presents no more. Our stepmother be cursed!" The father discovers his children's corpses. The stepmother is condemned or killed. (Her blood turns into fleas, mosquitoes, ants, a mole.)
Akita: MK II-454; TD XIV-5-25ff. - Aomori: Kawai, TGM p. 16, 22; Noda, TKA p. 100ff; Uchida, TGK p. 19; MK 11-190. - Fukuoka: FO-D no. 23, 24. - Fukushima: Iwasaki, T., IK p. 23, 25, 113, 116; TD IX-5-75. - Hiroshima: Isogai, AK p. 49. - Iwate: Hirano, SKT p. 81; Moriguchi, T., KG p. 79; KB 10-12. - Kagoshima: Tabata, AM p. 39, 41. - Nagano: Iwasaki, K., MB p. 97, 121. - Nagasaki: Yamaguchi, IK p. 85.Niigata: Iwakura, KB p. 163; Mizusawa, MAT p. 274; Suzuki, T., SD p. 6, 35, 183, 225. - Okayama: KK VI-56. - Shiga: Mitamura, SG no. 1. Shimane: Moriwaki, MN p. 6, NK-b p. 7. - Rumpf, JVM p. 199. NMM p. 55. - NMS no. 216.

222. The Step-children

and the Flute.

The father's journey and the stepmother's ill-treatment are the same as in Type 221. A bamboo sprout shoots forth on the ground where the children were buried. A traveling Buddhist

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES

119

priest blows the flute made from this bamboo cane. It sounds, "Dear father, we need your presents no more. Our stepmother be cursed !" The father hears this while on his journey, and hurries back home. He digs up his children's corpses at the foot of the bamboo. The stepmother is condemned or killed.
Fukuoka: FO-D no. 20, 21; Umebayashi, BZ p. 3. - Fukushima: Iwasaki, T., IK p. 24, 28, 114, 119. - Gifu: Sawata, NBK no. 102; HB IX-350. - Hiroshima: HS-M p. 29; Isogai, AK p. 51. - Kagawa: Takeda, NSK p. 23; TD VII-12-52. - Kumamoto: Kimura, HG p. 75; KK V-175; KM no. 11; MK I-523ff. - Nagano: Iwasaki, K., MB p. 64; Koyama, CG p. 224. - Nagasaki: Suzuki, T., KTJ p. 105; Yuki, HKT p. 38. - NiiSaitama: gata: Suzuki, T., SD p. 50. - Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 20.Suzuki, T., KG p. 49, 51ff. - Shiga: Mitamura, SG no. 34. - Shizuoka: SO-D p. 395ff, 399, 403, 407. - Tochigi: Kato, K., SMG p. 40. - Tokushima: Takeda, AIY p. 55.Toyama: MZ III-187. - Wakayama: Nakanishi, KS p. 10, 12. - Yamanashi: Dohashi, GI p. 63. - NMM p. 53.
NMS no. 217.

223. The Singing Bone. Two friends make a trip together. One gives some money to the other. The one who has received the money kills the other and takes all his money. After three years the murderer finds a skeleton who sings a song. He earns money with it. He wagers his head against the whole property of another man on the skeleton's song, but the skeleton does not sing this time and the man loses his head. Then the skeleton sings that he has at last taken his revenge upon his friend who murdered him.
Fukushima: p. 61, 65. p. 214. -

Iwasaki, T., IK p. 28; MK 11-180. - Iwate: Sasaki, ROY Kagoshima: Iwakura, KK p. 95ff, 174, KS p. 120, 122, OE
KM no. 16. Yanagita-Mayer, JFT no. 19.

Kumamoto:

NMM p. 185. -

NMS no. 218.

B. 224. Three Brothers.

Brothers (or Sisters)

A father sends his three sons on a journey for three years, during which they should learn some arts, so that the one who will have become most skillful shall inherit the father's estate. The eldest son returns as a carpenter (smith, sword-player,

120

KEIGO SEKI

The second son returns as a arrow-shooter, or samurai). merchant (stone-cutter, rice-merchant, fish-dealer, or cottondealer). The youngest son acquired a magic object (broken wooden-bowl, spatula, or doll) and (a) becomes a thief, or (b) gains wealth. The youngest son (a) steals a treasure or a money box by means of the magic object and wins the father's estate, or (b) cures a rich man's daughter and becomes her bridegroom.
Akita: TD XIV-5-15. - Aomori: Noda, TKA p. 146ff, 163; MK 11-191. - Gifu: Hirano, SKT p. 121, 123; Kikuchi, NH p. 30; Moriguchi, T., KG p. 47; Ogasawara, SW p. 16; Sasaki, ES p. 56, KMZ p. 195, ROY p. 12; TD IV-407. - Kagoshima: Iwakura, KK p. 62, 65ff, KS p. 38, 41, OE p. 216; Tabata, AM p 48. - Kumamoto: TD VII-12-28ff. - Miyagi: KD 11-125.Nagasaki: Kubo, GT p. 252; Seki, SB p. 219; Yamaguchi, IK p. 80; Yuki, HKT p. 51. - Niigata: Mizusawa, FS p. 265, 289. Saitama: Suzuki, T., KG p. 54. - Tokushima: Takeda, AIY p. 78. NMM p. 57, 60. - NMS no. 173, 174.

225. Gor6's Broken Wooden Bowl. A man named Goro (or a young acolyte) acquires a magic object (a doll, self-righting doll, or a broken wooden bowl) and (a) cures a sick girl, (b) exhibits the doll dancing, or (c) steals things with the broken bowl. He prospers.
Aomori: Noda, TKA p. 142, 148. - Iwate: Hirano, SKT p. 123; Moriguchi. T., KG p. 47; Sasaki, ES p. 56, KMZ p. 230, 433. - Kagoshima: Iwakura, KS p. 32. - Kumamoto: TD VII-12-28. - Miyagi: KD 11-125. - Nagasaki: Seki, SB p. 161. - Rumpf, JVM p. 168. - NMM p. 61, 168. - NMS no. 166.

226. The Least Clever but the First Born. A father asks his three sons to tell their wishes. The second son wishes to possess seven granaries, or to go on a round-theworld trip, or to own a lake to pour sea water in. The youngest son wishes to possess a thousand-koku* ship, or to be rich and to be able to employ as many workmen as required to consume seven granaries of rice each month. The eldest son wishes to have three ox testicles in order to put one of them into his father's mouth and his two brothers' mouths. The father chooses the eldest son as his inheritor.
* a koku equals 4.963 bushels.

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES

121

Aomori: Noda, TKA p. 144ff. - Gifu: Sawata. NBK no. 18; HB III-1011. - Niigata: Suzuki, T., SD p. 150, 153. - NMS no. 175.

227. Picking Nara-nashi

(Wild Pears).

The eldest of the three brothers goes to the forest (a) to pick nara-nashi (apples, chestnuts, plums, or grapes) for their sick father (or mother); or (b) to destroy a ghost animal; or (c) the three brothers go to hunt for wives. The eldest brother does not listen to the advice of the Yama-uba (bird, gourd, or girl) whom he meets on the way, and he (a) is eaten by the ghost, or (b) is caught by a robber. The second brother does the same. The youngest brother obeys the Yama-uba's advice and succeds (a) in taking fruits, (b) in destroying the ghost, or (c) in getting possession of a magic object and rescuing his elder brothers with the magic object or by his own power.
Iwate: Hirano, SKT p. 158; Sasaki, ROY p. 123, 197; TD VII-12-30. Kagoshima: MK II-376. - Niigata: Mizusawa, MAT p. 279; Suzuki, T.. SD p. 148. - Shimane: Moriwaki, OC-a p. 14. - Yamagata: MK 1-574.
NMM p. 87. NMS no. 176, 177.

Akita: TD XIV-5-67; NMZ III-107. -

Aomori: Noda, TKA p. 170.-

228. Two Brothers. A. Two brothers are driven out of their home by their stepmother and depart from each other on the promise that they will marry the daughters of rich men. The younger brother works in a certain house as a servant for ten years and (a) receives a magic object (sword), with which he destroys some demons' most important treasure. He learns of his elder brother's peril from the break of his bow-string, and he goes to rescue the brother. He resuscitates his brother with the life-whip. The elder brother becomes the son-in-law of a rich man in the east, and the younger brother becomes the son-in-law of a rich man in the west. Kagoshima: Iwakura, KK p. 70, 72. NMS no. 178.

B. Two brothers are driven out of their home because they do nothing but shoot arrows. They destroy a ghost with the bows and arrows and save a girl, whom the elder brother marries. The younger brother saves a daughter of another rich man

178. 59. NK-a p. The fisherman goes to the bottom of the sea in search of the hook. Kagoshima: Iwakura. The boy's sister disguised as a man. 161. A boy excels other boys in learning things at a temple school. 78. He gives his friend another hook. 74.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . 180. and he marries the girl with whom his sister has been betrothed: or (b) a tree grows up on the place where the boy was buried. OE p. the boy's elder sister gets a supernatural fan and a toy-ship for her brother. The Sister and the Brother. and receives it from the sea-god. SK p. A fisherman borrows a hook from his friend but it is taken from the latter by a fish. 230. He makes a straw snake and puts it in the pool to frighten his elder brother away. He is killed by a poisoned wine prepared by the envious friend. but the latter wants to have his own hook back. One of them envies him and forces him to compete with him in a fan contest and in a toy-ship race. AM p. NMS no. OT p. . Upon the advice of an old man. and it bears gold. AIY p. 16. . An elder brother gathers lacquer (or cinnabar) at the bottom of a pool at Mera. . His selfish younger brother plans to take the lacquer for himself. NMS no. JVM p.NMS no. Good Lacquer in the Pool at Mera. When the younger brother goes to the pool the next day. 152. whence she takes a magic flower which restores the dead to life. becomes betrothed to a girl of a certain house. . 56ff. 10. the straw-snake . IK p.122 KEIGO SEKI at another place in the same way and marries her. MK 11-84. Kagawa: Takeda. 229. NT p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 31. 148. He comes back with the hook and returns it to his friend. 86.NMM p.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 39. Tabata. The Fisherman and a Hook. KK p. (a) She resuscitates her brother by means of the magic flower. 123. KS p. . Hiroshima: HS-M p. Rumpf. 38. 179. Because of those things the boy wins the contests. .Tokushima: Takeda.Shimane: Moriwaki. 9. 231.

the two men realize that they are brothers. MAT p. So he goes to return the surplus money to the thief. The younger brother earns money by working in a house and he leaves the house for his home. 234. He finds an image of Jizo eating his dumpling. . By selling the sword to a stranger. Two brothers do not like each other. Then he comes to a fine house in a forest. The Jizo thanks the old man and promises to . Neighbors. JFT no. 287. The woman of the house lets him flee from the thief. 57.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 123 becomes animate and swallows him. GT p. but he finds no help. When he tells his name. He asks his elder brother. 149. Aomori: Noda. 232. The latter is surprised by his honesty and asks his name. Two brothers and a sister set out on a journey. KS p. KB p. 43. The Underground Land of Jizo. 183. - C. 82. En route he stops at a house where he meets a thief. 249. - Nagasaki: Kubo. They go together to thank the woman who helped the younger brother. TTM-b p. 152. 26. TKA p. 182. 82. Yanagita-Mayer. KK p. Yanagita-Mayer. NMM p. Mizusawa. Akita: TD XIV-5-11. Kagoshima: Iwakura.Kagoshima: Iwakura. NMS no. he gains more money than he had lost. JFT no. 294. 240. He follows it into the hole. The Reconciliation of Brothers. The Bandit's Younger Brother. 233. NMS no. who willingly complies. 181. He asks his intimate friend to help him put the corpse away. OE p. The younger brother goes to hunt wild boars and shoots a man by mistake. They go together and find a wild boar shot to death instead of a human being. which he discovers to be the thief's house. An old man's dumpling (bean or rice-ball) rolls into a hole. 175. The thief takes his money from him and gives him a sword. NMS no. . and they discover that she is their sister.Niigata: Iwakura.

.Niigata: Iwakura. . 235. . .Kagoshima: Iwakura. . or (b) some demons come and divide the money among themselves. 79.. JVM p. NH p. . TTH p. 168. MK 1-179. . MD IX-223. MK 1-366. AS no. T. (b) A rat comes for the old man in return for receiving the rice-ball which had rolled into the rat's hole. 56. NM-a p. 233. MK 1-555. The Jizo lets the old man hide behind him or on the ceiling. SD p. SW p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. KMZ p. NBK no. (a) An old man enters a hole. 65. 231. 78ff. Ogasawara. 247.NMM p.Nagano: Koyama. TS p. NI p. Moriguchi. 25. KG p. . (a) The old man receives their money or treasure. KB p. 18. 66. . Kikuchi. 66.Kagawa: Takeda. 70. 60. KM no. . 195. SMG p. Sasaki. 145. TD IV-419..Saga: KB 11-10. 57. K. 25.Hiroshima: HS-M p. MK 11-360. MK 1-507.Toyama: HB VII-563. . TGM p. NT p. AK p. 134. 64. XIV-5-65.Saitama: Suzuki.. 218. HB V-214.Iwate: Hirano. NMZ III-110.124 KEIGO SEKI pay him for the dumpling. KK p. 134. but imitates the cat's mewing. .Admori: Kawai. 53. 52ff. 112. KEM p. 394. TKA p. MT p. KTJ p.Okayama: Imamura. 148. 61. MK 1-225. KS p. 46. Uchida. Isogai. 174. 55. II-557. p. 264. . and he is The old man (a) is entertained by guided into the rat's hole. T. . TD VII-1274. MAT p. MK 11-172. . 15. The Rat's Land under the Ground. 13. Another old man next door imitates the old man. 252. IK-2. 11. Akita: Sasaki. 245. (c) An old man saves a rat or gives it some food. . NSK p.. SKT p. 242. CG p. 145. or (b) sees the rats pounding mochi or pounding out and returns home. T. MK 1-33. . TTM-a p. 36. the rats. p. SB p. (a) Some gamblers come together to gamble there. 23ff. but he laughs at the demons or fails to imitate the cock's crow. 29.Yanagita-Mayer. 240. KG p. OC-c p. Yamaguchi. HG p. KMZ p. 228. 21. . 48ff. 172. The old man imitates the cock's crow as instructed by Jizo.Shimane: Moriwaki. 45ff. a treasure or money He receives gold. JFT no.Tochigi: Kato. 16. Noda. 24. .Kumamoto: Kimura. . NMS no. KMZ p. Mizusawa. TGK p. 75ff. so that he is bitten by the rats. . 220.Kochi: Katsurai. and is injured or is killed. 185. . T. 26. Rumpf. 409. 35. 27. 50.. . 114.Oita: Suzuki. 84.Miyagi: Sasaki. The gamblers or demons run away. K. NMZ III-99..Nagasaki: Seki. 246. 142.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 42. 66ff. 304. 7.MK II-265. 23. KD II-115. 22. 18. 77ff. . Another old man next door imitates him.Fukushima: IK Gifu: Sawata. 144. KB 9-3.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . or (b) he is employed by a demon as a kitchen servant and takes a magic ladle away and comes back. 77. 571. following his rice-ball which rolled into the hole. 194. 142. FS p. Suzuki. Suzuki. 26.

NT p. 344.. He kills the dog. 42.. MK II-271. . 7ff.. 10ff. K. 18ff. TKA p. 133. NBK no. . 118. SMG p. . . 116. IK p. NM-b p. (a) The dog leads the good old man on a hunting tour and helps him catch birds. SG no. 236. T. 250. . MAT p. . 158. . KB 8-15.Fukuoka: FO-D no. Isogai. He (a) is stung by bees instead of catching birds. 260. or (b) dirty things come out from the mortar. or (c) finds a dog in the tree stump uprooted and discarded by a neighboring old man. (b) The dog instructs the old man to dig out gold in his garden. HKT p. TD IV-412. . 233. 107. .Tochigi: Kato. NH p. but (a) dirty things descend from heaven. . 10.Saga: MK 11-322. -Gifu: Sawata. and the trees become blossoming. 35. 207. 17ff. . they get into the tonosama's eyes . GG p. 77. Kikuchi. TD VII-12-72. 48ff. (b) The old man throws the ashes at the flying wild ducks and catches them. He burns the mortar. gold comes out. Kumamoto: Kimura. (b) rescues a dog from injury. 3. SKT p. NK-b p. TD X-6-43.Toyama: HB VII-564. OC-c p. 112. 159ff. AN p. KK V-266. The neighboring old man borrows the dog. 72ff.. TTH p. 28. 169. 42. OC-b p. Suzuki. NK-c p. . 156. MK 1-36. SOS p.Kyoto: GK-K p. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. MT p. . TS p.Kagawa: Takeda. Yamagata: MK 1-282. The neighboring old man imitates him.NMM p. TTM-b p. and plants a tree on its grave. T.. 11-40..Hiroshima: HS-M p. 75. 133. T. . SB p. 22. 58. 19. KEM p. MK 1-368. (a) The tree bears rice. 71. (b) The tree grows until it reaches heaven.Saitama: Suzuki. 141. 35. 184. 44ff.Shiga: Mitamura. 157.Nagano: Iwasaki.Kochi: Katsurai.Aomori: Noda. . KB p. The Old Man Who Catches Wild Ducks. 29. Koyama. 159. KG p. 7. NI p. NSK p. . . . 63. 11-43. KK IV-502. 131. . Yuki.Gumma: Ueno. 82.. KS p.Hyogo: MK 11-326.Oita: Suzuki. OE p. XIV-5-18. 43. A good old man (a) feeds a dog. Mizusawa.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 28. MB p. TD VII-12-73. 114. (a) When the neighboring old man scatters the ashes. 59. T.Shimane: Moriwaki. or (b) digs out rubble instead of gold. 8. TD IV-444. (a) The good old man throws the ashes of the mortar on bare trees. When he pounds rice in the mortar.Nagasaki: Seki. AK p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 125 Akita: MK 11-219. (c) The good old man cuts the tree down and makes a mortar from it. Ogasawara. 371. VII-12-70. 91.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 185. NMS no. HG p.Iwate: Hirano. 137.Niigata: Iwakura. A tonosama is pleased to see them and gives the old man a gift. NK-a p. AS no. . 186. whence gold descends. 235ff. HB V-215. . KTJ p. MK 11-374.Okayama: Imamura. IK p. 427. . DRM p. . 32ff. Yamaguchi. MK 1-420. . SW p. 452.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 77ff. 46. MK 1-568. K. K.Fukushima: Iwasaki. MK II-359ff. The good old man takes the dead dog back to bury it. 125. .

MK II362ff.. K.. Kikuchi. 34. KEM p. IK p. 146. KMZ p. T. DRM p. Kochi: Katsurai. 127. . 138. KS p. 197.NMS no. .Fukushima: Iwasaki.Saitama: Suzuki. Fukuoka: FO-D no. 82. Sasaki. 41. 153. Nagano: p.Rumpf. 130.Shizuoka: SO-D p. NMS no. Akita: MK II-456.Wakayama: Moriguchi. TKA p. Yamanashi: Dohashi. JVM p. 36. Kumamoto: MK 11-378. Mizusawa. .Fukushima: Iwasaki. - Nagasaki: 237. . but he falls from the roof.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . 167. . 73. - Hyogo: TD X-6-44. 31.Oita: Suzuki. II-226. . 50. 12. 170ff. 120. Koyama. NMZ III-102. 13. KEM p. it sings a song. Nagano: Koyama. JVM p. NK-c p.Gumma: Ueno. K. T. HKT p. T. 154. TTM-b p. . 114.Tochigi: Kato. KB p.- Ishikawa: Iwasaki. ROY p. XIV-5-19.Gifu: Sawata. T. TTH p. Sasaki. He gains money by pulling the bird's leg or tail and making it sing before people. NBK no.Gifu: Sawata. 15.Rumpf. 190. . 39. 183. 37. SKT p.Akita: TD XIV-5-28. 4. NI p. NMM p. NBK no. 205. 206.. KS p. Hiroshima: HS-M Yamashita. MK 1-30. 260. 38. 123. . MAT p. . KAT no. NH p. OE p. SMG p. 190. 136ff. . 93. 9. IK p. 79. K. Kumamoto: TD VI-544. . 442ff. TGK p. NMZ III-108.Oita: Suzuki. KK p. Suzuki. V-476.. KTJ p. (a) An old man swallows a little bird.126 KEIGO SEKI and he is punished.Iwate: Kikuchi. but fails. T. Nagasaki: Suzuki. SD p. TD IV-297. T. 47.. . . TGM p. - - Suzuki. . 459. NH p. T. 119. 181. . AS no. NK-b p.. 64. Suzuki. ROY p. TTM-a p.Yamagata: MK 11-514. . KTJ p. . 87. The Old Man Who Has Swallowed a Bird. 10. 238.Kochi: Katsurai. 3. .NMM p. 120. A neighboring old man imitates him. IKP p... MK 1-424. 250. . Ogasawara.. 60. Yanagita-Mayer. 172. 62. 86. 12. 135. NI p. CG p. S. MKB p.. 142. KG p.Kanagawa: TD VI384. . ZKI p. X-256. TTH p. MT p.Okayama: Imamura. 51.Aomori: Kawai. 33. SD p. TS p. EG p.Kagawa: Takeda. As he pulls it. 84. . 47.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 21. Yuki. 15. 119. . 176. 92. HB IV-217ff.Niigata: Iwakura. SK p. Fukui: FI-K p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 12. TTM-b p. 236. 117.Fukui: MK 1-370. 43. Ehime: MK 11-132. ES p. 161.Shizuoka: SO-D p. Moriguchi.. 54. T. . 40. TD VII-12-66.Iwate: Hirano. 109.Aomori: TD XII-7-17. KG p. TS p.. Aichi: TD IV-429.Osaka: MK 11-39. . CG p. . 229. MB p.Niigata: Mizusawa. 328. . Noda. 179. 81. (b) A little bird flies into an old man's mouth. 17. Uchida. 188. (b) He gets up on the roof and throws the ashes at the wild ducks. NEM III-25. SW p. . JFT p. 33. . K. 22. A part of the bird's leg or tail appears from the old man's navel or from his bottom. 296. TD VII-12-76. MK I-73ff. 43. 189. 92.. 145. MD IX-91ff. .Shimane: Moriwaki. .

TKA p. 12ff. 356. KMZ p. 151. MK II-327. 2. KB 9-7. 217. AK p. MK 11-563. 6. He is blamed by a servant of the land-lord (or the owner of the bamboo bush. MK I-27ff. SB p.Akita: MK II-559. Ogasawara. OC-a p. She becomes angry. 122. or a deity) and is demanded to tell his name. He learns the way to the sparrow's home from an ox-driver. NK-c p. The Old Bamboo-cutter Wind). 91. Noda. 113. MN Shiga: Mitamura. TGM p. 9.Kagawa: Takeda.Hyogo: Takada. and a man who washes radishes. . The old man's wife visits the sparrow's home in order to get a gift. -Fukui: FI-K p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. NH p. Noda. SW p. .Kagoshima: Tabata. 128. 18. KTJ p. 54.Yamagata: MK II-280. SG no. T. 206. 148. 30.. . He answers that he is the famous wind-breaking old man. Yamaguchi.Kumamoto: KK VII-405. TGM p.. 211. Hiroshima: Isogai.Okayama: TD IV-438. NMM p.p. . IK p.Gifu: HB V-216ff. 143. 94. 239. 21. 310. Suzuki.Fukuoka: FO-D no. OC-c p. BOG no. SKT p. . 115. 12.Hiroshima: HS-M p. but the basket which she chose contains only snakes and frogs. He receives a reward. 53. IK p. MK 11-426. 104.Iwate: Hirano. 284. BOG no.Fukushima: Iwasaki. AM p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 127 238. . Sasaki... The Sparrow with the Cut Tongue (or the Broken Leg) A. 100. A sparrow fed by an old man (or old woman) eats some gluten (some rice or a dumpling) which his wife has prepared for her use. . TTM-a p. 71.Ehime: MK 11-130. Suzuki. A neighboring old man imitates and fails. 129. The sparrows welcome the old man and entertain him and present him with a basket which contains a treasure. . . cuts the sparrow's tongue and drives it away. TKA p. Aomori: Kawai. TD IV-432. 73. NM-a p. NT p. after he drank the blood of an ox and of a horse and ate three radishes. T. too. a horsedriver. . 169.Hyogo: Takeda. 34. 129. SOS p. 180. Shimane: Moriwaki. 79. 208ff. T. Isogai. . . 145. 5. SK p. He is punished.- . 563. 11. (or The Old Man Who Breaks An old bamboo-cutter cuts trees (or bamboo sprouts) in the woods (or in the bamboo bush).Yamanashi: Dohashi.Nagasaki: Seki.Tottori: IP-D p. . 107. 26ff. . 189.Aomori: Kawai. SD p. 64. Kikuchi. He does and makes a beautiful sound. TD XIV-5-27. 213. .Kyoto: GK-K p. T. AIY p. 137. Aichi: TD IV-426. NK-b p. 81. MD IX-221. He is ordered to break wind before the landlord. The old man goes in search of the sparrow.Niigata: Mizusawa. 243ff. . NMS no. AK p. OC-d p. . KI p. . 212.

240. 124.Saga: MK 11-322. TD VII-12-60. XII-7-17. . K. The gourd vine grows tall and bears many (or three) gourds. Suzuki. . 192. SK p.128 KEIGO SEKI Ishikawa: Yamashita. 129. being jealous of the crab. 48. 28. The Old Men Who Had Tumors. 126. or sweet juice come forth. 253. KTJ p. bitter water or ghost come from that gourd. 313.Oita: Suzuki. . 17 . KG p. . The demons or the tengus come to the place and begin feasting. MK II-358. -. KB p. 15. KS p. The sparrow flies away and brings her a gourd seed.Kumamoto: MK 11-381. from which rice.Niigata: Mizusawa. 42. TKA p. 72. He discovers the crab's shell in the bamboo bush and punishes his wife. NSK p. IKP p. AS no. (b) An old man with a tumor on his forehead goes to the woods to gather fire-wood and rests in a hollow of a tree.Shizuoka: SO-D p. . and throws away its shell. eats its meat. 16ff. K. - 241.Kagawa: Takeda. 230. AK p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . 15. Kagoshima: Iwakura. An old woman saves a wounded sparrow. They take off the old man's tumor so that they can look at his face better. Saitama: Suzuki. TD Miyagi: KD 1-167. 11. The old woman next door hurts a sparrow.. B. 70. gold. .Gifu: HB V-216.. Akita: TD XIV-5-59. 140. T. An old man feeds and tends a crab. The Crab's Shell. SD p. mud. 191.Kochi: Katsurai. 259. 135. 27.Nagasaki: Suzuki.NMS no. . His wife. . Bees. TS p.Oita: Suzuki. T. AM p. TTM-b p. OC-c p. 284.Hiroshima: Isogai. SW p. 146. MAT p. AS no. She receives three (or one) gourd seeds and she sows them. 127ff. 9. (a) One old man dances with the demons and pleases them. NT p. NMM p.Shimane: Moriwaki.. 160. NK-b p. . 11. (a) Two old men with tumors on their foreheads are in a shrine in the woods to pray that their tumors would be removed. - Aomori: Noda. 181. T.. TTM-a p. . T. 189. Fukuoka: FO-D no. -NMS no. . 192.Kagoshima: Tabata.. 18. 127. TD VII-12-58. MAT p. 39.NMM p. 233. A little bird lets the old man know that his crab was killed. kills it.Iwate: Ogasawara.22. 70. Niigata: Mizusawa. 212. NI p. .Shimane: MK 11-562.NMS no. 53. . TTM-b p. . 122. KG p.. .Niigata: Iwakura. Saitama: Suzuki. . . ZKI p. 192. . TTH p. and silver. . 453. KEM p.

but he fails to imitate the former old man and receives one more tumor.Fukuoka: FO-D no. ES p. Aomori: Noda. 210. 245. . 278. 82. T. . Mizusawa. The monkeys are offended and throw him into the river.Kagawa: Takeda. IK p. 25. IK p. Hiroshima: Isogai. TD VII-69. TTM-a p. 156. NSK p. 50. NI p. 49. Some monkeys see him and saying that they have found a Jizo image. TKA p. IKP p..Aomori: Noda. 27. (a) The other old man is also forced to dance. MAT p. 80. Sasaki. 276. Nagasaki: Suzuki. or injure him. 26. 183. Moriwaki. . KG p. KB p. XIV-5-20. 257. he laughs at the monkey's song. T.Saitama: Suzuki. Nagano: Koyama. KG p. Moriguchi. .. 139. FS TTM-b p. Suzuki. KK p. but the demons are displeased to see his awkward dance and they throw the tumor which they took from the former old man on him. to watch for harmful birds. 54ff. 29.. 194. Sasaki. 247. 319. A neighboring old man tries to imitate him. (b) The other old man goes to the woods the next night.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 129 (b) The old man dances with the demons so amusingly that they ask him to come again the next night and they take off his tumor as a pledge." They put the old man carefully on the ground and offer him some fruit. .Hiroshima: HS-M p.Okayama: Imamura. Saitama: -. - Shimane: NMM p. MT p.Niigata: p. JFT no. K. Kumamoto: KK V-265. NH p. SW p. The tumor sticks to the other old man's forehead. 462. KA . Saga: MK 11-322. AK p. TS p. money or precious things. SKT p. . An old man (a) stands in the fields with his body painted.Fukushima: Iwasaki. Shimane: Moriwaki. They carry him to their home across the river. 214. 94. Nagasaki: Suzuki. CG p.. 233. .. T. 28. MK 1-135. 84ff. TKA p. KTJ p. 28. . 88. EG p. 19. T. 17. 28.Oita: Suzuki. 67. . AK p. Akita: TD VII-12-67. 139. . 154. . . The Monkey Jizo. KMZ p.Yamagata: MK 11-186. singing. AS no. . T. 242. AS no. 3. TTH p.. "We may get ourselves wet..Kochi: Katsurai.Fukushima: Iwasaki. KG p. When he is carried over the river. 324. Wakayama: KG 9-16. they carry him in their arms. 85. 41.- Shizuoka: SO-D p.Kumamoto: KM no.NMS no.Niigata: Iwakura. . K. KMZ p. 52..Iwate: Hirano.Gifu: HB V-145. - Mizusawa. or (b) sits in the fields in order to rest. T.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 7. Isogai. . SKT p. 14. Then they go away. MK II-426ff. 179ff. Suzuki. The old man takes the offering and returns home. 253. NT p.Oita: . Kikuchi. KTJ p. Yanagita-Mayer. T. 46. 87.Iwate: Hirano.. 111. 243. 220. but let's not get our Jizo wet. ES p. MK 1-569. ROY p.

A man stops at a house where a woman lives by herself. 10. NMS no. 133. . TTM-b p.Nagasaki: Kubo. 197. . 200. 131. Another man stays at the same house and he peeps into the forbidden room. 44. The Rich Man Who Is Changed into a Monkey. although they have no food to give him. Mizusawa. (b) the thirteenth of the thirteen rooms. 201. He goes to the neighboring house of a poor man and his wife.Shimane: Moriwaki. and he is given an inexpendable piece of money. 138.NMM p. She becomes a nightingale and flies away. A.. TD IV-443. 435.Iwate: Sasaki. TTM-a p. or (b) gives them wealth. Then the whole house disappears. B.Niigata: Mizusawa. IK p. Yamagata: 243. The rich man searches for . . 257. EG p. 6.130 MK 11-214. He is forbidden to look into a certain room. . Disregarding her words. 402. and is received kindly. A man saves a nightingale and stays overnight at a lonely house in the fields. 43. 278.Yamagata: MK 11-185. Fukushima: Iwasaki. because he has broken his promise.Shizuoka: SO-D p.Gifu: HB V-142. 18.Kagawa: Takeda. but he is turned away. Aomori: Noda. T. or (c) the last room. TTM-b p. . Then the woman turns into a nightingale and flies away. The priest thanks the poor couple and (a) makes them young. The mistress returns and says that she must turn into a nightingale. asking him to take charge of it during her absence and forbidding him to open (a) the fourth of the seven rooms. . 238. 195. The Forbidden Chamber. ROY p. . . ZKI p. . 137.NMS no.Iwate: MK 1-38. KMZ p. 34. . 43. . 40. the man looks into the forbidden room. NK-c p. KB p. TKA p. The mistress of the house leaves the keys of the house with him. NSK p. 246. MK II-38. 244. while the woman is out. He keeps this taboo faithfully.Niigata: Iwakura.NMS no. NMM p. . OC-b p. 246. IKP p. - KEIGO SEKI Wakayama: KK II-242. Yamanashi: Dohashi. The priest cooks three grains of rice and a piece of vegetables into a potful of rice and soup. and eats them with the poor man and his wife. On New Year's Eve a dirty traveling priest asks for a night's lodging at a rich man's door. p. 132. GT p. 196. 436.

or (b) an inexhaustible thread. KB p. 130. Iwate: Sasaki. 245. 118. 134. Kagoshima: Iwakura. (c) cotton. 77.Tokushima: Takeda. 129ff. 282. 104. 117. AM p. (b) a towel which makes her face as long as that of a horse. . Tabata.Shimane: MK 11-33. KMZ p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . TKA p. Fukushima: Iwasaki. 12. MT p. he is changed into a monkey (dog or pig). T.NMM p. The Magic Towel. TD XII-11-16. AIY p. 81. . (a) The wife or the husband finds that the father has established a fortune. KMZ p. 245. 31. -. . 156. KK p. 60. . IK p. MK II-450. Abandoning the Old Parent. . NT p.Tokushima: Takeda. The maid (or daughter-in-law) gives the priest some food.Okayai'na: Imamura. but fails. and sets fire to it. Aomori: Noda. 313. 294. NMS no. puts him in a hut. OE p.Niigata: Iwakura. 197. 130. AIY p. SMG p. OE p. 211. 88.Okinawa: Sakima. The father escapes from the hut and obtains a magic object (mallet or ball). 82. or (b) gives him only water. In return she receives (a) a magic towel which makes her face prettier every time she washes her face with it. .Niigata: Mizusawa. K. 239. TKA p. but he is burned to death before he escapes. Yamaguchi.. MZ 11-156. 16. MAT p. 329ff. IK p.NMS no. NMS no. by means of which he lives comfortably. or (b) the wife lets her husband enter the hut and sets fire to it.Kagoshima: Iwakura. The housewife looks for the priest and lets him come to her house. . . TTM-b p. 60. Tochigi: Kato. KK p. but instead of being rejuvenated. 146. but she receives (a) a band which turns into a snake when she puts it on. TTM-a p. . 85. MK 11-287.. 248.. .Iwate: Sasaki. IKP p. 49. A dirty Buddhist priest stops at a house to ask for something. GT p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 131 the priest and forces him to stay at his house. 523D. Aomori: Noda.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 198A. 315.Nagasaki: Kubo. 40. and his property is given to the poor couple. 246. and tries to do the same. or (d) money. 212. A husband and his wife take the husband's aged father (or mother) to the mountain. The housewife who has been weaving (a) drives him away. or (c) she is changed into a monkey or a rat by the priest's whip. ROY p. .

14. A. Having no food to give him. 40. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. 155. .Ishikawa: Yamashita. 12. MK II-236. . 35ff.Yanagita-Mayer. he is changed into gold.Kyoto: Kakita.NMM p. KK p. They ask for a night's lodging. 22. MAT p. AM p.132 KEIGO SEKI 247. Niigata: Iwakura. . Tabata. SW p. Suzuki. . 199. IKP p. 188.Fukuoka: FO-D no. When he is taken out. Yamaguchi. (b) the beggar is dead. 79. SD p. they find a potful of gold. 20.NMS no. Fukui: MK 1-31. B.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . Suzuki. 6. or as they dig the ground to bury the beggar.. . . Seki. MK 11-287. A traveler stops at a poor couple's house. TTM-b p. 294. Aichi: TD IV-430. he turns into gold. 30.Kumamoto: KM no.Aomori: Noda. 158. A poor couple let a beggar stay overnight on New Year's Eve and treat him kindly. ES p. . . OE p. FS p. The next New Year's Eve the rich man and his wife who live next door to the poor man. TKA p. (f) Because the beggar has not been changed into gold. The Deity of Plague. 257. look for a beggar and make him stay at their house. TKA p.Hyogo: TD 1-10-78. GT p. 46. . MK 1-316. Iwate: Sasaki. the rich man kills him. 156. which they are refused. Mizusawa.Niigata: Mizusawa. KEM p. (b) When taken up from the well. . . T. TGK p. NT p. 248. 106.. 79. MAT p. 106.Kochi: Katsurai. 68. KS p. Uchida. (b) The beggar falls into the well. 115. T.Nagano: Koyama.Iwate: Ogasawara. (c) The beggar turns into a snake and swallows the rich man and his wife. CG p.. (d) The beggar dies. KT p. JFT no. TD III-646.Nagasaki: Kubo. Aomori: Noda. When the couple burn him. SB p. 239. (a) The beggar is changed into a dirty thing. X-6-42. ES p. 62. 199. 111. KB p. 64. 88. 267. .Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. . 30. T. 144. IK p. TS p. . Suzuki. . 260. 23ff.NMS no. the beggar has been changed into cow dung.Kagawa: Takeda.Rumpf. SD p. 190. . KTJ p. (a) The beggar is found turned into gold the next morning. JVM p. EG p. They go to the next house where they . 47. From offshore many men come to a hut of a couple who are boiling sea water to make salt. (e) He is reduced to maggots.. 244. The next morning (a) they find the beggar changed to gold.Shimane: Moriwaki. 156. IK2 p. SK p. The Guest on New Year's Eve. FS p. 63. 151. 32. they burn fire-wood to let him warm himself. . 63. 12. Sasaki.

where they are welcomed and sleep in the shape of roots of plants as before. 173. Because of timidity. 13. They go to the third house.2246. they reward the house-owner and his kinsmen by giving them cards which will protect them from plague in the future. KI p. OC-c p. He waits for the things to come on New Year's Eve. and appears in the form of an old man (or the spirit of idleness appears in the form of a small human being) and says that he will go with them. When they leave. An idle couple become helplessly poor and have no other way than to go on a journey to seek work. The house-owner lets them sleep soundly till the daybreak. 38. MAT p. - Hiroshima: Isogai. The house-owner feels queers at seeing them and pours hot water on each of them. He can catch only the last one (or the tonosama's The thing which he has seized is the copper (or attendant). or (b) complains of his poverty.- Iwate: Kikuchi. NK-c p. 127ff. and then the shining copper spirit comes last (or a tonosama's procession passes by). and all the villagers get it except this family and their kinsmen. Kagoshima: TD XVI-11-35. NMS no. 75. SW p. The couple give up their plan to go out and determine to work in the same place. NT p. and succeeds in seizing gold or the tonosama's palanquin which is found to be full of money. The deity of poverty hears them talk about their plan of the journey. 87. 200. At night these lodgers turn into roots of some plants. A poor man (a) prays for fortune. Sasaki. The Deity of Poverty. some old iron coins) or the deity of poverty. NMS no. then the shining silver spirit. They start going away. The deity of poverty appears and tells him to snap at the first thing which is to pass before his house (or a tonosama's palanquin) on New Year's Eve (or New Year's morning). 249. - ne: Moriwaki. 212. 201. He tries again the next year.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 133 are allowed to stay. Soon afterwards a plague (or another epidemic) breaks out in the village. AK p. - Niigata: Mizusawa. 6. the poor man shrinks back from the first and the second thing (or from the tonosama's palanquin). The shining gold spirit comes first. NH p. . Shima- Yamanashi: Dohashi. TTH p. B. 115. A.

or rice to the old man and his wife.Shimane: Moriwaki. KTJ p. . 34. TKA p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. . (a) A man carrying a heavy bundle comes with a lighted lantern in his hand. NI p. As one more hat is needed. MT p. ES p.Tokushima: Takeda. - Fukushima: Iwasaki. 64. T. An honest daughter-in-law (or maid servant) is told to keep the fire alive on New Year's Eve. OC-b p.. 167. 66. The Jizo is offended and goes away. TTM-b p. (c) The Jizos give the old couple a magic mallet.Kagawa: SK p. 125. 109. NT p. NMS no.Nagasaki: Seki. . NMS no. 107. 67. The heroine stands at the gate to meet someone who can give her fire. . - KEIGO SEKI Kagawa: Takeda. or (b) takes it home with him. He shares his fire. 97. T.Okayama: Imamura. and in return for this deed. . 202. 25. .Okinawa: Sakima. bring some precious things and gold and silver.Hyogo: II-421. Aomori: Noda. (a) At midnight the Jizo statues wearing the sedge hats. (a) Another old man who lives next door to them tries to do the same but fails.43ff. (b) Rice comes out of the nose of the statue which the old man has brought back. 10.Kochi: Katsurai. (b) The old man's wife pricks the image's nose trying to make it put forth more rice. . Yamanashi: TD V-12-67. . NM-b p. He lends his fire and requests her to let him sleep in the house.Gifu: Sawata.. (b) A beggar comes with a lighted lantern. IK p. MK 1-285. seven or twelve) Jizo statues standing bare-headed in the snow. he requests the heroine to let him leave his bundle in her charge. 156. 126.Iwate: Sasaki. The Jizo Images with Sedge Hats on. TS p. . 6. 78.Oita: Suzuki. SB p. AIY p. SK p. 19. . 70. 288. . MAT p. MK II-286. 201. 88. . NBK no. OE p.Ibaragi: Iwasaki. . (a) The corpse which is in the bundle is changed into gold.Nagano: KA-K II-164. 153. Suzuki. (b) The next morning the sleeping beggar turns into gold. 241. The Fire on New Year's Eve. TTM-a p. . 92. He puts the sedge hats which he bought with all of his money (or which were not sold) on the Jizo statues. 251. . On his way back he sees three (six. A poor old man (or a sedge hat maker) goes to the fair before New Year to buy things for the New Year celebration (or to sell sedge hats).. . The fire goes out due to her carelessness or another woman's jealous actions. IK p. 90. . K.Niigata: Mizusawa.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 250. NMM p. 96. he (a) puts his towel on the last statue.134 Hyogo: MK 11-370.

Kikuchi. SB p. A tree (or a bamboo or a climbing vine) grows up on its grave and reaches the sky. 20.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 135 Akita: Sasaki. The dishonest man tries to imitate the honest man. 70. MAT p. AIY p. and gold comes. MAT p. 6.Kagawa: Takeda. 184. . 4. KB p. T. 14. 180. T. TS p. SW p. 61. Saitama: Suzuki.Niigata: Iwakura.. MKB p. KG p. DRM p.. NH p. FS p. 42. 63. - Takeda.Kochi: Katsurai. Saga: KB 10-16.Kagoshima: Tabata. 63. 21. 8. (e) The man cuts the bamboo and shakes it. 9. 245. JFT no. Ogasawara. . K. One day the frog speaks the human tongue. 80. KI p. MK II-562. NMS - Yama- Yamagata: MK IIno. KB p.Kumamoto: KK V-265. NM-b p. . . IK p.Tochigi: Kato. Suzuki. 184. 44. IK p. Nagano: Koyama. The man finds a tortoise who sings a song or speaks the human tongue.Kochi: Katsurai. 1119. 173.Iwate: Hirano. The honest man buries the tortoise. TD XIV-5-64. . Fukuoka: FO-D no. TTM-a p.Kagawa: Takeda. 210. ZKI p. SD p.. 2. (a) It breaks the clouds and makes gold fall to earth. T. 5. Fukushima: Ueno. 131. but the tortoise does neither speak nor sing. 178ff. 17. The man earns money by exhibiting the tortoise's (or frog's) speech or song. KTJ p. 143.Kumamoto: KM no. 387. NMM p. 1-315. 61. or (b) he is punished by the tonosama. .Shizuoka: MZG II-193. (a) An honest man (or a younger brother) who cannot make mochi for New Year because of poverty.Fukui: FI-K p. Suzuki. 225. 55. offers his pounder to the sea king. OC-d p. . Mizusawa. SKT p. SK p. Yanagita-Mayer. (b) The tortoise climbs up the tree to the sky and brings back gold.. 14. NT p. 34. (b) An old man saves a frog from a snake and feeds it. 177ff. 127.. (c) The man kindles a light on the shell of the tortoise. K. - 252. - Toyama: HB VII-33. IKP p. too. SMG p. Yamaguchi. 1. Mizusawa. 104. .Niigata: Iwakura. 13. AM p.Ehime: HB IX-210. .Saga: MK . OC-c p. 20.Fukuoka: FO-D no. NSK p. ES p. Sasaki. but (a) he receives dirty things. 156. 32ff. . Then gold comes out. TS p. The Tortoise at New Year's Time. MN p. 246. 69. TTH p. . T. 8. 26. 15.Nagasaki: Seki. . . 24.Oita: Suzuki. TD IV-415. 65. . 233. . 335.. 109ff. 20. . TD XVI-10-24.Aomori: MK II-285. 62. - Gifu: HB V-45ff. 36ff. CG p. 235. Shimane: Iwasaki. Tokushima: nashi: Dohashi. and he receives a reward. . NSK p. KMZ p. TD VII-12-55. The man becomes angry and (a) kills the tortoise or (b) burns it up. AS no. . (d) In the presence of a tonosama the man makes the bare tree blossom by scattering the ashes of the tortoise. 175ff. 203. - Gumma: Moriwaki. 203. Another man (or the elder brother) who is dishonest borrows the tortoise to make money with it.

204A. clubs the former's horse to death. 616.Kyoto: GK-K p. . . A servant (younger brother or son) is sent to the woods to . but no one buys his horse-skin. but fails. Kagoshima: Iwakura. he provokes a quarrel with some people and. A young boy (or a servant) has sympathy for the cow and hears it speak a human language. whom he sets free. tells husband that he can see with his horse-skin a ghost in the basket. The Animal Who Speaks. The boy wagers with the owner of the cow on the cow's speech and wins the cow (or the man's property). 45. KEIGO SEKI 253.136 11-320. he stops at a house and accidentally sees the wife of the house entertaining her lover secretly. SD XII. Rich man. kills all his horses. 229. 235. 344.. T. THE CLEVER MAN 254.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 78. . SKT p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Niigata: Suzuki. but kills his mother by mstake (or through hero's trickery) and is forced to pay for it. KMZ p. Angry rich man comes to the hero's house to condemn him. The hero receives money also from the man in the basket. receives money from them. At a tea-shop. OE p. 204B. and buys horse-skin at a high price. NMS no. . A poor man (a horse-dealer) plays a trick on a rich man. 119. The hero. . 48. 143. The latter getting angry. making them believe that they killed his mother. Going to town to sell the horse-skin.NMS no. The hero carries his mother's corpse on horseback. KK p.Kumamoto: KM no. 182. A cow (or cat) is ill treated by its keeper. pretending to be a sooth-sayer. Sasaki. 160.Iwate: Hirano. Husband comes home and wife hides lover in a big basket. p. Rich man kills his own mother to gain money as the hero did. having heard that the hero gained money by selling his horse's skin. OE p. Straw-bag Yakushi.NMS no. Husband gives him money asking him to take the basket away. . Hyogo: Td X-7-53. Fortelling by horse-skin. KST p.

Tochigi. NK-C p. TTH p. Gifu: Fukuoka: FO-D p. Ten villagers go together on a pilgrimage to the Shrine of Ise under an agreement that no one should be angry at what the other person does. 163. he deceives the wives of the nine men. Sore-eyed fish-dealer changes places with him. . One of them has had his head shaved by others. 256. servant cries that the village (or master's house) is on fire. or died. 107. SW p. Master cannot descend from the tree. . 233. while he was asleep. IK p. 18. or falls to death. Suzuki. 196. 239. SKT p. 10. Tabata. The hero comes home with fish which fish-dealer left. . and persuades her to become a nun or his wife.Shimane: Moriwaki. KST NMS no. p. Retaliating Each Other. Akita: TD XIV-5-48. 239. Master (elder brother or parent) puts him in a straw-bag and has it thrown away in the sea (river or pool). MAT p. 69. and tells master that he caught them in the sea. AIY p. 18. The bag-carrier. KMZ p. CG p.Nagano: Koike. 55. - NMM p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 137 gather fire-wood and idles the day away. Hiroshima: HBX-258. The hero gains master's estate and wife. AM p. . 48. Sore-eyed fishdealer (ox driver or a blind man) comes along and hears a voice from the straw-bag saying "remedy for sore eyes". Sasaki. Ogasawara. The hero tells fish-dealer that his eyes have been cured in the straw-bag. telling them that their husbands were drowned because the ferry-boat was overturned. . 231. 119. He tells his master that there is a bird's nest in a tree and takes him to the wood to get it. 77.Kagawa: Takeda. and he cuts off their hair to make them nuns.Kagoshima: Iwakura. He returns to the village by himself. . Master has himself put in a straw-bag and thrown into the sea to death. OT p. .Kochi: Katsurai. 65. NSK p. 622. T. returns to the bag and throws it into the sea. - Wakayama: Nakanishi. 148. SK p. . TS p. 135. KS p. 169. When master climbs to the top of the tree. 116. JVM p. T. (a) The hero tells carrier that he buried money in a certain place. leaving the strawbag there. 178. . MK 11-238. OC-C p.. Or (b) carrier goes to see a play. having learned he was cheated. 116. 188. 125. Fukushima: Iwasaki. Aomori: MK 11-451. KMG p. Carrier goes to dig it up. - Tokushima: Takeda. EG p. Rumpf. 99. . IKP p. 52. 307. Koyama.Niigata: Mizusawa.. Kato. Upon returning.Iwate: Hirano. HS-M p.Kumamoto: MK 1-82. 168. SD p. Servant informs master's wife that master was hurt. 52.

Okayama: Imamura. SD p. Yuki. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. 624. and withers them by pouring hot water on them. 106. OC-C p. He steals corpse from the grave of a rich man's daughter.Rumpf. 258..NMM p. An old woman forces her son-in-law to steal a cow from a neighboring house and (a) bends her horn backwards by pouring hot water on her. . TD I-5-17ff.. A clever younger brother (or horse-dealer) sells to his simple-minded brother (a) a money-dropping horse (or cow). EG p. T.Yanagita-Mayer. 176. A man obtains by some means a hen (horse. 224. 7. . JFT p. 195. B. 83. 193. 116. KYS p. 172.Wakayama: KK 1-242. 178. . . SB p. The latter answers that (a) the horse does not drop money unless it is fed money.Kumamoto: MK 1-82. (b) the owner becomes arrogant. . 91. 43.Iwate: Hirano.Shimane: Moriwaki. dog. 55.. She stops laying gold because (a) he wife fed her much more rice than the usual quantity. MT p. 77. . A. neighbor's field. 135. 190. or (f) a bamboo-blower or charm book that revives the dead.NMS no.Kagawa: Takeda.Tokushima: Takeda. 15. 215. SKT p.Oita: Miyamoto. 65. 257. . . 10. NMS no. . (b) a self-boiling kettle (or pot). .Iwate: Sasaki. (b) the kettle does not boil unless it is put on fire. 98. 222. or cat) that lays a certain quantity of gold on condition that it is fed with the same quantity of rice. to outwit the Next she makes him steal snake-leeks from the owner. . Money-dropping horse. (e) a mochi-bearing tree. 626. T.Tokushima: Takeda. ES p. Fukuoka: FO-D no. . (d) a gourd that pours rice out.NMS no. . (c) a gold-producing pot. Elder brother condemns younger brother for trickery. 175. Thief Wife.Niigata: Mizusawa. or (c) elder brother kills his wife and cannot resuscitate her. Hiroshima: HS-M p. . NMM p. S. HKT p. 251. 20. The third time old woman urges son-in-law to steal something. 625. . . 204. TD III-9-19. or (c) a greedy neighbor borrowed it and gave it too much rice. IK p. JVM p. SB p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. AIY p. . 75. AIY p.Niigata: Suzuki. or (b) changes her color. SK p.Nagasaki: Seki. . NT p. 52.138 Nagasaki: KEIGO SEKI Seki. The old woman dresses it up and (a) places it against the door of .

CG p. KS p.NMS no. EG p. NMS no.NMM p. 179. or Mr. . MK II-451. . third. they are allowed to play stunts. 132. . 180. Old woman codemns her for killing girl and receives money. OE p. AIY p. Buyer condemns them to death. 193. asking the wife to open it..Yanagita-Mayer. KMZ p. 74.NMS no. so he throwns the corpse into a well to make her think that the husband killed himself. 134. MA p. 105. NH p. 66. 228.Tokushima: Takeda. holds in his mouth a bean which was transformed from another man. KB p. SW p. and tells them to do the same thing. KB p. JFT NMM p. .Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. disguised as a mouse.Kumamoto: MK 1-141. Before the execution. . .Nagano: Koyama. 39. MAT p. . . One of three friends disguises himself as a horse. The third man. SB p. and climbs up a tall pole. 233.Nagano: Koyama. - 260. . Wine-dealer's wife opens the door and pushes corpse down. 88. or (b) she places corpse before a shrine at the festival and receives money from a feudal lord who pities her..Iwate: Kikuchi. 183. . no. 148. takes away the mouse. Clever Yasohachi. TTH p.Kagoshima: KS p. disguised as a kite (or a hawk). 628. Smart) as to what to do. The latter tells him to put the corpse against someone's door. Iwate: Hirano. .Niigata: Iwakura. SKT p. 199. A man kills another by mistake and consults a clever man (Yasohachi. 200: Mizusawa. . KG p. 259. 168. OE p. 163. 215. T. This horse is sold by another man and flees from buyer. T. Finally he takes the corpse to the dead man's house and knocks at the door. p. Mizusawa. 184. . 623. IK p. 141.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 139 a wine-dealer's shop.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 204. One of them. . ROY p. Sasaki. 163. She refuses to open. 125. and fourth man. SOS p. . Yamaguchi.Niigata: Iwakura. In the same way Yasohachi is consulted by the second.Niigata: Iwakura.Iwate: Moriguchi. . Three Horse-dealers. 146. 167. 92. 20. Sasaki.NMM p. CG p. 26. Sasaki. 629. . Akita: TD XIV-5-17.Nagasaki: Seki. . . Aomori: TD XII-7-17. 232.

.Kagawa: Takeda. or (e) learns it from a bird. AN p. EG III-9-19. (c) Man has his house set on fire by another man and pretends to guess that his house is on fire. SK p. or (b) the cause of his daughter's illness. 188.Kyoto: MZG II-736. 626B.Niigata: Mizusawa. Who is the Bridegroom? A girl falls into the water. 10.. . 62. OE p. or (b) is discharged from sooth-saying. Tonosama orders him to guess (a) where his lost tea-kettle (money or a treasure) is. AIY p. . Ooka goes to the forest to seek council on what the decision should be and overhears thieves (bandits) saying that the blind man should become the bridegroom. as people say.Hiroshima: HS-M p. AK p. (d) discovers the secret through the foxes (or monkeys') conversation. 215.Kagoshima: Iwakura. JVM p. 55.Iwate: Ogasawara. JVM p. 186. 176ff. . (c) learns this by praying to god. 174. Tottori: IP-D p. 57.Fukui: NEM 1-147. . 61. 12. 14. Pretending Sooth-sayer. KTJ p. 18. 113. NT p. 276. 230. . 167. . TD XVI-11-31. 67. 206ff. (2) A blind man saves her. Isogai. He (a) receives a reward. TKA p. T. KS p.140 KEIGO SEKI 261. 37. NMZ III-96. Shimane: Moriwaki. NSK p. . NS p.. 44. "a person should go through fire or water for his lover.Nagasaki: Suzuki." (b) Man discovers or learns that his wife meets her lover secretly or that she cooks and eats her meals by herself. . (a) The true thief secretly tells him where he hid the treasure.Kochi: Katsurai. NMS no. NMS no. (a) A man has a habit of saying "I have seen the secret. and condemns her. 68. TD Rumpf. - p. . (3) A doctor revives her. (b) the hero overhears the true thief speaking about the theft. Aomori: Noda. 135. AN p. They each claim to become her bridegroom.Okinawa: Sakima. T. 10. SOS p. TS p." Ooka decides that the blind man should be the girl's bridegroom. NMM p. 135. (1) A sooth-sayer tells them the place where she sank. 80. Ooka for a fair juddgement. SW p.Ishikawa: MIZG 11-509. 137. and they go to the famous judge. . 16. 306. TTM-b p. KMZ p. . Rumpf. - 262. 630. Tokushima: Takeda. - Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. Sasaki.Shimane: Moriwaki. . ROY p. 99. MAT p. 82. 82.

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES XIII. 263. Pheasant and Crow. JOKES

141

Man carrying a pheasant (viper) on his shoulder, sells crows (or snakes) which he carries wrapped in his furoshiki (wrapping cloth). K., NI p. 121, TDI-3-17. - Tottori: IP-D p. 78; IM I-193ff. - Wakayama: Nakanishi, KST p. 53. - NMM p. 239. - NMS no. 550. 264. One-eyed Cow. A cow-dealer sticks a plaster over one eye of a cow and sells the cow cheap, saying it is a one-eyed cow. With the time he sells to the same buyer many one-eyed cows with plasters stuck to their bad eyes. Tottori: IM 1-195.NMS no. 551.
Hyogo: TD IV-438. Kagoshima: Tabata, AM p. 124. Oita: Suzuki,

265. Cow's Nose-ring. A witty man visits all the shops in a town, asking for a cow's nose-ring. The next day he sells such nose-rings to all the shop-keepers and earns money. Cita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 128. NMS no. 552. Nagasaki: Suzuki, T., KTJ p. 170. -

266. How much is the Fire-wood with the Horse? A mochi dealer asks witty man carrying fire-wood on horseback how much his fire-wood and the horse are. He answers it is fifty sen. Mochi dealer pays fifty sen and takes both fire-wood and horse. The next day witty man asks for both fire-wood and horse. The next day witty man asks mochi dealer, "How much are your mochi and your house?" Mochi dealer answers, "twenty sen." Witty man pays twenty sen and says that now he has mochi and mochi-dealer's house. Mochi dealer returns horse which he took from man.
Kochi: Katsurai, WK p. 41ff. Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 122. NMS

142
no. 554.

KEIGO SEKI

267. Buying Faggots. A witty man stops a faggot-dealer, saying he will buy all the faggots, and has them carried to his house through the narrow entrance. Having carried in all the faggots, man asks how much he should pay. When he hears the price of the faggots he says it is too high to buy them and has the faggots carried back on horseback. He gathers the pieces of broken faggots scattered around his house.
Oita: Miyamoto, K., KYS p. 127; TD I-3-11. NMS no. 553.

268. Buying a Jar. A witty man buys a little jar at thirty sen. His wife says she wants a big one. So he returns the little jar and takes a big one which is sixty sen but he pays nothing. He says he is right, because he payed thirty sen and gave back a thirty sen jar.
Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 13; TD 1-3-9. NMS no. 555.

269. Buying

Wreath-shells.

A witty man buys wreath-shells from a fish-dealer. Before he leaves he takes out the meat and takes only the shells home with him. He comes again to buy many wreath-shells. The dealer sells them cheap, but this time the other man takes the shells with the meat, saying he is now too busy to take out the meat.
Kumamoto: KM no. 77. p. 35. - NMS no. 556. Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 108; Miyamoto, S.,

270. Load on Only One Side. A man receives a straw-bag of rice from a rich man and puts it on one side of his horse. The horse cannot walk well because it is loaded only on one side. Rich man gives him another strawbag of rice to put on the other side of the horse.
Kagoshima: Iwakura, KK p. 140. Kumamoto: Kimura, HG p. 60. -

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES Oita: Miyamoto, S., p. 198. NMS no. 557.

143

271. Bill-collector's

Obituary Gift.

A man gets in a coffin and pretends to be dead (or hides himself above the ceiling). Bill-collector offers money to his wife as an obituary gift. She refuses to receive it. Husband cries or makes a sigh to her to receive gift (or falls from the ceiling). Bill-collector is frightened and gets out.
Fukuoka: FO-D no. 102. - Kumamoto: KM no. 76. - Oita: Miyamoto, K., KYS p. 140; TD 1-4-67. - Nagasaki: Seki, SB p. 288; Yamaguchi, IK p. 209. - Shimane: NM-b p. 9. - Yamanashi: Dohashi, KI p. 218; ZKI p. 326. - NMS no. 568.

272.

Three Hairs of a Cow.

A man sells his uncle's cow which he has kept for his uncle. Uncle comes for the cow. Man puts his hand through the stoneWall and pulls out three cow hairs, saying the cow has gone through the stone-wall.
Oita: Miyamoto, K., KYS p. 23; TD I-4-70. NMS no. 559.

273. Cow's Broken Nose. A man says he can make a cow's broken nose whole and receives entertainment from the owner of the cow. After he ate the dinner, he says he cannot make the nose whole unless he has the piece of nose which was broken off. Fukuoka: FO-D no. 103; TD VI-9-68. 274. Tiger's Grease. NMS no. 562.

A man gets soaked by rain. He asks people to make fire, saying he will teach them how to cook bamboo cane. He dries his clothes by the fire. People cut bamboo canes and begin to boil them. Then he says he cannot cook them well unless he has tiger's grease. Kochi: Katsurai, TS p. 126; WK p. 24. Oita: Miyamoto, K., KYS p. 213. Nagasaki: Seki, SB p. 291.-

144 275. Fleas are Medicine.

KEIGO SEKI

A man cannot sleep well in an inn because there are many fleas. He tells the inn-keeper that a druggist will buy fleas at a high price to make drugs of them. Inn-keeper has all the fleas caught and asks man to buy them, when he stops there again. He says that the fleas should be spit, twenty fleas on each spit, and tells inn-keeper to have them spit by next time he comes, or says that the flea-buyer's boat has already sailed.
Kochi: Katsurai, WK p. 31, 109. Oita: TD I-3-12. NMS no. 564.

276. Indigo Dye-vat. A son buys though trickery a bolt of white cotton cloth with only one mon, and has it made into a kimono* by his mother. With this kimono on, he goes to a dyer's house and while playing with children, falls into an indigo dye-vat. His white kimono is dyed indigo.
Fukuoka: FO-D no. 106. - Kagoshima: Tabata, AM p. 91. Dohashi, KI p. 92. - NMS no. 566. Yamanashi:

277. Public Service and Rice Lunch. One morning a man cries outside, "Is this a service day?" and orders wife to cook rice for his lunch. When the rice is prepared he cries again, "Do you stop service today?" and eats rice inside house.
Oita: Suzuki, K., NI p. 106ff; Miyamoto, K., KYS p. 52; TD 1-3-19. NMS no. 569.

278. Rice Robber. A miser is presented with a fish. His wife is pleased, but miser throws it away, calling it a rice-robber, for if they have fish, they will eat too much rice with fish.
Yamanashi: Dohashi, KI p. 172. NMS no. 568.

279. Loach-soup. A man's friends borrow his pot and cook loaches. When

28ff. 572. NT p. 281. "Open the door. . . 280. Man visits other houses with the same bamboo-sprout.Shimane: Moriwaki. K. "Drops". 573. TS p. . TD I-7-90. 232. He says. 101. OC-e p. thanking them for the mochi and for letting him expose his dried-bonitoes to the air. 283. 127.. GT p. 56. A gluttonous man is not invited to a village feast. He makes an announcement that he will ascend to the sky on a certain day. Gift of Dried-bonitoes. Ascending to Sky. saying the same thing. 292.Yamaguchi: IK p. . People think that he will present the fish to them. - A man visits a neighboring house to present a bamboo-sprout.NMS no. 569. He sets a ladder up on the ground and says farewell to the crowd who has come to see him off as he climbs up the ladder. NI p." The door is opened and he comes in with empty hands. saying that it has shot out near a soil tub. 127.Nagasaki: Kubo. 222. "Slobber is dropping. 52. K. He borrows a tray and puts his dried- bonitoes on it. Peddler eats it and then puts all the dried-bonitoes into his bundle without giving anything to the people and leaves the house. KB 3-10. . SB p. 112.Kochi: Katsurai. Neighbor refuses to receive it. A. and they give him some mochi. TS p. He comes to the door and says. 282. Miyamoto. Nagasaki: Seki. 24. They go away without eating. KYS p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 145 loach-soup is prepared man tells friends that he washed himself in the same pot the day before. . NMS no. NMS no. 93. Fukuoka: FO-D no. 103." Oita: TD I-3-198. Kochi: Katsurai.. NK-C p.43. 109. A dried-bonito peddler stops at a house where people are pounding rice into mochi. for this is dropping. Man wants to smooth his ground. Oita: Suzuki. Gift of Bamboo Sprouts. OC-a p.

and the ground became smooth because many people walked on it.. 576. TD 1-4-68. Oita: Miyamoto. 240. Fukuoka: FO-D no. A man (or boy). 578. "It's dangerous.NMS no. K. . 98. A man puts himself through a rent in the fence of a playhouse with his back inside. Oita: Miyamoto. 97. Sweeping Stars Down. He discovers it is only a big wooden clog. As they eat too much. KYS p. he becomes uneasy. 575. Yamanashi: TD III-524.146 KEIGO SEKI Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. dangerous !" So he stops climbing up. 96. 284. "Most strange ghost! worth looking at !" Many people are deceived into paying fees to go into the show-house. - NMS no. 575. Just then a shooting star comes down. 91. K. 286. He receives presents from people. 110. 111. KYS p. NI p.. says he will sweep stars down. NMS no. 579. TD VI-1246. Watchman blames him for going out through the fence and pulls him into the play-house. K. Oita: Miyamoto. Fukuoka: FO-D no. NMS no. Seeing a Play without Paying a Fee. standing on the roof. - B. 285.. People gather to see it. NMS no. IK p. NMS no. Oita: TD 1-3-18. Oita: Suzuki. . People are also Fools. 287. Man tells people to pick it up. Bad Smelling Food. He serves food in a new chamber-tub or in a soil-tub. A man goes to market and pays a fee to see a ghost show. he cries to people. 104. 577. Oita: TD I-4-73. KYS p.. K. Getting angry at being fooled. 247. People cry out. It is a Chinese ghost with three eyes and two teeth. A man invites guests to a dinner. When guests see it they fall sick and leave his house.

Fire-extinguishing Stick. A Black Cow in the Dark Night.1-3-8. A gambler makes a heap of wet straw and burns it.Oita: TD 292. . . He shakes a stick over the straw. 290. HG p. 580.NMS no. SB p. 585.NMS no. making a vow to offer a metal torii (entrance gate) to the shrine. Duck Soup. he sets needles in the shape of a miniature torii and offers it. KK p. NMS no. The priest burns his temple as he tries to put out fire with the stick. A witty man tells a feudal lord that he can catch a kappa with whale meat. The feudal lord gives him whale meet. Kumamoto: Kimura. The third man paints the paper black. Offering a Metal Torii* A man becomes ill and prays for a cure. MB p. In return the witty man invites the feudal lord to a duck shooting session and leads him to a radish field. The temple burns down. Three traveling painters compete with one another in drawing pictures. . Nagano: Iwasaki. 291. Catching a Kappa.Nagasaki: Seki. Oita: 289. K. going around it three times as if he were extinguishing fire.NMS no.Shimane: TD III-980. Iwate: Sasaki..TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 147 288. 145. He sells the stick at a high price as a fire-extinguishing stick to a Buddhist priest. 87. explaining that it is a black cow at night (or a black whale) and wins the . 586. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 52. When he has recovered. SW p. A feudal lord plays a joke on a witty man by inviting him to a duck soup dinner and giving only radishes (or snake-leeks). . TD I-3-11. OE. 139. 581. Kochi: TD 1-7-90. 287.

66. .148 contest. A man puts faggots on horseback. KG p. He says to the landowner that he is watching his lunch to see if it works as the landowner said.. . The next day the servant ties his lunch box to a hoe which he sets up in the field under a tree idling away the time or taking a nap.Oita: Miyamoto. 275. . 99. 242. T. WK p. Oita: Suzuki. Sympathizing with a Horse. Fukuoka: FO-D no. . and is scolded by a local governor. A rich man is proud of his mouse carving. and feeling pity for the . .Oita: Miyamoto. Yamanashi: Do- 296. Rice Lunch Works. The next time the man pounds the village head's door with a log and asks him if it is all right to knock at the door so hard. Oita: TD 1-4-75. K. Fire Alarm.NMS no. hashi. 69. A man slowly informs a village head of a fire.. KYS p.NMS no. K. 129. 248. Kochi: Katsurai. 73.. 295. .. 159.NMS no. A witty man carves a hard dried bonito into the shape of a mouse. 37. 588. 590. A Fine Carving of a Mouse.Saitama: Suzuki. K. He tells the man to inform him of a fire quickly by knocking hard at the door. 293. .Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. K.. says that rice helps the servant when working in the fields. The latter arrives at the scene of the fire after it was put out. KEIGO SEKI - Kochi: Katsurai. The cat bites the mouse of dried bonito. p. 587. NI p. K. 294. so the witty man wins the contest. They try to see which carving is better by showing them to a cat. A stingy landowner who usually gives rice to a servant for his lunch. NMS no.. 96. SOS p. 589. KYS p. KYS p. Miyamoto. WK p.

39. 591. When a fire breaks out. 81.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES horse. The Charm against Fire. puts them on his back and rides the horse. 592.. K. thinking it to be the white wall of the village head's store-house. 301. a man spreads his wife's white petticoat out with both hands. He explains to others that he is dividing the fire.. Miyamoto. K. 298. NMS no. . 76. Diving Fire. KYS p.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 599. a man (a) takes fire to a fire-wood and pours water on it. Upon seeing the jars placed upside down.. NI p. An old man is asked if he has seen a horse with miso on its NMS no. .. 237. K. Oita: Miyamoto.Wakayama: Nanishi. Bottomless Jar. 75. 299. KYS p. NMS no. Oita: Suzuki. SK p. Oita: Miyamoto. TD 1-4-69. A Horse's Dengaku. IK p. NMS no. 80. 297. 598. When he is asked if he has made it. The servant makes a long waraji. When a fire breaks out. 300. 57. K. Kagoshima: TD 1-10-88. 110. Oita: Miyamoto. K. Kochi: Katsurai. KYS p. NMS no. he answers it is still too short to reach Kochi. He says that the fire will not come near it.. 149 Kochi: Katsurai. WK p. . so they are useless. 59. he says that the jars are without mouths and bottoms. A man orders a servant to make a pair of waraji (strawsandals) to go to Kochi. WK p. 162. or (b) puts fire on another house. A man goes to buy a jar. 44. 595. Kochi Straw-sandals. KYS p.

207. a man overtakes the carriage and walks back a long way to his home. TD I-3-10. . . TTM-b p. 100. The man who struck cries. KI p." The man says. NI p. WK p. A one-eyed man makes a fun of him. 604.NMS no. 303.NMS no. Summer and Winter together. KA p. for you have one eye open and the other one shut. 302. 8.Nagasaki: Seki. NMS no. "He took out a knife !" Then the blind men stop quarreling. NMS no. Day and Night together." Kochi: Katsurai.Niigata: Mizusawa. Two blind men walk along the road. 602. . He answers that old as he is. . "It seems to me that day and night have come together. Yamaguchi.KYS p. SB p. WK p. 606. 258. 45. he has never seen a horse's dengaku (a food served with miso on it).150 KEIGO SEKI back. SB p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. and they begin quarreling. Another man strikes the head of one blind man. A man from a remote village goes to down. 304. Nagasaki: Seki. Miyamoto.607. . A man from a remote village learns at an inn in a town that a lobster on a dish is red because it is boiled. Blind Men's Quarrel. IK p. K. 12. saying. . 114.. Oita: TD 1-5-15. 300. He sees a red torii and asks if it has been boiled. 305. Cheap Carriage Fee. Shimane: Moriwaki. KEN p. 109. "It seems that summer and winter have come together. Ishikawa: Yamashita. 31.216. He becomes angry at the other blind man. The Lobster's Color. As the carriage fee is cheap. . Oita: Suzuki. putting on both a summer and a winter coat. Kochi: Katsurai. K.

Okayama: Imamura. 43. K.. The man builds a fence in order not to be influenced by them.NMS no. 95. 18. 115. TK p. Enma let the three men go out of his stomach and sends them to Heaven or back to earth. 205. MB p. 308. . 79. a blacksmith (or an acrobat). 204. K.Niigata: Mizusawa. 72. . .Oita: Miyamoto. . 114.Nagasaki: Seki. One household cuts off a branch of a persimmon tree which has grown over the fence. 34. 95.. SK p. and the doctor tortures him by pulling his string of laugh and anger. 346. . MAT p. SB p. TTM-b p. A husband and a wife living next door to a man begin quarreling. Oita: Suzuki. 217. NK-b p. MK 11-234.Kagawa: Takeda. . 608. Miyamoto. . A Shinto-priest (or a yamabushi. Enma's* (Ruler of Hell) Failure. OC Ia p.Kyoto: GK-KP p. 22. NK-c p. KYS p. NI p.Aomori: Noda.Shimane: -Osaka: Moriwaki. 266.. Neighboring families are on bad terms. BOG no. 150. The Shinto priest cools hot water by prayer.Yamagata: HK 1-328. . Nagano: Iwasaki. 614.Hyogo: Takeda. . K. 57. 194. The old man of the other household thrusts his nose through the fence to smell the neighbor's food and gets his nose cut off. The blacksmith makes iron sandals for them to walk on the mountain of swords (or needles).Nagasaki: Seki. 34. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 151 Hiroshima: MK 1-190. Neighbors' Quarrel. 274. itinerant priest).Shimane: Moriwaki. 106. .Kumamoto: KM no. K. 105. 70. . HT p. 49. . . and a doctor die and go together on a journey to Hell. CG p. Cutting Whatever Thing that Comes in through a Fence. SB p. or they ride on the acrobat's shoulder.. KYS p. NMS no. Akita: TD XIV-6-7. 307. They are swallowed by Enma. Nagano: Koyama. 189. NT p. 13.NMS no. 213. EG p.NMS no. 306. 442. MT p. TTH p. 613.

IK p. 504. TGK p. . KK p. . . 59. 153.Tochigi: Kato. . AIY p. . 121. JFT no. . 20. Koyama.Fukui: MK 1-31. 57. 41. . .Kochi: Katsurai.Niigata: Mizusawa.Kumamoto: Yuki. SB p. SW p. Strength Contest. . .Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. Nio and Gao.152 KEIGO SEKI XIV. ZKI p. 183. EG p. MR p. . . Two Bolts of White Cotton Cloth. 249.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 117. 39. 71. . . 92. . 209. WK p. the visiting strong man becomes afraid of the other's strength and turns back. MK II-505. KEN p.Iwate: Kikuchi.Shizuoka: SO-D p. A daughter-in-law (an old man or a fisherman) quarrels with her mother-in-law (an old woman or a farmer) about . NH p.. SK p. Aomori: Noda.Ishikawa: Yamashita. Sasaki. 179. 54. Uchida.Nagano: KA-K I p.. 173.Yamanashi: Dohashi. TKA p. In fear of him. making the earth quake. 311. 197. 42. 51.Tokushima: Takeda.Shimane: Moriwaki: NK-c p. Iwate: Sasaki. (b) Nio sees a pair of big iron chopsticks and a cup as big as a great iron kettle (or a Those things are too heavy for pair of large wooden-clogs). 255ff. . 260. . 129. ZKI p. OC-c p.Wakayama: Saiga. The farmer shows the way by lifting his hand which is holding a horse with a rope. . CG p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. .NMS no. 19. Gao comes home. 448. KM no. SMG p. brings an iron tobacco-tray to him.Kagawa: Takeda. Nio goes away by boat.Nagasaki: Seki. 6. II p. KK VII-407. Kimura. 310. . 146.NMS no. 480. him to pick up. . HG p. Gao is afraid of Nio because he thinks that Nio cut the chain with his nails.NMM p. Nio cuts the chain with a file.YanagitaMayer. K. 214. A strong man comes to match his strength with another strong man and asks a farmer the way to that man's house. NSK p. 246.Fukuoka: FO-D no. . KMZ p. 15. Gao throws at the boat a chain with a hook on it and draws the boat back. On hearing that the farmer is a servant of that strong man. CONTEST Nio from another country visits Gao to have a contest of (a) Gao's mother (wife or apprentice) strength with him. 50. 73. 262. HKT p. 309.

IKP p. T. JFT no. 479ff. 37. Three men quarrel about a nest on a tree in a field. 313. it was originally the nest of a white heron. . NBK no. 46.Iwate: Kikuchi.. The arbiter says they are all right.NMS no.. 120. SW p. ZKI p. BOG no. Mizusawa. Fukuoka: FO-D no. Wakayama: Nakanishi. SKT p. 72. A Bird's Nest on a Badger's Head. IK p.. 95. on saying that he sees a bird's nest on a tanuki's (badger's) head. 178. 184. 15. or a tanuki's (badger's). . KMZ p. . KS p. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. . . Nest of Ta-nu-ki. TKA p. Tochigi: 312. Sasaki. MK II-451.Kochi: Katsurai.Shimane: Moriwaki. - . . 39. Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. TS p. 9. 303. and the last one says it is a karasu's (crow's). 110. another man says it is a niwatori's (cock's). KG p. 331.Niigata: Iwakura. KY p. . 485. SB p. - NMM no. TD VI-1249.Niigata: Mizusawa. K.Nagasaki: Seki. but he is only "Nitan-noshiro-tadatori" (getting two bolts of white cloth without coat).Nagasaki: Seki.. 338. Sasaki. 80ff. . KI p. A man bets his friend hachihiki no uma (eight horses). SK p. NSK p. Aomori: Noda. 23. SB p. 99. T. 50. 488. 331. Each of them secretly asks an osho to agree with her. . Moriwaki. 26. - Saitama: Suzuki. FS p. 156. 80. 118. 169. OC-a p. Shimane: Kagawa: Takeda.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 153 whether a man who dyes things is called konya or someya. 232. 78. 118. TTH p. 174. Hirano. KB p. MK II-33. 239. NK-c p. and shows him a nest on the top of a tree in the rice-field (ta no ki). KYS p. NH p. Yamaguchi. 214. TKA p. Shiga: MK 1-478. - Iwate: Kochi: Katsurai.Oita: Miyamoto. saying it is a hachi-hiki-no-uma (a horse drawing a bee or a bowl).Tottori: IP-M p. - Takahashi. .EG p. Aomori: Noda. whose eggs hatched into niwa tori (two young birds) and (a) they flew away. . TS p. or (b) it is tanuki's nest because it is a nest in a ta-no-ki (tree in a rice-field). so it became kara-su (empty nest). One says it is a sagi's (white heron's) nest.Yamanashi: TD V-961. 185. SOS p. ROY p. . 19. presenting him a bolt of white cotton cloth. 68. . NMS no. 302. NT p. K.Gifu: Sawata.Niigata: Mizusawa. 427ff.Yanagita-Mayer. .Nagano: Iwasaki. for. 132. MB p. . He says that a man who dyes cloth is called neither konya nor someya. - Hyogo: Takeda. The friend gives him a bee or a bowl tied to the tail of a thin horse. MAT p. 27..Saga: XII-9-23. .

MAT p. 175. 60. The latter's child meets the former and says (a) that his father has gone to support the faltering Mt.Niigata: Mizusawa.Oita: TD I5-11. NI p. . 33. . He wins the match. 178. A Leather-bag of Lies.Shimane: Moriwaki. . and the fourth man tells about a drum three hundred ri (about 4 km. 79.. 314.. Iwate: Hirano. WK p. 19. 138. ZKI p. KK p. FS p. T. 217ff. A man comes to match tall-talk with another man. . TTM-b p. K. p. TTH p.Fukuoka: FO-D no.NMM p.Shimane: Moriwaki. MB p. 316. Fuji. Kikuchi. TTM-a p. 76. T.Nagano: Iwakura.Saitama: Suzuki. 57. KG p. . - KEIGO SEKI NMS no. 249. 199ff.Okayama: Imamura. Oita: Suzuki. Fuji with three reeds. the second man tells about an ox that strides over Mt. Isogai. TKA p. . the third man tells about a man that touches the sky.. 351. SKT p. 14. 507.Yamanashi: Dohashi. or to mend the rent in the sky with three needles and linen cloth three feet long (or flea's skin). .Fukushima: Iwasaki. TTM-a 47. The Child Lier. 422. 84. 82. . The first man tells a story about a tree that reaches the sky. or (b) that his mother has gone with a basin (or a pot-lid) to cover the bottom of the sea (or Lake Biwa) which is coming out. 495.. . 106. 96. 210ff. . AN p. 13. 247. . . 116. 205.Kumamoto: KK VI-3-172. 162. 163. AK p. KEN p. Aomori: Noda. MT p. . 104. . . 233. .) round.Kochi: Katsurai. NK-a p. A feudal lord promises to a lier a reward if he can fool the lord. AS no..Fukushima: Iwasaki. . K p. Four men have a boasting match about big things in their countries. The lier says he has forgotten his leather-bag (or book) of lies. and the lord sends a servant to fetch it. K. AN p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . 203. 50. .Niigata: Mizusawa.154 NMM p.NMS no. Boasting Match. NH p. 315. The lord is cheated and pays a reward. 489. or to fill up the hole of the sky . Thle fourth man says he will make such a drum from the big tree and the skin of the big ox and will have the big man beat it. 62. T.Hircshima: HS-M p.Kagoshima: Iwakura.NMS no. 115.

Distribution of Mochi. 94.Hyogo: Takeda.Nagasaki: Seki.5 quarts) of flour. NT Yamanashi: TD III-526. Matching Smallness. returns home. 188. - p. 187. NMS no. 107. A couple and a daughter receive four pieces of mochi and each eats a piece.Fukuoka: FO-D no. Mizusawa. 24. 215. 116. Wakayama: Nakanishi. 153. Kochi: Katsurai. 81. KS p. 22. SB p.Rumpf. 499. - NMS no. TKA p. Aomori: MK 11-507. Kagoshima: Iwakura. A small man goes to match smallness.Shimane: Moriwaki. so the husband wins. He meets people smaller than himself and putting one of them in his tobacco pouch. The husband and the wife each take one and make an agreement that the one who keeps silent longer than the other. KB p. AM p. 317. Tabata. fell. JVM p. OC-d p. 77. KK p. 33. JVM p. T. 166. 61ff.. . MT p. JFT no. 318. OC-c p. The lier asks the child if he knows where the temple bell which was flown from Nara.Niigata: Iwakura. 95. 216. . 210. IK p. 492. 6. 126. 483A. . SD p. 237. 178. KEN p. The child answers that it is hanging on a cobweb in the yard of his house..Ishikawa: Yamashita. A couple receives three pieces of mochi.Gifu: Sawata. SW p. Aomori: Noda.YanagitaMayer. T.. NT p. MK 1-471. 319. 285. .Iwate: Hirano. . 117. SKT p. KMZ p.Okayama: Imamura. TS p. MK 11-506. Sasaki. 108.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 219. 51. 83. The lier is astonished at the child's lie and turns back without matching the father. . They make an agreement that the one who makes the best poem using the phrase "iu ni iwarenu (unspeak- . NMM p..Shimane: Moriwaki. stabs himself while seated on a bullet in it. IKP p. Kagoshima: Tabata. . BOG no. KS p. The person in the tobacco pouch. 141. Rumpf.. 252.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 155 with three sho (4. . 45. feeling ashamed of his smallness. Silence Match. . NBK no. Suzuki. . AM p. NMS no. The wife cries upon seeing a robber coming in. 220. 408. may eat the remaining mochi.

. and is kept from killing the man who is dining or sleeping with his wife. recited their poems. 110: IKP p. 506ff. 322. TD IV-440. "What is the sun?" The mochi dealer thinks that it means "small".156 KEIGO SEKI After the husband and the daughter able or indescribable)". MAT p. 321. the wife.Kagawa: Takeda. 220. -. 75. .Hiroshima: Isogai. 76. 189. By means of obeying these precepts.Rumpf. T. AK p. KMZ p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 2. 36.Tochigi: Kato. and he forms a big ring with his fingers. 54. MK II-417. AIY p. 69.Hiroshima: HS-M p. . "take heed of a sociable person (or a strange thing)".Iwate: Ogasawara. 31. KS p. 71.Niigata: Mizusawa. 205. TKA p. says "When one stuffs one's mouth with mochi like this. Osaka: Minami. Suzuki. 91. KTJ p." Aomori: Noda. 23. 61. 409. . 148. 110. . 515. TTM-a p. K. A mochi dealer (or a tofu (bean-curd)-dealer) match with him in place of osho.Gifu: MB V-284. . 194. MT p. 47. ZKI p.Niigata: TTM-b p. IX349. .Shimane: Moriwaki. . NI p. 54. Tabata.Okayama: Imamura. Isogai. AM p. AK p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. ROY p. .Oita: Suzuki.." or "go around if you are in a hurry". SMG p. OC-c p. The Precepts Bought for a Thousand Ryo.NMS no. 99. . putting the mochi into her mouth. A man buys three precepts on a journey with all the money which he has earned.Tokushima: Takeda. 112. (a) That man gives him money. T. or (b) he learns that his wife is in bed with a doll or her mother whose head is shaved. he escapes from thunderbolt (landslide or overturned boat). IK p.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. NK-c p.. . 337. . TKA p. KI p. KEN p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . is saved from murder. 108. T.Ishikawa: Yamashita. NMZ III94. 320. 182. "haste makes waste (loss)". 17. The . K. Mute Questions and Answers.. TTH p.Fukui: MK 1-32.. The precepts are: "don't stop at a house without poles (or under a big tree). making a little ring with his fingers intends to ask. 184. one cannot speak. The traveling priest. SK p. 28.. . -Fukushima: Iwasaki. TTM-b p. . . 121.Kumamoto: KM no. OE p. . IZ p. 102. . 124. 176. 146. Aomori: Noda. SOS p. 126. SW p. 82ff.NMS no. 29. IK p. Sasaki. . 29. . TD VII-12-42. EG p. 133.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 19. JVM p. 321. . A traveling Buddhist priest comes to match questions and answers with an osh6 in a village temple. 160. 85. KK p. .Fukuoka: FO-D no. 35.

MKB p. Aomori: Noda.NMM p.Kumamoto: KM no." while he is listening to the latter's story. 220. Niigata: Mizusawa. Then the priest.NMS no. 74. TTM-b p. BOG no.Wakayama: Nakanishi. 208.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . NT p. MK II-506." A man is in the habit of saying. or tear off each other's head at the same time. match skills. In order to see which doctor has the better skill.. OC-d p. T. Domo and Komo." (b) "A snake swallowed his own .Kyoto: GK-K p. 186.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 173. "the three thousand worlds are supported by five Buddhist commandments.. 350. 69. 95. EG p. and he puts up five fingers which mean five mon. Mizusawa. 323. T. which to him represent three thousand worlds (or the universe). 183.Fukuoka: FO-D no.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 157 priest imagines that this means that the sun shines over the world. 21. HG p. and put them together again. he must pay a straw-bag of rice. . NM-b p. 128. 45. 520. 102. TKA p. legs.Hyogo: Takeda.NMS no. 322. The mochi dealer interprets them as four mon. The witty man says. . SOS p. MB p. 259." He makes an agreement with a witty man that if he says. ZKI p. The priest means. 362. 50.Kumamoto: Kimura. The mochi dealer interprets this as to sell his mochi for three mon. Saitama: Suzuki. . No one can join their heads. . . ZKI p. 268. SKT p. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. they (a) put a towel around their necks and pull off each other's neck. Two doctors. 216.. 22. MK 1-471. . intending to show that he does not want to sell mochi for four mon. Two Doctors' Match. 203.NMM p.Rumpf. IK p. 40. TTH p.Niigata: Iwakura. 315. .Fukushima: MK 1-515. . (a) "A kite's droppings soiled a feudal lord's head. 311. . K. showing three fingers.. "it is not at all likely. so he makes a face by laying his hands under his eyes. 169.Shimane: Moriwaki. KI p.Iwate: Hirano. so the people replaced it with another head.Shimane: Moriwaki. . Yamaguchi.Nagano: Iwasaki. JVM p. "It is not at all likely. KS p. The priest thinks that this means "the four gratitudes are under the eyes". 85. "It is not at all likely.Nagasaki: Seki. 202. 481." and he shows four fingers representing: asking four gratitudes. .. SB p.. . . KG p. They cut off each other's arms. Akita: TD XIV-5-13. 10.

Kumamoto: KM no. 326. K. K. Fuji was as small as his first child. 506. After he has eaten it. 324. Yamanashi: ZKI p.158 KEIGO SEKI tail and only his head remained. NI p. - Tokushima: Takeda. because his father won the bet. 51." moto." The listener says. 8.NMS no. 484. 31.Nagasaki: Seki. 114. and the poor man introduces his children as his treasures. MiyaShimane: Moriwaki. Oita: Suzuki. 118. 28. MT p. 123. - Okayama: Imamura. "It is not at all likely. . Tochigi: Kato.. 9. - Niigata: Mizusawa. TTM-b p. Eating Match.. 223. His son demands ten packs of rice. Yamanashi: Dohashi. 22ff. NMS no. NM-b p.. NT p. 494. 503. K. The third one says he lost his great-grand-son during those days. . The rich man shows his gold and silver. 118.Shimane: Moriwaki. - Yamaguchi: Takagi. 284. Hiroshima: Isogai. KN-c p. 251. OC-c p. Comparing Treasures. Three monkeys each boast of their own age. KYS p. AIY p. 26. .Okayama: Imamura. 364. Iwate: KB 9-5." or (c) "someone boiled water in a wooden tea kettle. ND p. The first monkeys says his child died when Mt. 66. AK p. A rich man and a poor man compare their treasures with each other. 80. A man who likes mochi bets ten packs of rice with another man on eating a certain amount of mochi. . SB p. KI p. Boasting of Old Age. 148. MK p. SMT p. . NMS no. . NMS no. he is forced to drink water and dies. The second one says his child died when all the sea water could be held in the hollow of his hand. MK 1-37. NMM p. 325.

SD p. The prince is reminded of his banished princess and recognizes his unreasonable treatment of her. 163. . KMZ Kagoshima: Iwa- Iwasaki. AIY p. kura. 3ff. The boy travels to the father's palace. 171ff.Kumamoto: KK V-177. Yamaguchi. T. 238.NMM p. 202. NSK p. Suzuki. SW p. JVM p. . . SOS p. 179. 32. - Kagawa: Takeda. A tonosama gives an order to abandon old people in a . . . A samurai asks a farmer how many times he has struck the ground with his hoe. AM p. 33. The mother and the child are reunited with the father and the child succeeds to the throne. The prince lets the boy come in and says that he has never seen a tree that bears gold. Kochi: Katsurai. - Noda. 100.Kagawa: NMM p. IK p. 4. - Hiroshima: HS-M p. TS p. T. pepper.Nagano:: MK 1-319. 437.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 175. The father's child asks the samurai how many steps his horse has made. 226..Rumpf. The child claps his hands and ask the samurai which hand made the sound. T. The Mountain Where Old People are Abandoned. Tabata. Takeda. IK p. 522. 27. 126. Aomori: p.. OSHO AND KOZO (Priest and His Acolyte) 327. 75. KK p. The samurai divides a bun (or a fruit) into three pieces and after letting the child eat them. 521. Sasaki. 79. OE p. and cries out that he is selling gold-bearing trees (egg-plants.Niigata: Mizusawa. 82. 176ff. 146. EG p.NMS no. She bears a boy. AM p. Gold-bearing Tree.Kochi: Katsurai.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. KK p.. - Fukushima: p. . A princess breaks wind and is banished to her native place. 70. TKA p.Oita: TD I-4-73ff. The boy answers that only a person that does not break wind can grow such a tree. 5. 237. . 76. . camelias. A Samurai aid a Boy. KTJ p. TS 329. OE p. SK p. He grows up and learns the reason why he is separated from his father. - Iwate: Ogasawara. . T. - 378.NMS no. 106. .. Tabata. IK p. . or is put in a dugout and sent to a remote island. . or gourds). asks him which piece was the most delicious. Nagasaki: Suzuki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 159 XV. A. Kagoshima: Iwakura.

98. . . The tests are (1) to tell which of two horses (or cows) is a father or child. NMS no. Mizusawa. AK p. 223. . CG p. 35. . .. 182. and announces to his people that whoever helps him fulfil those tests. or (1) to burn a straw rope to ashes. (1) to pass a thread through a curved jewel and (2) to tell which end of a log is its root or the top. (2) to bring a drum that sounds by itself. MK 1-36. 89. MK 11-449.160 KEIGO SEKI mountain (or a field) when they become sixty (sixty-one. IK p.Iwate: Kikuchi. 186. FS p.Saitarma: Suzuki. 106.Rumpf.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. TD VI-563. . . . TGM p. MT p. JVM p. 123.Okinawa: Sakima. . 232. . Sasaki. or seventy-two) years old. Isogai. .. 64. Ogasawara. The following tests are assigned by a Chinese king. MAT p. 34. As a reward the man is allowed not to abandon his old father. B. Niigata: Iwakura.Fukushima: Iwasaki.Okayama: Imamura.Shimane: MK 1-410. KS p. MB p.. 21ff. 61. KS p. 110ff. war against Japan. 75. T. Ishikawa: Yamashita.Nagano: Iwasaki. . 70. or (1) to make ash-rope one thousand feet long.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 166. . 173. 108. Noda. KB p. NSK p. or which of two snakes is male or female. . K. 141. . KMZ p. sixtytwo. (2) to make a paper drum in which many bees are put. its one end which goes down is the root. IK p. (2) to tell which is the root or the top of a log. YM p.Hiroshima: HS-M p. T. 199. 109. 286. T. Tabata. The man learns from his old father how to fulfil the tests. A man hides his father under the floor.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Nara: Takeda. 76. SW p. Koyama. NT p. T..Aomori: Kawai. 459.Wakayama: Nakanishi. TTM-a p. 523.. . A man accomplishes the The Chinese king gives up a plan of an aggressive tests. (2) when a log is put in the water. 96. seventy. SK p. TKA p. 158. He tells tonosama that (1) the one who follows the other is the child horse. 164. 39. SD p. Kumamoto: MK 1-524. KEN p.Kagawa: Takeda. 221. 78. MK 1-314.Gifu: MK 11-267. KG p. (Since then the custom of abandoning old people is said to have been abolished. NH p. . and (3) to pass a thread through a curved hole of a ball. shall be given a reward. AM p. 68. (3) one should put sugar at the one end of the hole and pass an ant which is tied to a thread from the other end. SOS p. KM no. . NMM p.Hyogo: TD X-7-52. Suzuki. 67. 102. The tonosama is assigned three tests by another powerful tonosama.) Akita: TD XIV-5-67. 116.

AM p. KB p.Kagawa: Takeda. The father takes back the grand-father in the straw-bag with them. SMG p. 332. . Ogasawara.Iwate: Hirano. . . 342. 6. (d) an ash-rope a thousand feet long. K. 29. KI p. 78. .Oita: Suzuki. 167. (c) a shaved man with a frowning face shaking his sleeves. ROY p. KS p. 68. 185. SW p. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. (c) a bee-hive. 24. . 100. The son says he will take it back. 83. MK 1-183. (b) a paper-bag containing bees. 125. NI p. NT p. . 163. . (f) puts a saddle on a pregnant horse. or (f) to put a saddle on two horses at the same time.Okayama: Imamura. Iwate: Sasaki. 27.. The father leaves the straw-basket with the grand-father. 161. 77. 11-44. 21. K.Kochi: Katsurai. 29. because he will use it again when he will carry his father to the mountain. . A father and his son carry their grand-father (or grandmother) in a straw-basket to the mountain to abandon him. He orders him to bring (a) nandabe (what's that?). ROY p..TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 161 330. 524.Oita: Suzuki. KA p. 234ff.Shizuoka: KK III-243. SK p. The grand-father breaks twigs of trees and scatters them on the way to make them serve as guides for his returning.NMS no. KB p. or (e) to make a black cow white.. K. MT p.Shimane: OC-a p. TS p.Gifu: Sawata. AS no. MK 1-40. A Razor Swims. . 9.. (d) a strawrope which was burned to ashes or (e) puts powders over a black cow. ZKI p. T. KEN p.Kagoshima: Tabata.Shimane: Moriwaki. 344.Wakayama: Nakanishi.Yamanashi: Dohashi. Suzuki. . SKT p.Aomori: MK II-508.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 523c. . Aichi: TD IV-428.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . 347. NBK no. 425.Fukuoka: FO-D no. .Kumamoto: KK V-3-177.. Sasaki. 96. KI p. . 47.NMS no. . 14. HB V-285. 135. . KK p. The Straw-basket for Carrying Old Grandfather Who is to be Abandoned. While an osho is cooking fish for himself he is seen by a . . NI p.Niigata: Iwakura. 96. SD p. 155. 331. (b) a selfsounding drum. . 27. A Tonosama's Puzzles. TD VI-562. 22. . 32. 46. .Tochigi: Kato. . The farmer brings (a) a dead horse's intestines.Niigata: Iwakura. A feudal lord (a master or a Buddhist priest) puts puzzles to (or bets on puzzles with) a farmer (a servant or an acolyte). NK-b p..

71. BOG no. Hiroshima: HS-M p. there are guests.Nagasaki: Seki. 145. another cup.Hiroshima: HS-M p. SW p. When the kozo hears a cock crowing. 194. Please. Gifu: Sawata. 12.Hiroshima: HS-M p. Gifu: Sawata. 333. SK p. 17.162 KEIGO SEKI koz6. When they see trouts in the river. OC-a p.Okayama: Imamura. MK II-508. . Aomori: Noda. . KEN p. A kozo sees an osho eating an egg and asks him what it is.. . OC-c p. NK-a p. 14.Shimane: Moriwaki. NBK no. KB 6-17. NT p. KB p."Osh6-shan. K. On seeing the priest there. 154. SKT p. Isogai. Making a Sign With a Finger. WK p." . . . 83. . 339. The osh6 answers it is a white egg-plant. AK p. the koz6 says that kamisori are swimming. His kozo likewise goes to the privy with a cup of sweet sake. 124. he says . 32. NK-c p. 529. 30. The osho answers it is a thing called kamisori (razor).Ishikawa: Yamashita.Oita: Suzuki. "Another Cup. SW p. OK p. 145. NK-c p. 83. 120. . T.NMS no. KB p. Yamaguchi. .Niigata: Iwakura. SG p.. 84.Kochi: Katsurai. . 203. .Niigata: Iwakura. . Mizusawa. The Father of a White Egg-plant.Hyogo: Takeda. The koz6 asks him what he is eating. Mizusawa. BOG no.Fukuoka: FO-d no. 16. 14. . TKA p.Nagano: KA-K VII-249. 71.Shimane: Moriwaki. 125.Iwate: Ogasawara. MAT p.Kyoto: GK-K p. 239. 103. 38. 41. .Hyogo: BOG no.Kyoto: GK-K p. .44. 530. NT p. . he says that the father of a white egg-plant is crying. . 17.NMS no.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. KG p. When A stingy osho does not feed his kozo sufficiently. MT p. 528. Yokoji. . 104. 334. . please. 335." An osh6 secretly drinks sweet sake (or eats mochi) in the privy. TTH p. SOS p. 70. The acolyte prepares two to (twenty sh6) of rice. . . AS no. 340.Hyogo: Takada. NBK no. Ogasawara. 154.NMS no. 107. 194.Iwate: Hirano. 108. IK p. Moriguchi. 339. he usually shows his one or two fingers as a sign to order the koz6 to prepare one or two sh6 of rice. . 125. T. . The acolyte removes a floor-board and has the osh6 fall down stretching up both hands and feets. 12. .. TS p.Kagawa: Takeda. . 105. 22.

493. An osho sends his kozo to look at a house-building ceremony at a certain house and toasts some pieces of mochi to eat them by himself. 333. SB p. . ZKI p. . 104. K. KS p. OC-c p. SW p..Nagasaki: Kubo. . 40.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . . Toasting Mochi in the Ashes. MAT p. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. T. 337. 38ff.Nagasaki: Yamanashi. SKT p. 304. . - KG p. . . - Kyoto: GK-K p. 101. KEN p.23ff. . 188. 30. ZKI p. . 341. MT p. Sasaki. . SKT p. TKA p. 37. 336. T.. GT p. Yuki. IK p.Oita: Suzuki.. . Yamaguchi..- Shimane: Moriwaki. - Moriguchi. IK p. Saitama: Suzuki. 118.Kochi: Katsurai.. 33. 19.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 46. The kozo returns in a short time and he explains the frame of the house by drawing in the ashes. 10. SW p. 177. 103.Iwate: Sasaki. 533. ROY p. 338. 49ff. 121. KEN p.Chiba: Uchida.. - MB p. 197.Shimane: Moriwaki. _MB p. . Aomori: Noda. . . 244. 99. - p..Niigata: Mizusawa. 61. TKA p. KB p. MN p. K. KYS p.. 102. 117. KAT no. - Oita: Suzuki. K. Miyamoto. 45ff. - Miyagi: KD 1-172. . 122. AS no. 125. Ogasawara. . SW p. 3. - Nagano: Iwasaki.Nagano: Iwasaki. 531.. . 15. Moriguchi.Iwate: Hirano. 104. 262.. SOS p. MK nI-507.Fukushima: Iwasaki. NT p. 25. S.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 163 Fukuoka: FO-D no. T. 335. BOG no. KMZ p. . 182. the koz6 breaks a precious cup and eats pears. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. 97.Ishikawa: Yamashita. He tells the priest that he has eaten poison to atone for his mistake with death. 157. Koyama. 57. 11. 196. sugar.Aomori: Kawai. NSR p. While the osho is away. 48.Wakayama: Nakanishi.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 15. NMS no. Wakayama: Yamanashi: Dohashi. K. SMG p.Nagasaki: Seki. saying that it is poison. 30. A Pear is Poison. . KI p. NT p. Noda. 175. Ogasawara. Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. K. He discovers the pieces of mochi and eats them. MT p. 518. 240.Hyogo: Takada. 339.. 198.nashi: Dohashi. Tochigi: Kato. OC-c p. K. MK-a Shizuoka: SO-D p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 86. CG p. TGM p.Iwate: Hirano. . . KG p. HKT p. NMS no. NK-a p. MN p. or sweets) to his kozo. . K. . T. An osho does not give a pear (sake... . IK p.. 38ff. TS p. EG p. T. 124. 125.Okayama: Imamura. Koyama. 126. . 146.Fukuoka: FO-D no.Kumamoto: KM no.. T. - OC-a p. Yama- Saitama: Suzuki. KG p. 97. CG p. OC-c p. 116. 129. 81. 107. 245. SOS p.Okayama: Imamura. MB p. 11. TTM-a p. 12. 532. NI p. Akita: TD XIV-6-11. Niigata: Iwakura. 113.Nagano: Iwasaki. 104.NMS no. .

151. Kozos' Re-naming. 126.. NSR p. 127.. . pu-pu.Gifu: Sawata. SW p. T.. 13. . T.Iwate: Kikuchi. MT p. which cries. OC-c p. IK p. 339. . 198. NH p. "kutta...Hyogo: Takada.Fukushima: Iwasaki. NT p. .Hyogo: TD X-11-55. . . SW p. The osho gives them mochi. 26. 28. 69.Nagano: Iwasaki. . . 24. 98. FS p. 251. 101ff. . SMG p. . . 124. koz6 says that the Buddhist image ate the mochi. The koz6 puts the image in a pot and boils it.Oita: Suzuki. 50.NMS no. 198. 80. . Moriguchi. 89. MAT p. SMG p.. MK 11-507.Yamaguchi: . 338. 231.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.Shiga: Mitamura. K. Nagasaki: Seki.Tottori: IM 11-205. 23. .Hiroshima: Isogai. 10. Akita: TD XIV-6-12.Nagano: Iwasaki. When the osho boils mochi. 543. AS no. 182. and kuta-kuta. 157. Yamaguchi. K. 5. MB p. Kumamoto: KM no. . KG p.Kochi: Katsurai. Noda. 87. CG p. 125. . 122. MK 11-558. Noda.Iwate: Hirano.Fukushima: MK 1-515. 35. . 119. IKP p. T. 43. KG p. 93. When the osho reproves him for the disappearance of the offering. 243. .Aomori: Kawai. . OC-c p.Wakayama: Nakanishi. T. 123. Moriguchi. Three kozos change their names so that they sound like boiling or toasting mochi. K. HG p. kutta (I ate.Yamagata: MK 11-187.Shimane: Moriwaki. 25. . . MK II-273. 168. 47ff. 36. AS no. Akita: TD XIV-6-12.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 37ff. MK 1-40. The Buddhist Image Ate Mochi. 107. MT p.. 342.Niigata: Mizusawa.Chiba: Uchida. KEIGO SEKI An osho is used to boiling or toasting mochi (or drinking sake) for himself.Tochigi: Kato. KEN p. 11. . 67. 30. 178. . 78.Hiroshima: HS-M p. . . .Wakayama: Moriguchi. S. Nakanishi.164 338. . The osh6 beats the image. 194. BOG no. 47. KM no. such as gutsu-gutsu. Isogai. . KMZ p.Miyagi: KD III-121. NBK no. KAT no.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . An kozo eats bota-mochi (mochi covered with sweet beanpaste) which is offered to a Buddhist image and puts sweet beanpaste on the lips of the image.. 150. TKA p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. K. 340. SKT p.. . . MK 11-507. 91. SG no. KS p. Koyama.Kumamoto: Kimura. 116. 39ff. KG p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 493. AK p. KS p. FS p. . 120. TKA p. T. TD XII-11-40.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi.Okayama: Imamura. SOS p. .. Sasaki. 34. . AK p.Niigata: Iwakwua. . kuwan (don't eat)". Shizuoka: SO-D p. SB p.Oita: Suzuki. 34ff. they appear one by one and say that they have heard their names called. 16. 7. Ogasawara. 30.Aomori: Kawai. TGM p.. IK p. ate)". K. "kuwan. 35. . 34.Saitama: Suzuki. Tochigi: Kato. TS p. . . KB p. MB p. 27. IK p.Okayama: Imamura.. . 106. K. . 117. 516.Saga: TD XII-8-24. KA p. NT p. TGM p. Then it cries. Mizusawa.

and a roadside deity. A carp slips away from a koz6's hands who was washing it the in river. 12. . . 329. NH p. TD V-964. KB p. 199. WK p. CG p. .Okayama: Imamura. ZKI p. MB p.. 525. 165 T. 106. SOS p.Yamashita. 331. TTM-b p. in the field. NH p. 26. . 39. 105.NMS no. 141.Iwate: Kikuchi. a field deity. 222. 71. Koyama.Nagano: Iwasaki. NMS no. The koz6 climbs up a tree and urinates on the osh6's head. 69. OK p. 30. . On the way from a funeral ceremony a kozo is not allowed to urinate in the wood. Salted Salmon Swims Away. KK p. T. MT p. The osho tells him to pick up things which were dropped on the ground. AK p. He picks up horse dung and puts it in the osh6's robe. 21. . 39. Sasaki. NMS no. 130. EG p. 188.Gifu: Sawata. 131. NK-c p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. He is told by osh6 to wash fish holding them by a string tied to its gill.340. because there is a wood deity. 104. 102. A kozo is advised by an osho to overlook something or to disregard some rumor. 458. Yokoji.Oita: Suzuki K. 145. MAT p.. .Shimane: Moriwaki. saying there is no kami on osho's head (kami means both deity and hair. Ogasawara.Hiroshima: HS-M p. AS no.. . SW p.. . NT p. K.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES Miyamoto. . KYS p. 125. SOS p. OE p. 535. Mizusawa. The acolyte gives no heed to the osh6's headgear which was blown away by the wind. 341. Kagoshima: TD 1-11-89. Miyamoto. He puts a string on a salted salmon and washes it. 539. KEN p. .. Horse's Droppings. 195. KMZ p. 69.Iwate: Kikuchi. TD V-958. NBK no. SOS p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 84.Kochi: Katsurai.Niigata: Mizusawa. 540. Aomori: MK 11-507. . 342.) Fukuoka: FO-D no.Ishikawa: Hyogo: Takada. 16. 152. and by the roadside. . .Niigata: Iwakura. Yamanashi: Dohashi. Isogai. There is no Kami on an Osho's Head.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 94. . T. K. BOG no. . 105..

" Kochi: Katsurai. JFT no. JVM p.. (b) a bean which he picked up. MT p. Kagoshima: Iwakura. 269. - no. . Aomori: Noda. The osh6's ear. 2. and the koz6 says. 122. in straw beds. a piece of coverlet Yanagita-Mayer. 189. 195ff. The kozo makes a salty porridge. (b) He acquires demons' treasures. HKT p.Nagasaki: Seki. A Piece of Coverlet on a Ear. . 9. or only one fruit from which treasures come. Fukushima: Iwasaki. 99. T. The osh6 swears that he will not make nor speak about porridge again. LUCKY ACCIDENTS 345. Aomori: Noda. Eight-koku* Mountain. MK II-283. OE p. 46.NMS no.Okayama: Imamura. is on your ear. A stingy osh6 feeds his kozo only with rice porridge.78 bushels) of beans. TKA p. 100. A poor osho and a kozo sleep the kozo not to talk about straw kozo sees a piece of straw on the with a visitor. Yuki. . (a) He assists the thunder god in pouring down rain. Threatening an Osho. . A man sows (a) a bean which he received in exchange for his cow. HS-M p. . or (a) servant drops all the buck-wheat seeds or millet seeds on one place and when the plants grow. when he is talking "Osho-san. The plant grows rapidly and reaches the sky. (d) a bean which his elder brother dipped in boiling water and gave him. (c) a parched bean given him by his step-mother. 89. - Fukuoka: FO-D no. 541. SB p. (c) He harvests eight koku (39. The osho tells when there are visitors. he pulls all of them out except one. TKA p.166 KEIGO SEKI 343. IK . Rumpf. 341. - Hiroshima: Kumamoto: KM XVI. The cloud breaks at his feet. The osh6 becomes thirsty and goes to a well for water. The man climbs up the beanstalk of the plant in order to gather beans or to harvest the crop.Saga: TD XII-8-26. WK p. and he falls to earth. 126. He is threatened by the koz6 pretending to be the spirit of the well.NMS no. - 344. and goes to the land in the sky. 542.

Gengoro's Ascent to the Sky. 33. . T. 51. Sasaki. (d) He falls into Lake Biwa and becomes a fish called Gengoro-funa (a kind of a carp).Hyogo: Takada. 37. AN p. 155. BOG no. 143. . TTH p. . . "ouch!" He awakes from a dream and finds himself pulling his wife's hair. 272.Tokushima: Takeda.Yamagata: Suzuki. 42. KG p.. T.. 90.8. (b) He returns home and finds his house covered by weeds. KB 6-15.Iwate: Kikuchi. When he comes down on it. IK p. MAT p. four persons who hold the four corners of the furoshiki. he hears his wife cry. MK 11-322. 55. 11. 45. FS p.. He helps the thunder pour rain and stumbles on a cloud. (From this on it is said that the term kuwabara. 56ff. 96.Nagasaki: Seki. TTM-a p. (a) He falls in a mulberry field. (a) He comes home with men's navels which were cooked by the thunder.Gumma: Ueno. . NH p.NMS no. . 207. 249. The tree or the tower is burned. (d) A man seizes an eel's (or dragon's) tail and is carried up to heaven. 184.Okayama: Imamura. Niigata: Iwakura. 128.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.NMM 211. . and fire starts. 33. SW p. TD IV-5-15. Sasaki. 157. 395. . KG p. . Akita: MK 1-123. . 281.. EG p. K. 274. IK p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 724. 130. buck-wheat. 229. 136. Ogasawara. 134. . SKT p.Shiga: Mitamura. KG p. 90. . . . 463. . 13. ROY p. 346. 207. MAT p. 474. 78. DRM p. (c) An umbrella maker spreading an umbrella.Iwate: Kikuchi. . XIV-6-24. KB p.Saitama: Suzuki. JFT no. (a) A man plants a bean (millet. TTH p.Oita: Suzuki. the cloud breaks. 86.Shizuoka: SO-D p. or (b) falls into the sea and arrives at the palace. ES p. 12. 128. 276. (b) A cooper (sedge-hat maker. and is caught up by a fisherman. T. 227. 96. or peach-seed) and climbs up to the sky to harvest the crop.Tokyo: Suzuki.Shimane: Moriwaki. 49. OS p. Yamaguchi. Yanagita-Mayer.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 70. 48. MT p. ES p. SD p. (a mulberry bush) is used as a charm against thunder. SG no. or an umbrella maker) is slung up to the sky by a hoop which sprang off. 80. TTM-b p. p. 58. is blown up by a sudden wind.Nagano: KA-K 11-152. 42: Mizusawa. SB p.. 132.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 167 p. IKP p. KB 6-15. . AS no. TD XV-5-17. bump their forheads. NMS p. NH p..Niigata: Mizusawa. Suzuki. When he pulls up a weed. AIY p. Hirano. 48. (c) In the sea-palace the man eats a food which comes down from above against the advice of the sea inhabitants. SKT p. 18. (b) He descends on the top of a tall tree or a five-storied tower. KMZ p. T.. 285. . T. NI p.. 27. 68. 119. Hirano. People find him and have a big furoshiki spread for him to jump down on.. and (a) falls to earth. . 63. 85. MK 11-44. TTM-b p. 219. TD XIV-5-9.

Catching Sparrows. K. 56.. his drawers (or loin-cloth) are filled with fish. who struggles to free himself and digs up wild yams at its feet.82. JFT no. K. WK p. T. 264.. Kimura. (1) As he goes into a pond to take those wild ducks.Tokushima: Takeda. Miyamoto. .Iwate: Hirano. 210. 108. (4) He seizes a rabbit (or a badger). 167. T. he seizes a tree root.. .. KG p. p. 61. KG p.Kumamoto: KM no.Yanagita-Mayer. 26. 51. 54. (5) He cuts grass to make a wrapping for wild yams and sees that he cut a pheasant's head. NK-c p. . 94. .Nagasaki: Suzuki. (2) As he comes out of the pond. NSR p. FS p. put draff on them. which turns out to be a rabbit. KTJ p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. 464. Shimane: Moriwaki. 85. . NI p. A father and his son plan to catch sparrows in order to sell them. and spread them in the place where many sparrows gather. A naughty boy who knows that little birds like nuts.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 141. 115. NMS no. become tipsy. 136. . 99. . Rumpf. They pick leaves of a camellia tree. . . 53. OC-b p. ..Niigata: Mizusawa. SMG p. ZKI p. Gonbei Who Catches Wild Ducks. B.Hyogo: MK II-419. MK I-272ff .Kagawa: Takeda. lies in the sun on the mountain-side. TD 1-3-19..Nagasaki: Seki. The father and the son gather the leaves and put the sparrows in a straw-bag. MK 1-184. 24. 12.Kochi: Katsurai. 112.. OC-a p. pressing his nostrils so that they look like a cracked nut. IK p. 65. 255.Fukushima: Iwasaki. Sparrows eat the draff. AIY p. Ogasawara. A.Oita: Suzuki.Gifu: HB V-286. A hunter shoots down all of them at one shot (a) with his gun bent in the same form. T. . and sleep on the leaves.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. MK I-87ff. (3) He finds a badger shot to death accidentally by his bullet. . or (b) by shaking the butt of his gun. 113. Oita: Miyamoto. 5. KYS p.168 KEIGO SEKI 347. K. The leaves are warped by sunlight and curl up around the sparrows. . . (6) He finds some eggs under the pheasant. . 300. . 266.. 87. 189.Saitama: Suzuki. JVM p. 20. - 348.Hiroshima: HS-M p.NMM p. . SB p. Chiba: Uchida.. 367. SW p. SK p. 116. T. 141. TS p. The birds mistake his nostrils for .. 190. Akita: TD XIV-5-37. Wild ducks are flying in a line forming the Japanese letter he (-). SOS p. SKT p. K.Tochigi: Kato. 201.

Nagasaki: Seki.. 279. or a robber).. SK Kagoshima: Tabata. . Oita: Miyamoto. (a) The ghost eats the poisoned lunch and dies. 218. 53. K. 301. Tokushima: Takeda. 105. Akita: TD XIV-5-44. A man robs a dead samurai of his clothes and swords and dresses himself as a samurai. 49.Oita: Miyamoto. IK p. Oita: Miyamoto. 168. He catches the birds. Kumamoto: KM no.Fukuoka: FO-D no. p. 30. (b) In a horse race he falls from his horse and accidentally seizes a bird. KB p. C. . 71. Nagasaki: Seki. 47. IP-M p. where he handles a bow and an arrow or a gun. Yamaguchi. 65. Lucky Hit.. or dislikes him. . A witty man floats a gourd in a pond and hides himself under the gourd. 115. Thus he gets about fifty wild ducks. 38. 465. 16. He stops at a certain house.Niigata: Iwakura. 101. and soon drops it. . AM p. KYS p. . D. 208. (c) While he is riding a horse he cries from horror.Gifu: Sawata.NMS .. and accidentally shoots a robber (or a bird).NMM p. 212. people think he is singing and praise his bravery. Another dove eats and drops it. which he places in the garden. NMS no. 314. BOG no. AIY p. He catches a wild duck who alights on the gourd. MK 1-572. A man ties a long thread to a bean. NBK no. 209. . (a) He wins a match with a samurai by shutting one of his eyes. He marries the daughter of the house. . Or (b) the poisoned food accidentally enters the ghost's mouth and kills him. . eats the bean. His wife who is suspicious of him. 95. SB p. K. A dove comes. EG p. 465. .NMS no. - no. SB p. a wild-boar. 80.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 169 a cracked nut and fly down to eat it. He is sent to destroy a ghost (a serpent. 465. - p. 466.NMS no. puts poison in his lunch. ZKI p. KYS p. NMM 349. Mizusawa. however. KYS p. MK 11-471.Hyogo: Takada. Akita: TD XIV-5-37ff.Kagawa: Takeda. Thus many doves are caught in the thread. . K.Tottori: Yamanashi: Dohashi.

T. The next night the third son-in-law drops dirty things in a pot. EG p.Tokushima: Takeda.Niigata: Mizusawa. . . 222. SK p. . 45. 249. or Kichigo. The tengu exchanges his invisible straw-hat and coat for the gambler's dice or sieve. 167. D IV-419. 122. T. K. The next morning the father asks. 28. bamboo pipe. KTJ p.Iwate: Hirano. 60. . perforated coin. 212. MK II-509ff. 155." and he is praised. 467. . 18. 76.Shimane: Moriwaki. MK 1-426. The next night the second son-in-law shoots an arrow and accidentally kills a horse-robber. . 259. He makes himself invisible by covering himself. SW p. "Who shot the bird last night?" The third son-in-law says. no. TD XIV-5-40. SOS p.Kyoto: GK-K p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. Suzuki. He is discovered by the shop keeper and is driven out. Aomori: Noda. . MK 11-447. Yamaguchi. steals sake and food from shops. 142. 108.Aomori: Noda. HKT p. 86.NMS no. The gambler putting on the invisible hat and coat. TD V-253. Akita: MK II-365. Sasaki. or by looking through a sieve (winnow.Nagano: KA-K 1-185. IK p. 180.. 319. 342.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 154. HB V-284... 398.Miyagi: KD 1-177. The first son-in-law shoots an arrow at night and accidentally kills a bird.NMM p. 351. SW p. NBK no. . 182.NMS no. AM p.Niigata: Mizusawa. A gambler (a scoundrel.Iwate: Ogasawara. ZKI p. . charcoal-burner. 307. . 243. KYS p. "I did. . 468." They are driven away. The Invisible Straw-hat and Coat. . SKT p. TKA p. "Who did this last night?". 71. TKA p. TD IV-424. 59. .Oita: Miyamoto.Nagasaki: Seki. Yuki.Kumamoto: MK I-139ff. Yamanashi: Dohashi. Tabata. KEIGO SEKI Three daughters and their husbands stay at their parents' house. . boy. His wife or mother burns the invisible hat and coat. or telescope) saying that he sees the cities of Edo and Kyoto through it.NMM p. the first and the second son-in-law say at the same time. 138. . SB p. . .. MK II-46.. "I did.170 350. 12. . Three Sons-in-law. NK-c p. KS p. The next morning the third son-in-law says that he did. 235. a hero in humorous tales) attracts a tengu (goblin) in a mountain (in the compound of a Shrine or on a bridge) by rolling dice. MAT p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. . or wine drops on a part of his body.Gifu: Sawata. IK p. T. 216.. Ogasawara. . TTM-b p. The next morning when the father asks. SW p. 110. TTM-a p.

286. As he shortens his nose. SW p. . 227. S.Yanagita-Mayer. ES p. The rich man puts up a notice-board announcing that he will reward whoever cures his daughter's strange disease. . . AK p. Miyagi: K DI-181. JFT no. Yuki. 168. KB 10-10. II-333ff. and as he puts its reverse side on the buttocks. 115. 123. 251. - shima: Takeda. K. HKT p. T. his body is pulled up in the air. . TTM-b p.. TGK p. 58. 70. Hiroshima: Isogai. Akita: MK II-220.Okayama: Imamura. KG p. Tengu's Fan (the fan that lengthens noses). 130. KS p. or spool) with which one can lengthen a nose. EG p... NBK no. A gambler (a poor boy) acquires a magic object (spatula. AS no. SKT p.Nagasaki: Seki. 81. 357. KB 6-13. Moriguchi. ROY p. 225. TD VII-12-89. Rumpf. fan. AT no. (b) by defeating a deity in gambling. SMG p. . Aomori: Noda. Tochigi: Kato. little mallet.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 171 352. to a pole in heaven. - . TTH 192. KMZ p. T. He marries her or receives money. . (a) through a prayer for a fortune. 107. 308. 52.NMM p. NMS no. Or (c) it is cut. 469.Niigata: Mizusawa. . 73. bowl. MAT p.. 15. HB V-283. 113. 26. TD XIV-5-38. it stops singing. KG p.. . - Toku- Wakayama: Moriguchi. MT p. TKA p. Fukui: NEM 1-150. A man (an idle man or a poor man) takes possession of a magic spatula (a) through a prayer to a god. MK 1-136. or (b) his nose is burned by a fire in heaven. Suzuki. IK p. or (c) by deceiving a tengu. By means of it he makes a rich man's daughter's nose long and restores it to its natural form.Oita: Suzuki. He makes his nose (a) It is nailed up longer and longer until it reaches heaven. .255. . KI p. or (b) becomes the daughter's bridegroom. 31. - Aomori: Noda. Nakanishi. . 60. K. it begins to sing. 138.Fukuoka: FO-D no. Sasaki. 224. 78.Yamanashi: Dohashi. .Kagoshima: Iwakura. TKA p. . 41. KTJ p. Suzuki. 44. The man cures it and (a) receives money.Gifu: Sawata. 138. 3. Ogasawara. When he rubs his buttocks with the spatula. hand-drum. T. 353. (b) by defeating Jizo in gambling. Niigata: Mizusawa. 181. 108.Hiroshima: HS-M p. T. .. JVM p. 189. The Spatula that Makes Buttocks Sing.. bambooblower.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 30. MK 11-423. 135. 84. or (c) by deceiving a tengu. KS p. 163. He pats a rich man's daughter on her buttocks with the spatula to make it sing. 205. bamboo-sprout. NI p. MK Iwate: Hirano. AIY p. Uchida. 140.Iwate: Sasaki. SB p. 209.Kyoto: GK-K p.

57. 235. 58. who says that he dislikes or fears a thorny bush. KS p.172 p. . 24. MAT p. 75. or mustard) most.Saitama: MK 11-127. The ghost throws gold at him. Tanokyu puts on various masks and dances to please the ghost. He tortures the ghost with tobacco. . 19ff. sake. 41. 78. . KM no. TKA p. NK-c p. .Gumma: Ueno. 55. 27.. KB 10-11. 34. 355. fox.Nagasaki: Kubo.Oita: Suzuki. AN p. 72. Kyoto: GK-K p. He becomes rich. or Hikoichi. 156. NMS no. 230. 354. . or pineresin) most.NMS no. 63. 470. IK p. 167. 38. What is Most Dreadful. 124. MK 1-410. The gambler says he dislikes gold (gold money.NMM p. 284. DRM no. 169. MK II-447ff. . 137. SB p. . . . egg-plant. snake. . SK p. or (b) meets a tengu (ghost. CG p. . white snake. 15. . rice or rice-cakes). .Nagano: Koyama.Miyagi: KD 11-118. Tanokyu. fox. or cat). 159.Niigata: Iwakura. 204. ZKI p. . TS p. MK 1-140.Shimane: Moriwaki. K. He learns that the ghost is afraid of tobacco (astringent juice of persimmon. IKP p. - KEIGO SEKI NMM p. AS no. Seki. Gifu: . A gambler (an idle man. 41. OK p. gourd. the hero in humorous tales) (a) plays a trick on a tengu and receives tengu's treasure (magic fan.Tokushima: Takeda. dog. The actor says his name is Tanokyu. deity of poverty. or badger) appears.Okayama: Imamura. EG p. . fire. 10.Wakayama: Nakanishi. shrub (tobaccosmoke. 207. 471. IK p. and says that he dislikes gold most. Mizusawa. 56. The gambler defeats or tortures the tengu with thorns. Aomori: Noda. . old bean-paste. . Fukushima: Iwasaki. II-33. 174. TTH p. NBK no. Kumamoto: KK VII-204. 237. The ghost mishears it as tanuki (badger) and says that he won't swallow a badger and wants to see a badger transformed into various things. 105.Kagawa: Takeda. KB p. Yokoji. ghost of mushroom. or invisible straw hat and coat) in exchange for dice (perforated coin. 4. In return the tengu throws gold into the gambler's house. 291. MK 1-415. pine-resin.Fukuoka: FO-D no. salty water. AK p. TD III-1180. AIY p. 39. A ghost (big snake. A traveling actor stops at a cave on a mountain pass. T. 24. MT p. 55. 167. . GT p. or a basket). 76.Iwate: Sasaki. Saga: TD XII-8-27. TD V-253. .Yamanashi: Dohashi. .Gifu: Sawata. TD 1-3-17. Akita: TD XIV-5-46.Kochi: Katsurai.. Yamaguchi.Hiroshima: Isogai. 209. KMZ p. 354.

Nagano: Koyama. . . MK 1-133. 155. 56. 356. Yamanashi: Dohashi. The bogy appears and is frightened at her demon mask. The mask is substituted by a fierce-looking demon mask by other servants. Someone is going out). T. TTM-b p. 174. 35.Shimane: Moriwaki.. . .Fukuoka: FO-D no. "Onchoro-choro dete korare soro. . . Demon Mask. The old woman learns those phrases and recites them at night.Kochi: Katsurai. 133. or (b) she lives in the house. . 158. It flees away.NMS no. TGM p. 24. 148. TD XVI-5-28. . On-choro-choro kaerare soro/' (Someone is coming in. . Aomori: Kawai. 73.Saitama: SuTokushima: zuki. . 53. 237. hears this and thinks the woman talks about him. Looking at a mouse running in and out of the room. Niigata: Iwakura. . His wife becomes angry and turns him out of the house. . AIY p. 173. 115. 141. TS p. 474. 60. 49. He runs away. he repeats. MT p. 87ff. 137. Takeda. 473. NMM p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. IZ p. A person disguised as a priest stops at an old woman's house and is asked to teach her how to recite a sutra. 104. 85.Iwate: Sasaki. Yamaguchi. XVII. GT p.Tokushima: Takeda. She sets out for her home to see if some evil has happened to her mother. TS p. 173.Kagoshima: Iwakura. 95. . V-403. CG p.. A thief stealing into her house. (a) A young woman working in another man's house keeps a mask of her mother (or father). 32. in the way of a sutra reciting. Fools 357. . KS p.Niigata: Mizusawa. IK p.NMM p. . 120. 32. (a) The woman finds a treasure in the house and goes home with it. . ROY p. .Hiroshima: HS-M p.Takeda. NMS no. Mouse Sutra. Nagasaki: Kubo. MK 11-267. ZKI p. SOS p. KG p.Osaka: Minami. 328. OC-d p. AIY p. KB p.Kagawa. 58. (b) A soft-headed man goes to market and buys a demon mask. Seki.Okayama: Imamura.Gifu: HB IX-356. . FOOLS AND NUMSKULLS A. The woman (or the man) puts on the demon mask in the woods (or in a bogy's house). 230.Kochi: Katsurai. 27.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 173 - HB IV-564. K. NSK p. . SB p. 152. Mizusawa. FS p. Wakayama: Nakanishi. KS p.

525. . Gifu: HB 5-402. AK p. . 114. Suzuki. T. 169.Fukuoka: FO-D no. SW p.Tochigi: Kato. He runs out of the granary and . .Kumamoto: MK 1-334. . Mizusawa. Hirano. ES p. 360. 27. 388. but the wind blows the powder away and it falls over an old woman (or maid). 131. 359. EG p. they put bean-flour between them so that it will not to be eaten by a mouse or a cat. She runs after the man. 245. KI p 293. 19.. 51. NM-a p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 63. KG p. T. 212. MT p. . MAT p. Three brothers in the house break wind one by one.Hiroshima: HS-M p. Shiga: Mitamura. 199. NMS no.Niigata: Iwakura. 88. but the old woman is afraid of the neighbor's dog (cow or horse). SKT p. TGM p. Uchida. IKP p. KK VII-197.. . . 570. 55.Wakayama: Nakanishi. MT p. NH p.Kyoto: GK-K p. Old Couple and Bean-flour. 202. 1. Niigata: Akita: MK II-558. . 325. .. An old couple sweep their house and pick up a bean which they grind into flour.Oita: MK 1-572. KG p.Aomori: MK 11-504. KMZ Miyagi: KD 11-116. . 89. The old man sifts flour through his loin-cloth. 202. TGK p. 112. Akita: TB XIV-5-29. KB p. SD p. 323. 10. Aomori: Kawai. 12.Niigata: Iwakura. 111. They want to borrow a sieve from a neighbor. KB 6-18. . - Mizusawa.Yamanashi: Dohashi. SMG p. 382. Then the love powder which was struck on his coat falls on the straw-bag. SG no. Tottori: IP-D p. 46. NK-d p. A thief tries to steal in a house. . p. 103.. 564. NT p. -NMS no. 327. When they sleep.NMM p. 12. 22. 41ff. Moriguchi. Suzuki. . 233.Yamagata: MK 1-467. 199. 101ff. .Aomori: MK 11-505. The thief is frightened at the sounds and runs away. SD p. The old man breaks a big wind and the bean-flour flies about against the old woman. . Three Men Who Drive a Thief away by Breaking Wind.Okayama: Imamura. Isogai..174 KEIGO SEKI Akita: MK 1-463.Okayama: Imamura. 218. 8. 130. IKP p..Saitama: Suzuki. TD XIV-6-5. . 239. 358. and the straw-bag draws near him. NMM p. He hides in a granary and leans against a straw-bag of rice. . ES p. A man tries to sprinkle love powder over a pretty woman. Sasaki. Ogasawara. . 44. 338. K. .Hiroshima: HS-M p. Love powder. TTM-a p. 201. 79. T. T. KB p. OC-c p.Iwate: Kikuchi. KS p.

Aichi: MK 1-516. He begins to cry. but he is drawn into dancing. 393. A servant who is making a waraji. T. 22. A man borrows a bell from an osho and dances to it. Shimane: 363. Suzuki. watches the maidservant.Hiroshima: HS-M p. The daughter's husband (or servant) watches her dozing. . 121. . . The osh6 goes himself to take the bell back and also dances with them. An earthenpan peddler sees them weeping and remembers his misfortune the year before. The samurai weeps because he cannot read. . 208. . 38. and the mother does not notice that her hemp tub is burning.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. Ishikawa: Yamashita. TTM-a p.Shimane: Moriwaki. SD p. NMM p. 83. (a) A man who is absorbed in playing go (Japanese checker) does not notice that his tobacco is burning or is already smoked up.Saitama: Suzuki. (b) An old mother tells a tale to her sleepy daughter to keep her from falling into a doze while they are spinning. 39. A Waraji as Long as Three Shaku. Three Persons Cry. . 394. 67. A kozo is sent back for the bell. 175 361. . KG p. OC-a p. SB p. Dancing to a Bell. while she is putting cooked rice into a vessel.Niigata: Mizusawa. 221. His wife looks at him while she is sewing a kimono and her mind is occupied with his tobacco so that she sews in a wrong way. Moriwaki. over which he has been too busy to grieve. NK-b p.Nagasaki: Seki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES the straw-bag rolls after him. meanwhile it happens that he has made a very large long waraji.. meanwhile he makes a waraji as long as three shaku. Her maid servant... The mother thinks the letter contains bad news from her son. T. Fukuoka: FO-D no. . 391. KTN p. T. and weeps.NMS no. 293. 185. SOS p. 92. 64. NMS no.NMS no. looks at the wife and lets the rice drop outside the vessel. A mother asks a samurai to read a letter from her son. 362.

. when he hears a voice from the coffin. HKT p. . .Kyoto: GK-K p. TTM-b p. 296.NMM p.Kagoshima: Iwakura. AIY p. Old woman?" An old man on his death bed makes an agreement with his wife that she should keep his coffin in the house and answer whenever the corpse will ask. TGK p. TGM p. A neighbor suspects her and follows her one night. Aomori: Kawai. 26ff. - Gifu: Sawata. NMM p.Rumpf. MAT p. 142.Shimane: Moriwaki. after death. Hiroshima: HS-M p. MT p. (b) A man saves a woman which has fallen in a snow-storm and marries her. I. appears every night to take her clothes away with her. TTM-a p. SB p.NMS no. 395. 24. 22. and when she is forced to do it. (a) A man wishes for a wife as beautiful and slender as an icicle hanging from the eaves. . 137. old woman?" After his death. "Are you there.Miyagi: KK VII-199. 7. 144. I am".Niigata: Mizusawa. . 86. . -NMS no. 249. KB p. - p. II. NBK no. asking him to say "yes. she vanishes. Uchida. 364. Yuki. 77.176 KEIGO SEKI Okayama: Imamura. .Niigata: TD XV-5-22. NT Tokushima: Takeda. He seizes her and finds out that she is not a ghost but a real woman in the village. . (a) The wife refuses to take a bath. 668. A wife. 254. . . KS p.Niigata: Mizusawa. EG p. KK p. . She goes out for an errand. A woman just as he wished comes and marries the man. "Are you there. The Dead Wife. 198. or (b) when spring comes. . 25. 366. 89. 5. . . NMS no.NMS no. Then the corpse (or a head) comes out and follows the traveler. 363. . JVM p. she melts and only her comb remains in the water. 30.Hyogo: TD X-9-36.Niigata: Iwakura. 401. 402. 221. 342.Nagasaki: Seki. a traveler (or a rokubu) lodges in an old woman's house. . 121. leaving her clothes in the kitchen. Wakayama: Nakanishi. The Icicle Wife. 365.Shizuoka: SO-D p. As the corpse speaks too often he is tired of answering and looks into the coffin or stops answering.

. A husband falls in love with a neighbor's wife and decides to divorce his wife. Boiling Beans on the Heart. 370. and he is discharged. T..Fukuoka: FO-D no. She puts a pot of beans on her chest. 104.Nagano: Niigata: Mizusawa. T. 90ff. . Aomori: MK 11-506. SW p. BOG no. How a Man was Made to Keep His Wife. and asks him to unpack his lunch. 86.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. . Kagoshima: Iwakura. It rains the next day. NMS no. so the husband shuts up the doors and does not allow her to go out. guchi: Miyamoto. 20. He meets a man coming with a sedge-hat on and with his mouth open. NMS no. 152. The second man says that he is opening his mouth because it is too troublesome to tie the string of his hat. T. BOG no. SW p. Two Lazy Men. He is summoned or employed by a tonosama. 70. SOS p. 429. KG p. but is too lazy to untie his lunch package hanging at his neck (or waist). 397. . 368.Iwate: Moriguchi. Iwate: Sasaki. 156. KG p. Iwate: Sasaki. 139. 206. because he sees white mold on his loin-cloth. A man forecasts the weather by noting the dampness on his loin cloth. 369. He eats the beans and henceforth comes home early at night. the beans have been boiled quite soft. Becoming a Man of No Talent Again. she looks prettier than usual. KK p. 86.110. IK p. When her husband returns. His wife is jealous and she feels her chest becomes hot.Hyogo: Takada. (a) He goes to the tonosama's house with a new loin cloth on and fails to foretell the weather. Yama- - NMS no. 396. A man becomes hungry. Hyogo: Takeda. When she dresses herself up to go away. 21. . Okinawa: TD 11-5-36. Sasaki SW p. TTM-a p...Iwate: Moriguchi.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 177 367. 61.. A husband comes home late every night. (b) In summer he says that the next day will be snowy..

saying that he smelled a bad smell. 490. 263. 93. KYS p..Okayama: Imamura. 208. .Kumamoto: Kimura. They try to conceal their deformity. . K. and he finds out that the two men have not yet picked up any money. 163. 114. . A blear-eyed person. NMS no. The lousy man says that he sees a wild-boar (or a bird) running like this and shakes himself.NMS no. 51. MT p. 430. .. HG p.. T. TTH p. A cripple. and a lousy person determine to stop their habit of scratching themselves. The blear-eyed man says he will aim at the wild-boar in this way and rubs his eye. . 58. 238. and the oneeyed man. 21. OC-b p. JVM p. .Kochi: Katsurai. 67. Aomori: Noda. The man with a scald head says he will miss the the wild-boar and scratches his head.178 KEIGO SEKI Iwasaki. 219. T. saying that he dares not see a certain thing again and covers his eyes with his hands. 45.Iwate: Kikuchi. KA-K VII-248. T. 47. . . If I pick up Some Money. . The one says if one of them picks up some money. 372. AK p.. NK III p.. 433. IK p. KG p. 431A.Yamanashi: Dohashi. Sasaki. . 21. TTM-a p. NMM p.Niigata: Mizusawa. Akita: TD XIV-6-6.NMM p. TGM p. .Kagawa: Takeda. ZKI p. T. MB p. KG p. . An arbiter comes to devide the money fairly between them. . Two travelers disagree. he may take it by himself. KTJ p. 24. TKA p. 431B. . . NH p. 116.Hiroshima: HS-M p.. a person with a scalded head. - B. The other says that he should share the money equally with the other. NMS no. T. K. The cripple says he has trodden on a dog's dung. WK p.Yamanashi: TD III-522. Fukushima: Iwasaki. 114. TTM-b p. A. Hiroshima: HS-M p. 75.Fukushima: Iwasaki. TD 1-5-13.Nagasaki: Suzuki. 160.. Mizusawa. 132. the man with the deformed nose covers his nose with his hands.Rumpf. SK p.Saitama: Suzuki. IK p. 32. 66. . and a one-eyed man pass together before a pretty girl of a tea-shop. 190. 21. 191.Saitama: Suzuki. . a man with a deformed nose. 371. Isogai. .Shimane: Moriwaki. . KMZ p. 159. 263. NT p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 222. 81. .Aomori: Kawai. 76. Three Deformed Men.Oita: Miyamoto. NT p. .

182. HKT p.Niigata: Mizusawa. "If she will get jealous. .Nagasaki: Seki. which breaks.Nagasaki: Seki. Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. SB p. He calculates the profit which he will gain through selling a bottle of vinegar. 374. Medicine for a Fool. A man makes vinegar from rice. 248.. 444. The Eighth Leg of an Octopus.NMS no. K. When he comes to himself. . 257. SG no. . IK2 p. Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 23. . IKP p. NMM p. 46. 102. pretending to speak in the god's voice. From that day on. 73. 436. 272. 26. .Kumamoto: Hamada. Miyamoto. 160. 58.8. "Don't touch me lest you break my wings. he says to the people who are taking care of him. Oita: 376. 26. His profit is gone." and unconsciously swings up his feet and kicks over the bottle of vinegar. NMS no. 138. A foolish son asks a doctor to cure his foolishness and is told to climb up a tall tree and then to loose hold of it. 437. KI p. Fukuoka: FO-D no. On the eighth day she is drawn into the sea by last leg. WK p. He says he . KYS p. He thinks. A Man Who Wishes to Be a Kite. - 375. . she cuts off one of its legs every day. A foolish man wishes to be a kite. SK p. . The foolish man climbs to the top of a big tree and on hearing the mischievous man say that he has become a real kite. 317. but probably his wife will become jealous. . 7.. 93. NMS no.Tochigi: Kato. SB p. A mischievous man tells him. IK p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. He thinks of getting a mistress.Kagawa: Takeda. AK-M p. . Calculating Future Profits." Kochi: Katsurai. Yuki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 179 Iwate: Sasaki. flies down to earth and loses his consciousness.Shimane: Moriwaki. K. to fly from the top of the tallest tree in the wood. 373. SMG p. ROY p. 31. I will kick her in this way. NM-b p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . KI p.Shiga: Mitamura. An old woman sees an octopus stretching its legs.

Shimane: Moriwaki. 318. NMM p. 220. 378. Another man tells him that if he lies idly in the wood. He gives another stingy man a piece of straw for cleaning a tobacco pipe. TGK p.. K. TD-3-16. K. so that he perspires in fear that the stone might come down upon him. OC-d.Oita: Miyamoto. 7. - NMM p. Two Misers. 246. - NMS no. Niigata: Mizusawa. . 447. . - Iwate: Hirano. KI p. The latter cuts it into several pieces and sends the former some pieces as medicine for palsy. Tomaru-kago (A cage for carrying a criminal). Thus he spares clothes. 445. In winter a stingy man hangs a big stone from the ceiling and sits under it. no. A lazy man likes to know how he can eat food (kuwareru) without working. - NMS no. . 130. he will be eaten (kuwareru) by a bear. . SKT p. . 222. MK-II-464. People look at the doctor sitting in the tomaru-kago and they treat him as a criminal or madman. KEIGO SEKI The doctor replies that a fool is not Aomori: Uchida. KYS p. The stingy man strikes his head with a fire-wood to emit sparks. 100. A visitor to the first stingy man searches for his foot-wear in the dark.Oita: Miyamoto. IK p.NMS. TTM-a p. 448. Yamanashi: Dohashi. An unpopular doctor wants to ride a kago (sedan-chair) when he makes a visit to a patient's house and he says he will not see a patient unless he has a kago sent for him.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi.180 will then fall to death. How to Eat without Working. NMS no. 379. - . AN p. by which the visitor can find his foot-wear. KYS p. KI p. Yamanashi: Dohashi. Shimane: Moriguchi. 377. Yamanashi: TD III-526. A man from a distant mountain village.. 278. cured unless he dies. borrows a tomaru-kago (cage for carrying a criminal) for the doctor to ride to his house. 221. having no means to get a sedanchair. 177. 10. 446.

XII-11-40. thrown a persimmon seed on his grows on his forehead and bears His friends cuts down the tree. TTH p. The friends A man. he is asked by the other man for a cinder. BOG no.NMS no. . NMS no. while sleeping. KTJ p.Kagawa: MK 11-425. 100. A Thousand Ryo* for One Glance. T. Then his body melts.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. .Hyogo: Takada. Fukui: MK 1-222. he refuses to because it is a piece of an expensive wood. Then the body of the snake becomes slender and it seems that it has recovered from overeating itself. NI p. from which stump mushrooms * a coin. . T. Niigata: Mizusawa. 96. spends all his money for looking at her three times. Yanagita Mayer. . .. K. The second man's house burns.Yamanashi: Dohashi.- ?381. He makes it eat a strange grass. JVM p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES . KMZ p. Rumpf. . BZ p. ROY p. - 181 a hamHe has When give it NMS no. 449. A man who earned three thousand ry6 by selling lotus leaves. The prostitute is moved by his earnestness and marries him. 189. AIY p.. no. 100. . 66. The man eats a great deal of noodles and nibbles the same grass.4 52. Stinginess. Fukuoka: Umebayashi. 9. . and only his clothes and noodles remain. A stingy man goes to another stingy man to borrow mer for driving in iron nails. Tokushima: 383. 257.380.. to use his own hammer. A Persimmon Tree on the Forehead. . 103. 25.Nagasaki: Takeda. Akita: TD XIV-6-14. is forehead. monetary unit. and his request is refused. He sells them.Iwate: Sasaki. OS p. ZKI p. A persimmon tree fruit. 12. A man happens to see a snake which has swallowed a man. 39. 455.Oita: Suzuki. It costs a thousand ry6 to glance at a certain prostitute. 84.Iwate: TD :382. Suzuki. The Herb that Melts a Human Being. He sells persimmons. grow.

Aomori: MK II-504. . SW p.. The Zato and Mochi. . 60. 456.182 KEIGO SEKI dig up the stump and make a hollow. a blind minstrel. SKT p. ROY p. 154.SW p. Blunderer. or loaches live there. He becomes blind (or searches about food in rubbish boxes like a dog). The zat6 ties the string to his finger and eats mochi. Upon the instructions of a god a man jumps down from a high balcony of a temple. 269. KMZ p. . 386. 467. 84. Sasaki.Iwate: Ogasawara. 178. 270ff. 512.NMS no.NMS no.Yamaguchi: Rumpf. (b) The zato steals mochi and sweet sake.Iwate: Sasaki. Akita: TD XIV-6-23. Miyamoto. . Hasty Sobei. 439. Water collects in the hollow and ducks come to swim in it.Kagoshima: Iwakura. T. 385. Aomori: MK 11-452. He wins a reputation as a skilled physician. - 384. 37. Sasaki. . 457. A neighbor tries to do the same thing. . but he picks up horse-chestnuts (or a dog's eyes) instead of his eyeballs. NMS no. Aomori: MK 11-504. KK p.. KMZ p. .Iwate: Hirano. 109. * a blind man. OG p. MAT p. .Nagasaki. JVM p. An old couple do not give any mochi (or sweet sake) to the zato who is staying at their house. 202.Nagano: Koyama..Miyagi: KD 1-181.NMM p. 34. 231. 113. . he will let her know it by pulling a string. SOS p. A hasty man named Sobei goes on a pilgrimage to a shrine. (a) The old man tells his wife that they will eat some mochi at night and that when he will be ready. 259... B. Ogasawara. In haste he replaces them inside out so that he becomes able to see the inside of a person. Horse-chestnut-eyes. and his eyeballs come out and fall on the ground. KB p. Children come to catch them. . eats and drinks them by himself and leaves the house very early. Mizusawa.. TTM-a p. saying that his home is in the district of mochi or that his name is sake bottle.

74. 53. A servant hears his ing to send the servant servant hastily goes out master that he went to master saying to himself that he is goon an errand to a certain place. Koyama. SW p. Gifu: HB X-258. WK p. no. K. . He offers ninety-seven mon to the shrine. EG p.NMM p. . . 204. and he sells all the umbrellas which he made and pleases the master.Miyagi: KD 11-133. 256. NMS Kagoshima: Tabata.Nagano: Shimane: Moriwaki. Iwate: Kikuchi. or puts on his head a straw pan-mat instead of a knitted hat. . though he intended to offer only three mon.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 183 He wrapps a wooden pillow in his wife's petticoat instead of taking his lunch box wrapped in a furoshiki.Kyoto: Kato. KI p. 12.Kochi: Katsurai. 406. S. 83. He finds out that it is a wooden sign of the shop. 19. he scolds the neighbor's wife instead of his own wife. MAT p. The and comes back soon.. 388. KB p. IG p.. 91. - 387. 105. 11. 315.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . TTM-b p. . Kochi: Katsurai. KA-K VII-252. IKP p. When he becomes hungry. Ogasawara. NH p.Oita: Suzuki. 129. NT p.. 255. . 67. 92. BOG no. Iwasaki. An Umbrella Maker. CG p. 98.Hyogo: Takada. 184. Sasaki.. 23. An apprentice of an umbrella maker makes such umbrellas as one cannot fold. he enters a neighbor's house. 408. Then it suddenly happens to rain. Mizusawa.. 248. . He wears a wooden pestle instead of a sword. MB p. SOS p. . Akita: TD XIV-6-8.NMS no. K. . He says to the that place and has come back. he gives three mon to a mochi seller and takes away a big mochi. A Hasty Man Who Goes on an Errand. but he finds out that he forgot to cash the money from the buyers. NI p. . When he returns.Niigata: Iwakura. KYS p. T. Yamanashi: TD II-12-64. 129. He wears a leather-soled sandal on one of his feet and a straw-sandal on the other foot. 244. . SW p. 161. He puts one gaiter on one of his legs and the other one on a ladder instead of his other leg. He runs out of the neighbor's house and makes apologies to his own wife. AM p. Miyamoto. 405. 227. WK p.Tottori: IP-M p. 70.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. S.NMS no. and he is scolded by the master.

184 389. Unfortunate Sanoya.

KEIGO SEKI

A. A man named Sanoya has his finger injured by a venomous snake. Trying to cut off the finger before its venom takes effect, he cuts the next finger by mistake. On returning home he finds his wife at ease and throws his hatchet at her. Unfortunately it strikes against his precious flower-vase and breaks it. B. A man hurts his finger. He binds up the finger but blood still runs. He bound another finger. Yamanashi: TD II-11-61. - NMS no. 409. 390. Courage Trial. Young men hold a courage contest. Each man is to go to a cemetery and strike a pile into the ground. One man has the edge of his clothes stuck in with the pile and is frightened out of senses. Nagano: Koyama, CG p. 257. p. 55; OC-d p. 32. -

Shimane: Moriwaki, NK-c p. 26; NT

NMS no. 410.

391. The Face Like This. A man meets a ghost with an egg-like face without nose and mouth or a one-eyed ghost. He runs away and asks some persons for help, who say, "Had the ghost a face like this?" and he shows the same face as the ghost had. On returning home he sees that his wife's face is the same.
Iwate :Kikuchi, NH p. 53. -

- Saitama: Suzuki, T., KG p. 107. - Shizuoka: SO-D p. 23. - Tottori: IP-M p. 44. - Yamanashi: Dohashi, KI p. 280; ZKI p. 243. - NMS

Takada, BOG no. 101. no. 411.

Kumamoto: Kimura, H Gp. 85, MK II-227ff.

Kagoshima: Tabata, AM p. 159. -

Hyogo:

392. Mishearing. A. A traveler asks an old woman who is washing potatoes, "Where is this place (tokoro)?" The woman answers, "These are not tokoro-potatoes, but suri-potatoes." The traveler asks, "What is your village (o-mura)?" The woman answers, "0-

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES

185

Mura has gone to her native house." (O-Mura is the name of her daughter-in-law.) The traveler is irritated and says, "Stop The woman says, "She will talking nonsense (kyokuru-na)." come back today or tomorrow, kyo kuru-ka, asu kuru-ka wakaranai."
Nagano: Koyama, CG p. 242. - Tochigi: Kato, K., SMG p. 87. nashi: Dohashi, ZKI p. 443. - NMS no. 411. Yama-

B. A traveler says, to an old shop-keeper that he wants wzaraji. The latter says, "Tofu is one sen and a half." The traveler, "No, Old-man, I want waraji." "Mo wakaku-nai (I am
no longer young)."

Kochi: Katsurai, WK p. 107. C. Two old men go to gather fire-wood and eat their lunches together. One old man asks the other, "How old are you?" The other answers, "This is peppered miso." "You don't look your age." Iwate: Kikuchi, NH p. 95. D. A thrifty old couple saves money. The old wife asks her husband for what purpose he has saved money. He says that he will offer it to the emperor. When the husband is out, a beggar comes. The wife refuses to give him money, saying it is to be presented to the emperor. The begger says he is the emperor and receives all the money. The old couple starts on a journey to find some work in an other place. They carry a bundle and a door on their backs. As it becomes dark, they take shelter in a shrine, where some thieves come. The old couple climb a tree to hide themselves from the thieves. They begin counting the money which they have stolen. The wife complains about the weight of the door. The husband tells her to be silent. She mishears and lets the door go down upon the thieves. They are frightened and run away. The old couple get all the money left by the thieves. Tochigi: Kato, K., SMG p. 19. E. An old man sees a robber stealing into his house and

186

KEIGO SEKI

tells his wife to shut the sliding door. She mishears him and carries the door to him. He tells her to take it back and she takes it up in a tree. The robber touches the tree, and the door falls on him. He runs away leaving the money there. Tokushima: Takeda, AIY p. 108. 393. Killing, or Half-killing. A traveler stays overnight at a certain house. He hears the people saying, "Shall we entertain him with hon-goroshi (killing) or with han-goroshi (half-killing) or maybe with hippataki (beating)." He flees, or asks the people to let him go. They explain to him that they meant mochi by hon-goroshi, botamochi by han-goroshi, and noodle by hippataki.
Akita: TD XIV-6-5. - Iwate: MK 11-38. - Kyoto: Kato, S., IK p. 363. - Niigata: Mizusawa, FS p. 232; TTM-b p. 112. - Saga: TD XII-8-27. - Shizuoka: SO-D p. 466. - Shimane: Moriwaki, NT p. 64ff; OC-c p. 60. - NMS no. 415.

394. Burning Father. When a father starts on a business trip, he leaves a piece of paper with a message to visitors written on it. For a few days there is no visitor, so the son thinks he will need the paper no more and burns it. On the fourth day a man visits him and asks about his father. The son says, "It is gone." The visitor asks when he died. The son says, "I burned it yesterday."
Kagoshima: TD 1-10-90. Nagano: Koyama, CG p. 178.NMS no. 416.

395. Kahei-kuwa. A farmer named Kahei goes out to work in the fields. A crow cries. "Kahei-kuwa, kahei-kuwa." It reminds Kahei of his kuwa (hoe) which he has forgotten to bring. Then the crow cries, "Aho, (fool, fool)."
Fukuoka: FO-D no. 15, 94. - Ishikawa: Yamashita, KEN p. 100. Kochi: Katsurai, WK p. 120. - Nagano: Iwasaki, K., MB p. 21, 45, 82. - Nagasaki: Seki, SB p. 282. - Niigata: Mizusawa, EG p. 207; MAT p. 344, 346; TTH p. 27, 192; MK 1-72. - Saitama: Suzuki, T., KG p. 108.

TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES
Tochigi: Kato, K., p. 89. p. 225. - NMS no. 420. Yamanashi: Dohashi, KI p. 11. -

187
NMM

396. Two Robbers. Two robbers hide under the floor of a house. One of them breaks wind. The other says, "You broke wind." The former who has dull ears, asks, "what did you say" and repeats the same question. The other answers in such a loud voice that the people of the house hear them. The robbers run away and find a straw-bag of rice on the riverside. They take it, and as they carry it together, the one sees that there is a man in the strawbag and says, "There is a hito (man) in this bag." The other replies, "If there are four to* (shi-to) of rice, each of us can have two to."
Kumamoto:

no. 434.

Kimura, HG p. 91. -

Nagasaki:

Seki, SB p. 298. -

NMS

397. A Blind Man and a Deaf Man. A blind man and a deaf man take treasures from demons and divide them between themselves. They quarrel about the disThe blind man hurts the deaf man's ears, which tribution. function again, and the deaf man strikes the blind man's eyes, which open and recover sight. They stop quarelling.
Okayama: Imamura, NT p. 58. NMS no. 434.

388. A "for-rent" Notice. A child tells his father to put a charm against epidemics on the gate of their house. The illiterate father steals a "for-rent" notice and puts it on the gate. When the child mentions father's illiteracy, father says, "That is all right. The deity of epidemics will not come to rent an empty house." Nagano: Koyama, CG p. 179. NMS no. 422c. Yamanashi: Dohashi, KI p. 266. -

* 1 to is a half bushel.

Rumpf. - Yamanashi: NMS no. KI p. MK 11-31. 424. KEIGO SEKI A farmer sows seeds. Nagano: KAK 1-189. A Dove Will Hear. - Nagano: KA-K 1-190.188 399. JVM p. On a trip of inspection a local governor stays overnight at a village head's house. Dohashi. Another man asks. Oita: TD 1-4-76. JFT no. In the morning he orders a washingwater in a basin (chozu o mawase).Tochigi: Takahashi. The villagers bury the lower part of the Shinto-priest under the ground. Make the Bed. so he tries to break down the alcove. 302. Village of Numskulls 400. As he grows weak. Tokushima: 401. The village head brings . The villagers bring him a negi (Shinto-priest). KY p. "What are you sowing?" The father replies "beans. Villagers entertain him with soba (buck-wheat noodles. Local Governor and Negi (Shinto-priest). 265. A local governor stays overnight at a village head's house. After the local orders the take to the dinner. The local for flavoring governor wants some negi (chopped-snake-leek) soba. governor villagers negi (snake-leek) away and put it under the ground. 402. A local governor (or a tonosama) inspects a village. . on an inspection trip. He tells the village head to make the bed for him (toko o tore)." in a voice so soft that a dove may hear him. - -NMS no. people pour soil over him as they were told by the governor and consequently he dies. 301.NMS no. 18. Bring Washing-water. 97. - Yanagita-Mayer. C. The latter thinks that he is told to take away (tore) the alcove (toko). - Shiga: Mitamura. SG no. 411. 29.

17. 238.Tochigi: Takahashi. ZKI p.Iwate: Sasaki. 41. A Dog as a Mark. - Yamaguchi: NMM p. K. . 10. T. 79. A. 39. 404. KY p.Niigata: Mizusawa. WK p. Yamanashi: Dohashi. the dog has gone away and he cannot find the inn. 405.NMS no. NT p.Kochi: Katsurai. - Miyamoto. "Is this twice as large as his son from a mountain village go on a trip. to a place overlooking an open flatland. Tokushima: MK 11-31. NMS no. . Shimane: Moriwaki. Nagano: KA-K 1-190. A man goes out of the inn.Shimane: Moriwaki. Tochigi: Takahashi. 202. "Japan is this flatland.Saitama: Suzuki." Yama- Hyogo: Takada. 80. - Kyoto: GK-K p. 94. MT p. 255. No High Voice. Fukuoka: FO-D no. the also Japan?" The father answers. WK p. -. SOS p. . KG 118. spitting on a sign-curtain of the inn in order to leave his spit as a mark. 61. Kagoshima: no. 303. NMS B. 403. Umebayashi..Oita: Suzuki. TD 1-11-92. When he goes out of the inn for sight-seeing. . - Nagano: KA-K 1-190.Hyogo: Takada. guchi: TD V-8-32. 501.Okayama: Imamura. AS no. 412. This is also Japan. BZ p. . 307. When he returns. A father and When they come son says.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 189 a man who has the longest head (chozu) in the village and makes him turn round (mawasu) his head. - SB p. . he sees a dog in front of the inn (or a bird on the roof) and thinks that he should remember it as a mark of the inn.. 118. . 159. BOG no. 129. . . - Nagasaki: Seki. A villager goes to town and puts up at an inn. KA p. BOG no. KMZ p. TTM-b p. T. 16. . 309. Musical performances (nari-mono) and high voices (takagoe) are forbidden during the period of mourning for a general. - NMS no. 306. The villagers put away fruit (narimono) and lower their high heaps of manure (take-goe). 19. The spit disappears .. 343.Kochi: Katsurai. KY p.

NH p. TTH p. . .Tokushima: Takeda. . TTM-a p. 238.Tochigi: Takahashi. BOG no.Nagasaki: Seki. SOS p.Tochigi: Takahashi. Yamaguchi. 407. TKA p. The four men wake up the whole night in the same position suffering from mosquitoes. 251. . . . . 406. Kumamoto: Kimura. 327. . Four men hold the four corners of the mosquitonet upside-down. KYE p. NT p. FS p. . 185.Kyoto: GK-K p. ZKI p. He learns that the water was put there for him to wash his face. and the fifth man jumps in the mosquito-net and sleeps there.Yamanashi: Dohashi. TKA p.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. 254. .Oita: Miyamoto. 64. 309. . 239. KMZ p. AIY p. KY p. K.Shimane: Moriwaki. Sasaki.Niigata: Mizusawa.. 136. K. . 313.NMS no. SB Niigata: Mizusawa. . TTM-b p. . 80. 64. 193. 65.NMM p. KYS p. 196. NT p. .Shimane: Moriwaki.Hyogo: Takada. screen). 343.Oita: Miyamoto. . and he rubs his face with the mochi. 179.. . 238. Washing Face with mochi. In the morning he sees warm water in a washing tub with some salt beside it. HG p.Hiroshima: Isogai. A villagers stays overnight at an inn (or his father-in-law's He does not know how to set up a byobu (folding house). MN p. IKP p. NMM p. 341. 12. 119. 8. .Saitama: Suzuki.. T. and he sits up all night holding it up. 342. KG p. Aomori: Noda.Iwate: Kikuchi. 310. Jumping in a Mosquito-net. KY p.Nagasaki: Seki. NMS no. 2. . . IK p. 90. Tokushima: MK 11-31. .Kyoto: GK-K p. 65.p. 408. Holding a byobu (folding screen). Some villagers who don't know how to use a mosquito-net stop at an inn. . 20.Kyoto: GK-K p. Aomori: Noda. SB p. SB p. puts salt in the water and drinks it. 250.. 109. NMS no. 235.Fukuoka: TD IV-446. 182. T.190 KEIGO SEKI and he cannot find the inn. . AK p. 542. A villager stays at an inn (or his father-in-law's house). Nagano: KA-K 1-190. 55. 206..Nagasaki: Seki. The next morning he sees some mochi in a pot at the same place. NMS no.312.

Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. - A villager makes a visit to his father-in-law's house He does not know how to warm himself at a kotatsu. The villagers who have no good table manners. because he thinks that it is a kind of a bath. .Hyogo: Takada.. Tochigi: Takahashi. . Going in a Kotatsu. (A kotatsu is a fixed body warmer with a coverlet over it). 5. 239. . KI p. They fall down the ladder or creep down the stairs as the inn-keeper or the cat did.Yamanashi: Dohashi. who says.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 191 409. 20. NMS no. KY p. 4. Mizusawa. . Falling Downstairs. TD IV-438. 316.Nagano: KA-K 1-190. 363. Putting Noodles Around the Neck. When he takes up an imo with his chopsticks. EG p. . 225. A man from the village of fools (or a foolish son-in-law) is invited to a dinner. 317. 133. 326. 109. "I am sorry I have no next man to nudge. decide to follow the village headman.Tottori: IP-M p. S.. . KY p. 411. The villagers one after another do the same thing. BOG no. no. . 34. IG p. Niigata: Iwakura. T. 186. 410. NMS no. 412." . EG p. Kagoshima: TD 1-11-9. he drops it and lets it roll out of the table. 314.Saitama: TD 11-9-159. . 361. KB p.Tochigi: Takahashi. They see (a) the innkeeper missing his foot on the ladder and falling down. The village headman and some villagers (or an osh6 and a koz6) are invited to a feast. Dropping an Imo (potato). and he takes off his clothes and puts himself in the kotatsu. FS p. They don't know how to descend a ladder. As he does not know how to eat noodles. 220. . 14.Niigata: Mizusawa.NMS Aomori: Noda. TKA p. The villagers nudge one after another until the last one. or (b) a cat creeping down the stairs. Some villagers are put up in a room upstairs of an inn.Kyoto: Kato. MAT p. SOS p. The village headman nudges the villager who sits next to him intending to stop him imitating.

. . accident. 322. TTH p.NMS no. BZ p. KMZ p. Fish Sprout. NT p. NMS no. . 80. 17ff.Oita: Miyamoto. NI p. Kyoto: Kato. 60. 151. 64. 202. 341. . . 55. He buys a sea-bream. TD 1-5-17.Shimane: MN p. K. 343.Shimane: Moriwaki. tries to eat only the cuttle bone.Kyoto: GKK p. - Oita: T DI-5-17.Kumamoto: Kimura. 136.Kochi: Katsurai. The next time he buys clams (wreath-shells or razor-shells) and puts away the inside meat trying to eat shells. . IK p..Kagawa: Takeda. AIY p. Iwate: Sasaki.Toyama: TD III-2-81. . HG p. leaving only the eyes. A man from a remote village buys a fresh cuttle-fish and putting away its outside meat. 239. MN p. and plants it in the field.Tottori: IM 1-130. or for fun. A villager eats noodles in the town. 344. On his way home he buys incense sticks or mottoi (paper cords for tying hair) instead of noodles and boils them at home. TD VII-12-91. . Fukuoka: FO-D no. . takes it home. 290. . Boiling Paper Cords. 212. K. and learns that it is too hard to bite. 97 .192 KEIGO SEKI he imitates another man who puts noodles into his nostrils or around his neck by mistake. He says that the sea-bream has shot out its me (sprout or eye). 20.Kyoto: p. 325. 328. CG p. NMM p.Kyoto: GK-K p. 78. 124.. 65. - Kochi: Katsurai. 552.Tottori: IP-D p. 13. . 413. 415.Oita: Suzuki. . 12. 351. . Razor-shells.Tochigi: Takahashi. Yamaguchi: . 414.. A villager eats sashimi (sliced raw fish) in a town and learns it is made from a sea-bream. S. 98. . . IG p. TTM-a p.Niigata: Mizusawa.Nagano: Koyama.Tokushima: Takeda. NT p.NMS no. 15. After a few days he finds it rotten. Umebayashi. KY p. 17. .Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. KYS p. NSK p. Fukuoka: FO-D no. . WK p. 202. . 24.Yamaguchi: TD VII-12-91. . WK p. NMS no.

256. 5.Niigata: Iwakura. 33. Suzuki. Isogai. NK III p. Noda. . IK p. - 417. 80.Aomori: Kawai. MN p.Kagawa: Takeda. No one understands them. MK 11-508.NMM p. Nagasaki: Yuki. TD X11-61. HG p. 241. Tabata. KMZ p. 349. 79. KK p. . A villager goes to a town and sees a mirror for the first time. S. OC-b D.Kumamoto: Kimura. . .Hiroshima: HS-M p. KB p. She feels jealous of her and quarrels with the husband. TD 1-6-87. Mizusawa. 13. . Koyama. 226. . . 24. and sees her reflection. 114. Aomori: Noda.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 184. NT p. AIY p. . 85.Gifu: HB 5-285. 216.Kyoto: GK-K p. 66. FS p. His wife finds the mirror. A man returning from a feast at his father-in-law's .Niigata: Iwakura. TTM-b p.NMS no. 193. 240. 161. 133ff. KY p. 19. NSK p. . 122. Akita: TD XIV-5-69. AM p. Sasaki. TGM p. TS p. . TKA p. A villager goes on a journey to a city. . 418. 6.Shimane: Moriwaki. . 30. .Tokushima: Takeda. 131. NSK p. TD p. AIY Tottori: IM V-124. . TTM-b p.Kumamoto. 51.Kochi: Katsurai. SOS p. takes it up. 204. . (b) Their old mother sees her reflection in the mirror and tells them that there is only an old woman. HKT p. 78. . 318.Fukushima: Iwasaki. SB p. . T. 110. JVM p. Mizusawa... A Nun's Arbitration. and learns some difficult words.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto..Rumpf. BOG p. . 87. ZKI p. . .Hyogo: Takada. . . Learning City Language on a Journey. 144. 418. 151.Tochigi: Takahashi. Kato.Kagawa: Takeda. Nagasaki: Seki. NMS no. .NMM p. MB p. Learning Only One Thing. SK p. takes up the mirror and says that the woman in the mirror has become a nun. (a) A nun who passes by. T. K.Saga: TD XII-921ff. 262. KG p.. AK p. 166. p. . 352. 60. 62. VI-1-44. Foolish Son-in-Law.Nagano: Iwasaki. 91. 80. . Kimura..Kagoshima: Iwakura.Iwate: MK 1-511. 22.Fukuoka: FO-D no. TKA p. MZG IV-263. When he looks at his reflection in the mirror. SK p. 76. IKP p. 88. She thinks there is another young woman in it.Kyoto: GK-K p. When he returns home. 415. 319. 79. T. . HG p. 80. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 193 416. .Kagawa: Takeda. IG p. 499.Iwate: Ogasawara. A. 117. CG p. SW p. 285. . 129. he thinks he sees his dead father's face in it and he buys it. KB p. he writes a letter (or talks) to a doctor using those words.

KAT no. The mother says he should carry it on his shoulder. 50. Seki. He is given a calf. It is broken or lost. Nagasaki. Gifu: Sawata. 144. . 172. 558. . 31.. 527. but it does not come with him. 531. Suzuki. He scatters water in a smith's shop.Tottori: . K. 25. The mother tells him he should carry it in his hands. 17.Aomori: MK 11-508. 188. He sees a bull-fight and tries to stop the bull fight. Wakayama: Moriguchi. A mother sends her son (or son-in-law) to sell things. Nakanishi. As he tries to hold her in his hands. IKP p. SD p. 18. His mother tells him he should put the money in a purse. ROY p. 125.Niigata: Iwakura. NSK p. He strikes a quarrelling man with a hammer. ST p. T.194 KEIGO SEKI house.Tochigi: Kato. KMZ p. 201. Hyogo: Takada. 132. .Kyoto: GK-K p. T. NT p. 76. Yamaguchi. NK-c p. Oita: Miyamoto. The next time he receives a horse and when trying to put it in his purse.Iwate: Hirano. . KG IP-M p. Mizusawa. He goes to a house where a funeral ceremony is held and is scolded by the people. - KB p. AIY p. Hiroshima: HS-M p. NMS no. .. Akita: Sasaki.Kagawa: Takeda. SMG p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 8. NBK no. 22. . BOG no. The next time the father-in-law lets him take a maid servant to his home. 347. 261ff. KS . . . The mother says he should coax her to come with him.Kagawa: Takeda. KMZ p. SB p. SW p. 216. 367. 533. The mother tells him he should lead a horse bv a rope. kills it. He is told that he should stop the quarrel by standing between the quarrelling men.Iwate: Sasaki. he is killed by its horns. He is killed by their horns. KMZ p. Ogasawara..' The mother says he should pour water on fire. 177. TD X-11-60. KK VII-197. Fukuoka: FO-D no. Sasaki. . MK 1-184. 7. CG p. 240. TD XIV-5-31. 254. He receives a folding screen. Miyagi: KD 11-121.. 330. B. p. 179. 556. throws away the money which his father-in-law gave him. He goes to sing a song of congratulation at a scene of fire. KYM p. IK p.. 180. He sets it up on the road and tries to coax it. K. He ties a string to it and draws it on the road all the way home. and when trying to hold it on his shoulder. 135. telling him to sell them at the place where there is a crowd of people.Saitama: Suzuki. 82. 59. MN p. He learns that he should strike iron with a hammer. MAT p.Nagano: Koyama. 35. The next time he receives a kettle (or a pot). she slips away. His mother tells him he should offer his condolence to them. K.

261. - Shiga: Mitamura. (2) a wild boar is entrapped. OC-c p. Kaki (Tea. p. 333.Kochi: Katsurai. .NMS no. (cha). Miyamoto. - Shimane: Moriwaki. 95.Oita: Suzuki. TTH p. 27. KA p. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES p. . K. 151. Persimmons). NMS no. Then he cries. WK p. .Okayama: Imamura. TD X-11-60. 130. - 420. . and persimmons (kaki). . His elder brother tells him to catch whatever thing is entrapped and to bring it home.. KG p. A. kuri wa kuri de betsu-betsu. Akita: TD XIV-5-30. 59. Kuri. ZKI p. 348. 188.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 330. 419. T. NMM p. so he sets it free. Cha.).Hiroshima: HS-M p. Yamaguchi.Nagasaki: Kubo.Yamaguchi: Miyamoto. MT p. K. 186." (Tea is one thing which is to be sold from other things. K. 83.- 195 Rumpf. but he thinks it is a neighbor's hen. .. He is sent for a Buddhist priest for the mother's funeral service. TS p. No one understands his words and nobody buys.. - -. . Their mother (father or the neighbor's old woman) is caught in the trap by accident. "Cha wa cha de betsu-betsu." without pausing between each word.. GT p. KI p. The foolish son does not save her from the trap and drags her home so roughly or holds her so fast that she is killed. 75. Information of Funeral Service. 58..Toyama: TD III-221. TD II-12-62. 171. Chestnut is another thing. T. . CG p.Kochi: Katsurai. 131. Niigata: - Mizusawa. He cries. 77.Fukuoka: FO-D no. separately Still no one understands what he cries.. . T.Fukushima: Iwasaki. (1) A foolish younger brother sees a bird caught in the trap. NI p. 331.Kumamoto: Kimura. NMM p. SB p. Nagano: Koyama. Saitama: Suzuki. 50. T. SOS p. Nagasaki: Seki. SMG p.Kyoto: GK-K p. cha-kuri-kaki.. . 11. 122. . B. He is advised to say each name of those things separately from others. "Cha-kuri-kaki. 108. 230. . HG p. 109. The younger brother is sent for a Buddhist priest for . NMS no. KG p. 163.Hyogo: Takada. . 166. 440. 76. Chestnuts..Tochigi: Kato. kaki wa kaki de betsu-betsu. 93. . 48. but the foolish brother thinks it is a neighbor's cow and sets it free. KYE p.. Fukuoka: FO-D no.Iwate: Moriguchi. IK p. 255. p. AS no. A foolish son (or son-in-law) goes to sell tea.. 112.. 19. SG no. IK p. JVM Yamanashi: Dohashi. 232. 31. 85. 113. 179. 229. 252. T. IKP p.Ishikawa: MK II-373. chestnuts (kuri). BOG no. .

. 82. "Butsu. Isogai. . KYS p. 36. . 278. 31. He says the message to it. He holds the bottom of himself. 11-29. "yes.Tottori: IP-M p.Hyogo: TD X-1-59. The elder brother. butsu. T. Kumamoto: Ki- Yamaguchi: Miyamoto.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 121.Yama- Kagawa: Takeda. HG p. MT p. 25. 238. 105. 28.Kyoto: GK1K p. Mother tells her son to hold the bottom of a sake jar. . . OC-b p. TKA p. while taking a sake jar down from upstairs. IKP p. 77. The wife who dislikes to go with her husband. 335. 57ff. SOS p.Fukuoka: FO-D no." (because his name is Butsu). 64. . - Kagoshima: Iwakura. 88. 333. K. Scattering Rice-bran as a Guide. KS p. AK p. KTN p. The jar falls and is broken. NSK p. Toyama. 45ff. .Gifu: Sawata. 155. . - guchi: Miyamoto. 108. . C.. 559. . 8. 333. T. NKla p..196 KEIGO SEKI his mother's funeral service. NBK no. 126. and he burns the priest's robe. It is blown away into the river. The jar breaks. . 216. 63. Iwate: Sasaki. mura. 421. 300. II-148.Okayama: Imamura. 3.Tochigi: Kato. The foolish brother is told to burn something more. ESJ p. . 17. . 143.Toyama: TD III-221. K. The elder brother goes himself for the priest. . Yuki. He is told that a priest is a man wearing black clothes and living in a big house. They heat the bath for the priest. NT p. yes.Wakayama: Nakanishi.. OC-d p. OC-c p. A newly married couple is invited by the wife's father. . . SB p. TTH p. MK 11-508.. KK p. Shimane: Moriwaki. orders the foolish brother (Butsu) to hold the bottom of the jar. At last he becomes angry and throws the pot away or puts ashes into it. KMZ p. 143.Niigata: Mizusawa. 153." he answers. and the husband wades the river and makes his fine clothes wet. OC-a p. Kochi: TD V-12-74. The wine falls over the priest. 177. 176. goes alone before him. The son holds his bottom.Kumamoto: KM no. telling the foolish brother to boil rice before he comes back with the priest.. Aomori: Noda. 348.Nagasaki: Seki. - NMS no. 118. NM-b p. When the foolish brother hears the boiling pot of rice sing. KK VII-408. scattering rice-bran on the way as a guide for him to follow. . TTM-a p. 201ff. SMG p. . 14ff. 16. He sees a crow (or a black cow) by the roadside and thinks it is a priest. . Toyama: TD III-220. FS p. 58. NK-c p. HKT p.Tokushima: MK 1-13. MAT p. - Kochi: TD V-964.Nagano: KA-K 1-193. SOS p.Oita: Miyamoto. 6. 324. 316.NMS no. 158.Hiroshima: HS-M p.

Pulling a Thread as a Sign. . 335. 325. 195. 120. 81. 536.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES Iwate: Moriguchi. Moriguchi. TTM-a p. 120. Afterwards he learns to say "It maybe snowing in the mountains. - Iwate: Hirano." The foolish man does not know how to answer.. dropping some millet seeds.Kagawa: Takeda. asks a fishing man how to greet the father-in-law politely.NMS no. Niigata: Iwakura. 233. 58. holding up his creel. A newly married couple makes a courtesy visit to the wife's parents. K. EG NMM p. A man greets a foolish man. . T. KB p. 253. . Mizusawa. IK p. Fukushima: Sawata. TTM-b p. A Son-in-Law's Greetings. saying. Aomori: Kawai. MAT p... TKA p. - Iwasaki. T. K. Ogasawara. The father says. Akita: TD XIV-5-33. Noda. "Just this much. 358. 217. KMZ p. NBK no.Oita: Suzuki. 47. on his way to his father-in-law. 178. p.. 24. SKT p. Sasaki. "It's very cold today. 323. he does and says as his father did. A." Then he answers. today. ." Akita: TD XIV-5-29. TGM p. 224. A son-in-law. B. While the wife is away." The next time another man says to him. a cat (or a dog) pulls the thread. A son asks his father who is sowing millet in the field. "No one in his twenties or thirties does not know greetings !" When the foolish son visits the father-in-law.. . - Gifu: Shimane: Moriwaki. KB p. 194.Kagoshima: TD 1-6-87. T. KG p. Oita: Miyamoto. 197 422. how to greet his father-in-law. KYS p. NK-b p." The son-in-law does the same at the father-in-law's house and is driven away. "It's warm. 423. when he is to answer to her parents. C. NSK p. 80. NI . The wife decides to give a signal to her husband by pulling a thread tied to his waist. KG p. NMS no.Iwate: Ogasawara. and the husband repeats the same answer until the thread is broken off.Niigata: Iwakura. "Maybe the mountain is on fire. . The man mishears and answers. 48. 336. SW p.

Ishikawa: Yamashita. .Niigata: TTM-a p. 123. 426. 272. 58. There. 83ff. -NMS no.. 206. KG p.Wakayama: Nakanishi. He learns from his father that when he will be served tea. The next time he pays a visit of condolence at the death of a neighbor's mother and says the same things as before and exposes his foolishness. 3. Aomori: MK II-509. 91. KYS p. KY p. BOG no.Hyogo: Takada. BOG no. 272. . .Kagoshima: TD 1-10-85. a hatchet. A foolish man is invited to his father-in-law's house. and satisfies his fatherin-law. 425.Nagasaki: Seki. Akita: TD XIV-5-30. he is to say a good word about the tea cup. MT p.. .. and then he is to say that from the lower part of the fallen tree a checkerboard will be made.Okayama: Imamura. 92. He is laughed at.Okayama: Imamura. .Kyoto: GK-K p. chess figures will be made. 161 NMS no. MT p. . KYS p.198 Yamanashi: Dohashi. . . KEN p. he takes off his wooden clogs and tries to put them in his dress. . 11. and from the thin part. . . T. 233. - p.Hyogo: Takada. . KEIGO SEKI NMM p. The next time he goes to see the sick father-in-lawand says the same things as before. AK p. Fukui: NEM 11-242.Tochigi: Takahashi. A foolish son-in-law is to go to his father-in-law's house to say sympathetic greetings for a fallen tree. Then the bridegroom begins to sing an utai. 343. Paying a Visit of Condolence. He says as he was told. The go-between pulls the bridegroom's sleeve intending to let him know that he should not do such a thing. 424. 345. 195. KI p. Hiroshima: Isogai.Oita: Miyamoto. K. as he was told to do. from the curved part.NMS no. Chiba: KK VII-263. Inquiry after a Sick Man. 47. KS p. 2. 344. . When the bridegroom enters the house.Saitama: Suzuki. 1.- Okayama: Imamura. SB p. 357. The Sign of Utai (a lyric song). 124. A go-between promises the bridegroom that he will pull the bridegroom's sleeve to let him know the time when he should sing an utai at his marriage celebration. . 278. MT p. K. Miyamoto. . he admires a folding-screen (or a lacquered tray).

37. WK p. SB p. . NMS no.Shimane: Moriwaki. 21. 263. A Storehouse and a Baby's Hood.. 252. AK p. A foolish son-in-law is invited to a chrysanthemum viewing at his father-in-law's house. Chrysanthemum Viewing. Sasaki. . Koyama. "They are ready to open". 66. . . NT p. TTM-a p.. K. KI p.Nagasaki: Seki. OC-d p. 16. He learned to say before the budding flowers.Nagano: KA-K 11-151.Iwate: Hirano. . SKT p. TTH p. NBK no..Nagano: Iwasaki. 55. 338. MB p.NMS no. before the flowers in full bloom. Sasaki.Nagasaki: Seki. to put a paper-charm on a knothole of a pole. 167. CG p. Isogai. he says that it seems to be in the height. . 85. 37. A Paper Charm on a Colt's Buttocks. K. "I miss tlem as much as I do my life. Aomori: Noda.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 206. 526..Oita: Suzuki. 83. 116. IG p. NK III p. a man is told by his wife that he is to say that the size of the storehouse which . 124. TS p. KMZ p. and the people admire him for saying such good things. NK-c p.Chiba: KK VII-264. 427. KMZ p. Before going to the father-in-law's house. . OC-a p. . 6. . . IK p. The next time he goes to see a new born colt and says that a paper-charm should be put on the colt's buttocks.NMS no. He tells him as he was told.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 199 Iwate: Kikuchi. Takahashi. . . SB p. KEN p. 198.. and before the faded flowers. he says that he is ready (waiting).. 535. SG no. Fukuoka: FO-D no. SW p. 81. 130.Saitama: Suzuki. 340. . KY p. AS no. .Tochigi: Kato.Fukushima: Iwasaki. 266ff. 131. . . 24. 181. K." He says the same. 550. 279. 428. KA-K 1-192.Kyoto: Kato. 28.Hiroshima: HS-M p. . Yamaguchi. A foolish son-in-law is invited to the celebration of his father-in-law's new house. .. Ishikawa: Yamashita. . 320. . SMG p. 43. 120. KG p. 176.Shimane: Moriwaki.Kochi: Katsurai.Kagoshima: TD 1-10-89. Before the dinner is served. 429. S. 212.. When the dinner is served. 140..Shiga: Mitamura. 339. 12. "They seem to be at their best".Gifu: Sawata. 27. NH p. IK p. T.Niigata: Mizusawa. Some one turns over a dish of noodles. 177. MK 11-509. TD XVI-1-26. TKA p. 39. T.Fukuoka: FO-D no.

Shimane: Moriwaki. Some one tells him it is only a persimmon. asks for it when he takes a bath at his father-in-law's house and puts it in the hot bath water. 104. KA-K 1-129. 354. NSK p. 228. TD II-9-62. K. MN p. T. MN p.) by three ken (18 ft. Fukushima: Iwasaki. S.NMS no. 56.NMS no. FS p. 13. Then he stops crying and says that he feels more pain now. 349. On hearing that . 34. NK-c p. Moriwaki. 4. 124.Oita: Suzuki. Akita: TD XIV-5-31. KK V-25. 7.Moriguchi. NT p. KG p.. To- 430. Sasaki. KG p. yama: TD III-220.. 553.Miyagi: KD 1-178. 12. . . Pickled Raddish in a Bath. . TGM p. 22. Fukui: NEM 11-242. MB p. KI p. Hiro- shima: HS-M p.. KMZ p. 179. 431.). Mizusawa. T. 230. HG p. Isogai. AS no. 196. . IG p. Nagasaki: Seki. 116. 64. . 61. 323.. OC-d p. - Aomori: Kawai. AK p.Oita: Suzuki. K. 362. He asks for a piece of takuan (pickled raddish in salt and ricebran) instead of rice-bran and rubs his body with it. OC-d p. 131. .. . 208. 30. 22. 359. TKA p..Saitama: Suzuki. He cries and says that his head is bleeding. K. Nagano: Iwasaki. . TTM-a p. SB p. Tossing up Buns against the Ceiling.Shimane: Moriwaki. Kagawa: Takeda.Toyama: TD III-230. .. 127. Shimane: 432. 215. MAT p. NI p. Koyama. KY p.Yamanashi: Dohashi. He is asked about the size of a baby's hood and says it is to be of two ken by three ken. 82. . CG p.Kumamoto: Kimura. . BOG no. KB p. . 45. IK p.Niigata: Iwakura.NMS no.Kyoto: Kato. . . 271. 63. A ripe persimmon falls on a foolish son-in-law's head. (a) A foolish man is told by his wife to wash himself with rice-bran when he takes a bath at his father-in-law's house.Tochigi: Takahashi. 124.Hyogo: Takada. .200 KEIGO SEKI her father is going to build should be two ken (12 ft. A foolish son-in-law is served manju (a kind of bun with bean-jam stuffing) at his father-in-law's house. T. (b) A foolish son-in-law who has learned to put a piece of pickled raddish in a cup of tea when it is too hot. 343. Noda. Injury from a Ripe Persimmon. .

S. . K. 361.Tottori: IP-D p. T. KYS p. . Yamaguchi.Tochigi: Kato. 79. The Loin-cloth Caught by a Pot Hanger. IG p.Oita: Suzuki. NI p. HKT p. . As he puts it over his shoulder to take it to his bed. They put some pieces of mochi in a box for him to take to his home. . He is driven out of the house. KI p. visit the father-in-law's house and do the same things. . AIY p.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 201 they are so nice that one will get his jaws out of joint while eating them. saying that it is the way of their village. ... MN p. throws away the box on the roadside.Niigata Iwakura. NK-c p. . 169. 365.. He secretly takes some pickles from the the kitchen closet and puts them in his loin-cloth. 298.Shimane: Moriwaki. AS no. 120. The wife goes to pick it up. . MK 11-44. - 434. Akita: TD XIV-5-31. MAT p. SB p. IK p. TGM p. . 208.. The sonin-law hears it and he dares not eat mochi. 136. Miyamoto. 59. IK p. the loin-cloth is caught at a beam or by the pot hanger. 34.NMS no. 30. 15. A man visits his father-in-law's house.Nagano: Koyama. Mizusawa. K. 65.Hiroshima: HS-M p.. KMZ p. 85.NMS no. KG p. 12. 19. 179. 201. where they make mochi to entertain him. . .Saitama: Suzuki.Nagasaki: Seki. K.Hyogo: Kato.. Fukui: NEM 11-243. 552. . HG p. he tosses them up against the ceiling and eats them. Being afraid of it. KD II-122. . K.Toyama: TD III-222. 64. SMG p.Kumamoto: Kimura. . The box comes sliding down his shoulder. MB p. FS p. 10. 433.Tochigi: Kato. he is discovered by the people of the house. 45. . 350. TTM-a p.Shimane: Moriwaki. 269.Iwate: Sasaki. . 84. KB p. . and returns home. The sonin-law is remarried. Yuki. 227. . . A man stays overnight at his father-in-law's house. Miyagi: SMG p.Aomori: Kawai.Chiba: KK VII263. 119. 48.. K. .Fukushima: Iwasaki. . 234.Tokushima: Takeda.Nagano: Iwasaki.. Yamanashi: Dohashi. .Fukuoka: FO-D no. T. Mochi Is a Ghost. 230. . OC-a p. NT p. He is frightened.. The pickles (or the dumplings) which were served at dinner were so nice that he wants to eat some more at night. he carries it on his shoulder. NMM p. His friends who sympathize with him. 213. While he is pulling his loin-cloth. CG p. The children want to eat mochi so eagerly that the adults tell them it is an evil spirit. 131.

.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . The go-between enters the privy and throws away the stone which he used there. . Sasaki.Miyagi: KD III-118. The next morning the father of the bride is surprised to see the bridegroom with the pillow fastened to his head and dissolves the daughter's marriage. Iwate: Hirano. . Gifu: Sawata. hearing it the bridegroom thinks that the go-between sings about the kame (jar) of the night before. TTH p. . ROY p. After he drank.Nagasaki: Seki. . The bridegroom and the go-between promise to keep this event secret between themselves. . 436.Niigata: Mizusawa. . Fukushima: Iwasaki.KumaAomori: Noda.Nagano: KA-K VII-251. KEN p.NMM p. . A bridegroom sees a wooden pillow for the first time at his bride's house. HG p. He goes out and hides himself in the bush by the privy. 197. IK p. K. 537. 354. SW p. 355. Sasaki. It accidentally hits and breaks the jar.Hiroshima: MK 1-561. . . TKA p. . - moto: Kimura.. EG p. in the midst of the marriage celebration. 64. . SB p. . 209. 126. SMG p. SKT p. 234. . SW p. IK p.NMS no.Oita: Suzuki. all putting pillows on their heads.NMM p. the go-between begins to On sing the song of Tsuru-Kame (a song of congratulation). T.. but in vain. he tries to get his head out of the jar.Niigata: Mizusawa. poking his head into the jar. 117.Hiroshima: Isogai. KI p. The next day. Fastening a Pillow to the Head. 246. NMS no. 225. visit the bride's house.Aomori: Noda. 348. K. 235. . 226. At night a bridegroom secretly drinks sweet sake. 435. 217. . Akita: TD XIV-5-32. -. FS p.Fukushima: Iwasaki. SW p. 329. 85. 321. MAT p. . The Song of Tsuru-Kame (Crane and Tortoise). and fastens it to his head with his loin-cloth. KMZ p. TTH p. 32.Ishikawa: Yamashita. . or they go to hunt in the field of the bride's father and make the father believe that fastening a pillow to the head is a custom of their village. 176. 177. 353. 286. The bridegroom's friends. NBK no. . NI p. 313. AK p. TAK p.Niigata: MAT p. 40.Iwate: Sasaki.202 KEIGO SEKI Chiba: KK VII-265. 190. T. 359. . 88. The bride and the bridegroom are remarried..NMS no.Tochigi: Kato.Gifu: HB IV-85. .Iwate: Ogasawara. and he speaks aloud about their misbehaviour. HB IV-565.Tottori: IM 1-38. . 213.

263. TS p. Toyama: TD III-2-79. . .Saga: KB 10-17.Osaka: MK 1-518. Stuffing-into-the-throat Mountain. . . "dango. 122. SG no. or he boils it and strikes it against the wall to see if it has been boiled. 544.. .Chiba: KK VII-264.. 362A. 83.Kochi: Katsurai.NMS no. He goes home repeating. "dokkoisho (oh!). . . 328. . A foolish man goes to buy somen (noodle) and buys a men (mask) of demon instead of it. . and he looks for pintoko. His sick brother sees it and dies from fear. 16. . K. 51." in order to keep it in mind. MB p. 71. 188. He .. Moriguchi. B. 7. 61. 72. KS p.Oita: Miyamoto. . "dokkoisho". MB p. .Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 438. KK p. . 52. 92.Saitama: Suzuki. 762D. . NH p. Koyama. HG p. K. CG p. . A man goes shopping.Shiga: Mitamura. T. Sasaki. IG p. KTN p. He changes it to "pintoko". C. On returning home he tells his wife (or mother) to make dokkoisho for him. All Japan. . K. Hyogo: TD X-11-61. . Dango (dumplings) Son-in-Law. 114. A. 130. BOG no. KYS p. SB p.Miyagi: KD 1-178. T. KA-K 1-193. KG p. 88ff. AM p.. 214.. CG p. . 142. when he crosses over the river.Nagano: Iwasaki. A mother comes into the room where her son-in-law is secretly eating hot dumplings (or broiling fish on a spit).. Hirano.Tottori: IM 1-17. 256.Kagoshima: Iwakura. KMZ p.Kumamoto: Kimura. . instead of "dango". repeating the name of the thing he is to buy. 3. KG p. . TKA p. . NT p. SKT p. He remembers dango.Ishikawa: Yamashita.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 203 437. She says that a lump like a dango has grown on her head. 93. 38. When he jumps over a stream on the way. SMG p. dango. 11-116. .Iwate: Kikuchi. Wakayama: Nakanishi. ." Then he says on.Fukuoka: FO-D no.. Yamaguchi. .Tochigi: Kato. NMS no.Nagano: Iwasaki. NMS no. 203. KS p. 18.Hyogo: Takada. IK p. 22ff.Kyoto: Kato. Tabata.Kagawa: Takeda. 122. and he beats her. TTH p. Aomori: Noda. She cannot understand what he means.Niigata: Mizusawa. 248. Nagano: Koyama. SW p. he cries. 362c. NSK p. 81.Shimane: Moriwaki.Wakayama: Nakanishi. C. K. 265. IK p. .Nagasaki: Seki. . A man is served some dango (dumplings) at his fatherin-law's house.

Kumamoto: Kimura. 41. 439. A foolish man visits the sick village head-man after all the other villagers had inquired after him. 342. NMS . Yamanashi: Dohashi. K." Aomori: Sasaki. MT p. 347. . "three hundred momme" (2. (or Stuffing-into-the-throat) Ishikawa: Yamashita.Kochi: Katsurai. His mother (or wife) tells him he should say "three go" (half pint). KTN p. WK p. 439. Okayama: Imamura. there is only nose-drift in it. 352.Kagoshima: TD 1-10-86. a Buddhist priest is immediately asked to come. "It is Burning-the-throat Mountain. . SW p. When he sees the friend again he says as he was told. NBK no. TTH p. A Priest for the Sick Man. KEN p. . Kagoshima: TD 1-11-90.Gifu: Sawata. NMS no.NMM p. because he said that he has been to the doctor to ask him to come to see the head-man.Niigata: Mizusawa. NI p. . 440. Then the friend asks whether he drank warm sake or cold sake. (When a person dies. Sake Lees. He says. A foolish man is advised by his wife to be more humble. 12. . When he hears his friend admire his nose. 195. 441. KS p. the foolish man comes again and says that he has been to a priest to ask him to come. "I had it toasted.204 KEIGO SEKI tries to swallow them down hastily and asks her. He replies.) no. - NMS no. 123. . 108. but he pleases the headman." Nagano: TD 11-9-61. 90. Humility. When the head-man becomes seriously ill. HG p.Ishikawa: Yamashita. 77. ZKI p. "Why. 84. "What mountain is that over there?" She answers. 160. His friend asks him how much he drank. Oita: Suzuki. 31. A foolish son (or son-in-law) eats some sake lees and becomes tipsy.. he says. 332. - NMS no. 228. Wakayama: Nakanishi.5 pounds).

275. ." Nagano: Koyama. Oita: Miya- B. HG p. Kumamoto: moto. .Hyogo: Takada.. 208. She (a) sits on a kitchen hearth. "nyan (mew). 276. 168. KB p.Tochigi: Takahashi. A father asks a priest how to say when one wants to go to the privy.Nagano: KA-K VII-250. 368. or (b) always sits in the sun and says. NK-b. Kimura. IK p. Going to a Memorial Service." Fukuoka: FO-D no. KY p. 179. NMS Kumamoto: Kimura. NBK no. p.Yamaguchi: TD VII-12-92. A daughter is told by her mother that she must be meek as a cat in her husband's house after the marriage. "Please help me go to sleep. KYS p. Mizusawa. BOG no. KYS p. 219. SB p. ries. who says. Nagasaki: Seki.. Fukushima: Iwasaki.Gifu: Sawata. 366. that if she wants to go to wash her hands. 64. HG p. 101. 443. K. . 365. A. - Ishikawa: Yamashita.Nagasaki: Seki. . 19. CG p. 291. . 3. Gentle as a Cat. NMS no. Foolish Daughter-in-Law 442. "No. she should say she is going to a memorial service In the midst of the mar(or on a pilgrimage to Ise Shrine). . she is discovered by the owner of the field. . K. 81.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 205 E. As she squats in a neighbor's raddish field.Shimane: Moriwaki. A daughter is told to be sweet as a child after she marShe says to her husband." when she is called. The father confuses the priest's words and tells his daughter who is going to marry.Oita: Miyamoto. - Niigata: Iwakura. - no. 87. . riage celebration the bride says she woud like to go to a memorial service and goes out of the house. 34. 131. 24. TTH p. KEN p. . The priest says that he is going to a memorial service (or on a trip to Ise Shrine) and he is too busy to say him anything else. T.NMS no. I am doing a memorial celebration?" service.. . "Do you take my raddish for your marriage Then she says. SB p.

NI III p. TD VIII-12-92. 555.Niigata: Mizusawa. "The life I wished to continue long was cut short. . .NMS no. 70. NH p. He takes her inside the folding screen and pretending to chant a prayer. 442. WK p. 9. 69. . A Mute Daughter-in-law. In answer to her servant's question about the reason of cutting her hair. She speaks omitting o from every word. SMG p.206 444. Then she is told not to use o so much. . 42. KEIGO SEKI A daughter-in-law (or a maid servant) is told to use words with an o (honorific prefix). Putting the Head Through Cloth. TTM-a p.Tochigi: Kato. NH p. OC-d p. . .Iwate: Kikuchi. Akita: TD XIV-5-70. .Shimane: Moriwaki. and her speech becomes less understandable. 26. 29.. 79. 361. 57.Gifu: Sawata. sawa. KMZ p. 445. Yamanashi: Dohashi. NBK no. . 446. . ZKI p. The Poem of Lament. 56. 325ff. . Niigata: Mizu- A widowed wife cuts her hair and offers it before the memorial tablet of her deceased husband. TKA p. . MT p.NMS no.NMS no. BOG no. Hyogo: Takada. 163. She cuts cloth into some pieces and puts them over the husband's body.Shimane Moriwaki.Kochi: Katsurai. Yamaguchi. 90. K. 368. and . 370.Okayama: Imamura. 369. The husband laughs and the wife thinks that he is pleased to have a new dress. Akita: TD XIV-5-70. and her words become too confusing.Kyoto: GK-K p. TTH p. She speaks putting o to every word. . tells her to swallow the manju quickly. Elegant Language. .Kagoshima: TD 1-11-88. NT p. Sasaki. or makes a hole in the cloth and lets the husband's head go through it. . The latter thinks the daughter-in-law has become mute and asks a faith curer to cure her. cannot open her lips to answer her mother-in-law. she makes a poem. . A daughter-in-law who has stolen a manju and put it into her mouth.Aomori: Noda. 351. 447.Iwate: Kikuchi. 10. A wife does not know how to make a dress.

TTM-a p. 575. 66. Akita: TD XIV-5-29.110..148. 267.. 154. . NBK no. The Daughter-in-law Yamanashi: Dohashi. 83. putting a coverlet over the lying husband. . Kochi: Katsurai. 205. p. p. . NT p. 98. 219. - . MB p. Then she makes a poem. TTH p. IK p.Nagano: Iwasaki.Tochigi: Kato. TGM p. 276. 573. AK Hyogo: Takada. MAT p. KI p. . BOG p. she wins the wager with ox drivers by breaking wind and thus shaking pears down from a tree. because she broke wind near her mother-in-law and hurt her. NMS no. 75. 448.113. 104. 27. 216.Nagasaki: Seki. MB p. NH p. Sawata. 90ff. 372. SKT p. ROY p. 105. 181. 321. KB p.NMM p. On hearing it the husband takes her back to his house and builds a room for her so that she can break wind without making any trouble. HB IX-356. is bade to sleep upstairs of the stable. Noda. The married daughter is sent back to her native home. NMS no. Shimane: Moriwaki. 128. 377. 92. . 122. 212. Kumamoto: Kimura. . SW p. A daughter-in-law who often wets her bed at night. 68. SMG p. 203. . TTM-a p. NMS no.Shimane: Moriwaki.Yamanashi: Dohashi. Okayama: MK 1-522. HG p. KI p.219ff. 116ff.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 258: Moriguchi. NM-a p. 449. Isogai. TTM-b p. KMZ p." Nagano: Iwasaki.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 207 my hair was long in vain !" The servant tells this to his wife. NT p. and my husband's legs are long in vain. and receives cotton (gold or some precious things) from them. - Aomori: Kawai. K.Hiroshima: HS-M p. 68. Hiroshima: Isogai. TKA Fukushima: Iwasaki. Gifu: Iwate: Kikuchi. - Hirano. T.Niigata: Iwakura. 112. 138. On the way to her home. - who Breaks Wind. Miyagi: KD 11-120. Ogasawara. "The coverlet I wish to be longer is short. T. Mizusawa. WK p. K. She falls down with her bed and cries that the horse has come upstairs. . MK II-505. 47. 20. K. 246. 72. AK p. 140. The floor becomes soiled. . Sasaki. ZKI p. IKP p. SB p. . 17. The Horse Upstairs.131..Niigata: Mizusawa. KG p.318ff.. KM no. 441.. KK VII-201.

Wakayama: Nakanishi. T. T. (Myoga is said to make the The inn-keeper's wife eats the myoga by eater forgetful. NS p. 392. AN p. 451.Wakayama: Moriguchi. . Aomori: Noda. A mother-in-law dislikes her daughter-in-law and tries to frighten her by wearing a demon's mask. KAT no. . 64.Iwate: Sasaki. Kanagawa: Suzuki. saying it is a good medicine. . . 6. . As the mother is pleased with it. NK-a p. VII187. 241. 5. 32. 207. mother-in-law her her her some to give gives powder telling a bit of it every day until she will die. . KI p. . 31. 223. SD p. Poisoning the Mother-in-law. . .Nagano: Koyama.. The mother-in-law becomes now good-natured. 91. An inn-keeper serves myoga to a guest in order to make him forget to take his purse with him. The daughter-in-law gives it to her mother-in-law. OC-a p. the daughter-in-law becomes to think that she should not kill her.. Myoga Wife. 30. ROY p.Shizuoka: SO-D p. 95. He She asks a physician for poison to kill her mother-in-law. Akita: TD XIV-6-13. 31. OC-c p. II-176. . The mask sticks fast to her face and she cannot take it off. NT p. . CG p. A daughter-in-law is unfriendly with her mother-in-law. . 398. SUG p.NMS no.. NT p.Fukuoka: FO-D no. and asks the physician for good medicine instead of poison.Shimane: Moriwaki. 222. 475. 399. . 77. 99. She offers a service and the mask comes off her face. 18. . KI p. KS p.Shimane: Moriwaki.208 KEIGO SEKI 450. 156.Yamanashi: Dohashi. . S. S.NMS no. SD p.NMS no.. . The Mask Which Stuck to the Face.Nagano: KA-K 1-152.Yamanashi: Dohashi. 24. .Niigata: Suzuki. TKA p.Shimane: NK-d p. .Niigata: Suzuki. He says that the powder he gave her was not poison but good medicine.Chiba: Uchida. 452. . 94. 10. 21.) mistake and forgets to cash in room fees. AK p. 21. NM-a p. . MN p.Hiroshima: Isogai.

SW p. (1) A man swallows an earthworm in order to stop his stomach-ache. NMS no. the hanashi was burst up. A. The three went together on a trip. (2) He swallows a gold-fish. Nagano: Koyama. Once there were a mukashi (old tale). It chases the mosquito larvas. and a hunter. While they were crossing a bridge. a wild-boar. NMS no. (3) Using a bamboo-rake the man takes out the cormorant together with his intestines (harawata). a hanashi (story). Iwate: Ogasawara. It runs about in his stomach. (1) While a man is drinking water. The hunter shoots all the bullets and cannot come out. 282. one after another to have each one catch the other. and the . 454. and the mukashi was peeled off. (1) A man falls into a wet-rice field and a frog enters his body from his bottom. but he has left his hat (kasa) behind. FORMULA TALES 453. (4) The man becomes sick. then swallows a snake. 635. (2) He swallows a frog in order to let it eat the earthworm. 635.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 209 XVIII. trying to swallow them. (5) He toasts a piece of mochi on charcoal fire and eats it with a piece of charcoal stuck to it. NMS no. 125. B. C. Then he feels better and becomes hungry. Hiroshima: HS-M p. The Disease of Kasa A. CG p. (2) The man swallows a cormorant. (3) A bird-catcher enters his stomach in order to catch the gold-fish. (6) His stomach burns. (4) The birdcatcher comes out of the man's stomach. 635. The cotton in his stomach catches fire. and a nazo (riddle). a strong wind suddenly blew. The cormorant eats the frog and flies about in his stomach. Short Tales Which End Abruptly. (4) He boils cotton (wata) and drinks its juice. He suffers from the pox (kasa) disease. he swallows some mosquito larvas. 44.

Shiga: Mitamura.Nagasaki: Seki. SG no. . KMZ p. 637. .. 576.NMS no. 44. The child falls into a well. Another man asks him. When a farmer comes to see it. NMS no. NK-c p. A fire occurs in a bamboo-bush. A man comes along. Akita: TD XIV-5-68. There are a blind. A mouse stands on the edge of a boat and jumps into the water.Gifu: Sawata. Iwate: Kikuchi. NMS no." Iwate: Kikuchi. and a cripple. C. a dumb. Spread all over Japan.. .Ishikawa: Yamashita. A father hopes that his child will live long and gives him a very long name. . .NMS no. TS p. 636C. it has'become ha-nashi (without leaves). "This is called Mukashi katana (Don't tell the folktale) . 302. the child dies. 578. 59. . SB p. "What is the name of your sword?" The man answers. 456. A crow cries. 636B.Shimane: Moriwaki. NMS no.Kochi: Katsurai.. 112. The Hanashi (story). 108ff. A raddish grows as big as to cover the field all over.210 KEIGO SEKI nazo was carried away by the water. The blind man sees the fire. wearing a long sword (katana).. Another mouse stands on the edge of a boat and.Kumamoto: Kimura. "gaa. The Child with a Long Name. A.Hiroshima: HS-M p.. "botatt. NBK no. . Another crow cries." and an acorn falls. The Endless Tale. 112. NH p. 457. 638." and another acorn falls. While the father is calling the child's name for help. KEN p. 22. 90. . 36. 188.. 455. B. the dumb man cries about it.. KMZ p. 86. 636A. Fukuoka: FO-D no. "gaa. NH p." B. . HG p. and the cripple runs to the bush with a hoe in his hand. Sasaki. Sasaki.

OE p. The Jewel Maiden. Because of her grief over her brother's death. She learns weaving and sewing and becomes a fine woman. A woman attending to a young lord seeks a wife for him and takes a girl as beautiful as a jewel from the land of clouds. A snake slowly comes out of a hollow in a tree root and slowly climbs up the tree. En route a woman who is weaving . NMS no. The Garden on Heaven. but she refuses. 218. 459. she will be restored to the human world. the heroine jumps into a well and dies. Then the prince becomes ill as a tree withers down. She tells him that she is to be married to a prince of the other world so that she cannot go back to the human world. Kagoshima: Iwakura. that if he keeps seven day's abstinence from fire at the gate of the king's palace.. All over Japan. Disregarding the king's advice. After a few years the lord goes to seek a wife again. 642. The man does as he was told. A man carries away a king's daughter and marries her.. SUPPLEMENT 458. Her husband pickles her body in a wine barrel. He goes up to heaven to search for his wife's soul. The king learns the reason of the prince's illness from a sacred woman and gives the man a paper bag which contains his wife's soul. however. Today it slo-owly climbs and tomorrow it will slo-owly. 653. saying that he divorced his first wife because she could not weave and sew. the man opens the bag before he arrives at his home. The girl is so childish that the lord sends her back to her original home. The lord sets out for the land of clouds to request the remarriage with the jewel girl. Her brother goes to take her back. he finds his wife sitting on a loom. A fly comes out of the bag. When he arrives at his home.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 211 C. Upon instructions from stars. he meats his lost wife. He sees the jewel girl and tries to woo her.. NMS no. but he is killed by the man.

and during the funeral ceremony. He arrives at the land of clouds and woos his first wife again. They are remarried. A man dies. OE p. Kago- NMS no. He marries the girl and lives happily. OE p. Then the ghosts disappear. The Daughter Who Died. 36. . He hears a voice from the grave and finds a girl alive in the grave. Shizuoka: SO-D . OE p. They enter a certain house and take out a sick girl's soul from her body and put it in their paper bag.NMS no. 59. The lord throws fruit at them. Iwate: Sasaki. He takes her to her home. 652. p. The Dead Man Who Comes to Life Again. 462. 27. and says that he belongs to another family. and Three Ghosts.Iwate: Sasaki. comes to a grave to take a rest. 460. A step-child is sent to fetch sea water in a broken bottle. After some time he marries her and becomes happy. Miyagi: KD III-92. The step-child takes the bag to the same house and revives the girl. Aomori: Uchida. Kagoshima: Iwakura. People take him to that house where a son died a few days ago and was burned to ashes. he is revived. 105. TGK p.212 KEIGO SEKI and another who is sewing get enamoured of him. Kagoshima: Iwakura. KMZ p. . he does not recognize his family. However. he cries as a cock crows. KMZ p.NMS no. but make fatal mistakes in their works. While the step-child is carrying the bag. He meets three ghosts and learns that they are afraid of the cock's crow. It was learned that his soul had entered the other man's body. 186. 392. 266. shima: Iwakura. The step-child travels with the ghosts. 461. but he is killed by the ghosts. 393. The Step-child NMS no. 654. A man who has gambled away all his property. . 655. The stepmother sends her real child to the sea in order to let him gain a fortune in the same way.

Upon instructions of a god she kills her child and gives his liver She eats it and at once recovers her sight. and when she does. Before they kill their child. The Child's Liver. 34. The wife prays for the recovery of her mother-in-law's eye-sight. and tells them that he does not need his grandchild's liver. The father gives the gold to the youngest son and his wife. Two elder sons and their wives refuse their father's request. IK p. liff. They find gold under the ground where the child's body is to be buried. SW p. she wants to see him and holds up his lying body. She is forced to take a bath. An unknown woman visits them and marries the son. KK p. Kagoshima: Iwakura.Yamagata: MK II-93. . Aomori: Kawai. 9. KS p. . OE p. Then the child becomes alive as before. NK-b p. . SD p. . the father tells them to dig the ground where the child's body is to be buried. Ogasawara. . She weaves cloth. 213 A childless old couple receives a girl from a woman who visits them in a snowy night. A child is born to them. When the child becomes seven years old. 669. TD XVI-10-26. 7ff.NMS no. A childless couple pray to god for a child and they get one.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 463. 100. she dissolves into forms. A sick father asks his three sons to give him their children's livers. T. Wakayama: Nakanishi. A. . in order to test their filial piety. Afterwards it is discovered that the Kannon image is bleeding as a substitute for the grandchild.. . only the youngest son and his wife consent. Iwate: Kikuchi.NMS no.Shimane: Moriwaki. 150. 139.Kumamoto: MK II-171. B. The girl dislikes to take a warm bath. 153. The Snow Woman. Not knowing that her grandchild was killed. TGM p. 666A. 666B. to her mother-in-law. which they sell for a good price. his father dies and his mother becomes blind. NH p. 261. NMS no. . They become rich.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. - 464.Niigata: Suzuki.

138. - NMM p. It is discovered that the same man has on a patched skirt. IK p. so that the tree is not cut down. . People agree with him. "A pheasant. (Usually red rice is rice boiled with red beans. SD p. 187.Nagano: Koyama. Tabata.Niigata: Suzuki. A tired wood-cutter sleeps at the foot of the tree and (a) hears some small thing say that the tree will be easily cut down if the juice of some sea-weed is poured on its root. On the way back to her original house she hears a pheasant cry. 296. will not be killed.Kagoshima: Iwakura. Nagasaki: Yamaguchi. 134.- NMS no. CG p. Aomori: Uchida. 75ff. 814. The daughter marries a man. 25. Then she says. KK p. . .Okayama: KK 1-434. -. too. The rich man asks a poor man's child what he ate the night before. or (b) he hears the trees talk and one of . KS p. if it does not cry like that. T. 177. 37. CG p. When he is sacrificed.. 83. TGK p. KMZ p. The chips go back to the tree during the night. Isogai. and he takes her back to his home again. (a) A tonosama orders his people to cut down a big tree in order to use it for his new house. Tragedy about Red Rice.NMM p. OE p. 115. . 466.Iwate: Sasaki. .Nagano: Koyama.Nagasaki: Yamaguchi." Her husband learns why she did not speak. A man (or woman) says that they should sacrifice a human being and that the person who wears a patched skirt is to be sacrificed.214 KEIGO SEKI 465. 440..Kumamoto: Kimura. he advises his only daughter that she should not speak. Hiroshima: HS-M p. . Nara: KK IV-235. and he tries to cut it down. 103. 164. AM p. Some red beans are stolen from a rich man's house. 37. 662. AK p.) The rich man suspects the poor man of the theft of his red beans. The poor man cuts his child's stomach open and shows that there is nothing but crawfish in it. The villagers are troubled in building a bridge (or a bank). Wakayama: - Nakanishi. The child says that he ate red rice. (b) A man hears some birds say that a rich man is sick because of a big tree. 467. IK p.NMS no. she is sent back. HG p. The Secret of a Big Tree. 191. Sacrificing a Man for Building the Bridge at Nagara. but because she does not speak. . KB 11-1. 11.

470. - Wakayama: Nakanishi. (a) Disregarding the bonze's advice. 356. As he is going home. 657." The man feels strange and throws away the fish. Yanagita-Mayer. "I am going to have my back broiled. 161. 358. The Fish Which Speaks.- Iwate: Sasaki. Sakima. and I don't know whether I will be back or not.NMM p. MAT p.NMS no. 24. Akita: TD XIV-5-43. KI p. someone says. A water-spider appears and puts its thread on one of the man's toes and goes into the water. Iwate: KK 1-756. . a beggar comes. Yamanashi: Dohashi. who eats it and goes away. "Where are you going? And when will you be back?" Then the fish in the man's basket answers. 37. (b) The man catches a fish and finds rice and millet in it. ZKI p. 244. - NMS no. Niigata: NMM p. 58.NMS no. JFT Yamanashi: NMM p. 568. . It repeats the same actions until the thread becomes thick. (b) While a man is fishing. Mizusawa. 37. Miyagi: KD 1-167. . 656. 78. 83. KS p. . 298. The wood-cutter does as he heard and he cuts down the tree. it will become weak and fall down. The man gives rice to the bonze. KMZ p. A man catches a fish (or an eel). 360. (a) A man plans to put poison in a pond to kill fish. Shizuoka: SO-D p. Shizuoka: SO-D p. 122. NT p. ND p.Niigata: Takagi.Miyagi: KD 1-177. The Water-spider. He cuts it and finds rice in it.Okinawa: no.Oita: MZG 1-338. 200. The Fish Which Ate Rice. 468. A man is fishing. - Gifu: HB IV-348. The man gives the beggar a bit of rice and millet which he has for his lunch. 469. . 285. An itinerant bonze comes on and advises him not to kill fish. Then the man takes the thread off his toe and puts it on a tree beside him. Dohashi. The spider pulls the thread together with the tree into the water. .TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 215 them says that if salt water is poured on the big tree. . MZG V-762. the man puts the poison in the pond and catches a big eel.

. 659.Yamanashi: Dohashi. ST p. 124. KI p.NMM p. 159. ZKI p. CG p. IM 1-189.NMS no. . Shizu- - oka: SO-D p. . 86.Iwate: TD 11-5-13. . 122ff. . JFT no.Gifu: HB IV85.Fukushima: Kondo. . 36.Yanagita-Mayer. 125ff.Tokushima: Takeda. AIY p. . 124. 64. "You are a clever man !" Aomori: MK 11-448. 110.Tottori: IP-M p. . 32. . ND p. Miyagi: Takagi. . 40. . Nagano: Koyama.Kumamoto: Takagi. 23. III-1-72. ND p.216 KEIGO SEKI Then the man hears a voice cry in the water.

although it substantially varies according to various localities. Hego-A kind of fern which grows 2 to 8 m. widely used for wrapping things in. Kosen-Parched barley ground into flour. food. from the 14th to the 16th century a lord of a small territory over which he had independent supreme power. The belief in Jizo is common in Japan. Jiz6 is worshipped as a guardiangod of the border. Kan-A unit of weight. to be a merciful deity who saves people from various afflictions. legislative. is deeply impregnated into Japanese folk beliefs. with a bluish colored body. a general term of Buddhist priest. a ghost with a shaved head. This image is meant to stand on the border of this and the other world. mao" which was interpreted as "Uma o ou" (to drive a horse). kappa loses its supernatural power. from the 17th to the 19th century. a Bodhisattva. webbed and sharp nailed fingers and toes. It often challenges a man to sum6 (Japanese wrestling) or draws men or horses into water.27 pounds). Ejiko-A basket made of straw in which a baby is put. Jiz6-A Bodhisattva. high. flowing red hair. pet or humiliating term of a boy. still used at present. One kan is 3. bonze. a stone image in the form of a Buddhist priest standing with a precious ball in its left hand. and having a dent on the top of its head. Hototogisu-A cuckoo. square. Kuroki-A local name for a kind of a broad-leaved evergreen tree. and judicial power over his domain. Peasants put babies in such baskets and sometimes took them to the fields. Mao-dori-a dialectal name of a bird. who directly belonged to Tokugawa Shogunate and had administrative. Daimy6-A great landowner in the middle ages. but differs by its peculiar song. a local ruler of a domain. Furoshiki-A piece of cloth 95 cm. or made into cakes of various forms. and is believed to be a saviour for the people who travel to the world of death. Kappa-a supernatural being who lives in water. The belief in Kannon as well as that in Jizo. derived from its song. In 1868 this system of government ceased to exist. this Buddhist saint is believed Kannon-AvalokiteSvara. When this water is taken away. humiliating term of a Buddhist priest.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 217 GLOSSARY B6zu-Buddhist priest who is in charge of a temple. a shaved head. which contains water. usually salted and sugared and kneaded for eating. Found mainly in the northern areas of Japan.75 kilograms (or 8. a pointed mouth. usually standing by the roadside. (See nyud6). "mao. It is brewed from boiled soy-beans blended Miso-Important .

Rice is steamed. people go there after death and live with their relatives who died before. One sho is 1. Kozo is his pupil. it is customarily made on important occasions in order to eat it and to make presents of it to each other. Mon-A unit of old money used to the end of Edo period ( -1833). a big monster with a shaved head. striking a metal instrument called kane. Rokubu is an abbreviated term for the sixty-six parts of a Sutra. Samurai-A warrior. and made into mochi of various shapes. NyZid6--A lay Buddhist priest with his head shaved and with a priest's robe on. a kind of Buddhist ascetic who makes pilgrimages to sixty-six sacred places connected with Buddhism and offers a copy of one part of the Sutra to each place. often representing a coin of the smallest value. it was made by women as an important offering to deities and as a drink at festivals and celebrations. Otto-dori-A dialect word for a little bird. literally meaning a bird which desires water.) a master priest of Buddhism. bu means part. "otto" (husband). pound in a mortar. (See to. Sh6-A measure of capacity. Mochi-A kind of food made from glutinous rice. or the land where the spirits of ancestors live. a warrior qualified for riding a horse. (See Daimyo. In the 13th and 14th centuries. daimyo in contrast to kuge (court officials) were called samurai. As the only intellectual man in a community. Since the medieval times the samurrai controlled Japanese society. the land of everlasting peace. Sake-Brewed drink made from rice by fermentation. osho is respected by peasants.8039 liters (or 3. Rokubu-Roku means six. (See Bozu. Buddhist priest. mochi has been considered to signify vitality. an honorific term for Osh--Upadhyaya. Mizuko-dori-A dialect word for the Japanese ruddy kingfisher. Ten sho make one to. and begging for some money or things at the doors of houses. . According to Japanese folk belief. Also called b6san or bozu. Japanese people usually eat soup made of miso once a day. ringing a small bell. played by plucking the strings with a plectrum. traveling on foot. Because of the traditional belief in the magical power of rice and because it is easily shaped into various desirable forms. and therefore. derived from its voice which sounds.) Shamisen-A musical instrument with three strings. Formerly. From early times mochi has been used as an important offering to Shinto deities.) Shoji-A paper sliding-door.218 KEIGO SEKI with rice or barley malt and salt. also called buke. in later feudal ages. Shamisen music became very popular among common people in Edo period. Ry2ugu--A paradise in the world at the bottom of the sea.81 pints).

(China). is considered to be the spirit of mountains or his satellite. a BudYakushi-Bhaisajya-guru. The worship of ujigami occupies a central place in Japanese religion. and 4 cm. Believed to be a survival of the aboriginals. Yamabushi-An ascetic priest of Shugend6 (a magico-religious sect derived from mountain worship mingled with Buddhism and Taoism).) Tonosama-An honorific term for daimy6. One sun is 3. takes away human beings. in spring and in autumn. comes down to villages to practise magical performances and say prayers for people. of a nobleman. or a lord. an offspring of other races. yama-biko (male). sometimes one-legged. made of straw and covered with a mat of rushes. especially children. ill-tempered looking.193 inches).03 cm. demands sake. in rectangular form of 1m. An imaginary being in the mountains or in the woods. also used in the meaning of India. the one which has friendly feelings toward human beings and the other is hostile and dangerous. by 2m. thick. was commonly used for traveling. Tengu-An imaginary being in the mountains. is feared by peasants. white colored.TYPES OF JAPANESE FOLKTALES 219 Sun-A unit of measure. (See z6ri. There are two kinds of these beings.) a Buddha in charge of medical care. . a long nose which has holes on its left and right sides. with a beak-like mouth. (See daimy6. or a servant of the deity of mountains. To-A measure of capacity. red faced. dhist image having a vessel of medicine in its left hand. worshipped as a Buddhistic deity who cures all deseases and lengthens man's life. fixed with a cord. a deity of mountains or of woods. Waraji-A footgear made of straw. in contrast to Kara Tenjiku-Sky. flies freely.. is dressed in a peculiar costume. tall. carrying a trumpet shell. (2) a tuteUjigami-(1) lary deity of a community. (See sh6. without clothes. yama-otoko-See Yama-bito-A general term for yama-otoko. Every community in Japan has its ujigami to whom the members pray for safety of life. and yama-uba (female).) A tutelary deity of a clan or a kinship group. having a feather fan. formerly widely used. The spring festival implies the celebration of a prospective rich harvest and the autumn festival thanksgiving for it. made of straw or bamboo sheath. rich harvest or big catch. Tatami-A matting used in Japanese houses. Yama-uba is also hypothetically considered to be a priestess in the mountains. is trained on a special mountain. Usually its festivals are held twice a year. Yama-bito. Z6ri-A footgear.04 quarts). appears in village markets. (1. One to is 18 liters (19. yama-chichi. a feudal lord. Yama-uba.

wa V oshima '46) Ka~ Ka zacawa 1 14) KoClii (39) Kuniamoto (43) Kvoto (26) Mie (24) Miyagi (4) TMiyazaki (45) Nagcano (20) Nagasaki (41) Nara (29) NiigatLa II.aguchi (35) Yam Yarnlanaahi (19) W1 .ayamla (30) o "'9p .220 KEIGO SEKI MAP OF JAPAN (r Aichii (23) Akita 35) Aornori (2) Clhiba (12) Ehimie ('33) Fuikui (18") FLukuoka (40) Fukushirna (7) (bifu (21) C ma(10) Hiroshimia (34) llokkaido (1) Hyvo-o (28) Ibaragi (8) Ishikawa (17) Iw-ate (3) KaL .44) Okaysmna (33) Okinawa (47) 'I 0 ~~ ~~~Shiga Osaka (27) Saga (41) Saitansa (11) (23) Shimano (32) Shizuoka (22) Tochigi (9) Tokuahiflna (36) Toky (13) TottI'rin (31) Toya ma (16) Yam agata (6) .) Oita (.

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