Why India is a Top 5 Target of American Spying
The place: Skunk Works, Palmdale, California The time: Early 2000s In a meeting room that’s off limits to all but those having the highest security clearance, an elite group of aircraft designers and engineers is giving final shape to America’s newest and most expensive weapon – the F-35 Lightning stealth fighter. Unknown to the employees at Skunk Works (http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/aeronautics/skunkworks.html) – Lockheed Martin’s secretive division – another group of people sitting thousands of miles away are watching their every move, monitoring each keystroke, recording every word spoken. These are hackers working for the Chinese military and they have been following the F-35’s development virtually in real time. Years before the American public is aware of their military’s latest toy, the F-35’s blueprints are sitting in downtown Beijing.http://127.0.0.1:2796/app/index.html It’s not just the Lightning that’s been lifted. The Defence Science B oard, a military advisory group, says China has purloined core elements of the United States military arsenal that include anti-missile systems, vital combat aircraft such as the F/A-18 fighter, the V-22 Osprey, the Black Hawk helicopter, and the Navy’s new combat ship. China is the new KGB.
Bigger than big China’s penetration of American industry, staggering as it is, pales before the scale of spying done by the National Security Agency (NSA). For, the “Never Say Anything” American espionage agency collec ts information not in gigabytes or terabytes but in yottabytes and exabytes – capacities that defy the imagination. The NSA, which makes the CIA look like a bank in comparison, is an outfit that has just one rule: Everybody that uses electronic communication is a target. Espionage is a remarkably discrimination-free business in which everyone is a target. The globe-girdling American intelligence set-up, employing 854,000 spies, not only targets Iran, Russia and China but also snoops on allies such as Israel, Denmark, Finland, Britain and Sweden. Israel in turn conducts extensive military and economic spying in the United States. The most celebrated example of fratricidal espionage was Mossad’s recruitment of Jonathan Pollard, a US Navy intelligence officer. In another instance, Mossad broke into the apartments of CIA agents in Tel Aviv. (http://www.worldtribune.com/2012/08/06/israeli-official-calls-out-cia-they-are-spying-on-a-friendly-country/) There is a compelling reason for spying on friends – to make sure they are really on your side. It can have other spinoffs too. In the early 1960s a wiretap operation conducted by the CIA against the BND, West Germany’s foreign intelligence service, revealed the BND employed a senior Nazi war criminal, Franz Rademacher, in Syria.
President Richard Nixon. during the 2009 G-20 summit is turning out to be a complete PR disaster for the United States and Britain.6 billion pieces of information from India’s computer networks. chairman of PepsiCo. GCHQ: Going too far Kim Philby. the 1973 assassination of Chile’s democratically elected President Salvador Allende was the direct result of two telephone calls by Donald Kendall. this is the first time someone has been caught in the act. It only goes to show that the much heralded reset with Russia is a charade.theobserver) In more recent times.NSA. it only shows how powerless developing countries are against well-equipped spy agencies. The revelation that the NSA and the British GCHQ hacked into computers and phones of foreign leaders. if the NSA has been able to steal more data from India than from Russia and China. to the company’s former lawyer. then spying and commerce are not divorced from each other.” NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden is that one spy in 50 who has damaged the Anglo-American espionage establishment at the global level.uk/business/1998/nov/08/observerbusiness. so it’s a no-brainer why the NSA is targeting them. who are still dreaming about their lost empire. BP (British Petroleum) has been revealed as one of the interested parties in the invasion of Iraq. Secondly. but if the past is any guide. Talk about cheating on home turf. Jordan and Egypt. One. But has the world shifted so much on its geopolitical axis that India is now a bigger target than Russia and China? There are two possibilities. memorably said: “If one attempt in fifty is successful. which also includes Canada. Australia and New Zealand. And the spying on Commonwealth leaders in London should alert developing countries like India to the real intent of the British.
Why India is a top 5 target
Spying to sell The existence of an Anglo-American spy ring. has long been speculated. A big clue that espionage is the sharp end of the economic wedge is provided by Snowden’s revelation that Britain was looking for an edge during negotiations at the Commonwealth summit in London. the KGB spy who singlehandedly wrecked Britain’s intelligence agency MI6.
Clues to a changing world In March 2013 the NSA picked up 9. with Jordan also a close ally. The top four are all Muslim countries. For instance.co. including Russia’s Dmitry Medvedev. the Americans are making sure India remains on its side of the fence. your efforts won’t have been wasted. making it the fifth tracked country in the world after Iran. Although it is not unusual for intelligence agencies to target top level leaders.guardian. Pakistan. Whether these countries share intelligence data with their corporations is yet to be established.
wired. it simply banned arms sales to India. They have plenty of experience in that area.
Weapon worries Ironically.com/2010-1021/ahmedabad/28239734_1_bharuch-port-book) to India. Venetian traveller Marco Polo wrote in his memoirs that the Chinese emperor sent him on a fleet which carried a princess who was to marry an Indian prince. India offers nothing equivalent. If India is now a bigger target than Russia in American eyes. China’s 26 per cent and the Roman Empire’s 21 per cent. the Americans are ahead of India. India is a valued – though not trusted – customer. as India’s Muslim terrorists are now linking up on a multinational scale. Jordan and Egypt. Historically India and China were the engines of global trade. According to former US ambassador to India.6 billion pieces of information from India’s computer networks. If only to feel assured that its high-tech armaments and aircraft are not being taken apart in Moscow.indiatimes. India and China are reverting to their ancient duopoly. making India the fifth tracked country in the world after Iran. It won’t be long before some of them are seen in Chechnya or other troublespots. But India is far more important. Research conducted by Angus Maddison and his colleagues at the University of Groningen shows India had 25 per cent of global income from the year 1500 CE through 1700 CE. both will be intensely targeted by Western spy agencies. American spies will be keeping a close watch.timesofindia. As their economies surge. One of the earliest instances of American meddling in India was back in the 1950s when the CIA secretly provided cash to the Catholic Syrian Christian church to destabilise the democratically elected government of Kerala.”
Islamic angle The increasing radicalisation of Indian Muslims and the big uptick in Islamic terrorist activity in India is a worry not just for India but also for the West. On another occasion the CIA provided funds to discredit communists in West Bengal.com/wiredenterprise/2013/06/tianhe/) secrets. now with the decline of the American economy. Pakistan. Unlike China and Russia where the United States can pinch industrial (http://www. Once it was given to Mrs Indira Gandhi herself. Earlier.) In the 21st century as India and China are once again poised to be the two largest economies. (Before the British created the border problems. and under the BRICS umbrella it might well happen. the India-China border was as free as the United States-Canada frontier. it only shows how the world has shifted on its geopolitical axis. The Americans have always been paranoid about Russia acquiring their weapons technologies via India. An India-China duopoly is a deep-rooted Western fear. India’s improvement in ties with the United States is likely to lead to even more American spying. Daniel Patrick Moynihan. “Both times the money was given to the Congress Party which had asked for it.In March 2013 the NSA picked up 9. who was then a party official.
. China accounted for 35 per cent. Roman emperor Tiberius and the historian Pliny complained about the drain of wealth (http://articles. India’s share was 33 per cent. In the year 1 CE. In almost every technological area.
KGB agents were tailing the wife of the British ambassador.
India and US: Trust deficit The United States doesn’t implicitly trust India in a way it trusts Britain.It is.” Also. One. and people to do the work will be easier to hire. not all would respond with such probity.
No business like the spy business In “Crown Jewels: The British Secrets at the Heart of the KGB Archive” author Nigel West shows the extent to which countries will go to steal secrets. Two. American espionage on India and Indian Muslims is. According to a senior RAW officer. Canada or Poland. After 9/11 the Americans encouraged the Indian government to send RAW and IB agents to enroll in counter-terrorism courses in the United States. The Hindu’s Pravin Swami argues that India's establishment is more vulnerable now than at any point in the past. and the British envoy quickly quit his job. The most well-known case was that of RAW agent Rabindra Singh. Realising she was being followed the ambassador’s wife tucked the documents in her underpants and tried to run towards the embassy. American paranoia is justified as the Indian government – with an eye on Muslim votes – is victimizing its own agents who have played a key role in eliminating Muslim terrorists. The Germans are already calling for the “United Stasi of America” to put a leash on the NSA. (http://www. Efforts to recruit from this pool are not new. it has helped the CIA recruit Indian secret service agents. therefore. who became an American double agent on one his many trips to the United States. the son of then RAW chief N. and was offered its renewal in return for his cooperation with the US’ intelligence services. Narasimhan's son had been denied a visa extension.
. This had two major consequences. Budgets for spying on American businesses will grow. In the early 1980s. as inevitable as American spying on Saudi Arabia and Iran. the Defence Science Board says the United States is not prepared to counter a full-scale cyber conflict. “The large number of politicians. In fact. bureaucrats and military officers whose children study or work in the US provide an easy source of influence.forbes.com/fdc/welcome_mjx. The woman had been obtaining classified documents from a Russian. therefore.shtml) “The NSA leaks will put wind in the sails of non-US intelligence services aiming to ramp up espionage targeting American businesses. professor of electrical engineering and public policy at UCLA. it helped the United States identify hundreds of Indian agents who now cannot undertake undercover operations.”
Global backlash The good money is on an international backlash against the United States and Britain. She was caught. One summer day during the 1950s in Moscow. understandable why the top four in the NSA list are Muslim countries. According to John Villasenor. Narasimhan left the US after efforts were made to approach the spy chief through him. the documents were retrieved. China’s ability to penetrate the world’s most secure communication system indicates the Board is spot on. while on her daily ‘walks’ through Moscow’s streets.
.Thanks to advances in communication. Whether such surveillance will stop the slowmotion collapse of American – and by definition. It is precisely because of the vulnerability of spies on the ground that the NSA has taken electronic eavesdropping to a new level. Ultimately. is all the effort and expense of conducting espionage worth it? The KGB’s vast intelligence apparatus gave it a God’s eye view of the world but its intelligence bonanza didn’t prevent the Soviet Union’s demise. Western – power remains to be seen. spies no longer have to steal documents in such comical fashion.