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Circuit Analysis and Design

Donald A. Neamen Chapter 4 Basic FET Amplifiers

Microelectronics

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-1

In this chapter, we will:


Investigate a single-transistor circuit that can amplify a small, time-varying input signal Develop small-signal models that are used in the analysis of linear amplifiers. Discuss and compare the three basic transistor amplifier configurations. Analyze the common-source amplifier. Analyze the source-follower amplifier. Analyze the common-gate amplifier. Analyze multitransistor or multistage amplifiers. Design a two-stage MOSFET amplifier circuit.

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-2

NMOS Common-Source Circuit

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-3

NMOS Transistor Small-Signal Parameters


Values depends on Q-point

gm

iD vGS

id v gs )

g m 2 K n (VGSQ VTN ) 2 K n I DQ ro (
iD 1 v DS

ro [K n (VGSQ VTN ) 2 ]1 [I DQ ]1
Neamen October 15, 2012 Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-4

Simple NMOS Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-5

NMOS Common-Source Circuit

AC

Small-signal

Av Vo Vi g m (ro RD )
Neamen October 15, 2012 Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-6

Problem-Solving Technique: MOSFET AC Analysis


1. Analyze circuit with only the dc sources to find quiescent solution. Transistor must be biased in saturation region for linear amplifier. 2. Replace elements with small-signal model. 3. Analyze small-signal equivalent circuit, setting dc sources to zero, to produce the circuit to the time-varying input signals only.

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-7

Common-Source Configuration
DC analysis: Coupling capacitor is assumed to be open.
AC analysis: Coupling capacitor is assumed to be a short. DC voltage supply is set to zero volts.

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-8

Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit

Ri Av Vo Vi g m (ro RD )( ) Ri RSi
Neamen October 15, 2012 Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-9

DC Load Line
Q-point near the middle of the saturation region for maximum symmetrical output voltage swing,.

Small AC input signal for output response to be linear.


Neamen October 15, 2012 Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-10

Common-Source Amplifier with Source Resistor

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-11

Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit for Common-Source with Source Resistor

g m RD Av 1 g m RS

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-12

Common-Source Amplifier with Bypass Capacitor


Small-signal equivalent circuit

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-13

NMOS Source-Follower or Common Drain Amplifier

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-14

Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit for Source Follower

Ri Av ( ) 1 RS ro Ri RSi gm
Neamen October 15, 2012 Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-15

RS ro

Determining Output Impedance NMOS Source Follower

1 RO RS ro gm
Neamen October 15, 2012 Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-16

Common-Gate Circuit

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-17

Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit for Common Gate

Av

g m ( RD R L ) 1 g m RSi

IO g m RSi RD Ai ( )( ) Ii RD RL 1 g m RSi
Microelectronics McGraw-Hill Chapter 4-18

Neamen October 15, 2012

Comparison of 3 Basic Amplifiers


Configuration Voltage Gain
Av > 1

Current Gain
__

Input Output Resistance Resistance


RTH Moderate to high Low Moderate to high

Common Source

Source Follower
Common Gate

Av 1

__

RTH

Av > 1

Ai 1

Low

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-19

NMOS Amplifier with Enhancement Load Device

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-20

Cascade Circuit

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-21

Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit for Cascade Circuit

Neamen October 15, 2012

Microelectronics McGraw-Hill

Chapter 4-22