You are on page 1of 6

AZG o o5o o5_o_ o`¡ o o5o o5_o_ o`¡_ AZG (oo` oo`) MSF-Holland

g ¸ g ¸_oq o5a c c o c t _oq o5a c c o c t
ogoqoct o¸og5oooo5 _ooo oacoc@ goc_o_qoo NGO,INGO æo¸æc_to¸5t
coc og5ogo5_ot _oo_ oac goc_o_qo o_ooo¸5t _ocoo`o¸qoco_t
accoo5ooogt æo¸æc_to¸5t Oooog5ogo5oo_¡
AZG (oo`) MSF-Holland g¸ _oqo5accocto oco5goæoog_goo¸oo5
ooæoo` goco¸5 o¸qoo5oæoo` oo` oooæoo
æaog_oqto¸oO5t_otoco5o5 _oco`oo¡ æo_ g_oqto¸oq _oqo5_o_oo5toco
æo_gcoog¸oc æ5too5ctacoq ooog5oo5_oo5_oco`oo¡
MSF æoctæototog¸ _oqo5_o_oocog5ooog5toooctæootcoo MSF
g¸ooooooo`o5o ogtocO5to oo`o o5 ooq5oog (Dr Fiona Terry) ogto5to
Myanmar. “Golfing with the Generals” oo5cto`to5 ooo¸o¸ ogooqo
ogo5_oco`oo¡ æooo5cto`tooo_o_gc alibi project (o¸oa5ot qo_ocooqt)
æcgo Otoqtoo5oo`o5g æoc æoqtoo oo¸g_otoo5o ogqoco
oq5oo_o_O5to NGO ooqooooo ooooo¸5tc5oto5to5 _oco`oo¡
_oqo5_o_oocog5oæooooo_oo MSF g¸ æocto otoct_oco MSF-France. MSF-
Switzerland q MSF-Holland oæ qoo5 oOoot_oqo5accq Ocoæooooo5o
MSF-France æoct_oco`oo¡ MSF-France o5 Oct-_oqo5 qocooo5o oo¸5oo5
_oqo5accoocoo5o o_og oacoo5ooo_to acoo`cto¸5tc5 o¸oo¸o_oq_oq
æooooooo¡ _oqo5 _o_Oooco5o oOo_totæ_oooo¸5oO5toæo`
oæ5oocto¸_gogoooo oO5ooootoooooo ooo¸_o_otoo o cccoæoco
og5ooæo`o¸o5. Octqoco æoæ_ootogtoog5too5cgoooo KNU q
oocooooo_o5c ooo¸_octogoo¡
o`o_o5coo MSF-Holland o (oo`o ) goco¸5æogtqooooo ocog5ooæoo
oooo5cooqg5o5 oo_otc5O5t_otoooo5co`oo¡ oOo_totæo¸oæoqq Oct-
_oqo5qocoo5æoooooq_oo MSF-France q ooo oocoo_oc ooæ5c MSF-
Holland oo ooq5o_ægctooto oog¸ooo¸o5o5 q5o_ AZG (Artsen zonder
Grenzen) oooo`oo¡ MSF oooto AZG ooq5o_ooto5o_o5c MSF
æooæoqtg¸ o¸ootoc_o_oo ogoo5_c5to_t ooo¸oa5 otco oogoo_o5c
oæ5c_oco5to`oo¡ AZG oooo`oo` MSF-Holland oooo`oo` ooæo¸o5
_oqo5_o_Oo oæ5coæ5c _oc_ococo5acooo¡ gtcoæo_oo¸oo AZG g¸ oOoot
og5tocooc5toooo5 oo_o_ooo5 o___ oac oqqo`goo5 gqoq_o_¸o
ooog5ooo5oo`oo¡
UNICEF g¸ oooO_o_oæ5t_oc oocqtooo coco¸ooooo¡ UNICEF q
æoo5oææ ocoo_to5 gtoqtocoo¡ o¸_oog5o5 ægcog5oacoqo UNICEF
ooo5 AZG o g5o5oo5tooqoooooot_ot ooto_o5ctgct ootoo oo
oo`oo5¡
AZG o æooo¸o¸ o_oootooooto5oo oo`oo5oæq5oogo oo
ogtO5too¡
During the long period of negotiations to enter the country, AZG’s attention focused
on the plight of Rohingyas in Rakhine State, following a government crackdown on
dissent in 1991 and 1992 which provoked 250,000 to flee to Bangladesh. But access to
Rakhine State was not what the government had in mind, and in its first year AZG
was directed towards providing healthcare in Shwepyithar township on the outskirts
of Yangon. AZG agreed to this proposal for “strategic” reasons, as a “foot-in-the-
door” through which to build relationships of trust with officials, and encourage
openings in areas with more pressing needs.
AZG g¸ æooæ5gctcooqo æogtæg5o goc_o_qoOo oo`o (goco¸5)
oog¸æogt_ocoooo. goc_o_qoooo AZG o o5to5ooooocootoo
æctgo cootOo5oo5c O_oO5toæo¸qooo5 gqoq. og_o_o5_o_¸qoo5
ootoqtocoqtoco o_oooto “oo5o¸_o5o_o5o ” o_oootæoqq
cocootooo`ooo¡
o`o5 ooæoo` “foot-in-the-door” ooo`o ooocg5æg5go¸5tq
o¸c_o_oo_oo5oogt o_oooto¸_t_ocoo¡ o`o oococ æg5g_otooq
oo`ogoo5o. æg5g_otooo oooo5cooto5 ooooo¸o5ooo_ot
oooo5to¸co oqg5o o_o_t_o_tog5ooæ5c o5taco5oo_ocoo¡
oco`oo5 AZG g¸æ_otæo_ocoo5 oo¸c_o_qoOo oo¸5oot_oo
oqg5ocoqg5 (o5toqo5t o5o5too5oo )o5 ootoqtocoæogto o_o5o¸coæoo
oo¸cccocto_to oo¸ocoo5cto5 oo¸ocog _ocoqo`oo¡ oq5ootooo5
_oc_otq5too`ooooo o5t_otoo`ogoooo5 æ5totæoco_oo5to`ooog5o¡
o`o oootoqo¸ foot-in-the-door diplomacy¡ o¸_toogctatogoæ5coo_ot
oooo¸co5goæ5coo5to5¡
o`æ_oc AZG o oto oq5oOoq_tocq_to Medical diplomacy o oo`goo
ooo`oo¡ ooto_5octæg ooog¸ æoto_oo o¸ot_ot oo¸cooqg5o
og5ooæ5co5to5_oco`oo¡
_oo5 coo¸5tooto_o5to5ooq ooooo AZG o5 o___ oac goc oooo5
ooo5oocgooooo¡ oog_oqo5acc o5otoqo coo¸5tootootcqcg¸
gocoooo5 ootoot_ocoqoo oo5Oooc_oacooo¡ ooæ5c_ocoqæo AZG g¸
ooogtoooc oo5ctoococ otooo5ooo¡ o`o¸_to¸oo5 medical diplomacy o
oo`o`oo¡
gocqocoo oooooo5 ooæo æo¸_toc5tocootgoo ocoo_togO (target
population) _ocoooo5o oo oo5ooooo AZG æoo ooægoto5to¸coo
goc_o_oog5ooæ5co5tacoæocæooto o__g o_ooo5 oo`o5 o`oo¡
coo¸5tog5o` ogogooooooooo AZG o5 ccoo_o_¸o5 gtococgoo¡
ooocog¸og¸oto5tgctq oq5oOo ootacoo¸5æ_o5 o__o oac oaqo`goo5
oo`oo_tog _o_o¸oqo oo5coo5 _o_¸o5 AZG gtococg_ot acoo`cto¸5tc5
æoo5cæO_oo5o _o_tc5toqogo oog¸ oo5g_oqto¸o_otooOo ocgo
oæ5c_oco5to`oo¡
ooo AZG g¸ æoog_oqto¸oo5 oo`o (goco¸5)ooæoo oo5ctoooooco
(AZG’s primary goal of advocacy on behalf of the Rohingyas) oo AZG
æo¸o5to¸5tæoo oo5o_ooot_otocgo_ocoo¡
ooo æoooooqgo qoo_oOo5 ooooo¸o¸ ocooto¸ctooto5t_ot
ootooocg5oqoo5coo¸5tooooo5cgct oo`o (goco¸5) æogtæoo
ococo¸ct æo_oco¸o5too gqoqo AZG gtæoo¸_ooo¸5tg¸ o¸ooaqto
oatooto ooo_ot. oo5oqacc æoco5oo_o_¸gto¸_oo o_otoctooo
oo¸qoac_oo5oo o¬o¬ _ocooooo AZG g¸æoctoooooo`oo¡
oo ooo¸qoaco5o5 æOto_oc æo_gc donors ooq
oo`tooootoat_otocto5 _ocoooo¡
_oqo5_o_ oo5coo5qocoo oo`ooo5tæogtooo5cgoo5 oatootoooo_ot
oo`oOogoo5ooæ5c æoc o5oo AZG o_otocto¸5tq
oo`tooootoat_ooooo5 oooooo¸5to`oo¡
o¸ocOo5 _ocoo5c_o_aco`oo¡
æo¸g_ oog_o__otoo5to5tq oo`ct_o_oo5ctgcæo¸æqq æ5googqaccooo
æ5go_otooo¸5to5t. o`oooo oo o ooc5tooooæoqqooooo
_toqo_5cooooooo5t¡
oo oo5to¸ctc5q5oO5oO5to æoæ_oo5ooo æoto¸_ot. oo¸co
accogtgooOoo5oæ5c oooæ5toot oqoæoc æcæ5t_otoOo_oto5oæ5c
ooo5oooaccotgoooo5o æoæ5go_otooo_t ooo. _toqo_5c
ooo_tooo¡ AZG o oæocæogt æog_o_oooo_tooo¡
o¸qoo5o_tooo¡ oæq5 oogo_tooo¡
o`ooo æocto¸o¸ æooæo¸5oooocoo5oooo5 accogtoo æooqo¸g_ot
MSF o5 acoo`cto¸5tc5 æooooot o. oo5æao ooto_oo¸ o_oooo_o5to5
ooocooo¸ æoooooto. oO5ooogt æoæ_ooo5 æocoo_o_c oooo
_oo5ooog5oogoo ooæo_o5ct o oogococto¸ c5ooqoooo¸ogto5toto
oæq5oog (Fiona Terry) _oco`oo¡
o o5o_o5oooo5o oo_otootoato`oo¡
* *
oo5tc5q5o_oO5ooo g¸accogt (politics of humanitarian aids)
NGO æogto5 accogt_ocooo ooogc ogogcoo5co _o_too
ooo_oooooo gaco`oo¡ o`ooo ogo_oo`q¡
ægotæogt_oto`oo¡
o_ooqoo_oæocto oo5to¸ctc5q5oO5oO5to æoæ_ooo5 oo_o_coq_oo
æocoo g¸o¸qoco¸5o ooo o¸q_ootogoo¡ ocooo æcæ5to_otoc_otoo5
ocooo æcæ5to¸qo5tocoo¡
oco¸qo¸gc æo_ æcæ5t_oto5oooo æcæ5to¸qoqoooo
oco¸qo¸gc æo_ æcæ5t_oto5oooo æcæ5to¸qoqoooo
o¸_totoo_ooo5o¸_t_oco5gc ooooooooog¸ooo5 ootcqtgoo
oo_ocgoo¸_t_oco5oæ5c ooooto æoO5ooæoæ_ootogtæo¸oog¸ooo5o_t
ootoocqtoqo`oo¡
o_o_o_o5gooogc oo5coo5o5 oooto5to gococtgcto5t
oo5octgcto5toog¸ ootooo5 AZG o ACF oo NGO oog¸ooooo5
oocqtoqoo¡ oog¸ aoooto5 ooo¸oqoo¡ oooqoct _c5c5to
oqtoq_o5tooo5 oo5coo5 q ototoo5c_o_¸qoo octgcto5toog¸ ootoo
cto¸oqoo¡
ooo¸_t oo5to¸ctc5q5oO5oO5to æoæ_ (humanitarian aids) o
oo5cto¸_toooto oto¸_tooto _ocgoo5 oo ototoo5c oo5coo5o5 o5oo
oo5ægogoo5 ototo`to`t _ocotoo¡
(o) gooo`¡ o__g q o__o æ_o5t oco5acco5 goqoo gooo` ooo_coqtooo5
ooo ooo_æccoo q o¸_totoo_oooo5 o`ocooo og5oa5oqooo¡ o`æ_oc
ooo_ æoo5coo5c ooooogtoo5toooo oO5ooogtoc_tooo
ooo`t_otæooo¡ ooooogtoo5tooo5 oq¸c_ oo`o5oqto¸o oo5¬q oco5o
ooo_ooæoo oO5ooogtoc_tooo o¸ooooo. otcoo¡
æo`ooOooq oco ocoo oo`o5oqto¸_ototoo¡ ooooogtoo5too
oæoo o5t. o5_. ooooogt æcooooto ooo_oO5ooooqgoooq
æoo5tgoo¡ o`ooo otc æcæ5t_o_oct_ot o¸_totoo_oooooo ooooo5
ooo`ct acoqtoo¸5 oooo¡ o`æoo oooooo5 o5oqgoo¡
(_) o__o-oac. ægooc o5ocoqooo¡ ooooocqg¸ aoco__toqto o¬ o
oc5tgo o5ooo¸_too ogoqocoo æotægctq Ooo_ot _ooo¡ (ooooo5
oo_ocgo5o_t æoogoqq oo5oo ooo ocoooo¸ ccoo5oæ_oto5
ooooocqo oqoqo o_o5oooto æoct O_ooo _ocgo5¡)
ooo_ooæotægctq oog¸oo5oo ogoaccOo oco5gc
oo_o_co_oco5to5æoogoqo ctgooæoo. ocooo5 ooo_ æ_oc
qoco_oooo¸5ocog5ooco oooo_ot oq5oocooo5 ægo_o_octooo
oooo o¸5too`oæoqq æoctooo5 o_ ooooogtoc_too
ootocc_ootoooo¡ ooo5 oooo5 æago octg5qocoooo
og5oo5gooæc5t æagogo ogo5 qoqoo Oo5o goq_ooo5oo¡
oo_ocgoooo oo5 c5gcto¸oqgc o_o5ootoo`c oo5otoO5c _oco5t o`oooo¡
oæq5 oog oogo Ot_o5to co5tæotæaqtocoooo5 refugee-warrior
ooæotæaqt_ocoo¡ ooo_coqto5 ooo_æog_o_oqOc_ot oog5toqo
ooooogtoo5tooo oooo¡
og5tocæ5t_oco_o5_ocootogc ooqogo oooo_octgo oo
otocqoooooo5 ooo_æ_oc ooaco5_oco`oo¡ o`ooo oooo¸ o5
æoo_ocooqo`ot¡ ooqoooco¸coo5coo5c_ot ooo_coqtægo oæ5oo5
oo_ot oq5ooc_oo oo_ooooooooo ooacoæ5c _oc_oqoooo5
ooo_ coqtooo5 goqoo o`oo¡ oo oo¸_tooo oooo¸octOo5 gcocogo
ooo_ coqtooo5 goqoo o`oo¡ oo oo¸_tooo oooo¸octOo5 gcocogo
oæq5 oog o oooooo æo_ocooto`oo¡ ooo_ -ooooogtoo5too
(refugee-warriors) ooo`oo¡
ccogto`gooooo_o5oo¡ ccoooo oo5 oO5ooogt (logistics) q ooo5o¡
ooo5 oooocæ_ootoooo5tooo5 oO5oocqcoo æoqoto`oco
ooo_coqtooo ocooq_ooo5oo¡ oO5oocqc oooo5otoo¡ ooo5tooo
go5ootcg5ooot. ootoootcg5 ooot¡ æoqoqo¸cgoooo5c5q
ccoooO5cogoo¡ æ5ogoooo5 oo _ocgoo¸_toogootoo¡
ooo o_ootoo o_togOæoo OIC o (accoo5g¸ æ_ootoooo5t
æoo5oooooo¸oo ooooo ) æo¸o¸_to oo5o¸_o5o¸oo¡ oco_otoooo¸
O5tootoo¡ AZG o oocto oto æo¸o¸_to _og5o ooo5t o_o_o¸oa5otooot_ot
æo_oooooo oæoo oqg5 æog5o oootoo¡ æo_oqg5o5
æoæ_ootogtæo¸æoqq¸oqOc_ot oo¸_oooo¡
o`o¸_to oooooqo¸ æoooo¡
* *
o¸qoo5 ooo æoc5
AZG oo æoc5o ooo¸o_o_gc oæ5oo`oo oo¸go`oo¡
AZG q ooooo c5ogtog¸ oo¸go¸ooo otooo¸ooo æ_o_o_o¸ooo o oo
o¸ogtoo`oo¡
(o) AZG oco5oo ooo_to oog¸ ocooæo¸_toc5tocoot o_togO (target
population) o5 (goco¸5o oooo`o ) qoco_oooo¸5 oo`ooo o5o¸c _ocoo¡
(_) AZG g¸ _oqo5_o_oct æoog_oqto¸o (primary goal) o æo_ oo`ooo
æogtæoo o_o5oogto5tooooco (advocacy) æooo5 _ocoo¡ o`o_o5c AZG
o5 accogtg_oqto¸oq ocog5oo5o iNGO _ocoo¡
(g) _ooo-oac cooco5o (__)gooqo5 æoogoq oqogooooo5 æoo
ogcoo5 cocoo oqogoo ococto oo`oooo acco5t
_ococæ_o_æoootocogt ot_ooo¸oo_ooto ococtg5o5 MSF g¸ o_o5oo¸o o
oto5to5tooo¡ MSF o oo`o (goco¸5)ooo5 o¸_totoo¸5ooooqto`t_ocoqo
oæoc ooo¸_to5 oco¸_tæo`æoc o ogto5t O5too¡ ooo¸_t MSF (AZG g¸oocæo¸ )
o oo5o ooo o_o5_o5t oqo5o5 _oqo5_o_octogto æ5toq5o¸5oo¸_t
ooocooo oqo5 _ocoo¡ _oqo5accg¸ æo¸_oæo¸5 æ5¬5o Oo`toqo5 o5o¸c
_ocoo¡
(g) AZG o5 oog¸ gtoctc5ooo5. _oqo5_o_oo5 o_o5oogto5tg5o5 qocooo¸5ot
oo`oooo goco¸5 o æ_oooc oo`oo` otcoo¡ oo oco`otcoct otcocto5
gocoo¸_toog¸o_goo _ooto_o5oooco`c ooooo5_ocoo¡ _oqo5accg¸
æo¸_oæo¸5ococoo oc5o5to oco`c ooooo5 _ocoo¡
(g) AZG oqOotoo5ct _too¸5ooæ5cæo`æoc oooco5o5oc oo`oooo AZG
g¸ oog5toooo oæooo o¸oooacoæ5c oc_o_ O5to5o5 ooo5oo
_ocgoooo¡ oocoooo oooc_oct _ocoo¡ AZG g¸ ægcæ_ocoooot AZG
o5to ocoo ct_ot ccooo5 o5to5 oog5toqoo _too¸5ooæ5co
o5to ocoo ct_ot ccooo5 o5to5 oog5toqoo _too¸5ooæ5co
oo5actooogc. gooo` ooo_ coqto5 oO5ooogtæoæ_octo oocto_oo
ooooogtoo5tooq æo5to aco`oo¡
(_) AZG o5 oqo oo`ooooq ooco oototogo oog¸ oqOot _too¸5ooæ5c
ooo_o5oogtæoo æ5t_o_toqoooo5cgo_ot. o ooo_o5oo5oæo` o¸ooc
(g_)oqt oq oo¸t_oc_ot æ_cotc5tooto5 gqoqo5O5tgoo¡ AZG æog5
oo`oooooogtoo5to¸5to5 oo¸_oc goo ogoo5ct oo_ocoo¡
(o) oo`oo5oætoo5c o_o5oo accoo5o oo5to¸ctc5q5o æoæ_ ooto¸cgc
_oqo5æctg goc_o_qoæctgoococooto`¡ oqo`oo¡ o`oco5t ooo5 o`qoc
oooo5oooto`ot¡ ooocg5 oæooæoqt o oc5c_o__ot community watch
oogoo¡ æoooo_oo NGO ooo5oo ooocg5æ5¬5ocoooo_t
transparency ococt_oco5o gg æoooooctgo`oo¡
(g) goc_o_qoæctgæo¸ _o¸ctoo oo¸5oo_o5oqgc æoqto5tgo goo¡
c5gctocoooo gocoq_otoooo occ5gctoot æocoo¸5oæ5c ogtooto
oooooacoqt oqotootoooo oo5oæc _o5tooo _o5tot_oto5t¡ ooo5
oO5ooo_ogtq ooooo _ot_oooo5cgoooo o gog5oc5c_o_ooo
æ_oooqacoæ5c ococt_oco5o (transparency) gg oooo5cootgo`oo¡
o`oooogc ooo¸5ctoo`ocoqt o5 æa_o_ cogooq oo _oco5to5o
oq_o_oo5o o5ootoc oto¸_Oo ogoo oo5o¸_t _oco5toqacoo¡
(o) gocooæoo g_goo`ooo oo “gocto5” ootoqto ccoo_o_¸ooo
oqooo oocoogot¡ o`ooo AZG o oo5ctoo o_ot oo5oootoqo
oo`ooo æoo ootoqtacoqt gootoo¡ ooqg5oo o5 o_t AZG g¸ o`oc
oooo oqoo oog5tocgo`oo¡
(_) o`ooo oo5oooæooco ooo_ ooooogtgooco Oooot o5o
ogoo¡ _o_qoo¸qto5ogt_5qo OoootcO5to o¸ooc (o_g)oqtoqo5
oqtocg5otoo c5gct_ogootoooogoo¡
(oo) AZG g¸oogoooo5 _o_oO5cc_oqo5accoo5o æ_oo_oo
Oo`tooooooo¡ Oo`tooooooooo_t ooæ5 æoæ_ooto oo¡ o`o_o5c
AZG o _oqo5_o_Oo5 otooO5to ooOoococoo¡ ooooOog5o5 AZG
oooqo _oqo5 octgcto5t ooæoo ooootoq o æog5c_ocooqt (alibi project)
ooo octgcto5t æo¸æc_t oo oooooacoæ5c cc_ocoo¡
(oo) AZG o oog5tgo¸oo og¸oo_o5ooo AZG g¸ foot-in-the-door q_tcqcq
ooo¸O5to oooo5 oooooo oo5o ooæ5c oo5Oogo`oo¡ æooooo5
oooooo¡ _o_oO5ccoq_otooOo ooooo goo¡ æoq5ooctoct
ccocto_tog5 o`ooto5t. goc oq_oto¸_ooo5 oooo. o¸qo5ogt
goc_o_qoo_to5t. goc_o_qo ooogtoq_oto5t¡ æcgo_oc ooo¸_t ccc_ot AZG
og5o`ocoqo oc5oo5o o g5oooo5Ooocoo¡