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**MATHEMATICS (SPECIFICATION A) Unit Pure 4
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Monday 19 January 2004 Morning Session

MAP4

In addition to this paper you will require: an 8-page answer book; the AQA booklet of formulae and statistical tables. You may use a standard scientific calculator only.

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Time allowed: 1 hour 20 minutes Instructions Use blue or black ink or ball-point pen. Pencil should only be used for drawing. Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is MAP4. Answer all questions. All necessary working should be shown; otherwise marks for method may be lost. The final answer to questions requiring the use of tables or calculators should normally be given to three significant figures. Tie loosely any additional sheets you have used to the back of your answer book before handing it to the invigilator.

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Information The maximum mark for this paper is 60. Mark allocations are shown in brackets. Sheets of graph paper are available on request.

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**Advice Unless stated otherwise, formulae may be quoted, without proof, from the booklet.
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P65215/0104/MAP4 6/6/6

MAP4

z1 (ii) Show that j z1 j j z2 j. (1 mark) (iii) Explain why z1 *. (2 marks) (3 marks) 2 Use de Moivre's Theorem to show that p p 7 p p 5 cos À i sin Ài: cos i sin 6 6 3 3 (6 marks) P65215/0104/MAP4 .2 Answer all questions. is not a root of the quadratic equation. (1 mark) z2 (iii) Find the value of arg . in the form a ib. (2 marks) (1 mark) (1 mark) (ii) By considering the coefficients of the quadratic. (1 mark) (iv) Find the other root. write down the sum of its roots. (i) Verify that z1 3 i is a root of the equation. (c) (1 mark) (i) Label the points representing the complex numbers z1 and z2 on an Argand diagram. 1 (a) Express in the form a i b: (i) 3 i2 . (b) The quadratic equation z2 À 2 4iz 8i À 6 0 has roots z1 and z2 . (ii) 2 4i 3 i . z2 . the complex conjugate of z1 .

(5 marks) 4 (a) Given that y sinhÀ1 x. as far as possible. (i) Find the gradient of C1 and the gradient of C2 at x 0. (2 marks) 5 A curve C has equation y ln 1 À x2 . f n 1 À f n: (4 marks) (b) Prove by induction that the sum of the cubes of three consecutive positive integers is divisible by 9. (2 marks) (3 marks) (ii) Explain why. (a) Show that 2 2 dy 1 x2 : 1 dx 1 À x2 (b) Use the result 1 x2 2 À1 1 À x2 1 À x2 to show that the length of the arc of C between the points where x 0 and x p is 2 tanhÀ1 p À p: (4 marks) (6 marks) 0 4 x < 1: Turn over P65215/0104/MAP4 s .3 3 The function f is given by f n n3 n 13 n 23 : (a) Simplify. the gradient of C1 is greater than 1 and the gradient of C2 is less than 1. show that dy 1 p : dx 1 x2 (b) The curves C1 and C2 have equations y sinh x and y sinhÀ1 x respectively. (3 marks) (iii) Sketch on the same axes the graphs of C1 and C2 . for all x 6 0.

(3 marks) END OF QUESTIONS Copyright Ó 2004 AQA and its licensors. (3 marks) (iii) Illustrate the four roots of the equation by points on an Argand diagram. P65215/0104/MAP4 . All rights reserved.4 6 (a) (i) Verify that z 2e 4p i is a root of the equation z4 À16: 1 (1 mark) (ii) Find the other three roots of this equation. where r is real and Àp < y 4 p . giving each root in the form reiy . (b) (i) Show that p 1 1 z À 2e 4p i z À 2eÀ4p i z2 À 2 2 z 4: (3 marks) (2 marks) (ii) Express z4 16 as the product of two quadratic factors with real coefficients.

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