Communist Confession of Faith: A Cheater‟s Tactical Document to Cheat Original Proletariat

Aryal Achyut et al., SJIR, 2013, 1(3), 103-111

Research article Available online www.sjoir.blogspot.com ISSN: 23508728

Scientific Journal of International Research Communist Confession of Faith: A Cheater‟s Tactical Document to Cheat Original Proletariat
Aryal Achyut
PhD Scholar: Mewar University (MU), Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India.

This criticism is on Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith, discussed at the First Congress of the Communist League in London on June 2-9, 1847. Here I tried to show the reality who are original communist and who are real proletariat after 166 years. So called communists and so called proletariat are now necked.

KEY WORDS: Original, Duplicate, Communist, Proletariat.

*Corresponding Author Achyut Aryal
PhD Scholar: Mewar University (MU), Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India. Department Head: Biblical Communication and Media (BCM) Department, Nepal-Korea International College (NKIC), Affiliated to Seoul Theological University (STU),Seoul, South Korea& Mass Communication and Journalism Department, Nepal Institute of Management and Sciences (NIMS), Affiliated to Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. Email:aryala4dk@yahoo.com, Cell No. 977- 9741060086

who resided in London front November 1846. those are enough to cheat original proletariats. while drafting the program. It was found by the Swiss scholar Bert Andréas together with the draft Rules and the circular of the First Congress to the members of the League in the archives of Joachim Friedrich Martens. an active member of the Communist League. The League was renamed the Communist League. France. This discovery made it possible to ascertain a number of important points in the history of the Communist League and the drafting of its program documents. the non-labor and non-workers. to the communities for discussion. and also from references in the Principles to the earlier document when Engels had apparently decided to leave formulations of some of the answers as they were. It may he assumed that Engels intended to give greater precision to some of the formulations of the program document in the course of further discussion and revision. The form of a “revolutionary catechism” was also commonly used in the League of the Just and other organiz ations of workers and craftsmen at the time. with the exception of some inserted words. Switzerland. Joseph Moll. having communities in Germany. 1847. which are kept in the State and University Library in Hamburg. 1847 and that its author was Engels (the manuscript found in Martens‟ archives. I present it as it is here: Question 1: Are you a Communist? Answer: Yes. the concluding sentence and the signatures of the president and the secretary of the Congress. Tactical Questions and Answers to Cheat Original Proletariat There are almost 22 questions and its tactical answers in Communist Confession of Faith. the old motto of the League of the Just “All men are brothers” was replaced by a new. Karl Schapper and Heinrich Bauer) after the Congress between June and August 1847. was written in Engels‟ hand). Engels had to take into account that the members of the League had not yet freed themselves from the influence of utopian ideas and this was reflected in the formulation of the first six questions and answers. Besides. the Principles of Communism. which was founded in Paris in 1836-37 and soon acquired an international character. the results of which were to be taken into account at the time of the final approval of the program and the Rules at the Second Congress. When Marx and Engels were convinced that the leaders of the League of the Just were ready to accept the principles of scientific communism as its program they accepted the offer to join the League made to them late in January 1847. It had been previously assumed that the First Congress did no more than adopt a decision to draw up a program and that the draft itself was made by the London Central Authority of the Communist League (Joseph Moll. 1847 . Engels‟ active participation in the work of the Congress (Marx was unabl e to go to London) affected the course and the results of its proceedings. Engels made direct use of the “Confession of Faith”. the “Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith” was sent. Question 2: What is the aim of the Communists? . Marxist one: “Working Men of All Countries. The activity of Marx and Engels directed towards the ideological and organizational unity of the socialists and advanced workers prompted the leaders of the League (Karl Schapper. The full text of the “Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith” (Credo) became known only in 1968. The document testifies to Engels‟ great influence on the discussion of the program at the Congress – the formulation of the answers to most of the questions is a Marxist one. When working on another. Unite! “ The draft program and the draft Rules of the League were approved at the last sitting on June 9. together with the draft Rules. After the First Congress of the Communist League. The new documents show that the draft was ready by June 9.INTRODUCTION Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith is the draft program discussed at the First Congress of the [1] Communist League in London on June 2-9. in late October 1847. Heinrich Bauer). improved draft program. Britain and Sweden. as can be seen from the coincidences of the texts. to ask for their help in reorganizing the League and drafting its new program me. The Congress was a final stage in the reorganization of the League of the Just – an organization of German workers and craftsmen.

not of one master. These machines. and two new classes which are gradually swallowing up all other classes have come into being. every individual strives to be happy. Question 5: What are such principles? Answer: For example. We have gradually arrived at the position where almost all branches of labor are run on a factory basis. They divided work more and more between the workers so that workers who formerly had made a whole article now produced only a part of it. and the workers were deprived of the last remnants of their independence. In the hands of the big capitalists. who in all advanced countries are in almost exclusive possession of the means of subsistence and those means (machines. that class whose weal and woe. supplanted the workers of the time. Question 6: How do you wish to prepare the way for your community of property? Answer: By enlightening and uniting the proletariat. the worker with nothing. In this way the factory system was introduced. the property less must submit to the bad conditions laid down by the bourgeois. is called the class of the proletarians or the proletariat. as a member of civil society. require no proof. The machines thus delivered industry entirely into the hands of the big capitalists and rendered the workers‟ scanty property which consisted mainly of their tools. As soon as any branch of labor went over to factory production it ended up. being the result of the whole of historical development.) by which these means of subsistence are produced. however wretched it may be. Question 3: How do you wish to achieve this aim? Answer: By the elimination of private property and its replacement by community of property. just as competition has not always been free. because by the use of machinery it was possible to produce commodities more quickly and cheaply than could the workers with their imperfect spinning wheels and hand-looms. and on the possibility inherent in machinery. whose life and death.. The happiness of the individual is inseparable from the happiness of all. looms. the proletarian has to sell him by the day and by the hour. Question 10: In what way does the proletarian differ from the slave? Answer: The slave is sold once and for all. The proletarian is. workshops. The slave may. Since the parties to this trading in labor are not equal. on the fact that in the consciousness or feeling of every individual there exist certain irrefutable basic principles which. class of the big capitalists. in a word. depend on the alternation of times of good and bad business. they sought to extend it to more and more branches of labor. therefore.Answer: To organize society in such a way that every member of it can develop and use all his capabilities and powers in complete freedom and without thereby infringing the basic conditions of this society. Once the capitalists saw how advantageous this was for them. and those who worked were almost always the poor. have a better subsistence than the proletarian but the latter stands at a . the slave of the entire bourgeois class. who are compelled to sell their labor to the first class. the bourgeois. agriculture. just as in the case of spinning and weaving. but the bourgeois have the advantage. The proletarian is recognized as a person. and therefore has no guaranteed subsistence. II. factories. so t hat the capitalist was left with everything. chemical and other resources of their infinite extension. trade and colonization. on the mass of productive forces and means of subsistence resulting from the development of industry. Question 9: How did the proletariat arise? Answer: The proletariat came into being as a result of the introduction of the machines which have been invented since the middle of the last century and the most important of which are: the steam-engine. This is the bourgeois class. the spinning machine and the power loom. Secondly. completely transformed the previous position of the workers. since nobody buys his labor if he does not need it. therefore. etc. This has increasingly brought about the ruin of the previously existing middle class. namely: I. etc. dependent on the bourgeois. Question 7: What is the proletariat? Answer: The proletariat is that class of society which lives exclusively by its labor and not on the profit from any kind of capital. The slave is the property of one master and for that very reason has a guaranteed subsistence. But there have not always been proletarians. which were very expensive and could therefore only be purchased by rich people. The class of the completely property less. Labor simplified in this way produced goods more quickly and therefore more cheaply and only now was it found in almost every branch of labor that here also machines could be used. This class. especially of the small master craftsmen. or the bourgeoisie. There have always been poor and working classes. Question 4: On what do you base your community of property? Answer: Firstly. The slave is accounted a thing and not a member of civil society. Question 8: Then there have not always been proletarians? Answer: No. The. so to speak. simply to obtain from them in return their means of subsistence. on the fluctuations of competition. etc. quite worthless.

of the products. the share of the laborer is determined by his own labor. but only for the proletarians and hence it belongs of necessity to the 19th century and was not possible in any earlier period. Question 17: What will be your first measure once you have established democracy? Answer: Guaranteeing the subsistence of the proletariat. III.higher stage of development. I. then we will defend the cause of the proletariat just as well by our deeds as now by our words. and therefore proceeds gradually. Question 13: Then you do not believe that community of property has been possible at any time? Answer: No. By employing workers in national workshops and factories and on national estates. As you wish to prepare for community of property by the enlightening and uniting of the proletariat. that is. The proletarian works with instruments of production which belong to someone else who. that is. II. in return for handing over a greater or lesser portion of the yield. for all members of society. the so-called handicraftsman. By educating all children at the expense of the state. the serfs. His aim is to acquire capital himself and so to exploit other workers. The serf frees himself by driving out his feudal lord and becoming a property owner himself. The proletarian frees him by doing away with property. who still existed nearly everywhere during the last century and still exists here and there. etc. fundamental condition for the introduction of community of property is the political liberation of the proletariat through a democratic constitution. by becoming a proletarian as a result of competition (as now happens in most cases) and joining the movement of the proletariat – i. Question 11: In what way does the proletarian differ from the serf? Answer: The serf has the use of a piece of land. Communism is the theory of a liberation which was not possible for the slaves. It is determined by the development of the conditions in which these masses live. . of an instrument of production. We are also aware that revolutions are not made deliberately and arbitrarily but that everywhere and at all times they are the necessary consequence of circumstances which are not in any way whatever dependent either on the will or on the leadership of individual parties or of whole classes. He can often achieve this aim where the craft guilds still exist or where freedom to follow a trade has not yet led to the organization of handwork on a factory basis and to intense competition. or. In the case of the proletarian it is determined by competition. this prospect is eliminated and the handicraftsman becomes more and more a proletarian. competition. Question 14: Let me go back to the sixth question. The serf has guaranteed subsistence. by progressive taxation. hands over to him a portion. or the handicraftsmen. a happy existence. The slave frees himself by becoming a proletarian. abolishing from the totality of property relationships only the relationship of slavery. is at most a temporary proletarian. By limiting private property in such a way that it gradually prepares the way for its transformation into social property.. Question 18: How will you do this? Answer. Communism has only arisen since machinery and other inventions made it possible to hold out the prospect of an all-sided development. But as soon as the factory system is introduced into handwork and competition is in full swing. In the case of the serf. g. Question 19: How will you arrange this kind of education during the period of transition? Answer: All children will be educated in state establishments from the time when they can do without the first maternal care. e. e. But we also see that the development of the proletariat in almost all countries of the world is forcibly repressed by the possessing classes and that thus a revolution is being forcibly worked for by the opponents of communism. limitation of the right of inheritance in favour of the state. the more or less conscious communist movement. The development of the masses cannot he ordered by decree. the proletarian has not. The handicraftsman therefore frees himself either by becoming a bourgeois or in general passing over into the middle class. thus entering into competition and joining for the time being the possessing class. The proletarian can free him only by abolishing property in general. therefore in the first place by the bourgeois. Question 12: In what way does the proletarian differ from the handicraftsman? Answer: As opposed to the proletarian. then you reject revolution? Answer: We are convinced not only of the uselessness but even of the harmfulness of all conspiracies. in the end.. and all class differences. If. by himself.. in return for his labor. the oppressed proletariat is thus driven into a revolution. Question 15: Do you intend to replace the existing social order by community of Property at one stroke? Answer: We have no such intention. etc. the privileged class. determined by competition. Question 16: How do you think the transition from the present situation to community of Property is to be effected? Answer: The first.

nothing more. Society. we are well aware that the family relationship has been modified in the course of history by the property relationships and by periods of development. Now they are no more. Up to now it has failed theory.Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith Marx nothing more but to cheat original proletarians and to kill them by root. Exploitation happened forever. Lenin. Achieving political supremacy through abolition or takeover is also depends on interactional behavior. „All hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle‟ is just a simple judgment of the history. governments. It was natural even because the rate of interaction of these two classes was very high and they survived. Non-workers. If formation of the class itself is so weak and on wrong base how can it interact boldly? The root of the formation of so called proletariat and communists was blood of innocent original proletariat. One remains in labor and other remains in non-labor.Question 20: Will not the introduction of community of property be accompanied by the proclamation of the community of women? Answer: By no means. Now the end is near! Abolition of private property depends on same rule. Nothing is long-lasting. If we view postmodern society from this angle it is clear that there are two classes in all society. non-workers. We will only interfere in the personal relationship between men and women or with the family in general to the extent that the maintenance of the existing institution would disturb the new social order. The effort to come in labor and the effort to push on non-labor is the main existential phenomena of class. Rate of interaction determines the existence of society in relation to other time. And it is the main center of everything which is in existence. During interaction it occurs. non-labor. And all non-labor class is interacting to come in labor very naturally. and that consequently the ending of private property will also have a most important influence on it. but it is not with struggle notion. It is not complete understanding of existing society by root. space and matter aspects. The rate of interaction in sector remained weak. Everything changes with interactional complexity. But communism is that stage of historical development which makes all existing religions superfluous and supersedes them. Interactional behavior itself has a unique nature in the sense that it produces itself a new condition for further to go as like in the case of bourgeoisie and proletariat. so automatically it never worked. The growing rate of non-workers worldwide is root cause for the death of so called proletariat and workers. CONCLUSION The conclusion of this discourse is. Sometime it interacts one-another too. Once there were several classes in different time frame in record of known history. Rate of interaction is basically a natural phenomenon but we can manipulate it. Existence is directly proportional to rate of interaction. These two classes started to interact on such a way others had to die in front. all hitherto existing society is the history of rate of interaction in other words labor. Engels. Question 21: Will nationalities continue to exist under communism? Answer: The nationalities of the peoples who join together according to the principle of community will be just as much compelled by this union to merge with one another and thereby supersede themselves as the various differences between estates and classes disappear through the superseding of their basis – private property. After Marx his followers continued this cheating task further strong. Besides. Now such situation has been appeared worldwide and it is in the form. How a society remains in history depends on its existence not in class struggle. . and it‟d happened. Mao and other so many byproducts of Marx always cheated original proletariat. non-labors. Question 22: Do Communists reject existing religions? Answer: All religions which have existed hitherto were expressions of historical stages of development of individual peoples or groups of peoples. Everything passes from the stage of labor and non-labor. everywhere. it is natural.the rate of interaction. non-labors are non-labor class. even society. classes all. Where they have gone? Certainly they were not able to survive because of rate of interaction was not survived from theirs side in front of bourgeoisie and proletariat. Some are with struggle and political form. And the whole change has been happening. Communist bourgeoisie and original bourgeoisie are labor class and original proletariat. So. Degree of it depends on the rate of interaction just. always. non-peasants. Intentionally they‟d made draft and promoted it. How strong and in which direction it interacts. jobless and unemployed are the output of previously ignored facts by Marx as well as blind followers and their manipulation. With this reality there remain just two classes: labor class and non-labor class. people. some are with various other ways. Class struggle is just a natural and tiny part of interactional behavior during complex rate of interaction. Manipulation depends on its power and time of manipulation but natural interaction everlasting.

in English in Birth of the Communist Manifesto. 37 Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith . Progress Publishers. MEA 1993. Further Research: It is most to conduct further research on so called Marxism. p. Selected Works. [1] From MECW Volume 6.org 1999. 81-97. 98-137 3. p. by Eduard Bernstein in the German Social Democratic Party‟s Vorwärts!. June 9 1847. Marx. p. 1971. International Publishers. 92. MECW Volume 38. first published in Gründungsdokumente des Bundes der Kommunisten. International Publishers. so all the achievements are improper. Proletariat were not original so communist were fake. 1971. 4. Hamburg. So called revolution was not proper and on unjust so all revolutions are unreliable. communism. first published in Gründungsdokumente des Bundes der Kommunisten. Marx/Engels Selected Works. first published: 1914. in English in Birth of the Communist Manifesto. 92. June 9 1847. Moscow.So when root claim of Marxism was wrong other all claims base on that goes automatically wrong. marxists. The instrument used for the achievement was wrong. February 2005. 146. proofed and corrected by Andy Blunden. 1969. written by Engels. Communism from critical perspectives from experimental epochs. written by Engels. Volume One. Moscow. Engels und K. Leninism. REFERENCES 1. Hamburg. p. 1969. Transcribed: Zodiac. 1913. 1969. Maoism and many more taboos are not valid. 1969. Written: 24 November 1847. pp. One. MECW Volume 6. First published: in Der Briefwechsel zwischen F. Progress Publishers. Marxism. Economic and time constrain made me just to explain this much. 2. translated: Paul Sweezy. Vol.