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Psych 100 – La Brie APA Lesson, Rev 8/10/12
Psychology 100 –How to use APA format in the Research Paper Your research paper should have a title page, in APA format. You do not need a running head. You do not need an abstract. APA Citation Basics
o Follow the author-date method of in-text citation. (author’s last name, year of publication) The author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text. Examples: (Jones, 1998) or Brown (2010) researched… (Colvin & Block, 1994) or Colvin and Block (1994) found that… Always include the publication date. If there is no date, write (n.d.) in place of the date. Do not use first initials or first names in the text citation (unless there is more than one author with the same last name.) Paraphrase (summary): A paraphrase is material from a source which has been simplified and restated in your own words. All paraphrases must be cited, using the author’s last name, and year of publication. For all in text citations, if the author’s name is part of the sentence, place only the year of publication in parentheses. Examples: Berk (2007) found that children begin to play organized games with rules, once they reach school-age. For all in text citations, when the author’s name is not part of the sentence, place both the name and the year, separated by a comma, in parentheses Example: Studies conducted found that children begin to use organized play and games with rules at school-age (Berk, 2007). Short-quote, (< 40 words) Must be enclosed within quotation marks and cited using the author’s last name, year of publication, and page number.
Three types of citations in APA format: paraphrase, short quote, long quote
If the author is quoted “word for word,” no matter how small, also provide the page number or paragraph number (LaBrie, 2009, p. 100). Example: “Reading makes use of many skills at once, taxing all aspects of our informationprocessing systems” (Berk, 2007, p. 306).
Long-quote (40 + words) indented 5 spaces and double spaced, include page number (or paragraph number for a web document) and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Berk (2007) found the following to be true: We have seen that middle childhood brings major advances in perspective taking, the capacity to imagine what other people may be thinking and feeling. These changes support self-self esteem, understanding of others, and a wide variety of social skills. (p. 336)
Additional Notes regarding citations When citing an electronic document, whenever possible, cite it in the author-date style. If the electronic source lacks page numbers, locate and identify paragraph number or paragraph heading Example: Recent research has yielded similar results (Smith, 1997, para. 6). When the author’s name is designated as “Anonymous” cite in text the word Anonymous followed by a comma and the date. (Anonymous, 1998). In the Reference list, an anonymous work is alphabetized by the word Anonymous as the author with the remaining publication data.
Examples: Recent research reveals (“Six Sites Meet. Exercise #1: Citations: Use the following paragraph to write and cite a paraphrase. Indeed.. Exercise # 1 Your Answer: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Exercise #2: Citations: Write a short quote using the following paragraph. Page 25. one usually must articulate clear professional goals. published in 2009. supervision and evaluation. Internships provide you with an opportunity to gain relevant work experiences while you are a student. etc. Korschgen Exercise # 2 Your Answer: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __ 10 2 . personal communication. January 4. but they should clearly and specifically point to certain professional activities. letters. MA. Pages 175-185. Giordano and Carolyn A. training. and cite it. Published 1998. place in alphabetical order according to the title Personal Communications: When citing interviews. a chapter or a webpage. Often internships are offered for academic credit and are carefully monitored to ensure you receive adequate orientation. italicize the title of a journal. Licht. include the communicator’s name. or populations to serve following completion of graduate training. Authors: Betsy Levonian Morgan. Dean McKay Chapter title: Specialist versus generalists careers. cite the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. These goals also typically include diagnosis of interest for research and treatment. November 3. In book: Your career in psychology: putting your graduate degree to work. Do not include personal communication in the reference list Instructions: Read instructions & complete the exercises. Note: Source information: Author. a brochure or a report. the fact that it was personal communication. For example: A. Robbins. a book. 2001). Peter J.“ 2006) significantly… The book College Bound Seniors (2008) asserts that… When listing this source on the References page. Use quotation marks around the title of an article. Edited by Stephen F.Psych 100-LaBrie When a work has no identified author. Participate in at least one internship experience if not more. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication. to successfully enter graduate training in psychology. Most people start graduate training in psychology with some ideas of how they would like to spend their professional careers. 2002) or Example: (E. Ann J. e-mails. P. Davis. These goals are generally not set in stone. settings for employment. Malden. and the date of the communication. Source information: Majoring in psych? Career options for psychology undergraduates. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
title of article. 3 . College Student Journal. D. Title. include only the information of the journal article. Include a middle initial if the publication includes a middle initial. Include issue and page numbers for journals. Retrieved from http://www. 26. R. (1994). Spirituality. T. but it’s not required. ◦ Author’s last name. 41. ◦ Year of publication ◦ Title of the book or title of the journal in italics ◦ Volume and issue number of the journal is in this format: volume (issue) for example. The title References is centered at the top of the page. Do not include the date of retrieval. Each subsequent line of the reference is indented 5 spaces. DO NOT include the web address (i.R.. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. R.1559-1816.e: http://ezproxy. full website address. Publication data refers to where the source material is located.rcgp. (1996).aspx For articles retrieved from databases. Format follows this basic formula regardless of the type of source. journal name. Psychological Bulletin. F.edu.. First Initial. so including the url of the ProQuest site doesn’t help the reader locate the source without also including all of the journal information. on the References page. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Do positive illusions foster mental health? An examination of the Taylor and Brown formulation. Invitation to the psychology of religion (2nd ed. Do not use the author’s first name. newspaper name. (1996). 218-222. & Westbrooks. Database information is not needed. print version: Colvin. (Year of Publication).) ***Tip: Use Ctrl + T in front of the line to be indented Entire reference page is double-spaced. D. Journals and periodicals: Journal articles with DOI (Digital Object Identifier): Murzynski. 425-427.). journal name.org. (1991). C. J. For articles retrieved from databases. 3-20.. issue and page so the reader can locate the article using whatever database is accessible to the reader. or Ph. Publication Data. healing and medicine. M. remove all hyperlinks from the References page.. Body language of women and judgments of vulnerability to sexual assault.1996.canyons. such as ProQuest. 116. volume. ◦ For example: Book publishing company information. (Author’s name is flush left.Psych 100-LaBrie How to Create a Reference List using APA format References cited throughout text are listed on a new page in alphabetical order by author’s last name. British Journal of General Practice. Do NOT include titles such as M. Green. first initial (if more than one author include ALL authors).x Journal articles without DOI. or use quotation marks for the title Hanging indentation is used for all references. Do not bold. & Block. You can note that it was retrieved via the ProQuest database and include the Document ID. underline. 39(2).. newspapers and magazines. Examples: Books: Paloutzian. On your references page. (2005) Student awareness of educational requirements for desired careers and the utility of a careers in psychology course.D. doi:10.uk/publications/bjgp. Readers of your paper may not have access to ProQuest. Journal articles without DOI. J. or magazine name.tb00088. J. Author’s Last Name. include ALL of the article information including the title.1111/j.. D. McCord. & Degelman. use only initials. volume. journal name. page number. 1617-1626.) Why don’t you include the web address? Library databases such as ProQuest are a subscription service the college pays a fee to use. i nclude ALL of the journal information including the author (s) names. online version: Aldridge.
ProQuest Research Library. D. J.aspx Exercise #4--Your Answer: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Exercise # 5-. Eric Landrum & Stephen Davis Published in 2010 Publisher Information: Boston: Prentice Hall Exercise #3 . according to APA guidelines.1007/s10648-007-9060-5 4 . R. Psychology Today.). Retrieved from http://psychology.. according to APA guidelines. 33. Document ID: 210469061. sexual behaviors and sexual behavioral intent.M. C. 64-67. Dare to Change. Religion and mental health (pp. New York: Oxford University Press. Synovitz. Informally published Web document: Do not include the date of retrieval. E. F. 20(1). College students sexuality education. no date listed on page Web page title: Non-academic careers for scientific psychologists Web address: http://www. (2011). (2005)..Psych 100-LaBrie Example from ProQuest . 47-57.Your Answer: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Exercise # 4--References formatting Place the information below in the correct order for the reference page. In J. American Journal of Health Studies. according to APA guidelines.References formatting Place the information below in the correct order for the reference page. Schumaker (Ed. L. Exercise # 3 –References formatting Place the information below in the correct order for the reference page.. Author: American Psychological Association. Remove all hyperlinks Degelman. Articles or chapters in an edited book: Shea. Religion and sexual adjustment. APA style essentials. March/April).apa. Halpern Date of publication: 2008 Journal Name: Educational Psychology Review Volume Number: 20 Issue 1 Article Title: Nurturing Careers in Psychology: Combining Work and Family Page numbers: 57-64 DOI: 10. 70-84). Book title: The psychology major: career options and strategies for success Edition: 4th Author: R. Carlson. (2000. & Kelley.vanguard. G. D. (1992). Source information: Author: Diane F.edu/faculty/douglas-degelman/apa-style/ Articles from magazines: Kanchier. Hebert.org/careers/resources/profiles/index.
aspx http://www.aspx?doc_id=796 __ 15 5 .org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.asp http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/detail.canyons.edu/offices/Library/APAStyle.apastyle.Psych 100-LaBrie Exercise #5 Your Answer: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Helpful Resources: http://www.
Authors last name.Psych 100-LaBrie Homework: Psych 100 APA Lesson 1. 8. None of the above 6. Quotation marks are used. and page number d. A direct quote does not need to be cited 4. They are the same b. None of the above 2. Authors last name. authors last name. APA format requires that you place the date you accessed the website in the references. Hanging indent b. Are quotation marks used in a paraphrase? a. year of publication. title. Authors place of birth d. A paraphrase is summarizing information from a source. Quotation marks are used. the authors last name. Yes b. __ 15 6 . c. A paraphrase is cited using the following: a. d. and page number b. What is one difference between citing a short quote and a long quote? a. and a short-quote is not block formatted c. page number. publication data b. Paraphrases are not used in APA papers e. Double-spacing c. A direct quote is summarizing information from a source. title. Quotation marks. Author. What is included in a direct quote citation? a. while a direct quote is using the exact words of the author. publication data c. while a paraphrase is using the exact words of the author. What is not required on the reference page? a. and page number are included. the year of publication. Author. Publication data 7. title. No 3. True or False: When creating a reference page for a website used. Quotation marks are used. d. publication data d. A long-quote follows block quoting formatting. and year of publication c. the authors last name and year of publication is included c. A long-quote does not need to be cited d. A short-quote does not need to be cited 5. What is the difference between a paraphrase and a direct quote? a. A long-quote should not be longer than 40 words b. edition. Author. and the authors last name is included b. If you are including a book on your reference page. what is the correct order of information? a.
2. These sources may be the same or different references from what you use for the final draft of your paper. Complete exercises 1-5 (pages 2. If your reference has more than 2 authors. 5) and the quiz (pages 5 & 6). In text citation -First citation Subsequent citations __ 15 Title Page __ 15 7 citations __ 30 References Quiz . be sure to illustrate how the first citation would look as well as subsequent citations. a. your reference list should be compiled independently. The purpose of this assignment is to motivate you to begin research on your assigned paper topic. 4.Psych 100-LaBrie HOMEWORK 1. Attach to this assignment. note how each of the references (that are attached on a separate page) would look in a text citation. one (minimum) must be a book or a journal article. in APA format) a title page for your paper topic. Although you may be completing the same topic as other students. The reference page must include at least 3 sources. (It’s ok to handwrite these). Refer to the Supplemental Instruction Workshop APA 1 for title page information 3. (typed. You may not submit the same reference list as your group partner(s). In the chart below . Attach to this assignment. (typed. in APA format) a preliminary References page for your paper topic. b. 4.
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