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1.

GRAVITATION

CET WORKSHEETS

Type I : Newtons Law of Gravitation Which of the following represents Newtons law of gravitation correctly Gm1m2 Gm1m2 r b) F = a) F = r3 r2 Gm1m2 Gm1m2 r c) F = d) F = r4 r2 Newtons law of gravitation is universal because it a) is always attractive b) acts on all masses at any distance c) is affected by the medium d) does not act on all masses at any distance Gravitational force is a a) pseudo force b) repulsive force c) non-conservative force d) conservative force The gravitational force between two bodies is a) depends on nature of medium between two bodies b) independent of the presence of the other bodies c) depends on the properties of the space between them depends on the presence of the other d) bodies Which of the following force is weakest a) nuclear force b) electromagnetic force c) gravitational force d) electrical force The gravitational force with which Earth attracts Moon is a) less than the force which Moon attracts Earth b) greater than the force which Moon attracts Earth c) is equal to the force which Moon attracts Earth d) varies with the phases of Moon The dimensional formula for the gravitational constant is a) MLT 2 b) M 1L3T 2 c) ML2T 2 d) M 1L3T 2 S.I. Unit of G is a)

c) N .m2 / kg 2 Nm / kg

2

9.

10.

2.

11.

3.

12.

4.

The ratio of S.I unit to C.G.S. unit of G is a) 100 b) 1000 1 1 c) d) 100 1000 The gravitational constant G is experimentally determined by a) simple pendulum b) compound pendulum c) Cavendish method d) torsional pendulum The tidal waves of sea are primarily due to a) gravitational effect of Moon on Earth b) gravitational effect of Sun on Earth c) gravitational effect of Sun and Moon on Earth d) gravitational effect of Earth on Sun Force of gravitation between two bodies of mass 1 kg separated by a distance 1m in vacuum is a) 6.675 1011 dyne b) c) 6.675 1010 dyne 6.67 109 dyne

13.

5.

14.

d) 6.67 1011 N If the Earth will be three times farther from Sun than now, then attraction between them will be a) remain constant b) decrease by 89 % c) 1 / 9th of present force d) both b and c The mass of Jupiter is 1.9 1027 kg and that of Sun is 1.9 1030 kg . The mean distance of the Sun from Jupiter is 7.8 1011 m . The gravitational attraction which Sun exert on Jupiter is

6.

( G = 6.673 10

a) 15.

11

N .m 2 / kg 2

)

3.96 1023 N

3.96 1023 N

b)

7.

8.

b) d)

m3 / kg s 2 both a and b

c) 3.96 1018 N d) 3.96 1021 N The gravitational force which a metal ball of weight 9800 N exerts on another identical ball placed 2 m away is a) 1.667 104 N b) c) d) 1.667 105 dyne

1.667 105 N

Gravitation

15 16. The mass of Moon is 1/81 that of the Earth but the gravitational pull is 1/6 that of Earth this is due to the fact that a) Moon is satellite of Earth b) Moon has no atmosphere c) the radius of Moon is 6/81 of that of Earth 9 of that of Moon d) the radius of Earth is 6 Figure shows four balls are placed at each corner of square having side 4 cm. One ball is placed at the centre of square, so what is the gravitational force on central ball

m 4 = 400 kg A m 3 = 300 kg D

22.

Two particles of equal mass go round a circle of radius R under the action of their mutual gravitational attraction. The speed of each particle is 1 1 Gm v= a) v = b) 2 R Gm 2R

1 Gm 4Gm d) v = 2 R R There is body lying on Earth and suppose Earth suddenly looses its power of attraction then a) the mass of body will reduce to zero b) the weight of body will reduce to zero c) both will reduce to zero d) become infinity Two bodies of different masses reach simultaneously on ground from height h in vacuum because a) acceleration of both bodies is same b) acceleration is independent of mass c) in vacuum there is no frictional force d) statement itself is wrong If Earth comes to standstill the weight of bodies lying on its equator shall a) increase b) decrease c) remains same d) fly The potential energy of a body in the gravitational field of planet is zero. The body must be at a) centre o planet b) on the surface of planet c) infinite distance d) at distance equal to radius of Earth A man standing in a lift which is falling freely under gravity releases ball from his hand the ball seen by him a) moves down b) moves up c) moves up and down d) remains stationary A satellite revolves around the Earth in an elliptical path its speed is a) same at all points on the orbit b) greatest when it is farthest from Earth c) greatest when it is closest to the Earth d) nothing can be predicted Which of the following graphs represents the motion of a planet moving about the sun

c)

v=

17.

23.

O m5 = 600 kg

24.

B

C m 1= 400 kg

m2 = 400 kg

a) b) c) 18.

3

25.

d) 4 105 N Gravitational force is 4% as that on the Earths surface at height equal to ( REarth = 6400 km ) a)

256 106 km

18

26.

b)

256 106 m

19.

c) 256 10 cm d) 256 105 m At what height a satellite of Earth should revolve so that gravitational force between two is 6.25 103 N . Mass of satellite is 100kg

27.

(M

a) 20.

Earth

11

)

28.

16 10 cm

b)

16 109 m

c) 1.6 106 m d) 6.6 106 m The value of universal gravitational constant in C.G.S. system is a) 6.73 108 dyne cm 2 / gm 2 b) 6.73 1011 dyne cm 2 / gm 2 c)

6.73 108 dyne2 cm 2 / gm 2

29.

21.

d) 6.73 1010 dyne cm 2 / gm 2 Gravitational attraction on Earth surface on the stone of mass M is FS . If the force on hydrogen balloon of mass M located at the same space is FB , then a) c)

FS > FB FS = FB

a)

b)

R3

R2

b) d)

FS < FB F S = F B

c)

d)

R

Gravitation

16 30. A satellite is revolving around Earth in a circular orbit whose radius is R work done by gravitational force in one revolution is a) zero b) 2 mgR 2 c) mgR 2 d) mgR The distance of the centres of Moon and Earth is D the mass of Earth is 81 times the mass of Moon. At what distance from the centre of the earth, the gravitational force will be zero D 9D b) a) 2 10 3D 2 c) d) 2 D Type II : Acceleration due to Gravity The value of acceleration due to gravity (g) at poles is maximum and at equator is minimum this is due to the reason a) Earth is covered with atmosphere that Earth is bulged at equator and b) flattened at poles c) Earths spin about its own axis d) both b and c As we go from the equator to the poles, the value of g a) remains same b) decreases c) increases d) first decreases then increases The value of acceleration due to gravity at centre of Earth is a) b) 0 c) 9.8 d) 1 The graph between acceleration due to gravity and height from surface of Earth is given by a) b) c) r 2 d) 1/ r 2 When body is moving up, the acceleration due to gravity will be a) upward b) downward c) zero d) unity The value of g on Moon is 1/6th of that on the Earth. A balloon filled with H 2 will a) fall with an acceleration g/6 on the Moon b) rise with an acceleration g/6 on the Moon c) fall with acceleration g only d) rise with acceleration g If the Earth were to stop rotating suddenly the value of g at a place would a) decrease b) increase c) remains unchanged d) depends upon position of that place on surface of Earth If the Earth stops rotating about its axis. The acceleration due to gravity will remain unchanged at a) latitude 450 b) latitude 600 c) poles d) equator The mass of the particle at the centre of Earth, where acceleration due to gravity is zero, is a) zero b) c) greater than at pole d) same as at other places Weightlessness experienced while orbiting the Earth in space ship is the result of a) acceleration b) inertia c) zero gravity d) free fall towards Earth A man is carrying a stone equal to double his weight (w) on his head. If he jumps from terrace of a building during his fall the weight experienced by the man will be a) w b) 3 w c) 0 d) The acceleration due to gravity at the surface of Earth is g. If radius of Earth is 6400 km, mass of Earth is 6 1024 kg , the value of g will be a) 46.

9.8 km / s 2

38.

31.

39.

40.

32.

41.

33.

42.

34.

43.

35.

44.

45. c) 36. d)

37.

If we go below the surface of Earth, then the value of g will a) decrease b) increase c) remain same d) cant say If r is distance between any point in the interior of the Earth and the Earth centre, the value of g varies as a) r b) 1/r

b)

9.8 s 2 / m

d) 9.8 m / s 2 c) 9.8 m 2 / s 2 The ratio of masses of two planets is 1 : 3 and ratio of their radii is 3 : 2. The ratio of acceleration due to gravity on these two planets a) 27 : 4 b) 4 : 27 c) 3 : 4 d) 4 : 3

Gravitation

17 47. The mass and diameter of a planet have thrice the value of the corresponding parameters of Earth. Acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the planet is a) 9.8 m / s 2 b) 29.4 m / s 2 d) 4.9 m / s 2 c) 3.26 m / s 2 If the mass of planet is doubled and radius is halved the acceleration due to gravity becomes a) twice the original value b) equal to original value c) 4 times the original value d) 8 times the original value A mass of 1 kg on Earth weighs (1/6) kg on Moon, the radius of the Moon is 1.738 106 m . The mass of the Moon is d) 0.55 103 kg / m3 If the radius of Earth were to shrink by 1% its mass remaining same, the acceleration due to gravity on Earths surface would be a) increases by 1% b) increases by 2% c) decreases by 2% d) decreases by 1% Two planets have radii R1 and R2 and densities d1 and d 2 respectively the ratio of the acceleration due to gravity at their surface is a) c)

d1R1 d 2 R2

54.

48.

55.

49.

b)

d1 R1 d 2 R2

(g

a) b) c) 50.

)

56.

d) 4.35 1016 kg At what height from surface of Earth the value of acceleration due to gravity will become half that on the surface of the Earth ( RE = 6400 km ) a) 2725 km b) 2928 km c) 2650 km d) 2524 km A hole is drilled along the diameter of Earth and a stone is dropped into it. When the stone just passes through centre of Earth, then it will have a) weight b) mass only c) acceleration d) potential energy A body has weight w1 above a mountain,

w2 on sea level and w3 below mine. Then

R1R2 d 2 d1 d) d 2 R2 d1R2 Acceleration due to gravity g and the mean density of the Earth are related by the relation, where G is the gravitational constant and R e is the radius of the Earth.

51.

52.

57.

a) 53.

w1 = w2 = w3

b)

w1 > w2 > w3

c) w1 < w2 < w3 d) w1 < w2 > w3 The value of acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Earth is 9.8 m / s 2 , what is the mean value of density of Earth ?

g 4 3 Re = G 3 g G = b) 4 Re 3 g 4 3 Re = c) G 3 g G = d) 4 3 Re 3 A body is attached with satellite revolving in circular orbit after some revolutions the body is detached from satellite what happens with the body a) body will come back to earth in parabolic path b) body will come back to earth in straight line path c) body will revolve in circular orbit d) body will escape in tangential path

a)

( G = 6.67 10

a) b) c)

3

11

Nm 2 / kg 2 , R = 6400 km

3

Gravitation

18 58. At the surface of a certain planet the acceleration due to gravity is one quarter of that on the Earth if brass ball is transported to this planet, then which of the following statements is not correct a) mass of the ball on this planet is a quarter of its mass as measured on the Earth b) the weight of the ball on this planet is quarter of its weight as measured on the Earth c) the ball has same mass on the other planet as on the Earth d) the ball has the same volume on the other planet as on the Earth Which the following statement is wrong about the satellite of earth a) it is freely falling body b) it is not accelerated c) it has constant speed d) it is weightless If radius of Earth shrinks by 1.5% (mass remaining constant.) How would the value of acceleration due to gravity change a) 1.5% b) 2.25% c) 22.5% d) 3% Gravitational intensity at a point on the surface of planet is GM GM b) a) R R2 GM GM d) c) R 2R Gravitational potential at height h is 9.8 106 J / kg what will be value of h

R = 6400 km, G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 24 M = 6 10 kg a) 34400 km b) 36.4 km c) 364 km d) 3.64 km If R is the radius of the Earth and g is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Earth, the mean density of the Earth is 3 R 4 G b) a) 4 gG 3 gR

4 RG 3g d) 3 g 4 RG If the radius of the Earth decreases by 10%, the mass remaining unchanged, what will happen to the acceleration due to gravity a) decreases by 19 % b) increase by 19 % c) decreases by more than 19 % d) increases by more than 19 %

65.

66.

59.

67.

60.

68.

At what height above the surface of Earth, acceleration due to gravity will be 64 % of its value on the surface of the Earth, if the radius of the Earth is 6400 km a) 2000 km b) 1600 km c) 56000 km d) 1400 km A research satellite of mass 400 kg circles the Earth in an orbit of average radius 3R/2, where R is the radius of the Earth. Assuming the gravitational pull on a mass 1 kg on Earths surface to be 10 N, the pull on the satellite will be a) 1770 N b) 1778 N c) 1780 N d) 1700 N Type III : Critical Velocity As the height of satellite decreases its critical velocity a) increases b) decreases c) remains same d) first decreases then remains constant Two satellite of masses m1 and m2 ( m1 > m2 ) are revolving round the Earth in circular orbits of radii r1 and r2 ( r1 < r2 ) , if their orbital velocities are

v1 and v2 then

61.

a) 69.

v1 > v2

b)

v1 < v2

62.

70.

c) v1 = v2 d) cant say The orbital speed of Jupiter in comparison with orbital speed of Earth is a) lesser b) greater c) equal d) 1/3 The orbital velocity of a body close to the surface of Earth is 8 km / s a) b) c)

11.2 km / s 3 108 m / s

63.

71.

c)

d) 2.2 103 m / s The velocity with which a satellite be launched from a height of 600 km above the Earth so that it moves in a circular orbit will be G = 6.67 1011 N m 2 / kg 2 , R = 6400 km, M = 6 1024 kg a) b) c) d)

7.55 103 cm / s

7.55 104 m / s

64.

Gravitation

19 72. The critical velocity of a satellite around the Earth at a height equal to the radius of Earth is G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 , M = 6 1024 kg R = 6400 km a) b) c) 73.

5.6 10 km / s

5.6 10 m / s

5

78.

Orbital velocity of a planet close to the Earths surface is (average density of Earth = 5.5 103 kg / m3 ,

G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 , R = 6.4 106 m )

a) 79.

7.92 m / s

3

b)

7.92 km / s

5.6 10 cm / s

d) 5.6 103 m / s A satellite is revolving in a circular orbit round a planet with a velocity of 8 km/s at a height where the acceleration due to gravity is 8 m / s 2 . The height of satellite from the planets surface is (R of planet = 6000 km) b) 2 103 km a) 2 102 m d) 2 105 km c) 2 103 m Two satellites P and Q of masses 100 ton and 160 ton revolve round the planet in a circular orbit of radius 25 R and 4 R respectively where R is radius of planet, the ratio of speeds of satellites will be a) 2 : 5 b) 5 : 2 c) 9 : 25 d) 25 : 9 Two satellites orbiting round the Earth have their radii in the ratio 64 : 25. Ratio of their critical velocities is a) 8 : 5 b) 25 : 64 c) 5 : 8 d) 64 : 25 Two satellites A and B go around Earth in circular orbits at a height of RA and RB from the surface of Earth. If Earth to be a uniform sphere of radius R, the ratio of magnitudes of the velocities of the satellites v A / vB is a) c)

80.

74.

81.

d) 7.92 cm / s c) 7.92 10 km / s The critical velocity of a satellite of mass 100 kg is 50 km/s. The critical velocity of another satellite of mass 200 kg in the same orbit is a) 50 km/s b) 400 km/s c) 72 km/s d) 10 km/s Type IV : Time Period of Satellite An artificial satellite is revolving in a circular orbit around the Earth at a height 2000 km with the speed 8430 m/s. Period of revolution is (R = 6400 km) b) 62.3 106 s a) 630 103 s 3 c) 6.30 10 s d) 6.23 107 s Communication satellites are placed in orbit above the equator in a such a way that they remain stationary above a given point on Earth. How high above the surface of the Earth is such a synchronous orbit R = 6.4 106 m, M = 6 1024 kg a) 358 km b)

75.

3.58 102 m

82.

76.

c) 35.68 106 km d) 3.58 107 m The Moon orbits the Earth in an approximately circular path of a radius 3.8 108 m . It takes about 27 days to complete one orbit. The mass of the Earth will be G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 a) 6 10 kg

29

)

21

b)

6 10 kg

( RA / RB )

RB + R RA + R

b) d)

RB / RA

83.

RB + R RA + R

77.

If is the mean density of Earth and h is the height of the satellite from the surface of Earth, then the critical velocity of the satellite is G R R+h a) 2 R b) 2 R 3( R + h ) G R c)

G R R+h

84.

d)

4R 2

G R R+h

c) 6 1034 kg d) 6 1024 kg If a body describes a circular motion under inverse square field the time taken to complete one revolution T is related to the radius of the circular orbits as b) T r 2 a) T r 2 3 c) T r d) T r 4 If the Earth is at one fourth of its present distance from the Sun, the duration of the year will be a) half the present year b) one eighth the present year c) one forth the present year d) one sixth the present year

Gravitation

20 85. Imagine a light planet revolving around a very massive star in a circular orbit of radius R with a period of revolution T. If the gravitational force of attraction between the planet and the star is proportional to R 5/ 2 . The T 2 is proportional to a) R3 b) R 7/ 2 3/2 d) R 3.75 c) R If the distance of Sun from Earth is 388 times that of Moon from Earth then, the ratio of mass of Sun to that of mass of Earth is b) 3.4 104 a) 3.4 106 5 c) 3.4 10 d) 3.4 107 A communication satellite is at a height of 36000 km from Earths surface. The new period if it brought down to a height of 30000 km is R = 6.4 106 m

92.

93.

86.

94.

87.

95.

88.

a) 24 hrs b) 20 hrs c) 19 hrs d) 12 hrs An artificial satellite has to be set to revolve around the planet in a circular orbit close to its surface if density of the planet is and R is its radius then the period of revolution is 3 G b) a) G 3

96.

89.

c) G = 6.67 1011 Nm2 / kg 2 , the time period of satellite is nearly a) 420 sec b) 60 min c) 4200 sec d) 24 day What must be period of revolution of Earth so that bodies on equator feels weightless a) 1032 sec b) 84.58 min c) 129 sec d) 8 hour A body released from a height h takes time t to reach earths surface the time taken by the same body released from the same height to 1 reach the Moon surface g m = g e 6 a) t b) 6t t 6 t c) d) 6

3G

97.

90.

98.

91.

99.

Type V : Energies of Satellite Dimensional formula for gravitational potential is a) M 1L2T 2 b) M 0 L2T 2 1 2 1 c) M L T d) M 1L1T 2 On the surface of Earth r = R (R is radius of Earth), so the intensity of gravitational field E will be GM GM b) E = 2 a) E = 3 r r c) E = G d) both b and c The expression for gravitational potential is GM GM b) V = 2 a) V = R R GM GM c) V = 2 d) V = R R The intensity of gravitational field at a point inside the hollow spherical shell is zero, but the potential is a) also zero b) infinite c) negative but finite d) constant An Earth satellite is moved from a circular orbit to another greater height of circular orbit. Which (one or more) of the following quantities will increase for the satellite a) potential energy b) kinetic energy c) acceleration d) all of these The mass and radius of Earth are respectively 6 1024 kg and 6.4 106 m . How much is work done if a body of mass 10 kg is taken away from Earths surface to infinity ? a) 6.25 J b) 6.25 104 J 8 c) 6.25 10 J d) zero If the weight of the body is 100 N then its binding energy on the surface of Earth is b) 64 107 J a) 64 108 J 5 d) 64 104 J c) 64 10 J The binding energy of an artificial satellite of mass 1000 kg orbiting at a height of 3600 km above the Earths surface is G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 , M = 6 1024 kg , R = 6400 km

a) c)

2 1010 erg

b) d)

2 1010 joule

Gravitation

21 100. If B.E. of a satellite of mass 1000 kg is 106 J then B.E. of another satellite of mass 104 kg at the same height from Earth will be a) 101

1010 J

108.

b)

107 J

102.

103.

d) 102 J c) 105 J If the ratio of weights of two bodies is 2 : 3 then the ratio of their binding energies on the Earths surface is a) 3 : 2 b) 2 : 3 c) 4 : 9 d) 2 : 3 Binding energy of a body revolving in circular orbit at height R/2 from Earths surface is a) GMm/2R b) GMm/3R c) 2GMm/R d) GMm/4R The gravitational P.E. of a rocket of mass m at a distance 107 m from the Earths centre of mass is 4 109 joules . The weight of the rocket in Newton at a distance 10 m is a) 8 102 b)

3 9

109.

110.

The kinetic energy of a satellite in an orbit close to the Earth is E. What should be its K.E., so that it escapes from the gravitational field of the Earth a) E/2 b) 2E c) E d) E/4 A tunnel is dug along the diameter of Earth from north pole to south pole. A marble is dropped into the tunnel. The mechanical energy of marble at the centre of Earth is a) zero b) wholly potential c) wholly kinetic d) partly kinetic and partly potential The work required to be done in moving a body of mass 1000 kg from a height 2R to a height 3R from the centre of the Earth is ( G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 R = 6400 km , M = 6 1024 kg a)

)

9

10.42 1010 J

8 10

3 2

b) c) 111.

104.

105.

c) 4 10 d) 4 10 A body of mass m is taken from Earth surface to the height equal to radius of Earth, then change in its potential energy will be a) mgR b) 1/2 mgR c) 2 mgR d) 1/4 mgr The potential energy of a satellite of mass 50 kg in a circular orbit around the Earth at a height of 600 km above the Earth surface is ( R = 6.4 106 m, M = 6 1024 kg , G = 6.67 10 a)

11

d) 10.42 1010 ergs The binding energy of a satellite of mass 1000 kg revolving in a circular orbit around the Earth when it is close to the surface of Earth is ( G = 6.67 1011 Nm 2 / kg 2 R = 6400 km , M = 6 1024 kg a) b)

3.13 1010 J

10

Nm / kg

)

b)

2.9 109 J

9

2.9 109 J

10

c) 112.

106.

107.

c) 14.3 10 J d) 1.43 10 erg An artificial satellite of mass m is circulating round the Earth in an orbit of radius R. If the mass of the Earth is M then the total energy of the satellite is a) 3 GMm/2R b) GMm/2R c) GMm/2R d) GMm/R A 200 kg satellite revolves round the Earth in an orbit of average radius 6670 km. Mass of Earth is 6 1024 kg . Find out the T.E. of satellite in the orbit b) 6 109 J a) 6 109 J 9 d) 1.2 1090 J c) 1.2 10 J

d) 31.3 1010 ergs The radius of Earth is R and acceleration due to gravity at its surface is g. If a body of mass m R from Earths surface, is sent to a height of 4 the potential energy increases by mgR mgR a) b) 3 4 mgR mgR c) d) 5 6

Gravitation

M = 6 1024 kg , R = 6.4 106 m ) a) 34, 400 km b) 36.4 km c) 364 km d) 3.64 km Total energy of a body stationary on the Earths surface is GMm GMm b) a) R 2R GMm GMm c) d) 2R R The kinetic energy of a satellite revolving around the Earth in a circular orbit is 2.5 109 J . Its P.E. will be a) 2.5 109 J b) 5 109 J c) 2.5 109 J d) 5 109 J A body of mass m is placed on Earth surface which is taken from Earth surface to a height of h = 3R, then change in gravitational potential energy is 1 2 mgR mgR a) b) 4 3 3 1 mgR mgR c) d) 4 2 Change in potential energy of body to displace it from surface to height equal to radius of Earth a) 2 MgR b) MgR MgR MgR c) d) 2 4 The minimum kinetic energy needed to project a body of mass m from surface to infinity is 1 1 mgR mgR b) a) 4 2 c) mgR d) 2 mgR The kinetic energy of a satellite in an orbit close to earth is E. If velocity is suddenly increased then what should be its minimum K.E. so that it escape from the gravitational field of the earth a) b) 2 E 2E

120.

114.

121.

115.

122.

116.

123.

117.

124.

118.

125.

119.

126.

c)

2 2E

d)

4E

The gravitational potential energy of a body at a distance r from centre of the Earth is E, then its weight at that point is, E a) Er b) r E d) Er 2 c) r2 A body of mass m is taken from the surface Earth to a height nR above the surface where R stands for the radius of the Earth and n is an integer the change in the potential energy of the body is n +1 n a) b) mgR mgR n n +1 nmgR c) nmgR d) 2 Type VI : Escape Velocity The escape velocity of a body at any point is a) depending upon mass of body b) independent of mass of planet c) independent of mass of body, angle and direction of projection d) independent of mass and distance of body from centre of planet The escape velocity of a particle of mass m varies as proportional to a) m 2 b) m 0 c) m d) m 1 If a body is projected with speed lesser than escape velocity, then a) the body can reach a certain height and may fall down following a straight line path b) the body can reach a certain height and may fall down following a parabolic path c) both a and b d) neither a nor b An orbiting satellite will escape, if a) it stops moving in the orbit b) its kinetic energy is doubled c) its speed is increased by 41.4 % d) both b and c There is no atmosphere on the Moon because a) it is closer to the Earth b) it revolves round the Earth c) it gets light from Sun d) the escape velocity of gas molecule is lesser than their root mean square velocity here

Gravitation

23 127. Jupiter has a mass 318 times that of the Earth and its radius is 11.2 times the Earth radius. What is the escape velocity of a body from Jupiter surface. Given that the escape velocity from the Earths surface is 11.2 km/s a) 59.68 km/s b) 62.69 km/s c) 65.76 km/s d) 70.75 km/s The escape velocity of a body from the surface of a planet of radius R and mean density is a) c)

R R

8 3G

134.

128.

135.

b)

8 G 3

129.

3 G R8 G d) 8 5 If ve and vo represent the escape velocity and orbital velocity of a revolving satellite corresponding to a circular orbit of radius (R + h), then a) ve = vo

A satellite is revolving in a circular orbit around the Earth with the speed equal to half the magnitude of escape velocity from the Earth. The maximum height attained by the satellite above the Earth surface will be a) R b) R/2 c) 2R d) R/3 A mass 6 1024 kg is to compressed in a sphere in such a way that the escape velocity from its surface is 12 103 m / s . The radius of sphere should be b) 5.56 km a) 5.56 106 m c) 6.4 106 m d) none of these A body is thrown up with a velocity 10 % more than escape velocity ve . When the body escapes the gravitational pull of the Earth, the velocity still left in the body is (neglect gravitational pull of other heavenly bodies) b) 0.458 ve a) 0.2 ve c) 0.59 ve d) 0.954 ve The escape velocities of two planets of the densities 1 and 2 and having same radii are

v1 and v2 respectively then v1 1 = v2 2

2

136.

b) c) d) 130.

ve = 2 vo

ve = 1 / 2 vo

137.

131.

132.

133.

ve and vo are not related The escape velocity from the Earth is 11.2 km/s. The escape velocity from a planet having twice the radius and same mean density as the Earth is a) 22.4 km/s b) 11.2 km/s c) 5.56 km/s d) 15.5 km/s The ratio of the radius of a planet A to that of planet B is r. The ratio of acceleration due to gravity on the planet is x. The ratio of the escape velocity from the two planets is a) x r b) x/r c) d) r/x rx The escape velocity on a planet having four times the radius of the Earth and 9 times acceleration due to gravity in km/s is a) 67.2 b) 37.4 c) 403.2 d) 422.2 The escape velocity for a body projected vertically upwards from the surface of the Earth is 11.2 km/s. If the body projected in a direction making an angle of 300 with vertical the escape velocity will be a) 11.2 sin 30 km / s

a)

b)

v2 = v1

1 2

138.

139.

v1 1 v1 1 = = d) v v2 2 2 2 The ratio of the radius of the Earth to that of the Moon is 10.7. The ratio of the acceleration due to gravity on the Earth and on the Moon is 6. Then the ratio of the escape velocity from the Earths surface to that from the Moon is a) 10 : 1 b) 6 : 1 c) 8 : 1 d) 1.66 : 1 An orbiting satellite does not fall down because the Earths attraction a) is balanced by attraction of the Moon b) produces the necessary acceleration for its motion in a curved path c) vanishes at such distances d) is balanced by the viscous drag produced by the atmosphere

c)

b) c) d)

Gravitation

24

140.

141.

Type VII : Variation of Acceleration due to Gravity The weight of a body at Earths surface is W. At a depth half way to the centre of the Earth, it will be, W a) W b) 4 W W d) c) 2 16 The variation of acceleration due to gravity as one moves away from Earths centre is given by

147.

148.

149. a) b)

150. c) d)

The percent change in the value of g when we go 8 km below the surface of the Earth will be (radius of Earth = 6400 km) 1 1 % % a) b) 8 16 1 1 % % d) c) 12 20 A body weighs 63 N on the surface of the Earth. At a depth d below the surface Earth, the weight is 31.5 N. The value of d is a) 0.4 R b) 0.5 R c) 0.8 R d) R At what height above the surface of the Earth, the value of g is the same as that in a mine 10 km deep ? a) 10 km b) 5 km c) 2.5 km d) 1.25 km If the change in the value of a at a height h above the surface of Earth is same as at a depth d below it , then (both d and h being much smaller then the radius of the Earth ) a) d = h/2 b) d=h c) d = 2h d) d = h2 The acceleration on the surface of Earth varies a) directly with longitude b) directly with latitude c) inversely with longitude d) inversely with latitude If R is the radius of the Earth and is the its angular velocity and g p is the value of g at poles . The effective value of g at the latitude

142.

143.

144.

145.

Suppose that the Earth stop rotating about its axis. The value of g at the equator will a) becomes zero b) becomes infinite c) increases by R 2 d) decreases by R 2 Suppose that apparent weight of bodies at the equator becomes equal to zero, the Earth a) cease rotating b) rotates at a faster rate c) rotates at a infinite speed d) rotates at a slower speed The variation of value of g on surface of Earth is due to a) shape of Earth b) rotation of Earth c) constant value of G d) both a and b The value of g at a depth of 80 km will be (radius of Earth = 6400 km and value of g on the surface of Earth is 10m / s 2 ) a)

990 cm / s 2

151.

152.

( = 60 ) will be equal

0

153.

b)

900 cm / s 2

146.

d) 1000 cm / s 2 c) 970 cm / s 2 If a body weighing 40 kg-wt is taken inside the 1 Earth to a depth to th radius of the Earth, 2 then the weight of the body at that point is a) 40 kg-wt b) 20 kg-wt c) 30 kg-wt d) zero

3 g p R 2 4 1 2 d) g p + R 2 c) g p R 4 If the Earth rotates faster than its present speed, the weight of an object will a) increases at the equator but remains unchanged at the poles b) decrease at the equator but remains unchanged at the poles c) remain unchanged at the equator but decrease at the poles remain unchanged at the equator but d) increases at the poles

a)

gp

1 R 2 4

b)

Gravitation

25

154.

155.

156.

157.

158.

159.

160.

161.

Type VIII : Geostationary Satellite The geostationary satellite is one which revolves around Earth at a suitable height with a) same velocity as that of Earth s rotation about its axis b) opposite direction as of Earth s rotation about its axis c) same direction of Earth s rotation about its axis d) both a and c A stationary satellite of a planet may orbit at a) any height b) a definite height independent of its own mass c) a height depending upon its own mass d) a height independent of mass of the planet The synchronous satellite orbits from a) north to south in the polar axis b) south to north in polar axis c) east to west in equatorial plane d) west to east in equatorial plane Height of geostationary satellite above the Earth is approximately a) 3600 km b) 42,000 km c) 30,000 km d) 36,000 km A geostationary satellite revolves round the Earth at a distance r from Earths center . What is the value of r. a) 33850 m b) 6400 km d) 42.4 106 m c) 3.585 106 m The speed of a revolving geostationary satellite is a) 3.071 km /s b) 3.0718106m/ s c) 8.586 m/s d) 8.586 106 m / s Which of the clock system can not be used for measuring time in a space ship orbiting around the Earth a) pendulum clock b) atomic watch c) a watch using electric vibrations d) a watch using elastic vibrations If the horizontal velocity is greater than critical velocity but less than escape velocity, the satellite will move in a) circular orbit b) an elliptical orbit c) tangential path d) parabolic path

162.

163.

164.

The relay satellite transmits the T.V. programme continuously from one part of the world to another because its a) period is greater than the period of rotation of the Earth b) period is equal to the period of rotation of the Earth c) period is less than the period of rotation of the Earth d) mass is less than the mass of Earth Parking orbit is the orbit in which the satellite and Earth have equal a) acceleration b) angular velocity c) velocity d) relative velocity A man inside an artificial satellite feels weightlessness because the force of attraction due to Earth is a) zero at the place b) is balanced by the force of attraction due to Moon c) equal to the centripetal force d) not effective due to particular design of the satellite

Gravitation

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