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HALAMAN PENGESAHAN

Yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini menyatakan bahwa:


Nama

Nuril Ilmi

NIM

C11110288

Judul PKMRS :

Alergi

Telah menyelesaikan tugas dalam rangka kepaniteraan klinik pada bagian


Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Fakultas kedokteran Universitas Hasanuddin.

Makassar,

Desember 2013

Mengetahui,

Pembimbing,

Coass,

dr. Andi Risko Amalia MB.

Nuril Ilmi

Supervisor,

dr. A. Tenrisanna, Sp.A

ii

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman Judul....................................................................................................... i
Halaman Pengesahan ............................................................................................ ii
Daftar Isi................................................................................................................ iii
Daftar Tabel .......................................................................................................... iv
Pendahuluan
I.

Definisi ...................................................................................................... 1

II.

Epidemiologi ............................................................................................. 2

III.

Etiologi ...................................................................................................... 3

IV.

Patofisiologi .............................................................................................. 4

V.

Jenis dan Manifestasi Klinis ..................................................................... 6

VI.

Diagnosis ................................................................................................... 17
VI. 1 Anamnesis ....................................................................................... 18
VI. 2 Pemeriksaan Fisis ........................................................................... 18
VI.3 Pemeriksaan Penunjang .................................................................. 20

VII.

Penatalaksanaan ........................................................................................ 26

VIII.

Pencegahan ................................................................................................ 32

Daftar Pustaka ....................................................................................................... v

iii

Daftar Tabel

Tabel 1.

Oral H1 Blockers ......................................................................... 28

Tabel 2.

Inhaled Corticosteroids and Mast Cell Stabilizers ..................... 31

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

iv

Baratawidjaya KG. Reaksi hipersensitivitas. Dalam : Imunologi Dasar. Edisi keIX. Jakarta. Balai penerbit FKUI.2010; 371-374.

Lieberman P, Anderson JA. Current Clinical Practice: Allergic Diseases:


Diagnosis andTreatment, 3rd Ed. Totowa: Humana Press; 2006.

Pawankar R, Canonica GW, Holgate ST, Lockey RF eds. World Allergy


Organization (WAO) White Book on Allergy. WAO, Milwaukee, 2011.

Berman RE, Kliegman RM Jenson HB. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed.
Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co 2007.

World Health Organization. Prevention of allergy and allergic asthma. Geneva:


World Health Organization; 2003.

Paramita OD. Hubungan Asma, Rinitis Alergik, Dermatitis Atopik dengan IgE
Spesifik pada Anak Usia 6-7 Tahun (Tesis). Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro
2011

Wistiani, N Harsoyo. Hubungan Pajanan Alergen Terhadap Kejadian Alergi


pada Anak. Dalam: Sari Pediatri, Vol. 13, No. 3, Oktober 2011.

American Academy of Pediatric. 2007. Allergies in Children. Site:


http://www.aap.org. Diakses: 1 Desember 2013

Yunihastuti Evy, Tanjung Azhar. Prosedur diagnostik penyakit alergi. Sudoyo


Aru W, Setiyohadi Bambang, Ahwi Idrus, editor. Ilmu penyakit dalam 1. Edisi
VI. Jakarta: Pusat Penerbitan Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam FKUI; 2006. h
242

10

JD Peter. 2012. Overview of Allergy and Atopy. Dalam: The Merck Manuals

Online

Medical

Library

for

Healthcare

Professional.

http://www.merckmanuals.com. Diakses: 1 Desember 2013