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GEOMETRIC DIMENSIONING

FACTS TO REMEMBER SYMBOLS, RULES, AND GUIDELINES FACTS TO REMEMBER


FUNC TOLER
M – MMC – MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONDITION: TYPE SYMBOL AS SHOWN TOLERANCE MMC LMC DATUM FEATURE CONTROL FRAME:
GAGE ZONE
THAT CONDITION WHERE A FEATURE OF ON DRAWING ZONE OR RFS USED .005 M A B C
USED TYPE
SIZE CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
MATERIAL WITHIN THE STATED LIMITS .500 .005 TWO PARALLEL M OR L
OF SIZE. EXAMPLE: MINIMUM HOLE SIZE YES TERTIARY DATUM
.004 LINES .004 CAN A
AND MAXIMUM SHAFT SIZE. IF (ONE POINT MIN)
APART APPLY NO M H
TO A SECONDARY DATUM
STRAIGHTNESS IS J
L – LMC – LEAST MATERIAL CONDITION: FEATURE (TWO POINTS MIN)
STATED
THAT CONDITION WHERE A FEATURE OF OF SIZE. PRIMARY DATUM
SIZE CONTAINS THE LEAST AMOUNT OF (THREE POINTS MIN)
MATERIAL WITHIN THE STATED LIMITS .500 .005 TWO PARALLEL
MODIFIER FOR THE
OF SIZE. EXAMPLE: MAXIMUM HOLE SIZE .004 PLANES, .004
DOES STATED TOLERANCE
AND MINIMUM SHAFT SIZE. APART
NOT NO NO D STATED TOLERANCE
FLATNESS APPLY
RFS – REGARDLESS OF FEATURE SIZE: DIAMETER SYMBOL (CYLINDRICAL
FORM

THIS IS THE DEFAULT CONDITION FOR ALL TOLERANCE ZONE)


GEOMETRIC TOLERANCES. NO BONUS GEOMETRIC CHARACTERISTIC SYMBOL
TOLERANCES ARE ALLOWED. FUNCTIONAL .500 .005 TWO CONCEN–
GAGES MAY NOT BE USED. TRIC CIRCLES
.004 .004 APART DOES
BASIC SENTENCE STRUCTURE: WHEN
NOT NO NO B
USING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE TO SAY
P – PROJECTED TOLERANCE ZONE: WHEN APPLY
CIRCULARITY WHAT IS IN THE FEATURE CONTROL FRAME.
THE SYMBOL IS SHOWN, IT MEANS THE
YOU MAY USE THE FOLLOWING CONNECTING
STATED TOLERANCE ZONE IS EXTENDED
WORDS:
BEYOND THE SURFACE OF THE PART, NOT TWO CONCEN–
WITHIN THE PART. .500 .005
TRIC CYLINDERS .005 M A B C
.004 .004 APART DOES
ST – STATISTICAL TOLERANCE: A NOT NO NO E WITHIN RELATIVE TO
TOLERANCE FOR A PART OF AN APPLY
CYLINDRICITY
ASSEMBLY BASED ON THE RESULTS FROM EXAMPLE: THE POSITION OF THE
A STATISTICAL CALCULATION. THE DESIRED FEATURE AXIS MUST BE WITHIN A .005
RESULT IS LARGER TOLERANCES. TOLERANCE ZONE AT MMC RELATIVE TO
TWO PARALLEL M OR L A
.004 A YES DATUM FEATURES A, B, AND C.
PLANES.004 CAN D
F – FREE STATE: THIS SYMBOL INDICATES IF
APART APPLY
THE PARTS MUST NOT BE RESTRICTED YES M G BONUS TOLERANCE: WHEN MMC IS
A TO A
DURING INSPECTION. A IS H SHOWN MODIFYING A PARTICULAR
PARALLELISM FEATURE
STATED TOLERANCE, THE STATED TOLERANCE
OF SIZE. J
– DATUM SYMBOL: THIS SYMBOL IS APPLIES ONLY WHEN THE FEATURE BEING
A
ORIENTATION

ATTACHED TO A PLANE OR SIZE TWO PARAL– A CONTROLLED IS AT MMC. THE BONUS IS


.004 A M OR L
FEATURE THAT MUST BE CONTACTED LEL PLANES YES THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ACTUAL SIZE
CAN IF D AND THE MMC SIZE AND MAY BE ADDED
FOR MACHINING AND INSPECTION. .004 APART
APPLY YES M G DIRECTLY TO THE ORIGINAL TOLERANCE.
A TO A
PERPEN– A IS
– BASIC DIMENSION: THESE FEATURE H EXAMPLE:
DICULARITY STATED
DIMENSIONS HAVE NO TOLERANCE. 90˚ OF SIZE. J ACTUAL .503
.500 .507
THEY ONLY LOCATE A TOLERANCE ZONE. MMC .500
TWO PARALLEL M OR L A .005 M A
.004 A YES BONUS .003
PLANES .004
– DIAMETER SYMBOL: THIS SYMBOL CAN IF D
APART
REPLACES THE WORD "DIAMETER." IT 15˚ APPLY YES M G AT MMC THE HOLE MUST BE POSITIONED
15˚ TO A
SHOULD BE USED ANYWHERE THERE IS A A A IS WITHIN A CYLINDRICAL TOLERANCE ZONE OF
ANGULARITY FEATURE H
DIAMETER ON THE DRAWING, AND WHEN STATED .005 DIAMETER. AS THE EXAMPLE SHOWS,
A TOLERANCE ZONE IS CYLINDRICAL. OF SIZE. J THE HOLE HAS DEPARTED FROM MMC BY
.003. THE .003 BONUS TOLERANCE MAY
.004 TWO LINES NOW BE ADDED TO THE ORIGINAL .005
TOLERANCE ZONES: ALL TOLERANCE
.004 APART MAY BE ZONE FOR A TOTAL OF .008 TOLERANCE.
ZONES SHOWN IN THE FEATURE CONTROL DOES
ALONG TRUE USED
FRAME ARE TOTAL. EXAMPLE: FLATNESS NOT NO C
PROFILE OR
WITHIN .004 MEANS THAT TWO PARALLEL PROFILE APPLY FUNCTIONAL GAGES: DEVICES THAT
MAY NOT
PROFILE

PLANES NO MORE THAN .004 APART OF A LINE MEASURE THE COLLECTIVE EFFECTS OF SIZE
DEFINE THE TOLERANCE ZONE. AND GEOMETRIC TOLERANCES AT THE SAME
TIME. IT REPRESENTS A SIMULATED
.004 A TWO PLANES MATING CONDITION.
– DATUM TARGETS: USED TO LOCATE .004 APART MAY BE D
SPECIFIC POINTS, LINES, OR AREAS DOES
A1 ALONG TRUE USED
ON PARTS USED FOR SUPPORT FOR PROFILE NOT NO E BONUS TOLERANCES AND FUNCTIONAL
PROFILE OR
MACHINING AND INSPECTION COMMONLY OF A A A APPLY F GAGES: DIRECTLY APPLICABLE TO ANY
MAY NOT
USED ON RIGID PARTS LIKE CASTINGS AND SURFACE GEOMETRIC CHARACTERISTIC THAT IS
FORGINGS AND NON-RIGID PARTS MADE MODIFIED BY M .
FROM PLASTIC, RUBBER, OR SHEET METAL.
.004 A CONCENTRIC
A CIRCLES SHIFT: AS A DATUM FEATURE OF SIZE,
A
DATUM REFERENCE FRAME: (THREE PLANE .004 APART RFS THAT IS GEOMETRICALLY CONTROLLED,
CONCEPT). THE CONCEPT OF USING YES NO B DEPARTS FROM MMC, ADDITIONAL
CIRCULAR ALWAYS
MUTUALLY PERPENDICULAR FEATURES OF A TOLERANCE MAY BE CONSIDERED FOR THE
RUNOUT

PART TO CONTROL ITS FREE MOVEMENT IN RUNOUT CONTROLLED FEATURES. THIS ADDITIONAL
SPACE (DEGREES OF FREEDOM). SEE DATUM TOLERANCE DOES NOT ADD DIRECTLY TO
SYMBOL AND DATUM TARGETS. TWO CONCENTRIC THE ORIGINAL TOLERANCE BUT MUST BE
.004 A APPLIED TO THE PATTERN OF FEATURES AS A
A CYLINDERS A
.004 APART GROUP. IT IS CONSIDERED A TOLERANCE
RFS
YES NO E THAT ALLOWS THE CONTROLLED FEATURES
ALWAYS
TOTAL TO SHIFT AS A GROUP.
RUNOUT
VIRTUAL CONDITION: THE COLLECTIVE
.250 .004 EFFECT OF SIZE AND GEOMETRIC
.022 ZONE TOLERANCES THAT MUST BE CONSIDERED
.014 M A B C AT LMC IN DETERMINING THE FIT OR CLEARANCE
M OR L BETWEEN MATING PARTS OR FEATURES.
FREE MOVEMENT B .014 ZONE YES
CAN G
RESTRICTED MOVEMENT AT MMC IF TO CALCULATE VIRTUAL CONDITION:
.380 APPLY
YES M H
TO A EXTERNAL FEATURES:
LIMITS OF SIZE RULE: WHERE ONLY A IS
POSITION .620 FEATURE J MMC SIZE + TOLERANCE OF FORM,
SIZE DIMENSION IS GIVEN. a) THE SIZE STATED
OF SIZE. ORIENTATION, OR LOCATION
DIMENSIONS AT ANY CROSS SECTION MUST
BE WITHIN THE SIZE TOLERANCE. b) THE
A .620 C .380 INTERNAL FEATURES:
SURFACE(S) SHALL NOT EXTEND BEYOND TRUE CENTER MMC SIZE – TOLERANCE OF FORM,
THE PERFECT FORM DEFINED BY THE MMC ORIENTATION, OR LOCATION
SIZE. c) THE FORM MAY VARY WITHIN AN
.004 AROUND A VIRTUAL CONDITION WILL EXIST ONLY FOR
LOCATION

ENVELOPE BETWEEN THE MMC AND LMC. .004 A DATUM AXIS TOLERANCES THAT CONTROL SIZE FEATURES.
A
GEOMETRIC TOLERANCE RULE: GEOMETRIC RFS
TOLERANCES ARE UNDERSTOOD TO BE YES NO J * THIS COLUMN INDICATES POSSIBLE
ALWAYS
CONCEN– TOLERANCE ZONES THAT MAY BE USED WITH
APPLIED RFS. IF MMC OR LMC IS
REQUIRED, IT MUST BE PLACED IN THE TRICITY THE VARIOUS CONTROLS. THE DIFFERENT
FEATURE CONTROL FRAME. SEE MMC, LMC, A TOLERANCE ZONES ARE SHOWN ALONG THE
OR RFS COLUMN. BOTTOM OF THIS CHART.

A A
PITCH DIAMETER RULE: TOLERANCES THIS CHART IS PROVIDED FOR
THAT APPLY TO SCREW THREADS APPLY TO INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.
THE AXIS OF THE THREAD DERIVED FROM THE INFORMATION IS BASED UPON
THE PITCH CYLINDER. IF ANOTHER PART OF RFS G ASME Y14.5M - 1994.
THREAD IS TO BE USED TO DERIVE THE YES NO
ALWAYS H
AXIS, IT MUST BE STATED BENEATH THE SYMMETRY GENIUM PUBLISHING CORP.
FEATURE CONTROL FRAME. ANY OTHER .004 EQUALLY ONE GENIUM PLAZA
FEATURE THAT HAS A PITCH DIAMETER MUST .004 A SCHENECTADY, NY 12304
DISPOSED FROM
HAVE THE DATUM FEATURE STATED. CENTER PLANE (518) 377-8854

A PARALLEL LINES B PARALLEL LINES C PARALLEL LINES D PARALLEL PLANES E PARALLEL PLANES F PARALLEL PLANES G PARALLEL PLANES H PARALLEL PLANES J CYLINDER ZONE