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CIVIL PROCEDURE Course Outline

1. Introduction 1.1. Applicability of rules to civil and cri inal actions and special proceedin!s − Definition of civil" cri inal actions and special proceedin!s Procedure and practice − Procedure is t$e et$od or eans of conductin! liti!ation and %udicial proceedin!s − Practice is t$e carryin! on of actions accordin! to t$e procedure prescribed by t$e Rules of Court

1.#.

1.&. Courts and t$eir %urisdiction • La 'aval Dru! Corp v CA #&( ) *+ • At,el v Concepcion Pro!ressive Asso Inc -R 1(.&*/ April 10" #//+

1.0. 1o, %urisdiction is obtained and e2ercised3 − over persons − over sub%ect − over res 1.4. Procedure and substantive la, atter

#. -eneral Provisions for Ordinary Civil Actions #.1. 5ust be based on a cause of action − 6$at is cause of action − 'o splittin! of cause of action • Read3 City of 7acolod v )an 5i!uel" #. ) +1. • − 8oinder and 8alandoni v 5artir9-uan:on" 1/# P +4. is%oinder of causes of action

− ;est of sin!le cause of action

• Read3 8osep$ v 7autista" 1*/ ) 40/ #. Venue of actions − Real and personal actions • Read3 United Overseas 7an= P$ils.#.0 )CRA 01/ o -on:ales vs Pa!cor 0#. # .orre 4.$en dee ed co • • • • enced Read3 5a!aspi v Ra olete" 114 ) 1.it$in re!le entary period Bbut in several cases" bot$ CA and )C $ave caused t$e dis issal of cases for non9pay ent of doc=et fees.it$in reasonable ti e but . V Rose oore 5inin! > Develop ent Corp. ) 4(# )un Insurance v Asuncion" 1*/ ) #*0 1eirs of t$e late Ruben Reinoso 8r versus CA" -R 'o. Parties to civil actions − 6$o are parties in interest − Co petency of parties − Indispensable and necessary parties − 8oinder and is%oinder of parties − Deat$ of party − conse<uence of deat$ of party o )arsaba vs Vda dela . )CRA 4&&" 40/ − . Co ence ent of actions − 1o. and .$at counsel s$ould do on deat$ of party #. 11(1#1" 8uly 1+" #/11 − 6$en does court ac<uire %urisdiction over a caseA − Effect of underpay ent of doc=et fees − Rule is pay ent ay be allo.ed . 41+ ) 1#& ?#//*@ − Actions a!ainst non9residents − A!ree ent on venue #.0.&.& 5anc$ester Dev Corp v CA" 10.

4*4 ) 4&4 ?#//+@ − Certification a!ainst foru 9s$oppin! in initiatory pleadin!s  Definition of Doru )$oppin! • . v )c$.al v Valde: -R 'o. 14/1/* #+8an#//+ Counsel cannot si!n certification • Di!ital 5icro.rial Courts &.ave Corp. ) &4# ?#//+@ . v 5etropolitan 7an= > . et.rial Courts &.#.een non9co pliance of verification and certification a!ainst non9foru s$oppin! re<uire ent • )ari9sari -roup of Co panies" Inc. Pleadin!s in !eneral − Cinds of pleadin!s − Dor al re<uire ents of pleadin!s − Parts of a pleadin! − Verification .&.ner or Co9party ay si!n in be$alf of co9o. v CA -R 1#+44/ 1(5ar#/// Co9o.ners or co9 parties • Cavila v 1eirs of Clarita Cavile 0// ) #44 ?#//&@   − Distinction bet.ests of sufficiency of co plaint3 •  & .ani Inc.o=io 5arine 5alayan Insurance Co pnay Inc. Applicable also to 5unicipal . 44. Procedure in Re!ional .$en re<uired   Dor al" not %urisdictional • Cilusan9Olalia v CA 4#+ ) 04 ?#//*@ Verification by Counsel • In9'9Out 7ur!er" Inc. 4(1 ) (## ?#//+@ − )ubstantial re<uire ents of pleadin!s − )ufficiency of alle!ations  Ulti ate facts only • Re itere v Eulo 1( ) #41 P$ilippine )toc= E2c$an!e v 5anila 7an=in! Corp.1. v Pi!las Ca ao 4(1 ) 4(. ?#//+@ • 5edian Container Corp.rust Co.

be pleaded eit$er in otion to dis iss or ans.aived Alternative causes of action or defenses ay be pleaded even if inconsistent .&.est of sufficiency of responsive pleadin! − 'ot susceptible to su ary %ud! ent − Does not a ount to confession of %ud! ent − 5U). ) #&+ • 5etals En!ineerin! v CA" #/& ) #*& • &.0.est to deter ine nature of counterclai • Read3 'a arco v Dederation of United 'a arco Distributors Inc.− Can %ud! ent be rendered if ad ittedA − Al.er" else .it$ eac$ ot$er − Purpose of rule is to allo." 0.ra:o 4// ) #0# ?#//(@ . tender an issue − 5ust specifically deny F aterial alle!ationsG lest t$ey be dee ed ad itted − Defenses and ob%ections 5U). Effect of failure to plead − Order of default − by otion only" court cannot motu proprio declare party in default − Conse<uences of order of default − %ud! ent by default" e2tent t$ereof li ited by relief prayed for − need for presentation of evidence − Rationale for order of default &. A endedH)upple ental Pleadin!s − A end ent a atter of ri!$t before responsive pleadin! filed 7A Dinance v Co" ##0 ) 1(& 0 . for co plete ad%udication of any controversy •   − Counterclai s   Rule on per issive and co pulsory counterclai s .ays rec=on a!ainst !rounds for dis issal − Is bill of particulars applicableA Read P$ilippine 7an= of Co unications v .

) 0/+ ?#//*@ Read -ardner v CA 1&1 ) 4+4 − Ans. 1o.ever" it ay be set up anyti e t$ereafter ?but before 4 .$en issues not raised by t$e pleadin!s are tried .@ − Effect of a ended pleadin!s − supersedes ori!inal pleadin! − as a conse<uence" %udicial ad issions ade in ori!inal pleadin!s need to be offered in evidence.$en" even if ob%ected to" t$e court is satisfied no pre%udice . • Read Director of Lands v CA" 1.− 'o li itation on e2tent of a end ent" even c$an!in! cause of action set out in ori!inal pleadin! − Ri!$t to a end not affected by otion to dis iss or otion for su ary %ud! ent or even otion for %ud! ent on t$e pleadin!s .( ) .ed3 − . Dilin! of responsive pleadin!s − 6$at is responsive pleadin! − Ans.it$ t$e consent of t$e parties − .$ic$ are not considered Fresponsive pleadin!G − Rule . 04( ) &(( • Eoun! v )y 4/& ) 141 ?#//(@ − A end ent of t$e pleadin!s to confor to evidence presented durin! trial is allo.4.0 &.er J 8udicial ad issions bindin! on party • • Read )antos v Lu bao 41.ill befall t$e ob%ectin! party − )upple ental pleadin!s not a atter of ri!$t • Leobrera v CA 1*/ ) *11 ?1.+.er J 8udicial ad issions 'O.$en so e but not all defendants filed responsive pleadin! − 6$en issues %oined" substantial a end ents discretionary and sub%ect to t$erule t$at t$e cause of action is not substantially c$an!ed or t$e t$eory altered • Planters Develop ent 7an= v LIC 1oldin!s > Develop ent Co. bindin! on party − 7ill of particulars" otion to dis iss interrupt period to file responsive pleadin! − Co pulsory counterclai or cross9clai s$ould be set up in responsive pleadin!.

yer" said %ud! ent cannot beco e final or e2ecutory.it$ leave of court − Dor actions a!ainst do estic %uridical persons" service only on t$ose enu erated in t$e statute is allo. Dilin! and service of pleadin!s and %udicial papers − )ervice on counsel is andatory unless ot$er.$ere su ons is served by publication@ − )ervice ust be on counsel as service on party not per itted − 6$ere final order or %ud! ent not served on party or la.ed − Dor actions a!ainst forei!n %uridical entity" service ust be on resident a!ent" !overn ent re!ulator" or any of officers" a!ents .*. )u ons − Rules on service is strictly construed" $ence3 − Dor actions in persona a!ainst residents" service ust be personal first t$en substituted if unsuccessful or publication if .(.n or te porarily outside t$e country  a!ainst non9residents" only personal service .it$in t$e state can confer %urisdiction over t$e defendant − Dor actions in re or <uasi in re  a!ainst residents" sa e as above a!ainst non9residents" personal service outside t$e country" .ise ordered by court − I proper service is ineffectual and does not bind party • Read3 Cabili v 7adelles" ( ) 1.%ud! ent@ if o itted t$rou!$ oversi!$t" inadvertence or e2cusable ne!li!ence − Re!le entary period to file responsive pleadin! − interrupted by bill of particulars and otion to dis iss &. &.it$ leave of court" or publication .it$in t$e country • Venturan:a v CA 14( ) &/4   • )a artino v Raon &+& ) ((0 ( ./ − )ervice of pleadin!s and court papers ?ot$er t$an %ud! ents" final orders and resolutions@ ay be done by substituted service if personal service and service by ail not successful − )ervice of %ud! ents" final orders and resolutions ust be personal or by re!istered ail only ?or by publication .$ereabouts un=no.

( ) 4&. P$ila -en vs 7reva 00# ) #1* 7PI v )antia!o 41. &. ) &+.. Pre9trial − Definition * .• • • • Val onte v CA #4# ) .# Asiavest v CA #. &. Dis issal of action − -rounds − lac= of %urisdiction over person • Read A i!o v CA" #4& ) &+# atter − lac= of %urisdiction over sub%ect • • • − pendentia litis • Read La 'aval v CA" #&( ) *+ Ilocos )ur Electric v 'LRC #01 ) &( Andaya v Abadia ##+ ) */4 Read Andersons -roup v CA.0 ) 410 Perpetual v Da%ardo" #&& ) *#/ City of Cebu v CA" #4+ ) 1*4 otion to dis iss − no cause of action − Re edy in case of !rantin!Hdenial of − Order denyin! otion to dis iss is interlocutory" $ence proper re edy is to appeal after a decision $as been rendered • Read3 Indiana Aerospace University v Co ission On 1i!$er Education" &4( ) &(* • 7an!=o )ilan!an v CA" &(/ ) &## • Eutin!co v CA" &+( ) +4 − Order !rantin! otion to dis iss disposes of t$e case $ence" appeal under Rule 01 is applicable..+. #(( ) 0#& • Ra os v Peralta" #/& ) 01# − res %udicata • • Read Vda de Cru:o v Caria!a" 1*0 ) &&/ Read )an Loren:o v CA" #++ ) 114 • • • Calalan! v IAC" 1.

5.9)C 5adrid v )pouses 5apoy" -R. 1+#0#( 1& Deb #//. 14/++* 10 Au! #//.$en ay be availed of • Pa%arilla v CA 4*/ ) &0* ?#//+@ de bene esse ?pendin! action@ perpetua rei e oria ?prior to action@ . − 6$at are discoverableA − Li itations on discoverability − 5odes of discovery − Deposition      function . − )ettin! for Pre9. − .$o do you depose + .• • • • • • Anson .rial − Dailure to $ave Pre9trial − Dailure of defendant to appear − 6ill result in plaintiff presentin! $is evidence e2 parte and for t$e court to render %ud! ent t$ereon. 1*. 0#+ ) 4+& ?#//#@ Espiritu v La:aro" -R. ) #4/ ?#//*@ Discovery − Co pulsory process .rade Center v Pacific 7an=in!" -R 'o.1+1/#/ #/ 'ov #//.$is is dissi ilar to default fro failure to plead . 1* 5ar #//. Interlinin! Corp.1/.9)C E2ception3 Read 1eirs of Reyes v CA" 41.led!e of aterial facts . /&919/.it$in t$e =no.$ere t$e sanction is for t$e court to render %ud! ent based on t$e co plaint − )u ary %ud! ent or %ud! ent on pleadin!s possible if facts are discovered in pre9trial to .$erein liti!ants are forced" by court rules or orders" to dis!or!e private infor ation to adverse party − Purpose of discovery is to obtain =no. -eneral Rule3 7indin! on all parties" A. /&919/.arrant suc$ action − Effect of Pre9trial Order • • &...rust Co. 'o. 'o.. v P$ilippine .led!e of t$e adverse party or of t$ird partiesK obtain ad issions fro adverse parties and to inspect relevant docu ents" ob%ects and property. 'o. 'o. Polanco v Cru:" -R.5. A.

$en co plaint is ad itted • Read Eu v 5a!payo 00 ) 1(& − Reverse trial also in cri inal cases &.− Interro!atories to parties  effect of failure to serve . − consolidation of civil and cri inal cases − consolidation of cases on appeal &. Active v CA" 1+1 ) **0 )uperlines v Victor" 1#0 ) .@ − )anctions for refusal to &. .ritten interro!atories − Re<uests for ad ission • )i e Darby E ployees Association v 'LRC 41/ ) #/0 − Production and inspection of t$in!s − E2a ination of persons • Read Republic v )andi!anbayan" #/0 ) #1# • • • • • • Das arinas -ar ents v Reyes ##4 ) (## Ayala Land vs .est is co • • on <uestions of fact or of la.rial − Order of trial − Reverse trial .&.1#. .a!le 0(( ) 4#1 1yatt Industrial v Ley Construction -R 10*10& 5ar 1/" #//( )i e Darby v CA 41/ ) #/0 )ecurity 7an= v CA &#& ) &&/ )olidban= v -ate.ay -R 1(0+/4 April &/" #//+ a=e discovery ?Rule #.1&. De urrer to Evidence − Concept of de urrer − Effect of denial or !rant of de urrer to evidence • 'epo uceno v Co elec" 1#( ) 0*# . Consolidation − .11.

.$en t$ere is no tender of issue − Denial in ans. 8ud! ent on t$e pleadin!s − -enerally applicable .14. %ud! ent on t$e pleadin!s Ver!ara v )uelto 14( ) *4& Di an v Alu bres" #.er • ay not a ount to tender of issue 5anufacturers v Diversified" 1*& ) &4* &.1(.it$ t$e cler= of court − rendition rec=oned fro − − ust be served on parties ay be a ended before finality upon − entry upon finality − entry deter ines prescriptive periods − final %ud! ent not sub%ect to a end ent − separability of %ud! ents &. otion for su ary %ud! ent is considered − 1earin! on otion is only for deter inin! .it$ cler= otion or otu proprio − filed . ) 04. Re edies fro %ud! ents ?sa e court" sa e case@ 1/ . applied ust contain a dispositive portion filin! .&. 8ud! ents − Re<uire ents − .$et$er issues are !enuine or not" not to receive evidence on t$e issues set up in t$e pleadin!s − otion is proven t$rou!$ affidavits" depositions and ad issions sub itted by ovant − Propriety of su ary %ud! ent • • 'atalia v Valle:" 1*& ) 4&( -rand Dar s v CA" 1.10.ritten and si!ned by %ud!e − − ust contain findin!s of facts and la.& ) *0+ ay be eit$er party − 5ovant &. )u ary 8ud! ents − Distin!uis$ed fro • • − 1o.1*.

ays to assail final %ud! ents &.$en e ployed outside t$e court ?concealin! a .ill depend on circu stances − 'e. invo=ed  result .$en !ranted  re edy . or reconsideration − not available for lost re edy − available only versus final %ud! ent − distin!uis$ed fro  !rounds  .it$ respect to t$e erits of t$e caseA − E2ecution a atter of ri!$t .$en denied ?appeal fro − Relief fro • %ud! ent . E2ecution of %ud! ents − Only a final %ud! ent t$at disposes of t$e action is sub%ect to e2ecution − Dinal %ud! ent versus final and e2ecutory %ud! ent • Invest ent v CA 10* ) &&0 − .itness or colludin! .it$ rule 0* re!ardin! . .$en !ranted − re edy .ly discovered evidence − • ust be aterial and not discoverable durin! trial 7anco Dilipino v Ca pos (& ) 1+/ reconsideration − 5otion for reconsideration − '.ua:on v CA" #4( ) 14+ '.$en done by a party durin! trial ?use of for!ed docu ents etc@" e2trinsic .$en %ud! ent final and e2ecutory" but only upon otion 11 t$e %ud! ent@ .est of a final %ud! ent3 Does it leave so et$in! for t$e court to do .rial or Reconsideration − DA5E' − Draud as a !round ust be e2trinsic" not intrinsic.− 'e.$en denied ?no ore appeal@ − nota bene3 relate t$is rule .ell9 en!endered belief ordinary prudence could not !uard a!ainst − e2cusable ne!li!ence as !round .$enH$o.it$ a party@ − accident and ista=e as !round ust be based on . distin!uis$ed fro − !rounds − results . It is intrinsic .1+.

or recon 1# ." i.0 ) 1/.$at are not appealable and .$en stayed − e2ecution before or after deat$ of %ud! ent obli!or .it$in t$e period provided by la.C − R.#. 6$o ay appeal uc$ as correction of ere privile!e" t$us ista=es ay be lost 0.$en no appeal $as been ta=en .+ Valencia v CA" 1+0 ) 4(1 − discretionary e2ecutions" ." .C to CA ere notice of appeal . − enforce ent of %ud! ent ?e2ecution@ is inisterial and andatory once it beco es final" sub%ect to certain e2ceptions − e2ecution before finality of %ud! ent" only upon !ood reasons • • • 7D Corp v Edsa )$an!rila" #.0. City of 5anila v CA" *# ) .− %ud! ent beco es final by operation of la.ill depend on t$e nature of t$e %ud! ent" i.$en does a %ud! ent or order beco e final − final %ud! ents vs %ud! ents t$at are final and e2ecutory − .e.$at are final %ud! ents − .it$ court renderin! %ud! ent@ − no e2tension of period to file notice of appeal − interrupted by otion for '. 5odes of appeal − ordinary appeal ?by − 5.$en it co pletely disposes of t$e case 0.C to R. 6$at are appealable − . recovery of property v oney %ud! ents 0.&.e. APPEAL) 0.$y are t$ey notA − test of final nature is .1. Concept of appeal − !uard a!ainst %ud! ents of uns=illed and unfair %ud!es − prevention as − not a ri!$t but a 0.

?by filin! petition . )CRA #(4 ust acco pany notice of appeal − petition for revie. I proper appeals − to CA fro R.C on <uestions of la.4.C ?appellate %urisdiction@ to CA − not a • atter of ri!$tK discretionary on part of CA On! v . − appeal to )C not a atter of ri!$t ?Rule 04" sec (@ • • C$ees an v IAC" 1.$en notice of appeal filed − dilatory appeals 0. − to )C via notice of appeal − to CA on notice of appeal fro %urisdiction R. only ?Rule 01@ • U5C v Velasco .C decision rendered in appellate 1& . ) 01( Ebane: v CA" #4& ) 40/ 0. 10. Eor= 5arine v CA" #0. 6$en does court lose %urisdiction relative to filin! of notice of appeal − 5ay notice of appeal be contestedA Dis issed by courtA − duty of court .it$ CA under rule 0#@ − appeal by certiorari ?filin! petition . of %ud! ent in e2ercise of appellate %urisdiction − R.atin!.& ) .− if '.C on <uestions of la.(.it$ )C@ − appeal to t$e )C  fro R. − revie.+ ) 404 −  ay be re anded to CA if involvin! <uestionof fact ?rule 4(" sec (@" not dis issed fro final order or resolution of CA or )7 ?rule 04@ but only on <uestions of la. on certiorari vs petition for certiorari • • 'e. or recon denied" fres$ period to appeal − 'eypes vs CA -R 1014#0 )ept 10" #//4 − pay ent of doc=et fees − second level of revie.A − petition for revie.& )u bin!co v CA" 144 ) #0  6$at is a <uestion of la.

ill erit dis issalK no transfer to correct court .$ic$ case" t$e case .# Carlos v )andoval 0*1 ) #(( )pouses Eu v '!o Eee .@ 1eirs of t$e late 87L Reyes v CA &&+ ) #+# 7roc=a v Enrile 1. Davao Li!$t > 6ater v CA" #/0 ) &0& )ievert v CA" 1(+ ) (.RO ?CA@ − .RO" #/9day .it$in .#.C@ or a (/9day .− t$e above odes .RO" $earin! − ust be conducted ay be !ranted at any sta!e of t$e proceedin! ay not be en%oined − re<uire ents for issuance − coordinate body − ay be a provisional re edy and t$e principal re edy itself 7acolod City 6ater District v Labayen 00( ) 11/ C$ina 7an=in! Corp v Co -R 1*04(.ill be re anded to CA@ 4.e -R 144+(+ 4.1. PROVI)IO'AL RE5EDIE) 4. Preli inary In%unction − preceded by a *#9$our .ed ?E2ception is . Estares v CA -R 100*44 7uyco v 7ara<uia -R 1**0+( ?Dece ber #1" #//.ill be allo.# ) 1+# 5edina v -reenfield Develop ent -R 10/##+ 10 . Preli inary Attac$ ent − Cinds of attac$ ent − preli inary − !arnis$ ent − levy on e2ecution − At .$en appeal to )C on <uestions of la.RO ?R.$at sta!e is preli inary attac$ ent !rantedA − !rounds for attac$ ent e2clusive − ay be !ranted e2 parte • • • • • Onate v Abro!ar" #01 ) (4. and fact in .

raders Royal 7an= v IAC #*& ) 4#1 4.ers of a receiver 'ational Invest ent and Develop ent Corp v 8ud!e A<uino 1(& ) 14& . La v C$ua -R 1&1#+( atter of liti!ation (.4. )upport pendete lite − concept of support is t$at t$e applicant is entitled to it by reason of so e relations$ip ?say" arital or filial@ . Replevin − nature of a replevin suit − <uestion involved is one of possession but o.ners$ip ay be resolved if raised − plaintiff ?clai @ and defendant ?counterclai @ can petition for replevin Ean! v Valde: 1** ) 101 Ado a v -atc$eco 00+ ) #.&.0..4" #/1" #/# of Da ily Code Reyes v Ines9Luciano -R 0+#1. )PECIAL CIVIL AC.4.IO') (. Interpleader Oca po v . Receivers$ip − 6$en is receiver appointedA − ob%ect is preservation of property sub%ect − po.it$ t$e adverse party − %ud! ent of support is never final" it can be a ended at any ti e as lon! as t$e obli!ation to support subsists − Arts 1. Paat v CA #(( ) 1(* Citiban= v CA &/0 ) (*. Declaratory Relief 14 .0" 1.irona -R 10*+1# ?April (" #//4@ (.#.1. 4.

an v Co elec -R *&144 ?8uly 11" 1.. ?Au!ust 10" 1.+(@ 5ayu!a v CA ?Au!ust &/" 1.(@ Cant 6on! et al v PC-.1 Revised Rules on )u − )ection 1.-R *.+4 ?Dece ber #" #//4@ Lalicon v Ver!ara #*( ) 41+ )ps 'isc$e v E<uitable9PCI 7an= -R 1(*0&0 ?Debruary 1." Rule on 6rit of A paro − )ection 1." 1.&.rit of certiorari is territorial if issued by R.C of Iloilo -R 1(4//1 ?8anuary &1" #//*@ Ca utin v )ps Potente -R 1+1(0# ?8anuary #. Drontier )u!ar Corp v R.0.@ 7u!arin v Palisoc -R 14*. )CRA 11 ./ ...+*@ Uy Ciao En! v 'i2on Lee -R 1**(+&1 ?8anuary 14" #/1/@ 5atibay v -arcia ?8anuary #4" 1.C" not if by CA − certiorari to correct errors of %urisdiction and not errors of %ud! ent − )ection 1." Rule on 1abeas Data − )ection 10" Rule of Procedure in ) all Clai s Cases − Circular #+9. Luo 6arranto 5unicipality of )an 'arciso v 5ende: #&.0+0 ?Dece ber *" 1.ano v )ocrates -R 11/#0. Certiorari" Pro$ibition and 5anda us − )ee distinctions bet.*@ 5artelino v '15D Corp -R 1(/#/+ ?8une &/" #//+@ Velasco v Ville!as -R #014& ?Debruary 10" 1.arrosa v )in!son #&# ) 44& Lota v CA # ) *14 1( .+&@ (.+&@ Palo a v 5ora 0*/ ) *11 ary Procedure (.." #//*@ David v Rivera 0#/ ) .een certiorari as an appeal and certiorari as an ori!inal action ?supra@ − ." #//.1 7alba v Pea= Develop ent Inc -R 10+#++ ?Au!ust 1#" #//4@ 'e.

4. Conte pt An! v Castro -R ((&*1 ?5ay 14" 1." #//4@ 'ational Po.(.&( ?Au!ust 1+" #//0@ Republic v CA and 1eirs of Cris )antos -R 10(4+* ?8uly #" #//#@ 8esus is Lord C$ristian )c$ool Doundation v City of Pasi! -R 14##&/ (.91/9/49/ − Act 'o &1&4 Li pin v IAC 1(( ) ++ 7PI Da ily )avin!s 7an= v )ps Veloso 0&( ) 1 (...$ic$ %ud! ent − A5 'o. Partition Di!uracion -erilla v Vda de Di!uracion -R 140&## ?Au!ust ##" #//(@ (. E2propriation − deter ination of aut$ority to e2ercise e inent do ain − deter ination of %ust co pensation Republic v -in!oyan -R 1((0#. Dorcible Entry and Unla..ful Detainer Valdes v CA -R 1&#0#( Co v 5ilitar 01 ) 044 Unida v Urban -R 1440&# )pouses Calendacion v Larano -R 14+#&1 5ontene!ro v 5ontene!ro -R 14(+#.+4@ 1* ay be e2ecuted i ediately if debt is due upon .er Corp v 5anubay A!ro9Industrial -R 14/.(.e.+.ill render %ud! ent − a!ainst debtor . .*.ell as second ort!a!ee or attac$in! creditor − e<uity of rede ption instead of ri!$t of rede ption is re edy of debtor − in t$e sa e case" in case of deficiency" t$e court . Doreclosure of Real Estate 5ort!a!e − all parties in interest s$ould be %oined as necessary parties" i. ?Dece ber 1. ort!a!or as . (.

4@ 1+ ." 1.People v -odoy #0& ) (0 ?5arc$ #..