# Name:- Prayat Hegde ECE 4101/5101 Homework 01 Student emai !

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Due 01/28/14 Page 1 o' 8

AnsAnalog Signals: The value range is infinite. The values depend on the type of signal used. Can be considered as any continuous signal related to time. Example: - A recorder is an analog system as it accepts voice hich is a analog signal. The !uman voice has a range from "# !\$ to "# %!\$ &igital Signal: - The values are finite and in most systems limited to ones and \$eros. 'ts discrete time varying signal. Example: - A signal generated hen you press a button or %eypad is a digital signal. 't is limited to ones and \$eros

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Ans (inary: - )ero * one  &ecimal:- )ero * +ine  !exadecimal: - #- ,- #.1."./.0.1.2.3.4.5.A.(.C.&.E.,6  7ctal : -#-3

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1 ##1# 'gnoring the carry bit the value is " ."#egde\$un%%&edu Due 01/28/14 Page ) o' 8 4.: 1-/ #1#1-##11 T o8s compliment of -/ is . 11##<1. E.#1#1<11#1. Ans:7ne8s compliment of a number is bit ise inversion hen the number is in binary form. 9e can go ahead and add the t o numbers. The results :S( denoted hether the result is positive or negative. Therefore by using t o8s compliment on the negative number.e.Name:. The above is used because the microcontroller doesn8t support subtraction operand i.Prayat Hegde ECE 4101/5101 Homework 01 Student emai !D:. directly subtracting t o given numbers.11#1 Therefore 1</.g. T o8s compliment of a number is basically adding binary one to the one8s compliment of a number.

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The Embedded systems ma%es decision based on sensor output communicates ith the use of =E&s."#egde\$un%%&edu Due 01/28/14 Page 8 o' 8 1#. Eg :ars >over  The embedded systems in real time operation needs to be precise or respond in a certain time frame. (enefits of using embedded systems  &ecreases manufacturing time hence increasing line efficiency  ?uality and precision increases  Cost of the total product decreases 1". =C&s etc.Prayat Hegde ECE 4101/5101 Homework 01 Student emai !D:. 't performs tas%s ith precision for lifetime. Ans: Embedded Systems: 't8s a mini computer hich has fixed functions. Constraints of Embedded Systems  @o er consumption. Ans: Attributes of Embedded Systems  +eeds fault handling for safe operations  't is needed to or% for years ithout calibrating and maintaining it. Ans: 'n manufacturing plants embedded systems is used to perform various activities. (enefits: Smaller in si\$e compared to large electromechanical devices  :any functions could be interfaced in an embedded system giving it robustness  't can be tuned to be precise 11. As embedded systems are needed to operate for years together they are needed to consume less po er. 1/. until the programmer changes the code hich is in microcontroller. At the elding section the embedded system ith the help of position sensors eld pieces of metal together ith the help of a robotic arm. Ans: Safe handling of boards  Al ays hold the board along the corners  :a%e sure you8re in a static free environment hen or%ing ith the board. Static can be avoided by grounding yourself. >anging from elding to pac%aging.  Si\$e of the embedded systems. 't as introduced to improve automation and has replaced many electromechanical devices.Name:.  Should be able to or%ing harsh environments.  Costs of the embedded system.  Ase an antistatic bag to store the circuit board  Beep plastic items a ay from the circuit board as it has the tendency to generate static .