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2012

2012 7 1

Beijing


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1
1
1.1.2.1
1.1.2.1 L(m):,;,
;96%,97%
L
()L 97%
1.1.2.16
L

2
1.2.3.3(1)

1.2.3.3(1)
1.2.5.4 ,

, 400mm

1.2.7.6
1.2.7.6
tw 15mm
1.2.7.6
1.2.7.6

1.2.7.6
2-1

1.2.9

4
1.4.4.2 4 CCS 3 5.2.5
t/3 10mm CCS 3 5.2.5

5
1.5.3.2 1.5.3.1 2 10 7 9
1.5.3.1 2 10 11 7 9

7
1.7.2.2
1.7.2.2 13 14

(1) 10%
(2) 25%
(3) 40%
(4) 65%
1.7.2.3
8

8
1.8.1
1.8.1.1
1.8.1.2
1.8.1.3
1.8.1.4 LWL
1.8.2
1.8.2.1
(1)
(2)
(3)
1.8.3
1.8.3.1
(1)
LWL 5 3.0m LWL 5


LWL 1.5
3m
(2)
(1)((3))

(3) 2.3m
2-2

(1)
1.8.3.2
(1) LWL 5 10m
LWL 8


LWL 1.5
3m
(2) (1)

(3)
(1)((4))

(4) 2.3m
(1)
(5)

1.8.4
1.8.4.1
(1)

(2)

1.8.4.2
(1)

(2) ()

1.8.5
1.8.5.1

1.8.5.2

1.8.5.3

1.8.6 /
1.8.6.1
1.8.6.2
(1) (A)

l 20 m
A = 0.7 + 0.035 l
m2
l 20 mA = 0.07 lm2
l 0.7 L
1.2 m 0.1 m , 0.004 m2
2-3

0.9 m 0.1 m , 0.004 m2


(2) (1) 50%

(3)

40% 40%
75% 75%

20%
10%

(4)

(5) 2/3

(6) 230 mm

1.8.7
1.8.7.1
(1)

(2)
(3) 380mm
1.8.7.2
(1)
1 600mm
2 450mm
(2) (1) 1 2

(3)
1 2

1.8.7.1
1 600mm 2 380mm
1.8.7.3
(1)
600mm( 1)/ 380mm( 2)
(2)
230mm 600mm
(3) 1.8.7.4
1.8.7.4(6)

(4) 1.8.7.4(6)
(5)
(6) A

2-4

1.8.7.1

1.8.7.4
(1) 1 2
, 900mm ,

(2) ,
(3) 1 , 900mm
(4) 2 760mm
(5) 1.8.7.4 ,

1.8.7.4

(mm)

(mm)

200

7.5

250

8.0

300

8.5

350

9.0

400

9.5

450

10.0

(6) 1 , 4.5m, 2 , 2.3m,

(7) (6), LL 100m ,


; LL 100m ,

1.8.7.5
(1) , 3 3
(2) ,,
760mm, 450mm
,

(3) ,:
80mm
6.0mm
165mm
8.5mm

(4) ,
(5) ,,
(6) ,
1.8.8 ()
1.8.8.1

1.8.8.2
(1) 50 m 61 m

(2) 61 m 76 m

(3) 76 m

1.8.8.3
25
2-5


1.8.8.4
460 mm 1.8.8.2

1.8.8.5
1.8.9
1.8.9.1

1.8.9.2 ()

1.8.10
1.8.10.1 ()
1.8.10.2
1.8.10.3

1.8.10.4

1.8.11
1.8.11.1

1.8.11.2

1.8.11.3 1.8.7.5
15() 1m

1.8.11.4

1.8.11.5

1.8.12
1.8.12.1 5000t ()

(1) W
W 0.5 + DW/20000
m

W 2.0
m
W = 1.0 m
DWt 1.025t/m3

(2) h
h = B / 15
m

2-6

h 2.0
m
h = 1.0 m
1.8.12.2 600t 5000t
(1) W
W 0.4 + 2.4 DW/20000
m
W 0.76
m
(2) h
h B/15
m
h 0.76
m
1.8.12.3

1.8.12.4 20000t 30000t

(1) dm
dm 2.0 + 0.02LL
m
(2) (1) 0.015LL
(3)
1.8.12.5

5000t 10m
(1) (0.5bi/B + 0.1)LL 0.2 LL
(2) (0.25bi /B + 0.15)LL
(3)
0.2 LL

(a) bi /B 1/50.2 LL
(b) bi/B 1/5
(i) (0.5bi/B + 0.1)LL
(ii) (0.25bi/B + 0.15)LL
bi

5000t 700m3 1.8.12.1(1)

W 0.4 + 2.4DW/20000
m
W0.76m
1.8.12.6
1.8.12.7
1.8.13
1.8.13.1 600t
1.8.13.2 1.8.12.5
1.8.13.3
1.8.14
1.8.14.1

600mm600mm 100mm

900mm
2-7

1.8.14.2
600mm800mm
600mm
1.8.14.3 5000t
400mm600mm 450mm550mm

9
1.9.1
1.9.1.1

1.9.1.2
1.9.1.3
1.9.1.4
1.9.1.5
1.9.1.6

1.9.1.7 fr
fr =1.0
fr =0.90
fr =0.85
fr =0.80
1.9.1.8
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
1.9.1.9
(1) 1.9.1.9
x
y
z

2-8

(2)

1.9.1.9
(von Mises )e

e = x2 + y2 x y + 3 xy2

N/mm2

x x N/mm2
y y N/mm2
xy xy N/mm2
(3)
n

( A )
i

i =1

Aw

N/mm2

Ai i mm
i i N/mm2
Aw mm2
1.9.2
1.9.2.1
(1) TR

TR = 2

kr
GM

kr m
kr = 0.35B

kr = 0.25B

kr = 0.39B

B m
GM
GM = 0.12B

=0.07B

(2) m 0.523 rad

m = fr k

62.5 1.25TR
B + 75

TR (1)
B m
fr 1.9.1.7
k
k =1.2

k = 1.0

k = 0.8

(3) TP
L
TP = 1.80
10
L m
(4) m 0.14 rad
a
m = 0.25 0
Cb
Cb
a0

a0 = f r (3

C
V
+ CV
)
L
L
2-9

rad

rad

fr 1.9.1.7
L
0.2
CV =
50
Vkn
C 2 2 2.2.3.1
L m
1.9.2.2
(1) x

ax = 2a0 Cb

m/s2

Cb
a0 1.9.2.1(4)
(2) y

m/s2

a y = 3a0
a0 1.9.2.1(4)
(3) z

az = 7

a0

m/s2

Cb

Cb
a0 1.9.2.1(4)
(4) r
2

6.28
ar = m

TR
TR s 1.9.2.1(1)
m rad 1.9.2.1(2)
(5) p

rad/s2

6.28
ap = m
T
p
TP s 1.9.2.1(3)
m rad 1.9.2.1(4)
(6) t

rad/s2

at = a y2 + ar ( z zrp ) + 10sin m
m/s2
y (2)
r (4)
m 1.9.2.1(2)
z m
zrp
D d
m
zrp1 = + 1
4 2
D
m
zrp 2 =
2
D m
d1 m
(7) l
2

al = ax2 + a p ( z zrp ) + 10sin m

zrpz(6)
x(1)
2-10

m/s2

p(5)
m rad 1.9.2.1(4)
(8) v
m/s2

av1 = az2 + ar2 y 2


av 2 = az2 + a 2p ( x 0.45 L )

m/s2

z (3)
r (4)
p (5)
x m
y m
L m
1.9.3
1.9.3.1
1.9.3.2 phs
phs = w g ( d1 z )
kN/m2

=0
kN/m2

w 1.025 t/m3
d1m
zm
1.9.3.3
(1) pWL
pWL = f r ( 2 B 0.66 + 3CCb + 0.4d1 )

fr 1.9.1.7
Bm
Cb
d1m
C 2 2 2.2.3.1
(2) () pBS
pBS = pWL 1.2d1
pWLd1(1)
(3) pBC
pBC = 0.5 ( pWL 1.2d1 )

kN/m2

kN/m2

kN/m2

pWLd1(1)
(4) phd

z
2y
phd = pWL + ( pBS pWL ) 1 + ( pBC pBS ) 1

d1
pWL(1)
pBS(2)
pBC(3)
B m
d1m
y m
z m
(5) phd
phd = pWL 10 ( z d1 )

kN/m2

2-11

d1 < z d1 +

kN/m2

pWL

10

kN/m2

=0

d1 +

pWL
<z
10

pWL(1)
d1m
zm
(6) pwdk
pwdk = pWL 10 ( zdk d1 )
kN/m2
pWL(1)
d1m
zdkm

p wdk

pWL
10

pWL

1.9.3.3
1.9.4
1.9.4.1
1.9.4.1
(1) h1
B
m
h1 = h tan
4
Bhm

= 35

= 30

= 25

(2) hy
4 y2
m
hy = h1 (1 2 )
Bh

h1(1)
Bhm
y m
(3) A1
B2
m2
A1 = h tan
6
Bhm
(1)
(4) hc
hc = hy + h2 + hdb z
2-12

Bhm
hy(2)
h2m
hdbm
zm

hy

A1

h1

A2

h2

hc

1.9.4.1

1.9.4.2 hc
hc
1.9.4.3 pcs
pcs = c ( g + 0.5av ) kb hc
kN/m2
ct/m3
kb
kb = sin 2 tan 2 (45 0.5 ) + cos 2
( 90 0)
hcm 1.9.4.1 1.9.4.2
v 1.9.2.2(8)
1.9.5
1.9.5.1 pl
pl = g ( h + 2.5 f r )

kN/m2

t/m3 1.025 t/m3


hm
fr 1.9.1.7
1.9.6
1.9.6.1
(1)
(2) Mw 2 2 2.2.3 1.9.1.7 frMw
1.9.6.2
(1) 1/2 +1 +1/2
(2) ()

(3)
1.9.6.3
(1)

(2)
2-13


1.9.6.4
(1)

(2) 3
2
(3)
1
(4) 3 2
1

1.9.6.5 ()
1.9.6.6

(1)
(2)
(3) 50mm50mm
[ e ] = 1.2 235 / K N/mm2
K
1.9.7
1.9.7.1 1.9.7.1

2-14

()

1.9.7.1

1.9.7.2
(1) ()

(2)
(a) () 20 ( / L ) 0.2~3
0.1
(b) 7 0()306090120150180()
(c)
1.9.7.3
(1) P-M

496
2
4 5
2
124 H 1 / 3T2 exp( 4 4 ) cos ,
S ( , H 1 / 3 , T2 , ) =
2
T2

0,

rad/s
H1/3m
T2s
2
cos 2

rad
2-15

(2)
1.9.7.4
(1) 1.9.7.4(1)

1.9.7.4(1)
m
Hm

(2)
(3)

1.9.7.4(2)

1.9.7.4(2)
(4) a
(5)
= (2 g ) / a2
m
g
a rad/s(4)
(6)
Lj
aw =
Aj

aw
Aj

2-16

Lj(2)
j
(7) tj
t j = (n + / 2 j ) / a
arad/s(4)
jrad
j (6)
n01
(8)
Pi = Ai aw sin(a t j + i )
Pi
AiPi
iPi
tj(7)
1.9.7.5
(1)

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
1.9.7.6 0.0001
t 0.0025L L m
0.0001B B m
1.9.8
1.9.8.1
1.9.8.2
1.9.8.3
1.9.8.4
1.9.9
1.9.9.1
1.9.9.2

1.9.9.3

1.9.9.4
(1) xcr _ e

xcr _ e = k x C1

2E t

12(1 2 ) s

kx 1.9.9.4(1)
C1 1.9.9.4(2)
t mm
s mm
E N/mm2
v v = 0.3
x

N/mm2

1.9.9.4(1)

2-17

x1

x1

y
kx =

8.4

+ 1.1

x2

x2

0 1
x1

x1

y
s

k x = 7.6 6.4 + 10 2

x
x2

x2

1 < 0
y2

y1

y
2

s 2 2.1
k y = 1 +
l + 1.1

y2

y1

0 1
y2

y1
2

s 2
k y = 1.909(1 + ) 1 + k p
l

y
s

s
+10 (1 + )
l

y2

s 2
24
l
kp =
2
4

s
s
+
+
2
16
8

l
l

y1

l
3

s
2
l 3
>
s 2

1 < 0
xy

y
s
kt = 5.34 + 4
l

C1C2

C1

1.1

1.9.9.4(2)

C2

1.3
2-18

1.2

1.0

1.2

1.1

ycr _ e

(2)

ycr _ e = k y C2

2E t

12(1 2 ) s

N/mm2

ky 1.9.9.4(1)
C2 1.9.9.4(2)
y
(1)
(3) cr _ e

cr _ e

2E t
= kt C1

12(1 2 ) s

N/mm2

kt 1.9.9.4(1)
(1)(2)
1.9.9.5

xcr _ e
( ycr _ e )

xcr =

R
( ycr )
R 1
eH

eH 4
xcr _ e


( ycr _ e )

cr _ e

cr =

s 1 s
4 cr _ e

xcr _ e
( ycr _ e )

xcr _ e
( ycr _ e )

cr _ e
cr _ e >

ReH
2

>

ReH
2

s
2

s
2

xcr _ e ycr _ e cr _ e x y
1.9.9.4
ReH N/mm2

s =

ReH

1.9.9.6
1.9.9.6 x y xy x y

1.9.9.6

l
1 2
s

l
2 < 8
s

1 xcr
(1 + k1 ) x

1 xcr
(1 + k12 ) x
1 xcr
(1 + k22 ) x

2-19

1 ycr
(1 + k32 ) y

1
xcr
(1 + k12 + k22 ) x

k1 =

y / ycr
xy / cr
xy / cr
k2 =
k3 =
x / xcr
x / xcr
y / ycr

x1 y1 x y x 2 y 2 x y
() xy x1 x 2 y1 y 2 xy 1.9.9.4(1)

xcr ycr cr x y

2-20

2
3
2.3.4.2
2.3.4.2 , 0.4L t :
(1)

3
4

D t :

t1=0.073sE 1(L+110) Fd
-

t2 =4.2s
(2)

mm

( d + h2 )

mm

1
2

0.5D D t :

t1 =0.06s(L+110) Fm
t2 =5.1s
(3)

( d + h2 )

mm
mm

1
4

D t :

t1=0.072sE 1(L+110) Fb
-

t2 =6.3s

( d + h1 ) Fb

mm
mm

: s ,m;
L ,m 190m;
d ,m;
FdFb 2.2.5.7
Fm Fd Fb
s2
E = 1+ 2 S m
S
h2 =0.5C 0.36d
h1C 2.3.1.2
(4) t1 1 5 1 5 1.5.3.1
1

2.3.4.3 (4)
(4) t1 1 5 1 5 1.5.3.1
1

6
2.6.10.2

12
2.12.1.2

2.12.1.3

2.12.1.6

2-21

13
2.13.1.1
2.13.1.1
60
2.13.1.32.13.1.4

2.13.2.1
2.13.2.1 t :

t=3.95s

h +2.5 mm

:s,m
h,,,m
t/m3, 1.025
: L90m 8mm 60mL90m 7mm L60m 6mm

2.13.2.3
2.13.2.3 W :
W=8shl2 cm3
:s,m
l,m
h,,,m
, 1.2.6
,

t/m3, 1.025
I :
I=2.3Wl cm4
Wl
2.13.3.1(1)
(1) W
W=Cshl2 cm3
l,m
hm
t/m3, 1.025
sm
C 2.13.3.1
2.13.3.1

2.12.5.2(1)(2)(3)

13.3

2.13.3.1
2.12.5.2(2)(3)
10.3

2.13.4.1
2.13.4.1 W b :
W=Cshl2 cm3
b=40l mm
:s,m
h, ,,m
2-22

t/m3, 1.025
l,m
C 2.13.4.1
2.13.4.1

2.13.4.1

2.12.5.2(1)(2)(3)

2.12.5.2(2)(3)

10.2

2.13.5.1
2.13.5.1 W :
W=11.7bhl2 cm3
:b,m
h,, ,m
t/m3, 1.025
l,m
2.13.6.1(1)
(1) 7 15%
2.13.6.1(2)
(2) W I :
W=6.8shl2 cm3
I=3.5Wl cm4
:s,m;
l,m,
;
h,,,m
t/m3, 1.025
2.13.6.2
2.13.6.2 2.13.5.3 2.13.5.4 , W I
:
W=11.7bhl2 cm3
I=2.5Wl
cm4
:b,m
h,,,
1.4d(d )
m;
t/m3, 1.025
l,m
2.13.7.1
2.13.7.1 W 7 ,:
W=8.8shl2 cm3
:s,m
h,,,m
t/m3, 1.025
l,m
2.7.5.7 1.2.6 20%
2-23

2.13.7.2
2.13.7.2 W:
W=11.7shl2 cm3
: s,m
h,,,m
t/m3, 1.025
l,m
2.13.8.1
2.13.8.1 () t 4 ,:

t=3.95s

h +3.5 mm

:s,m
h(),,,m
t/m3, 1.025
() t : L90m 8mm 60mL90m 7mm L
60m 6mm

2.13.8.2
2.13.8.2 () W 8 ,
:
W=8.8shl2 cm3
:s,m
h(),,,m
t/m3, 1.025
l,m
I :
I=2.3Wl cm4
:Wl
2.13.8.3
2.13.8.3 () W, 8 ,
:
W=11.7Shl2 cm3
: S,m
h(),,,m
t/m3, 1.025
l,m
I :
I=2.5Wl cm4
Wl
2.13.9.1(2)
(2) W :
W=9 sh1l2 cm3
W=9.8sh2l2 cm3
: S ,m
l,m
h1,m; 0.15L
(1966 39 ) 3m
h2,,, m
2-24

t/m3, 1.025
I :
I=2.5Wl cm4
Wl
2.13.10
2.13.10.2
2.13.10.3 2.13.10.2

14
2.14.2.2

2.14.2.2(1)

2.14.2.2(2)

2.14.2.2(3)

2.14.6.2

15
2.15.3.3
2.15.3.7

17
2.17.3.2
2.17.3.2 W :
W=3.5shl2
cm3
: s, m;
l, m; , 2.0m
h, m, 2.17.2
2.17.3.3 2.17.3.4

20
2.20.4.1
2.20.4.1
(1) W
W = 9.3K1shl 2 cm3
K1, 2.20.1.2
s ,m
2-25

h ,m2.20.2
l ,m
(1)33
(2) I
I = 15.7K2shl 3
cm4
K2, 2.20.1.2
hs l(1)
(2)80
(3) 2/5150mm
0.35
(4) t 6mm
t = 10s
mm
s,m
2.20.5.1
2.20.5.1
(1) W
W = 11 K1shl 2 cm3
K1, 2.20.1.2
h,m2.20.2
s,m
l,m
(2)80
(2) I
I = 20K2shl 3 cm4
K2, 2.20.1.2
hs l(1)
(2)80
(3) 2/5150mm
0.35
(4) t 6mm
t = 10s mm
s,m
2.20.9.2
2.20.9.2 2.20.9.2

2.20.9.2

1
2
1
2

(KN/ m2)
17.17
12.75
17.17
12.75

(N/mm2)

(N/mm2)

(m)

0.235Rm

0.292ReH

0.0028l0

0.2Rm

0.292ReH

0.0022l0

0.292ReH
0.0035l0
0.5ReH
()
RmN/mm2ReHN/mm2l0m

2.20.9.2

2-26

3
1
3.1.7.3
3.1.7.3 Eb
n

Eb =

m
i =1

mm

n 3.1.7.1
mi i mm
Eb 0.9 Dc
0.6Dc

2
3.2.1.1(1)
N N
1.5
12.5m

2-27

5
1
5.1.3.4
5.1.3.4
760mm
600mm

5.1.7.1
5.1.7.1 150m()1

5.1.7.2
5.1.7.2 150m CCS

(1) ()
(2) ();
(3)

4
5.4.2.11
5.4.2.11 1
150m
5.4.3.4
5.4.3.4 1 150m

5.5.1
5.5.1.1
5.5.1.2

5.5.1.3 2 13
5.5.2
5.5.2.1
()

5.5.2.2
5.5.2.3 0.006L+3.2m
(
1 5.1.4.2(2))

2-28

5.5.3
5.5.3.1 W
W=7.2s(h+1.2)l2 cm3
sm
hm 0.25D
lm
Dm
5.5.3.2 150m 0.1D

1
1.2.6 20 8
5.5.4
5.5.4.1 W
W=7.2s(h+1.2)l2 cm3
sm
hm 0.25D
lm 2.5m
Dm
5.5.4.2 1.2.6
5.5.5
5.5.5.1

5.5.5.2

t=3.75s h +2.5
0.1D

mm

t=3.75s D +2.5 mm
sm
hm 0.4D
Dm
5.5.5.3 W 8 5.8.4.4
5.5.5.4 150m 0.1D
5.5.3.2
5.5.5.5 W 8 5.8.3.3
5.5.5.6 1.2.6
5.5.6
5.5.6.1 t 1
5.1.5
5.5.6.2 5.12.2.5
5.5.6.3 5.12.2.5

5.5.7
5.5.7.1 2 13
5.5.7.2 5.5.3.2 5.5.5.4

5.5.7.3
1 5.1.5

2-29

6
5.6.1
5.6.1.1
5.6.2
5.6.2.1
5.6.2.2 W
W=CLS(l+1) cm3
C C1.80 C1.92;
Sm
Lm 65m 190m
lm
5.6.2.3 I
I=7.5Wl cm4
Wl 5.6.2.2
2.5
5.6.2.4 1 210t(t
) 1/4 5.12.2.5
4.5m 20 ()
1 1.2.5.4
5.6.2.5
1.2.7
5.6.3
5.6.3.1 W
W=0.1Lbl2 cm3
Lm
bm
lm

5.6.3.2 65t K (t K )
5.12.2.5
1 1.2.5.4
5.6.3.3 1 1.2.7
5.6.4
5.6.4.1 W
W=csl2 cm3
sm
lm 2.5m
cc=0.35L c=0.12L+12.6, L ,m L190m 190m
5.6.4.2 0.4L
0.075L 5.6.4.1 80
2 2.8.5.1
5.6.4.3 150m

1.2.6
, 8

2-30

12
5.12.2.2(2)
(2) 1

1
1

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2 , 1 9
1.1.3

2.1
2.1.1 1 9

2.1.2 M s
Mw 1 9 1.9.6.1(2)
2.1.3 () M sp

3.1
3.1.1 3.2.1~3.2.3
3.2.1~3.2.3
3.2
3.2.1 3.2.1 LC2LC3LC5LC6

3.2.1

LC1

Ms

Mw

LC2

Ms

Mw

LC3

0.35D

M sp

2-31

LC4

0.35D

M sp

LC5

Ms

Mw

LC6

0.25D

M sp

LC7

Ms

Mw

LC8

Ms

Mw

3.2.2

3.2.2

LC1

Ms

Mw

LC2

Ms

Mw

LC3

Ms

Mw

LC4

0.25D

M sp

2-32

3.2.2

LC5

0.25D

M sp

LC6

0.35D

M sp

LC7

0.35D

M sp

LC8

Ms

Mw

LC9

Ms

Mw

LC10

Ms

Mw

3.2.3

3.2.3

LC1

Ms

Mw

LC2

0.35D

M sp

LC3

Ms

Mw

2-33

3.2.3

LC4

Mw

Ms

4.1
4.1.1 1 9 ( 4.1.1)

4.1.1

4.2
4.2.1
4.2.1.1
y = x = z = 0

4.2.1.2 G
= 0

4.2.2 ( 4.2.2)
4.2.2.1 A B
x = y = z = 0
4.2.2.2 DEF
C
DEF

4.2.2

()

2-34

G()

AB

DEF

4.2.3 ( 4.2.3)
4.2.3.1 A B H
xyz
4.2.3.2 A B H
y = z = x = 0 A H x = 0
4.2.3

()

G()

AB

H( A)

H( B)

4.2.4

4.2.4
D
E
F

E
C

F
H
C

N.A

G
H

4.2.4

5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1. 2 5.1.2
2-35

5.1.2

(N/mm )

[e]

[]

220/K

220/ K

220/ K

115/ K

235/ K

115/ K

175/ K

95/ K

175/ K

95/ K

195/ K

95/ K

195/ K

95/ K

195/K

6
6.1
6.1.1 6.1.1
6.1.1

1.5m

(mm)

1.0
2.0

2.0

1.0
1.0

1.0

1mm

6.1.2

6.1.2
6.1.2

0.8

0.8

0.8

1.0

0.8

1.0

2-36

1
7.1.4.1
7.1.4.1 150m 0.85B(B ) 2

7.1.4.2
7.1.4.2 0.89B(B ) 2

7.1.4.3
7.1.4.3 150m CCS

(1) ()
(2) ()
(3)
(4)
1

1
1
1.1
1.1.1 ISO 1496-1:1990 123
ISO 1496-1:1990 2006 4

CCS
ISO

1.1.2 1.1.2

2-37

ISO668
20
ISO668
40
ISO668
45
43
48
53

1CC
1C
1CX
1AAA
1AA
1A
1AX
1EEE
1EE

(mm)

(mm)

6058

2438

12192

2438

13716

2438

13103

2438

(mm)
2591
2438
<2438
2896
2591
2438
<2438
2896
2591

1.1.2

()
(mm)

(
)(mm)

(kg)

5853

2259

24000
(30480)

11985

2259

30480

11985
13509

2259

30480

2591

11985
2259
30480
11985
14630
2591
2908
2259
30480
14422
11985
2259
30480
16154
2591
2908
15947
ISO ISO 668:1995
ISO 668:1995 Amd 1:200520 30480kg

20 2.5t
40 3.5t
43 45 4.0t
48 53 4.5t

1.2
1.2.1 Equipped with Container
Securing Arrangements
1.3
1.3.1
(1)
(2) ()
(3) ()
(4) ()
(5)
(6)
(7) ( CCS )
1.4
() 4

1.5
1.5.1 (Bay):
()
1.5.2 (Cell Guides)

1.5.3 (Container Block)/


1.5.4 (Container Stack)

1.5.5 (Corner Fitting)


2-38

ISO 1161
45 40
1.5.6 (Corner Post)
40
1.5.7 (Design Breaking Load)

1.5.8 (Design GM Value) GM


GM

0.025B 0.075B B
1.5.9 ISO (ISO Freight Container)
ISO

ISO 1496-1 1 (ISO 1496-1 Series 1 freight containers);


ISO 668 (ISO 668 External dimensions and ratings);
ISO 1161 (ISO 1161 Corner fittings and specifications)
1.5.10 (Lashing Assembly)

1.5.11 (Lashing Point)


D
1.5.12 (Lashing Bridge)

1.5.13 (SWL)

1.5.14 (Proof Load)


2.2.1
1.5.15 /(Row/ Stack)
1.5.16 (Racking)
1.5.17 (Securing Device)
1.5.18 (Tier)
1.5.19 (Turnbuckle)
1.5.20 (Twistlock)
1.6
1.6.1 ISO668
4.8

2
2.1
2.1.1 CCS

2.2
2.2.1 2
2.2.1
()

2.2.1

(kN)
SWL400

SWL400

2-39

(kN)
SWL400

SWL400


()
()
()

3SWL
2SWL
3SWL
2.5SWL
2SWL

1.5SWL
SWL400

1.5SWL

SWL200

315N/mm2

SWL kN

2.2.2 1 1
3
(1) 95
(2) 1
(3) 1 3
2.2.3 2.2.3

2-40

2.2.3
(kN)

SWL

()

180

270

360

250

375

360

()

80

200

100

300

120

360

250

375

500

200

300

400

250

375

500

200

300

400

250

375

500

250

375

500

200

300

400

250

375

500

250

375

500

2.2.1

2.3
2.3.1

(1) 50 ( 50 50 )
1 1.5
50 ( 50 50 ) 1
(2)
1
2.3.2 2.3.1(1)

(1) 1.5SWL SWL250 kN


(2) SWL125 SWL250 kN
2.3.3 1 2

2.3.4 2.3.1(2)

3
3.1
3.1.1

3.1.2 4

3.2

2-41

3.2.1
(1)

(2)
(3)
(4)
3.2.2 ()
3.2.3
3.2.4 375kN
3.3
3.3.1
(1)
(2) 3.2

(3)

(4)
(5)

(6) 3

(7)

(8)
3.3.2
(1)
(2)
12mm
(ReH N/mm2)
0.4 ReH

0.67 ReH

(3)
(4) 5m

20mm 1
(5)
(6)
(7) 3.3.2(4)
(8)
(9) 25mm 40mm

(10)
(11)
3.4 20 40
3.4.1 40 20

3.4.2 40 1/2 20

2-42

3.4.3 40 20

(1) 20 40 20
3.4.3(1)
(2) 20 1 40 20
3.4.3(2)
(3) 40 1/2 20
4.7
3.4.3(1) 3.4.3(2) ISO1496-1:1990 24t 20
(4) 20 20 20 40

(5) 2 20 1 40 20
40
20
3.4.3(1)
at(g)
tiers
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
at(g)
tiers
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

0.40

0.41

0.42

0.43

0.44

0.45

0.46

0.47

0.48

0.49

0.50

0.51

0.52

0.53

0.54

8.31
9.10
10.06
11.24
12.74
14.70
17.38
21.24
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.11
8.88
9.81
10.97
12.43
14.34
16.95
20.72
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.91
8.67
9.58
10.71
12.14
14.00
16.55
20.23
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.73
8.47
9.36
10.46
11.85
13.68
16.16
19.76
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.55
8.27
9.15
10.22
11.58
13.37
15.80
19.31
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.39
8.09
8.94
9.99
11.33
13.07
15.44
18.88
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.23
7.91
8.75
9.78
11.08
12.78
15.11
18.47
23.74
24.00
24.00

7.07
7.75
8.56
9.57
10.84
12.51
14.79
18.07
23.24
24.00
24.00

6.93
7.58
8.38
9.37
10.62
12.25
14.48
17.70
22.75
24.00
24.00

6.78
7.43
8.21
9.18
10.40
12.00
14.18
17.34
22.29
24.00
24.00

6.65
7.28
8.05
8.99
10.19
11.76
13.90
16.99
21.84
24.00
24.00

6.52
7.14
7.89
8.82
9.99
11.53
13.63
16.66
21.42
24.00
24.00

6.39
7.00
7.74
8.65
9.80
11.31
13.37
16.34
21.00
24.00
24.00

6.27
6.87
7.59
8.49
9.62
11.10
13.11
16.03
20.61
24.00
24.00

6.16
6.74
7.45
8.33
9.44
10.89
12.87
15.73
20.23
24.00
24.00

0.55

0.56

0.57

0.58

0.59

0.60

0.61

0.62

0.63

0.64

0.65

0.66

0.67

0.68

0.69

6.04
6.62
7.32
8.18
9.27
10.69
12.64
15.44
19.86
24.00
24.00

5.94
6.50
7.19
8.03
9.10
10.50
12.41
15.17
19.50
24.00
24.00

5.83
6.39
7.06
7.89
8.94
10.32
12.19
14.90
19.16
24.00
24.00

5.73
6.28
6.94
7.75
8.79
10.14
11.98
14.65
18.83
24.00
24.00

5.63
6.17
6.82
7.62
8.64
9.97
11.78
14.40
18.51
24.00
24.00

5.54
6.07
6.71
7.50
8.49
9.80
11.58
14.16
18.20
24.00
24.00

5.45
5.97
6.60
7.37
8.36
9.64
11.39
13.93
17.90
24.00
24.00

5.36
5.87
6.49
7.25
8.22
9.49
11.21
13.70
17.62
24.00
24.00

5.28
5.78
6.39
7.14
8.09
9.33
11.03
13.48
17.34
24.00
24.00

5.19
5.69
6.29
7.03
7.96
9.19
10.86
13.27
17.07
23.89
24.00

5.11
5.60
6.19
6.92
7.84
9.05
10.69
13.07
16.80
23.52
24.00

5.04
5.52
6.10
6.81
7.72
8.91
10.53
12.87
16.55
23.17
24.00

4.96
5.43
6.01
6.71
7.61
8.78
10.37
12.68
16.30
22.82
24.00

4.89
5.35
5.92
6.61
7.50
8.65
10.22
12.49
16.06
22.49
24.00

4.82
5.28
5.83
6.52
7.39
8.52
10.07
12.31
15.83
22.16
24.00

0.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
at(g)
tiers
4.75
4.68
4.62
4.55
4.49
4.43
4.37
4.32
4.26
4.21
4.16
12
5.20
5.13
5.06
4.99
4.92
4.85
4.79
4.73
4.67
4.61
4.55
11
5.75
5.67
5.59
5.51
5.44
5.37
5.29
5.23
5.16
5.09
5.03
10
6.42
6.33
6.25
6.16
6.08
6.00
5.92
5.84
5.77
5.69
5.62
9
7.28
7.18
7.08
6.98
6.89
6.80
6.71
6.62
6.53
6.45
6.37
8
8.40
8.28
8.17
8.06
7.95
7.84
7.74
7.64
7.54
7.44
7.35
7
9.93
9.79
9.65
9.52
9.39
9.27
9.15
9.03
8.91
8.80
8.69
6
12.14
11.96
11.80
11.64
11.48
11.33
11.18
11.03
10.89
10.75
10.62
5
15.60
15.38
15.17
14.96
14.76
14.56
14.37
14.18
14.00
13.83
13.65
4
21.84
21.54
21.24
20.95
20.66
20.39
20.12
19.86
19.60
19.36
19.11
3
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
2
tiers 20 at 7 20
40 at 0.45g 13.07t

2-43

13.077=91.49t

20 1 40
at(g)

tiers
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

at(g)
tiers
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

3.4.3(2)

0.40

0.41

0.42

0.43

0.44

0.45

0.46

0.47

0.48

0.49

0.50

0.51

0.52

0.53

0.54

13.30
14.56
16.10
17.99
20.39
23.52
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

12.97
14.21
15.70
17.55
19.89
22.95
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

12.66
13.87
15.33
17.13
19.42
22.40
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

12.37
13.55
14.97
16.73
18.96
21.88
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

12.09
13.24
14.63
16.35
18.53
21.39
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

11.82
12.94
14.31
15.99
18.12
20.91
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

11.56
12.66
14.00
15.64
17.73
20.46
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

11.32
12.39
13.70
15.31
17.35
20.02
23.66
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

11.08
12.14
13.41
14.99
16.99
19.60
23.17
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

10.85
11.89
13.14
14.68
16.64
19.20
22.69
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

10.64
11.65
12.88
14.39
16.31
18.82
22.24
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

10.43
11.42
12.62
14.11
15.99
18.45
21.80
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

10.23
11.20
12.38
13.84
15.68
18.10
21.39
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

10.03
10.99
12.15
13.58
15.39
17.75
20.98
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

9.85
10.79
11.92
13.33
15.10
17.43
20.59
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

0.55

0.56

0.57

0.58

0.59

0.60

0.61

0.62

0.63

0.64

0.65

0.66

0.67

0.68

0.69

9.67
10.59
11.71
13.08
14.83
17.11
20.22
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

9.50
10.40
11.50
12.85
14.56
16.80
19.86
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

9.33
10.22
11.29
12.62
14.31
16.51
19.51
23.84
24.00
24.00
24.00

9.17
10.04
11.10
12.41
14.06
16.22
19.17
23.43
24.00
24.00
24.00

9.01
9.87
10.91
12.20
13.82
15.95
18.85
23.04
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.86
9.71
10.73
11.99
13.59
15.68
18.53
22.65
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.72
9.55
10.55
11.80
13.37
15.43
18.23
22.28
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.58
9.40
10.38
11.61
13.15
15.18
17.94
21.92
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.44
9.25
10.22
11.42
12.94
14.94
17.65
21.57
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.31
9.10
10.06
11.24
12.74
14.70
17.38
21.24
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.18
8.96
9.90
11.07
12.55
14.48
17.11
20.91
24.00
24.00
24.00

8.06
8.83
9.75
10.90
12.36
14.26
16.85
20.59
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.94
8.69
9.61
10.74
12.17
14.04
16.60
20.29
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.82
8.57
9.47
10.58
11.99
13.84
16.35
19.99
24.00
24.00
24.00

7.71
8.44
9.33
10.43
11.82
13.64
16.12
19.70
24.00
24.00
24.00

at(g)
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
tiers
12
7.60
7.49
7.39
7.29
7.19
7.09
7.00
6.91
6.82
6.73
6.65
11
8.32
8.20
8.09
7.98
7.87
7.77
7.66
7.56
7.47
7.37
7.28
10
9.20
9.07
8.94
8.82
8.70
8.58
8.47
8.36
8.25
8.15
8.05
9
10.28
10.13
9.99
9.86
9.72
9.59
9.47
9.34
9.23
9.11
8.99
8
11.65
11.49
11.33
11.17
11.02
10.87
10.73
10.59
10.46
10.32
10.19
7
13.44
13.25
13.07
12.89
12.72
12.55
12.38
12.22
12.06
11.91
11.76
6
15.89
15.66
15.44
15.23
15.03
14.83
14.63
14.44
14.26
14.08
13.90
5
19.42
19.14
18.88
18.62
18.37
18.12
17.88
17.65
17.43
17.20
16.99
4
24.00
24.00
24.00
23.94
23.61
23.30
22.99
22.69
22.40
22.12
21.84
3
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
2
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
tiers 20 40 at
7 20 40 at 0.45g
20.91t 20.917=146.31t

4
4.1
4.1.1

4.1.2 FxFy Fz 4.1.2 ox Fx


Fy Fz

2-44

4.1.2
4.2
4.2.1 at 1 9 1.9.2.2(6)

at =

9
B 0.16

kGM k x

m/s2

GM 0.055 B
GM 0.05 B, B 40m 0.9
0.165B
1
B m
GM 1.5.8
k x

kGM kGM = 1 +

k x = 1 + 0.1

(0.2 L x)
0.2 L

=1

x < 0.2L
0.2L x 0.7 L

( x 0.7 L)
x > 0.7 L
0.3L
L m
x m
4.2.2 at 1 9 1.9.2.2(6)

= 1 + 0.2

at =

9
B

0.23

kGM k x

m/s2

GM 0.055B
kGM kGM = 1 +
kGM 1
0.165B
GMB k x 4.2.1

4.2.3

al 1 9 1.9.2.2(7) al 1.5 m/s2

m 0.122 rad L 120 m


0.105 rad 120m < L < 275 m
0.0873 rad 275m L
4.2.4 av 1 9 1.9.2.2(8) m 4.2.3
4.3

2-45

4.3.1

Fy

Fy = Gat + Q

kN

G t
at 4.2.1

Q= qA ,kN q q=1.12kPa q=0A


m2 1m
5m 1m 5m
1/3
4.3.2 Fz

Fz = 9.81G cos m + Gav


kN

Fz = 9.81G cos m
kN
G 4.3.1
m 1 9 1.9.2.1(2)

av 4.2.4
4.3.3 Fx
Fx = Gal
G 4.3.1
al 4.2.3

kN

4.4
4.4.1
(1) Fy x i
Hi
kN
Hi = Fyi/2
Hi Hi/2 Hi/2
Fyi i 4.3.1
(2) Fz 4 i
Vi
Vi = Fzi/4 kN
Fzi i 4.3.2
(3) x i Li

kN
Li = Fxi/2
Fxi i 4.3.3
4.4.2 3 4.4.2 4.4.2

2-46

4.4.2

Ri

Pi

Pi

'

Si

4.4.2

F3 + F2 + F1

F3 + F2

F3

F3
( h3 + h2 + h1 )+ V2 +
b
F2
F
( h2 + h1 )+ V1 + 1 h1
b
b

V3 +

V3 +

F3
( h3 + h2 + h1 )+ V2
b
F2
F
( h2 + h1 )+ V1 1 h1
b
b

V3

0.55( H 3 + H 2 + H1 )

F3
b

F
( h3 + h2 )+ V2 + 2 h2
b
V3

F3
( h3 + h2 )+ V2
b
F2
h2
b
0.55( H 3 + H 2 )

V3 +

F3
h3
b

V3

F3
h3
b

0.55 H 3

Pi' 0

4.5
4.5.1 2.2.1

4.5.2 4.5.2 1 2 2
A T (T 4.7.2(2))

2-47

4.5.2

2
2

AEl
1
H1 + H 2 3 y
l
T= 2
AEl y2
Cc + 1
l3

kN

H1 H 2 4.4.1(1)
l

l = l x2 + l y2 + l z2 mm

lx

mm

ly

mm

lz

mm
E 10000kN/cm2 (
)4000kN/cm2( 1 2 )14000 kN/cm2
( 2 3 )17500kN/cm2( 3
4 )19000kN/cm2
A cm2

mm
Cc 4.5.2

Cc (mm/kN)

4.5.2

(m)

2.438
2.591
2.896

0.275
0.291
0.325

0.061
0.066
0.073

0.168
0.178
0.199

4.5.3 4.7.2(1)
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.1 Q3Q5
1
1
Q3 = [ H 4 (h1 Z 4 ) + H 5 (h1 Z 5 )] + [ H1Z1 + H 2 Z 2 + H 3Z 3 ]
kN
h1
h2
1
Q5 = ( H 4 Z 4 + H 5 Z 5 ) kN
h1
H1H2H3H4 H5 4.4.1(1)
Qi n n 4 n Qi; n
4 Qi (n)
2-48

Qi (n)= Qin0.015(n4)3

4.6.1
4.6.2
4.6.2 ij k QiQj Qk
Qi
Qj Qk
k
1
Qk (C sk + kCc ) + (kQi + kQ j )Cc + k = Cc [( H k +1 + H k +2 + H k +3 + H k + 4 )k + H r (r )]
2
r =1
j
1
Q j (Csj + jCc ) + jQi Cc + j = Cc [( H j +1 + H j + 2 ) j + H r ( r )]
2
r =1
i
1
Qi (Csi + iCc ) + i = Cc [ H i +1i + H r (r )]
2
r =1

CsiCsj Csk ij k , mm/kN


ij k ij k
Cc 4.5.2

4.6.2
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2 4.7.2 (ISO) 1
(1)
150kN
300kN
300kN
(2)
150kN
100kN
(3)
250kN
250kN
2-49

848kN
(4)
20 () 225kN
40 () 340kN
20 () 350kN
40 () 500kN
20 () 575kN, 40
() 840kN
(5) 45
45 45 942 kN
40 40 404 kN
45 40
(6) ( 43 48 53 )

4.7.2

20 40
2-50

4.8
4.8.1
4.8.1.1 2
4.8.1.2
4.8.1.3
4.8.2
4.8.2.1
4.8.2.2 4.8.2.2

4.8.2.2
0.291mm/kN F=1000kN 291mm
4.8.2.3
4.8.2.4
4.8.2.5
4.8.3
4.8.3.1
4.8.3.2

4.8.4
4.8.4.1 4.7

5
5.1
5.1.1
5.2
5.2.1 ( 50%)
5.2.2

5.2.2

20

0.1SWL
0%
L270m
0.15SWL
0%
270< L315m
L>315m
0.20SWL
0%

5.2.2
40

0.15SWL
0.20SWL
0.25SWL

0%
0%
0%

5.2.3
175kN
5.2.4

2-51

5.2.5
5.2.6 4.3.2
5.3
5.3.1

5.3.2
(1)

(2) 100mm100mm

5.4
5.4.1 (ReH
N/mm2)
0.4ReH
0.88 ReH

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2 , 1 9

2
2.1
2.1.1
(1)
(2) ()
(3) ()
2.2
2.2.1 1 9

2.2.2 M s
M w 1 9 1.9.6.1(2)
2.2.3
()
2.2.4
(1)

(2)

(3)
(4) 15

(5) 85()

2-52

1/23
2.3
2.3.1 2.3.1 2.3.1

2.3.1

1(LC1)

()

2(LC2)

40ft

40ft

40ft

PW

40ft

40ft

20ft

20ft

20ft

PW

3G(LC3G)

40ft

4(LC4)

5(LC5)

6(LC6)

2G(LC2G)
3(LC3)

PW

1G(LC1G)

40ft

40ft

40ft

20ft

20ft

40ft

(1) dm
(2) PW19

40ft

(3) (LC4LC5)30 tg 1 ( 2 ( D d ) B )

(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)

(20ft40ft)
(20ft40ft)
62.2.32.2.4
1G2G3G

2-53

40

40

20

40

20

WTB
NWTB

2.3.1

2-54

2.3.2 123

2.42.5.3
2.3.3 (45)

2.3.4 13.0m6
2.4
2.4.1 1 9
2.4.2
2.4. 2(1)~(3)

2.4.2(1)

2-55

2.4.2(2)

2.4.2(3)
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.1.1 (1236)
y = x = z = 0

2.5.2 ( 2.5.2)
2.5.2.1 2.3.1
2-56

2.5.2.2 AB
x = y = z = 0
2.5.2.3 KL
z = 0 LHKG

2.5.2.4 6()
KL z = 0

2.5.2

()

AB

KL

LHKG( 123)

2.5.3 (2.5.3)
2.5.3.1 2.3.1
2.5.3.2 ABD
x y z

2.5.3.3 ABD
= z = x = 0 AD x = 0
2.5.3

()

AB

D( A)

D( B)

2.5.4 (45)(2.5.4)
2.5.4.1
2.5.4.2 AB2.5.2.2
2.5.4.3 ABEF z = 0
EMFN

2.5.4.4 ABIJ y = 0

2-57

2.5.4

AB

EF

EMFN

IJ

2.5.5 2.5.5
N

M
L

K
M

N
E
G

N.A

J
H

I
J

2.5.5
2.6
2.6.1 1G2G3G2.6.1

2.6.1
2

(N/mm )

[e]

[]

220/K

220/ K

220/ K

115/ K

235/ K

115/ K

2.6.2 2.6.2

[L]
100/ K

100/ K

LC123
LC12345
LC123
LC12345
2-58

2.6.2
(N/mm2)
[w]
[e]
140/ K

140/ K

175/ K

175/ K

[]

90/ K
90/ K
90/ K

LC12345
LC123

[L]
100/ K

LC12345

(N/mm2)
[w]
[e]
175/ K

140/ K
175/ K
140/ K

LC6

140/ K
LC 45

LC6

LC123456

(1) ;
(2) L
(3) w

[]
90/ K
90/ K

175/ K

85/ K
175/ K
85/ K
220/ K

90/ K

2.6.3 6

e = 123 K
N/mm2
K
2.7
2.7.1 2.7.1

2.7.1
(mm)

()

1.0

()

1.0

()

1.0

()

1.0

()

2.7.2 2.7.2

2.7.2

LC1G2G3G

0.8

LC1G2G3G

0.8

LC1G2G3G

1.0

LC12345

1.0

LC1G2G3G

1.0

LC123

0.8

LC123

1.0

LC45

1.0

3
3.1
3.1.1

2-59

3.2
3.2.1
3.2.1.1
3.2.1.2 d 40
0.4L
3.2.2
3.2.2.1 3.2.1
3.2.2.2
19
3.2.2.3
10-8
3.2.3
3.2.3.1
3.2.3. 1

3.2.3.1

L/2
3

L/4
4

3L/4
5

LC1

LC2

LC3

LC4

LC5

3.3
3.3.1
3.3.1.1

3.3.1.1

3.3.1.1

3.3.2
3.3.2.1
(1) ()

(2)
(3)
3.3.2.2

3.3.3
3.3.3.1

3.3.3.2 3 2

2-60

3.3.4
3.3.4.1 ( 3.3.4.1)

3.3.4.1
3.3.4.2 ()(3.3.4.11)
= 0 (3.3.4.12) x = y = z = 0

3.3.4.3 (3)(4)
z = 0
3.4
3.4.1 ()
[ e ] = 0.9 235 / K N/mm2

3.4.2

[ e ] = 0.9 235 / K

N/mm2

4
4.1
4.1.1 ()
() CCS

4.1.2 1 9
4.1.3 Palmgren-Miner S-N
CCS

4.1.4 ()
4.1.5 () 1

4.2
4.2.1

4.2.2

4.2.3
4.2.3.1
(1) LC1 1/2 ()
(2) LC2 1/2 ()
(3) LC3 1/2
(4) LC4 1/2
(5) LC5 1/4
2-61

(6) LC6 1/4


(7) LC7 1/2
(8) LC8 1/2
(9) LC9 3/4
(10) LC10 3/4
4.2.3.2 4.2.3.1
4.2.3.3 4.2.3.1

12 = LC1 LC 2
34 = LC 3 LC 4
56 = LC 5 LC 6
78 = LC 7 LC 8
910 = LC 9 LC10
ij i j N/mm2

LCi i N/mm2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.1.1 4.3.2-4.3.7
4.3.1.2

4.3.2
4.3.2.1
4.3.2.1(1)(2)
(1) 40
(2)
(3)

4.3.2.1(1)

2-62

4.3.2.1(2) ()

4.3.3
4.3.3.1
(1) 40
()
(2) ()
(3)
4.3.3.2
4.3.3.2(1)(3)

4.3.3.2(1)

2-63

4.3.3.2(2) ()

4.3.3.2(3) ()

4.3.4 1 4.3.3.1
4.3.5
4.3.5.1
4.3.5.4
4.3.5.2
()
4.3.5.3

(1)
2-64

(2) ()
4.3.5.4 ( t t )
10t
4.3.6
4.3.6.1 3.3.5
4.3.6.2

4.4
4.4.1 Weibull Weibull

= 1.45 0.036 f L
L m
f = 1 0.08 z d1

z d1

f = 0.91 + 0.08z d1 )( D d1 )

z > d1

f = 0.92
Dm
d1 m
z m
4.4.2 SN C
4.4.3
f t [ S L ]
f t = 0.9

N/mm24.2.3.3

[SL]N/mm24.4.3

N/mm2

C[SL]

[SL]

0.60

1055.68

0.61

1022.78

0.62
0.63

4.4.3

[SL]

0.81

611.6

1.02

421.42

0.82

598.95

1.03

415.23

991.59

0.83

586.78

1.04

409.21

961.97

0.84

575.06

1.05

403.37

0.64

933.83

0.85

563.78

1.06

397.7

0.65

907.08

0.86

552.9

1.07

392.18

0.66

881.62

0.87

542.42

1.08

386.82

0.67

857.38

0.88

532.31

1.09

381.61

0.68

834.27

0.89

522.55

1.1

376.54

0.69

812.24

0.9

513.13

1.11

371.61

[SL]

0.7

791.2

0.91

504.03

1.12

366.81

0.71

771.11

0.92

495.23

1.13

362.14

0.72

751.91

0.93

486.73

1.14

357.59

0.73

733.54

0.94

478.51

1.15

353.16

0.74

715.97

0.95

470.55

1.16

348.84

0.75

699.13

0.96

462.85

1.17

344.63

0.76

683

0.97

455.39

1.18

340.53

0.77

667.53

0.98

448.17

1.19

336.53

0.78

652.69

0.99

441.17

1.20

332.63

0.79

638.44

1.00

434.39

0.80

624.76

1.01

427.8

2-65

1
8.1.3
8.1.3.1 150m()1

8.1.3.2 150m CCS

(1) ()
(2) ()
(3)
(4)

(5)

2
8.2.1.5
8.2.1.5
1.5
8.2.1.6
8.2.1.6 150m
() 1
8.2.2

5
8.5.4.5
8.5.4.5
8.5.6

6
8.6.4.5
8.6.4.5 L 100m 3.6m
L 100m (0.006L+3.0)m 1

8.6.4.6
8.6.4.6
8.6.7
1

2-66

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2 , 1 9

2
2.1
2.1.1 1 9

2.1.2 M s
M w 1 9 1.9.6.1(2)
2.1.3 () M sp

3
3.1
3.1.1 3.2.1
3.2.1

3.2
3.2.1 3.2.1

3.2.1

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

= d

= d

2-67

1.1Ma
M s

Mw

= d

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

=d

= d

2-68

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

Ms

Mw

= d

10

-1

=0.67d

11

-2

=0.83d

12

-3

=0.67d

13

-3

=0.67d

14

-4

=0.75d

2-69

15

-1a

M sp

M sp

M sp

M sp

=0.67d

16

-1b

=0.67d

17

-1c

=0.67d

18

-2

=0.67d
Ma kNm
MH t
MFULL t
M FULL = VFULL max ( M H / VH ,0.86 )
MHD t
MBW t
MBLK t
m3
VH
VFULL m3
w 1.025t/m3

4
4.1
4.1.1 1 9 ( 4.1.1)

2-70

4.1.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.1.1
y = x = z = 0

4.2.1.2 G
= 0

4.2.2 ( 4.2.2)
4.2.2.1 A B
x = y = z = 0
4.2.2.2 DE
C
DE

4.2.2

()

G()

AB

DE

4.2.3 ( 4.2.3)
4.2.3.1 A B H
x y z
4.2.3.2

A B H
2-71

y = z = x = 0 A H x = 0
4.2.3

()

G()

AB

H( A)

H( B)

4.2.4 4.2.4
D

F
H
C

N.A

G
H

4.2.4

5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2 5.1.2

5.1.2

(N/mm )

[e]

[]

220/K

220/K

220/K

115/K

220/K

115/K

235/K

115/K

175/K

95/K

175/K

95/K

195/K

95/K

2-72

(N/mm2)

[e]

[]

195/K

95/K

175/K

195/K

6
6.1
6.1.1 6.1.1
6.1.1

(mm)

1.5m

1.0

2.0
1.0

6.1.2 6.1.2

6.1.2

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

1.0

1.0

0.8

hm
ham
hfm
MH 1
MFULL 1
MHD 1
MDt
MBLK 1
THBm
Ti i lH m
dm
VHm3
Vf Va m3
2-73

Tmin0.75 d m

1.

1.1
1.1.1 150m
1.1.2
(1)
(2)
1.1.3

2.

2.1
2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.5
1
2.1.2
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
( d Ti )
Wmax (Ti ) = M HD + 0.1M H 1.025VH
h
Wmax(Ti) MHD
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Ti0.83d

(Ti 0.83d
dTi> 0.83d
h
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
Wmax (Ti ) = M Full
dTi0.67d
(0.67d Ti )
Wmax (Ti ) = M Full 1.025VH
Ti<0.67d
h
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Tid
2.1.2
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025VH

(a)
(b)
2.1.2
2.1.3
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t 2.1.2
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
2-74

Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025VH

TiTHB
(Ti THB )
h

dTi> THB

(d Ti )
dTi
0
h
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
( d Ti )
Wmax (Ti ) = M Full 1.025VH
h
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Tid
2.1.3

Wmin (Ti ) = 0.5M H 1.025VH

(a)
(b)
2.1.3
2.1.4
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
Wmax (Ti ) = M Full
dTi0.67d
(0.67d Ti )
Wmax (Ti ) = M Full 1.025VH
Ti<0.67d
h
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Ti0.83d

(Ti 0.83d
dTi> 0.83d
h
2.1.4
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025VH

2-75

2.1.4
2.1.5
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
( d Ti )
Wmax (Ti ) = M Full 1.025VH
h
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
TiTHB
(Ti THB )
dTi> THB
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025VH
h
(d Ti )
dTi
Wmin (Ti ) = 0.5M H 1.025VH
h
Wmin (Ti ) 0
2.1.5

2.1.5

2.2
2.2.1 2.2.2 1

2.2.2 /
15%

2.2.3
/(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t 2.1.2

Wmax (Ti ) = M HD
Ti0.67d
(0.67d Ti )
Wmax (Ti ) = M HD + 0.1M H 1.025VH
Ti<0.67d
h
2.2.4
/(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t 2.1.3

Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL


Ti0.67d
(0.67 d Ti )
Ti<0.67d
Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025VH
h
2.2.5
/(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t 2.2.2

2-76

Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL

dTi>0.67d

Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025VH

3.

(0.67 d Ti )
h

Ti<0.67d

3.1
3.1.1 3.1.2
1
3.1.2
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
Vf V
Wmax (Ti ) = M BLK + 0.1M H1.025( + a )( d Ti )
h f ha
Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025(

Vf
hf

Va
)(0.67d Ti )
ha

Wmax (Ti ) M BLK


(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Ti0.75d
Vf V
dTi>0.75d
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025( + a )(Ti 0.75d)
h f ha
3.1.3
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
Vf V
Wmax (Ti ) = M BLK + 0.1M H1.025( + a )(d Ti )
h f ha
Wmax (Ti ) M BLK
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
TiTHB
Vf V
dTi>THB
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025( + a )(Ti THB )
h f ha
3.1.3

a
b
3.1.3
3.1.4
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL
dTi0.67d

2-77

Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025(

Vf
hf

Va
)(0.67d Ti )
ha

Ti<0.67d

(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
Ti0.75d
Vf V
dTi>0.75d
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025( + a )(Ti 0.75d)
h f ha
3.1.5
(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t
Vf V
Ti<d
Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025( + a )(d Ti )
h f ha
(Ti)(Wmin(Ti))t
Wmin (Ti ) = 0
TiTHB
Vf V
dTi>THB
Wmin (Ti ) = 1.025( + a )(Ti THB )
h f ha
3.1.5

a
b
3.1.5
3.2
3.2.1 3.2.2
1
3.2.2 /
15%

3.2.3
/(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t 3.1.3

Vf V
Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025( + a )(0.67d Ti )
h f ha

Wmax (Ti ) M BLK


3.2.4
/(Ti)(Wmax(Ti))t 3.1.5

Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL


dTi0.67d
Vf V
Wmax (Ti ) = M FULL 1.025( + a )(0.67d Ti ) Ti<0.67d
h f ha

2-78

9.4.8.1 (1)
9.4.8.1
9.4.2.2
9.4.2.2

5
9.5.7.1 (1)
9.5.7.1
9.5.2.2
9.5.2.2
9.5.2.2 9.5.2.3
9.5.2.3 9.5.2.4

7
9.7.2.1
9.7.2.1 1 9
9.7.2.2 9.7.2.1(2) 9.7.2.1
9.7.2.3 9.7.2.1(2) 9.7.2.1
9.7.2.3 9.7.2.1(2) 9.7.2.1
9.7.2.3 9.7.2.1(2) 9.7.2.1

79

11

2
11.2.3.1 12 8

80

12

3.1.2.1
3.1.2.1 1 1.9.6

81

13

13.2.1
13.2.1.1 22
13.2.1.2 ,
( )
13.2.1.3 17

82

14

3
14.3.2.1
14.3.4.4
14.3.4.4

8
14.8.4.2 t = 4s h + 2.5

mm t = 3.95s h + 2.5

14.8.4.5 W = 8.2s hl 2

cm3 W = 8s hl 2

14.8.4.6 W = 12b hl 2

cm3 W = 11.7b hl 2

mm

cm 3
cm3

83

15

1
15.1.3
15.1.3
15.1.3.1 2 1
(1)
(2)

2
15.2.2.4
15.2.3.4 KLK
15.2.4
15.2.4
15.2.4.1 2 13 (
)
15.2.4.2 t
7.5 mm
t=t0+2.5 mm
s
)
t0=3.9s h mm l/s<4 t0 (1.12.5l
sm
hm 15.2.4.2
lm
15.2.4.2

h(m)
1.

2.

3.5m
3.

3.5m

4.()

3.5m

12

12 3

15.2.4.3 15.2.4.2
W
cm3
W=7shl2
sm
lm
hm 15.2.4.2
15.2.4.4 () W
cm3
W=7bhl2
bm
lm
84

hm 15.2.4.2
15.2.4.4 15.2.4.5
15.2.4.5 15.2.4.6
15.2.4.6 2 10 P

P=9.8shl
kN
sm
hm
lm
15.2.4.6

85

17

17
1
17.1.1
17.1.1.1 /

17.1.1.2 2 CCS
17.1.2
17.1.2.1 2 1
(1)
(2)
(3) ( 1 1.9.1.8)
17.1.3
17.1.3.1 /

17.1.3.1
17.1.3.2
17.1.3.3
17.1.3.4
17.1.3.5 LD(m)

17.1.3.6

17.1.3.1
86

2
17.2.1
17.2.1.1 2 2
17.2.1.2 ()
17.2.1.3 0.4LD

17.2.2
17.2.2.1
(1)
(2)
()

()

(3) (/
)
17.2.3
17.2.3.1 2 2 ;
(1) 137/K
N/mm2 95/KN/mm2(K 0.72)
(2) W0
(3)
(4) 2 2 50%

3
17.3.1
17.3.1.1
2 2 2.2.7
17.3.1.2
17.3.2
17.3.2.1 (
)
(1) ()
(2) 17.2.2
(3)
()
(4) (3)
(5)
(6) (
)
17.3.3
17.3.3.1 ()
87


17.3.3.2
17.3.2.1(1)(3)(4)(5)(6)
()
17.3.4
17.3.4.1
[ ] = 170/ K N/mm2

[ ] = 95/ K
[ e ] =

N/mm2

2 + 3 2 = 180 / K N/mm2

17.3.4.2
17.3.4.1

4
17.4.1
17.4.1.1

17.4.1.2
17.4.2
17.4.2.1 t

t=t0+2.5 mm
s
)
t0=3.9s h mm l/s<4 t0 (1.12.5l
sm
hm 17.4.2.1
lm
17.4.2.1

1.

2.
3.

4.
5.

h(m)

3.5m
1 2

3.5m
3
3.5m

17.4.2.2 7.5 mm
17.4.3
17.4.3.1 17.4.2.1
W
cm3
W=7shl2
sm
lm
88

hm 17.4.2.1
17.4.4
17.4.4.1 t
6.5mm
t = 10 s mm 0.4LD
t = 7.8s + 2.2 mm 0.1LD
sm
17.4.4.2 0.4LD
17.4.5
17.4.5.1 W

W = Csl 2

cm3

C 0.4LD 14.5 5.4


s m
l m
17.4.6
17.4.6.1 t

t = t0 + 2.5

mm l s < 4 t 0 (1.1

s
)
2.5l

t0 = 3.4s h
mm
s m
l m
h m
17.4.6.2 17.4.6.1 /

17.4.6.3 7.5 mm
17.4.7
17.4.7.1 W
W = 4.5shl 2
cm3
17.4.6.1
17.4.7.2 17.4.7.1 /

17.4.8 ()
17.4.8.1 () W
W = 7bhl 2
cm3

b m
l m
h m 17.4.3.1
17.4.9
17.4.9.1 17.4.9.4 17.4.9.5

17.4.9.2 P
P= p
kN

p = 9.8 shl1
h m
89

s m
l1 m 17.4.9.3
17.4.9.3 P
(1) 1( 17.4.9.3)
p sin
P=
kN
sin( + )
p 17.4.9.2 h

() 17.4.9.3
(2) 2( 17.4.9.3)

P=

p sin
sin( + )

kN

p (1)

17.4.9.3 l1

17.4.9.4 A 2 10 2.10.2
17.4.9.5 2 10 2.10.3.2
17.4.10
17.4.10.1
17.2.2 17.3.4.1

17.4.11
17.4.11.1 5.75 kN/m2 [ ] = 60 /K N/mm2

[ ] = 35/K N/mm2
17.4.12
17.4.12.1 3.59 kN/m2 [ ] = 60/K

N/mm2

[ ] = 35/K N/mm2

5
90

17.5.1
17.5.1.1 1

1
1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2 1 9

2.1
2.1.1
(1)
(2) 17.2.2
(3)
(4)
(5)

3
3.1
3.1.1 17.2.2
(1) 1
(2) 2

(3) 3
3.1.2 1.9.7.6
3.1.3

4
4.1
4.1.1
(1) (x )
(2) (y )
(3) (z )
4.1.2 1 1.9.6.3 1.9.6.4
4.1.3
( 4.1.3)

91

4.1.3

5
5.1
5.1.1 5.1.1

5.1.1

(N/mm2)

(N/mm2)

[e] =185/K

[] =100/ K

[ ] =141/ K

6
6.1
6.1.1 5 1

92

18

18

1
18.1.1
18.1.1.1 () 18.1.1.1

18.1.1.1

18.1.1.2 B/D3.5
18.1.1.3 14

2
18.2.1
18.2.1.1 1

18.2.1.2 () 2 10
P P0 ab
18.2.1.3

18.2.2
18.2.2.1 18.2.1.1 14.5.2.1
18.2.2.2
100 mm 18.2.2.2

93

18.2.2.2

94

19

19

1
19.1.1
19.1.1.1
19.1.1.2 2
19.1.2
19.1.2.1 L(m)
()
50
19.1.2.2 B(m)
19.1.2.3 ()
19.1.2.4
19.1.2.5

2
19.2.1
19.2.1.1
19.2.1.2

19.2.1.3 () 1

1
1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2 1 9

2
2.1
2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3()
2.1.2 () 1 1.9.7

2.1.3 /()

3
3.1
3.1.1 () 90
()

95

4
4.1
4.1.1 /
4.1.2 1 9
4.1.3 4.1.3 4.1.3
4.1.3

C
(C)

()

()

ABC C Z
Z AB AB (
)

4.1.3

5
5.1
5.1.1 5.1.1

5.1.1

[e] (N/mm2)

[] (N/mm2)

200/K

90/K

6
6.1
6.1.1 5 1

96


2
5
7
8

...................................................................................................................................1
...............................................................................................1
........................................................................................................................................1
........................................................................................................................................2

3 .......................................................................................................3
11 .........................................................................................................................3
4 ...................................................................................................................................4
8 ...................................................................................................................................4
11 .........................................................................................................................5
3 ...........................................................................................................................5

2
5
2.5.2.1

2.5.2.1

,
,
1.5 5mm

2.5.2.2 E E

7
2.7.2.1
0.5MP

3-1

8
2.8.1.4

3-2

3
11
3.11.1.1
3.11.1.1 A ,
,,

21.8.7.4(6)

3-3

4
8
4.8.3.2
4.8.3.2

3-4

11
3
11.3.2.1(3) 0.08
0.08
11.3.3.1 Rmb , 1.7
1000 N/mm2, N/mm2 Rmb N/mm2
1.7
1000N/mm2

3-5

2 ................................................................................................................ 1
1 .......................................................................................................................... 1
4 ...................................................................................................................... 1
7 .................................................................................................................. 1
8 .................................................................................................................. 1
9 ...................................................................................................... 1
11 .................................................................................................................. 2

2
1
2.1.1.10
2.1.1.10
20 40 11kW 20
7.5kW 0.6

4
2.4.10.5
2.4.12.2 2.1.1.1(2) 2.1.1.3

7
2.7.2.4

2.7.3.7
2.7.3.7

30min

8
2.8.2.4

9
2.9.6.2

2.9.6.6 2.9.6.7 2.9.6.6

4-1

2.9.9.3

11
2.11.2.3 2.11.2.8 nn

4-2