2.12 In an Identity Management System, what is the function of the Authoritative Source? Specify the owner of a data item.

In an Identity Management System, what is the function of the Identity Vault? Ensure that each employee has the appropriate level of access in each system.

2.4 -Separation of duties is an example of which type of access control? Preventive

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You want to make sure that any reimbursement checks issued by your company cannot be issued by a single person. Which principle should you implement to accomplish this goal? Separation of duties An access control list (ACL) contains a list of users and allowed permissions. What is it called if the ACL automatically prevents access to anyone not on the list? Implicit deny Which of the following is an example of privilege escalation? Creeping privileges

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Which security principle prevents any one administrator from having sufficient access to compromise the security of the overall IT solution? Separation of duties What is the primary purpose of separation of duties? Prevent conflicts of interest Which of the following principles is implemented in a mandatory access control model to determine access to an object using classification levels? Need to know You are concerned that the accountant in your organization might have the chance to modify the books and steal from the company. You want to periodically have another person take over all accounting responsibilities to catch any irregularities. Job rotation Which type of media preparation is sufficient for media that will be reused in a different security context with your organization? Sanitization Need to know is required to access which types of resources? Compartmentalized resources

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You want to implement an access control list where only the users you specifically authorize have access to the resource. Anyone not on the list should be prevented from having access. Explicit allow, implicit deny By assigning access permissions so that users can only access those resources which are required to accomplish their specific work tasks, you would be in compliance with? Principle of least privilege

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2.1

Which of the following is used for identification? Username The Brewer-Nash model is designed primarily to prevent? Conflicts of interest In which form of access control environment is access controlled by rules rather than by identity? MAC Which type of access control focuses on assigning privileges based on security clearance and data sensitivity? MAC (Mandatory Access Control) The Clark-Wilson model is primarily based on? Controlled intermediary access applications Which access control model manages rights and permissions based on job descriptions and responsibilities? Role Based Access Control (RBAC)

Which of the following is the term for the process of validating a subject's identity? Authentication You have implemented an access control method that allows only users who are managers to access specific data. Which type of access control model is used? RBAC (Role-based access control) What form of access control is based on job descriptions? Role-based access control (RBAC) You have a system that allows the owner of a file to identify users and their permissions to the file. Which type of access control model is implemented DAC (Discretionary Access Control) Which is the star property of Bell-LaPadula? No write down Which of the following defines an object as used in access control? Data, applications, systems, networks, and physical space. Which form of access control enforces security based on user identities and allows individual users to define access controls over owned resources? DAC (Discretionary Access Control) Discretionary Access Control (DAC) manages access to resources using what primary element or aspect? Identity A remote access user needs gain access to resources on the server. Which of the process are performed by the remote access server to control access to resources? Authentication and authorization

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2.2 1. Which of the following is the most common form of authentication? Password 2. Which of the following is an example of three-factor authentication? Token device, keystroke analysis, cognitive question. 3. Which of the following is a password that relates to things that people know, such as a mother’s maiden name, or the name of a pet? Cognitive. 4. Which of the following are examples of single sign-on authentication solutions? (select two.) Kerberos. SESAME. 5. Which of the following is the strongest form of multi-factor authentication? A password, a biometric scan, and a token device. 6. Which of the following terms is used to describe an event in which a person is denied access to a system when they should be allowed to enter? False Negative 7. Which of the following identification and authentication factors are often well-known or easy to discover by others on the same network or system? Username. 8. Which of the following advantages can Single Sign-On (SSO) provide? Select two. Access to all authorized resources with a single instance of authentication. The elimination of multiple user accounts and passwords for an individual. 9. Which of the following is stronger than any biometric authentication factor? A two-factor authentication. 10. A device which is synchronized to an authentication server is which type of authentication? Synchronous token. 11. Which of the following defines the crossover rate for evaluating biometric systems? The point where the number of false positives matches the number of false negatives in a biometric system. 12. Which of the following authentication methods uses tickets to provide single sign-on? Kerberos. 13. Which of the following is an example of two-factor authentication? A token device and a PIN. 14. Which of the following are examples of Type II authentication credentials? Select two. Smart Card. Photo ID. 15. Which of the following is a hardware device that contains identification information and which can be used to control building access or computer logon? Smart Card.

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1. Which security mechanism uses a unique list for each object embedded directly in the object itself that defines which subjects have access to certain objects and the level or type of access allowed? User ACL. 2. Which of the following terms describes the component that is generated following authentication and which is used to gain access to resources following logon? Access token. 3. Which of the following information is typically not included in an access token? User account password. 4. Marcus White has just been promoted to a manager. To give him access to the files that he needs, you make his user account a member of the Managers group which has access to a special shared folder. Later that afternoon, Marcus tells you that he is still unable to access the files reserved for the Managers group. What should you do? Have Marcus log off and log back on. --

2.5 1. What should be done to a user account if the user goes on an extended vacation? Disable the account. 2. Which of the following is an example of a decentralized privilege management solution? Workgroup. --

2.6 1. You have a group named temp_sales on your system. The group is no longer needed, and you should remove the group. Which of the following commands should you use? groupdel temp_sales 2. You have performed an audit and have found active accounts for employees who no longer work for the company. You want to disable those accounts. What command example will disable a user account? usermod – L joer 3. You suspect that the gshant user account is locked. Which command will show the status of the user account? (Tip: Enter the command as if at the command prompt.). passwd –S gshant.

4. In the /etc/shadow file, which character in the password field indicates that a standard user account is locked? ! 5. A user with an account name of larry has just been terminated from the company. There is a good reason to believe that the user will attempt to access and damage the files in the system in the very near future. Which command below will disable or remove the user account from the system and remove his home directory? userdel –r larry. 6. Due to a merger with another company, standardization is now being imposed throughout the company. As a result of this, the sales group must be renamed marketing. Which of the following commands will accomplish this? Groupmod –n marketing sales. 7. One of the users, Karen Scott, has recently married and is now Karen Jones. She has requested that her username be changed from kscott to kjones, but no other values change. Which of the following commands will accomplish this? Usermod –l kjones kscott. 8.An employee named Bob Smith, with a user name of bsmith, has left the company. You have been instructed by your supervisor to delete his account along with his home directory. Which of the following commands would produce the required outcome? Userdel –r bsmith. Userdel bsmith;rm –rf /home/bsmith. 9. You are the administrator for a small company. You need to add a new group of users, named sales, to the system. Which command will accomplish this? Groupadd sales. 10. Which of the following utilities would you typically use to lock a user account? Select two. Passwd. Usermod.

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1.Within the /etc/security/limits.conf file, you notice the following entry: @ guests 3.

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maxlogins

What effect does the line have on the Linux system? Limits the number of max logins from the guest group to three. 2. Which chage option keeps a user from changing password every two weeks? –m 33 3. What is the effect of the following command? Chage –M 60 –W 10 jsmith. Sets the password for jsmith to expire after 60 days and gives a warning 10 days before it expires. 4. What chage command should you use to set the password for jsmith to expire after 60 days and give a warning 10 days before it expires?

Answer:chage –M 60 –W 10 jsmith 5. Which file should you edit to limit the amount of concurrent logins for a specific user? /etc/security/limits.conf ---

2.8 1. Which statement is true regarding application of GPO settings? If a setting is defined in the Local Group Policy on the computer and not defined in the GPO linked to the OU, the setting will be applied. 2. Computer policies include a special category called user rights. Which actions do they allow an administrator to perform? Identify users who can perform maintenance tasks on computers in the OU. 3. You want to ensure that all users in the Development OU use specific network communication security settings when transmitting files. Which method should you use? Create a GPO computer policy for the computers in the Development OU.

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1. You have hired 10 new temporary workers who will be with the company for 3 months. You want to make sure that these users can only log on during regular business hours. What should you do? Configure day/time restrictions in the user accounts. 2. Which of the following is not an important aspect of password management? Enable account lockout. 3. For users on your network, you want to automatically lock their user accounts if four incorrect passwords are used within 10 minutes. What should you do? Configure account lockout policies in Group Policy. 4. Which of the following is the single best rule to enforce when designing complex passwords? Longer passwords 5. You want to make sure that all users have passwords over 8 characters and that passwords must be changed every 30 days. What should you do? Configure account policies in Group Policy. 6. You have implemented account lockout with a clipping level of 4. What will be the effect of this setting? The account will be locked after 4 incorrect attempts. 7. You are configuring the local security policy of a Windows 7 system. You want to prevent users from reusing old passwords. You also want to force them to use a new password for at least 5 days before

changing it again. Which policies should you configure? Select two. Minimum password age. Enforce password history. 8. You are configuring the local security policy of a Windows7 system. You want to require users to create passwords that are at least 10 characters long. You also want to prevent logon after three unsuccessful login attempts. Which policies should you configure? Account lockout threshold. Minimum password length. 9. You are teaching new users about security and passwords. Which example of the passwords would be the most secure password? T1a73gZ9! 10. You have just configured the password policy and set the minimum password age to 10. What will be the effect of this configuration? Users cannot change the password for 10 days. --2.10.

1. What does a remote access server use for authorization? Remote access policies. 2. Which of the following is a characteristic of TACACS+? Encrypts the entire packet, not just authentication packets. 3. Which of the following are characteristics of TACACS+? Uses TCP. Allows for a possible of three different servers, one each for authentication, authorization, and accounting. 4. Which of the following are methods for providing centralized authentication, authorization, and accounting for remote access? TACACS+. RADIUS. 5. RADIUS is primarily used for what purpose? Authenticating remote clients before access to the network is granted. 6. You have decided to implement a remote access solution that uses multiple remote access servers. You want to implement RADIUS to centralize remote access authentication and authorization. Which of the following would be a required part of your configuration? Configure the remote access servers as RADIUS clients. 7. Which of the following is the best example of remote access authentication? A user establishes a dialup connection to a server to gain access to shared resources. 8. Which of the following is an example of a decentralized privilege management solution? Workgroup. 9. CHAP performs which of the following security functions? Periodically verifies the identity of a peer using a three-way handshake. 10. Which of the following authentication protocols uses a three-way handshake to authenticate users to the network? MS-CHAP. CHAP. 11. Which remote access authentication protocol periodically and transparently re-authenticates during a logon session by default? CHAP. 12. Which of the following ports are used with TACACS? 49.

13. Which of the following protocols can be used to centralize remote authentication? TACACS. 14. Which of the following is a feature of MS-CHAP v2 that is not included in CHAP? Mutual authentication. 15. Which of the following are differences between RADIUS and TACACS+? RADIUS combines authentication and authorization into a single function; TACACS+ allows these services to be split between different servers. 2.11 1. Which of the following uses ports 389 and 636? LDAP 2. Which of the following are requirements to deploy Kerberos on a network? Select two. Time synchronization between devices. A centralized database of users and passworsd. 3. Your LDAP directory services solution uses simple authentication. What should you always do when using simple authentication? Use SSL. 4. Which of the following authentication mechanisms is designed to protect a 9-character password from attacks by hashing the first seven characters into a single hash and then hashing the remaining two character into another separate hash? LANMAN. 5. A user has just authenticated using Kerberos. What objects is issued to the user immediately following logon? Ticket granting ticket. 6. Which ports does LDAP use by default? Select two. 389. 636. 7. You want to use Kerberos to protect LDAP authentication. Which authentication mode should you choose? SASL. 8. Which of the following protocols uses port 88? Kerberos. 9. You want to deploy SSL to protect authentication traffic with your LDAP-based directory service. Which port would this use? 636. 10. When using Kerberos authentication, which of the following terms is used to describe the token that verifies the identity of the user to the target system? Ticket. 11. Which of the following are required when implementing Kerberos for authentication and authorization. Select two. Ticket granting server. Time synchronization. 12. What is mutual authentication? A process by which each party in an online communication verifies the identity of the other party.