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This is information on a product in full production.

September 2013 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 1/25


1
TDA2005
20 W bridge/stereo amplifier for car radio
Datasheet production data
Features
High output power:
P
o
= 10 + 10 W @ R
L
= 2 O, THD = 10 %
P
o
= 20 W @ R
L
= 4 O , THD = 10 %.
Protection against:
Output DC and AC short circuit to ground
Overrating chip temperature
Load dump voltage surge
Fortuitous open ground
Very inductive loads
Loudspeaker protection during short circuit for
one wire to ground
Description
The TDA2005 is a class B dual audio power
amplifier in Multiwatt11 package specifically
designed for car radio applications.
Power booster amplifiers can be easily designed
using this device that provides a high current
capability (up to 3.5 A) and can drive very low
impedance loads (down to 1.6 O in stereo
applications) obtaining an output power of more
than 20 W (bridge configuration).

Multiwatt11
Table 1. Device summary
Order code Package Packing
TDA2005R Multiwatt11 Tube
www.st.com
Contents TDA2005
2/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
Contents
1 Schematic and pins connection diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2 Electrical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.2 Thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.3 Bridge amplifier section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.3.1 Electrical characteristics (bridge application) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3.2 Bridge amplifier design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.4 Stereo amplifier application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.4.1 Electrical characteristics (stereo application) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3 Application suggestion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4 Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.1 Built-in protection systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.1.1 Load dump voltage surge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.1.2 Short circuit (AC and DC conditions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.1.3 Polarity inversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.1.4 Open ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.1.5 Inductive load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.1.6 DC voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.1.7 Thermal shut-down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
4.1.8 Loudspeaker protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5 Package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
6 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
TDA2005 List of tables
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 3/25
List of tables
Table 1. Device summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Table 2. Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Table 3. Thermal data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Table 4. Electrical characteristics (bridge application) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Table 5. Bridge amplifier design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Table 6. High gain vs. Rx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Table 7. Electrical characteristics (stereo application) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Table 8. Recommended values of the component of the bridge application circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Table 9. Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
List of figures TDA2005
4/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
List of figures
Figure 1. Schematic diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Figure 2. Pins connection diagram (top view) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Figure 3. Test and application circuit (bridge amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Figure 4. PC board and components layout of Figure 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Figure 5. Output offset voltage vs. supply voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 6. Distortion vs. output power (R
L
= 4 O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 7. Distortion vs. output power (R
L
= 3.2 O). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 8. Bridge configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Figure 9. Typical stereo application circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Figure 10. Quiescent output voltage vs. supply voltage (stereo amplifier). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 11. Quiescent drain current vs. supply voltage (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 12. Distortion vs. output power (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 13. Output power vs. supply voltage, R
L
= 2 and 4 O (stereo amplifier). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 14. Output power vs. supply voltage, R
L
= 1.6 and 3.2 O (stereo amplifier). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 15. Distortion vs. frequency, R
L
= 2 and 4 O (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 16. Distortion vs. frequency, R
L
= 1.6 and 3.2 O (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 17. Supply voltage rejection vs. C3 (stereo amplifier). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 18. Supply voltage rejection vs. frequency (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 19. Supply voltage rejection vs. C2 and C3, G
V
= 390/1 O (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 20. Supply voltage rejection vs. C2 and C3, G
V
= 1000/10 O (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 21. Gain vs. input sensitivity R
L
= 4 O (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 22. Gain vs. input sensitivity R
L
= 2 O (stereo amplifier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 23. Total power dissipation and efficiency vs. output power (bridge) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 24. Total power dissipation and efficiency vs. output power (stereo) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 25. Bridge amplifier without boostrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Figure 26. PC board and components layout of Figure 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Figure 27. Low cost bridge amplifier (GV = 42 dB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 28. PC board and components layout of Figure 27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 29. 10 + 10 W stereo amplifier with tone balance and loudness control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 30. Tone control response (circuit of Figure 29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 31. 20 W bus amplifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 32. Simple 20 W two way amplifier (FC = 2 kHz) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 33. Bridge amplifier circuit suited for low-gain applications (GV = 34 dB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 34. Example of muting circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 35. Suggested LC network circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Figure 36. Voltage gain bridge configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Figure 37. Maximum allowable power dissipation vs. ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 38. Output power and drain current vs. case temperature (R
L
= 4 O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 39. Output power and drain current vs. case temperature (R
L
= 3.2 O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 40. Multiwatt11 mechanical data and package dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
TDA2005 Schematic and pins connection diagrams
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 5/25
1 Schematic and pins connection diagrams
Figure 1. Schematic diagram
Figure 2. Pins connection diagram (top view)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
8
BOOTSTRAP(1)
NPUT-(1)
SVRR
GND
NPUT-(2)
NPUT+(2)
OUTPUT(2)
+V
S
OUTPUT(1)
NPUT+(1)
TAB CONNECTED TO PN 6 GAPGPS01541
BOOTSTRAP(2)
Electrical specifications TDA2005
6/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
2 Electrical specifications
2.1 Absolute maximum ratings

2.2 Thermal data

2.3 Bridge amplifier section
Figure 3. Test and application circuit (bridge amplifier)
Table 2. Absolute maximum ratings
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
V
S
Peak supply voltage (50 ms) 40
V DC supply voltage 28
Operating supply voltage 18
Io
(1)

1. The max. output current is internally limited.
Output peak current (non repetitive t = 0.1 ms) 4.5
A
Output peak current (repetitive f >10 Hz) 3.5
P
tot
Power dissipation at T
case
= 60 C 20 W
T
stg
, T
j
Storage and junction temperature -40 to 150 C
Table 3. Thermal data
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
R
th-j-case
Thermal resistance junction-to-case max 3 C/W
NPUT
120 k
1 k
+V
s
R
L
+
-
+
-
C1
C4
C5
C6
3V
1
9 3
11
10
2
10 V
2.2F
C3
0.1F
10 F
100 F
0.1 F 220 F
C9 R2
R1
1
R6
2 k
C7
C8
7
8
4
6
10 V
3 V
3 V
100 F
0.1 F
220 F
C10
R3
1
R7
C2
3V
5
2.2F
12
12
R4 R5
GAPGPS01542
TDA2005 Electrical specifications
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 7/25
Figure 4. PC board and components layout of Figure 3
2.3.1 Electrical characteristics (bridge application)
Refer to the bridge application circuit T
amb
= 25C; Gv = 50dB; R
th(heatsink)
= 4C/W unless
otherwise specified.

Table 4. Electrical characteristics (bridge application)
Symbol Parameter Test condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit
V
S
Supply voltage - 8 - 18 V
V
os
Output offset voltage
(between pin 8 and pin 10)
V
S
= 14.4 V
V
S
= 13.2 V
- -
150
150
mV
mV
I
d
Total quiescent drain current
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 4 O
V
S
= 13.2 V; R
L
= 3.2 O
-
75
70
150
150
mA
mA
P
o
Output power
f = 1 kHz, THD = 10 %
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 4 O
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 3.2 O
V
S
= 13.2 V; R
L
= 3.2 O
18
20
17
20
22
19
- W
THD Total harmonic distortion
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 14.4 V;
R
L
= 4 O; P
o
= 50 mW to 15 W;
- - 1 %
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 13.2 V;
R
L
= 3.2 O; P
o
= 50m W to
13 W;
- - 1 %
V
i
Input sensitivity
f = 1 kHz
R
L
= 4 O; P
o
= 2 W;
R
L
= 3.2 O; P
o
= 2 W
- 9
8
- mW
R
i
Input resistance f = 1 kHz 70 - - kO
f
L
Low frequency roll off (-3 dB) R
L
= 3.2 O - - 40 Hz
f
H
High frequency roll off (-3 dB) R
L
= 3.2 O 20 - - KHz
Gv Closed loop voltage gain f = 1 kHz - 50 - dB
e
N
Total Input noise voltage R
g
= 10 O
(1)
- 3 10 V
SVR Supply voltage rejection
V
ripple
= 0.5 V; f
ripple
=100 Hz
R
g
= 10 kO; C
4
= 10 F
45 55 - dB
Electrical specifications TDA2005
8/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6

q Efficiency
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 14.4 V;
R
L
= 4 O; P
o
= 20 W;
R
L
= 3.2 O; P
o
= 22 W
- 60
60
-
%
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 13.2 V;
R
L
= 3.2 O; P
o
= 19 W
- 58 -
SVR Supply voltage rejection
f = 100 Hz; V
ripple
= 0.5 V;
R
g
= 10 kO; R
L
= 4 O
30 36 - dB
T
j
Thermal shut-down junction
temperature
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 14.4V;
R
L
= 4 O; P
tot
= 13 W
- 145 - C
V
OSH
Output voltage with one side of
the speaker shorted to ground
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 4 O
V
S
= 13.2 V; R
L
= 3.2 O
- - 2 V
1. Bandwidth filter: 22 Hz to 22 kHz.
Figure 5. Output offset voltage vs. supply
voltage
Figure 6. Distortion vs. output power
(R
L
= 4 O)

Figure 7. Distortion vs. output power
(R
L
= 3.2 O)


Table 4. Electrical characteristics (bridge application) (continued)
Symbol Parameter Test condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit
V
os
(mV)
V
s
(V)
100
80
60
40
20
0
8 10 12 14 16
GAPGPS01544 GAPGPS01545
V
s
= 14.4 V
G
v
= 50 dB
R
L
= 4
f = 1 kHz
d
(%)
1
1 10
0.1
10
P
o
(W)
GAPGPS01546
V
s
= 13.2 V
G
v
= 50 dB
R
L
= 3.2
f = 1 kHz
d
(%)
1
1 10
0.1
10
P
o
(W)
TDA2005 Electrical specifications
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 9/25
2.3.2 Bridge amplifier design
The following considerations can be useful when designing a bridge amplifier.

Where:
V
CE sat
= output transistors saturation voltage
V
S
= allowable supply voltage
R
L
= load impedance
Voltage and current swings are twice for a bridge amplifier in comparison with single ended
amplifier.
In other words, with the same R
L
the bridge configuration can deliver an output power that is
four times the output power of a single ended amplifier, while, with the same max output
current the bridge configuration can deliver an output power that is four times the output
power of a single ended amplifier, while, with the same max output current the bridge
configuration can deliver an output power that is twice the output power of a single ended
amplifier.
Core must be taken when selecting V
S
and R
L
in order to avoid an output peak current
above the absolute maximum rating.
From the expression for I
Omax
, assuming V
S
= 14.4 V and V
CE sat
= 2 V, the minimum load
that can be driven by TDA2005 in bridge configuration is:
The voltage gain of the bridge configuration is given by (see Figure 36):
Table 5. Bridge amplifier design
Parameter Single ended Bridge
V
o max
Peak output voltage (before clipping)
I
o max
Peak Output current (before clipping)
P
o max
RMS output power (before clipping)
1
2
--- V
s
2V
CEsat
( ) V
s
2V
CEsat

1
2
---
V
s
2V
CEsat

R
L
-----------------------------------
V
s
2V
CEsat

R
L
-----------------------------------
1
4
---
V
s
2V
CEsat
( )
2
2R
L
-------------------------------------------
V
s
2V
CEsat
( )
2
2R
L
-------------------------------------------
R
Lmi n
V
s
2V
CEsat

I
Omax
------------------------------------
14.4 4
3.5
--------------------- 2.97O = = =
G
v
V
0
V
1
------- 1
R
1
R
2
R
4

R
2
R
4
+
---------------------
\ .
|
| |
--------------------------
R
3
R
4
------- + + = =
Electrical specifications TDA2005
10/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
For sufficiently high gains (40 to 50 dB) it is possible to put R
2
= R
4
and R
3
= 2R
1
,
simplifying the formula in:

Figure 8. Bridge configuration
2.4 Stereo amplifier application
Figure 9. Typical stereo application circuit
Table 6. High gain vs. Rx
G
v
(dB) R
1
(O) R
2
= R
4
(O) R
3
(O)
40 1000 39 2000
50 1000 12 2000
G
v
4
R
1
R
2
------- =
GAPGPS01548
+
-
+
- R
L
V
o
V
i
R2
R1
R3
R4
NPUT (L)
NPUT (R)
120 k
1.2 k
+V
s
R
L
R
L
+
-
+
-
C1
C3
C4
C5
5
9 3
7
8
4
2.2F
C12
0.1F
10 F
100 F
0.1 F 220 F
C10
C8 R2
R1
3.3
1
R3
R6
2200 F
1.2 k
C6
C7
11
10
2
6
100 F
0.1 F 220 F
C11
C9 R4
3.3
1
R5
R7
2200 F
C2
1
2.2F
GAPGPS01547
TDA2005 Electrical specifications
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 11/25
2.4.1 Electrical characteristics (stereo application)
Refer to the stereo application circuit T
amb
= 25 C; G
v
= 50 dB; R
th(heatsink)
= 4C/W unless
otherwise specified

Table 7. Electrical characteristics (stereo application)
Symbol Parameter Test condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit
V
S
Supply voltage 8 18 V
V
o
Quiescent offset voltage
V
S
= 14.4 V
V
S
= 13.2 V
6.6
6
7.2
6.6
7.8
7.2
V
V
I
d
Total quiescent drain current
V
S
= 14.4 V
V
S
= 13.2 V
-
65
62
120
120
mA
mA
P
o
Output power (each channel)
f = 1 kHz; THD = 10 %
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 4 O
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 3.2 O
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 2 O
V
S
= 14.4 V; R
L
= 1.6 O
6
7
9
10
6.5
8
10
11
- W
f = 1 kHz; THD = 10 %
V
S
= 13.2 V; R
L
=3.2 O
V
S
= 13.2 V; R
L
= 1.6 O
V
S
= 16 V; R
L
= 2 O
6
9
6.5
10
12
- W
THD Total harmonic distortion
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 14.4 V;
R
L
= 4 O; P
o
= 50 mW to 4 W;
-
0.2
1 %
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 14.4 V;
R
L
= 2 O; P
o
= 50 mW to 6 W;
-
0.3
1 %
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 13.2 V;
R
L
= 3.2 O; P
o
= 50 mW to 3W;
-
0.2
1 %
f = 1KHz; V
S
= 13.2V;
R
L
= 1.6O; P
o
= 40mW to 6W;
-
0.3
1 %
CT Cross talk
V
S
= 14.4 V; V
o
= 4 V
RMS
;
R
g
= 5 kO; R
L
= 4 O;
f = 1 kHz
f = 10 kHz
-
60
45
-
mW
mW
V
i
Input saturation voltage - 300 - mW
V
i
Input sensitivity
f = 1 kHz; Po = 1W;
R
L
= 4 O;
R
L
= 3.2O;
- 6
5.5
- mV
mV
R
i
Input resistance f = 1 kHz 70 200 - kO
f
L
Low frequency roll off (-3 dB) R
L
= 2 O - - 50 Hz
f
H
High frequency roll off (-3 dB) R
L
= 2 O 15 - - kHz
G
v
Open loop voltage gain f = 1 kHz - 90 -
dB
Closed loop voltage gain f = 1 kHz 48 50 51
Electrical specifications TDA2005
12/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6

AGv Closed loop gain matching - - 0.5 - dB
e
N
Total input noise voltage R
g
= 10 kO
(1)
- 1.5 5 V
SVR Supply voltage rejection
V
ripple
= 0.5 V; f
ripple
=100 Hz
R
g
= 10 kO; C
3
= 10 F;
35 45 - dB
q Efficiency
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 14.4 V;
R
L
= 4 O; P
o
= 6.5 W;
R
L
= 2O; P
o
= 10 W;
- 70
60
- %
f = 1 kHz; V
S
= 13.2 V;
R
L
= 3.2 O; P
o
= 6.5 W;
R
L
= 1.6 O; P
o
= 100 W;
- 70
60
- %
1. Bandwidth filter: 22 Hz to 22 kHz.
Figure 10. Quiescent output voltage vs.
supply voltage (stereo amplifier)
Figure 11. Quiescent drain current vs. supply
voltage (stereo amplifier)

Figure 12. Distortion vs. output power (stereo
amplifier)
Figure 13. Output power vs. supply voltage,
R
L
= 2 and 4 O (stereo amplifier)

Table 7. Electrical characteristics (stereo application) (continued)
Symbol Parameter Test condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit
GAPGPS01549
V
o
(V)
8
5
6
7
4
10 12 14 16 V
s
(V) 0 8
GAPGPS01550

d
(mA)
100
80
60
40
20
10 12 14 16 V
s
(V) 0 8
GAPGPS01551
d
(%)
2
4
6
8
0
0.01 0.1 1 P
o
(W)
f = 1 kHz
G
v
= 50 dB
V
s
= 13.2 V R
L
= 1.6
V
s
= 14.4 V R
L
= 2
V
s
= 13.2 V R
L
= 3.2
V
s
= 14.4 V R
L
= 4
GAPGPS01552
V
s
(V)
P
o
(W)
15
12
9
6
3
0
8 10 12 14 16
f = 1 kHz
G
v = 50 dB
d = 10 %
R
L
= 2
R
L
= 4
TDA2005 Electrical specifications
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 13/25
Figure 14. Output power vs. supply voltage,
R
L
= 1.6 and 3.2 O (stereo amplifier)
Figure 15. Distortion vs. frequency, R
L
= 2 and
4 O (stereo amplifier)

Figure 16. Distortion vs. frequency, R
L
= 1.6
and 3.2 O (stereo amplifier)
Figure 17. Supply voltage rejection vs. C3
(stereo amplifier)

Figure 18. Supply voltage rejection vs.
frequency (stereo amplifier)
Figure 19. Supply voltage rejection vs. C2 and
C3, G
V
= 390/1 O (stereo amplifier)

GAPGPS01553
V
s
(V)
P
o
(W)
15
12
9
6
3
0
8 10 12 14 16
f = 1 kHz
G
v = 50 dB
d = 10 %
R
L
= 1.6
R
L
= 3.2
GAPGPS01554
d
(%)
1.2
0.8
0.4
10 f (Hz) 10
2
10
3
10
4
V
s
= 14.4 V
G
v
= 50 dB
P
o
= 2.5 W
R
L
= 2
P
o
= 2.5 W
R
L
= 4
GAPGPS01555
d
(%)
1.2
0.8
0.4
10 f (Hz) 10
2
10
3
10
4
V
s
= 13.2 V
G
v
= 50 dB
P
o
= 2.5 W
R
L
= 1.6
P
o
= 2.5 W
R
L
= 3.2
GAPGPS01556
SVR
(dB)
10
20
50
60
40
30
10 12 C
3
(F) 1 3
V
s
= 14.4 V
f
ripple
= 100 kHz
V
ripple
= 0.5 V
G
v
= 50 dB
R
g
= 10 k
GAPGPS01557
SVR
(dB)
20
40
30
50
60
10 10
2
10
3
f (Hz)
R
g
= 0
R
g
= 10 k
V
s
= 14.4 V
G
v
= 50 dB
C
3
= 10 F
GAPGPS01558
SVR
(dB)
50
40
30
20
10 20 C
3
(F) 1 2 5
V
s
= 14.4 V
R
L
= 4
R
g
= 10 k
G
v
= 390/1
f
ripple
= 100 Hz
C
2
= 220 F
C
2
= 22 F
C
2
= 5 F
Electrical specifications TDA2005
14/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
Figure 20. Supply voltage rejection vs. C2 and
C3, G
V
= 1000/10 O (stereo amplifier)
Figure 21. Gain vs. input sensitivity R
L
= 4 O
(stereo amplifier)

Figure 22. Gain vs. input sensitivity R
L
= 2 O
(stereo amplifier)
Figure 23. Total power dissipation and
efficiency vs. output power (bridge)

Figure 24. Total power dissipation and
efficiency vs. output power (stereo)


GAPGPS01559
SVR
(dB)
50
40
30
20
10 20 C
3
(F) 1 2 5
V
s
= 14.4 V
R
L
= 4
R
g
= 10 k
G
v
= 1000/10
f
ripple
= 100 Hz
C
2
= 220 F
C
2
= 22 F
C
2
= 5 F
GAPGPS01560
G
v
(dB)
54
50
46
42
38
34
30
20
50
26
22
10 100
100
200
500
300 V
i
(mV)
V
S
= 14.4 V
f = 1 kHz
R
L
= 4
P
o
= 6 W
P
o
= 0.5 W
30
G
v
2 4 6 8 2 4 6 8
GAPGPS01561
G
v
(dB)
54
50
46
42
38
34
30
20
50
26
22
10 100
100
200
500
300 V
i
(mV)
V
S
= 14.4 V
f = 1 kHz
R
L
= 2
P
o
= 10 W
P
o
= 0.5 W
30
G
v
2 4 6 8 2 4 6 8
GAPGPS01562
P
tot
(W)
10
60
40
20
12

(%)

2
4
6
8
20 24 P
o
(W) 8 4 0 12 16
V
s
= 14.4 V
R
L
= 4
f = 1 kHz
G
v
= 50 dB
P
tot
GAPGPS01563
P
tot
(W)
60
40
20
6

(%)

2
4
10 12 P
o
(W) 4 2 0 6 8
V
s
= 13.2 V
R
L
= 3.2
f = 1 kHz
G
v
= 50 dB
P
tot
TDA2005 Application suggestion
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 15/25
3 Application suggestion
The recommended values of the components are those shown on bridge application circuit
of Figure 3. Different values can be used; the following table can help the designer.

Table 8. Recommended values of the component of the bridge application circuit
Component
Recommended
value
Purpose Larger than Smaller than r
C1 2.2 F Input DC decoupling - -
C2 2.2 F
Optimization of turn on
Pop and turn on Delay
High turn on delay
High Turn on Pop, Higher
low frequency cutoff
Increase of Noise
C3 0.1 F Supply bypass - Danger of oscillation
C4 10 F Ripple rejection
Increase of SVR,
Increase of the Switch-
on Time
Degradation of SVR
C5, C7 100 F Bootstrapping -
Increase of distortion at
low frequency
C6, C8 220 F
Feedback input DC
decoupling, low
frequency cut-off
-
Danger of oscillation at
high frequencies with
inductive loads
C9, C10 0.1 F Frequency stability - Danger of oscillation
R1 120 kO
Optimization of the
output symmetry
Smaller P
omax
Smaller P
omax
R2 1 kO - - -
R3 2 kO - - -
R4, R5 12 O
Closed loop gain setting
(see Bridge Amplifier
Design
(1)
)
- -
R6, R7 1 O Frequency stability
Danger of oscillation at
high frequencies with
inductive loads
-
1. The closed loop gain must be higher than 32 dB.
Application information TDA2005
16/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
4 Application information
Figure 25. Bridge amplifier without boostrap
Figure 26. PC board and components layout of Figure 25
GAPGPS01564
NPUT
1 k
+V
s
R
L
+
-
+
-
C1
C3
C4
1
9 3
10
2
2.2F
C6
0.1F
100F
10 F
0.1 F 220 F
C7 R1
1
R4
2 k
C5
8
4
6
0.1 F
220 F
C8
R2
1
R5
C2
5
2.2F
7 11
12
12
R6 R3
C9
TDA2005 Application information
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 17/25
Figure 27. Low cost bridge amplifier (G
V
= 42 dB)
Figure 28. PC board and components layout of Figure 27
GAPGPS01566
NPUT
1
+V
s
+
-
+
-
C4
C2
C5
1
7 3
10
2
4
0.1F
C1
0.1F
220F
10 F
1 nF
180
220 F
C6
R1
OUT
R3
8
6
0.1 F
C8
1
R4
C7
5
0.1F
OUT
9 11
180
R2
C9
C3
0.1 F
Application information TDA2005
18/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
Figure 29. 10 + 10 W stereo amplifier with tone balance and loudness control
Figure 30. Tone control response (circuit of Figure 29)
GAPGPS01582
120 k
5.6 k
1 k
+V = 14.4V
s
+
-
+
-
C5
2.2nF
2.2nF
9 3
7
8
4
0.22F
0.1F
10 F
100 F
0.1 F 100 F
C9
C7 R3
R1
3.3
1
4 4
4 4
R4
R7
2200 F
1 k
C6
11
10
2
6
100 F
0.1 F 100 F
C8 R5
3.3
1
R6
R8
2200 F
P5
0.22 F
0.15 F
NPUT (L)
k 100
k 2.7
k 47
k
k
100
P3
2.2nF
47nF
P1
k 100
5.6 k
0.15 F
NPUT (R)
k 2.7
k 47
100
P4
2.2nF
47nF
P2
k 100
GAPGPS01583
(dB)
+6
+3
-3
-9
-12
10 f (Hz) 10
2
10
3
10
4
-6
0
MD
BASS
TREBLE
TDA2005 Application information
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 19/25
Figure 31. 20 W bus amplifier
Figure 32. Simple 20 W two way amplifier (F
C
= 2 kHz)
GAPGPS01584
120 k
1 k
+V = 14.4V s
+
-
+
-
470 pF
9 3
7
8
4
10 F
100 F
0.1 F
100 F
3.3
1
8 8
8 8
2200 F
11
10
2
100 F
0.1 F
100 F
3.3
1
2200 F
0.1F
8
8
8
8
50 k
200
68 k
1 k
1 k
1 k
10 k
22 k
10 k
18 k
10 k
M
BC109
5
1
6
47 F
22 F
0.1 F
0.1 F
0.1 F
100
F
22 F
47 nF
MKE
GAPGPS01585
1 k
+V = 14.4V
s
+
-
+
-
C5
9 7
5
1
11
8
4
5.6 nF
0.1F
0.1 F 100 F
C9
C7
C10
R3
10
1
WOOFER
TWEETER
R4
R7
2200 F
1 k
C6
C11
C2
C3
C1
10
2
6 3
0.1 F 100 F
C8 R5
10
1
R6
R8
100 F
2.2 F
10 k
R2
R1

680
5.6nF
f
c
= 2kHz
NPUT
0.22F
2.2F
C4
k 10
P1
Application information TDA2005
20/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
Figure 33. Bridge amplifier circuit suited for low-gain applications (G
V
= 34 dB)
Figure 34. Example of muting circuit
4.1 Built-in protection systems
4.1.1 Load dump voltage surge
The TDA2005 has a circuit which enables it to withstand voltage pulse train, on Pin 9, of the
type shown in Figure 36. If the supply voltage peaks to more than 40 V, then an LC filter
must be inserted between the supply and pin 9, in order to assure that the pulses at pin 9
will be held within the limits shown.
A suggested LC network is shown in Figure 35. With this network, a train of pulses with
amplitude up to 120 V and width of 2 ms can be applied at point A. This type of protection is
ON when the supply voltage (pulse or DC) exceeds 18 V. For this reason the maximum
operating supply voltage is 18 V.
GAPGPS01586
NPUT
120 k
1 k
+V
s
R
L
+
-
+
-
C1
C4
C5
C6
1
9 3
11
10
2
2.2F
C3
0.1F
10 F
100 F
0.1 F 220 F
C9
R2
R1
1
R7
1
R6
1 k
C7
C8
7
8
4
6
100 F
0.1 F
220 F
C10
R4
1
R8
C2
5
2.2F
36
R3
10
R5
GAPGPS01587
12k
Mute Switch
1/2
+V
S
12k
+
-
1/2
+
-
TDA2005 Application information
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 21/25
Figure 35. Suggested LC network circuit
Figure 36. Voltage gain bridge configuration
4.1.2 Short circuit (AC and DC conditions)
The TDA2005 can withstand a permanent short-circuit on the output for a supply voltage up
to 16 V.
4.1.3 Polarity inversion
High current (up to 10 A) can be handled by the device with no damage for a longer period
than the blow-out time of a quick 2 A fuse (normally connected in series with the supply).
This feature is added to avoid destruction, if during fitting to the car, a mistake on the
connection of the supply is made.
4.1.4 Open ground
When the ratio is in the ON condition and the ground is accidentally opened, a standard
audio amplifier will be damaged. On the TDA2005 protection diodes are included to avoid
any damage.
4.1.5 Inductive load
A protection diode is provided to allow use of the TDA2005 with inductive loads.
4.1.6 DC voltage
The maximum operating DC voltage for the TDA2005 is 18 V. However the device can
withstand a DC voltage up to 28 V with no damage. This could occur during winter if two
batteries are series connected to crank the engine.
FROM
SUPPLY
LNE
L = 2mH A
C
TO PN
3000 F
16V
GAPGPS00278
GAPGPS01588
40
VS (V)
14.4
t1
t2
t
t1 = 50 ms
t2 = 1000 ms
Application information TDA2005
22/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
4.1.7 Thermal shut-down
The presence of a thermal limiting circuit offers the following advantages:
1. an overload on the output (even if it is permanent), or an excessive ambient
temperature can be easily withstood.
2. the heatsink can have a smaller factor of safety compared with that of a conventional
circuit. There is no device damage in the case of excessive junction temperature : all
that happens is that P
o
(and therefore P
tot
) and Id are reduced.
The maximum allowable power dissipation depends upon the size of the external heatsink
(i.e. its thermal resistance); Figure 37 shows the power dissipation as a function of ambient
temperature for different thermal resistance.
4.1.8 Loudspeaker protection
The circuit offers loudspeaker protection during short circuit for one wire to ground.

Figure 37. Maximum allowable power dissipa-
tion vs. ambient temperature
Figure 38. Output power and drain current vs.
case temperature (R
L
= 4 O)

Figure 39. Output power and drain current vs.
case temperature (R
L
= 3.2 O)


GAPGPS01589
Ptot
(W)
32
28
24
20
-50 50 100 Tamb (C) 0
16
12
8
4
0
R
th =
8
C
/W
R
th
=

4

C
/
W
R
th

=

2

C
/
W

N
F

T
E

H
E
A
T
S

N
K
GAPGPS01590
Po
(W)
Tcase (C)
16
12
8
4
1.2
0.9
0.6
0.3
0 40 80 120 160
d
(A)
d
Po
VS = 14.4V
RL = 4
f = 1 kHz
GAPGPS01591
Po
(W)
Tcase (C)
8
6
4
2
1.2
0.9
0.6
0.3
0 40 80 120 160
d
(A)
d
Po
VS = 13.2V
RL = 3.2
f = 1 kHz
TDA2005 Package information
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 23/25
5 Package information
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in different grades of
ECOPACK

packages, depending on their level of environmental compliance. ECOPACK


specifications, grade definitions and product status are available at: www.st.com.
ECOPACK

is an ST trademark.
Figure 40. Multiwatt11 mechanical data and package dimensions
GAPGPS00293
OUTLINE AND
MECHANICAL DATA
0016035 H
DIM.
mm inch
MIN. TYP. MAX. MIN. TYP. MAX.
A 5 0.197
B 2.65 0.104
C 1.6 0.063
D 1 0.039
E 0.49 0.55 0.019 0.022
F 0.88 0.95 0.035 0.037
G 1.45 1.7 1.95 0.057 0.067 0.077
G1 16.75 17 17.25 0.659 0.669 0.679
H1 19.6 0.772
H2 20.2 0.795
L 21.9 22.2 22.5 0.862 0.874 0.886
L1 21.7 22.1 22.5 0.854 0.87 0.886
L2 17.4 18.1 0.685 0.713
L3 17.25 17.5 17.75 0.679 0.689 0.699
L4 10.3 10.7 10.9 0.406 0.421 0.429
L7 2.65 2.9 0.104 0.114
M 4.25 4.55 4.85 0.167 0.179 0.191
M1 4.73 5.08 5.43 0.186 0.200 0.214
S 1.9 2.6 0.075 0.102
S1 1.9 2.6 0.075 0.102
Dia1 3.65 3.85 0.144 0.152
MuItiwatt11 (VerticaI)
Revision history TDA2005
24/25 Doc ID 1451 Rev 6
6 Revision history

Table 9. Document revision history
Date Revision Changes
09-Jun-1998 1 Initial release.
20-May-2000 2 Update logo.
10-Sep-2003 3 Update package drawing.
28-Jan-2010 4
Document reformatted.
Updated Features, Description and Table 1: Device summary in
cover page.
02-May-2012 5 Updated Table 1: Device summary on page 1.
17-Sep-2013 6 Updated Disclaimer.
TDA2005
Doc ID 1451 Rev 6 25/25

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