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Sig Fig

(C) 3

(D) 7.8 grams per mL

IONS

(D) 2.00 g/cm3

(D) 0.1 M HF

(D) 80%

(A) CH3OH

(B) CrO2

(E) 4.0 M 2.0 M

(D) 86%
(D) N2O3
(E) 41 grams
(B) Na2CO3 . 7 H2O
B) The dehydrated sample absorbed moisture after heating.
A) [PO43¯] < [NO3¯] < [Na+]
C) 0.025 M
C) 0.28 M
(D) Measurement of the total volume of solution

Forms monatomic ions with 2¯ charge in solutions
B
Forms a compound having the formula KXO4 E
Forms oxides that are common air pollutants and that yield
acidic solution in water
B
Etc
Is a gas in its standard state at 298 K
e
Reacts with water to form a strong base
a
Is a good oxidizing agent
E
Is used to etch glass chemically A
Is used extensively for production of fertilizers D
Has amphoteric properties
(Al(OH)3 + H+  Al+++ + H2O
(Al(OH)3 + OH-  Al(OH)4-

C

(C) 29.4 grams
D) 110. mL

The solution is colorless

(C) 260 mL

The solution gives no apparent reaction with dilute
hydrochloric acid.
A

B

(C) HfCl3
(B) CrO2

No odor can be detected when a sample of the solution is
added drop by drop to a warm solution of sodium hydroxide.
C

(D) C4H6
REACTIONS
(A) Al2(SO4)3
(A) CaCO3

No precipitate is formed when a dilute solution of H2SO4 is
added to a sample of the solution.
D
Halogen
(D) Iodine liberates free bromine from a solution of
bromide ion.

(B) 0.160 M
(B) baking soda, NaHCO3

Ideal Gas and Molecular Kinetics
A) SO2

B) Adding dilute HCl(aq) solution

(C) 313/293

(C) 0.30 mol

(E) The average speed of the hydrogen molecules is the same
as the average speed of the oxygen molecules.

(C) 40.0 mL
(B) 0.800 M

(C) The average speed of the gas molecules remains the
same.

(B) 8.0 kg

(C) III only

(B) 0.800 M
.
(C) The spark supplies some of the energy of activation for
the combustion reaction.

(A) volume

(C) 12

(B) 11.2 liters

(A) 0.0400 mole

(C) 477 °C

(D) 0.250 mole
Redox

(A) 3 atm

Stoichiometry
(C) 0.201 atm

A) 0.20 atm
(B) 19.7 g
(E) when add H2), form acidic soln-wrong
(form basic solution)-correct

CaH2 + 2 H2O --> 2 H2 + Ca(OH)2
(D) 7/2 moles

(D) 4.48 liters
(B) The pressure of the gas
(C) XeF4
Effusion
(D) Cl2 (molar mass 71 grams)
Manometer

Lattice Energy (B) I and II only Ionic/Covalent Bond (E) NaCN A) PHe < PNe < PAr Atoms History (A) Atoms contain electrons. C 2. Fe. Co. 0. 1/2 Peoriod Table 1. Can be used to predict that a gaseous carbon atom in its ground state is paramagnetic. 1. Which of the elements above has the smallest ionic radius for its most commonly found ion? D Has the largest bond-dissociation energy Is used to explain why iodine molecules are held together in the solid state E Is used to explain why boiling point of HF is greater than the boiling point of HBr A Is used to explain the fact that the four bonds in methane are equivalent B Is used to explain the fact that the carbon-to-carbon bonds in benzene. 1/2 (C) 4.8 grams/mole (C) C3H6 (C) Vapor pressure of the water Bond Length (A) N2 (D) Strong bonds in reactant molecules Partial pressure (B) . and Z. 0. 1.63 atm (C) It depends on the relative molecular masses of X. 1. C Represents an atom of a transition metal. Co (D) It decreases only. Y. Explains the experimental phenomenon of electron diffraction E 3. (E) The positive charge of an atom is concentrated in a small region. C2H5OH C . What is the most electronegative element of the above? A 2.390 kJ (B) 733 mm Hg (C) 0. H-Bond Solid ethyl alcohol. Indicates that an atomic orbital can hold no more than two electrons B 4. 1st Ionization Energy (B) 46. Mn. and As only Quantum Number (E) 5. C6H6. Predicts that it is impossible to determine simultaneously the exact position and the exact velocity of an electron A Electron Conf Represents an atom that is chemically unreactive D Represents an atom in an excited state A Represents an atom that has four valence electrons.(C) 133 mm Hg Density (A) Gaseous densities at the same temperature and pressure (E) The air density inside the balloon is less than that of the surrounding air. Has a bond order of 2 Contains 1 sigma (s) and 2 pi (p) bonds D C Radius (E) Cr.0 (C) Al Molar Mass and Density (D) 45. Which element exhibits the greatest number of different oxidation states? E 3. are identical D C Etc The energy required to convert a ground-state atom in the gas phase to a gaseous positive ion C The energy change that occurs in the conversion of an ionic solid to widely separated gaseous ions E The energy in a chemical or physical change that is available to do useful work B The energy required to form the transition state in a chemical reaction A Solution Dipole Moment (D) HF Intermolecular interaction. E An impossible electronic configuration C The ground-state configuration for the atoms of a transition element E The ground-state configuration of a negative ion of a halogen B The ground-state configuration of a common ion of an alkaline earth element B (A) 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p63d4 (E) Mg3X2 Paramagnetism D) C(diamond) --> C(g) Lewis Structure (A) H2S (C) NH3 (B) accepts a pair of electrons to form a bond Resonance Structure (B) SO2 Geometry (A) trigonal planar (C) Square planar (D) dsp3 (A) I only (D) II and III only (E) an octahedron Pi Bonding (E) CH4 Molecular Polarity (E) PF5 (A) C6H6 (benzene) Ag(s) + 4HNO3 <==> 3AgNO3 +NO(g) +2 H2O (D) V.

CH4(s) Kinetics a b d Gas solubility B) 5. Ka/Kb (C) 5. Au(s) Carbon dioxide.45)(0.0 x 10¯6 A) CN¯(aq) is a stronger base than C2H3O2¯(aq) (D) 5. CsCl (s) Gold.20 m MgCl2 (C) III only Polyprotic acids (B) H3O+ ions (E) H2O + HSO4¯ ---> H2SO4 + OH¯ (B) HPO42¯ (A) H2PO4¯ > H2BO3¯ and HBO32¯ > HPO42¯ Experiment (A) KNO3 Acid/Base TitrationTitration Acid/Base Buffer (C) HCl and NaCl The solution with the lowest pH The most nearly neutral solution A buffer at a pH > 8 A buffer at a pH < 6 c e a b . CO2(s) Methane.5 M (B) Na2CO3 (A) basic because of the hydrolysis of the OCl¯ ion Solubility A) Mg(OH)2(s) Oxide cmpds (B) They have oxides that are acid anhydrides.5 x 10¯6 (E) The amount of SO2 (g) in the reaction vessel. (E) lowest temperature above which a substance cannot be liquified at any applied pressure from 10° C to 60° C at a constant pressure of 0.5 to 1.Silicon dioxide. K2SO4 (C) Freezing point A (D) hydrogen bonding Bonds Cesium chloride. (E) 160 grams Mechanism (C) Rate = (k [N2H2O2]) / [H+] (C) substance B is not involved in the rate-determining step of the mechanism.1 atmospheres. Cooling curve (C) all points on the curve between Q and S Rate (B) rate = k[NO] [O2]2 (C) Both the reaction rate and k remain the same.30)2 / [(0.10)2 (A) 20. ([OH] is not in the rate. but is involved in subsequent steps (A) ∆E . which of the processes occurs? A If the temperature decreases from 110° C to 40° C at a constant pressure of 1.0 x 10¯6 (D) Between 4 and 7 (E) 4% SALT Acidity/Basicity (D) 4. which of the processes occurs? B (C) C (C) 140 °C (B) conditions necessary for sublimation liq gas (D) (A) The vapor pressure of the solid phase always equal the vapor pressure of the liquid phase.060 mole (E) Density of the solution (C) Mass of solute and mass of solvent (E) II and III (B) 0. Pressure and BP C) equilibrium water vapor pressure equals the atmospheric pressure at a lower temperature Phase Diagram (A) The slope of the curve representing equilibrium between the vapor and liquid phases is positive. (A) I only (E) NO(g) + O3(g) <===> NO2(g) + O2(g) Acid/base (D) 11 (E) Al3+ (C) NH4+ (E) II and III (D) NH4+ (B) accepts a pair of electrons to form a bond Structure and acidity (E) H2SO3 (E) The acid strength increases.5 atmospheres at a constant temperature of 50° C. (E) HF molecules tend to form hydrogen bonds. so [OH-] independent 1st order (B) log [X] versus time B) It is first order in [X].(11/2)RT Catalysts (B) Ce3+ and Tl3+ Equilibrium (D) II and III only (B) K = ( [HCO3¯] [OH¯] ) / [CO32¯] (A) (0.10 M potassium sulfate. (C) 2.076 FP depression (E) 0. SiO2 BP Elevation (A) 0.0 20 Solid/Liq Solubility (E) X < Y < Z (D) The solid is more soluble at higher temperatures. (E) solubilities (E) Evaporation to dryness Size and BP . which of the processes occurs? B If the pressure increases from 0. Solution Ideal Soln (D) 0.77 D) C6H14(l) and C8H18(l) Molality (C) The molality of the solution remains unchanged.42 m (A) 0. (E) 1.4 atmosphcre.

020 mole (D) Impure copper sample Pure copper (B) 57 grams (B) [(16)(3. ∆V < 0 ectrochemistryEl Reducing/oxidizing agent (E) I¯ (B) Na2S Redox Rxn (B) Cu2+. Decay (D) I.8 grams of KIO3 and add H2O until the final homogeneous solution has a volume of 2.3 x 10+7 (A) E° is positive and ∆G° is negative. S.500 coulombs) (C) A 50-milliliter sample of a 2-molar Cd(NO3)2 solution is added to the left beaker.0)(63.382 kJ Entropy (E) 4 La + 3 O2 ---> 2 La2O3 (D) II and III only (D) 2 NH4Cl(s) ---> N2(g) + 4 H2(g) + Cl2(g) Gibbs Energy (B) ∆G > 0 (C) ∆G° < 0 and Keq > 1 Mix of H.500)(2)] E/G and K (D) 1. <===> AgCl(s) + 2 NH4+ (E) Zn (A) K4[Fe(CN)6] (E) Cr2O72¯ Lab (D) II and III only (D) The pipette was not rinsed with the HCI solution. II.66 V Electrolysis (B) A gas will be evolved only at the negative electrode. B The silver electrode is made larger. Color (B) yellow (E) ZnCl2 A) Pb2+(aq) (C) I and II only Complex Ions (E) Ag(NH3)4+ + 2 H+ + Cl#175. (A) AlF 63¯ is reduced at the cathode. and ∆S are all negative.20 mole E) (2 x 10¯12 M)1/3 Experiment (C) I and III only (A) I only Enthalpy (A) (D) I and II only (C) -75. (D) Fe3+.x . (D) Scandium reacts with nitric acid to form a brown gas.600)(3. (E) HNO2 + OH¯ ---> NO2¯ + H2O (E) 0. ∆H. G A) Postive Positive (C) Remains constant Increases (B) ∆G.10 x 10¯3 mole Galvanic Cell Zn(s) + Cu2+ ---> Zn2+ + Cu(s) (C) The Zn2+ solution was more concentrated than the Cu2+ solution.(C) 2. and H2O (A) Ag2CO3(s) + 2 H+ + 2 Cl¯ ---> 2 AgCl(s) + H2O + CO(g) (D) I¯ (C) 4 (E) MnO4¯ (D) 6 (A) CrO42¯ Disproportionation/Compropornation (D0) -2  +6 Stoichiometry D) 5. SO2(g). ∆S > 0. (B) 42.8 kJ/mole E) -1.y (B) .411 kJ B) Increasing the temperature (B) Adding 6 M HNO3 (C) decreasing the temperature (D) -150 kJ (D) 2z .55)] / [(96. Cell potential from STD Red PTL A) -1. D Salt bridge is replaced by platinum wire C Current is allowed to flow for 5 minutes B (B) 0. and H2O ( (E) 10 (D) 4:1 (B) 4 (E) The oxidation number of iodine changes from -1 to 0.0 (B) 8. (E) ∆H > 0. 7 7 13 14 (A) beta particle emission (B) Alpha particles < beta particles < gamma rays (D) I and III (C) 82-Pb-206 (B) 44-Ru-118 Half life (B) 8 days Org (A) (D) (E) a ketone (C) The color of the solution turns from light blue to dark blue.8 x 10¯6 (D) H2PO4¯ + HPO42¯ Indicator (B) the solution being titrated undergoes a large pH change near the end point of the titration Titration (C) The graph of pH versus volume of base added rises gradually at first and then much more rapidly. Cr3+. of aluminum produced? (1 faraday = 96.14 M Ksp (C) 4 x 10¯12 (D) 5 x 10¯15 / 1 x 10¯20 (D) 0.00 liters (D) Flush the affected area with water and then with a dilute NaHCO3 solution (A) I only (D) Cu2+ + 4 NH3 --> Cu(NH3)42+ Utilized as a coating to protect Fe from corrosion C Is added to silicon to enhance its properties as a semiconductor Utilized as a shield from sources of radiation A D .