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Types of reports

Reports are written for different purposes. They therefore contain different information and structures, including headings and subheadings, and these form the outline of the report. The table below shows the sections commonly found in these types of reports.

Common report structures


Short report: Title page Introduction Discussion Recommendations References

Science Report Title page Introduction Method and materials Results Discussion Conclusion Appendices References

Engineering Report: Title page Executive summary(optional) Introduction Objectives Analysis Discussion Recommendations and action plan Conclusion Appendices References

Research Report: Title page Executive summary Introduction Method/ methodology Results/ findings Discussion Conclusions Recommendations Appendices Bibliography

Business Report Title Page Executive summary Table contents Introduction Discussion Conclusion Recommendations Appendices References

Literature Review: A literature review is a text written by someone to consider the critical
points of current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and as such, do not report any new or original experimental work. Also, a literature review can be interpreted as a review of an abstract accomplishment.

Abstract: your abstract is simply a summary of the work or paper that others can use as an
overview. It will help your reader to understand the paper and it will help people searching for a particular work to find it and decide whether it suits their purposes. Seeing as an abstract is only a summary of the work you've already done,

Types of abstracts There are two types of abstracts: informational and descriptive. Informational abstracts

Communicate contents of reports Include purpose, methods, scope, results, conclusions, and recommendations Highlight essential points Are shortfrom a paragraph to a page or two, depending upon the length of the report (10% or less of the report) Allow readers to decide whether they want to read the report

Descriptive abstracts

Tell what the report contains Include purpose, methods, scope, but NOT results, conclusions, and recommendations Are always very short usually under 100 words Introduce subject to readers, who must then read the report to learn study results

What is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the act of taking another person's writing, conversation, song, or even idea and passing it off as your own. This includes information from web pages, books, songs, television shows, email messages, interviews, articles, artworks or any other medium. Whenever you paraphrase, summarize, or take words, phrases, or sentences from another person's work, it is necessary to indicate the source of the information within your paper using an internal citation. It is not enough to just list the source in a bibliography at the end of your paper. Failing to properly quote, cite or acknowledge someone else's words or ideas with an internal citation is plagiarism.

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