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CONCEPT PLAN

Mumbai
2013 S O O S C S f G
Mumbai
Met r opol i t an
Regi on
Jan 2013 PRESENTATI ON TO SECRETARI ES of GoM
BACKGROUND TO THE CONCEPT PLAN
Vi si on Mumbai report by Mumbai Fi rst & McKi nsey 2003 :
CMs Task Force extends Vi si on Mumbai to MMR
Establ i shment of MTSU to faci l i tate Mumbai s transformati on
2005 :
2005 :
Busi ness Pl an for MMR by MMRDA & LEA Internati onal Ltd.
M b i Fi t t t f EC d f CP f MMR
2007 :
2008 Mumbai Fi rst gets agreement from EC on need for CP for MMR
MMRDA agrees to fi nance the CP, CP process entrusted to MTSU
2008 :
2009 :
Thru a gl obal tender, Surbana, Si ngapore awarded the proj ect
Surbana compl etes and submi ts the Concept Pl an
2010 :
2011 : Surbana compl etes and submi ts the Concept Pl an 2011 :
THE NEED FOR A CONCEPT PLAN
Decl i ni ng economy and popul ati on growth i n Mumbai
Rampant growth i n i ts Regi on
No over-archi ng pl an to gui de al l areas towards a si ngl e vi si on
Indi vi dual DPs of ULBs & MMRDAs RP have no i ntegrati on
DPs focus on l and al l ocati on wi thout ful l y i ncorporati ng the
economi c, soci al , envi ronmental and fi nanci al di mensi ons
2nd Gen CDP under JNNURM-II mandates need for a
comprehensi ve strategy pl an for regi onal devel opment
CP provi des MMR a l ead on thi s aspect CP provi des MMR a l ead on thi s aspect
Comprehensi ve Pl anni ng wi l l i ncenti vi ze FDI fl ow
Wi l l keep MMR competi ti ve Wi l l keep MMR competi ti ve
CONTENTS
OVERVIEW OF REGIONAL CONCEPT PLAN
Comment s by Hon. Chi ef Secr et ar y
PART 1 :
Comment s by Hon. Chi ef Secr et ar y
DETAILED SECTORAL PLANS
PART 2 :
- Housi ng
- Tr anspor t
- Ut i l i t i es Inf r ast r uct ur e
- Envi r onment
- Par ks & Recr eat i on
- Her i t age & Ur ban Desi gn
IMPLEMENTATION
Q & A Q & A
I n t h e n ex t 4 d e c a d e s MMR w i l l b e c o me . . . I n t h e n ex t 4 d e c a d e s MMR w i l l b e c o me . . .
T HE L ARGEST MET ROPOL I S I N T HE WORL D T HE L ARGEST MET ROPOL I S I N T HE WORL D T HE L ARGEST MET ROPOL I S I N T HE WORL D T HE L ARGEST MET ROPOL I S I N T HE WORL D
2052 some pr oj ec t i ons . . .
Popul at i on 44 mn
2052 some pr oj ec t i ons . . .
4,355 sq. km.
Wo r k f o r c e - 23 mn
Housing demand - 14.8 mn Housing demand 14.8 mn
Urban area - 1,750 sq km
i l d d 100 commercial space demand - 100 mn sq m
Passenger trips/day - 59.2 mn
Park land demand - 200 km sq
Planning Area of MMR
OBJ ECTI VES OF CP FOR MMR
A comprehensive short, mid & long- A comprehensive short, mid & long
term guide plan for MMR
To structure redevelopment & growth in
MMR in a polycentric pattern MMR in a polycentric pattern
To provide for long-term needs of land,
economy, housing, transport & infra
To enhance Mumbais competitiveness
To ensure holistic lifestyle and
it bl t iti f ll equitable opportunities for all
To protect the rich, yet sensitive culture
& environment of MMR
To chalk out a implementation road map
A vi si on pl an w hi ch ex pl or es
BOLD & BREAKTHROUGH sol ut i ons
based on i nt nl . best pr ac t i c es f or
t he c r i t i c al si t uat i on of MMR
ECONOMI C PROJ ECTI ONS - 2052
GDP 7% - 9%
(Compound Annual Growth Rate)
GDP size INR 82,500 bn stretched case
(2008: INR 1,860 bn
base case : INR 43,567 bn)
Increasing share from Rest of MMR v/s
Greater Mumbai (from 40:60 to 60:40)
Dominant share from an increasing
tertiary sector (75%)
A sustained secondary sector (25%) A sustained secondary sector (25%)
Key drivers : Intl Finance, Banking,
IT/ITES, Retail, Media & Entertainment,
Logistics, Education, Healthcare,
Tourism, Mfg & Construction
Economic study prepared by Deloitte India
Socio-economic and demand projections based on study by McKinsey India
DEMOGRAPHI C PROJ ECTI ONS - 2052
By 2032 37.3 mil (1.6% growth)
By 2052 43.7 mil (0.7% growth)
60% pop. in working age group (14-60)
Decentralization of population from Decentralization of population from
Greater Mumbai to Rest of MMR (40:60)
Average HH size :
2008 4.15
2032 3.60
2052 2.95
A dominant middle class requiring
large number of jobs, homes, facilities,
transport & infrastructure
Socio-demographic study prepared by Sreekumar -Siddique & Co. Pte. Ltd.
Socio-economic and demand projections based on study by McKinsey India
LABOR MARKET PROJ ECTI ONS - 2052
High labor participation (53%)
Work force : 2032 = 18.7 mil
2052 = 23.2 mil
Bulk of employment in tertiary
sector (68%) sector (68%)
Sustained employment in
secondary sector (25%)
Employment in informal sector (9%)
Significant investment needed in Significant investment needed in
the creation of jobs & a skilled
workforce
Economic study prepared by Deloitte India
Socio-economic and demand projections based on study by McKinsey India
LOOKI NG BEYOND PROBLEM SOLVI NG LOOKI NG BEYOND PROBLEM SOLVI NG
2032
2052
CBD : The Engine of Growth
Quality Housing Choices:
GLI MPSES OF A GLOBAL CI TY
CBD:TheEngineofGrowth
QualityHousingChoices:
Excellence in
Vibrant24/7City:
SeamlessConnectivity:
Excellencein
UrbanManagement:
Tram Paris
SolarEnergySweden
AGlobalCulturalHub: Heritage&Identity
ShanghaiPudong CBD
TAKI NG STOCK OF EXI STI NG SI TUATI ON
T t l f MMR 4 355 k Total area of MMR : 4,355 sq. km.
Land utilization
o 15% Urbanization
o 31% nature area
o 54% agriculture & open space
Density concentrated in Greater
Mumbai & urban areas around it
o Greater Mumbai = 31,500 p/sq.
km.
o Overall = 5,970 p/sq. km.
EXISTING LAND USE MAP
TAKI NG STOCK OF EXI STI NG SI TUATI ON
Existing LU Distribution
Broad Land Requirements
2010 2032 2052
Broad Land Requirements
2010 2032 2052
Urban population 26.0 mil 32.5 mil 43.4 mil
Forest/wetland & 31% 31% 31% Forest/wetland &
water body
31%
1,350 sqkm
31%
1350 sqkm
31%
1350 sqkm
Agriculture/ waste
/scrubland
54%
2,350 sqkm
39%
1650 sqkm
29%
1216 sqkm
Urbanized area (%)
Area
Density (ppl/sqkm)
15%
650 sqkm
40,000
<30%
1300 sqkm
27,000
<40%
1734 sqkm
25,000
SALI ENT FEATURES OF THE CONCEPT PLAN
A distinctive Global Financial A distinctive Global Financial
Centre : Nariman Point, Cuffe
Parade, Fort Redevelopment
5 Townships in the Suburbs : 5 Townships in the Suburbs :
Alibaug-Pen, Greater Panvel, Greater
Kalyan, Bhiwandi, Vasai-Virar
Exisiting City Regenration : Exisiting City Regenration :
Mumbai & Navi Mumbai
Comprehensive Housing : slum
free, increased per capita living ee, c eased pe capta g
space, public & affordable housing
Well-distributed Employment :
Industries, city & town centers y
Efficient transportation : 5 trans-
harbor links, high-speed rail, Public
Transport (incl. rail & BRTS)
Green City : waterfront, wetlands,
mangroves, parks, forests & bio-
diversity, waterbodies, air-quality DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURE
Land reservations for future
SALI ENT FEATURES OF THE CONCEPT PLAN
Land reservations for future
Mumbai-Goa growth corridor
Relocating Mumbai Port to Rewas
A 3
rd
airport in Rewas to meet long
term needs (100mil pass)
Logistics hubs at JNPT & Rewas
Hi-tech industrial ring in Navi
Mumbai
Knowledge corridor along Pune rd Knowledge corridor along Pune rd.
General industries along Nashik &
Ahmedabad corridors (in line with
DMIC))
Future City Centre Expansion in
Thane Creek (subject to scientific
studies)
Utility-infrastructure excellence
Reliving the magic of Mumbai
DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURE
I MPLEMENTATI ON APPROACH & STRATEGI ES
Legi sl ati ve & Insti tuti onal Framework for Adopti on of CP Legi sl ati ve & Insti tuti onal Framework for Adopti on of CP
Systemati c stagi ng of devpt. pri ori ti es for short, mi d & l ong- term
Cri ti cal & pri ori ty start-up proj ects
Incenti vi zi ng ci ty renewal & expansi on
Attracti ng pri vate sector to undertake cri ti cal & catal yti c proj ects
Strategi c l and reservati ons to meet l ong-term needs
Leveragi ng on l and owned by di fferent government enti ti es
Coordi nated & i ntegrati ve pl anni ng process
Capaci ty bui l di ng of pl anni ng authori ti es
Peri odi c revi ew and regul ar moni tori ng of CP, RP & DPs
Improvement to Devel opment Control Parameters
Rethi nki ng CRZ norms wi thi n key areas of MMR
Integrated Land Use Management (usi ng GIS pl atform)
Acti ve publ i c parti ci pati on & awareness bui l di ng
ADOPTI ON OF CP I NTO RP & DP
SHORT-TERM ADOPTION STRATEGY
Adoption of CP in the upcoming RP being prepared by MPC with MMRDA
Adoption of CP & DGPs into the upcoming DP of Greater Mumbai and other ULBs
Designated CP Task Force to oversee adoption processes in the short term
Strategic legislative framework for enforcement of CP in the long term
Concept plan Local DGPS
Regional
DevelopmentPlan
LocalDevelopment
Plan
I NSTI TUTI ONAL FRAMEWORK
CURRENT PROPOSED
UrbanDevelopmentDepartment
(UDD)
CABINET
MPC
MPC
Formulation,
Adoption
UDD
MMRDA
Urban
LocalBodies
SPA/
NTDA
MMRPA
(ConceptPlan)
Adoption,
Implementation,
Monitoring&
PeriodicReview
asmandated
Regional
Development
Plan
Development
Plan
Development
Plan
MMRDA
ULB
SPA/
NTDA
REGIONAL
PLAN
Development
Plan
Development
Plan
NTDA
ACTIONPLANFORTAKINGFORWARDCURRENTCONCEPTPLAN
PresentationtoMPCfor
endorsement endorsement
SubmittingtoGoMforapproval
Govt.togivebroad
guidelinestoallULBs
forpreparation/
revision of their DP
AmendmenttoMRTPActfor
ConstitutionofMMRPA
AllULBstoroutetheir
DPs through MMRDA,
Govt.directivestoMMRDA&all
ULBstointegratetheirRPandDP
respectivelywithCP
ConstitutionofMMRPA
revisionoftheirDP
DPsthroughMMRDA,
MMRPA&MPC
Endorsement to Concept Plan by EndorsementtoConceptPlanby
allULBs,MMRDA,etc.
Presentation to Stakeholders PresentationtoStakeholders
PreparationofActionPlanfor
implementationofdevelopment
strategy projects & improvement
Identifyingtechnical
challengesassociated
withlongterm
strategy,projects&improvement
toregulatoryframework
recommendedbyCPforshort,
mediumandlongterm.
g
developmentscenarios
andspecificdetailed
studiestobecarriedout
DETAILED SECTORAL PLANS
- Housi ng
PART 2 :
Housi ng
- Tr anspor t
- Ut i l i t i es Inf r ast r uct ur e
- Envi r onment
- Par ks & Recr eat i on
- Her i t age & Ur ban Desi gn
IMPLEMENTATION
Q & A
CONCEPT PLAN 2032 CONCEPT PLAN 2052
Urban Area Hierarchy
EXISTING DENSITY DISTRIBUTION
Urban Area Hierarchy
MIRA BHAYANDER
VASAIVIRAR
BHIWANDI
MIRABHAYANDER
THANE
GREATERKALYAN
GREATERMUMBAI
NAVIMUMBAI
GREATERPANVEL
URAN
ALIBAUG PEN
PROPOSED DENSITY DISTRIBUTION
ALIBAUGPEN
R i d Ci B d i Reorganized City Boundaries
VASAIVIRAR
BHIWANDI
MIRABHAYANDER
THANE
GREATERKALYAN
GREATERMUMBAI NAVIMUMBAI
GREATERPANVEL
URAN
EXISTING CITY BOUNDARIES PROPOSED CITY BOUNDARIES
ALIBAUGPEN
Balanced Population Distribution
VASAIVIRAR
BHIWANDI
MIRABHAYANDER
THANE
BHIWANDI
GREATERKALYAN
GREATERMUMBAI
NAVIMUMBAI
GREATERPANVEL
URAN
PROPOSED POPULATION DISTRIBUTION EXISTING POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
ALIBAUGPEN
Creating an International Downtown
Global Financial
Centres 400 to 800 ha
oCity of London
oNew York Downtown
oShanghai CBD
oSingapore City Centre
oLa Defense Paris
oTokyo CBD oTokyo CBD
Mumbai International
CBD proposed next to
Nariman Point & Fort
AAreas
o New Financial District
oNariman Point
Redevelopment p
oHeritage Precinct
Revitalization
A rejuvenated Inner City, the Eastern & Western Waterfronts j y
centred around the International Financial Centre
Extension of
Sea Link
Transit-
oriented
growth
Waterfront
rejuvenation
Decentralizing Commercial & Services Centres Decentralizing Commercial & Services Centres
A total of 100 mil sq m of commercial
space for 15 mil workforce
Commercial
quantum
(m
2
)
Population
catchment
Employment
CBD 34 million International 2 5 million CBD 34million International
44mil
2.5million
City&
Fringe
Centres
2 2.8million 3 4mil 130,000
180,000
Town
Centre
200,000 250,000
350,000
13,000
PROPOSED COMMERCIAL DISTRIBUTION
Decentralized Industrial Distribution
VASAIVIRAR
Hazardous/pollutive
uses in GM to be
gradually phased out
of Greater Mumbai
MIRABHAYANDER
THANE
BHIWANDI
of Greater Mumbai
Hi-tech industries in
the urban fringe area
NAVIMUMBAI
GREATERKALYAN
GREATERPANVEL
Manufacturing
industries in
suburban areas
GREATERMUMBAI
URAN
PROPOSED INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTION
ALIBAUGPEN
Distinct City Functions
SINGAPORE
Strongpublichousingagency(HDB)
fromrentaltohomeownership
Nofreehousing
Land banking (90% land)
HONGKONG
Strongpublichousingagency(HKHA)
PublicRentalHousing
Assistancetolowincomegroups
Serviced land for private hsg
Modern
Landbanking(90%land)
housingstockdevelopment
Pricecontroltoensureaffordability
Resettlementtiedtoemployment
Comprehensivetownships
Servicedlandforprivatehsg
Constantreviewofaffordability&
incomebasedschemes
Lockinperiod&premiumtohousing
authorityforresaleofsubsidized HKHA
HDBEstates Effectiveestatemanagement
Movetowardsqualitylifestyleforall
flats
SEOUL
KoreaNationalHousingCorporation
(KNHC)&KoreaLandCorporation
(KLC)
SAOPAULO
TheMunicipalSecretariatfor
Housing(SEHAB)
Legalneighborhoodprogram ( )
Housingprice&sizecontrol public
&private
Directfinancialassistance&loans
Publicrentalhousingschemes
Substandard hosing renewal
g g p g
legalize&upgrade.Benefitted
45,000familiesin160shantytowns.
TiedinwithSaoPaulosstrategic
MasterPlan
Tied in with Environmental
AsuburbinSeoul
PublicHousing
In Sao Paulo
Substandardhosingrenewal
schemesthruprivatesector
intervention(similiartoSRA)
Satellitetowns
TiedinwithEnvironmental
UpgradationPrograms
DataManagementsystem HABISP
InSaoPaulo
City Public Rentalhousing Percapita KeylessonsforMMR
Benchmark cities & key lessons
private
housingratio
percentagein
publichousing
livingspacein
sq.m
Singapore 82:18 3% 23sq.m.
Townshipmodel,effectiveestate
management
Hong Kong 47:53 62% 12.84sq.m.
Emphasisonpublicrentalhousing
Shanghai 38:62 18% 25sq.m.
Demand&supplysidesubsidiesfor
affordablehousingbyprivatesector
S lli hi
Seoul 6:94 100% 20.1sq.m.
Satellitetownships
Sao Paulo Informal settlements & squatters
Tenureregularization,effectivedata
managementsystems
J h b I f l ttl t & tt
Communityparticipation&Roleof
Johannesburg Informal settlements & squatters
NGOs
Mumbai 10:90 Negligible 46sq.m.
Housing Goals & Strategies
ITEM 2010 2020 2032 2052
1
PUBLIC: PRIVATE HOUSING 10 : 90 30 : 70 27 : 73 23 : 77
1
PUBLIC:PRIVATEHOUSING
RATIO
10:90 30:70 27:73 23:77
2
PUBLICRENTALHOUSING Negligible 60%(of
30%)
61%(of27%) 43%(of
23%) ) )
3
SLUMPOPULATIONIN% 45% 28% 12% Zero
4
AVERAGELIVINGSPACEPER 46sq.m 810sq.m 1015sq.m 2025sq.m
PERSON
HighendwaterfronthousingatCBD CityFringeHighDensity
Redevelopment
MediumdensityHousingat
Outlyingarea
Rentalhousing
REDEVELOPMENT OF EXISTING CITY AREAS
Continue Slum, Cessed bldg & MHADA
redevpt, RAY & BSUP Schemes
REDEVELOPMENT OF EXISTING CITY AREAS
Enforcement against new slums. Complete &
gazette slum inventory & develop
comprehensive slum redevelopment strategy
Propose new incentives catalyze & speed up
redevelopment. Deadline for free home
schemes. Proactive government involvement
in cluster redevelopment schemes.
New incentives around transit nodes for pvt
sector led redevelopment (dedicated TDR)
EXISTING SLUMS IN MMR
Special schemes to address sites not
feasible for redevpt. (ex: CRZ)
Develop Estate Management Model for
redevelopment housing. Better design
guidelines
Push development of industries &
employment in suburban areas.
NEW SUBURBAN AREAS
y
Immediately plan & develop 4 MHADA
Townships (900 ha each) in suburban
area Newtown development schemes area. New town development schemes
Tie in mega-city & special township
schemes with CP & DPs (address
employment, transport & affordability)
Showcase affordable housing with good
living environment (newgen township) living environment (new gen. township)
Develop Estate Management system for
new townships
Strategic land bank for future (esp Uran
Alibaug)
Continue rental housing scheme to
achieve 1.5 million units by 2032 or
Rental Housing
y
75,000 units per year.
Propose incentives and deadlines to
catalyze &speed up the process catalyze & speed up the process
Tie in rental housing schemes around
industrial estates as workers housing
scheme
Rental schemes in line with CP & DPs
Progressive increase in per capita
living space tied in with income profile
changes
Address quality of living & operation &
maintenance issues
UPCOMING RENTAL HOUSING SCHEMES
source: MMRDA
Organizing development into townships
Settingabasicecocell,parcelsize&configuration
Settingtheroadhierarchyandroadgrid
Setting the residential distribution & density
Organizing development into townships
Settingtheresidential distribution&density
Settingpublicfacilitiesstandard&distribution
SettingaTransitOrientedDevelopmentTODModel
Andheri Area Redevelopment
EXISTING LAND USE
PROPOSED LAND USE
EXISTING LAND USE
Andheri Station Area Redevelopment Metro Station Interchange Redevelopment
Total trips 50 mn 2032 & 60 mn 2052
High Public transport share (Rail + Bus + IPT + Walking) : 78%
Max 1 hr travel time within MMR
1 major public transport node at every 500 mts (walkable) 1 major public transport node at every 500 mts (walkable)
Total trips in future almost 2 times of the trip volume recorded in
2005. So, more comprehensive road & rail networks expected
Achieving 78% Public Transport
HighSpeedRail(+250kmph)+SeaLink
SuburbanRail
Intracity lightrail/BRTS/Buses
IntermediatePublicTransport
Achieving 78% Public Transport
Modal Share by 2052
p
Multimodalintegration
CommonFareCardSystem
EXISTING RAIL NTWRK
CTS PROP. RAIL NTWRK PROPOSED RAIL NETWORK2052
NORTH
CITY
HUB
EAST
CITY
HUB
Year 2010 2032 2052
BKC
AIPPORT
HUB
Popmn 25 36 44
RailLength
(routekm)
485 1 050 3 080
CBD
HUB
AIRPORT
HUB
SOUTH
CITY
HUB
URANCBD
PORT
(route km)
485 1,050 3,080
Rail(routekm)
/mn pop
20 30 70
PORT
HUB
Achieving 30 km Hwy/mil pop by 2052
EXISTING HIGHWAY NTWRK
CTS PROP. HIGHWAY NTWRK PROPOSED HIGHWAY NEWORK 2052
Achieving 30 km Hwy/mil pop by 2052
Year 2010 2032 2052
P 25 36 44 Popmn 25 36 44
Expressway
Length(km)
579 980 1,320
(k ) Expressway(km)
/mn pop
23 28 30
Managing traffic demand thru road
Road
Usage
Vehicle
Ownership
g g
pricing & parking policy
IMMEDIATE
g
Restraint
p
Control
Studyonparkingpolicy&other
policiestolimituseofcar
IntroduceparkingchargesinMMR
EnforceparkingpolicyinCityCentres p g p y y
CBDroadpricing
CarPooling&ParttineCarSchemes
2020 2032
Introducecarquotasystem
Enforcenoroadsideparkingpolicyfor
GMR&MMR
S l ti R d i i t Cit C t &
2020 2032
SelectiveRoadpricingatCityCenters&
AreaLicensingSchemes
2032 2052
Introducetotalroadpricingpolicy
Major Aviation hub of India & South Asia
InternationalAirportwithin
Feasibility study on new
IMMEDIATE
Major Gateway Sea Port of India
20mins oftravelfromCBD
Feasibilitystudyonnew
port&airportatRewas
IntroduceFerryServicesin&
acrossThaneCreek.
DevelopmentofRewasPort
20202032
p
DecommissioningofMPT
IntroducecruiseservicesinMPT
Developmentofa80Millionannual
passengerRewasAirport
20322052
RedevelopMumbaiPortTrustas
leisureharbour.
Water Supply & Demand
Supply from rivers & lakes from
around the Region
Water scarcity in urban & rural
areas around GM areas around GM
40% unaccounted-for water
losses
Localized flooding during rains
Water pricing policy not updated
SUPPLY MLD
Existing 4,642
Water pricing policy not updated
Planned
Damanganga Basin
5,110
(2,490MLD)
Total 9,752
DEMAND MLD MLD
2032 2052
Basic
hygiene
13,140 13,140
Best-in-class 15,372 19,308
R d ti i W t D d
2032 2052
Reductionindemandthrough
i d i
1,537MLD
(10% f ll d d)
2,317MLD
(12% f ll d d)
Reduction in Water Demand
watersavingdevice (10%ofoveralldemand) (12%ofoveralldemand)
Singapore:18%waterdemandreductionthroughwatersavingdevices
Tokyo:20%waterdemandreductionthroughwatersavingdevices
Reductionindemandthrough 1,537MLD 1,931MLD
activeleakagecontrol&metering
inthesupplysystem
(10%ofoveralldemand) (10%ofoveralldemand)
Singapore:Lessthan5%waterlossthroughnetworkleakages
Tokyo: Lessthan5%waterlossthroughnetworkleakages
Seoul: 8.6%waterlossthroughnetworkleakages
Waterrecyclingfornonpotable
use&Rainwaterharvesting
2,284MLD
(35%ofcommercialdemand)
4,441MLD
(48%ofcommercialdemand)
Singapore:
NEWater (30% of total water consumption) NEWater (30%oftotalwaterconsumption)
IndustrialWater(8%oftotalwaterconsumption)
Totalreductionindemand 5,358MLD 8,689MLD
Additional Water Supply Required 262 MLD AdditionalWaterSupplyRequired
NEEDALTERNATIVESOURCESOF
SUPPLY
262MLD
(2.7%ofextg &plannedsupply)
867MLD
(6.2%ofextg &plannedsupply)
INNOVATIONS IN WATER SUPPLY & STORM WATER MANAGEMENT
WATER SUPPLY & FLOOD CONTROL - Case Study - Marina Barrage WATER SUPPLY & FLOOD CONTROL Case Study Marina Barrage
FLOOD CONTROL - Case Study - London Thames Barrier
INNOVATIONS IN WATER SUPPLY & STORM WATER MANAGEMENT
Water supply option -
INNOVATIONS IN WATER SUPPLY & STORM WATER MANAGEMENT
Water supply option -
Proposed Mahim barrage & Thane creek development
700 Ha
(100 MLD)
k
m
Marina
Barrage
(130 MLD)
2
0

k
5,000 Ha
(610 MLD)
I NTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT
Organic
Solid
W t
Inorganic
Solid
W t
Wastewater
Treatment Wastewater
Non-
incinerable
Waste Waste
Anaerobic
Sludge
Refuse
Incinerated
Treatment
Plant
Wastewater
Secondary Excess
Solid Waste
Digestion
Biogas
Sludge
Incineration
Plant
Incinerated
Ash
Secondary
Treated
Effluent
Excess
Effluent
Discharge
Landfill
Biogas
Energy-from-
Waste Facility
Tertiary
Treatment
Landfill Gas
Energy
recovery
Non-potable
water reuse
Recycled
Construction
Material
SEMAKAU LANDFILL,
PROPOSED INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT ZONES - Case Study
,
SINGAPORE
Commenced operations in
April 1999
Capacity: 63 million m
3
Area: 350 Ha
Non-incinerable waste (3%
f t t l t ) of total waste)
Incinerator ash (reduced to
10% of original volume)
1 400tons/day 1,400 tons/day
Expected to meet landfill
needs beyond 2030
PROPOSED INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT ZONES - Case Study
I NTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT
Sewage
treatment
No of STPs Capacity MLD
capacity
Existing 20 3007
Planned 1 new +5
upgrade
428
upgrade
Total 21 3,435
DEMAND MLD
2032 2052
Basic hygiene 10,143 12,263
Best-in-class 12,512 16,026
Additional STP
Capacity Required
9,077 16,026*
Tertiary Treatment for
Water Recycling
1,767
MLD
2,896
MLD
Dumping
Gr. capacity
Capacity
Tons / day
Remaining
Usable Period
Existing 9 550 (>20 yrs)
(For non-potable use)
*Assuminglifespanofexisitjng&plannedSTPsinoverby2032
Existing 9,550 (>20 yrs)
Planned 4,500 25 yrs
Total 14,050 -
2052
5

7
0
Singapore
South Korea
ENVIRONMENT PERFORMANCE INDEX
E
P
I

5
5
South Korea
MMR
ENVIRONMENT
E
P
I

4
0

5
5
India
China
MMR
Air
Quality
Forest
C t l
Water
E
NOW
Wetlands
Forest
Biodiversity
Coastal
Case Study 1-Singapore Case Study 2-Shanghai Case Study 3- Seoul
Smoggy Seoul before 2000
Algae bloom in Suzhou River Polluted Singapore River banks
The new look of current
Suzhou River
The greatly improved air
quality in Seoul
The Singapore River today
Plans for
2052
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Restoration
plans
NOW
POLLUTED
2032
RESTORED
Cleanup&Beautify
Plansfor
enhancement
&further
development
2052
ENHANCED
BringPeopleClosetoNature
Coastal Environment Restore degraded areas
Protect against sea-level rise
Wetland & Restore degraded areas
Mangroves Protect against sea-level rise
Zero-net loss due to urban development
Water Resources Restore polluted areas
E l i ti t t l th ff Explore innovative ways to augment supply thru run-off
Biodiversity Restore degraded forest areas
Maintain bio-diversity at post-restoration level
Air Quality Improved Pollution Standard Index
Use of renewable & green energy
Open Spaces
Mumbai
(13 mil)
(438 sqkm)
MMR
(26 mil)
(4 355 sqkm)
Singapore
(4.99 mil)
(705 sqkm)
New York
(8.4 mil)
(1200 sqkm)
MMR 2052
(44 mil)
(438 sqkm) (4,355 sqkm) (705 sqkm) (1200 sqkm)
Urban
Recreational
Spaces/
1.77 sqm /
person
1 sqm /
person
4 sqm /
person
6sqm /
person
(Target)
4 sqm /
person
Person
(Target)
Total Open
Spaces/
Person
(I l N t
16 sqm /
person
~50 sqm /
person
16sqm /
person
18sqm /
person
(M )
>30 sqm /
person
Open up nature areas for non-intrusive recreational use
(Incl. Nature
Reserve)
person person person
(Mun.)
person
Creation of hierarchy of accessible parks local, city, regional
Extensive Park Connector Network
International Sports & Recreational Attractions International Sports & Recreational Attractions
Urban Greenery wayside planting, skyrise greenery
Centralized Park Development / Management Agency
1localParkwithin400mwalkingradius
1RegionalParkwithin10km
ExtensiveRegionalGreenConnector
EXISTING PARKS & OPEN SPACES PROPOSED PARKS & OPEN SPACES
1WaterfrontParkperCity
1Wetland/MangroveParkperCity
EXISTING COASTAL AREAS & WATER BODIES MAP PROPOSED WATERFRONT RECREATION PLAN
MANGROVE / WETLAND PARKS
COASTAL PARKS
Tourismpromotion
Attractive,walkablestreetscape
Spaces for cultural expression Spacesforculturalexpression
Senseofbelonging&socialendearment
Distinctiveskyline&GreatCityImage
IncreasedRealestatevalue
Comprehensive Urban Design
Framework for 5 typical areas:
o Heritage Precincts, Buildings &
Landmarks
o Global Business District
o Major Urban Nodes Fringe &City o Major Urban Nodes, Fringe & City
Centres
o Special / Thematic Precincts with
Cultural or Civic Significance
U b W t f t o Urban Waterfronts
Incorporation of Listed Heritage
Assets & UD guidelines within the g
DC Regulations of CP, RP & DPs
EXISTING HERITAGE ASSETS
CASE STUDIES
BEFORE BEFORE BEFORE BEFORE
AFTER AFTER AFTER AFTER
Developinga
WaterfrontCBD:
CANARYWHARF,
LONDON
InfillDevelopment:
CHINASQUARE,
SINGAPORE
Optimizationofair
spaceover
constrainedland:
RIVE GAUCHE PARIS
RevivingaRiver:
CHEONGGYECHEON
RESTORATIONPROJECT,
SEOUL LONDON RIVEGAUCHE,PARIS SEOUL
ACCENUATE THE TOURISM GATEWAY THROUGH A HERITAGE SPINE
TheMuseum
Square
TheGateway
Promenade
Horniman
Boulevard
TheBora
BazaarLink
ACCENUATE THE TOURISM GATEWAY THROUGH A HERITAGE SPINE ACCENUATE THE TOURISM GATEWAY THROUGH A HERITAGE SPINE
SELECTIVE IN-FILL REDEVELOPMENT
NEW LANDMARKS & NEW DESTINATIONS BKC Mithi River front NEW LANDMARKS & NEW DESTINATIONS BKC Mithi River front
DEVELOPMENT PHASING & PRIORITY
MAKING IT HAPPEN
Phasing Focus KeyStrategies KeyProjects
Shortterm
(2020)
C lid ti
Meetingbasicneeds:
AffordableHousing
Employment
Shiftthefocustosuburb
Consolidatetheinnercity
Protect & safeguard land &
Ecomodeltownshipsinthesuburb
Jobs forthesuburb
Slum redevelopment program
Consolidation
Phase
Employment
KeyInfrastructure
Protect&safeguardland&
resources.
DevelopStrategicPlans
Slumredevelopmentprogram
Keyinfrastructureprojects
Rivercleaningupprojects
Basicparkprojects
Strategicstudies
Mediumterm
(2032)
Platforming
Improving Qualityof
Life:
Recreational
Cleaning up
Beautification
Improvement
E i
Recreationalandpark projects
Nature&Reforestationprojects
SportCentres,hospitals
Lib i U i iti
Phase Environment
PublicFacilities
Publictransport
Expansion Libraries,Universities
Publictransportprojects
LongTerm
(2052)
LaunchingPhase
Towards GlobalCity:
Worldsbest
Art&culture
MICE
Tourism
Worldclassinfrastructure
(highspeedrail)
Uniquefeatures
Stateofthearttechnology
Museums&Heritage
NewCBD,
ExpoSite & ThemePark,
Highspeedrailproject
Quality housingprojects
Tourism
Q y g p j
NewAirportatRewas
Restructured FSI Regime
MAKING IT HAPPEN
Restructured FSI Regime
Dedicated TDR transfer areas & special FSI
incentives / relaxations
Strategic government land holding Strategic government land holding
(inner city, city fringe & suburbs)
Land for CBD & City / Fringe Centre Redevpt. /
Devpt Devpt.
Key parcels around transit & commercial nodes
Key transport and infrastructure projects
Future public housing
Industries in suburban area Industries in suburban area
Special urban projects such as future Rewas Airport
Institutional & Recreational Uses
Leveraging upon soft areas such as governmental
lands lands
Increased revenue through sale of government
land
Increasing government revenue streams through A
robust system of Development Charges
PREIODIC REVIEW& MONITORING
MAKING IT HAPPEN
Planning Activity
Regional
Concept Plan
Local Areas DP Urban Design
PlanPreparation
10 l
5 yearly (within 2 years On need basis
PREIODIC REVIEW & MONITORING
Plan Preparation
(Review of previous plans)
10 yearly
5 yearly (within 2 years
of approval of RP)
On need basis
After approval of DP
Interim Review 5 yearly
On need basis -
U b D i R i
- 5 yearly
Urban Design Review -
5 yearly
Responsible Agencies By MMRDA By ULBs / SPAs By ULBs / SPAs
PROPOSED IMPROVEMENTS TO DEVELOPMENT CONTROL PARAMETERS
Diversified Zoning Classification
Amalgamation of Parcels (minimum plot size requirement)
Specifying clear UD guidelines such as pedestrian linkages, arcade requirements,
f UD A access etc. for UD Areas
Preparation of UD plans as part of DP (Also to be complied by developers)
INTEGRATED LAND
MAKING IT HAPPEN
INTEGRATED LAND
USE MANAGEMENT
Ensuring a single Base Plan Ensuring a single Base Plan
Integrating cadastral information
with the Base Plan
Auto-updation process &
maintaining currnetness of
Existing Land Use
Q & A Q & A
Thank You Thank You