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# 1. A machine fills containers with grass seed. Each container is supposed to weigh 28 kg.

However the weights vary with a standard deviation of 0.54 kg. A random sample of 24 ags is
taken to check that the mean weight is 28 kg.
!a" #tate and \$ustify an appropriate test procedure giving the null and alternate hypotheses.
(5)

!" %hat is the critical region for the sample mean if the proaility of a &ype ' error is to e
(.5 )*
(7)

!c" 'f the mean weight of the ags is actually 28.+ kg, what would e the proaility of a
&ype '' error*
(2)
(Total 14 marks)

2. &he heights, x metres, of the 24+ new entrants to a men-s college were measured and the
following statistics calculated.

= = 5.2+ . .05 , ++ . 4+2
2
x x
!a" /alculate uniased estimates of the population mean and the population variance.
(3)
!" &he Head of 0athematics decided to use a
2
test to determine whether or not these
heights could e modelled y a normal distriution. He therefore divided the data into
classes as follows.
Interval x < +.10 +.10 x < +.15 +.15 x < +..0 +..0 x < +..5 +..5 x < +.80 x +.80
Frequency 5 (4 .0 .2 48 +2
!i" #tate suitale hypotheses.
!ii" /alculate the value of the
2
statistic and state your conclusion using a +0% level
of significance.
(12)
(Total 15 marks)
IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 1
3. &he following tale shows the result of +00 independent oservations on the discrete random
variale X.
Value of X ( 4 5 1 . 8 or more
Frequency 25 2+ 20 +5 +2 .
/harles elieves that X has a negative inomial distriution with parameters r 2 ( and p 2 0.1
and he asks you to carry out a
2
test to investigate his elief.

!a" #tate suitale hypotheses.
(1)

!" /alculate the e3pected fre4uencies, giving your answers correct to two decimal places.
(8)

!c" /alculate the value of the
2
statistic and determine its p5value.
(5)

(1)
(Total 15 marks)

4. &he hens on a farm lay either white or rown eggs. &he eggs are put into o3es of si3. &he
farmer claims that the numer of rown eggs in a o3 can e modelled y the inomial
distriution, 6!1, p". 6y inspecting the contents of +50 o3es of eggs she otains the following
data.
um!er of !ro"n e##s 0 + 2 ( 4 5 1
um!er of !o\$es . (2 (5 50 22 4 0

!a" #how that this data leads to an estimated value of p 2 0.4.
(1)
IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 2
!" #tating null and alternative hypotheses, carry out an appropriate test at the 5 ) level to
decide whether the farmer-s claim can e \$ustified.
(11)
(Total 12 marks)

5. &he apple trees in a large orchard have, for several years, suffered from a disease for which the
outward sign is a red discolouration on some leaves.
&he fruit grower knows that the mean numer of discoloured leaves per tree is 42.(. &he fruit
grower suspects that the disease is caused y an infection from a neary group of cedar trees.
He cuts down the cedar trees and, the following year, counts the numer of discoloured leaves
on a random sample of seven apple trees. &he results are given in the tale elow.
Tree A 6 / 7 E 8 9
um!er of re% leaves (2 +1 5. 28 55 +2 45

!a" 8rom these data calculate an uniased estimate of the population variance.
(3)

!" #tating null and alternative hypotheses, carry out an appropriate test at the +0 ) level to
\$ustify the cutting down of the cedar trees.
(&)
(Total ' marks)
IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 3