THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
EASTERN DIVISION


TACTICAL MEDICAL SOLUTIONS, INC. )
)
Plaintiff ) Civil Action No.
)
vs. )
)
DR. RONALD KARL, EMI EMERGENCY )
MEDICAL INTERNATIONAL A/K/A )
EMERGENCY MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS, )
AND Copquest, Inc. )
)
Defendants )
)



COMPLAINT

Tactical Medical Solutions, Inc. (“TMS”), for its complaint against defendants Dr.
Ronald Karl ( “KARL ”), EMI Emergency Medical International a/k/a Emergency Medical
Instruments (“EMI”) and Copquest, Inc. (“Copquest”), alleges as follows:

PRELIMINARY STATEMENT
1. This Complaint includes claims for patent infringement arising under the patent
laws of the United States, Title 35 of the United States Code. This Complaint also
includes claims for false designation of origin, trade dress infringement and false
description in violation of Section 43(a) of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a). This
Complaint further includes claims for unfair competition under Illinois common law and
Illinois Statute 815 ILCS § 510. Finally, this Complaint includes claims for copyright
infringement arising under the Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 101 et seq..
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PARTIES
2. Tactical Medical Solutions, Inc. (“TMS”) is a Corporation organized and existing
under the laws of the State of South Carolina, with its principal place of business at 112
North Park Drive, Andersen, South Carolina 29625.
3. Defendant Ronald Karl purports to be the President and CEO of EMI. Mr. Karl is
believed to reside at 42 W. 550 Hawk Circle, St. Charles, Illinois.
4. Defendant EMI purports to be a company with a place of business at 44 W. 528
Rte. 64, Lily Lake, Illinois 60151. See http://emiinternational.net/. However, after
reasonably diligent search, no corporate registration for EMI has been located.
5. Defendant Copquest.com, Inc. is a California corporation believed to be doing
business at 365 Camino Carillo, Unit A, Camarillo, CA 93012.
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
6. This Court has subject matter jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§§ 1331, 1338(a) and (b) and 15 U.S.C. § 1121, and supplemental jurisdiction under 28
U.S.C. § 1367(a).
7. This Court also has subject matter jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1332 because, upon information and belief, Defendants Karl, EMI, and
Copquest are citizens of different states than TMS and the amount in controversy
exceeds $75,000, exclusive of costs and interest.
8. This Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendants EMI, Copquest and Karl by
virtue of their transacting business in this district by at least importing, offering to sell,
exposing for sale, selling and/or advertising accused products to customers in Illinois
and this judicial district.
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9. Upon information and belief, Defendants Karl and EMI each have a place of
business in this judicial district.
10. Venue is proper in this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b), (c) and
1400(b) since it is the judicial district in which Defendants conduct continuous and
systematic business, advertise, and have caused the injuries complained of herein.
STATEMENT OF FACTS
A. TMS and Its Products

11. TMS is a veteran-owned small business that designs and sells a variety of
products for first responders, emergency medical personnel, law enforcement and
military personnel.
12. TMS began operations in 2003 under the name Tactical Medical
Solutions, LLC. In 2006, TMS changed its name to Tactical Medical Solutions, Inc.
Since its inception, TMS has been known to its customers and competitors worldwide
and in the United States by the “TACMED” trade name.
13. TMS’ products are well known in its markets and are reputed to be of the
highest quality and craftsmanship. TMS has and continues to be dedicated to designing
and providing high quality products and providing customer service of the highest order.
14. Based on the quality of its goods and the quality of the services provided
to its customers, TMS has earned substantial goodwill and is held in high regard in its
markets. TMS’ excellent reputation is a direct result of its dedication to skilled
craftsmanship, its careful selection of and quality control over its products, its customer
service and the efforts of its employees and carefully selected network of distributors,
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resellers and suppliers to maintain the highest levels of integrity in their marketing and
sales efforts.
15. Throughout its existence, TMS has continuously and actively promoted
itself, its products, and its services through various channels in the trade including,
notably, the ongoing production and distribution of product catalogs, ongoing use of tis
website, ongoing promotion through distributors and resellers, and by regularly
attending industry trade shows. TMS also enjoys substantial word-of-mouth marketing
from its many satisfied customers. As a result of its programs and efforts, over the past
decade, TMS has established very substantial goodwill and a correspondingly
substantial network of regional and national resellers and distributors.
16. On numerous occasions, TMS has been favorably recognized by
government agencies. Most recently, in 2014, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s
Commercial Service presented TMS with the Agency’s Export Achievement Award.
17. An important product designed and brought to market by TMS is a
tourniquet specifically developed to facilitate one-handed application (hereinafter
referred to as the “TMS Tourniquet”). The tourniquet is sold worldwide under the
incontestable SOF
®
trademark (U.S. Trademark Registration No. 3,619,411).
18. The TMS Tourniquet is approved for use by the Department of Defense
and it is currently used by U.S. and foreign militaries.
19. The TMS Tourniquet is the standard issue tourniquet for multiple first
responders and law enforcement agencies throughout the world. Locally, the TMS
Tourniquet is the standard issue tourniquet for the Chicago Division of the Drug
Enforcement Administration.
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20. The TMS Tourniquet was tested by the United States Army Institute for
Surgical Research and found to be 100% effective on both upper and lower extremities.
B. TMS’ Patents
21. On August 17, 2010, United States Patent No. 7,776,064 B2 (the “’064
patent”), entitled “Tourniquet Article”, was duly and legally issued by the United States
Patent and Trademark Office. A copy of the ‘064 patent is attached hereto as Exhibit A.
22. TMS is the owner of the ‘064 patent by assignment.
23. TMS provides notice of the ‘064 patent in accordance with 35 U.S.C. §
287.
24. On November 29, 2011, United States Patent No. D649,642 S (the “’642
patent”), entitled “Tourniquet Handle”, was duly and legally issued by the United States
Patent and Trademark Office. A copy of the ‘642 patent is attached hereto as Exhibit B.
25. TMS is the owner of the ‘642 patent by assignment.
26. TMS provides notice of the ‘642 patent in accordance with 35 U.S.C. §
287.
27. On November 6, 2012, United States Patent No. 8,303,620 B2 (the “’620
patent”), entitled “Tourniquet Article”, was duly and legally issued by the United States
Patent and Trademark Office. A copy of the ‘620 patent is attached hereto as Exhibit C.
28. TMS is the owner of the ‘620 patent by assignment.
29. TMS provides public notice of the ‘620 patent in accordance with 35
U.S.C. § 287.
C. The TACMED Trade Name and Mark
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30. TMS, which is commonly referred to in the trade as TACMED, is a
nationally and internationally known manufacturer and distributor of a wide range of
products particularly in the emergency medical service (EMS), first responder and
military medical fields. TMS promotes and sells its products in a variety of ways,
including but not limited to directly through its website at www.tacmedsolutions.com,
through booths at trade shows, and through government contracts. TMS also uses a
network of national and international resellers and distributors to actively promote and
sell its products.
31. At a minimum, since before 2009, TMS has consistently and continuously
used the mark TACMED in connection with the sale and marketing of field medical kits,
tourniquets, bandages and other products directed to the military, first responder and
law enforcement communities. As a result, the TACMED mark has become a source
designator for TMS with respect to these communities. Consumers in any one of the
military medical, first responder, and law enforcement communities have come to
recognize goods bearing the TACMED mark as goods originating from TMS.
32. By virtue of TMS’ extensive sales, advertising and promotion of its
business and products under the TACMED mark and trade name, TMS has become
well known to the consumers throughout the United States and abroad and the
TACMED name is widely recognized as being associated with TMS and its line of
products.
D. TMS’ Trade Dress
33. For just under a decade, TMS has been marketing and selling its
tourniquets to the military, first responder, and law enforcement communities, and to
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individual users alike. The TMS Tourniquet is characterized by a unique, non-functional
overall look and feel including a distinct handle design featuring an elongated cylindrical
rod having two ends in the shape of truncated cones and having a knurled intermediate
section, a base and strap having a woven look and texture and a label disposed on the
underside of the strap proximate to an end (the “TMS Trade Dress”). The look and feel
of the TMS Tourniquet is unique and serves to immediately identify the tourniquets as
coming from just one source.
34. Since its inception, TMS has sold over 1.25 million tourniquets to
customers worldwide.
35. In 2013, the United States Department of Defense procured 30,000 TMS
Tourniquets for soldiers deployed in Afghanistan.
36. TMS was recently awarded a contract by the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization Support Agency for the TMS Tourniquet.
37. The TMS Tourniquet is used by many other organizations including but
not limited to the Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration, the Los Angeles Police Department, the Dallas Police Department, and
Wisconsin Emergency Medical Services
38. There has been significant media coverage of instances where TMS
tourniquets were used in emergency situations to help save lives. See, for example,
http://www2.oconeelaw.com/news/?p=2235, http://azstarnet.com/news/blogs/police-
beat/new-first-aid-kits-already-helping-tucson-police-officers-save/article_b4afe184-
0ca6-5020-ac21-d3cc1bbce2bc.html, http://www.news10.com/story/24846664/albany-
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police-use-new-survival-kits-in-field, and http://www.kristv.com/news/officers-wounded-
in-shootout-in-good-spirits-/.
39. The TMS Tourniquet was worn by Mark Wahlberg’s character and several
others in the feature film entitled “Lone Survivors”.
40. The TMS Trade Dress is non-functional.
41. The TMS Trade Dress distinguishes the TMS Tourniquet from its
competition.
42. The TMS Trade Dress is unique and has acquired secondary meaning in
that tourniquet users and purchasers, when seeing tourniquets bearing the TMS Trade
Dress, believe that those tourniquets originate from or are endorsed and/or approved by
TMS itself. Tourniquet purchasers and users have come to recognize the well-known
appearance of the TMS Trade Dress and associate that appearance with TMS as the
source of tourniquets.
43. Law enforcement personnel, first responder, military medical and
emergency medical personnel regard the TMS Tourniquet as being of highest quality
and reliability.
E. TMS’s Copyright Registration
44. TMS is the owner by assignment of the copyright to the following
photograph of its tourniquet (hereinafter referred to as the “Tourniquet Photo”) :
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45. The foregoing photograph constitutes an original work of authorship which
is the subject of United States Copyright Registration No. Vau 1-161-333. A true and
correct copy of the registration certificate is attached hereto as Exhibit D.
46. TMS is the owner of the copyright to the following photograph, (hereinafter
referred to as “the Camouflage Photo”):

47. The foregoing photograph constitutes an original work of authorship which
is the subject of United States Copyright Registration No. VA 1-915-265. A true and
correct copy of the registration certificate is attached hereto as Exhibit E.
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F. Defendants Karl and EMI
48. Upon information and belief, Defendants Karl and EMI (hereinafter
referred to collectively as the “Karl Defendants”) design, manufacture, advertise,
promote, distribute, sell and/or offer for sale products for EMS, fire and police
professionals.
49. Upon information and belief, long subsequent to adoption of the TACMED
mark and trade name by TMS and without TMS’ consent, the Karl Defendants
intentionally adopted, and began prominent use of the TACMED mark on or in
connection with a line of products in direct competition with TMS. Among the products
that the Karl Defendants’ market and sell under the TACMED designation are medical
kits, tourniquets, forceps, scissors, shears, medical bags, fanny packs, and holsters.
50. The Karl Defendants’ product line includes a knock off of the TMS
Tourniquet sold under the designation “T.a.t. tourniquet”.
51. Upon information and belief, the Karl Defendants have sold and offered to
sell T.a.t. tourniquets within the United States as a standalone product and also as a
component of at least three kits: the TACMED Response Kit, the TACMED Response
Pack Complete Kit, and the TACMED Basic Response Kit.
52. The T.a.t. tourniquet is substantially identical in appearance to the TMS
Tourniquet.
53. The knock off T.a.t. tourniquet is of inferior quality to the TMS Tourniquet.
54. Upon information and belief the Karl Defendants operate the website that
resolves to www.emiinternational.net (hereinafter “the EMI website”).
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55. The Karl Defendants advertise, promote, sell and/or distribute their
products to a similar class of customers as TMS, including Internet resellers and
distributors.
56. Relevant consumers are highly likely to be confused as to the source,
sponsorship, or affiliation of the Karl Defendants’ products due to the similarity between
the products offered by the Karl Defendants and TMS and due to the similarity between
TMS’ TACMED trade name and mark and the Karl Defendants’ TACMED mark.
57. Exhibit F is a true and correct copy of a two pages downloaded from the
EMI website. Exhibit F incorporates and displays multiple copies of the Tourniquet
Photo as well as a referencing the Karl Defendants’ infringing line of “TACMED
TM

products.
58. By displaying photographs of the TMS tourniquet on their website as
shown, for example, in Exhibit F, the Karl Defendants are falsely representing that the
tourniquet displayed is the T.a.t. tourniquet in an attempt to deceive and confuse
customers and other visitors to the EMI website.
G. Defendant Copquest
59. Upon information and belief, Defendant Copquest advertises, promotes,
distributes, sells and/or offers for sale the Karl Defendants’ entire TACMED product line,
including the knock off T.a.t. tourniquet.
60. Upon information and belief, Copquest has purchased T.a.t. tourniquets
from the Karl Defendants and has sold and offered to sell the T.a.t. tourniquets that it
purchased from the Karl Defendants within the United States as a standalone product
and also as a component of at least the EMI TACMED Basic Response Kit Complete,
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EMI TACMED Law Enforcement Combat Gunshot Trauma Kit, EMI TACMED Response
Packs Complete Kit, and EMI TACMED Response Kit Complete.
61. Exhibit G is a true and correct copy of a page downloaded from
Copquest’s website (www.copquest.com). Exhibit G displays a web page that
incorporates a copy of the Tourniquet Photo and the Camouflage Photo.
62. Exhibit H is a true and correct copy of a shopping cart web page
downloaded from Copquest’s website. Exhibit H includes a copy of the Tourniquet
Photo falsely identified as the knock off T.a.t. tourniquet.
63. By displaying photographs of the TMS tourniquet on its website, Copquest
is falsely representing that the TMS tourniquet is the T.a.t. tourniquet in an attempt to
deceive and confuse customers and other visitors to the Copquest website.
COUNT I – PATENT INFRINGEMENT
U.S. PATENT NO. 7,776,064 B2
(All Defendants)

64. TMS repeats and reaffirms all of the allegations contained in the preceding
paragraphs numbered 1 through 63, with the same force and effect as if fully set forth
herein.
65. On information and belief, all Defendants are now and have been directly
infringing the ‘064 patent, literally and under the doctrine of equivalents, by, among
other things, making, using, offering to sell, selling and/or importing products covered by
one or more claims of the ‘064 patent. Such infringing products include, but are not
limited to, the T.a.t. tactical tourniquet displayed in Exhibits G and H. All Defendants
are thus liable for infringement of the ‘064 patent pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 271(a).
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66. Defendants infringement has been, and continues to be, deliberate, willful
and knowing.
67. By reason of the acts and practices of Defendants, they have caused, are
causing and, unless such acts and practices are enjoined by the Court, will continue to
cause, immediate and irreparable harm to TMS, for which there is no adequate remedy
at law and for which TMS is entitled to injunctive relief under 35 U.S.C. § 283.
68. As a direct and proximate consequence of the acts and practices of
Defendants, TMS has also been, is being, and unless such acts and practices are
enjoined by the Court, will continue to be injured in its business, and property rights, and
has suffered, is suffering, and will continue to suffer injury and damages for which
Plaintiffs are entitled to relief under 35 U.S.C. § 284.
69. This is an exceptional case within the meaning of 35 U.S.C. § 285 and
TMS is therefore entitled to its reasonable attorney’s fees.
COUNT II – PATENT INFRINGEMENT
U.S. PATENT NO. 8,303,620 B2
(All Defendants)

70. TMS repeats and reaffirms all of the allegations contained in the preceding
paragraphs numbered 1 through 69, with the same force and effect as if fully set forth
herein.
71. On information and belief, all Defendants are now and have been directly
infringing the ‘620 patent, literally and under the doctrine of equivalents, by, among
other things, making, using, offering to sell, selling and/or importing products covered by
one or more claims of the ‘620 patent. Such infringing products include, but are not
limited to, the T.a.t. tactical tourniquet displayed in Exhibits G and H. All Defendants
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are thus liable for infringement of the ‘620 patent pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 271(a).
72. Defendants’ infringement has been, and continues to be, deliberate, willful
and knowing.
73. By reason of the acts and practices of Defendants, they have caused, are
causing and, unless such acts and practices are enjoined by the Court, will continue to
cause, immediate and irreparable harm to TMS, for which there is no adequate remedy
at law and for which TMS is entitled to injunctive relief under 35 U.S.C. § 283.
74. As a direct and proximate consequence of the acts and practices of
Defendants, TMS has also been, is being, and unless such acts and practices are
enjoined by the Court, will continue to be injured in its business, and property rights, and
has suffered, is suffering, and will continue to suffer injury and damages for which TMS
is entitled to relief under 35 U.S.C. § 284.
75. This is an exceptional case within the meaning of 35 U.S.C. § 285 and
TMS is therefore entitled to its reasonable attorney’s fees.
COUNT III – DESIGN PATENT INFRINGEMENT
U.S. PATENT NO. D649,642 S
(All Defendants)

76. TMS repeats and reaffirms all of the allegations contained in the preceding
paragraphs numbered 1 through 75, with the same force and effect as if fully set forth
herein.
77. The ‘642 Patent claims an “ornamental design for a tourniquet handle.”
78. The T.a.t. tourniquet handle appropriates the ornamental design for a
tourniquet handle as shown and described in the ‘642 Patent.
79. The T.a.t. tourniquet is substantially visually identical to the TMS
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Tourniquet. See the chart below.
TMS Tourniquet T.a.t. Tourniquet



80. In the eye of the ordinary observer, giving such attention as a purchaser
usually gives, the ornamental design for a tourniquet handle claimed in the ‘642 Patent
and the T.a.t. tourniquet handle are substantially the same; the resemblance is such as
to deceive an ordinary observer, inducing such observer to purchase one supposing it
to be the other.
81. All Defendants have infringed and continue to infringe the ornamental
design for a tourniquet handle claimed in the ‘642 Patent within the meaning of 35
U.S.C. § 271(a) through the foregoing activities including, without limitations, importing,
selling and offering to sell the T.a.t. tourniquet.
82. Upon information and belief, Defendants have been aware of the ‘642
Patent and their infringement thereof, yet have continued their infringement without
regard to the ‘642 Patent or TMS’ rights. The infringement continues today despite an
objectively high likelihood that Defendants’ actions constitute infringement of the ‘642
Patent. This objectively high likelihood of infringement was either known or so obvious
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that it should have been known to Defendants. Defendants’ infringement of the ‘642
Patent has been willful, deliberate and objectively reckless.
83. By reason of the acts and practices of Defendants, they have caused, are
causing and, unless such acts and practices are enjoined by the Court, will continue to
cause, immediate and irreparable harm to TMS, for which there is no adequate remedy
at law and for which TMS is entitled to injunctive relief under 35 U.S.C. § 283.
84. Defendants’ infringement of the ‘642 Patent has injured TMS and TMS is
entitled to recover damages adequate to compensate it for such infringement, but in no
event less than a reasonable royalty, as permitted under 35 U.S.C. § 284, as well as
damages for design patent infringement permitted under 35 U.S.C. § 289.
85. This is an exceptional case within the meaning of 35 U.S.C. § 285 and
TMS is therefore entitled to its reasonable attorney’s fees.
COUNT IV – TRADE DRESS INFRINGEMENT – 15 U.S.C. § 1125(A)
(All Defendants)

86. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 85.
87. The TMS Trade Dress is non-functional – it is not essential to the
product’s purpose and it is not dictated by concern for cost efficiency.
88. TMS has expended considerable time, effort and resources to design and
develop the TMS Trade Dress.
89. The purchasing public has come to recognize the TMS Trade Dress and
associate that trade dress with TMS as the source of its tourniquets.
90. The T.a.t. tourniquet sold by Defendants unlawfully copies, imitates and
duplicates the distinctive TMS Trade Dress.
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91. Defendants’ sales and marketing of T.a.t. tourniquets is likely to cause
confusion among consumers.
92. Defendants’ actions constitute trade dress infringement in violation of the
Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. 1125(a). TMS has been and will continue to be injured as a
result of Defendants’ conduct. TMS has no adequate remedy at law for these injuries.
Unless Defendants are restrained by this Court from continuing to infringe the TMS
trade dress, these injuries will continue.
COUNT V FALSE DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN – 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a)
(TACMED Mark)(All Defendants)

93. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1through 92.
94. Defendants’ distribution, sale, and offering for sale of products identical or
related to TMS’ products, e.g., tourniquets, field medical kits, etc., under the TACMED
mark constitutes false designation of origin or sponsorship of such goods and tends to
falsely represent that the Defendants’ goods originate from TMS or that said goods
have been sponsored, approved, authorized or licensed by TMS or are in some way
affiliated or connected with TMS or that TMS’ goods and/or services originate from the
Defendants or are sponsored, approved, authorized or licensed by the Defendants. The
Defendants’ conduct is likely to confuse mislead, and deceive a not insubstantial
number of distributors, relevant consumers and other purchasers, and members of the
public as to the origin of the goods and services.
95. Upon information and belief, Defendants’ above-described actions have
injured and will continue to cause immediate and irreparable injury and damage to TMS.
TMS has no adequate remedy at law for these injuries. Such immediate and irreparable
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injury and damage will continue unless and until Defendants are enjoined by this Court.
Accordingly, TMS is entitled to an injunction under 15 U.S.C. § 1116, prohibiting
Defendants from further actions in violation of the Lanham Act.
96. Defendants’ use of a mark confusingly similar to TMS’ TACMED mark
and trade name was and is willful, knowing, malicious and/or intentional, thereby
making this case exceptional under 35 U.S.C. § 1117(a).
COUNT VI UNFAIR COMPETITION ILLINOIS COMMON LAW
(TACMED Mark)(All Defendants)
97. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1through 96.
98. Defendants’ distribution, sale, and offering for sale of products identical or
related to TMS’ products, e.g., tourniquets, field medical kits, etc., under the TACMED
mark constitutes unfair competition under Illinois common law because Defendants’
have caused a likelihood of confusion or of misunderstanding as to the source,
sponsorship approval, or certification of Defendants’ T.a.t. tourniquets, and as to
Defendants’ affiliation, connection, and association with and certification by TMS.
99. Defendants’ acts complained of herein constitute unfair competition and
deceptive trade practices under Illinois common law also because Defendants have
used deceptive representations in connection with the T.a.t. tourniquets and have
engaged in other conduct which creates a likelihood of confusion or misunderstanding.
100. As a consequence of Defendants’ acts of unfair competition as aforesaid,
TMS has suffered and will continue to suffer monetary damages in an amount to be
determined at trial.
101. Defendants have profited from Defendants’ unfair competition.
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102. Defendants’ unfair competition was and is willful, knowing, malicious,
and/or intentional.
103. TMS does not have a fully adequate remedy at law.
104. Defendants’ acts complained of herein constitute unfair competition and
deceptive trade practices under Illinois common law.
105. Defendants’ use of a mark confusingly similar to TMS’ TACMED mark and
trade name was and is willful, knowing, malicious and/or intentional.

COUNT VII – COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT
(Tourniquet Photo)(All Defendants)

106. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1through 105.
107. As the owner of the Copyright Registration No. Vau 1-161-333 for the
Tourniquet Photo, TMS has the exclusive right to reproduce, to prepare derivative works
based on, to distribute copies of, and to publicly display the Tourniquet Photo.
108. Upon information and belief, Defendants had access to the Tourniquet
Photo which is and/or was displayed on many of TMS’ authorized distributors’ websites.
One such website is www.chinookmed.com.
109. Defendants copied the Tourniquet Photo and currently display the copied
Tourniquet Photo on their respective websites (www.emiinternationa.net and
www.copquest.com)
110. Defendants knowingly, deliberately and willingly copied the Tourniquet
Photo.
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111. Defendants knowingly, deliberately and willingly use the Tourniquet Photo
on their respective websites and in their marketing materials to sell the knock off T.a.t.
tourniquet in direct competition with TMS, thereby causing TMS monetary and other
damages.
112. TMS is entitled to recover from Defendants the damages TMS has
sustained and will sustain, and any gains, profits and advantages obtained by
Defendants as a result of Defendants’ acts alleged herein pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 504.
113. TMS is also entitled to an injunction prohibiting Defendants from further
infringement of the Tourniquet Photo pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 502.
COUNT VIII – FALSE DESCRIPTION OR REPRESENTATION – 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a)
(Tourniquet Photo)(All Defendants)

114. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 113.
115. Defendants have displayed and continue to display the Tourniquet Photo
on their respective websites and falsely represent that the Tourniquet Photo is a
photograph of the T.a.t. tourniquet.
116. Defendants use their respective websites to advertise, offer for sale and
sell the knock off T.a.t. tourniquets to various entities located throughout the United
States.
117. Upon information and belief, the T.a.t. tourniquet is of inferior construction
to the TMS Tourniquet.
118. Defendants’ use of the Tourniquet Photo as described herein
misrepresents the nature, characteristics, and/or qualities of Defendants’ T.a.t.
tourniquet.
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 20 of 33 PageID #:20
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119. Defendants’ use of the Tourniquet Photo is material to consumer’s
purchasing decisions.
120. Upon information and belief, Defendants’ misrepresentations have injured
and will continue to cause immediate and irreparable injury and damage to TMS. TMS
has no adequate remedy at law for these injuries. Such immediate and irreparable
injury and damage will continue unless and until Defendants are enjoined by this Court.
Accordingly, TMS is entitled to an injunction under 15 U.S.C. § 1116, prohibiting
Defendants form further actions in violation of the Lanham Act.
121. Defendants’ false and/or misleading descriptions and/or representations
concerning the T.a.t. tourniquet were and are willful, knowing, malicious and/or
intentional, thereby making this case exceptional under 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a).
COUNT IX – FALSE DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN – 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a)
(Tourniquet Photo)(All Defendants)

122. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 121.
123. The Tourniquet Photo depicts distinctive aspects of the TMS Tourniquet
including the TMS Trade Dress which has acquired secondary meaning and the TMS
tourniquet handle design which is the subject of the ‘642 Patent and which has also
acquired secondary meaning.
124. Defendants’ marketing and false and/or misleading descriptions and/or
representations regarding the T.a.t. tourniquet exemplified by use of the Tourniquet
Photo as described herein is likely to cause confusion, or to cause mistake, or to
deceive as to the affiliation, connection and/or association of the source of the T.a.t.
tourniquet with the source of the TMS Tourniquet.
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125. Defendants’ marketing and false and/or misleading descriptions and/or
representations regarding the T.a.t. tourniquet exemplified by use of the Tourniquet
Photo as described herein is likely to cause confusion, or to cause mistake, or to
deceive as to the origin, sponsorship and/or approval of the T.a.t. tourniquet by TMS.
126. As a result of Defendants’ conduct, TMS has suffered and will continue to
suffer monetary damages in an amount to be determined at trial, and damage to TMS’
goodwill causing serious and irreparable injury to TMS, its products and its reputation,
for which TMS has no adequate remedy at law.
127. Defendants’ marketing and use of the Tourniquet Photo and Defendants’
false and/or misleading descriptions and/or representations concerning the T.a.t.
tourniquet were and are willful, knowing, malicious and/or intentional, thereby making
this case exceptional under 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a).
COUNT X – UNFAIR COMPETITION UNDER ILLINOIS STATUTE 815 ILCS § 510
(Tourniquet Photo)(All Defendants)

128. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 127.
129. Defendants’ use of the Tourniquet Photo as complained of herein
constitute unfair competition and deceptive trade practices under 815 ILCS § 510,
because in the course of Defendants’ business, Defendants have caused a likelihood of
confusion or of misunderstanding as to source, sponsorship, approval, or certification of
Defendants’ T.a.t. tourniquet, and as to Defendants’ affiliation, connection and
association with and certification by TMS.
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130. Defendants’ acts complained of herein constitute unfair competition and
deceptive trade practices under 815 ILCS § 510 also because Defendants have used
deceptive representations in connection with the T.a.t. tourniquet and have engaged in
other conduct which creates a likelihood of confusion or misunderstanding.
131. As a consequence of Defendants’ acts of unfair competition as set forth
herein, TMS has suffered and will continue to suffer monetary damages in an amount to
be determined at trial.
132. Defendants have profited from Defendants’ unfair competition as set forth
herein.
133. Defendants’ unfair competition was and is willful, knowing, malicious,
and/or intentional.
134. TMS does not have an adequate remedy at law.
COUNT XI – UNFAIR COMPETITION UNDER ILLINOIS COMMON LAW
(Tourniquet Photo)(All Defendants)

135. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 134.
136. Defendants’ acts complained of herein constitute unfair competition and
deceptive trade practices under Illinois common law, because in the course of
Defendants’ business, Defendants have caused a likelihood of confusion or of
misunderstanding as to source, sponsorship, approval, or certification of Defendants’
T.a.t. tourniquet, and as to Defendants’ affiliation, connection and association with and
certification by TMS.
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137. Defendants’ acts complained of herein constitute unfair competition and
deceptive trade practices under Illinois common law also because Defendants have
used deceptive representations in connection with the T.a.t. tourniquet and have
engaged in other conduct which creates a likelihood of confusion or misunderstanding.
138. As a consequence of the Defendants’ acts of unfair competition as set
forth herein, TMS has suffered and will continue to suffer monetary damages in an
amount to be determined at trial.
139. Defendants have profited from Defendants’ unfair competition as set forth
herein.
140. Defendants’ unfair competition was and is willful, knowing, malicious,
and/or intentional.
141. TMS does not have an adequate remedy at law.
COUNT XII – FALSE DESCRIPTION OR REPRESENTATION – 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a)
(Camouflage Photo)(Defendant Copquest)

142. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 141.
143. Defendant Copquest has displayed and continues to display the
Camouflage Photo on its website and falsely represent that the Camouflage Photo is a
photograph of the T.a.t. tourniquet.
144. Defendant Copquest uses its websites to advertise, offer for sale and sell
the knock off T.a.t. tourniquets to various entities located throughout the United States.
145. Upon information and belief, the T.a.t. tourniquet is of inferior construction
to the TMS tourniquet.
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146. Defendant Copquest’s use of the Camouflage Photo as described herein
misrepresents the nature, characteristics, and/or qualities, of the T.a.t. tourniquet.
147. Defendant Copquest’s use of the Camouflage Photo is material to
consumer’s purchasing decisions.
148. Upon information and belief, Defendant Copquest’s misrepresentations
have injured and will continue to cause immediate and irreparable injury and damage to
TMS. TMS has no adequate remedy at law for these injuries. Such immediate and
irreparable injury and damage will continue unless and until Defendant Copquest is
enjoined by this Court. Accordingly, TMS is entitled to an injunction under 15 U.S.C. §
1116, prohibiting Defendant Copquest from further actions in violation of the Lanham
Act.
149. Defendant Copquest’s false and/or misleading descriptions and/or
representations concerning the T.a.t. tourniquet were and are willful, knowing, malicious
and/or intentional, thereby making this case exceptional under 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a).
COUNT XII – FALSE DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN – 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a)
(Camouflage Photo)(Defendant Copquest)

150. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 149.
151. The Camouflage Photo depicts distinctive aspects of the TMS Tourniquet
including the TMS Trade Dress which has acquired secondary meaning and the TMS
tourniquet handle design which is the subject of the ‘642 Patent and which has also
acquired secondary meaning.
152. Defendant Copquest’s marketing and false and/or misleading descriptions
and/or representations regarding the T.a.t. tourniquet exemplified by use of the
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 25 of 33 PageID #:25
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Camouflage Photo as described herein is likely to cause confusion, or to cause mistake,
or to deceive as to the affiliation, connection and/or association of the source of the
T.a.t. tourniquet with the source of the TMS tourniquet.
153. Defendant Copquest’s marketing and false and/or misleading descriptions
and/or representations regarding the T.a.t. tourniquet exemplified by use of the
Camouflage Photo as described herein is likely to cause confusion, or to cause mistake,
or to deceive as to the origin, sponsorship and/or approval of the T.a.t. tourniquet by
TMS.
154. As a result of Defendant Copquest’s conduct, TMS has suffered and will
continue to suffer monetary damages in an amount to be determined at trial, and
damage to TMS’ goodwill causing serious and irreparable injury to TMS, its products
and its reputation, for which TMS has no adequate remedy at law.
155. Defendant Copquest’s marketing and use of the Camouflage Photo and
Defendant Copquest’s false and/or misleading descriptions and/or representations
concerning the T.a.t. tourniquet were and are willful, knowing, malicious and/or
intentional, thereby making this case exceptional under 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a).
COUNT XIV – UNFAIR COMPETITION UNDER ILLINOIS STATUTE 815 ILCS § 510
(Camouflage Photo)(Defendant Copquest)

156. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 155.
157. Defendant Copquest’s use of the Camouflage Photo as complained of
herein constitute unfair competition and deceptive trade practices under 815 ILCS §
510, because in the course of Defendant Copquest’s business, Defendant Copquest
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 26 of 33 PageID #:26
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has caused a likelihood of confusion or of misunderstanding as to source, sponsorship,
approval, or certification of Defendant Copquest’s T.a.t. tourniquet, and as to Defendant
Copquest’s affiliation, connection and association with and certification by TMS.
158. Defendant Copquest’s acts complained of herein constitute unfair
competition and deceptive trade practices under 815 ILCS § 510 also because
Defendant Copquest has used deceptive representations in connection with the T.a.t.
tourniquet and has engaged in other conduct which creates a likelihood of confusion or
misunderstanding.
159. As a consequence of the Defendant Copquest’s acts of unfair competition
as set forth herein, TMS has suffered and will continue to suffer monetary damages in
an amount to be determined at trial.
160. Defendant Copquest has profited from its unfair competition as set forth
herein.
161. Defendant Copquest’s unfair competition was and is willful, knowing,
malicious, and/or intentional.
162. TMS does not have an adequate remedy at law.
COUNT XV – UNFAIR COMPETITION UNDER ILLINOIS COMMON LAW
(Camouflage Photo)(Defendant Copquest)

163. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1 through 162.
164. Defendant Copquest’s acts complained of herein constitute unfair
competition and deceptive trade practices under Illinois common law, because in the
course of Defendant Copquest’s business, Defendant Copquest has caused a likelihood
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 27 of 33 PageID #:27
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of confusion or of misunderstanding as to source, sponsorship, approval, or certification
of Defendant Copquest’s T.a.t. tourniquet, and as to Defendant Copquest’s affiliation,
connection and association with and certification by TMS.
165. Defendant Copquest’s acts complained of herein constitute unfair
competition and deceptive trade practices under Illinois common law also because
Defendant Copquest has used deceptive representations in connection with the T.a.t.
tourniquet and has engaged in other conduct which creates a likelihood of confusion or
misunderstanding.
166. As a consequence of the Defendants’ acts of unfair competition as set
forth herein, TMS has suffered and will continue to suffer monetary damages in an
amount to be determined at trial.
167. Defendant Copquest has profited from its unfair competition as set forth
herein.
168. Defendant Copquest’s unfair competition was and is willful, knowing,
malicious, and/or intentional.
169. TMS does not have an adequate remedy at law.
COUNT XVI – COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT
(Camouflage Photo)(Defendant Copquest)

170. TMS realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in
paragraphs 1through 169.
171. As the owner of the Copyright Registration No. VA 1-915-265 for the
Camouflage Photo, TMS has the exclusive right to reproduce, to prepare derivative
works based on, to distribute copies of, and to publicly display the Camouflage Photo.
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 28 of 33 PageID #:28
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172. Upon information and belief, Defendant Copquest had access to the
Camouflage Photo which is and/or was displayed on many of TMS’ authorized
distributors’ websites.
173. Defendant Copquest copied the Camouflage Photo has displayed and is
currently displaying the copied Camouflage Photo on its website at www.copquest.com.
174. Defendant Copquest knowingly, deliberately and willingly copied the
Camouflage Photo.
175. Defendant Copquest knowingly, deliberately and willingly uses the
Camouflage Photo on its website and in its marketing materials to sell the knock off
T.a.t. tourniquet in direct competition with TMS, thereby causing TMS monetary and
other damages.
176. TMS is entitled to recover from Defendant Copquest the damages TMS
has sustained and will sustain, and any gains, profits and advantages obtained by
Defendant Copquest as a result of Defendant Copquest’s acts alleged herein pursuant
to 17 U.S.C. § 504.
177. TMS is also entitled to an injunction prohibiting Defendant Copquest from
further infringement of the Camouflage Photo pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 502.
JURY DEMAND
Pursuant to Rule 38(b), Fed. R. Civ. P., and the Seventh Amendment to the United
States Constitution, TMS hereby demands a trial by jury.
REQUESTED RELIEF
WHEREFORE, TMS respectfully asks this Court to enter judgment against
Defendants as follows:
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 29 of 33 PageID #:29
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COUNTS I-III – PATENT INFRINGEMENT CLAIMS
A. An award of damages adequate to compensate TMS for the infringement
that has occurred, but in no event less than a reasonable royalty as permitted by
35 U.S.C. § 284, together with prejudgment interest from the date the
infringement began;

B. Additional damages for design patent infringement as permitted under 35
U.S.C. § 289;
C. Increased damages as permitted under 35 U.S.C. § 284;
D. A finding that this case is exceptional and an award to TMS of its
reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs as provided by 35 U.S.C. § 285;
E. A preliminary and permanent injunction prohibiting Defendants, together
with their respective agents, officers, servants, employees, assigns, successors,
and attorneys, and all other persons acting in concert or active participation with
them, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 283 from infringing the patents in suit; and
F. Such other relief to which TMS is entitled under law, and any other and
further relief that this Court or a jury may deem just and proper.

COUNTS IV-VI and VIII-XV – LANHAM ACT and ILLINOIS STAUTORY AND
COMMON LAW UNFAIR COMPETITION

G. A preliminary and permanent injunction immediately restraining
Defendants, together with their respective officers, agents, servants, employees,
assigns, successors, and attorneys, and all other persons acting in active concert
or participation with them, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1116(a) and any relevant
Illinois state law provisions:
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(i) from selling, offering to sell, marketing, promoting, or advertising
any goods and/or services under the TACMED mark or any mark
confusingly similar thereto; and
(ii) from making or publishing any false and/or misleading descriptions
and/or representations concerning TMS or the TMS Tourniquet
and/or any false and/or misleading descriptions or representations,
stating, suggesting or implying that the T.a.t. tourniquet is affiliated
with, sponsored, approved or in any way associated with TMS;
H. Directing Defendants to deliver up to TMS all things in their possession
bearing a description the TACMED mark and/or bearing the Tourniquet Photo or
the Camouflage Photo and/or any other designation likely to be confused with
TMS, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1118 and any relevant Illinois state law provisions;
I. Directing Defendants to account for and pay over to TMS all profits
Defendants have obtained, received, or derived from selling, or offering to sell,
the T.a.t. tourniquet, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a) and any relevant Illinois
state law provisions;
J . Awarding TMS all damages suffered by TMS as a result of Defendants’
acts of false description of fact, false designation of origin, trade dress
infringement and unfair competition, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a) and any
relevant Illinois state law provisions;
K. Awarding TMS up to three times TMS’ damages and/or Defendants’
profits, pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a) and any relevant Illinois state law
provisions;
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L. Declaring that this case is exceptional and awarding to TMS the attorneys’
fees it has incurred in investigating, bringing, and prosecuting this action,
pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a) and any relevant Illinois state law provisions;
M. Awarding TMS the costs and disbursements of this action;
N. Awarding TMS punitive damages pursuant to any relevant Illinois state law
provisions;

COUNTS VII and XVI – COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT CLAIMS

O. A preliminary and permanent injunction immediately restraining
Defendants, together with their respective officers, agents, servants, employees,
assigns, successors, and attorneys, and all other persons acting in active concert
or participation with them, pursuant to 17 U.S.C. § 502 prohibiting Defendants
from copying, distributing, displaying and making derivative works from the
Tourniquet Photo and the Camouflage Photo;
P. Directing Defendants to deliver up for impoundment pursuant to 17 U.S.C.
§ 503 all materials incorporating copies of the Tourniquet Photo and/or the
Camouflage Photo and deliver for destruction all infringing copies and all plates,
molds, and other materials by which infringing copies may be reproduced;
Q. Awarding TMS all damages sustained by TMS in consequence of
Defendants’ copyright infringement of the TMS Photo and the Camouflage Photo;
and
R. Awarding TMS any other and further relief as is just.



Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 32 of 33 PageID #:32
33

Respectfully submitted,



/S/ J ames B. Zaczek_____________
J ames B. Zaczek, Esq. (ID No. 6217079)
Law Office of Bert Zaczek
311 N. Aberdeen St.
Suite 300B
Chicago, IL 60607
(312) 527-1090
(312) 527-1082 (Facsimile)
bert@bzlegal.net

Frederick N. Samuels, Esq.
CAHN & SAMUELS, LLP
1100 17th Street N.W., Suite 401
Washington, D.C. 20036
(202) 331-8777
(202) 331-3838 (Facsimile)
Frederick.Samuel@cahnsamuels.com



ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFF
Tactical Medical Solutions, Inc.



Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 33 of 33 PageID #:33




























Exhibit A
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 8 PageID #:34
US007776064B2
( 1 2) Ulllted States Patent ( 1 0) Patent N 0. : US 7, 776, 064 B2
J enni f er et al. ( 45 ) Date o f Patent: Aug. 1 7, 201 0
( 5 4) TOURN IQUET ARTICLE 2005 / 0049 8 3 0 A1 3 / 2005 Ambach
( 75 ) Inv ento r s: J o hnso n J enni f er , Raef o r d, N C ( US) ; OTHER PUBLICATION S
J o hnso n R05 5 , Raef o l' d, N C ( Us) Co mbat Ap p li cati o n To ur ni q uets, The Co mbat Ap p li cati o n To ur ni
q uet Br o chur e.
( 73 ) Assi gnee: Tacti cal Medi cal So luti o ns, Inc. , Par so ns, Do nald L. , et al. , To ur ni q uetsi Li f esav er s o n the Battle
Ander so n, SC ( U S) ? eld, ar ti cle ( date unk no w n) .
( * ) N o ti ce: Subj ect to any di sclai mer , the ter m o f thi s * Ci ted by ex ami ner
p atent i s ex tended o r adj usted under 3 5 Pr i mar y Ex ami ner i Mi chael J Mi lano
U- S~ C~ 1 5 4G ’ ) by 28 2 day s- Assi stant Ex ami ner i V i cto r X N guy en
( 74) Atto r ney , Agent, o r Fi r m4Cahn & Samuels LLP
( 21 ) Ap p l. N 0. : 1 0/ 8 3 0, 1 44
_ ( 5 7) ABSTRACT
( 22) Fr led: Ap r . 21 , 2004
_ _ _ The p r esent i nv enti o n r elates gener ally to ? r st ai d ar ti cles and
( 65 ) Pno r Pubhcatlo n Data mo r e sp eci ? cally to umi q uets. One embo di ment o f the
Us 2005 / 024021 7 A1 Oct 27, 2005 clai med subj ect matter i ncludes a to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i s
i ng a base, a cap di sp o sed o n sai d base, a str ap hav i ng o ne f r ee
( 5 1 ) Int, Cl, end and o ne end attached to sai d base, a buck le attached to
A61 B 1 7/ 00 ( 200601 ) sai dbase, a handle W i th an ap er tur e to acco mmo date a p o r ti o n
( 5 2) us. Cl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606/ 203 ; 602/ 5 ; 24/ 68 R; Of sai d str ap , a r i ng attached to Sai d base Po si ti o ned adj acent
24/ 1 63 R to sai d base, W her ei n sai d to ur ni q uet ar ti cle i s p o si ti o ned
( 5 8 ) Fi eld o f Classi ? cati o n Sear ch . . . . . . . . . 606/ 20li 204' ar o und a li mb’ w her ei n Sai d f r ee end o f Sai d Str ap i s Pulled
602/ 5 1 9 . 2 4 / 68 R 1 63 R’ thr o ugh bo th sai d r i ng and sai d handle ap er tur e W her eby sai d
See ap p li cati o n ? le f o r COmPIete’ Sea’ r Ch hi sto r ; , _ ar ti cle i s i ni ti ally ti ghtened ar o und the li mb, W her ei n sai d
handle i s tur ned unti l adeq uate p r essur e i s ap p li ed to the li mb,
( 5 6) Ref er ences Ci ted and W her ei n o nce adeq uate p r essur e i s ap p li ed to the li mb,
o ne end o f sai d handle i s i nser ted i nto sai d r i ng to secur e the
US' PATEN T DOCUMEN TS ti ghtened to ur ni q uet i n p lace. Ano ther embo di ment i ncludes
2, 3 8 7, 428 A * 1 0/ 1 9 45 Br o ther s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606/ 203 a saf ety scr eW di sp o sed i n sai d buck le, W her ei n sai d scr eW i s
4, 79 4, 65 6 A * l/ l9 8 9 Henley , ‘ J r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 / 628 ti ghtened to p r ev ent sai d str ap f r o m sli p p i ng, Ano ther
5 , 9 9 3 , 3 62 A 1 1 / 1 9 9 9 G hebadl embo di ment has a r i ng that i s mo v able alo ng the base.
i ( Si nk et alt Ano ther embo di ment o f the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle f ur ther
’ ’ esney e a ' ' i ncludes a seco nd r i ng di sp o sed o n sai d base p o si ti o ned adj a
6, 602, 2l4 B2* 8 / 2003 Hei nZet al. . . . . . . . . . . . . 602/ 1 9 .
6, 8 9 9 , 720 B1 * 5 / 2005 McMi llan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606/ 203 Cemto Sald buck le‘
8 , 8 9 9 , 720 5 / 2005 McMi llan
2003 / 0028 21 5 A1 2/ 2003 Br o o k s 20 Clai ms, 2 Dr aw i ng Sheets
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 8 PageID #:35
US. Patent Aug. 1 7, 201 0 Sheet 1 o f 2 US 7, 776, 064 B2
FIG . 1
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 3 of 8 PageID #:36
US 7, 776, 064 B2
1 0
5 2: : . . : : :
Sheet 2 0f 2 Aug. 1 7, 201 0 U S. Patent
FIG . 2
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 4 of 8 PageID #:37
US 7, 776, 064 B2
1
TOURN IQUET ARTICLE
CROSS- REFEREN CES TO OTHER RELATED
PATEN T APPLICATION S
N o t Ap p li cable.
STATEMEN T REG ARDIN G FEDERALLY
SPON SORED RESEARCH OR DEV ELOPMEN T
N o t Ap p li cable.
REFEREN CE TO SEQUEN CE LISTIN G , A
TABLE, OR A COMPUTER PROG RAM LISTIN G
COMPACT DISK APPEN DIX
N o t Ap p li cable.
BACKG ROUN D OF THE IN V EN TION
1 . Fi eld o f the Inv enti o n
The p r esent i nv enti o n r elates to medi cal dev i ces used i n
? r st ai d. Mo r e sp eci ? cally , thi s i nv enti o n r elates to i mp r o v e
ments i n to ur ni q uets used f o r emer gency medi cal use.
2. Descr i p ti o n o f Related Ar t
To umi q uet cuf f s ar e used p r i mar i ly to achi ev e o cclusi o n o f
ar ter i al blo o d? o W . A ty p i cal to ur ni q uet i s a ti ghtly ti ed band
ap p li ed ar o und a bo dy p ar t ( an ar m o r a leg) i n an attemp t to
sto p sev er e bleedi ng o r unco ntr o lled hemo r r hage i n an emer
gency si tuati o n. To ur ni q uets f r eq uently f o und i n the p r i o r ar t
co nsi st o f ti ghtly ti ed bands that ar e ap p li ed ar o und a bo dy
p ar t such as an ar m o r a leg to stem the ? o w o f blo o d. In o ne
ex amp le o f the ap p li cati o n o f a to ur ni q uet, a p i ece o f r ubber
tubi ng i s W r ap p ed ar o und the li mb and ti ed ti ghtly . A sti ck i s
W o und under neath the tubi ng and tW i sted unti l the tubi ng i s
ti ghtened so that the bleedi ng i s sto p p ed. The tubi ng must no t
be ti ghtened mo r e than W hat i s r eq ui r ed to sto p the bleedi ng.
Once an adeq uate p r essur e o n the li mb i s achi ev ed, the sti ck
i s ti ed i nto i ts p o si ti o n W i th addi ti o nal tubi ng o r bandages.
Other i tems that can be used f o r a to ur ni q uet i nclude a belt,
r o p e, str i ng, W i r e, tW i ne, and secti o ns o f clo thi ng.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE IN V EN TION
The p r esent i nv enti o n r elates gener ally to ? r st ai d ar ti cles
and mo r e sp eci ? cally to umi q uets. One embo di ment o f the
clai med subj ect matter i ncludes a to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i s
i ng a base, a cap di sp o sed o n sai d base, a str ap hav i ng o ne f r ee
end and o ne end attached to sai d base, a buck le attached to
sai dbase, a handle W i th an ap er tur e to acco mmo date a p o r ti o n
o f sai d str ap , a r i ng attached to sai d base p o si ti o ned adj acent
to sai d base, W her ei n sai d to ur ni q uet ar ti cle i s p o si ti o ned
ar o und a li mb, W her ei n sai d f r ee end o f sai d str ap i s p ulled
thr o ugh bo th sai d r i ng and sai d handle ap er tur e W her eby sai d
ar ti cle i s i ni ti ally ti ghtened ar o und the li mb, W her ei n sai d
handle i s tur ned unti l adeq uate p r essur e i s ap p li ed to the li mb,
and W her ei n o nce adeq uate p r essur e i s ap p li ed to the li mb,
o ne end o f sai d handle i s i nser ted i nto sai d r i ng to secur e the
ti ghtened to ur ni q uet i n p lace. Ano ther embo di ment i ncludes
a saf ety scr eW di sp o sed i n sai d buck le, W her ei n sai d scr eW i s
ti ghtened to p r ev ent sai d str ap f r o m sli p p i ng. Ano ther
embo di ment has a r i ng that i s mo v able alo ng the base.
Ano ther embo di ment o f the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle f ur ther
i ncludes a seco nd r i ng di sp o sed o n sai d base p o si ti o ned adj a
cent to sai d buck le.
Hav i ng thus descr i bed embo di ments o f the p r esent i nv en
ti o n, i t i s the p r i nci p al o bj ect o f the p r esent i nv enti o n to
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p r o v i de an i mp r o v ed to ur ni q uet ar ti cle that can be used o n a
li mb usi ng o ne hand to p lace and secur e the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEV ERAL
V IEW S OF THE DRAW IN G S
The abo v e and o ther o bj ects, adv antages and f eatur es o f the
p r esent i nv enti o n W i ll be mo r e r eadi ly ap p ar ent f r o m the
f o llo W i ng descr i p ti o n, W hen r ead i n co nj uncti o n W i th the
acco mp any i ng dr aW i ngs W her ei n:
FIG . 1 i s a p er sp ecti v e v i eW o f an embo di ment o f the
clai med subj ect matter ;
FIG . 2 i s a di agr am i llustr ati ng the co mp o nents o f an
embo di ment o f the clai med subj ect matter .
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE IN V EN TION
The p r esent i nv enti o n mak es use o f li ghtW ei ght and r ugged
mater i als W hi ch allo W s the ar ti cle to be car r i ed i nto the ? eld.
Thi s i nv enti o n also allo W s the user to ap p ly the to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle W i th o ne hand i nstead o f tW o W hi ch can be a cr uci al
li f esav i ng f eatur e i n the battle? eld W hen assi stance f r o m a
medi c i s no t i mmedi ately av ai lable and the i nj ur ed sti ll has
so me abi li ty to p r ev ent a lar ge lo ss o f blo o d i n hi s o r her bo dy .
The to ur ni q uet can also be used i n emer gency ? r st ai d f o r
ani mals such as ho r ses.
Tur ni ng no W descr i p ti v ely to the dr aW i ngs, i n W hi ch si mi
lar r ef er ence char acter s deno te si mi lar elements thr o ugho ut
the v i eW s, FIG S. 1 and 2 i llustr ate an embo di ment o f the
to ur ni q uet ar ti cle desi gnated gener ally by the numer al 1 0.
The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 as sho W n i n FIG S. 1 and 2 co m
p r i ses an elo ngated assembly o f multi p le co mp o nents. Illus
tr ated i n FIG . 1 i s a co mp o nent v i eW o f the ar ti cle 1 0. Base 1 2
i s made o f a 2" > < 8 1 / 2" secti o n o f W ebbi ng B, a 2" > < 8 1 / 2" secti o n
A o f lo o p ed end V elcr o ® a? i x ed to the under si de o f the
W ebbi ng B, and a 2" > < 3 " p i ece o f W ebbi ng C a? i x ed to the
up p er si de o f the W ebbi ng B. W ebbi ng B i s made o f a 1 6 p o i nt
heav y W ei ght p o ly p r o p y lene mater i al and W ebbi ng C i s made
o f ny lo n scuba W ebbi ng but each can be made o f any o ther
sui table mater i al, f o r ex amp le W ebbi ng C can be made o f a
p lasti c mater i al. Secti o nA can also be made o f a no n sk i d o r
no n sli p f abr i c o r any o ther sui table mater i al.
The sep ar ate secti o ns can be j o i ned o r co mbi ned by seW
i ng, bo ndi ng o r by usi ng any sui table means. In the p r esent
embo di ment, W ebbi ng B and secti o nA ar e seW n to gether . The
lo o p ed end o f V elcr o ® Secti o nA i s p o si ti o ned so the bo tto m
mo st lay er o f lo o p i s i n co ntact W i th the li mb W hen the
to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s used. Secti o nA i s used i n thi s embo di
ment to i ncr ease f r i cti o n betW een the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 and
the li mb and to p r o v i de p addi ng betW een W ebbi ng B and the
ti ssue o f the li mb. Secti o n A also help s p r o tect the sk i n and
so f t ti ssue f r o m p i nchi ng and br ui si ng that can be asso ci ated
W i th the use o f the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0. Secti o n A also help s
the user i n ap p ly i ng to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 by ho ldi ng the
to ur ni q uet i n p lace and allo W i ng the user to ap p ly ar ti cle 1 0
W i th o ne hand.
W ebbi ng C i s attached to the up p er f aci ng si de o f W ebbi ng
B abo ut 2" i n di stance f r o m the end o f the W ebbi ng B base
p o si ti o ned beneath the handle G . Scuba ny lo n W ebbi ng i s
used f o r W ebbi ng C i n the p r esent embo di ment to i ncr ease the
r i gi di ty o f the base 1 2 and to p r ev ent bi ndi ng o r cr ushi ng o f
base 1 2 W hen handle G i s tW i sted o r tur ned. In ano ther
embo di ment, sev er al secti o ns o f scuba W ebbi ng can also be
used to gether as W ebbi ng C i nstead o n o ne secti o n, and thi s
can f ur ther f aci li tate the needs o f r i gi di ty W hi le sti ll bei ng
? ex i ble eno ugh f o r use W i th a li mb i n addi ti o n to mak i ng
ar ti cle 1 0 easi er to sto r e and car r y . V elcr o ® secti o n A, W eb
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US 7, 776, 064 B2
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bi ng B and W ebbi ng C can each be co nstr ucted o f scuba
W ebbi ng and addi ti o nally , each secti o n o f base 1 2 can be
lengthened, sho r tened, nar r o W ed o r W i dened. Addi ti o nal p ad
di ng can also be added to base 1 2, o r i ndi v i dually to secti o nA,
W ebbi ng B o r W ebbi ng C. One o r mo r e adhesi v e str i p s may
also be used to bo nd o ne o r mo r e o f these secti o ns o f base 1 2.
In thi s embo di ment, cap F i s p o si ti o ned and attached to the
to p o f base 1 2. Cap F mai ntai ns the str ap H i n p r o x i mi ty to the
base 1 2 and as such mai ntai ns str ap H i n ? at o r i entati o n i n
r elati o n to base 1 2. Cap F i s a 2 i nch by 2 i nch secti o n o f ny lo n
scuba W ebbi ng seW n o n to base 1 2 alo ng the tW o edges o r
o uter si des o f W ebbi ng B. Cap F can also be made o f a p lasti c
sleev e, o r a co mbi nati o n o f p lasti c and p o ly p r o p y lene W eb
bi ng W hi ch can be used to i ncr ease the r i gi di ty o f cap F. Cap
F can also be bo nded o r attached i n any sui table manner to
base 1 2. Cap F help s mai ntai n the f o r m o f str ap H W hen str ap
H i s bei ng ti ghtened and i t also help s p r ev ent tW i sti ng o f the
str ap H bef o r e str ap H i s ti ghtened ar o und the to p o f base 1 2.
Cap F mai ntai ns the f o r m o f str ap H by W o r k i ng i n co nj unc
ti o n W i th base 1 2 acti ng as a r i gi d sleev e o r a sandW i ch i n
W hi ch str ap H must p ass thr o ugh bef o r e mak i ng co ntact W i th
the li mb.
In thi s embo di ment, cap F also p r o v i des a p o i nt o f attach
ment f o r the seco nd lo ck i ng r i ng W i tho ut i nter f er i ng W i th the
f uncti o n o f str ap H. Base 1 2 and cap F can also be made
thi nner and W i th li ghter W ei ght mater i al so that the to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle i s mo r e p li able and less bulk y dep endi ng o n the needs
o f the user . Thi s r educti o n o f bulk can mak e i t easi er i n so me
si tuati o ns to ap p ly the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 to a li mb, but i n all
the embo di ments, base 1 2 and cap F mai ntai n a ? at sur f ace
agai nst the li mb to help p r ev ent cuf f mi gr ati o n.
The ti ghteni ng sy stem co nsi sts o f handle G , str ap H, and
buck le D. Handle G i s co nstr ucted o f 1 / 2" T01 6 ai r cr af t gr ade
alumi num r o ds cut to a length o f 5 . 5 i nches. Handle G i s
bev eled and no tched o n the sur f ace ar ea at each end o f handle
G to f aci li tate the secur i ng o f handle G i nto the lo ck i ng r i ngs.
Handle G also has a 0. 1 5 6" > < l . 21 9 " ap er tur e p o si ti o ned i n the
center o f handle G W hi ch allo W s f o r the p assage o f str ap H.
The slo t i s sli ghtly W i der than str ap H W hi ch allo W s mo r e
leeW ay i n mo v ement o f handle G dur i ng ti ghteni ng o f to ur
ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 as W ell as mak i ng the ar ti cle easi er to f o ld
and co mp act f o r sto r age. Handle G can also be gnar led,
no tched o r bev eled o n o ne o r mo r e si des to p r o v i de a ti ghter
gr i p to the user f o r p ur p o se o f ti ghteni ng the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle
1 0. Handle G can also be lo nger o r sho r ter , made o f a lar ger o r
smaller di ameter , o r made o f ano ther sui table mater i al such as
ny lo n, p lasti c, o r co mp o si te.
Buck le D i s a q ui ck r elease ty p e buck le W hi ch allo W s the
user to q ui ck ly r elease str ap H. The q ui ck r elease buck le used
i n the p r esent embo di ment i s a standar d o ne i nch buck le
tap p ed to accep t a 1 A i nch machi ne scr eW . Buck le D can be
any o ther sui table buck le such as a Fastek l and 1 / 2 i nch buck le
and i t can also be a di f f er ent si Ze and di mensi o n. The machi ne
scr eW thr eads i nto the to p o f the buck le and the head r ests o n
the base o f the buck le. W hen engaged, Buck le D p r ev ents
acci dental lo o seni ng o f the to ur ni q uet sho uld buck le D be
acci dentally bump ed o r mo v ed W hi le the p ati ent i s bei ng
tr ansp o r ted. Fur ther , cap scr eW E can be used to help p r ev ent
mo v ement o f the str ap H. In thi s embo di ment, o p ti o nal cap
scr eW E i s p o si ti o ned i n the to p o f buck le D so as to allo W the
user to ti ghten the scr eW do W n the str ap H f ur ther secur i ng the
str ap H agai nst uni ntended lo o seni ng. Cap scr eW E i s a
1 A1 " . ti mes. 5 / s" so ck et head cap scr eW , but i t can be any desi r ed
W i dth and length.
Str ap H i s made o f 1 6 p o i nt heav y W ei ght p o ly p r o p y lene
W ebbi ng that i s 1 i nch i n W i dth and 46 i nches i n length. It can
also be made o f any sui table si Ze o r mater i al. Fo r ex amp le, i t
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can r ange f r o m 1 i nch i n W i dth to 2. 5 i nches i n W i dth. It can
also be lo nger o r sho r ter than 46 i nches i n length, and the
mater i al i t i s made o f can be ny lo n W ebbi ng i nstead o f
p o ly p r o p y lene. One end o f str ap H i s r o uted ar o und the q ui ck
r elease buck le and attached to base 1 2. In the p r esent embo di
ment, Str ap H i s seW n to base 1 2. The f r ee end o f Str ap H i s
? r st r o uted thr o ugh r i ng K and attached to base 1 2. Fr o m the
p o i nt o f attachment to base 1 2, the f r ee end o f Str ap H i s then
r o uted thr o ugh the ap er tur e i n handle G and seW n back o nto
i tself f o r mi ng a small lo o p that ho lds the handle i n p o si ti o n
W i th str ap H. Thi s lo o p i s desi gned to p r o v i de eno ugh slack so
that tW i sti ng handle G do es no t cause base 1 2 to bi nd o r tW i st.
Once str ap H i s p o si ti o ned to ho ld handle G , i t i s r o uted
thr o ugh the ar ea abo v e base 1 2 and belo W cap P so that the
o ther end r emai ns f r ee to use by the user to be p laced i nto the
q ui ck r elease buck le D i n o r der to ti ghten the to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle 1 0. Str ap H can also be secur ed di r ectly to base 1 2, e. g. ,
at a ? r st p o i nt up str eam f r o m handle G and at a seco nd p o i nt
do W nstr eam f r o m handle G , W i th an allo W ance f o r a lo o p to
r un thr o ugh handle G .
As sho W n i n FIG S. 1 and 2, r i ngs K and L ar e used to i n the
p r esent embo di ment to secur e str ap H to base 1 2, but o nly o ne
r i ng needs to be used. The r i ngs ar e used to secur e str ap H i n
p lace W hen to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s i n use. Ri ngs K and L
co nsi st o f tW o 1 " acty l tr i - r i ngs. The r i ngs can be o f any
sui table ty p e such as D ty p e o r O ty p e r i ngs, they can also be
made to sW i v el, and they can be made o f any sui table mater i al
such as steel o r alumi num.
Ri ng K i s secur ed to base 1 2 adj acent to the q ui ck r elease
buck le D. Str ap H r uns f r o m the q ui ck r elease buck le D to r i ng
K W her e str ap H i s seW n to the base 1 2. Ri ng K i s then
p o si ti o ned o n the up p er sur f ace o f str ap H and, usi ng a secti o n
o f W ebbi ng W hi ch i s p laced o v er r i ng K and seW n to base 1 2,
r i ng K i s secur ed to str ap H. Ri ng K i s no t able to f r eely mo v e
alo ng the length o f str ap H, but r i ng K can be f o lded o v er to
ai d i n sto r age. Ri ng L i s p o si ti o ned o n the up p er sur f ace o f cap
F. Ri ng L i s secur ed to cap F W i th a 1 i nch by 2 i nch 1 6 p o i nt
p o ly p r o p y lene W ebbi ng I W i th the si des o f W ebbi ng J seW n to
cap F co v er i ng the lo W er p o r ti o n o f r i ng K. In thi s f ashi o n,
r i ng L can be mo v ed clo ser o r f ar ther aW ay f r o m handle G so
r i ng L can be p o si ti o ned to assi st lo ck i ng handle G i n p lace
af ter tensi o n has been ap p li ed to to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0. In o ther
embo di ments, the o ne o r mo r e r i ngs can be p o si ti o ned o n base
1 2 o r cap F and any o n o f them can be attached di r ectly o r any
o ne can hav e the abi li ty to sli de.
To umi q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s used i n thi s embo di ment W i th tW o
r i ngs W hi ch allo W ar ti cle 1 0 to be adj usted ? t di f f er ent si Zed
and shap ed li mbs, f o r ex amp le li mbs hav i ng co ni cal o r no n
cy li ndr i cal shap es, and W hi ch allo W ei ther o r bo th ends o f
handle G to be i nser ted i nto o ne o r bo th r i ngs K and L to
secur e the handle G agai nst sli p p age. In o ther i nstances, i t
may be desi r ed to use mo r e than tW o r i ngs to allo W mo r e
bi ndi ng p o i nts at W hi ch str ap H can be r o uted thr o ugh allo W
i ng an ev en ti ghter ? t f o r mo st uses. Base 1 2 can also be
W i dened to gi v e a gr eater ti ssue ar ea allo W i ng less p r essur e to
be used to achi ev e hemo stasi s.
Ini ti ally , to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 sho uld be br o k en i n by
ap p ly i ng ar ti cle 1 0 to a so li d o bj ect and ti ghteni ng the handle
tW o to thr ee ti mes to lo o sed the W ebbi ng. Thi s br eak i ng i n
f aci li tates later o ne handed use. Ar ti cle 1 0 i s sto r ed i n a bag o r
p o uch W i th str ap H r unni ng thr o ugh buck le D and saf ety cap
scr eW E sli ghtly lo o sened. To dep lo y to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i n
a si tuati o n W her e o ne li mb i s di sabled, str ap H i s gr asp ed W i th
the uni nj ur ed ar m and to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s sli d o v er the
i nj ur ed ex tr emi ty . Str ap H i s p ulled as q ui ck ly as p o ssi ble to
r emo v e ex cess slack i n str ap H and to i ni ti ally ti ghten ar ti cle
1 0 ar o und the i nj ur ed li mb. Handle G i s tW i sted unti l the
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US 7, 776, 064 B2
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bleedi ng i s co ntr o lled and then handle G i s latched i nto o ne o r
bo th r i ngs K and L. It i s no t necessar y to latch bo th ends o f the
handle G . The cap scr eW E lo cated o n q ui ck r elease buck le D
i s then ti ghtened to help p r ev ent acci dental lo o seni ng, and
f ur ther medi cal tr eatment i s so ught.
W hi le the p r esent i nv enti o n has been i llustr ated and
descr i bed by means o f sp eci ? c embo di ments and alter nati v es,
i t i s to be under sto o d that numer o us changes and mo di ? ca
ti o ns can be made W i tho ut dep ar ti ng f r o m the sp i r i t and sco p e
o f the i nv enti o n. Ther ef o r e, i t sho uld be under sto o d that the
i nv enti o n i s no t to be li mi ted i n any W ay ex cep t i n acco r dance
W i th the ap p ended clai ms and thei r eq ui v alents.
W hat i s clai med i s:
1 . A to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i si ng:
A substanti ally r i gi d base;
a handle; and
a str ap i n co mmuni cati o n W i th sai d handle, the str ap bei ng
engaged W i th sai d base at a ? r st p o i nt up str eam f r o m sai d
handle and ? x edly attached to sai d base at a seco ndp o i nt
do W nstr eam f r o m sai d handle such that sai d handle i s
mai ntai ned i n a p o si ti o n r elati v e to sai d substanti ally
r i gi d base to r educe bi ndi ng o f sai d base W hen sai d
handle i s tW i sted,
W her ei n sai d handle i s a r o d i ncludi ng no tches di sp o sed at
? r st and seco nd end p o r ti o ns.
2. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d str ap has
a W i dth o f betW een abo ut 1 i nch and abo ut 2. 5 i nches and sai d
handle i ncludes an ap er tur e that i s sli ghtly W i der than sai d
str ap .
3 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 2 W her ei n sai d str ap
p asses thr o ugh the ap er tur e.
4. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d base i s
substanti ally r i gi d and co mp r i ses a lay er ed co mp o si te i nclud
i ng a lo W er lay er co mp r i sed o f o ne o f a no n- sk i d f abr i c, a
no n- sli p f abr i c and a ho o k and lo o p f astener .
5 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 4 W her ei n the lay er ed
co mp o si te i ncludes an i nter medi ate lay er a? i x ed to sai d lo W er
lay er and an up p er lay er a? i x ed to sai d i nter medi ate lay er ,
sai d up p er lay er co mp r i si ng a substanti ally r i gi d mater i al.
6. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 5 W her ei n the up p er lay er
co mp r i ses a p lasti c mater i al.
7. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 5 W her ei n the up p er lay er
co mp r i ses ny lo n scuba W ebbi ng.
8 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 5 W her ei n the i nter medi
ate lay er co mp r i ses a p o ly p r o p y lene W ebbi ng.
9 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 f ur ther co mp r i si ng a
handle lo ck attached to sai d base and p o si ti o ned to r ecei v e an
end o f sai d handle.
1 0. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 9 W her ei n the handle
lo ck i ncludes a r i ng mo v ably attached to sai d base.
5
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6
1 1 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 f ur ther co mp r i si ng
buck le co nnected to sai d substanti ally r i gi d base, sai d buck le
bei ng adap ted to engage sai d str ap to secur e sai d to ur ni q uet i n
a dep lo y ed ar r angement, sai d buck le bei ng tap p ed to accep t a
scr eW to secur e sai d str ap to sai d base.
1 2. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d handle
i ncludes an ap er tur e di sp o sed i n the center ther eo f and sai d
str ap i s thr eaded thr o ugh sai d ap er tur e.
1 3 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d base
i ncludes means f o r ho ldi ng sai d to ur ni q uet ar ti cle i n p lace to
f aci li tate user ap p li cati o n o f sai d to ur ni q uet ar ti cle W i th o ne
hand.
1 4. A to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i si ng:
an elo ngated handle;
a substanti ally r i gi d base;
a str ap di sp o sed co nti guo us to sai d base and i n co mmuni
cati o n W i th sai d handle; and
a str uctur al member hav i ng ? r st and seco nd si des, sai d
str uctur al member bei ng ? x edly attached to sai d base at
least at ? r st and seco nd p o i nts alo ng each o f the ? r st and
seco nd si des, sai d str ap bei ng sandW i ched betW een at
least p o r ti o n o f sai d str uctur al member and sai d base to
mi ni mi z e tW i sti ng o f sai d str ap .
1 5 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 4 W her ei n sai d str uc
tur al member i ncludes a cap .
1 6. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 4 W her e sai d str ap
i ncludes a f r ee end and an end p o r ti o n attached to sai d base.
1 7. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 4 W her ei n sai d str uc
tur al member , sai d str ap and sai d base f o r m a lay er ed assem
bly .
1 8 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 4 W her ei n sai d str ap i s
? x edly attached to sai d base at an attachment p o i nt.
1 9 . A to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i si ng:
an elo ngated handle;
a substanti ally r i gi d base under ly i ng sai d elo ngated handle;
a str ap co n? gur ed to be ti ghtened abo ut an i nj ur ed li mb,
sai d str ap bei ng engaged W i th sai d handle and bei ng
engaged W i th sai d substanti ally r i gi d base at i ) a ? r st
p o i nt up str eam f r o m sai d handle and i i ) at a seco nd p o i nt
do W nstr eam f r o m sai d handle such that sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i s mai ntai ned i n under ly i ng r elati o nshi p
to sai d handle ther eby r educi ng bi ndi ng o f sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base W hen sai d handle i s tW i sted; and
a buck le co nnected to and di sp o sed p r o x i mate and end
p o r ti o n o f sai d substanti ally r i gi d base, sai d buck le bei ng
adap ted to engage sai d str ap to secur e sai d to ur ni q uet i n
a dep lo y ed ar r angement.
20. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 9 W her ei n sai d str ap i s
p lanar and f ur ther co mp r i si ng means f o r mai ntai ni ng sai d
str ap ? at agai nst sai d base.
* * * * *
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 7 of 8 PageID #:40
UN ITED STATES PATEN T AN D TRADEMARK OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
PATEN T N O. : 7, 776, 064 B2 Page 1 o f 1
APPLICATION N O. : 1 0/ 8 3 01 44
DATED : August 1 7, 201 0
IN V EN TOR( S) : J enni f er J o hnso n and Ro ss J o hnso n
It i s cer ti f i ed that er r o r ap p ear s i n the abo v e- i denti f i ed p atent and that sai d Letter s Patent i s her eby co r r ected as sho w n belo w :
In the co v er p age, i tem [ 7 5 ] the f i r st i nv ento r “ J o hnso n J enni f er ” sho uld r ead - - J enni f er J o hnso n- - ; the
seco nd i nv ento r “ J o hnso n Ro ss” sho uld r ead - - Ro ss J o hnso n- - .
Si gned and Sealed thi s
Sev enth Day o f December , 201 0
Dav i d J . Kap p o s
Di r ecto r af the Uni ted States Patent and Tr ademar k O? i ce
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-1 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 8 of 8 PageID #:41




























Exhibit B
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-2 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 4 PageID #:42
( 1 2) Uni ted States Desi gn Patent ( 1 0) Patent N 0. :
USO0D649 642S
US D649 , 642 S
J o hnso n ( 45 ) Date o f Patent: 1 1 * N o v . 29 , 201 1
( 5 4) TOURN IQUET HAN DLE 6, 8 9 9 , 720 B1 * 5 / 2005 McMi llan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606/ 203
D5 1 6, 9 01 s * 3 / 2006 Mur r ay . . . . . . . D8 / 3 76
D5 27, 9 8 1 S * 9 / 2006 S t D8 / 3 1 0
( 75 ) Inv ento r : Ro ss J o hnso n, Ander so n, SC ( US) 1 3 5 45 663 S * 7/ 2007 Si ts “ “ “ “ D8 61 0
_ _ _ _ D5 9 2, 48 4 s * 5 / 2009 Ri cer eto . . . . . . . . 1 3 8 / 3 1 0
( 73 ) Ass1 gnee: Tacti cal Medi cal So luti o ns, Inc. , 7, 776, 064 B2 * 8 / 201 0 J enni f er er a1 , 606/ 203
Ander so n, N C ( US) 7, 8 42, 067 B2* 1 1 / 201 0 Esp o si to 606/ 203
2007/ 0005 1 07 A1 * 1 / 2007 J ano ta . . . . . . . . . 606/ 203
* * . 2009 / 00241 5 9 A1 * 1 / 2009 N ee et al. 606/ 203
( ) Ter m‘ 1 4 Year s 201 0/ 01 3 79 00 A1 * 6/ 201 0 C1 1 3 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606/ 203
( 21 ) Ap p l. N 0. : 29 / 3 67, 9 1 2 OTHER PUBLICATION S
( 22) Fi led: Aug 1 6 201 0 G o o gle Image Result f o r http : / / chb- tech. co m/ p r o ducts/ i mages/ Chb
’ S0p st- 02G . j p g. 1 p age. V i ew ed o n Dec. 20, 201 0. *
Related US. Ap p li cati o n Data * Ci ted by ex ami ner
( 63 ) Co nti nuati o n o f ap p li cati o n N o . 1 0/ 8 3 0, 1 44, ? led o n _ _
Ap r . 21 , 2004, no w Pat. N o . 7, 776, 064. Pr lmar y Ex amme" * W an Lay mo n
( 5 1 ) LOC ( 9 ) Cl 24_ 02 ( 74) Atto r ney , Agent, o r Fi r m * Cahn & Samuels, LLP
( 5 2) US. Cl. . . . . . . . . . D24/ 1 43 ; D24/ 1 69 ( 5 7) CLAIM
( 5 8 ) Fi eld o f Classi ? cati o n Sear ch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D24/ 1 43 , The Or namental desi gn f o r a to ur ni q uet handle, as sho w n and
D24/ 1 3 3 , 1 47, 1 69 , 1 8 8 ; 606/ 203 , 201 , 202, descr i bed
606/ 204; D8 / 3 76, 3 78 , 3 00, 3 1 1 , 404, 8 3 ,
D8 / 3 8 7, 3 01 , 3 1 0; D25 / 1 26, 1 4241 43 , 3 8 ; DESCRIPTION
21 1 / 1 05 . 1 41 05 . 2; 248 / 200. 1 , 201 , 205 . 1 ;
D1 2/ 1 79 ; D7/ 3 9 3 , 3 9 6, 405 ; D6/ 5 3 3 , 5 49 45 5 0; FIG . 1 i s a p er sp ecti v e v i ew o f the to ur ni q uet handle acco r d
D1 5 / 8 9 , 1 8 , 29 ; D1 3 / 1 74, 1 71 ; D1 9 / 8 9 ; i ng to the p r esent i nv enti o n.
D21 / 3 08 , 3 1 3 , 3 3 3 , 3 49 , 3 62, 3 63 ; 1 6/ 41 4, FIG . 2 i s ap lan v i ew o f the to ur ni q uet handle acco r di ng to the
1 6/ 41 7, 441 p r esent i nv enti o n.
See ap p li cati o n ? le f o r co mp lete sear ch hi sto r y . FIG . 3 i s a p lan v i ew o f the to ur ni q uet handle acco r di ng to the
p r esent i nv enti o n r o tated 1 / 4 tur n f r o m the v i ew dep i cted i n
( 5 6) Ref er ences Ci ted FIG . 2.
US. PATEN T DOCUMEN TS
1 , 8 5 5 , 48 2 A * 4/ 1 9 3 2 McAr thur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6/ 41 7
2, 25 0, 9 77 A * 7/ 1 9 41 W alk er 220/ 3 8
Dl8 5 , 63 5 S * 7/ 1 9 5 9 G er lach D8 / 3 1 0
D260, 074 S * 8 / 1 9 8 1 Lew i s D8 / 3 76
D3 24, 3 28 S * 3 / 1 9 9 2 Pagan . . . . . . D8 / 3 76
5 , 607, 448 A * 3 / 1 9 9 7 Stahlet al. . . 606/ 203
D3 8 5 , 1 78 S * 1 0/ 1 9 9 7 Po uli n . . . . . . . . . . D8 / 3 76
6, 29 8 , 5 21 B1 * 1 0/ 2001 Butter ? eld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6/ 41 2
FIG . 4 i s an end v i ew o f the to ur ni q uet handle acco r di ng to the
p r esent i nv enti o n; and,
FIG . 5 i s an end v i ew o f the to ur ni q uet handle acco r di ng to the
p r esent i nv enti o n.
The br o k en li nes i n the dr aw i ngs dep i ct env i r o nmental str uc
tur e o f the to ur ni q uet handle that f o r m no p ar t o f the clai med
i nv enti o n.
1 Clai m, 2 Dr aw i ng Sheets
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-2 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 4 PageID #:43
US. Patent N o v . 29 , 201 1 Sheet 1 01 2 US D649 , 642 S
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-2 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 3 of 4 PageID #:44
US. Patent N o v . 29 , 201 1 Sheet 2 o f 2 US D649 , 642 S
FIG . 4 FIG . 5
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-2 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 4 of 4 PageID #:45




























Exhibit C
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 7 PageID #:46
US008 3 03 620B2
( 1 2) Uni ted States Patent ( 1 0) Patent N 0. 2 US 8 , 3 03 , 620 B2
( 45 ) Date o f Patent * N o v . 6, 201 2 J o hnso n et al.
( 5 4) TORN IQUET ARTICLE ( 5 8 ) Fi eld o f Classi ? cati o n Sear ch 606/ 20li 204;
602/ 5 , 1 9
See ap p li cati o n ? le f o r co mp lete sear ch hi sto r y . ( 75 ) Inv ento r s: J enni f er L. J o hnso n, Ander so n, SC
( 5 6) Ref er ences Ci ted
( US) ; Ro ss J o hnso n, Ander so n, SC ( US)
( 73 ) Assi gnee: Tacti cal Medi cal So luti o ns, Inc. ,
US. PATEN T DOCUMEN TS
606/ 203
3 3 00 22 / / 66 00 66
606/ 203
. tn
, mmk k s
. mM. 1 0
0 c m 0
r er
BMJ B 5 5 03 401 0 9 000 1 222 / / / / 05 002
1
* * * *
1 21 ABBA 00045 2261 4, 7, 0, 2 79 6% 009 70 3 8 , 7, 0 267W 0 0 2
S 5
M 3
t
f a
o d mm
r
g
e
h M
T. u
5 . ]
r
mm r
. m o
) l
S Ri m . 1
w dm
C y e
S mm
m m s 0 ti
S C
a . em
d 1 . 1 e n um
A S P
( * ) N o ti ce:
* ci ted by ex ami ner
U. S. C. 1 5 4( b) by 0 day s.
Thi s p atent i s subj ect to a ter mi nal di s
clai mer .
Pr i mar y Ex ami ner * V i cto r N guy en
( 74) Atto r ney , Agent, o r Fi r m * Cahn & Samules, LLP
( 5 7) ABSTRACT
The p r esent i nv enti o n r elates gener ally to ? r st ai d ar ti cles and
mo r e sp eci ? cally to umi q uets. One embo di ment o f the
( 21 ) Ap p 1 . N o . : 1 2/ 8 41 , 475
( 22) Fi led: J ul. 22, 201 0
_ _ _ clai med subj ect matter i ncludes a to ur ni q uet ar ti cle hav i ng a
( 65 ) Pno r Pubhcatlo n Data substanti ally r i gi d base. A handle i s p r o v i ded, the handle has
US 201 1 / 01 78 5 46 A1 J ul, 21 , 201 1 ? r st and seco nd ends and a slo t di sp o sed betw een the ? r st and
seco nd ends. A str ap di sp o sed adj acent to the substanti ally
r i gi d base and p asses thr o ugh the slo t o f the handle. A str uc Related US. Ap p li cati o n Data
( 63 ) Co nti nuati o n o f ap p li cati o n N o . 1 0/ 8 3 0, 1 44, ? led o n
tur al member hav i ng ? r st and seco nd si des i s attached to the
base at least at ? r st and seco nd p o i nts alo ng each o f the ? r st
and seco nd si des o f the base such that the str ap bei ng sand
W i ched betw een at least a p o r ti o n o f the str uctur al member
and sai d base.
Ap r . 21 , 2004, no W Pat. N o . 7, 776, 064.
( 5 1 ) Int. Cl.
A61 B 1 7/ 00 ( 2006. 01 )
( 5 2) U. S. Cl. 606/ 203 ; 602/ 5 1 3 Clai ms, 2 Dr aw i ng Sheets
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 7 PageID #:47
US. Patent N o v . 6, 201 2 Sheet 1 o f 2 US 8 , 3 03 , 620 B2
FIG . 1
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 3 of 7 PageID #:48
U S. Patent N o v . 6, 201 2 Sheet 2 o f 2 US 8 , 3 03 , 620 B2
3 0
d.
-
+
. 9 .
.
2 . v . a.
. .
. 9
" 8 .
FIG . 2
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 4 of 7 PageID #:49
US 8 , 3 03 , 620 B2
1
TORN IQUET ARTICLE
CROSS- REFEREN CES TO OTHER RELATED
PATEN T APPLICATION S
Thi s ap p li cati o n i s a co nti nuati o n o f ap p li cati o n Ser . N o .
1 0/ 8 3 0, 1 44 ? led Ap r . 21 , 2004, no W allo w ed, W hi ch i s i nco r
p o r ated her ei n by r ef er ence.
STATEMEN T REG ARDIN G FEDERALLY
SPON SORED RESEARCH OR DEV ELOPMEN T
N o t Ap p li cable.
REFEREN CE TO SEQUEN CE LISTIN G , A
TABLE, OR A COMPUTER PROG RAM LISTIN G
COMPACT DISK APPEN DIX
N o t Ap p li cable.
BACKG ROUN D OF THE IN V EN TION
1 . Fi eld o f the Inv enti o n
The p r esent i nv enti o n r elates to medi cal dev i ces used i n
? r st ai d. Mo r e sp eci ? cally , thi s i nv enti o n r elates to i mp r o v e
ments i n to ur ni q uets used f o r emer gency medi cal use.
2. Descr i p ti o n o f Related Ar t
To umi q uet cuf f s ar e used p r i mar i ly to achi ev e o cclusi o n o f
ar ter i al blo o d? o W . A ty p i cal to ur ni q uet i s a ti ghtly ti ed band
ap p li ed ar o und a bo dy p ar t ( an ar m o r a leg) i n an attemp t to
sto p sev er e bleedi ng o r unco ntr o lled hemo r r hage i n an emer
gency si tuati o n. To ur ni q uets f r eq uently f o und i n the p r i o r ar t
co nsi st o f ti ghtly ti ed bands that ar e ap p li ed ar o und a bo dy
p ar t such as an ar m o r a leg to stem the Ho w o f blo o d. In o ne
ex amp le o f the ap p li cati o n o f a to ur ni q uet, a p i ece o f r ubber
tubi ng i s W r ap p ed ar o und the li mb and ti ed ti ghtly . A sti ck i s
W o und under neath the tubi ng and tW i sted unti l the tubi ng i s
ti ghtened so that the bleedi ng i s sto p p ed. The tubi ng must no t
be ti ghtened mo r e than W hat i s r eq ui r ed to sto p the bleedi ng.
Once an adeq uate p r essur e o n the li mb i s achi ev ed, the sti ck
i s ti ed i nto i ts p o si ti o n W i th addi ti o nal tubi ng o r bandages.
Other i tems that can be used f o r a to ur ni q uet i nclude a belt,
r o p e, str i ng, W i r e, tW i ne, and secti o ns o f clo thi ng.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE IN V EN TION
The p r esent i nv enti o n r elates gener ally to ? r st ai d ar ti cles
and mo r e sp eci ? cally to umi q uets. One embo di ment o f the
clai med subj ect matter i ncludes a to ur ni q uet ar ti cle hav i ng a
substanti ally r i gi d base, a handle hav i ng ? r st and seco nd ends
and hav i ng a slo t di sp o sed betW een the ? r st and seco nd ends;
a str ap di sp o sed adj acent to the substanti ally r i gi d base and
p assi ng thr o ugh the slo t o f the handle; and a str uctur al mem
ber hav i ng ? r st and seco nd si des, the str uctur al member bei ng
? x edly attached to the base at least at ? r st and seco nd p o i nts
alo ng each o f the ? r st and seco nd si des, the str ap bei ng
sandW i ched betW een at least a p o r ti o n o f the str uctur al mem
ber and sai d base.
In ano ther embo di ment, a lo ck i ng r i ng i s attached to the
str uctur al member .
In f ur ther embo di ment o f the i nv enti o n, at least o ne o f the
? r st and seco nd ends o f the handle i s co n? gur ed to engage
W i th the lo ck i ng r i ng.
In y et ano ther embo di ment o f the i nv enti o n, the lo ck i ng
r i ng i s o p er ati v ely asso ci ated W i th the handle and at least o ne
o f the ? r st and seco nd ends o f the handle i ncludes a latchi ng
secti o n that engages the lo ck i ng r i ng.
1 5
20
25
3 0
3 5
40
45
5 0
5 5
60
65
2
In sti ll ano ther embo di ment o f the i nv enti o n, to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle i ncludes a handle hav i ng ? r st and seco nd ends and
hav i ng a slo t di sp o sed betW een the ? r st and seco nd ends; a
substanti ally r i gi d base under ly i ng the handle; a str ap co n? g
ur ed to be ti ghtened abo ut an i nj ur ed li mb by tW i sti ng the
handle, the str ap bei ng engaged W i th the handled and bei ng
engaged W i th the substanti ally r i gi d base at i ) a ? r st p o i nt
up str eam f r o m sai d handle and i i ) at a seco nd p o i nt do W n
str eam f r o m the handle such that sai d substanti ally r i gi d base
i s mai ntai ned i n under ly i ng r elati o nshi p to the handle ther eby
r educi ng bi ndi ng o f the substanti ally r i gi d base W hen the
handle i s tW i sted; and a means f o r lo ck i ng sai d handle i n
p lace.
Hav i ng thus descr i bed embo di ments o f the p r esent i nv en
ti o n, i t i s the p r i nci p al o bj ect o f the p r esent i nv enti o n to
p r o v i de an i mp r o v ed to ur ni q uet ar ti cle that can be used o n a
li mb usi ng o ne hand to p lace and secur e the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEV ERAL
V IEW S OF THE DRAW IN G S
The abo v e and o ther o bj ects, adv antages and f eatur es o f the
p r esent i nv enti o n W i ll be mo r e r eadi ly ap p ar ent f r o m the
f o llo W i ng descr i p ti o n, W hen r ead i n co nj uncti o n W i th the
acco mp any i ng dr aW i ngs W her ei n:
FIG . 1 i s a p er sp ecti v e v i eW o f an embo di ment o f the
clai med subj ect matter ;
FIG . 2 i s a di agr am i llustr ati ng the co mp o nents o f an
embo di ment o f the clai med subj ect matter .
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE IN V EN TION
The p r esent i nv enti o n mak es use o f li ghtW ei ght and r ugged
mater i als W hi ch allo W s the ar ti cle to be car r i ed i nto the ? eld.
Thi s i nv enti o n also allo W s the user to ap p ly the to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle W i th o ne hand i nstead o f tW o W hi ch can be a cr uci al
li f esav i ng f eatur e i n the battle? eld W hen assi stance f r o m a
medi c i s no t i mmedi ately av ai lable and the i nj ur ed sti ll has
so me abi li ty to p r ev ent a lar ge lo ss o f blo o d i n hi s o r her bo dy .
The to ur ni q uet can also be used i n emer gency ? r st ai d f o r
ani mals such as ho r ses.
Tur ni ng no W descr i p ti v ely to the dr aW i ngs, i n W hi ch si mi
lar r ef er ence char acter s deno te si mi lar elements thr o ugho ut
the v i eW s, FIG S. 1 and 2 i llustr ate an embo di ment o f the
to ur ni q uet ar ti cle desi gnated gener ally by the numer al 1 0.
The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 as sho W n i n FIG S. 1 and 2 co m
p r i ses an elo ngated assembly o f multi p le co mp o nents. Illus
tr ated i n FIG . 2 i s a co mp o nent v i eW o f the ar ti cle 1 0. Base 1 2
i s made o f a 2" > < 8 ' / 2" secti o n o f W ebbi ng B, a 2" > < 8 ' / 2" secti o n
A o f lo o p ed end V elcr o ® a? i x ed to the under si de o f the
W ebbi ng B, and a 2" > < 3 " p i ece o f W ebbi ng C a? i x ed to the
up p er si de o f the W ebbi ng B. W ebbi ng B i s made o f a 1 6 p o i nt
heav y W ei ght p o ly p r o p y lene mater i al and W ebbi ng C i s made
o f ny lo n scuba W ebbi ng but each can be made o f any o ther
sui table mater i al, f o r ex amp le W ebbi ng C can be made o f a
p lasti c mater i al. Secti o nA can also be made o f a no n sk i d o r
no n sli p f abr i c o r any o ther sui table mater i al.
The sep ar ate secti o ns can be j o i ned o r co mbi ned by seW
i ng, bo ndi ng o r by usi ng any sui table means. In the p r esent
embo di ment, W ebbi ng B and secti o nA ar e seW n to gether . The
lo o p ed end o f V elcr o ® Secti o nA i s p o si ti o ned so the bo tto m
mo st lay er o f lo o p i s i n co ntact W i th the li mb W hen the
to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s used. Secti o nA i s used i n thi s embo di
ment to i ncr ease f r i cti o n betW een the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 and
the li mb and to p r o v i de p addi ng betW een W ebbi ng B and the
ti ssue o f the li mb. Secti o n A also help s p r o tect the sk i n and
so f t ti ssue f r o m p i nchi ng and br ui si ng that can be asso ci ated
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 5 of 7 PageID #:50
US 8 , 3 03 , 620 B2
3
W i th the use o f the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0. Secti o nA also help s
the user i n ap p ly i ng to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 by ho ldi ng the
to ur ni q uet i n p lace and allo w i ng the user to ap p ly ar ti cle 1 0
W i th o ne hand.
W ebbi ng C i s attached to the up p er f aci ng si de o f W ebbi ng
B abo ut 2" i n di stance f r o m the end o f the W ebbi ng B base
p o si ti o ned beneath the handle G . Scuba ny lo n W ebbi ng i s
used f o r W ebbi ng C i n the p r esent embo di ment to i ncr ease the
r i gi di ty o f the base 1 2 and to p r ev ent bi ndi ng o r cr ushi ng o f
base 1 2 W hen handle G i s tW i sted o r tur ned. In ano ther
embo di ment, sev er al secti o ns o f scuba W ebbi ng can also be
used to gether as W ebbi ng C i nstead o n o ne secti o n, and thi s
can f ur ther f aci li tate the needs o f r i gi di ty W hi le sti ll bei ng
? ex i ble eno ugh f o r use W i th a li mb i n addi ti o n to mak i ng
ar ti cle 1 0 easi er to sto r e and car r y . V elcr o ® secti o n A, W eb
bi ng B and W ebbi ng C can each be co nstr ucted o f scuba
W ebbi ng and addi ti o nally , each secti o n o f base 1 2 can be
lengthened, sho r tened, nar r o W ed o r W i dened. Addi ti o nal p ad
di ng can also be added to base 1 2, o r i ndi v i dually to secti o nA,
W ebbi ng B o r W ebbi ng C. One o r mo r e adhesi v e str i p s may
also be used to bo nd o ne o r mo r e o f these secti o ns o f base 1 2.
In thi s embo di ment, cap F i s p o si ti o ned and attached to the
to p o f base 1 2. Cap F mai ntai ns the str ap H i n p r o x i mi ty to the
base 1 2 and as such mai ntai ns str ap H i n ? at o r i entati o n i n
r elati o n to base 1 2. Cap F i s a 2 i nch by 2 i nch secti o n o f ny lo n
scuba W ebbi ng seW n o n to base 1 2 alo ng the tW o edges o r
o uter si des o f W ebbi ng B. Cap F can also be made o f a p lasti c
sleev e, o r a co mbi nati o n o f p lasti c and p o ly p r o p y lene W eb
bi ng W hi ch can be used to i ncr ease the r i gi di ty o f cap F. Cap
F can also be bo nded o r attached i n any sui table manner to
base 1 2. Cap F f uncti o ns help s mai ntai n the f o r m o f str ap H
W hen str ap H i s bei ng ti ghtened and i t also help s p r ev ent
tW i sti ng o f the str ap H bef o r e str ap H i s ti ghtened ar o und the
to p o f base 1 2. Cap F mai ntai ns the f o r m o f str ap H by
W o r k i ng i n co nj uncti o n W i thbase 1 2 acti ng as a r i gi d sleev e o r
a sandW i ch i n W hi ch str ap H must p ass thr o ugh bef o r e mak i ng
co ntact W i th the li mb.
In thi s embo di ment, cap F also p r o v i des a p o i nt o f attach
ment f o r the seco nd lo ck i ng r i ng W i tho ut i nter f er i ng W i th the
f uncti o n o f str ap H. Base 1 2 and cap F can also be made
thi nner and W i th li ghter W ei ght mater i al so that the to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle i s mo r e p li able and less bulk y dep endi ng o n the needs
o f the user . Thi s r educti o n o f bulk can mak e i t easi er i n so me
si tuati o ns to ap p ly the to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 to a li mb, but i n all
the embo di ments, base 1 2 and cap F mai ntai n a ? at sur f ace
agai nst the li mb to help p r ev ent cuf f mi gr ati o n.
The ti ghteni ng sy stem co nsi sts o f handle G , str ap H, and
buck le D. Handle G i s co nstr ucted o f 1 / 2" TOl 6 ai r cr af t gr ade
alumi num r o ds cut to a length o f 5 . 5 i nches Handle G i ncludes
bev els and no tches mm o n the sur f ace ar ea at each end o f
handle G to f aci li tate the secur i ng o f handle G i nto the lo ck i ng
r i ngs. Handle G also has a 0. l5 6" > < l. 2l9 " ap er tur e/ slo t gg
p o si ti o ned i n the center o f handle G W hi ch allo W s f o r the
p assage o f str ap H. The slo t gg i s sli ghtly W i der than str ap H
W hi ch allo W s mo r e leeW ay i n mo v ement o f handle G dur i ng
ti ghteni ng o f to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 as W ell as mak i ng the
ar ti cle easi er to f o ld and co mp act f o r sto r age. Handle G can
also be gnar led, no tched o r bev eled o n o ne o r mo r e si des to
p r o v i de a ti ghter gr i p to the user f o r p ur p o se o f ti ghteni ng the
to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0. Handle G can also be lo nger o r sho r ter ,
made o f a lar ger o r smaller di ameter , o r made o f ano ther
sui table mater i al such as ny lo n, p lasti c, o r co mp o si te.
Buck le D i s a q ui ck r elease ty p e buck le W hi ch allo W s the
user to q ui ck ly r elease str ap H. The q ui ck r elease buck le used
i n the p r esent embo di ment i s a standar d o ne i nch buck le
tap p ed to accep t a 1 A i nch machi ne scr eW . Buck le D can be
any o ther sui table buck le such as a Fastek l and 1 / 2 i nch buck le
20
25
3 0
3 5
40
45
5 0
5 5
60
65
4
and i t can also be a di f f er ent si Ze and di mensi o n. The machi ne
scr eW thr eads i nto the to p o f the buck le and the head r ests o n
the base o f the buck le. W hen engaged, Buck le D p r ev ents
acci dental lo o seni ng o f the to ur ni q uet sho uld buck le D be
acci dentally bump ed o r mo v ed W hi le the p ati ent i s bei ng
tr ansp o r ted. Fur ther , cap scr eW B can be used to help p r ev ent
mo v ement o f the str ap H. In thi s embo di ment, o p ti o nal cap
scr eW B i s p o si ti o ned i n the to p o f cap P so as to allo W the user
to ti ghten the scr eW do W n the str ap H f ur ther secur i ng the
str ap H agai nst uni ntended lo o seni ng. Cap scr eW E i s a ‘ A" > <
5 / 8 " so ck et head cap scr eW , but i t can be any desi r ed W i dth and
length.
Str ap H i s made o f 1 6 p o i nt heav y W ei ght p o ly p r o p y lene
W ebbi ng that i s 1 i nch i n W i dth and 46 i nches i n length. It can
also be made o f any sui table si Ze o r mater i al. Fo r ex amp le, i t
can r ange f r o m 1 i nch i n W i dth to 2 and 1 / 2 i nches i n W i dth. It
can also be lo nger o r sho r ter than 46 i nches i n length, and the
mater i al i t i s made o f can be ny lo n W ebbi ng i nstead o f
p o ly p r o p y lene. One end o f str ap H i s r o uted ar o und the q ui ck
r elease buck le and attached to base 1 2. In the p r esent embo di
ment, Str ap H i s seW n to base 1 2. The f r ee end o f Str ap H i s
? r st r o uted thr o ugh r i ng K and attached to base 1 2. Fr o m the
p o i nt o f attachment to base 1 2, the f r ee end o f Str ap H i s then
r o uted thr o ugh the ap er tur e i n handle G and seW n back o nto
i tself f o r mi ng a small lo o p that ho lds the handle i n p o si ti o n
W i th str ap H. Thi s lo o p i s desi gned to p r o v i de eno ugh slack so
that tW i sti ng handle G do es no t cause base 1 2 to bi nd o r tW i st.
Once str ap H i s p o si ti o ned to ho ld handle G , i t i s r o uted
thr o ugh the ar ea abo v e base 1 2 and belo W cap P so that the
o ther end r emai ns f r ee to use by the user to be p laced i nto the
q ui ck r elease buck le D i n o r der to ti ghten the to ur ni q uet
ar ti cle 1 0. Str ap H can also be secur ed di r ectly to base 1 2 W i th
an allo W ance f o r a lo o p to r un thr o ugh handle G .
As sho W n i n FIG S. 1 and 2, r i ngs K and L ar e used to i n the
p r esent embo di ment to secur e str ap H to base 1 2, but o nly o ne
r i ng needs to be used. The r i ngs ar e used to secur e str ap H i n
p lace W hen to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s i n use. Ri ngs K and L
co nsi st o f tW o 1 " acty l tr i - r i ngs. The r i ngs can be o f any
sui table ty p e such as D ty p e o r 0 ty p e r i ngs, they can also be
made to sW i v el, and they can be made o f any sui table mater i al
such as steel o r alumi num.
Ri ng K i s secur ed to base 1 2 adj acent to the q ui ck r elease
buck le D. Str ap H r uns f r o m the q ui ck r elease buck le D to r i ng
K W her e str ap H i s seW n to the base 1 2. Ri ng K i s then
p o si ti o ned o n the up p er sur f ace o f str ap H and, usi ng a secti o n
o f W ebbi ng W hi ch i s p laced o v er r i ng K and seW n to base 1 2,
r i ng K i s secur ed to str ap H. Ri ng K i s no t able to f r eely mo v e
alo ng the length o f str ap H, but r i ng K can be f o lded o v er to
ai d i n sto r age. Ri ng L i s p o si ti o ned o n the up p er sur f ace o f cap
F. Ri ng L i s secur ed to cap F W i th a 1 i nch by 2 i nch 1 6 p o i nt
p o ly p r o p y lene W ebbi ng I W i th the si des o f W ebbi ng J seW n to
cap F co v er i ng the lo W er p o r ti o n o f r i ng K. In thi s f ashi o n,
r i ng L can be mo v ed clo ser o r f ar ther aW ay f r o m handle G so
r i ng L can be p o si ti o ned to assi st lo ck i ng handle G i n p lace
af ter tensi o n has been ap p li ed to to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0. In o ther
embo di ments, the o ne o r mo r e r i ngs can be p o si ti o ned o n base
1 2 o r cap F and any o n o f them can be attached di r ectly o r any
o ne can hav e the abi li ty to sli de.
To umi q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s used i n thi s embo di ment W i th tW o
r i ngs W hi ch allo W ar ti cle 1 0 to be adj usted to ? t di f f er ent si Zed
and shap ed li mbs, f o r ex amp le li mbs hav i ng co ni cal o r no n
cy li ndr i cal shap es, and W hi ch allo W ei ther o r bo th ends o f
handle G to be i nser ted i nto o ne o r bo th r i ngs K and L to
secur e the handle G agai nst sli p p age. In o ther i nstances, i t
may be desi r ed to use mo r e than tW o r i ngs to allo W mo r e
bi ndi ng p o i nts at W hi ch str ap H can be r o uted thr o ugh allo W
i ng an ev en ti ghter ? t f o r mo st uses. Base 1 2 can also be
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 6 of 7 PageID #:51
US 8 , 3 03 , 620 B2
5
w i dened to gi v e a gr eater ti ssue ar ea allo w i ng less p r essur e to
be used to achi ev e hemo stasi s.
Ini ti ally , to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 sho uld be br o k en i n by
ap p ly i ng ar ti cle 1 0 to a so li d o bj ect and ti ghteni ng the handle
tW o to thr ee ti mes to lo o sen the W ebbi ng. Thi s br eak i ng i n
f aci li tates later o ne handed use. Ar ti cle 1 0 i s sto r ed i n a bag o r
p o uch W i th str ap H r unni ng thr o ugh buck le D and saf ety cap
scr eW E sli ghtly lo o sened. To dep lo y to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i n
a si tuati o n W her e o ne li mb i s di sabled, str ap H i s gr asp ed W i th
the uni nj ur ed ar m and to ur ni q uet ar ti cle 1 0 i s sli d o v er the
i nj ur ed ex tr emi ty . Str ap H i s p ulled as q ui ck ly as p o ssi ble to
r emo v e ex cess slack i n str ap H and to i ni ti ally ti ghten ar ti cle
1 0 ar o und the i nj ur ed li mb. Handle G i s tW i sted unti l the
bleedi ng i s co ntr o lled and then handle G i s latched i nto o ne o r
bo th r i ngs K and L. It i s no t necessar y to latch bo th ends o f the
handle G . The cap scr eW E lo cated o n q ui ck r elease buck le D
i s then ti ghtened to help p r ev ent acci dental lo o seni ng, and
f ur ther medi cal tr eatment i s so ught.
W hi le the p r esent i nv enti o n has been i llustr ated and
descr i bed by means o f sp eci ? c embo di ments and alter nati v es,
i t i s to be under sto o d that numer o us changes and mo di ? ca
ti o ns can be made W i tho ut dep ar ti ng f r o m the sp i r i t and sco p e
o f the i nv enti o n. Ther ef o r e, i t sho uld be under sto o d that the
i nv enti o n i s no t to be li mi ted i n any W ay ex cep t i n acco r dance
W i th the ap p ended clai ms and thei r eq ui v alents.
W hat i s clai med i s:
1 . A to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i si ng:
a substanti ally r i gi d base;
a substanti ally cy li ndr i cal handle hav i ng ? r st and seco nd
ends and hav i ng a slo t di sp o sed betW een the ? r st and
seco nd ends;
a str ap di sp o sed adj acent to sai d substanti ally r i gi d base
and p assi ng thr o ugh the slo t o f sai d handle, sai d substan
ti ally cy li ndr i cal handle bei ng r o tatably co up led W i th
sai d substanti ally r i gi d base;
a str uctur al member hav i ng ? r st and seco nd si des, sai d
str uctur al member bei ng ? x edly attached to sai d sub
stanti ally r i gi d base at least at ? r st and seco nd p o i nts
alo ng each o f the ? r st and seco nd si des, sai d str ap bei ng
sandW i ched betW een at least a p o r ti o n o f sai d str uctur al
member and sai d base; and
means f o r blo ck i ng r o tati o n o f sai d substanti ally cy li ndr i
cal handle.
20
25
3 0
3 5
40
6
2. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 f ur ther co mp r i si ng a
lo ck i ng r i ng attached to sai d str uctur al member .
3 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 2 W her ei n at least o ne o f
the ? r st and seco nd ends o f sai d handle i ncludes a latchi ng
secti o n co n? gur ed to engage W i th sai d lo ck i ng r i ng.
4. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 f ur ther co mp r i si ng a
lo ck i ng r i ng o p er ati v ely asso ci ated W i th sai d handle and
W her ei n at least o ne o f the ? r st and seco nd ends o f sai d handle
i ncludes a latchi ng secti o n that engages sai d lo ck i ng r i ng.
5 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i ncludes a ho o k and lo o p f astener .
6. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i ncludes a no n- sli p f abr i c.
7. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 1 W her ei n sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i ncludes means f o r p r ev enti ng bi ndi ng o f sai d
substanti ally r i gi d base W hen sai d handle i s tur ned.
8 . A to ur ni q uet ar ti cle co mp r i si ng:
a handle hav i ng ? r st and seco nd ends and hav i ng a slo t
di sp o sed i n a center o f sai d handle, sai d handle bei ng
r o tatable W i th r esp ect to a substanti ally r i gi d base;
the substanti ally r i gi d base under ly i ng sai d handle;
a str ap co n? gur ed to be ti ghtened abo ut an i nj ur ed li mb by
tW i sti ng sai d handle, sai d str ap bei ng engaged W i th sai d
handled and bei ng engaged W i th sai d substanti ally r i gi d
base at i ) a ? r st p o i nt up str eam f r o m sai d handle and i i )
at a seco nd p o i nt do W nstr eam f r o m sai d handle such that
sai d substanti ally r i gi d base i s mai ntai ned i n under ly i ng
r elati o nshi p to sai d handle ther eby r educi ng bi ndi ng o f
sai d substanti ally r i gi d base W hen sai d handle i s tW i sted;
and
means f o r lo ck i ng sai d handle i n p lace.
9 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 8 W her ei n sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i ncludes a ho o k and lo o p f astener .
1 0. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 8 W her ei n sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i ncludes a no n- sli p f abr i c.
1 1 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 8 W her ei n sai d substan
ti ally r i gi d base i ncludes means f o r p r ev enti ng bi ndi ng o f sai d
substanti ally r i gi d base W hen sai d handle i s tur ned.
1 2. The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 8 f ur ther co mp r i si ng
means f o r mai ntai ni ng sai d str ap i n substanti ally ? at o r i enta
ti o n i n r elati o n to sai d substanti ally r i gi d base.
1 3 . The to ur ni q uet ar ti cle o f clai m 8 W her ei n sai d handle i s
substanti ally cy li ndr i cal.
* * * * *
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-3 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 7 of 7 PageID #:52




























Exhibit D
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-4 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 2 PageID #:53
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-4 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 2 PageID #:54




























Exhibit E

Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-5 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 3 PageID #:55
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-5 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 3 PageID #:56
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-5 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 3 of 3 PageID #:57




























Exhibit F

Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-6 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 3 PageID #:58
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-6 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 3 PageID #:59
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-6 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 3 of 3 PageID #:60




























Exhibit G

Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-7 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 2 PageID #:61
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-7 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 2 PageID #:62




























Exhibit H

Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-8 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 1 of 2 PageID #:63
Case: 1:14-cv-06035 Document #: 1-8 Filed: 08/06/14 Page 2 of 2 PageID #:64

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