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# Physics .

Chapter ( 2 ) / Kinetics .
Akram M. Mahmoud .
--- Kinetics
1 Force - Acceleration
2 Energy - Work
3 Impulse - Momentum
Kinetics
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( 1 ) Force - Acceleration
Use Newton’s second law to study un equilibrium cases .
=

Net force N
Mass kg
Acceleration

( 2 ) Energy - Work
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Use energy and works laws to study un equilibrium cases .
= . =
Work ≡ .
Force N
Distance m
Angle between force and distance Deg. °
The work is The force acts a displacement .
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=

=
The energy is the ability to do work . Such as : Kinetic energy ,
potential energy , Thermal energy …etc.
Kinetic energy is the energy of motion .
Potential energy is the energy of an object because of its position
from the center of gravity of Earth .
Conservation of energy principle : Mechanical energy is the
summation of kinetic and potential and equal to constant .
= + =

+

=

+

Power is the rate at which work is done . =

Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Mechanical Energy
Mass
Velocity

Height
Power ≡

( 3 ) Impulse - Momentum
Momentum is the product of mass and velocity
=
Impulse is the product of force and time . = ∆
Newton’s second law : It is the rate of momentum .
Impulse momentum theorem : A force acting on a mass during a time
causes the mass to change its momentum .
∆ = ∆ ∆ = ∆
∆ =

Conservation of momentum : If net force is not exist , the total
momentum will remain constant . ( other form of Newton’s first law )
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=

Use impulse and momentum to study un equilibrium cases .
Momentum

Impulse

Exercises
1 . What is net force is required to accelerate a 1500 kg race car to

?
2 . An astronaut with mass 75 kg travels to Mars . What is his weight :

A ) On Earth ?
B ) On Mars where = .

?
C ) What is the value of g on top of a mountain if the astronaut
weighs 683 N ?
3 . A student a box of books that weighs 185 N . The box is lifted
0.8 m . How much work does the student do ?
4 . A sailor pulls a boat along a dock using a rope at an angle
°
with
the horizontal . How much work is done by the sailor if he exerts a
force of 255 N on the rope and pulls the boat 30 m ?
5 . An electric motor lifts an elevator that weighs . ×

N a
distance of 9 m in 15 s . Calculate :

A ) Work . B ) Power .
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6 . You throw a 0.145 kg baseball straight up in the air , giving it an
initial upward velocity of magnitude 20

. Find how high it goes ,
ignoring air resistance .
7 . A baseball of mass 0.14 kg is moving at +

. Calculate :

A ) The momentum of baseball .
B ) The velocity at which a bowling ball , mass 7.26 kg , would have
the same momentum as the baseball .
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Givens = , =

Required
Solution = = × =
--- Givens Solution
A = .

= ×

= × . =
B = .

= ×

= × . =
C =
=

=

= .

Givens = , = .
Required
Solution = = × . =
Givens =
°
, = , =
Required
Solution = cos = × cos 60
°
=
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Givens = . ,

=

Required

Solution

+

=

+

=

=

× . ×

=

= ,

=

∴ + = +

= =

∴ =

=

. × .
= .
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Givens
= . ×

=
=
Required ) . )
Solution
=
= . ×

×
=
=

=

= .

Givens

= . ,

=

,

= .
Required )

)

Solution
) =

= . × = .

)

=

=
.
.
= .

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