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Contract - An agreement that a customer will order a certain quantity of a product during

a specified period. The contract does not contain a schedule of specific delivery dates.
Time pricing - Allows pricing based on the time of day in conjunction with the pricing date
or with the day of the week
DC !Differential eference Code"- The code represents a physical geographic
specification used for calculating location specific prices# discounts and surcharges. The
DC allows prices paid by customers to reflect supplier$s costs and permits areas with the
same ta%es or prices to be grouped together. Crucially# the DC is used to set prices
based on the destination of a delivery# e.g. on the location of the ship-to party# however
this can be manually overridden in the sales document. The geographical elements of the
DC are& egion ' (tate )etropolitan *ndicator !)*" +ide Area ,ricing -one !+A," ,ricing
DC !combines several DCs for pricing" Country Code (tate .icence /ee -one !(./"
012 - A key functional area of (A, for 3il 4 2as that deals with the management of
e%change agreements between oil companies.
0%change ,artner - A partner with whom returnable packaging is being e%changed# as
opposed to the partner that represents the location of the returnable packaging
transaction.
0%change Agreement - An agreement between two oil companies on the e%change of
products at different locations. *n the (A, system# the e%change agreement is an outline
agreement defining the posting rules for the material and fees. 0%change agreements can
be distinguished on the basis of the e%change type
0%change Type - Description of the type of e%change agreement. The header data for the
agreement is determined from the type# e.g. posting rules# breakdown indicator# etc.
Types can often be distinguished on the basis of the posting rules& *nternal posting
)aterials and'or fees are posted to internal clearing accounts and cleared by 5,0# for
e%ample. 0%ternal posting )aterials and'or fees are invoiced to the partner.
6reakdown indicator - The means by which the type of period is defined. This is used in
the quantity schedule of the outline agreement.
7uantity schedule split - The quantity schedule subdivides the quantity of one item. The
7( is defined in the outline agreement !contract". *n the call-off# a check against the
permitted quantity in the corresponding period of the contract 7( is made. 2oods
receipt'goods issue checks the quantity against the 7( of the call-off. *f the delivered
quantity is greater than the permitted quantity# the 7( can be rescheduled in the outline
agreement or a call-off can be made.
6uy'sell e%change - A type of e%change in which materials and ta%es are invoiced. /ees#
although they might be posted internally# are generally invoiced too.
6orrow'loan e%change - A kind of e%change in which materials are only posted internally.
*n such an e%change# a logical inventory is set up and the e%cise duty and fees caused by
material movements are invoiced. The whole e%change remains internal# however# and
the fees are not invoiced to the partner. A borrow'loan e%change is also known as a 8pure8
e%change.
0vergreen type - The 0vergreen type determines whether it is the 0%change Agreement
)apped to standard contracts or contracts is unlimited 0vergreen.
9etting-The combination of separate items into one format. *n the area of 0%changes in *(-
3il# netting refers to the combination of financial items# such as claims and liabilities into
one document or statement. At the end of a specific period# the claims and liabilities are
compared and the difference with respect to the e%change partner is invoiced.
6ase location - The base location in e%change deliveries describes the point !on a
pipeline"# from which pipeline fees are first paid.
Terminalling - An agreement that is signed between a terminal operator and an oil
company# which wants to store product at a terminal.
.*A - A logical inventory adjustment is used in the e%change of unequal products !for
e%ample& diesel and super". *n addition# the payment of a differential can also be included
in the process. .ogical inventory can be cleared using a logical inventory adjustment. 5p
until *(-3il elease :.;C the description of a logical inventory adjustment was $5nlike
,roduct 0%change$
0%change fee - fees used to settle the difference in value between the materials that are
e%changed.
TD, - A key functional area of (A, for 3il 4 2as that deals with the handling of e%cise
duties.
0D status - The e%cise duty status indicates whether a material is ta%ed !e%cise duty is
paid" or unta%ed !e%cise duty is not paid".
<andling type - Two character code used with materials on which e%cise duty is payable.
/or movements of such materials# the handling type describes the e%cise duty rate
applying at the destination of a sale or at the origin of a purchase.
7uantity conversion - The equivalent quantities between different units of measure
Air buoyancy factor - A calculation that is used when performing quantity conversion
calculations between a volume and a mass. The air buoyancy factor is a correction made
to the calculated base density to account for the difference between the density in a
vacuum and the density in air. *t is subtracted from the base density before the density is
multiplied by the volume to calculate the mass. The value of the air buoyancy factor can
be defined in the material master and is used in the oil quantity conversion calculation if
the air buoyancy factor indicator is set for a transaction
/i%ed density - 6asic density for chemicals. Densities for chemicals are always defined for
the substance at standard temperature. A change in the fi%ed density corresponds to a
change in the material.
Thermal e%pansion coefficient -The thermal e%pansion coefficient describes the way a
material e%pands during changes in temperature. A fi%ed density is assigned to oil
products that are entered as chemicals !the product type" in the system. The fi%ed density
and the thermal e%pansion coefficient are used during oil quantity conversion to convert
volumes into values at standard temperature. The thermal e%pansion coefficient is directly
connected to a standard temperature !:= >C# ?; >C# @; >/". +hich one it is depends on the
conversion group.
0%cise duty group - A two-character code which links materials subject to the same e%cise
duty rate# so that a change to the e%cise duty rate is automatically applied to all the
materials# and individual updating is not required.
Transportation ,lanning ,oint - An organiAational unit in .ogistics for planning and
processing transportation activities. *t organiAes the responsibilities in a company
according to# for e%ample# shipment type# mode of transport# or regional departments.
*ntransit (torage .ocation - epresents product which is being transported on a vehicle
as part of a shipment.
*ntransit ,lant - +hen shipping large quantities of product over long distances such as in
pipeline and marine shipments# it can be necessary to maintain a segregated overview of
the intransit stock. This can be done by representing the vehicle as a separate plant#
known as an intransit plant. *t is possible to allocate all vehicles to a single intransit plant
or# alternatively# to set up a separate intransit plant for each vehicle.
The intransit plant can consist of multiple storage locations for product tracking purposes as it
moves along its route.
Intransit plant concept fits very well with many oil companies as they would like to have a visibility
of their moving goods. But there in no separate intransit plant config like we have for intransit Sloc
unless you are using TSW along with TD where you can define an intransit plant in master data.
With only TD you may define a separate intransit plant but the business transaction will demand
few extra steps to consider that this will increase user activity unless you go for a developoment
which can automatically transfer goods from ! to intransit plant in every transfer between actual
sending and receiving plant.
6ulk (hipment Type - (hipments which are not packaged# but are loaded directly into the
vessel$s holds.
)oT - The mode of transport is the way in which an oil product is shipped. There are four
standard modes of transport& road# rail# marine and barge.
Compatibility Checks B *ndicator that checks the compatibility of vehicle-customer and
product-compartment assignments.
Transport unit - Transport units are the building blocks used to create a vehicle.
Depending on the type of transport unit# you can assign one or more compartments to a
transport unit.
Compartments - Compartments are the building blocks for transport units and represent
the storage container for the material during shipment.
Cehicle )eters - vehicle meters to record product quantities delivered to the customer
during the delivery confirmation process.
(ervice Agents - A carrier !service agent" is created as vendor master data in ,urchasing#
and can be assigned to transport units to represent the owner or shipper. Carriers are also
used in (hipment Costing.
Cehicles - A vehicle is the means by which you transport product from one location to
another.
ack )eters - The rack meter master data record stores the attributes of meters used
during the loading transaction.
(cheduling - The scheduling process helps you to plan your shipments and involves the
scheduling activities.
Transportation ,lanning *nterface!T,*" - The Transportation ,lanning *nterface supports
transportation planning for bulk material shipments and optimiAation of bulk material
shipments
Terminal Automation (ystem *nterface!TA(" - allows data on loading transactions !loading
information" to be sent from (A, 3il 4 2as to an e%ternal system !Terminal Automation
(ystem".