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Pre-certification

of

ROPS

for

agricultural

tractors through CAE technology

Igor Saveljevas Rodrigues - VirtualCAE

Topics

Company : VirtualCAE Federal Regulation Norm : ABNT NBR ISO 5700:2009 Agriculture companies Static analysis:

Simplifications Contact Material Loads and boundary conditions Survival cell Results

Next steps

VirtualCAE

VirtualCAE
VirtualCAE

Federal Regulation

Elaborated by the government Mandatory guidelines Worker health and safety

NR-12 Safety at work on machines and equipments NR-12 - Annex XI Forest and agricultural machines and implements

NR-31 - Safety and health at work on aquaculture, forest extraction, livestock and agriculture.

ROPS Roll over protective structure

Figure 1 Tractor with or without ROPS

ROPS
ROPS

Reference : Massey Ferguson

Retrieved from : http://www.massey.com.br/produtos/tratores/serie-mf-2600/ (Mar, 2014)

ABNT NBR ISO 5700:2009

Federal regulation do not determine norms Either procedures or methods Where? > Technical standards (ISO, ABNT...)

ISO 5700:2009

Destructive testing Static loads Survivall cell Certification of ROPS in case of tractor roll over

Agriculture companies

Outsourcing : cabin Cabin is used on several types of tractors Outsourcing : virtual certification Destructive test

Simplifications

Reduce the solving time without changing the results

Figure 2 ROPS test

Simplifications • Reduce the solving time without changing the results Figure 2 – ROPS test Reference/ (Mar, 2014) " id="pdf-obj-7-12" src="pdf-obj-7-12.jpg">

Reference : Agrital

Retrieved from : http://www.agrital.com/english/tecnicoUK.htm/ (Mar, 2014)

Static analysis : simplifications

Figure 3 Axis and transmission

Static analysis : simplifications Figure 3 – Axis and transmission Reference : ZF Figure 4 –http://www.directindustry.com/prod/zf-maschinenantriebe/powershift-transmission-tractors-16154-653933.html (Mar, 2014) " id="pdf-obj-8-8" src="pdf-obj-8-8.jpg">

Reference : ZF

Figure 4 Rear support

Static analysis : simplifications Figure 3 – Axis and transmission Reference : ZF Figure 4 –http://www.directindustry.com/prod/zf-maschinenantriebe/powershift-transmission-tractors-16154-653933.html (Mar, 2014) " id="pdf-obj-8-16" src="pdf-obj-8-16.jpg">

Reference : the Author

Static analysis : simplifications

Figure 5 Elastic damper

Static analysis : simplifications Figure 5 – Elastic damper Reference : Brammer Figure 6 – Fronthttps://brammeronline.de/product/info/397007/name/MEGU_5718228_50NR11_KONUSLAGER_FREUDENBERG (Mar, 2014) " id="pdf-obj-9-8" src="pdf-obj-9-8.jpg">

Reference : Brammer

Figure 6 Front support

Static analysis : simplifications Figure 5 – Elastic damper Reference : Brammer Figure 6 – Fronthttps://brammeronline.de/product/info/397007/name/MEGU_5718228_50NR11_KONUSLAGER_FREUDENBERG (Mar, 2014) " id="pdf-obj-9-16" src="pdf-obj-9-16.jpg">

Reference : the Author

Static analysis : simplifications

Small radius and holes Extraction of middle surface Assembly corrections Screws Simplification of some geometries

Static analysis : contact

Figure 7 Contact

Static analysis : contact Figure 7 – Contact Reference : the author

Reference : the author

Static analysis : material

Graphic 1 AISI 1020 Stress-strain curve

Static analysis : material Graphic 1 – AISI 1020 Stress-strain curve Reference : MatWeb Retrieved from

Reference : MatWeb

Retrieved from : http://www.matweb.com/search/DataSheet.aspx?MatGUID=b58ee61a3745453a9232f7864abba74f

(Mar, 2014)

Static analysis : loads

Table 1 - ROPS LOADS

ID

Load

Criteria

Definition

1

Rear longitudinal

Energy

E = 1,4 x mass

2

Rear crush

Force

F = 20 x mass

3

Side transverse

Energy

E = 1,75 x mass

4

Front crush

Force

F = 20 x mass

ROPS must be approved in each test The structure must not penetrate the survival cell

Static analysis : loads Figure 8 – Loads 1° 2°
Static analysis : loads
Figure 8 – Loads

Rear Longitudinal

Rear Crush
Rear Crush

Reference : the author

Static analysis : loads

Figure 9 – Loads 3° 4°
Figure 9 – Loads

Side transverse

Reference : the author

Front Crush

Static analysis : boundary conditions

Figure 10 Boundary conditions

Static analysis : boundary conditions Figure 10 – Boundary conditions Reference : the author
Static analysis : boundary conditions Figure 10 – Boundary conditions Reference : the author

Reference : the author

Static analysis : survival cell

Figure 11 Survival cell

Static analysis : survival cell Figure 11 – Survival cell Reference : the author Figure 12

Reference : the author

Figure 12 Standard specification

Static analysis : survival cell Figure 11 – Survival cell Reference : the author Figure 12

Reference : ABNT ISO 5700:2009

Static analysis

Figure 13 Final model

Static analysis Figure 13 – Final model Reference : the author

Reference : the author

Results

Figure 14 Deformation

Results Figure 14 – Deformation Reference : the author
Results Figure 14 – Deformation Reference : the author

Reference : the author

Results

Figure 15Energy probe

B A
B
A

A : Energy : rear longitudinal B : Energy : side transverse

Reference : the author

Next Steps

Comparison between the real test and the virtual simulation

Improve the virtual model to reduce the error between the tests

Certify someday only by CAE technology

Questions???