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Elwyn Roy King
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Elwyn Roy King
Half portrait of man in military uniform with peaked cap and pilot's wings on ch
Elwyn Roy King, c. 1917 18
"Bo", "Beau", "Bow"
13 May 1894
Bathurst, New South Wales
28 November 1941 (aged 47)
Point Cook, Victoria
Service/branch Australian Imperial Force
Australian Flying Corps
Royal Australian Air Force
Years of service
1915 19
1939 41
Group Captain
No. 4 Squadron AFC (1917 19)
Commands held No. 3 EFTS (1940)
No. 5 EFTS (1940 41)
No. 1 SFTS (1941)
RAAF Station Point Cook (1941)
World War I
Western Front
Spring Offensive
Hundred Days Offensive
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Flying Cross
Mentioned in Despatches
Other work
Elwyn Roy King, DSO, DFC (13 May 1894
28 November 1941) was a fighter ace in the
Australian Flying Corps (AFC) during World War I. He achieved twenty-six victor
ies in aerial combat, making him the fourth highest-scoring Australian pilot of
the war, and second only to Harry Cobby in the AFC. A civil pilot and engineer b
etween the wars, he served in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) from 1939 un
til his death.
Born in Bathurst, New South Wales, King initially saw service as a lighthorseman
in Egypt in 1916. He transferred to the AFC as a mechanic in January 1917, and
was subsequently commissioned as a pilot. Posted to No. 4 Squadron, he saw actio
n on the Western Front flying Sopwith Camels and Snipes. He scored seven of his
"kills" in the latter type, more than any other pilot. His exploits earned him t
he Distinguished Flying Cross, the Distinguished Service Order, and a mention in
despatches. Returning to Australia in 1919, King spent some years in civil avia
tion before co-founding a successful engineering business. He joined the RAAF fo
llowing the outbreak of World War II and held several training commands, rising
to the rank of group captain shortly before his sudden death in November 1941 at
the age of forty-seven.
Contents [hide]
1 Early life

[4][10] He was promoted to lieutenant on 1 June. recalled that "there was some speculation that he might go home b ut he proved himself an impressive pilot". 4 Squadron pil ot. and farming equipment. an Australian labourer. he had b een credited with his first aerial victory. and wa s posted to Britain to join No. and subsequently unde rtook patrols and sorties in the Sinai Desert. Having been employed repairing bicycles.III near Kemmel-Neuve Église. Major Wilfred McCloughry. H e was the son of English-born Elizabeth Mary (Miller) King and Richard King. a Pfalz and a t wo-seat LVG. Western Front.[1][10] The result ing rough landings annoyed his commanding officer.[1][2] World War I[edit] Early service[edit] On 5 October 1915.[12] Cobby often took King on "special missions" to make mischief with the Germans.1 Early service 2. The youth attended public school.[4][6] He was assigned to a training squadron for flying instruction in Aug ust. King embarked for Egypt aboard HMAT Themistocles. although vulnerable to attack with incendiary bullets. the Germans launched Operation Michael. near Bathurst. he gained his wings and officer's commission. 4 Squadron AFC (also referred to as No. No.[15] Later that month he shot down two more aircraft. and were thus considered a dangerous but valua ble target.[1][11] King's friend and fellow No. he was living in Forbes and worki ng as a motor mechanic when he joined the Australian Imperial Force under the na me Roy King on 20 July 1915. as the unit was re assembling following its service in the Gallipoli Campaign.[1][4][5] The regimen t was engaged in the defence of the Suez Canal during May. 4 Squadron found that two-man patrols were generally able to lure enemy aircraft into a fight. King was posted to France for active du ty on 21 March 1918. bro ther of ace Edgar McCloughry. these large observation platforms were generally well protected by fig hters and anti-aircraft defences. whereas larger formations tended to deter engagements. Harry Cobby.[16] Nine men wearing a mixture of military uniforms with caps and flying suits with goggles. in the Lys region.[13] On 14 May 1918.[8] Fighter ace[edit] No. he destroy ed a German balloon over Estaires. June 1918 .[1][9] The burly 6-foot-5-inch (196 cm) King nickn amed "Bo". King shot down a two -seat German scout that was spotting for artillery between Ypres and Bailleul. b ut clouds prevented him from confirming its destruction.2 Fighter ace 3 Interbellum and World War II 4 Notes 5 References Early life[edit] Roy King was born on 13 May 1894 at The Grove.2 World War I 2. the opening phase of the Spring Offensive. or "Bow" also had problems landing the Camel.[1][4] The same day.[4] On 15 October. and he had little op portunity for air-to-air combat. by the British) as an air mechanic on 18 A pril. Royal Flying Corps. crammed into its small cockpit.[2][3] H e joined the 12th Light Horse at Heliopolis in February 1916. automobiles.[14] By 20 May. New South Wales. 4 Squadron was operating its Sopwith Camels in hazardous.[7] On 20 June. as part of the reinforcements for the 12th Regiment of the 4th Light Horse Brigade. low-altitude suppo rt of Australian ground troops when King arrived in France. over a Pfalz D. in front of a row of military biplanes King (fourth from right). his large frame impeded control stick movement.[4][7] Alloc ated to No. 71 (Aust ralian) Squadron. Captain Harry Cobby (centre) and fellow officers of No . 4 Squadron AFC with their Sopwith Camels. "Beau". 4 Squadron in November 1917. and further educated hims elf in mechanical engineering via correspondence.[5] King transferred to the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) on 13 January 1917.

an LVG. and the latter's by Adrian Cole and Roy Phillipps. that resulted in thirty-seven enemy aircraft bein g destroyed on the ground. During the action. "King went out alone as far as Don railway station. according to No. his reason being that "the girls i n that village must have had a heck of a time with all that bombing and must hav e been terribly scared so I thought I'd cheer them up a bit". King's tally was eighteen.[37][38] One of the war's last air battles took place near Leuze o n 4 November.[29] He was recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) on 8 September. two without firing a shot. He registered his final victory in a Camel on 2 O ctober.9s completed their bombing mission whi le the Camels drove off an attacking force of at least ten German Fokkers.[17] Four days later. amid a confrontation involving over seventy-five Allied and Germa n fighters.[31] On 16 September. and returned among the low clouds all without seeing any enemy".[22] On 12 and 13 August. the latter in flames.[37] The next day. In an action that the Australian official history highlighted as an "example of cool and skilful air fighting". As he zoomed up from shooting one out of control. King set on fire a hangar housing four or five Germa n planes. before destroying an LVG in a head-on attack. waving as he went. 4 Squadron escor ting Airco DH. King's destruction of two D. King evaded five enemy Fokkers that dived on him. King participated in a major assault against the German airfi eld at Haubourdin. when King. 4 Squadron operated in a massed formation over Flanders with th e S. sharing the second with Herbert Watson.[1][20] He scor ed with the Snipe on both 28 and 29 October. This second Fokker pulled up to avoid collision and toppled onto a third Fokker. Pickings were scarce. 4 Squadron's only success came on the second day when King and his fli ght collectively destroyed a two-seat Albatros. whose larger cockpit was a better fit for him.[19] No. and No.[30] The aw ard. disregarding personal danger". described by the official history as a "riot of destruction". following a lull in aeri al combat in the region. King converted with the rest of No. 2 Squadron pilot Charles Copp.[33][34] By the end of Septemb er. t he Camels of No. the latter over Tournai. 4 Squadron was heavily engaged in the Allies' great offensive on the Western Front. Thomas Baker and another pilot shot down two DFWs near Laventie. launched with the Battle o f Amiens on 8 August. however . machine-gunned a train. three of the Australians including King claiming victories.[24] He also. King destroyed a Fokker biplane over Lille. flew down Haubourdin's main street.5s of No. The official history recor ded that on 25 August. cited his "gallant and val uable service in bombing and attacking with machine gun fire enemy billets.King registered his fifth victory. the DH.[27] On 1 Septem ber. who had been posted to England. bombe d it.VIIs. when he used bombs to send down his fourth balloon. after raiding Armentières on 25 July 19 18.[28] Three days lat er he shot down an LVG after attacking a train near Lille with Cobby. 1918. King destroyed an observation balloon over Aubers Ridge.9 light bombers of the Royal Air Force in another raid on Armentière s.[20][21] King was credited with two victories a balloon and a n LVG near Estaires during a bombing raid on 10 August.[18] He destroyed a German two-seater on 3 August and another the following day .[26] The only contact around this time was on 30 August.[10][39] His tally of seven victorie s with the Snipe in the closing days of the war made him the highest-scoring pil . during which "he ensure[d] success by descending to low altitud es. making him the most successful pilot of the type.[32] Around this time he was promoted to captain and flight commander. capped his combat career.[35][36][3 7] At Tournai.[10] He took over "A" Flight from Cobby. he cut off another. trai ns. the former's two flights led by Cobby and King.VIIs in the space of five minutes. in what is frequently described as "one of the greatest air battles of the war". c.[4][10] Rear three-quarter view of military biplane on landing ground Sopwith Snipe of No. he led a flight of six Camels from No. 4 Squadron to the upgra ded Sopwith Snipe. promulgated in The London Gazette on 3 December. During October 1918. without any Allied losses . near Lille. King achieved seven victories in the S nipe.[23] On 16 August 1918. 2 Squadron AFC. troops etc". he downed three Fokker D. 4 Squadron.[25] By this time t he Lille sector was largely clear of German fighters.E.

ot in this type. b efore gaining employment as an air courier for Larkin-Sopwith Aviation Co.[10][41] This made him second only to Harry Cobby as the most successful ace in the AFC.[1][55] Importing and building machinery. flying a Sopwith Gnu.[53][54] He soon left the aviation business to go into partnership with another pilot. he was credited with making the first aerial deliver ies of mail and newspapers to various cities in eastern Australia. flew with the British Royal Naval Air Service and Royal Air Force).[10][42] King was recommended for a bar to his DFC. of Au stralasia Ltd.[1][45] W hile working for Larkin-Sopwith.[1] In December 1939.[57] Promoted to wing commander. he was ass igned training commands commencing in the new year. on 21 December.[1][46] In a letter to the AAC selection committee on 30 January 1920.[1][4 ] Interbellum and World War II[edit] Four men in military uniforms with overcoats. He married Josephine Livingston. near Cologne. many of the aircraft and staff under King's control being from private a irline companies and the Royal Victorian Aero Club. and King sailed with it back to Australia aboard RMS Kaisar-i-Hind on 6 May. 3 Elementary Flying Training School (No. 5 Elementary Flying Training School at Narrom ine.[51][52] By April 1922. Larkin Aircraft Supply Co.[1] In 1920 a lone.[2][20] He left the AFC on 11 August 1919 in Melbourne.[47][48][49] a nd with making the first aircraft landing at several townships in southern Queen sland. Part of Australia's contribution to the Empi re Air Training Scheme. Shipman.[56] King assumed command of No.000 passengers and 48. he wrote "I feel I mu st forfeit my place in favor (sic) of this very good and gallant officer". and three other aircra ft destroyed in victories shared with other airmen. 4 Squadron joined the British Army of Occu pation at Bickendorf.000 km) throughout Vict oria. working with La rkin-Sopwith's successor. as well as the fourt h most successful of all the Australian aces in the war (his top-scoring compatr iots. soon after the outbreak of World War II. by July. 3 EFTS initially comprised a significant civilian pr esence. all private machine s had been pressed into RAAF service and the civilian element largely disappeare d. which had been co-founded by fighter ace Herbert Larkin. at St John's Anglican Church. VC.[43][44] He was a lso belatedly mentioned in despatches in July 1919 for his wartime service. Camberwel l. Victoria. founding Shipman. Pty Ltd. McNam ara received a commission in the AAC that April. 4 Squadron AFC.[50] He also competed in air races. New South Wales and Queensland. thirteen aircraft and four balloons destroyed. he took ov .[1] On 2 January 1940. Germany. he bec ame the inaugural commanding officer of No. The recommendation noted his victories in the air and described him as h aving "proved himself a very brilliant patrol leader" and as "a magnificent exam ple at all times to all pilots in the Squadron by his keenness on the ground and gallantry in the air which was of the highest possible order". twenty.[46] King's career with Larkin-Sopwith involved many pioneering flights. the company was succe ssful and allowed King to take up the restoration and racing of motor vehicles. The unit returned to England in March 1919.T. British Occupation forces in Germany. King and Co. King joined the RAAF as a squadron leader. on 31 March 1925. No. Robert Little and Roderic (Stan) Dallas. King was reported as h aving safely flown 2. King refused an appointment in the newly establ ished Australian Air Corps (AAC) forerunner of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAA F) because it had not then offered a commission to Frank McNamara. Initially considered for general flying duties. 3 EFTS) in Essendon. which was upgraded to the Distinguished Service Order and awarded on 3 Jun e 1919. No.000 miles (77. T. in December 1918. New South Wales. Ltd. The couple had a son and a daughter. standing next to a biplane parked in front of a building King (second right) with Captain George Jones (far right) and other officers of No. December 1918 Following the end of hostilities.[10][40] King's final wartime score of twenty-six included six aircraft driven down out o f control.

"King. from Group Captain John McCauley on 7 July 1941. p.[1] Survived by his wife and children. The Australian Flying Corps. The Australian Flying Corps. The Australian Flying Corps. Elwyn Roy (18 94 1941)". p. Wilfred Ashton (1894 1943)". ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Garrisson. 30 Squadron in New Guinea when he was killed in an aircraft crash on 31 May 1943. Fire in the Sky. Australian War Memorial. the pallbearers included Air Vice Marshal Henry Wrigley. The Australian Flying Corps. Retrieve d 2 January 2014. The Australian Flying Corps. p. including the Chief of the Air Staff. and Wing Commander Henry Winneke. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 4 January 2014. Retrieved on 26 December 2009. 239 ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Newton. Group Captain Allan Walters. and a representative of the Minister for Air.[60] King's youngest brother Francis was serving as a flying offic er with No. 14323. Jump up ^ Molkentin. Canberra. 303 Jump up ^ Cutlack. He died unexpectedly of cerebral oedema on 28 November. 1 Service Flying Training School at RAAF Point Cook. The Sunday Times (Sydney: National Libr ary of Australia). 281 282 Jump up ^ Cutlack. Australian Air Aces. The Australian Flying Corps. The Australian Flying Corps. Australian War Memorial. Victoria. Jump up ^ Stephens. The Australian Flying Corps. The Australian Flying Corps. Retrieved 2 January 2014. p. 340 341 Jump up ^ Cutlack. Archived from the original on 2 7 February 2012. 31046. The Royal Australian Air Force. 236 Jump up ^ Cutlack. p. 234. Fire in the Sky. King was promoted to acti ng group captain and posted to command the newly established Station Headquarter s Point Cook. Australian Fighter Aces. Jump up ^ "Australian Imperial Force Nominal Roll". Retrieved 26 Dece mber 2009. 351 Jump up ^ Cutlack. The Royal Australian Air Force. Melbourne. p. 9 ^ Jump up to: a b "Flying Corps return". Jump up ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. Jump up ^ Molkentin. pp. he was cremated at Fawkner Cremato rium. p. 346 349 Jump up ^ Molkentin. "McCloughry. Fire in the Sky. The Australian Flying Corps. 281 Jump up ^ Cutlack. The Australian Flying Corps. 356 Jump up ^ "Recommendation: Distinguished Flying Cross". 283 Jump up ^ Molkentin. p. 21 . Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Burnett. Ret rieved 4 January 2014. Australian Airmen. The Australian Flying No.[1][59] His funeral service at South Yarra was attended by hundr eds of mourners from the military and civil aviation world. Retrieved 2 January 2014. Jump up ^ Cutlack. Retrieved 2 January 2014. aged forty -seven. Air Commodore Raymond Brownell. Jump up ^ Molkentin. p. p. 288 Jump up ^ Cutlack. Alan. p. p. Fire in the Sky. The Australian Flying Corps. 267. 3 December 1918. 289 290 Jump up ^ Cutlack. The Australian Flying Corps. Fire in the Sky. pp. pp. p. Australian War Memorial.[58] In October. p. p. pp. Australian War Memorial. The AIF Project.[61][62] Elwyn Roy King's name appears on panel 97 in the Commemora tive Area of the Australian War Memorial. pp. 15 June 1919. The Australian Flying Corps. pp. 350 Jump up ^ Cutlack. Alan. 298 Jump up ^ Cutlack. p. 284 285 Jump up ^ Cutlack. p. Fire in the Sky. 1. 359 Jump up ^ Molkentin. 298 Jump up ^ Cutlack. 353 Jump up ^ Cutlack. 76 Jump up ^ Stephens. p. 338 ^ Jump up to: a b c "4 Squadron AFC". p.[63] Notes[edit] ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fraser. 93 ^ Jump up to: a b "12th Light Horse Regiment". 43 Jump up ^ Fraser. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 321 Jump up ^ Richards. pp. p. 313 Jump up ^ Cutlack. 284. Australian Dicti onary of Biography. ^ Jump up to: a b c "Roy King". pp.

King". 31378. Dennis (1996). A. ISBN 1-74237-072-1. The Third Brother. Retrieved 2 January 2014. p. Retrieved 4 January 2014. Herbert Joseph (1894 1972)". Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. 22 November 1923. Jump up ^ RAAF Historical Section. (1941) [1923]. Retrieved 28 February 2014. The Brotherhood of Airmen. The Argus (Melbourne: National Libra ry of Australia). Molkentin. Garrisson. Retrieved 8 January 2014. OCLC 220900299. p. Australian Dictionar y of Biography. 20 Jump up ^ "Aeroplanes visit Sale". Newton. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 3. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 1914 1918. The Australian Flying Corps. 12 June 1943. The Chronicle (Adelaide: National Library of Australia). Air Force Australia. Jump up ^ "Recommendation: Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross". 1 December 1941. Units of the Royal Australian Air Force. Jump up ^ "Victorian aerial derby". 3 June 1919. The Register (Adelaide: National Library of Australia). The Barrier Miner (Broken Hill. Crows Nest. Australian War Me morial. 2. 29 October 1920.D. (1999). 30 31 Jump up ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 11 March 1920. Michael (2010). Fire in the Sky: The Australian Flying Corps in the F irst World War. Australian Capital Territo ry: Aerospace Publications. F. 381 Jump up ^ Shores. 5. p. 28 December 1920. References[edit] Coulthard-Clark. Australian C apital Territory: Air Power Studies Centre. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 5. The Argus (Melbourne: National Library of Australia). p. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. 3 January 1920. Jump up ^ "Death of Group Capt E. ISBN 0-642-26540-2. Victoria: Nat ional Library of Australia). The Argus (National Library of Australia ). British and Empire Aces. 3. The Australian Flying Corps. Jump up ^ "Flying". Victoria: Nationa l Library of Australia). New South Wales: National Library of Australia). Ann G. Fyshwyck. Jump up ^ "Roll of Honour Francis Cairo King".Jump up ^ Odgers. R. Retrieved 4 Jan uary 2014. ^ Jump up to: a b Coulthard-Clark. Australian Fighter Aces 1914 1953. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Jump up ^ "Aviator's action".. p. Maffra Spectator (Maffra. Retrieved 2 March 2014. p. Cutlack. Units of the Royal Australian Air Force. The Brisbane Courier (Brisbane: National Library of Australia). 38. 5. pp. Gippsland Times (Gippsland. 3. Jump up ^ Smith. New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. Retrieved 2 January 2014. Jump up ^ "'Couriers' by air". p. p. Chris (1991). "Larkin. Jump up ^ "Funeral of Group Capt King". Australian Air Aces. 321 322 Jump up ^ Cutlack. 42 43 ^ Jump up to: a b c Cutlack. ISBN 0-04-442307-1. Fairbairn. pp. Retrieved 28 February 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 29 November 1941. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 7030. Jump up ^ "Aerial mail in the Riverina". Units of the Royal Australian Air Force. pp. Jump up ^ "Aviation". 22 23 Jump up ^ RAAF Historical Section. The Third Brother: The Royal Australian Air Force 1921 39. p. Retrieved 8 January 2014. Fire in the Sky. 29 April 1922. p. 18 19 Jump up ^ RAAF Historical Section. 10 July 1920. p. 376 379 Jump up ^ Molkentin. p. pp. 224 Jump up ^ Wilson. . p. pp. Elwyn Roy". North Sydney: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-875671-25-0. Retrieve d 12 January 2014. 76 Jump up ^ Shores et al. Australian War Memorial. Jump up ^ "Deaths on active service". Retr ieved on 26 December 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2014. pp. Forbes Advocate (Forbes. p. The Official History of Australia in the War of 191 4 1918 (11th edition): Volume VIII The Australian Flying Corps in the Western and Eastern Theatres of War. Above the Trenches. p. pp. 100 101 Jump up ^ "King. 12. 2. Australian War Memorial. Jump up ^ "Air travel".M. New South Wales: National Li brary of Australia). The Register (Adelaide: National Library of Austra lia). p. Jump up ^ "Roll of Honour Elwyn Roy King". 5. 20 December 1920.

) (1918). David (2005). Guest. London: Oxford University Press. RAAF Historical Section (1995). Richards. Stephens. Oxford: Ospr ey. Shores. E. ISBN 1-86436-081-X. [hide] v t e Aviation in World War I People and aircraft Commanders Aces Aircraft of the Entente Powers Aircraft of the Central Powers Ze ppelins Campaigns and battles Strategic bombing German Cuxhaven Bombing of cities Aerial reconnaissance Fokker Scourge Flight over Vienna Bloody April Battles Entente Powers air services British air services Royal Flying Corps Royal Naval Air Service Royal Air Force Australian Flying Corps Canadian Air Force (1918 20) French Air Service Imperial R ussian Air Service Italian Military Air Corps United States Army Air Service Gre ek air services Army Air Service Naval Air Service Central Powers air services Imperial German Air Service Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops Ottoman Aviation Squadrons Bulgarian Army Aeroplane Section This is a featured article. London: Grub Street. Categories: 1894 births1941 deathsAustralian military personnel of World War IAu stralian World War I flying acesCompanions of the Distinguished Service OrderPeo ple from New South WalesRecipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kin gdom)Royal Australian Air Force officersRoyal Australian Air Force personnel of World War II Navigation menu Create accountLog inArticleTalkReadEditView history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikimedia Shop Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link . Christopher (2001). Melbourne: Bruce & Co. Russell (1990). Frenchs Forest. The Brotherhood of Airmen. Alan (2006) [2001]. ISBN 0-948817-19-4. British and Empire Aces of World War 1. Air Force Australia. ISBN 1-84176-377-2. Aus tralian Flying Corps. OCLC 3945672. Franks.J. ISBN 0-19-555541-4. Shores. (ed.Odgers. Units of the Royal Australian Air Force: A Conci se History. Norman. Wilson. ISBN 1-74114-333-0. 1915 1920. The Royal Australian Air Force: A History. ISBN 0-644-42800-7. Crows Nest. New South Wales: Al len & Unwin. Click here for more information. Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces . Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Christopher. George (1996) [1984]. Australian Airmen: History of the 4th Squadron. Volume 8: Training Units. New South Wal es: National.

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