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3

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ˆ\®hÆ£∫ 07, 2009
v⁄©ª∫ & PÆ®≥mh∫ ©ª∫
4

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Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in
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Volume Serial Number is B1AF-AFBF
72214528 bytes total disk space
73728 bytes in 3 hidden files
30720 bytes in 12 directories
11493376 bytes in 386 user files
61440 bytes in bad sectors
60555264 bytes available on disk
2048 bytes in each allocation unit
35261 total allocation units on disk
29568 available allocation units on disk
Cx˜¡ NTFS ¯£¿ ]ÏhÆ BP C∏¢uı¿,

RÃUPsh£i õ®˜£ı∫m C∏USÆ.

The type of the file system is NTFS.
CHKDSK is verifying files...
File verification completed.
CHKDSK is verifying indexes...

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10 lost allocation units found in 3 chains.
Convert lost chains to files? (Y/N)

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Index verification completed.
CHKDSK is verifying security descriptors...
Security descriptor verification completed.
12372 kilobytes total disk space.
3 kilobytes in 1 user files.
2 kilobytes in 1 indexes.
4217 kilobytes in use by the system.
8150 kilobytes available on disk.
512 bytes in each allocation unit.
24745 total allocation units on disk.
16301 allocation units available on disk.

Cflˆ⁄ıfl¯”≤Æ P¡⁄zv¿ ˆPı“Õ
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http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/enus/chkdsk.mspx
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid
=kb;en-us;187941

5

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|Æ PÆ®≥mhõ¿ E“Õ Ìı∫m iÏUQ¿
uıfl A¯⁄zx ˜hmhıUP–Æ £vƒ
ˆ\¥Ø®£kQfl”⁄.
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PÆ®≥mhõfl
B®£˜µmi[
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A©∫¢x
ˆPısk
PÆ®≥mh¯µ
CØUSQ”x. H”zuı« 50 BskPÕı
Pzuıfl Ìı∫m iÏU PÆ®≥mhõfl K∫
Cfl‘د©Øıu E÷®£ıP CØ[Q ¡∏Q”x.
PÆ®≥mh∫ £Øfl£ık ¡¢u ˆuıhUPzv¿
Ìı∫m iÏU Gfl£˜u C¿¯ª. C®˜£ıx 2

v”›hfl Ìı∫m iÏU¯PU ˆPısk
¡¢ux. 39 A[Sª APªzv¿ 24 iÏUSP“
ˆPıshuıP Cx A¯©¢v∏¢ux.
1963:
ïu¿
ïuªıP
PÆ®≥mh∫
]Ïhzvº∏¢x ˆ¡Œ˜Ø GkUPU TiØ
õ⡧“ Ìı∫m iÏUQ¯⁄ I.§.GÆ.
E∏¡ıUQØx. Cufl v”fl 2.69 GÆ.§.; 14
A[Sª AÕ¬¿ 6 §Õımh∫P“ C∏¢u⁄.
1966: ¶x¬u©ı⁄ ˆµPı∫i[ ˆÌm
ˆPısh Ìı∫m iÏUU¯⁄ I.§.GÆ.

ˆ h µ ı ¯ £ m
ˆPı“ÕÕƒ ˆPısh
Ìı∫m
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B⁄ı¿
£
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Ìı∫m iÏUQfl ¬¯ª
˜¡P©ıPa \õ¢x, uÿ˜£ıx Øı¡∏Æ
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A˜u ˜|µzv¿ J∏ Ìı∫m iÏU £v¢x
ˆPı“–Æ ˜hmhı AÕƒ ˆuıh∫¢x
EØ∫¢x ¡∏Q”x. C¢u Ìı∫m iÏU ¡¢u
£ı¯u∞¯⁄ ˆuıhUPÆ ïu¿ C[S
PınªıÆ.
1956: I.§.GÆ. {÷¡⁄Æ ufl›¯hØ
RAMAC 305 Gfl” ]Ïhzv¿ ™P® ˆ£õØ
AÕ¬ªı⁄ ˆPı“ÕÕƒhfl TiØ Ìı∫m
iÏUQ¯⁄ C¯nzx A‘ïP®£kzvØx.
C¢u ™P® ˆ£õØ ˆPı“ÕÕƒ G∆¡Õƒ
ˆuõ≤©ı? 5 GÆ.§. A®˜£ıx Ax
Es¯©∞˜ª˜Ø ™P® ˆ£õØ AÕ¬ªı⁄
v”fl
uıfl.
J∏
GƧ
˜hmhı
ˆPı“ÕÕ¬ÿS 10 B∞µÆ hıª∫ ¬¯ª
G⁄U S‘UP®£mhx. Cufl vh AÕƒ
Cµsk ˆµ®õ‚˜µmh∫ AÕ¬ÿS C∏¢ux.
Cv¿ 24 A[Sª AÕƒ“Õ 50 §Õımh∫P“
C∏¢u⁄.
1961: I.§.GÆ. Ìı∫m iÏUQÿPı⁄
i¯µ∆ ˆÌm Pıÿ‘¿ C∏USÆ ¡¯P∞¿
A¯©zux.
1961: ¯£µsm PÆ®≥mh∫ 90 GƧ

E∏¡ıUQØx.
v”fl 29.17 GÆ.§.
1971:
m˜µU
\∫˜¡ı
]ÏhÆ
ˆPısh
ïu¿
Ìı∫m iÏUQ¯⁄
I.§.GÆ. ˆPısk
¡¢ux. Cx 100
GƧ
v”fl
ˆPısi∏¢ux.
1973:
|√⁄
¬flaˆ\Ïh∫ Ìı∫m
i¯µ¬¯⁄ I.§.GÆ.
ˆPısk ¡¢ux. 14
A[Sª §Õımh∫P“ 11 C∏¢u⁄. v”fl 100
GƧ.
1975:
I.§.GÆ.
62
ñ
˜µımhõ
BU_˜¡mh∏hfl ¡¢u ïu¿ Ìı∫m iÏU.
5 A¿ªx 9 GƧ v”›hfl A¯©¢ux.
1976: 43 G®.i. Q‘Ïh¿ Gfl›Æ, ïu¿
¡¯Õ¢x ˆPıkUPU TiØ iÏU i¯µ∆;
C∏ £UPïÆ G uU TiØx. 8 A[Sª
APªzxhfl 0.568 GƧ ˆPı“ÕÕƒ
ˆPısh x.
1976: Â˙Pı∫m A˜\ı]˜ØmÏ Gfl›Æ
{÷¡⁄Æ ïu¿ 5.25 A[Sª APªzv¿
®ˆÕUͧ“ iÏUQ¯⁄U ˆPısk ¡¢ux.
Cv¿ 0.2188 GƧ ˜hmhı £vتıÆ.
1979: §≤‚mÈ˙ {÷¡⁄Æ 10.5 A[Sª
APªzv¿ Ìı∫m iÏU i¯µ¬¯⁄z u¢ux.
B÷ §Õımh∫P“ E“Õ⁄.
1979: ΘPm ˆhU⁄ıª‚Ï {÷¡⁄Æ
GÏ.i. 506 Gfl” 5.25 A[Sª Ìı∫m
iÏUQ¯⁄ 5 GÆ.§ v”›hfl ˆPısk
¡¢ux. Cv¿ 4 §Õımh∫P“ C∏¢u⁄.
1980: ïu¿ QPı¯£m AÕ¬ªı⁄ Ìı∫m
iÏU. I.§.GÆ. ˆPısk ¡¢u C¢u Ìı∫m
iÏU J∏ ˆµ®õ‚˜µmh∫ AÕƒ C∏¢ux.

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11

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250 Q˜ªı G¯h≤hfl 40 B∞µÆ hıª∫
©v®¶ ˆPısi∏¢ux.
1981: ˜\ı¤ {÷¡⁄ïÆ iÏU uØıõ®¶
£o∞¿
C”[QØx.
3.5
A[Sª
®ˆÕUͧ¿
iÏUQ¯⁄U
ˆPısk
¡¢ux.ˆPı“ÕÕƒ v”fl 0.4375 GƧ.
1983: ˜µıiÆ ïu¿ 3.5 A[Sª Ìı∫m
iÏUQ¯⁄z uØıõzx ¡«[QØx.Cv¿
Cµsk §Õımh∫P“ C∏¢u⁄. AÕƒ 10
GƧ.
1986: AvP v”›hfl CØ[SÆ ÏPÏÍ
Ìı∫m
iÏU
i¯µƒhfl
B®§“
{÷¡⁄zvfl ˜©U PÆ®≥mh∫ ˆ¡ŒØı⁄x.
1988: Pı⁄∫ {÷¡⁄Æ J∏ A[Sª
Eصzvªı⁄
3.5
A[Sª
Ìı∫m
i¯µ¬¯⁄z uØıõzx ¡«[QØx. Cfl÷
¡¯µ Cxuıfl ˜ª®hı® PÆ®≥mh∫PŒ¿
£Øfl£kzu®£kQ”x. ïuº¿ Cx 31 GƧ
v”fl ˆPıshuıP A¯©¢ux.
1992: Î ˜Pm {÷¡⁄Æ Av∫ƒP¯Õz
uı[PU TiØ ïu¿ 2.5 A[Sª iÏU
i¯µ¬¯⁄z uØıõzx ¡«[QØx.

2000: Av˜¡P CØUPzxhfl, 15000
B∫.§.GÆ., Ìı∫m iÏU i¯µ¬¯⁄ Î
˜Pm uØıõzx ¡«[QØx.
2002:
ˆ£∫ˆ£fliSª∫
˜©U⁄iU
ˆµPı∫i[ ˆhU⁄ıª‚
Ai®£¯h∞¿
Ìı∫m iÏU CØ[P ïi≤Æ G⁄ Î ˜Pm
PımiØx. Cufl âªÆ J∏ \xµ A[Sª
]®§¿ 100 QPı §mÏ uP¡¿P¯Õ® £vØ
ïi≤Æ.
2005: Óhıa] ïu¿ 500 ‚§ Ìı∫m
iÏUQ¯⁄ ˆ¡Œ∞mhx.
2006:
˜|ım¶U
PÆ®≥mh∫PŒ¿
£Øfl£hU TiØ Momentus 5400.3 Gfl›Æ
2.5 A[Sª ïu¿ Ìı∫m i¯µ¬¯⁄ Î
˜Pm u¢ux. Cufl ˆPı“ÕÕƒ v”fl 160
‚§.
2006: Barracuda 7200.10 Gfl” ˆ£Øõ¿
750 ‚§ v”fl ˆPısh Ìı∫m i¯µ¬¯⁄
Î ˜Pm ˆ¡Œ∞mhx.
2007: ïu¿ 1 ˆhµı ¯£m Ìı∫m
iÏUQ¯⁄ Óhıa] {÷¡⁄Æ ˆhÏU
Ïhı∫
7˜P
1000
Gfl”
ˆ£Øõ¿

1993:
ïu¿
7200
B∫.§.GÆ. ˜¡P Ìı∫m
iÏU
i¯µ¬¯⁄
(Barracuda ST12550) Î
˜Pm
uØıõzx
¡«[QØx.
Cv¿
3.5
A[Sª
A Õ ¬ ª ı ⁄
§Õımh∫P“ £zx
A¯©¢v∏¢u⁄.
1996:
™P
AvP
AÕ¬ªı⁄ Ϙhı˜µ‰
ˆhfl]mi
ˆPısh
´iØzv¯⁄ I.§.GÆ. u¢ux. J∏ \xµ
A[Sª
Chzv¿
°÷
˜Pıi
§m
˜hmhı¬¯⁄ Cv¿ A¯©UP ïi≤Æ.
1997: ΘPm ïu¿ 10,000 B∫.§.GÆ.
˜¡P Ìı∫m iÏU i¯µ¬¯⁄ ¡«[QØx.
ïuº¿ 3.5 A[Sª §Õımh∫P–h›Æ §fl
3 A[Sª §Õımh∫P–h›Æ A¯©¢
v∏¢ux.
1999:
¯©U˜µı
i¯µ∆
G⁄
A¯«UP®£kÆ
™Pa
]‘Ø
Ìı∫m
iÏUQ¯⁄ I.§.GÆ. ¡«[QØx. Cv¿ J∏
A[Sª
§Õımh∫P“
C∏¢u⁄.
J∏
§Õımhõ¿ 340 GÆ.§. ˜hmhı £vØ
ïi¢ux.
v⁄©ª∫ & PÆ®≥mh∫ ©ª∫

ˆ¡Œ∞mhx. Cv¿ 3.5
A[Sª
AÕ¬ªı⁄
§Õımh∫P“
I¢x
C∏¢u⁄.
J∆ˆ¡ı∏
§Õımh∏Æ §.GÆ.B∫.
ˆuı»¿ ~m£zv¯⁄®
£Øfl£kzv
200 ‚§
˜ h m h ı ¬ ¯ ⁄ ®
£v¢u⁄.
2008:
˜ª®
hı®
PÆ®≥mhõ¿ £Øfl£kzu
Óhıa], 2. 5 A[Sª
AÕ¬ªı⁄ Ìı∫m i¯µ¬¯⁄z u¢ux.
Cv¿
Cµsk
§Õımh∫P“
5,400
B∫.§.GÆ.˜¡Pzv¿ _«fl”⁄.
2009: ˆ¡Ïh∫fl i‚mh¿ ïu¿ 2 ˆhµı
¯£m Ìı∫m iÏUQ¯⁄U ˆPısk ¡¢ux.
|ıflS 3.5 A[Sª §Õımh∫P“ Cv¿
E“Õ⁄. J∏ §Õımhõ¿ 500 ‚§ ˜hmhı
£vØïi≤Æ.
2009: ˆ¡Ïh∫fl i‚mh¿ ˜©æÆ J∏
\ıu¯⁄¯Ø ˜©ÿˆPıshx. ïu¿ 1 ˆhµı
¯£m Ìı∫m iÏUQ¯⁄ 2.5 A[Sª
APªzv¿
uØıõzux.
˜ª®hı®§¿
PÆ®≥mh∫PŒ¿ £Øfl£kzuU TiØ Cufl
ˆ£Ø∫ ÏPı∫®§ ˜Øı ¶–.

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Cufl âªÆ Pıflˆ¡∫˜\Âfl Jfl÷US
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22.<Shift>
+
u:
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23.
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24.
]:
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AuÿS
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26.<Shift> + n: ¶vØ ˆ©˜\‰ ¡¢v∏¢uı¿
E[P“
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A®˜hm
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27.q: P∫\¯µ ˜\m \∫a £ıUÈ˙USU
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28.y: uÿ˜£ı¯uØ ¬≥¬º∏¢x ˆ©˜\‰
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Cu¯⁄U
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29.(.) :¶“Œ A¯hØıÕÆ: ‘More Actions’
mµı® hƒs ˆ©›¬¯⁄U ˆPıkUSÆ.
30.?:R ˜£ı∫k Âı∫m Pm ˆ©›¬¯⁄U
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30

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s¬˛*ΩBVsuz 5 È‚ƒD ¶VÈÏ
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Cª¡\©ıPU P¿¬ AŒUSÆ EªP A¯©®¶P“ £ª¡ÿ‘ÿS ≥ªm £ƒs˜hÂfl
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Computer Malar Supplement Issue of Dinamalar Dated AUGUST 31, 2009 Regd .No.TN/Chief Pmg .243

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