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Effects of Industrial Pollution

1. Water Pollution: The effects of industrial pollution are far reaching and liable to affect the
eco-system for many years to come. Most industries require large amounts of water for their
work. When involved in a series of processes, the water comes into contact with heavy
metals, harmful chemicals, radioactive waste and even organic sludge.
These are either dumped into open oceans or rivers, or the water that has been polluted by
them is released into the ground. As a result, many of our water sources have trace
amounts of industrial waste in them and it seriously impacts the health of our eco-system.
This water is used for irrigation, washing our food at home and sometimes recycled into
drinking water.
Water pollution has already rendered many ground water resources useless for humans and
wildlife. It can at best be recycled for further usage in industries, which costs tremendous
amounts of money.
2. Soil Pollution: Soil pollution is creating problems in agriculture and destroying local
vegetation. It also causes chronic health issues for the people that come in contact with
such soil on a daily basis.
3. Air Pollution: Air pollution has led to a steep increase in various illnesses and it continues
to affect us on a daily basis. With so many small, mid and large scale industries coming up,
air pollution has taken toll on the health of people.
4. Wildlife Extinction: By and large, the issue of industrial pollution shows us that it causes
natural rhythms and patterns to fail, meaning that the wildlife is affected in a severe manner.
Habitats are being lost, species are becoming extinct and it is harder for the environment to
recover from each natural disaster. Major industrial accidents like oil spills, fires, leak of
radioactive material and damage to property are harder to clean-up, since they have a
higher impact in a shorter span of time.
5. Global Warming: With the rise in industrial pollution, global warming has been increasing
at a steady pace. Smoke and greenhouse gases are released by the factories into the air,
which causes an increase in the greenhouse effect and increase in global warming. Melting of
glaciers, extinction of polar beers, floods, tsunamis, hurricanes are few of the effects of
global warming.

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Industrial Revolution
During the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries,
pollution became a major problem with the introduction of the steam engine
and a series of technological advances that led to the production of goods
shifting from homes and small factories to large industrial factories. The
invention of more productive processes to manufacture cotton textiles
contributed greatly to the number of mills located in England, and later in the
northeastern United States. The steam engine allowed capitalists to transfer
their manufacturing plants away from naturally flowing waters (outside the
city) to areas inside and around cities where more abundant labor was
available. Pollution increased because of the more concentrated conditions
within the industrializing cities and because of the use of artificially produced
power (such as coal) that replaced the natural power of fast-running rivers.
Evidence of pollution during the early Industrial Revolution in England and
the European continent is widespread. South Wales, located in southwestern
England, was described by Adam Markham in A Brief History of
Pollution (1994) as a "veritable witches cauldron of industrial pollution."
Samples of hair from historical figures such as Isaac Newton
and Napoleon Bonaparte show the presence of antimony and mercury at toxic
levels not normally found in human hair.

Environmentalism. During the Industrial Revolution, companies were

virtually consumed with production and profits. There was little time for or
concern with the effects of pollution. Companies were by and large concerned
with the means of production rather than the effect of production on the
environment. Once the wealth generated by the mass production of goods

slowly drifted down to common workers, more questions were raised about
the air and water pollution being generated by factories. Environmental
changes did occur gradually in the next hundred years. But it was the 1960s
that saw the greatest increase in environmental concerns raised by the public.
Business was perceived as the enemy, and the mass environmental movement
brought on by a rejection of social and political traditions of the past forced
many changes to the indifference previously displayed by business toward the
The pressures on companies to reduce pollution have varied over time with
societal expectations and attitudes. For example, air pollution was a concern
in the 1850s when English companies emitted noxious pollutants from their
chimneys. In England beginning in 1863, legislation was passed, the socalled
Alkali Acts, which eventually improved atmospheric conditions. However,
companies continued to emit smoke as a result of coal burning. This problem
continued to worsen, and smog became an increasing concern in the midtwentieth-century skies over London. Public concern was generated after
health problems were linked to such soot emissions, and passage of the British
Clean Air Act of the 1950s was the result. Today, power stations in England are
under pressure to fit scrubbers to their emission systems to reduce
atmospheric sulfur emissions.

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