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Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences, All Rights Reserved.


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Prosthodontics 1 and related Dental Materials

Total Questions


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Test Question Language:- ENGLISH

The buccinator muscle fibers run in the buccal shelf area overlying the bone :
a. Horizontally in Mediolateral direction
b. Vertically in anteroposterior direction
c. Horizontally in anteroposterior direction
d. Laterally
Solution. Ans.1. refer boucher ,10th edi.
Buccinator muscle runs in anteroposterior direction horizontally in buccal shelf area ,therefore doesnot act perpendicular to denture to
dislodge it.they run parallel to denture border and thus is passive muscle
Answer. c


Submucosa of retromolar pad contains :
a. Glandular tissue
b. fibers of buccinator and superior constrictor muscle
c. Pterygomandibular raphe and terminal part of tendon of temporalis muscle
d. All of the above
Solution. Ans. 2.refer Bernard Levin ,page 37
Submucosa of retromolar pad contains : Glandular tissue , fibers of buccinator and superior constrictor muscle , Pterygomandibular
raphe and terminal part of tendon of temporalis muscle .it is primary retentive area where pressure within physiological limits can be
applied.It also provides stability and support, maintains peripheral seal and also provides an idea about occlusl plane( at junction of
anterior 2/3 and posterior 1/3).it is relatively stable landmark .also preserved in resorbed ridges too.
Answer. d


On which of the following regions the mylohyoid muscle has no influence :
a. Sublingual gland region
b. Premolar region
c. Molar region
d. retromylohyoid fossa
Solution. Ans.3.refer bernard levin ,page 51
Mylohyoid muscle curtains the floor of mouth and affects the sublingual the anterior lingual area/sublingual crescent,premylohyoid region,and mylohyoid region.Retromylohyoid fossa is not affected by its contraction .it is more affected by palatoglosus and
superior constrictor muscles .
Answer. d

Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences, All Rights Reserved.



In case of extremely resorbed lower ridge, the numbness of lower lip is most probably due to
a. Vitamin deficiency
b. Compression of mental nerves and vessels
c. Surgery to lower lip
d. All of the above
Solution. Ans.4. refer zarb and bolender ,12th edi page 234
As resorption takes place in mandibular ridge, mental foramen lie closer to crest and in such cases ,nerves and vessels can get
compressed by denture base resulting in numbness of lower lip,so relief has to be provided.
Answer. b


The concept of Balanced occlusion is applied mainly to
a. Natural dentition
b. Removable partial denture
c. Fixed partial denture
d. None
Solution. Ans.5. refer zarb and bolender,12th edi,pg-318
Balanced occlusion is primarily applied to complete dentures as it provides contact in working,nonworking and protrusive movements
thus adding to stability to complete dentures,In some cases of RPD ,Not all,cases ofdistal extension RPD opposing CD,balanced
occlusion is provided.In FPd and natural dentition,balanced occlusion is considered as pathologic,so not considered.
Answer. d


Disinfection of alginate impression when immersion method is used shouldnot exceed :
a. 10 min
b. 2 min
c. 5 min
d. 20 min
Solution. Ans.6. refer Phillips,page 246
Recommended disinfectants for alginate:iodophors,bleach or glutaraldehyde and synthetic phenols.immersion shouldnot exceed 10
minutes otherwise distortion may occur
Answer. a


The main purpose of covering as much area as possible within functional limits by impression is to:
a. Distribute the occlusal stresses and increase the peripheral seal
b. Increase the bulk of CD which helps to retain the denture
c. To increase the bulk of CD to prevent its fracture
d. all of the above
Solution. Ans.7. refer zarb and bolender,12th edi 218.
The primary objective and purpose behind covering as much denture base area within functional and physiological limits is to get better
retention and support .This distributes the occlusal stresses to larger area and functionally moulded periphery provides the peripheral
seal.its not related to bulk or fracture of denture .
Answer. a

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Which material is carried in a custom tray:
a. High fusing compound
b. Reversible hydrocolloid
c. Metallic oxide paste
d. Irreversible hydrocolloid
Solution. Ans. 8. refer Zarb and bolender,12th edi 223
The custom tray is according to anatomy of patients oral structures .it is used with spacer within so that free flowing less viscous
material( zinc oxide –eugenol) can be carried to make an accurate impression.for viscous materials ,stock trays can be used for
preliminary impressions( hydrocolloids and compound)
Answer. c


A maxillary alginate impression is removed with a quick jerk to prevent:
a. Syneresis
b. Permanent deformation
c. Bubbles
d. Surface details
Solution. Ans. 9. refer Phillips ,page 244.
Alginate impression should be removed from mouth atleast 3 min after gelation and not prematurely.Impression is removed with quick
jerk .as with reversible hydrocolloids,alginate are strain dependent.(easy to remove but rapidly) but no torquing or twisting forces
should be applied in an effort to remove it quickly.Thus, tear strength is increased when impression is removed with snap.
Answer. b


Gothic Arch tracing
a. Intraoral tracing device
b. Used for vertical dimension of occlusion
c. Records orientation of maxilla to mandible
d. none
Solution. Ans.10. refer Zarb and bolender,12th edi 288
Gothic arch tracing/high tracing is extra oral tracing used to record centric jaw relation .also it verifies the tentative centric is
based on point centric.Apex of tracing indicates centric relation.its the most reliable method to record and verify centric.its done using
high tracers or gothic arch tracers.
Answer. d


Clicking of denture while speaking is due to :
a. Increased vertical dimension
b. Patient with neuromuscular disorders
c. A and B
d. Decreased vertical dimension of occlusion
Solution. Ans.11. Zarb and bolender,12th edi 278
Clicking of dentures may occur due to excessive vertical dimension of occlusion with no freeway space. while speaking the dentures
comes in contact and produces clicking sound.also in cases of neuromuscular disorders like bells palsy,tardive dyskinesia, parkinsonism
where uncontrolled movement of mandible and tongue takes place may lead to clicking of denture.
Answer. c

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According to thielmanns principle of balanced occlusion if curve of spee increases, what should be done for this :
a. Incisal guidance should be reduced
b. Cuspal height has to be increased
c. Condylar guidance has to be increased
d. None
Solution. Ans.12. Refer Winkler ,pg 233
to achieve balanced occlusion ,thielmanns gave formula based on hanau’s quint where
I.G *CG =plane of orientation*compensating curves*cusp height and angulation
So to provide balance ,if one parameter is increased on one side,the parameters on other side should also be increased .
Answer. d


The method used to provide space under a RPD framework to prevent tissue impingement by the prosthesis is :
a. Block out
b. Relief
c. Surveying
d. None of the above
Solution. Ans. 13.refer Mckraken 11th edi pg 181
Relief: using relief wax provides space under RPD to prevent tissue impingement by prosthesis
Block out:using block out wax eliminates undesirable undercuts.
Surveying: procedure to deliniate height of contour.
Answer. b


which of the following agent is used for cross linking agent in Heat cured denture base :
a. Di butyl pthalate
b. Benzoyl peroxide
c. Hydroquinone
d. Glycol dimethacrylate
Solution. Ans.14. refer Philips ,page 156
Composition of heat cure resin:liquid and powder
LiquidMethyl methacrylate,dibutyl phthalate(plasticizer),glycol dimethacrylate(1-2%)-crosslinking agent ,hydroquinone(0.006%)-it increases
the strength,rigidity and overall improvement in mechanical properties.
Answer. d

Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences, All Rights Reserved.


6/54 .in case of complete dentures . Realeff effect refers to : a.(15).the prosthesis adapts and moulds well . The incisal guidance that assures the maximum stability in a denture is : may affect the jaw relation.occurs more in severely resorbed mandibular ridges and anterior maxillary ridge(specially flabby) Answer.cuspal height and angulation. Refer Winkler .try in and balanced occlusion. Ability of a displaceable tissue to mould or adapt to the prosthesis d.Due to resiliency and displaceability of mucosa. refer winkler 2nd edi pg 243 Incisal guidance is based on overjet and overbite of anterior teeth. 45 degree Solution.16. Hanau’s quint is related to : a.condylar guidance.ideally should be kept to minimum zero degrees in order to achieve balanced occlusion. Compensating curve Solution. Ans. Inflammation of underlying tissue due to increased occlusal load Solution.plane of occlusion.17. Refer winkler 2nd edi Resiliency like effect or realeff effect as named by Hanau is due to resiliency of oral mucosa it may vary from patient to patient. 25 mm d. 15 – 25 degree b. Ans. c (17). Ans.15.refer okesson. c (18). Zero degree c. 40 mm Solution. Answer. Contact of posterors on both working and non working side c. 18. b (16).compensating curves.and thus maximum stability.temporomandibular disorders. Centric relation c. All Rights Reserved. Balanced occlusion d. Excessive bone loss due to increased occlusal load on abutment b. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Centric occlusion b. Answer. 15 mm is based on 5 main factors :incisal guidance. Less than 15 degree d.After this it has to translate forward otherwise compression of pharyngeal structures maylad to asphyxiation. Answer. 10 mm 233 Hanau quint is related to balanced occlusion. The limit of mandibular opening by pure rotation of condyle is : a. Ans.3rd edi Mandible till first 25 mm of opening shows pure rotation.

it is half pear shaped fabricated from 6 gauge wax and indicated f there is atleast 8 mm space between active tissues and and margins of teeth. Ans. a (20). the most frequently used mandibular major connector is : a.19. refer mcCraken 8th edi. Excessive shrinkage c.11th edi. Ans.20.11th edi. Labial bar c. Excessive brittleness Solution. Hydrogen 53 Lingual bar is most commonly used mandibular major connector.volumetric shrinkage can be reduced to 6%(0.5% linear shrinkage). Which of the following may result if an excessive amount of monomer is incorporated into an acrylic resin mixture : a. All Rights Reserved. Low impact strength d. The highest flame temperature is that of : a. Ans. Acetylene The polymerization of denture base resins results in volumetric(21%) and linear shrinkage(7%).therefore its width should be atleast 5 mm and 3mm away from gingival margin. Answer. Lingual bar b. b (21). Excessive expansion b. refer Phillips. 21.Excess monomer in resinous mix will lead to excessive polymerization shrinkage and difficulty in denture fit and clinical use. Propane d. Kennedys bar Various heat sources: Gas flame temp heat content Hydrogen 2660deg 2362kcal/m3 Natural gas 2680 deg 8898 kcal/m3 Propane 2850 deg 21221 kcal/m3 Acetylene 3140 deg 12884 kcal/m3 So highest flame temperature –acetylene Highest heat content-propane Answer. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Natural gas c. 7/54 .The accepted p:l ratio is 3:1.(19). refer Phillips. Lingual plate Solution. Answer.

refer to question 19 explanation. Freeway space is defined as : a. b (23).to transfer the major connector design to investment type of clasp is decided according to that. It should be around 2-4mm. Depth of undercut b.5 mm d.Depth gauges tool tells about the amount of undercut present on the abutment. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Vertical dimension at rest – vertical dimension at occlusion b. 6 gauge half pear shape c.5 mm c.if its obliterated then . Ans. provide visible finish line for casting. Vertical dimension at rest d.5 to 1mm b.(22).24. 22.10th ed. Analysing rod of dental surveyor is used to find out : a. a (24). Cross sectional form and dimension of lingual bar major connector is : a.residual ridge resorption and other problems of increased vertical dimension should always be present as it provides rest to oral denture bearing tissues when teeth are not contacting. refer mccraken 8th ed pg 44 Beading -0.25.23. Vertical dimension at occlusion + vertical dimension at rest c. Answer. 4 Gauqe full pear shape b. Ans.5-1mm width or depth in cast partial denture is done to ensure intimate contact of major connector with palatal tissues. 6 gauge round shape . Freeway space is VDR-VDO. The position of clasp Solution. Ans. Beading should have a depth and width of approximately : a. Answer. 0.5 to 2. Vertical dimension at occlusion – vertical dimension at rest Solution. 1.05 to 0. All Rights Reserved.5 mm Solution. Blocking of undesirable undercuts c. refer Boucher . 4 gauge flat shape Solution. Ans. 0. a (25). refer . 1 to 1. The tilt at which the model is to be surveyed d.stewart 2nd edi pg 223 Analyzing rod surveying tool is first tool attached to surveying rod to analyse the parallelism of various surfaces of tooth and thus determines the tilt of cast is to be surveyed. 8/54 .

and making soft tissues more resistive to forces .so very supporting strut to prevent its distortion is provided Answer.stewart 2nd edi pg 28amongst all these maxillary major connectors the most rigid is A-P major connector(strap>bar). All of the above Solution.stewart 2nd edi pg-68 The requirement of clasp assembly :stability. Distribution of stresses to abutment tooth c.U shaped is least rigid . One of the most important function of the clasp besides retention is : a. Distribute the stresses on more teeth b.29. The aim of mouth preparation in a patient with trauma from occlusion is : a. d (28). Increased the soft tissue resistance by periodontal therapy d.27. Ans. refer Mccraken . Broad palatal plate d.refer .All these are explained in the options given in question. Answer. axially directing of forces .Aim is to improve support by better force distribution . Ans. refer Mccrakens 8th edi pg 97 Ring clasp is indicated on tipped molars (mesiolingual tip in mandibular and mesiobuccal tip in maxillary)as this is long length clasp. Ans. All Rights Reserved. In bilateral edentulous conditions b. 9/54 . Change the direction of the force from horizontal to vertical c. d (29).refer .encirclement. Always with a supporting strut c. On tilted on molars which are used as abutments d.reciprocation. All of the above Solution.retention.(26). The most rigid palatal major connector is : a.passivity. Single palatal strap Solution. Prevent the lifting away of the denture from tissues d.8th edi pg 35 Mouth preparation is done prior to final /definitive procedures to improve prognosis of prosthesis. A ring clasp is used : a.28. U. Contralateral stabilisation of the RPD b. tends to flex laterally when forces are applied.shaped major connector c. Ans. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Both B and C Solution.26. Antero – posterior major connector a (27). Answer.

the most common cause of cheek biting with dentures : a.30.3rd edi Horizontal overlap anteriorly provides incisal guidance and posteriorly also maxillary teeth overlaps the mandibular teeth. refer bouchers 10th ed pg 274 Increased vertical dimension leads to: soreness of ridge.text book of complete dentures.curve of spee( antero-posterior curve). curve of Wilson (mediolateral curve). pterygomandibular raphe d. Too great vertical dimension of occlusion d. Ans.32. complete denture-removable partial denture combination Solution. To provide a balanced occlusion in the CD d. 33. All Rights Reserved.clicking of dentures during speaking . Ans. porcelain denture teeth b. 10/54 . Aids in establishing the condylar inclination c.strained facial appearance. Pterygomaxillary notch b. Answer. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. absence of buccal horizontal overlap c.hamular notches and palpating the hamular processes.residual ridge boundaries are considered and palpated which includes vibrating lines. refer bouchers . All of the following landmarks are taken into account while postdammimg for maxillary denture except : no disclusion takes place. Ans. refer boucher 12th edi pg 342 Post damming is related to recording and transferring the posterior palatal seal area .curve of monsoon . Too thick palatal area b. A patient wearing complete denture has difficulty in swallowing food a. increased salivary flow Solution. b (33). Answer. refer Fenn .One of most common reasons of cheek biting buccally is absence of this overlap as deflection of cheek doesnot take place while function and comes in between occluding surfaces. Incorrect position of upper incisor teeth c.pterygomandibular raphe is present more distal to hamular notch and shouldnot be impinged by denture. same function as curve of spee in natural dention b. crossbite relationship of posterior teeth d. c (32).31. c (31). in excursive movements teeth remain in contact due to these curves . Answer.(30). difficulty in swallowing. Ans. All of the above Solution. Hamular process c.10th edi pg 462 Function of compensating curves in CD purely aids in establishing balanced occlusion . Vibrating line Solution. Function of a compensating curve as related to a CD is : a.

Answer.lab procedures in CD According to principles of teeth arrangement.3rd edi pg 22 Primary requirement of major connector is rigidity.then it gives prematurely aged appearance.esthetics and phonetics. Plane of orientation parallel to the ala. Ans.palatal cusp of upper posterior teeth should fall on crest of mandibular ridge which corresponds to centre of ridge .this is one plane which corresponds nearly parallel to occlusal plane in various research studies. 11/54 . functional stresses applied to RPD can be effectively distributed when major and minor connector are: a. none Solution. Serve as a guide in establishing balanced occlusion c.tragus line ( camper’s line ) is established to : a. Palatal cusp of upper posterior teeth in complete denture patients should fall on : a. All Rights Reserved. Labial to the ridge forces are more perpendicular to ridge and leverage forces are reduced. Directly on the ridge b. Maxillary teeth may look unesthetic if anterior teeth are placed : a. Ans.also teeth placement depends upon lip support and amount of hard and soft tissue loss. a (35). 2 mm below the lower lip line d. All of the above Solution. flexible c. made of pure gold d..approach arm of I bar. refer winkler . Buccal to crest of mandibular ridge d.37.(34). refer bouchers .2nd edi pg 141 Plane of orientation posteriorly should be parallel to ala tragus line or campers plane . refer stewart . Ans. serve as a guide In establishing the occlusal plane b. Note:all are rigid in CPD except retentive tip terminal. rigid b. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.36.12th edi pg 311 Best esthetics for maxillary denture is when anterior teeth are placed labial to ridge. Buccal vestibule Solution. Answer. Answer. a (36).if placed over the ridge .anteriorly it should be parallel to interpupillary line Answer. refer stannaught . Crest of mandibular ridge b.if flexible may cause stress concentration and severe damage to soft and hard tissues. Serve as guide in selection of the artificial teeth d. Ans. All of the above Solution.35.34. a (37). Lingual of crest of mandibular ridge c.

Answer.tori. 12/54 .(38). Ans. Phonetics and esthetics Solution. All of the above Solution.midpalatine raphe.fovea palatini. Overextension in the buccal sulcus area b. Inadequate relief of the incisive papilla d. Which of the following is not a mechanical method for determining the vertical maxillomandibular relations: a. the advantage of duplicating the natural teeth position is lost b. Pre extraction records c.VDO maintained. Ans. c (39). d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical . Burning sensation in anterior palate region of a patient wearing new denture is due to : a. Why is immediate denture vertical overlap of the anterior teeth is not reduced in an attempt to reduce the incical guidance : a.. b (41). ref boucher 12th edi pg-124 Advantages of immediate dentures:no edentulous period-patients appearance maintained.39. Ans. a (40).2nd edi Mechanical methods to establish vertical jaw relation: ridge relation( parallelism of ridges.41. Parallelism of the ridges b.better adaptation for tongue enlargement.the mix is most homogenous to pack in late dough stage .even horizontal and vertical overlap is replicated.741 One of most common causes of porosity in denture base resin is excess monomer presence as homogeneity of mix is not maintained. Answer. This can lead to change in the vertical dimension of the occlusion d. refer winkler .distance of incisive papilla to mandibular incisors)pre extraction records.phonetics and esthetics doesn’t come in mechanical methods. Answer.rather than in sandy stage where excess monomer is present. Soft tissue support. Open bite b.incive papillary region if not relieved will cause compression of nasopalatine vessels and nerves and cause pain and burning senation in this region. Measurement from former dentures d. Increased strength d.easier to duplicate natural tooth position and shape and arch form .and measurement from previous dentures. Answer.less postoperative pain and infection.cuspid eminence. This can lead to loss of balanced occlusion c. Porosity c. When acrylic resin is packed in the sandy stage.40refer Philips.maintainence of patients psychological and social well being. Occlusal discrepancies c. it may result in : a. refer Bernard Levin page 34 Relief structures in maxilla:incisive papilla. Ans.also it will lead to excessive polymerization shrinkage. All Rights Reserved. Rough palatal surface area Solution.38. This can lead to change in the centric relation Solution.

a (43). Answer.42. 300°C Centric occlusion is occlusion of opposing teeth when mandible is in centric relation.centric occlusion is around 1mm anterior to CR position.and fused quartz.tridymite-2 inversion temperatures 117 deg c and 163 deg c Answer. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.quartz form a. 575°C Solution. refer Philips . Maxillary canine d. Ans.alpha forms are present which inverts to beta form at specific temperature.pg297 Silica acting as refractory in investment materials exist in 4 allotropic forms:quartz.cristobalite.quartz inverts into β.12th ed. Maxillary lateral incisor c.this provides natural space between teeth and buccal mucosa during smile called buccal corridor space. Inversion temperatures 1.quartz-575 deg c 2. At what temperature α.44. 3 mm anterior to centric relation d. Maxillary central incisor b. Ans.trydymite. Centric occlusion is : a. 13/54 . c (44). 1 mm anterior to centric relation b. Maxillary premolar is around 0. refer zarb and bolender .(42).they may or may not coincide with maximum intercuspation. 43. All Rights Reserved. 450°C d.cristobalite-between 200 -270 deg c 3. 250°C b.the cervical end of maxillary canine is most prominent and the tip is directed room temperature. Which of the following teeth is more prominent at the cervical end : a. Answer. 2 mm anterior to centric relation c. Ans.5-1mm. 4 mm anterior to centric relation Solution.this discrepancy between CR and CO is freedom in centric or long centric. refer stannaught page 54 According to principles of teeth arrangement and esthetics.

All Rights Reserved. Ans. Linear shrinkage during polymerization of methylmethacrylate resin is : a. Lingual bar b.when vertical ridges in class 1 have undergone resorption. 8 mm Solution. refer zarb &bolender .(45).12th edi. NOTE:canines are 61mm in front of posterior border of papilla. Tell patient not to speak c. excess material has to be removed and again lip or soft tissues are manipulated to record borders in their correct width or depth. Answer. Surgically treat the lip d. 6 mm d. d (48).46. refer . Ans. the major connector of choice is : a. If future replacement of questionable mandibular teeth is anticipated . Readapt the labial periphery Solution.45. 2 mm b. Sublingual bar d.the dentist should: Incisive papilla is one of stable landmarks. refer mccraken 11th edi pg 61 Indications of linguoplate: Shallow sulcus(inadequate width for bar). Cingulum bar Solution. d (47). 07% c. the incisal edges of the maxillary anterior teeth from incisive papilla are approximately a.when future replacement of one or more teeth is anticipatedby providing retention loops to linguoplate.clinical studies and anthropometric measurements suggest that incisal edges of central incisors are 8-10mm anterior to center of papilla .48. b (46).. Make impression again b. During impression making if it causes distortion of upper lip.47. 14/54 .Bernard Levin . 12% d. Lingual plate c. 4 cm c. Ans.refer to ques 20 explanation periodontically weakened teeth. Answer. 33% b. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical 32 Distortion of lips during impression making takes place when there is excessive material being present in periphery of tray. Answer. 66% Solution.

c (50). c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Excessive residual ridge Resorption Solution. Major disadvantage to immediate complete denture therapy : a. Increased potential for infection c.50. All Rights Reserved.49.force developed in articulator will program condylar guidance of both .51. Ans. Set lateral posts of articulator d. Room temperature valcanisation is : a. All Solution.therefore also called room temperature vulcanizers . Trauma to extraction sockets b.(49). Answer. Protrusive jaw relation records are used to : a. Abused traumatized mucosa is present c. Ans.therefore unpredictable esthetics. d (51).ref boucher 12th edi pg-124 Disadvantages of immediate denture: No anterior try in . b (52). Answer. Ans. refer Philips page heat is required for the reaction(at room temperature) . Answer.comfort difficult to predict.vulcanisation reaction takes place in silicones . Ans. Tissue conditioners should be used specifically when : a.this record ic placed in articulator and condylar screws arel oosened . None Solution. Impossibility for anterior try in d. Excessive residual ridge resorption is present d. Polysulfides c. Set incisal guidance of articulator c. 15/54 . Answer. Amongst elastomeric impression materials . refer zarb and bolender 12th edi pg 200-06 For abused soft tissues –tissue conditioners with higher plasticizer content is specifically indicated.need frequent relines. Polyethers b.all other choices are indications of soft liners.pg331 Protrusive records are made by placing interocclusal material in between teeth and asking patient to bring mandible edge to edge and asking patient to close. refer zarb and bolender . Sharp ridges are present b. Alginate Solution. orient the occlusal plane b. Silicones d.52.

refer to explanation of ques 20 Answer. refer bouchers 10th ed 243 Bonwill triangle is a 4 inch side equilateral triangle. refer stewart . 5 d.distal proximal plate.56. 3 b. Mc Donald Solution. b (55). Polydimethye siloxane c. Bonwill triangle is a ___ inch equilateral triangle : a. Orthoethyl silicate b.refer Philips pg-214 Basic components of condensation elastomers :base and catalyst Basic component is hydroxyl terminated polydimethyl siloxane.2nd edi pg 274 RPI concept was introduced by kratochwill and later modified by kroll RPI-Mesial rest. 6 Solution.55.53. Ans. Kratochvil c. 4 c. Volumetric shrinkage during polymerisation of methyl methacrylate acrylic resin is : a. 12% d.Bar RPD was introduced by : a. Ans.4inch from condylar element from both sides to middle of mandibular central incisors forming bonwill triangle Answer. Stannous octoate d. Ans. b (56). 16/54 .I bar Answer. Ans. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. 66% Solution. 54. 21% c. Which of the following is used as catalyst in condensation silicone rubber : a. Ber Caputo b. I.(53). c (54). 33% b.The curing of this material involves reaction of tri or tetra functional alkylsilicates in presence of stannous octoate(catalyst) Answer.the articulators are based on bonwill triangle . Colloidal silica Solution. Kroll d. All Rights Reserved.

b (58). it will be necessary to : a. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. when corrected. Answer.average surface area of Maxilla mandible (12th ed bouchers) 24cm2 14cm2 22. Increase the compensating curves Solution. 12. Decrease plane of occlusion b. Taggart c. To achieve balanced occlusion. All Rights Reserved.25 cm2 resp c. refer Philips pg 741 Porosity: thicker denture portions. Lost wax technique was first described by : a..58. 24.24 cm2 resp d. 17/54 .rapid temperature elevation.95 cm2 12. Decreased the heights of cusps d. Packing during dough stage c.inadequate mixing of polymer and monomer. Answer.96 cm2 and 12. 22.25cm2 (10th edi) Answer. refer to explanation of question 232 . d (60).25 cm2 and 22. setting was found to be 45°on articulator. Heating the flask two slowly b.96 cm2 resp b.80 cm2 resp Solution. refer bouchers 12 ed .57.59. Ans.(57). Ans. 14.inadequate material in mold. Porosity in heart activated Acrylic resin denture base is most frequently caused by : a.08 cm2 and 26. refer to stewart . d (59).air inclusions in fluid resins. Black b. Ans.inadequate pressure in mold. This setting was in correctly recorded. Mean denture bearing area in edentulous maxilla and mandible is : a.lab procedures in RPD Taggart –lost wax technique for casting procedures Wilson and kent. Denture set up was balanced on the anticulator with condylar setting at 20°.65 cm2 and 20. Wilson and kent d. Lack of pressure in Resinous mass Solution. polymerising for 9 hours at 16 °F d.GIC Black-introduced cavity preparation classification. Answer. none of the above Solution. Increase incisal guidance c. Ans. 60.

20 deg Anatomic-33 deg Indication of non-anatomic teeth: Flat to correct tilt first primary coping is cemented then over it secondary coping is cemented. Ans.(61).refer winkler 2nd edi pg 262 Monoplane teeth/non anatomic teeth-0 deg Semi-anatomic. Answer.62. To determine path of insertion of RPD d. refer to explanation of ques 29. Answer. Ans. refer tylman.2nd edi These all conditions can lead to midline fracture. refer winkler .63. Telescopic crown was introduced by: a. Answer. d (63).64. Answer. excessive relief in labial frenal area b. Prothero d.bruxers. 10 degree b. Ans. To enhance periodontal health b. Pankymann Solution.61. Cuspal inclination of non.milling type chewing pattern with broad excursions. All Rights Reserved.these are indicated in non parallel abutments or telescopic retained RPD.knife edged ridges. All of the above Solution.lare interridge spaces. d (62). Posselt c. 30 degree d. 18/54 . Ans. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.severely resorbed ridges. Which of the following is a cause of midline fracture of complete denture : a.poor neuromuscular control( NM disorders). 15 degree c.anatomic teeth monoplane teeth is : a. maxillary single complete denture against full complement of mandibular teeth c.So to avoid it use high impact strength resins and metal denture base. d (64). 0 degree Solution. young edentulous patient with excessive masticatory forces d. All of above Solution. To enhance esthetics c. Peeso b. The objective of mouth preparation prior to prosthetic rehabilitation is : a. textbook of fixed prosthodontics Telescopic dentures-introduced by Peeso.

Ans. d (66).it is used determine relative parallelism of two or more surfaces or teeth. 67. All classes of kennedy classification can be subdivided by modification except : a.III.68.(65).and class IV is bilateral single missing anterior teeth .most distally present edentulous spaces determine classification. Gothic arch tracers Solution.IV. Ans. modulus of elasticity has no significance Solution. Surveyor or parallelometer or odontoscope was invented by AJ Fortunati in 1918.I. Ultimate strength d. Parallelometer is also known as : a. All Rights Reserved. d (68). b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.8th edi. Cast surveyor d. Stress necessary to cause either fracture(ultimate tensile strength).pg 20 Keneddy classified partially edentulous arches into 4 classes .. Hybrid denture c. therefore should be made of a material with : a. Fracture under tension is called : a.And according to applegate rule. Class IV Solution. Low modulus of elasticity b. Precision attachment b.refer Philips pg 80 Always remember high modulus of elasticity means-more stiff and rigid and unyielding. Ans.II. 19/54 . 66. High modulus of elasticity c. refer mccraken 8th edi.refer mccraken . Ultimate tensile strength Solution. c (67). Yield strength b. Answer.refer Philips. Ans. Class II c..or a specified amount of plastic deformation(yield strength) Answer. Class I b. Brittleness modulus vice-versa Answer. Reciprocal arm requires to be stiff and unyielding.any modification space would change classification. Class III d. 65. Low proportional limit d.

Over extension of border d.refer mccrakens. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Answer. Answer. Ans. Malleability:the ability of material to sustain considerable permanent deformation without rupture under compression.69. Malleability c.they have melting range with liquid and solid phases 73 Ductility:relative abiliy of material to deform plastically under a tensile load before it fractures. Ans. it is due to : a.71. Centric occlusion c. c (72). Slide in centric d. Intercuspal position Solution. Patient complains of pain while eating . 20/54 .refer bouchers 10th edi Centric relation is most replicable.70. None of the above Solution.(69). a (71).and reproducibleand learned position of condyle with respect to mandibular fossa.any prosthesis is fabricated in this position. Resilience d. The ability of a material to withstand permanent deformation under a tensile load without rupture is : a. Centric relation b. refer Philips. As it is the most reproducible and comfortable . On examination tissue soreness is seen along the mucobuccal area of a removable partial denture . Melting point b. Poor design of RPD c.single temperature occurs for pure metals.recordable. Answer.pain is also present due to overextended periphery. tensile stress Solution. Ans.8th edi As soreness is seen around the mucobuccal it clearly suggests that borders of cast patial dentures are overextended. Ans. Heavy occlusal contacts b.72. Boiling point d. Faulty intercuspation Solution. The most replicable condylar position for diagnosis and reconstruction of prosthesis is : a. Melting range c. Ductility b. Alloys have a : a. b (70). Answer. All Rights Reserved.refer Philips pg 120 Alloys never have specific melting or boiling point as they are made up of moe than one metal or non metal.

Following normal procedures Solution. 21/54 .P=F/A(pressure is inversely proportional to area) It suggests that pressure required will be more if occluding area is less.refer boucher . To aid in measuring height and length of posterior teeth c. resistance through mucosa d. a (76).10th edi. Answer.and vice-versa.therefore tray with spacer (double thickness preferable) is indicated.75. a (74).so intimate contact of impression material to tissues is required . Not maintain contact with tissues c. The purpose of plane of orentation is : a.the plane of orientation is for determining occlusal plane. a (75).refer to explanation for question 35. Ans.we have to place the tissues rather than displace the tissues. Serve as a guide in establishing occlusal plane b.(73). Answer. Use a close fitting tray d. To divide distance between upper and lower card equality Solution. Most reliable method of recording centric relation : a. Ans. Use tray with spacer b. None of the above Solution. To serve as an abitary plane when established on the articulator d. 73. combined denture support c. Graphic tracing with excursive movements b. Ans.during tray construction. Denture base area b. Ans. 74. Trial and error method d. area of occlusal surface Solution. 76. refer winkler 2nd edi Its well known fact. refer to explanation of ques 10. Answer. Wax checkbite method 174 For hyperplastic tissue. While taking impression of flabby fibrous tissue on maxillary ridge for complete denture care is taken to : a. The pressure required to penetrate food is inversely proportional to: a. Answer. All Rights Reserved. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.

or by flanges of denture that has settled as result of lost ridge support will lead to reactivehyperplasia known as Epulis fissuratum. Papillary hyperplasia c. Who coined the term ‘ fulcrum line’ in 1916: a. a (78). Buccal side of posterior mandible c. refer bouchers 12th edi pg-107 Exostoses may occur on both jaws but most frequently found on buccal sides of posterior maxillary segments. Term height of contour by was given by kennedy Answer. Reciprocal arm : a. Answer. Pyogenic granuloma Solution. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. denture stomatitis b. The most common site of bony exostosis is : a. Balk will b.(77). Prothero either denture is relieved or soft liner indicated. refre mccrakens.ref . Applegate Solution. Ans. All Rights Reserved. 78refer boucher 12th ed pg 86 Border tissues chronically traumatized by overextended flanges. Palatal side of posterior maxilla b. Rigid and placed in occlusal 3rd of crown d. Buccal side of anterior mandible has to be rigid and is placed on middle one third of lingual surface. Buccal side of posterior maxilla d. Ans.92 Reciprocal arm reciprocates the forces from retentive terminal . Flexible and placed in occlusal 3rd of crown Solution. Answer. Tissue reaction that is common due to overextension of labial flanges of complete denture is : a. mc cracken 8th ed pg 92/11th ed pg 82. epulis fissuratum d.80. Flexible and placed in middle 3rd of crown c. Ans. Rigid and is placed in middle 3rd of crown b. Cummer d. c (80).79.8th edi Prothero coined the term fulcrum line and prothero’s cone theory is basis of clasp retention. c (79).77.also refer to explanation of que 154. 22/54 . Ans. Answer.

finest example being combination clasp. First three choices may be the answer.84.(81).12th ed . Decreased and flat c.refer mccrakens 8th di In case we have to reduce forces transfer to abutment. Ans. refer explanation of ques 12.primarily monoplane teeth are indicated. For a balanced occlusion when condylar inclination is increased the compensating curve should be : a.its the most retruded position of mandible with respect to maxillae. No reduction in stress d. Shallow b. Lateral excusion d. Terminal hinge position Solution. c (83). 81.flexible wrought wire clasp can be used . Reversed Solution. Answer. a (84). Limit stress transfer to residual edentulous ridge c. sharp ridge c. Centric occlusion b. Ans.but the best answer is C.poor neuromuscular control . Both a and b are true Solution. Increased and prominent d. Centric relation c. Poor muscular control d. Answer. 23/54 . Well contoured ridge Solution.opening and closing pure hinge rotational movements(20-25mm) take place. Flat ridge b. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. All Rights Reserved. Only pure hinge movement of mandible occur at : a. Limits stress transfer to abutment b. Answer. Ans. c (82).refer to explanation 20.refer boucher .83.82.especially in periodontally weakened tooth. A wrought wire clasp arm direct retainer located on first premolar : a. Non anatomic teeth are indicated primarily in: a. Ans. 184 At Terminal hinge position .

Lingual of crest of mandibular ridge c. Disadvantage:diffficlut to reline .F will look more like V Answer.positive tissue response. Buccal vestible Solution.. All Rights Reserved. Gysi b.maxillary palatal cosp(anatomic teeth) is prominent and falls on central grove of monoplane mandibular teeth. pankymann d. Palatal cusp of upper posterior teeth in complete denture patients should fall on : a.if they are too long (set too far down). refer to ques 34. Answer.pg137 Advantages:accuracy and better adaptation. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Palatable to patient d. Principle disadvantage of Metal denture Base is : a.11th ed. Ans. The concept of lingualised occlusion was put forward by : a.86. refer winkler 2nd edi Concept of lingualised occlusion was put forward by Gysi. Both will be sounding as ‘f’ Solution.if upper anterior teeth are set too short (set too high up)V will look more like F. acrylic resin doesnot bond well c.87. d (86). V sound will be like F b.(85). Crest of mandibular ridge b.. Increase in weight and thickness b. Answer. Mccollum c.refer zarb and bolender . Difficult to reline Solution.thermal conductivity.88.12th ed pg 283 Labidental sounds F and V –are made between upper incisors and labiolingual centres.acc to it. payne Solution. Ans. Ans. 24/54 . a (88). F sound will be like V c.less weight and bulk.refer mccraken. Answer. No significant change d. If upper anterior are set too short what will result : a. Buccal to crest of mandibular ridge d. Ans.85. a (87).to posterior third of lower lip.

Correct base. Answer. Lips b. d (90). All of the above Solution.and more chances of angular chielitis(perleche) least conspicuous and better one. Relining is done to : a.albicans.reling and rebasing Relining is procedure to add new tissue surface to compensate for changes in denture base area( due to residual ridge resorption) that occurs due to ill fitting dentures.old senile appearance. All Rights Reserved.tissue relationship b.refer boucher . Following denture failure due to porosity Solution. Shade of teeth b.refer boucher 12th ed pg 86 Papillary hyperplasia:commonly occurs in maxillary anterior palatal area due to illfitting dentues more prone to infection by C. Ans. Which of the following areas of oral cavity are affected by inflammatory papillary hyperplasia : a. Answer. c (92). Provide reduction d. Gingiva Solution. Correct occlusion c. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. improper lip support from the incisors d. 25/54 . Decreased vertical dimension b. Length of teeth d. Tongue c.2nd edi. Answer.10th ed pg341 Squint test is used to select shade of artificial teeth according to face complexion. Squint test is used as guide for selecting : a.again overclosure results and drooping of corners of mouth .90. Drooping of the corners of the mouth in a complete denture wearing person is due to : a.and the color which fades from view first .selection of case is very important as centric relation should coincide with centric occlusion.(89).the shades of teeth are placed under patients lip.refer winkler .89. Ans. Shape of teeth c. refer . a (91).mostly in long term denture wearers. Ans. Both a and b Solution. Increased freeway space c.winkler.with eyelids partially closed.91.92.2nd edi When reduced VDO or increased freewayway space. Palate d. Ans.

Ans. refer winkler 2nd edi Compensating curves :curve of spee. Ans. Sticking of alginate to teeth b. Answer.correct water powder ratio should be used and gypsum hardener like borax can be used . c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Kinematic face bow c. 93 Refe winkler . b (96).Curve of monsoon is lateral molar curve that have convexity facing downwards . too much water to mix stone c. a reverse curve Solution. 26/54 . L = H+d/12 c. probable reason : a.refer winkler 2nd ed pg 184 Facebow:caliper like device used to orient maxillary cast on articulator . Failure to use correct tray Solution. refer Philips . c (94). Either arbitrary of kinematic face bow d. Ans.96. L= 12+ d/h 259 Too much water powder ratio used for mixing stone would lead to cast with softer surface. All Rights Reserved.95.94. Is a lateral molar curve with connecting facing downwards c. An earpiece bow only Solution.curve of Wilson. L = H/8+12 d. arbitrary(earpiece type or fascia type) used in CD constructions and kinematic(true hinge axis)-for FPd and full mouth construction cases.and chalky surface which might lead to distortion and loss of surface details. Curve of monsoon is : a. Answer. Ans. To transfer the axis orbital plane we require : a. Insufficient spatulation of stone d. An anteroposterior curve b.facebows are of two types arbitrary and kinematic. Answer.2nd edi pg 146. Answer. Lateral condylar guidance(L) is calculated by Hanau equation but for that one should programme articulator to calculate horizontal condylar guidance. Lateral condylar guidance: a.and curve of monsoon These are provided to attain balanced occlusion.normally L will come around 15 deg inclination. b (95).(93). L= H+d/4 Solution. Is a lateral premolar curve with covexity facing upwards d. Arbitrary face bow as to record the axis orbital plane (opening and closing axis of mandible). Cast has a soft surface.

Facilities mounting the mandibular cast in the center of the articulator d.(97). Centric relation c. Enables alteration in vertical dimension on the articulator c. 27/54 . All Rights Reserved. Anterior lingual border Solution. after translation of working condyle Solution.if anterior lingual region is not recorded well then peripheral seal breaks and denture is dislodged.ranges from initial 1 4mm. Immediate bennett shift occur : a. Ans.100. During first 5-6 mm movement of condyle c. refer to question 20 explanation Answer. Ans.the lateral translation that occurs linealy after 2-3mm of forward movement of condyle is called progressive side shift In we see indication of face bows:cusped teeth are used.when vertical dimension is to be altered . Buccal border c. Ans.97. Answer. Protrusive records during jaw relations made for recording : a.98. Record retruded contact position d.. Maintains the condyles in their most retruded positions in the glenoid fossa Solution.primary retentive and peripheral denture seal is provided by retromolarpad area. During first premature occlusal contact after rotation of condyle d. Before any forward movement of condyle b. Terminal hinge axis opening class II or III –this peripheral seal is difficult to achieve.refer winkler 2nd edi pg-90 Anterior lingual areaor premylohyoid area or anterior sublingual crescent area act as secondary peripheral seal area while recording alveolingual sulcus . b (100). Access an accurate centric relation record b. d (99). The secondary peripheral seal area of a mandibular complete denture is the : a. b (98). Condylar inclination of both sides b. Labial border b. The hinge axis face bow transfer is of value because it : a.3rd edi. Ans. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.when changes in existing Occlusion are to be planned .complete denture prosthodontics Immediate side shift:when mandible moves before movement of NON WORKING CONDYLE. refer fenn .refer winkler 2nd edition.especially in mandible the tongue position provides this peripheral seal class I tongue position. Distolingual border d. Answer. 99.

II.(101). All Rights Reserved. 80% d.then attriton of teeth takes place to compensate for this. Ans. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Engage an undercut area of the abutment tooth transmit forces axially along long axis (vertically downwards)of tooth. Refer mcrakens 8th edi 127 Indirect retainer-is specially indicated in kennedyd class I. Resist tissue ward moments of an extension base partial denture d. CO and CR are not coinciding Solution. d (102).refer stewart 2nd edi pg-49 Occlusal rest has to transmit cent percent forces to abutment especially in class III situations. Stabilize tooth borne RPD cases there is discrepancy between CR and CO. Normal changes with age b. resist the rotation around fulcrum axis and prevent dislodgement towards occlusal direction/or tissue away movement and thus stabilizes denture base. Indirect retention is designed to : a. 70% c.prevents tissueward movement of bases.even in younger patients. Resist dislodgement of an extension base partial denture in occlusal direction Solution. Ans. In full tooth bone dentures occlusal rests transmits ____% of occlusal forces of teeth : a. Answer. He is having high masticatory efficiency d. Excessive occlusal wear in a young patient not consistent with the age indicates : a.and lond span Class IV cases.101.from tmj to smile design. He is consuming abrasive foods c.2nd edi Normal conditions:centric relation and centric occlusion coincides . Answer. d (103).103.102. 50% b. Answer. refer dawson . 28/54 . 100% Solution.

the powerful muscles of contralateral side pulls the mandible so derangement of occlusion occurs. c (106). Ans. In mandibular guide flange prosthesis flange extension should be preferably in the region of : a. Guide flange prosthesis is indicated which act as training device so that muscles get programmed and occlusion can be provided.alibicans) Answer.105. After the processing of the denture in acrylic 380-5 At try in stage.tests for phonetics can be done as this the last stage where modifications in teeth position and angulation can be done before denture processing. Tear strength b. Maxillary IInd premolar c. Answer. Maxillary IInd molar b. Answer. On any tooth Solution.labiodental sounds can be tested.sibilants.Maxillofacial Prosthdontics In Hemimandibulectomy patients where mandible is resected.104. Inability to bond with denture base resin c.(104).106. edi. For patient wearing complete denture the test for phonetics is best done at the time of : a. At the time to try in stage of trial denture d. refer zarb and bolender. All Rights Reserved. 29/54 . b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Ans. Extension of bar should extend till 2nd premolar or till mesial of 1st molar. Resiliency Solution.12th. winkler . Anterior to maxillary premolar d. Before making wax rims b. Ans. Recording jaw relation on the wax rims c. Abrasion resistance d.2nd edi pg 345 Silicone based soft liners have advantagesof being long term use.various sounds bilabial.Ref Beumer . Major drawback of silicone as soft liner’s is : a. b (105).good abrasion resistance and tear strength but disadvantages:poor bond strength with acrylic and more prone to fungal infections(C.

Ans. ultrasonic cleaners for cleaning removable partial dentures use : a. Making the retentive arm thick Solution.therefore stabilty is most affected.109refer winkler . d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.rudd and morrow. Answer.108. Less masticatory efficiency Solution.or extended clasp arm ca be used. Answer. 30/54 . except : a. Less stability d. Non keratinized c. Answer. Less esthetics c.refer . Stratified squamous type Solution. Ans. Using proximal undercut unilateral RPD it is affected and rotational forces are not counteracted upon .110.8th edi Low survey line means undercut area is less or absent at desired tilt of cast.2nd edi Line of crest of ridge is always keratinized as its derived or its residual of masticatory mucosa(attached mucosa). Ans. Main disadvantage of unilateral removable partial denture is : a. refer . Less retention b. Electronic energy waves d. Electric energy b. Answer.or proximal undercuts can be utilised. c (109). Epithelium that line crest of ridge is : a. Ultrasonic energy waves c.if low survey line is present then to create undercut it can be crowned. When a low survey line is found additional retention for removable partial denture can be obtained through following methods . Keratinized b. Mechanical agitation Solution. All Rights Reserved. Ans. refer stewart 2nd edi pg 333 In rpd cross arch stabilization plays an important role . c (108).lab procedures in RPD Ultrasonic cleaning of RPDframework can be done which is based on electronic energy waves where they come in contact with the surface and remove the very superficial layers and gives matt finish without disturbing the fit of framework.(107). crowning the tooth d. Para – keratinized d. a (110).107. Using extended clasp arm c.mccrakens.

refer stewart . Adequate alveolar bone support c. Answer.they both cant be at same level to provide horizontal stability.8th edi Reciprocal arm is placed on opposing lingual surface of abutment tooth in middle one third.(111). Answer. Ans.pg301 Occlusal rest is roughly triangular in shape with base towards the marginal ridge and apex towards the centre so as to transfer the forces down to long axis of tooth.stewart . By preparation of deep square rest seat Solution. d can be used to alter the survey lines except option c. By enameloplasty c.114. Ans. Primary occlusal rest configuration : a. By placing enamel bonded resin veneer Solution. 31/54 .its not related to long edentulous span. c (114). Ans. triangular with base at marginal ridge d. triangular with base at centre c.2nd edi. refer. its in anterior region work load (occlusal stresses)are 23 Keneddys class VI. Rigid bracing arm c.when anterior abutment is periodontally sound enough to withstand forces on RPD.113. The characteristic of class VI kennedy applegate classification are following except : a. except : a. By changing the carbon marker to analysis rod d. Horizontal reciprocation in a direct retainer can be achieved by one of the following . c (113).111. boomerang shape Solution. by placing the reciprocal arm in the same horizontal level as retentive arm d. Answer. An opposing retentive arm b.retentive arm crosses the height of contour to go in infrabulge area to engage the undercut. Normal amount of work load Solution. Options a . round b.2nd edi pg-223. Adequate root length of the abutments d. Long edentulous space b. Changing tilt of the cast b. refer stewart. Cingulum rest are half moon shape or boomerang shape.112. Ans. refer stewart . c (112). Survey lines can be modified by following procedures except : a.2nd edi . All Rights Reserved. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. b .

main function of minor connector is: a. 0. helps in unification of components of rpd.116. Vertically upwards d. 0. Vertically downwards Solution.25mm and mucosa to about 2mm. refer . Ans. refer stewart . a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. 0. Ans.lab procedures in RPD The external finish line is acute angle ie less than 90 deg so that acrylic can be finished to that junction. Horizontally b. Ans. All Rights Reserved.8th edi There is difference in resiliency of mucosa covering ridge and PDL of abutment teeth. Answer. rigidity c. > 90° < 110°>c. The ratio of displacement of tissues of periodontal ligament and mucoperiosteum covering the residual ridge is : a. d.indirect retainers).118refer Rudd and in tooth tissue supported RPD . 0. b. refer to explanation of ques 102. d (117). c (116).115. Offer retention Solution.75 : 1 mm c. counter leverage forces b. Unification d.stewart .and internal finish line is at 90 degrees.(115). Ans. Obliquely c. A rest is provided with the intention of transferring the force : a. a (118). The finishing line junction with major connecter should be : <90°>a. Answer.8th ed minor connector is component that connects other components to major connector( ie occlusal rest. Answer.25 : 1 mm d. 32/54 .denture base.75 : 2 mm Solution. >110° Solution.the PDl are compressible to 0.this leads to excessive forces on abutment.25 : 2 mm b.117.

it acts as closed compartment and it leads to rise in hydrostatic pressure which can overcompress the tissues. refer stewart . Keratinized d. Answer. Ans.tough and better resists the forces. c (120).122.thus vents holes or relief holes are to be made to relieve the pressure and to record a good impression details. Answer. 33/54 . 6 mm d. Maxillary major connector no closer than 6mm and mandibular major connector no closer than 3mm from gingival margins.121. Answer. Specialized Solution. c (122). Ans. Non. Ans.2nd edi When tray is seated on oral tissues with impression material loaded . = 10 mm < 10 mm>d. 4 mm b.keratinized b.palatal mucosa is always keratinized/attached. Para keratinized c. To act as escape hole Solution. To control hydraulic pressure c. Solution.(119). All Rights Reserved. 2nd edi. c.3rd edi . To get good impression in palatal area d. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Lingual plate is indicated when the floor of the mouth is : a. To control hydrostatic pressure b. 7 mm Solution. Mucosa of hard palate is : In shallow mandibular sulcus(less than 8mm space)-liguoplate major connector indicated and where atleast or more than 8mm space present-lingual bar can be given Answer. Vent hole in the middle of impression tray is made for following except : a.120stewart . b (121). 5 mm c.119stewart . Palatal major connector should be located atleast __ away from gingival margins : a. >8 mm < 8 mm>b.

refer . A new centric relation record is not required c. b (125).2nd edi In house articulator.2nd edi . Both ‘A’ and ‘C’ Solution.more all tooth structure and and more than 3mm of adjacent gingiva visible. Answer. Ans. refer winkler . Making impression in both dentures independent of occlusion b. Canine line d. Dentatus d.123.where condyle moves over fossa. 19-22 mm d. Ans. 16-18 mm c. Cuspid eminence Solution. 5-10 mm Solution. text book onesthethetics Speaking line is amount of exposure of dentogingival complex during speech. Boucher’s techniques of rebasing involves : a.refer .winkler .(123). Average condylar path inclination is : a.126. Bouchers technique of rebasing is open mouth technique where individual maxillary and mandibular dentures can be relined independently.again CO should coincide with CR. grittman b.125. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. house articulator c. Ans.purpose is : a. Dends Solution.high lip line .124. Answer. special feature of rotary guidance for milling in purpose is given. Low lip line c. All Rights Reserved.TMJ disorders Learn this value of 16-18 mm of condylar path . 34/54 . b (124). refer . New centric relation before impression d. Answer. 10 mm b.okesson .so speaking line may be referred to low lip line. a (126). Articulator that incorporates a rotatory guidance for miling – in. Ans. High lip line b. Answer. Speaking line is otherwise known as: a.rufenatch .

in 1918 c.3rd edi Alwys remember:never reducethe cusp tip of functional cusp 215. refer . Ans. It is in premature contact in eccentric d.but if by using articulating paper of different colors for centric ad eccentric contact. Answer. in 1923 d. Fortunatti.(127). Guiding planes b. Ans. Fortunatti . It is in premature contact in centric is fabricated from 8 gauge half round waxpattern Answer. Dimpling c. c (129).Stewart. 2nd edition Splint bar is casted and is a part of RPd .stewart . in 1916 Solution.130. 24 gauge pattern Solution. Ans. Cusp point is reduced only when : a. It is a premature contact b.the contact comes on cusp plate should come in frictional contact with guide plane and should remain in contact till it completely seats. 8 gauge half round pattern d. Jelenko. 35/54 . 6 gauge half round wax pattern c. Lingual ledges Solution.129refer stewart.3rd edi. b (128).it splints the abutment and transfers the forces down long axis of teeth. It is in premature contact both in centric and ecentric relation Solution. refer okesson .128. Answer. Splint bar eliminate preparation of ______ on the abutments : a. 6 gauge wax pattern b.2nd edi Guideplanes: are prepared to decide path of insertion and prepareone surface parallel to oneother. Answer. Guiding plane are made up of : a. Ney .it has to be reduced. Rest reats eliminates making of rest seat on abutment toth. All Rights Reserved. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Surveyor was invented by ____ in ____ : 1918 b. c (130). Ans.

compensates for polymerization shrinkage.if underpostdamming-loss of retention.10edi Resorption pattern in maxilla-upwards and palatally-making it smaller(centripetal type) Resorption pattern in mandible . refer bouchers.131 refer philips . To ensure a complete seal thus helping In retention of a denture d. While taking impression of flabby fibrous tissue on maxillary ridge for complete denture case is taken is : a.only used for inlays and small restoration Type III-for crowns and FPD Type IV-most hard and rigid. c (133). Ans. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.if overpostdamming is done-it will have rebounding effectand denture dislodgement. a (134). All Rights Reserved. Gold alloy that is used for cast partial is : a. so it becomes critical to record this area. Type I b.prevent excess impresion material from running down patients throat.used for RPD fabrication. d (132). Retention of mandibular denture by seating its posterior margin Solution.139 Type I. Upwards and buccally Solution.prevent ingress of saliva and debris. The function of posterior palatal seal (PPS ) is: a. Follow normal procedures Answer. Downwards and buccally b. Type II c.prevents gag reflex.. To aid is insertion and removal of complete denture c. The direction of the resorption of the manillary ridge : a. Upwards and lingually d. Downwards and lingually c. 134 PPS:main retentive and peripheral seal area for maxillary denture. Answer. Ans. To aid in balanced occlusion b.(131). Type IV Solution. 36/54 . use of close fitting try d. Not maintain intimate contact with tissues c.downwards and lingually-making it broad(centrifugal type.132. Answer.Type II-soft gold . Answer. Type III d. Ans. Use a tray with spacer b.

(135). c (138). Support d. Answer. Clicking sound of the dentures c.Bouchers. If free way space is obliterated. Stability b.if underpostdamming-loss of retention.137. The relation of the mandible to the maxilla with the condyles are in their most posterior position in the glenoid fossae d. The relation of the mandible to the maxilla when the teeth are in maximum intercuspation c. Answer. Retention increase with depth Solution. Centric relation is best defined as : a. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Trauma to the underlying ridges d. If palatal seal is placed too deep if may result in : a. Improper seating of the denture d. All Rights Reserved.prevent excess impresion material from running down patients opening and closing forces. 342 PPS:main retentive and peripheral seal area for maxillary denture.12ed. it would result in( or )increased vertical dimension at occlusion (VOD) result in : a.136.compensates for polymerization shrinkage. Ans. Gagging sensation c..CR –most posterior position of condyle But now-Its anterosuperior position given in choice anterosuperior position is option-then it should be the answer. Answer. Ans.if overpostdamming is done-it will have rebounding effectand denture dislodgement. All of the above Solution. Answer. so it becomes critical to record this area. Pressure c. The retruded contact position Solution.gravity Stability:it resist dislodgement against horizontal or lateral forces. Improper aesthetics b. GPT 5 definition of Centric relation.refer winkler 2nd edi Retention-ability of denture to resist dislodgement against path of insertion. c (136).138 already explained in previous explanations. Ans 135.sticky force. a (137).otherwise posterior.prevent ingress of saliva and debris.prevents gag reflex. 37/54 . Improper phonetics b. The relationship of the denture base that resists dislodgement of denture in the horizontal direction is : a. Retention Solution. The relation of the mandible to the maxilla when the teeth are in centric occlusion b.

38/54 . Rough palatal surface Answer.(139). Inadequate relief of the incisive papilla d. As compared to relining and rebasing of a denture change is effected in : a.140. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. c (140).retentive clasp except retentive tip.141. Prevents the lifting away of the denture from the tissue surface d. Using anatomical pontics Solution. Answer. Contralateral stabilization of the RPD b. c (141).reciprocal arm all can be the answer .but best to choose is harmonious occlusion . Reciprocal arm d. Stability in RPD is best given by : a.2nd edi Harmonious occlusion .then stability is hampered badly. Overextension in the buccal sulcus area b.if deflective occlusal contacts present .winkler . Distribution of stress to abutment tooth c. All Rights Reserved. Harmonious occlusion b. Ans. a (142). Tissue surface Solution. Retentive arm c. All of the above Answer. refer . Burning sensation in anterior palate region of a patient wearing new complete dentures is due to : a. Ans. Occlusal discrepancies c. Entire denture base d.stewart .2nd edi Relining-ddition of material on tissue surface Rebasing –we completely add a new denture base surface except teeth Answer. Centric relation c. Centric occlusion b. refer . One of the most important function of the clasp besides retention is : a.

143. Hardness b.the most important property is percentage elongation.144. Buccal shelf is very stable landmark and even preserved in resorbed ridges.(143). Lingual flange Solution. Ans.146. Answer. d (146). refer stewart 2nd edi Wrought wire clasp as in combination clasp are more ductile and resilient and have better percentage elongation. The most important cause of failure of Patient to wear RPD is due to : a. Improper primary rehabilitative restorative procedure Solution. Less ductile and less resilient d. Faulty laboratory procedures c. Percentage elongation d.if percentage elongation is more .therefore can be given in periodontically weakened teeth Answer. More ductile but less resilient Solution.2nd edi When the clasp fabricated from base metal is adjusted using plier. Crest of the ridge c. Primary stress bearing area in mandible is buccal shelf area as its mae of cortical bone and is perpendicular to occlusal forces. Indifferent Patient education b.2nd edi Mouth preparation not being addressed to improve the prognosis for RPD case –can lead to failure . Elastic limit Solution. Poor framework design d. The most important mechanical property involved when a base metal partial denture clasp is adjused to: a. The wrought wire clasp compared to cast gold clasps are : a. Retromolar pad d. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Less ductile and more resilient c. c (144). Ans.refrer stewart. More ductile and more resilient b. 39/54 . All Rights Reserved.then chances of breakage is less. Primary stress bearing area in mandibular edentulous ridge is : a. Answer.145. a (145). Ans. Proportional limit c. is flexible and produces less forces against abutment teeth.otherwise adjusting of clasp due to less percentage elongation leading to clasp breakage is most common cause of RPD failure after occlusal reat breakage.Most important reason besides other option mentioned. Ans.refer stewart.

z.V hardens in mouth because of that limiting its long term use.d. Ans.z Sibilants-s.z. Cephalometric tracing d. Determining facial form Solution.148. a (149). Ans. Posterior palatal seal is recorded when the head is bent at : that PPS can be recorded with most intimate contact with tray. 30 ° d. Answer.refer bouchers 12th edi Bilabial sounds-b.150winkler. Extra oral graphic tracing b.t. Intra oral graphic tracing c.z Solution. Ans. Answer. .ph b. f. All Rights Reserved.tissue conditioners :the main disadvantage of tissue conditioners is that by products ie ethanol is leached out of it after a week or so .v.v. Hardens in mouth b. Answer.z. A high tracing device is used for : a. f. Answer.PPS recording is done with head bent at 30 degrees to FH plane . 15 ° c.As in this position. 40/54 . Tissue conditioners are not used for long as they : a. Ans.(147).s c.soft palate is In its most downwards and forward position. Cause ridge resorption Solution. 45° Solution. a (150). f.149. Are expensive c. refer to gothic arcg tracing que 10. a (148). 30 ° b.147. Are difficult to fabricate d. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. The labiodental sound are : a.m Labiodental-F.c d.2nd edi .

already explained about reciprocation. 41/54 . Ans.refer zarb and bolender. To counteract the movement of denture which is caused during engagement of retentive arm d. Excessive vertical dimension Solution.92 ] Reciprocation:the retentive terminal should be passive irritates the nerve endings. All Rights Reserved.and only engages the undercut on abutment if dislodging forces are applied. The mean by which one part of RPD opposes the action of the retainer in the function is called : a. none of the above Solution. Occlusal third c. The retentive terminal of clasp arm engages the undercut in gingival third .12th edi Tingling and burning sensation in anterior third of tongue is due to overextended lingual borders . Gingival third b. mc cracken 8th ed pg 92/11th ed pg 82. To balance the denture b.(151).this is provided by reciprocal arm of clasp assembly an term given is reciprocation Answer. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. c (154)..153. Junction of middle and gingival third Solution.anterior borders has to be trimmed for correcting this problem Answer.thers forces have to be counteracted otherwise orthodontic movement may occur.154[-ref . Ans.154[-ref . Ans.this is provided by reciprocal arm of clasp assembly an term given is reciprocation Answer.thers forces have to be counteracted otherwise orthodontic movement may occur. refer stewart. Sharp and rough lingual borders c. Tripoding b. Stress breaking Solution.92 ] Reciprocation:the retentive terminal should be passive . Answer. a (153). a (152). Allergy to residual monomers of acrylic d.and retentive tip should point occlusally. Reciprocation c. Ans.152. Over extended lingual borders b. The function of reciprocal clasp arm is : a. mc cracken 8th ed pg 92/11th ed pg 82. Retention d. Middle third d. To act as a direct retainer c. Numbness and tingling sensation felt in the anterior one third of the tongue is due to : anterior third is richly supplied by nerve.and only engages the undercut on abutment if dislodging forces are applied.154already explained about reciprocation.2nd edi. Terminal end of retentive arm of extra coronal retainers is placed at : is an occlusally approaching clasp.

Intimate contact between the denture base and the underlying tissue d. Tissue stop for distal extension denture base is made by removing ___ of relief was : a. All Rights Reserved. Ref Stewart . Guiding planes on abutment teeth provide : a. 42/54 . The direct retainer c.158. The first step involved in relining a distal extension RPD is : a. Secondary retention for a removable partial denture is provided by : a. 3 mm c.then fabrication of new cast partial denture is done Answer. Transmit forces along long axis of tooth d.Guiding plate comes in frictional contact with guiding retainers and guiding planes. a (158).-Ref Rudd & morrow. Ensuring the fitting of the framework b. Increased resistance towards horizontal movement c. The indirect retainer b. Checking for retention c. 2 mm b. Ans. Checking for proper path of insertion Solution. 2 sq . All of the above d. c (156). Answer.156-[ref mc cracken 11 th ed pg 172] guiding planes are prepared mainly on proximal surfaces or axial surfaces to tooth that bear parallel relationship to each other.156.(155).mm Solution.if not . c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Direct and indirect retainers Solution. Answer.they help determine path of insertion and therefore necessary for predictable clasp retention. Checking for stability d. a (157).page 56 Relining is indicated in partial denture only if it fits well(completely seats) in terms of occlusal rests. refer stewart . Lab procedures for RPD Relief wax is used to provide space under rpd so that that thickness is taken up by acrylic during packing of Rpd .2nd edi Primary retention for RPD derived from retentive clasp and in attachment supported RPD through attachments and secondary retention is derived from intimate contact of underlying tissues with denture base via mechanical and physical factors. Ans. Answer.Also for tissue stops during impression making. Ans.indirect retainers.155. 2mm2 of relief wax is removed in distal extension cases for tray orientation and tray stabilization. 3 sq . Predictable clasp retention b. Ans.2nd Edi.157.

Functional occlusal forces applied to the periodontal tissue during one deglutition is for duration of 1 sec. atmospheric pressure is called emergency retentive force or temporary retraining force . Incisivus and orbicularis oris Answer. the mandibular labial frenum is active because of its attachments from the orbicularis oris. On any tooth Answer. All Rights Reserved. Answer. Maxillary II molar b. Incisivus b.161-retention due to atmospheric pressure is directly proportional to the area covered by the denture base . it is about 14. hard palate b. c (162). c (160).7 lb/sq . Posterior palatal seal d. Soft palate c. Answer. Maxillary II premolar d. The mandibular labial frenum is a fibrous band that can be influenced by : a. In mandibular guide flange prosthesis flange extension should be preferably in the region of : a.160. 0. Orbicularis oris c.5 sec Solution.inch and is effective only when there is adequate peripheral seal or post palatal seal. unlike maxillary labial frenum .5 sec c. 1. Functional occlusal forces applied to the periodontal tissue during one deglutition is for dilation of : a.3 sec b. 0. Emergency retentive force for the maxillary complete denture is : a. 162-the mandibular labial frenum is a fibrous band that can be influenced by the incisivus and orbicularis muscles . 43/54 . 1. Ans.(159). c (161). Caninus and incisivus d.0 sec d. Ans. d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Base of the tongue Solution. Anterior to maxillary premolar c.

the tray should be seated first anteriorly with labial notch act as a guide for the placement of the tray in the patient’s mouth for making final impression .164. Vibrating line b.and asking patients to say ah in normal slow manner helps in visualizing posterior vibrating line Answer. Answer. Thick labial flange b. this is due to : a. the correct positioning of tray in the patient’s mouth is essential to make a good impression . Ans. Winker 2nd ed pg 111]asking the patients to say ah in short vigorous spurts will help in visualizing anterior vibrating line . 44/54 .fovea palatine is not universal finding in all patients and its position varies in different patients.422] distal termination of maxillary denture should be till hamular notch and posterior vibrating line.(163). Ans. Ans.226. Thick disto. the upper denture falls when the patient opens his mouth wide. While taking final impression tray should be seated first : a.the coronoid process will push the denture out of place during opening or lateral movement of mandible. Distal palatal termination of the maxillary complete denture base is dictated by the : a. Anteriorly and posteriorly depending upon operators choice d. Anteriorly and posteriorly simultaneously Solution. Tuberosity d. Answer. junction of head and soft palate Solution. a (166).166. Answer.163. Over extended border c.Boucher’s 12th ed pg 217.165. All Rights Reserved. Ans. Posteriorly c. a (164). Fovea palatine c. anteriorly b. Poor peripheral seal Solution. Maxillary torus Solution. c (165). the thickness of distobuccal flange of maxilla must be adjusted to accommodate the ramus . [ref. soft palate b. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. coronoid process and the masseter . Instructing the patient to say ‘ah’ with short vigorous breaks is will help in visualizing : a. Anterior vibrating line d.therefore not a stable landmark.this is easily achieved by observing the position of the labial frenum relative to the labial notch in the tray when the frenum is positioned with in the notch the index finger are shifted to the molar region to apply pressure.buccal flange d. Posterior vibrating line c. Boucher’s 12th ed pg 342. [ref.if the flange is too thick .

Answer. Clicking of teeth d.precurrent side shift and progressive side shift are involved Answer. Increased VDO results in : a.167-[ref. Relationship of teeth to the axis of rotation of the jaw b. Edge to edge occlusion Solution. Palatal termination of maxillary denture d. boucher’s 12th ed pg 285] The hinge axis facebow records the relationship of maxillary teeth to the opening and closing axis of the mandible Answer. boucher’s 10th ed pg 259] bennet movement is bodily side shift of mandible during lateral excursions.various phases:immediate side shift. Mucosal salivary glands c.168-[refer. Relationship of mandible to cranium d. Boucher 12th ed pg 277. All of the above Solution.they are relief structures in maxilla. Strained facial appearance b. Hinge axis face bow records : a. Lateral bodily movement of mandible c. 45/54 . Ans. Ans. Winkler 2nd ed pg 109] fovea palatine are openings of mucous salivary glands and always present in soft palate. Bennett movement of mandible is related to: a. Ans. All Rights Reserved. b (168). Ans. Found in every individual Solution. Trauma of underlying tissues c. d (170). b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. a (169).169-[refef.(167). Relationship of maxilla to mandible c. All of the above Solution. Condylar rotation b. Protrusive movement of mandible d. Structures through which blood supply take place b. 282 Answer. Fovea palatine are : a.170-[refer.

None of the above Solution. the lateral mandibular movements should be made until the apex is sharp to indicate the true retruded position of mandible. Answer. b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. They are of two types . Face bows are classified as : a. Buccinator Solution.quadrates labii superioris and inferioris Answer. Centric relation d. a (174).self cure resins are commonly used for interocclusal records . c (172). Centric occlusion b. The kinematic is used to locate the true terminal hinge axis and transfer this record to the articulator when mounting the maxillary cast. b (173). All Rights Reserved. Physiologic rest position Solution. Horizontal jaw relations c. Levator labii superious b.buccinators. 2 mm c.buccinators.173.Zarb and bolender 12th ed pg 351] -facebow is a caliper like instrument used to orient maxillary cast on the articulator so that it has the same relationship to the opening axis of the jaws. During gothic arch tracing apex indicates : a.171-[refer boucher’s 10th ed pg 291] goithic arch tracing is an extra oral method of recording centric relation . 2 cm d. It is simple to use and relatively accurate Answer.orbicularis oris. zoe paste . Ans. Thickness of wax in interocclusal record is : a.(171).boucher’s 12th ed pg 333] wax.zygomaticus major.the kinematic and arbitrary. 9 mm b. Ans. 46/54 .thickness of 2mm required Answer. Ans. Arbitrary and value face bow d.risorius.172-[refer. plaster. Which muscle does not decussate in modiolus : a. 10 mm Solution.refer boucher 12th ed pg263 Modiolus :8 muscles decussate at corner of mouth: depressor anguli oris. The arbitrary face bow is the one generally used in the construction of complete dentures and is based on average computations of an axis opening of the jaw. Arbitrary and kinematic face bow c.174-[refer.levator anguli oris. Arbitrary face bow and true face bow b. Zygomaticus major d. Obicularis oris c. Ans.

Retromylohyoid curtain is formed by all except : a.176 [refer glossary of prosthodontic terms] -Fischer’s angle is defined as the difference between the saggital condylar inclinations during protrusive and lateral excursions on the non –working side or it’s the angle between the protrusive and non working condylar path viewed in the saggital plane. Mylohyoid d. Ans. c (177). Answer. Centric freedom d. Palatoglossal muscle c. Ans. 47/54 . Horizontal plane b.winkler 2nd ed pg 159] bennet angle is formed by the saggital plane and the path of advancing condyle during lateral mandibular movements as viewed in the horizontal plane. Answer.177 [refer. Fischer’s angle is formed by the intersection of the protusive and non working side condylar paths . Superior constrictor b.Its average value is 5 degrees. The antero posterior curve is : a. bhalaji 5th ed pg 71 anteroposterior compensating curve due to axial inclination of teeth –curve of spee Mediolateral curve-corve of Wilson which goes mediolaterally touching the buccal cusp of molars on one side and going to opposing sides. It is formed posteriolaterally by superior constrictor . Curve of monsoon d. Curve of space b. Inter cuspal movement Solution.175-[refboucher’s 12th ed pg 241] retromylohyoid fossa is bounded by retromylohyoid curtain. b (178). a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Oblique plane Solution. Masseeter Solution. Reverse plane c. Bonwill curve Solution. All Rights Reserved. Curve of Wilson viewed in the : a.(175).posteromedially by palatoglossal muscle and lateral surface of tongue. Bennefit angle is formed between sagital plane and average path of the advancing condyle as viewed in the horizontal plane during : a. Answer. inferiorly by submandibular gland and mylohyoid muscle(just ending at anterior border) Answer. Ans. Lateral movement c. Sagittal plane d. Ans.178-[ref. Medial movement b. d (176).

. c (181).180-{ref. 0° teeth were used d.where debilitation has reduced the patients coordination needed to handle a cusped type of occlusion. patients with bruxism to decrease the forces on the buccal tissues.(179). Ans. Semi anatomic d. Transfer of high opening axis is compulsory in : a. Saucer teeth Solution. In parkinsonism patient teeth selected are : a.knife edge ridges . arbitrary mounting of maxillary casts without the facebow transfer can introduce error in occlusion of prosthesi.181 [-ref .flat atropic ridge .238} cuspless teeth also called as non – anatomic teeth or monoplane teeth . . Complete edentulous c. as they do not get locked or displace the denture during function . Anatomic b. Partially edentulous b.patient with neuromuscular disorders where accurate jaw relations cannot be recorded. Movement of denture base was the least in patient with poor ridge when : a.the axis of rotation which coincides with the CR position of the mandible is called true hinge axis.179-[refer. 33° teeth were used c. A facebow transfer is essential when cusp teeth are used and also to change the occlusal vertical dimensions .in case of highly resorbed ridge . winkler 2nd ed pg 237. Patients hinge axis can be transferred into the articulator with the help of facebow. Non anatomic c. during function . Inverted cusp were used Solution. restorative dentistry: an integrated approach by peter Jacobsen 2nd ed pg 283] Indications of non anatomic or cuspless teeth are: . in cases with the highly resorbed ridges. So transferring the hinge axis is must when we are planning for full mouth rehabilitation and in patients who require increase in vertical dimension Answer. Planning to change vertical dimension Solution. . . b Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. 20 ° teeth were used b. winkler 2nd ed pg 185] Hinge axis is an imaginary line passing through the centre of the condyles when the mandible rotates in the sagittal plane .Miling type of chewing pattern with broad excursions . Orthodontics d.large interridge spae .existing dentures with very worn teeth that have permitted unrestricted jaw movements. cuspless teeth are preferred as they do not get locked and displace the dentures during lateral movements . . Answer. Answer.difficulty in consistently returning to the centric jaw relation . the monoplane teeth eliminate inclined plane forces which create displacement of the denture base. d (180). Ans. 48/54 . All Rights Reserved.

49/54 . Ans. Identify the material used in maxillofacial prosthesis is a. less than 6 mm b. c (185). more than 8 mm Solution. Realeff effect d.brucke effect c.184-[Ref .185-{ref. a Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. instead it should be located in an embrasure(interproximally) Answer. Greater than 6 mm c. Flat surface b. is the principle of choice for providing maximum support Answer.silicones-room temperature vulcanizing and heat vulcanizing rubbers.183 [-ref. The sublingual bar can be used for mandibular removable partial dentures where the height of the floor of the mouth in relation of the free gingival margins will be : a. Cancavo .182-[refer Philips pg 755 ] Materials for maxillofacial prosthesis:latex. Snow shoe effects b. Concave surface Solution. Maximum coverage to distribute forces over a wide area: a. convex surface d. All Rights Reserved. A minor connector contacting the axial surface of an abutment should not be located at : a. Spectral curve Solution.convex surface c. Polycarbonate c. Answer.vinyl plastics. Polymyxin B Solution. Auto polymerization acrylic resins d. mc cracken 11th ed pg 55] Minor connector contacting the axial surface of an abutment should not be located on a convex surface . less than 8 mm d. a (183). a (184). mc cracken 11th ed pg 129] Snow shoe effect-broad coverage furnishes the best support with the least load per unit area . Polyurethane elastomers b. Ans.(182). Bezold.polyurethane polymers. mc crackens 11th ed pg 61] The sublingual bar should not be used for mandibular removable partial dentures where the height of the floor of the mouth in relation to the free gingival margins will be less then 6 mm Answer. Ans.

d Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. rest seat . Answer. b (188).(186).never before otherwise dimensions of rest seats will change. within the physical limits . hence . Answer. Guide plane.minimum vertical height required for lingual bar is plane d.the longer and more rapidly the plaster is mixed . the setting time can be accelerated by adding gypsum . Minor connector on abutment teeth Solution. 50/54 . Setting time of plaster is influenced by : a. Ans. axial contouring.0 mm Answer. None of the above Solution. 7 mm seat c. and there should be 3.0 mm of span between superior border of lingual bar and gingival margins . rest seat b.potassium sulphate or NaCl. 6 mm b. Indirect retainer on abutment teeth d. 4 mm d. guide plane .follow :Guide planes-axial contouring-last is rest seat preparation Answer.189-the w/p ratio is an important factor in determining the physical and chemical properties of gypsum products . All of the above Solution. In a tooth supported partial denture movement of the base towards the edentulous ridge is prevented primary by : a.see previous ques explanations on occlusal 280 Rest seat preparation should follow once guide planes are made. Axial contouring. Ans. Ans.3nd Edi.Ref Stewart . d (187). For strength and rigidity the vertical height of a finished lingual bar should be at least : a. Adding of gypsum d.shorter is the setting time . 5 mm Solution. if w/p ratio increases . All Rights Reserved. Water: powder ratio b.0 mm .186-[ref steward 3rd ed pg 33] The minimum height of major connector should be 5.the setting time increases and setting expansion decreases . Axial contouring. Sequence of steps in RPD : a. Speed of mixing c.Therefore . Clasps on abutment teeth b. Ans.188. a (189). Rests on abutment teeth c.

c (192).head is titled to touch the sternum : a.192 [refer.the incisal guide pin should be raised out of contact with the incisal table. Articulator record c.see explanation of ques 2 Answer. out of contact b. To activate the muscle of soft plate only c. While recording condylar guidance using three pin articulator . The retromolar pads as a land mark is : a. All Rights Reserved. Answer.193. Relatively stable c. Face bow record d. In contact with incisal table c. a (193). Ans. To activate the muscle of palate and pharynx b. ecentric jaw relation Solution.see explanation of ques regarding face bow. Ans.191.schillingberg 3rd ed pg 67] -while setting condylar guidance . Answer. help in sucking and swallowing Solution. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. Jaw relation record b. none of the above Solution. refer winkler 2nd edi . To prevent flow of material to throat d.190.activates the soft palate in most forward and downward direction. Answer. Removed from articulation d. Ans.and this creates intimate contact of tray with soft tissues and thus no space is present for the material to flow into pharynx.this question has raised many controversies. During recording of PPS. Relatively unstable b.but here the best option to choose is that bending the head to 30 deg when chin touches the sternum .the incisal pin is kept a. b (191). Variable d. 51/54 . The record of the position of the patients maxillary ridge in relation to the condyles is the : a.(190). Ans. Non significant Solution.

Ans. should be well recorded so that dislodgement of denture is prevented . Elastic behavior b. refer bouchers 12th ed With help of border molding . d (196). All Rights Reserved.when it contracts it pushes inwards against the buccinators and produces bulge in denture teeth are made from tooth colored autopolymerising resin.voigt model is to determine a.the simplest model that demonstrates the viscoelastic behavior is Maxwell-voigt model consisting of spring. Interim immediate denture b. Ans.also existing dentures of patient can be modified to make jiffy dentures. Plastic behavior c. action of medial pterygoid on buccinator b. its indicated when immediate denture needs to be fabricated very quickly . Maxwell . Jiffy dentures is a type of a.(194).so it helps the material to flow well and adapt well to tissues .12 edi pg 239 Masseteric notch on distobuccal border is formed by action of massetor on buccinators muscle. c Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences. none Solution. none Solution. b (197). Massetric notch is formed by: a. Stability b. interim overdenture d. 52/54 .this is why its also called muscle trimming. Harmonious occlusion d.194refer boucher 12 edi pg-123. interim partial denture c. action of buccinator on massetor 211 Viscoelasticity: means a material which can act as viscous liquid and elastic solid.refer bouchers .due to emergency situation or medical problems.196.jiffy denture is a type of interim immediate denture.195. Ans. Functionally moulded periphery c. Posterior palatal seal Solution. and dashpot. Boiling point Solution. Viscoelastic behavior d.197refer Philips. a (195).the periphery /borders are functionally molded . Answer. Ans. Answer. Incorporation of peripheral seal in an impression is necessary to obtain : a.and also because of elasticity after setting of material allow it to overcome undercuts without permanent that peripheral seal can be maintained . action of superior constrictor on buccinators d. Answer.

(d) 15.(d) 42.(c) 109.(d) 85.(c) 54.(b) 56.(a) 24.(a) 119.(b) 81.(c) 32. Microcrystalline wax b.plasticiser(dibutyl phthalate.(c) 114. Polysulfide polymer b. refer Philips .Refer Philips pg285 inlay wax:composition –paraffin (major constituent-40-60 wt % -but produces flakiness and doesnot produce glossy smooth surface).(c) 31.(d) 63.(c) 97.(d) 90. d (200).(d) 59.(b) 10.(c) 34. 53/54 .clicking of dentures .suitable filler(lithopone.(d) 102.(d) 11.13 Polysulphides:base paste-polysulphide polymer.(a) 65..(b) 107.(d) 77.(d) 6.(b) 58. use of monoplane teeth d.(a) 27.(b) 5.(d) 99. Ans.(b) 52.(d) 47.(b) 95. decreased vertical dimension b.(b) 49.(d) 60.(d) 29.(d) 13.199.(a) 89.(d) 111. Ans.10th edi.(b) 16.(a) 84. Major constituent of an inlay pattern wax : a.(a) 25.(198). Paraffin Solution.(c) 67.(a) 71.(a) 115.(a) 118.(a) 78.(a) 73.(c) 18.200.198.(a) 35.(a) 43.(b) 41. Catalyst paste-contains lead oxide that gives its characteristic brown color Answer.(b) 23. increased elasticity of lips c.(c) 120.(b) 14.(b) 100.(c) 94.(c) 44.(d) 62.(c) 2.fillers. Answer. Refer bouchers . A patient straining to bring the lips together after wearing a complete denture: a.(b) 55. When there is increased vertical dimension –strained appearance of face.(a) 88.incompetent lips (patient making conscious effort to close lips).synthetic waxes.(d) 45.(a) 110.) for strength .(c) 17.(a) 91.(b) 61.(c) 112.(b) 98.(c) 82. All Rights Reserved.(c) 106. Ceresin wax c. d Test Answer 1.(c) 83.(c) 79. c (199).(b) 57. Answer.(b) Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.(c) 50.(c) 113. Lithopone Solution.(a) 76.(d) 103.(c) 26. none Solution.(a) 87.(c) 12.(b) 69.titanium dioxide.(d) 4.(c) 39.(c) 80. Titanium dioxide c.ceresin wax.(a) 20.(d) 66.(c) 92.(a) 8.(d) 104.(a) 101.(a) 75.(d) 68. Catalyst present in polysulfide elastomeric impression : a.(a) 36.plasticisers are added. Ans.(c) 9.(b) 46.(b) 96.difficulty in swallowing .(d) 48. so other waxes like microcrystalline wax.(d) 22.(a) 74. Beswax d..(a) 93.(c) 108.(d) 28.(c) 53. Lead oxide d.canellila.(c) 19.(d) 64.(a) 38.(d) 86.(b) 33.(d) 51.(b) 70.(d) 3.(b) 105.(a) 7.(d) 117.(c) 72.(a) 37.(b) 21.(a) 40.(d) 30.

(b) 124.(c) 177.(a) 147.(b) 125.(d) 200.(c) 156.(c) 144.(b) 178.(a) 151.(a) 149.(b) 197.(a) 148.(a) 189.(c) 133.(d) 139.(b) 127.(c) 161.(d) 176.(b) 175.(c) 185.(a) 152. All Rights Reserved.(d) 132.(a) 126.(a) 184.(b) 155.121.(d) 180.(c) 138.(c) 135.(a) 150.(b) 191.(d) 187.(a) 193.(a) 157.(c) 129.(c) 130.(d) 170.(a) 145.(b) 123.(c) 172.(a) 195.(c) 199.(a) 137.(a) 174.(c) 122.(d) 131.(c) 160.(a) 183.(c) 192.(c) 162.(c) 167.(c) 194. 54/54 .(b) 173.(c) 140.(c) 198.(b) 188.(b) 168.(a) 179.(c) 165.(a) 186.(b) 171.(a) 166.(d) Copyright © 2014 Delhi Academy of Medical Sciences.(d) 143.(d) 196.(c) 141.(d) 190.(c) 136.(a) 142.(b) 128.(a) 153.(d) 163.(b) 182.(d) 146.(a) 169.(c) 181.(c) 159.(c) 154.(a) 134.(a) 164.(a) 158.