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The Differentiated Techniques to Co-Deploy in

the Macro and Small Cell Layers


5th Small Cells Americas, Dallas, TX

SK Telecom / December 4, 2012


Changyoung Kim
WINNER

Table of Contents

I. LTE Traffic and Service Usage

II. LTE Small Cell Solutions

III. Unique Solutions

IV. Future Plan for the Small Cell

. LTE Traffic and Service Usage


SKT has acquired over 6M subscribers in just 1.3 years after launch, firmly establishing its position
as the LTE Market leader in Korea and playing a key role in popularization of LTE
With the spread of LTE smartphone users, usage patterns such as Mobile multimedia, SNS have
been dramatically increased and will keep growing at a rapid pace
SKTs Mobile Traffic Trends

Data Service Usage Pattern & Growth Rate

Dramatic increase of mobile traffic

[ LTE Traffic Volume Ratio, June 2012 ]

- Due to the increasing number of smartphone users and


the spread of LTE
(Unit: Terabyte / Month)

SNS
(5.2%)

Etc.
(13.5%)

App.
Market
(13.6%)

16,657

Multimedia
(34.7%)

Web Portal
(33%)

10,447
5,880
2,303
297
July 2010

Dec. 2010 June 2011 Dec. 2011 June 2012

Growth Rate (After Oct. 2011)


Multimedia

x 115

Web Portal

x 96.7

App. Market

x 31.9

SNS

x 135
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II. LTE Small Cell Solutions


Small cell is the most powerful way to increase N/W capacity, but efficient interference management
schemes should be supported
SKT LTE Femto

Interference Management

Capacity enhancement/data offloading in in-building


hot zones

Connected to LTE Core via Public broadband N/W

IPSec provides security functions

High-quality mobility and flexible N/W configuration


by adapting Femto GW

Coverage
Extension

Macro Data
Offloading

Hot zone
Data Offloading

Frequency selective scheduling and power control will be


applied from information exchange between Femto to Femto
or Femto to Macro

Rel-8/9 CoMP (DL Coordinated Scheduling) has


been applied based on A-SCAN (Cloud-RAN)

UL-CoMP trial with interference rejection combining in Oct.


2012, and commercialization will be in 2013

Evolution to Rel-11/12 CoMP (Joint Transmission/Dynamic


Point Selection)

Premium In-building
Service

Internet

Femto-Cell ICIC server will provide the performance


enhancement in the cell edge

eICIC has been trialed in July 2012, and plan to be


commercialized in 2013

Macro eNB Info.


EMS/SON Server

Femto-Cell ICIC Server

Aggregation/
Security GW
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III. Unique Solutions

1. X2 I/F between Macro and Femto

Although X2 I/F between Macro and Femto are being developed in 3GPP, SK Telecom already
commercialized LTE Femto with X2 I/F on June, 2012
With X2 I/F, Femto has secured a stable H/O between the Femto and Macro by processing a
greater number of H/O message and increasing the rate of H/O success by 6.5%P
LTE Femto Network Topology

Main Features of X2 FGW

X2 I/F Management

X2 setup and eNB configuration update

Information management used for SON and


connection process on SCTP between Femto
FGW eNB

X2 Mobility Management

Process of H/O messages(Request/Ack/Failure)

UE X2AP ID mapping, E-RAB Setting

Transfer X2 Load Information

Broadcast load information of Macro to all Femtos


included in FGW

X2 User Plane

DL data forwarding between Macro Femto

TEID & IP mapping


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III. Unique Solutions

2. Interference Mitigation Solution

A centralized interference coordination system and femtocells with proprietary message interface for
ICIC
Coordinates inter-cell interference between femtocells with resource partitioning
Protects macrocells downlink/uplink from interference of femtocells
Femto to Femto Interference Control

Flexible ICIC Interface


-

Resource partitioning for ICIC can be operated in time or


frequency domain
Depending on backhaul latency and server load, FFR can
be applied in both static and dynamic modes

FFR based ICIC Scheme


-

FICS assigns sub-band sets for CCU and CEU after


considering the relation between adjacent Femtos

Femto to Macro Interference Control

Femto Tx Power Control

Rough power control based on periodic N/W listening

Fine power control based on CQI statistics from Fs UEs

Rapid power adjustment for Macro UE protection based on


abrupt UL interference level

UL Power Control Parameter Adjustment

Ms UL protection based on X2(HII, OI) message listening

Subband for CEU

pwr

Cell-A

Subband for CCU

Cell-B

Subband for CCU

Macro eNBs

X2
Interface

Fem to Gatew ay
(X2 proxy)

Uplink High
Interference/
Overload
Inform ation
Adjacent
eNB Info.

Cell-C

Subband for CCU

HeNB

M acro eNB
M
Macro
acro UE
UE

DL/ UL Pow er
Control Param eters

FICS
(Fem tocell IC System )

III. Unique Solutions

3. Smart Interworking Femto with SON

A centralized optimization system of H/O and coverage parameters between Macro and Femto (&
Femto and Femto)
A centralized management system to configure PCI and to avoid RSI collision between Macro and
Femto (& Femto and Femto)
Interworking Process between Femto and SON Server
Input the default
Operator

PCI/RSI and
longitude/latitude for
new Femto

FMS

Transfer Sniffing
and PCI data

SKT SON

Register PCI of the

Femto in the Macro


Neighbor

Macro EMS

Assign PCI/RSI
Transfer data
what gets
during work
sniffing

Transfer Initial PLD


Update PCI/RSI

Femto

After Femto starts up

with initial information,


register neighbor list
using sniffing

III. Unique Solutions

4. FRS(Femto Repeater System)

FRS can be used to extend in-building coverage without interference between Femtos
It has a system having separated DU and RU(Advantage to extend coverage)
It has no H/O zone within RUs(Advantage at the existing Femto cell edge)
When an operator wants to change the service frequency, it is supported just by replacing RU
Topology using only Femto

Conventional

Topology using FRS

Advanced

It can service only small cell

It can service relatively large size cell

Interference rise between Femtos

There is no interference between RUs

Low data speed at the overlap region

Uniform data speed in the most of service region

Bad RF quality frequent H/O between Femtos

There is no H/O between RUs

IV. Future Plan for the Small Cell


SK Telecom commercialized world first LTE Femto cell in 2012 and plans to launch Carrier
Aggregation technology at the Femto in 2013
: Commercialization
: Trial
12.1Q

12.2Q

12.3Q

12.4Q

2013 ~

FRS

LTE Femto
(Residential)

LTE Femto

850MHz LTE Femto


commercialization

FICS(Femto Interference
Coordination System)

Worlds first LTE Femto


commercialized in June 2012

Worlds first FICS trialed in


September 2012

3GPP Rel.9 based(32UE, 2x2


MIMO, Dual-band Wi-Fi, PoE,
NTP)

Verified improved T/P between


Femtos(25%), between Femto
Macro(15%)

Carrier Aggregation
planned
Development in 2013
speed and capacity improvement
by binding dual bandwidths
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Thank You!