Ministry of Defence

Defence Standard 02-149 (NES 149)
Issue 1 Publication Date 01 April 2000

Access Policy In Surface Ships

Incorporating NES 149 Category 2
Issue 1 Publication Date July 1983

AMENDMENT RECORD
Amd No

Date

Text Affected

REVISION NOTE
This standard is raised to Issue 1 to update its content.
HISTORICAL RECORD
This standard supersedes the following:
Naval Engineering Standard (NES) 149 Issue 1 dated July 1983

Signature and Date

Ministry of Defence

Naval Engineering Standard

NES 149

Issue 1
July 1983
(Reformatted)

ACCESS POLICY IN SURFACE SHIPS

This NES Supersedes GHS PART B23 Record of Amendments AMDT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 INSERTED BY DATE .

Ministry of Defence Foxhill. Bath BA1 5AB i .NAVAL ENGINEERING STANDARD 149 ISSUE 1 (REFORMATTED) ACCESS POLICY IN SURFACE SHIPS The issue and use of this Standard is authorized for use in MOD contracts by MOD(PE) Sea Systems and the Naval Support Command ECROWN COPYRIGHT Published by: Director of Naval Architecture Procurement Executive.

ii .

2. This NES does not cover the policy to be followed in order to provide designated removal routes for equipment/machinery replacement or repair. This NES contains the policy for providing normal and emergency access into and within a surface ship.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) SCOPE 1. 3. iii . This policy is laid down in NES 302. This NES includes the requirement to implement the cellularity policy to provide adequately sized accesses on routes designated for the passage of the weapon equipment transport envelope. Details of all access fittings and equipments eg doors and hatches are in accordance with NES 127.

NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) iv .

Any significant amendments that may be made to this NES at a later date will be indicated by a vertical side line. Extracts from British Standards within this NES have been included with the permission of the British Standards Institution. means by the Ministry of Defence in writing. It is to be applied as required to any Procurement Executive. This Naval Engineering Standard (NES) is sponsored by the Procurement Executive. authorized or similar terms. Ministry of Defence. 10. reproduced or published without written permission of the MOD. negligence on the part of the Crown. v . 13. or submission of the tender. 8. Unless otherwise stated. The Crown reserves the right to amend or modify the contents of this NES without consulting or informing any holder. Proposals for amendments that are not directly applicable to a particular contract are to be made to the MOD and those directly applicable to a particular contract are to be dealt with using existing procedures or as specified in the contract. Conditions of Release General 9. including related documents. the user is to ensure that he is in possession of the appropriate version of each document. Deletions will be indicated by 000 appearing at the end of the line interval. When this NES is used in connection with a MOD tender or contract. If it is found to be technically unsuitable for any particular requirement the sponsor is to be informed in writing of the circumstances with a copy to DG Ships D191a. 5.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) FOREWORD Sponsorship 1. This Naval Engineering Standard (NES) has been prepared for the use of the Crown and of its contractors in the execution of contracts for the Crown. The Crown hereby excludes all liability (other than liability for death or personal injury) whatsoever and howsoever arising (including but without limitation. No alteration is to be made to this NES except by the issue of an authorized amendment. 3. MOD Tender or Contract Process 12. contract for implementing the Access Policy for the normal and emergency access into and within a Surface Ship. 6. 2. 4. its servants or agents) for any loss or damage however caused where the NES is used for any other purpose. Any user of this NES either within MOD or in industry may propose an amendment to it. Section D113. reference in this NES to approval. This NES is the property of the Crown and unless otherwise authorized in writing by the MOD must be returned on completion of the contract. approved. This document is Crown Copyright and the information herein may be subject to Crown or third party rights. Ministry of Defence. 11. 7. It is not to be released. Director General Ships (DG Ships). in connection with which it is issued.

Stan 1. 65 Brown Street. Prime Contractors are responsible for supplying their subcontractors with relevant documentation. Llannelli. Compliance with an NES does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. It refers only to technical suitability and in no way absolves either the supplier or the user from statutory obligations relating to health and safety at any stage of manufacture or use. Glasgow G2 8EX (c) Naval Engineering Standards CSE3a. users are responsible for their correct application and for complying with contracts and any other statutory requirements. 16. In the tender and procurement processes the related documents listed in each section and Annex A can be obtained as follows: (a) British Standards British Standards Institution. All applications to Ministry Establishments for related documents are to quote the relevant MOD Invitation to Tender or Contract Number and date. Kentigern House. Enquiries in this connection may be made of the local MOD(PE) Quality Assurance Representative or the Authority named in the tender or contract. including specifications. CSE Llangennech.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) relevant to each particular tender or contract. London W4 4AL (b) Defence Standards Directorate of Standardization and Safety Policy. Note: Tender or Contract Sponsor can advise in cases of difficulty. substances and/or procedures that may be injurious to health if adequate precautions are not taken. 17. standards and drawings. 14. those quoted may not necessarily be exhaustive. 389 Chiswick High Road. Dyfed SA14 8YP (d) Other documents Tender or Contract Sponsor to advise. This NES may call for the use of processes. Related Documents 15. vi . Where attention is drawn to hazards. When NES are incorporated into MOD contracts. Health and Safety Warning 18. together with the sponsoring Directorate and the Tender or Contract Sponsor.

. . Double Bottom Structure and Tanks—Access . . . . . MOD Tender or Contract Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1. . . . . .1 1. . . . . . . . . . Self Closing Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Doors—Arched Openings—Manholes .1 1. . . . . . .1 4. 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Handholds and Rungs . . . . .1 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health and Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compartments—less than 10 men above Red Risk Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . . vii SECTION 1. . . . . .8 4. .7 4.3 5. . . . . Compartments—escape above . . . . . . .6 4. .3 ACCESS ROUTES/PASSAGEWAYS . . . i SCOPE . . . .2 4. . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. .5 STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Access Routes . . . . . Bulkheads Forming Passageways . . . . . Ladders . . . .9 ESCAPE FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compartments—escape below or adjacent . . . Minimum Clear Width . . . . . Conditions of Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . .1 2. . . . . . . . .5 4. . . . . . . . . .3 4. . .1 2.2 4. . . . . . . . . .1 1. . . . . . .1 2. . . . Sponsorship . . . . 4. 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 1.5 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . Ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Warning . . . . . . . iii FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 SECTION 3. . . . . . .1 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . Compartments—10 or more men . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compartments—40 or more men . . . . . . .1 SECTION 4. . . . .1 2. . . . . . Ship Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4. . . . . . . .2 SECTION 2.4 1. . Footholds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General . . . . . . . 5. . . .1 4. . . . . 5. . . . . . . Minimum Clear Height . . . . . .2 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compartments within Red Risk Zone . . . . . . . . . . . .1 SECTION vii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TRUNKED ACCESS . . . . . . Design Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 5. .2 2. Access to Structural Tanks and Voids . . . . .1.1 1.1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Escape fittings . . . . . . Hatches and Manholes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superstructure—Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4. .1 4. . . . . . v v v v v vi vi vi CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . Related Documents .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) CONTENTS Page No TITLE PAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. .1 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .1 B. . . . . . . . . . .1 . . SECTION 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INSPECTION. Handholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. . A. . . . . .1 6. . . . . . . .2 6. . . TESTS AND TRIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 SECTION 8.2 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) SECTION 6. . . . . B. WT and GT Doors and Hatches—Clips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ACCESS TALLIES . . . . . . . RELATED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . 6. .1 6. . . . . . . . . . .3 6. .1 SECTION B. . . WT and GT Doors and Hatches— Mechanical Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abbreviations . .1 6. . . B. . . . . . . . .1 B. . . . .1 SECTION A.1 B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 ALPHABETICAL INDEX viii 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. . . General . . . . .1 6. . . .1 6. . . .4 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS . .

d. arched openings and manholes. Access Routes a. hatches and manholes are to be sized and constructed in accordance with NES 127 and the Ship Design Requirements. As far as design parameters permit. arranged where possible to provide escape to separate routes (see Sections 6 and 7). eg galleys. c. 1. ie larger than standard doors and hatches.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 1. b. a throughway at the centreline. To enable structural doors to be secured in the open position for ready access whilst limiting the infiltration of air at ambient temperatures into air conditioned spaces. structural strength and protection are not to be prejudiced. b. self closing doors are to be fitted at the boundary accesses to these spaces. d. c. Additional access to all parts of the ships structure for maintenance during the ship’s life is provided by access openings. hatches. all decks above the red risk zone are to have good fore and aft access by means of passageways on both port and starboard side. Access openings through structure etc for cleaning and maintenance purposes are to be of sufficient size to allow easy passage of personnel. Exceptions to this requirement can be made where the adjacent areas utilize ‘leak off’ air.1 . The provision of practical access routes to weapon compartments of sufficient size to pass a weapon equipment transport envelope of maximum size 2000mm¢1700mm¢750mm is to be implemented in parallel with normal access requirements. Doors. ladders. whilst a combination of all types of fittings should be utilized in small ships. Access is to be provided into and within the ship by doors. The ship design standards for watertight and gastight integrity. Access routes from accommodation ladders and brow positions into the ship and routes from services and dining halls etc are to be well defined and clear of obstruction to facilitate rapid dispersal. The provision of normal access is to be considered in conjunction with the requirements for removal and storing routes so that wherever possible common accesses are provided. Where design parameters permit. or the special access provided on designated weapon equipment transport envelope routes. Arched openings are to provide for the same minimum clear opening as would be achieved by the fitting of a standard WT and GT door.3 a. larger doors and hatches should be incorporated in large ships. or alternatively by utilizing portable plates and/or soft plated areas.1 Ship Access 1. bathrooms etc. b. e. footholds and handholds. or. Compartments designed to contain large numbers of men (40 or more) are to be provided with two widely separated standard accesses. Self Closing Doors a. These arrangements are to allow for securing the self-closing doors in the open position and clear of fittings whilst securing the structural doors. This can be met by the inclusion of special access fittings. GENERAL 1. c.2 1.

4 1. two accesses to each space are to be provided.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 1.2 . (6) Pilot or Side Ladder For pilot and personnel embarkation into the ship from auxiliary craft and ship’s boats when neither the accommodation or Mediterranean ladders are rigged. Ladders a. b. (2) Vertical Ladders For deck to deck access where space is at a premium coupled with little usage. The following ladders are to be fitted for vertical access: (1) Sloping Ladders For all normal deck to deck access. ship’s boats and pontoons. c. Access to structural tanks and voids is to be made by manholes and. (3) Jumping Ladders For escape purposes (see Section 7). (4) Accommodation Ladder For personnel embarkation into the ship from auxiliary craft. (5) Mediterranean Ladder Provides similar but simpler facilities as the accommodation ladder. 1. They may be incorporated to provide emergency escape facilities in certain areas and also for specific purposes eg masts and tanks. Openings of sufficient size are to be arranged through intermediate plate frames and longitudinals etc to give access to all parts of the structure for maintenance and preservation purposes.5 Access to Structural Tanks and Voids a. except where size positively prohibits. b. The construction and fitting details of all ladders are to be in accordance with NES 127. The manholes are to be sited at each end of the tank space and if possible at opposite corners clear of obstructions. To be incorporated in addition to the accommodation ladder as an alternative arrangement.

a. c. In small ships the minimum clear widths are to be 1100mm for main access routes and 800mm for minor access routes. A minimum clear height of 2000mm to be provided in all passageways. In exceptional circumstances where this is impracticable. b. Where sloping ladders are fitted to provide either internal or external vertical access.2. or where it is essential to site items of equipment in passageways. protective clothing etc. Where vertical ladders are fitted. Bulkheads Forming Passageways a. In large ships all main access routes ie fore and aft and large athwartship passageways are to have a minimum clear width of 1250mm. landings are to extend at least one metre from both the foot and head of ladder.3 2.1 . b. The latter being sited in recesses in the bulkheads wherever it is considered necessary and design parameters permit. The minimum clear width to accommodate the larger doors provided for special access on weapon equipment transport routes is to be 1375mm.4 a. adequate clear space is to be arranged around and at the top and bottom landings sufficient for personnel to ascend and descend whilst wearing breathing apparatus. b. are to be fitted on the reverse side of bulkheads forming main passageways. Ladders a. ACCESS ROUTES/PASSAGEWAYS 2. In way of WT and GT doors the clear height is to be sufficient to accommodate the door and associated fittings eg 2400mm on highest red deck where a standard door is utilized or 2500mm where special access for transport envelope is incorporated. the clear widths given in 2. c. Minor passageways eg compartment access to main passageways are to have a minimum clear width of 950mm.2 2. b. All ladders are to be removable and where possible ladderway hatches on internal decks are to be arranged vertically above each other in order to provide a practical equipment removal or storing route. are to be maintained in way of the stiffeners and or equipment. Wherever possible stiffeners.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 2. c. Corners of minor bulkheads are to be rounded to 150mm radius at passageway junctions. Minimum Clear Width a. including swedges. 2.1 Minimum Clear Height 2.

2 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 2.

steering gear compartments. depending on the ship arrangements. to a level above the Red Risk Zone. c. a minimum of two trunked accesses are to be provided. machinery spaces. Where large compartments are involved eg machinery spaces. Doors serving such compartments. 3. shaft passages. and constructed to a standard that maintains the ships WT integrity. Access to important compartments situated within the Red Risk Zone that are manned in action are to be trunked. TRUNKED ACCESS a. control spaces. These are to be widely separated either port or starboard or forward and aft. generator compartments and pump spaces. except where used for Magazine Venting purposes. d. WT hatches are to be provided at each WT deck at which compartments are to be entered from the trunk. are to open into that compartment and are to be WT as necessary to maintain the ships WT integrity.1 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 3. b. Compartments typical of those to be served by trunks are magazines.

NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 3.2 .

Compartments within Red Risk Zone a. All facilities available for rapidly containing the fire and products of combustion involving the closing of ventilation and access openings.1 General 4. Compartments—escape below or adjacent a. providing WT integrity or security in certain limited areas is not impaired. The general standards of Ship Design requirements are to be in accordance with NES 119. 4. 4. and the following general criteria are intended to present a design philosophy. additional escape scuttles are to be fitted if this facilitates egress to a separate escape route. Compartments—less than 10 men above Red Risk Zone a. consideration is to be given to the provision of trunked access to the weather deck. necessitates the provision of escape facilities from potential fire hazards and smoke or fume filled compartments. The use of modern materials. The design parameters for escape routes depend upon the location of the compartment. Compartments—10 or more men a. in compartments.1 . it has been found impracticable to provide egress to separate escape routes for each access provided in accordance with Section 4. c.6 Compartments or groups of compartments containing 10 or more men are to be provided with escape facilities giving egress to escape routes separate from normal access.7 Where. proximity of high fire risk spaces and the provision of fire fighting equipment (breathing apparatus and survival support equipment). also have a bearing on escape requirements. b. length of escape route. 4. containing 40 or more men. and the grouping of compartments for ventilation and air conditioning purposes.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 4. 4. Design Parameters a. Only a basis for the provision of escape facilities can therefore be defined. 4. ESCAPE FACILITIES 4.2 4. including plastics. or alternatively the practicability of clearing smoke and fumes by the use of ventilation trunks. escape to compartments below or adjacent is to be considered. b. Where alternative overhead escape is not practicable.5 Compartments or groups of compartments within the red risk zone which are manned in action are to be provided with trunked access in accordance with Section 6.3 a.4 Compartments—40 or more men a. Compartments containing less than 10 men located above the red risk zone where there is a particular danger of entrapment by fire or products of combustion eg close proximity to high fire risk compartments combined with a long escape route to an open deck area.

4. the emergency escape is to lead to the compartment above provided there is no commonality between that compartment and the passageway or lobby eg by ventilation trunking. e. d.2 . Escape fittings a.9 Compartments—escape above a.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 4. Escape Scuttles are to be operable from both within the compartment from which escape is desired and from the external position ie operable from either side.8 4. Quick Acting Watertight Doors (QAWTD) are not to be fitted at main WT bulkheads or where the ships watertight integrity may be prejudiced. b. Flexible Emergency Ladders (Jumping Ladders) complete with deck securing arrangements are to be fitted at: (1) every hatch where between deck height to coaming top exceeds 2400mm (2) all hatches to machinery spaces irrespective of height between platform level (3) every escape hatch and deck scuttle not fitted with a permanent ladder. b. Where secondary escape facilities lead to the same smoke filled passageway or lobby. Kick-out Panels are to be fitted in non-watertight doors to living and working spaces unless security reasons require otherwise. Additionally the hatches on escape routes must also be operable from either above or below by one man. Hatches are to incorporate escape manholes operable from above and below and of sufficient size to allow for the passage of personnel wearing breathing apparatus. they may be of value in the event of flooding and also provide a means of escape when normal access fittings are jammed. The scuttles are to be of sufficient size to allow the passage of personnel wearing breathing apparatus. c. Where secondary accesses do not provide egress to separate routes in the case of fire. In these situations full separately clipped watertight doors (WT doors) are to be incorporated but suitable QAWTD may be considered for use elsewhere.

NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformaatted) 5. STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS 5. Where this is unavoidable. except where these are required to be watertight or oil tight. Compensation stiffening is to be worked where this is unavoidable.2 a. Double Bottom Structure and Tanks—Access a. Footholds.1 . Where separate rungs are fitted in lieu of vertical ladders. The holes are to be arranged in conjunction with each other and with the access manholes to provide free and easy access to the spaces. Footholds. handholds and rungs etc fitted to meet the requirements of Section 1. b. Hatches and manholes are to be sited to avoid cutting deck supporting structure. Superstructure—Access a. care is to be taken to minimize cutting stiffeners. they are to be in accordance with NES 127. 5.3 5. arched openings and manholes in main structural bulkheads. beams or longitudinals are to be cranked as practicable and adequate compensation incorporated by half beams and castings. b. Handholds and Rungs a. Access to all parts of double bottom structure and tanks is to be provided by means of access holes arranged on plate floors and longitudinals. Doors—Arched Openings—Manholes a. Consideration must be given to ensuring that hatches and other access openings are sited to minimize the greatest loss of effective deck area from both strength and layout aspects. In order to preserve shear strength.4 5. Consideration must be given to ensure maintenance and uniformity of strength throughout structural members. 5.1 Hatches and Manholes 5. access openings in superstructure sides are to be staggered port and starboard. Access openings in superstructure bulkheads and decks are to be arranged with consideration to maintenance of shear strength and continuity of longitudinal strength eg openings should be sited wherever possible away from the ships’ side area and the cutting of main strength structure avoided. b. and sited as far as practicable away from the intersection with main transverse bulkheads. b.5 In locating doors. c. must be compatible with the integrity and strength of structural arrangements into which they are incorporated.

2 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 5.

The securing arrangements are to be sufficiently robust to ensure that the door or hatch remains secure against heavy sea motions of rolling and pitching and transmitted shock forces. 6.4 Heavy doors and hatches with a weight in excess of 150kg are to be fitted with a mechanical means of operation sufficient to ensure that access can be opened or closed against an adverse trim or heel. SAFETY REQUIREMENTS 6. Hazards such as hatches sited at or adjacent to the foot of a ladder or a door are to be avoided. Safety of personnel must be of prime importance when siting or arranging access. 6. d. f. g. hatches and manholes are to be kept clear of obstructions and projections. where possible. Safety handholds for personnel are to be fitted as convenient to deckheads or adjacent structure in way of all ladders. c. with adequate space at the top and bottom of ladder for transit of firefighting equipment and breathing apparatus. b. Handholds a. doors.3 a. are to be arranged fore and aft and sited clear of through passageways. WT and GT Doors and Hatches—Mechanical Operation a. All passageways. WT and GT Doors and Hatches—Clips a. Ladders. b. Access arrangements are to be kept under continuous review during the ship build and major refits to ensure that personnel safety and operating requirements are being achieved and maintained. under conditions of list or excessive trim etc. e. Additional accesses or changes to access arrangements found necessary by the review are to be incorporated.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 6. Securing arrangements are to be provided to retain doors and hatches in the open position. Particular attention is to be given to safety standards where hatches are arranged vertically above each other through 2 or more deck levels. Consideration must be given to ease of access under adverse conditions ie in a darkened smoke filled atmosphere. Clips for WT and GT doors and hatches are to be in accordance with NES 127.1 .1 General 6. c.2 6.

2 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 6.

Tallies are to be in accordance with DGS 379. All doors. b. hatches and manhole covers are to be clearly marked in accordance with NES 118 and NES 119. 7. ACCESS TALLIES a.1 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 7.

NES 149 Issue 1 *(Reformatted) 7.2 .

WT and GT doors and hatches are to be chalk tested after fitting to demonstrate that a continuous seating has been achieved at bearing surfaces. c. doors and hatches etc are to be subject to periodic inspection to ensure that the specified standards are being incorporated and maintained. b. e.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 8. 8. TESTS AND TRIALS a. d. Subsequent water or air tests are to be carried out to the standards specified for the compartments they give access to.1 . Additional tests and inspections may be carried out as required by NES 23 and NES 127. Manhole covers are to be considered as an integral part of the boundary structure of the compartment or tank they give access to and are therefore to be tested accordingly. All access routes including ladders. INSPECTION.

2 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) 8.

1. B.a.a. 1. Reference is made: Referred to in Clause NES 23 Trials. Tests and Inspection of Ship 8. NES 302 Maintenance Envelopes and Removal Routes 7..b. Foxhill.b.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) ANNEX A. RELATED DOCUMENTS a... b.5.b. 1.2.. 6. .1 ANNEX A.5. NES 127 Access Fittings and Equipment SCOPE 1. NOTE *In course of preparation—when published will supersede related document.b.b. DGS 379 *(NES 723) Standard Tallies for use in HM Ships and S/ Ms— Requirements for Marker Plates 7. 8. c. Bath BA1 5AB (Telephone Bath (0225) 61211).b.a.1. Information concerning the Issuing Authorities of the related documents may be obtained from the local Ministry of Defence (PE) Quality Assurance representative or Ship Department Section D191b.. together with the sponsoring Directorate and the tender or contract sponsor. NES 119 Ship Fire Protection and Damage Control 4. A. 5.1.a. NES 118 NBCD Material 7. A.a..b. All applications to Ministry establishments for related documents are to quote the relevant Ministry of Defence (PE) invitation to tender or the contract number and date. 7..

A.2 .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) ANNEX A.

equipment. larger than the standard range and included in NES 127 or alternatively portable plates/soft plated areas. Weapon Equipment Transport Envelope B. The minimum size of access required on the shipping routes. Special Access Doors and hatches. openings etc complying with the standard range of size for such accesses contained in NES 127. DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS B. For the purpose of this NES the following Definitions and Abbreviations apply: Ships of approximately 4000 tonnes and over displacement. specifically incorporated on weapon equipment access routes for the passage of the transport envelopes. etc from its operational position to a suitable off-loading position. The zone of primary flooding in the event of ship damage which will normally be specified in the ship contract.1 Definitions a.2 Abbreviations GT Gastight QAWTD Quick acting watertight door WT Watertight B. A route giving adequate passage for an equipment with minimum removal of permanently sited fittings. Standard Access Doors. . B.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) ANNEX B. Large Ships Red Risk Zone Removal Route Small Ships Ships below 4000 tonnes displacement. pipes. hatches. structure.1 ANNEX B.

NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) ANNEX B.2 . B.

1 B Brow.1 INDEX .1 Footholds.1 G Gastight integrity. 6. 1.1 hatch. 6. 1.1.2 superstructure. 1.1 watertight-gastight. 1. 6. 6.1 F Fire Hazard.1 quick acting.1 INDEX. 1. 3. 2.1 trunks. 2.1 Ambient temperatures.1 marking .1. 7.1 Bulkhead−Radius . 7.1 size.1 Doors clips. 2.1 routes. 6. 1.1. 5. 5. 4.1 D Dining halls. 5. 4. 5. siting .NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) ALPHABETICAL INDEX A Access double bottom structure.1 tallies. 1.1 C Clips door.2 size.1 structure-tanks.1 watertight.1 Arched openings. 5.1 mechanical operation . 1.1 ship. 6.1 Arched Openings . 1. 1.1 watertight—gastight. 3. 1. 5.1 retaining door.1 holes.

1.2 vertical. 5. 1.2 Internal Decks . 1. 1.1. 5. 8. 6.2 Mediterranean.2.1 tests.2 L Ladders.1 marking. Trials.1 K Kick−Out Panels . 6. 1.1 R Red Risk Zone. 1. 1. 1.1. 1. 8. 1. 1.2 testing. 1. 1.1 size.1 Leak-Off air.1 jumping. 8.1 size. 1. Tests.1. 3. 2.1. 1.1.1 Longitudinals .1.1.1 escape .1.1 I Inspections. 6.1 siting. 1. 6. 2.1. 4.1 clips.1 Longtitudinals. 1.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) H Handholds .1 P Passageways. 5.2.2 marking . 7. 7.1.2 landings .2. 1. 5. 5.1. 1. 1.1 securing arrangements.1.2 . 6.1 INDEX INDEX.1 Intermediate Plate Frames.1 mechanical operation.2.2 pilot-side.1 Plastics. 1.1. 8.1 accommodation.1 siting . 4. 6.2 construction. 1.1 Hatches. 2. 6.2 sloping. 4.2 M Manholes. 6. 2. 2. 6. 4.1 sizing. 4. 6.

1 Stiffeners. 5.2 removal. 4.1 storing.1 S Safety.1 storing. 5. 2.1 Services. 1. 2. 1. 2.1 Swedges.1 W Watertight Integrity.1 INDEX. 1. 4.1. 1.1 Rungs. 2.3 INDEX .1 removal.NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) Routes escape.1 Structural strength. 6. 1.1.1 T Throughway. 1.

NES 149 Issue 1 (Reformatted) INDEX INDEX.4 .

Inside Rear Cover .

Any person who. .uk File Reference The DStan file reference relating to work on this standard is D/DStan/69/02/149.mod. Revision of Defence Standards Defence Standards are revised as necessary by up issue or amendment. Information on all Defence Standards is contained in Def Stan 00-00 Standards for Defence Part 3 .© Crown Copyright 2000 Copying Only as Agreed with DStan Defence Standards are Published by and Obtainable from: Defence Procurement Agency An Executive Agency of The Ministry of Defence Directorate of Standardization Kentigern House 65 Brown Street GLASGOW G2 8EX DStan Helpdesk Tel 0141 224 2531/2 Fax 0141 224 2503 Internet e-mail enquiries@dstan. Index of Standards for Defence Procurement Section 4 ‘Index of Defence Standards and Defence Specifications’ published annually and supplemented regularly by Standards in Defence News (SID News). Compliance with a Defence Standard does not in itself confer immunity from legal obligations. It is important that users of Defence Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest issue or amendment. when making use of a Defence Standard encounters an inaccuracy or ambiguity is requested to notify the Directorate of Standardization (DStan) without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken. Contract Requirements When Defence Standards are incorporated into contracts users are responsible for their correct application and for complying with contractual and statutory requirements.