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3D Pantograph
by knorseth on March 30, 2013

Table of Contents
3D Pantograph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Intro: 3D Pantograph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 1: Cutting the Wood and Metal Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 2: Drilling Holes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 3: Drilling holes for Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 4: Assembling the Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 5: Making the Pantograph Pivot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 6: Assembling the Tool Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 7: Assembling the Pantograph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 8: Building the Tracing Stylus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 9: Placing the Roatary Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 10: Setting up the Pantograph for use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 11: Start Engraving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Advertisements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

Intro: 3D Pantograph
This instructable is to build a 3d pantograph. A pantograph is a device that is used to copy pictures by tracing the original picture and the device draws a copy. The
pantograph can change the copy size to larger or smaller, depending on how it is designed.
This pantograph will let you carve or engrave a picture into a medium such as glass, metal, or wood. You can also trace a carving and reproduce it. It uses a rotary tool
such as a Dremel to carve. Think of it as an old fashioned 3d printer.
This pantograph can cost between $15-$50, depending on what kind of rotary tool you buy.
Parts needed:
1 - 1"x4" by 10 foot pine board.
1 - 3/16"x36" metal rod
1 - Rotary tool (such as a Dremel).
Remember a 1x4 board is not exactly 1x4 but about 3/4 by 3 3/4. I will refer to the board as a 1x4. for simplicity.
Optional:
Router Speed control. If your rotary tool is not variable speed and it spins to fast, you will want to consider this. You can buy one for about $20 here.
http://www.harborfreight.com/router-speed-control-43060.html.
Tools needed:
Saw
Drill
Hole saw 1" and 2" or depends on the size of your rotary tool. rotary tool.
3/16 drill bit
Hammer
Hacksaw
Optional:
Wood Clamps
Nail Gun or Wood Glue
Difficulty: Easy-Moderate.
Time to build: 5 hours.

Image Notes
1. Rotary Tool
2. Tracing Stylus

Step 1: Cutting the Wood and Metal Rod


Cut 5 1" wide x 24" long boards from the 1x4. (1x1x24)
Take one of your 1"x24" boards and cut in half to make two 12" long boards.
Cut one 1"X24" board down to 18"
I rounded the corners, which makes it look nice but it is not needed.
Cut 2 24" boards from the 1x4. On each one, mark the middle of the board and draw a square 5" in the middle. Cut down to 1 inch wide on either side of the 5" square, as
shown in the illustration. Save the cutout parts as you will use them later.
Cut from the 1x4 several pieces.
4 -7" Pieces

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

1 - 17" Piece
3 - 2" pieces
Using a hacksaw or rotary tool, Cut the metal rod into
4 - 7" pieces
1 - 9" piece

Step 2: Drilling Holes


Pair up the boards of the same size. One will be the top and one will be the bottom of each piece of the pantograph.
Drill in the end of each wood a hole 1/2" from the end
On the 18" and 24" board, pair them together and drill the holes 1/2 " from the end and 11 1/2 " from the end.

Image Notes
1. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
2. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
3. 11.5" from the left end
Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
4. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
5. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
6. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
7. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces
8. Holes Drilled to connect the pieces

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

Step 3: Drilling holes for Tool


On the bottom board, depending on the size of the rotary tool, drill a 1" hole in the middle, 1" from the side. The hole will need to go all the way through the wood. The tip
of the rotary tool will go into this hole.
Depending on the size of the rotary tool, on the top board drill a 2" hole in the middle, 1" in from the long side. It will cut through the side of the board and needs to go all
the way through.
Later you may need to size these with a knife (or the rotary tool) to make the rotary tool fit.

Image Notes
1. 2" hole for the tool I used. 1" in from the front.
2. 1" hole

Step 4: Assembling the Boards


Take the 17" board and secure it to the middle of the 2 24x1 boards. I used a nail gun, but you can glue them together as well.
Assemble the 12" and 18" sections the same way.
The open area at each end is necessary so the pantograph can move around when assembled.

Step 5: Making the Pantograph Pivot


The trick to allowing the pantograph to work with various types of material is to build a holder that can pivot around.
Cut one of the remaining pieces from the 9.5" by 3 pieces into
2 - 6" piece
2 - 2.5" pieces
2 - 1" pieces
Build a U out of 1 6" piece and 2 2.5" pieces. Nail or glue them together.
Drill a hole 1/2" from the edge in the middle of the U on both end pieces.
Drill 1 hole through the bottom of the board all the way through on one end piece.
Drill a hole in the end of the two 1" pieces
Place one 1" piece on each side of the U where you drilled the hole. Connect the three pieces together by hammering a 7" rod through the hole. The fit should be tight.
Using some screws connect the 1" piece to the final board. This would be one of the scrap boards (9.5"x3") left from when you cut around the 5" square. The end where
the rod is sticking through needs to hang over the board so it can move around.

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

Image Notes
1. Hole Drilled all the way through
2. hole in the middle of the board, 1/5" from the front.
3. hole in the middle of the board, 1/5" from the front.
4. Drill hole through to the other end
5. Hole drilled all the way through

Image Notes
1. The board and pivot hangs over the side about 3/4" inch (Width of the board).
Rod is pushed through all the way over to the other side.

Step 6: Assembling the Tool Board


On the 2 boards the rotary tool will be in, take the 2" boards and connect them vertically around the cutout.
Place the final 2 7" boards horizontally on the sides of the cutout.

Image Notes
1. 2" Wide boards surround the tool holes. Make sure you leave space for the tool.

Step 7: Assembling the Pantograph


Push the 9' rod through the drilled holes in the pivot assembly and the 12" and 24" pieces
Use a hammer to push a 7" rod into each remaining piece. The fit should be tight, but the pieces should be able to move around.
Once all connected, it will look like this.

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

Image Notes
1. Push rod down through the parts and into the bottom.

Image Notes
1. The rod is sticking out of the top so it can be pulled out id needed.

Step 8: Building the Tracing Stylus


Build a tracing stylus by shaping a piece of wood (I used a 1/5 dowel) to have a point.
In the section that has a 18" top and 24" bottom, drill a small hole in the end of the long arm and screw in a 3" screw. Place the pointed wood into the end of the screw.
Using a three inch screw will allow you to change the height of the rotary tool for cutting/ tracing different types of material.

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

Step 9: Placing the Roatary Tool


Place an engraving bit into your rotary tool and put it in the Pantograph. You may have to widen the hole to make it fit snugly or add some tape or O-rings if the hole is too
big.

Image Notes
1. Glass Etching bit from hardware store.
2. 2" hole was perfect for the Dremel. I can access the switch without a problem.

http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Pantograph/

Step 10: Setting up the Pantograph for use


Clamp to pantograph to a piece of plywood. The wood I used was about 3'x4' in size. I added a second piece of wood under the pivot to raise the height of the
Pantograph. Depending on the bit you use, you may want to have a couple of pieces to raise the height.
Move the pantograph around to get a feel of where you want to place your pattern and your material you will be cutting.
Tape your pattern on to the board where you will be working.
Taking some scrap wood and screws, lock down what you are carving so it is positioned under the engraving bit.
My Folding Garage Counter was perfect to work on for this project.

Image Notes
1. Pantograph clamped onto piece of wood to hold it.
Pantograph as far back as possible on wood for space.
2. Scrap wood screwed down to hold my item I am engraving.
3. My pattern (the paper) with a completed carving.
4. I had a Variac I used for variable speed control.

Step 11: Start Engraving


I experimented with various speeds of the Dremel to see which worked best. Depending on the bit and material, it will be different.
Here are some first pieces I cut.

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