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ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ.ﻡ.ﺩ ١٤٢٨ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ
ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ
ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ.ﻡ.ﺩ
١٤٢٨
ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا
ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟا و تﺎﻴآوﺮﻜﻟا لﺎﻤﻋأ
٠ راﺪﺻﻻا
بﺎﻄﺤﻟا ﺪﻤﺣأ .م.د

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

تﺎﻔﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﺔﻠﻣﺎﺷ ﺔﻴﻄﻐﺗ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻴﺿرﻷا ةﺮﻜﻠﻟ ﺎﻴﺿاﺮﺘﻓا ﺎﺟذﻮﻤﻧ ضﺮﻌﻳ ﻲﺑﻮﺳﺎﺣ ﻂﺋاﺮﺧ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻮه ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﺑ ﺖﻣﺎﻗ .ﺔﻗﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋو ﺔﻠﻴﻠﻗ ﻦﻴﺑ حواﺮﺘﺗ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻀﻔﻟاو ﺔﻳﻮﺠﻟا رﻮﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻟ Google ﺔآﺮﺷ ﺖﻣﺎﻗ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋو ،(Earth Viewer) ﻪﻤﺳا نﺎآو keyhole ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻰﻟإ ﻪﻤﺳا تﺮﻴﻏو ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ تﺎﻓﺎﺿإ ةﺪﻌﺑ ﺖﻣﺎﻗ ٢٠٠٤ مﺎﻋ ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻟا ﺔآﺮﺸﻟا ءاﺮﺸﺑ ٢٠٠٥ مﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ Google Earth

Google Earth

دﺎﻌﺑﻷا ﺔﻴﺛﻼﺛ و ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻨﺛ تﺎﻣﻮﺳر ﻞﻤﻌﻟ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻲﺳﺪﻨه ﻢﺳر ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻮه مﺎﻋ ﻪﻨﻣ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ لوأ ترﺪﺻ. Autodesk ﻚﺴﻳدﻮﺗوأ ﺔﻴآﺮﻴﻣﻷا ﺔآﺮﺸﻟا ﻪﺗرﺪﺻأ Computer- ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟا ﺔﻧﻮﻌﻤﺑ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺘﻟا ﻲﻨﻌﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا CAD دﺎآ ﺞﺘﻨﻣ ﻢﺳا ﺖﺤﺗ ١٩٨٠ .ﺔﻴﺳﺪﻨﻬﻟا تﻻﺎﺠﻤﻟا ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻲﻓ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ و .design aided

AutoCad

ﺔﻐﻠﻟ ﻲﺒﻴآﺮﺗ ﻒﻠﻣو ﺔﻐﻟ ﻲﻬﻓ (Keyhol Markup Language) رﺎﺼﺘﺧا تﺎﻌﻠﻀﻤﻟاو طﻮﻄﺨﻟاو طﺎﻘﻨﻟا ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺨﻟا ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺗو ﺔﺟﺬﻤﻨﺑ ﻰﻨﻌﻳ(XML) ﻦﻣ عﻮﻨﻟا اﺬه مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ،Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺿﺮﻌﻟ ﺎﻬﺘﺟﺬﻤﻧو رﻮﺼﻟاو ﻲﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﻴﺿرﻷا ةﺮﻜﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﻗاﻮﻤﻟاو ﻦآﻣﻷا و تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﺔآرﺎﺸﻤﻟ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﺑ Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ مﻮﻘﻴﻓ ، Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ (HTML) تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﺑ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻹا ﺢﻔﺼﺘﻣ ﺎﻬﺑ مﻮﻘﻳ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا ﺲﻔﻨﺑ(KML)) (XML)تﺎﻔﻠﻣو

KML

Drawing file ﻲﻨﻌﺗ ﻲهو AutoCad ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺨﻟا ﻢﺳﺮﻟا تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲه

DWG

،(Drawing Interchange Format مﻮﺳﺮﻟا لدﺎﺒﺗ ﺔﺌﻴه وأ) DXF ﺔﺌﻴه ﺮﺒﺘﻌﺗ ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻠﻟ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ .تﺎﻣﻮﺳﺮﻟا تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟ ةﺪّﺣﻮﻣ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻗ ﺔﺌﻴه ،ﻚﺴﻳدﻮﺗوأ ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ ،ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﻢﻈﻧ ،دﺎآﻮﺗوأ ﻞﺜﻣ ،ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا لدﺎﺒﺗ ﺔﺌﻴﻬﻟا ﻩﺬه ﻢﻋﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا .ﺎهﺮﻴﻏو ﺲﻴﻓوأ ﺖﻓﻮﺳوﺮﻜﻳﺎﻣ ﺔﻣزر ﺞﻣاﺮﺑ ﺔﺑﺎﺘآ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و ﺔﻴﺼﻧ تﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺎهروﺪﺑ ﺔﻠﺘآ ﻞآ ﻒﻟﺄﺘﺗو ،ﻞﺘآ ﻦﻣ DXF ﺔﺌﻴه ﻒﻟﺄﺘﺗ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣإ ﻲﻨﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ،(text) ﺺﻧ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻈﻔﺣو صﻮﺼﻧ رﺮﺤﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺮﻣاوﻷا ﻩﺬه .تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ عﻮﻨﻟا اﺬه ﺔﺑﺎﺘﻜﻟ ،زوﺪﻨﻳو ﻲﻓ (Notepad) ةﺮﻜﻔﻤﻟا ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا

DXF

لﺎﻜﺷأو ﻊﻗاﻮﻣ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺗ ﻲﻓ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ و ﻲﻤﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﺑ (vector) ﻪﺠﺘﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻮه

Shapefile

ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻏﻮﺒﻄﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﺑﺰﺨﺗ ﻢﺠﺣ ﻞﻠﻘﺗ ﺔﻐﻴﺼﻟا ﻩﺬه .ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا ﻢﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟا تﺎﻤﺳو ESRI ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ Arcview ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻻوا ﻊﻨﺻو مﺪﺨﺘﺳا Shapefile. ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻊﺳاو ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺎﻀﻳا مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ و Arcgis, Arcinfo ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻀﻳا مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳو ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﻢﻈﻧ ﺞﻣاﺮﺑ

(SHP)

ةﺰﻬﺟا تﺎﻔﻠﻣ لدﺎﺒﺘﻟ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲه و GPS eXchange Format رﺎﺼﺘﺧا ﻲه ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺚﻴﺤﺑ ﻪﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟا عاﻮﻧﻻا و تﻼﻳدﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﻊﻗاﻮﻤﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺘﻟ ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا لﺎﺒﻘﺘﺳا تﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻣاﺪﺨﺘﺳا

GPX

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و SHP ﻲﻟا DWG&DXF تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﺑ مﻮﻘﻳ دﺎﻜﺛﻮﺟ ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ http://www.guthcad.com/cssurvey.htm ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻪﻨﻣ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ

CAD2SHPAPE

ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ و رﻮﺼﻠﻟ ﻲﻓاﺮﻐﺟ ﻞﻴﺠﺴﺗ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﻳ Golden Software ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و SHP ﻲﻟا DXF ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﺎﻬﻨﻣ و ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟا ﻎﻴﺼﻟا ﻦﻣ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﺒﻳﺮﺠﺗ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ

Didger

http://www.goldensoftware.com/demo.shtml

ﻢﻈﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﻎﻴﺼﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﻞﻤﻌﺑ مﻮﻘﻳ T2K ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻃﺎﻘﺳإ و KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻰﻟإ SHP ﺎﻬﻨﻣ و ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳإ مﺎﻈﻧ ﺐﺴﺣ Google earth ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻪﻨﻣ ﺔﻴﺒﻳﺮﺠﺗ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ

Tiles2kml pro

http://www.tiles2kml.com/download/T2KPro.zip

ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻳ Odilon Ferreira Junior Belo Horizonte ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﻳ ﺚﻴﺤﻳ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا GPS ﻊﻗاﻮﻤﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺘﻟ ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا لﺎﺒﻘﺘﺳا زﺎﻬﺟ تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟا تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻎﻴﺻ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﺎﻀﻳا ﻪﻨﻜﻤﻳ و ةﺰﻬﺟﻻا ﻲﻟاو ﻦﻣ طﺎﻘﻨﻟا ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺠﻣ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻰﻟإ SHP

GPS Trackmaker

http://www.gpstm.net/download/gtm131.exe

ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﺑ مﻮﻘﻳ zonums solution ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻪﻨﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺠﻣ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و DXF و SHP ﺔﻐﻴﺻ

KML2SHP

http://www.zonums.com/files/kml2shp.zip

طﺎﻘﺳا مﺎﻈﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﺎﺑ طﺎﻘﻨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳﺎﺑ مﻮﻘﻳ zonums solution ﺔآﺮﺷ ﻦﻣ وﺮآﺎﻣ لﻮﻄﻟا طﻮﻄﺨﺑ ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻﺎﺑ وا UTM ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا ضﺮﻌﺘﺴﻤﻟا رﻮﺗﺎآﺮﻴﻣ Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ضﺮﻌﻟاو

EPoint2GE

http://www.zonums.com/files/EPoint2GE.zip

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻣﺪﻘﻣ -١

ﻲﻓ ثدﺎﺤﻟا ﻞﺋﺎﻬﻟا رﻮﻄﺘﻟا ﻊﻣ و GIS ﺔﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺠﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﻢﻈﻧ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟا ﺪﻤﺘﻌﺗ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ رﻮﻬﻇ و ( Internet) ﺔﻟوﺪﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﺎﺻﻮﺼﺧو تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ ﺔﺣﺎﺘﻤﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﺔﺳارﺪﺑ تﺎﻄﻄﺨﻤﻟا ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗو ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ةرادإ ﺖﻣﺎﻗ ﻚﻟﺬﻟ ةﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ و ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﻻا ﺔﻠﻬﺳ ﺔﻠﻴﺳﻮﻛ لﻮﺻﻮﻟا ﻢﺗ ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻴﺒﻛ عﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﺔﺳارﺪﺑو .Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣ تﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺗ ﻞﻤﻌﻟ -:ﻞﺜﻣ تﺎﻘﺒﻄﺘﻟا ﺾﻌﺑ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻲﻓ حﺎﺠﻨﺑ ﺎﻬﻣاﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻲﻟا

ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻀﻔﻟا تارﻮﺼﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳإ .١

Autocad ﻰﻟإ هﺮﻳﺪﺼﺗ و Google earth ﻦﻣ تﺎﻴﻛوﺮﻜﻟا ﻢﺳر .٢

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا GPS

ةﺰﻬﺟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺴﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ طﺎﻘﺳإ .٣

GPS ةﺰﻬﺟا ﻲﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ و Google earth

ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺮﻴﺴﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗو ﻢﺳر .٤ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا

Google earth

ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ طﺎﻘﻨﻟا ﻦﻣ دﺪﻋ ﻊﻴﻗﻮﺗ .٥

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﱪﻟ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻮﺼﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻂﺋﺍﺮﳋﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﺳﺇ -٢

ﺔﻳﻮﺠﻟا رﻮﺼﻟا ﻲﻠﻋ AutoCAD ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻣﻮﺳﺮﻤﻟا تﺎﻴآوﺮﻜﻟا/ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳإ ﺔﻠﻤﻋ تاﻮﻄﺧ ﺢﺿﻮﻳ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا لوﺪﺠﻟا Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺨﻟا

مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا

ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟا

 
     

AUTOCAD

مﺎﻈﻧ ﻰﻟإ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﺑ صﺎﺨﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا

١

     

AUTOCAD

dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻆﻔﺣ

٢

     

وا CAD2SHP

shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻰﻟإ dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ

٣

Didger

     

وا TILES2KML

kml ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻰﻟإ shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ

٤

GPS Trackmaker

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﺑ صﺎﺨﻟا

     

Google earth

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻌﻗﻮﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻂﻘﺴﺗ

٥

     

Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺛﺍﺪﺣﻻﺍ ﻡﺎﻈ ﱄﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﶈﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺛﺍﺪﺣﻻﺍ ﻡﺎﻈ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ١-٢

و (ﻦﻴﻌﻣ ﺪﻠﺑ وا ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﻲﻓ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ) Local Coordinate System ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟا ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ ﻢﻈﻨﺑ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻟا ﻢﺳﺮﺗ .(ﻢﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻊﻗﻮﻣ يأ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻣاﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻲﺘﻟا )Global Coordinate systems ﺔﻴﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﺎﻬﻨﻣ دﺎﻨﺳﻹا ﺢﻄﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﻤﺘﻌﻳ يﺬﻟا و (NGN) ﺔﻴﻨﻃﻮﻟا ﺔﻴﺴﻳدﻮﻴﺠﻟا ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟا مﺎﻈﻧ ﻮه مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﺔﻳدﻮﻌﺴﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟا ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ (Hyford International Ellipsoid) ﻲﻧاروﺪﻟا ﻢﺴﺠﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻤﻟا و ﺪﺒﻌﻟا ﻦﻴﻋ ﻰﻤﺴﻤﻟا ﻲﺴﻳدﻮﻴﺠﻟا

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﻲﻠﻋ ﻲﻨﺒﻤﻟا و UTM ضﺮﻌﺘﺴﻤﻟا رﻮﺗﺎآﺮﻴﻣ ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا مﺎﻈﻧ ﻮه Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻓ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا مﺎﻈﻧ (WGS84 Ellipsoid) ﻲﻧاروﺪﻟا ﻢﺴﺠﻤﻟا ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗ و ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ةرادا ﺖﻣﺎﻗ ﻚﻟﺬﻟ و ﺔﻴﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹاو ﺔﻳدﻮﻌﺴﻟا ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺔﻘﻴﻗد تﻼﻣﺎﻌﻣ ﺪﺟﻮﻳ ﻻ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﺎﻬﻄﺴﺑا ﻦﻴﻣﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ تﻼﻣﺎﻌﻤﻟ ﺖﻠﺻ و عﻮﺿﻮﻤﻟا اﺬﻬﻟ ﺔﺳارد ﻞﻤﻌﺑ ةﺪﺟ ﺔﻈﻓﺎﺤﻣ ﺔﻧﺎﻣﺄﺑ تﺎﻄﻄﺨﻤﻟا ﻦﻴﻣﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻠﻟ

م ١٩٦.٥٧- ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻰﻓ تﺎﻴﻗﺮﺸﻟا =ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﻗﺮﺸﻟا

Easting in WGS84=Easting in NGN196.57 m

Northing in WGS84=Northing in NGN98.17 m

م٩٨.١٧-ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟا=ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟا

ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗو ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ةرادإ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻌﻤﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻤﻟا ﺮﻳﺮﻘﺘﻟا ﻲﻟإ عﻮﺟﺮﻟا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﻲﻣﺎﻈﻧ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻞﻴﺻﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﻤﻟ و .تﺎﻄﻄﺨﻤﻟا

ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗا ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻣ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣا ﺎﻬﻟ و AutoCAD ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﺔﻣﻮﺳﺮﻤﻟا ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻠﻟ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا اﺬه ﻞﻤﻌﻟ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻚﻟذ و AutoCAD

  • a) Command: move

  • b) Select objects: all

  • c) Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: 0,0

  • d) Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: 196.57,98.17

ﻚﻟﺬﻟ لﺎﺜﻣ ﺢﺿﻮﻳ (١) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟا و

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

AutoCAD ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟ لﺎﺜﻣ (١) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻆﻔﺣ ٢-٢

ﺚﻴﺣ DWG ﻒﻠﻤآ ﺎﻬﻈﻔﺣ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻀﻓا ﻚﻟذ نا ﺪﺟو ﺪﻗو ٢٠٠٠ راﺪﺻﻻا dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ ﻢﺘﻳ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ dxf ﻲﻟا dwg ﻦﻣ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﺪﻨﻋ ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻞآﺎﺸﻤﻟا ﺾﻌﺑ ثﺪﺤﻳ ﺪﻗ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

٢٠٠٠ راﺪﺻﻻا dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ (٢) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱄﺍ dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ٣-٢

ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآ Didger وا CAD2SHP ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذ ﻢﺘﻳ و

CAD2SHP ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱄﺍ dxf ﺔﻔﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ١-٣-٢

-:ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻠﻟ ﺎﻌﺒﺗ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ و ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﺳﻻا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟا و ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﺔﻬﺟاو ﺢﺿﻮﻳ (٣) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟا

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

cad2shp ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻗ (٣)ﻢﻗﺭ ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺍ

shp ﻲﻟا ﻪﻠﻳﻮﺤﺗ داﺮﻤﻟا dxf ﻒﻠﻣ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ

-١

ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ (point,polyline,polygon…etc) ﻢﺳﺮﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺪﺣاو عﻮﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ يﻮﺘﺤﻳ shapefile ﻒﻠﻣ نا ﺚﻴﺣ -٢ ﻪﻧﻮﻜﻤﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟا ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﺐﺠﻴﻓ ﻚﻟﺬﻟو ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻦﻣ عﻮﻧ ﻞﻜﻟ ﻞﺼﻔﻨﻣ shp ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻦﻜﻤﻴﻓ ﻚﻟذ ﻲﻠﻋ و (٤) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ . ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

cad2dxf ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺎﻬﻤﻋﺪﻳ يﺬﻟا Shapefile ﻒﻠﻣ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ (٤) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﻠﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﺎﻣ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻲﺘﻟاو ﻢﺳﺮﻟا تﺎﻧﻮﻜﻣ ﺐﻠﻏا ﻲﻠﻋ يﻮﺘﺤﺗ ﺎﻬﻧا ﺚﻴﺣ Polyline رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻴآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻰﻓ ةدﺎﻋ و (٥) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ Entities ﻪﻧﻮﻘﻳﻻا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ رﺎﻴﺘﺧﻻا اﺬﻬﺑ مﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺪﻨﻋ

لﺎﺜﻤﻟا اﺬه ﻲﻓ shapefile ﻒﻠﻣ عﻮﻧ ﻲﻠﻋ لﺪﺗ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻢﺳا ﻲﻟإ فوﺮﺣ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺈﺑ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا مﻮﻘﻳ ﺚﻴﺣ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ ﻢﺘﻳ -٣ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻢﺳا ﺢﺒﺼﻳ polyline ﺮﺼﻨﻌﻟا عﻮﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﺪﻨﻋ و Drawing.dxf ﻮه dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻢﺳا ٣ ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻤﻟا

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻢﺳا ﺢﺒﺼﻳ صﻮﺼﻨﻠﻟ shapefile ﻒﻠﻣ ءﺎﺸﻧﻻ lables رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ و drawing_lin.shp ﻮه shapefile

.اﺬﻜهو....

drawing_textx.shp

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

polyline رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﺪﻨﻋ shp ﻲﻟا ﺎﻬﻠﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﻲﺘﻟا dxf ﻒﻠﻣ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ (٥) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

Didger ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱄﺍ dxf ﺔﻔﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ٢-٣-٢

ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و (Digitizing) ﺎﻬﻟ ﻢﻴﻗﺮﺗ ﻞﻤﻋ و ﺎﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺟ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟا ﻞﻴﺠﺴﺗ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺢﻴﺘﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻮﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟﺎﺑ didger ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ -:ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذ و shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻟا dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻪﻣاﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ

ﻮه ﺎﻤآ Import vector data رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﺤﺘﻓ دﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا عﻮﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧﻻ ﺔﺷﺎﺷ ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ New رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺢﺘﻓ ﺪﻌﺑ -١ shapefile ﻲﻟا ﺔﻠﻳﻮﺤﺗ داﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﺛ (٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

didger ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻟا dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ (٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

عﻮﻧ ﺎﻣأ Default ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺤﻟا ﻢﻴﻘﻟا رﺎﺘﺨﻧ .ﺔﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ داﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ (٧) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ ﺔﺷﺎﺷ ﺮﻬﻈﺗ

-٢

ﺮﺘﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺎهرﺎﺘﺨﻧ تاﺪﺣﻮﻟا و (Cartesian coordinates) ﺔﻳﺰﻴﺗﺮﻜﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا رﺎﺘﺨﻨﻓ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا (٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﺮﻬﻈﺗو ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ

-٣

(٩) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ESRI Shapefile ﻮهو ﻪﻴﻟا ﺮﻳﺪﺼﺘﻟا داﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻧ رﺎﺘﺨﻧ و Export ﻢﺛ File

رﺎﺘﺨﻧ

-٤

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

didger ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ داﺮﻤﻟا dxf ﻒﻠﻣ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ ﺔﺷﺎﺷ (٧) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

didger ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا (٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

shp ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻲﻟا ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﺮﻳﺪﺼﺗ (٩) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎ ﱪﺑ ﻪﺻﺎﳋﺍ kml ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱃﺇ shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ٤-٢

GPS Trackmaker وا TILES2KML ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﺎﻣا kml ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻟا shapefile ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﻞﻤﻋ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ

tiles2kml ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ kml ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱃﺇ shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ١-٤-٢

kml ﻰﻟا shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗﺎﺑ

ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا ﺢﺿﻮﻳ ﻞﻜﺸﻟا و .(١٠) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟا ﺔﻬﺟاو ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ

-١

ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻲﻓ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳو Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻃﺎﻘﺳا داﺮﻤﻟا shapefile ﻒﻠﻣ ﺢﺘﻔﻟ Open vector ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ -٢ ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ + ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﺲﻔﻧ ﻊﻣ ﺎﻬﻃﺎﻘﺳا داﺮﻳ يﺮﺧا تﺎﻔﻠﻣ دﻮﺟو ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﻲﻓو .ﻒﻠﻤﻟا .(١١) ﻢﻗر UTM Zone 37 ٣٧ ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟا ضﺮﻌﺘﺴﻤﻟا رﻮﺗﺎآﺮﻴﻣ طﺎﻘﺳإ مﺎﻈﻧ ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟا ﻩﺬه ﻲﻓ ﻮهو مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ -٣

(١٢ )ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ WGS84 Ellipsoid ﻲﻧاروﺪﻟا ﻢﺴﺠﻤﻟا ﻲﻠﻋ

ﺎﻬﻜﻤﺳو طﻮﻄﺨﻟا نﻮﻟ ﺚﻴﺣ ﻦﻣ ﻂﻘﺴﺘﺳ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺘﻟ ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ ﺢﺘﻔﺘﻓ T2K transform ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ -٤

(١٣ )ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ .ﺦﻟا

..طﺎﻘﻨﻟا

ﻞﻜﺷ و

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﻲﻓ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳا و Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺢﺘﻓ و KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻣ ءﺎﺸﻧﺎﻧ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا مﻮﻘﻴﻓ OK ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ -٥ (١٤) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ﺎﻬﻌﻗﻮﻣ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

Tiles2kml ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟا ﺔﻬﺟاو (١٠) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

. ﺎﻬﻃﺎﻘﺳا داﺮﻤﻟا تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﺔﻓﺎﺿا و ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ (١١) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

. مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا مﺎﻈﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا (١٢) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

. ﺔﻄﻘﺴﻤﻟا ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ (١٣) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻃﺎﻘﺳا ﺪﻌﺑ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا (١٤) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

GPS trackmaker ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ kml ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱃﺇ shp ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﳋﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ٢-٤-٢

-:Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ shapefile ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳﻹ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﻻ ﻦﻴﺘﻘﻳﺮﻃ كﺎﻨه ﻲﻟوﻷا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا (١٥) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﺤﺿﻮﻤﻟا و ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗﺈﺑ ﻚﻟذ و ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺎﻬﻤﻋﺪﻳ ﻲﺘﻟا تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻎﻴﺻ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣإ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻟا shapefile ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ تاﻮﻄﺧ (١٥) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

.convert files ﻢﺛ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻘﻟا ﻦﻣ File رﺎﺘﺨﻧ

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ﻦﻣ ﻚﻟذ و KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻪﻴﻟإ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا داﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻠﻟ ﻢﺳا ﻚﻟﺬآ و shapefile ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻠﻳﻮﺤﺗ داﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻢﺳا رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ لﻼﺧ

-٢

ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﻓ UTM 37 at WGS84 مﺎﻈﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ و تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺘﻟ ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ ﺮﻬﻈﺗ convert ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳإ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﺪﻨﻋ -٣ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا اﺬه ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻦﻣ و بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا

ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا

ﻲﺘﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا مﺎﻈﻧ ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ ﺢﺘﻔﺘﻓ File ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻗ ﻦﻣ Open رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻲﻟإ shapefile ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ -١ (١٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮهﺎﻤآ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ ﻲﻟوﻻا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻖﺒﺳ ﺎﻤآ ﺎهرﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ

ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﺛ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻞآ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻴﻟ ﻩرﺎﻔﻟا ﻚﻳﺮﺤﺗ و ﻦﻤﻳﻻا ﻩرﺎﻔﻟا رذ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذو ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ -٢ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳإو ﻪﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﻓ Google Earth ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳإ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ Google earth ﻲﻠﻋ shapefile ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻪﻄﻳﺮﺨﻟا طﺎﻘﺳا (١٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

AutoCAD ﱃﺇ ﻩﺮﻳﺪﺼﺗ Google earth ﻦﻣ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻢﺳﺭ ﻁﺎﻘﺳﺇ -٣

AutoCAD ﻰﻟإ ﻩﺮﻳﺪﺼﺗ و Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻦﻣ تﺎﻴآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻢﺳر تاﻮﻄﺧ ﺢﺿﻮﻳ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا لوﺪﺠﻟا

مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا

ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟا

 
     

Google earth

و ﻪﻠﺧاﺪﺑ ﺎﻣ و ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻊﻠﻀﻣ ﻢﺳر ﻢﺛ ﻪﻟ ﻲآوﺮآ ﻞﻤﻋ داﺮﻤﻟا ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ضاﺮﻌﺘﺳا ﻪﻟﻮﺣ ﻲﺘﻟا عراﻮﺸﻟا

١

     

Google earth

kml ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ

٢

     

KML2SHP

dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻰﻟإ kml ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ

٣

     

AUTOCAD

تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ مﺎﻈﻧ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا و Autocad ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ضاﺮﻌﺘﺳا NGN ﻰﻟإ WGS84

٤

     

AUTOCAD

ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﻲﻗﺎﺑ جاردإ و رﺎﻃﻹا و تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﺔﻜﺒﺷ طﻮﻄﺧ ﺔﻓﺎﺿإ

٥

     

Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻲﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻢﺳﺭ ١-٣

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻢﺳﺮﻟ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗإ ﻢﺘﻳ

Add polygon ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳإ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذ و ﻊﻠﻀﻣ ﻢﺳر رﺎﻴﺘﺧﺎﺑ مﻮﻘﻧ و ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا نﺎﻜﻣ ضﺮﻌﺘﺴﻧ Google earth لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ

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.style, color رﺎﻴﺘﺧﻻا ﻦﻣ outlined ﻊﻠﻀﻤﻟا عﻮﻧ رﺎﺘﺨﻧ

-٢

ﻮهﺎﻤآ ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻊﻠﻀﻣ ﻢﺳر ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲﺘﺣ ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا دوﺪﺣ ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﺎﻳاوز ﻦﻣ ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻞآ ﺪﻨﻋ ﺮﺴﻳﻷا رﺰﻟا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻧو ةرﺎﻔﻟا كﺮﺤﻧ .(١٧) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ

-٣

. ﺔﻴﺒﻧﺎﺠﻟا عراﻮﺸﻠﻟ طﻮﻄﺧ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا ﺲﻔﻨﺑ ﻞﻤﻌﻟا رﺮﻜﻧ

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(١٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ KMZ ﺖﺴﻴﻟ و KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ ﻢﺘﻳ -٥

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ﻪﺑ ﺔﻄﻴﺤﻤﻟا عراﻮﺸﻟاو ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﻊﻠﻀﻣ ﻢﺳر (١٧) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ (١٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

DXF ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱄﺍ KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻲﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ٢-٣

Kml2shp ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ DXF ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ دﺎآﻮﺗا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻲﻟإ KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻪﻈﻔﺣ و ﻪﻤﺳر ﻢﺗ يﺬﻟا ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻂﻘﻧ

ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ مﻮﻘﻧ ﻢﺛ ﻪﺿﺮﻋو ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﻓ Open KML ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﻚﻟذ و ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﻞﻤﻌﺑ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ مﻮﻘﻳ ﻮهو مﺎﻈﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ .(١٩) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ DXF/GPX ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻞﻘﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻒﻠﻤﻠﻟ ﻢﺳا ءﺎﻄﻋا ﺪﻌﺑ ﻚﻟذ و ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ مﺎﻤﺗﻹ Accept ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ و UTM 37 at WGS84 تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ةﺪﻋ دﻮﺟو ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻖﺒﺳﺎﻣ راﺮﻜﺗ ﻢﺘﻳو .Output File

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

DXF ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ (١٩) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

AutoCad ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻲﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻢﺳﺭ ﺀﺎﳖﺇ NGN ﱃﺇ WGS84 ﺕﺎﻴﺛﺍﺪﺣﺇ ﻡﺎﻈ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟﺍ ٣-٣

ﺔﻴﻨﻃﻮﻟا ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣا ﻲﻟا WGS84 ﻦﻣ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻻا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ دﺎآﻮﺗا ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﺑ dxf ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻟإ لﻮﺤﻤﻟا ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تﻻدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ١-٢ ﺪﻨﺒﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺣوﺮﺸﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺴﻜﻌﻟا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذ و NGN

م ١٩٦.٥٧+ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﻗﺮﺸﻟا = ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻰﻓ تﺎﻴﻗﺮﺸﻟا

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

Easting in NGN =Easting in WGS84+196.57 m

م٩٨.١٧+ ﻲﻤﻟﺎﻌﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟا = ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا مﺎﻈﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟا

Northing in NGN =Northing in WGS84+98.17 m ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗا ﻢﺘﻳ AutoCAD ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﻂﺋاﺮﺨﻠﻟ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا اﺬه ﻞﻤﻌﻟ

  • e) Command: move

  • f) Select objects: all

  • g) Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: 0,0

  • h) Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: 196.57, 98.17

ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا تﺎﻧﻮﻜﻤﻟ ﻞﻴﺻﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﻤﻟو .ﻪﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻲﻗﺎﺑ و رﺎﻃﻻا ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺎﺑ ﻲآوﺮﻜﻟا ءﺎﻬﻧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﻚﻟذ ﺪﻌﺑ تﺎﻄﻄﺨﻤﻟا ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗو ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ةرادا ﻦﻣ ردﺎﺼﻟا ﻚﻟﺬﺑ صﺎﺨﻟا تﺎﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺐﻴﺘآ ﻲﻟا عﻮﺟﺮﻟا

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟﺍ GPS ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﲑﺴﻟﺍ ﻁﻮﻄﺧ ﻁﺎﻘﺳﺇ -٤

ﺔﻄﻴﺳﻮﻟا ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﺾﻌﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻦﻜﻟ و ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا GPS ةﺰﻬﺟا ﻦﻣ دوﺪﺤﻣ دﺪﻋ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻟا Google earth pro ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ﻞﻀﻓا ﻦﻣ و .ﻲﻧﺎﺠﻤﻟا Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺮﻴﺴﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ طﺎﻘﺳا و ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا ةﺰﻬﺟﻻا عاﻮﻧا ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻟا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ .ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻣ ﻞآ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﺮﻴﺴﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ طﺎﻘﺳا ﻞﻤﻋ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﻟ حﺮﺷ ﻲﻠﻳﺎﻤﻴﻓ و GPS trackmaker و Tiles2kml ﻲﺠﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﺣﺮﺘﻘﻤﻟا

ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟﺍ GPS ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﲑﺴﻟﺍ ﻁﻮﻄﺧ ﻁﺎﻘﺳﺇ ١ -٤

Tiles2kml

ﻞﻳﺰﻨﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا Garmin ةﺰﻬﺟﺎﺑ صﺎﺨﻟا map source ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا ةﺰﻬﺟﻻا تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﺰﻨﺘﺑ صﺎﺨﻟا ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا طﺎﻘﺳﻻ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗا ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﺛ gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ وا زﺎﻬﺠﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻠﺻﻻا ﺔﻐﻴﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻣا ﻪﻃﺎﻘﺳا بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ (٢٠) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺤﺿﻮﻤﻟا و Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

Tiles2kml ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا طﺎﻘﺳإ تاﻮﻄﺧ (٢٠) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

GPS Files ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ Tiles2kml ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻦﻣ -١ ﻪﺣﺮﺷ ﻖﺒﺳ ﺎﻤآ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ -٢

ﺦﻟا

...ﻂﺧ

ﻚﻤﺳو نﻮﻟ ﻦﻣ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ -٣

١-٤-٢ ﺪﻨﺒﻟا ﻲﻟإ ةدﻮﻌﻟا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻞﻴﺼﻔﺘﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺰﻤﻟ و ﺮﻬﻈﺗ و ﺔﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﻲﻓ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻂﻘﺴﻳو ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ T2K transformation ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا لﻮﻃ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﺔآﺮﺣ ضﺮﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟا ﺎﻬﻟﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﻲﻠﻋا ﺖﻴﻗﻮﺗ ةﺮﻄﺴﻣ .(٢١) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﻤآ ﺔآﺮﺤﻟا فﺎﻘﻳإو ﺎﻬﺒه ﺬﻓﺎﻧ ﺢﺘﻔﺘﻓ ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا نﺎﻜﻣ ﻲﻠﻋ لﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔآﺮﺤﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳﻷا ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻟا ءﺎﻨﺛأ ثﺪﺣ يأ ﻦﻋ تﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻤﻟ و (٢٢) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ﺔﻄﻘﻨﻟا ﻩﺬه ﺪﻨﻋ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﻟاو تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻪﻃﺎﻘﺳإ ﺪﻌﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا (٢١) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻟا ءﺎﻨﺛإ ﻦﻴﻌﻣ ﺖﻗو ﺪﻨﻋ ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟ ضﺮﻋ (٢٢) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟﺍ GPS ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﲑﺴﻟﺍ ﻁﻮﻄﺧ ﻁﺎﻘﺳﺇ ٢ -٤ GPS trackmaker

ﺎﻤآ ﺮﻬﻈﻴﻓ gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺘﺑ وا (٢٢) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﻴﺒﻣ ﻮهﺎﻤآ ﻲﻔﻜﻟا GPS زﺎﻬﺟ ﻦﻣ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﺛ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻞﻣﺎآ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲﺘﺣ ﺐﺤﺴﻳ و ﻦﻤﻳﻻا ةرﺎﻔﻟا رز ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ و (٢٣) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا طﺎﻘﺳا ﻢﺘﻴﻓ Google earth ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

GPS trackmaket ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻟا لﺎﺒﻘﺘﺳﻻا ﺰﻬﺟا ﻦﻣ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ (٢٢) ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﺪﻌﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا (٢٣) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻤﲢ ﻭ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﲑﺴﻟﺍ ﻁﻮﻄﺧ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗﻭ ﻢﺳﺭ -٥ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟﺍ GPS

ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و ﺎهﺮﻴﻏو ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﻋﻻﺎﺑ مﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﻩﺮﻴﺜآ ضاﺮﻏﻻ تﻼﺣﺮﻟا ﺾﻌﺒﺑ مﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺮﻣﻻا ﺐﻠﻄﺘﻳ نﺎﻴﺣﻻا ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺑ دﺎﺷﺮﺘﺳﻼﻟ ﺎﻬﻋاﻮﻧﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻔﻜﻟا GPS ةﺰﻬﺟا ﻲﻠﻋ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا اﺬه ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺛ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻠﻟ حﺮﺘﻘﻤﻟا رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻢﺳرو ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذو حﺮﺘﻘﻤﻟا رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻤﻟ

رﺎﺴﻣ ﻞﻀﻓا دﺪﺤﻳ ﻢﺛ ﺔﺣﺮﺘﻘﻤﻟا تارﺎﺴﻤﻟا ضاﺮﻌﺘﺳا ﻢﺘﻳ Google earth ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ

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ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ KML داﺪﺘﻣﺎﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ ﺖﻳ ﻢﺛ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻞﻣﺎآ ﻢﺳر ﻢﺘﻳ و Add path ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳإ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ رﺎﺴﻣ ﻢﺳر ﻢﺘﻳ (٢٣)

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ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ وا GPS trackmaker ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﺎﻣا ﻦﻴﺘﻘﻳﺮﻃ يﺪﺣﺎﺑ GPX ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ

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http://www.zonums.com/online/kml2x.html

GPS ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ وأ زﺎﻬﺟ ﻞﻜﺑ صﺎﺨﻟا ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﻲﻔﻜﻟا GPS زﺎﻬﺟ ﻲﻟا GPX ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ ﻊﻓر ﻢﺘﻳ -٤ trackmaker

http://www.zonums.com ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱄﺍ KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺭﺎﺴﳌﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ١-٥

ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﻩدﺪﻌﺘﻣ ﻎﻴﺻ ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ تﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺔﻣﺪﺧ مﺪﻘﻳ http://www.zonums.com/online/kml2x.html ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻟا عﺎﺒﺗﺎﺑ ﻚﻟذو GPX ﺔﻐﻴﺻ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻠﻋ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻢﺳر (٢٣) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ (٢٤) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﻤآ ﺐﻳﻮﻟا ﺔﺤﻔﺻ ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟا ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ

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.ﻒﻠﻤﻟا تﺎﻳﻮﺘﺤﻣ ضﺮﻋو ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﻓ رﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻣ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ OPEN KML ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ

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ﻞﻀﻔﻳو

...ﻊﻠﻀﻣ

رﺎﺴﻣ،ﻪﻄﻘﻧ تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟا عﻮﻧ ﻚﻟﺬآ و GPXGPS رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ و ﺔﻴﻟإ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا داﺮﻤﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﺔﻐﻴﺻ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ -٣ Data type to export تارﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻦﻣ ﻚﻟذو عاﻮﻧﻷا ﻊﻴﻤﺟ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا

UTM zone 37/WGS84 تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ رﺎﻴﺘﺧا ﻢﺘﻳ

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ﺦﺴﻧ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻢﺛ (٢٥) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا تﺎﻳﻮﺘﺤﻣ ﺎﻬﺑ ةﺪﻳﺪﺟ ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ ﺢﺘﻔﺗ EXPORT ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟا ﺪﻨﻋ -٥ ﻚﻟﺬﻟ NOTEPAD ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ و gpx داﺪﺘﻣﺎﺑ ﻲﺼﻧ ﻒﻠﻤآ ﻪﻈﻔﺣوو ﻒﻠﻤﻟا تﺎﻳﻮﺘﺤﻣ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

gpx ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﻪﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻎﻴﺻ ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟ ﺐﻳﻮﻟا ﺔﺤﻔﺻ (٢٤) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺼﻟ ﻲﺼﻨﻟا ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ (٢٥) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

GPS trackmaker ﺞﻣﺎ ﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ gpx ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱄﺍ KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﺭﺎﺴﳌﺍ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ١-٥

ﻦﻣ Convert Files ﺮﻣﻻا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﻚﻟذو gpx ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﻳ GPS trackmaker ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ (٢٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺤﺿﻮﻤﻟا ﺬﻓاﻮﻨﻟا ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ File ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻗ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

GPS trackmaker ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ gpx ﻲﻟا KML ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻣ تﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟا ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ (٢٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻁﺎﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻊﻴﻗﻮﺗ -٦

ﺮﻣﻻا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﻚﻟذ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟا ﺢﻴﺘﻳ و Google Earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ طﺎﻘﻨﻟا ﺾﻌﺑ نﺎﻜﻣأ ﻊﻴﻗﻮﺘﺑ مﺎﻴﻘﻟا تﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟا ﺾﻌﺑ ﺐﻠﻄﺘﺗ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا ﺐﻠﻄﺘﻳ ﺮﻣﻷا اﺬه و .ضﺮﻌﻟاو لﻮﻄﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ يأ ﺎﻴﻓاﺮﻐﺟ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ و Add Placemark ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺪﻬﺠﻟاو ﺖﻗﻮﻟا قﺮﻐﺘﺴﻳ ﺎﻤﻣ ةﺪﺣ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻄﻘﻧ ﻞآ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ لﺎﺧدإ و ضﺮﻌﻟا و لﻮﻄﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ ﻲﻟإ تﺎﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟاو تﺎﻴﻗﺮﺸﻟا طﺎﻘﻨﻟا تﺎﻴﻗﺮﺷ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﺈﺑ طﺎﻘﻨﻠﻟ KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻣ ءﺎﺸﻧﺈﺑ مﻮﻘﻳ ﻮه و EPoint2GE ﻞﻴﺴآإ ﻒﻠﻣ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻦﻜﻟو .ﻊﻴﻗﻮﺘﻟاو ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟا :ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا تاﻮﻄﺨﻠﻟ ﺎﻘﺒﻃ ﻚﻟذو ضﺮﻋ و لﻮﻃ طﻮﻄﺧ وا تﺎﻴﻟﺎﻤﺷو

Macro settings ﻂﺒﻀﺑ ﻚﻟذ و وﺮآﺎﻤﻟا ﺮﻣاوأ ﻞﺒﻘﻳ ﺚﻴﺤﺑ Excel ﻞﻴﺴآإ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ داﺪﻋإ ﻢﺘﻳ

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(٢٧) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺷﺎﺸﻟا ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ EPoint2GE ﻒﻠﻣ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ

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ﻲﻓ ﻞه مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا مﺎﻈﻧ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻻوأ ﻢﺘﻳ و (٢٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ةﺬﻓﺎﻨﻟا ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ Create KML file ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳإ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ -٣ zone 37 UTM وأ لﻮﻄﻟاو ضﺮﻌﻟا طﻮﻄﺧ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

EPoint2GE ﻒﻠﻤﻟ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﺔﺷﺎﺸﻟا (٢٦) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

KML ﻒﻠﻣ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ و طﺎﻘﻨﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ ﻲﻠﻋ يﻮﺘﺤﻤﻟاو ﻞﻴﺴآﻹا ﻒﻠﻣ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ (٢٧) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﻦآﺎﻣأ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ و تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﻲﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﻮﺘﺤﻤﻟا ﻞﻴﺴآﻹا ﺔﺤﻔﺻ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ و ﻂﻘﻨﻟا تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ نﺎﻜﻣ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ (٢٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻤﻟا لﺎﺜﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ ﺮﺴﻳﻷا ةرﺎﻔﻟا رز ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ

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ﻲﻠﻋ ﻂﻐﻀﻟﺎﺑ و (٢٩) ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ةﺬﻓﺎﻧ نﻮﻜﺗ ﻞﻴﺴآﻹا ﺔﺤﻔﺻ ﻲﻓ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣﻹا ﻦآﺎﻣأ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ ﻦﻣ ءﺎﻬﺘﻧﻻا ﺪﻌﺑ -٥ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ءﺎﺸﻧإ ﻢﺘﻳ Accept ﺔﻧﻮﻘﻳأ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

(٣٠) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﻮه ﺎﻤآ طﺎﻘﻨﻟا ﻦآﺎﻣﺁ ﺮﻬﻈﺘﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ﺢﺘﻓ ﻢﺘﻳ

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ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

ﻞﻴﺴآﻹا ﺔﺤﻔﺼﺑ طﺎﻘﻧ تﺎﻴﺛاﺪﺣإ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺘﻟ لﺎﺜﻣ (٢٨) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

KML ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ءﺎﺸﻧإ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻒﻠﻤﻟا ةﺬﻓﺎﻨﻟ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻨﻟا ﻞﻜﺸﻟا (٢٩) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ

ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ..

ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻛﻭﺮﻜﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺍ ﻲﻓ Google earth ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺏﺎﻄﺤﻟﺍ ﺪﻤﺣﺃ . ﻡ . ﺩ

Google ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻪﻄﻘﺴﻣ طﺎﻘﻨﻟا ﻦآﺎﻣا (٢٩) ﻢﻗر ﻞﻜﺷ