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CRIMINOLOGY Licensure Examination
-------------------------------------------------------------------------CORRECTION ADMINISTRATION & PROBATION
INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following
questions. Mark only one answer for each item by shading the space
corresponding to the letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided.
1. Probation is granted to _______ who are sentenced to a prison term of
not more than six (6) years.
A. recidivist
C. fist time offenders
B. second time offenders
D. senior citizens
2. The child and youth welfare code of 1974 was promulgated on December
10, 1974 by virtue of what Presidential decree?
A. P.D. 613
C. P.D. 916
B. P.D. 603
D. P.D. 319
3. What are emphasized under the custodial model of correctional
A. reintegration into society
B. security, discipline and order
C. rehabilitation and correction
D. physical and mental upliftment
4. What is the security classification of inmates who have two (2) or more
escape records but have served 8 years since recommitment?
A. minimum security
C. optimum security
B. maximum security
D. medium security
5. What is the security classification of an inmate who is criminally
insane or with severe personality or emotional disorder and is dangerous
to others?
A. minimum security
C. maximum security
B. optimum security
D. medium security
6. ________ program employs prisoners in various product or good
productions tasks.
A. agricultural
C. operational
B. industrial
D. administrative
7. Which of the following statement is TRUE?
A. a parolee may be authorized by the parole and probation
officer to travel outside his operational jurisdiction for a
period of not more than thirty (30) days.
B. Outside travel for a cumulative duration of more than thirty
(30) days within a period of one (1) year shall be
considered transfer of residence
C. It is not mandatory for the parolee to comply with the terms
and conditions appearing in the release document
D. A parolee cannot transfer to a residence other than that
indicated in the release document without prior written
approval of the board of pardon and parole

8. What is referred to as hustling inside the prison?

A. befriending a prison guard
B. selling illegal commodities
C. doing assigned prison assignment
D. reporting illegal activities
9. Juanito is 17 years old when he was convicted for the crime of theft.
Can he apply for probation under the adult probation system?
A. no, because he is entitled for parole
B. no, because his crime is theft
C. no, because he is only 17 years old
D. no, because he is convicted of a crime
10. It is a correctional model wherein criminals are punished because they
have infringed the rights of others and the security of the sanction
should fit the seriousness of the crime.
A. benefit of the clergy
C. rehabilitation model
B. custodial model
D. just desert model
11. Who among

the following may have his penalty suspended under PD 603?

Eduardo who is 30 years old
Peter who is 10 years old
Ronald who is 25 years old
Jack who is 20 years old

12. What document is issued to a parolee when the maximum period of his
prison term has expired?
A. certificate of final discharge
B. certificate of prison term completion
C. certificate of final release
D. certificate of final release and discharge
13. It was an age of
technological change
the landscape.
A. age of
B. age of

response to the industrialization, urbanization,

and advancement of science that had revolutionalized

C. age of correction
D. age of enlightenment

14. Which model underscores the assumption that criminal behavior is

caused by biological or psychological conditions that require treatment?
A. reform model
C. community model
B. rehabilitation model
D. medical model
15. What is the legal process that results in the removal of conviction
from the official records?
A. exoneration
C. expungement
B. restriction
D. mitigation
16. The judge will base the grant of probation on the report of the _____.
A. social worker
C. prosecutor
B. probation officer
D. police officer
17. When can a drug user or one who is in possession of drugs be placed on
A. first time offender
B. first time offender and less than 21 years old
C. second time offender and less than 21 years old
D. second time offender

18. Which of the following is considered in the grant of conditional

A. good conduct shown
B. discipline of the prisoner
C. old age provided that he was not yet 60 years old at the
time of his commitment to prison
D. length of time spend in prison
19. What do call the pathway between a two towers?
A. catwalk
C. pathway
B. hall way
D. none of these
20. To what penal farm were political prisoners in the 1870s confined?
A. sablayan penal colony
B. san ramon prison penal farm
C. iwahig penal colony
D. davao penal colony
21. A married prisoner is visited by his wife and they are granted time
for their marital sexual obligations. This privilege is called?
A. conjugal partnership
C. conjugal incentive
B. conjugal vacation
D. conjugal visit
22. What is the movement in 1790 which held that offenders were out of
touch with God thus, they were given bibles and placed in isolation?
A. reformatory movement
C. quaker reform movement
B. church reform movement D. crime prevention movement
23. Where shall Marito be confined if his sentence is six (6) months or
A. provincial jail
C. penal farm
B. municipal jail
D. national prison
24. It is a judicial action or legal disposition that allows the offender
to remain in the community subject to conditions imposed by court order.
A. commutation
C. reprieve
B. probation
D. parole
25. Which agency performs the evaluation of prisoners fitness and
qualifications for the grant of parole and pardon?
A. National police commission
B. Board of pardon and parole
C. Department of social welfare and development
D. National bureau of investigation
26. Which of the following institutions is included under the corrections
sub- system?
A. drug rehabilitation center
B. police
C. jails
D. drug enforcement units
27. The theory which affords the society or the individual who was wronged
the opportunity to impose upon the offender such suitable punishment as
may be enforced?
A. retribution
C. deterrence
B. reformation
D. expiation
28. Who among

the following may have his penalty suspended under PD 603?

Pablo who is 25 years old
Juan who is 10 years old
Martin who is 20 years old
Pedro who is 19 years old

29. Sonny is convicted for a crime that carries a prison sentence of more
than eight (8) years and one (1) day. Can Sonny avail of probation?
A. No
B. He will be pardoned
C. He will served 1/ 2 of the sentence in jail
D. Yes
30. The target of behavior change effort for inmate is not criminality per
se but the variety of problem behavior surrounding criminal lifestyles.
Which of the following is NOT a problem behavior?
A. ability to relate with others
B. ability to control anger and frustration
C. ability to logically and rationally think
D. deficiency in social skills
31. Which among the following are the major goals of corrections?
A. punishment, confinement, retribution, treatment
B. retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation
C. deterrence, retribution, punishment, treatment
D. deterrence, punishment, incapacitation, treatment
32. Which of

the following should NOT a probationer do?

make periodic office report
go and play in a gambling den
work regularly to support his family
stay away from bad associates

33. Force is

used only by correctional institutions to:

exact respect
enforce discipline
show physical strength and power
perform assignments

34. The Supreme Court automatically reviews the cases of criminals

convicted and meted out the penalty of:
A. 12 years 6 months and one day
B. life imprisonment
C. death
D. 6 years, one month and 1 day
35. Presidential Decree No. 968 established the __________ system.
A. civilian police
C. juvenile justice
B. family welfare
D. adult probation
36. What correctional institution houses accused persons awaiting trial?
A. rehabilitation center
C. jail
B. half- way house
D. prison
37. The following are identified as correctional dilemmas EXCEPT
A. ambivalent correctional strategies and technique
B. unclear statement of correctional mission
C. government support for funding requirement
D. inadequacy of correctional personnel
38. The ________ theory in crime causation focuses on the criminal
disorders, chromosomes irregularity and abnormal brain activity.
A. psychological theory
C. sociological theory
B. biological theory
D. political theory

39. This was the period when concepts of liberalism, nationality,

equality and individualism dominated social and political thinking in the
18th century in England.
A. age of reform
C. age of discernment
B. age of rehabilitation
D. age of reason
40. What does the classical theory provide?
A. criminal behavior is inherited and therefore could be
controlled by regulating the production of families
B. criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other
persons in a process of communication
C. crime and delinquency are symptoms of social and penalty
D. the basis for criminal liability is human free will and the
purpose of penalty is retribution
41. What correctional goal is referred to when the offender is rendered
physically unable to commit a crime in the future?
A. deterrence
C. rehabilitation
B. incapacitation
D. retribution
42. Under the UN standard minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners,
which of the following are the two (2) basic principles under the rules of
general application to prisoners?
1. There shall be not discrimination on grounds of race, color,
sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national
or social origin, birth or other status
2. It is necessary to respect the religious beliefs and moral
precepts of the group to which a prisoners belongs
3. The treatment of prisoners should emphasize not their
exclusion from the community, but their continuing part in it.
4. Unconvicted prisoners are presumed to be innocent and shall
be treated as such
A. 2 and 3
B. 3 and 4

C. 1 and 2
D. 4 and 1

43. When does punishment have a deterrent effect?

A. punishment reduces the capacity of an individual to commit a
B. punishment is serious compared with the nature of offense
C. punishment disgraces the offender before the public
D. punishment serves as an example to the public thus,
discouraging the commission of offense
44. Who espoused the idea that criminality increases in proportion as one
approaches the equator?
A. Lombroso
C. Ferri
B. Garofalo
D. Montesquieu
45. This is an investigation of behavior based on subjects responses to
questions concerning activities in which they have engaged.
A. victimization study
C. social study
B. self- report study
D. criminological research

46. Antonio Lava was sentenced to serve a maximum term of imprisonment of

not more than six (6) years. He applied for probation but his application
will not be considered if:
1. he was convicted of subversion of any crime against
national security or public interest
2. he was previously convicted by final judgment of an
offense punished by imprisonment of not less than one
(1) month and one (1) day and / or a fine of not less
than Php 200.00
3. he was previously granted probation
4. he was previously granted parole
A. 1, 2 and 3
B. any of those listed

C. 2, 3, and 4
D. 3, 4, and 1

47. Which of the following is an open correctional institution known to be

the best and prison without walls?
A. Sablayan penal colony
B. Iwahig penal colony
C. San Ramon prison and penal farm
D. Davao penal farm
48. Among the following factors, which would best determine the extent to
which prison functions are subdivided?
A. operating programs
B. adequacy of resources
C. inmate population and size of the prison/ jail
D. number of prison staff
49. Who espoused four (4) correctional principles as follows: security
and sanity structure; systematic inspection; abolition of fees; and a
reformatory regimen?
A. Jeremy Bentham
C. John Howard
B. Cesare Becarria
D. James Wilson
50. Aside from the name, offense committed and the court imposing the
sentence, what information about an alien offender should be reported to
the Commissioner of Immigration?
A. his educational background and profession
B. name of his wife and children
C. his age, weight and height
D. his nationality and number of his alien certificate of
51. What theory provides that criminal behavior is learned in interaction
with other persons in the process of communications?
A. strain theory
B. psychoanalytical theory
C. social disorganization theory
D. differential association theory
52. How are habitual offenders who have been involved in prostitution,
drugs, numbers and shoplifting called?
A. Punk
C. Cool
B. The life
D. Square
53. Who said that punishment should not
deter crime because excessive punishment
A. Charles Goring
B. Robert Peel

be more secure than necessary to

is unjustified?
Raffaeli Garofalo
Jeremy Bentham

54. What idea was advocated by John Howard?

A. Corporal punishment is more effective than other punishment
B. Prisons should be under the control of the police
C. Public labor by offenders should be abolished
D. Reformation will not occur inside penitentiary
55. When can

some prisoners have disciplinary authority over their co-

When they show macho image

When they are of senior age over those to be supervised
When they are of good behavior, more technically skilled and
properly trained
D. When they have grease money

56. What is the action of the court in case a probationer violated his/
her probation conditions?
A. Court revokes probation and probationer goes to prison
B. Court directs probationer to re- apply for probation
C. Court releases the probationer to the community
D. Court orders the continuation of probation
57. You are a legislator who would like to help in the resolution of the
labeling problem of ex- convicts. Which of the following is the best
legislative proposal to prepare?
A. A bill that would expunge all criminal records pertaining to
all released prisoners
B. A bill that would penalize business establishment or offices
which will not accept released prisoners as long as they
qualify to the vacant position
C. A bill that would grant automatic absolute pardon to those
who have served atleast 90% of their sentence
D. A bill that would grant automatic parole to those who have
served atleast 80% of their sentence
58. There are four (4) concepts of lifestyle in prison. What concept is
referred to when inmates aspire for leadership within the prison
subculture and such positions and power in the prison society?
A. disorganized criminals C. doing time
B. jailing
D. gleaning
59. How do inmates know that they have letters?
A. An inmate trustee delivers the letters to addresses
B. A list with mails for inmates is posted
C. Inmates with letters are called to the Jail Wardens office
D. A jail guard delivers the letters personally
60. Who introduced the Silent System in 1831 at Auburn Prison?
A. James Wilson
C. Jeremy Bentham
B. Alan Lynds
D. John Howard
61. The correctional principle that the basis of all social action must
be the utilitarian conception of the greatest happiness for the greatest
number was se forth by:
A. Montesquieu
C. Becarria
B. Locke
D. Voltaire
62. Female prison reform during the 19th century had the following
principles EXCEPT
A. separation of women prisoners from male
B. suspension of sentence
C. control of womens prison by female management and staff
D. provision for differential feminine care

63. How are inmates called when they are of low intelligence or afflicted
with psychological or physical disabilities and who have difficulty in
functioning within the prison society?
A. psychotic criminals
C. adult criminals
B. disorganized criminals D. juvenile offenders
64. A convict is in a __________ if he is placed inside one (1) cell
alone and without anybody to talk to or be seen with.
A. individual confinement C. corporal punishment
B. capital punishment
D. solitary confinement
65. After release from the jail or prison, when does the parolee present
himself to the parole and probation officer?
A. atleast one (1) month from release
B. within three (3) months from release
C. atleast three (3) weeks from release
D. within the period prescribed in the release document
66. One of the purposes of Adult Probation Law is to:
A. Promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender
by providing him with personalized, community based program
B. Place the offender outside the police power of the state
C. Coordinate the workings of the agencies of the criminal
justice system
D. Foster closer relationship between the offender and the
judge who promulgated the probation order
67. Is Mario

qualified for probation if his prison term is arresto mayor?

Yes, his sentence is less than 6 years and 1 day
No, his sentence is 12 years
No, his sentence is 8 years
Yes, his sentence is 6 months

68. Under this correctional goal, the criminal is rendered physically

unable to commit crime in the future.
A. retribution
C. incapacitation
B. deterrence
D. rehabilitation
69. Who among the following is a provincial prisoner?
A. a prisoner serving a term below six (6) years
B. a prisoner serving a term of six (6) years up
C. a prisoner serving a term of six (6) months and one (1) day
to three (3) years
D. a prisoner serving a term of three (3) years and one (1) day
and up
70. What theory in criminology states that criminals are totally
responsible for their behaviors. The stress is more in the effect of their
felonious act than upon the criminal himself.
A. classical theory
C. biological theory
B. positivist theory
D. physiological theory
71. Which two (2) of the following unusual offenders should be under the
close supervision of the Jail Physicians?
1. mentally- ill
2. sex deviates
3. infirm or sick
4. escape prone prisoners
A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3

C. 3 and 4
D. 2 and 3

72. Who said that criminal acts are signals of distress, signals of
failures, the spasms of struggles and convulsions of a sub marginal human
being trying to make it in our complex society with inadequate equipment
and preparation?
A. John Howard
C. James Wilson
B. Karl Menninger
D. Jeremy Bentham
73. The parole and probation administration administers a _________
correctional program.
A. institutional
C. integrated
B. community based
D. traditional
74. Changing criminals through non-punitive means is referred to as
A. retribution
C. restitution
B. reformation
D. rehabilitation
75. Alfonso Mata was sentenced to imprisonment on September 30, 2002. On
October 5, 2002 the judge who promulgated the decision died. What is the
effect of the judges death to the service of Alfonsos sentence?
A. He will have to serve his sentence
B. His sentence will be suspended
C. His sentence will nit be binding anymore
D. His sentence will be reduced
76. Placido was convicted to a prison term of prision correctional. Will
he qualify for probation?
A. no, his sentence is three (3) years and 1 day
B. no, his sentence is six (6) years and 1 day
C. yes, his sentence is less than six (6) years and 1 day
D. no, his sentence is more than six (6) years and 1 day
77. What was
atoned for by

the system of money compensation in which harm could be

a money payment to the injured party?
lex taliones
C. wergild
D. fine

78. It is an arrangement where a prisoner goes out of the institution to

attend educational classes.
A. Vocational program
C. Work Furlough
B. Guidance counseling
D. study release
79. What the right to be tried in an ecclesiastical court during the
middle ages?
A. inquisition
C. social contract
B. benefit of the clergy
D. secular prosecution
80. Prison work assignments are given to prisons usually _________.
A. at early morning hours
B. after recreational hours
C. before sleeping hours
D. during middle hours of the day
81. Which among the following strategies should be developed in order to
enhance corrections in the country?
A. Development of clear vision, mission, objective
B. Management of correction efficiency
C. Integration of correction services
D. Encouragement of private sector to assist correction

82. Which among the following factors are considered in petition for
executive clemency?
1. age of the petitioner
2. gravity of the offense
3. manner in which offense was committed
4. petitioners institutional conduct or behavior
5. previous criminal record, if any
A. 2, 3, 4 and 5
B. 1, 2, 3 and 4

C. all these listed

D. 3, 4, 5 and 1

83. Joan was convicted of the crime of theft at age 10. What law provides
that she should be released to her family?
A. Presidential Decree No. 1184
B. Presidential Decree No. 968
C. Presidential Decree No. 603
D. Presidential Decree No. 448
84. Who among the following prisoners is a national prisoner?
1. One who is sentenced to a maximum term of imprisonment
of more than three (3) years or to a fine of more than
Php 5,000.00
2. Regardless of length of sentence, one sentence for
violation of customs law or other laws within the
jurisdiction of the Bureau of Customs
3. Regardless of length of sentence, one sentence for
violation of Immigration laws and Election laws
4. One sentenced to serve two (2) or more prison
sentences in the aggregate exceeding the period of
three (3) years
A. 3, 4 and 1
B. all those listed

C. 2, 3, and 4
D. 1, 2 and 3

85. One of the following criminologists espoused the idea that the
certainty of punishment outweighs its severity as a deterrent against
A. Cesare Becarria
C. Charles Goring
B. Jeremy Bentham
D. William Sheldon
86. Who was the sheriff of Bedfordshire, England whose writings served to
bring about changes that resulted in the development of the
A. Cesare Lombroso
C. Jeremy Bentham
B. Cesare Becarria
D. John Howard
87. Which of the following is encouraged to give the inmate a respite
from the strain of prison life?
A. Report unruly behavior of fellow inmates
B. Maintain wholesome contact with friends and relatives
through correspondents
C. Perform prison assignments/ works diligently
D. Write his autobiography for others to read
88. Which of the following is exercised by executive clemency with the
concurrence of Congress?
A. probation
C. pardon
B. amnesty
D. parole
89. It refers to commission of another crime during service of sentence
of penalty imposed for another previous offense.
A. recidivism
C. delinquency
B. quasi- recidivism
D. concurso de delito

90. It is responsible for carrying out the treatment programs of the

prisoners in jails.
A. Warden
C. Chaplain
B. Classification board
D. disciplinary board
91. Pardon cannot be extended to one of the following instances.
A. murder
C. brigandage
B. rape
D. impeachment
92. He introduced the Progressive or Mark system of penal management,
which granted privileges and good conduct time gradually culminating to
the offenders release and an improvement of the ticket of leave. Who was
A. Sir Evelyn Ruggles Brise
B. Alexander Machonochie
C. Sir Walter Crafton
D. Zebulon Brockway
93. The features of this prison system were confinement of the prisoners
in their cells day and night.
A. Auburn
C. Pennsylvania system
B. pre- classical
D. Judea Christian theory
94. A model of correctional history that had been successful for young
boys and girls in the earlier house or refuge and training that was
adopted for older offenders.
A. family model
C. reform model
B. penitence model
D. rehabilitation model
95. A person who is sentenced to serve imprisonment for not more than
three (3) years or to pay a fine of not more than Php 1,000.00 or both
fine and imprisonment.
A. city prisoner
C. insular prisoner
B. national prisoner
D. municipal prisoner
96. This prison system was considered more advantageous because it had
been observed that prisoners could finish more articles when they work in
groups than working alone in their individual cells.
A. Maison de force
C. Auburn system
B. none of these
D. Pennsylvania system
97. What law was passed by the U.S. Congress which ended the industrial
prison movement?
A. a law which prohibited the increase of delinquency in
B. none of these
C. a law which encouraged the prisoners to be more industrious
in the works
D. a law which prohibited the sale of prison made articles to
the public and limited their use to government owned or
controlled institutions
98. Which of the following types of jail is under the supervision of
Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BMJP)?
A. Provincial jail
B. City and municipal jail
C. District jail
D. Insular jail

99. What is called as the mechanical device, contrivance or tools used to

hold back, keep in check or under control a prisoner?
A. instrument of restraint
B. iron leg lock
C. handcuffs
D. metallic chains
100. Under the prison service manual, what is the prescribed color of
prison uniform for maximum-security prison?
A. blue
C. yellow
B. white
D. orange
101. When an inmate is given a shakedown before admission it means:
A. process of identification, record, fingerprint and
B. examination of an inmate for contraband
C. delivery of commitment paper to records section
D. all of these
102. In New Bilibid prison, the medium security prisoners are confined at
A. NBP main prison camp
C. Camp Bukang Liwayway
B. Camp Sampaguita
D. all of these
103. He is the first leader to prescribe imprisonment as correctional
treatment for major offenders.
A. Charles Montesquieu
C. Jeremy Bentham
B. William Penn
D. Cesare Becarria
104. In case of mass jail break, all members of the custodial force shall
be immediately issued firearms and assigned to critical post to:
A. protect the other inmates
B. shoot the escaping inmates
C. plug off the escape routes
D. give warning shots
105. Upon receipt of the probation officers investigation report, the
court shall resolve the application for probation not later than
A. Fifteen (15) days from receipt
B. Sixty (60) days from receipt
C. Forty five (45) days from receipt
D. Thirty (30) days from receipt
106. The entrusting for confinement of an offender to a jail by competent
court or authority for investigation, trial and/ or service of
sentence is known as:
A. commitment order
C. imprisonment
B. mittimus
D. recognizance
107. The most

common problem of the national prison is:

excessive number of escapes
disagreement about mess
lack of adequate funding

108. Who is the father of Philippine Probation Law?

A. Jose Lacson
C. Juan Ponce Enrile
B. Teodulo Natividad
D. Antonio Torres

109. Which among the following prison system is known as Congregated

A. Auburn
C. Pennsylvania system
B. pre- classical
D. Judea Christian theory
110. He opened Borstal prisons, considered as the best reformatory
institutions for young offenders.
A. Alexander Machonochie
C. Sir Walter Crofton
B. Brokway
D. Sir Evelyn Brise
111. What was

the first prison constructed in the year 1847?

National Bilibid Prison
Correctional Institution for Women
New Bilibid Prison
San Ramon Penal Colony

112. A youth offender held for physical and mental examination, trial or
pending an appeal, infusible to furnish bail shall from the time of arrest
be committed to the care of _____________.
A. Child and Youth Welfare
B. Bantay Bata Center
D. City Jail
113. Under Section 4 of Presidential Decree 968 that no application for
probation shall be granted if the defendant has perfected and __________
from the judgment of conviction.
A. trial
C. waived
B. pre- trial
D. appeal
114. The Bureau of Correction is under what Department?
A. Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
B. Department of the Interior and Local Government
C. Department of Justice
D. Office of the Provincial Governor
115. In the early history of imprisonment, there were two (2) rival
prisons system; the Auburn prison system known as the congregated system
and the other system is known for its separate system called the ______.
A. Elmira reformatory
C. Alcatraz prison
B. Pennsylvania system
D. Walnut street jail
116. What is the type of prison conceived by Jeremy Bentham which would
consist of a large circular building of cast iron and glass containing
multi tiered cells around the periphery?
A. Walnut street jail
C. Alcatraz prison
B. Panoptican prison
D. Auburn prison system

The following are the justifications of punishment EXCEPT

A. retribution
C. deterrence
B. atonement
D. happiness

118. The presidential Decree that suspends the sentence of minor offenders
whose ages range from nine years old to under eighteen years and places
them in rehabilitation center.
A. PD 968
C. PD 603
B. PD 1203
D. PD 29
119. Republic

Act 7659 is known as what?

Anti- Rape law
Anti- violence against women and children
Death Penalty law
Lethal injection

120. What law can be considered the second Probation Law in the
Philippines which is intended only for minors?
A. RA 7610
C. RA 4221
B. PD 968
D. PD 603
121. This group consists of chronic troublemakers but not as dangerous as
the super security prisoners. They are not allowed to work outside the
A. super security prisoners
B. medium security prisoners
C. maximum security prisoners
D. minimum security prisoners
122. Which of the following factors is used mostly for the diversification
of correctional institution?
A. age
C. sex
B. degree of custody
D. mental condition
123. A person who is sentenced to serve imprisonment for not more than six
A. insular prisoner
C. city prisoner
B. provincial prisoner
D. municipal prisoner
124. Who is the shoemaker in Boston, USA where the first probation
A. Alexander Machonochie
C. John Howard
B. John Augustus
D. Walter Crofton
125. What year the Bilibid Prison was constructed?
A. 1932
C. 1869
B. 1905
D. 1847
126. A person who is sentenced to serve a prison term of over three (3)
years is a:
A. municipal prisoner
C. national prisoner
B. detention prisoner
D. city prisoner
127. What is the area size of San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm?
A. 552 hectares
C. 36,000 hectares
B. 18,000 hectares
D. 1,564 hectares
128. Where is the Reception and Diagnostic Center (RDC) located?
A. Bukang Liwayway camp
C. Sablayan Penal Colony
B. Camp Sampaguita
D. Maximum Security compound
129. What is the ultimate goal of imprisonment?
A. punishment
C. redress
B. isolation
D. rehabilitation
130. The duration
A. one
B. six
C. six
D. one

of arresto menor as a penalty is from ______

to thirty days
to twelve years
years and one day

131. One who undergoes preventive imprisonment is known as _________.

A. Parole
C. Detention prisoner
B. Probationer
D. Any of these

132. What privilege can be availed of only once, by first offenders for
penalties of imprisonment not exceeding six (6) years?
A. Parole
C. Probation
B. Psychological services D. Home life services
133. Rehabilitation of convicted offenders who are incarcerated inside
jails is called:
A. institutional treatment
B. parole
C. community based treatment
D. probation