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Presumption Juris Or Of Law – is a deduction

which the law
expressly directs to be made from particular facts.
Presumption Hominis Or Of Fact – is a
deduction which reason
draws from facts proved without an express
direction from the
law to that effect.
Prima Facie Evidence - that which is standing alone,
unexplained or
uncontradicted, is sufficient to maintain the
proposition affirmed.
Primary Evidence - that which the law regards as
affording the greatest
certainty of the fact in question. Also referred to as the
best evidence.
Privies - those who have mutual or successive
relationship to the
same right of property or subject matter, such as
representatives, heirs, devisees, legatees, assigns,
voluntary grantee
or judgment creditors or purchasers from them
without notices to the fact.
Privity - mutual succession of relationship to the
same rights of property.
Proof - the result or effect of evidence. When the
requisite quantum
of evidence of a particular fact has been duly admitted
and given weight,
the result is called the proof of such fact.
Relevant Evidence - evidence having any value in
reason as tending to
prove any matter provable in an action. The test is the
logical relation
of the evidentiary fact to the fact in issue, whether the
former tends
to establish the probability or improbability of the

Res Gestae - literally means things done; it includes
facts, and declarations incidental to the main facts or
necessary to illustrate its character and also includes
acts, words,
or declarations which are closely connected therewith
as to constitute
part of the transaction.
Rule Of Exclusion - that which is secondary
evidence cannot inceptively
be introduced as the original writing itself must be
produced in court,
except in the four instances mentioned in Section 3.
Secondary Evidence - that which is inferior to the
primary evidence and
is permitted by law only when the best evidence is not
Known as the substitutionary evidence.
- shows that better or primary evidence
exists as to
the proof of fact in question. It is deemed less reliable.
Self Serving Declaration - is one which has been
made extrajudicially
by the party to favor his interests. It is not admissible
in evidence.
Testimonial Evidence - is that which is submitted to
the court through
the testimony or deposition of a witness.
Unsound Mind - any mental aberration, whether
organic or functional, or
induced by drugs or hypnosis.
Witness - reference to a person who testifies in a
case or gives evidence
before a judicial tribunal.