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Worlds Of Music II – Research Assignment (Proposal

Rezah Sampson
Proposal Title
The Origin of Flamenco Music

How Flamenco Music came about - is a form of Spanish
folk music and dance from the region of Andalusia in southern
Spain. It includes cante (singing), toque (guitar
playing), baile (dance) and jaleo, which refers to the
vocalizations and rhythmic sounds of palmas (handclapping)
and pitos (finger snapping) that encourage performers to

Discussing a historical moment in Flamenco Culture Flamenco history has only been documented for the past two
hundred years or so, and anything before this time is open to
debate and speculation.

Much of what we know from before this time comes from
stories and legends that have been passed down through
family dynasties, in a similar way to the flamenco song itself.

Present any social movements of Flamenco Music

1. Flamenco's Repression and Resistance in Southern Spain.
2. Small cultural clubs for preservation.
3. Singing Prohibited.
4. History behind the movements
Research and discuss Instrumentation and Settings how
it influenced the music - Flamenco occurs in four main settings:

and is likely to ever produce. started their careers in tablaos flamencos. José Monge Cruz. Many scussing internationally renowned artists. 'New flamenco' (nuevo flamenco). popularized by Camarón de la Isla and other acts.  Tablaos are establishments that developed during the 1960s. may play the cajon. may include flutes. the theatrical presentation of flamenco is now comparable to a ballet. They may have their own company of performers for each show. one from Algerciras. Camerón de la Isla. Cádiz.  The professional concert. one or more singers singing solo in turn and one or more dancers.  Finally. piano. Known artistically as Paco de Lucia. and this came in the shape of two youngsters. Cameron de la Isla was to become the most imitated cantaor in flamenco history.The 1960s also produced another aspect that was to change the face of flamenco. One of the singers. keyboards. All performers will clap even if there are dedicated palmeros. The juerga is an informal. saxophones. similar to a jazz "jam session". Francisco Sánchez Gómez was to go on to become one of the biggest and most influential guitarists in Spanish history. bass guitars or electric guitars. The artists and instruments involved will vary according to what is available. A traditional concert has only a singer and one guitar while a dance concert usually includes two or three guitars. hoards of young singers . by such ensembles as the Maria Pagès and the famous Sara Baras Ballet Flamenco Company. Understanding Flamenco in the 19th and 20th century and differences between them – Discussing:  Flamenco territories  The last Fifty years . like the singer Miguel Poveda. replacing the café cantante. spontaneous gathering. and the other from San Fernando. This is more formal. or a percussionist. he was the accompanist to the biggest phenomenon that flamenco has ever. A meeting place or grouping of flamenco musicians or artists is called a peña flamenca.

in general. the legend was born. Many of the songs in flamenco still reflect the spirit of desperation. and pride of the people during this time of persecution. and in 1992 when he died at the age of just forty-two. struggle. The turbulent times of the people involved in flamenco culture. This young gypsy from San Fernando was to turn the flamenco scene on its head. the Gitanos and the Jews were all persecuted. as he was the first and nearest thing that they had had to a flamenco idol of rock star status. hope. .looked to him as a god. Flamenco sprang from the lower levels of Andalucian society.  There are several reasons for this lack of historical evidence: 1. and thus lacked the prestige of other art forms among the middle and higher classes. Preliminary Literature Study Research Books from the UCT Library and Wynberg library:  Flamenco: Gypsy Dance and Music from Andalusia (Paperback) by Claus Schreiner  (Editor) (shelved 2 times as flamenco) Flamenco Music Theory: Rhythm. 3. but they have an oral culture. 2. Flamenco music also slipped in and out of fashion several times during its existence.Its Origin and evolution  Many of the details of the development of flamenco are lost in Spanish history. Form (Paperback) by Lola Fernandez (shelved 1 time as flamenco)  Mel Bay's Flamenco Guitar: Basic Techniques (Technicas Basicas) by Juan Serrano (shelved 1 time as flamenco) Research Question Discuss. in depth The History of Flamenco  Flamenco . The Moors. and the Moors (moriscos) and Jews were expelled by the Spanish Inquisition in 1492. were also illiterate. The nongypsy Andalucian poorer classes. Harmony. Their songs were passed on to new generations by repeated performances within their social community. The Gitanos have been fundamental in maintaining this art form. Melody.

notes by foreign travellers like George Borrow.  Constructing mindmaps. like Félix Grande. and they have often ignored other data. Nationalistic or ethnic bias has also been frequent in flamencology. Caballero Bonald or Ricardo Molina.4. "Flamencologists" have usually been flamenco connoisseurs of diverse professions (a high number of them. with no specific academic training in the fields of history or musicology. interviewing people who have a great understanding of the culture and music. References will be taken mainly from Books and relevant Articles on the topic chosen. have been poets). They have tended to rely on a limited number of sources (mainly the writings of 19th century folklorist Demófilo. There was a lack of interest from historians and musicologists. . a few accounts by writers and the oral tradition).  Listen to the music  Watch varies documentaries around my topic  Use notes handed out in class Time Frame and Resources  Visit workshops  Download music  Construct timetable I would need to consider the fact that I have lectures to attend and work it around my practicing schedule already put in place. Methodology I will be collecting varies articles and books from the library and internet to produce the answers to my topic question.