Yarn

Testing
Technical
diameter
of man
Consultancy
Specific
End
made
Articles of Dr.
Developments
in Textiles
volume
breakage
fibres
N.Balasubramanian
in Drafting
and
and
distribution yarns
Nonwovens
Packing
and
density
filaments

Backward
and
Forward
feed in
combing
and Noil

Effect of comber settings on noil % in
Backward and Forward Feed in Combing
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N.Balasubramanian*
Retd. Jt. Director (BTRA) and Consultant
ABSTRACT
Nipper closing time in Backward Feed and Top comb entry time in Forward feed have critical
influence on noil. Theoretical noil% when nipper closes before completion of feed in Backward feed
and top comb enters before completion of feed in forward feed have been worked out. Backward
feed should be used for high noil levels and super combing and Forward feed is recommended for
low noil levels and semi combing.

Sequence in which operations of feeding, combing and detachment take place in comber
has significant influence on noil level. Combing can be done either with backward feed or
forward feed. Feeding of sheet takes place during backward movement of nipper in
backward feed and feeding takes place while nippers move forward towards detaching
rollers in forward feed. In most of the modern combers like Rieter E76, Truetschler TCO,
LMW LK 64 and Sacolowell Ca comber there is option to work either with backward or
forward feed. Essential features in which the two feeds differ are discussed and the
comber settings in each type of feed that has critical influence on noil level are indicated.
Backward Feed
Sequence of operations in backward feed is combing (by half lap) detachment and
feeding.
Position of nippers in relation to detaching rollers

they will be combed out during next combing cycle by half lap as shown in Fig 3.F will not be able to reach detaching roller nip and will be removed as noil during next combing by half lap as shown in Fig 5 and 3. Fibres with length between D and D + F will go into sliver or noil depending upon where they lie. fibres longer than D will go into detaching roller nip and sliver. Fig 2 indicates arrangement of fibres in the fringe and line B indicates the position of nippers at forward most position. 1. Fig 4 shows arrangement of fibres in fringe in Forward Feed where C indicates nip line of nippers and A that of detaching rollers. Noil % removed will be % of fibres (by weight) below D F/2. Arrangement of fibres in fringe during detachment in forward feed Fringe length combed in forward feed Fig 5 : Fringe length combed in forward feed Thus Backward feed is preferred when high noil % is required especially in combers with . Hence forward feed will result in less noil than Backward feed. As fibres shorter than D are not able to reach detaching roller nip during detachment. but will go to noil if their right hand ends lie in EC. After detachment nippers move backward and feeding takes place and line C in fringe moves to line B . Nipper closes at this point and combing by half lap takes place as shown in Fig 3. Consider fibres in feed sheet whose right hand ends lie in BC. fibres longer than (D + F) will go into detaching roller as they bridge the gap between nipper and detaching roller. BC denotes the feed during each combing cycle. Assuming uniform fibre end distribution. fibres with length between D and D . 3.1. As nippers move backward. Forward Feed In Forward Feed. For example fibres of length D + K will go into sliver if their right hand ends lie in BE. feeding takes place and fringe moves by an amount F and fringe projecting from nippers will be subject to combing action by half lap as shown in Fig 3. Arrangement of fibres in fringe during detachment in forward feed Fig 4. Consider fibres with right hand ends in BC. Fibres shorter than D . 2.F will go to sliver or noil depending upon where they lie. Line A denotes the detaching roller nip line.Fig 1 : Position of nippers in relation to detaching rollers at forward most position Arrangement of fibres in Backward feed Fig 2 : Arrangement of fibres in fringe at the time of detachment in backward feed Fringe length combed by half lap in backward feed Fig 3: Fringe length combed by half lap in Backward feed Fig 1 shows position of nippers in relation to detaching rollers at forward most position. 2. These fibres will go into noil. Of these. Of these. expected noil will be nearly equal to % of fibres (by weight) with length below D + F/2 with backward feed. sequence of operations is combing followed by feeding (during forward movement of nippers) and detachment.

when noil % has to be kept low and in semi combing. Since further movement is arrested by nipper.b)F + F/2] Top Comb entry timing in Forward Feed In the case of forward feed. Fibres with length between D + bF and D . Detachment settings cannot be reduced beyond a certain level in comber and under such conditions forward combing enables reduction in noil.(1 b)F will go into sliver or noil depending upon where they lie. 3. (Fig 6). Forward feed is preferred. Arrangement of fibres in fringe during detachment with backward with nipper closing before completion of feed Fig 6 Arrangement of fibres in fringe during detachment with backward with nipper closing before completion of feed Let b denote fraction of feed that takes place before nipper closes. Feed Timing in Backward Feed If in backward feed.CF will go into noil. it can be shown that fibres longer than D + (1 . Fringe during combing with backward feed with nipper closing before completion of feed Fig 7 : Fringe during combing with backward feed with nipper closing before completion of feed Expected noil in this case will be nearly equal to % of fibres by weight having length below [D . part of the feed will take place after combing by half lap. as no comber is fully backward feed or forward feed as shown below. If C denotes the fraction of feed that takes place before top comb entry.limitations in maximum detachment settings and when super combing is done with long staple cottons.b)F (shown as a bulge in Fig 7) takes place. Then bF indicates the feed during backward movement of nippers and (1 .b)F denotes the feed that takes place during forward movement of nippers Section in the fringe at C moves to B and nipper closes at this point. Combing by half lap then takes place as shown in Fig 7 and as nipper opens during forward movement the balance of feed (1 . If top comb enters the fringe before completion of feed. Noil theory by Gegauff also gives similar results. This part of the feed eventually takes place after top comb lifts from fringe and nippers start moving backwards.C)F will go into sliver and fibres below D .(1 . Fringe . nipper closes before feed is completed. the situation is not as simple as described above. Fibres shorter than D-(1-b)F will go into noil as they will not be able to reach detaching roller nip and will be combed out during next combing as shown in Fig 7. Expected noil under such conditions can be arrived at as follows. For this part of feed comber effectively operates as forward feed. feeding will be arrested by top comb and the fringe bulges behind top comb. on other hand. Consider fibres with right hand ends in BC. fringe bulges behind nipper as shown in Fig 7. Of these fibres longer than D + bF will go into sliver 2. top comb entry timing determines the extent to which comber operates as forward feed. This part of the feed therefore acts like backward feed. Combination of Backward and Forward Feed In actual practice.

SEO Directory Submission Service Add Your Site for FreeFree Directories Submission F7FE310F26827DBDCCF64266C18AE359 paid web directory where you can find more resources about Textiles Directory directory listingWebsite Directory .CF +F/2. Studies carried out by Balasubramanian and Viswanathan 1 and Sriramulu and Shankaranarayana2 have shown that if noil % is kept same there is no significant difference in quality of combed sliver and yarn properties between forward and backward feed. Sriramulu and K. p 1 2. BTRA and SITRA). Viswanathan.length during combing by half lap will be D + (1 . Balasubramanian and K. Noil % will be given by % weight of fibres below D . This site is listed under Technology Directory free shippingEducation Directory | Colleges | Universities | Online Education Directory | Search4i. 1977. BTRA Scan. Likewise top comb entry time in forward feed determines the proportion of feed that takes place during forward movement and significantly affects noil %. Proceedings of 18th Joint Technological Conference. Sept.com .Free Link Submissionweb directory.. Early feed timing can be used to reduce noil. Shankaranarayana. Thus feed timing in Backward feed determines the proportion of feed that takes place during backward movement of nippers and critically influences noil %. 1977 Reciprocal links directoryFree Blog Free Directory Submit . Late top comb entry timing can be used to reduce noil in forward feed. VIII. Backward feed and Forward feed in combing. Relationship between fibre length characteristics and comber settings.C)F. (ATRA. References 1 N. V.

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