140 views

Uploaded by Erick Rdz

Anechoic Chamber Quiet Zone Calculation

- Flexi Multiradio Antenna System Technical Overview
- Our Broad-Band Antenna
- Chap 4 - Antenna
- Electron Density and Electron Neutral Collision Frequency
- TX-SAW / 433 s-Z Transmitter Datasheet
- 2014 No Nonsense Ham Tech Study Guide v20
- Models.rf.Bowtie Antenna Optimization
- Antennas and Wave Propagationyl s
- Antenna.docx
- A Guide to Radio Frequency Hazards With Electric Detonators
- 94523878 OptiX RTN 900 V1R1 Installation Guide VDF
- Mansoor Final
- Quick Revision for Antenna
- 07-FreqShar and GSO Coord-Optimizing Filing-e - JC
- Acoustics 6
- dipolo-1.pdf
- IECEP Identification Copy
- Smart Antenna
- Quasi So Tropic
- Paper 27

You are on page 1of 5

(Rectangular Chamber)

The Quiet zone of an anechoic chamber describes a rectangular volume

where electromagnetic waves reflected from the walls, floor and ceiling are

stated to be below a certain specified minimum. There are two main

methods to calculate the quiet zone for a given chamber geometry. The first

is a detailed mathematical model, accounting for a volume of reflections

converging in the quiet zone, with a power gradient across them for how far

inside and outside the HPBW of the antenna the reflection is, and how many

times it reflects. The second method is to take the largest factor in this

calculation, and estimate based off of it. For the case of a rectangular

chamber, the largest factor in the detailed calculation is the wave that only

reflects once to reach the receiving antenna. There will be four such waves,

two from the sides, one from the ceiling, and one from the floor.

To calculate the quiet zone, first the chamber size must be decided. With the

chamber size selected, the size of the absorber cones must be decided. To

get a rough estimate of what to select a table for the specific material used

must be consulted. If a specific quiet zone is expected, but it requires large

cones, the large cones can be placed in key areas (such as the walls where

the bounce will take place, and the rear wall behind the DUT). Table 1 was

used for the case of the 8x8x12 chamber that will serve as an example for

the duration of this paper. For the example chamber the SFC-12 cones will be

used. The number denotes the height of the cones. The example chamber

will be used at 2-3 GHz, and the reflectivity for this frequency is

-40 dB.

Next the angle of incidence from the normal, that the wave will impact the

wall must be determined. For a rectangular chamber this is a simple

calculation. First the distance between the Tx and Rx antenna must be

determined. This is done by determining how far from the ends each antenna

will be. For the Tx 10 is selected since this is the length of the example

antenna that will be used. For the Rx, 16 is selected, since the cones at the

back wall are 12 and the platform requires 4 space to rotate a microstrip

DUT.

This leaves 910 between Tx and Rx:

12-14-10=910

(1)

Once this distance is determined, the height off the chamber floor of the

antennas must be determined. For the example chamber, half way up was

selected (4). Once these two distances are determined, a rectangle can be

drawn, for the example chamber this rectangle is 4x910. The rectangle is

then divided by two lines that meet in the middle of the rectangle at the top.

These represent the wave reflecting off the chamber wall then hitting the

receiving antenna. The angle that is needed is the angle this wave reflection

makes with the normal of the chamber wall. It is found by taking the

arctangent of the height of the rectangle divided by the length of the

rectangle. The result is then subtracted from 90. For the example chamber

the calculation was:

4 ' 10 } =50.9}

4'

90 tan 1

(2)

With the angle of incidence calculated, Table 2 can be used to look up the

multiplier used to calculate the off incidence reflectivity of the material. For

the example chamber 12 cones are 3 wavelengths tall, so the 2 wavelength

coefficient .82 and the 4 wavelength coefficient .95 are averaged together

for a coefficient of .885. This coefficient is then multiplied with the normal

incidence reflectivity of the absorber selected. For the example chamber this

works out to:

-40 dB * .885 = -35.4 dB

(3)

Next, the transmitting antennas radiation pattern is analyzed. 90 minus the

angle of incidence calculated previously is the angle from the normal of the

Tx antenna that the wave leaves from. Looking at the radiation pattern from

the Tx antenna, the angle from Txing normal is located, then the power at

that angle is read out. This power is subtracted from the maximum power of

the antenna. This value (in dB) is the how much less powerful the wave is

when it reflects off the wall. This number (positive) is subtracted into the

adjusted reflectivity (negative) to quantify the effect of a less powerful wave

interfering at the Rx DUT. For the example chamber and Tx antenna, the

power difference at the angle from transmitting normal was found to be -4

dB so the new adjusted reflectivity is:

-35.4 dB 4 dB= -39.4 dB

(4)

The last value needed to calculate the quiet zone is a random phase

correction. The waves reflecting off the chamber walls will be converging at

the Rx DUT with random phases. This will cause some random cancellation of

the main transmitted beam in the quiet zone. Therefore an industry standard

value of -6 dB is subtracted from the adjusted reflectivity (negative) thus

decreasing the magnitude of the reflectivity. In the example chamber this

works out to be:

-39.4 dB (-6 dB) = -33.4 dB.

(5)

This is the quiet zone reflectivity for the chamber being analyzed.

Chambe

r Size

4x4x8

4x4x8

4x4x8

6x6x12

6x6x12

8x8x12

8x8x12

Absorbe

r Height

flat

8

12

8

12

12

24

Distanc

e Tx-Rx

6'8"

6'2

5'10

10'2

9'10

910

8'10

Angle of

Incidence

59

Angle

from Tx

Normal

31

57

55.6

59.5

58.6

50.9

47.8

33

34.4

30.5

31.4

39.1

42.2

Absorber

Reflectivit

y

-15

-35

-40

-35

-40

-40

-50

Absorber

Coefficient

at

Effective

incidence Reflectivity

.31

-4.65

.7

-24.5

.8

-32

.66

-23.1

.705

-28.2

.885

-35.4

.999

-50

(no Tx antenna selected so calculations could not be

completed.)

Quiet

Zone

-33.4

-47

- Flexi Multiradio Antenna System Technical OverviewUploaded byboss_bandor
- Our Broad-Band AntennaUploaded bySyed Ali Raza
- Chap 4 - AntennaUploaded byNano Gomesh
- Electron Density and Electron Neutral Collision FrequencyUploaded bySwadesh Patra
- TX-SAW / 433 s-Z Transmitter DatasheetUploaded byAbbass88
- 2014 No Nonsense Ham Tech Study Guide v20Uploaded byFirefly666
- Models.rf.Bowtie Antenna OptimizationUploaded bybkmmizan
- Antennas and Wave Propagationyl sUploaded bySayyapureddi Srinivas
- Antenna.docxUploaded byadam
- A Guide to Radio Frequency Hazards With Electric DetonatorsUploaded byzix013
- 94523878 OptiX RTN 900 V1R1 Installation Guide VDFUploaded bylkjt
- Mansoor FinalUploaded byEnrique Romo
- Quick Revision for AntennaUploaded byshwvkrm
- 07-FreqShar and GSO Coord-Optimizing Filing-e - JCUploaded byNguyen Ngoc Canh
- Acoustics 6Uploaded bybennyboy9201
- dipolo-1.pdfUploaded byAlexita Yp
- IECEP Identification CopyUploaded byErvin John Yu Dy
- Smart AntennaUploaded byPradeep Precious
- Quasi So TropicUploaded byFayez Hyjazie
- Paper 27Uploaded byUsama Javed
- productFlyer_978-0-387-91501-2Uploaded byAnanya Garg
- cff55-2016pdf2Uploaded byLeon Lella
- 12dUploaded byJohana Ruiz
- MJ2014.pdfUploaded byవేలుసామి లింగాసామి
- 01219805.pdfUploaded byjoussef19
- KANDE.docxUploaded byStephen Amachi Chisati
- Cisco Aironet AntennasUploaded byJohan Svanbrandt
- EM4325 Reference Design Documentation Rev1Uploaded byYash Gupta
- Field StrengthUploaded byGurubilli Reddy
- Types of AntennaUploaded byNeharika Kataria

- Testicularfeminizationsyndrome 150326082035 Conversion Gate01Uploaded byAymen Omer
- Sample Chapter11Uploaded byCosimo Accoto
- p19 Cala Unce PoUploaded byedwardlist
- Attraction Magnetic Force Calculation of Axial Passive Magnetic BearingUploaded byjames<XIII
- Silabus SAP Dasar Sistem Dan Kendali Cerdas v2Uploaded byRahmat Muttaqin
- Embedded Server Seminar Prague IntroUploaded byJesus Lopez
- New York NY Sun 1905 Jan-Dec Grayscale - 0439 (Aso-neith Cryptogram)Uploaded bypgeronazzo8450
- Dc Distribution SystemUploaded bySheilla Hermanto
- Template for Reporting on the DOH Report to ICADUploaded byRehs Abila Bash McCaine
- 1-s2.0-S0735193306000121-mainUploaded byAnmol Kumar
- Sap Tables 1Uploaded bytarakeshc2591
- RTIUploaded byDEEPAK SINGH GEHLOT
- Noli Me TangereUploaded byGrapiken
- What We Talk About When We Talk About Love.pdfUploaded byJohn
- Clarkson Jacobs Marwick 2017 Article and SIUploaded byBen Marwick
- History of Ecological Sciences Part 1Uploaded bySusana Peluc
- Firefly RPG - Smuggler's Guide to the Rim.pdfUploaded byÓscar Soto Peris
- g&t policyUploaded byBCCCS
- Abdullah PrimarkUploaded bySyed Yaqzan
- LTD Cases Land Registration Part 2Uploaded byAudrey
- Huong Dan - Vi Du Ve WritingUploaded byphuongthuy142
- An Explanation of Debits and CreditsUploaded bykishorepatil8887
- How Georgia Eradicated CorruptionUploaded bysdcdsvcdsfc
- Mismatch or MisplacedUploaded byGlory Gwendolyn N. Vosotros
- Welcome 2 Companion+Key.pdfUploaded bysweetface_f2900
- ISO12207Uploaded bydana
- Fuzzy Logic based watermarking using non – blind HVS techniqueUploaded byAnonymous kw8Yrp0R5r
- Copy of SAPReference3211281611471Uploaded byGovind Gautam
- The Study of Fabric Performance for Car SeatsUploaded byAnonymous yDGxIbQd
- Silabus TAK Genap Feb 2017 (Revised)Uploaded byDefi Wirdah Amara