You are on page 1of 28

HANA CERT - Preparation

Contents
SECTION 1: ARCHITECTURE (Business Content)........................................................................................... 2
SECTION 2: DATA PROVISIONING ................................................................................................................. 6
SECTION 3: DATA MODELING ....................................................................................................................... 9
SECTION 4: REPORTING .............................................................................................................................. 25
SECTION 5: USER MANAGEMENT & SECURITY ........................................................................................... 27

Most probable split:


Modeling 27 / provisioning 15 / Bus Content 6-9 / Optimization 9-11 / Reporting 11-13 / Security and
Authorization 6-9

SECTION 1: ARCHITECTURE (Business Content)


1. 1. BW extractors used in HANA
1) will help performance ( may be wrong)
2) will help get the build in business requirements
3) will help no cusinmixing ( wrong ans)
3) will help built in standards
2. What are all the components of HANA database?
1) Persistence layer
2) Metadata
3) Authorization
4) Disk
I choose metadata and authorization may be wrong?
3. Advantages of HANA > choices are: choose any three.( select 3)
SAP HANA faster than SAP ERP
SAPA HANA is same as OLTP and OLAP in one system
Real Time Analytics.
4. Which is supported in SAP HANA
1) back up of archiving log files
2) point in recovery
Two more answers which are not good.
I choose back up???? ,maybe second one is correct.
5. In which store is write-intensive?
Object Store/ Column Store/ Row Store / ?
Ans: Column store
6. You need to do Data Cleanup before loading data. Which Option?
SLT / BW-Steward ( ?) / MDM / Data Services.
7. One Q: from TZHANA Slide 57 and 58 There was Q: with tricky words.

8. TZHANA Slide 59 Different options to Back-up? Choose any one (If I remember)
Only valid Ans: Point in Time Recovery ( not sure about others options ).
9. Whats the minimum pre-requisite to sun SAP BWA on HANA database. ( Tricky general Q:)).
One option was: Needs to be on BWA system with version NW 7.02 minimum
10. How to check quality of datachoose two.
Two options were related to checking from different reporting tools
One option was from BWA or src system ?
One option was HANA statics schema ?
11. How do you check the calculation speed of the query ?
Choices Performance monitor in studio / ? / ? / ?
12. BI 4.0 Suite ?
13. Advantages of HANA
1) Parallel processing
2) Partition
3) Algorithm,
4) Data operation in memory
5) Lock free database
6) Colum/store
7) Multicore/architect
8)64 bit architec

14. What is needed to have BW run on HANA? (Migrate database; convert to HANA object types
etc.) Remember that BWA is no longer needed.
15. Perspectives in HANA
16. Refer the below figure(Index server architecture),which option is responsible for providing data
to reporting tool.(2 correct answer)(lesson 3)
1)persistence layer2)MDX3)Session mgmt4)metadata manager5)authorization manager
Ans: TZhana page 49. Ans: MDX and SQL

17. What is needed to have BW run on HANA? (Migrate database; convert to HANA object types
etc.) Remember that BWA is no longer needed.

SECTION 2: DATA PROVISIONING


1. Transformations OR unstructured data Data Services
2. Large Volume of Data ABAP Data Flow
3. Whats the next step after import the metadata
SAP HANA studio. (SLIDE 65 - TZHANA)
Ans: Import the metadata in Data servcies.
4. Sequence of steps; System setup/Data Provisioning/Modeling/Consumption this is the best
answer
5. Transformations OR unstructured data Data Services
6. Large Volume of Data ABAP Data Flow
7. Which option should be planned/considered? TZHANA SLIDE 55 Action During System Re-Start
Same options with little tricky combinations
8. Few Q:s on ETL / Transformation..Ans: is Data Services.
9. Newest Connection method for Data Services ( TZHANA 67)Ans: ODP (4.0)
10. What can you use to import data from SAP Business Warehouse into SAP HANA.
11. Extractors, ODP(Operational data provider ) which of the following tools can you use for
complex transformation

12. What is difference between Data Services and SLT and which does SAP recommend?
(Answer: DS is near real time, SLT is real time. SAP recommends SLT even if real time isnt a
consideration)
13. Which technologies use the trigger-based approach? ( SLO, SAP LT, TDMS, Near zero downtime )
14. Why you use Data services for? ( load large volume of data , load data, transformation)
15. How do you import BW data to HANA, What connection do you use?
Options( data services, something like SSLE) data services via abap data flows.
16. You have to use ABAP data flows to transform large amounts of data into HANA from DS (this is
a question on the exam)
TZHANA- 67 ABAP data flows

17. SLT questions When do you use it, how to make connections to HANA( DB) source is RFC,
there are also a few questions on Trigger Based replication in general (Page number 92 of
tzhana)

18. SD11 is the ERP transaction you have to use to see dependencies for tables you want to replicate
in HANA

19. You want to use a small look-up tables in your model for data ( i put ROW for this one) - This is
an actual question.
TZHANA: page number67. Read table via data flows

20. Which technology uses trigger based applications?


21. What can you use to import data from SAP Business Warehouse into SAP HANA?
Tzhana page 68: ODP (operational data provider) data replication API (extractors),custom
extractors through RS02.

22. What connections can you make in business layer (Answer: relational JDBC and ODBC)

23. SLO Technology - ( NearZero downtime,TDMS etc)

24. How DB trigger works


25. Know Controller module
26. When we use extractors?(for me it was radio button-I picked Only released(which is correct))

27. Order of steps for BW?


28. Which one is related to SLO Technology?(I picked NearZero downtime,TDMS, SAP LT)

29. How DB trigger works?


Answers: Only relevant tables considered for DB recording, all relevant changes are recorded in
logging tables.
30. On controller module:
A. Ensures mapping between HANA DB structure and DB structure of source system.
B. Provides ability to conversion/migration values (date fields into strings)
C. Includes features to manage entire replication process in a holistic manner, e.g. provides
scheduling options to determine the frequency of data replication.
E. Triggers activities of WRITE module
Answers: ensures mapping between SAP HANA DB struc and source system.
31. From some options which one is used for single sign on (I remembered only one name excel)?
32. Is point in time recovery supported? Backup and recovery(feature overview: end of the lesson 3)

SECTION 3: DATA MODELING


1. The following are the requirements?
Near realtime
Profilt analysis with plan vs actual
2. Which application of hana will you choose?
Two confusing answers
1) COPA extractors.
2) Smart analytics
3) Some hana oil and gas application.
3. In the above either we have to choose copa or smart I choose smart? Copa is correct for near
realtime but it is not application it is the extractor.
4. Where will you create a custom attribute in analytic view
1) Calculation attribure
2) Calcualation measure
3) Restricted
4) Private
I choose calculation attribute ? know the difference between calculation att and
measure.\
5. How will you get the more than 5000 records
1) configure the array fetch of records.
2) configure the business layer
I eliminated the other two which is not valid but could not choose the right one between these
two finally I choose the array.
6. you have to have restrict a column? How will you do it? Control on business layer? Confusing
statements
7. In the prerequisites calculation view of the graphical type( confusing question) which options
you select
1) define foundation
2) define output
3) define projection
4) save and activate?
I choose first 3..

May be with out projection we can do????????????


8. To activate a view on which schema you need rights.
SYS_BI / SYS_BIC/SYS_REPO/?
Ans: Sys_BIC
Note: SYS_REPO is needed to read from activated viewsBut the Q: is to activate view thats the
tricky part.

9. A View is activated or imported not sure But Q is how will you activate dependent views..
Options Activate one by one manually / Cascade activation / ? / ?
I choose cascade activation??? Other answer close to this is active one by one manually.
Confused????
10. A view has been derived from another view? What can be changed?
Description / filters / description mapping / joins?
I choose description change.
Filters can be changed, description can be changed, joins,
NOTE: Derived view is Read-Only and Copied is ..Slide 121 TZHANA.

11. How do you check the calculation speed of the query ?


Choices Performance monitor in studio / ? / ? / ?
12. UNIOIN,JOIN,PROJECTION
Needed for calculation view graphics
13. Which inputs of models you select for the analytic view
1) Calc view (wrong ans)
2) Analytic view
3) Tables
4) Attribute view
I choose analytic and attribute( these are the models) one you choose attribute for sure
other one you have to between analytic and tables
14. Which_ inputs object you select?
1) Attribute view
2) Analytic view
3) Columnar tables

4) Calculation view
I choose columnar tables ( this is the object)
15. TZHANA Slide 176 when to use Calculation View
Ans:: Key figures span across tables.
16. Attribute view with Key and non-keys with hierarchies.
17. Lesson 8 PDF file CO-PA for HANA => Slide 16. Ans: ROOSOURCE.
18. A view is been changed, how do you check what are the other dependent views affected.
Options Where-Used-list / something related to documentation./?/?
19. A View is activated or imported not sure But Q is how will you activate dependent views..
Options Activate one by one manually / Cascade activation / ? / ?
Venkat ans: MASS ACTIVATION USING THE QUICK LAUNCH.
20. What are the direct outputs of Analytic View?
Choices: Private Attribute / Key Attribute / Attribute View / Restricted Attribute / Calculated
Measure / Measure / Calculated Attribute / Restricted Measure
Private attributes, Measures, Calcualted measures, restricted measures.
<N ote: How to check these for ex: understand the screen shot of Slide 144 check the nodes of
Output secton. Also check the RHANA Demo for each chapter. Where the tutor walks thru
step-by-step creating all three different type of views. Pay more attention to what he clicks as
well as other options surrounding in the same screens.>
Note: Choices were only 4-5 but the same were repeating with different combinations for other
Q:s like Direct output for Attribute View and also check for Calculated ViewBest is
understand the importance of each attribute and which will be the output for each view.
Also understand what are the inputs for the same above views?
21. Text mapping / description mapping? what type of join can it be compared with or whats the
next closest match something close ..? Tricky Q: but should be easy to analyze if you know the
result of other joins.
Choices any one: inner join/left outer join /right outer join / referential join.
Note: choice did not have Text join . you need to choose the next best match from the
above.

BEST ANSWER IS LEFT OUTER JOIN.


22. Whats the pre-requisite or mandatory of analytic view? Tricky Q:.
Note: we generally think that it needs to have 1 attribute and 1 measure.
But the choices are: One data foundation with more attribute view / One attribute view with
more data foundations /

23. Whats the pre-requisite or mandatory of analytic view? Tricky Q:.


Note: we generally think that it needs to have 1 attribute and 1 measure.
But the choices are: One data foundation with more attribute view / One attribute view with
more data foundations /
24. Pre-requisite for data foundation is 1 attribute and 1 measure.

25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.

Which items are necessary to create an analytic view?


One measures and one attribute
What will happen when you activate Analytic view?
It creates a column view in the _SYS_BIC
What can you use as inputs for one of those views(like attribute view, analytic view, calculation
view).
When do you use calculation view?
When you are trying to do something more complicated than Analytic view
Question about text join cardinality. (The answers is 1:1)
How many results tables does a calc view generate? Output is only one structure
Options(one,unlimited,two,four)
There were a bunch of different questions on how you create analytics view and what are
inputs, etc. Same for attribute view
If you have a scenario where you have Dates and you want to calculate Years, how you do that.
(Answer: Create a Calculated ATTRIBUTE)
Which of the following tools can you use for complex transformation (actual question)
Which of the following operations can you use when you create a calculation view using the SAP
HANA Script (Answer Projection and Union funcitons)
Workflow of SLT connection (RFC-DB connections etc.)
Workflow of creating HANA system (in terms of setting batch job, executing, etc. The correct
sequence of steps)
One question was on hierarchies in attribute view.( level hierarchy and parent child )

44. What is the mandatory condition for analytic view?(from all options answer was at least one
attribute and one measure) May be wrong answer refer another one.
45. What can you modify description mapping, description.(I put description)
 How many results tables does a calc view generate

INPUT SOURCES FOR ANALYTIC VIEWS:

-Know when to use a Calculated ATTRIBUTE)

- What happens when you activate an analytic view

-which of the following operations can you use when you create a calculation view using the SAP HANA
Scipt (i put projection and union for this one)

SECTION 4: REPORTING
1. Broadcasting reports
1) crystal reports I choose.
2.

KPI
2) dashboards

3. Hierarchies in the report which one u choose?


1) Excel
4. Business objects analytics and Microsoft ?
5. IDT steps: define project / relational connection/ Data Foundation / BUS Layer / Publish.
TZHANA Slide 224. ( Note: formation of Q: and sentence is bit tricky.

6. How to check quality of datachoose two.


Two options were related to checking from different reporting tools
One option was from BWA or src system ?
One option was HANA statics schema ?
7. Something like ...Reports need to display more than 5000 records
How will you allow it or something close to it.? Two choices were related to De-activate the
<flag> (I do not remember the flag name) in CMC or other component and there were two more
options.
8. On TZHANA Slide no: 174. Recommendations How to build content
Q: Read operation on large amount of data which is optimal performance?
Choices will be same as in the slideI chose Analytic View (Check Pros/Cons).
<If I am right there was one more Q in a different way but Ans: was related to
Pros of Calculated View.>
Recommendation...Read the table carefully and check out all the cells.
9. Nested Hierarchy in Report Which Tool or Connection will you chose.
Ans:: ODBO MDX : EXCEL. (not sure if there is any other valid option ).
10. Broadcast Report Crystal Reports ( formatted report)
11. KPI Dashboard
12. Excel Report, can access data from which option? (only one correct Ans:).

ODBO-MDX on Analytic View


ODBO-MDX on Attribute View
ODBC -?

13. TZHANA Slide 223 . Semantic Layer deliverables


Q was MSU functionality? ( MULTI SOURCE UNIVERSE FUNCTIONALITY )
IDT / UDT / IE ? But I do not think there was option for Query server
<May be check RHANA audio recording to get some clue...for the right option>
14. What are the advantages of using the SAP Business Object Analysis?
15. Which reporting tool do you use to publish reports?
16. Which reporting tool do you use to publish reports (I put Excel)
17. Which tool for real time KPI (Dashboard)
18. Which tool for highly formatted report (Crystal reports)
19. in business layer what connections can you make (relational JDBC and relational ODBC)
20. Some question about what types of calendars are available in HANA (Fiscal and Gregorian)
21. Which tool for real time KPI?(Answer Dashboards)
22. Which tool for highly formatted report (Crystal reports is answer)
23. Calculation engine.. know the components that are required while doing REPORTING (pdf
TZHANA doc)
24. Business object explorer for quick analysis, quick response, large amount data and fast
response.
25. Without opening web intelligent or crystal.
26.

SECTION 5: USER MANAGEMENT & SECURITY


1. Create and drop tables in schema which privilege?
a) Package
b) System
c) Analytic privilege
d) SQL

2. You have to restrict the modeling users to see the sensitive data in productive HANA system
what you will do?
a) Allow the model user to develop the model in dev system and move it to Prod.
b) Allow the model user to develop the model with randomized data
c) Revoke the SAP* some role?
d) Revoke one more role.
3.

From which part of studio will you add additional users.


Choices: navigator view/Quick Launch/Properties view etc.
Navigator view
4. Restrict column ?
Choices: SQL privilege/Business Layer/Analytic Privilege/ Package Privilege
5. How to restrict access to specific set of data columns?
a. Analytic/SQL Privileges cannot accomplish this so you might look at reporting options.

6. Pre-defined Roles Slide TZHANA 264 CONTENT_ADMIN was the ans.


7. TZHANA Slide 260 understand the Screen shot about how is the restriction done so that it gets
filtered for the dataalso check the steps of analytic privilegethere were 2-3 Q:s related to
these.
8. What privilege do you need to do xyz.
9. If you want to limit a certain dept from seeing some data what profile do you give them?
Analytical privileges.
10. Where do you do security settings for xyz.
11. So know your SELECT etc privileges.
12. Know about BICS, BWA when to use them etc.
13. Privileges in HANA?
14. Benefits of using HANA
15. How will you activate the dependent models if one existing model is edited?
MASS activation is possible in information models.
16. How can you check the calculation speed of query(execution time of records)?
17. If we want to see 5000 records where we can do that in SAP HANA?
18. SQL scripts, why do you use it? benefits etc. Performance related Qs

SECTION 6: OPTIMIZATION
1. Read operation on large amount of data which is optimal performance?
2. Advantages of HANA > choices are: choose any three.
SAP HANA faster than SAP ERP
SAP HANA replaces BWA
SAPA HANA is same as OLTP and OLAP in one system
Real Time Analytics.
?
PAGE Number:Advantages of HANA
Faster than ERP/OLTP & OLAP in one system/Real-time analytics etc.
3. Performance Tuning options? Which to use (Check HANA DEV Guide chapter Best practices )
CE functions
Dynamic SQL + Variable
Update using Where
Using Cursors
Calculation engine functions are having better performance than SQL.