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The Legend of Lanao Lake

In ancient Lanao, there once lived a giant called Umacaan. He was so enormous that
when he spread his arms side ward, they spread as far as thirty kilometers apart. Almost anything
was within easy reach, best of all, men whom he loved to eat. Men flee at the sight of him. No
one dared come out to the mountains for fear of losing their lives at the hands of the man-eating
giant.
In no time, news about Umacaan reached as far as the kingdom of Bumbaran and came to
the knowledge of its brave princes, Rajah Indarapatra and Rajah Soliman. They swore to kill the
monster. The next day, they both set out to slay the man-eater. However, they didn't leave at the
same time. Rajah Soliman went ahead and reached Lanao to fight. Umacaan tricked Soliman into
cutting him into several pieces, each piece becoming another giant Umacaan. The prince simply
proved to be no match to the creature.
Some time later, Rajah Indarapatra reached Lanao. As soon as he arrived, he was
informed by a spirit-queen of his brother's fate. Angrily, he swore to avenge his brother's death.
Before he went on his way the spirit-queen gifted him with a magic sword to enable him to
defeat the giant. Later that same day, the two combatants met near the shores of Lanao Lake.
When the fight began, Umacaan pulled several trees and hurled them at Rajah Indarapatra
who was quick to dodge and got out safely. Next, the giant reached for some soft clay and
formed big round balls out of it and threw them successively at the prince. Once more the quick
Rajah Indarapatra made swift plunges to avoid getting hit by the round clay balls so that some of
them fell into the lake while the others landed on the plains and turned into hills and mountains
that surround the famous Lanao Lake. At any rate, when Rajah Indarapatra had his turn, he help
up the magic sword that could wound any opponent by merely pointing at him. As he did,
Umacaan yelled in pain until he fell down to his death.
Up to now, if one were to visit Lanao Lake, one will easily notice small floating islands
all around the lake. Some of the islands are big enough to accommodate a number of families,
while the others are too small for even a single nipa hut to stand on. These islands were believed
to have formed out of the clay balls Umacaan threw at Rajah Indarapatra that fell into the lake,
while the hills and mountains that surround the lake came from those clay balls that landed on
the plains and dried over time, as the legend had it.

and the spirit of Panganoron lives on the clouds above. As days passed by. One day. Afraid that Pagtuga would hurt her father. saw that the grave was rising. and she slipped on the rocks. are the sings of the love between the lovers. so he decided to kidnapped Rajah Makusong and took him to the mountains. from the Tagalogs. The battle was fierce. son of Rajah Karilaya. people who went to the grave to pay respect. so it stays beautiful. The father accepted him. other says that the spirit of Darang Magayon lives on the volcano. After saving her life. there used to live a beautiful girl called Darang Magayon. he asked to his warriors to follow him to the mountains to fight against Panganoron. Panganoron killed Pagtuga. who had many guys after her from various tribes. The legend says that when Pagtuga heard of the news he got very angry. Darang Magayon was bathing in the Yaw river. one of them was Pagtuga. and all year long disperse rain to keep the flowers and plants fresh. When Panganon knew about the situation . who was also a great hunter. and after some days she finally accepted his proposal. She did not knew how to swim. Panganoron started to court her. the tribal chief from Iriga. While some says that the eruptions on the Mayon volcano. After the battle was over.The Legend of the Mayon Volcano Long time ago. but then Panganoron. Sadly another arrow pierced Darang Magayon when she was running to the arms of his love. Rajah Makusong dug a grave and laid the bodies of both lovers in it. but later he was killed by an arrow thrown by one of Pagtuga's warriors. killing her. But Darang Magayon was not interested on him. turning into a land form and they started to call it Mayon (short for Mayon). saved her while he was walking by the river. then he told everyone that he would release him if Darang Magamon would marry him. . and so Panganoron decided to ask Darang Magayon's father. she accepted to be his wife. Rajah Makusong for her hand in matrimony.

Manila Ika-24 ng Pebrero. Hindi na ako makapaghintay na makita at makasama kang muli. Nagmamahal na kaibigan. Purok 6. Hanggang dito na lamang at sana lagi kang mag-iingat diyan. Ana. Gusto kong makita ang Manila Zoo at sana ay masamahan mo ako para mas masaya. Salamat pala sa iyong pinadalang regalo noong nakalipas kong kaarawan. Madalas akong dumaan sa inyong bahay para makibalita sa iyong ina kung ano na ang nagyayari sa iyo.Liham Pangkaibigan 54 Matatag St. Sta. Matagal na rin tayong hindi nagkita mula ng lumuwas ka sa Maynila para mag-aral. Salamat at hindi ka pa rin nakakalimot sa akin at sa maganda nating pagkakaibigan. Sabi ng Lola ko ay baka mamasyal kami diyan ngayong bakasyon ko sa paaralan. Kamusta na ang aking matalik na kaibigan. 2016 Mahal kong Klign. Ate Hyacine .

 foot fault: the foot crosses over the boundary line when serving. including spiking and blocking (because these plays are made above the top of the net. or (2): a team commits a fault and loses the rally. an attempt to direct the ball back over the net in such a way that the serving team is unable to prevent it from being grounded in their court. The team may touch the ball up to 3 times but individual players may not touch the ball twice consecutively. But simply. over the net. the first two touches are used to set up for an attack. The receiving team must not let the ball be grounded within their court. Typically. The team that wins the rally is awarded a point. A number of consistent techniques have evolved in volleyball. and serves the ball to start the next rally. but players can legally strike or push (short contact) the ball with any part of the body.  double hit: two consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same player. The complete rules are extensive. grounding the ball on the opponent's court and winning the rally. until either (1): a team makes a kill. with each team allowed as many as three consecutive touches. the vertical jump is an athletic skill emphasized in the sport) as well as passing.[1] It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since 1964. The ball is usually played with the hands or arms. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. and into the receiving team's court. play proceeds as follows: a player on one of the teams begins a 'rally' by serving the ball (tossing or releasing it and then hitting it with a hand or arm). The rally continues. setting. .  net foul: touching the net during play.Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. A few of the most common faults include:  causing the ball to touch the ground or floor outside the opponents' court or without first passing over the net. and specialized player positions and offensive and defensive structures.  catching and throwing the ball.  four consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same team. from behind the back boundary line of the court.

played at the International YMCA Training School (now called Springfield College). only four years before. some sources say that Spalding created the first official ball in 1896. about 16. a YMCA physical education director. Alfred Halstead. and four years later a "three hits" rule and a rule against hitting from the back row were established. In 1919.000 volleyballs were distributed by the American Expeditionary Forces to their troops and allies.98 m) high. and no limit to the number of ball contacts for each team before sending the ball to the opponents' court. Massachusetts (USA). called for a net 6 ft 6 in (1. a 25 ft × 50 ft (7. noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896. written down by William G Morgan.[4] . Another indoor sport. less rough than basketball. 1895. William G. the game quickly became known as volleyball (it was originally spelled as two words: "volley ball"). A match was composed of nine innings with three serves for each team in each inning.History Origin of volleyball William G. the game was changed from 21 to 15 points.2 m) court. basketball. which sparked the growth of volleyball in new countries. Morgan. Massachusetts. and any number of players. was catching on in the area. Morgan On February 9. created a new game called Mintonette as a past time to be played (preferably) indoors and by any number of players. for older members of the YMCA. In case of a serving error. After an observer. in Holyoke. In 1917.[2][3] Refinements and later developments The first official ball used in volleyball is disputed. Volleyball rules were slightly modified by the International YMCA Training School and the game spread around the country to various YMCAs. Mintonette was designed to be an indoor sport. while others claim it was created in 1900. The game took some of its characteristics from tennis and handball. a second try was allowed. The first rules.[4][5][6] The rules evolved over time: in the Philippines by 1916. while still requiring a bit of athletic effort. the skill and power of the set and spike had been introduced. having been invented just ten miles (sixteen kilometers) away in the city of Springfield.6 m × 15. Hitting the ball into the net was considered a foul (with loss of the point or a side-out)—except in the case of the first-try serve.

[4] The Olympic volleyball tournament was originally a simple competition: all teams played against each other team and then were ranked by wins. making the audience lose interest in the outcome of the remaining matches. allowed Poland to win the men's competition over the Soviets in a very tight five-set match. To cope with this situation.[2][3][7] Beach volleyball. the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics did not have as great an effect on these . and point average. Women's gold went to Japan in 1964 and again in 1976. both men's and women's events count twelve participant nations. One disadvantage of this round-robin system is that medal winners could be determined before the end of the games. Japan finally won the gold for men's volleyball in 1972. and in other countries including China and the rest of Asia. it began to be considered for official inclusion.[4] An international federation.[7] The sport is now popular in Brazil.R. The competition was a success.S. That year.[8][9] By the 1960s. the introduction of a new offensive skill. The number of teams involved in the Olympic tournament has grown steadily since 1964. was founded in 1947. as well as in the United States. the competition was split into two phases with the addition of a "final round" elimination tournament consisting of quarterfinals. and the sport was officially included in the program for the 1964 Summer Olympics. a variation of the game played on sand and with only two players per team. and countries from Eastern Europe have been major forces since the late 1980s). a special tournament was held at the 53rd IOC session in Sofia. where volleyball was played as part of an American sports demonstration event. and the first World Championships were held in 1949 for men and 1952 for women. Nudists were early adopters of the game with regular organized play in clubs as early as the late 1920s.[11] After the foundation of FIVB and some continental confederations.The first country outside the United States to adopt volleyball was Canada in 1900. in Europe (where especially Italy. Since the strongest teams in men's volleyball at the time belonged to the Eastern Bloc.[12] Each of the five continental volleyball confederations has at least one affiliated national federation involved in the Olympic Games. became a FIVB-endorsed variation in 1987 and was added to the Olympic program at the 1996 Summer Olympics. and finals matches in 1972. Bulgaria to support such request.S. After taking bronze in 1964 and silver in 1968. In 1957.[10] Volleyball in the Olympics The history of Olympic volleyball traces back to the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. set average. the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB). Since 1996. in Russia.[4][7] Volleyball is also a sport at the Paralympics managed by the World Organization Volleyball for Disabled. a volleyball court had become standard in almost all nudist/naturist clubs. semifinals. the backrow attack. the Netherlands. The U. won men's gold in both 1964 and 1968.

the U. Brazil won its second men's volleyball gold medal beating Italy in the finals. In the 2008 Games.events as it had on the women's. boycotting the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles. and Italy in the men's competition for the country's first volleyball Olympic gold medal.[14] In both games Brazil's women team beat the United States for the gold medal. men's team to a second straight gold medal.[13] At the 1988 Games. Brazil was runner-up again at the 2012 Summer Olympics.S. China. this time losing to Russia after losing two match points in the third set. Karch Kiraly and Steve Timmons led the U. Italy won its first medal (bronze in the men's competition) in 1984. their third gold as well).R.S. Runner-up Netherlands. In 2004.R.I. and the Soviets won the fourth gold in the women's tournament. underrated Brazil upset favourites C. while China beat Russia for its second women's title. With the U. the USA beat Brazil in the men's volleyball final. Serbia and Montenegro (playing in 1996 and 2000 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) beat Russia in the gold medal match in 2000. In all three games the strong Cuban female team led by Regla Torres and Mireya Luis won the Gold medal. winning their first gold medal ever. foreshadowing a rise in prominence for their volleyball teams. was able to sweep Brazil in the finals to win the men's gold medal. The U. In 1992.S. men's silver medalist in 1992. The 1984 women's tournament was also won by a rising force. A men's bronze medalist in 1996.S. Rules of the game Volleyball court .S. Netherlands.S.. collected their third Olympic Gold Medal in men's volleyball with a 3–1 victory over Bulgaria (the Soviet women won that year as well.S. came back under team leaders Ron Zwerver and Olof van der Meulen in the 1996 Games for a five-set win over Italy.

A line 3 m (9.[16] All lines denoting the boundaries of the team court and the attack zone are drawn or painted within the dimensions of the area and are therefore a part of the court or zone.24 m (7 ft 4 in) for women's competition. with the player from area "1" moving to area "6". which is the position of the serving player: Rotation pattern After a team gains the serve (also known as siding out). These are in turn divided into 3 areas each: these are numbered as follows.84 ft) from and parallel to the net is considered the "attack line". varied for veterans and junior competitions. The team courts are surrounded by an area called the free zone which is a minimum of 3 meters wide and which the players may enter and play within after the service of the ball. This "3 meter" (or "10-foot") line divides the court into "back row" and "front row" areas (also back court and front court). its members must rotate in a clockwise direction. Each player rotates only one time after the team gains possession of the serve. although a clearance of 8 m (26 ft) is recommended. If a ball comes in contact with the line. divided into 9 m × 9 m halves by a one-meter (40-inch) wide net. A ball . starting from area "1". the ball is considered to be "in".The court dimensions A volleyball court is 18 m (59 ft) long and 9 m (29. The top of the net is 2. the next time each player rotates will be after the other team wins possession of the ball and loses the point.43 m (8 ft 0 in) above the center of the court for men's competition.5 ft) wide. An antenna is placed on each side of the net perpendicular to the sideline and is a vertical extension of the side boundary of the court. and 2. The minimum height clearance for indoor volleyball courts is 7 m (23 ft). with the player previously in area "2" moving to area "1" and so on.

passing over the net must pass completely between the antenna (or their theoretical extensions to the ceiling) without contacting them. [17] Other governing bodies have similar regulations. made of leather or synthetic leather.30–0. . The ball FIVB regulations state that the ball must be spherical. a weight of 260–280 g and an inside pressure of 0.325 kg/cm2. have a circumference of 65–67 cm.