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Extra Exercise 2 (Hypothesis Testing for One Sample)

1. The operations manager at a clothing factory needs to determine whether a new


machine is producing a particular type of cloth according to the manufacturers
specifications, which indicate that the cloth should have a mean breaking strength of 70
pounds and a standard deviation of 3.5 pounds. A sample of 49 pieces of cloth reveals a
sample of mean breaking strength of 69.1 pounds.
(a)
(b)

Is there evidence that the machine is not meeting the manufacturers


specifications for mean breaking strength? Use a 0.05 level of significance.
Compute the p-value and interpret its meaning.

2. The inspection division of the Lee County Weights and Measurer Department is
interested in determining whether the proper amount of soft drink has been placed in 2lietr bottles at the local bottling plant of large nationally known soft-drink company.
The bottling plant has informed the inspection division that the standard deviation for
2-liter bottles is 0.05 litres. A random sample of 100 2-liter bottles selected from this
bottling plant indicates a sample mean of 1.99 litres.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

At the 0.05 significance level, is there evidence that the population mean amount
in the bottles is different from 2 litres?
Compute the p-value and interpret its meaning.
Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the population mean amount in
the bottles.
Compare the results of (a) and (c). What conclusions do you reach?

3.

You are the manager of a restaurant that delivers pizza to college dormitory rooms. You
have just changed your delivery process in an effort to reduce the mean time between
the order and completion of delivery from current 25 minutes. From past experience,
you can assume that the population standard deviation is 6 minutes. A sample of 36
orders using the new delivery process yields a sample mean of 22.4 minutes. At the
0.05 level of significance, is there evidence that the population mean delivery time has
been reduced below the previous population mean value of 25 minutes?

4.

An article (N. Hellmich, Supermarket Guru Has a Simple Mantra, USA Today, June
19, 2002, p. 70) claimed that the typical supermarket trip takes a mean of 22 minutes.
Suppose that an effort to test this claim, you select a sample of 50 shoppers at a local
supermarket. The mean shopping time for the sample of 50 shoppers is 25.36 minutes,
with a standard deviation of 7.24 minutes. Using a 0.10 level of significance, is there
evidence that the mean shopping time at local supermarket is different from the claimed
value of 22 minutes?

5.

Many grocery stores and large retailers such as Wal Mart and K Mart have installed
self checkout systems so shoppers can scan their own items and cash out themselves.
How do customers like this service and how often do they use it? Listed below is the
number of customers using the service for a sample of 15 days at the Wal mart on
Highway 544 in Surfside, South Caroline.
120
104

108
112

120
97

114
118

118
108

91
117

118

92

104

Is it reasonable to conclude that the mean number of customers using the self
checkout system is more than 100 per day? Use the 0.05 significance level.
6.

Late payment of medical claims can add to the cost of health care. An article (M.
Freudenheim, the Check Is Not in the Mail, The New York Time, May 25, 2006, pp.
C1, C6) reported that for one insurance company, 85.1% of the claim were paid in full
when first submitted. Suppose that the insurance company developed a new payment
system in an effort to increase this percentage. A sample of 200 claims processed under
this system revealed that 180 of the claims were paid in full when first submitted.
(a)
(b)

7.

At the 0.05 significance level, is there evidence that the proportion of claims
processed under this new system is higher that the article reported for the
previous system?
Compute the p-value and interpret.

The owner of a gasoline station wants to study gasoline purchasing habits by motorists
at his station. He selects a random sample of 60 motorists during a certain week, with
the following results:
X

The amount purchased was = 11.3 gallons, S = 3.1 gallons.

11 motorists purchased premium-grade gasoline.


a
b

At the 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence that the mean purchase was
different from 10 gallons?
At the 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence that fewer than 20% of all the
motorists at the station purchased premium-grade gasoline?