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,

.. -
, 08/04/2016


- . ,
,
,

.
, 2002
2021, ,

.
60

(tn/year)

50
40

30
20
10
0
1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

2030

2040

2050

2060

(1)

(. ) - 2011

242

28

8,95%

56 10,43%

1.690 42,03%

26

8,31%

104 19,31%

180

4,47%

1.365
146

..

6,01%

..

..
83

..

3,50%

75

1.219 51,45%

341 42,71%
29

3,49%

26.080 14,31%

3,00%

71

13,20% 71

33,94% 1

0,38%

0,72%

1.077

45,43% 283

35,49% 5.600

3,07%

3,62%

4,93%

29

5,39%

72

3,04%

3,63%

3,44%

29

3,59%

6.367

16

2,98%

9,35%

14.205

6.274

7,79%

2.089 51,96%

260 82,74%

379 70,26%

1.068 45,06%

382 47,94% 149.856 82,20%

4.021 100,00%

315 100,00%

539 100,00%

2.370 100,00%

797 100,00% 182.302 100,00%

(. ) - 2011

4.583

359

615

2.701

909

207.752,00

( - ) =
- =
12%

562

44

76

331

112

25.450

: 2011 .

(2)
-

.. .. .. ..

1,72

2,56

2,99

1,00

2,68

2,94

0,58

1,35

3,60

2,99

0,57
11,05
1,05

0,39

1,69

0,38

0,46

0,12

0,23

14,79

11,55

1,43

1,57

0,88

1,05

0,63

1,01

0,85

0,55

0,58

: 2011 .

LQ = [Xi(..)/(..)]/[Xi(..)/(..)], :
LQ = (Local Quotients)
Xi(..) = ... i
(..) = ...
Xi(..) = ... i
X(..) = ...




...

(1)

11.792

14,12%

1.892 21,81%

3.027 18,91%

3.833

8,81%

3.040

19,80% 372.209

21.697

25,98%

1.421 16,38%

3.449 21,55% 13.380

30,76%

3.447

22,45% 646.489 17,34%

..

..

..

7.414

8,88%

677

7,81%

2.475

15,46% 3.265

8.091

9,69%

109

1,26%

186

1,16%

6.192

7,41%

635

7,32%

788

4,92%

50.041

59,91%

83.530 100,00%

5.360 61,80%

..

9,99%

7,51%

997

6,49%

341.418 9,16%

6.448

14,82%

1.348

8,78%

50.990

3.667

8,43%

1.102

7,18%

254.081 6,82%

9.531 59,54% 26.283

60,43%

8.867

1,37%

57,75% 2.708.935 72,67%

8.673 100,00% 16.007 100,00% 43.496 100,00% 15.354 100,00% 3.727.633 100,00%

: 2011 .

(2)

()

1,41

2,18

1,50

0,94

.. ..

..

..

1,89

0,88

1,98

1,24

1,77

1,29

0,97

0,85

1,69

0,82

0,71

7,08

0,92

0,85

10,84

6,42

1,09

1,07

0,72

1,24

1,05

0,82

0,85

0,82

0,83

0,79

: 2011 .

LQ = [Xie(..)/e(..)]/[Xie(..)/e(..)], :
LQ = (Local Quotients)
Xie(..) = i
e(..) =
Xie(..) = i
Xe(..) =

()

10.816.286

4.586.636

3.727.633

859.003

18,7%

6.229.650

283.689

108.094

83.530

24.564

22,7%

175.595

..

31.757

10.835

8.673

2.162

20,0%

20.922

..

50.322

21.266

16.007

5.259

24,7%

29.056

..

150.196

56.353

43.496

12.857

22,8%

93.843

..

51.414

19.640

15.354

4.286

21,8%

31.774

: 2011 .

-




.




.



7.800
1.360
.

,
13.300
5%.


1:



.
2:


.



.



,

(Input-Output Model).



, .

(-)
2010 ()


(-)
11



,

11




Leontief (I - A)-1

:

(
2011)

,

11
(
2011)

(LSQs)
(LDQs)


11


,
.
n +1

*j =

*
ij

i =1


,

.
r
N
n +1

TI,j =

*
n +1,i ij

i =1

an+1, j

*
j

n +1, j


,
.
n +1

I,j =

r
i =1

*
i ij

*j
j

.. ..

,
, , ,
, ,

, ,

,
, , ,
, ,

, ,

,
, , ,
, ,

, ,

2,618

2,738

2,388

3,903

3,821

3,876

4,966

4,803

4,910

4,182

3,989

3,927

5,941

5,792

5,860

3,634

3,884

3,200

2,807

2,755

2,790

4,585

4,456

4,910

3,369

3,226

3,165

2,607

2,556

2,578

1,666

1,779

1,575

8,127

8,136

8,432

2,709

2,510

2,687

2,334

2,098

2,146

5,390

5,553

4,835

(1)
,


.
,
,

,
,

,

.

(2)
,
,
(1,72
),


,
.




.

(3)

,
,

,






.

(1)
) 1 (400.000 / ):
: 4,10
/: 1,37
: 6,67
,
( )
7.800 (6.450 . 1.350
.. ), :
: 1,15
/: 0,38
: 1,87

(2)
) 2 (200.000 / ):
: 2,05
/: 0,68
: 3,34
,
( )
7.800 (6.450 . 1.350
.. ), :
: 0,58
/: 0,19
: 0,94

(3)


..:




..).





.


, ,

.
,
,
,

,
.

1 -

.
2 -

.
3 - ,

.
4 -
.

, , .
, , , ,
,

:
Ruhr

Lusatia

1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2 (, , )
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3 (, , )
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.4

1.4.1

1.4.2 , ,

1.4.3

2
2.1
2.1.1 .
2.1.2
,
.
2.1.3
2.2
2.2.1
.
2.2.2 .
2.2.3
2.2.4

2.3

3
3.1
3.1.1 ,

3.1.2 - ,
3.2
3.2.1

3.2.2 ,
3.2.3 ,

3.2.4

3.3

4
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2 (
)
4.1.3 (ex-ante, ongoing,
ex-post)
4.2


,

.

, :

/-,
.

:

..
(
..
, , ..


(lignite to gas).

(lignite to biomass).
(dry lignite)
(lignite to liquid
LTL)
CO2
(CCU)

(Smart Technologies)





.



.



, .


)
) (
)
)
) 2014 - 2020
)
)
)
)
( , ,
).


..


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