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One of the teams leading the way in capitalizing on that advantage is the Seattle Seahawks, who won the Super
Bowl in 2013 and came within two yards of repeating their victory in 2014. Head coach Pete Carroll is known
as much for his innovation off the field as on it. “When it comes to the precision and science of sleep for
optimal performance,” Carroll told me, “we’ve been fortunate to work with experts to help guide us on both the
physical and mental strategies to enhance our recovery process.”
Two of the experts leading his science team are Sam Ramsden, the team’s director of player health and
performance, and Michael Gervais, the director of high--performance psychology at the DISC Sports & Spine
Center. Together, they educate both players and coaches on the importance of sleep. “Fatigue and performance
are intimately linked,” they told me, “and sleep is one of the important variables to get right to help athletes
sustain high effort and enthusiasm for the long haul.”
This isn’t news to the New England Patriots’ quarterback Tom Brady, who managed to beat the Seahawks in
the last Super Bowl—-and win the MVP title. Brady goes to bed at 8:30 p.m. and is still managing to play at the
highest level even as he approaches forty. “The decisions that I make always center around performance
enhancement,” he says. “I want to be the best I can be every day.”
The Chicago Bears are employing a similar strategy. Their sport-science coordinator, Jennifer Gibson,
teaches players how to develop good sleep habits and proper napping techniques as a way to maximize
performance, and provides them with memory-foam mattresses during training camp. Pro Bowl guard Kyle
Long has become an enthusiastic sleep advocate. “Getting that eight, nine hours is just as important as
weightlifting and studying your playbook,” he says. “I can know all the plays like the back of my hand. I can lift
all the weights in the world. But if I get five, six hours of sleep, I’m going to have that doubt in my head and
that sluggish nature, and you can’t have that when you’re trying to block these elite guys. I’d absolutely say
sleep is a weapon.”
As former NBA All--Star Grant Hill put it, “People talk about diet and exercise,” but “sleep is just as
important.” Four--time NBA MVP LeBron James swears by twelve hours a day when practicing. And two--time
NBA MVP Steve Nash believes that “napping every game day, whether you feel like it or not, not only has a
positive effect on your performance that night but also a cumulative effect on your body throughout the season.”
Professional triathlete Jarrod Shoemaker describes sleep as “half my training,” while Usain Bolt, the world’s
fastest man, explains, “Sleep is extremely important to me—-I need to rest and recover in order for the training
I do to be absorbed by my body.” Volleyball player Kerri Walsh Jennings, a three--time Olympic gold-medal
winner, admits that sleep “could be the hardest thing to accomplish on my to--do list, but it always makes a
difference.” And tennis great Roger Federer trumps them all. “If I don’t sleep eleven to twelve hours a day, it’s
not right,” he says. “If I don’t have that amount of sleep, I hurt myself.” Before Wimbledon in 2015, he even
rented two houses: one for his family to sleep in and one for him (and his training team), so the family activities
wouldn’t wake him.
This recognition of sleep’s impact on performance is now a worldwide phenomenon. In the United Kingdom,
the Southampton soccer club has its own sleep app, which players use each morning to log the previous night’s
sleep. If a player’s sleep-quality level drops, team officials will intervene. The Manchester City soccer club has
a new £200 million training center that includes eighty bedrooms. The team sleeps in the training center the
night before home matches—-a recognition by the coaching staff that sleep isn’t just for training but an integral
part of game--day -preparation.
Nick Littlehales, a sleep coach for Manchester United as well as other top soccer clubs, rugby teams, and the
UK cycling team, will often go to a venue ahead of the players to make changes to their hotel rooms. “I have
been preparing with various teams for the 2016 Rio games,” he told me, “and a key part of that is ensuring the
hotels being used in the run-up to the games are ticking all of our recovery boxes.”
At the college level, making the sleep/performance link is even more important, since the athletes are younger
and even more likely to be in the “I’ll sleep when I’m dead” phase of life. A 2015 Wall Street Journal headline
read, “College Football Wakes Up to a New Statistic: Sleep.” Pat Fitzgerald, the head football coach for
Northwestern University, noticed in 2012 that many of his players seemed especially tired during afternoon
games. It turns out the reason was that the games occurred right when his players were used to taking afternoon
naps. So he started a policy of mandatory game--day naps. That year the team won ten games, for only the third
time in the history of Northwestern football. “At first, we didn’t really know much about sleep and we were just
curious,” then–-defensive end Tyler Scott said. “But we really embraced it, and after a while, we got really
competitive about sleep efficiency. We started checking our data every day.”
Other teams are taking note. At their 2015 training camp, University of Tennessee football coach Butch
Jones introduced his team to a new part of their practice routine—-sleep trackers and sleep coaches. The team
worked with Rise Science, which helps athletes improve performance through sleep. They paired each athlete
with a sleep coach and monitored everything—-from the amount of time players sleep to how long it takes them
to fall asleep to the quality of their sleep—-with the results sent directly to a smartphone app. The players also
wear orange--tinted glasses an hour before they go to bed to help eliminate the blue light from screens that can
disrupt sleep. “It was very powerful to see the cultural shift at the University,” said cofounder Leon Sasson. “It
went from who can sleep less and still do well at practice to it being cool if you show up to practices with nine--
plus hours of sleep under your belts.”
At the University of Pittsburgh, coach Pat Narduzzi makes sure his players get enough sleep by coming into
their dorms and tucking them in at night himself! “We’ve got lights out at 10:30 and bed check at 10:45 every
night, so we’re trying to get them down early. . . . We can’t close their eyes at night for them, but you can see it
on the field that I think our kids are getting better rest.”

Excerpted from THE SLEEP REVOLUTION by Arianna Huffington. Copyright © 2016 by Christabella, LLC.
Published by Harmony Books, an imprint of Penguin Random House LLC.

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