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1 Chemical quantities

Practical

CP2 Studying chemical reactions
In this class practical, you will be studying different types of
chemical reactions, interpreting your observations and then
writing equations.

Procedure
Wear eye protection throughout this class practical.
1 Thermal decompositions

A

cobalt(ii) sulfate, barium chloride

Heat gently 1 cm depth of copper carbonate (CuCO3) in a
borosilicate test tube. Try to identify the gas produced.

 1 a) Describe your observations
b) What do you think the products are?
 2 a) Write a balanced equation with state symbols for the
reaction.
B

Gently heat 1 cm depth of hydrated cobalt sulfate
(CoSO4.7H2O) or hydrated copper(II) sulfate (CuSO4.5H2O)
in a borosilicate test tube.

harmful
copper carbonate, copper oxide, copper(ii) sulfate
 3 a) Describe your observations.

b) What products are formed?
 4 Write a balanced equation for the reaction with state symbols.
2 Reactions of acids
irritant
sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid

zinc powder

C

Add 0.5 g of zinc powder to 3 cm3 of 2 mol dm–3 hydrochloric
acid and warm gently. Try to identify the gas produced.

 5 a) Describe your observations.
b) What are the products of the reaction?
 6 Write a balanced equation for the reaction including state
symbols.
 7 Rewrite the equation showing ions in the acid and in the
metal compound produced.
 8 Cancel any spectator ions to obtain a simpler ionic equation.
D

Add 0.2 g of copper(II) oxide to 3 cm3 of 1 mol dm–3 sulfuric
acid in a borosilicate test tube. Warm the mixture gently.

 9 a) Describe what happens.
b) What are the products of the reaction?
10 Write a balanced equation for the reaction including state
symbols.
11 Rewrite the equation showing ions.
E

Add one small limestone chip (calcium carbonate) to 3 cm3 of
2 mol dm–3 hydrochloric acid. Try to identify the gas
produced.

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© G. Hill and A. Hunt 2008 Edexcel Chemistry for AS

1 Chemical quantities Practical 12 How did you identify the gas produced? 13 Write a balanced equation and then an ionic equation for the reaction. Hill and A. 2 of 3 © G. 14 Cancel the spectator ions to obtain a simple and clearer ionic equation for the reaction. Hunt 2008 Edexcel Chemistry for AS .

(The Data sheet: ‘Solubilities of acids. Hill and A. bases and salts’ on the CD-ROM will help you here. b) Explain why there is no precipitate with dilute hydrochloric acid.) 3 of 3 © G.1 Chemical quantities Practical 3 Precipitations F Add 3 cm3 of copper(II) sulfate solution separately to 3 cm3 of each of the following solutions: sodium hydroxide solution (0. 16 Write balanced equations including state symbols for the reactions with sodium hydroxide solution and barium chloride solutions.4 mol dm–3) dilute hydrochloric acid (2 mol dm–3) barium chloride solution (1 mol dm–3) 15 a) Describe what happens in each case. Hunt 2008 Edexcel Chemistry for AS .