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Building design

Ayres, J M
80.5
'Predicting building energy requirements'
Energy and Building Vol 1 No 1 (May
1977) pp 11-18
This paper is concerned with methods of
predicting the thermal performance and
energy consumption of buildings. The
advantages and drawbacks in practical
office situations of both approximate
methods and the more precise computer
methods are discussed. The widespread
use of the computer for these calculations
will be necessary for implementation of a
National Energy Conservation Standard
for building design. The new ASHRAE
Standard 90-75 essentially requires such
computer methods.
A case study carried out for the State
of California in an effort to determine the
practicality of energy budgets is discussed.
The outputs of four proprietary energy
programs for the same two buildings are
compared and found to be remarkably
different. The need for an ASHRAEendorsed public-domain program is discussed.
Baer, A, Eastman. C and Henrion, M
80.6
'A survey of geometric modelling'
Carnegie-Mellon University, Institute of
Physical Planning, Res. Rep. No 66 (March
1977) 47 pp
This paper discusses the issues and alternatives in geometric modelling and illustrates
them with comparisons of ten existing
modelling systems. It distinguishes three
categories of re presentation: dote representations which store full, explicit shape
information; definition Ionguoges with which
the user can enter descriptions of shape into
the system; and special subsets of information produced by epplicetions programs.
Boret~am, P G and Beacon, G R
80.7
'A brief description of a computer based
architectural modelling system' Bull. Cornput. AidedArchit. Des. No 23 (Feb. 1977)
pp 12-15
Describes an architectural modelling system
capable of operating within a minicomputer
and imposing no design restrictions. Work
completed includes site description and
sketch and detail design modelling, all of
which are linked to a suite of display programs enabling shaded perspectives, etc.
Bruce, J M
80.8
'Relative costs for steel framed structures
as an aid to design' Form Buildings Progress
No 48 (April 1977) pp 19-23
Describes how, using building costs in
agriculture, the effects on cost of shape and
size are evaluated for steel portal framed
buildings and presents results from a computer program which has been written to
evaluate the costs for a wide range of spans
and lengths.

208

Clark, J A
80.9
'Environmental systems performance'. Bull.
Comput, Aided Archit. Des. No 23 (Feb.
1977) pp 27-38
An outline description of an environmental
appraisal package operating at the schematic
and detailed design stages. The program
provides information on both the building
performance and then, at the detail stage,
detailed output on plant capacity and
operation stategy.
Dean, E and Rosenfeld, A H
81.0
'Modelling natural energy flow in houses'
Energy end Buildings Vol 1 No 1 (May
1977) pp 12-26.
A model for predicting the energy use of
residential buildings is developed for the
purpose of investigating the effect on energy
consumption of various changes in building
design, construction and operation. The
model differentiates between the thermal
behaviour of the north and south zones of
the house and describes an innovative method
of air-handling.
The model is incorporated into an analytical computer program called TWOZONE.
This program is used to evaluate the effect
on annual energy use of various amounts
and locations of glass areas in houses. The
results are compared with recent work on
the energy value of windows in houses.
Hunn, B D, Willcutt, G J E and McSweeney,
TB
81.1
'Simulation and cost optimisation of solar
heating of buildings in adverse solar regions'
Solar Energy Vol 19 No 1 (1977) pp 33-44
Presents details of a computer model which
simulates the effects of hourly weather
conditions on the performance and costs of
a combined solar/conventional heating system for buildings in cold cloudy climates.
The model shows the effects of several
system and cost parameters on combined
system cost so that optimal designs can be
determined.
Jahn, G V
81.2
'Programacion Electronica para Arquitectos
y Estudiantes de Arquitectura' (Computer
programming for architects and students
of architecture) Universidad Central de
Venezuela, Facultad de Arquitectura y
Urbanismo.
A nonmathematical introduction to logic,
flowcharts and basic programming
principles described by a series of architectural examples. Intended to increase
architects' participation in CAD (In
Spanish).

McKennan, G
81.3
'Simulation of the sequential experience of
building interiors' Bull Comput. Aided
Archit. Des. No 24 (May 1977) pp 16-34
Describes the development of a computer
model for predicting peoples impressions
ot warmth and brightness as they move

through the physical environment within


buildings.

Electrical and electronic

engineering
Austin, J M and Maloney, E D
81.4
'Application of CAD techniques to SAW
filters' Electron. Eng. Vol 49 No 592
(May 1977) pp 51-54
This paper describes three programs which
have been developed to assist the design
of surface acoustic wave filters with precise
attenuation characteristics.
Bowers, J C and Neinhaus, H E
81.5
'Model for high-power SCRs extends range
of computer-aided design' Electron. Int.
Vol 50 No 8 (April 1977) pp 100-109
This paper describes and accurate model
that simulates the static and dynamic performance characteristics of silicon controlled rectifiers.
Eaton, L L and Thoday, R D C
81.6
'Computer-aided wideband antenna design
in the broadcast b,tnd |] ' Prec. lEE; Vol 124
No 6 (June 1977) pp 519-523
This paper describes the design of a wideband antenna suitable for relay stations
broadcasting in band II over the range
80-100 MHz. Various design parameters
have been optimized with a computer
program to meet the desired performance
standards. An outline of the computation
method is appended.
Fraser, D L and Director, S W
81.7
'Selection of device models for computer
simulation of Digital MOSFET LSI circuits'
Prec. Conf. CAD Electron. Microweve
Circuits 5yst. Hull (12-14 July) pp 146-151
This paper describes two methods for
selecting a MOSFET device model, for the
purpose of MOSFET circuit simulation,
from a collection of models which provides
the best tradeoff between accuracy and
computational efficiency, subject to model
credibility.
Meixner, R P and Lawrence, J P
81 .g
'ClA (Circulator analysis)' IEEE Trons.
MTT-25 No 1 (Jan 1977) pp 77-78
This paper describes a FORTRAN program
for the frequency analysis and optimization
of three-port waveguide junction Circulators.
~;obhy, M I and Keriakos, M H
81.9
'Computer-aicled analysis and design of
networks containing commensurate and noncommensurate lines' Prec. Conf. CAD
Electron. Microwove Circuits Syst. Hull
(12-14 July 1977) pp 115-121
Several computer programs are described
for analysing and synthetizing networks
containing transmission lines, lumped resistops, voltage sources and current sources.
Several examples are given.

c o m p u t e r - a i d e d design