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Philippine Normal University

National Center for Teacher Education


Taft Avenue, Manila

Lesson Plan
In
Living Things other than Plants
and Animals
BACTERIA
Submitted by:
Mary Jean A. Dela Cruz
IV-19 BSE General Science

Submitted to:
Mrs. Alona P. Frias

September 28, 2016

I.

II.

Objectives
A. Given the available materials, the students should be able to:
1. name and characterize bacteria samples;
2. describe the importance and use of bacteria; and
3. name harmful effects or disease caused by bacteria.
Subject Matter
A. Topic: Living Things other than Plants and Animals
Sub-Topic: Protist
Concepts:
Bacteria are prokaryotic organism - they lack nuclear membrane and membranebound organelles, mostly are unicellular but some exist in colonies.
Some bacteria contains chlorophyll and manufacture their own food, some are
parasites that live inside living things, and some are saprophytes that feed on dead
bodies.
Some bacteria are nonmotile while others move with the use of flagella.
There are three kinds of bacteria according to their shapes. The rod-shaped
bacteria are called bacilli; the spherical-shaped bacteria are called cocci; and the
spiral-shaped bacteria are called spirilla.
Bacteria have many uses: they provide nutrients to plants by converting nitrogen
to nitrates and converting phosphorus to phosphate; food production - cheese,
butter, yogurt, yakult, and others; medicine production - antibiotic, production of
vitamins; use in genetic engineering - insulin making.
Some bacteria cause harm: spoilage of food that leads to poisoning; disease on
people - sore throat, pneumonia, TB, tetanu, pneumonia, some sexually
transmitted diseases, urinary tract infection or UTI, leprosy, typhoid, rheumatic
fever, and others; disease on animals - anthrax, fowl cholera, and others; disease
on plants - rotting of vegetables, and withering of plants.
B. Materials:
Balloons of different shapes and sizes, in particular round, sausage and squiggly
shapes.
Balloon pump(s)
Lengths of wool (yarn)
Double-sided tape
Marking Pens
Bug Tags
Scissors
Hole punch
Rubber bands
String
C. References:

III.

Ferido, M., & Gutierrez, J. R. (2012). Science Grade 7 Learners Material (Unit 1
AND Unit 2).
Ferido, M., & Gutierrez, J. R. (2012). Science Grade 7 Teachers Guide (Unit 1
AND Unit 2).
Ramos, J. D. & Morales-Ramos, A. C. (2006). Exploring Life through Science:
BIOLOGY. QC: Phoenix Publishing House.
Bordallo, M. C., Ungson, O. B., & Chavez, J. M. (2015). Science, environment,
Technology and Society. Quezon City: SIBS Publishing House, Inc.
Procedure

Teachers Activity

Students Activity

A. Preliminary
Please stand-up every one, Mark please lead
the prayer.
Good morning class!
Group leaders, may I know who are absent in
your group?

Im pleased to see that you are all complete.


Class, please recite the cry of Calhighian.
Before you take your seats, please arrange
your chairs properly and pick the pieces of
paper under your chairs.
You may now take your seats.
B. Recall of the previous lesson
Fill the information about protist

Lets bow our head and feel the presence of


the Lord
Good morning Maam Dela Cruz
(the group leaders will check the attendance)
Im happy to tell you that there are no absents
in our group.
(The students will recite the cry of
Calhighian)

(students will pick the pieces of paper under


their seats.)

C. Motivation
Find some word on the cross word and give
its meaning.
C N R F C P I L I
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Colonies - visible cluster of microorganisms


growing on the surface of or within a solid
medium, presumably cultured from a single
cell.
Parasites - an organism that lives in or on
another organism (its host) and benefits by
hurting the host.
Nonmotile cannot move
Pili hairlike structure made up of protein
that is found on the outer surface of bacteria.
Capsule extra coating on the cell wall of the
bacteria.

D. Lesson Proper
Before we start our activity, I want to
introduce my friend to you. This is my friend
bacteria.

How many cells does bacteria composed of?


What do we call those organisms that are
composed of only one cell?
Does he have a nucleus?
What do we call organism that lacks nucleus?
Can we see bacteria in our naked eye?
Yes we cant see a single bacterium using our
naked eye however
group of bacteria are
observable by our eye.
Look at this picture.
What is this picture?

One
Unicellular.
None
Prokaryotes.
No

Group of bacteria.

What do we call group of bacteria?


What can you say about the cell of a bacteria?

What do we call the whip-like extension of


the bacteria?
What does flagella do?
What will happen to the bacteria if it has
flagella?
If the bacteria lacks flagella what will
happen?
How do bacteria move?
What is the difference between chlorophyll
and chloroplast?

There are bacteria that contain chlorophyll,


what does chloroplast does?
What will happen to the bacteria if it has
chloroplast?
What do we call organism that can
manufacture its own food.
If there are bacteria that can make food, there
are bacteria that live on living organisms.
What do we call on organism that live on
other organism and harm them?
There are also bacteria that feed on dead
organism. What do we call organisms that
feed on dead organism?
How do bacteria obtain its energy?

We will have an activity today entitled


balloon bugs. In this activity we will
investigate the types of bacteria. Please read
the procedure.

Colony.
Bacteria are prokaryotic organism - they
lack nuclear membrane and membranebound organelles, mostly are unicellular
but some exist in colonies.
Flagella.
Helps the cell move.
The bacteria can move.
The bacteria wont be able to move.
Some bacteria are nonmotile while others
move with the use of flagella.
Chloroplast is an organelle inside the cell,
while chlorophyll is a pigment that makes
food.
Manufacture food.
It can make its own food.
Autotrophs.

Parasites.

Saprophytes
Some bacteria are autotrophs they contains
chlorophyll and manufacture their own
food, some are parasites that live inside
living things, and some are saprophytes
that feed on dead bodies.

Group 1 to 3.
1. Using a hand pump, blow up one small
round balloons and one long balloon, tie
off the ends. Try to make each balloon
the same size as the next.
Group 4 and 5
1. Using a hand pump, blow up one small
round balloon and one squiggly balloon,
tie it off.
Group 1 will name one small round
balloon, two round balloons, and three
round balloons based on the information
sheet.
Group 3 will name one long balloon and
two long balloon,
Group 2 will name three long balloons
based on the information sheet.
Group 4 will name one squiggly balloon.
Group 5 will use the tape to stick lengths of
yarn to the balloon like flagella. Name
based on the information sheet.
After doing the activity
One representative each group to discuss the
assigned information.
Based on your observation, what are the
shapes of bacteria and what do we call them?

What do we call pair of coccus bacteria?


Long chain of coccus bacteria?
How about pair of bacillus? Long chain of
bacillus?
What do we call (1) Spirilla that has a
flagella?
How about spirilla without Flagella?
From your information sheet what are the

Answer may vary


After discussion.
There are three kinds of bacteria according to
their shapes. The rod-shaped bacteria are
called bacilli; the spherical-shaped bacteria
are called cocci; and the spiral-shaped bacteria
are called spirilla.
Diplococcus
Streptococcus
Diplobaccillus, streptobacillus
Spirillum
Spirochete

benefits of bacteria?

How about the harmful effects of bacteria?

Bacteria have many uses: they provide


nutrients to plants by converting nitrogen
to nitrates and converting phosphorus to
phosphate; food production - cheese,
butter, yogurt, yakult, and others; medicine
production - antibiotic, production of
vitamins; use in genetic engineering insulin making.
Some bacteria cause harm: spoilage of food
that leads to poisoning; disease on people sore throat, pneumonia, TB, tetanu,
pneumonia, some sexually transmitted
diseases, urinary tract infection or UTI,
leprosy, typhoid, rheumatic fever, and
others; disease on animals - anthrax, fowl
cholera, and others; disease on plants rotting of vegetables, and withering of
plants.

E. Generalization
Fill the information on the table.

IV.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Assessment
Supply the missing information on each statement. Choose from the word bank.
Bacteria are _________ organism - they lack nuclear membrane and membrane-bound
organelles.
Bacteria has only one cell, they are _________.
Bacteria that contains chlorophyll and manufacture their own food are called _________.
Bacteria that live inside living things are called _________.
Bacteria that cannot move are called _________.
Rod shaped bacteria is called _________.
Spherical shaped bacteria are called _________.

WORD BANK
Autotrophs
Baccili
8. Spiral shaped bacteria is called _________.
DiploEukaryotic
9. The prefix use to describe pair of bacteria.
Heterotrophs Multicellular
10. The prefix use to describe long chain of bacteria. Parasite
Prokaryotic
Strepto
Unicellular
V. Assignment
WORD STUDY: Define the following terms
- Reproduction
- Asexual
- Offspring
- Identical
- Propagation
- Daughter cell

Organism

Bacteria

Examples

Lactobacillus
casei Shirota,
streptococcus,
and others

Type of
cell

mostly are
unicellular
but some
exist in
colonies;
prokaryotic

Characteristic

Nutrition

Nonmotile or
use flagella
Shapes
Bacilli; cocci;
and spirilla

Some are
autotrophs,
some are
parasitic,
and some
are
saprophytes.

Cocci
Flagella
Nonmotile
Spirilla

Benefits

Harm

provide
nutrients to
plants; food
production;
medicine
production;
use in
genetic
engineering.

spoilage of
food that
leads to
poisoning;
disease
people,
animals,
and plants.