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“Give me your tired, your poor

,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
–Emma Lazarus

Statistics:
The Majority Of People Are
Economic Migrants
(“Legitimacy” of refugee status)

Islamic State Militants Are
Posing As Refugees /
Terrorism / Criminals
(Security threat)

UNHCR
Facts and Figures
about Refugees
UNHCR’s full-time
statisticians keep
track of the number
of people of concern
to the Agency.
These figures are
released every June
in the annual Global
Trends report.
http://www.unhcr.ie/a
bout-unhcr/factsand-figures-aboutrefugees

Number of forcibly displaced
worldwide: 51.2 million
This figure is the highest on record
since comprehensive statistics on
global forced displacement have been
collected.
Including:
 13 million refugeesRegistered under UNHCR's
mandate
 Another 5 million
refugees are Palestinian
Refugees registered
by UNRWA (United Nations
Relief and Works Agency)
 1.3 million Asylum Seekers –
Persons who are seeking refuge
in a country that is not their
country of origin
 In 2014, 50% of refugees
were under 18 years old.
This was higher than in 2012
when it stood at 46%.
Where do the World's Refugees
come from?

Refugees And Migrants
Will Ruin Economies

Migrants And Refugees Can Just
Stay In Turkey / Lebanon / Etc

(Economic Threat)

(Passing the burden)
Who Hosts the World's
Refugees?
Pakistan continues to host
the largest number of
refugees worldwide at 1.6
million refugees, virtually all
of which are from
Afghanistan.
Lebanon has become the
Second Largest Refugee
Hosting Country hosting
over 1.1 million refugees,
the majority of whom have
fled the conflict in Syria. As
of March 2015, 1 in 4
persons in Lebanon is
displaced from Syria.
The Islamic Republic of
Iran is the 3rd largest
refugee hosting country with
a total of 982,100 Refugees,
the majority of which hail
from Afghanistan and Iraq.
In 2014, Developing
Countries hosted 86% of the
world’s refugeee

They Don't
Look Like
They Need
Help

For more than 3 decades
Afghanistan has been the
largest source of Refugees.
However, by mid-2014, at more
than 3 million
Refugees, Syria had overtaken
Afghanistan as the largest
refugee population, accounting
for nearly a quarter 23%) of all
refugees under UNHCR’s
mandate.
Afghanistan dropped to the
second largest refugee group
with 2.7 million Refugees under
UNHCR’s Mandate.
Somalia remained the third
largest refugee producing
country at 1.1 million Refugees.
Accumulatively, these 3
countries accounted for 52% of
all Refugees under UNHCR’s
mandate

Seeking Asylum in Europe:
According to Eurostat figures
there were 626,065 non-EU
asylum applications lodged in
the EU in 2014.
In 2014 Germany once again
received the highest number of
asylum applications of any
European Country, however the
numbers of claims almost
doubled from 109,600 in 2013
to 202,645 applications in
2014.
This trend was similar
in Sweden which replaced
France as the second highest
European recipient of asylum

800 in 2013.300 in 2013 to 81. primarily due to a dramatic increase in asylum seekers crossing the Mediterranean seeking safety in Europe. a 57% increase from 26.800 applications in 2014. a 57% increase. Italy replaced the UK as the third highest recipient of asylum applications with more than double the applications with 64.235 in . 54. between 2013 and 2014 there was a 144% increase in the number of Syrian’s seeking asylum in Europe with numbers rising from 50.applications.305 applicants in 2014. Ireland’s number of asylum applications was comparatively lower in 2014 with 1. In third position.625 applications in 2014 compared to 27.420 in 2013 to 122.790 applicants in 2014.450 non-EU applications for asylum. Where do Europe’s Asylum Seekers Come From? In 2014 an overwhelming majority of the EU’s Asylum Seekers have fled Syria. In contrast. This was followed by Afghani asylum seekers at 41.

Lebanon has a refugee crisis. when she claimed on Radio 4 that the vast majority of migrants to Europe are Africans travelling for economic reasons. But to do that. May and others is that the majority of those trying to reach Europe are fleeing poverty. but portrayed them as marauders who would soon hasten the collapse of European civilisation.2 million Syrian refugees within a total population of roughly 4. Hammond. this crisis is mostly about refugees. one example being the Daily Mail’s unsubstantiated recent assertion that seven in 10 migrants at Calais will reach the UK. THE GUARDIAN “10 Truths About Europe’s Migrant Crisis” -Patrick Kingsley Aug. Foreign secretary Philip Hammond this week not only repeated May’s claimsabout African economic migrants.2 million There are countries with social infrastructure at breaking point because of the refugee crisis – but they aren’t in Europe. The media has followed suit. which is not considered by the international 1. The most obvious example is Lebanon. a country that is more than 100 times smaller than the EU has already taken in more than 50 times as many refugees as the EU will even consider resettling in the future. To put that in context. Here are 10 of the key ones: 62% Far from being propelled by economic migrants. could do with some actual statistics about the migration crisis. it helps to have a sober debate about how to respond. The assumption by the likes of Hammond. . with an 87% increase from 20.theguardi an. 10.220 in 2013 to 37. Theresa May got the ball rolling in May. you need facts and data – two things that the British migration debate has lacked this summer.com/uknews/2015/aug/10/1 0-truths-abouteuropes-refugeecrisis When you’re facing the world’s biggest refugee crisis since the second world war. Europe – and. in particular. 2015 http://www.875 applicants in 2014. Britain – does not.5 million.2013. The third largest group of Asylum seekers in the EU came from Kosovo. like many people. which houses 1.

according to figures compiled by the UN. Their citizens almost always have the legal right to refuge in Europe. 62% of those who had reached Europe by boat this year were from Syria. Eritrea and Afghanistan. But again. In reality. according to UN figures. 50% alone are from two non-African countries: Syria (38%) and Afghanistan (12%). dictatorial oppression. Even so. . Whereas in fact. as discussed above.027% of Europe’s total population of 740 million. it becomes clear that the number of African migrants is significantly less than half. the number of migrants to have arrived so far this year (200. When migrants from Pakistan.000) is so minuscule that it constitutes just 0. This year. and Somalia – have legitimate claims to refugee status.027% Hammond said that the migrants would speed the collapse of the European social order. The world’s wealthiest continent can easily handle such a comparatively small influx. 50% the dog-whistle rhetoric of Hammond and Theresa May. And if you add to the mix those coming from Darfur. and some parts of Nigeria – then the total proportion of migrants likely to qualify for asylum rises to well over 70%. the archetypal contemporary migrant in Europe is from Africa. These are countries torn apart by war. Darfur. all three. that’s not true. many of them – especially those from Eritrea. 0. in Syria’s case. and religious extremism – and. Somalia. by the end of July. Iraq and Iran are added into the equation. Iraq.community as a good enough reason to move to another country.

even if they have left behind lives of destitution.THE ECONOMIST “How many migrants to Europe are refugees?” Sep 7th 2015 http://www.500 arrivals in Italy. The distinction matters. says up to 95% are economic migrants. and another 6% come from Syria. European countries must offer refuge or other types of protection to asylumseekers who can demonstrate that they are fleeing war or persecution. fail to obtain protection after crossing the . In other words.economis t. Citizens of Eritrea. integration and the rest of it. not relocation. Robert Fico. citizens from countries that usually obtain protection in the EU account for fully 75% of illicit arrivals by sea this year. Europe’s migration crisis amounts largely to a problem of border management and repatriation. for under the 1951 Refugee Convention and a string of EU laws. Hungary’s prime minister. who are a far more diverse bunch. So if Messrs Orbán and Fico are right. his Slovak counterpart. Many Nigerians. Crunch the numbers further and we find that at least 81% of those migrants entering Greece can expect to receive refugee status or some other form of protection in the EU. Are they? The UNHCR says that Syria. Afghanistan and Iraq account for nine in ten of the quarter-million-odd migrants detected arriving in Greece this year. They are under no such obligation to those looking to improve their prospects. among others.com/blogs/economi stexplains/2015/09/eco nomist-explains-4 VIKTOR ORBÁN. Somalia and Sudan comprise 41% of the 119. The figure for those entering Italy. says the “overwhelming majority” of migrants in Europe are not refugees but are merely seeking a better life. Bangladeshis and Gambians. is 46%.

Mediterranean (see chart 2). Serbia and Albania. Still. In Mr Orban's defence. These numbers capture only those entering (and detected) by sea—some European countries. the vast majority of whom are denied protection—and cover only “first-instance” decisions. have a separate problem of asylum-seekers travelling overland from Balkan countries like Kosovo. it is true that the legal distinction between refugees and economic migrants often fails to capture the complex mixture of motives that drive migrants to make their epic journeys. Germany in particular. the headline numbers suggest that the vast majority of illegal migrants reaching Europe will be eligible for protection once they arrive. War may be the catalyst for a .

Governor Greg Abbott of Texas wrote that his state “will not accept any refugees from Syria” as this would “irresponsibly expose our fellow Americans to unacceptable peril”. He’s not on his own: more than half of US governors are attempting to stop Syrian refugees from resettling in their states. especially on such a large scale. the US has taken in 784. claimed that the majority of those attempting to make it to Europe were not fleeing war and persecution: “95% of these people are economic migrants. Research based on countries such as the US. Between 2012 and 2013.org/agenda/2015/11 /4-myths-aboutrefugees-debunked/ Myth 3: They’re not really refugees – they’re just economic migrants seeking a better life What’s been said: At the peak of the refugee crisis this summer. Jordan spent almost $8. The reality: History tells us we have very little to fear from refugees. First. But that’s just one side of the story. have fled countries stricken by war or the caprice of dictatorship. Denmark and Uganda has found that in the long term. European politicians should strive for a more generous approach. That led them to the following conclusion: “The headline numbers suggest that the vast majority of illegal migrants reaching Europe will be eligible for protection once they arrive. a strain and a drain on countries.” he said. the data show. Editor. says Kenneth Roth of Human Rights Watch: “Just as no refugee would brave crossing the Mediterranean or negotiating the land route through the Balkans if easier options were available. Of those. so these routes would hardly seem to be major avenues for well-financed terrorist groups. The reality: Resettling refugees. World Economic Forum -Published Thursday 19 November 2015 https://www. But in dealing with large numbers of migrants who.000 refugees from across the world. for example. A 2012 study in Cleveland also found that refugees were more likely to be entrepreneurial compared to natives. They then cross-referenced these countries against the nationalities of people reaching Europe.2 billion when it took in thousands of fleeing Syrians. Viktor Orban. as Nick Stockton of Wiredhas argued. they looked to identify those countries whose citizens were for the majority receiving some form of protection once their claims were processed. The refugee route would also be one of the least effective ways to enter a country.weforum . refugees have a positive or neutral effect on the host country’s economy. They’re described as a burden. just three have been arrested for activities related to terrorism.” More importantly. is very expensive. though. The same trend has been found to apply to migrants more broadly . Hungary’s prime minister. The reality: Journalists at the Economist did some number crunching. Since 2001. Myth 2: Refugees are a drain on societies What’s been said: The language used to refer to refugees says it all.journey that refugees will then seek to make as economically beneficial as possible. WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM 4 Myths about Refugees Debunked -Stéphanie Thomson.” Myth 1: Turning away refugees will reduce the threat of terrorism What’s been said: In a letter to President Barack Obama.

birthrates are declining and populations are either shrinking or standing still. Some are therefore seeing the influx of often highly educated refugees as a boon for their countries. this will bring more opportunities than risks. and create a breeding ground for the type of resentment and anger that fuels terrorism in the first place. But that doesn’t stop many people from arguing the country is “full”. as this spoof article for the Metroshows. Myth 4: Even if we want to help. Angela Merkel: “If we do it well. at least for Germany. The reality: Across much of Europe. including Germany’s chancellor. there’s no more space What’s been said: Let’s take the example of Britain.” . The Washington Post has even gone as far as to refer to the situation as a demographic timebomb. Of the millions fleeing Syria. just a couple of hundred have been resettled there.closing our doors to refugees could have the opposite effect: it might make vulnerable people feel even more marginalized.

.

These newcomers. a country ravaged by civil war where bombings and violence are a daily threat. both photos don't really show anything close to what people circulating the images online claim. The perverse notion that a person doesn't look destitute or sickly enough to be granted asylum contains a fundamental lack of understandin g about what being a refugee means. he hopes to bring his family to the Netherlands. The photos' circulation is representative of a fear expressed by European officials and media outlets that Islamic State militants may be hiding among migrant groups in order to sneak into Europe and commit terror attacks. as well as the deteriorating humanitarian conditions that now characterize living there.effect on economies. One photo purports to show an Islamic State fighter holding a rifle in Syria earlier this year. Ankara offers Syrian refugees temporary protection with the idea that they will one day leave. Turkey didn't sign on to one part of the agreement. But in the long- Another myth related to the claim that most people reaching Europe are economic migrants is the contention that refugees. but rather economic migrants searching for economic opportunities. 22. they say. there is little to confirm these claims. The Economist estimates that 75 percent of people who take irregular sea routes to Europe are from countries whose citizens are usually granted EU protection in some form. will take away jobs from the native population and create poverty. The flag photo is from years ago andunrelated to refugees. UNHCR estimates that just over 50 percent of the people who have arrived to Europe by sea so far in 2015 are from Syria. Instead. Europe's border control agency stated that there was no concrete evidence to support the idea that Islamic State militants are among migrants. Over half of these more than 1. and experts say such plans sound specious. It's risky to come. are wearing expensive clothing or generally appear to be in good health. "Turkey is a safe country. Two-thirds of the Another criticism levied by antiimmigrant groups is that many people entering Europe have smartphones.000 Syrian refugees.are economic migrants is not borne out by reality. Some of the other prevalent nationalities arriving in Europe are from similarly war-torn states. The first before-and-after image is that of a man profiled by the Associated Press who was a Free Syrian Army commander before fleeing the conflict. Turkey. Now.huffingto npost. or possibly even the Islamic State. but they have been forced to flee due to horrific . conditions for refugees in Turkey have steadily deteroriated as humanitarian aid has dwindled. Migration expert Hein de Haas also told The WorldPost that in general. Hungary Prime Minister Viktor Orban has claimed that economic migrants constitute the "overwhelming majority" of those who are seeking to enter the bloc. "It would be outrageous to suggest that migration is either the cause of structural unemployment. could simply stay in neighboring countries.HUFFINGTON POST “5 Major Myths Of Europe's Refugee And Migrant Crisis Debunked” It's time to put these falsehoods to rest. Additionally. An unnamed Islamic State operative also told Buzzfeed in January that he aided in smuggling militants into Europe. Studies across a number of countries show that when there is an influx of refugees into a population. Stay there. While there is no definitive proof of the background and origin of every migrant and refugee entering Europe.com/entry/eur ope-refugee-migrantcrisismyths_us_55f83aa7e 4b09ecde1d9b4bc There's a prominent claim among immigration opponents that the majority of people who are entering Europe through irregular means during this crisis are not refugees. Syrians now make up one-fifth of the population. are similarly dire. while characterizing the current crisis as a "rebellion by illegal migrants. The people heading to Europe come from diverse backgrounds. according the United Nations Refugee Agency. But opponents miss the legal status of refugees in Turkey and neighboring states. which has taken in 1. as things stand now. states will have to spend heavily at first to receive the number of refugees that are currently arriving. migration has a relatively small -. In an analysis of migrant and refugee arrivals. it produces long-term positive or neutral effect on the nation's economy.but rather a desire to live off a welfare state. However.9 million Syrians. which is one example. the influx of refugees could actuallyhave a positive effect on the economy.rather than radical or negative -. 2015 http://www. including mid dle-class lives or wealthy and educated families.1 million refugees live in insecure dwellings. a prominent complaint from the anti-immigration camp is that taking in refugees is a tremendous economic cost. In Lebanon. Conditions in Jordan. experts say. "I don't see the need for ISIS to embark on such a convoluted Beyond security and humanitarian criticisms. tensions with local populations have risen and camps have become overpacked. then smiling in a separate image as he enters Europe wearing a Tshirt that says "thank you. As The Washington Post explains. does not actually grant Syrians living there refugee status as agreed upon in the Geneva Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. which has over 600. like Afghanistan and Iraq. Nick Robins-Early Sept. especially Syrians. Some say that when these people choose to travel to Europe." Hungary's Orban saidearlier this month." de Haas said.95 percent by Fico's calculation -. Yet the idea that the majority of those arriving in the EU -. including Britain's Nigel Farage and Slovakia's Robert Fico. Many others are fleeing repression and sometimes forced conscription under regimes in Eritrea and Gambia. or the precariousness of labor." Another image claims to show refugees holding an Islamic State flag and attacking German police. This nativist argument doesn't hold up to scrutiny. The Washington Post reports. they don't do it out of fear -. and therefore isn't fully bound by it." Orban's sentiment was echoed by other hardline conservative politicians. and some economists argue that if handled correctly. In actuality.

scheme to carry out attacks or be a threat in the West. After all.'s World Food Program for the Middle East and North Africa region told NPR. The response to this concern. while 1-in-6 live in extreme poverty. told The Los Angeles Times. Smartphones also provide a vital means of communicatio n and navigation alo ng the routes to Europe." UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres stated in March about refugees in Syria's neighboring countries. associate professor in international relations and Middle East studies at King's College London. this should be seen as a potentially lucrative investment. countries should create safe. term. They can also call or message for . but a lack of funding has forced sizable cuts. Middle-class families with children are barely surviving on the streets. many members of the Islamic State are foreign fighters who already possess European citizenship. Lebanon and Turkey mean that refugees are often forced into an informal economy where they lack rights or a guaranteed minimum wage. The World Food Program has been providing food aid to Syrian refugees. those who do receive aid from the group only get around 50 cents a day to feed themselves. As The Washington Post notes. Refugees and migrants use these devices for GPS. Now. refugees' savings are long depleted and growing numbers are resorting to begging.. As The Washington Post notes. is not to shut out migrants and create increased irregular migration that is hard to document. a 2013 study of Syrian refugees in Lebanon found around half were skilled or semiskilled workers. Barriers preventing legal work in Jordan. conflict. Abeer Etefa from U.N. Rather. survival sex and child labour. aid groups told the LA Times. according to the U.N. a 2013 study of Syrian refugees in Lebanon found around half were skilled or semiskilled workers. as well as to contact family members and other travelers." Reinoud Leenders. Syrian refugee population there lives in poverty. "After years in exile. they said. Syria is also a country where there are between 75 and 87 mobile phone subscriptions per 100 people. Cana da's CBC reports. legal and documented channels to review arrivals. Leenders pointed out.

.help from authorities should trouble arise on the dangerous journey.

800.000.000 refugees. 8/ MYTH: If the US takes care of refugees. 1/ MYTH: Terrorists are posing as refugees to infiltrate the US Terrorists are not posing as refugees to infiltrate the US. They want to raise families. The terrorist attacks in Paris were carried out by homegrown 7/ MYTH: Refugees would be a burden on society Refugees want to come to the US so that they can get their lives back on track.200. centering on the question of Syrian refugees. They want to contribute to society. 4/ MYTH: Why don’t neighboring nations shoulder the refugee burden? Why is it up to the US? The countries surrounding Syria-Jordan. plastic dinghy to enter the US outside of officially sanctioned routes. .000 people and hosts 2.000 Syrian refugees over 4 years. summoned enough votes for a bill that would sharply restrict the eligibility of refugees to settle in the US. While in theory it is more likely that a terrorist could blend in with a crowd of refugees and migrants slipping into Europe. It is impossible. In fact. Conversely.000 and has taken less than 2. The barriers that have been put in place are simply too steep.GLOBAL CITIZEN ORG “Before you say no to refugees. 2015 https://www.org/en/cont ent/before-yousay-no-torefugees-here-are8-debunked/ After the recent terrorist attacks in Paris. here are 8 debunked myths” By Joe McCarthy on Nov.000. The US would have to take in around 75. Should refugees be admitted into safe countries? In rapid succession in the US. the refugees from Syria and North Africa can’t scramble onto an overcrowded.global citizen. Turkey--are shouldering the refugee burden.140. They want to start working again. Unlike in Europe. The US can easily afford to take in refugees.000 refugees. governors and presidential contenders announced that refugees would not be welcome. Turkey has 75. that the US could not risk an attack on its people. Their impact on society would be beneficial. Lebanon would have to cut down its refugee population to a few dozen to match the US's proportion.000 or 100. many of these skilled refugees could be leaders in the struggle to end poverty in the US. This has not happened and it won’t happen. while also helping its own citizens to deal with poverty (and it needs to do a much better job on this front). Lebanon. There’s an ocean in the way.000 refugees to match the proportion in Lebanon. These countries are overburdened. Their ability to handle the influx of refugees is strained to the limit. Lebanon has a population of 4. cramped camps without adequate resources.000 people and hosts 1. 20. then it can’t take care of its own people There is no reason why the US can’t take care of both refugees and its own people. this is also unlikely.000. The possibility is probably in the realm of 1 in 10. The US has a population of 318. political conversations quickly turned inward. which means many refugees find themselves in dirty. It’s not a zero-sum game.000. Paul Ryan. Many of the refugees are college-educated and highly skilled. The speaker in the House of Representatives.

posing as a refugee would make it nearly impossible. Refugees are refugees: victims of war seeking safety. .terrorists who were influenced by radicals. If a terrorist wanted to enter the US.

The National Abortion . politicians. 18. As a matter of fact. com/2015/11/97887/fi ve-worst-mythsrefugees-andterrorism Myth: Immigrants are more likely to be terrorists. and biological and chemical weapons.The Southern Poverty Law Center has a list of 112 documented radical right-wing terrorist plots since 1995. there have been 48 people killed by domestic right-wing terrorists since 9/11. judges. banks. civil-rights figures. and other criminals. armored cars. missiles. The plots included “plans to bomb government buildings. and bridges. and others. an average of five-and-a-half a year. utilities.000 people — 10 times the number of people killed on September 11. explosives. mosques. to rob banks. clinics.” One plot was designed to kill as many as 30. refineries.REFINERY 29 “5 Awful Myths About Refugees And Terrorism — Debunked” -Lili Petersen -Nov. According to a study by Washington research center New America Foundation. synagogues. to assassinate police officers. memorials.refinery29. and to amass illegal machine guns. 2015 http://www. and 26 by homegrown Muslim extremists. America has more to fear from attacks by the radical right.

The American Immigration Council reports that immigrants are not only less likely to end up in prison. “A variety of different studies using different methodologies have found that immigrants are less likely than the native-born to engage in either violent or nonviolent ‘antisocial’ behaviors.S.” . they’re less likely to engage in criminal behavior at all. Additionally. that immigrants are less likely than the nativeborn to be repeat offenders among ‘high risk’ adolescents. When it comes to crime in general. immigrants are less likely to commit crimes than native-born Americans. there have been eight murders and numerous attempted murders of doctors and clinic staff. and that immigrant youth who were students in U.Federation found there have been more than 200 bombings or arsons of abortion clinics since 1976. middle and high schools in the mid1990s and are now young adults have among the lowest delinquency rates of all young people.

One in five is still searching for a family member missing in Syria.245 Syrians were interviewed between April and September 2015. they are the flower of their country: 86 per cent say they have secondary school or university education. educated Syrian refugees in Greece seek asylum in Germany. Sweden” UNHCR says most of Syrians arriving in Greece are students News Stories. . Half of that group had studied at university. In all 1. It draws on interviews carried out by UNHCR border protection teams in various locations in Greece along the GreekTurkish border. carpenters. The most frequently mentioned occupation of those questioned was student: 16 per cent of those questioned said they were studying before they fled. These are some of the results of a survey. The vast majority of those surveyed (78 per cent) were under 35. Educationally. released by UNHCR in Geneva. That was followed by: merchants – nine per cent.UNHCR “Skilled. 8 December 2015 Most are fleeing the conflict in Syria. But they carry the wounds of war with them.

Overall. 65 per cent. engineers. said they had no special needs. Source: UNHCR . The UNHCR survey is not representative of the whole Syrian refugee population arriving in Greece. But the analysis does give a good overall picture of the 'profile' of Syrians arriving in Greece between April and September 2015. the profile is of a highly-skilled population on the move. Almost two-thirds of those surveyed – 63 per cent – said they left Syria in 2015. plumbers – seven per cent. Most of those who answered the questionnaire.electricians. And some 85 per cent said they reached one of the Greek islands on their first attempt. architects – five per cent. The methodology was not a random sampling. doctors or pharmacists – four per cent.

the conflicts in Syria and Iraq. want to integrate into their host counties while preserving the essentials of their cultures. While some refugees remain hopeful that they will soon return to their home countries. for which they are often profoundly grateful. Most refugees. for example. will not be resolved quickly. As refugees they have the same rights and obligations — excepting only the right to vote — as the citizens of their host countries and they have much to offer in economic terms: many are highly trained and possess much-needed skills. for . therefore.org/2015/10/ europe-can-find-betterways-to-get-refugeesinto-workforces Most people fleeing conflict and political oppression don’t want handouts – they want to work in order to create some semblance of a normal life for their families. most accept that they are unlikely to do so. some key sectors (including. 2015 https://hbr.HARVARD BUSINESS REVIEW “Europe Can Find Better Ways to Get Refugees into Workforces” · Luk N. Although many European countries currently suffer from high unemployment. They are keen to contribute to the countries that have taken them in. Van Wassenhove · Othman Boufaied OCTOBER 05.

Yet despite a proforma acknowledgment of these facts. skilled workers who can pay taxes and contribute to social security today.example. health care) suffer from a chronic lack of qualified jobseekers. Once a refugee’s status has been confirmed. many European countries have not put in place effective processes for integrating into the workforce the growing number of well-qualified refugees they are hosting. the . Unfavorable demographics. In short. with the aging of the baby boomers and low birth rates. this represents an immediate cost. Most obviously. also represents an economic time bomb for countries whose public retirement syste ms rely on current contributions to finance current pension obligations. he or she is eligible for the same social benefits available to any local citizen. The longer the refugee is without a job. Europe needs young.

host countries cannot resolve it by simply increasing the budget for the employment services they currently offer.longer he or she will be a burden on the state. dedicated effort. the sooner he or she can contribute. Accelerating the integration of refugees will require a special. We need to find ways to assess their qualifications and prior experience. They may have no social networks to build upon and will be unfamiliar with local labor market norms. local employers may need to adjust some of their practices to accommodate their new employees. For their part. . And the sooner the refugee finds a job. Refugees face specific issues in entering a new labor market that will require investment in dedicated processes. They may not speak the local language.

000 people immigrate to Germany every year. when Germany . but its demographic quandary isn’t.AMERICA “Refugees will change Europe for the better” Immigration could help European countries reverse their negative demographic trends and boost their economic growth October 25. Germany welcomed 550. European leaders must lure young people to populate their cities. a regular inflow of immigrants is needed from outside the country. If this trend persists. In contrast to the early 1990s. Germans have been graying as a nation and dwindling in numbers for decades.AL JAZEERA . pay pensions for retirees and care for them as well as to sustain the continent’s growth. the German population will shrink from 81.5 million to 60 million over the next 35 years — even if 100. The gap is acute and pressing in Germany.483 new migrants to keep its total population steady. 2015 2:00AM ET by Paul Hockenos http://america. Germany’s growing economy may be exceptional in recession-plagued Europe.aljazeera. demographics: Deaths outpace births across Europe. But unless fertility rates rebound dramatically. In 2014.html Demographic crisis First. com/opinions/2015/10/r efugees-will-changeeurope-for-thebetter. but the Europe-wide problem receives too little attention.

Bulgaria’s population could drop 12 percent by 2030 and 28 percent by 2050.instigated EU-wide asylum reform to limit immigration. from 10. today.5 million to 6. Portugal’s population is estimated to drop. But the crunch could be worse in Central European countries that are stubbornly sealing off their borders. Other European countries such as Spain and Portugal are also suffering from low birthrates exacerbated by the emigration of hundreds of thousands of countrymen since the euro crisis hit in 2010. Should current trends continue. Eastern and Central European countries are expected to lose the most population per capita over the next few decades. theGerman business community — already struggling to fill job vacancies and empty spots in vocational training programs — is firmly behind Chancellor Angela Merkel’s welcoming stance and wants the newcomers trained and integrated more swiftly. .3 million by 2060. Central Europe could be depopulated and economically depressed. For example.

Economic benefits The refugees offer Europe more than their numbers. Language instructors. For example. Germany will also have to consider the construction of social housing for the refugees. social workers. teachers. the country has allowed its once vaunted public housing programs — rental apartments owned and managed by . have long advocated for to sustain the country’s growth and help pull the rest of Europe out of its slump. translators. including economists at Deutsche Bank. which would benefit low-income Germans as well. In recent years. the refugee inflow could finally push Germany to initiate a spending program that experts. vocational trainers and other personnel are needed to facilitate their socialization. Their reception and integration will require investment that could help pull Europe out of recession.even as pro-immigrant nations such as Germany and Sweden become more multicultural and prosperous.

the state or nonprofit organizations — to slip. Other municipalities should follow suit. their experiences and attitudes could have a moderating effect on Europe’s Muslim communities. by absorbing more Muslim refugees. Afghan and Iraqi refugees are fleeing Islamic fundamentalism and thus are the least likely to support radical groups. Europe’s generous response to Muslim . Europe is de facto beginning a process of reconciliation with the Muslim world. After all. Hamburg and Berlin now have plans to build 5.000 units. Moreover. respectively.600 and 3. which has led to rent hikes everywhere. especially in the Middle East and Northern Africa. but German authorities have yet to detect a single figure on their security lists. It is plausible that radicals could still use the refugee flow to plant sleeper cells across Europe. the overwhelmingly Muslim refugees could be a boon to security. Finally. most of the Syrian. In fact. Almost no new social housing has been built since 2007.

.refugees may even bring Occident and Orient closer together. Islam is now firmly a part of Europe. not an exception to the Christian rule. Europeans may get to know Syria the way they now know Turkey. Once the war ends.

In particular. And then there are the economists! Economists tend to see a large influx of refugees not as an obligation or a threat -. if it weren't for migration. Surely the answer is obvious -. in many countries. deaths exceeded births in Greece and Italy (where the vast majority of the migrants arrived) and in Germany (where the largest number end up). Last year. the EU's working age populationwould already be shrinking. As Thomas Piketty. If Europe Gets It Right. 2015 http://www. shrinking.” 09/15/2015 09:24 am ET | Updated Sep 15. Europe faces a major demographic challenge: our population is aging.but as an opportunity.HUFFINGTON POST “Immigration Is Good for Economic Growth.5 children per woman -.you don't need to be a demographer to work out the long-term implications.Europe should not only accept refugees.com/jonathanportes/economiceuroperefugees_b_8128288. Refugees Can Be Too.huffingtonpo st. but welcome the consequential increase in the labor force. Indeed.ht ml Some view this as a humanitarian crisis and others see it as a challenge and a threat. Germany's economy is creating jobs faster than the natives can fill them. The EU's total fertility rate is not much over 1. and. the celebrated .

" recently wrote. the crisis represents an "opportunity for Europeans to jump-start the continent's economy.author of "Capital in the 21st Century." .