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Increasing demand of power has made keen interest of study to improve the efficiency of
power plant. From the energy Scenario we see that approximately 57% of energy is generated
from coal fired power plant. It is the major source of energy production. The energy analysis is
to be carried out for coal fired thermal power plant. Increasing demand of power has made keen
interest of study to improve the efficiency of power plant. The aim of the study is to identify the
location and magnitude of useful energy lost during the process at various components of power
plant. The losses at various components are calculated using the energy and exergy balance
equation. The first law of thermodynamics and second law of thermodynamics will be applied to
calculate the overall efficiency of the Thermal power station. Generally the exergy efficiency is
low at each components of power plant it can be further enhanced by taking necessary measures
required, the major loss occur in power plant are Boiler, Turbine and Heat Exchangers. There is
42% loss in boiler and 38% loss in Turbine. The overall plant efficiency is 30%. Comparison of
energy and exergy loss where the useful energy is loss is identified and improves the efficiency
of the component by making the necessary arrangements to the system components. Boiler and
all the auxiliary equipments which affect the performance and efficiency of the boiler is studied
thoroughly and necessary steps are to be taken to enhance the efficiency of the Boiler.

KEYWORDS: Coal fired power plant, overall plant efficiency, exergy ,Boiler, Turbine, Heat


First and foremost I would like to thank Almighty god for his presence and immense
blessings throughout the project work.
I extended my gratitude to Dr. RAVI KUMAR SOLOMAN,




the Department, Department of Mechanical Engineering, who has been a

constant source of motivation. His suggestions have helped me to improve the project
with good shape.
I am Particularly grateful to my guide I would like to express my deep sense of
gratitude and indebtedness to my supervisor Mr. T. MATHEVAN PILLAI Associate
Professor, Department of mechanical engineering for his invaluable encouragement,
suggestions and support from an early stage of this research and providing me extraordinary
experiences throughout the work. Above all, his priceless and meticulous supervision at each
and every phase of work inspired me in innumerable ways.

I would like to thank Mr. J. SUBBIAH, Chief Manager(Mechanical), NLC POWER

TAMILNADU LIMITED for his kind motivation and support to carry out this project
I am also thankful to the design project coordinator Mr. VIJAYABALAN,
associate professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering for his support to keep the project
work in right track.