ver, this feature facilitates abuse of the system.

Private wiki servers require
user authentication to edit pages, and sometimes even to read them. Maged N. Kam
el Boulos, Cito Maramba and Steve Wheeler write that the open wikis produce a pr
ocess of Social Darwinism. "?'Unfit' sentences and sections are ruthlessly culle
d, edited and replaced if they are not considered 'fit', which hopefully results
in the evolution of a higher quality and more relevant page. While such opennes
s may invite 'vandalism' and the posting of untrue information, this same openne
ss also makes it possible to rapidly correct or restore a 'quality' wiki page."[
Some wikis have an "edit" button or link directly on the page being viewed, if t
he user has permission to edit the page. This leads to an "editing page" where p
articipants structure and format wiki pages with a simplified markup language, s
ometimes known as wikitext. For example, starting lines of text with an asterisk
s creates a bulleted list. The style and syntax of wikitexts can vary greatly am
ong wiki implementations,[example needed] some of which also allow HTML tags. Wi
kis favour plain-text editing, with fewer and simpler conventions than HTML, for
indicating style and structure. Although limiting access to HTML and Cascading
Style Sheets (CSS) of wikis limits user ability to alter the structure and forma
tting of wiki content, there are some benefits. Limited access to CSS promotes c
onsistency in the look and feel, and having JavaScript disabled prevents a user
from implementing code that may limit other users' access.
MediaWiki syntax (the "behind the scenes" code used to add formatting to text)
Equivalent HTML (another type of "behind the scenes" code used to add formatting
to text) Rendered output (seen onscreen by a regular web user)
"Take some more [[tea]]," the March Hare said to Alice, very earnestly.
"I've had '''nothing''' yet," Alice replied in an offended tone, "so I can't tak
e more."
"You mean you can't take ''less''?" said the Hatter. "It's very easy to take ''m
ore'' than nothing."
<p>"Take some more <a href="/wiki/Tea" title="Tea">tea</a>," the March Hare said
to Alice, very earnestly.</p>
<p>"I've had <b>nothing</b> yet," Alice replied in an offended tone, "so I can't
take more."</p>
<p>"You mean you can't take <i>less</i>?" said the Hatter. "It's very easy to ta
ke <i>more</i> than nothing."</p>
"Take some more tea," the March Hare said to Alice, very earnestly.
"I've had nothing yet," Alice replied in an offended tone, "so I can't take more
"You mean you can't take less?" said the Hatter. "It's very easy to take more th
an nothing."
Wikis can make WYSIWYG editing available to users, usually by means of JavaScrip
t control that translates graphically entered formatting instructions into the c
orresponding HTML tags or wikitext. In those implementations, the markup of a ne
wly edited, marked-up version of the page is generated and submitted to the serv
er transparently, shielding the user from this technical detail. An example of t
his is the VisualEditor on Wikipedia. However, WYSIWYG controls do not always pr
ovide all of the features available in wikitext, and some users prefer not to us
e a WYSIWYG editor. Hence, many of these sites offer some means to edit the wiki
text directly.
Some wikis keep a record of changes made to wiki pages; often, every version of

use flat files. While CamelCase makes lin king easy. "RichardWagner" should be rendered as "Richard Wagner". one must abnormally capitalize one of the letters in the word (e. Many implementations. and possibly a lso reverting to lower case. For example. as multiple authors and users may create and delete pages in an ad hoc. unorganized manner. "WiKi" instead of "Wiki"). Users can also c reate any number of index or table-of-contents pages. allowing users to explain what has been done and why. this reprocessing of the link to improve t he readability of the anchor is limited by the loss of capitalization informatio n caused by CamelCase reversal. or the page has been vandalized to include offen sive or malicious text or other content. and sometimes a full-text search. winter sports and bicycling. such as PmWiki. Wiki users can typically "tag" pages with categories or keywords. To link to a page with a single-word title. For example. includi ng the original. whereas "PopularMusic" should be rendered as "popular music ". such as the cont ent accidentally being deleted. a user creating a new article on cold weather cycling might "tag" this page under the categories of commuting. Wikis can provide one or more ways to categorize or tag pages to support the maintenance of such index pages. many wikis now have "free linking" using brackets." It is possible for a wiki to render the visible anchor of such links "pretty" by reinserting spaces. Some wikis. So me wikis. which displays all pages that link to a given page. this is similar to a log message when making changes to a revision-control system. Indexed database access is necessary for high spe ed searches on large wikis. this is a short piec e of text summarizing the changes they have made (e. but it was rewritten by Lee Daniel Crocker in the early 2000s (decade) to be a database application. These are produced by capitalizing words in a phrase and removing the spaces bet ween them (the word "CamelCase" is itself an example). the so-called "link pattern". there are usually a large number of hypertext lin ks to other pages within the wiki. bu t is stored along with that revision of the page (often in a log or "history" wi ndow). should it be necessary because a mistake has been made. and some d isable CamelCase by default. have a backlink feature. Linking and creating pages Links are created using a specific syntax. CamelCase-based wikis are instantly recognizable because they have many links with names such a s "TableOfContents" and "BeginnerQuestions. This means that authors can revert to an older version of th e page.. Searching Most wikis offer at least a title search. as a way to invite others to share what they know about a subject new to the wiki. The scalability of the search depends on whether the wiki engine uses a database. "corrected grammar" or " fixed formatting in table"). As a result. Origina lly. Navigation Within the text of most pages. This form of non-linear navigation is more "n ative" to a wiki than structured/formalized navigation schemes.the page is stored. a llow users to supply an edit summary when they edit a page. most wikis[citation needed] used CamelCase to name pages and create links.[11] MediaWiki's first versions used fl at files. It is also typically possible in a wiki to create links to pages t hat do not yet exist.g. These may be challenging to m aintain "by hand". and enabling other users to see which changes have been made. it also leads to links in a form that deviates from the standard spel ling. like MediaWiki. to make it easier for other users to find the article. It is not inserted into the article's main text. There is no easy way to determine which capital letters should remain capital ized. external search engines such as Googl e Search can sometimes be used on wikis with limited searching functions in orde r t . Alternatively. However.g. with hierarchical categori zation or whatever form of organization they like. This would make it ea sier for other users to find the article.