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# ExpressYourself(withFunctionsandExpressions)

WorkshopHandout

Terms

Formulas Sentences which allow sophisticated control of data. Typed within a cell, a
spreadsheet formulas syntax is composed of an operator (e.g. an equals sign)
indicating the start of a formula followed by an expression, usually referencing one
ormorecells.Forexample:=30(SUM(B1:B5)).

## Expressions The possible parts of a formula,suchasvalues,operators,andfunctions.Ifformulas

aresentences,expressionsarethewords.

Values Anykindofdatacomposedofnumbersand/orlettersresidinginacell.Thesecould
beclassedasnounsinoursentenceanalogy.Forexample:347orMike.

Operators Logicalsymbols,suchas:=,+,,>,<.

## Functions Expressions which encapsulate some kind of preprogrammed data manipulation,

calculation, filtering,analysis,etc.Thesecouldalsobeconsideredverbs.Examples
include:SUM,AVERAGE,IF,VLOOKUP...

ExampleFormulas

=A1 This formula would cause the value in cell A1 to appear in the cell the
formulaisin.

=A1+B1 This formula would add the values of A1 and B1 together and show the
resultinthecelltheformulaisin.

=A1&apples This formula would pair the value in cell A1 with the word apples, and
show the result in the cell the formula is in. For example, if A1 = 9, then
theresultwouldbe9apples.

=SORT(A1:A12) ThisformulawouldsortthevaluesincellsA1throughA12.1
=SUM(A1:A12) ThisformulawouldsumthevaluesincellsA1throughA12.

=COUNT(F4:N4) This formula would count the number of numbers in the cells F4 through
N4.

## =IF(C8>79,pass,fail) IF is a very powerful function that can return a considerable amount of

useful data. This example simply looks to see if C8 contains the value
greater than 79 and, if so, displays the value pass in the cell the
formulaisinor,ifnot,displaysthevaluefailinthecelltheformulaisin.

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ExpressYourself(withFunctionsandExpressions)
WorkshopHandout

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FurtherExploration

Abela,J.(2010,April4).NumericallyassessingyoungESL/EFLlearnerswithouttests.TheInternet
TESLJournal,16(4).RetrievedMay13,2011from
http://iteslj.org/Techniques/AbelaAssessingYoungLearners/
Bentley,R.(n.d.).Excel: Examples,
fun
projects
andgames.RetrievedMay13,2011from
http://www.schools.utah.gov/cte/documents/facs/conference/S08/Cmpt_Bentley_Excel2007.pdf
ExcelIsFun.(2012).excelisfunExcelhowtovideos.RetrievedMay13,2011from
LibreOffice.(2013).RetrievedMarch1,2013fromhttp://www.libreoffice.org/
Poole,B.J.,Jackson,L.,&Randall,R.(2002).EssentialMicrosoftOfficeXPtutorialsforteachers.
Pittsburgh,PA:UniversityofPittsburgh.RetrievedFebruary28,2013from
http://www.pitt.edu/~edindex/OfficeindexXP2.html
Rasmussen,Victoria.(2003).Excelforteachers.RetrievedMay13,2011from
http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/fultonj/SUNY_Suffolk_Resources/Excel/Excel_Guide.pdf