o"kZ&1] izos'kkad] vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 bl vad esa

xk¡o nsl dh ckr
lok vjc dk >wB vkSj jktuhfr ds pksj njokts 02
ns[kh&vuns[kh
tgka lksp gh 'kkSpky; cu x;k gS! &jketh ;kno 07
lekpkj&ljksdkj
fdlds fy, xk¡o dh ckrsa &vfHk"ksd JhokLro 10
xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk dk jksMeSi &vfHk"ksd JhokLro 17
izxfr'khy xzkeh.k psruk dh }Sekfld if=kdk
xk¡o&taxy&igkM+
lEiknd reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg cuke fuokyksa dk vkUnksyu &vi.kkZ 22
jketh ;kno mtkM+s tkus ds rkSj&rjhds &vi.kkZ 31
dk;Zdkjh lEiknd reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg cgqr dfBu gS Mxj &vi.kkZ 34
vi.kkZ daiuh cuke gekjk dks;yk &jkts'k f=kikBh 36
çca/k lEiknd jksth&jkstxkj
vydchj] vkseçdk'k vfer jkstxkj dk fleVrk vk/kj &viQykrwu 38
lgk;d lEiknd xk¡o dk LokLF;
vk'kh"k dqekj ekrkvksa dks cpkus dh igy &vfouk'k mTToy 41
dkuwuh lykgdkj flydksfll dh chekjh esa Vh-ch- dh nok ! &lfork jFk 43
gfjUæ çlkn 'kgj ds ik¡o xk¡o ds ?kko
vkoj.k xk¡o esjs Hkhrj vkSj ckgj &dSyk'k cuoklh 47
iadt nhf{kr xk¡o cnyrk ;k fcxM+rk gqvk------&O;kyksd 52
dk;kZy; lok lsj xsgwa
xzke&vfgjku] nks gtkj fy, Fks rqEgkjs ij NCchl gtkj fudyrs gSa& va/sjk Hkkjr 55
iksLV&pekao] f'koiqj] va/sj uxjh
ftyk&okjk.klh&221003 Hkxoku ds uke ij 90 ,dM+! &vt; izdk'k 58
Qksu&9454684118] 9479060031 xk¡o ds yksx
email : goankelogbsb@gmail.com jRFkksckbZ] jkew igyoku 63
fy[kh&i<+h
fe'ku ,u-ih-,- &jes'k ;kno 65
eqVeqj&eqvkj &gfjUnz izlkn 72
ewY; #-40] okf"kZd #-240@& xtysa] nksgs ,oa dfork,a 80
laLFkk vkSj iqLrdky; #-500@&
vkthou #-5000@& iqj[kksa dh nqfu;k
fons'kksa esa 70 MkWyj Le`fr;ksa esa [kks, ugha gSa firk &jkenso flag 87
lkjs Hkqxrku psd@cSad MªkÝV }kjk xk¡o ds esjs fç; ys[kd
yksx lks'ky ,aM ,tqds'kuy VªLV ¼gaon LØSp ls fLØIV cukrs latho &gfjUnz izlkn 84
ke log social and educational trust½ ds
uke ls fn;s tk,¡- yksd&iQksd
esgurd'k yksxksa ds esgurd'k xhr&jkx &lqHkk"k panz dq'kokgk 92
jsfy;k cSju &vkse izdk'k vfer 95
xk¡o ds yksx ls lacaf/r lkjs fooknksa dk U;k;{ks=k
okjk.klh U;k;ky; gksxk - ?kwerk vkbZuk
Lokeh&çdk'kd&eqæd vi.kkZ }kjk xk¡o ds yksx jktsUnz ;kno Le`fr O;k[;ku vkSj jkenso flag dk dgkuhikB 98
lks'ky ,.M ,tqds'kuy VªLV] vfgjku] pekao]
okjk.klh ds fy, çdkf'kr rFkk y[kuÅ ls eqfær- ewypan dh dfork;sa egRoiw.kZ jktuhfrd Loj gSa 99
xk¡o&nsl dh ckr

lok vjc dk >wB vkSj jktuhfr ds
pksj njokts
b çèkkuea
èkj jsy ;k=kkvksa esa eSaus xkSj fd;k fd nSfud ;kf=k;ksa dh HkhM+ yxHkx ges'kk gh
=kh ujsaæ eksnh ds ml ok;ns ij tcjnLr cglsa dj Mkyrh gS fd ns'k ds
gjsd vkneh ds [kkrs esa iaæg&iaæg yk[k #i;s dc vk;saxs\ vk;saxs Hkh fd dsoy
eksnh us yksxksa dks èkks[kk fn;k gS\ vlyh cgl blds ckn gh 'kq: gksrh gS D;ksafd
,d i{k iwjh vkØkedrk ls vkus dks ysdj viuh vk'ofLr ds lkjs rdZ nsrk gS rks
nwljk u vkus dh ckr ij vM+k gqvk ujsaæ eksnh dks yckj vkSj >wBk lkfcr djus ij
rqy tkrk gSA ;g ,slh cgl gksrh gS ftlesa galh&BV~Bk] xqLlk&xehZ lcdqN gksrk
gSA ,d i{k ujsaæ eksnh dks ,slk çèkkuea=kh crkrk gS tks igys dHkh ugha gqvk Fkk rks
nwljk i{k dgrk gS fd lgh gSA vkSj fdlh çèkkuea=kh ds nkeu ij vius jkT; dh
fujhg turk ds [kwu ds brus nkx ugha yxs FksA D;k ;g xyr ckr gS\ FkksM+h nsj
cxys >k¡dus ds ckn igyk i{k eu dh ckr dgus yxrk gSA fgUnw jk"Vª dh ckr
djrk gS vkSj ;g loky mBkrk gS fd D;k Hkkjr esa dksbZ nwljk çèkkuea=kh gqvk gS
ftlus iwjh nqfu;k esa Hkkjr dk bruk uke Å¡pk mBk;k gksA igyk Hkh dqN nsj pqi
jg tkrk gS ysfdu fiQj mlds loky [kM+s gks tkrs gSa fd dksbZ vkSj çèkkuea=kh gS
ftlus ns'k dh turk dk èku ikuh dh rjg fons'k ;k=kkvksa esa cgk;k gks\ nwljk i{k
,dne pqi vkSj igyk i{k fiQj loky nkxrk gS &gS dksbZ vkSj çèkkuea=kh tks turk
dk lsod cuus dk nkok djrk gks vkSj nl yk[k dk lwV igurk gks\ gS dksbZ
çèkkuea=kh tks nfyrksa dks xksj{kk ds uke ij ihVus okys xqaMksa vkSj gR;kjksa dks
fxjÝrkj djus dh ctk; muls dgrk gks fd Hkys gh eq>s xksyh ekj nks ysfdu
nfyr Hkkb;ksa dks NksM+ nks\ gS dksbZ nwljk çèkkuea=kh tks ns'k dh lqj{kk dk lokZfèkd
ykHk mBkus ds ckotwn mldk bruk cM+k vieku djrk gks\ gS dksbZ çèkkuea=kh
ftldh nks&nks tUefrfFk;k¡ gksa\ gS dksbZ nwljk çèkkuea=kh ftlus chl lky igys Vh-
oh- ij baVjO;w esa vius dks ikapoha ikl crkrs gq, dgk fd eSaus l=kg lky dh mez
esa ?kj NksM+ fn;k Fkk vkSj lcdqN Lokè;k; ls lh[kk ysfdu çèkkuea=kh curs gh
ftlus vius fy, iQthZ fMxzh dk bartke fd;k gks\ cksfy,] gS dksbZ çèkkuea=kh
ftlus pk; cspus okys dk csVk cudj turk dks HkkoukRed :i ls csodwiQ
cuk;k gks vkSj fiQj Je dkuwuksa dks iwathifr;ksa ds fgr esa detksj cuk;k gks vkSj
nsgkrh dqyd&fdlkuksa ds i{k esa eujsxk ij dqBkjk?kkr fd;k gks\ gS dksbZ nwljk
çèkkuea=kh tks foKku vkSj VsDukWykth ds bl bl ;qx esa fons'kksa esa bl ckr dk nkok
djrk gks fd eq>s yxrk gS nqfu;k dh igyh IykfLVd ltZjh ekrk ikoZrh vkSj
Hkxoku f'ko us dh Fkh ftlesa ekFkk gkFkh dk vkSj 'kjhj balku dk yxk Fkk\ gS dksbZ

02 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
çèkkuea=kh ftlds ,sls ew[kZrkiw.kZ oDrO;ksa ij nqfu;k fny bl Hkze esa iM+s jg ldrs gSa fd ns'k dk fodkl gks jgk gSA
[kksy dj galh gks\ bu lokyksa dh ckSNkj ds chp ,d ns'k cny jgk gS ysfdu dgk¡ cny jgk gS bls cgqr nsj
nsgkrh Loj mHkjrk gS & HkS;k] gS dksbZ nwljk çèkkuea=kh ckn le> ikrs gSaA 'kk;n blfy, Hkh fd eksnh us vkSjksa dh
ftlds jkt esa nky nks lkS #i;k fdyks gqbZ gks\ rqyuk esa yksxksa dks csgks'k djus dh T;knk çHkkoh tM+h
brus lkjs lokyksa ls f?kjs nwljs i{k ds ikl vc [kkst yh gS & esjs ns'k dh lok vjc turk !
xyFksFkjbZ dk Hkh mRlkg u nh[krkA tcfd vkl&ikl ;g ,d ,slk >wB gS ftls vklkuh ls ipk ikuk
cSBs ;kf=k;ksa ds eu esa Hkh vusd loky dqycqykus yxrsA fdlh Hkh laosnu'khy vkSj le>nkj O;fDr ds fy, cgqr
eksnh th dh tks ek;k lapkj ekè;eksa us iQSykbZ gS vkSj eqf'dy gSA bl lok vjc esa VkVk] fcM+yk] vMkuh]
muds leFkZd mudh egÙkk dk tks rEcw rkurs jgrs gSa vackuh] fla?kkfu;k¡] ctkt] feÙky Hkh gSa vkSj rFkkdfFkr
mlesa csjgeh ls lqjk[k djrs ;s loky yxkrkj mBrs vkSj xks&j{kd HkhA bl lok vjc esa xqtjkr esa ljsvke ihVs
fdlh ds ikl dksbZ tokc ugha gSA ns'k us igyh ckj gh tkrs nfyr Hkh gSa vkSj nknjh dk ekjk x;k b[kykd HkhA
dksbZ bruk vkReeqXèk çèkkuea=kh ns[kk gS ftlds pkiywl bl lok vjc esa djksM+ksa dh la[;k esa og xzkeh.k turk
iQksVks'kkWi dk bLrseky djds mQiQurs gq, cjlkrh >jus esa Hkh gS tks eujsxk }kjk r; ekunaMksa ij etnwjh ekaxrh gS
mldk psgjk cuk nsrs gSa vkSj bls nSoh; peRdkj dh rjg vkSj u feyus ij nwljh txgksa ij dke [kkstrh gS rks
iQslcqd] VfoV~Vj vkSj baLVkxzke ij ok;jy djrs gSaA ,sls dqyd&fdlku mls dkepksj ekurs gSa vkSj eksnh
peRdkjksa dh deh ugha gSA 'kgj nj 'kgj ,sls gksfMaZx dqyd&fdlkuksa ds gd esa eujsxk dh leh{kk djus vkSj
fey tk;saxs ftlesa bZ'oj dh rjg eksnh dh gFksyh ls mls [kRe djus ds çkoèkku djus yxrs gSaA bl lok vjc
çdk'kiqat fudydj esd bu bafM;k :ih 'ksj ij iM+ jgk esa ,iQ lh vkbZ ds gtkjksa xksnkeksa esa dk;Zjr yk[kksa Jfed
gSA vkf[kj bu lcdk D;k vFkZ gS\ gSa ftUgsa gVkdj ,iQ lh vkbZ dks futh gkFkksa esa nsus dh
dkS'ky fodkl vkSj esd bu bafM;k njvly ,d tqxr py jgh gS rkfd vkxs ogka Bsdsnkjh çFkk dk;e dh
,slk >kalk gS tks csjkstxkjh vkSj xjhch ls cngky Hkkjr esa tk ldsA bl lok vjc esa os xjhc eqlyeku gSa tks dsoy
cgqr vklkuh ls [ki tkrk gS vkSj yksx yEcs le; rd èkeZ ds vkèkkj ij vkradoknh dgdj ekj fn, x, vFkok
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 03
tsyksa esa can fd;s tkrs gSaA bl lok vjc esa ns'k ds os deh ugha gSA vkvks vkSj iSlk yxkvksA dksbZ miæo ugha
vkfnoklh gSa ftUgsa dkWiksZjsV ?kjkuksa dks LFkkfir djus ds gksxkA ge fo'okl fnykrs gSa D;ksafd ge jkst ,sls dkuwuksa
fy, csjgeh ls mtkM+k vkSj foLFkkfir fd;k tk jgk gSA dks cny jgs gSa tks xjhcksa] etnwjksa vkSj vkfnokfl;ksa ds
bl lok vjc esa ikWfy'k vkSj ohHkRlrk ,d nwljs ds gdksa dh j{kk djrs FksA ge gj fojksèk dks uDlyokn vkSj
lekukarj gSa ysfdu ujsaæ eksnh vkSj dkWiksZjsV ehfM;k us bls vkradokn dk i;kZ; cuk jgs gSa vkSj tks dksbZ Hkh
cgqr [kwclwjr èkks[kk cuk fn;k gSA vlfy;r ;g gS fd gekjs&rqEgkjs f[kykiQ cksysxk mls u dsoy ge xksyh
eksnhdky esa cgqr lkjs ?kksVkys vkSj xqy&xikM+s dks lok ekjsaxs ;k tsy esa Bwal nsaxs cfYd mls ,slk ns'kæksgh lkfcr
vjc turk ds lacksèku esa fNikus dh dksf'k'k dh tk jgh dj nsaxs fd ns'k dh [kk,&ih,&v?kk, yksx Hkh mlls
gS ysfdu ;FkkFkZ dh èkksrh [kqy&[kqy tk jgh gSA uiQjr djus yxsaxsA vkvks vkSj bafM;k esa esd djksA
;g tqeyk cgqr jkspd yxrk gS fd vki bl ns'k csrgk'kk equkiQk dekvks vkSj lsalsDl esa mNky fn[kkus esa
dh lok vjc turk ls eq[kkfrc gSaA yxrk gS xks;k lok gekjh enn djks rkfd ge yxkrkj lÙkk esa cus jgsaA vkvks
vjc yksxksa dk dksbZ ,d ifjokj gS vkSj mldk dksbZ ,d vkSj gfFk;kjksa ds fuekZ.k esa lkS çfr'kr fuos'k djks rkfd
eqf[k;k gS tks tc pkgs fdlh dks vkns'k ns ns] MkaV ns] ge nqfu;k esa flj mBk ldsa fd ns[kks ge Hkh ijek.kq
iqpdkj ns] mlds nq%[k lqu ys vkSj mldk nq%[k nwj dj gfFk;kj csprs gSaA eksnh th ,u ,l th esa x, vkSj ns'k ds
nsA ysfdu bl ifjokj dh okLrfodrk D;k gS bls cM+h yksxksa dks crk;k fd ns[kks ?kj esa pkgs nkus u gksa ysfdu
vklkuh ls fNik nsA vEek Hkqukus dh dksf'k'k fd;s fcuk ckt ugha vkusokyh
lok vjc ds tqeys dh vkM+ esa eksnh us vius <kbZ gSA
lky ds dk;Zdky esa lcls vf/d uqdlku xkaoksa dks <kbZ lky esa mUgksaus lok vjc ds >wB dk cgqr
igqapkus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA ,d rjg ls xkaoksa dks mUgksaus rwekj ckaèkk gSA 'kgjksa vkSj xk¡oksa ds yksx iaæg&iaæg yk[k
dkiksZjsV dk mifuos'k cuk fn;k gSA bldk igyk dne ds vius fgLls dk bartkj dj jgs gSa vkSj eksnh th fons'k
Hkwfe vf/xzg.k dkuwu dks lst vkSj iwathifr ?kjkuksa ds ;k=kkvksa esa ,sls iQ¡l x, gSa fd mUgsa ;kn gh ugha fd
vf/d vuqdwy cukuk FkkA bl dkuwu ls dkiksZjsV dh mUgksaus turk ls D;k oknk fd;k FkkA vycÙkk os ;g drbZ
tokcnsgh de djus dk iwjk izko/ku fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj ugha Hkwyrs fd vkLVªsfy;k esa vMkuh dks [knkuksa ds fy,
fdlkuksa dks iwjh rjg iaxq vkSj ykpkjA vly esa ,d Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad N% gtkj djksM+ nsus esa dksrkgh u djsA
yksdfiz; cuk, tkrs vkSj peRdkjksa ds eqyEeksa ls vMkuh dks dksjck vkSj xksafn;k dk ,deq'r iV~Vk feyus
pedk,a tkrs psgjs ds ihNs 'kkfrj fnekx us vius esa fcydqy nsj u gksus ik,A Vªsuksa esa dHkh&dHkh dksbZ ;qok
vkdkvksa ds foLrkjoknh vkdka{kkvksa dh lM+d cukus esa iwNrk gS fd crkb, dksbZ vkSj çèkkuea=kh gS tks bruk
Hkkoqdrk Fkk ,slk vydrjk yxk;k gS fd ml ij >wB dk cf<+;k vkSj yPNsnkj cksyrk jgk gS vkSj eu dh ckr
tgkt mM+kuk vklku gks x;k gSA nky ds nke ds vHkwriwoZ djrk jgs gS tSls eksnh th cksyrs vkSj djrs gSa\ gS dksbZ
mNky ds cjDl d`f"k&ladV vkSj nygu ds de mRiknu vkSj çèkkuea=kh tks ogka Hkh ljiV cksy vkrk gks tgk¡
dk >wB Hkh cgqr vklkuh ls cksyk x;k ysfdu irk ugha iQfj'rs Hkh [kkSiQ [kkrs gSa\ cksfy,!
dgka ls yksx lwpuk fudkydj yk jgs gSa fd yk[kksa Vu
nkysa vMkuh dh xksnkeksa esa iM+h gqbZa gaSA bl izdkj cgqr lh
,slh ckrs gSa tks tqeyksa esa vklkuh ls fNikbZ ugha tk
ldrhaA
Hkkjr esa gks jgh [kqyh dkiksZjsV ywV ds lekukarj
eksnhdky dh çeq[k ?kVuk gS ,iQ Mh vkbZ esa lkS iQhlnh
fuos'k dks [kksyukA esd bu bafM;k ;kuh vkvks vkSj Hkkjr
esa cukvksA ;gk¡ yksxksa dh deh ugha gSA cfYd ge mudk
dkS'ky fodflr dj jgs gSaA ;gk¡ dPps eky dh dksbZ

04 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
lius vkSj lansg

xk¡o dh ckr djus ls igys jksekuh utfj, dks cnyuk gksxk
xk¡o dk ftØ vkrs gh Hkw[k&xjhch&vf'k{kk vkSj tgkyr ds ?kVkVksi va/dkj esa Mwch ,d cM+h vkcknh dh
foo'krk ds eatj lkeus vk tkrs gSaA vktknh ds lkr n'kd ckn rd Hkh gekjh lqLr vFkZO;oLFkk xk¡o rd
igq¡prs&igq¡prs yxHkx iaxq D;ksa gks tkrh gS tcfd ctV çko/ku xzkeh.k fodkl dk <ksy ihVrs Fkdrk ugha gSA ,slh
nqjfHklaf/;ksa dk tuktk dc fudysxk] ;g ç'u vuqÙkfjr gh cuk gqvk gSA D;k iDds edkuksa] iDdh lM+dksa] eksckby
iQksu] eksVjxkM+h vkSj vPNs diM+ksa ls xzkeh.k çxfr dks 'kgjksa ds lekukarj ugha rks de&vt&de lerqY; cuk;k tk
ldrk gS\ lHkh tkurs gSa& ughaA f'k{kk&LokLF; vkSj vkfFkZd lqn`<+rk ds ik, ij gh [kq'kgkyh fVd ldrh gSA fdLlk
dksrkg ;g fd Hkkjr dh jk"Vªh; f'k{kk uhfr D;k gks] ;gh r; gksuk ckdh gS& fiQj D;k 'kgj D;k xk¡o nksuksa grHkkX;
xq.koÙkk iw.kZ euq";rk ds ljksdkjksa ls mnklhu] foHksndkjh ddgjk jVrs&jVkrs tk jgs gSaA xk¡oksa ds fgLls ;g nks;e ntsZ dk
ddgjk Hkh ugha& gk¡ feM Ms&ehy ds tfj, isV dh fiQØ çkFkfedrk esa t:j 'kkfey gks xbZ gSA f'k{kk&Lrj esa tehu
vkleku dk iQdZ xk¡oksa esa gh ugha gS cfYd 'kgjksa esa Hkh ,sls gh vHkkxs xk¡oksa dk l`tu dj jgk gSA csjkstxkjh] vkfFkZd
Lokoyacu vkSj f'k{kk dks bl rjg ds dqpØ esa iQkal j[kk x;k gS fd ih<+h&nj& ih<+h vkuqoaf'kdh thu dh rjg
LFkkukUrfjr gksrk jgrk gSA xk¡oksa dh d`f"k&vk/kfjr vFkZO;oLFkk dk gky fdlh ls Nqik ugha gSA ,sls esa [ksrh ij vkfJr
etnwjksa dk xk¡o ;k xk¡o ds et~nwjksa dh vdFk dFkkvksa dk dksbZ okjk&ikj ugha gSA rkRi;Z ;g gS fd rduhd vkSj foKku
dh rst jÝrkjh ds lcc geus cgrs ikuh esa ckj&ckj FkksM+h feV~Vh Mkydj mls cg tkus fn;k vkSj cka/ cukus dk miØe
fn[kkrs fiQjrs jgs gSaA Hkkjrh; lanHkZ esa xk¡oksa dh vkcknh ;fn lÙkj iQhlnh gS rks bldh rjiQ ls mnklhu jgdj fodkl
dk <ksy&ihV gYyk gekjh nksxyh ea'kk dh iksy gh [kksyus okyk curk gSA
çLrkfor LekVZ flVh ds i;kZoj.kh; na'k Hkh fuf'pr :i ls xk¡oksa dks gh >syuk iM+sxk ftldk vkdyu ;k
vUns'kk rks nwj bldk uke rd ugha fy;k tkrk gSA bUizQkLVªDpj ds fygkt ls Hkh xk¡oksa dks mudk vkuqikfrd fgLlk
feyuk 'ks"k gSA bldh u dksbZ ppkZ gS u gh bl ij dksbZ ;kstuk gSA ;s dqN cqfu;knh loky gSa tks ckgjh ifjf/ ij rks
vklkuh ls fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA fdUrq xk¡oksa ds eqrkfYyd tks tfVy vkSj xw<+ ç'u gSa mudh vkUrfjd lajpuk le>s cxSj ge
leL;k dks lek/ku rd igq¡pkus dk FkksFkk nkok rks djrs gh vk jgs gSa ysfdu urhtk ogh <kd ds rhu ikrA xk¡oksa esa tM+
tek, tkrh; vfLerk ds dBksj o.kkZJe&/eZ us rdjhcu ,d pkSFkkbZ vkcknh dks gj rjg dh lqfo/k ;k volj ls
eg:e dj j[kk gSA ;g dks<+ esa [kkt okyh fLFkfr gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj us nfyrksa ds
fy, xk¡o ujd gSa] ,slk dgkA D;ksafd ;gk¡ lfn;ksa ds tkrh; iwokZxzg vkt Hkh gj lkal esa ck/d cus gq, gSaA ;g dVq lR;
gS fd iapk;rh jktO;oLFkk us bl ujd ra=k dks vkSj vf/d l'kDr] míaM vkSj LoSPNkpkjh gh cuk;k gSA FkksM+h f'k{kk ,oa
tkx:drk ds dkj.k ;fn okftc fgLlsnkjh ds loky mBk;s x;s rks mudh fgalkRed ifj.kfr;ksa us nfyrksa& oafprks dks
grksRlkfgr gh fd;k gSA ,slh gh dFkk L=kh l'kfDrdj.k dh Hkh gSA ,sls esa xzke Lojkt ds Hkkoqd i{kksa ls ijs O;kogkfjd
i{kksa ij è;ku dsfUær fd;k tkuk pkfg;sA Hkkjr dk Hkfo"; ;fn xk¡oksa ij fuHkZj gS rks xk¡oksa dk Hkfo"; Hkh oafpr& 'kksf"kr
nfyr& nfer turk ,oa fL=k;ksa ds LokoyEcu rFkk l'kfDrdj.k ij fuHkZj djrk gSA
ch vkj foIyoh ] xksj[kiqj

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 05
lius vkSj lansg
eujsxk tSlh ;kstukvksa us xk¡oksa dks cnyk gS
Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dk eq[; mís'; ns'k esa dY;k.kdkjh jkT; dh LFkkiuk djuk gSA vketu ds fy, lkekftd
vf/dkj vkSj jktuSfrd volj çnku djuk gSA xka/hth dk iwjk thou bu mís';ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, chr x;kA mudk eu
ges'kk xzkeh.k fodkl ds fy, mUgsa çsfjr djrk FkkA os tc rd thfor jgs xzkeh.k fodkl dh vy[k txkrs jgsA Lora=krk
ds ckn ls vc rd lSdM+ksa dh rknkn esa ljdkjh ;kstukvksa dk fØ;kUo;u gqvk A ftldk iQyhHkwr ifj.kke gesa orZeku
esa fn[kykbZ iM+rk gSA xzkeh.k fodkl dh ewy tM+ ij vxj ge tk,¡ rks eujsxk us tehu ls tqM+s O;fDr dks mlds ifjokj
ds ykyu&ikyu esa ,d vge~ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ gSA fo'ks"k :i ls mPp f'k{kk ds ckn Hkh xzkeh.k Lrj ij efgykvksa us vius
fnekx dk lnqi;ksx dj ljdkjh ;kstukvksa dks veyh tkek iguk;k gS tks xzkeh.k fodkl ds fy, ehy dk iRFkj lkfcr
gqvk gSA bu ;kstukvksa ds dkj.k vkRefo'okl esa o`f¼ gqbZ gS ftlls xzkeh.k vius vfLrRo dks fu[kkjus esa liQy lkfcr
gqvk gSA oSls lkfRod vkSj çn'kZ :i
esa vHkh Hkh cgqr dqN gksuk ckdh gSA
;kstuk dk xzkeh.k Lrj ij
çpkj&çlkj] lrdZrk] LokLF; vkSj
f'k{kk dh deh dk nwj gksuk Hkh
ckdh gSA vktknh ds 70 o"kksZa ds
ckn lcls T;knk vlj iM+k gS d`f"k vxyk vad
vkSj jkstxkj ijA ,d vksj xzke Lrj ty taxy tehu dk dkuwu vkSj la?k"kZ ds jkLrs ij ifjppkZ
ij ubZ ih<+h d`f"k dk;Z ls iyk;u eujsxk ij vt; çdk'k vkSj xksiky d`".k pØorhZ
dj jgh gS rks nwljh vksj 'kgjh dsyks unh vkSj flapkbZ ifj;kstuk ij vi.kkZ
jkstxkj dh rjiQ vkdf"kZr gks jgh eqyrkbZ fdlku vkUnksyu ij jketh ;kno
gSA ,d i{k detksj gS rks nwljk i{k iatkc ds fdlkuksa ij vfHk"ksd JhokLro vkSj usgk oekZ
etcwr gks jgk gSA ftldk çfrdwy fdlku vkUnksyu ij lqHkk"kpUæ dq'kokgk
vlj xzkeh.k {ks=k dk 'kgjhdj.k pEcy bykds ds xk¡oksa ij 'kkg vkye dk o`ÙkkUr
gksrk fn[k jgk gSA xk¡o vkSj d`f"k ?kk?k dh tkfr vkSj fdlkuh lksp ij ewypan lksudj
dk tks ?kfu"B lEcU/ fn[krk Fkk esjs fç; ys[kd esa tSd yaMu ij f'koewfrZ
oks vc detksj gks x;k gSA ij ;knksa esa t;çdk'k ukjk;.k&t yk dkSy O;xz
bruk rks t:j gS fd xjhch js[kk ls ns[kh vuns[kh esa xk¡oksa esa fctyh dh gdhdr
,d vke vkneh mQij mB jgk gS cspr fiQjs diwj vFkkZr lkaLd`frd ?kiysckth ij ch-vkj-foIyoh
vkSj vk/qfud Hkkjr dh nkSM+ esa e/q dkadfj;k dk miU;kl va'k] iqUuh flag] larks"k dqekj ,oa
'kkfey gks x;k gSA gy pykrk jkey[ku iky dh dgkfu;ka
fdlku ;k ckbd ij lokj ,d es;kj lusgh] vkuan ijekuUn vkSj vydchj dh xtysa
xzkeh.k eksckby vkSj bUVjusV ls jfo'kadj ikaMs; vkSj fnus'k dqekj 'kqDy dh dfork,a
tqM+dj ns'k dh rktkrjhu [kcjksa ls
ykyfcgkjh e`rd] jkedfBau flag vkSj xkSjh'kadj flag dk O;fDRo
tqM+k jgrk gS tks xzkeh.k fodkl dk
thrk tkxrk mnkgj.k gSA ,oa lHkh fu;fer LrEHk
vt; JhokLro] tcyiqj

06 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
tgk¡ lksp gh 'kkSpky; cu x;k gS!
jketh ;kno

fe çèkku
tkZiqj ftys ds xk¡o lh[kM+ dh 35 o"khZ;k xzke çèkku Jherh jatuk flag nwljh ckj xzke
pquh xbZ gSa ysfdu bl ckj mudk lcls egRoiw.kZ y{; vius xk¡o dks 'kkSp&eqDr
xzke xkSjo lEeku fnyokuk gSA vkSj tc ujsaæ eksnh 'kkludky esa Hkksj ls gh lhVh ctkus
vkSj iQksVks [khapus dk vfèkdkj feyk ,oa ftyk dysDVjksa us xk¡o&xk¡o esa lhfV;k¡ caVokbZ
rc xzke çèkku tSlh gSfl;r okys yksx rks jkbZ ls iQwydj ioZr gh gks x, fd tc lSa;k gh
dksroky cu x, rks fiQj fdldk Mj\ ;g ,sls nkSj dk lp gS tgk¡ Åij ls uhps rd
yksxksa dk lksp 'kkSpky; cu pqdk gS vkSj çèkkuea=kh ls ysdj ftyk dysDVj rd lHkh blh
esa ÅHk&pwHk dj jgs gSa fygktk xk¡o Lrj ij yaiViu vkSj vjktdrk dh unh miQ iM+h gSA
jatuk flag ;k muds tSls gtkjksa xzke çèkku Hkh 'kkSpky; ds bl gou&dqaM esa dwnus dks
m¼r gks x, gSa vkSj NksVsyky [kjokj dh rjg vxys yksdlHkk pquko esa lkaln gks tkus ds
lius ns[kus yxs gSaA Hkksj esa gh tc xjhc&xqjck fdlku&etnwj efgyk,a fudy dj [ksrksa
dh vksj fuR;deZ ds fy, tkrha rc dqN yksx ;gk¡&ogka VkWpZ dh jkS'kuh iQsadrs] lhfV;k¡
ctkrs vkSj 'kkSp LFky ij igqapdj iQksVks [khapus yxrsA efgykvksa esa ng'kr dk ekgkSy cu
tkrk ysfdu çèkkuea=kh ujsaæ eksnh ds liQkbZ&vfHk;ku ds yaiV 'kkSp&çgjh [kq'kh ls yEch
lk¡lsa [khaprs vius eksckby ds dSejs dks LVSaMckb djus yxrsA ;g n`'; Hkkjrh; xk¡oksa dk
vke n`'; gks pqdk gSA
blh dh ,d dM+h esa jatuk flag us vius x.kksa dks bl dnj VkbV fd;k fd cspkjs
eqag v¡èksjs gh VkWpZ yqiyqikrs&HkqdHkqdkrs Fks] lhVh ctkrs xaxk ds fdukjs flokuksa dh [kkd
Nkuus yxrsA iwjk xk¡o lge x;kA vc [kqys esa tkus okys ;k rks vkèkh jkr esa gh fucV ysrs
;k fiQj fnu&nksigj gksus rd isV nck;s j[krsA jatuk flag ds x.k vyx ijs'kku gks jgs Fks
fd ng'kr ds ekjs vc dksbZ [kqys esa 'kkSp ugha djus okyk tcfd ,d vkneh dh rLohj
ij 'kklu dh vksj ls rhu lkS #i;s dk buke feyus okyk gSA vxj ,d fnu esa nks iQksVks gks
tk; rks N% lkS iDdk FkkA ;g jde yaiV dYiukvksa esa c<+dj rhu&pkj gtkj çfrfnu gqbZ
tkrh Fkh ysfdu ;FkkFkZ blds Bhd myV FkkA csbTtrh ds Mj ds ekjs dksbZ Hkh [kqys esa cSBus
dks jkth u FkkA ,d iSls dh cksguh eqf'dy gks xbZA jatuk flag ds dk;ZdrkZ cngokl gks
mBsA ,sls rks u usrkth [kq'k gks ik,axh vkSj u ge yksxksa dks ,d iSls dh vkenuh gh gks
ik;sxhA 'kkSp&eqDr xzke xkSjo lEeku Hkys gh fey tk, ysfdu gekjk ijkØe vkSj lw>cw>
fdl dke dk jgk\ vxj ,slk gh jgk rks vxys pquko esa gesa dkSu iwNsxk\
ysfdu x.k rks x.k BgjsA mudh cqf¼ ges'kk v¡èksjs esa rhj pykrh gS vkSj dbZ ckj
fu'kkuk lgh yx tkrk gSA blfy, mUgksaus VkWpZ vkSj lhVh dks FkksM+k vkjke fn;k vkSj vk¡[kksa
dks v¡èksjs esa VVksyus ij yxk fn;kA cgqr tYnh gh ,d ifj.kke fey x;kA iwoZ çèkku

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 07
fot; ukjk;.k flag] tks fd jatuk bartke gS gh ughaA 'kkSpky; dk <k¡pk mUgsa ihVrh tkrha vkSj iwNrh tkrha&
flag ds gh iV~Vhnkj Fks] dh xwaxh csVh [kM+k gks x;k vkSj ikuh unkjn gSA ;g dgk¡ tk,a\ ge yksx crkvks\ tkvks
,d lqcg cSBh gqbZ Fkh fd x.kksa us eksnh ds LoPN Hkkjr dh ,d ijèkku ea=kh ls iwNdj vkvks fd ge
VkWpZ tyk fn;kA yM+dh ldrs esa vk 'keZukd rLohj gS tgk¡ bUizQkLVªDpj dgk¡ tk,¡A okLro esa ;g [kcj rks
xbZ vkSj yksVk iQsaddj HkkxhA ekeyk [kM+s djus dh ctk; yksxksa dk jk"Vªh; ehfM;k dh Vh-vkj-ih- c<+k
rwy idM+us yxkA fot; ukjk;.k Hk;knksgu fd;k tk jgk gSA nsrh ysfdu ekjs 'keZ ds bls LFkkuh;
flag us ,iQ-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djk nhA 'kkSpky; ds uke ij Hk;knksgu v[kckjksa us Hkh ugha NkikA
jatuk flag liQkbZ nsus yxha fd fdlh ,d jk"Vªh; deZ gks x;k gS D;ksafd 'kkSpky; dk [ksy Hkkjr dk
us VkWpZ ugha tykbZ FkhA njvly xk¡o ds yaiV ls ysdj Mh ,e lcls iQk;nsean [ksy jgk gSA ;g
fot; ukjk;.k flag vkSj jatuk flag dysDVj vkSj çèkkuea=kh rd lcdh bruk jkspd gS fd ftlds eu esa tks
ds chp çèkkuh dks ysdj gh dqN Hkk"kk ,d gh gSA blhfy, cukjl ds vkrk gS ogh dgus yxrk gSA ns'k esa
jaft'k pyh vk jgh FkhA dqN yksxksa mÙkjh Nksj ls xqtjrs okjk.klh&tkSuiqj dqy 12 djksM+ 'kkSpky;ksa dh
dk dguk Fkk fd jatuk flag us fot; jsy[kaM ds fdukjs Hkksj esa fuR;deZ ds vko';drk ekuh tk jgh gS ftu ij
dks uhpk fn[kkus ds fy, ,slh gjdr fy, cSBh efgykvksa ds >qaM ij ,d dqy rhu yk[k chl gtkj djksM+ dk
dh FkhA fot; us jatuk ds Åij dqN fnu xzke& çèkku ds i;Zos{kdksa dk [kpZ vk,xkA ujsaæ eksnh ljdkj esa
?kiysckth dk vkjksi yxk;k FkkA ,d lewg jg&jgdj VkWpZ dh jkS'kuh xzkeh.k fodkl ,oa iapk;rh jkt ea=kh
cgjgky] ekeyk ogka jiQk&niQk dj iQsadus yxkA dqN rks 'keZ vkSj ladksp chjsaæ flag ds vuqlkj foÙk o"kZ
fn;k x;k ysfdu lksp esa 'kkSpky; ls mB [kM+h gqbZa ysfdu dqN us ,slh 2015&16 esa dsaæ ljdkj us 66 yk[k
èkalus dk jksx Fkek ugha cfYd dksbZ tYnh ugha fn[kkbZA vly esa os 'kkSpky; cuokus dk y{; j[kk Fkk
fnu&c&fnu c<+rk gh jgkA lc bruh xjhc vkSj yxHkx nfyr ysfdu Hkktik ljdkj us 22 yk[k
cukjl ds ;qok vkSj mRlkgh vkSj fiNM+h tkfr dh efgyk,a Fkha vfrfjDr 'kkSpky;ksa ds lkFk ;g
Mh-,e- fot; fdj.k vkuan us ,d vkSj bl vfuok;Z gktr ds fy, vkadM+k 88 yk[k ij igqapk fn;k FkkA
vkSj ut+hj j[khA os ,d fnu vius muds ?kj esa 'kkSpky; dh dksbZ chjsaæ flag ls tc iwNk x;k fd xk¡o
veys ds lkFk yksgrk bykds esa O;oLFkk gh ugha FkhA ljdkj dh esa 'kkSpky; ds fy, ek=k ckjg gtkj
'kkSpky;ksa dh tkap ds fy, fudys ;kstuk;sa vkrha vkSj pyh tkrhaA #i;s gh fn, tk jgs gSa rks mUgksaus NwVrs
vkSj yksVk ysdj ,dkar dh ryk'k esa mudh fdLer esa vHkh rd cl gh dgk fd fiNyh ljdkj esa rks
tkrs ,d vkneh dks tsy fHktok [ksr&[ksrkjh gh FksA dgha vkSj tkuk fliQZ 500 #i;s gh feyrs FksA os ckjg
fn;kA ,d lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ us vlaHko FkkA ysfdu nwljh rjiQ gtkj ds vfrfjDr yxus okyh jde
bldh l[r et+Eer djrs gq, dgk i;Zos{kd Hkh viuh èkqu ds iDds FksA dks jkT; ljdkj vkSj nwljh ,tsafl;ksa
fd lHkh tkurs gSa fd 'kkSpky; ds tc ekuuh; çèkkuea=kh th gh blds ls çkIr djus ij tksj nsrs gSaA ;kuh
uke ij dsaæ ljdkj fo'o&cSad dk f[kykiQ gSa vkSj Mh ,e dysDVj rd dsaæ ljdkj Hkh ;g eku jgh gS fd
iSlk ikuh ds Hkko cgk jgh gS vkSj muds lius lkdkj dj jgs gSa rks ge ckjg gtkj esa 'kkSpky; cuuk
Åij ls ysdj uhps rd lHkh ea=kh] dSls ihNs jg ldrs gSa ! blfy, VkWpZ vlaHko gSA ;gh ckr fiNys 45 lky
viQlj vkSj deZpkjh mlesa Mwc dj fn[kkus dh eqfge yxkrkj rst gksrh ls ns'k esa 'kkSpky;ksa ds fy, dke
ugk jgs gSaA ;gk¡ rd fd tks ckjg xbZA ysfdu ,d fnu og gqvk tks djusokys vkSj lqyHk 'kkSpky;
gtkj #i;s 'kkSpky; ds fy, fey jgs Hkwrks u Hkfo";fr dgk tk ldrk gSA J`a[kyk ds tud fcUns'oj ikBd Hkh
gSa mlesa Hkh canjckaV gksrh gSA igys ipkl lkB efgykvksa us Hkksj esa VkWpZ dg jgs gSaA muds eqrkfcd ,d
tgk¡ ,d yksVs ikuh esa dke py tkrk fn[kk jgs i;Zos{kdksa dks ?ksj fy;k vkSj 'kkSpky; ij de ls de 30]000
Fkk ogk¡ vc ,d ckYVh ikuh dh fiQj lcus mUgsa tehu ij #i;s dk [kpZ vk,xkA ikBd dgrs gSa
t:jr gSA ysfdu ikuh dk rks dksbZ iVd&iVd dj ghad Hkj dwVkA os fd ljdkj dks dqN Hkh ugha irk fd
08 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
'kkSpky; dSls cuk;s vkSj pyk;s tkrs dks ;k rks ehyksa pyuk iM+rk gS ;k jkstxkj] jksVh] diM+k] edku] f'k{kk
gSaA ?kaVksa ykbu esa [kM+s gksuk iM+rk gSA ge vkSj LokLF; dh lqfoèkk gks rks og
'kk;n os Bhd dg jgs gSa vPNh rjg ;g ns[k ldrs gSa fd ns'k dkSu L=kh ;k iq#"k gksxk tks yksVk
D;ksafd ujsaæ eksnh tSls ehfM;k&fyIlq dh turk ftu ladVksa ls tw> jgh gS ysdj eqag v¡èksjs esa vusd [krjksa vkSj
çèkkuea=kh ds fy, 'kkSpky; ,d mu ladVksa dks ujsaæ eksnh ,aM daiuh us vlqfoèkkvksa ls Hkjs eSnku esa fuR;deZ
f'kxwiQk gks ldrk gS ysfdu mu ?kjksa et+kd cuk fn;k gSA ds fy, tkuk ilan djsxk\
ds fy, lcls dfBu loky gS tgk¡ ns'k dh leLr xzkeh.k vkSj ●●●
ihus ds ikuh dk Hkh dksbZ cankscLr 'kgjh turk ls Hkh ,d loky fd;k
ugha gSaA tgk¡ ikuh ds fy, efgykvksa tkuk pkfg, fd ;fn lHkh ds ikl

vql ekuql dh tkr t; dUgS;k yky dh!
vuwi ef.k f=ikBh
ukys ds fdukjs cuk ,d o`¼kJe tks vius uke ds vuq:i cgw--- lqcg gqbZ ugha fd lh/s fdpu esa---fcuk pk; ih;s
o`¼ fn[k jgk FkkA nhokjksa ds jax ;gka jgus okyh efgykvksa ds mldh uhan ugha [kqyrh gS!*
thou dh rjg iQhds iM+ pqds FksA bl dh ttZj dk;k crkrh ^pfy, ekuk vkids cl dh ckr ugha] exj vkidk csVk
gS fd bldks cuokus dh J¼k ek;k esa gh clrh gSA bldh rks viuh iRuh dks le>k ldrk gS u!*
Nr ckfj'k esa Hkys gh Vidrh gks]exj Nr vHkh rd Vidh ^eSa dksbZ [kwu&[kjkck ugha pkgrh Fkh lks eSaus gh dgk
ugha gS] ;gka jgus okyh efgykvksa ds fy, ;g g"kZ dk fo"k;
gSA gkykafd bls cus vHkh vf/d o"kZ ugha gq, gSSaA dy mlls fd eq>s fdlh o`¼kJe esa NksM+ vk---*
vkJe esa jguss ,d ubZ efgyk vkbZ gSA ogh efgyk jkr dks ^[kwu&[kjkck---*
ckgj vgkrs esa vkdj csasp ij cSB xbZ gS] tgka ij igys ls ^vjs rqe esjs xksiky dks ugha tkurh! mldk [kwu cgqr xeZ
,d o`¼ efgyk cSBh gqbZ gSA
^vki ;gka dc lss gSa!* gS--- vxj mls yxrk gS dqN Hkh xyr gks jgk gS] rks mls
^;gh dksbZ ikap lky ls!* jksdus ds fy, og fdlh Hkh gn rd tk ldrk gS--*
^eSa rks ;gka ij dy vkbZ gwa---* ^ekuuk iMs+xk vkids vkKkdkjh csVs dks! vkius ?kj
^vPNk!*
^ij esjk eu ugha yx jgk ;gka ij---* NksM+us dks dgk vkSj mlus >V ls vkidh vkKk dk ikyu
^vHkh ubZ ubZ vkbZ gks u blfy,!* dj fn;k---*
^vki dk eu yxrk gS ;gka!* ^vkSj D;k djrk cspkjk! Okks jkst&jkst ?kj ds >xM+s
^;s dksbZ viuk ?kj FkksM+s gS tks eu yxsxk!--- ij yxkuk iM+rk
gS!* fuiVkrk fd ckgj dk viuk dkedkt ns[krk! oSls Hkh
^rks D;k vki Hkh esjh rjg vdsyh gS! vki dk dksbZ Hkh ;gka D;k deh gS eq>s!*
ugha!* ^;gka dk [kkuk fdruk [kjkc gS!*
^ugha&ugha--- ,d csVk gS],d iksrk gS---cgw gS---*
^fiQj vki---;gka----* ^gkFk dh ckr gS! gks ldrk gS dy [kjkc cu x;k gks!*
^D;k crk;k tk,! csVs dks iQqlZr gh ugha feyrh dke ls--- ^;gka xanxh Hkh rks cgqr gS! vkSj ukys ls vkrh cncw---*
vkSj cgw gj le; eq>ls yM+us esa O;Lr jgrh Fkh] ,d fnu ^/hjs&/hjs lc phtksa dh vknr gks tk,xh---*
rax vkdj cspkjk xksiky ;gka eq>s NksM+ x;k---*
^th xksiky vkids csVs dk uke---* ;g lqudj u;h lnL;k pqi gks tkrh gSA oks vkJe dks
^gka] tUek"Veh dks gqvk Fkk blfy, bUgksaus gh j[kk Fkk---exj fugkjus yxrh gSA ogka ,slk dqN Hkh ugha Fkk tks mldk
D;k irk Fkk cgw iqruk fey tk,xhA* è;ku vkdf"kZr djrkA tYnh gh mldh vka[ksa Fkd tkrh
^vki viuh cgw dks le>krh ugha!*
^fdruh ckj dksbZ le>k,! LoHkko dgka cnyrk gS! vc ns[kks gSaA
u! esjk csVk fcuk iwtk&ikB fd, ikuh rd ugha ihrk vkSj
('ks"k i`"B 40 ij)
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 09
lekpkj&ljksdkj

fdlds fy, xk¡o dh ckrsa
vfHk"ksd JhokLro

ch viuk
rh iQjojh ds var esa dsaæ dh ,uMh, ljdkj ds foÙkea=kh v#.k tsVyh us tc
nwljk ctV is'k fd;k] rks vxys fnu ds v[kckjksa us ,d Loj esa mudh
Hkwfj&Hkwfj ç'kalk djrs gq, fy[kk fd dbZ fnuksa ckn fdlh ljdkj us xkaoksa dh vksj
viuk #[k fd;k gSA xzkeh.k fodkl ds fy, vkcafVr 87]000 djksM+ #i;s dh
jkf'k dk ,slk vlj gqvk fd fdlh us tsVyh dks VªSDVj ij cSBk fn;k rks fdlh us
eksnh ds gkFk esa gy Fkek fn;kA ljdkj ds vkykspdksa us bls ^dkslZ djsD'ku* dg
dj viuk LokLF; larqfyr j[kk] ysfdu vlyh [ksy 'kq: gqvk ekpZ ds eghus ls
tc cktkj esa ,d ds ckn ,d /M+k/M+ xkaoksa vkSj [ksrh ij dsafær i=k&if=kdkvksa
dh ck<+ vk xbZA ,slh gh ,d nqHkk"kh if=kdk dk yksdkiZ.k fnYyh ds dkafLVV~;w'ku
Dyc esa d`f"k ea=kh jk/keksgu flag vkSj latho ckfy;ku dh ekStwnxh esa gqvkA ,d
vkSj if=kdk uks,Mk ls fudyuk 'kq: gqbZA og Hkh vaxzsth vkSj fganh nksuksa esa gSA
jkt/kuh dh ehfM;k eaMh esa vpkud dqN v/sM+ csjkstxkj i=kdkj gjs vkoj.k
okyh lLrh if=kdk,a ysdj foKkiu ds fy, ?kwers fn[kus yxsA ,slk yxk fd
xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk dk lwjt ,d ckj fiQj bl ns'k esa mx vk;k gS] ysfdu lPpkbZ
;g Fkh fd bl lwjt dks vcdh if'pe ls fudyuk FkkA
dsaæh; eaf=k;ksa dh ekStwnxh esa tks if=kdk yksdkfiZr gqbZ Fkh] mldk nÝrj
xkft;kckn esa gSA vkSj mls dkys /u ds lzksrksa ls pyk;k tk jgk gSA bl if=kdk us
lsYiQh fon fdlku uke dk ,d vfHk;ku 'kq: fd;k gS vkSj mldk ,d tksjnkj
ohfM;ks rS;kj fd;k gS ftlesa ,d cPpk vius firk ls iwN jgk gS fd fdlku D;k
gksrk gS! fiQj mldk firk xkM+h pykdj 'kgj ls nwj tkrk gS vkSj ,d eSnku esa [kM+s
O;fDr dks fn[kkdj crkrk gS fd ns[kks] ;g fdlku gSA cPpk fdlku ds lkFk iQksVks
dh ftn ij vM+ tkrk gSA fiQj cki&csVs nksuksa ml fdlku ds lkFk eksckby ls
lsYiQh [khaprs gSa vkSj bl ekè;e ls fdlkuksa dh vksj n'kZdksa dk è;ku vkdf"kZr
djrs gSaA bl if=kdk dk vxyk vk;kstu fdlkuksa ds fy, fnYyh esa jsM dkjisV
fcNkuk gS& bl yky dkyhu ij dsaæh; eaf=k;ksa dh ekStwnxh esa mu fdlkuksa dh
vxokuh dh tk,xh tks ^çxfr'khy* gSaA bUgsa iqjLd`r djus ds vykok bu fdlkuksa
ds ekè;e ls ^LekVZ xkaoksa* dh vo/kj.kk dks çpkfjr djus dh ;kstuk gSA
;g xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk ds if'peksn; dk dsoy ,d mnkgj.k gSA uks,Mk ls
pyus okyh JhJh jfo'kadj dh Lo;alsoh laLFkk Hkh xzkeh.k fodkl ds 87]000
djksM+ esa viuk fgLlk [kkst jgh gSA ;gka dkS'ky fodkl ds uke ij mu xkaoksa dh
NaVkbZ dh tk jgh gS tgka cM+h dk'r okys cM+s fdlkuksa dh cgqrk;r gSA laLFkk dk
ekuuk gS fd xkaoksa dks vxj dksbZ cpk,xk rks os cM+s fdlku gh gksaxs vkSj yksxksa dks
10 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
xkaoksa esa jksdus ds fy, t:jh gS fd ugha jg tkrhA pqdk gSA ;gka u, xzkgd vc ugha
ogka ds ;qokvksa dks dkS'ky laiUu foMacuk ;g gS fd buesa ls cuus okysA laHkkfor miHkksDrk xkaoksa
cuk;k tk,A blds fy, ljdkj ,d Hkh leL;k dks dksbZ Hkh ehfM;k esa gh gSaA fygktk] mUgsa VkjxsV djus
[kqydj iSlk cgkus dks rS;kj cSBh gSA
dsoy futh çlkjd&çdk'kd gh ugha mBk,xkA os rks fcydqy Hkh ugha] ds fy, ehfM;k ,d rjg ls daifu;ksa
ugha] cfYd djnkrkvksa ds iSls ls tks xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk ds uke ij /a/k ds ekdsZfVax ,tsaV dh Hkwfedk fuHkk
pyus okyk nwjn'kZu dk u;k&uosyk dj jgs gSaA njvly] [kcjksa dks doj jgk gSA lekpkj pSuyksa dk ,d vke
fdlku pSuy Hkh xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk djus dh tfVyrk] ykxr vkSj n'kZd bl ckr ls c[kwch okfdiQ
dk ne Hkj jgk gSA egkuxjksa esa yxs Vhvkjih ds MCcksa ds gksxk fd vktdy [kcjksa dks lcls
xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk dk ncko ds pyrs xkao cgqr igys gh T;knk çk;ksftr djus okyh daiuh
if'peksn; v[kckj&Vhoh ls xk;c gks pqds gSaA dkSu lh gSA gj gsMykbu ls igys
b/j chp vkf[kj ,slk D;k gqvk gS dHkh lkfgR; dk ncko jgrk Fkk fd iratfy vk;qosZn ds mRiknksa dk
fd ehfM;k ds yksx xkaoksa dh ckr i=kdkfjrk esa mldk çHkko vk tkrk foKkiu pyrk gSA fLFkfr ;g gS fd
djus yxs gSa\ ekeyk bruk vklku FkkA vkt lkfgR; ls Hkh xkao unkjn gSa bafM;k U;wt tSls pSuy esa rks
ugha gS D;ksafd xkao dh ckr djuk D;ksafd lkfgR;dkj 'kgjksa esa tk clk lekpkjokpd ds ySiVkWi ij gh
,d pht gS] xkaoksa dh leL;kvksa dks gSA pwafd dksbZ ncko dke ugha dj iratfy dk foKkiu yxk gksrk gSA
fn[kkuk nwljh phtA chrs 17 lky esa jgk] blfy, xkao ,d bosaV ;kuh tuojh ls ekpZ 2016 ds chp
rhu yk[k ls T;knk fdlkuksa us ?kVuk ds rkSj ij jg&jg dj ehfM;k iratfy us 400 djksM+ #i;s foKkiuksa
[kqndq'kh dj yh gS vkSj ;g vc Hkh esa vk tkrs gSaA mUgsa ns[kus&fn[kkus dk ij [kpZ fd,A bu rhu eghuksa ds
tkjh gSA lkB iQhlnh fdlku Hkkjh dksbZ lpsru ç;kl ugha gksrkA nwljh nkSjku bl daiuh us ftruk oDr
dtZ esa gSa vkSj iatkc tSls laiUu fnDdr ;g Hkh gS fd i=kdkfjrk esa (,;jVkbe) Vhoh pSuyksa ij fy;k]
jkT; esa Hkh fdlku viuh tku ns jgs ekbdohjksa dh tks ubZ [ksi vkbZ gS] mlds eqrkfcd gj 30 lsdsaM ij
gSaA tux.kuk 2011 dh ekusa rks og xzkeh.k gdhdr ls iwjh rjg ckck jkenso fdlh u fdlh pSuy ij
vkSlru 2]300 yksx jkstkuk [ksrh vutku gSA fLFkfr ;g gS fd fnYyh yxkrkj ekStwn jgsA ;g ckr lkiQ gS
NksM+ jgs gSa vkSj 'kks/ laLFkk fØfly ds tarj&earj ij 24 iQjojh] 2015 fd iratfy ds vis{kkd`r lLrs vkSj
dh ekusa rks chrs vkB lky esa rhu dks Hkwfe vf/xzg.k vè;kns'k ds dfFkr Lons'kh mRiknksa dk lh/k
djksM+ 70 yk[k fdlku [ksrh NksM+dj f[kykiQ igyh ckj tc ns'k Hkj ls VkjxsV xkao&dLcksa dk vkneh gSA
'kgjksa dh vksj iyk;u dj x, gSaA ;g gtkjksa fdlku tqVs] rks muesa fdlh lky Hkj esa 1100 iQhlnh dk equkiQk
ckr vyx gS fd fofuekZ.k {ks=k esa ,d ls ,uMhVhoh dh ,d efgyk dek dj 5000 djksM+ ds dkjksckjh
ukSdfj;ka ugha feyus ds dkj.k 2012 i=kdkj us ;g fnypLi loky iwNk] vkadM+s ij igqap pqdh ,d
ls 2014 ds chp djhc Ms<+ djksM+ ^vkids ikl viuh tehu rks gS ugha] ;ksxh&laU;klh dh daiuh dks dfFkr
yksx okil vius xkaoksa dks ykSV x, fiQj vki ;gka vkanksyu esa D;ksa vk, xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk us fdruk ykHk
gSaA ladV nqrjiQk gSA ,d vksj xkao ds gSa\* ;g loky [ksrh&fdlkuh dks igqapk;k gS] bldk vkdyu vxj
xkao [kkyh gks jgs gSa rks nwljh vksj ysdj ehfM;kdfeZ;ksa dh vkSlr dksbZ djs rks fnypLi ifj.kke fudy
'kgjksa ij c<+ jgs vkcknh ds ncko ds le>nkjh dks fn[kkrk gSA dj lkeus vk ldrs gSaA
dkj.k 'kgjh <kaps rckg gks jgs gSaA fiQj vpkud tks xzkeh.k cgjgky] ledkyhu xkzeh.k i=kdkfjrk
dgrs gSa fd vxys chl lky esa ns'k i=kdkfjrk dk lwjt ekpZ esa jkt/kuh dk nwljk vk;ke gS d`f"k ladV & cl
dh vk/h vkcknh 'kgjksa dh fuoklh ls mxk gS] mldh ea'kk dks le>uk i=kdkfjrk dk /eZ ;gka myV tkrk gSA
gksxhA ,sls gkykr esa xzkeh.k eqf'dy ugha jg tkrkA bldk igyk i=kdkfjrk dks tks fn[kkuk gS] mls og
i=kdkfjrk dh 'kDy D;k gksuh vk;ke gS cktkjA 'kgjksa dk miHkksDrk Nqikus dk dke djrh gSA vkt ls
pkfg,] ;g crkus dh cgqr t:jr cktkj vc ifjiDo gksdj fLFkj gks Bhd 25 lky igys bl ns'k dh
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 11
vFkZO;oLFkk dks fons'kh iwath ds fy, Hkwr dk lk;k FkkA fpViQaM] dkxt] çlaLdfjr [kk|]
[kksyk x;k FkkA mnkjhdj.k] ;wih, ds nkSj esa Hkh egkjk"Vª esa ifjogu] bysDVªkWfuDl] fiQYe]
futhdj.k vkSj oS'ohdj.k ds <kbZ ,slk gh dqN ns[kus&lquus esa vk;k Fkk fØdsV] vkbZih,y] Vhd] lwpuk
n'kd chr tkus ds ckn fodkl dh tc fonHkZ ds fdlkuksa dh [kqndq'kh m|ksx] gkMZos;j] lkWÝVos;j] ljdkjh
ifjf/ ij th jgs 70 iQhlnh yksxksa ij egkjk"Vª dh ,ulhih&dkaxzsl Bsds vkfn gSaA ,d vkSj pht è;ku
dh cngkyh fdlh ls Nqih ugha gSA ljdkj us euksoSKkfudksa dk ,d ny nsus yk;d gS ehfM;k vkSj dkWjiksjsV
vki ,su blh ekSds ij bafM;k VqMs dk xkaoksa esa Hkstk Fkk rkfd os ogka tkdj lsDVj ds chp ds bl lsrq ijA gj
tqykbZ eghus dk rhljk vad nsf[k, fdlkuksa dks ijke'kZ ns ldsaA Hkwr okyk eghus djhc dksbZ u dksbZ Vhoh pSuy
ftlesa mnkjhdj.k ds <kbZ n'kd esa çdj.k mldk lgt foLrkj gSA ;k v[kckj fctusl yhMjf'ki
gq, ykHkksa dks Vhoh] fizQt vkSj dkj tkfgj gS] lÙkk ftrus T;knk tkfgyksa iqjLdkj nsrk fiQjrk gSA vki dkSu
vkfn dh la[;k ds lgkjs fxuok;k ds gkFk esa gksxh] lÙkk dh nyhysa Hkh gksrs gSa fctusl ds fy, iqjLdkj nsus
x;k gSA ;gh dke ,chih U;wt Hkh mruh gh tgkyr Hkjh gksaxhA okys\ vki i=kdkfjrk ds fy,
flyflysokj rjhds ls /kjkokfgdksa ds ehfM;k xkaoksa esa D;ksafd ugha iqjLdkj nsa rks Bhd gSA D;k ehfM;k
ekè;e ls dj jgk gSA dksbZ ;g ugha tk,xk\ dHkh lcls vPNh ulZ] lcls vPNs
crk jgk gS fd brus lky esa fdrus ehfM;k xkaoksa esa ugha tk,xkA tk,xk] MkWDVjksa ;k vè;kidksa ds fy,
fdlku ejs] fdruh tehu ijrh gqbZ] rks >wB ysdj vk,xk vkSj >wB gh iqjLdkj nsrk gS\ ogh fctusl yhMj
fdrus xkao Mwcs] fdrus xzkeh.kksa dk fn[kk,xkA yacs le; rd fn fganw ds cnys esa loZJs"B Vhoh iqjLdkj vkSj
iyk;u gqvk] fdrus ?kj cjckn gq,] fy, xkaoksa dks doj djrs jgs i=kdkj loZJs"B v[kckj dk iqjLdkj bUgsa ns
fdruh feV~Vh catj gqbZ vkSj fdruh ih- lkbZukFk bls ^>wB cksyus dh Mkyrs gSaA
iQlysa yqIr gks xbZaA vçSy&ebZ ds <kapkxr ckè;rk* dgrs gSaA bl ckr tkfgj gS] ,sls esa ehfM;k ds
chp tc ikap jkT;ksa ds pquko gks jgs dks le>us ds fy, gesa ehfM;k dk fy, >wB cksyuk vkSj xyr fn[kkuk
Fks] ,su mlh nkSjku yk[kksa yksxksa us <kapk le>uk gksxk] rkfd mldh mldh dkjksckjh ckè;rk dk vax gSA
cqansy[kaM ls lw[ks ds dkj.k iyk;u ckè;rk Hkh le> esa vk ldsA blds lkbZukFk iwNrs gSa fd vkf[kj bl
fd;k vkSj ogka Hkw[k ls ekSrsa gqbZaA fy, mu {ks=kksa dks ns[ksa ftuls Hkkjrh; ?kqliSB dk D;k fd;k tk,\ gekjs
ejkBokM+k esa Hkh fcydqy ;gh gky ehfM;k ds ekfydku dk dkjksckj lkeus D;k fodYi gSa\ muds
Fkk] tks yxkrkj pkj lky ds lw[ks ds tqM+k gqvk gS& mM~M;u] Ñf"k] gksVy] eqrkfcd ;g fopkj fd vki ehfM;k
dkj.k vkSj fodV gks x;k FkkA pqukoh jsLVksjsaV] foKkiu] VªSosy ,tsalh] dh leL;kvksa dks ehfM;k ds Hkhrj
gks&gYys esa ;g lc misf{kr dj fn;k /ekZFkZ d`f"k dk;Z] O;kikj] lhesaV] gh gy dj ysaxs] dke ugha djus
x;kA tc pquko [kRe gq, vkSj twV] f'kfiax] LVhy] dkfLVax] jlk;u] okykA ehfM;k vc gjsd {ks=k esa brus
tuçfrfuf/;ksa ls loky iwNs tkus d`f"k jlk;u] dikl] jcM+] pk;] xgjs ?kqlk gqvk gS fd vki bls vyx
yxs] rks fnypLi tokc ns[kus esa dkWiQh] Vk;j] Ms;jh] phuh] jh;y ls ugha cjr ldrsA bls Hkh fdlh
vk,A eè;çns'k dh fo/kulHkk esa ,LVsVA jh;y ,LVsV dh ckr u gh djsa vU; dkWikZsjsV bdkbZ dh rjg gh
x`gjkT;ea=kh us d`f"k&ladV ds dkj.k rks vPNk gSA reke ehfM;k daifu;ka cjruk gksxkA os tgka dgha Hkh dkikZsjsV
[kqndq'kh djus okys fdlkuksa ls tqM+s jh;y ,LVsV ls bruk dekrh gSa fd bdkbZ gSa] mUgsa dkikZsjsV dkuwuksa dks
foi{k ds ,d loky ij tokc ns mUgsa iQksFkZ ,LVsV dh txg jh;y ekuuk gh gksxkA bUgsa laKku esa fy,
Mkyk fd mu fdlkuksa dks Hkwr us ,LVsV dguk gh csgrj gksxkA cxSj ;fn ge cnyko ykus dh ckr
idM+k gqvk FkkA tc lnu esa bl ij blds vykok] diM+k m|ksx] lksp jgs gSa rks og fVd ugha ik,xkA
Bgkdk yxk] rks ea=khth 'kekZrs gq, iQkbcj] mRikn 'kqYd Bsdsnkjh] cSad] phtsa okil vk tk,axhA ,d ckr
cksys fd fdlku ds ifjokj us [kqn fctyh] dSfIVo ikoj IykaV] fdrkcsa] lkiQ gS fd gesa dkikZsjsV ,dkf/dkj
mUgsa crk;k Fkk fd ml fdlku ij laxhr] ftIle [kuu] dks;yk] dks pqukSrh nsuh gksxhA nwljs] tks Hkh
12 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
yksx ehfM;k ls ljksdkj j[krs gSa vkSj jktLFkku ds Jhxaxkuxj ds fdlkuksa crk;h tk,] ysfdu ljdkj ds
ftuds ikl iSlk gS] mUgsa nks&rhu NksVs dk ikuh ij la?k"kZ jgk gks ;k dsjy ds vè;kns'k okil ysus ds ihNs lksfu;k
çdk'kuksa dh enn djuh gksxh tks IykphekM+k vkSj cukjl ds esagnhxat] xka/h dh laln rd in;k=kk dke
yhd ls vyx gV dj dke djrs gSa jktkrkykc ds fdlkuksa dk 'khry is; ugha vkbZ gS cfYd fdlkuksa dk
vkSj viuh tku dh dher ij daiuh dksdk dksyk ds f[kykiQ tehuh la?k"kZ dke vk;k gSA vkf[kj
lwpuk,a nsrs gSaA ;fn ge NksVh ^dke;kc la?k"kZ*] ;s lkjs la?k"kZ ekaxksa ;g gqvk dSls\ D;k ;g lc Lor%
if=kdk,a ugha [kjhnrs gSa rks bldk vkSj HkkSxksfydrk ds fygkt ls cgqr LiQwrZ Fkk ;k fdlh çfØ;k dk urhtk
eryc fd ge viuk iSlk lgh txg LFkkuh; jgs vkSj budk foLrkj ugha Fkk\ dqN vge lokyksa ds tokc ikus
ij ugha yxk jgsA rhljs] bls ,d gks ik;kA dke;kc la?k"kZ dh iQsgfjLr ds fy, bls le>uk t:jh gSA
O;kid turkaf=kd la?k"kZ ds fgLls ds yach gS] ysfdu vkanksyu tSlh 'kDy njvly] fiNys dqN o"kksZa ds
rkSj ij ysuk gksxkA fliQZ i=kdkjksa vkSj fdlh us vf[r;kj dh gks] ;kn ugha nkSjku ns'k Hkj esa ftl rjhds ls
ehfM;kdfeZ;ksa dks gh ehfM;k ds ckjs iM+rkA blhfy, Hkwfe vf/xzg.k vyx&vyx ifj;kstukvksa ds fy,
esa ckr djus dk gd ugha gSA vè;kns'k ds f[kykiQ vkt chrs Ms<+ tehusa yh xbZa vkSj yksxksa dks
tula?k"kksZa dh lgh le> t:jh lky ls ns'k Hkj esa tks dqN Hkh ?kV foLFkkfir fd;k x;k] mlus ns'k dk
xkaoksa&fdlkuh dks i=kdkfjrk dh jgk gS] og fdlku vkanksyuksa ds dksbZ Hkh fgLlk ugha NksM+k tgka ty]
eq[;/kjk ;k oSdfYid /kjk esa ykuk fygkt ls chrs rhu&pkj n'kdksa dh taxy vkSj tehu ds LFkkuh; la?k"kZ u
vkSj fVdk, j[kuk blhfy, varr% lcls vge ifj?kVuk ekuh tkuh iuis gksaA dqN lky igys ,d
mu yksxksa dh ftEesnkjh cu tkrh gS pkfg, ftlus HkwLokeh ls ysdj 'kks/kFkhZ us vius ,d ijps esa ,sls
tks tula?k"kksZ ls tqM+s gq, gSaA ;g Hkwfeghuksa rd] jktuhfrd nyksa ls NksVs&cM+s dqy la?k"kksZ dh la[;k
nksgjh ftEesnkjh gSA ty] taxy vkSj ysdj Lo;alsoh laxBuksa rd lcdks 4]400 ds vklikl crkbZ FkhA ekeyk
tehu ds la?k"kksZa dks doj djus vc ,d eap ij ykdj [kM+k dj fn;k gSA la[;k dk ugha gS] iSVuZ dk gSA ywV
fnYyh ;k y[kuÅ ls dksbZ ugha bl ns'k esa Hkwfe vf/xzg.k 1894 ds dk iSVuZ ,d gSA la?k"kZ dk iSVuZ ,d
vk,xk] ;g ckr fnekx esa fcydqy dkuwu ds ckn ls yxkrkj py gh jgk gSA bls bl rjg le>sa fd igys jkT;
lkiQ gks tkuh pkfg,A vkidks viuh gS] ysfdu 2013 okys elfons esa ;k dsaæ ljdkj fdlh bykds esa dksbZ
ckr dguh gS vkSj vius rjhdksa ls gh cnyko ykdj ujsaæ eksnh dh ljdkj ifj;kstuk yxkus dk iQSlyk djrh gSA
yksxksa rd igqapkuh gSA ns'k Hkj esa tks us cjZ ds NÙks esa vuko';d gkFk Mky ml ifj;kstuk ds fy, og fdlh
la?k"kZ xkaoksa ds ekspsZ ij py jgs gSa] fn;kA dqN ?kVukvksa ds HkM+dus dh futh ;k fons'kh ?kjsyw daiuh ds lkFk
ogka t:jh ugha fd ;s la?k"kZ Vkbfeax vkSj dkj.k ds ckjs esa rRdky le>kSrk (,evks;w) djrh gSA mlds
vkanksyuksa esa rCnhy gks gh tk,aA le> esa ugha vkrk] mls bfrgkl r; ckn tehu ysus dk [ksy 'kq: gksrk gSA
[ksrh&fdlkuh dk loky ftruk djrk gSA laHko gS fd eksnh ljdkj us vf/lwpuk tkjh dh tkrh gSA uikbZ
tfVy gS] mls cpkus ds la?k"kZ Hkh vxj ;wih, ds elfons dks u Nqvk pkyw gksrh gSA bldh [kcj tc
viuh varoZLrq esa mrus gh tfVy gSaA gksrk] rks fdlkuksa dh bruh cM+h LFkkuh; xzkeh.kksa dks yxrh gS rks os
la?k"kksaZ ds ckjs esa lgh le>nkjh vxj ,drk vHkh ns[kus esa ugha vkrhA fojks/ djrs gSaA fiQj tulquokb;ksa dk
ugha cuh rks mUgsa yksxksa rd igqapkus ysfdu tks gqvk gS] mldh mis{kk ugha ukVd gksrk gSA bl çfØ;k esa ,d
dks ysdj ges'kk Hkze dh fLFkfr dh tk ldrh D;ksafd ns'k us laln ,slh fLFkfr vkrh gS tgka yksxksa dks
dk;e jgsxhA t:jh gS fd yM+kbZ dk ekxZ ij gtkjksa fdlkuksa dks chrs vkB (tks vfuok;Zr vkSj vf/dka'kr%
dksbZ ,d [kwaVk r; fd;k tk, vkSj eghuksa esa nks ckj tqVrs gq, ns[kk gS [ksfrgj leqnk; gh gksrs gSaA) ;g r;
mlh dks çLFkku&fcanq ekudj vkSj xkao&xkao esa fdlkuksa us vè;kns'k djuk gksrk gS fd os vius la?k"kZ dk
lwpukvksa dk çlkj Hkh gksA dh çfr;ka Hkh tyk;h gSaA ge lc Lo:i D;k j[ksaA ge ikrs gSa fd chrs
elyu] vrhr esa ns[ksa rks tkurs gSa fd ehfM;k esa otg pkgs tks rhu n'kdksa ds nkSjku la?k"kZ ds eksVs
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 13
Xykscy ,sD'ku dks fxuok
ldrs gSaA ueZnk cpkvks
vkanksyu ds ckn cuk
,u,ih,e] >kj[ka M es a
y{eh&feÙky ds f[kykiQ gqvk
vkanksyu] vksfM'kk dk ikLdks
fojks/h vkanksyu] fu;kefxfj esa
osnkark fojks/h vkanksyu]
dqMudqye esa ijek.kq fj,DVj
fojks/h vkanksyu] pqVdk ls
ysdj tSrkiqj vkSj gfj;k.kk
rd ijek.kq ÅtkZ fojks/h
rkSj ij nks Lo:i iSnk gq, gSaA ;s nksuksa i;kZIr taxy gSa vkSj vkfnoklh Hkh gSa] vka n ks y u] fnYyh&eq a c bZ
Lo:i u, fdlku vkanksyuksa esa gq, fygktk ogka ekvksokn dh vk'kadk vkS|ksfxd xfy;kjs ds f[kykiQ
nks iQkM+ ds dkj.k iSnk gq,&,d /kjk gSA mlh vk'kadk dks [kRe djus ds vkanksyu] uoyx<+ ds fdlkuksa dk
ftlus jkT;lÙkk dks pqukSrh nh] fy, os yksx f'k{kk dk çlkj dj jgs lhesaV dkj[kkuk fojks/h vkanksyu]
D;ksafd mldk ekuuk Fkk fd jkT; gh FksA bls vaxzsth esa LVhfj;ksVkbfiax xaxk ,Dlçsl&os fojks/h vkanksyu]
HkweaMyhdj.k dk okgd gSA nwljh dgrs gSa& taxy] vkfnoklh vkSj djNuk esa tsih ds ikoj IykaV vkSj
/kjk og Fkh tks HkweaMyhdj.k dk la;ksx ls osnkark daiuh dk çHkko {ks=k dugj esa cka/ ds f[kykiQ pys
fojks/ dj jgh gSA ysfdu ftlus Hkh (mn;iqj dh lcls cM+h ljdkjh vkanksyu vkfn lc blh Js.kh esa vkrs
jkT;lÙkk dks vc rd pqukSrh ugha daiuh ftad bafM;k dk vf/xzg.k gSaA bu vkanksyuksa dk ftl rjg çlkj
nhA osnkark us ml oDr rd dj fy;k gqvk gS vkSj gj dksus esa ftl rjg ,sls
igyh /kjk] ftls ljdkjh Fkk)A vfgald la?k"kksZa us gLra{ksi fd;k gS]
Hkk"kk esa vktdy ekvksokn dgk cgjgky] ,slh LVhfj;ksVkbfiax budh O;kidrk dks dsoy ,uthvks
tkrk gS] la?k"kZ ds ^fgalkRed* Lo:i ls brj HkweaMyhdj.k fojks/h la?k"kksZa dk vkanksyu dg dj utjvankt dj
ls r; gksrh gSA elyu] gfj;k.kk tSls dk tks nwljk Lo:i iuik] ogka nsuk ew[kZrk gksxhA ge ikrs gSa fd
laiUu jkT; esa vxj dqN fdlku yM+kbZ dk eq[;r% vkStkj dkuwu vkSj lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd vkanksyuksa
viuh tehuksa ds vf/xzg.k dk ljdkjksa ij ncko cukus ds fy, dk pfj=k ftl rjg cnyk gS] Bhd
fojks/ djrs gSa vkSj ml çfØ;k esa tukanksyu FkkA blesa jktuhfrd nyksa oSls gh fdlkuksa ds vkanksyu Hkh 'kDy
dksbZ fgalkRed okjnkr gks tkrh gS] rks ls ysdj LFkkuh; laxBuksa] ,uthvks ysrs x, gSa&ns[kus esa Lor% LiQwrZ
mUgsa ekvksoknh djkj fn;k tk ldrk vkfn dh cjkcj Hkkxhnkjh gksrh gSA ysfdu laxfBr] dkuwuh vkStkjksa ls
gSA bl flyflys esa ,d okd;k ,sls la?k"kZ chrs dqN n'kdksa esa yxkrkj etcwr fiQj Hkh fgald ykbu ls
2007 dk ;kn vkrk gS tc nf{k.kh iQSys gSaA eNqvkjksa dk vkanksyu] vlgefr j[kus okysA
jktLFkku ds dqN bykdksa dk nkSjk uonkU;k] eqfDr la?k"kZ] fVEcdVw ,sls la?k"kkasZ ds lkeus jkT;lÙkk
djus i=kdkjksa dh ,d Vhe ds lkFk eSa dysfDVo] bafM;u ihiqYl izQUV] ds elys ij vkdj /eZladV [kM+k
Hkh x;k FkkA ogka ,d varjjk"Vªh; jktLFkku fdlku la?kVu bR;kfn ,sls gks tkrk gSA budh ,d cM+h etcwjh
,uthvks f'k{kk ij dke dj jgk FkkA vkanksyu jgs gSa ftUgksaus vc rd jkT; ;g gksrh gS fd ;s lalnh; yksdra=k
mlds çeq[k us ckrphr esa cM+h dk fojks/ ugha fd;k gSA oSf'od Lrj ds nk;js esa gh dke djuk pkgrs gSa]
eklwfe;r ls crk;k Fkk fd ij ;s la?k"kZ cM+s lewgksa dk fgLlk Hkh mlls ckgj ugha tkuk pkgrsA ladV
mn;iqj&Mwaxjiqj ds ml bykds esa cus gSaA buesa ge ok;k dSEisfluk vkSj ;g gS fd yksdrkaf=kd laLFkkuksa ij
14 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
dkWiksZjsV dk dCtk bUgsa ,slk
djus dh lgwfy;r ugha nsrkA
NksVs ls ysdj cM+s Lrj rd
yxkrkj cM+h iwath ds fgr esa
laoS/kfud ewY;ksa dh frykatfy
ljdkj nsrh jgrh gS] tcfd ;s
vkanksyu mlh lafo/ku vkSj
mlesa of.kZr vf/dkjksa dh
nqgkbZ nsrs&nsrs Fkd tkrs gSaA dqy
feykdj gksrk ;s gS fd ,sls
vkanksyu tu la?k"kkasZ dks vkxs
c<+kus esa yksdra=k dh vgfe;r
dks rks le>rs gSa] ysfdu vius
yksdrkaf=kd vkpkj dks fdlh
urhts ij igqaprk ugha ns[k
ikrsA [kkldj ueZnk cpkvks
vkanksyu ds lanHkZ esa rks bl
fdLe dh grk'kk pje ij dh j{kk esa tula?k"kksZa dk jk"Vªh; çfØ;k tkus dgka xqe gks pqdh gSA
igqap xbZ FkhA ueZnk ?kkVh ds dqN lEeysu* ds eap ij bdV~Bk gq, vkSj [kq'kfdLerh dgsa ;k oDr dh
xkaoksa esa gj lky gksus okyk ty nks fnuksa rd cgqr rh[kh cgl pyhA t:jr] f<ufd;k esa 'kq: gqbZ çfØ;k
lR;kxzg dk rek'kk (lR;kxzfg;ksa ls ;g xkao dksfj;kbZ daiuh ikLdkss ds #dh ughaA ;gka ,d ladYi ikfjr
ekiQh ds lkFk) bruh tYnh Vhoh LVhy IykaV ds f[kykiQ la?k"kZ esa fd;k x;kA f<ufd;k ladYi i=k
çlkj.k ds yk;d Hkh ugha jg vxqok jgk gSA bl la?k"kZ ds usrk dgrk gS%
tk,xk] fdlh us lkspk rd ugha FkkA lhihvkb ds vHk; lkgw Hkh lEesyu bu la?k"kksZa dks gedks vkxs
;g ,d xfrjks/ dh fLFkfr gS tgka esa ekStwn jgsA mÙkj ls ysdj nf{k.k c<+krs gq, viuh j.kuhfr;ksa vkSj
ekeyk dqy feykdj lgh loky vkSj iwjc ls ysdj if'pe rd ds j.kdkS'kyksa nksuksa dk gh è;ku j[kuk
iwNus dk curk gS rkfd tM+rk VwVsA reke tukanksyuksa ds çfrfuf/ bl eap gksxk vkSj cnyrs oDr ds lkFk &
f<ufd;k ladYi ij vk, vkSj mUgksaus vkxs dh j.kuhfr lkFk gesa vius j.k dkS'kyksa esa Hkh
yacs fopkj&foe'kZ ds ckn uoacj ij [kqydj ckr dhA leqanj ds fdukjs ifjorZu djrs jguk gksxkA ftl rjg
2014 esa ;g lgh loky Ms<+ lkS ls cls ,d ekewyh ls xkao esa gqvk ;g ls ljdkjsa vkSj iwathifr viuh lqfo/k
T;knk laxBuksa us feydj ,d&nwljs vius vkiesa ,d vn~Hkqr ç;ksx FkkA ds fy, dkuwuksa dks rksM+&ejksM+ jgs gSa
ls turk ds lkeus iwNkA yksxksa us ,slk gh ,d ç;ksx dqN çR;{kr% ,sls esa gesa bl ckr ij ,d jk;
loky mBk;k fd D;k çfrfuf/ T;knk jktuhfrd vkSj tuoknh cukuh gksxh fd ge vius vkanksyuksa
lalnh; yksdra=k esa vius gd dks laxBuksa us dbZ lky igys fnYyh esa dks fdl lhek rd ysdj tk,axsA ,sls
ikuk laHko gS ;k ugha\ vxj ugha] rks fd;k Fkk tc ihMh,iQvkbZ (ihiqYl le; esa tc ge ij gksus okys geys
oSdfYid jkLrs D;k gksa\ vksfM'kk ds MseksØsfVd ÝzaQV vkWiQ bafM;k) ds eap dkuwuksa ds nk;js ls ckgj tk jgs gSa ;k
txrflagiqj fLFkr f<ufd;k xkao esa ij oke vfrokfn;ksa ls ysdj loksZn;h fiQj dkuwuksa esa muds vuqlkj ifjorZu
29&30 uoacj] 2014 dks 150 ls vkSj xka/hoknh&lektoknh rd ,d yk, tk jgs gSa] ,sls esa ge dsoy
T;knk laxBu ^ty] taxy] tehu lkFk vk, FksA vkt ihMh,iQvkb ds lalnh; jkLrs ls fdlh Hkh balkiQ dh
vkSj thfodk ds gd ds fy, yksdra=k uke ij cl ,d if=kdk fudyrh gS] mEehn ugha dj ldrs gSaA gesa vius
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 15
la?k"kksZa dks liQy eqdke rd ys tulquokbZ] taxy dk iV~Vk] ty osclkbVksa ij gqvk vkSj la?k"kZjr
tkus ds fy, ,sls rjhds viukus gksaxs lzksr vkfn lkjs vk;ke ,d lkFk lewgksa dh vksj ls crk;k x;k fd
tks gks ldrk gS fd ç'kklu dh utjksa 'kkfey gSaA vxj fdlh fdlku dh dSls jkT; vkSj baVsfytsal fdlku
esa xSj&dkuwuh rFkk xSj&lalnh; gks tehu tk jgh gS rks ml tehu ij laxBuksa dh cSBd dks uDlfy;ksa dh
fdarq gekjs vkanksyuksa ds fy, dke djus okys etnwj dh cSBd crkdj cqfu;knh la?k"kksa dks
egRoiw.kZ gks ldrs gSa] ysfdu bl vkthfodk Hkh tk jgh gSA Hkwfe cnuke dj jgs gSaA vxys nks fnuksa rd
ckr dks ;kn j[krs gq, fd gesa fgald vf/xzg.k vè;kns'k bl fygkt ls bldk [kaMu tkjh jgk ftlds ckn
rjhdk ugha viukuk gSA gesa vius ,d ^;wfuiQkbax iQSDVj* ds rkSj ij VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k dks [kcj nq#Lr
laoS/kfud vf/dkjksa dh cgkyh ds dke dj jgk FkkA bldh lgh igpku djds yxkuh iM+hA ;g mnkgj.k
fy, tuoknh rjhds ls la?k"kZ djuk gSA vkSj lgh ekSds ij bls j.kuhfrd :i crkrk gS fd vxj fdlkuksa] etnwjksa]
;gh og cSBd Fkh ftlesa ;g ls la?k"kksZ esa mrkjus dk dke ftUgksaus nfyrksa vkSj vkfnokfl;ksa dks viuh
r; fd;k x;k Fkk fd reke tu Hkh fd;k] os bldk vlj ns[k pqds yM+kbZ [kqn yM+uh gS] rks psruk ds
la?k"kksZa dks vc tehu ds elys ij gSaA vè;kns'k okil gks pqdk gS] Lrj ij FkksM+s mUur muds çfrfuf/;ksa
dsafær djuk gksxkA Hkwfe vf/xzg.k ysfdu la?k"kZ dh çfØ;k tkjh gSA dks ,d yM+kbZ ehfM;k ls Hkh yM+uh
vè;kns'k ds f[kykiQ ns'k Hkj ls tks gSA blds fy, mUgsa ehfM;k dks jkT;
vkokt ,d lkFk mBh vkSj ftlus lPph xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk lÙkk dk gh foLrkj le>uk gksxk vkSj
lHkh okeiaFkh nyksa dks Hkh ,d eap blh çfØ;k ds foLrkj ds rkSj ij dSejksa dh ckV ugha tksguh gksxhA
ij vkus dks ckè; dj fn;k] og tqykbZ ds eè; esa 16 ls 18 ds chp vgenkckn ds jk"Vªh; lEesyu dh
f<ufd;k lEesyu vkSj mlds ckn vgenkckn esa ty] taxy vkSj tehu [kcj 'kk;n gh dgha vkbZ gks] ysfdu
gq, NksVs&NksVs jkT;Lrjh; lEesyuksa dh j{kk ds fy, tula?k"kksZ dk ,d blesa 'kkfey nks ntZu ls T;knk
dh gh nsu FkkA blh çfØ;k dks ekpZ jk"Vªh; lEesyu j[kk x;kA blls la?k"kZjr laxBuksa us feydj ty]
2015 esa vkxs c<+krs gq, f<ufd;k igys 8 tqykbZ] 2016 dk VkbEl taxy vkSj tehu dks cpkus dh
lEesyu ds iQkWyks&vi ds crkSj vkWQ bafM;k ns[ksa rks irk pyrk gS fd yM+kbZ ds Hkfo"; dk tks [kkdk r;
fnYyh esa nks fnuksa dk fopkj l=k j[kk fd bl lEesyu dks ehfM;k esa dSls fd;k gS] mls vxj è;ku ls i<+k tk,
x;k ftldk fo"k; Fkk ^lalnh; cjrk x;k vkSj ckn esa bl lEesyu ls rks xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk djus okyksa ds
yksdra=k dh cafn'ksa] laHkkouk,a vkSj tqM+s laxBuksa us dSls ljdkjh nq"çpkj fy, vkSj xkaoksa dh yM+kb;ksa ls tqM+us
fodYi*A blds ckn fnYyh ds dk inkZiQk'k Hkh fd;kA egkjk"Vª ds dh vkdka{kk j[kus okyksa ds fy, og
dkafLVV~;w'ku Dyc esa bu tu laxBuksa ukxiqj esa VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k ds ,d ,d t:jh [kqjkd gksxhA pwafd ,d
vkSj jktuhfrd nyksa lesr fdlku laoknnkrk fdlh [kcj ds flyflys vkSlr ys[kd ;k i=kdkj ds fy, ;g
;wfu;uksa dk ,d lk>k eap cuk ftls esa jkT; dh ,aVh&uDly foax esa x, r; djuk oSpkfjd :i ls mgkiksg
uke fn;k x;k ^Hkwfe vf/dkj gq, FksA ckrphr ds chp ogka mUgsa Hkjk dke gksrk gS fd xkaoksa ds ckjs esa
vkanksyu*A ;g çfØ;k vc Hkh tkjh njkt ls fudky dj ,d U;kSrk tc fy[ksa rks D;k NksM+sa vkSj D;k ntZ
gSA bl çfØ;k dks j.kuhfrd :i ls Fkek;k x;k vkSj dgk x;k fd djsa] blfy, esjs [k;ky ls
Hkwfe vf/xzg.k vè;kns'k ij dsafær uDlfy;ksa ds tu laxBu vgenkckn vgenkckn ds lEesyu esa fdlku
djus dh ,d cM+h otg ;g Fkh fd esa viuh igyh cSBd djus tk jgs gSaA lHkkvksa] fdlku lxaBuk]as nfyr@
Hkwfe vf/xzg.k ,d ,slk elyk gS laoknnkrk us og fuea=k.k i=k fy;k vkfnoklh@ efgyk lewgksa vkSj la?k"kZjr
ftlesa [ksrh ds dkWikZsjsVhdj.k ls vkSj ukxiqj dh MsVykbu ls 8 tqykbZ yksxksa }kjk ikfjr fd;k x;k ladYi
ysdj foLFkkiu] iyk;u] ou ,oa ds v[kckj esa egkjk"Vª xqIrpj foHkkx i=k ns'k esa xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk dk ,d
i;kZoj.kh; dkuwu] oukf/dkj dkuwu] ds lzksr ls ,d [kcj pyk nhA bl CywfçaV lkfcr gks ldrk gSA
Je dkuwu] [kuu] oU;tho lqj{kk] [kcj dk mlh fnu [kaMu dqN ●●●

16 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
lekpkj&ljksdkj

xzkeh.k i=dkfjrk dk jksMeSi vkSj pqukSfr;k¡
vfHk"ksd JhokLro

ljdkjksa us xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk dk vius i{k esa euekuk bLrseky fd;k gS vkSj mls bruk ijthoh cuk
fn;k gS fd vc mldh jh<+ esa tku gh ugha fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA gkyk¡fd ge ekurs gSa fd xzkeh.k i=kdkfjrk
Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk vkSj jktuhfr ds Hkfo"; dks r; djus okyh vkSj mldh xyfr;ksa vkSj [kkfe;ksa dh
dM+h vkykspuk djus okyh ,d bZekunkj igydneh gks ldrh gSA cgqr foLrkj esa x, cxSj dgk tk
ldrk gS fd vxj xkao dh ckr djuh gS] xkao ij ckr djuh gS vkSj xkaoksa dks cpkuk gS rks fuEu ladYiksa
dks ,d jksMeSi dh rjg ekudj viuk;k tkuk pkfg,A blesa dqN fcanqvksa ls vlgefr;ka Hkh gks ldrh
gSa] ysfdu ns'k Hkj ds la?k"kksZ ds vuqHkoksa dk fupksM+ gksus ds ukrs bls i<+k tkuk t:jh gS%

1- tcju Hkwfe vf/xzg.k vkSj foLFkkiu can djks
Hkwfe vf/xzg.k vf/fu;e 2013 dks <hyk djus vkSj mlds lHkh çxfr'khy rRoksa
rFkk lqj{kk çko/kuksa dks [kRe djus ds vius ç;klksa ds fo#¼ ns'k Hkj esa curs
çfrjks/ dks ns[krs gq, Hkktik ljdkj us viuh j.kuhfr esa ifjorZu dj fn;k gSA mlus
,sls vkanksyuksa vkSj ,drkc¼ çfrjks/ksa dks fdukjs yxkus vkSj cp fudyus ds fy,
mlus jkT; ljdkjksa dks ,sls Hkwfe vf/xzg.k ds çko/kuksa dks ykxw djus ds fy, dgk
tks Hkwfe vf/xzg.k dks lqxe cuk ldsaA xqtjkr ljdkj igys gh fo'ks"k fuos'k {ks=k
vf/fu;e tSls cgqr ls dkuwu cuk pqdh gS ftlls fd Hkwfe lq/kj laca/h
fo/kf;dkvksa dks fuos'kdksa ds i{k esa cgqr vklku cuk;k tk lds vkSj Hkwfe
vf/xzg.k dks lqxe cuk;k tk ldsA vksfM'kk] egkjk"Vª] jktLFkku] rfeyukMq]
dukZVd vkSj vU; jkT;ksa dh ljdkjsa Hkh ,sls gh ç;klksa dh rS;kjh dj jgh gSaA
vksfM'kk esa Hkh vc vkfnoklh Hkwfe dks xSj&vkfnokfl;ksa }kjk [kjhn dks vuqefr nsus
dh rS;kjh gks jgh gS tcfd ogha nwljh rjiQ ikjaifjd oU; mRikndksa vkSj
vkfnokfl;ksa dks tehu gM+ius okyk ?kksf"kr fd;k tk jgk gSA
fnlacj 2014 ls vxLr 2015 ds varfje le;dky esa tc Hkwfe vf/xzg.k
vè;kns'k okil ugha gqvk Fkk mlh le; vka/z çns'k ljdkj jkT; dh jkt/kuh vkSj
dbZ vU; ifj;kstuksa ds fy, ySaM iwfyax ds uke ij gtkjksa ,dM+ tehu vf/xzfgr
djus esa dke;kc jghA fdlkuksa rFkk Hkwfe ij fuHkZj rcdksa ds vf/dkjksa dks ns'k Hkj
esa vuns[kk fd;k tk jgk gSA bu lHkh fo/kf;dkvksa esa nfyrksa vkSj vkfnokfl;ksa ds
vf/dkjksa dks nck;k tk jgk gSA ueZnk cka/ rFkk vU; cgqr lh ifj;kstukvksa ls
foLFkkfir gks jgs lSdM+ksa ifjokjksa ds vf/dkjksa dks Nhuk tk jgk gS vkSj muds iquokZl
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 17
rFkk iquZLFkkZiu ds fy, dksbZ çHkkoh çko/ku ugha gSA çkd`frd lalk/uksa ds Åij mudk fu;a=k.k LFkkfir djus
vkSj vkthfodk çkIr djus esa enn djsxkA bu
vkS|ksfxd xfy;kjksa] vkfFkZd xfy;kjksa] LekVZ flVh]
vf/fu;eksa dks fu"çHkkoh djus dk dksbZ Hkh ç;kl
jk"Vªh; fuos'k rFkk mRiknu tksu] fo'ks"k vkfFkZd tksu]
yksdrkaf=kd çfØ;kvksa ds egRo dks de djsxk vkSj
m|ksxksa vkSj <kapkxr fodkl ds fy, Hkwfe ds cM+s&cM+s
tukanksyu bldk fdlh Hkh dher ij çfrjks/ djsaxsA 10
fgLls dks dCtk;k tk jgk gSA yk[kksa ,dM+ tehu
fnlacj 2016 dks oukf/dkj vf/fu;e dh 10oha
Mh,evkbZlh] ch,evkbZlh vkfFkZd xfy;kjs]
o"kZxkaB gSA Hkwfe vf/dkj vkanksyu bl volj ij
cSaxyksj&psUubZ vkfFkZd xfy;kjs] fo'kk[kkiV~Vue&
tarj&earj] fnYyh esa ,d fo'kky jSyh dk vk;kstu
psUubZ rVh; xfy;kjs vkSj ,slh dbZ ifj;kstukvksa ds fy,
djsxk vkSj bl vf/fu;e ds çHkkoh fØ;kUo;u dh ekax
djsxk vkSj bl vf/fu;e esa fdlh Hkh çdkj
ds la'kks/u ds ç;kl dks pqukSrh nsxkA
3- tksrksa dks cM+s Lrj ij xSj&d`f"k dkeksa
ds fy, tSls fd m|ksx vkSj <kapkxr
lajpuk ds fy, bLrseky gksus ls jksdus ds
fy, Hkwfe mi;ksx uhfr ykbZ tk, vkSj
lkFk gh 'kgjh Hkwfe esa xjhcksa ds fy,
vkoklh; ;kstuk gsrq bLrseky djus ij
çkFkefdrk nh tk,] LekVZ flVh ds fy,
ugha% ,d ,slh lqxfBr Hkwfe mi;ksx uhfr
cukbZ tk, tks Li"V fu;eu rFkk
vf/xzg.k ds laHkkfor [krjs ds rgr vkrh gSA dkWiksZjsV tu&Hkkxhnkjh ds tfj, tksrksa dh cM+s Lrj ij
vkSj Hkw&ekfiQ;kvksa dks LoPNanrk çnku dj nsus ls Hkwfe] xSj&d`f"k dk;ksZa ds bLrseky ij jksd yxk,A [kk| lqj{kk
[kfut rFkk oU; lalk/uksa ds lkFk lkeqnkf;d laifÙk vkSj jkstxkj lqj{kk dks çkFkfedrk nh tkuh pkfg,]
lalk/uksa dh ywV eph gqbZ gSA ftlesa u dsoy cgq&iQlyh; flafpr Hkwfe ij è;ku fn;k
tk, cfYd o"kkZ flafpr ,dy&iQly Hkwfe] tks fd tksrs
ge turk ds fcuk iwoZ lwfpr lgefr ds vf/xzg.k ls tkus okys {ks=k dk 60 çfr'kr fgLlk gS] ij Hkh è;ku
Hkwfe dh lqj{kk vkSj turkaf=kd lkekftd çHkko ds fn;k tkuk pkfg,A lkoZtfud Hkwfe ij] tks pjkxkg tSls
vkadyu dh ekax djrs gSaA ou rFkk [kfut lalk/uksa dh lkewfgd dkeksa esa bLrseky gksrk gks] xzkelHkk vkSj
ywV dk çfrjks/ fd;k tk,xkA ge csdkj iM+h tehuksa ij iapk;rksa dk iwjk fu;a=k.k gksuk pkfg,A iapk;rksa vkSj xzke
vkf/iR; rFkk tehu okilh ds ukjs ds rgr Hkwfeghuksa lHkkvksa esa ;g Li"V çko/ku gksuk pkfg, fd bu tehuksa
dks Hkwfe ds iqufoZrj.k dh ekax djrs gSaA ij nfyrksa vkSj vkfnokfl;ksa tSls lcls T;knk t:jrean
2- LFkkuh; Lo'kklh laLFkkvksa vkSj fodkl fu;kstu] leqnk;ksa dh igqap lqfuf'pr gksA
ou vf/dkj vf/fu;e vkSj islk ykxw djus esa catj Hkwfe lesr fdlh Hkh lkeqnkf;d Hkwfe dks xzke rFkk
mudh Hkwfedk dks l'kDr djks vkSj lafo/ku dh cLrh lHkk dh lgefr ds fcuk vkS|ksfxd çk;kstuksa ds
ikapoha vkSj NBh vuqlwph ds laoS/kfud vf/dkj fy, u fn;k tk,A vDlj ,slh Hkwfe ij opZLodkjh
dks lqfuf'pr djks% ge ;g ekurs gSa fd oukf/dkj tkfr;ksa vkSj iwathifr;ksa dk dCtk gks tkrk gS vkSj ljdkjsa
vf/fu;e vkSj islk ds çko/ku dk csgrj fØ;kUo;u bl rjiQ ls vk[ksa ewan ysrh gSaA ;fn dksbZ dk;Zokgh dh Hkh
xzke lHkkvksa vkSj iapk;rksa dks 73osa vkSj 74osa la'kks/u ds tkrh gS rks og xjhcksa] nfyrksa vkSj vkfnokfl;ksa ds
vuqlkj fodkl fu;kstu esa mudh laoS/kfud Hkwfedk dks f[kykiQA
vnk djus ds fy, l'kDr djsxk vkSj leqnk;ksa dks
catj Hkwfe dks lq/kj dj d`f"k Hkwfe esa ifjofrZr djus]
18 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
Hkw&{kj.k dks jksdus ds fy, gfjr doj dh lqj{kk] tyok;q laosnh ou {ks=kksa esa [kuu dks can djus dh t:jr
Hkw&ty ds {kj.k dks jksdus vkSj d`f"k Hkwfe esa lq/kj ykus gSA
rFkk çHkkoh mRiknu ds fy, T;knk mi;qZDr cukus ds 6- d`f"k ladV dks lacksf/r djks] lw[ks ls fuiVus ds
fy, Li"V çko/ku gksus pkfg,A rVh; Hkwfe rFkk if'peh fy, loksZPp U;k;ky; ds iQSlys dks ykxw djks]
?kkVksa tSls uktqd {ks=kksa dh i;kZoj.k dkuwu rFkk fu;eksa çR;sd fdlku ifjokj ds fy, vk; lqj{kk
dks ykxw dj lqj{kk dh tkuh pkfg,A lqfuf'pr djks rFkk ,d LFkk;h fdlku vk; vk;ksx
'kgjh Hkwfe ds bLrseky dh ;kstuk cuuh pkfg, ftlesa dh LFkkiuk djks% 1995 ls vc rd yxHkx 3-2 yk[k
xjhcksa ds fy, vkokl] lqfo/k,a vkSj jkstxkj dks ls T;knk fdlku vkRegR;k dj pqds gSaA jk"Vªh; vijk/k
çkFkfedrk nh tkuh pkfg, rFkk xjhc {ks=kksa ds vkl&ikl fjdkWMZ C;wjks }kjk çLrqr fd, x, vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj
vkoklh; ifj;kstuk,a cukbZ tkuh pkfg,A vkokl ds fdlku vkRegR;k dh nj gj ?kaVs ij ,d fdlku
vf/dkj ds fy, dksbZ vafre rkjh[k ugha gksuh pkfg, vkRegR;k dh gSA okLro esa ;g ,d ,slh ekuoh; =kklnh
tcfd eè;e oxhZ; lesr ljdkjh vkcafVr lLrs gS ftldk mYys[k lewps ekuo bfrgkl esa ugha feyrk gSA
vkoklksa ds fy, vafre rkjh[ksa r; dh tk ldrh gSaA ljdkj d`f"k rFkk xzkeh.k fodkl esa fuos'k esa Hkkjh
'kgjh Hkwfe lhfyax ,DV dks iqu% ykxw fd;k tkuk dVkSrh dj jgh gS] xzkeh.k Í.k xjhc rFkk lhekar
pkfg,A Hkwfe&mi;ksx fu;kstu Hkkxhnkjh vk/kfjr gksuk fdlkuksa dh igqap ls mÙkjksÙkj nwj gksrk tk jgk gS]
pkfg, ftlesa 3000 ifjokjksa ls vf/d leqnk;ksa esa ½.kxzLrrk rFkk Hkwfeghurk c<+rh tk jgh gS] eujsxk ds
tu&lquokb;ka gksuh pkfg,A vkcaVu esa Hkkjh dVkSrh dh tk jgh gSA mRiknu ykxr esa
o`f¼ ds ckotwn fdlkuksa dks muds mRiknu dk mfpr
4- i;kZoj.k dkuwu esa ifjorZu drbZ eatwj ugha gS%
Hkqxrku ewY; ugha fey jgk gSA dkWiksZjsV lqxj ykWch ds
Vh,lvkj lqczfE.k;e vk;ksx dh fliQkfj'kksa ds vk/kj ij
ikl xUuk fdlkuksa dh yxHkx 21]000 djksM+ #- dh
i;kZoj.kh; dkuwuksa esa ,sls ifjorZu fd, tk jgs gSa tks
jkf'k cdk;k gSA O;kikj esa mnkjokn rFkk eqnzk O;kikj
dkWiksZjsV txr ds fgrksa ds vuqdwy gSa vkSj turk rFkk
vuqca/ksa esa vleku ços'k dh otg ls nqX/ mRiknksa lesr
LFkkuh; Lo'kklh laLFkkvksa ds vf/dkjksa dks Nhu jgs gSaA
lLrs d`f"k mRiknksa dh fcØh laHko ugha gks ik jgh gS
>ksiM+ifV~V;ksa dks tcju lkiQ fd;k tk jgk gS rFkk rVh;
ftldh otg ls gekjs fdlku vkSj T;knk ladV esa iQalrs
Hkwfe rd ij dCtk fd;k tk jgk gSA bl lcdk ifj.kke
tk jgs gSaA [kjhn lqfo/kvksa esa dVkSrh dh tk jgh gSA
Hkkjh la[;k esa foLFkkiu rFkk Hkwfeghuksa dks muds Hkwfe
foLrkj lsokvksa dks lqfu;ksftr :i ls [kRe fd;k tk jgk
vf/dkj ls oafpr djus esa fudysxkA vkS|ksfxdhdj.k
gS vkSj fdlkuksa dks vius mRiknu ykxr dk cgqr de
vkSj fo"ks'k vkfFkZd {ks=kksa ds uke ij vf/xzfgr dh xbZ
ewY; fey jgk gSA
yk[kksa ,dM+ tehu csdkj iM+h gSA
iyk;u dh otg ls [ksr etnwjksa esa vk jgh deh ls
5- voS/ [kuu dks can djks] lalk/uksa dh mi;ksfxrk
fuiVus dk ,d rjhdk d`f"k dk;ksZ dks eujsxk ds rgr
esa ihf<+;ksa dks gLrkarj.k lquf'pr djks vkSj xksvk
ykuk gks ldrk gSA bl rjg etnwjksa rFkk fdlkuksa nksuksa dks
iQkmaMs'ku dsl esa loksZPp U;k;ky; dh
iQk;nk gksxkA blds lkFk gh ns'k esa lw[ks dh fLFkfr ls
funsZf'kdkvksa dks ykxw djks% voS/ [kuu dk nq"çHkko
çHkkodkjh rjhds ls fuiVus ds fy, loksZPp U;k;ky;
d`f"k Hkwfe ds lkFk&lkFk unh ds fdukjksa rFkk leqæ rVksa
}kjk funsZf'kdk,a tkjh dh xbZ gSaA nqHkkZX;o'k dsaæ rFkk
dks u"V dj jgk gS] ty lzksrksa] ty /kjkvksa dks nwf"kr dj
jkT; ljdkjksa }kjk bu funsZf'kdkvksa ds fØ;kUo;u dh
jgk gS rFkk ikfjfLFkfrdh vkSj vFkZO;oLFkk nksuksa dks u"V
fLFkfr csgn [kjkc vkSj /heh jgh gSA
dj jgk gSA csyxke [kuu rFkk vkfFkZd fodkl dk
7- U;wure leFkZu ewY; d`f"k ykxr ls 50 çfr'kr
ekWMy izd`fr tyok;q ifjorZu esa ;ksxnku djrs gq,
T;knk ?kksf"kr gksuk pkfg,A [kjhn] cktkj esa gLr{ksi
izd`fr rFkk /jrh dks rckg dj jgk gSA vr% igqap ls
rFkk dher dh xkjaVh ds tfj, fdlkuksa dks lHkh 25
ckgj (rFkk blh iSekus ij cus) ds {ks=kksa] ?kus taxyksa vkSj
iQlyksa dk U;wure leFkZu ewY; çkfIr lqfuf'pr
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 19
gksuh pkfg,% Hkktik ljdkj pqukoksa ds nkSjku fd, x,
vius ml ok;ns ls ihNs gV xbZ gS ftlds vuqlkj
LokehukFku vk;ksx dh fliQkfj'kksa ds fglkc ls mRiknu
dh ykxr ls 50 çfr'kr vf/d dk U;wure leFkZu
ewY; fn;k tkuk FkkA mlus ,sls jkT;ksa ls [kjhn ij Hkh jksd
yxk nh gS tks cksul vFkok U;wure leFkZu ewY; ls
T;knk nsrs gSaA ljdkj fo'o O;kikj laxBu esa vesfjdk]
;wjksih; ;wfu;u rFkk vU; ns'kksa ds iQjekuksa dk vuqikyu
djrs gq, [kk| rFkk d`f"k NwVksa esa dVkSrh dj jgh gSA
lewph d`f"k uhfr turk ds [kpsZ ij cht ,dkf/dkfj;ksa
rFkk Ñf"k O;olkf;;ksa ds equkiQs dks c<+kus esa enn djrh
gSA Hkwfe vf/dkj vkanksyu ,slh lHkh uhfr;ksa dk fojks/
djrk gS rFkk ;g ,slh oSdfYid uhfr;ka cukus dh
dksf'k'k djsxk tks lHkh ds fy, Hkkstu rFkk jkstxkj ds gkykfad jk"Vhª; [kk| ljq{kk vf/fu;e ds csgrj
lkFk&lkFk vkokl] LokLF; rFkk f'k{kk lqfuf'pr djsxkA fØ;kUo;u dh Hkh vko';drk gS] tks cgqr ls jkT; ugha
Hkwfe vf/dkj vkanksyu vleku eqnzk O;kikj vuqca/ksa] dj jgs gSaA Hkz"Vkpkj mUewyu ds uke ij jk'ku dks vk/kj
fo'o O;kikj laxBu ds iQjekuksa] O;kikj mnkjhdj.k rFkk dkMZ rFkk vU; bysDVªkWfud igpku dk;ZØeksa ls tksM+k
,dkf/dkjksa ds fo#¼ n`<+rk ls [kM+k gSA tk jgk gS ftldh otg ls ,d cM+h vkcknh blls ckgj
gks jgh gSA ljdkjh ç.kkfy;ksa dh vçHkkfodrk cgqr cM+h
8- Hkwfe lq/kj ykxw fd;k tk, Hkwfe Hkwfeghu [ksr
la[;k esa xjhc rFkk detksj vkcknh dks mudh
etnwjksa dh nh tk, u fd dkWiksZjsV dks% Hkwfe lq/kj
gdnkfj;ksa ls oafpr dj nsrh gSA
ij iqu% è;ku dsafær fd;k tk, ftlls fd fofHkUu
ifj;kstukvksa dh otg ls foLFkkfir ifjokjksa] oafpr 10- dk'rdkjksa] cVkbZnkjksa] efgyk fdlkuksa ds
rcdksa elyu nfyr] efgykvksa] vkfnokfl;ksa bR;kfn dks vf/dkjksa dks dk;e djuk gksxkA okLrfod fdlkuksa
Hkwfe ij ekfydkuk gd fey ldsA lhfyax lhekvksa dks dks iw.kZ ekU;rk rFkk leFkZu ç.kkyh ds lHkh ykHk
mfpr rjhds ls ykxw fd;k tk,A blesa ,sls vioknksa vkSj feyus pkfg,% ns'k ds dbZ fgLlksa esa dk'rdkj]
dfe;ksa dks jksdk tk, tks dqN O;fDr;ksa vkSj dkWiksZjsV ds cVkbZnkj vkSj efgyk fdlku d`f"k ladV ls lcls cqjh
gkFkksa esa gtkjksa ,dM+ tehu dsafær dj nsrh gSaA vfrfjDr rjg ls çHkkfor gSa D;ksafd mUgsa de C;kt ij cSadksa ls
Hkwfe dks forj.k ds fy, miyC/ djk;k tk,A Í.k] vkikrdky eqvkotk] iQly chek] NwVsa bR;kfn
lesr ljdkjh leFkZu ç.kkyh ds leLr iQk;nksa esa
9- [kk| ij çHkqRo rFkk [kk| lqj{kk lqfuf'pr dh
cpk&[kqpk gh feyrk gSA os gh og vlyh mRiknd gSa tks
tk, ,oa [kk| forj.k ç.kkyh esa ekStwn Hkz"Vkpkj
fd u fliQZ dfBu ifjJe djrs gSa cfYd mRiknu ds
dks [kRe fd;k tk,% [kk| lqj{kk dk eryc fliQZ de
reke [krjs Hkh ysrs gSaA dk'rdkj rFkk cVkbZnkj dqy {ks=k
dher ij Hkkstu nsuk ugha cfYd leqnk;ksa dks viuk
dh 30 çfr'kr ls T;knk fgLls ij [ksrh djrs gSa vkSj
[kk| [kqn iSnk dj ldus ds ;ksX; l'kDr djuk rFkk
efgyk,a d`f"k dk;Z dk 70 çfr'kr ls T;knk dke djrh
Hkwfe vf/dkj dks lqjf{kr djuk gS tks mUgsa vkRefuHkZj
gSaA muds vf/dkjksa dh lqj{kk gksuh pkfg,A dk'rdkj]
cuk,xkA bl laca/ esa ;g Hkh t:jh gS fd fdlkuksa dk
cVkbZnkj rFkk efgyk fdlkuksa lesr okLrfod mRikndksa
cht ds Åij rFkk mRiknu ç.kkyh ds Åij fu;a=k.k gks
dks igpkuus vkSj mudk fjdkWMZ j[kus ds fy, ,d
vkSj mUgsa ckSf¼d laifÙk dk vf/dkj djus dk nkok
ifjiw.kZ O;oLFkk gksuh pkfg,] ftlls fd mUgsa ljdkjh
djus okyh cgqjk"Vªh; daifu;ksa dk xqyke ugha cukuk
leFkZu ç.kkyh ds lHkh iQk;ns rFkk Hkwfe vf/xzg.k dh
pkfg,A fdlh Hkh daiuh dks chtksa ds Åij ckSf¼d
lwjr esa lHkh çko/kuksa ds fy, ik=krk fey ldsA uhfr
laifÙk dk vf/dkj ugha feyuk pkfg,A
20 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
vk;ksx }kjk ykxw ekWMy dk'rdkjh vf/fu;e okil nh tkuh pkfg,A blds ckn [kk| iQlyksa rFkk 'kq"d {ks=kksa
gksuk pkfg,A esa ,d iQly lqj{kk dks çkFkfedrk nh tkuh pkfg,A
11- mPp fuos'kksa okyh jklk;fud d`f"k ls Hkwfeghu ifjokjksa dks Hkh ty ij vf/dkj fn;k tkuk
y?kq&ckgjh fuos'kksa ds lkFk ikfjfLFkfrd :i ls pkfg,A blls ikuh dk T;knk lekurkiw.kZ bLrseky
LFkk;h d`f"k dh rjiQ tkus ds fy, l?ku lg;ksx% lqfuf'pr gksxk rFkk Hkw&LokfeRo esa xSj&cjkcjh [kRe
d`f"k esa ladV ds cM+s dkj.kksa esa ls ,d og mPp djus esa enn feysxhA
fufof"V;ksa okyk jklk;fud d`f"k ekWMy gS ftls fiNys 14- turk esa iQwV Mkyus okyh rFkk iQklhoknh
dqN n'kdksa esa çksRlkfgr fd;k x;k gSA bl ekWMy dh jktuhfr dk fojks/%
otg ls Í.kxzLrrk] feV~Vh dh ÅoZjrk dks uqdlku] dsaæ vkSj jkT;ksa esa Hkktik ljdkj dh uhfr;ksa ds çfr
mRikndrk esa deh] ikuh dk {kj.k rFkk Hkkstu ,oa ty c<+rs çfrjks/ vkSj turk dh vHkwriwoZ ,drk dks ns[krs
ç.kkyh dks tgjhyk cukuk çHkkoh gqvk gSA mRiknu rFkk gq, Hkktik&vkj,l,l vkSj mlds y?kq,&Hkxq,
mRikndrk ds egRo dks Lohdkj djrs gq, LFkkbZ tkucw>dj lkaçnkf;drk dk lgkjk ysdj turk ds chp
mRikndrk ij tksj fn;k tkuk pkfg,A uhfr;ksa rFkk iQwV Mkyus dh dksf'k'k dj jgs gSaA rkfdZd rjhds ls
leFkZu ç.kkyh dks bl rjg iquZfoU;kflr djuk pkfg, lkspus okyksa ij geyk fd;k tk jgk vkSj mudh gR;k dh
ftlls dh ,d fuf'pr le; lhek esa y?kq&ckgjh tk jgh gSA vlgefr dks ØwjrkiwoZd dqpyk tk jgk gSA
fufof"V;ksa ds lkFk ikfjfLFkfrd :i ls LFkkbZ Ñf"k dh xkS&j{kk ds uke ij vYila[;dksa vkSj nfyrksa dks fu'kkuk
rjiQ tk,aA blds fy, cgqr ls O;ogk;Z ekWMyksa dk cuk;k tk jgk gSA ns'k ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa lpsru
bLrseky fd;k tk ldrk gS ftUgsa Hkkjr Hkj esa fiNys nks lkaçnkf;d rFkk tkfroknh fgalk iQSykbZ tk jgh gSA ,sls
n'kdksa esa LFkkfir fd;k x;k gSA ç;klksa ds fo#¼ Rofjr çfrjks/ fodflr gks jgk gSA Hkwfe
12- o"kkZ ij fuHkZj d`f"k ds lkFk gqbZ ukbalkiQh dks vf/dkj vkanksyu ,sls iQwV Mkyus okys ç;klksa dk
[kRe djks% Hkkjrh; d`f"k dk 60 çfr'kr fgLlk o"kkZ }kjk çfrjks/ djsxk vkSj lkaçnkf;d ln~Hkkouk ds fuekZ.k vkSj
flafpr gksus ds ckotwn bl {ks=k dks flafpr d`f"k dh esgurd'k turk dh ,drk dks l'kDr djus ds fy,
rqyuk esa misf{kr j[kk tkrk gSA ftldh otg ls d`f"k dk dke djsxkA
T;knk ladV rFkk fdlku vkRegR;kvksa dh T;knkrj 15- fo'ofo|ky;ksa dh Lok;Ùkrk ij geyk]as f'k{kk
?kVuk,a o"kkZ ls flafpr {ks=kksa esa gh gksrh gSaA ge ekax djrs ds dkiWkjZsVshdj.k vkjS fo'o fo|ky;ksa ds Hkhrj
gSa fd o"kkZ ls flafpr Ñf"k dks iquthZfor djus ds fy, valrks"k ds Loj dks nck, tkus ij jksd yxkvks rFkk
,d l?ku vfHk;ku fy;k tk,A blds rgr 'kq"d Hkwfe jksfgFk ,DV ykxw djks% ns'k Hkj esa fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa
dh iQlyksa] i'kqikyu vkSj pkjk iSnk djus dks çksRlkgu mFky&iqFky eph gqbZ gSA Nk=kksa ds Åij geys c<+rs tk
fn;k tk,] y?kq flapkbZ dks iqu%fodflr fd;k tk, vkSj jgs gSa vkSj fdlh Hkh rjg ds valrks"k] eqDr fparu vkSj
yf{kr lg;ksx çnku fd;k tk,A o"kkZ ls flafpr {ks=kksa esa fopkjksa ds eqDr çokg dks rqjar nckus dk ç;kl fd;k
igyh iQly dks lqjf{kr flapkbZ miyC/ djkuk pkfg, tkrk gSA f'k{kk dk dkWiksZjsV ,tsaMk vkSj mudk cktkj dh
cfuLcr nwljh rFkk rhljh iQly ds fy, flapkbZ dsA ekax ds fglkc ls ifjofrZr gksuk iwjh rjg ls f'k{kk uhfr
13- ty ds lzksrksa dk futhdj.k ugha gksuk pkfg,] dks fu;af=kr dj jgk gS ftldh otg ls f'k{kk ls
ihus] ?kjsyw bLrseky vkSj d`f"k dks çkFkfedrk nh turkaf=kd fl¼kar vkSj ewY; iwjh rjg ls xk;c gks jgs gSa
tkuh pkfg,% ty dk ekuo thou vkSj [kk| mRiknu tks fd fdlh Hkh l'kDr tuokn ds fy, csgn t:jh gSaA
ds fy, ,d egRoiw.kZ çkd`frd lalk/u ds :i esa bu 15 fcanqvksa dks ledkyhu xzkeh.k fo"k;ksa ij ys[ku
lEeku fd;k tkuk pkfg, rFkk ty lzksrksa ds futhdj.k dk vk/kj LraHk ekuk tkuk pkfg,A O;kid Lrj ij dgsa
rFkk bl ij dkWiksZjsV dk fu;a=k.k LFkkfir djus ds ç;klksa rks oSdfYid i=kdkfjrk ds fy, Hkh ;g ,d fn'kk
dks rRdky jksdk tkuk pkfg,A ikuh ds ihus] ?kjsyw funsZ'kd nLrkost gksxkA
bLrseky vkSj d`f"k dks vU; mi;ksxksa ds Åij çkFkfedrk ●●●

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 21
xk¡o&taxy&igkM+

reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg
cuke fuokyksa dk vkUnksyu
reukj ds xkjs esa fdlkuksa us ftany dEiuh }kjk tcju tehu ysus ds fy, dh tk jgh tulquokbZ dk
fojks/ fd;k rks mUgsa ykBh&MaMksa vkSj xksfy;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA neu dh ,d yach izfØ;k ls xqtjrs
gq, fdlkuksa us viuh tehu ls [kqn gh dks;yk fudkyus dk fu.kZ; fy;k vkSj reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg dk
tUe gqvkA ;g ,d yach vkSj ,sfrgkfld yM+kbZ gS ftldh iM+rky dj jgh gSa vi.kkZ%

^dks okLrfod
;yk ugha vukt pkfg,&jk[k ugha jksVh pkfg,* ds ukjs ds lkFk dks;yk lR;kxzg dh
'kq#vkr gksrh gSA fnukad 5 tuojh 2008 dks xkjs 4@6 dks;yk [knku dh
tulquokbZ xkjs vkSj [kEgfj;k xk¡o ds chp iM+us okys taxy esa] tgk¡vklikl dsoy
NksVh >kfM+;ksa] egqvk] vke ds isM+ksa ds vykok dqN Hkh ugha Fkk&ihus dk ikuh rd
ugha&'kq: gqbZA ;g taxy okLro esa <kbZ lkS ,dM+ ds pd tks xk¡o okyksa dh fuLrkjh
dh tehu ij Fkk] ysfdu 1982 esa ou foHkkx us cM+h gksf'k;kjh ds lkFk xk¡o okyksa
dks js'ke ifj;kstuk esa vkfFkZd ykHk dk fnokLoIu fn[kkdj bls gfFk;k fy;k- fcuk
xkaookyksa dh lgefr ds tehu dks igys js'ke ifj;kstuk esa VªkUliQj djok fn;k
vkSj fiQj ou foHkkx ,oa js'ke ifj;kstuk foHkkx us bl tehu dks xkjs 4@6 ds
dks;yk [knku esa 'kkfey dj ftany dks eqÝr esa lkSxkr ds rkSj ij ns nhA oSls vc
bldh ,d vyx dgkuh gSA dkiQh tíkstgn ds ckn vc ;g tehu oukf/dkj
2006 ds rgr lkeqnkf;d oukf/dkj ds {ks=k esa gSA yM+kbZ tkjh gSA bl fo"k; esa ;g
Hkwfedk nsuk blhfy, t:jh gS fd blh xkjs vkSj vklikl ds 55 xkaoksa dh yM+kbZ dk
vkxkt bl /jrh ls gksrk gSA xkjs fodkl[kaM vkSj rglhy reukj] ftyk jk;x<+]
NÙkhlx<+ ns'k ds nwljs xkaoksa ls [kkl cu pqdk gS D;ksafd vkanksyuksa us ;gk¡dh [knkuksa
esa tks mFky&iqFky epkbZ gS mlus dks;yk m|ksxksa dks vkbZuk fn[kk fn;k gSA
fiQygky xkjs&[kEgfj;k dh tulquokbZ dks reukj {ks=k esa ikap fnolh; dkyk fnol
ds :i esa euk;k tkrk gS- iwjs {ks=k esa fcydqy oSlh gh rS;kfj;ka dh tkrh gSa tSlh
fnokyh esa iwjs ikap fnu ds R;kSgkj ds fy, dh tkrh gSaA ysfdu fnokyh vkSj dkyk
fnol esa ,d cM+k vUrj gSA fnokyh Hkys gh vekoL;k dh dkyh jkr esa vkrh gS
vkSj ge feV~Vh ds NksVs&NksVs nhid tykrs gq, jkr dks jks'ku djrs gSa ysfdu dkyk

22 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
fnol o"kZHkj gekjs fnyks&fnekx vkSj dh tkrh gS- blds lkFk gh ikap fLFkr 4@1 Mksaxkegqvk] 4@2 Vijaxk]
thou esa mtkZ ,oa mtkyk Hkjrs gq, tuojh 2008 dks gq, ykBhpktZ ds 4@3 ljleky&dksleikyh dh [knkusa
vkxs c<+us dks çsfjr djrs gSa- ihfM+rksa ds fy, U;k; dh ekax j[kh ,d ykbu esa mls çkIr gks tkrha- ;fn
,d ls ikap tuojh rd tks dkyk tkrh gS- vkb;s] FkksM+h tkudkjh ysrs 4@6 dks;yk [knku ftany dks fey
fnol reukj&xkjs {ks=k ds yksx eukrs gSa bl dkyk fnol ds ckjs esa fd ikap tkrh rks 'kk;n vkt oSlh fLFkfr ugha
gSa mlesa 'kksd] Hk;] vfuf'prrk vkSj tuojh 2008 dh rkjh[k dks dSls gksrh tSlh gS- vius LokFkZ esa va/k
ftany çca/u rFkk ljdkj dh dks;yk lR;kxzg dk tUe gqvk\ gksdj ftany us xzkeh.k cqtqxksZ] cPpksa
rkuk'kkgh dks ;kn djrs gSa- tSlk fd vc yksxksa dks ekywe gks vkSj efgykvksa ij viuh >wBh nyhyksa
vkUnksyudkjh xk¡o&xk¡o] ?kj&?kj pqdk gS fd ;g {ks=k csgrj xq.koÙkk vkSj rkdr dk cstk bLrseky djrs
tkdj jSyh vkSj lHkk djds vius A] B vkSj C xzsM ds dks;ys ds gq, tulquokbZ ds nkSjku ykBhpktZ
Åij gq, ccZj ykBhpktZ vkSj neu vdwr HkaMkj okyk bykdk gS- bl ugha djk;k gksrk rks vkt dks;yk
dh dgkuh lqukrs gSa- ikap tuojh dkj.k bl {ks=k esa 10 iQhV [kqnkbZ lR;kxzg dk bruk cM+k vkUnksyu iSnk
dks xkjs esa pans ds :i esa feys vukt djus ij gh dks;yk feyuk 'kq: gks ugha gks ikrk- dgk tk ldrk gS fd
dks idkdj lkewfgd Hkkst djus ds tkrk gS- 2002 esa xkjs ds rhu Hkw[kaM dks;yk lR;kxzg dk tUe ftany ds
ckn fiNys lky dh la?k"kZ&;k=kk dh 4@1] 4@2] 4@3 ftUny çcU/u dks ikiksa dk iQy gS-
leh{kk djrs gq, vkxkeh o"kZ esa vksiu dkLV ;kuh [kqyh [knku ds ljdkj us ^islk ,DV 5 vuqlwfpr
vius lalk/uksa dks cpkus dh ubZ :i esa feys Fks tcfd xkjs 4@4 fudks {ks=k* vkSj ^iapk;r vf/fu;e* dks
j.kuhfr rS;kj dh tkrh gS vkSj 'kke tk;loky rFkk 4@5 vaMjxzkmaM rkd ij j[kdj fcuk xzkelHkk dh
dks NksVh&NksVh eksecfÙk;ka tykdj (Hkwfexr) eksusV dks feys Fks- Hkw[kaM vuqefr fy, vkSj mls iwoZ lwpuk fn,
lkewfgd çkFkZuk esa ,d&nwljs ds 4@7 jk;iqj vyk;at dks feyk- bu tulquokbZ dk vk;kstu fd;k tks
gkFkksa esa gkFk ysdj xksy ?ksjk cukrs lcesa ftany ds fy, lcls egRoiw.kZ çHkkfor {ks=k ls 3 fdyksehVj dh nwjh
gq, 'kiFk yh tkrh gS- fdlh vkSj dh [knku xkjs ds Hkw[kaM 4@6 dh dks;yk ij futZu txg esa gksus okyh Fkh-
tehu Nhuh u tk lds bldh çfrKk [knku Fkh ftldks gfFk;kus ls iwoZ esa lqcg ls gh xzkeh.kksa dks xk¡o esa
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 23
xkfM+;ksa dh vkoktkgh dh Hkud yxh LFky rd igq¡p x;k- dqN yksx rks mUgksaus bl tulquokbZ dks jí djus
rks mUgksaus ik;k fd cM+h la[;k esa viuh tehuksa ds [kljk&[krkSfu;ksa dks dh ekax mBkbZA ç'kklu dks
iqfyl iQkslZ] ,Ecqysal] nedy igq¡p lq/jokus dh vkl esa pys x,- dqN us tulquokbZ ds brus l[r fojks/ dk
jgs gSa- blh ckr dh tkudkjh ysus ds lkspk fd MkWDVj vk;s gSa rks bykt vans'kk rks igys ls gh Fkk ysfdu ,d
fy, xk¡o ds fdlku vkSj is'ks ls djokus pys x,A mUgsa tkudkjh gh fljs ls mls udkj fn;k tk;sxk bldh
fpfdRld MkW- gfjgj iVsy] eksrh ugha Fkh fd tulquokbZ gks jgh gSA drbZ mEehn u FkhA gkykafd ç'kklu
flnkj] eukst flnkj] ckcwyky flnkj daifu;ksa us mUgsa rfud Hkud rd us igys ls gh Lo;a vkSj ftany daiuh
vkSj xk¡o ds dqN vU; yksx x,A rc ugha yxus nh fd mudh tehuksa dk ds vf/dkfj;ksa dh lqj{kk ds fy,
rd fnu ds nl ct pqds FksA iwNus vf/xzg.k fd;k tk jgk gSA tSls gh tulquokbZ LFky ij ckal&cfYy;ksa
ij vf/dkfj;ksa us mu yksxksa dks xkjs&[kEgfj;k dh tehu 4@6 dh dk ckM+k cukdj tkyh ds rkj ls
^dysDVj dk nkSjk dk;ZØe* gksus dh dks;yk [knku dks ftany dks nsus dh lqjf{kr dj fy;k FkkA rdjhcu rhu
ckr crkbZ vkSj dgk fd jkstxkj ckr lkeus vkbZ rks ogka ekStwn fdlku gtkj ls vf/d gfFk;kjcan iqfyl&
xkjaVh ds Hkqxrku rFkk ewyHkwr gM+cM+k x, vkSj lcus feydj tehusa dfeZ;ksa dks Hkh cqyk fy;k x;k FkkA
leL;kvksa ij lq>ko ds fy, jk'ku ugha nsus ds fy, ukjs yxkuk 'kq: dj pkjksa rjiQ iqfyl Nkouh tSlk ekgkSy
dkMZ] isa'ku dkMZ vkfn ysdj vki fn;k- ,d rks igys ls tulquokbZ dh cu x;k Fkk- bu lcdh rqyuk esa ogka
yksx tulquokbZ esa vkb;sA bl lwpuk lwpuk ugha nsus ij ij fojks/ ntZ fliQZ 700 xzkeh.k ekStwn FksA dqN rks
ij tYnh gh iwjk xk¡o tulquokbZ djk;k tkus yxk vkSj nwljs vc ogka ij rS u kr gfFk;kjca n
24 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
iqfyldfeZ;ksa ds Mj ls gh okil pys vkSj cPpksa dks laHkky dj jkts'k ftyk vLirky esa vius ifjtuksa dk
x, Fks ;k nwj fNidj lkjk rek'kk f=kikBh ds lkFk vLirky Hkstus dk gkypky tkuus nkSM+ iM+s- bu lcesa
ns[k jgs Fks- LFkkuh; lkekftd dke 'kq: fd;k- vk/s ?kaVs rd pys lcls T;knk ?kk;y MkW- gfjgj iVsy
dk;ZdrkZ jkts'k f=kikBh xyr rjhds bl ccZj ykBhpktZ ds ckn ,Ddk us Fks- os ikap fnuksa rd csgks'k iM+s jgs-
ls tulquokbZ djk;s tkus dk fojks/ fiQj ls tulquokbZ 'kq: djus vkSj muds cpus dh mEehn cgqr de Fkh
djrs gq, ftyk dksVZ ls LVs ysus x, viuh ckr j[kus ds fy, fdlkuksa dks ysfdu MkWDVjksa ds vFkd ç;kl ls
Fks- tcfd jes'k vxzoky] lfork jFk] cqykok fn;k- bu lcds chp ftany os cp x,- iVsy ds Bhd gksus ij
t;ar cksfgnkj] jkèks';ke 'kekZ tSls çca/u us ,d vyx ukSVadh 'kq: dj yksxksa us jkgr dh lkal yh- muds
yksx bl tulquokbZ dk i;kZoj.kh; nh- jk;x<+ ds vius {ks=k esa fctyh vLirky ls ckgj vkrs gh ikap
rduhdh vk/kj ij fojks/ tkjh j[ks mRiknu vkSj Liat vk;ju vkfn tuojh dks fnu esa nks cts gqadkjkMhik
gq, Fks- ysfdu ftyk ç'kklu vkSj dkj[kkuksa esa rkyk yxkdj daiuh us pkSd ij pDdktke 'kq: gqvk- cM+h
ftnay fdlh Hkh dher ij tulquokbZ vius etnwjksa dks LFkkuh; fdlku rknkn esa bdB~Bk gq, xzkeh.kksa }kjk
dj ysuk pkgrs Fks- ftyk jk;x<+ ds cukdj tulquokbZ esa 'kkfey dj tulquokbZ jí djus dh ekax dh xbZ
i;kZoj.k vf/dkjh vfrfjDr fn;k- ;gk¡ rd fd la[;k esa vkSj ysfdu ftyk ç'kklu us bldks
dysDVj ,u- ,u- ,Ddk vkSj iqfyl btkiQk djus ds fy, nwljs jkT;ksa ls lEiUu djk gh fn;k- yksxksa us tc
v/h{kd tSls yksx tulquokbZ iSuy Hkh etnwj cqyk fy, x,- bl ckj lquk fd tulquokbZ jí djus dh
esa Fks- LFkkuh; fdlku MkW- gfjgj fodkl vkSj jkstxkj ds uke ij txg ç'kklu us mls laiUu gqbZ djkj
iVsy fojks/ ntZ djk jgs Fks fd rHkh tulquokbZ 'kq: gqbZ- yksxksa us ns[kk fd fn;k gS rks mu yksxksa us r; fd;k fd
mudh ukd ij ,d bZaV vkdj yxh udyh fdlkuksa dk tRFkk çk;% tc rd ;g tulquokbZ jí ugha dh
vkSj os fxjdj csgks'k gks x;s- pkjksa ç'kklu vkSj ftany çca/u }kjk j[ks tk,xh rc rd pDdktke tkjh
rjiQ viQjk&riQjh dk ekgkSy cu x, çLrkoksa ij viuh lgefr O;Dr jgsxk- jk/s';ke 'kekZ us ogha cSBdj
x;k- vHkh yksx laHkyus Hkh ugha ik, djus yxk- vxj dksbZ xzkeh.k çLrkoksa ekSuozr /kj.k dj fy;k- lfork jFk
Fks fd vfrfjDr ftyk dysDVj us ls vlger gksrk fn[krk rks os udyh us ikap tuojh dh dM+kds dh BaM esa
igys ls eqLrSn iqfyl iQkslZ dks fdlku fdlku ,drk dk ukjk nsdj Hkh dsoy ,d tksM+h diM+s esa lkjh
ykBhpktZ dk vkns'k ns fn;k- blds mldk eqag can djkus dh dksf'k'k dkjZokbZ dh yxkrkj fjiksfVaZx dh- og
ckn fujhg xzkeh.kksa dks iqfyl us ccZj djrs- vthc ?kkyesy dk ekgkSy cu gj iy turk ds lkFk 'kkfey gksdj
rjhds ls ekjk- cw<+ksa] cPpksa] efgykvksa x;k- tSls gh lkeftd dk;ZdrkZvksa us ,d&,d xfrfof/ ij utj j[ks jgh
fdlh dks ugha NksM+k vkSj lHkh dks ç'kklu vkSj ftany çca/u dh bl vkSj mls tks Hkh ftEesnkjh nh xbZ
nkSM+k&nkSM+k dj ihVk] yksx Hkkxrs jgs- pky dks le>k rks bldh tkudkjh mlus vuFkd lcdqN fd;k-
iqfyl ekjrh jgh- Ms<+ lkS ls vf/d rqjar ehfM;k vkSj vU; yksxksa dks iQksu vkUnksyudkjh tSls&tSls dks;ys dh
yksxksa dks tcjnLr pksVsa vkbZ- blh ij fn;k- ?kk;yksa dks vLirky Vªdksa dks jksdrs x,]oSls&oSls ftany
chp jkts'k f=kikBh igqaps vkSj igqapkus vkSj vU; cqfu;knh enn ds ikWoj ,aM LVhy daiuh dh dej
ykBhpktZ dk fojks/ fd;k- ogka lkFk gh yksxksa us gqadkjkMhik pkSd ij VwVuh 'kq: gksus yxh- ftany çca/u us
mifLFkr jk/s';ke 'kekZ] t;ar bl tulquokbZ dk fojks/ 'kq: fd;k- ftyk ç'kklu ij pDdk tke gVkus
cksfgnkj vkSj jes'k vxzoky igys ls mM+hlk ds xksikyiqj vkSj jk;x<+ ds ds fy, ncko cukuk 'kq: dj fn;k-
gh tulquokbZ dk fojks/ dj jgs Fks- feyqikjk esa py jgh ftUny dh lHkh gqadkjkMhik pkSd ij ckj&ckj iqfyl
lcus ç'kklu ls bl ,drjiQk dks;yk [knkuksa dks rqjar can dj fn;k iQkslZ igq¡pus yxh fd pDdktke
tulquokbZ dks jí djus dh vihy x;k- tSls&tSls yksxksa dks ykBhpktZ gVkvks ugha rks ykBhpktZ fd;k
dh- lfork jFk us ?kk;y efgykvksa dh tkudkjh feyrh xbZ os jk;x<+ tk;sxk ysfdu yksxksa ij bldk dksbZ
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 25
çHkko ugha iM+kA vkUnksyu VwVus u yxokus vkSj vkUnksyudkfj;ksa ds vkSj fnYyh ds lkfFk;ksa ls enn ekaxrs
ik, blds fy, yksxksa us gj ?kj ls crZuksa dks fiQadokdj lM+d [kqyokus jgs- tc es/k ikVdj us jk;x<+ vkus
,d eqV~Bh pkoy] lfCt;ka vkSj ,d dh dksf'k'k dhA ogka ekStwn pkj lkS vkSj xkjs vkUnksyu dks leFkZu nsus dh
#i;k bdV~Bk dj lkewfgd Hkkst efgykvksa dks cPpksa lesr iqfyl us ckr dgh rc dgha tkdj ekeyk
cukuk 'kq: fd;k vkSj fnu&jkr ogha ekjrs&ihVrs gq, xkfM+;ksa esa Hkj & 'kkar gqvk vkSj lcdks tsy ls NksM+k
tes jgs ysfdu ykBhpktZ ds U;kf;d Hkjdj nwljs Fkkuksa vkSj taxyksa esa ys x;kA rc rd ykBhpktZ ds ?kk;y
tkap gq, vkSj tulquokbZ dks [kkfjt tkdj NksM+ fn;kA cgqr lh efgyk,a vU; yksxksa dks vLirky ls NqV~Vh
fd;s fcuk pDdktke u gVkus dk vius cPpksa dks xksn esa ysdj nks&rhu fey pqdh FkhA jkts'k f=kikBh vkSj
,syku dj fn;k- blls lM+d ij [kM+s fnu ckn rd iSny vius ?kj igqaphaA lfork jFk us iqu% yksxksa dks laxfBr
Vªdksa esa yk[kksa Vu dks;yk gÝrs Hkj jk/s';ke 'kekZ vkSj t;ar cksfgnkj dks djds dke djuk 'kq: fd;kA
iM+k jgk- ts-ih-,y- reukj vkSj ts- v/ejk gksus rd ykfB;ksa ls ihVrs bl ckj mu yksxksa us yM+kbZ dh viuh
,l-ih-,y- rijkikyh jk;x<+ dh gq, tsy esa Mky fn;k x;kA lfork 'kSyh cny nh Fkh ftldk igyk
bdkb;k¡iwjh jg BIi iM+ xbZaA jFk bu gkykr dh tkudkjh vius dne Fkk dkuwuh gdksa ij viuh
nl tuojh 2008 dh 'kke rdjhcu lkFkh jkts'k f=kikBh dks yxkrkj iQksu tkudkfj;ksa dks iq[rk djukA lwpuk
pkj cts fiQj iqfyl iQkslZ us xzkeh.kksa ij nsrh jgh ftlls jkts'k vius dks ds vf/dkj ds rgr vf/d ls
dks le>kus vkSj pDdktke dks gVkus iqfyl dh utj ls cpkdj jk;x<+ ls vf/d tkudkfj;ksa dks fudkyuk
dk ncko cuk;k rks xzkeh.kksa us euk ckgj ds lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa ls vkSj ckaVuk rkfd nwljs dks
dj fn;k- lfork jFk us bldh fujarj laidZ cuk, jgs vkSj yksxksa ls tkudkfj;ksa dk vHkko u jgsA blds
tkudkjh jes'k vxzoky vkSj jkts'k dkuwuh enn ,oa nwljs lg;ksx dh lkFk gh bl ckr ij utj j[kuk fd
f=kikBh lfgr ehfM;k ds lkfFk;ksa dks xqgkj yxkrs jgsA ,fM'kuy dysDVj dEiuh çca/u dkSu&dkSu lh
nh- tc ehfM;kdehZ vkSj lkekftd dks tc ekywe gqvk fd lfork jFk xM+cfM+;ka djrk jgk gS vkSj vc rd
dk;ZdrkZ /juk LFky ij igqaps rks ;gha gS vkSj blh ds dkj.k ;gk¡dh dSlh&dSlh ç'kklfud ykijokfg;ka
ç'kklu ds ,Ddk lesr ea=kh fLFkfr dh tkudkjh ckgj tk jgh gS gksrh jgh gSa vkSj mudks mtkxj djus
lR;kuUn jkfB;k lkekftd rks lfork dks Hkh idM+okus dh rS;kjh ds D;k rjhds gksaxsA fdlh Hkh
dk;ZdrkZvksa vkSj çHkkfor xzkeh.kksa ds gksus yxhA ;g ckr ehfM;k ds vkUnksyu dks vkxs c<+kus ds fy,
lkFk f=ki{kh; okrkZ ds fy, rS;kj gks lkfFk;ksa dks irk pyh rks os lfork vkfFkZd lalk/u lcls egRoiw.kZ gksrs
x, vkSj lHkh dks reukj ou foHkkx dks cksysjks esa fNikdj iwathiFkjk rd gSaA vkfFkZd lk/u tqVkus ds D;k
ds xsLV gkml esa cqyk;k x;kA ysfdu ys vk;sA blds ckn jkts'k tSu vkSj rjhds gks ldrs gSa\ lkekftd ,drk
xzkeh.kksa us bl çLrko dks Bqdjkrs gq, i=kdkj fou; ikaMs; lfork dks dks cuk;s j[kus ds fy, lkekftd
/juk LFky ij gh okrkZ djus dh ckr fdlh rjg dsyks unh ikj djk mlds cqjkb;ksa ij fot; Hkh ,d xaHkhj
dghA varr% xzkeh.kksa dh n`<+rk ?kj ys x,- vius t:jh lkeku ds pqukSrh FkhA blds fy, yxkrkj
ns[kdj lR;kuUn jkfB;k vius lkFk lfork dks ysdj os jk;x<+ vk;s çf'k{k.kksa] cSBdksa] lEesyuksa ds
leFkZdksa dks ysdj igqaps vkSj mUgksaus vkSj mls lk<+s rhu cts okyh Vªsu esa ekè;e ls yksxksa dks f'kf{kr vkSj çsfjr
dsoy ftany çca/u ds i{k esa ckr fcBk;k- jkts'k f=kikBh igys ls gh fd;k tkrk jgkA vkUnksyu esa
j[khA bl ij xzkeh.kksa us mUgsa [knsM+ bartkj dj jgs FksA jk;x<+ ls fudy efgykvksa vkSj ;qokvksa dh Hkkxhnkjh
dj Hkxk fn;kA bldh çfrfØ;k esa os yksx fcykliqj x, vkSj ogka ls c<+kus ds rkSj&rjhds bZtkn fd;s x,-
jkfB;k us jkr X;kjg cts igys ls vejdaVd ,Dlçsl idM+dj fcuk yksxksa dks ljdkjh ;kstukvksa ds ykHk
cqykbZ xbZ iqfyl ds lkFk vius xqaMksa fdlh dks Hkud yxs eaMyk igqapdj ckjs esa crk;k x;k vkSj ckgjh
dks Hkstdj xzkeh.kksa ij nqckjk viuh tku cpkbZA jes'k vxzoky vkanksyuksa ls mUgsa yxkrkj voxr
ykBhpktZ djokus] muds VsaV esa vkx dksydkrk esa fNidj fjiksVZ cukrs jgs djk;k tkrk jgkA ehfM;k] odhyksa
26 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
vkSj tulaxBuksa rd viuh igq¡p ds
jkLrs fudkys x, vkSj fe=k xSj
ljdkjh laxBuksa dh enn yh xbZ-
lkalnksa vkSj fo/k;dksa ds lkeus
viuh ckr j[kus dk vH;kl fd;k
x;k- ftyk ç'kklu ij ncko cukus
ds mik; lksps x,-
lkeqnkf;d fuxjkuh vkSj Hkkxhnkjh
lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, gjsd ?kj ds
lnL;ksa ds fy, lkIrkfgd cSBdksa esa
vkuk vfuok;Z dj fn;k x;k- lHkh
ls ,d eqV~Bh pkoy vkSj ,d #i;k
uxn tek fd;k x;k- ;g vkt rd
tkjh gS- xkjs ls ckgj dh nqfu;k esa
pyusokys la?k"kksaZ dks tkuus&le>us /juksa ds ekè;e ls igq¡pk;k x;k- lfefr dks jk;x<+ dh ehfM;k us
ds fy, vè;;u&Hkze.k dk;ZØe blds lekukarj ljdkj ds lHkh cgqr egRo fn;k vkSj bl dnj lkFk
'kq: fd;k x;k- çf'k{k.k ohfM;ks] vkns'kksa dks yksxksa rd ljy Hkk"kk esa fuHkk;k fd vkt ns'k&nqfu;k esa
fiQYe] iEiQysV] lekpkj i=kksa igqapk;k x;k- ftudh tkudkjh ugha nwj&nwj rd reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg
lEeysuksa] jSfy;ksa] /juk&çn'kZuksa dh Fkh mu vkns'kksa ij ofj"B lkfFk;ksa ls dk ukjk ^gej tehu] gej dks;yk*
tkudkfj;ksa ds ekè;e ls ?kj&?kj rd lykg yh xbZ vkSj vf/dkfj;ksa ls xw¡t jgk gS- daifu;ka xkjs 4@6 dksy
yksxksa dks vius la?k"kksZ dh vgfe;r laidZ fd;k x;k- CykWd dks ikus ds fy, yxkrkj
ls voxr djk;k tkrk jgk- tuçfrfuf/;ksa dh Hkwfedk dks u;s&u;s gFkdaMs viuk jgh Fkha vkSj
Hkwfe&vf/xzg.k ls tqM+s eqíksa dks lqfuf'pr dj igys ,d lwph rS;kj ^esgurd'k etnwj fdlku ,drk
jes'k vxzoky vkSj jkts'k f=kikBh dh xbZ fd lalk/uksa dh yM+kbZ esa lafefr* dks rksM+us rFkk ns'k ds
dksVZ rd ysdj x,- ftany ikoj fdudk lg;ksx feysxk vkSj fdudk fodkl ds fy, dks;ys dh
fyfeVsM ds f[kykiQ i;kZoj.kh; ugha feysxk- ftudk lg;ksx feysxk vko';drk crkrs gq, nqckjk
tulquokb;ksa esa yksxksa dks viuh ckr muls fdl rjg ls lg;ksx fy;k tk tulquokbZ djkus dh dksf'k'k dj
j[kus ds rjhdksa dks crk;k x;k- ldrk gS- vkukdkuh djus okyksa vkSj jgh Fkha- 5 tuojh 2008 dh
LFkkuh; Hkk"kk@cksyh esa mudh lg;ksx u djus okyksa ds le{k viuh tulquokbZ dks tupsruk us jk;x<+
vfHkO;fDr dh {kerk dk fodkl ckr dks lkiQ lkiQ j[kus vkSj mudk jk"Vªh; gfjr vf/dj.k esa pSysat
fd;k x;kA islk vf/fu;e dh lg;ksx ysus dh j.kuhfr cukbZ xbZ- fd;k Fkk ftlds ifj.kkeLo:i 4
vuqlwph 5 ds rgr ljdkj dks bl yM+kbZ dk usr`Ro djus okys tqykbZ 2012 dks vf/dj.k us
xzkeh.k gdksa dk ikyu djokus ds lfefr dks ^esgurd'k etnwj fdlku tupsruk ds i{k esa iQSlyk nsrs gq,
fy, xzkelHkk dks etcwr cukuk ,d ,drk* dk uke fn;k x;k- çHkkfor xkjs 4@6 dh tulquokbZ nqckjk djkus
vge dM+h Fkh vkSj bldks ysdj Hkh fdlkuksa vkSj etnwjksa dks pquko ds dk vkns'k fn;k- bl gkj ds ckn
dke fd;k x;k- le; pqudj xzke iapk;r] tuin ckS[kyk, ftany çca/u us 7 tqykbZ
xzkeh.k elyksa ij ljdkj dh lksp iapk;r ,oa ftyk iapk;r rd 2012 dks tupsruk ds lnL; jes'k
ij yxkrkj fopkj fd;k x;k- ftyk egÙoiw.kZ inksa ij igq¡pkus dh vxzoky dks muds dk;kZy; esa xksyh
ç'kklu] jkT; ,oa dsaæ ljdkj rd j.kuhfr ij vey fd;k x;k- ejok fn;k- vxzoky dh gkyr cgqr
viuh ckrksa dks vkosnuksa] jSfy;ksa ,oa ^esgurd'k etnwj fdlku ,drk uktqd gks xbZ ysfdu mfpr
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 27
fpfdRlk] ns[kjs[k ,oa lkekftd ,d O;fDr gS ysfdu og vkfnoklh dfVc¼ vkUnksyu gS ysfdu fodkl
lg;ksx ls mUgsa cpk fy;k x;k- bl ugha gS blfy, ikapoha vuqlwph okys ds uke ij u,&u, dksy CykWd
gknls ds ckn tupsruk us Mjus dh {ks=k esa ljdkj Hkh vkfnokfl;ksa dh gkfly djus ds fy, tksM+&rksM+ ls
ctk; vius dk;Z{ks=k esa vkSj etcwrh tehu ugha ys ldrh- ljdkj ikapoha fdlkuksa dh tehusa gM+ius dk fojks/h
ls dke djuk 'kq: dj fn;k- vuqlwph {ks=k esa iM+us okyh Hkwfe dks gS- tgk¡&tgk¡ dks;yk ik;k tkrk gS
daifu;ksa ds euekus joS;s ds f[kykiQ [kuu ds fy, yht ugha ns ldrh gS ogka futh [kuu daifu;ka LFkkuh;
LFkkuh; vkfnoklh fdlkuksa&etnwjksa D;ksafd blls /kjk 244 (1) (ikapoha ç'kklu dh feyhHkxr ls xzkeh.kksa dks
dks vkfFkZd :i ls [kM+k dj cjkcjh vuqlwph) dk mYya?ku gksrk gS- [kuu mudh tehuksa ls csn[ky dj jgh gSa-
dk vf/dkj nsus ds mís'; ls dk;Z dsoy ifCyd lsDVj ;k gtkjksa ;qokvksa dks jkstxkj fnykus dk
tupsruk jk;x<+ esa jkts'k f=kikBh us vkfnoklh lgdkjh lfefr;ka ;k Lo;a ykyp nsdj fcuk tkudkjh fdlkuksa
,d cSBd cqykdj ^gej tehu gej vkfnoklh gh dj ldrk gS- [kuu dh tehuksa dks Hkw&vf/xzg.k tkjh
dks;yk* dh ckr j[krs gq, dgk fd dk;Z gksus ij 'kq¼ ykHk dk de ls dj ^uksfViQkbM ,fj;k* ls xk¡o ds
D;ksa ugha fdlku viuh tehuksa dks de 20 çfr'kr lq/kj dk;Z ds fy, xk¡o mtkM+us dh lkft'ksa py jgh gSa-
,d txg ,d=k dj tehu ds Hkhrj LFkk;h dks"k ds :i esa j[kk tk;sxk reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg bldk fojks/
ds lalk/uksa ij Hkh laj{k.k ,oa ftlds }kjk taxy rFkk i;kZoj.k djus dk vkUnksyu gS ftldh rkdr
ekfydkuk gdksa dh ckr djrk gS\ larqyu ds dk;Z laiUu fd;s tk xk¡o ds yksx gSa-
cSBd esa 'kkfey jk;x<+ if=kdk ds ldsaxs- ikapoha vuqlwph esa yht dk reukj lfgr ntZuksa xk¡o ds yksx
ofj"B i=kdkj t;ar flag us crk;k uohuhdj.k vFkok ubZ yht vFkok futh daifu;ksa vkSj ç'kklu dh
fd fdlh çdkj ds [kfut lalk/uksa gLrkukarj.k çfrcaf/r gS-[kuu yht euekuh ds fo#¼ [kM+s gks pqds gSa-
ij igyk gd Hkw&Lokeh dk gh gksrk fdlh xSj vkfnoklh dEiuh vFkok euekuh ywV] neuiw.kZ vkSj
gS- bl çdkj r; ik;k x;k fd xk¡/h dkWiksZjs'ku lewg vFkok lk>hnkj iQeZ "kM~;a=kdkjh rkSj&rjhdksa dk bLrseky
us tSls Lo;a ued cukdj ued vkfn dks fn;k tkuk vlaoS/kfud gS gq, m|ksxksa }kjk mudh tehuksa dks
dkuwu rksM+k Fkk mlh rtZ ij ge Hkh ysfdu jkT; }kjk fd;k tkus okyk [kuu daifu;ksa ds gokys fd;s tkus
Lo;a dks;yk fudkydj dks;yk [kuu blesa 'kkfey ugha gS- blds ds fo#¼ mUgksaus lkewfgd fcxqy
dkuwu rksM+saxs- 'kq#vkr dh rkjh[k nks vykok yksxksa dks ckyd`".k cuke iQwad fn;k gS- ç'kklu ds ftEesnkj
vDVwcj r; gqbZ- ofj"B i=kdkj fou; dsjy ljdkj (2012) dh Hkh yksxksa us Hkh xzkeh.kksa dks bl ekeys esa
ikaMs; rFkk tufe=ke lkekftd tkudkjh nh xbZ ftlesa lqçhe dksVZ us va/sjs esa j[kk fd os ftu daifu;ksa dh
laLFkku ds çeq[k euh"k flag us iQSlyk fn;k Fkk fd tehu vkSj mlds iSjoh dj jgs gSa muds okLrfod
dks;yk lR;kxzg ds lHkh rduhdh vUnj ik, tkus lalk/uksa ij igyk fufgrkFkZ D;k gSa\ daifu;ksa vkSj
igyqvksa ij fdlkuksa dh enn dh- gd fdlku dk gS- ;g lc ekywe ç'kklu dh j[kh xbZ 'krksZa ds ckjs esa
MkW- gfjgj iVsy us 'kadk tkfgj dh gksus ij xzkeh.kksa us bl ckr dks n`<+rk iwNus ij yksxksa us crk;k fd mUgsa bl
vkSj dgk fd ;g xSjdkuwuh dke gSA ls eku fy;k fd mudh viuh tehu ckjs esa dksbZ tkudkjh gh ugha gS
xzkeh.k O;FkZ ds dkuwuh ipM+ksa esa ds vanj ik, tkus okys lalk/uksa ij tcfd ç'kklu ds vuqlkj Hkw&vtZu
iQalkdj ijs'kku fd;s tk;saxs- jkts'k us igyk gd mudk gS- blh ds vk/kj ls reukj] xks<+h] dlMksy]
lqçhe dksVZ ds ml vkns'k dk gokyk ij nks vDVwcj 2012 dks fof/or lfygkHkkBk] ckluikyh] xkjs]
fn;k ftls lerk ttesaV ds :i esa dks;yk lR;kxzg dh 'kq#vkr djus lfygkjh vkfn xk¡oksa dh 147 tehuksa
tkuk tkrk gS vkSj ftlesa Li"V dgk dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;k- dks;yk ds dqy vM+rhl gtkj lkr lkS
x;k gS fd çR;sd xzkelHkk viuh lR;kxzg dkuwu dk lEeku djrs gq, frjklh gsDVs;j ds jdcs dks çkIr
ty]taxy vkSj tehu dk ekfyd gS- ns'k ds fodkl esa dks;ys dh fd;k x;k gS- xzkeh.kksa us ;g Hkh
lerk ttesaV ds vuqlkj ljdkj Hkh vko';drk dks iwjk djus dks crk;k fd lu nks gtkj ls ftyk
28 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
ç'kklu reukj {ks=k dh d`f"k Hkwfe ls ljdkj ;k daifu;ka dHkh
mUgsa csn[ky dj daifu;ksa ds fy, Hkh u mudks ;g gd fnyk
dks;yk [knku] ÝykbZ,s'k Mkbd] ldha vkSj u gh dHkh
ikWoj IykaV vkSj cka/ksa dks nsrk jgk gS- LFkk;h jkstxkj gh fnyk;k-
vc rd iwjs ftys dh rhl gtkj jkstxkj dk;kZy; ds ekStwn
gsDVs;j d`f"k Hkwfe vkSj rdjhcu vkadM+ksa ds fglkc ls
X;kjg gtkj gsDVs;j ou Hkwfe dks ys csjkstxkjksa dh la[;k ns[ksa
fy;k x;k gS tks 170 ^[k* dk Li"V rks ;g ckr lkiQ gks tkrh
mYya?ku gS- csukeh varj.k ds rgr gS fd fLFkfr fdruh
,d gtkj NIiu gsDVs;j vkfnoklh Hk;kog gS- iathd`r
Hkwfe tk pqdh gS- jk;x<+ ftys dk csjkstxkjksa dh la[;k Ms<+
reukj {ks=k vuqlwfpr {ks=k (islk yk[k ls vf/d gS- ;g
,DV 5) esa vkrk gS- vf/fu;e ifjn`'; 2015 dk gS- ckn
1996 ds fu;e 4 dafMdk ^>* esa ;g esa blesa gqbZ c<+ksÙkjh vkSj
Li"V gS fd Hkw&vtZu ds iwoZ viathd`r csjkstxkjksa dk
xzkelHkk dh vuqefr ysuk t:jh gS dksbZ fglkc ugha gS-
ysfdu reukj ekeys esa vuqefr ysuk fiQygky ftu dksy
rks nwj xzkeh.kksa dks lwpuk rd ugha nh Cykdksa ls dks;yk fudkyk
xbZ- ftys ds fdlkuksa dh d`f"k Hkwfe tk jgk gS muesa lh-bZ-lh-
dHkh Hkw&vtZu] dHkh ljiQsl jkbV] ,y-dh rhu [knkusa gSa tks
dHkh yht rks fdlh vkSj ds uke ij fd ?kj?kksM+k ds 1072-06
/ks[ks ls vaxwBk yxkdj gfFk;k yh gs D Vs ; j] cjkS n rFkk
tkrh jgh gS- reukj ls iRFkyxkao tkeikyh [knku /eZt;x<+
rd /kjrh ds uhps dks;ys dk cgqr esa 251 gsDVs;sj ,oa Nky esa fiQygky fgaMkYdks dEiuh dks fey
cM+k HkaMkj gS tks fdlh [ktkus ls de 79-60 gsDVs;j esa py jgh gSa- blds pqdh gSA bu [kkuksa ls jkstkuk yxHkx
ugha gS- bldk foLrkj ,d lkS ikap vykok ts-,l-ih-,y- dh 705-60 ipkl gtkj Vu dks;yk fudkyk tk
oxZ fdyksehVj {ks=k esa gS- vHkh py gsDVs;j] eksusV bLikr dh 830 jgk gSA oSls ;s ljdkjh vkdM+s gSaA
jgh vkBksa dks;yk [knkuksa esa 2010 gsDVs;j dks lqçhe dksVZ ds vkns'k ds okLrfodrk,a buls cgqr vyx gSaA
rd ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj rdjhcu ckn jí dj fn;k x;k gS- 2015 esa dkxt ij ftrus dks;ys dk mRiknu
,d yk[k djksM+ dk fuos'k fd;k tk dqy 215 dksy CykWd jí fd;s x, fn[kk;k tkrk gS mlds dbZ xquk
pqdk Fkk- dqy feykdj bl {ks=k esa Fks- bl çfØ;k esa iqu% ;s dksy CykWd vf/d dks;yk pksjh ls ikj dj fn;k
dqy ,d yk[k chl gtkj djksM+ dk ts-ih-,y- vkSj ts-,l-ih-,y- ls tkrk gS- nl u, dksy CykWdksa ds vkus
fuos'k gksuk Fkk- ,d gtkj Vu Nhudj dksy bafM;k dks ns fn, x, ls xkjs 4@6 iw.kZ :i ls [kRe gks tkrk-
dks;yk fudkyus ds fy, 100 gSaA dks;ys dh [kqnkbZ tkjh gS- nwljh ;fn dks;yk dkuwu rksM+rs gq, dks;yk
etnwjksa dh vko';drk crkbZ tk jgh dks;yk [kuu daifu;ksa esa jk;iqj lR;kxzg ugha fd;k tkrk rks Hkh
Fkh- bl fglkc ds djhc nl ls iUæg ,yka;t ,aM LVhy dks 335-736 jk;x<+ ftys ds dksy CykWd ?kj?kksM+k
gtkj yksxksa dks jkstxkj nsus dk gsDVs;j dk dksy CykWd fn;k x;k gS vkSj /eZt;x<+ reukj dh rjg [kRe
ykyp fn;k tkrk jgk gS- gkykafd bu tks fiQygky eksusV dEiuh ds ikl gks tkrs- NÙkhlx<+ feujy okVj
[knkuksa esa LFkkuh; yksxksa dk bu gSA esllZ fudks tk;loky dh 864- MsoyiesaV CykWd] rfeyukMq fo|qr
lalk/uksa ij igyk gd gS ysfdu 846 gsDVs;j esa Hkwfexr [knku gS tks eaMy xkjs isyek CykWd] esllZ xksok
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 29
baMLVªht xkjs isyek CykWd] ts-,l-ih- bl ckr ls ç'kklu ds yksxksa ds gkyk¡fd 'kq#vkrh nkSj esa yksx bldk
,y- uyok xkjs isyek CykWd ] fudks gkFk&ik¡o iQwy x, gSaA mUgsa le> esa etkd mM+k jgs Fks ysfdu >kj[k.M
tk;loky xkjs isyek 4@6] eksusV ugha vk jgk gS fd vxj lgh ds gtkjhckx dh rtZ ij cukbZ tk
bLikr xkjs&isyek 4@5] ckydks fglkc&fdrkc ds lkFk iwjh jk;YVh jgh dEifu;ksa vkSj ml txg futh
rjkbZeky dksy CykWd /eZt;x<+] ljdkjh [ktkus esa tek gks tk,xh rks dEifu;ksa ds viuk CykWd u [kksy
nqxkZiqj 2 Mh-oh- ikWoj] lfj;k dksy mudk vkSj muds cPpksa dk D;k ikus dh [kcjksa ls pkjksa rjiQ gypy
CykWd /eZt;x<+] th-,y-Mh-vkj-ds- gksxk\ mudh iRuh ds lius dSls iwjs ep xbZ FkhA bl yM+kbZ dks yM+us ds
,e- ikWoj] chl ikWoj] xzhu gksaxs vkSj vkus okyh ihf<;ka dSls fy, nks rjg dh j.kuhfr;ka cukbZ xbZaA
bUizQkLVªDpj] oanuk fo|qr fuxe lq[kh gks ik,axh\ blfy, ftys ls ,d rks dkxtksa ij yM+h tkus okyh
fyfeVsM dks iQrsgiqj ds bZLVuZ dksy igqaps ftyk [kuu vf/dkjh] yM+kbZ ftlds ekè;e ls igys ds lkjs
CykWd rFkk ,u-Vh-ih-lh- dks rglhynkj] reukj ds vkj-vkbZ- vkSj iQSlyksa] fu;eksa&vf/fu;eksa vkSj
frykbZikyh dksy CykWd vkcafVr dj iVokjh us jk;YVh ysus vkSj jlhn nsus fo/s;dksa dh jks'kuh esa dks;yk
fn, x, Fks- nwljh vksj bu u, dksy ls lkiQ budkj dj fn;k- os vc lR;kxzg dks mfpr lEeku vkSj
CykWdksa dks ns[krs gq, m|ksxifr;ksa xzkeh.kksa dks iQalkus ds fy, u, Lohd`fr fnykbZ tk lds- nwljs tehuh
vkSj muds xqxsZ dbZ tuçfrfuf/;ksa esa "kM~;a=kksa ds ckjs fopkj dj jgs gSa- yM+kbZ ftlds rgr dks;yk lR;kxzg]
mRlkg dk ekgkSy Fkk- ;gk¡ls mUgsa ysfdu xzkeh.kksa us n`<+ fu'p; dj tu laxBu vkSj lkekftd ,drk dks
#i;ksa dh ckfj'k ds lius vkrs- mUgsa fy;k gS fd os u dsoy Lo;a dks;yk etcwr djds turk dh yM+kbZ dks
yxrk Fkk fd fodkl ds lius dsoy fudkysaxs cfYd mldh jk;YVh dh vkxs c<+k;k tk lds- njvly reukj
bu dksy CykWd ls iwjs gksaxs- nwljh ,d&,d ikbZ Hkh ljdkj dks nsaxs- dks;yk lR;kxzg us bDdhloha lnh esa
vksj ç'kklu ds yksx bu dksy CykWdksa ysfdu ljdkj dks;ys ds fy, ml le; ,d cM+h uthj is'k dh gS
ls frxquk dks;ys ds mRiknu dk isukYVh ekax jgh gS rks os blds fy, tc ns'k Hkj esa [kqyh dkWiksZjsV ywV
r[kehuk yxk;s gq, Fks ftlls ljdkj rS;kj ugha gSa- vkUnksyu ds vxqok MkW- vkSj jktuhfrd cs'kehZ dk cksyckyk
dks çfrekg Ms<+ lkS djksM+ dh gfjgj iVsy us dgk fd vkfnokfl;ksa gS- ftl le; vius vf/dkjksa ds
jk;YVh feyus dh lEHkkouk Fkh- vkSj fdlkuksa dh tehuksa dk iQSlyk fy, vkokt mBkrs yksxksa ds çfr
ysfdu reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg us jkt/kuh esa cSBs ljdkjh uqekbans djrs ljdkj dk joS;k ?k`f.kr :i ls
lkjs lehdj.kksa ij ikuh iQsj fn;k- gSa- ;g lgh ugha gS- mUgksaus dgk fd neudkjh vkSj Ny&diV ,oa
dgk tkrk gS fd etnwj vkSj fdlku vkUnksyu ds ckjs esa igys ls "kM~;a=kksa ls Hkjk gS- fuf'pr :i ls
tc rd vkil esa yM+rs gSa rc rd vf/dkfj;ksa dks lwpuk ns nh xbZ Fkh reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg v¡/sjs ds
muds 'kks"kd vkSj mRihM+d ?kh ds ysfdu ekSds ij fdlh Hkh foHkkx dk chp ,d tyrh gqbZ e'kky dh rjg
nh;s tykrs gSa ysfdu tc os laxfBr vf/dkjh ugha igqapk- dks;yk dkuwu gS- ;g vkUnksyu oLrqr% mu yksxksa ds
gksdj muds f[kykiQ yM+rs gSa rc rksM+us ds ckn pkj iqfyl toku vk;s- fuokyksa dk vkUnksyu gS ftUgsa mudh
muds Hkwr Hkh Hkkxrs gSa- reukj esa dks;yk [kqnkbZ ds ckn xzkeh.kksa us tehuksa ls tcju csn[ky fd;k tk
Bhd ;gh gqvk- fdlku laxfBr gks jk"Vªifr ds uke Kkiu çsf"kr fd;k- jgk Fkk ysfdu mUgksaus vkxs c<+dj
x, D;ksafd mUgksaus ykfB;ka [kkbZ- vkxs dh j.kuhfr cukrs gq, jkts'k deku vius gkFk esa ys yh gS- cs'kd
vkSjrksa dks Hkh ugha c['kk x;k- iQthZ f=kikBh us lkeqnkf;d ikWoj IykaV lR;kxzg ds lkeus pqukSfr;ksa ,oa
tulquokbZ ds tfj;s mudh tehusa [kksyus dk çLrko j[kk- blds ckn [krjksa dh Hkjekj gS ysfdu mldh
gM+ius ds lkjs "kM~;a=k gq, ysfdu bl [kcj dks if=kdk vkSj ubZ nqfu;k us liQyrk dh mEehnsa vklkuh ls ugha
fdlkuksa us gkj ugha ekuhA vius dks çeq[krk ls NkikA futh dEifu;ksa NksM+h tk ldrha!
f'kf{kr vkSj laxfBr fd;k vkSj la?k"kZ [kkldj LVhy IykaV vkSj ikWoj lsDVj ●●●
djrs gq, ,d jkLrk fudkykA ysfdu esa bl [kcj dh tedj ppkZ gqbZ-
30 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
xk¡o&taxy&igkM+

mtkM+s tkus ds rkSj&rjhds
ns'k ds vusd fgLlksa esa py jgh [kuu] lM+d vkSj vkS|ksfxd ifj;kstukvksa us fujadq'k vkSj euekus <ax ls
u fliQZ LFkkuh; fdlkuksa dh tehuas Nhuh gSa cfYd mUgsa csjgeh ls mtkM+k vkSj foLFkkfir Hkh fd;k gSA
cu[ksrk esa fgaMkYdksa dEiuh us vius lkjs "kM;a=kksa dk lgkjk ysdj xkao okyksa dks mtkM+ fn;kA nks ifjokjksa
dh vf/d tehusa ysdj de eqvkotk fn;k x;k ftlds fojks/ esa mu ifjokjksa us xkao ls gVus ls budkj
dj fn;kA dEiuh vkSj iz'kklu us mUgsa dSls Hkxk;k\ cu[ksrk ls ykSVdj vi.kkZ dh fjiksVZ%

c mtkM+
u[ksrk ds fuokfl;ksa us dHkh ugha lkspk Fkk fd mUgsa ,d fnu ml xk¡o ls csjgeh ls
fn;k tk;sxk ftldh feV~Vh esa muds iwoZtksa ds vo'ks"k feys gq, gSa- ftl
feV~Vh esa os [ksy dj cM+s gq, vkSj tgk¡mUgksaus viuh vxyh ihf<+;ksa ds thou dk
liuk ns[kk gS- ysfdu vkt os u dsoy mtkM+ fn, x, gSa cfYd mUgsa viuh tehuksa
ls csn[kyh dk tks eqokotk feyk gS og Hkh dkWiksZjsV txr vkSj ljdkj dh le>
vkSj O;ogkj dk ,d fuÑ"V uewuk Hkj gS- dgha ls fdlh ds Hkh lkFk U;k; ugha gqvk
gS-
njvly cu[ksrk ds yksx rks vius mtM+us dks ysdj mlh le; ls fpafrr gks x,
tc lok ,d n'kd igys irk pyk fd muds xk¡o ds uhps vdwr dks;yk HkaMkj gS-
'krkfCn;ksa ls cls bl Hkjs&iwjs xk¡o dks fgaMkYdks daiuh dks vkcafVr dj fn;k x;k
D;ksafd ;g xkjs&isyek dh 4@4 vksiu dkLV ekbal dh lhek esa vkrk gS- vkSj tYnh
gh lu nks gtkj N% esa daiuh us ;gk¡dks;ys dh [kqnkbZ 'kq: dj nh- tkfgj lh ckr gS
fd cu[ksrk ds yksx vc foLFkkiu >syus dks vfHk'kIr Fks- ysfdu xkaookyksa dk
foLFkkiu vkSj mlds cnys u;h txg ij iquokZl mudh ekfy;r ds fglkc ls ugha
gqvk cfYd ;g lc daiuh vkSj ljdkj dh 'krksZa ij Fkk- vkSj vkt tc eSa ;gk¡ds
yksxksa ls feyh rks ;g ckr le> esa vkbZ fd bu yksxksa ds 'kjhj vkSj fny&fnekx dh
pksVsa njvly ywV ds ,d Øwj ra=k }kjk xjhc vkSj ykpkj yksxksa dks Hkjekus] [kjhnus
vkSj u fcdus dh ftn ij lkjh ekuoh; gnksa dks ikj mUgsa rgl&ugl dj nsus dh
ph[krh gqbZ dgkfu;ka gSa-
cu[ksrk ds yksx pkgrs rks ugha Fks fd os vius ml xk¡o dks NksM+ dj dgha vkSj tk,¡
tgk¡iwoZtksa dh Le`fr;k¡gSa- ysfdu mudh /jrh ds xHkZ esa fNis dks;ys ij vk¡[k
xM+k;s cSBs dkWiksZjsV HksfM+;s vf/d 'kkfrj fudys- tehu ysus ds fy, vkuu&iQkuu
esa tulquokbZ j[kh xbZ vkSj ,drjiQk fu.kZ; ysrs gq, euekuk eqvkotk r; dj fn;k
x;k- ;g ckr lkiQ&lkiQ fn[kkbZ iM+ jgh Fkh fd eqvkotk r; djus esa Hkkjh

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 31
?kiysckth gqbZ gS- yksxksa
dh tehuks a ds
vkSus&ikSus nke r; fd;s
x, vkS j ftlus
f'kdk;r dh ;k
eqvkotk ysus esa T;knk
ukuqdj dh mldh
tehu dh dher vkSj
Hkh de nh xbZ- ;g
njvly lcd fl[kkus
vkSj ncko cukus dh
,d j.kuhfr Fkh vkSj
daiuh dkiQh gn rd
blesa dke;kc Hkh jgh-
tgk¡ dh ,d ,dM+
tehu esa djksM+ksa dk
dks;yk fudyus okyk
Fkk ogka egt ,d ls mBkdj daiuh] mlds nyky vkSj ifjokjksa ds dPps ?kj fxjus yxs-
Ms<+ yk[k #i;k izfr ,dM+ dk ç'kklu ds dqN yksxksa us nksuksa tehuksa vklikl Hkkjh ek=kk esa dks;yk vkSj
eqvkotk nsdj iwjk xk¡o gfFk;k fy;k ds vf/xzg.k ds dkxt ij vaxwBk iRFkj fc[kj tkrs- blds ckotwn
x;k- fgaMkYdks us fdlkuksa dks mtkM+ yxok fy;k vkSj dqy X;kjg yk[k mudh ftn Fkh fd os rc rd xk¡o
fn;k ysfdu vkxs mudh vkthfodk #i;s eqvkots dk psd fn;k- tc ugha NksM+saxs tc rd mudk lgh
dSls pysxh bldk dksbZ pdYyl gh rd ;g ckr le> esa vkbZ rc rd fglkc&fdrkc ugha dj fn;k tkrk-
ugha j[kk- mldh uhfr Fkh vc tehu cgqr nsj gks pqdh Fkh- xk¡o [kkyh gks mudh bl ftn dks vius "kM~;a=kksa
gekjh gS] rqe yksxksa dks tgk¡tkuk gks pqdk Fkk vkSj yksx u;h txg dh u;h vkSj /efd;ksa ls u rksM+ ikus okys
tkvks- tcjnLrh djk;s x, bl pqukSfr;ksa ls tw>us yxs Fks- fgaMkYdks ds vf/dkjh Hkhrj gh
foLFkkiu esa daiuh vkSj ç'kklu dh vc daiuh ds lkeus ;s nksuksa ifjokj Hkhrj Mj Hkh jgs Fks fd vxj dksbZ
lkaB&xkaB ls r; fd;k x;k eqvkotk ,d pqukSrh Fks D;ksafd os vius U;k; Hk;kog nq?kZVuk gks tk,xh rks dkSu
ysdj xk¡o ds yxHkx lkjs gh yksx ds fy, dfVc¼ Fks tcfd daiuh ds tokcnsg gksxk\ os fdlh Hkh rjg dh
xk¡o NksM+us dks rS;kj gks x, flok nks vkyk ls ysdj ckyk rd lHkh ftEesnkjh ysus dks rS;kj ugha Fks
ifjokjksa dks NksM+dj- iQqys'oj flnkj dkjdqu mUgsa [knsM+ nsuk pkgrs Fks- blfy, mUgksaus ,d ckj fiQj jk;x<+
vkSj xksih flnkj us viuk xk¡o NksM+us psrkouh ls ysdj /edh rd lc ç'kklu dk lgkjk fy;k-
ls badkj dj fn;k- vly esa daiuh us dqN csvlj Fkk- varr% daiuh us xkjs bdÙkhl ekpZ dh jkr tc flnkj
xksih flnkj ds lkFk Hkkjh /ks[ksckth isyek [knku 4@4 ds nk;js esa jg x, ifjokj ds yksx lks jgs Fks rc vk/h
dh Fkh- xksih ds vui<+ fdlku firk bu ifjokjksa dks Hkxkus dk ,d uk;kc jkr esa muds njoktksa ij ç'kklu us
ds ikl nks xk¡oksa esa tehu Fkh- ,d rjhdk bZtkn fd;k- fcuk mUgsa lwfpr ?kj [kkyh djus dh vkSipkfjd
xk¡o esa ukS ,dM+ vkSj nwljs xk¡o esa fd;s jkr&fnu dHkh Hkh [knku esa lwpuk fpidk nh- lqcg budks cs?kj
lkr ,dM+ ;kfu dqy lksyg ,dM+ Mk;ukekbV ls foLiQksV fd;k tkus djus iwjk ljdkjh veyk igq¡p pqdk
dk'r Fkh- xk¡o vyx Fks ysfdu U;k; yxk- FkjkZgV ds lkFk mu nksuksa Fkk- rglhynkj vkSj vkj-vkbZ- ds
iapk;r ,d Fkh- blh ckr dk iQk;nk
32 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
lkFk cM+h la[;k esa
iqfyl ,oa Ms<+&nks lkS
xqaMksa lesr fgaMkYdks
ds dbZ vf/dkjh
&deZpkjh cu[ksrk esa
nks ifjokjksa ds ?kj ls
lkjk lkeku ckgj
iQsadus yxs vkSj xksih
ds ?kj esa ekStwn uCcs
o"khZ; ek¡&cki dks
[khapdj ckgj ys vk;s
D;ksafd mUgksaus lkeku
iQsadus vkSj ?kj ls ckgj
fudyus ls euk
fd;k Fkk- xksih ml
le; ?kj ij ugh Fkk-
bl /Ddk&eqDdh esa
xksih dh ek¡dks cgqr cuk;k- blesa Hkh daiuh dh gh Fkksih ysfdu nwljs eghus ls fdjk;s ds nl
pksV vkbZA firk Hkh ?kk;y gq,- gqbZ 'krasZ Fkha- gtkj #i;s ds vykok nksuksa ifjokjksa
iQqys'oj Hkh viuh iRuh dks ysdj fgaMkYdks daiuh ds yksx dgrs gSa fd dks dsoy rhu&rhu gtkj #i;s fn,
jk;x<+ bykt ds fy, x;k gqvk Fkk- geus eqvkotk nsdj tehu yh Fkh x,- og Hkh dkiQh nkSM+Hkkx djkus ds
?kj ij dsoy mlds NksVs HkkbZ&cgu] vkSj mls geus dkuwu ds nk;js esa ckn- ?kj ds fy, tehu nsus dh ckr
<kbZ lky dh csVh vkSj ek¡Fkha- lcus jgdj [kkyh djok;k- iqfyl vkSj r; gqbZ ysfdu vkt rd tehu eqgS;k
lkeku iQsadus dk fojks/ fd;k vkSj ç'kklu dk dguk gS fd mUgksaus ugha djkbZ xbZ gS-
dksbZ Hkh ?kj ls fudyus dks rS;kj u leLr ekuoh; vf/dkjksa dk è;ku cu[ksrk gekjs ns'k esa py jgh [kuu
gqvk- cgu dk l[r #[k ns[krs gq, j[kdj daiuh dh tehu [kkyh djkbZ ifj;kstukvksa ds ml joS;s dk ,d
vf/dkfj;ksa ds b'kkjs ij lkFk vkbZ ysfdu lksyg ,dM+ tehu dk NksVk lk mnkgj.k Hkj gS tgk¡
efgyk iqfyl us mls ?klhVdj ckgj eqvkotk fdl fglkc ls egt X;kjg vkfnoklh&fdlkuksa dks mtkM+us ds
fudkyk vkSj Fkkuk ys tkus ds fy, yk[k gh gqvk bl loky dk tokc fy, daifu;ka vkSj jkt&e'khujh
xkM+h esa fcBk fn;k- iQqys'oj vkSj fdlh ds ikl ugha gS- vkuu&iQkuu lkFk&lkFk dke dj jgh gSa-
xksih ds ?kj ds crZu&HkkM+s] ?kj mtkM+s tkus dh {kfriwfrZ ds :i esa vf/dka'k yksx ykyp vkSj Hk; ds
pwYgk&pkSdh] vukt vkSj t:jr dh daiuh us r; fd;k fd bUgsa gj eghus dkj.k >qd vkSj fcd tkrs gSa ysfdu
lkjh phtsa ckgj iQsaddj lc dqN ?kj fdjk;s ds fy, nl gtkj #i;k iQqys'oj vkSj xksih flnkj tSls yksx
rgl&ugl dj fn;k x;k vkSj vkSj ifjokj ds çR;sd O;fDr dks rhu U;k; ds fy, MVs jgrs gSa- Hkys gh
iqfyldehZ rFkk fgaMkYdks ds xqaMs ?kj gtkj #i;s ekfld [kpkZ fn;k xjhch] foLFkkiu vkSj mRihM+u muds
dks rksM+us yxs- ?kj mtM+ tkus ij ,d tk;sxk- iQqys'oj ds ifjokj ds ikap thou dk fgLlk cu x, gksa ysfdu
vçSy ls rsjg vçSy rd nksuksa ifjokj O;fDr;ksa dk iaæg gtkj vkSj xksih bfrgkl vkSj orZeku esa pyus okys
Fkkuk ifjlj esa jgs- bl chp dks lkr lnL;ksa ds fglkc ls bDdhl U;k; ds la?k"kksZa ds çrhd os gh gSa !
fgaMkYdks vkSj jk;x<+ ç'kklu us mu gtkj #i;s fn;s tk,axs- igys eghus ●●●
ij le>kSrs ds fy, yxkrkj ncko rks r; dh xbZ 'krZ ij lc fn;k x;k
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 33
xk¡o&taxy&igkM+

reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg
cgqr dfBu gS Mxj---
reukj ls ykSVdj vi.kkZ

iQthZ tulquokbZ ls fuiVus esa ykBh&iRFkj [kk, vkSj tsy x, xkjs xkao ds fdlkuksa us cgqr
lksp&fopkj dj reukj dks;yk lR;kxzg dh 'kq#vkr dhA ;g vkanksyu foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ,d
ubZ jkg ryk'k jgk gSA

t ftlls
c ns'k esa çkd`frd lalk/uksa dh ywV esa m|ksx txr ds lkFk ljdkjsa Hkh yxh gksa
ty] taxy] tehu] tho&tkuoj dk thou [krjs esa iM+ pqds gksa vkSj fdlku
viuh tehu cpkus gsrq [ksr ls lM+d rd vkUnksyu djds Fkd pqds gksa ysfdu
U;k; dh dgha fdj.k rd u fn[kkbZ nsrh gks ml le; NÙkhlx<+ ds ftyk jk;x<+ ds
fodkl[kaM reukj ds NksVs ls xzke xkjs ds yksxksa us dks;yk vkUnksyu esa u;h tku
iQwad nh gSA xkjs dh vkcknh egt nks gtkj nks lkS gSA tc eSa ;gk¡vkbZ rks ;gk¡ds
fdlkuksa us NwVrs gh dgk ge fliQZ [ksrh djuk gh tkurs gSa blfy, gesa [ksrh djus
fn;k tk,A bl ckr ds fy, dbZ ckj xzkelHkk esa çLrko ikfjr fd;k x;kA yksx ugha
pkgrs fd muds thou esa fdlh fdLe dh gypy iSnk gksA ljdkjh dkxtksa esa ;g
{ks=k vuqlwph ikap esa vkrk gSA ;kuh ;g xk¡o vkfnoklh xk¡o gS ftlesa fu;ekuqlkj
fdlh xSj vkfnoklh dks tehu ugha nh tk ldrhA blds ckotwn ;gk¡ftany daiuh
dks dksy CykWd vkcafVr fd;k x;kA ikap tuojh 2008 dks xkjs ds utnhd xzke
[kEgfj;k esa 'kklu }kjk fcuk vf/lwpuk tkjh fd, tulquokbZ vk;ksftr dh xbZA
ns[krs gh ns[krs lSdM+ksa xkfM+;ksa vkSj gtkjksa iqfyldfeZ;ksa dh mifLFkfr ls okrkoj.k
Mjkouk yxus yxkA xk¡o okyksa dks yxus yxk ;gk¡dksbZ vugksuh gksusokyh gSA tc
yksxksa dks crk;k x;k fd ;gk¡tulquokbZ gks jgh gS vkSj fdlkuksa dh tehu yh
tk,xh rc xk¡o ds yksxksa esa jks"k Hkj x;kA mu lcus ,d Loj ls bl çdkj tehu nsus
dk fojks/ djuk 'kq: dj fn;kA ysfdu ç'kklu us rks igys ls Bku j[kk Fkk fd
fdlh Hkh rjg ls tehuksa ds fy, fdlkuksa dh lgefr gkfly dj ysuh gSA yksxksa dk
fojks/ ns[kdj ç'kklu ds ncko esa ykBhpktZ fd;k tkus yxkA 200 yksx ?kk;y gq,A
bl neu ds ckotwn xzkeh.kksa us tehu u nsus dh dle [kk yhA bl tulquokbZ ds
fo#¼ ,d ;kfpdk gkbZdksVZ esa nk;j dh dh xbZA jk"Vªh; gfjr vf/dj.k dk
iQSlyk xzkeh.kksa ds i{k esa gqvk ysfdu lM+d ij yM+kbZ tkjh jgh ftlesa jSyh] /juk]
34 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
in;k=kk pyrh jghA xk¡o&xk¡o esa m¼o yky iVsy] ckydjke pkS/jh
cSBdksa dk nkSj pyrk jgkA 25 vkSj jkeflag jkfB;k dks 'kkfey
flrEcj 2011 dks xzkeh.kksa us viuh fd;k x;kA bu lcus ,d&,d gtkj
cSBd esa iQSlyk fd;k fd vxj ns'k #A tek fd;sA ckdh lnL;ksa us
ds fodkl ds fy, dks;yk t:jh gS nl&nl #A nsdj lnL;rk xzg.k dj
rks D;ksa u ge daiuh cukdj Lo;a cjkcjh ds lkFk iQSlyk vkSj fu.kZ;
dks;yk fudkysaA vkSj blds ckn dk 'kiFk xzg.k dj dk;Z djrs jgus
rduhdh igyqvksa ij ckr gksus yxhA dk ladYi fy;kA blls {ks=k ds
ckr vkxs c<+h rks MkWA gfjgj iVsy us vklikl ds 55 xkaoksa esa Hkh çLrko
dgk fd xka/hth us vaxzstksa ds cukdj ljdkj dks voxr djk;k
f[kykiQ ued dkuwu rksM+k Fkk tcfd x;k fd vkxs ls fdlh Hkh çdkj ds
xka/h leqæ ds ekfyd ugha FksA ge vDVwcj dks dks;yk fnu euk;k tkus [kuu gsrq dksbZ vuqefr xzkelHkk ls
de ls de viuh tehu ds ekfyd yxkA o"kZ 2015 ds 2 vDVwcj dks ugha nh tk;sxhA bl dkj.k dbZ
rks gSaA bl ckr ls jkts'k f=kikBh] jk;x<+ ftys dh 4 rglhyksa jk;x<+] xz k elHkkvks a ls ç'kklfud
lfork jFk] t;ar flag] euh"k flag reukj] /eZt;x<+ vkSj ?kj?kksM+k ds vf/dkfj;ksa vkSj dksy dEifu;ksa dks
vkSj fou; ik.Ms; lHkh lger gq,A 55 xk¡oksa ds nl gtkj xzkeh.kksa us cSjax ykSVuk iM+kA tkudkjh ds fy,
2 vDVwcj 2011 dks dks;yk lR;kxzg igys vius&vius xkaoksa esa dks;yk & crkuk t:jh gS fd ,d ,dM+ tehu
dh frfFk r; gks xbZ ftlesa xkjs xk¡o dkuwu rksM+k vkSj fiQj ml dks;ys dks ls 26 djksM+ dk dks;yk feyrk gSA
ds 500 xzkeh.kksa us ^gekjh tehu] xkjs ysdj vk;sA mlds ckn 2 nwljh rjiQ xzkeh.k vius leqnk; dh
gekjk dks;yk* dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh vDVwcj 2015 ls vc rd yksx fgLlsnkjh dks ysdj yxkrkj
vkSj dks;yk lR;kxzg ds ekè;e ls çfrfnu vius&vius xkaoksa esa dks;yk vkUnksyujr gSaA orZeku esa bu xzkeh.kksa
lkadsfrd rkSj ij dks;yk [kuu 'kq: fudky jgs gSa vkSj vius Lrj ij csp us viuh iwjh tehu dks ^xkjs rki
dj fn;kA bldk usr`Ro MkW- gfjgj jgs gSaA tu psruk jk;x<+] esgurd'k miØe çksM;wlj daiuh fyfeVsM* dks
iVsy us fd;kA os lqçhe dksVZ ds ,d etnwj fdlku ,drk lfefr xkjs] 100 #i;s ds LVkEi isij uksVjh dj
dsl ckyÑ".k cuke dsjy gkbZdksVZ] Hkwfe cpkvks vkUnksyu /eZt;x<+] tek djk fn;k gS vkSj bl çdkj
tks lerk ttesaV ds vk/kj ij yM+k fnYyh dh laLFkk [kku&[knku vkSj daiuh ds ikl 700 ,dM+ dk
x;k Fkk vkSj ftlesa oknh ckyd`".k yksx] vUrjkZ"Vªh; ekuo vf/dkj Ñf"kHkwfe&cSad gSA yksx viuh tehuksa
dh thr gqbZ Fkh] dk mnkgj.k nsrs gSaA laLFkk fnYyh lfgr vusd LFkkuh; esa C;kt ds :i esa Ñf"k dk;Z dj
bl dsl esa lqçhe dksVZ dk fu.kZ; Fkk laLFkkvksa vkSj cqf¼thfo;ksa us viuk thou pyk jgs gSaA bl dks;yk
fd Lo;a ds lalk/uksa ij igyk gd vkUnksyu dks lg;ksx çnku fd;kA lR;kxzg esa D;k NksVs] D;k cM+s] D;k
HkwLokeh dk gksrk gSA ckyÑ".k dh Hkwfeghu lHkh cjkcj ds fgLlsnkj gSaA
orZeku esa bl xk¡o us viuh
tehu ij MksyksekbV ik;k x;k Fkk fdlh ds ikl Lo;a dh d`f"k Hkwfe
lkeqnkf;d daiuh ^xkjs rki miØe
vkSj mlus Lo;a MksyksekbV dk [kuu ugha gSA jktk&jad lc cjkcj gSa ;kuh
çksM~;wlj daiuh fyfeVsM* dk xBu
'kq: dj ykHk dekuk 'kq: fd;kA fd Hkwfeghu ijUrq dEiuh ds
fd;kA bl dEiuh dks 16 flrEcj
ljdkj us vkifÙk dh vkSj [kuu djus ekfydA u tkfr&/keZ dh yM+kbZA u
2013 dks jftLVMZ djk;k x;kA
ls jksdkA bl ij oknh dksVZ dh 'kj.k gh efgyk iq#"k dk HksnHkkoA lcdk
dEiuh ds ps;jeSu MkW- gfjgj iVsy
esa x;k tgk¡ fu.kZ; mlds i{k esa ,d lkFk [kkuk&ihuk vkSj yM+ukA
dks cuk;k x;kA cksMZ esa lnL; ds
vk;kA blh fu.kZ; ds vk/kj ij xkjs viuh yM+kb;ksa ds vxqok gSa ;s lc !
:i esa cju flnkj] eukst flnkj]
esa xzkeokfl;ksa us dks;yk lR;kxzg dh ●●●
Hkqouyky iVsy] xaxk/j iVsy]
'kq#vkr dhA blds ckn gj o"kZ 2 jkf/dkckbZ flnkj] #deuh flnkj]
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 35
xk¡o&taxy&igkM+

dEiuh cuke gekjk dks;yk
jkts'k f=kikBh

fta danxhiuhus xkjs;k ljdkjh
ds yksxksa dks cgqr ls lcd fn, gSaA ,d rks ;gh fd vk¡[k ewandj fdlh
uqekbans ij Hkjkslk djus dk eryc viuh tehu gh ugha vius
Hkfo"; ls Hkh gkFk /ksuk gks ldrk gSA nwljs] vius le; esa ns'k&nqfu;k esa D;k py
jgk gS vkSj yksx dgk¡&dgk¡dSls&dSls yM+ jgs gSa bldh tkudkjh Hkh gksuh pkfg,A
rhljs ] yM+us ds fy, viuh fc[kjh gqbZ 'kfDr dks dSls ,d=k fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
vkSj pkSFkk ;g fd ge ftl tehu ij gSa mldh okLrfod ekfy;r D;k gS vkSj
og gesa fdruh laiUurk vkSj vktknh ns ldrh gSA bu lcdksa us xkjs ds yksxksa dks
vke ls [kkl cuk fn;k gS vkSj blhfy, os u dsoy ljdkj ds lkeus cgqr cM+h
pqukSrh cu pqds gSa cfYd Lo;a Hkh fojkV pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk dj jgs gSaA
fganh dFkkdkj latho ds egRoiw.kZ miU;kl /kj dh rtZ ij pys xkjs dks;yk
lR;kxzg ds ihNs njvly va/k/qa/ [kuu ds tkse esa i;kZoj.k vkSj laLd`fr ds
fouk'k ds fo#¼ rudj [kM+k gqvk tuekul gS ftls irk gS fd viuh tehu dks
vkSus&ikSus nkeksa ij daiuh ds gkFk fxjoh j[kus ls iwoZtksa dh tehu ges'kk ds fy,
pyh tk,xhA mudh LFkk;h igpku] laLd`fr vkSj Hkk"kk Hkh u"V gks tk,xhA
ouksit] iQyksa ] ydfM+;ksa] pkjs vkSj oukS"kf/;ksa dk fofo/rkiw.kZ lalkj ges'kk ds
fy, [kRe gks tk;sxkA vkSj vc rd lgt <ax ls py jgk thou iwjh rjg
fNUu&fHkUu gks tk;sxkA ou&vk/kfjr jkstxkj pkSiV gks tk;sxk rFkk
cksxkVk&dksyafc;k ] vtsaZVhuk vkSj nwljs cukuk fjifCyd ns'kksa dh rjg daifu;ka

36 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
;fn daiuh vf/fu;e 2002 ds fodkl gsrq [kpZ fd;k tk;sxkA
,d fnu iwjs bykds dks rckg djds
varxZr xzkelHkk ,d daiuh cukrh gS oLrqr% dks;ys us mUgsa thou vkSj
pyh tk,axhA daifu;ka rks vjcksa
rks ,d ,dM+ esa feyus okys chl Hkfo"; dh jkS'kuh nh gS vkSj
dekdj nwljs bykdksa esa fiQj viuk
djksM+ #i;s dk dks;yk fudkyus ] LokfHkeku ls thus dk jkLrk Hkh fn;k
ywV&vfHk;ku 'kq: dj nsaxh tcfd
cspus ] fctyh vkSj [kuu jk;YVh esa gSA fu;efxfj ds ckn xkjs&reukj dk
tehu ds ekfyd dks blds cnys iwjs
mldk ipkl çfr'kr ;kuh 10 djksM+ dks;yk lR;kxzg turk dh ,d ,slh
thou Hkj esa ] ;fn mls rhl o"kZ dk
[kpZ gksaxs vkSj ckdh ipkl çfr'kr vkokt gS tks ;w¡ gh nckbZ ugha tk
eku fy;k tk; rks ] dqy cgÙkj yk[k
;kuh 10 djksM+ dk vk/k tehu ldrhA gkyk¡fd muds lkeus ,d
#i;s feysaxsA ;g eqvkots dh jkf'k
ekfyd dks vkSj 'ks"k jkf'k dk uCcs cM+h pqukSrh gS vius vkUnksyu ds
ugha cfYd [knku esa [kVus ds cnys
çfr'kr ;kuh lk<+s pkj djksM+ daiuh vkSfpR; dks lkfcr djus vkSj vius
feysxh tks tehu ds cnys feyh
ds lHkh lnL;ksa dks feysxkA 'ks"k nl lalk/uksa ij Lo;a dh gdnkjh dks
ukSdjh ds rgr vifjgk;Z gksxkA blls
çfr'kr ;kuh ipkl yk[k xzke ,d jk"Vªh; loky cuk nsus dk gSA os
gq, LokLF; vkSj nwljh gkfu;ksa ls
yM+us esa tks [kpZ gksxk mldk dksbZ yksx ljdkj dks bZekunkjh ls jk;YVh
iqjlkgky ugha gksxkA lcls cM+h ckr nsuk pkgrs gSa ysfdu ljdkj ds yksx
dh vHkh tks yksx fdlku gSa os daiuh xfrjks/ iSnk djds jk;YVh dh ctk;
ds vkus ls vfuok;Zr% etnwj gks vFkZnaM ekax jgs gSaA blds lkFk gh
tk;saxsA reke daifu;ksa vkSj laxBuksa ds yksx
blds cjDl Lo;a dks;yk fudkyus Hkh mudh xBjh esa pksj dh rjg yx
ij os u dsoy viuh tehuksa vkSj x, gSaA eqlkfiQj gkyk¡fd tkx jgs gSa
dks;ys ds ekfyd jgsaxs cfYd Hkkjr ysfdu bu lcls os dSls yM+saxs bls
ljdkj dks lokZf/d jk;YVh nsus ds ns[kuk ,sfrgkfld ?kVuk gksxhA
●●●
ckn Hkh ,d laiUu vkSj 'kkunkj
thou th ldsaxsA
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 37
jkst+h&jkst+xkj

jkstxkj dk fleVrk vk/kkj
viQykrwu

[ks vkSrh jdstacknxy lcls vf/d jkstxkj nsus okys gFkdj?kk m|ksx] dqVhj m|ksx] y?kq m|ksx
ij vkfJr jkstxkj ds voljksa dks lekIr djus dk [kqyk [ksy 'kq: gks
pqdk gSA fodsaæhdj.k ls de iwath yxk dj vf/d yksxksa dks jkstxkj feysxk] bl
fl¼kar dks veyh :i nsus okys dkuwu dks nl vçSy dks iwjh rjg ykpkj cuk fn;k
x;kA fliQZ y?kq m|ksxksa }kjk mRiknu dh uhfr ds rgr chl oLrq,a vkjf{kr jg xbZ
FkhaA tks oLrq,a y?kq vkSj dqVhj m|ksx esa cukbZ tk ldrh gSa mUgsa cM+s m|ksxksa }kjk
mRikfnr u djus nsus dh Li"V uhfr ds rgr 1977 dh turk ikVhZ dh ljdkj us
807 oLrqvksa dks y?kq vkSj dqVhj m|ksxksa ds fy, lajf{kr fd;k FkkA ;g uhfr fo'o
O;kikj laxBu dh dbZ 'krksZa ds vkM+s vkrh Fkh blfy, 1991 ds ckn yxkrkj ;g
lwph ladqfpr dh tkrh jghA fons'kh eqæk ds iQwyrs xqCckjs vkSj Hkqxrku larqyu ds
^lq/kj* ds lkFk ;g 'krZ tqM+h Fkh fd mRiknu esa ek=kkRed çfrca/ ugha yxk, tk
ldsaxsA fo'o O;kikj laxBu dh bl 'krZ ds dkj.k 1 vçSy] 2000 dks lajf{kr lwph
ls 643 oLrq,a gVk nh xbZA bl o"kZ nl vçSy dks ftu chl oLrqvksa dks gVk dj
laj{k.k ds fy, cukbZ xbZ lwph dks iwjh rjg [kRe fd;k x;k Fkk mu ij xkSj
dhft,&vpkj] ikojksVh] ljlksa dk rsy] ewaxiQyh dk rsy] ydM+h dk iQuhZpj]
uksVcqd ;k vH;kl iqfLrdk vkSj jftLVj] eksecÙkh] vxjcÙkh] vkfr'kckth]
LVsuysl LVhy ds cjru] vY;qfefu;e ds ?kjsyw cjru] dkap dh pwfM+;ka] yksgs dh
vyekjh] yksgs dh dqflZ;ka] yksgs ds Vscy] yksgs ds lHkh rjg ds iQuhZpj] jksfyax
'kVj] rkys] diM+s /ksus dk lkcqu vkSj fn;klykbZA cM+h iwath] vkØked foKkiu]
ekuo&Je dh txg e'khu dks rjthg nsus okyh rduhd ls ySl ns'kh&fons'kh
f[kykM+h vf/d jkstxkj nsus okys bu NksVs m|ksxksa dks yhy tk,axsA bl çdkj ds NksVs
vkSj dqVhj m|ksxksa ds mRiknksa dh [kir dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, dsaæh; ,oa
jkT;&Lrjh; ljdkjh Ø; laLFkkvksa }kjk y?kq vkSj dqVhj m|ksxksa ls gh lkeku [kjhnus
dh uhfr dks Hkh fu"çHkkoh cukus dh fn'kk esa dke gks jgk gSA blls Bhd foijhr
fLFkfr ij xkSj djsaA cM+s m|ksxifr;ksa dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, fu;e&dkuwu cny nsus
dk Hkh bfrgkl jgk gSA ljdkj }kjk fu;e dkuwu cny dj vius fç; vkS|ksfxd
?kjkus dks cgqr cM+s iSekus ij ykHk igqapkus ds çeq[k mnkgj.kksa esa vackfu;ksa ds mn;
dks çk;ksftr djus ds fy, rRdkyhu dkaxzsl ljdkj }kjk fliQZ mUgsa gh flaFksfVd
/kxs ds mRiknu ds fy, dPps eky ds vk;kr dh btktr nsus ds lkFk&lkFk
gFkdj?kk }kjk rS;kj dh tkus okyh diM+ksa dh fdLeksa dh vkjf{kr lwph dks
fu"çHkkoh cuk nsuk gSA xkSjryc gS fd diM+k vkSj m|ksx uhfr ds bu uhfrxr iQSlyksa

38 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
ds }kjk vackuh dks ns'k dk lcls ,d lewg cuk;k vkSj rRdkyhu iai vMk.kh lewg }kjk lapkfyr gSaA
cM+k vkS|ksfxd ?kjkuk cukus ds igys eq[;ea=kh ujsaæ eksnh dk cpko fd;kA i;kZoj.k ea=kh us jkT;lHkk esa ,d
rd lwrh diM+s d`f=ke /kxksa ls cus fjltsaZV xqtjkr dk usr`Ro vMk.kh ç'u ds tokc esa crk;k gS fd 2004
diM+ksa ls lLrs FksA d`f=ke /kxksa ls lewg ds xkSre vMk.kh vkSj VksjsUV vkSj 2013 ds chp fofHkUu
ikojywe ij cus diM+ksa dh btktr uked nok daiuh ds lq/hj esgrk ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, 3 yk[k 43
ds lkFk&lkFk yk[kksa gFkdj?kk dj jgs FksA çko/kuksa dk nq#i;ksx gtkj gsDVs;j taxy lekIr dj fn,
cqudjksa dh vkthfodk fNu xbZ gSA djrs gq, fiNys lky vxLr esa x,A blls tqM+k ç'u curk gS fd bu
igys ikojywe ij fliQZ ^dksjs diM+s* loZçFke esgrk dh daiuh dks nke taxyksa ij fdrus ifjokj vkfJr Fks\
vkSj gFkdj?ks ij fcukbZ dh fofo/ fu;a=k.k ls ikap lky dh NwV çnku ekStwnk ljdkj O;kid tuleqnk;
fMtkbuksa ds diM+ksa dks cukus dh dh xbZA nqfu;k ds çeq[k cSad xkSre }kjk mRiknu ugha pkgrh gS og
btktr FkhA ;g dkuwu 1985 esa cu vMk.kh dks vkWLVªsfy;k esa dks;yk mRiknu dk <sj yxkuk pkgrh gSA
x;k FkkA rc ckbl fdLe ds diM+s [knku ds fy, dtZ nsus ls budkj dj ^tuleqnk;* vkSj ^<sj* ds fy,
bl dkuwu ds rgr gFkdj?ks ds fy, pqds Fks] rc Hkkjr ds lkoZtfud {ks=k vaxjsth esa ,d gh 'kCn ^ekl* gksus
lajf{kr fd, x, FksA ikojywe ykWch ds çeq[k cSad LVsV cSad vkWiQ bafM;k ds dkj.k ;g uhfr xka/hth dh
us dkuwu dks 1993 rd eqdnesckth us mUgsa bl dk;Z ds fy, Ng gtkj ^çksMD'ku ck; eklsl] ukWV ekl
esa iQalk, j[kk vkSj 1993 esa tc ;g djksM+ #i, dk Í.k fn;kA fdlh Hkh çksMD'ku* okyh uhfr dk foykse gSA
çHkkoh gqvk rc lajf{kr fdLeksa dh fons'kh ifj;kstuk ds fy, ;g lcls oS'ohdj.k ds nkSj dh ljdkjsa (pkgs
la[;k X;kjg jg xbZA ,d çkekf.kd cM+k Í.k gSA vMk.kh lewg ij 55] os ;wih, dh jgh gksa] ;k jktx dh)
vè;;u ds vuqlkj gFkdj?ks ij cus 364-94 djksM+ #i, yach vof/ dk bl ekeys esa fHkUu ugha gSaA cgqjk"Vªh;
gksus ds nkos okys lÙkj iQhlnh diM+s dtZ gS vkSj rhl flracj] 2014 dks daifu;ksa dks Hkkjr esa vkdj mRiknu
njvly feyksa ;k ikojywe ij cus 17267-43 djksM+ #i, dk djus ds fy, bl ljdkj us tks ^esd
gksrs gSaA Hkkjr esa lwpuk çkS|ksfxdh ds y?kq&vof/ dk dtZ FkkA vMk.kh bu bafM;k* dk ukjk fn;k gS mlds
{ks=k esa rhl yk[k yksxksa dks dke lewg lu 2002 esa 3]741 djksM+ fy, ;g t:jh gS fd turk }kjk
feyk gS tcfd gFkdj?kk ls nks djksM+ #i, dk Fkk] ;g 2014 esa c<+ dj mRiknu ds voljksa dks ;kstukc¼
yksx tqM+s gSaA vBkjgoha lnh ds 75]659 djksM+ #i, dk cu x;k gSA rjhds ls lekIr fd;k tk,A bl
ÝzQkalhlh ;k=kh izQSadks, fijkMZ Mh dPN ds eqaæk esa canjxkg cukus ds ljdkj }kjk Je dkuwuksa esa la'kks/u
ykoky us vius ;k=kk fooj.k esa fy, xqtjkr ljdkj }kjk vMk.kh dks Hkh xSj&ekuoh; gS vkSj bldk
crk;k gS fd vizQhdk ds nf{k.kh Nksj ,d #i, ls lksyg #i, çfr oxZ ,dek=k mn~~ns'; Jfedksa ds T;knk
ls phu rd yksx Hkkjrh; gFkdj?ks ehVj dh nj ls tehu eqgS;k djkbZ 'kks"k.k }kjk mRiknu dks c<+kuk gSA
ij cus diM+ksa ls viuk 'kjhj <adrs xbZ] tks cktkj nj ls cgqr gh de ,slk çrhr gksrk gS fd Je dkuwuksa esa
FksA muds vuqlkj Hkkjr ds iwohZ rV FkhA fiNys lky xqtjkr fo/kulHkk çLrkfor ^lq/kj* Hkkjr ds etnwjksa
ds fliQZ ,d canjxkg ls lkykuk esa is'k dh xbZ fu;a=kd ,oa egk ys[kk dh gkyr phu ds tSlh dj nsaxsA
ipkl yk[k xt diM+s dk fu;kZr ijh{kd dh jiV ds vuqlkj jkT; fodkl nj dh Li/kZ esa phu ls
gksrk FkkA o"kZ 2002 ds xqtjkr ljdkj }kjk iPphl gtkj djksM+ eqdkcyk djus ds fy, Jfedksa ds
tulagkj ds ckn dUiQsMjs'ku vkWiQ #i, dh vfu;ferrk,a dh xbZ FkhaA dke dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks phu tSlk
bafM;u baMLVªht ds jkgqy ctkt] buesa vMk.kh] vackuh vkSj ,Llkj cuk;k tk jgk gSA phu esa yxkrkj
vthe çseth vkSj xksnjst tSls lewg dks Ms<+ gtkj djksM+ #i, dk rhu&pkj fnuksa rd dkj[kkus ls u
m|ksxifr;ksa us bldh fuank dh FkhA vuqfpr ykHk 'kkfey FkkA xqtjkr ds fudyus nsus dh O;oLFkk gSA bl
blds eqdkcys dqN xqtjkrh cM+s 'kgjksa esa ikbiykbu ls jlksbZ xSl vof/ esa etnwjksa dks dkj[kkuk ifjlj
m|ksxifr;ksa us fjltsZaV xqtjkr uked dh vkiwfrZ vkSj iwjs çns'k esa lh,uth esa gh fu/kZfjr vof/ rd vkjke]
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 39
Hkkstu] fuR;deZ ds vykok ckdh çLrkfor lq/kjksa dh fn'kk esaS cM+h vof/ ipkl ?kaVs gS ftls ljdkj lkS
le; dkj[kkus esa tqrs jguk iM+rk gSA daifu;ksa dks phu tSls fu;e&dkuwu ?kaVs djuk pkgrh gSA bldk ,d
bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa phu esa etnwjksa dh vkSj ekgkSy çnku djus ds çfr ifj.kke ;g Hkh gksxk fd de ls de
vkdfLed ekSr dh ?kVuk,a dkiQh vk'oLr djus okyh gSA ljdkj us Jfedksa ls vf/d ls vf/d dk;Z
c<+ xbZ gSaA vesfjdk dh cM+h&cM+h ftu Je dkuwuksa esa la'kks/u dk djk;k tk ldsA vHkh rd dkj[kkuksa
cgqjk"Vªh; daifu;ksa us Jfedksa ds çLrko fd;k gS os ,sls dkuwu gSa esa efgyk Jfedksa vkSj fd'kksjksa dks
T;knk 'kks"k.k ds voljksa dks è;ku esa ftuds rgr Jfed Ng n'kd ls Hkh tksf[ke Hkjs dke ij ugha yxk;k tk
j[k dj vius dkj[kkus phu esa vf/d le; ls vius fu;kstu ls ldrk] ij vc la'kks/u ds }kjk ;g
LFkkfir fd, gSaA daI;wVj vkSj lacaf/r lqfo/k,a vkSj ykHk çkIr çko/ku djus dk çLrko fd;k x;k
eksckby cukus okyh çfl¼ daiuh djrs vk jgs gSaA dkj[kkuk vf/fu;e] gS fd dsoy fdlh xHkZorh efgyk
,iy ds phu esa LFkkfir ,iy dks 1948 ds çLrkfor la'kks/uksa dks ns[ksa ;k fodykax O;fDr dks tksf[ke Hkjs
vkiwfrZ nsus okyh iQkWDldkWu daiuh rks orZeku dkuwu ds vuqlkj dke ij u yxk;k tk,A bldk lh/k
ds dkj[kkus ds pkSng Jfedksa us dke lkekU;r;k fdlh Hkh o;Ld Jfed vFkZ ;g gS fd ljdkj dk bjknk
dh ifjfLFkfr ls vkftt vkdj ls ,d fnu esa ukS ?kaVksa ls vf/d dke efgykvksa vkSj fd'kksj Jfedksa dks Hkh
2010 esa vkRegR;k dj yh FkhA ugha djk;k tk ldrk vkSj bl vof/ tksf[ke Hkjs dk;ksZa esa yxkus dk gSA
chchlh us chrs fnlacj esa blh daiuh esa Hkh ikap ?kaVksa ds ckn vk/s ?kaVs dk vkfFkZd fodsaæhdj.k vkSj lkekftd
vkSj bl daiuh dks vkiwfrZ djus foJke fn;k tkuk vko';d gSA U;k; ds ij[ks gq, fo'okl dk LFkku
okyh daiuh esa vius fjiksVZjksa dks 1948 ds dkuwu esa bUgha rF;ksa ij ^esd bu bafM;k* ds çfr va/ &
Jfed ds Hks"k esa HkstkA yxkrkj fopkj dj lhfer vksojVkbe ds fo'okl ys jgk gSA cgqjk"Vªh; dkWikZsjsV
vBkjg fnuksa rd lksyg&lksyg ?kaVksa çko/ku fd, x, Fks] ij vc etnwjksa fgr dh cqfu;kn j[kus ds fy,
dh ikyh] rsjg&pkSng o"kZ ds cPpksa ds LokLF; dh dher ij bl rjg ds gFkdj?kk] y?kq] dqVhj m|ksx vkSj
dks Jfedksa ds :i esa yxkuk vkSj dfFkr Je lq/kj djuk drbZ mfpr Jfed fgrksa dh dcz [kksnus dh
vksojVkbe ds LoSfPNd u gksus ds ugha dgk tk ldrkA orZeku esa ,d çfØ;k 'kq: gks pqdh gSA
rF; çdk'k esa vk,A Je dkuwuksa esa frekgh esa vksojVkbe dh vf/dre ●●●

(i`"B 09 ls vkxs) gS! fiNyh ckj ckgj gh ckgj eq>ls feyus pyk vk;k Fkk] ?kj
^pfy,]FkksM+k Vgyk tk,!* tkdj iksrs rd dks ykus dk le; u Fkk mlds ikl!*
^vjs ugha] esjs iSjksa esa cgqr nnZ gksrk gS--* ^fiNyh ckj dc!*
^D;k fnDdr gS!* ^fiNyh tUek"Veh dks vk;k Fkk!*
^cq<+kik gh fnDdr gS]ij MkWDVj dgrs gaS fd xfB;k gS* ^vjs!!! vkt Hkh tUek"Veh gS ! ,d lky gks x,!*
^rc rks pyus fÝQjus esa cgqr fnDdr gksrh gksxh!* ^gka] blfy, lqcg ls ckgj cSap ij cSBh gwa] exj yxrk gS le;
^gwam eq>s xBjh le>ks] tgka cSB xbZ ogka cSB xbZ!* ugha feyk---*
^vki dk csVk feyus vkrk gS!* ^ekuuk iMs+xk vkidks!*
^vkrk gS u! tc le; feyrk gS] rc vkrk gS* ^D;k!*
^fiNyh ckj dc vk;k Fkk!* ^fcydqy xÅ gaS vki---*
^D;ksa!* ^oSls]D;k djrk D;k gS vkidk csVk!*
^ugha ,sls gh iwNk cl!* ^fdlh xkS j{kd ny dk eqf[k;k gS og---*
^vjs cgqr O;Lr jgrk gS oks! cspkjs dks le; dgka feyrk rHkh ^t; dUgS;k yky dh* xwat ls vkJe xqatk;eku gks tkrk gS
vkSj ckrksa dk Øe VwV tkrk gSA
40 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
xk¡o dk LokLF;

ekr`&e`R;q nj dh leh{kk

ekrkvksa dks cPkkus dh ,d igy
Ekkrkvksa vkSj cPPkksa ds LokLF; dh fLFkfr fdlh Hkh fodkl dh vksj vxzlj lekt dh izxfr dk ,d
vkbZuk gksrk gSA ;g fn[kkrk gS fd ge] gekjh ljdkj vkSj gekjh O;oLFkk,a muds izfr fdruh
laosnu'khy vkSj tkx:d gSaA blh dh Nkuchu djrh vfouk'k mTToy dh fjiksVZ

fi {ksNys=kksa 2esa n'kdks a esa Hkkjr esa ekr` e`R;q vuqikr esa fxjkoV vkbZ exj ;g lHkh jkT;ksa o
cjkcj ugha gSaA nwljs fodflr ns'kksa dh rqyuk rks nwj Hkkjr ds gh jkT;ksa esa bl
vkadM+sa esa Hkkjh vlekurk gSaA dsjy esa tgka ;g izfr ,d yk[k tUeksa ij ek=k 61 gS
ogha vle esa ;g vkadM+k 300 vkSj mRrj izns'k esa 285 gSa tks jk"Vªh; vkSlr 167 ls
dkiQh T;knk gSA nf{k.k Hkkjr ds jkT;ksa esa dsoy dukZVd esa ;g vkadM+k 'krd ds
ikj (133) gSA ekr`Ro e`R;q nj ls rkRi;Z mu efgykvksa ls gSS ftudh ekSr xHkkZoLFkk
;k fiQj cPps dks tUe nsus ds 42 fnu ds Hkhrj gks tkrh gSA
fo'o esa gksus okyh ekrkvksa dh e`R;q esa vdsys Hkkjr dk fgLlk 19 izfr'kr gSA Hkkjr
esa gj lky yxHkx NIiu gtkj ekrkvksa dh cPPkksa dks tUe nsus ds nkSjku ;k tUe nsus
ds 42 fnu ds vanj gks tkrh gSA ogha fcgkj esa 6570 ekrkvksa dh ekSr gks tkrh gSA
;g Hkkjr ds ekr`&e`R;q dk 12 izfr'kr gSA
1999 esa tgka Hkkjr esa bl rjg dh efgykvksa dh la[;k çfr yk[k tUeksa esa 437 Fkh]
oks vc ?kVdj 167 gks xbZ gS] ysfdu lrr fodkl y{;ksa dks gkfly djus ds fy,
jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF; fe'ku ds rgr bl la[;k dks vkSj de fd;k tkuk gS-
fodflr ns'kksa esa cPps ds tUe ds nkSjku ejus okyh efgykvksa dh la[;k 20 ls Hkh
de gSA xzhl] izQkal] bVyh] MsuekdZ] tkiku vkSj ukosZ tSls ns'kksa esa ;g vkadM+k 10 ls
Hkh uhps gSA Hkkjr vius ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk yxHkx 1-2 izfr'kr LokLF; lsokvksa
ij [kpZ djrk gS lkFk gh ;g nqfu;k esa lcls de [kpZ djus okys ns'kksa esa ls Hkh ,d
gSA izfr O;fDr LokLF; [kpZ ds ekeys esa Hkkjr 157 osa LFkku ij gSA
vxj ekr`Ro e`R;q ds dkj.kksa dks ns[ksa rks ik,axs rks Hkkjr esa lkaLFkkfud izlo dk
izfr'kr 74-4 gS ogha fcgkj esa ;g vkadM+k 55 iQhlnh gSA blds lkFk gh izlo iwoZ
tkap vkSj izlo i'pkr tkap esa deh Hkh blds egRoiw.kZ dkj.kksa esa ls ,d gSA vxj
vkdM+ksa ij ,d utj Mkysa rks 50 izfr'kr ls T;knk ekSrsa igys 24 ?kaVs ds vanj gksrh
gSa A lkFk gh e`R;q ds lcls egRoiw.kZ dkj.kksa esa lcls T;knk 29 iQhlnh ekSrsa
jDrlzko ds dkj.k gksrh gSa ogha 19 izfr'kr ekSrksa ds fy, jDrkYirk ftEesokj gSA
fiNys n'kd esa ljdkj us ekrkvksa ds thou dks lqjf{kr djus ds fy, jktuSfrd
izfrc¼rk fn[kykbZ gSA ftlds ifj.kkeLo:i foxr nl o"kksZa esa ekr`Ro e`R;q nj esa
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 41
dkiQh fxjkoV vkbZ gSA ekrkvksa dh e`R;q esa ;g
deh] ljdkj dh efgykvksa ds fy, LokLF; ds
laca/ esa fd, x, fofHkUu egRoiw.kZ iz;klksa tSls
Tkuuh ,oa cky lqj{kk ;kstuk] tuuh f'k'kq lqj{kk
dk;ZØe] izloiwoZ ,oa izlo&i'pkr tkap o
lsokvksa bR;kfn dk izHkko gSA
ekr`Ro e`R;q dks jksduk lalk/uksa ls fiNM+s ns'kksa
esa Hkh laHko gS] cl vko';drk gS lgh lwpuk
dh ftldk iz;ksx LokLF; ls lacaf/r dk;ZØeksa
ds fuekZ.k esa fd;k tk,A gekjs fy, dsoy
ekr`Ro e`R;q ds Lrj dks tkuuk gh dkiQh ugha gS
cfYd gesa mu ewy dkj.kksa vkSj dkjdksa dks
tkuus dh Hkh vko';drk gS tks ekSr ds fy,
ftEesokj gSaA ekr`Ro e`R;q ds varxZr gksus okyh
gj ekSr ;k oSls ekeys ftUkesa thfor cph ekrk,a
xHkkZoLFkk ;k çlo ds nkSjku vkus okyh
tfVyrkvksa ds dkj.k ;k rks fdlh xaHkhj chekjh
ls ihfM+r ;k 'kkjhfjd :i ls vleFkZ gks tkrh
gSa] ,d dgkuh gS vkSj oks bl leL;k ds è;ku nsus dh vko';drk gS tSls xq.koÙkkiw.kZ o laiw.kZ
O;kogkfjd lek/ku ds jkLrs ij ,d ladsrd ds :i esa izloiwoZ tkap (,,ulh) x.qkoÙkki.wkZ o lia.wkZ izlo i'pkr
dk;Z dj ldrs gSaA lkFk gh ekr`Ro e`R;q ds f[kykiQ gekjs tkap (ih,ulh) izlo lsokvksa rd csgrj igqap] i;kZIr
iz;klksa dks cy çnku dj ldrs gSaA ekr`&e`R;q dh leh{kk o n{k LokLF; iznkrk] nokvksa dh fu;fer miyC/rkA
,d ,slh gh j.kuhfr gS tks ekr` e`R;q nj ,oa vuqikr dks Ekkr`Ro e`R;q dh ppkZ gksus ij baVjus'ky iQsMjs'ku vkWi
vkSj rsth ls de djus o ekr`&LokLF; esa xq.koÙkkiw.kZ xkbuhdkWyksth vkSj vkWCLVsfVªDl ds vè;{k izksisQlj eewn
lsokvksa dks l'kDr djus esa lgk;d gksxhA jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k iQVgYYkkg ds 'kCnksa esa efgyk,a fdlh ,slh chekjh ls
LokLF; fe'ku ds vUrxZr ekr` e`R;q dh leh{kk vfuok;Z ugha ej jgh gSa ftldk bykt ge ugha dj ldrs cfYd
dh xbZ gS ftlesa gj 15&49 o"kZ dh efgyk dh e`R;q dh blfy, ej jgh gSa D;ksafd lekt dks vc ls Hkh fu.kZ;
fjiksfVZx dh tkuh gSA fjiksfVZax ij vk'kk dks 200 #i;s ysuk ckdh gS fd muds thou dks cpkuk gekjs fy,
dh jkf'k dk Hkh izko/ku gSA vc gj ,d ekr` e`R;q dh egRoiw.kZ gS ;k ugha\ gj ekrk dh ekSr ,d =kklnh gS]
lwpuk vk'kk@vkaxuckM+h dk;ZdrkZ }kjk CykWd ij nh exj mldh e`R;q ls lh[k u ysuk] mlls Hkh cM+h =kklnh
tkuh gS o CykWd Lrj ij lHkh ekr` e`R;q dh lkeqnkf;d gSA vxj gesa vius vkus okys Hkfo"; ds LokLF; dks
o dsUnz Lrj ij leh{kk dh tkuh gSA ftyk Lrj ij Hkh csgrj cukuk gS rks lcls igys vkus okys le; esa gesa
ftyk inkf/dkjh dh vè;{krk esa gj ekg ekr` e`R;q dh vius LokLF; lsokvksa esa [kpZ dks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk
leh{kk dh tkuh gksrh gS rkfd lq/kjkRed dk;Zokgh dh dsoy 1-2 izfr'kr ls c<+k dj de ls de 2 ls 3
tk ldsA ysfdu gkykr blds myV gSaA ftruh ekrkvksa iQhlnh djuk gksxkA blds lkFk gh gesa vkus okys le;
dh ekSr gksrh gSa mu lcdh leh{kk ugha gks ikrhA leh{kk esa lkekftd :i ls oafpr vkSj oSls yksxksa ij fo'ks"k
rks nwj mruh ekSrksa dh fjiksZVZ Hkh ugha gks ikrhA ,sls esa lgh è;ku nsuk gksxk tks gkf'k, ij gSa] vHkkoksa esa gSa vkSj
dkj.kksa dh igpku dfBu gh ugha vlaHko Hkh gSA ewyHkwr LokLF; lqfo/kvksa ls oafpr gSaA
ekr`&e`R;q nj ds vkadM+ksa dh leh{kk ds vk/kj ij ;g ●●●
dgk tk ldrk gS fd fuEufyf[kr dkj.kksa ij fo'ks"k
42 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
xk¡o dk LokLF;

flydksfll dh chekjh esa
Vh-ch- dh nok!
ljkbZikyh ls lfork jFk

jk xk¡
;x<+ ftyk eq[;ky; ls egt iaæg fdyksehVj nwj ?kj?kksM+k ekxZ ij fLFkr ljkbZikyh
o ckgj ls x, fdlh Hkh vkneh dks tYnh gh eksg ysrk gS- iDdh lM+d ds fdukjs
iafDr;ksa esa cus cM+s&cM+s iDds ?kj] nksuksa vksj yxs gjs&Hkjs v'kksd ds isM+] iksLV
vkfiQl] Ldwy] [ksy dk eSnku] cktkj] vkJe Ldwy] eè;kUg Hkkstu O;oLFkk]
jk'ku dh nwdku] iapk;r Hkou vkfn rks bldh le`f¼ dh vksj b'kkjk djrs gh gSa
xk¡o dk fo'kky ços'k}kj Hkh bls ftys ds vU; xk¡oksa ls vyx vkSj [kkl cuk nsrk gS-
bl lkiQ&lqFkjh gkyr ds lkFk gh ljkbZikyh ,d vkS|ksfxd {ks=k Hkh gS- xk¡o ds iwjc
esa jk;x<+ bLikr çkbosV fyfeVsM] nsykjh_ ,u vkj bLikr] xkSjeqM+h_ esllZ dkyh
Liat vk;ju] ikyh_ xksYMu fjÝsDVjht] foey bUizQkLVªDpj] Hkjr dksy fMiks]
lquhy bLikr] fuf[ky dksy fMiks] xSl IykaV ,oa Vk;j iQSDVªh gSa rks if'pe esa
uonqxkZ Liat vk;ju ,oa jksfyax] iQfuZ'k dksyok'kjh] ';ke m|ksx Ø'kj] cjikyh gSa-
mÙkj dh vksj esDdks LVhy ,oa ikWoj çkbosV fyfeVsM] js'kuy baMLVªht fyfeVsM
rFkk y{eh x.ks'k esVy baMLVªht gSa- ,d ubZ bdkbZ :i.kk/ke iQfuZ'k ,aM Ø'kj gsrq
tulquokbZ gks pqdh gS- nf{k.k esa cxcqM+k dksy fMiks gS- vusd NksVh&cM+h vkS|ksfxd
bdkb;ksa ds dkj.k ljkbZikyh dkiQh mUur vkSj jkstxkjijd xk¡o ds :i esa çfl¼ gks
x;k- 'kk;n blhfy, vDlj ;gk¡ftys ds viQlj vius ls cM+s vf/dkfj;ksa ds lkFk
vkrs gSa vkSj bls ,d ekud xk¡o ds :i esa fn[kkrs gSa- fiNys iaæg o"kksZ esa bl xk¡o
dks rhu ckj csgrj iapk;r dk lEeku Hkh fey pqdk gS- vkSj bl çdkj ljkbZikyh
Hkkjr dk ,d vkn'kZ xk¡o ekuk tk ldrk gS c'krsZ vki bl ped&ned ds ihNs
ihNs ml 'kks"k.k] chekjh vkSj mlls gksus okyh yxkrkj ekSrksa ds ckjs esa u tkurs gksa tks
yxkrkj gksrh jgh gSa ysfdu mUgsa Hkjld fNik;k tkrk jgk gS- mu ij ftyk ç'kklu
vkSj jkT; ljdkj ds lkFk gh tuçfrfuf/ vkSj rFkkdfFkr cM+s lkekftd laxBu
rd lHkh vc rd u dsoy pqi Fks cfYd tc ;g ekeyk rwy idM+us yxk rks ,d
nwljs ij vkjksi&çR;kjksi yxkus yxs-
,d uoEcj lu nks gtkj esa NÙkhlx<+ ds vyx jkT; cuus ds ckn dks;ys vkSj nwljh
[kfut lainkvksa ls Hkjiwj mlds rhu iwohZ ftyksa dksjck] tkatxhj vkSj jk;x<+ esa
dks;ys ds vfrfjDr nwljs [kfutksa vkSj iRFkjksa dks fudkyus vkSj mudh frtkjr djus
okyh vusd daifu;ka vfLrRo esa vkbZ- vusdksa esa ;gk¡ds cM+s O;kikfj;ksa vkSj usrkvksa
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 43
flydksfll ls gh gqbZ ekuh tk jgh
gSa- flyflyk ;gha ugha #dk gS cfYd
flydksfll ls ihfM+r ,sls uktqd
ejhtksa dh la[;k Hkh yxkrkj c<+h gS
tks fcydqy ekSr ds eqgkus ij [kM+s
gSa- ljkbZikyh xk¡o ds y[ku dqekj
jkfB;k] tkudh jkfB;k] fjf[kyky
jkfB;k] Hkxrjke jkfB;k] lkfo=kh
lkgw] dks;yh lkgw ; gjkZMhgh xk¡o ds
t;jke jkfB;k vkSj xk¡o lsa/zk lkjax<+
dh rstdqekjh lkgw ,sls ejht gSa
ftudh gkyr csgn [kjkc gS ysfdu
jkT; ds Je ea=kky;] jk;x<+ ç'kklu
vkSj LokLF; foHkkx us muds lkFk
tSlk Øwj etkd fd;k gS og turk
ds çfr tokcnsg laLFkkuksa dh
laosnughurk dh ijkdk"Bk gS-
ds iSls yxs gq, gSa vkSj mudh igq¡p vkSj jk"Vªh; gfjr vf/dj.k ds ea=kh NÙkhlx<+ jkT; ds Je ea=kh HkS;kyky
ds dkj.k gh jkT; ds m|ksx ea=kky; vkSj vf/dkjh bl ckr ls Hkyh&Hkkafr jktokM+s us vius 17 ebZ 2016 ds
vkSj ou ,oa i;kZoj.k ea=kky; ds ifjfpr gSa fd ;g [kfut ekuo& c;ku esa dgk fd ^eq>s vc rd
lkFk&lkFk jk"Vªh; gfjr vf/dj.k thou ds fy, [krjukd gS- blls bldh tkudkjh ugha Fkh- ;fn jk;x<+
tSlh Lok;Ùk'kklh laLFkkvksa ls Hkh bu 'okl vkSj flydksfll dh tkuysok esa iQSDVªh esa dke djus okys Jfedksa
daifu;ksa ds fy, gjh >aMh feyuk chekjh gks ldrh gS- ;g ckr lkfcr dh flydksfll ls ekSr gks jgh gS rks
vklku gks x;k- ,slh gh fLFkfr esa gqbZ ljkbZikyh xk¡o ds t;yky ç;kl fd;k tk;sxk fd bUgsa fdl
DokVZ~t uked [kfut] ftls vke jkfB;k] 'kkafrckbZ jkfB;k] frterh çdkj eqvkotk fnyok;k tk,- eSa
cksypky esa pwuk&iRFkj dgk tkrk gS] jkfB;k] lqfe=kk jkfB;k] isyek xk¡o LokLF; foHkkx dks funsZf'kr djrk gw¡
dh [kqnkbZ] filkbZ vkSj frtkjr ds dh txjerh jkfB;k vkSj xkSjeqM+h dh fd og jk;x<+ ds esfMdy dkWyst esa
fy, ljkbZikyh esa xksYMu fjiQSDVjht dkafr lksukj miQZ jk/k lksukj dh ekSrksa budk leqfpr ijh{k.k djk;s-* blds
,oa js'kuy baMLVªht uked nks ls tks 15 vçSy 2011 ls 16 vçSy ckn LFkkuh; vkSj dbZ çknsf'kd
daifu;ka 'kq: gqbZaA DokV~Zt ikoMj dk 2016 ds chp gqbZ gSa- mYys[kuh; gS v[kckjksa ds jk;x<+ laLdj.k esa
mi;ksx NksVs&e>ksys vkSj fo'kky fd mijksDr N% e`rdksa esa ikap efgyk flydksfll ls gqbZ ekSrksa ij yxkrkj
m|ksxksa esa fpefu;k¡cukus ,oa mudh dkexkjksa ds vykok ,d l=kg lky NksVh&cM+h [kcjsa vkus yxha rc
ejEer ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS- bl dk yM+dk t;yky jkfB;k Hkh gS tks jk;x<+ ç'kklu uhan ls tkxk- ftyk
rjg DokV~Zt iRFkj ,d iQk;nsean viuh ek¡'kkafrckbZ jkfB;k dks [kkuk dysDVj us LokLF; foHkkx dks funsZ'k
[kfut gS ftldh ekax yxkrkj c<+h igq¡pkus tkrk Fkk- bu ekSrksa ds ihNs fn;k fd og lHkh ejhtksa dks leqfpr
gS- tkatxhj vkSj jk;x<+ ds dbZ DokV~Zt vFkok pwuk&iRFkj dh filkbZ LokLF; lqfo/k,¡vkSj t:jh lgk;rk
bykdksa esa DokV~Zt gksus dk irk pyk vkSj iSfdax ls iQsiQM+ksa esa teus okyh miyC/ djk,- ysfdu LokLF;
gS- jkT; ds ou ea=kky;] [kfut xnZ ls gqbZ flydksfll dks ftEesnkj foHkkx vkSj Hkh nks dne vkxs
foHkkx vkfn esa ;g lwphc¼ gS- ekuk x;k gS- vkf/dkfjd rkSj ij bu fudyk- foHkkx ds vf/dkfj;ksa us
i;kZoj.k ea=kky;] LokLF; ea=kky; N% ekSrksa ds vykok dqN vkSj ekSrksa NwVrs gh dgk fd ;g ekeyk
dh Hkh vk'kadk trkbZ tk jgh gS tks
44 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
vkS|ksfxd {ks=k ls tqM+k gS blfy, ;g
ftEesnkjh Hkh mudh gS- FkksM+k vkSj
laosnu'khy gksdj LokLF; foHkkx us
ljkbZikyh ls ejhtksa dks tkap ds fy,
jk;x<+ cqyok;k ysfdu tc os ogka
igqaps rks vLirky esa MkWDVj vkSj
deZpkjh unkjn Fks- lkekftd
dk;ZdrkZ jkts'k xqIrk dgrs gSa fd
^ejhtksa dks ,Dljs ysus ds fy,
cqyk;k x;k ysfdu [kqn xk;c gks x,-
tc vk;s Hkh rks mUgsa futh vLirky
esa tkdj ,Dljs djkus dks cksy fn;k-
ysfdu blds fy, mUgsa dksbZ jkf'k
ugha nh- ,sls esa ftuds ikl isV Hkjus
rd dk dksbZ fodYi ugha og ,Dljs
dSls djk,xk-*
mYys[kuh; gS fd igys rks ljkbZikyh
xk¡o ds ejhtksa dk bykt Vh ch dk lh ,e ,p vks gosy flag mjkao us lkjs mik; ukdkiQh lkfcr gq,A
ejht ekudj fd;k x;k vkSj mUgsa c;ku fn;k fd ^flydksfll chekjh ijh{k.k esa mls Vh ch laØfer ik;k
N% vkSj ukS eghus rd MkWV~l dh nok dks ysdj lacaf/r vf/dkjh ls x;k vkSj mls MkWV~l dh iwjh [kqjkd
f[kykbZ xbZ ysfdu mudh gkyr ,D'ku Iyku ek¡xk x;k gS- lacaf/r f[kykbZ xbZ FkhA bu fLFkfr;ksa dks
lq/jus dh ctk; fcxM+rh pyh xbZ xk¡o esa tkdj gj laHko mik; fd;k ns[krs gq, fo'ofo[;kr flydksfll
vkSj varr% mUgsa thou ls gh gkFk tk;sxk- vkerkSj ij Vh ch ds ejht fo'ks"kK MkW- eqjyh/ju dks cqyok;k
/ksuk iM+k- ,d lky esa Bhd gks tkrs gSa-* blh x;k- fjf[kyky lesr vusd ejhtksa
flydksfll dks ysdj ;g joS;k vkSj fnu ftyk {k; fu;a=k.k vf/dkjh Vh- dh tkap ds ckn mUgksaus muds
c;kuckth dksbZ ubZ ckr ugha gS- 8 ds- VksaMj us vius c;ku esa dgk fd flydksfll ls ihfM+r gksus dh iqf"V
vDVwcj 2014 dks reukj ds ch ,e ^;gk¡flydksfll chekjh ds ejht gSa dh- vc ljdkjh veyk bl chekjh
vks- Mh- ,l- iSdjk us bl ckcr iwNus bl ckr dh tkudkjh feyh Fkh] dks ysdj xaHkhj gks x;k gS- tc ;g
ij tokc fn;k Fkk fd ^vc vki nl blfy, ge ;gk¡dSai yxokdj ,sls ekeyk rwy idM+us yxk rks [kuu
ejht cksyksxs rks eSa dSls crk ldrk ejhtksa dh tkap djok jgs gSa- foHkkx ds vf/dkfj;ksa us js'kuy
gw¡- eSa irk djokÅaxk- tgk¡rd Vh ch flydksfll ejhtksa ds lSaiy dh iQSDVªh ij Nkik ekjk vkSj voS/ [kuu
ejhtksa dh la[;k c<+us dh ckr gS og tkap lhch ukWV e'khu ls fcykliqj esa rFkk HkaMkj.k ds vijk/ esa ogka rkyk
rks c<s+xk gh- mldk jsf'k;ks gksrk gS djokbZ tk;sxh- bu ejhtksa ij fo'ks"k yxk fn;k- 100 VªsDVj DokVZ~t vkSj
mlds fglkc ls c<+rk gS-* vly esa utj j[kh tk,xh-* ihlus okyh e'khusa tCr dj yha-
;g lc ukSdj'kkgh vkSj xSjftEesnkjh fiQj vkuu&iQkuu ljkbZikyh esa xksYMu iQSDVjht dks can djkus dh
dk ,d ,slk uewuk gS ftlesa tc rd esfMdy dSai yxk;k x;k vkSj ,d igy xzkelHkkvksa us dh- [kuu foHkkx
Åij ls MaMk ugha pyrk rc rd rjg ls [kkukiwfrZ dh xbZ ysfdu us rkyk rks yxk fn;k gS ysfdu
dksbZ psruk ugha vkrh- ekSrsa yxkrkj ejhtksa dh gkyr yxkrkj xaHkhj gksrh daifu;ksa ij yksxksa dh ftanxh ls
gksrh jgha ysfdu ç'kklu ds dkuksa ij jgh- xk¡o ds fjf[kyky jkfB;k dh f[kyokM+ dk pktZ u yxkrs gq, mUgsa
twa rd ugha jsaxh- 3 tuojh 2016 dks gkyr bruh fcxM+ xbZ fd cpko ds ek=k voS/ :i ls lapkfyr gksuk
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 45
crk;k gSA tcfd nksuksa daifu;ksa esa ysfdu vHkh mu xk¡oksa ds yksxksa ds dbZ rks jkT; ljdkj esa ftEesnkj ea=kh
vius deZpkfj;ksa dh lqj{kk dks ysdj ckjs esa dksbZ vkf/dkfjd lwpuk ugha Hkh gSaA fiQygky ckr eqvkots ij
dksbZ Hkh mik; ugha viuk;k tkrk jgk gS tgk¡ds yksx vU; xk¡oksa esa tkdj igqaph gS vkSj blesa Hkh de
gSA mUgsa jsLihjsVj Hkh ugha fn;k tkrk dke djrs FksA jk;x<+ esa ljkbZikyh xM+cM+>kyk ugha gSA dY;k.k vk;qDr
jgk gSA yksxksa us crk;k fd tc Jfed ds vykok fpjkbZikuh] vkekiky] NÙkhlx<+ dk;kZy; }kjk 27 tqykbZ
dke 'kq: djrs Fks rks mUgsa xqM+ dh ykehnjgk] NksVs jsxM+k] mnZuk] 2016 dks tkjh vf/lwpuk esa dgk
Myh f[kykbZ tkrh Fkh rkfd muds dyxkeqM+k vkSj Vhik[kksy rFkk x;k gS fd NÙkhlx<+ Je dY;k.k
iQsiQM+ksa esa tkus okyh xnZ xqM+ ls lkjax<+ esa xqM+syh] catkjh] Vhejyxk fuf/ vf/fu;e 1982 dh /kjk 33
fpid tk; vkSj mUgsa uqdlku u gks vkSj ykyk /qokZ vkfn xk¡oksa esa DokVZ~t (1)(2) ds ^d* esa çnÙk vf/dkjksa
tcfd lcdks irk gS fd ukd vkSj iRFkj dh [knkusa gSa vkSj bl ckr dh dh /kjk 11(2) ds rgr
eqag ds jkLrs 'kjhj esa ?kqlus okyh 'kr&çfr'kr lEHkkouk gS fd ogka Hkh flydksfll ihfM+r Jfedksa ds fy,
eghu xnZ lh/s iQsiQM+ksa esa gh igq¡prh cM+h la[;k esa flydksfll ds ejht vkfFkZd lgk;rk vkSj iquokZl dh
gSA dyxkeqM+k xk¡o ds ,d ihfM+r ds gksaxs- bl iwjs ekeys esa lkiQ fn[krk gS ;kstuk dk çko/ku fd;k x;k gS- bl
vuqlkj cjlksa ls ;s daifu;ka cs/M+d fd NÙkhlx<+ jkT;] m|ksx [kuu ;kstuk ds rgr ihfM+r Jfed dks
py jgh Fkha vkSj mudk dkjksckj foHkkx vkSj ftyk ç'kklu çns'k dh rhu yk[k #i;k fn;k tk;sxk ftlesa
djksM+ksa esa gSA og Lo;a jkeiqj fLFkr turk dh ftanxh ls f[kyokM+ djus ls ,d yk[k lh/s Jfed ds [kkrs esa
,d iRFkj dh [knku esa dke djrk okys m|ksxksa dks ysdj fdl dnj LFkkukUrfjr fd;k tk;sxk vkSj nks
Fkk- mlds xk¡o ls 30&35 yksx ogka mnklhu gSA njvly jkT; cuus ds yk[k dh ,iQ Mh djkbZ tk,xh
dke djrs Fks tks ckn esa Vh ch dk ckn ls gh NksVh&cM+h [kuu daifu;ka ftlds C;kt ls Jfed dk bykt
f'kdkj gksdj ej x,- mu lHkh dks reke tksM+&rksM+ djds dks;ys vkSj gksxkA mldh e`R;q ds ckn ;g jkf'k
Hkh MkWV~l dh iwjh [kqjkd nh xbZ FkhA [kfutksa dh ywV esa yxh gSaA ;g bruh mlds oS/ vkfJrksa dks ns nh tk;sxhA
ljkbZikyh dk ekeyk lkeus vk;k NksVh ckr Hkh ugha gS fd fdlh dks ysfdu igys ds e`rdksa ds eqvkots
vkSj ogka ds ejhtksa ds LokLF; dh irk u pys- tcfd okrkoj.k esa ;g ij vHkh Hkh vleatl dk;e gS!
tk¡p gqbZ rks vV~Bkou esa ls NÙkhl dks ckr cgqr fnuksa ls iQSyh gS fd buesa ●●●
flydksfll ikWftfVo ik;k x;k cM+s&cM+s yksxksa dk iSlk yxk gS ftuesa
46 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
'kgj ds ik¡o xk¡o ds ?kko

xk¡o esjs Hkhrj vkSj ckgj
dSyk'k cuoklh

g tUe
j O;fDr dk thou vkSj O;fDrRo vius bnZ&fxnZ ds lalkj ls gh fufeZr gksrk gSA esjk
rc ds ftl xk¡ouqek dLcs nqxZ esa gqvk] ;g njvly xk¡o ls vk, gq, yksxksa dk
gh u;k curk 'kgj FkkA esjs vklikl dk lcdqN xaobZ gh Fkk] yksx] mudh cksyh]
laLdkj] laLd`fr---A budk xk¡o ls fj'rk fdlh u fdlh :Ik esa cuk gh gqvk FkkA
tUe ls feys laLdkj dHkh Hkh ,dckjxh ugha cny tkrsA ftl eksgYys esa
iyk&c<+k]ogk¡[ksrh&ckjh][ksr]gy&cD[kj dks NksM+dj ckdh lcdqN xaobZ gh FkkA
rc dk gekjk 'kgj Hkh ,d cM+s xk¡o tSlk gh FkkA vkSj rc os fnu Fks tc xk¡o vkSj
'kgj ds thou esa oSlk iQdZ ugha vk;k Fkk ftruk vkt cgqr [kqys vkSj Hk;kog :Ik
esa gekjs lkeus gSA 'kgjh ekufldrk njvly ,d lksp gS ftls gekjh ml iw¡thoknh
O;oLFkk us iSnk fd;k gS tks fujarj xk¡o dk vius ykHk ds fy, nksgu vkSj 'kks"k.k gh
djuk pkgrk gSA 'kgjksa dk /hjs&/hjs lHkh lqfo/kvksa ls ySl gksrs pys tkuk vkSj xk¡oksa
dk lkekftd] vkfFkZd] lkaLd`frd] jktuhfrd lHkh {ks=k esa fiNM+s dk fiNM+k gh
jguk] rkfd muds lkearh vkSj v¼Z&vkSifuosf'kd gkykr esa tedj ywV dh tk
lds--- bl fLFkfr us 'kgjksa dks gj pht dk vxqvk cuk fn;k] urhts esa buesa nwfj;ka
vkrh pyh xbZaA oLrqr% thou nksuksa txgksa esa gh ft;k tk jgk gS]ysfdu
lqfoèkk,a]jkstxkj vkSj f'k{kk ds izlkj us 'kgj dks gh dsanz esa jD[kkA urhts esa] dqN
cjl ckn xk¡o gekjs tsgu esa ,d fiNM+h gqbZ pht gks xbZA [kSj] esjs vklikl ds
thou us ftu ewY;ksa ls laLdkfjr fd;k os ogh xaobZ ewY; gh Fks]mUgha vkLFkkvksa vkSj
fo'okl esa thusokykA blfy, LokHkkfod Fkk esjk xk¡o dh rjiQ f[kap vkukA ysfdu
xk¡o dh rjiQ esjk f[kap vkuk ,d vkèkk&vèkwjk ekeyk gksus tk jgk Fkk esjs fy,A
vkèkh gdhdr vkèkk iQlkuk okyh rtZ ijA lhèks xk¡o ls u tqM+s gksus ds dkj.k esjs
Hkhrj tks xk¡o ds fp=k Fks os cM+s vkn'kZoknh vkSj ukWLVsfYt+d FksA vkSj 'kk;n vkt Hkh
xk¡o esjs Hkhrj cgqr xgjs] dgha u dgha ukWLVsfYt+d :i esa]&fdruh gh iksfFk;ka ckap
ysus ds ckn Hkh&cSBk gqvk gSA lkjh tehuh gdhdrksa dks tkuus ds ckn HkhA D;ksafd
laLdkj cgqr dM+h pht gS] ;s vklkuh ls ugha tkrhA reke tkudkfj;ksa ds ckotwn
vkt Hkh ;gh yxrk gS fd vly thou rks xk¡o esa gh gS] 'kgj esa fliQZ fn[kkos dh
mRlockth gSA eSa ,slk D;ksa lkspus yxk ;k D;ksa lksprk gw¡'kk;n fcydqy Bhd&Bhd
ugha vfHkO;Dr dj ldrkA
ukWLVsfYt;k ,d udkjkRed thoun`f"V ekuh tkrh gS] ysfdu ge fy[kusokyksa ds
fy, ;g mruh udkjkRed Hkh ugha gSA ;g gekjh izd`fr ij Hkh fuHkZj gS fd ge D;k
ilan djrs gSa vkSj D;k ughaA ;g izse D;ksadj gS] tSls fd eSaus igys vtZ fd;k]

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 47
Bhd&Bhd ugha crk ldrkA cl [kkuk cukuk]xk¡o ds ifjfprksa ls ;gk¡ikBd ns[k ldrs gSa fd xk¡o ds
dqN fNViqV&lh ;knsa gSa ftlds lgkjs feyuk ;k gkV cktkj djuk] blh ds izfr esjk vkjafHkd izse ogk¡ds tehuh
eSa viuh ckr Li"V dj ldwaA esjs lkFk&lkFk Hkhrj dgha u dgha bl ;FkkFkZ ij vkèkkfjr u gks djds ,d
fy, blds lcls cM+s lzksr esjs nknk ckr dk pqipki ntZ gksrs tkuk fd jkseku ij vkèkkfjr Fkk] fd xk¡o ds
Fks&ljtw izlkn& ftUgsa ge cck dgrs xk¡o ds yksx] budk thou gekjs 'kgj lHkh yksx cM+s lhèks] ljy] bZekunkj]
FksA eSa i<+ 'kgj esa jgk Fkk] ysfdu dh rqyuk esa fdruk vyx gS] fdruk vkn'kZoknh] èkje&dje dks cgqr
xk¡o dk vkd"kZ.k cck ds dkj.k FkkA fo'oluh; gS! vkSj fdruk ljy gS! ekuusokys gksrs gSa] ftuesa cqjkb;ka u ds
esjs ckcw] cM+s firkth] vkSj dkdk lc vkSj gj xk¡o esa tks izkd`frd lqanjrk cjkcj gksrh gSa] vkSj ;s viuk ilhuk
'kgj esa jg jgs FksA xk¡o esa fliQZ gekjs gksrh gS] vius vux<+iu] dPpsiu cgkdj :[kk&lw[kk [kkdj gh [kq'k
cck jgrs FksA xk¡o uandV~Bh tks nqxZ ls ds ckotwn]lks rks Fkh gh! vkxs d{kk jg ysrs gSa] fd buesa T;knk ykyp
egt 18 fdyksehVj nwj gS] ysfdu vkB esa i<+h lqfe=kkuanu iar dh ugha gksrk---oxSjgA vkSj eSa NÙkhlx<+
rc ;g nwjh Hkh cM+h nwjh FkhA dfork xzke Jh vkSj js.kq dh dgkuh ls gw¡] vkSj vius vklikl ds xk¡oksa esa
uandV~Bh esa gekjs iqj[ks jgs FksA ,d Bsl us rks bl vkd"kZ.k esa vkx esa ?kh vkus&tkus ls bUgha fopkjksa dh
NksVk&lk dPpk ?kj xk¡o esa FkkA ogk¡ dk dke fd;kA bl rjg xk¡o ls esjk etcwrh c<+rh tkrh FkhA ;g lksp
cck jgrs vkSj cck ds NksVs HkkbZ tqM+ko nwj dk gksdj Hkh djhc dk ftlesa xk¡o ds izfr fofHkUu ekè;eksa
jkepju jgrs FksA jkepju xk¡o ds FkkA ;gk¡eSa xk¡o ds izfr esjs [k;kykr ls iSnk gq, izHkkoksa us T;knk dke
dqN ixySV vkSj de cqf¼ ds vkneh ukWLVsfTk+d gksus dks ysdj rc ds fganh fd;k gSA esjs mu fd'kksj fnuksa esa
FksA ckcw vkSj cM+s firk us feydj flusek ds tcjnLr vlj dks Hkh vkdk'kok.kh jk;iqj ls izlkfjr gksus
xk¡o esa f'koukFk unh fdukjs lkr ,dne [kqydj Lohdkj djuk okys yksdxhr ;k vkapfyd xhr tks
,dM+ tehu [kjhn yh Fkh] ftldh pkgwaxk] D;ksafd budk Hkh eq>s x<+us esa rc ?kj&?kj esa oSls gh yksdfiz; Fks
ns[kHkky dk ftEek cck gh mBk jgs cgqr cM+k ;ksxnku gSA rc dh tSls mu fnuksa fiQYeh xhrksa dk
FksA ;gh xk¡o ls esjs lcls igys vfèkdka'k fiQYesa xk¡o ds thou dks dk;ZØe fcukdk xhr ekykA ;s xhr
tqM+ko dk dkj.k cukA gh dsUnzz esa j[kdj dgkfu;ka cqurh laxhr eq>s lhèks&lhèks NÙkhlx<+ ds
pkSFkh&ikapoha i<+us dh mez dksbZ FkhaA enj bafM;k ls ysdj nks ch?kk o`gn yksd ls tksM+ nsrs Fks ftuesa
fn'kk r; djus dh ugha gksrhA bl mez tehu] xaxk tequk] eèkqerh] esjk xk¡o muds thou ds lq[k] nq[k] izse]
esa eSa ikrk gw¡fd cck xk¡o vkSj 'kgj esjk ns'k] 'kksys] rhljh dle] xaokj] la?k"kZ] jkx&}s"k lgt Hkko ls O;Dr
nksuksa ds jgoklh FksA gj gÝrs ;k ianzg èkjrh] xaxk dh lkSxaèk vkfn&vkfnA rks gks jgs FksA vkSj ;s eq>s cqjh rjg eksfgr
fnu esa cck dk xk¡o ls ykSVuk gksrkA ml nkSj dh fiQYeksa dh rks cgqr djrs Fks] ;kuh ukWLVsfYTk+d gksus dh
rks muds FkSys esa xk¡o ls yk;k gqvk yEch fyLV gS ftuls xk¡o ds izfr gn rd! eSa dg ldrk gw¡ fd esjs
dqN u dqN gksrk gh FkkA ;g ge vkidk izse lgt gh cu tkrk FkkA yksd thou ds izfr xgjs jkx vkSj
cPpksa ds fy, lcls cM+k vkd"kZ.k ogha] bu fiQYeksa ds xkus Hkh viuk lkSan;Zcksèk dh fufeZfr bUgha xhrksa ls
gksrkA vke] beyh] pukcwV---;s cksjs esa vlj fn[kk jgs FksA fiQYe xhr xkrk gqbZ gSA ;s ,sls xhr gSa fd ftUgsa eSa
vkrsA rks gekjs fy, vkuan dk lzksr py dk ;g xhr rks rc Hkh cgqr vkt Hkh lquwa rks eu ds rkj mlds
FkkA dqN cM+k gksus ij cck eq>s lkFk Hkkrk Fkk& Hkkoksa ls ,dne >u>uk tkrs gSaA bu
ysdj xk¡o tkus yxsA eSa fdruk xhr xkrk py vks lkFkh xhr xkrk d.kZfiz; eèkqj xhrksa ds ekè;e ls
le>rk fdruk ugha] ysfdu cck ds py- vius vapy] vius yksd ls ifjfpr
lkFk xk¡o esa jgus dk lq[k gkfly [kqyk&[kqyk xxu ;s gjh Hkjh èkjrh gks jgk Fkk] vkSj bl yksd ds
gksuk gh ogh ukLVsfYtd izse esjs ftruk Hkh ns[kks rch;r ugha Hkjrh fuoklh&etnwj] fdlku] deSfyu
Hkhrj txk x;kA xk¡o esa rkykc esa gj&gj djrh gok,a djsa 'kksj L=kh] ;k xk¡o ds lgt izkd`frd oSHko
ugkuk] ?kj esa cck ds }kjk pwYgs esa mM+rs i[ks: [khapsa euok dh Mksj-- ds fy, esjs eu esa vthc lh d#.kk
48 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
vkSj eeRo Hkj ns jgs FksA bu xhrksa esa nq[k&lq[k] g"kZ&mYykl ds lkFkA bl dks csfgpd Lohdkjrk gw¡A ukSdjh ds
muds izse] gkl&ifjgkl] f'kdok& laLd`fr ls tqM+us ij gh tkuk tk nkSjku xk¡oksa esa jgrs gq, gh xk¡o ds
f'kdk;rksa ds lkFk&lkFk mudh ldrk gS ns'k dks lgh&lghA ;g ckr thou ds varjax dk fdlh gn rd
xjhch] vHkkoksa ls Hkjh ftanxh ds fp=k eq>s vkt Hkh jksekafpr djrh gS fd Hkkxhnkj gks ldk] vkSj viuh
thoar gks mBrs FksA xjt fd lewpk xkaèkhth] tks baXySaM esa cSfjLVj Fks] dgkfu;ksa esa tc&rc fy[kk HkhA
yksdthou bu xhrksa ls >kadrk FkkA jktuhfr esa vkus ls igys ns'k dh ysfdu tSls&tSls le; chr jgk
bu xhrksa us eq>s yksd ls ijks{k :Ik ls okLrfodrk dks] mldh vkRek dks Fkk] xk¡o ds izfr esjh ;g jksekafVdrk
tksM+kA ;gk¡ikBd xkSj dj ldrs gSa tkuus dk mudks tks jkLrk fn[kk Fkk VwVrh x;hA vc esjs lkeus dsoy
fd esjh bl vuqHkwfr esa ,d jkx rks og ;gh Fkk% xk¡oksa dh lPpkbZ dks mudk eksgd :Ik&^vgk] xzkE;
gS] n`'; rks gSa] ---[ksr] fdlku] isM+] tkuukA vkSj ;g rks ;dhu ds lkFk thou Hkh D;k thou gS!* tSlh
esM+] i{kh] rkykc] gkV&cktkj dgk tk ldrk gS] ;fn xkaèkhth us jksekfu;r cl ugha Fkh] muds
bR;kfn] ysfdu blesa dksbZ okLrfod jsy ds FkMZ Dykl fMCcs esa ;g ;k=kk Ny&iziap] pquko thrus ds ogh
dSjsDVj ugha vk ik jgk gSA rks yEcs ugha dh gksrh rks ns'k ds vkf[kjh nkao&isap] tkfr] NqvkNwr] tehankjksa
le; rd xk¡o dh ;gh Nfo eu esa vkneh] ftldh og ckr djrs Fks] }kjk fdlku oxZ dk 'kks"k.k bR;kfnA
vafdr jghA nwj ds <ksy lqgkous! bl rko ds lkFk mudh fpark dHkh blh ds lkFk] cnyrs le; us mUgsa
dkWyst ds fnuksa esa izsepan dh dj gh ugha ldrs FksA vkSj vkt Hkh vc pkykd vkSj pqIik cuk fn;k FkkA
dgkfu;ksa vkSj js.kq ds miU;kl eSyk ;g lp gS] ns'k dh okLrfod fLFkfr VsDuksykth ds fodkl ds lkFk&lkFk
vkapy vkSj ijrh ifjdFkk] ekdZ.Ms;] dks tkuuk gks rks gesa lqnwj ,sls gh ogk¡ Hkh ogh lkjh chekfj;ka cgqr
foosdhjk; tSls ys[kdksa dh fdrkcksa fdlh xk¡o dh vlfy;r ls okfdiQ rsth ls iQSyus yxha] ftuls vc rd
us bl izse dks xgjk;kA u fliQZ gksuk iM+sxkA eq>ls tSlk Hkh cu iM+k] os viuh lkèkughurk vkSj
xgjk;k] cfYd xk¡o dh FkksM+h&cgqr eSaus muds thou dks] mudh laidZghurk ds dkj.k cps gq, FksA
;FkkFkZijd le> Hkh cuk;h] vkSj rdyhiQksa dks viuh dgkfu;ksa esa igys Vsyhfotu] fiQj ohfM;ks] fiQj
ns'k ds xk¡oksa dh vyx&vyx <kyus dh dksf'k'k dh gSA eksckby] vkSj vc baVjusV us bUgsa
HkkSxksfyd fLFkfr ds ckotwn ogk¡ds pawfd eSa 'kgj esa i<+k&fy[kk] blfy, lglk vBkjgoha lnh ls lhèks
vHkkoxzLr thou vkSj d"Vksa dh ges'kk ,d nqfo/kiu esjs Hkhrj bDdhloha lnh esa igqapk fn;k] ekiQZr
okLrfodrk ls :c: djk;kA lfØ; jgkA eSa fcydqy BsB xk¡o dk cktkjokn] miHkksDrkoknA vkSj foxr
'kk;n bUgha ckrksa dk vlj Fkk fd vkneh [kqn dks dHkh ugha eglwl dj rhu n'kd ls xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa tks
eq>s lkfgR; esa Hkh xk¡o ij fy[kh ik;kA ;g eq> tSlksa dh foQyrk gSA cnyko gq, gSa]os vkt lcds lkeus
dgkfu;k¡ ;k miU;kl vfèkd Hkkrs xk¡o ds fy, eSa ,d ckgjh gh jgk] gSA blus fdruk cny fn;k gS] bldk
FksA vopsru esa bu ckrksa dk okl eq>s feys muds cgqr izse ds ckotwnA vkdyu fo}ku yksx djrs gh jgs gSaA
eq>s lgt gh bl thou ds djhc ys eq>s yxrk gS] vkidh t+ehu gh vkSj vkt fu'pr :Ik ls gekjs xk¡o
vk;kA f'k{kd dh ukSdjh eq>s xk¡o esa vkidk O;fDrRo r; dj nsrh gSA eq>s os xk¡o ugha gSa tks dHkh eu esa cus FksA
gh feyhA blls eSa vc bl thou dk vkt Hkh eglwl gksrk gS] ;fn xk¡o vkt ogk¡ Hkh iDdh lM+dsa gSa]
fgLlk cu ik;k] igyh ckjA vkSj os dk gh tUek] i<+k&fy[kk gksrk] ?kj dkj[kkus gSa] m|ksx èkaèks gSa] rks csdkjh
fnu esjs thou ds vfoLej.kh; fnu dh [ksrh&ckjh gksrhs rks 'kk;n dqN Hkh gS] pkSiV gksrh [ksrh&O;oLFkk gS]
gSaA mUgha vuqHkoksa ls eSaus viuh ekeyksa esa vkSj vfèkd le`¼] vkSj c<+rh nyky laLd`fr gS] ;su&dsu
dgkfu;ka fy[kh gSaA [kqn dks eSa ewyr% izkekf.kd gksrkA viuh dgkfu;ksa esa izdkjs.k èkuktZu dh c<+rh
blh xaobZ laLd`fr dk fgLlk ikrk gw¡A ;g iQkad eq>s vDlj fn[kkbZ ns tkrh egRodka{kk,a gSa] fiQj Je dk 'kks"k.k
;gh og laLd`fr gS tks eq>s fojkV gSA ysfdu eSa blls vfèkd vkSj ugha cnLrwj gSA vkt ds xk¡o dks vki
Hkkjr dh laLd`fr ls tksM+rh gS]muds Mwc ldk] rks viuh gh vliQyrk iqjkuh utj ls ns[ksaxs rks ew[kZ gh
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 49
nwljh egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g gS fd mudh
lkekftd tkx#drk dqan gqbZ gSA
igys pkSikysa ;k vkil esa
feyus&tqyus ls os viuh ;k xk¡o dh
leL;kvksa ij ppkZ djrs Fks] vkSj
fdlh u fdlh Lrj ij tkx:d gksrs
FksA vc os Hkh fØdsV vkSj guh flag
ds ;k lyeku&'kkg:[k vkSj Mh-ts-
ds oSls gh nhokus gSaA ;kuh mudh
la?k"kZ psruk dqan gqbZ gS] [kkvks&fi;ks
dh miHkksDrkoknh thou 'kSyh ds
xgjs f'kdkj gq, gSaA os vc vius gd
dh yM+kbZ yM+us dh ckr Hkwyus yxs
gSaA gekjh jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us bUgsa
bl nkSj esa fdruh gh phtsa VwVh gSa! ew[kZ cuk, j[kus dh xgjh lkft'k
dgyk,axsA og vkèkqfud lqfoèkkvksa
ekStwnk le; us mUgsa bl dnj cny jp j[kh gSA bUgsa èkeZ] tkfr
ls ySl] cktkj cuk gqvk xk¡o gS] ihus
fn;k gS fd vc phUguk eqf'dy gSA vkfn&vkfn ds dqpDzQ esa iQalkdj
dks ikuh Hkys ugha feys ysfdu
xk¡o esa tks vkilh lgt Lusg gksrk ,sls j[kus dh dksf'k'k gS fd Hkys
nqdkuksa esa BaMs is;] eksckby ;k fjpktZ
Fkk] lg;ksx gksrk Fkk] og fcyk jgkA blds uke ij ;s vkil esa yM+ ejsa]
Okkmpj t:j fey tk,axsA ogk¡ ds
js.kq dh dgkuh Bsl ds flpju ;k ysfdu]vfèkdkj dh ckr Hkwydj Hkh
iqjkus ewY; cM+h rsth ls VwV jgs gSa
laofn;k ds gjxksfcu dh vkReh;rk] ugha lkspsaA
vkSj u;s ewY; LFkkfir gks jgs gSaA xkaoksa
esa Ldwy vkSj LokLF; lqfoèkk,a igys dk#f.kdrk dh vc dYiuk Hkh nwHkj xk¡o esa ljdkjh Ldwy gksrs gSaA vkSj
dh rqyuk esa c<+s gSa] ogk¡ la?k"kZ c<+s gSA ogk¡ Hkh vkt èkaèksckth ?kj dj ljdkjh Ldwyksa dk gky ge lHkh
gSa] èkku ds leFkZu ewY; c<+kus dh pqdh gS] [kkldj u;h ih<+h esa tku jgs gSaA yksd&yqHkkou jhfr&uhfr
ekax dks ysdj la?k"kZ gq, gSa] fdlkuksa fLFkfr;ksa us mUgsa dkiQh cny fn;k gSA ls lapkfyr Ldwyh flLVe esa ;s
us iqfyl dh ykfB;ka [kkbZ gSa rks xk¡o dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk mldh fo|kFkhZ ekStwnk nkSj ds fofHkUu mPp
tokch geys Hkh fd, gSaA jksth&jksVh lkewfgdrk gksrh Fkh]og vkt Lrjh; izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa csgn fiNM+
ds ladV c<+s gSa] lwn[kksjksa vkSj cSad ds fNUu&fHkUu gSA ;g dsoy tkfr x, gSaA ;gk¡ ls muds mTToy Hkfo";
dtksZa dk tky c<+k gS] fdlkuksa dh vkèkkfjr u gksdj] O;fDr&O;fDr ds dh laHkkouk,a èkaqèkyh iM+ xbZ gSaA vc
vkRegR;k,a c<+h gSaA dg ysa fd varj rd c<+ vk;k gSA ;g ogk¡ ls Js"B oSKkfud] fpfdRld
cgqr&ls ekeyksa esa vc xk¡o vkSj lkewfgdrk ek=k dqN rht&R;ksgkj dks bathfu;j ;k vU; {ks=kksa esa fo}ku
'kgj ,desd gks x, gSaA ogk¡ ds ijaijkiwoZd euk ysus rd gh fleV fudyus dh laHkkouk,a f'k{kk ds bl
tuizfrfufèk Hkh ?kksj tkfroknh] xbZ gS] budh lgtrk]vkReh;rk ?kksj O;olk;hd`r nkSj esa nwj&nwj rd
ladh.kZ ekufldrk okys] ?kiysckt xk;c gks jgh gSA xk¡o dk og thou utj ugha vkrhA ,slk yxrk gS]
vkSj Hkz"V gks x, gSaA ;gk¡ Hkh vijkèk tks lknxh dh felky gksrh Fkh]vkt O;oLFkk viuh uhfr;ksa ls mudh
c<+s gSaA blls fojr gSA u;h ih<+h rks iwjh rjg mUufr ds lkjs jkLrs ,d&,d dj can
vkèkqfud lapkj lqfoèkk ds peRdkjh djrh tk jgh gSA
;s lc gekjs le; dh dekscs'k cgqr
eksVh&eksVh Nfo;ka gSa]ftuls ge lc fxjÝr esa gSA og eksckby ;k 'kklu tkus fdruh gh ;kstuk,a
ifjfpr gSaA ge lkjs HkweaMyhdj.k ds eksVjlkbfdyksa ds tcjnLr vkd"kZ.k ysdj vkt muds lkeus gS] buls
bl laØe.kdky ds xokg gSaA esa iQalk gqvk gSA fdruk Hkyk gqvk gS] ;g ns[kuk ckdh
50 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
gSA dgus dks xk¡oksa esa lqfoèkk,a c<+ xbZa le; vk x;k gSA jkstxkj ds fy, xk¡o vius gtkjksa lky iqjkus ewY;ksa]
gSa] ysfdu ogh] Ldwy gS rks ekLVj vkt Hkh yk[kksa yksxksa dk iyk;u gks vkn'kksaZ ds lkFk gSa ysfdu le; ds
ugha] vLirky gS rks MkWDVj ughaA jgk gSA bu lc gkykr esa xk¡o oks ugha cktkjokn ;k dgsa bl lH;rk us lsaèk
fdlkuksa ds fy, [kkn] cht dk jg x, gSa tks ge fdrkcksa esa i<+rs yxk nh gS] ftlds pyrs bUgsa Hkh
okLrfod ykHk fdruksa dks fey ik vk, gSaA cnyuk t:jh gks x;k gS] vU;Fkk
jgk gS\ xk¡o dh èkqjh d`f"k O;oLFkk gS lkfgR; esa xk¡o mudk vfLrRo gh [krjsa esa gSA
vkSj vkt ogh nkao ij yxh gqbZ gS! xk¡o ds thou ds ckjs esa iwjh lPpkbZ mijksDr ifjn`'; ds eísutj ge xk¡o
fdlkuksa dh tehusa vkt ljdkj vkSj ls os gh fy[k ldrs gSa ftUgsa dh rLohj cgqr lkiQ&lkiQ ns[k
dkWjiksjsV feydj Nhu jgs gSaA fodkl lhèks&lhèks xk¡o dk vuqHko gksA ldrs gSa vkSj le; dh bUgha pqukSfr;ksa
ds uke ij yk[kksa gsDVs;j tehuas vU;Fkk jkx njckjh dh rjg ds ls Vdjkrs gq, ge lcdks ,d csgrj
vfèkx`fgr djds mUgsa ^lst* ;k fiQj Hknsliu ;k vfr'k;ksfDr dk f'kdkj dy dh yM+kbZ yM+uh t:jh gSA
nwljh ;kstukvksa ds varxZr Nhudj gks tk,xk ys[kdA bruk lc dqN gksus èkudqcsjksa ds vèkhu bl O;oLFkk dk
csn[ky fd;k tk jgk gSA xk¡o ds ckotwn eq>s yxrk gS fd xk¡o ds dy D;k :Ik gksxk] bldh ckuxh ge
fiQygky vius vfLrRo dh yM+kbZ vius vPNs ikjaifjd ewY;] uSfrdrk] mudh vkt dh rLohjsa ns[kdj tku
yM +jgs gSaA lkjh O;oLFkkvksa dk vkn'kZ ;k lTturk vkSj ln~fopkj ys jgs gSaA
futhdj.k tkjh gS] dkWjiksjsV [ksrh dk vHkh Hkh iwjh rjg u"V ugha gq, gSaA ●●●

izos'kkad dh 'kqHkdkeukvksa lfgr

tufe=ke dY;k.k lfefr
dsyks fogkj] jk;x<+] NÙkhlx<+
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 51
'kgj ds ik¡o xk¡o ds ?kko

xkao cnyrk ;k fcxM+rk gqvk---
O;kyksd

c ;gh
gqr f?klh&fiVh vkSj dbZ ckj dgh tk pqdh ckr dks nksgjkus dk [krjk u ysrs gq, Hkh
dguk pkfg, fd laoS/kfud vktknh ds yxHkx 7 n'kdksa ckn Hkh Hkkjr esa xkaoksa
dh gh ç/kurk gSA bls Nk;koknh ukLVSfYt;k esa ^Hkkjrekrk xzkeokfluh* dguk pkgsa
;k fiQj ekDlZoknh VeZ esa 'kgj vkSj xkao dk ^}a}*&rF; rks ;gh gS fd Hkkjro"kZ vHkh
Hkh xkaoksa dk gh gS] xkaoksa ls gh gS Hkys gh ;g xkaoksa ds fy, u gksA geus cpiu ls gh
ikB~;iqLrdksa esa nks ckrsa i<+h gSaA ,d] Hkkjr xkaoksa dk ns'k gS vkSj nwljk] Hkkjr ,d
fodkl'khy ns'k gSA viQlksl] fo'o cSad us fodkl'khy ns'k okyk rexk Hkh gels
Nhu fy;k gSA larks"k dh ckr gS fd xkaoksa okyh ckr vc rd gels dksbZ ekbZ dk
yky ugha Nhu ik;k gSA vktknh ds ckn ls ns'k yxkrkj fodkl dj jgk gS] ;g
lqurs&lqurs vxj vkids dkuksa esa Hkh nnZ gks jgk gS] rks vkidks Hkh tYn ls tYn
utnhdh xkao gks vkus dh t:jr gSA gkykafd] xkao vc xkao jgs ugha vkSj os cny
x, gSa] ;g Hkh cgqr f?klh gqbZ ckr cu pqdh gSA fiQj Hkh] tks xkao dHkh ckjgeklh
rkSj ij iwjh nqfu;k ls dVs gksrs Fks] ogka Hkh iDdh lM+dsa igqap x;h gSaA lM+dsa igqaph
rks jkstxkj igqapk vkSj jkstxkj igqapk rks /u igqapkA lwpuk&foLiQksV ds bl nkSj esa
xkao Hkh vNwrs ugha cps gSaA eksckby] VScysV vkSj ySiVki lcdh vk; oxZ ds vuqlkj
xkaoksa ds /qavkrs ?kj esa Hkh ekStwn gSaA mÙkj çns'k esa rks vf[kys'k ;kno dh Ñik ls ;g
mu ?kjksa esa Hkh ekStwn gS] tgka budh dojVkWi muds iQksVks ls egiQwt gS] rks vanj dh
Mªkbo Hkkstiqjh flusek vkSj xhrksa lsA
cgjgky] igys gh eqag dM+ok djus dh txg dqN vPNh ckrsa dj ysaA fonHkZ]
ejkBokM+k] cqansy[kaM ds fdlkuksa dks FkksM+h nsj i`"BHkwfe esa j[kdj ;g ;kn djus dh
dksf'k'k dhft, fd xkaoksa esa vc [ksrh laca/h lalk/u c<+ x, gSaA tks fdlku pkgs]
og iailsV yxk ldrk gS] 'krZ cl ,d gS fd mldh tsc esa iSlk gksA [ksrh ds fy,
dbZ rjg ds yksu fn, tk jgs gSa] ljdkj dk iwjk tksj gS fd fdlku ØsfMV&thoh cus]
og dtZ[kksj cusA lkgwdkjksa dh txg cSadksa dks nh tk jgh gSA fdlku ØsfMV&dkMZ ls
ysdj u tkus fdruh ;kstuk,a gSa] tks fdlkuksa dk Hkyk djus ij vkeknk gSa] ij ;s
fdlku viuk Hkyk pkgrs gh ughaA cSad ls yksu ysdj ml iSls dks nwljs dke esa [kpZ
dj nsrs gSa] rks Hkyk ljdkj D;k djs\ ljdkj rks bruh lkspusokyh gS fd mlus Ñf"k
yksu ds lkFk gh iQly chek dh Hkh O;oLFkk dj nh gSA vc ;g nhxj ckr gS fd
vkykspd rks ;g Hkh dgrs gSa fd ljdkj us 53 vkSj 55 #i, ds psd Hkh eqvkots esa
fn, gSaA HkbZ] ljdkj rks O;oLFkk gh dj ldrh gS u] vc Hkz"Vkpkj dk ?kqu lcdks
[kk, tk jgk gS] rks dksbZ D;k djs\

52 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
Hkwfe fodkl cSad ds tfj, dksbZ Hkh
Í.k ysdj iailsV yxok ldrk gS]
ojuk igys rks ;g gky Fkk fd tks Hkh
cM+s fdlku iailsV j[krs Fks] og
igys viuh iQly dh flapkbZ dj gh
nwljksa ds [ksrksa esa ikuh NksM+rs Fks] blls
iQlysa lw[k tkrh gSaA ljdkjksa dk tksj
gS fd fdlku ijaijkxr [ksrh ds lkFk
gh O;kolkf;d [ksrh Hkh djsa]
blhfy, cSadksa dks ckdk;nk y{; fn,
tk jgs gSa ftlds rgr mudks ,d
fu/kZfjr jde dh jkf'k fdlkuksa dks
Í.k ds rkSj ij nsuk gSA xkaoksa rd vc
lM+dsa igqap x;h gSaA igys tgka eq[; i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ ls nwj gksA fy, xkao ls dqN vkSj cqjh [kcjs gSaA
lM+dksa rd dh gkyr cgqr [kjkc fctyh dh fLFkfr Hkh iwjs ns'k ds lcls cqjh [kcj rks gekjs iapk;rksa dh
Fkh] ogha vc ç/kuea=kh xzke lM+d xkaoksa esa lq/j jgh gS] gkykafd dbZ gSA fodsaæhdj.k ds uke ij iapk;rh
;kstuk esa pepekrh lM+dsa vkids xkao vHkh Hkh ,sls gSa tks çdk'k ls dbZ jkt O;oLFkk dks ykxw fd;k rks x;k]
njokts rd vk x;h gSaA lM+d vk;h çdk'k o"kZ nwj gSa] fiQj Hkh yxkrkj ysfdu mlls dsoy Hkz"Vkpkj gh
rks cktkj Hkh vk;k vkSj vc cktkj fLFkfr lq/j jgh gSA csjkstxkjh ls lw{ere vkSj LFkkfud Lrj ij igqapk]
xkaoksa ds ân; esa ?kql pqdk gSA ;g fucVus ds fy, eujsxk cgqr cM+h ckdh dqN gqvk ughaA
cktkj gh gS] tks xkao esa Hkh gjsd gkFk nok lkfcr gqbZ gSA eujsxk ds ykxw fcgkj vkSj ;wih esa gky gh esa iapk;r
esa eksckby vkSj txg&txg fjpktZ gksus ls etnwjh fu/kZfjr gks x;h gS pquko gq, gSaA efgykvksa ds vkj{k.k
dh nqdkusa fn[krh gSaA xkao vc vkSj vc etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k de gqvk dh otg ls ogka yM+ok;k rks
igpku esa ugha vkrs] D;ksafd igys gSA mudh foo'krk [kRe gqbZ gS] rks efgykvksa dks gh x;k] ysfdu deku
ftu phtksa ds fy, yksx 'kgj tkrs vc os Hkh eksyHkko dj jgs gSaA blls muds ifr;ksa ;k nwljs vfHkHkkodksa us
Fks] vc os lkjh phtsa xkao esa ekStwn csjkstxkjh esa Hkh deh vk;h gSA gh laHkkyhA fcgkj vkSj mç esa rks
gSaA tSls fizQt] Vhoh] daI;wVj] fpfdRlk ds {ks=k esa gkykafd] dkxth ckdk;nk ^eqf[k;k&ifr* uked in
eksVjlkbfdy vkSj dqN xkaoksa esa rks lq/kj Hkh ugha gqvk gSA xkao ds yksx gh l`ftr dj fy;k x;k gSA bu nksuksa
dkj rd ekStwn gSaA vHkh Hkh uhe&gdheksa ds Hkjksls gSa] gh txgksa ij bu pqukoksa esa /ucy]
ljdkj us xkao esa gjsd dks Nr ulhc vxj ge vioknksa dks NksM+ nsa rksA tucy vkSj nk:&cy dk bruk
djokus ds fy, bafnjk vkokl ;kstuk bldh cM+h otg rks ;gh gS fd cM+s ohHkRl bLrseky gqvk ftruk
pyk;h gqbZ gSA i<+kbZ dks ysdj Hkh MkWDVj vHkh Hkh xkaoksa esa tkuk ugha fo/k;d vkSj lkaln ds pquko esa gh
ljdkj us dkiQh tksj fn;k gSA fcgkj pkgrs gSaA vktrd ge ns[krs vk, FksA xzkelHkk
esa rks uhrh'k dqekj us csfV;ksa dks vxj] bu lc ldkjkRed ckrksa ds dh cSBdsa ugha gksrh gSa] vkcafVr jde
Ldwy esa ykus ds fy, lkbfdy ckotwn vki xkaoksa dh pepekrh gqbZ dh canjckaV gksrh gS vkSj ywV o
;kstuk gh pyk nh] rks jktLFkku esa rLohj ugha ns[k ik jgs gSa] rks vki Hkz"Vkpkj dk uaxk ukp xkaoksa dks
baVj ikl cfPp;ksa dks eq[;ea=kh LdwVh iDds fujk'kkoknh vkSj "kM~;a=kdkjh gSa] [kks[kyk dj jgk gSA
ns jgh gSaA vkt 'kk;n gh xkao esa dksbZ ftldk Hkkjr dh HkO; rLohj ns[kus lcls cqjh vkSj nq[kn ckr ;g gS fd
,slk ?kj gks] tks iwjk dk iwjk vkSj fn[kkus esa ;dhu ugha gSA vkids gekjs xkaoksa us lkekftdrk [kks nh gSA
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 53
eksckby dk b;jiQksu dku esa yxk,] ços'kkad ds vkoj.k fp=kdkj
eqag esa xqV[kk nck, gekjs ;qod fdl
xk¡o ds yksx ds ços'kkad ds vkoj.k fp=kdkj iadt nhf{kr
rjg dk xkao x<+ jgs gSa] ;g lkspuk
fp=kdyk dh nqfu;k esa tkuk ekuk uke gSA ftUgksaus dfork iksLVj]
cgqr eqf'dy ugha gSA igys ge dksykt vkSj js[kkadu tSlh fo/kvksa esa vusd mYys[kuh; dke
cqvk] rkÅ] ekSlh] ukuk] ckck ds uke fd;k gSA 30 twu 1966 dks eè;çns'k ds v'kksduxj esa tUesa
ls xkao ds gjsd vkneh&vkSjr dks iadt us fo|qr vfHk;kaf=kdh esa fMIyksek gkfly fd;k ysfdu eu
tkurs Fks] vkt 'kk;n ikap ?kj ckn dyk esa je x;kA vc rd mUgksaus gal] dFkkns'k] dykokrkZ]
okys yksxksa dks Hkh ge ugha igpku v{kjioZ] olq/k] dFkkØe] vktdy] ledkyhu Hkkjrh; lkfgR;]
ik,aA Hk;kud vyxko vkSj ,dkar ds orZeku lkfgR;] lk{kkRdkj] mÙkjçns'k] laosx] yksdk;r lekpkj]
f'kdkj gks x, gSa gekjs xkaoA nSfud HkkLdj] ubZ nqfu;k esa yxkrkj js[kkadu vkSj vkoj.k cuk,A
lkekftd psruk vkSj Kku Hkys gh fnYyh] eqacbZ] dksydkrk] t;iqj] mn;iqj] Hkksiky] bankSj] Xokfy;j]
c<+ x;k gks] gekjs xkaoksa ls lkSgknZz jk;iqj] fHkykbZ] okjk.klh] xquk] nfr;k] f'koiqjh tSls dbZ cM+s&NksVs
vkSj leUo; xk;c gks x, gSaA dqN 'kgjksa esa çn'kZuh yxk pqds gSaA vusd dfo;ksa dh dforkvksa ij
oSlk gh gqvk gS fd pkScsth x, Fks iksLVj cuk,A ,d dq'ky vfHkusrk vkSj funsZ'kd ds :i esa mUgksaus
NCcsth cuus vkSj ykSVs gSa] nwcs th dbZ ukVdksa esa dke fd;k gSA fiQygky os v'kksduxj bIVk esa
cudjA lfØ; gSa vkSj vè;kiu dk;Z esa lyaXu gSaA
●●●

Office : 13/A/1, Champa Dubey Bhawan, P.D. Tandon Road,
Near Vivekanand Chauraha, Kanpur Road, Civil Lines Allahabad
Contact : 78394566563, 8052095555 Website : www.sarthakinfra.com

54 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
lok lsj xsgw¡

nks gtkj fy, Fks rqEgkjs
ij NCchl gtkj fudyrs gSa !
va/ksjk Hkkjr

i rglhy
Iiw eqlgj oYn /qjgh eqlgj mez NÙkhl o"kZ xk¡o vkSj iksLV jkeiqj Fkkuk iQwyiqj
fiaMjk ftyk okjk.klh us iFksjs ds :i esa tc viuk thou 'kq: fd;k rc
mls mEehn Fkh fd og [kkunkuh :i ls pyh vk jgh xjhch ls futkr ik tk;sxk- og
iPphl lky dh mez ls ;g dke dj jgk gSA vkt ls ukS lky igys tc og j?kqflag
miQZ paæHkw"k.k flag uked ,d bZaV HkV~Bk ekfyd ds ;gk¡dke djus x;k rks mlus
mls nknuh (Advance) ds rkSj ij nks gtkj #i;s fn,- ml le; r; gqvk fd iIiw
dks nks lkS pkyhl #i;s çfr gtkj dk esgurkuk feysxk ftlesa ls ikap lkS gj gÝrs
[kksjkdh nh tk,xh vkSj lhtu [kRe gksus ij fglkc fd;k tk;sxk- iIiw viuh iRuh
fpark] yM+fd;ksa fu'kk vkSj euh"kk rFkk yM+ds vtqZu ds lkFk HkV~Bs ij vk x;kA og
jkst Hkksj esa mBrk vkSj iFkkbZ djrk vkSj gj fnu nks&<+kbZ gtkj bZVsa ikFkrkA 'kke dks
feV~Vh [kksnrk] ikuh Hkjrk vkSj cukrk- bZaVsa lw[k tkus ij pV~Vk yxkrk- ,d gÝrs ckn
og tc ekfyd j?kqflag ds ikl [kksjkdh dk iSlk ysus x;k rks mlus eqa'kh dks pkj lkS
#i;s nsus dks dgk- iIiw cksyk r; rks iku lkS gqvk Fkk ekfyd!
bl ckr ls j?kqflag dks xqLlk vk x;k- ,d etwj&eqlgj dh ;g tqjZr-
dM+ddj cksyk&D;k js cgqr dkuwu Nk¡Vrs gks- ljÅ bZagka ls vcgh tc vk;s mlds
ifgys nw gtkj fn;k fd ukgha\
iIiw ldidk x;k&fn, gSa ekfyd- geds dgk¡badkj ck-
rc tks vkiu dke djA dgdj ekfyd xqLls esa vkxs pyk- iIiw
eu&elksldj vius >ksaiM+s esa ykSVk vkSj dkiQh nsj rd lksprk jgk fd lkS #i;s esa
fdruk jk'ku de ysuk iM+sxk-
;g yxHkx gj gÝrs gksus yxk- iIiw us ;g lkspdj bl ckr ls le>kSrk dj
fy;k fd 'kk;n mls feyh nks gtkj dh nknuh dh dVkSrh gks jgh gS-
mldh iRuh vkSj cPps lksprs fd ?kj ykSVsaxs rks muds ikl u, diM+s gksaxs
ysfdu lhtu [kRe gksus ij tc iIiw fglkc ds fy, x;k rks Hkksys vkSj eqa'kh us mls
crk;k fd vHkh gekjk gh iSlk rqeij fudy jgk gS- fiQj Hkh ge rqedks rhu gtkj
fn, nsrs gSa- vxys lhtu esa rqe vkdj dVk nsuk-
bl çdkj lkr lky chr x,- vui<+ iIiw dks /hjs&/hjs le> esa vkus yxk fd
mls ew[kZ cuk;k tk jgk gS- b/j [kksjkdh N% lkS #i;s feyrh ysfdu egaxkbZ Hkh cgqr
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 55
lqus vuqHkoksa ds vk/kj ij tku pqdk
Fkk fd cukjl esa lkjs HkV~Bs okys ,d
nwljs dks tkurs gSa vkSj og tgk¡Hkh
tk;sxk mldh lwpuk j?kqflag dks
fey tk,xh- vxj og tkSuiqj ;k
lqYrkuiqj Hkh tk;s rks D;k irk mlds
lkFk dSlk lywd gks- mlus Lohd`fr
ns nh vkSj viuh rhu csfV;ksa] iRuh
csVs vkSj ek¡ds lkFk HkV~Bs ij vkdj
dke djus yxk- dqN fnuksa ckn
mldh csVh dh rfc;r [kjkc gks xbZ
rks og eqa'kh eaxyk flag ls iSlk ekaxus
x;k- eqa'kh us dgk fd ekfyd dks
vkus nks- j?kqflag ds vkus ds ckn iIiw
fiQj ogka x;k&esjh yM+dh dh
rfc;r [kjkc gS- vki gedks gtkj
#i;k ns nhft;s nok ds fy,- j?kqflag
us igys rks mldh ckrksa dks dksbZ
roTtks ugha nh- ckj&ckj dgus ij
m[kM+ x;k vkSj xkyh nsrs gq, cksyk&
cgupks] tc ns[kks rc Hkh[k ekaxus vk
c<+ pqdh Fkh- og vc vius ifjokj fd;k&gjketkns rw tcku yM+krk gS
tkrk gS- rqedks gj gÝrs ikap lkS
ds lkFk feydj nks gtkj ckbl lkS lkys- vk vHkh crkrs gSa rsjk fglkc!
#i;k nsrk gw¡fiQj Hkh ?kVk gh jgrk gS-
bZVsa ikFk nsrk- bu o"kksaZ esa jsV nl #i;s dgdj nksuksa us feydj iIiw dks
tkvks vkjS tkdj gYnh efjp fiykvkAs
gtkj c<+ xbZ Fkh- bl lky Hkh lhtu ihVuk 'kq: fd;k -
[kRe gksus ij igys dh rjg Hkksys us ekj [kkdj iIiw okil ykSVk Bhd gks tk,xh-
crk;k fd vHkh rqEgkjs Åij esjk gh vkSj ,d isM+ ds uhps cSBdj jksus nsrs gSa rks viuk ?kj ls nsrs gSa fd
iSlk ckdh gS- yxk- mls le> esa ugha vk jgk Fkk gekjh esgur dk nsrs gSa- yM+dh
chekj gS rks fdlls ekaxwa\
iIiw us bl ckr dk çfrdkj fd vc og D;k djs- cfPp;ka cM+h
fd;k&ekfyd ge nks gtkj fy, Fks gks jgh Fkha vkSj muds 'kknh&C;kg ds bruk lqurs gh j?kqflag vkSj eqa'kh
lkr lky ifgys- ckdh gj fnu bruk fy, iQw V h dkS M + h Hkh gkFk es a ugha Fkh- eaxyk flag dk ikjk lkrosa vkleku
dke fd;s vkSj N% lkS gÝrk [kksjkdh lhtu chr pq d k Fkk- jks r s & dyirs ij p<+ x;k- nksuksa gh ml ij VwV iM+s-
fy, rks dk lkjk iSlk [kk x;s lkr iIiw vius ifjokj ds lkFk xk¡ o okil iIiw fxM+fxM+kdj muds lkeus viuh
cfjl ls ge ,Dds ckr lqu jgk gw¡- vk x;k- vc mlus r; fd;k fd tks ijs'kkfu;k¡ crk jgk Fkk&esjh yM+dh
dSls viuh fcfV;k dh 'kknh d:¡xk- iS l k Mw c k lks Mw c k vc ;gk¡ og dHkh ej tk,xh lkgc- vki gesa er ekjks-
cksfy, \ ugha vk,xk- fciQjrs gq, j?kqflag us dgk&ej tkus
;g lqurs gh j?kqflag miQZ ysfdu vxys lky tc lhtu ns yM+dh Llkys- vkSj rw esjk #i;k
fudky- NCchl gtkj #i;k ys vk
paæHkw"k.k flag vkSj eqa'kh eaxyk nksuksa vk;k rks j?kqflag us tcju mls vius
vHkh-
ckS[kyk x,A mu nksuksa us iIiw dks HkV~Bs ij pyus dks dgk- iIiw tkurk
Hkíh&Hkíh xkfy;k¡ nsuk 'kq: Fkk fd badkj dk vFkZ fiVkbZ gS- nwljs NCchl gtkj dk uke lqurs gh
og vius dbZ iFksjs lkfFk;ksa ds eqag ls iIiw ds ik¡o rys dh tehu f[kld
56 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
xbZ- dc fy;k NCchl gtkj\ vkt
vkB lky gks x, tc mldk fglkc
ugha fd;k x;k cfYd gj ckj dgk
tkrk jgk fd vxyh ckj viuk
fglkc fDy;j djk ysuk- iIiw dks
yxrk 'kk;n mlds nks gtkj nknuh
ds fy, gh dgk tk jgk gS- ysfdu
NCchl gtkj rks vpEHks okyh ckr
Fkh- mlus iwNk&ge NCchl gtkj
dc fy, Fks ekfyd- vki rks dHkh
gekjk fglkc ugha fd;s- ;g lqurs gh ik, Fks fd j?kqflag eaxyk flag vkfn yksx [kVrs Fks vkSj mudk isV Hkh ugha
nksuksa yksx vkxccwyk gks x, vkSj iIiw dks ysdj ogka /ed iM+k- ml le; Hkj ikrk Fkk- og xkfy;k¡ ns ldrk
dks cqjh rjg ihVus yxs- j?kqflag us iIiw dgha x;k gqvk Fkk- nksuksa us fiQj Fkk] ekj ldrk Fkk ysfdu iIiw dsoy
mls MaMs ls ekjuk 'kq: fd;k- ;g ogka Hkíh&Hkíh xkfy;ka nsuk 'kq: çfrjks/ dj ldrk Fkk- lhuk rkudj
ns[kdj mldh ek¡NqM+kus vkbZ rks mls fd;k- ml le; iIiw dh cgu dk [kM+k gksuk Hkh mlds fy, eqf'dy
Hkh ekjk vkSj og tehu fxj iM+h- yM+dk ogk¡Fkk- j?kqflag us dguk 'kq: Fkk- rdZ nsuk rks dqizQ gh Fkk- cy] iSls
iIiw viuh ek¡ dks mBkdj fd;k&esjs NCchl gtkj #i;s ns nks vkSj lkekftd gSfl;r ls rks og
jksrk&dyirk vius >ksaiM+s esa vk;k- ugha rks rqEgkjh fdMuh fudyokdj fupys Lrj ij Fkk gh ysfdu f'k{kk ds
ysfdu j?kqflag dks yxrk Fkk vxj csp nwaxk- ;g lqurs gh og Mj ds ekjs Lrj ij fcydqy gh dqN ugha Fkk-
;g Fkkus pyk x;k vkSj ml ij ,l ogka ls nwj pyk x;k- rc j?kqflag dgk¡ tk,- fdlls xqgkj yxk;s \
lh] ,l Vh ,DV yx x;k rks ysus ds fpYykdj dgus yxk] esjs NCchl ysfdu eu esa dgha u dgha izfrjks/
nsus iM+ tk;saxs- blfy, uhfr ds lkFk gtkj ugha feysaxs rks eSa iIiw dks tku Fkk fd bl vU;k; ls yM+uk gS-
mlus iIiw ij gkoh gksuk pkyw j[kk ls ekj Mkyw¡xk- bruk dgdj nksuksa vkf[kj ih oh lh ,p vkj ds
rkfd og Hk;Hkhr gksdj dksbZ vkSj pys x,- iIiw ds ykSVus ij mldh ek¡ ,d LFkkuh; dk;ZdrkZ us mls jkg
dne u mBk;s- blfy, og Hkh us mls ;g ckr crkbZ- j?kqflag ckj ckj fn[kkbZ- mlus tufe=k U;kl esa xqgkj
mldk ihNk djrs gq, >ksaiM+s ds ikl vkdj ncko cukus yxk fd iIiw yxkbZ vkSj okjk.klh dpgjh esa ,l
vk;k vkSj fpYykus yxk&bl lkys mlds HkV~Bs ij vkdj dke djs vkSj Mh ,e dks gyiQukek nsdj viuh
dks HkV~Bs esa Mky nks- mlds lkFk gh mlds NCchl gtkj pqdk,- iIiw us j{kk dh ;kpuk dh-
vk;k eqa'kh eaxyk flag Hkh yksxksa dks Mj ds dkj.k ogka tkus ls badkj dj
yydkj jgk Fkk iiqvk dks idM+dj ,d yEch tíkstgn vkSj tku
fn;k ysfdu vc mls iDdk ;dhu ls ekjs tkus dh dbZ /efd;ksa ds chp
ykvks vkSj HkV~Bs esa Mky nks- mldh gks x;k fd j?kqflag ds >wB ds
ckrsa lqudj iIiw dh ek¡] iRuh vkSj iIiw us j?kqflag ds >wB ds f[kykiQ
f[kykiQ [kM+s gq, fcuk tku NwVuh viuh yM+kbZ tkjh j[kh gS- mls
cPps jksus yxs- mls Hkh yxrk fd eqf'dy gS- ysfdu bl >wB ds
vkt tku u cpsxh- vxj eq>s ekj mEehn gS fd U;k; djus okys yksxksa
f[kykiQ [kM+k gksuk vklku ugha Fkk- ds chp mldk fglkc&fdrkc gksxk
Mkysaxs rks esjs cPps dgk¡tk;saxs- Mj tkfr ds ftl ik;nku ij iIiw Fkk
ls mldh uhan mM+ xbZ- fdlh rjg rks u fliQZ mldh esgur dh dekbZ
vkSj ftl f'k[kj ij j?kqflag Fkk mlds feysxh cfYd j?kqflag ds >wB dk Hkh
vk/h jkr chrh rc og pqids ls chp cgqr cM+k iQklyk Fkk vkSj bl
chch&cPpksa vkSj ek¡ ds lkFk vius inkZiQk'k gksxk tks mlus iIiw dks
iQklys dks ikj djuk dksbZ vklku ca/qvk cuk;s j[kus ds fy, jpk Fkk!
?kj jkeiqj vk x;k- ysfdu ?kj esa ugha Fkk- iSls ls j?kqflag bruk etcwr
vHkh os lc pSu dh lk¡l Hkh u ys ●●●
Fkk fd mlds ikl iIiw tSls ntZuksa
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 57
va/ksj uxjh

Hkxoku ds uke ij 90 ,dM+ !
fodkl dh ekStwnk ijaijk esa ns'k ds yk[kksa xkaoksa ds djksM+ksa yksx gSa ftudh dgkfu;ka ,d lh gSa] nq[k ,d
lk gS vkSj fodflr Hkkjr esa 'kkfey gksus dk n'kdksa ls pyk vk jgk bartkj Hkh ,d lk gSA og gj jkst
viuh iwjh {kerk vkSj dkS'ky ds lkFk fnuHkj bl tqxr esa yxs jgrs gSa fd 'kke isV esa jksVh iM+s] cPps Hkw[ks
u lks,aA blh lius ds lkFk mjbZ ftys dk gSnyiqj Hkh jkst tkxrk vkSj lksrk gSA ;gka ntZuksa ifjokj
Hkwfeghu gSa vkSj Hkxoku ;kuh mij okyk 90 ,dM+ tehu dk ekfyd cuk cSBk gSA
&gSnyiqj ls ykSVdj vt; izdk'k

eq ;kn
>s gSnyiqj ls ykSVs djhc eghus fnu gks pqds FksA vpkud ,d fnu eq>s ml xkao dh
vkbZA xkao esa lkFk x, LFkkuh; dk;ZdrkZ ls eSaus iQksudj iwNk] ^D;k gky gS
gSnyiqj ds yksxksa dk\ tokc feyk] ^vkius ftl eksuh dksVsnkj ls ckr dh Fkh] jk'ku
dkMZ dh /ka/yh vkSj ?kwl[kksjh dks ysdj] og xkao Hkj esa dg jgk gS fd mlus
vkidks 20 gtkj esa [kjhn fy;kA eksuh dksVsnkj viuh ckr dh iqf"V ds fy, dgrk
gS] rHkh rks fdlh v[kckj esa [kcj ugha NihA crkrk gS] og fnYyh ls vk;k i=kdkj
ugha Fkk] cfYd mjbZ ls gh vk;k FkkA i=kdkj us blhfy, rks eq>s foftfVax dkMZ fn;k
Fkk fd eSa mls mldk fgLlk ns ldwaA*
eksuh dksVsnkj dh ?kwl nsus dh nkosnkjh fdlh vkSj ds izfr ugha esjs gh izfr gS ;kuh
bu iafDr;ksa ds ys[kd ds izfrA mlds bl vfo'luh; nkosnkjh ds ckn eSaus mÙkj
izns'k ds mjbZ ftys dh Mh,e lanhi dkSj ls ckr dh vkSj dgk fd Hkz"Vkpkj ij ls
eksuh dksVsnkj dk vkRefo'okl [kRe djus dh ftEesnkjh vkidh gSA eSaus mUgsa crk;k
fd mlds ikl 30 lky ls dksVk gS vkSj og [kqn dks xkao dk xCcj le>rk gS] mls
yxrk gS fd ?kwl ls lcdks [kjhnk tk ldrk gSA eq>ls ;g ckr mlus ohfM;ks esa Hkh
dgh gSA
gSnyiqj ds yksxksa dh gkyr D;k gS] mldk ;g igyk etewu gS ftldks xkao
okyksa dh ftanxh ds nkst[k dk izos'k }kj dgk tk ldrk gSA caqnsy[kaM {ks=k esa vkus
okys bl xkao dh ppkZ igyh ckj cqansy[kaM nfyr vfèkdkj eap ds lkFkh dqynhi
us mjbZ esa gh ,d eqykdkr ds nkSjku dh FkhA dk;ZdrkZ us xkao ds ckjs esa dqN ,slh
ckrsa crkbZ ftlds ckn eSaus r; fd;k fd lqcg gSnyiqj t:j tk,axs vkSj geyksx!
lqcg fudy iM+sA
ge mjbZ ds gksVy ls lqcg 9 cts ls igys dh fudy pqds Fks ysfdu 12 twu
58 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
,slk ugha Fkk fd usrkvksa ds ,slk ugha fn[kk tgka yksx fny ls
vkSj cqansy[kaM! xehZ vius pje ij
vkxeu ls igys gksus okys bl ^ysV jguk pkgrs gksaA gj vkneh dks xkao ls
FkhA xkao igqaprs&igqaprs rkieku
ukbV* fodkl dks eSa igyh ckj lqu f'kdk;r gS vkSj 'kgj dh vksj vkl
laHkor% 48 ls 50 fMxzh lsfYl;l gks
jgk FkkA lqurk rks gj fjiksfVZax Vwj ij Hkjh fuxkgksa ls ns[krk gS vkSj 'kgjh
pqdk FkkA ;g Hk;adj lw[kk dk ogh
gwaA ,d ls ,d foink vkSj etcwjh yksxksa esa gh viuk dy rkdrk gSA
{ks=k tgka dh iQVh èkjrh dks ge
dh dFkk,a fd iwjk thou fy[kus ds lkSj mtkZ okys xkao dks ikj djrs
ckj&ckj ehfM;k esa ns[krs gSaA nwj&nwj
fy, de iM+ tk, vkSj ftanxh dh gq, gekjh ckbd nks ckj fxjrs&fxjrs
rd [kkyh [ksr vkSj dgha&dgha isM+
gdhdr dks mruh gh xgjkbZ vkSj cph D;ksafd lM+d ij dbZ eghuksa ls
utj vk jgs FksA fpyfpykrh xehZ esa
rhozrk ls c;ka djus okys 'kCn u daØhV iM+k FkkA ;g lM+d Hkh
tSlh ygj mBrh gS oSlh bl nksigj esa
feysaA dbZ ckj eglwl gksrk gS fd ge eq[;ea=kh ds fdUgha iz;klksa ls cu jgh
lkiQ&lkiQ ns[kh tk ldrh FkhA èkwi
,sls etcwj is'ks esa gSa tks u vka[kksa ls Fkh ij bl lM+d ij eq[;ea=kh ds
dh rfi'k ls vka[ksa iwjk [kqyus dk
fxjrs vkalw iksaN ldrk gS vkSj u gh dne ugha iM+s Fks blfy, ;g
lkgl ugha dj ik jgha FkhaA og rks
mu vka[kksa esa cls liuksa dks lh<+h ns ^vkseiqjh* ls ^gsekekfyuh* dk xky
mjbZ ls [kjhns x, xeNs dh d`ik Fkh
ldrk gSA jgh ckr 'kCnksa dh rkdr cuus ls oafpr jg x;h FkhA gSnyiqj
fd ge jkLrk ikj dj okil Hkh ykSV
vk,] ugha rks ywg yxus ls dksbZ mik; ls Bhd igys lM+d ij ,d cksMZ
ugha cpk ikrkA dqynhi us dgk Hkh] t:j yxk FkkA cksMZ ij lM+d cukus
^;gka fcuk xeNk pyuk ew[kZrk dgh esa gq, [kpsZ dk C;kSjk Fkk vkSj
tkrh gSA vkius vPNk fd;k] tks ys eq[;ea=kh dh fpduh rLohj pLik
fy;kA* FkhA vkSj vxj eSa gw&c&gw lM+d ds
dkyih ls igys >kalh&dkuiqj lkSan;Z dk c[kku djuk pkgwa rks cl ;s
gkbos ls gesa mrjuk iM+k vkSj gSnyiqj dg ldrk gwa fd cksMZ ij fpidh
ds fy, ge nkfgus eqM+sA mrjus ds eq[;ea=kh dh èkoy rLohj ds vykok
ckn FkksM+h nwj rd lM+d pdkpd ;gka lcdqN mcM+&[kkcM+ gh FkkA
Fkh vkSj xkao dh vksj tkrh lM+d us mUgha mcM+&[kkcM+ jkLrksa ls gksrs gq,
dh rks dHkh&dHkkj dqN fy[k nsus ls geyksx gSnyiqj igqapsA Xkkao esa igys
gkbos tSlk vkuan fn;kA eq>s FkksM+k fdlh ij dqN iQdZ iM+ tkrk gS]
vk'p;Z gqvkA gkbos vkSj xkao dh ls gh nfyr vfèkdkj eap ls tqM+s
blls FkksM+k larks"k rks feyrk gS ij ,d lkFkh nhukukFk igqap pqds FksA
vksj tkrh lM+d dh cjkcjh ns[k eSaus T;knkrj ckj ge fliQZ fy[krs gh gSa]
[kq'kh tkfgj djrs gq, dgk] ^vPNh eSaus dqynhi ls nhukukFk ds ckjs esa
vlj ;g flLVe vius esa lks[k ysrk iwNk] ^;s ;gka dSls\* dqynhi us
lM+d gSA* ij dqynhi us galrs gq, gSA
jkt [kksyk] dgk ^vkxs nsf[k,xk dSSlh crk;k] ^eSaus mUgsa ?kaVs Hkj igys Hkst
gSA* irk pyk fd eq[;ea=kh vf[kys'k fiQj Hkh bl mEehn ds lkFk ge fn;k] ftlls og xkao okyksa dks ,d
;kno eghus fnu igys ikl ds xkao esa ckj&ckj xkaoksa esa tkrs gSa fd dgha rks txg tqVkdj j[ksaA*
lkSj mtkZ ikWoj gkml dk mn~~?kkVu og vkn'kZ fodkl gksrk gksxk ftudh xkao ds ckgj gh ,d isM+ dh uhps
djus vk, FksA tgka rd mn~~?kkVu ?kks"k.kkvksa esa ljdkjsa foKkiu ns djhc 50 yksx cSBs gq, feysA buesa
okys xkao dh lhek Fkh] ogka rd djksM+ksa [kpZ djrh gSaA og dksbZ xkao pkj&ikap efgyk,a Hkh FkhaA isM+ ds
jkrksa&jkr lM+d cuhA jkrksa&jkr ,d rks gksxk tks gesa xoZ ls Hkj ns fd uhps gh ,d eafnj cu jgk FkkA
lM+d! lqudj eSa grizHk jg x;k fd Hkfo"; ds Hkkjr ds xkaoksa dk [kkdk laHkor% ;g xkao dh pkSiky FkhA eSaus
djhc vkB fdyksehVj lM+d jkrksa ,slk gksxkA ij eq>s ugha feyrs ;s efgykvksa dh de fxurh ns[k iwNk]
jkr cu xbZ] ftlij igys ls Bhd ls xkaoA 11&12 lky ds i=kdkfjrk ds ^cgqr de gSaA* ihNs ls ,d ukStoku
daØhV rd ugha FkkA vius dfj;j esa eq>s ,d xkao Hkh cksyk] ^tc laln esa 33 iQhlnh rks
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 59
pkSiky ij T;knk D;ksa\ ^ckrphr 'kq: ;gh cgqr gSA vki lqudj tk,axs rks gSa] lcls T;knk ;gka clksj cSBs gSa*A
gqbZA lcds ikl f'kdk;rksa vkSj dqN rks djsaxs] fy[ksaxs ls dqN gksxk [kfV;k ij eSa vdsys cSBk FkkA
mEehnksa dh iQsgfjLr FkhA lHkh viuh ghA vki cM+s yksx gSaA* dqN yksx vxy&cxy dqflZ;ksa ij
ckr ,d lkFk dg nsuk pkgrs FksA eSaus yksxksa ds tokc ij dqN cSBs FksA ckdh lHkh xzkeh.k tehu ij
yksxksa dks yx jgk Fkk fd eSa lqu ywaxk dguk pkgk ij fdlh us lquk ughaA uhpsA dqN nwj fNVds cSBs FksA eSaus
fiQj lcds lkFk U;k; tks tk,xkA xkao ds f'ko flag us crk;k fd ;gka iwNk og yksx nwj D;ksa cSBs gSaA 20&22
eq>s ugha irk Fkk fd LFkkuh; gj tkfr ds yksx gSaA eSaus iwNk] xkao esa lky dk ;qok cksyk] ^lj] geyksx
dk;ZdrkZvksa us esjs ckjs esa D;k crk;k oksV fdruk gS\ bl loky ij xzkeh.k clksj gSa] liQkbZ dk dke djrs gSa]
Fkk fd eSa dkSu gwaA yksxksa dh lqukus dh uch vgen nwljs yksxksa ls e'kfojk blfy, og yksx nwj cSBs gSaA yksx
cspSuh ls eSa grizHk FkkA ckj&ckj yksx dj cksys & 1085 oksV gSa vkSj vkcknh NqvkNwr ekurs gSaA* ukStoku dh ckr
ujsxk] dksVk] xzke izèkku] isa'ku] 2 gtkj ls Åij gh iM+sxhA xkao esa gj lqu FkksM+s xksjs psgjs dk ,d v/cq<+
csdkjh vkfn ls tqM+h ijs'kkfu;ksa dks tkfr ds yksx gSaA gSnyiqj esa eqfLyeksa cksyk] ^lcds vius deZ gSa] blesa
yxkrkj crk jgs FksA eq>s lansg gqvk ds ?kj 100] clksj@Mkse 250] NqvkNwr D;k gSA* clksj tkfr ds
fd dgha yksx eq>s dksbZ foHkkxh; dksjh&dqehZ 150] pekj 10] iky 50] yksxksa us fojksèk esa ,d lkFk cksyuk
vfèkdkjh rks ugha le> cSBsA eSaus ;kno 50] dq'kokgk 40] ukbZ 30] 'kq: fd;k vkSj 'kksj gksus yxkA
liQkbZ nh fd eSa i=kdkj gwa vkSj czkEg.k 20 vkSj jktiwr tkfr ds yksxksa gaxkek 'kkar djkrs gq, eSa f'kdk;r
vkiyksxksa dh leL;kvksa ds ckjs esa ds 200 ?kj gSaA eSaus iwNk] ;gka cSBd ysdj vk, lcls meznjkt djhc
fy[kus vk;k gwaA eSa fdlh ij dksbZ esa fdl&fdl tkfr ds yksx gSa\ vLlh o"kZ ds ,d cqtqxZ dh rjiQ
dk;ZokbZ djus dk vfèkdkjh ugha gwaA xzkeh.k ekrk izlkn us pkjksa vksj utj eq[kkfrc gqvkA cksyk] ^pkpk [kfV;k
yksxksa us lLoj dgk] ^ge tkurs gSa nkSM+kus ds ckn dgk ^jktiwr] czkEg.k ij cSfB,] igys vkidh lqurs gSa*A
ysfdu gekjh dksbZ lquus vk;k gS] ,d&,d gSa] ckdh tkfr okys T;knk
60 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
og gekjh ckr vulquh dj x, vkSj crkvks ;k ljdkj us vkidks dksbZ ugha cuk gSA clksjksa esa Hkh ,d&nks dk
viuh leL;k crkus yxsA eSaus dgk] rjhdk lq>k j[kk gks rks gesa Hkh le>k cuk D;ksafd muds ikl nsus ds fy,
^lqukbZ ugha ns jgh vkidh ckr] nksA* ikap lkS FksA ftuds ikl ugha Fks
[kfV;k ij esjs utnhd cSfB,A* fiQj xkao esa xjhch lHkh tkfr;ksa esa gS mudk ugha cuk gS fiQj og
Hkh og ugha vk,A eSasus iwNk] ^dksbZ ij clksj lcls =kLr gSaA 250 ifjokjksa czkEg.k&Bkdqj gh D;ksa u gksA ukStoku
isj'kkuh gS vkidks [kfV;k ij cSSBus esa fliQZ rhl ch?kk tehu gSA T;knkrj ds cksyus ds ckn lHkh yksxksa us ,d
esaA* cqtqxZ cksys] ^ge clksj gSa vkSj clksj Hkwfeghu gSaA og lkiQ&liQkbZ Loj esa dgk fd dksVsnkj ?kwl ekaxrk
;g dksjh dh [kfV;k gSA ge dSls cSB dk dke] ejs tkuojksa dks fBdkus gS vkSj ugha nsus ij dgrk gS tks djuk
ldrs gSaA gesa dksbZ nwljh tkfr okys yxkus dk dke ;k dgha dksbZ etnwjh gS dj yksA
cjkcjh esa ugha cSBkrsA* fiQj eSaus mUgsa fey x;h rks blls thrs gSaA buds esjs dgus ij fdlh us dksVsnkj dks
gkFk idM+dj [kfV;k ij cSBk;k vkSj T;knkrj ifjokjksa ds ikl fdlh rjg cqyk;kA og ugha vk;kA vius cnys
ckr 'kq: gqbZA laHkor% esjs bl fd, dk dksbZ dkMZ ugha gSA eSa vHkh bl mlus HkkbZ dks HkstkA og Hkh dksVsnkj
ij dqN dks ,srjkt gqvk ij fdlh us ckjs esa dqN iwNrk fd ,d eksVs&rkts dh gud ls ckr dj jgk FkkA eSaus
eq>ls dqN ugha dgkA dqlhZ ij cSBs lTtu cksy iM+s] ^vki tc dgk fd vki Hkz"Vkpkj ds vkjksi
vLlh o"khZ; cqtqxZ ftudk uke clksjksa dh T;knk er lksfp,A budks esa tsy tk ldrs gSa]* fiQj mlus jkt
eq>s ugha ;kn vk jgk] og bl mez esa vki dksbZ lqfoèkk ns nhft, dksbZ iQdZ [kksyk fd og dksVsnkj dk HkkbZ iou
gM~Mh dk ttZj <kapk cudj jg x, ugha iM+rk gSA vki ns[k yhft, dqekj dksjh gSA eSaus vcrd izèkku
FksA mUgksaus crk;k fd mUgksaus tuojh vkj{k.k ls D;k feyrk gS] gqvk dksbZ ifr lquk Fkk ij dksVsnkj HkkbZ igyh
rd ujsxk esa etnwjh dh gSA ij mUgsa iQk;nk\ eSaus muls iwNk] ^lj vkidk ckj lkeus vk;k FkkA irk pyk
iSlk ugha feyk gSA ljdkj ij mudk uke\* tokc feyk] ^xqIrk thA* eSaus dksVsnkj dk uke eksuh dksjh gSA
djhc 3500 #i;k cdk;k gSA cdk, dgk] ^ckdh ckrsa ckn dh gSaA ,d dksVsnkj Hkh nfyr tkfr dk gh gS ij
iSarhl lkS dks ysdj muds ikl dbZ dke vki ekSds ij dj ldrs gSa] D;k mlus vius fj'rsnkj ls Hkh chl #i,
dke gSaA dgrs gSa] fey tk, rks iwjk vki dqlhZ NksM+ tehu ij buds lkFk ?kwl fy;k gSA [kkldj ml ;kstuk ds
djsa] ugha rks dc ej tk,a] D;k irkA cSB ldrs gSa\* xqIrk th ldidk x, ckn tc lqizhe dksVZ dh iQVdkj ds
og dgrs gSa] vxy&cxy ds yksxksa vkSj ogka cSBs yksx dgdgh djus ckn vf[kys'k ;kno dh ljdkj us
ds fn, ls mudk thou py jgk gSA yxsA HkhM+ esa ls fdlh us dgk] caqnsy[kaM ds xjhc ifjokjksa dks eqÝr
muds ikl u jk'ku] u chih,y] u ^viuk vkj{k.k NksM+rs ugha vkSj gekjs Hkkstu ds cankscLr dh xkjaVh dh gSA
vaR;ksn;] u o`¼k isa'ku dqN ugha gSA ij budh vka[k yxh gSA* xqIrk th dksVsnkj dk HkkbZ esjs lkeus ljsvke
dksjh tkfr dh vk'kk nsoh dk Hkh xqLlk ds dgrs gSa] ^T;knk u cksyksA ?kwl ysus dh ckr Lohdkj djrk gSA
ljdkj ij ujsxk dk cdk;k gSA fiQj rqedks gekjs eafnj esa tkus dh btktr crkrk gS fd ys[kiky] lfpo ls
ntZuksa yksx ,d lkFk gkFk mBkrs gSa gS ij jke&tkudh esa rqe tk ikrs gks ysdj Mh,e rd iSlk tkrk gS] ge
ftudh etnwjh dk iSlk ljdkj ds D;k\ rqeyksx bldks D;ksa Hkwy tkrs iSlk vdsys rks j[krs ughaA ge ;g
ikl cdk;k gSA vk'kk ds ifr yYyw gksA* lc fliQZ dksVk fNus u blds fy,
dgrs gSa ^[ksrksa esa rhu lky ls clksj tkfr ls rkYyqd j[kus okys djrs gSaA* eSaus etkd fd;k] ^cM+s
yxkrkj lw[kk gS] ljdkj us ujsxk can ,d ukStoku us crk;k fd geyksxksa etcwjh ?kql[kksj gksA* HkkbZ us dgk]
dj j[kk gSA xkao esa dksbZ dke gS ughaA dk jk'ku dkMZ blfy, ugha curk ^fcYdqy ;gh gkyr gSA buesa ls dksbZ
[ksr etnwjh dk dke Hkh ugha feyrkA D;ksafd dksVsnkj dkMZ cukus ds cnys pyk ys dksVk rks irk py tk,xkA*
fnYyh esa Hkh bruh HkhM+ gS fd ogka ikap lkS #i, ?kwl ekaxrk gSA vki xkao Hkz"Vkpkj dh bl egkxkFkk ds
Hkh csdkjh jgrh gSA ge xjhc yksx esa fdlh ls iwN yhft, ^tks ?kwl fn;k chp irk pyrk gS fd ftl
dSls th,aA lj] bldk dqN mik; mldk cuk gS tks ugha fn;k mldk jke&tkudh eafnj dk xqIrk th ftØ
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 61
dj jgs Fks] ogka xkao dh lokZfèkd gky gh essa vk, ,d vkSj iafMr yxrs gSa rks eSa mudks jksdrk gwaA dgrk
vkcknh okys clksjksa ;kuh Mkse tkfr n;kjke nkl izdV gksrs gSa vkSj dgrs gwa] ^vki eafnj esa bu yksxksa dks D;ksa
ds yksxksa dks izos'k dh btktr gh gSa] ^egaFk th HkaMkjk yxkrs gSa] xkS ugha tkus nsrsA clksj tkfr ds yksxksa
ugha gSA vkSj eafnj ds Hkxoku ds uke ikyrs gSa] mlesa [kpZ gksrk gSA cgqr dks vki eqf'dy ls pkS[kV Nwus nsrs
ij 90 ,dM+ tehu jftLVMZ gSA èkkfeZd dke gksrs gSa] vuq"Bku gksrs gS] gSaA vkidks irk gS ;g vijkèk gS]
Hkxoku ds uke ij 90 ,dM+ vkSj bu xaokjksa dks D;k irkA* fgalk gS\*
xkao ds T;knkrj yksx Hkw[k&Hkw[k dh eafnj ds njokts ij igqaps clksj esjs lokyksa ls igys ls ?kcjk,
jV yxk jgs gSaA ntZuksa ds ikl ,d bap tkfr ds ukStoku mRlkfgr gSaA ijesljh [kqn ij vk, [krjs dks Vkyus
tehu ugha gS] vkf[kj fdlus jpk gS ckj&ckj esjk 'kqfØ;k djrs gSa fd og ds edln ls dgrs gSa] ^geus dgka
;g [ksy\ dkSu [kkrk gS uCcs ,dM+ eafnj ds njokts rd igqap ldsA ij dHkh fdlh dks jksdkA lc tkrs gSaA*
dk vukt\ ;g D;k [ksy gS\ [ksy eSa muls dgrk gwa] vki eafnj rks vk ^;s lHkh yksx eafnj esa vHkh
dks le>us ge eafnj dh vksj c<+rs gh tkrs igys Hkh ij vkiyksxksa dks tk,axs] esjs lkeusA* eSaus tksj nsdj
gSaA gekjs lkFk xkao dk iwjk ,d gqtwe tehu dk fglkc ekaxuk pkfg, vkSj dgkA
vkxs c<+rk gSA yksx eafnj ds njokts bl ukVd ls inkZiQk'k djuk pkfg, ijesljh nkl] ^eSaus dc euk
igqaprs gSa vkSj esjh eafnj dh iqtkjh fd jke&tkudh ds uke ij jftLVMZ fd;kA*
ijesljh nkl ls ckrphr 'kq: gksrh tehu dk vlyh Hkksxh dkSu gS\* eSaus yksxksa ls dgk] vkiyksx
gSA ijesljh nkl esjh ckr lqu dgrs tkb,A ij yksx tl ds rl [kM+s jgsA
eSa iwNrk gwa] ^yksx dg jgs gSa fd gSa&^vdsys ;gh eafnj ugha gS tgka dqN clksj ukSstoku mRlkfgr Fks ij
90 ,dM+ tehu Hkxoku ds uke ij jke&tkudh ds uke ij tehu #d x,A eSaus iwNk] ^vc D;ksa ugha
jftLVMZ gSA jke&tkudh ds uke ijA jftLVMZ gS] cfYd nl eafnj eSa tkrsA* esjs bruk iwNus ds lkFk gh ,d
dkSu gSa jke&tkudh\ dgka jgrk gS] tkurk gwa tgka lkS&lkS] nks&nks lkS ukStoku ds vka[ksa Hkj vkbZjsA dgus
tjk mUgsa cqykb,A* ,dM+ tehuksa dh Hkxoku ds uke ij yxk] ^nks lky igys esjh 'kknh FkhA eSa
ijesljh nkl] ^dkSu ugha tkurk jftLVªh gSA* ;gka vk'khokZn ysus vk;k Fkk ij
jke&tkudh dksA og nsf[k,A vanj esjs fy, ;g vk'p;Ztud iqtkjh us pkS[kV Nwus ij cqjk&Hkyk
eafnj esa fojkteku gSaA* tkudkjh gSA eSa lksprk gwa D;k dksbZ dgkA vkt cgqr [kq'k gwaA lksp ugha
eSa] ^egaFk th ;g iRFkj [kkrs gSa ,slk ehfM;k ?kjkuk gks ldrk gS tks ik jgk gwa D;k vkt ge ml eafnj esa
90 ,dM+ dk vuktA vkiyksx eq>s bl bUosLVhxs'ku ij yxk ns fd izos'k dj ldrs gSa tgka gekjs
bDdhloha lnh ds Hkkjr dks mlh ns'k ds eafnjksa] efLtnksa vkSj xq#}kjksa [kkunku dk dHkh dksbZ ugha x;kA*
rjg le>rs gSa tSlk lkS lky igys ds ikl fdruh tehu gSa vkSj mlds eSaus dgk] ^tkvks HkhA fiQj irk
FkkA D;k gksrk gS 90 ,dM+ dk mi;ksxdrkZ dkSu yksx gSa\ D;k ge ugha dc ekSdk vk,A*
vuktA yk[kksa ds vukt ij dkSu ,d yksdrkaf=kd vkSj èkeZfujis{k ns'k ml ukStoku us gok esa eqV~Bh
djrk gS ekSt\* esa jgrs gq, bldh dYiuk dj ldrs ygjkbZA t;dkjk fd;kA ntZuksa
ijesljh nkl FkksM+k vdcdkrs gSaA gSaA lksp ldrs gSa fd ftl xkao ds eqfV~B;ka gok esa ygjkbZ vkSj dbZ
fiQj dgus yxrs gSa] ^lkgc] eSa rks yksx Hkw[k ls ejus dh gkyr esa gS] clksj ;qok&cqtqxZ eafnj esa x,A* laHko
nh;k&ckrh okyk egaFk gwa] vlyh rks ogka eafnj dk ,d egaFk 90 ,dM+ gS vkèkqfud gksrs Hkkjr esa eafnjksa esa
dkyih esa jgrs gSa] jkefd'kksj nklA tehu ij dqaMyh ekjs cSBk gSA bZ'oj izos'k dksbZ cM+h yM+kbZ u cus ij eSaus
ogh tkurs gSa 90 ,dM+ tehu ij dk ;g nwr yksxksa ds [kwu pwldj] tks viuh vka[kksa ls ns[kk rks yxk fd
mxus okys vukt dk D;k gksrk gSA gd ekjdj Hkxoku dk lcls cM+k jksVh ds lkFk ;g Hkh ,d cjkcjh
mUgha ls iwfN,A* lsod cuk cSBk gSA gkfly djus dh lekukarj yM+kbZ gS
rHkh eafnj ds Hkhrj ls gfj;k.kk ls egaFk ijesljh nkl vanj tkus ftlls fdlh Hkh rjg ls budkj ugha
62 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
O;fDrRo

gkSlys dks lyke jRFkksckbZ!
vi.kkZ

va Jfedks
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cpk-
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vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 63
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2015 dks NÙkhlx<+ gkbZdksVZ us mlds ;g ckr vPNh rjg vk pqdh gS fd
64 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
O;fDrRo

jkew igyoku
eqUukyky ;kno

jk fdl
ew igyoku fiQygky 90 lky ds Åij gSa- mudk tUe lu 1925 esa fdl eghus ;k
fnu gqvk bldh mUgsa dksbZ tkudkjh ugha gS ysfdu vkSj ekeyksa es vHkh Hkh
mudh ;knnk'r cgqr etcwr gSA mudk tUe xzke ?kksM+gk] x.ks'kiqj ftyk okjk.klh]
mÙkj çns'k esa gqvkA fdlku ifjokj esa iSnk gksus ds dkj.k i<+kbZ dk ekgkSy ugha feyk
ysfdu dq'rh ds çfr mudk 'kkSd cpiu esa gh gks x;k Fkk- ?kj esa xk;&HkSal gksus ds
dkj.k nw/&ngh biQjkr gksrk Fkk vkSj muds firk Nkaxqj ;kno Hkh ;gh pkgrs Fks fd
csVk igyokuh esa uke dek,- mUgksaus pekao ds lk/ks igyoku ds v[kkM+s dh feV~Vh
iksrh vkSj yxkrkj naM cSBd vkSj likVs ds lkFk gh v[kkM+s ds iV~Bksa ls
tksj&vktekb'k djrs gq, mUgksaus vPNs&[kkls nk¡o&isap lh[k fy,- tYnh gh mLrkn
us mUgsa naxyksa esa mrkjuk 'kq: fd;kA vkSj fiQj ns[krs gh ns[krs jkew igyoku dq'rh ds
{ks=k esa ,d mYys[kuh; uke cu x,A os yM+us ds fy, ns'k ds dksus&dksus esa tkus
yxs- jkew igyoku crkrs gSa fd tc ,d ckj 'kq: gqvk rks vkus&tkus dk flyflyk
yxkrkj gh pyus yxk- vkt ;gk¡gSa rks dy ogka- dgha u dgha ls dq'rh dk
vkea=k.k feyk gh jgrk- cukjl ds vykok os dkuiqj] y[kuÅ] eqaxsj] csxqljk;]
dfVgkj] iVuk] dydÙkk vkSj cEcbZ yxkrkj tkrs jgs vkSj ,d ls ,d naxy vius
uke djrs x,-
mu fnuksa dq'rh gkyk¡fd cgqr yksdfç; Fkh vkSj yxkrkj vk;ksftr gksrh jgrh Fkh
blds ckotwn ;g ,d rjg ls futh miØeksa dk ,d vlaxfBr {ks=k FkhA blfy,
cM+s&cM+s igyoku viuh eYy dyk vius&vius v[kkM+ksa ds vuq'kklu esa çnf'kZr
djrs FksA v[kkM+ksa ds uke ls gh igyoku eSnku esa mrjrs vkSj ckn esa tc mudk uke
Å¡pk mBrk rks v[kkM+ksa dh /kd Hkh nwj nwj rd tkrh- rexs dHkh dHkkj gh feyrs-
vf/drj lkiQk vkSj udn buke gh feyrk- jkew igyoku us Hkh ikap #i;s ls ysdj
,d gtkj #i;s rd dh dqf'r;ka iQrg dha- os tkurs rks dbZ nkao Fks ysfdu dsoy
rhu nkaoksa v¼k] dkyktax vkSj /ksfc;kikV ls gh os vius çfr}a}h dks /wy pVk nsrs-
muds eq[; çfr}af};ksa esa eqtkoj] jke/uh] enknw] eV:] cksnw] ';keyky vkSj dk'kh
vkfn FksA vius bu lkfFk;ksa dks ;kn djrs gq, jkew igyoku dgrs gSa fd igys dk
tekuk Hkys gh vkt dh rjg ped&ned okyk u jgk gks ysfdu fgUnw&eqlyekuksa
esa bruh nwjh dHkh ugha jgh- naxs&iQlkn Hkh cgqr de gh gksrs Fks- os crkrs gSa fd
y[kuÅ ds ,d eqlyeku igyoku ds ikl chl v[kkM+s Fks vkSj os vyLlqcg iV~Bksa
dks yM+kus esa yx tkrsA os pkgrs Fks fd mudk csVk igyokuh djs ysfdu yk[k pkgus
ij Hkh csVs esa dksbZ fnypLih ugha iui ldhA cspkjs vdsys gh lkjk lkfejkt ns[krs
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 65
jkew igyoku us tc dq'rh NksM+h rc ij fd vc bruh mez esa mudk 'kkSd
FksA jkew igyoku vkSj nwljs yksx mUgsa
iwjh rjg ls [ksrh&x`gLFkh esa je x,- D;k gS\ ,d çkaty eqLdku ekjrs gq,
fp<krs ysfdu dHkh eueqVko u
os dq'rh ds fy, yxkrkj vius dks os dgrs gSa & vc rks cl dHkh&dHkh
gqvkA ysfdu jkew igyoku bl
rRij j[krs ysfdu igyokuh dk fcjgk lqurk gw¡- ;gh ,d 'kkSd gS tks
ekeys esa lkSHkkX;'kkyh gSa fd muds
mUgksaus dHkh Hkh nq#i;ksx ugha fd;k- ugha tkrk !
cM+s csVs yYyu ;kno us Hkh dbZ
u fdlh ds yBSr cus vkSj u gh dHkh ●●●
dqf'r;ka thrhaA os nwjlapkj foHkkx esa
fdlh ij jkSc xkfyc fd;k- ;g iwNus
dk;Zjr gSaA

(i`"B 79 dk 'ks"k---) FkksM+h nsj ckn vk;s gok ds rst >ksads nqfu;k esa ugha gksaxsA vxj gksrs rks
ckfy;ksa dks ihVdj xsgwa us vkleku esa Nk;s dkys&dkys t:j ,d u ,d fnu ykSV vkrsA ,d
fudkyus dk FkkA eSaus tc muls iwNk cknyksa dks iwjc fn'kk dh vksj mM+k fnu eSaus vkids thou ds dfBu
fd D;k xsgwa ihVsaxs\ rks mUgksaus dgk& fn;kA tc vkleku ls ckny NaV x, la?k"kZ dh dgkuh fy[kus dk fu.kZ;
gk¡ ihVwaxkA eq>s ;g ckr cgqr vthc rks firkth dk ruko FkksM+k de gqvk fy;k vkSj fy[kkA dgkuh Nih vkSj
yxh fd tc ?kj&?kj Fkzslj e'khu gks vkSj os ?kj ds lkekU; dke&dkt esa [kwc ljkgh x;hA* tc eSa firkth dks
x;h gS ml nkSj esa firkth xsgwa ds nkuksa yx x,A eSa muds vkxs&ihNs Mksyus lius esa dgkuh ds ckjs esa crk jgk Fkk
dks ihVdj fudkyuk pkg jgsa gSa ij yxkA vpkud firkth iwNus yxs ml le; [kq'kh vkSj ihM+k dh fefJr
eSa dqN cksy ugha ldkA os dgus ^tc eSa ukS lky ?kj ij ugha Fkk rks vuqHkwfr dks 'kCnksa esa c;ka ugha fd;k
yxs& ^vxj ugha ihVwaxk rks ckfjl rqeus D;k fd;k\* eSaus dgk& tc tk ldrk] mls rks cl eglwl fd;k
gksus ds ckn ,d nkuk Hkh ?kj esa ugha vki vkt ls ukS lky igys vpkud tk ldrk gSA firkth dks eSa dgkuh
tk ik,xkA vfèkd ls vfèkd ftruk ?kj NksM+ dj pys x, Fks rc eSaus lqukrs & lqukrs iQwV&iQwV dj jksus
xsgwa ihVdj ?kj esa pyk tk;sxk de ls vkidks cgqr [kkstk ij vki ugha yxkA dkiQh nsj rd lius esa fgpd
de dqN fnu ds fuokys dk bartke feysA vkids vpkud ?kj ls pys & fgpd dj jksrk jgk fiQj vpkud
rks gks tk;sxkA vkf[kj pkj eghus tkus ls eSa cgqr nq[kh FkkA le; chrrk uhan [kqy x;h vkSj tkxus ds ckn esjh
gkM+&rksM+ esgur dj mxkbZ gqbZ iQly jgk vkSj ns[krs gh ns[krs ukS lky chr vk¡[kksa ls nsj rd vJq/kjk cgrh jghA
dks cckZn gksrs dSls ns[k ldrk gw¡\* x,A eSaus lkspk 'kk;n vc vki bl ●●●

66 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
fy[kh&i<+h dgkuh

fe'ku ,u-ih-,-
jes'k ;kno

jes'k ;kno is'ks ls cSadj gSa ysfdu mudk eu lkfgR; vkSj i=kdkfjrk esa jerk gSaA 9 vDVwcj 1962 dks eqacbZ ds
fpapiksdyh bykds esa tUes jes'k dh tM+sa xksj[kiqj ds ,d fdlku ifjokj esa gSaA blhfy, mudh dgkfu;ksa esa çk;%
fdlkuksa vkSj Jethfo;ksa ds çfr cSadksa ds udkjkRed vkSj 'kks"k.kdkjh joS;s ds çfr vkykspukRed #[k feyrk gSA
fofo/ fo/kvksa esa mudh dqy vkB iqLrdsa çdkf'kr gks pqdh gSa vkSj pkj çdk'kuk/hu gSaA rhu iqLrdksa dks egkjk"Vª
jkT; lkfgR; vdkneh dk iqjLdkj çkIr gks pqdk gSA vkdk'kok.kh ls okrkZ,a] ys[k] dfork,a ,oa dgkfu;ksa dk çlkj.k
gksrk jgrk gSA os ,d dq'ky vfHkusrk vkSj lektlsoh Hkh gSaA mUgksaus dbZ jk"Vªh; lsfeukjksa esa Hkkxhnkjh dh gSA jes'k dks
eqacbZ ls cgqr I;kj gSA ;gk¡rd dh dsujk cSad dh ukSdjh esa mUgksaus çeks'ku ds yxHkx lkjs ekSds blfy, NksM+ fn, rkfd
mUgsa eqacbZ ls ckgj u tkuk iM+sA

rs ckgj
t xfr ls nkSM+ jgh Vªsu vpkud #dhA ,d >Vdk&lk yxk vkSj eSa viuh rUæk ls
vk;kA 'kk;n dksbZ LVs'ku vk;k FkkA ekuliVy ij cqycqyksa dh rjg mB jgs
ç'uksa dks jksdkA vka[kksa dks iksaNrs gq, eSa Hkkjh dneksa ls IysViQkeZ ij mrjdj
b/j&m/j >kadus yxkA Vªsu ns'k ds nf{k.kh {ks=k dks ikj djds mÙkjh {ks=k dh lhek esa
ços'k dj xbZ FkhA rki ds fnuA tyrh /jrhA >qylrs liusA IysViQkeZ ij vkrs& tkrs
yksxksa dks eSa fugkjus yxkA dqN nsj rd ekSu gksdj lcdqN ns[krk jgkA lkeus ls
pk;okyk vk jgk Fkk] mls cqyk;k vkSj pk; dh pqfLd;ka ysrs gq, viuh lhV ij
tkdj cSB x;kA lhVh cth vkSj ygjkrh gqbZ Vªsu py iM+hA eSa iqu% ;knksa ds leanj esa
xksrs yxkus yxkA Hkhrj dh ljxksf'k;ka ckgj vk xbaZA esjh vka[kksa ds lkeus og n`';
rSjus yxk tc eq>s cSad }kjk lEekfur fd;k tk jgk Fkk---
cSad ds ç/ku dk;kZy; dh og vkyh'kku xxupqach bekjrA fyÝV ls
iPphloha eafty ij tkrs gq, esjh vka[kas McMck xbZ FkhaA vkt eq>s cSad ds çca/
481@161] funs'kd ds gkFkksa lEekfur fd;k tkuk FkkA iPphloha eafty dh lkt&lTtk vkSj
jkSud ns[kdj eSa pkSaf/;k x;k FkkA lc dqN HkO;] lqanj vkSj vkyh'kku Fkk] tSls dksbZ
fouk;d oklqnso]
ikap flrkjk gksVy gksA lkeus og rLohj Fkh ftlesa cSad ds ps;jeSu egksn; Hkkjh
,u-,e- tks'kh ekxZ] Hkjde jde okyk psd ea=kh th dks lkSairs gq, eqLdqjk jgs FksA rks ns'k ds foÙk ea=kh
fpapiksdyh (if'pe) cM+h gh xeZtks'kh ls mls Lohdkj dj jgs FksA gkWy esa lth ;g rLohj yksxksa dks
eqacbZ vkdf"kZr dj jgh FkhA cSad tks equkiQk dekrk gS mldk ,d fgLlk ljdkj dks fn;k
iQksu& 9820759088 tkrk gS] rkfd ns'k dh vkfFkZd O;oLFkk etcwr gks ldsA Hkys gh gesa cksul u
feyrk gks] tks futh miØeksa esa feyrk gS] ij ns'k ds fodkl esa gekjk ;ksxnku gSA
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 67
ns'k dh vkfFkZd O;oLFkk esa gekjk Hkh FkkA ,d vksj osru ds vfrfjDr vU;Fkk cjlksa dh esgur ij ikuh
vge ;ksxnku gS] bl ckr dk eq>s yk[kksa esa cksul vkSj HkÙks ikusokys fiQj tkrk gSA VkjxsV dk >aMk eSa Hkh
xoZ gks jgk FkkA ;g rLohj ftruh dehZ gSa]rks nwljh vksj bldk vk/k Hkh iQgjk dj vk;k Fkk tks fiNys nl
lkiQ&lqFkjh utj vk jgh Fkh] ugha ikrs] ,sls yksxksa dh Hkkjh HkhM+ gS! o"kksZa esa dHkh ugha gqvk FkkA cgjgky
gdhdr esa oSlh gksrh ugha] bl ckr nksuksa Js.kh esa ljdkjh vkSj xSj eap ij cSBs cSBs eq>s ?kj ifjokj dh
dh xokgh esjk vareZu ns jgk FkkA ljdkjh yksxksa dk lekos'k gSA eq>s ;kn vk xbZ fd ;g lEeku rks esjh
psd dh jde r; djrh gS fd ;kn vk x;k esjk Hkrhtk tks vk;-Vh- iRuh dk Hkh gS] ftlus vdsys ?kj dh
vxyh iksfLVax dgka vkSj fdl in lsDVj esa gS] mlus VkjxsV iwjk fd;k ftEesnkfj;ksa dks laHkkyk FkkA ikap o"kkZas
ij gksxhA xeZtks'kh ls gkFk feykus rks mls osru ds cjkcj yk[kksa dk dk vdsykiu Hkksxk FkkA thou ds
vkSj eqLdqjkgV ds ihNs ,d yach cksul fn;k x;k vkSj inksUufr vyx vtwcsiu dks >syk FkkA cPps dPph
jktuhfr gksrh gSA ns'k ds fodkl esa lsA egt rhl lky dh mez esa yk[kksa mez ikj djds tokuh dh ngyht ij
ge Jethfo;ksa dk fdruk cM+k dh ru[okg ikusokyk vkt og nLrd ns jgs FksA ;gh og mez gksrh gS
;ksxnku gksrk gS] bldk ewY;kdau rks daiuh dk ,DthD;wfVo gS vkSj eSa] cPpksa dh] tgka mUgsa laHkkyus dh vkSj
fliQZ 'kCnksa rd gh lhfer gksrk gSA [kSj------- Lokxr d{k esa esjk cM+h laHkyus dh t:jr vf/d gksrh gSA
[kq'k gks tkrs gSa ge lkgcksa dh xeZtks'kh ls Lokxr fd;k x;kA dqN mudh ftanxh thou ds ml pkSjkgs
okg&okgh lsA exj blesa Hkh ,d cgqr gh [kwclwjr] 'kksyk vkSj 'kcue ij [kM+h gksrh gS] tgka ls reke jkgsa
vdM+u gksrh gSA vkf[kj ;s Hkh dgka tSlh lqanj efgykvksa us cM+s vknj ls cuus] fcxM+us] cgdus vkSj fiQlyus
vklkuh ls feyrh gS ! esjk fryd fd;k] iQwy fn;k vkSj eq>s dh vksj fudyrh gSaA ,d vksj
[kSj] rLohj esa eqLdqjk jgs eap rd ys xbZA lekjksg dh çeks'ku ds >aMs rks nwljh vksj ?kj &
ps;jeSu dh [kq'kh esa eSaus viuh [kq'kh vkSipkfjdrk iwjh gksus ds ckn ifjokj dh fiQØ----------A eq>s ;kn gS
feyk yh vkSj vkxs c<+ x;kA dne ps;jeSu egksn; us lqanj lEeku fd Ldsy ou dk çeks'ku iPphl
dqN vkxs c<+s gh Fks fd lkeus fpUg] ç'kfLr i=k vkSj lksus dh ijr lky ds ckn feyk FkkA VªkaliQj ds
fj'ksIlu ikspZ esa yxs Vhoh ij vka[ksa p<+k xksYM esMy nsdj eq>s lEekfur lnes ls lnSo ijs'kku jgkA 25&30
xM+ xbZA lkeus ehfM;k dh oks fd;kA lEeku dk tokc nsrs gq, esjh lky ds ckn igyk çeks'ku vkSj og
lqf[kZ;ka nkSM+ jgh Fkh ftlesa ns'k esa vka[ksa ue gks x;h FkhaA eSaus bl rjg Hkh xkao&[ksM+s esa----! ljdkjh egdeksa
iQSys Hkz"Vkpkj dh fjiksVZ is'k dh tk ds lEeku ds ckjs dHkh lkspk Hkh ugha esa bl VªkaliQj uked lksp ls fdruk
jgh FkhA Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj nykyh esa FkkA ljgn ij 'kghn gksusokys tokuksa uqdlku gksrk gS yksxksa dk vkSj ns'k
fyIr usrkvksa dh [kcjsa eu esa Xykfu dh ftanfx;ka ;kn vk xbZ] vkSj dh O;oLFkk dk Hkh] ;g vkt Hkh
iSnk dj jgh FkhaA fjiksVZj crk jgk Fkk lekpkj i=kksa dh oks lq[kZ [kcjsa HkhA yksx Bhd ls le> ugha jgs gSa bldk
fd ns'klsok ds uke ij pqudj bl lEeku ls okLro esa eq>s csgn eu gh eu cM+k viQlksl gks jgk Fkk !
vkusokys usrk] laln esa vkilh Hksn [kq'kh gks jgh Fkh ij fny esa ,d [kSj] pkj lky ckn ;g nwljk çeks'ku
Hkko vkSj jaft'k feVkdj fdl rjg dld Hkh FkhA thou dh ikB'kkyk us FkkA eghus Hkj Hkh eSa ifjokj ds lkFk
,dtqV gksdj vius osru] HkÙks] cgqr dqN fl[kk fn;k FkkA bl ckr ugha jg ik;k Fkk fd vpkud ,d
isa'ku] vkokl vkSj reke lqfo/k;sa dks eSa eglwl dj jgk FkkA esjh n`f"V fnu iqu% VªkaliQj vkWMZj Fkek fn;k
eatwj djk jgs FksA blds fy, mUgsa ls ;g lEeku rks mu xzkeh.kksa dk Fkk] x;kA 'kgj ls lh/s xkao&[ksMs+ esa] mÙkj
gM+rky djds osru dVkSrh djokus ftUgksaus esjh vkokt ls vkokt ls lh/k nf{k.k çns'k esa tkuk iM+k]
dh t:jr ugha iM+rhA feyk;h Fkh vkSj dMIik 'kk[kk dk og Hkh ifjokj ds cxSjA iRuh dh
lH; lekt dh ;s vlH; VkjxsV iwjk fd;k FkkA vktdy ukSdjh vkSj cPpksa dh i<+kbZ ds pyrs
rLohjsaA rY[k gdhdrsaA esjs vanj dk VkjxsV dk tekuk gSA tks VkjxsV ds mUgs lkFk ys tkuk laHko ugha FkkA
,d tTckrh balku fglkc yxk jgk [ksy esa ekfgj gSa] ogh fldanj gSa] vr% [kkus&ihus] mBus&cSBus] cksyh&
68 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
djrkA fujk'kk ds ,sls
{k.kksa esa vDlj vanj
ls dksbZ dgrk jgrk gS
fd fpark er djks]
lc dqN vPNk gksxkA
,sls Lianuksa ls mpkV
eu dHkh&dHkh lqdwu
ikrk gSA lEeku ds
i'pkr vius Hkk"k.k
esa eSaus dgk Fkk fd]
fe=kks] eq>s thou esa
dfo 'kSysUæ dh ;s
iafDr;ka çk;% lacy
çnku djrh gSa &rw
ftank gS rks ftanxh dh
thr ij ;dhu dj
Hkk"kk] jgus bR;kfn reke rjg dh xjeh Hkh FkhA Hkk"kk;h ijs'kkuh] xaobZ vxj dgha gS LoxZ rks
ijs'kkfu;ksa dks >syrs gq, eq>s rks ukuh rkSj&rjhds] xzkeh.k cSafdax] yksdy mrkj yk tehu ijA bl ea=k dks eSaus
;kn vk x;h FkhA ejrk cspkjk D;k u yksxksa dh ncaxbZ bR;kfn leL;kvksa ds viuk thou&ea=k cuk fy;k gS vkSj
djrk! lks] tkuk iM+kA lksp jgk Fkk pyrs yksx eq> ij galrs vkSj eSa fnu pqukSfr;ksa ds gj eksM+ ij bl ea=k dks
dec[r ;s Hkh dksbZ çeks'ku gS! dkVus ds pDdj esa eqLdqjk nsrkA [kSj] thou&xhr cukus dh dksf'k'k djrk
clh&clkbZ nqfu;k NksM+dj xkao esa ikap o"kksaZ ls rd vka/izzns'k ds bl gw¡A fe=kks] ds vkt ds bl vk;kstu ds
tkvksA osru esa btkiQk fliQZ lSdM+ksa dMIik 'kk[kk esa crkSj çca/d viuh çfr ÑrKrk O;Dr djrs gq,] ;g
dk vkSj lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd lsok,a eSaus çnku dhA eSa lksp jgk Fkk lEeku eSa fl¼Iik dks lefiZr dj
uqdlku yk[kksa dk! ubZ x`gLFkh fd vkf[kj bl liQyrk ds ihNs ,d jgk gw¡A
clkvks] oks [kpkZ vyx ls! exj D;k jkt Hkh rks fNik Fkk fd fdlh rjg yksx pfdr gks x, fd ;g
djsa lkgc] caSfdx baMLVªh esa rcknyk] xzkeh.k lsok ds rhu o"kZ iwjs dj ywa fl¼Iik dkSu gS\ [kSj] lEeku
ukSdjh dk ,d vfoHkkT; ?kVd gksrk vkSj fiQj vius gkseVkmu dks ykSV lekjksg lekIr gqvkA dk;ZØe ds
gS] tks o"kksaZ ls pyh vk jgh ,d tkÅa] ij gqvk Bhd foijhrA VkjxsV vxys gh fnu eSa vius gkseVkmu
ykbykt chekjh gSA bl chekjh ds iwjk u gksus dh otg ls esjk dk;Zdky xkft;kckn dh vksj jokuk gks x;kA
pyrs egkuxjksa esa jgusokys dfeZ;ksa mlh 'kk[kk esa nks o"kksaZ ds fy, vkSj Vªsu vc iwjh jÝrkj ls nkSM+us yxh FkhA
vkSj efgykvksa dh fiNys rhu n'kdksa c<+k fn;k x;kA eq>s Hk; Fkk fd ;fn eu dh eqaMsj ij [kV~Vh&ehBh ;knksa
esa dkiQh uqdlku mBkuk iM+k gSA bl ckj Hkh VkjxsV iwjk ugha gqvk rks--! dk flyflyk isax ys jgk FkkA
daI;wVj vkSj rduhdh ds bl ;qx esa fdlh Hkh rjg eq>s okil vius
o"kksZa yach ftanxh esa dqN ckrsa
vc rks bl chekjh dk bykt gksuk gh ifjokj ds chp ykSVuk FkkA exj gka]
gh ;kn jgrh gSaA lkfgR;dkjksa ds
pkfg,! eu gh eu dkslrs gq, eSaus eSa cSad dh ftEesnkfj;ksa ls Hkkxuk Hkh
'kCnksa eas vthc&lk dfj'ek gksrk gSA
vius ifjokj vkSj 'kgj ls fcnkbZ yh ugha pkgrk FkkA djks ;k ejks dh
os fliQZ ydhj ds iQdhj ugha gksrs]
FkhA dMIik 'kk[kk esa eSaus viuh ubZ fLFkfr ls eSa xqtj jgk Fkk mu fnuksaA
cfYd thou dk eeZ maM+sydj j[k
ikjh vkjaHk dhA ,d vksj reke fdruk vcw> gksrk gS u thou ! nsrs gSaA dekscs'k og iqjkuk nksgk esjs
leL;k;sa rks nwljh vksj inksUufr dh og vius dks dHkh iwjk O;Dr ugha fy, iFk çn'kZd cuk &ehyksa yach
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 69
ftanxh] cjlksa nkSMs+ nkSM+] ckdh lc dku id x;s FksA 'kk[kk esa eq>s yxsxk! chekjh esa nokb;ka dSls
foLe`r gqvk] ;kn jgs dqN eksM+A feykdj dqy ikap deZpkjh Fks] ,d igqapk;h tk;saxh] bR;kfn bR;kfn! ij
njvly ftl ftys esa esjh nks rks jkst gh NqV~Vh ij jgrsA eqf[k;k bu lHkkvksa esa cka/ cukdj pkjksa vksj
'kk[kk Fkh ml ftys esa ,d unh cgrh gksus ds ukrs frtksjh dh pkch ls ysdj flapkbZ ds fy, ugj cukus ij dHkh
FkhA unh csNwV FkhA ,d vksj ojnku lkiQ&liQkbZ vkSj xsV [kksyus can dksbZ ppkZ ugha mBrh FkhA blds dbZ
rks nwljh vksj vfHk'kkiA ftl {ks=k ls djus dh lkjh ftEesnkjh esjh Fkh] dkj.k jgs gksaxs] 'kk;n LokFkZ ;k dqN
cgrh ogka rks iQly vPNh mxrh] D;ksafd--------[kSj ;g fo"k; yack gks vkSj---------A
fdarq dHkh&dHkh rckgh epkrs gq, tk,xk----A vkt rd vkfFkZd eqík gh muds
ck<+ Hkh ykrh FkhA bl ij cka/ dqN gh fnuksa ckn ftyk Lrj ij fy, fljnnZ cuk FkkA eSaus çLrko dks
cukdj ikuh dks jksduk t:jh Fkk] ljdkjh ,tsafl;ksa dh ,d cSBd esa ç/ku dk;kZy; Hkst fn;kA lkFk esa
rkfd lqpk# :i ls ikuh [ksrksa rd eq>s fueaf=kr fd;k x;kA {ks=k ds ftyk dysDVj vkSj {ks=k ds ea=kh th
igqapk;k tk lds vkSj ck<+ dks jksdk fodkl vkSj leL;kvksa ij ppkZ gksuh dk fliQkfj'kh i=k Hkh tksM+ fn;kA ;g
tk ldsA FkhA muds fy, ;s egt [kkukiwfrZ Fkh çkstsDV yksu dk ,d cM+k çLrko Fkk]
esjs cSad dh 'kk[kk ftl {ks=k esa ij esjs fy, fe'ku FkkA ljdkjh tks csgn gh laosnu'khy FkkA cSad dks
Fkh ogka fiNys dqN o"kksZa ls lw[ks dk vf/dkfj;ksa ds lkeus eSaus unh ij bl çLrko esa #fp FkhA jkT; ljdkj
vkye FkkA lw[ks dh otg ls yksx cka/ cukus vkSj ugj fudkyus dh xkjaVh nsus dks rS;kj FkhA yksu eatwjh
cngkyh dk thou th jgs FksA dbZ ;kstuk j[khA ogka ds thou ds ckjs esa dh çfØ;k vkjaHk gqbZ vkSj yxkrkj
çdkj ds Ñf"k yksu ml {ks=k esa ckaVs vkSj [ksrksa dh mit ds ckjs esa yksxksa cSBdsa gksus yxhaA yksxksa esa [kq'kh dh
x;s Fks ij yksu dh olwyh ugha gks ik dks le>k;kA eSaus og eksM+ crk;k ygj nkSM+ x;hA
jgh FkhA LFkkuh; usrkx.k dtZ ekiQh tgka cka/ cukuk t:jh FkkA blls ,d esjh dhfrZ vc {ks=k esa pkjksa vksj
dh jV yxk, gq, FksA blls yksxksa esa vksj gekjh 'kk[kk ds {ks=k ds yksxksa dks iQSy x;h FkhA yksxksa dks yx jgk Fkk
xyriQgeh iSnk gks x;h Fkh] ij dqN ck<+ ls jkgr feyus okyh Fkh] rks fd unh ij cka/ esjh otg ls cu jgk
yksx bZekunkj Hkh FksA os dtZ pqdkuk nwljh vksj vPNh iQlyA ;kstuk ij gSA eSa yksu ikl djok jgk gwa] blfy,
pkgrs Fks] fdarq ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vkxs yxusokyh ykxr ds fy, vko';d fodkl dh ugj muds ?kjksa rd
etcwj FksA muds bl tT+cs dks lyke cSad yksu dk çLrko cukus dk ftEek igqapus okyh gSA os ,slk eku cSBs Fks
djus dks fny pkg jgk FkkA eSaus mBk;k vkSj bls vius cSad ds fd {ks=k esa tks ØkfUr gksus tk jgh gS
VkjxsV iwjk djus ds vklqjh ç/ku dk;kZy; ls eatwjh fnyokus dk mldk lw=k/kj eSa gw¡A bldk ykHk Hkh
[;ky us eq>s l[r cuk fn;k vkSj Hkjkslk Hkh fn;kA {ks=k ds eqf[k;k us eq>s feyus yxkA
lke&nke&naM&Hksn dh uhfr viukrs bl ;kstuk ds ckjs esa eq>s igys gh yksx nwj&nwj ls feyus vkus
gq, eSaus fe'ku ,u-ih-,- vFkkZr ukWu crk fn;k Fkk] vr% ç/ku dk;kZy; ls yxsA vius cSafdax ds djksckj dks
ijiQkWfeaZx vlsV ;kuh ,sls cSad yksu bl fo"k; ij esjh ppkZ gks x;h FkhA fuiVkus yxsA /hjs&/hjs cSad ds dke
tks olwy u gks jgs gksa ds rgr oSls blds igys {ks=k ds yksx dkt esa xfr vkus yxhA O;kikj c<+us
;su&dsu çdkjs.k yksu olwyh dks ck<+ dh leL;k ds lek/ku ds fy, yxkA u;s [kkrs [kqyus yxsA iqjkus yksu
viuk y{; cuk;kA fodkl dh bl ftykf/dkfj;ksa ls dbZ ckj fey pqds olwy gksus yxsA u, yksu fn, tkus
lfjrk ds :i esa eSa yksdra=k dk liuk FksA gj lky ,d cM+h lHkk vk;ksftr yxsA 'kk[kk dk fMikWftV fiQxj Hkh
ns[k jgk FkkA bl fiNMs+ gq, bykds ds dh tkrh vkSj mlesa ppkZ dh tkrh c<+ x;k] ftldh eSaus dHkh mEehn
misf{krksa ds fy, tkx#drk] fd ;fn ck<+ vk;h rks jkgr dk;Z ugha dh FkhA bUgha xzkgdksa dh enn ls
Hkkxhnkjh] vkSj voljksa dh lqyHkrk fdl çdkj fd;k tk;sxk! enn dSls eSaus iqjkus yksu olwyus ds fy, l[r
dk fopkj esjs eu esa xwat jgk FkkA igqapk;h tk;sxh! eqvkots dh jkf'k dne mBk,A
yksxksa dh f'kdk;rsa lqu&lqudj esjs dSls forfjr gksxh! jkgr f'kfoj dgka ,d fnu og Hkh vk;k tc
70 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
VkjxsV iwjk gks x;kA eSa csgn [kq'k FkkA fn;kA mlds da/ksa ij gkFk j[kdj iQwV&iQwVdj jks jgk FkkA ;knksa ds Vhys
esjk VeZ vc iwjk gksus tk jgk Fkk] dqN nsj rd mls lgykrk jgk vkSj ij [kM+k eSa gkFk tksM+dj mlls dg
blfy, eSa vius {ks=k esa ?kwe&?kwedj Hkkjh dneksa ls vkxs c<+ x;kA eu gh jgk Fkk &^fl¼Iik gks lds rks eq>s
yksxksa ls fey jgk FkkA vpkud ml eu eSa vius vkidks nks"kh ekuus yxkA ekiQ dj nsukA eq>s rqe ij ncko ugha
njokts ij Hkh igqapk] ftldk dqN eq>s ;kn gS fe'ku ,u-ih-,- ds Mkyuk pkfg, FkkA ij D;k d:a HkkbZ!
yksu eSaus le>kSrk&çLrko ds rgr rgr yksu olwyus ds fy, tc eSa eSa M~;wVh fuHkk jgk Fkk vkSj rqe bTtr
ekiQ djok;k FkkA og fl¼Iik dk xkao&xkao ?kwe jgk Fkk rc ,d fnu dh [kkfrj dtZ vnk dj jgs FksA vkxs
?kj FkkA csgn mnklh dk vkye Fkk vpkud bl fdlku fl¼Iik ds ?kj tks dqN gqvk og rks fu;fr dk [ksy
ogkaA ;g ?kVuk esjs fny esa lnk ds igq¡p x;k vkSj yksu pqdkus ds fy, FkkA dk'k! rqe tSlh bZekunkjh mu
fy, ;knxkj cu x;hA thou esa ml ij ncko MkykA igys rks og ?kk?k iwathifr;ksa vkSj usrkvksa esa Hkh
'kk;n gh dHkh eSa bls Hkqyk ikÅaxkA viuh xjhch vkSj vdky dk jksuk gksrh tks djksM+ksa #i;ksa dk yksu
eq>s ns[kdj fl¼Iik esjs iSjksa ij jksus yxkA ij tc eSaus mls le>kSrk vkilh feyhHkxr ds pyrs Mdkjdj
fxj x;k vkSj iQwV&iQwVdj jksrs gq, çLrko ds rgr yksu dk dqN fgLlk cSB tkrs gSaA muds fy, ;g ykt
dgus yxk] ^ljZ! eSa cgqr xjhc gksuk ekiQ djus ds ckjs esa crk;k vkSj dqN &yTt+k ;k 'kjeks&g;k dh ugha]
th] ij viuk bTtr cgqr I;kjk gksuk- ncko cuk;k rks og jkth gks x;kA cfYd 'kku dh ckr gksrh gSA bl Mwch
-----A fdlh dk dtZ ckdh j[kuk vdky ds dkj.k [ksrh laHko ugh gqbZ vufxur djksM+ksa dh iwath ls ns'k
gedks 'keZ dh ckr gksukA vkIi Fkh] fdarq esgur&etnwjh djds og ds dbZ fl¼Iikvksa dk thou vkckn
olwyh ds fy, esjs ?kj vkuk rks dt+kZ vius ifjokj dk Hkj.k&iks"k.k dj gks ldrk gSA dbZ ufn;ksa ij cka/
pqdkus ds fy, eSaus csVh dh 'kknh ds jgk FkkA dqN yksu ekiQ gks tk;sxk bl cukdj flapkbZ ds fy, ugjsa fudkyh
fy, j[kk iSlk vkids cSad esa tek ykyp esa mlus fuf'pr le; esa 'ks"k tk ldrh gSaA f'k{kk] fctyh ]ikuh]
dj nsukA ij ckn esa vpkud esjh yksu jkf'k cSad esa tek dj nhA gkV&cktkj] iDds edkuksa dk bartke
iRuh chekj gksuk th] eSaUus lksuk le>kSrk çLrko ds rgr eSaus mls fd;k tk ldrk gSA vFkhZ ds ctk;
(tsoj) cspdj mldk bykt djukA Í.k&eqDr dj fn;kA bl rjg dbZ csfV;ksa dh Mksfy;ka ltk;h tk ldrh
ckn esa yM+ds okys 'kknh ds okLrs [kkrksa dh olwyh ml nkSjku eSaus dhA gSa---------eq>s ekiQ dj nsuk esjs HkkbZ-----
ckj&ckj esjs ?kj dks vkuk thA eSa esjh bl ckthxjh ij esjs vkykdeku eq>s ekiQ dj nsuk----A*
etcwj gksuk] esjs ikl iSLlk ugha cM+s [kq'k FksA lHkh yksx esjh rkjhiQ 'kk;n ;g esjk Hkze Fkk ! eSa vHkh rd
gksukA dSLlk 'kknh djsaxk\ fiQj 'kknh dj jgs FksA esjk mnkgj.k is'k dj jgs ml lnesa ls ckgj ugha fudy ik;k
VwV tkukA esjh csVh dks cM+k /Ddk FksA blh dk urhtk Fkk fd eq>s ç/ku FkkA nwj f{kfrt ij lw;Z igkfM+;ksa ds
yxukA ?kj dh ykt cpkus ds fy, dk;kZy; cqykdj lEekfur fd;k vkapy esa ne rksM+us dh rS;kjh dj
,d fnu xys esa iQank yxkdj og x;k FkkA jgk FkkA Vªsu dh lhVh cthA fu%'kCn
>wYy x;h thA esjh iRuh dks bldk ljiV Hkkxrh Vªsu vpkud #dhA ,d gksdj eSa iqu% viuh lhV ij vkdj
lnek yxuk] og Hkh Hkxoku dks >Vdk&lk yxkA eSa viuh ;knksa dks cSB x;kA dkys 'kh'ks ls ckgj >kadus
I;kjh gks xbZA eSa rks ywV x;k ljZA vc lesVrs gq, ckgj vk;k vkSj ckgj dh dksf'k'k dj jg FkkA liQsn yqaxh
esjs ikl [kkus dks Hkh dqN ugha gksuk] >kadus yxkA rst gok dh eqDdsckth yisVs] dkyk v/uaxk ,d 'k[l
fdlds lgkjs thuk! 'kk;n ,d fnu tkjh FkhA dqN cwank&ckanh vkSj fiQj csrgk'kk Hkkxk pyk tk jgk FkkA eSa
gEe Hkh iQank yxk ysaxk ljZ--------- vpkud dM+h /wi] tyrh /jrh] vius Hkhrj iuirs nnZ ds Tokj dks
mldh bl d#.k xkFkk us eq>s >qylrs liusA lkeus ,d tkuk nckus dh dksf'k'k dj jgk Fkk!
>d>ksj dj j[k fn;kA og vkalqvksa igpkuk&lk vkneh fn[kkbZ fn;kA ●●●
dks jksd ugha ik jgk FkkA esjh tqcku eq>s yxk tSls lkeus dkyk
lqUu gks x;h FkhA eSaus mls /hjt v/kuaxk] yqaxh yisVs fl¼Iik
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 71
fy[kh&i<+h dgkuh

eqVeqj&eqvkj
gfjUæ çlkn

gfjUæ çlkn vkt bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; ds liQy odhy gSa ysfdu os bl is'ks dks vius fy, vPNk ugha
ekursA mudk tUe 1 vxLr 1968 dks mÙkj çns'k ds eÅ ftys ds ,d xk¡o esaÅaM+h dyka esa gqvk A muds firk
,d NksVs fdlku Fks ysfdu cPpksa ds Hkfo"; dks ysdj mUgksaus dksbZ Hkkoqdrk ugha fn[kkbZ A cgqr lhfer lk/uksa esa
Hkh mUgksaus vius cPpksa dks leqfpr f'k{kk nsus esa dksrkgh ugha dhA Lo;a gfjUæ cpiu ls gh cgqr ifjJeh Fks mUgksaus
viuh es/k] Lokè;k; vkSj esgur ls viuh txg cukbZ gS A ch-,l&lh-] ,y- ,y-ch- djus vkSj odkyr ds is'ks esa
vkus ls igys mUgksaus <sjksa dke fd;s ftuesa [ksrh&fdlkuh V~;w'ku&dksfpax rd cgqr dqN 'kkfey gS A blhfy,
mudh Hkk"kk esa LFkkuh; 'kCnksa vkSj fcEcksa dh fednkj vPNh&[kklh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA gfjUæ dks vkt Hkh xk¡o vkSj
xk¡o ds yksxksa ls cgqr yxko gSA veweu xjhc xzkeh.kksa dh i{kdkjh os eqÝr esa gh dj nsrs gSaA bl vad esa çdkf'kr
dh tk jgh mudh dgkuh ,d fdlku dh thouxkFkk gS A

iwjs N% eghus ls lksp jgk Fkk firkth dh dgkuh fy[kwaA ,d ;qxiq#"k dh dgkuhA ij
fy[k ugha ik jgk Fkk D;ksafd tSls gh fy[kus cSBrk Fkk] dkxt ij v{kjksa dh txg
mHkj vkrh Fkh gy tksrrs firk dh rLohjA <sdqy pykrs firk dh rLohj rFkk xqLls
esa pkjk dkVrs firk dh rLohjA iwjs pkyhl lky dh vusd eqækvksa ,oa ?kVukvksa
dh rLohjA dgk¡ ls 'kq: d:a dksbZ Nksj idM+ esa ugha vk jgk gSA rLohj ,d nwljs
ij lqij bEikst gks tk jgh gS ij dgkuh dks vkxs c<+kuk gS blfy, tks Nksj rqjUr
idM+ esa vk jgk gS ogha ls dgkuh 'kq: djrk gwa&ckr fnlEcj 1983 dh gSA rc eSa
gkbZLdwy dk Nk=k FkkA fdrkc ysdj calokj ds uhps i<+us cSBk FkkA mlh le;
firkth ds ,d fe=k mnkl ,oa grk'k psgjk fy, vk,A ml le; firkth ydM+h
ds Bhgs ij xM+kl ls ?kkl dk eghu&eghu pkjk dkV jgs FksA eghu pkjk dkVus ds
pDdj esa xaM+kl fu'kkus o vUnkt ls pwd xbZ vkSj firkth dh ,d vxqayh vk/h
peM+h ,oa ekal ds lkFk nwc dh ?kkl ds lkFk pkjs esa tk fNVdhA [kwu dk iQOokjk
6@284] ,y-vkbZ- th-] iQwV fudykA firkth vaxqyh dks gkFk dh eqB~Bh esa dl dj idM+ fy, vkSj vius
vkokl fodkl dkyksuh] fe=k ls mudh mnklh dk dkj.k iwNus yxsA ysfdu muds fe=k dk iwjk è;ku
;kstuk&3] >walh] firkth dh vaxqyh ij FkkA mUgksaus dgk igys vaxqyh dh iV~Vh djkb;s fiQj
bykgkckn &211019 crkÅaxkA mlh le; esjs ,d fj'rsnkj vpkud çdV gq,A os liQsn >dkl dqrkZ
eks-&9415925916 vkSj /ksrh igurs FksA muds liQsn dqrsZ esa ges'kk nks 'kh'kh 'kkafr lkxj rsy] nks 'kh'kh
lqjek rFkk ikap iSdsV mnj cVh jgk djrh Fkh tks fd eÅ ds oS|th ds }kjk eqÝr
esa muds çksMDV ds Lyksxu ,oa dfork fy[kus dh ,ot esa gj eghus eqgS;k djkbZ
72 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
tkrh FkhA fj'rsnkj us firkth dks ogh ds fe=k us nok ,oa mlds cukus dh esa pkj pkan yx tk;A fiQj mUgsa
dfork lqukbZ ftls lqukus ij mUgsa fof/ dks /hjs&/hjs firkth ds dku esa mdBs ccwy dh ;kn vkbZ tks ugj ij
'kkfUr lkxj rsy eqÝr esa miyC/ crk;kA dqN nsj ds fy, firkth fgeky; dh rjg vfMx [kM+k FkkA
gksrk FkkA oks dfork ;w¡ Fkh&D;ksa jksx xEHkhj gks x;s ij fe=k ds mnkl psgjs firkth dqYgkM+h ysdj ccwy dks ?kaVs
ds pDdj esa iM+ nq%[k jgs gks >sy rhl dks ns[kdj os ^,oeLrq* dh eqæk esa Hkj esa /jk'kk;h dj fn;s vkSj tfjoB
jksx dh ,d nok gS 'kkafr lkxj rsy! vk x;sA eSa nok ds uqL[ks dks lqu ugha dkVdj gy x<+kus yksgjkbZ py fn;sA
fiQj mUgksaus 'kh'kh dk <Ddu [kksyk ik;k ij bruk rkM+ x;k Fkk fd firk 'kke rd gy] iQky] tqvkB lc
vkSj firkth dh dVh vaxqyh ij fxjk th tc fdlh dqÙks dks ns[krs rks rS;kj dj nwljs fnu legqr djus ds
fn;k rFkk dkVu ds diM+s esa rsy mudh Hkkao&Hkafxek vpkud foæwfir ealwcs ls tYnh lks x;sA vxys fnu
pqiM+ dj vaxqyh dh Mªsflax dh xbZA gks tkrh vkSj muds ml psgjs dks rM+ds mB x;sA /ojk ,oa lksduk
os fj'rsnkj lqcg&lqcg lkbfdy ns[kdj eSa Mj tkrkA ,d fnu eSaus cSykas dks pkjk Mkydj cSyksa dk dU/k
ysdj ?kj ls fudy tkrs rks gÝrs Hkj firkth dks ,d dqÙks dks xqM+ dh lgykus yxsA tc cSy pkjk [kkdj
ckn ykSVrs vkSj xkao&xkao lkbfdy ls Myh f[kykrs gq, ns[kk tks muds rS;kj gks x;s rks gy tqvkB da/ksa ij
?kwers vkSj [kkrs&ihrs jgrs FksA vius LoHkko ds foijhr FkkA fiQj dqN nsj j[kdj cSyksa ds lkFk [ksr dh rjiQ
?kj dk [kkuk eghus esa pkj&ikap fnu ckn 'kke ds >qViqVs esa eSaus dqÙks dks py fn;sA pkSFkh gjkbZ esa /ojk p<+kbZ
gh [kkrs Fks ftlesa ls de ls de firk&th ds ihNs&ihNs iks[kjs dh p<s+ fcuk gh ?kwe x;k vkSj [ksr dk
vk/k [kkus ds ckn 2&3 ckj Fkkyh rjiQ tkrs gq, ns[kkA mlds ckn og dksuk NwV x;kA os ftl pkpj nwc dks
vkaxu esa iQsad nsrs vkSj fiQj ?kj ls dqÙkk fiQj dHkh fn[kkbZ ugha iM+kA m[kkM+uk pkg jgs Fks og ckj&ckj
fudy tkrs FksA fj'rsnkj us firkth nwljs fnu eSaus firkth ds fe=k ds NwVh tk jgh Fkh blfy, xqLls esa
dh vaxqyh dh iV~Vh ds ckn iwjh firkth dks pkj pEep nok <Ddu mUgksaus /ojk dks iwjh rkdr yxk dj
egfiQy yxk fy;k FkkA mudh ;gh ls ukidj ihrs gq, ns[kkA rhljs fnu ,d iSuk ekjkA /ojk pksV ls
fo'ks"krk Fkh fd os tgka tkrs ogha xkao ds floku esa rkaf=kdksa }kjk dqÙks fcyfcyk x;k vkSj lksduk dks Hkkxus
egfiQy te tkrh ij mudk LoHkko ds flj] ekal] feV~Vh ds ?kM+s ,oa dk b'kkjk dj fn;kA fiQj nksuksa
vius ?kj esa Bhd mYVk FkkA dUMh dh vkx ls rkaf=kd fØ;k fd;s dqykaps Hkjrs gq, Hkkxus yxsA firkth
tc egfiQy esa Bgkds yxus tkus dh [kcj lquh xbZA 15 fnu nok dk iwjk è;ku bl ckr ij Fkk fd dgha
yxs vkSj ekgkSy lkekU; gks x;k rks ihus ds ckotwn firkth ds fe=k ds cSyksa ds iSj esa iQky u yx tk;A fiQj
firkth us vius fe=k dks fiQj dqjsnk firkth py clsA tc mudks yxk fd vc ekeyk
rks os cksys esjs firkth cgqr chekj gSaA vkt v"kk<+ dh igyh tksjnkj ckfjl daVªksy ds ckgj gS rks mUgksaus gy ds
cpus dh dksbZ lEHkkouk ugha gSA gqbZ FkhA tsB dh tyrh /jrh dk iQky dks cloV okys esM+ esa yxk
MkDVj us ,d uqL[kk crk;k gS ij nok dystk tqM+k x;k FkkA firkth nwljs fn;kA tqvkB pV~V dh vkokt ds
cukus dk rjhdk cgqr dfBu gSA fnu /ju ij Vkaxs x;s gy ,oa NIij lkFk VwV x;h vkSj gju¼h gy ds
lcds cl dk ugha gSA de ls de esa [kksal dj j[ks iQky dk eqvk;uk lkFk jg x;hA firkth gy dh ewaB
esjs cl dk rks dÙkbZ ughaA ;fn nok dj jgs FksA egq, ds gy dh VksM+h VwV dks idM+s [kM+s ds [kM+s jg x;s vkSj
cu tk;s rks firkth cp ldrs gSa x;h Fkh ftldk fjis;j gksuk lEHko nksuksa cSy Hkkxdj ?kj vk x;sA cSyksa
firkth cksys vki crkb;s ;fn MkDVj ugha FkkA [ksr rhljs fnu tksrus yk;d dks VwVh tqvkB ds lkFk [kM+k ns[k eka
lkgc dh crkbZ nok ls vkids gks tk;sxk vkSj gy ds vHkko esa dSls le> x;h fd dqN u dqN xM+cM+
firkth dh tku cp ldrh gS rks eSa tqrsxk bldh fpUrk mUgsa lrk jgh FkhA t:j gSA dqN nsj ckn firkth dU/kas
ml nok dks cukÅaxkA firkth us nok rHkh vpkud muds eqag ls fudy ij gy&iSuk lfgr okil ?kj ykSV
,oa cukus dh fof/ dks tkus fcuk gh iM+k ;fn ccwy dk gy vkSj gfjtu vk;sA bl rjg v"kk<+ dk igyk fnu
nok cukus dh gkeh Hkj nhA firkth dk uogk fey tk; rks bl lky [ksrh gh [kjkc x;kA
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 73
nwljs fnu firkth vkNh dh x;s FksA rHkh lkai muds ikl vkdj FksA fiQj Hkh pdcUnh gks jgh FkhA
tqvkB ds tqxkM+ esa yx x;s ijUrq ysV x;k FkkA firkth dh fo'ks"krk Fkh yksx dkiQh Hk;kØkUr FksA pdcUnh
tqvkB curs&curs [ksr mdB x;k fd ;fn mudks lkai fn[k tk; rks vf/dkjh tkucw> dj fdlkuksa dks
vkSj [ksr dh tqrkbZ ugha gks ikbZA mUgsa mls fcuk ekjs pSu ugha iM+rk FkkA de jdcs dh iphZ ns jgk Fkk rkfd
iUæg fnu ckn fiQj v"kk<+ dh nwljh lkai ds calokj esa tkus ds ckn lkSnsckth gks vkSj fdlkuksa ls /u
ckfjl gksus ij [ksr dh tqrkbZ gqbZ vkSj eqgYys Hkj ds yksx vk x;s ij va/sjh mxkgh dh tk ldsA dkiQh fdlkuksa
fdlh rjg /ku yx ik;kA jkr dh otg ls mls ekjuk lEHko dks mudh ewy tksr ij pd u nsdj
eqgYys esa ,d fjVk;MZ ekLVj lkgc ugha gks ik jgk FkkA rHkh firk th cksys mM+ku pd fn;k x;k FkkA dqN
FksA mez djhc iSalB o"kZ FkhA dej ls fd ;fn dksbZ nh;k fn[kk;s rks os lkai fdlkuksa ds pkSdksj pd dks iryh
uCcs va'k ij >qd x;s FksA ekLVj dks ekj nsxsaA ekLVj lkgc dh ,d iV~Vh ds :i esa ns fn;k x;k FkkA
lkgc pkjikbZ ds vnou ;k mM+pu lkglh fo/ok yM+dh FkhA mlus dgk uD'ks fcxkM+ fn;s x;s FksA vkcknh dks
(ik;rkus dh jLlh) dks ges'kk <hyk ^Hkb;k ge nh;k fn[kk,axsA vki lkai catj vkSj catj dks vkcknh dj fn;k
djds lksrs FksA os ges'kk ?kj ls ckgj dks ekfj;sA* f<cjh vkbZ rks firkth x;k FkkA tgka NB iwtk gksrh Fkh ogka
njokts ij lksrs FksA lksus ij os pkjikbZ calokj esa ykBh [kksHkuk 'kq: fd;sA dczxkg dj fn;k x;k FkkA ;kuh dqy
esa iwjh rjg /al tkrs Fks vkSj pkjikbZ tc ykBh lkai ds 'kjhj ls VdjkbZ rks feykdj pdcUnh vf/dkfj;ksa }kjk
dh ikVh ges'kk muds 'kjhj ls Åij lkai xqLls esa mNydj cks> cka/dj ywV vkSj va/sjxnhZ epk nh x;h FkhA
gks tkrh FkhA ,slk os blfy, djrs Fks NIij Nkus ds fy, j[kh xUus dh iÙkh nykyksa dh pkanh gks x;h Fkh vkSj
fd ;fn jkr esa dksbZ nq'eu ykBh ekjs ij pyk x;kA firkth us tksj ls ykBh fdlkuksa ds xgus&xqfj;s fcd jgs Fks
rks ykBh pkjikbZ dh ikVh ij yxs ekjh ij iÙkh dh otg ls pksV ugha ;k jsgu j[ks tk jgs FksA pdcUnh dh
vkSj os lqjf{kr jgsaA 'kke ds oDr jkr yxh vkSj lkai vjgj ds jgsBs esa ?kql pDdh esa gj dksbZ fil jgk Fkk ij
ds ukS cts firkth ekLVj lkgc dh x;kA iwjk jgsBk gVk dj firkth lkai vkokt mBkus okyk dksbZ ugha FkkA lc
pkjikbZ ds cxy esa cSBdj gqDdk ih dks ekjs vkSj usuqvk dh iÙkh rjktw ij ds lc Mjs vkSj lges jgrs Fks rFkk
jgs Fks rHkh jkr ds va/sjs esa xsgqavu j[k dj mldks rkSysA lkai iwjs rhu vf/dkfj;ksa ls fpjkSjh&fourh dj jgs
lkai ysVk gqvk fn[kkbZ iM+kA ysfdu fdyks otu vkSj enZ cjkcj yEckbZ FksA firkth ds rhu lky rd
firkth dks Vs<+h&es<+h ykBh gksus dk dk FkkA mls ckal dh [kkaph ls <¡d pdcUnh vf/dkfj;ksa dks lCth
vkHkkl gqvkA mUgksaus ekLVj lkgc ls dj lqcg yksxksa ds n'kZukFkZ j[k fn;kA f[kykus ,oa nw/&ngh igqapkus ds
iwNk fd ekLVj lkgc vkt rks vki lqcg lSdM+ksa yksx firkth dh cgknqjh ckotwn pd fcxkM+ fn;k x;k FkkA
Vs<+h&es<+h ykBh Hkh cxy esa j[ks gSaA ds dkjukes dks ns[kus vk;sA dqN [ksr dks dadM+&iRFkj okyh
ekLVj lkgc cksys ^uk Hkb;k ge ,slh xkao esa pdcUnh vf/fu;e dh tehu esa mM+ku pd ds :i esa ns
xyrh D;kas djsaA* ekLVj lkgc ykBh /kjk&4 dk uksfVfiQds'ku gks pqdk Fkk fn;k x;k FkkA xksabM+ tehu dh de
blfy, ugha j[krs Fks fd jkr dks okj A ys[kiky ipkZ 5 vkS 6 ckaV pqdk ekfy;r yxkus ls mM+ku pd ij
djus okys dks lqfo/k gksxh vkSj og FkkA xkao ds cgqr de yksx gh [kjkc tehu esa mruk gh [ksr fn;k
[kkyh gkFk vk;sxk vkSj mUgha dh pdcUnh pkgrs FksA pdcUnh ds i{k x;k tks ,d iryh iV~Vh ds :i esa
ykBh ls mudks ekj dj pyk tk;sxkA esa dsoy orZeku ç/ku] dqN nyky FkkA [ksr esa cSy gjkbZ ?kwe ugha ldrs
rHkh lkai ds 'kjhj esa gjdr gqbZ vkSj rFkk xkao ds dqN eqlyeku vkcknh FksA xksabM+ dh tehu dks jkLrs esa pd
og rsth ls calokj esa pyk x;kA ds yksx FksA mUgsa ykyp Fkk fd vkmV djds ns fn;k x;k Fkk tks igys
dgrs gSa fd ;fn vkneh lekf/LFk gks pdcUnh ds pyrs mUgsa vPNh ls jkLrk py jgk Fkk vkSj xkao dk
rks lkai vxy&cxy vk tkrk gSA ekfy;r dh tehusa gM+ius dk ekSdk ,dek=k vke jkLrk Fkk ftls can
ekLVj lkgc tkus&vutkus esa feysxkA tcfd xk¡o ds vLlh djuk firkth ds cl esa ugha FkkA fiQj
ysVs&ysVs lekf/ dh voLFkk esa vk çfr'kr yksx pdcUnh ds fojks/ esa Hkh mUgksaus dqN fnu ds fy, viuh
74 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
vkRe'kfDr ds cy ij can dj fn;k uqdlku gqvk gSA* bruk dgrs&dgrs dk;e gks tk; blh mEehn ls vk;s
Fkk tks ckn esa fiQj pyus yxkA tc firkth Fkj&Fkj dkaius yxsA os tc gSaA Mh-Mh-lh- us cdjs dks dk;kZy;
firkth dk pd [kjkc dj fn;k x;k rd viuh ckr dgrs jgs vf/dkjh ds dksus esa ca/ok fn;k vkSj
rks firkth dh fLFkfr fof{kIrksa tSlh viuh dye dks eqag esa nck;s lqurk cksyk&^fliQZ cdjs ls gh dke ugha
gks x;h vkSj jkr esa lksrs&lksrs jgk vkSj dgk ^vkidh fuxjkuh pysxkA 'kke dks ehV elkyk vkSj
vpkud fpgqaddj mB tkrs vkSj flj vkaf'kd :i ls Lohdkj dh tkrh gSA ,d fdyks dM+qvk rsy Hkh igqapk
idM+dj cSB tkrsA pd fcxM+ tkus iQSlyk ckn esa lquk;k tk;sxkA* turk nsukA pdcUnh vf/dkjh firkth ds
ij firkth us pdcUnh vf/dkjh ds esa iQqliQqlkgV gksus yxhA tks yksx bdykSrs cdjs dks Hkh [kk x;s vkSj
;gka vkifÙk nkf[ky dh ftls xkao ds firkth dks ugha tkurs Fks os iwNus yxs pd Hkh nq#Lr ugha fd;sA firkth ds
çHkko'kkyh yksxksa }kjk pdcUnh ;g vkneh i<+k&fy[kk yxrk gSA xqtjus ds ckn tc nwljh pdcUnh
vf/dkjh dks vnZc esa ysdj [kkfjt rHkh dksbZ cksyk ^,dne fuiV fuj{kj vk;h rc tkdj pd nq#Lr gqvkA
djok fn;k x;k A mlds ckn firkth gS ij xkao dh iapk;r oxSjg esa lkou yxrs gh iqjokbZ us
us cUnkscLr vf/dkjh pdcUnh dh cqyk;k tkrk gSA FkksM+k gksf'k;kj t:j tksj idM+ fy;kA vkleku esa ckny
vnkyr esa vihy fd;kA vihy dks gSA* firkth çlUu eqæk esa ?kj ykSVs Å¡pkbZ ij mM+ku Hkjus yxs vkSj ckfjl
Hkh fujk/kj ,oa detksj dgrs gq, vkSj ckn esa ets ls viuh Mh-Mh-lh- ugha gqbZA /ku ds ikS/ks gjs gksus ds
[kkfjt dj fn;k x;kA vUr esa dh cgl dks yksxksa dks lqukrs jgsA igys gh ihys iM+us yxsA <sdqy]
firkth }kjk mi lapkyd pdcUnh tc eqdnes dk iQSlyk vk;k <sdps] iqjoV] jgV] nksu] nkSjs iwjs
dh vnkyr esa fuxjkuh nkf[ky dh rks firkth ds pd dks Mh-Mh-lh- us tksj&'kksj ls floku esa pyus yxsA
x;hA eqdnes dh lquokbZ gsrq xkao esa iryh iV~Vh ds LFkku ij oxkZdkj fdlh rjg yksx /ku ds ikS/ksa dks bl
gh milapkyd pdcUnh }kjk dSEi cuk fn;k ysfdu pd iFkjhyh tehu mEehn esa ftyk;s tk jgs Fks fd Hkknks
dk;kZy; esa vnkyr yxkbZ x;hA ij gh dk;e jgkA iQSlyk lqudj cjlsxk vkSj iQly gks tk;sxh ysfdu
firkth dks lquokbZ ds nkSjku ,slk firkth dks ,d ckj fiQj lnek yxk iwjk lkou ;ksa gh iqjokbZ ds tksj ls
çrhr gqvk fd mudk odhy dgha ls vkSj os fiQj ls pd nq#Lr djkus ds fudy x;k vkSj ,d fnu Hkh ckfjl
ncko esa gS vkSj lgh <ax ls muds i{k fy, pdcUnh vf/dkfj;ksa ds nÝrj ugha gqbZA firkth jkst jkr esa clugh
dks ugha j[k jgk gS rks mUgksaus :vkalk dk pDdj yxkus yxsA fdlh us ds cg dks [kksn dj clugh ds ikuh
gksdj vkSj gkFk tksM+dj vnkyr esa crk;k fd Mh-Mh-lh- u;k vk;k gS tks dks ysoy esa djrs vkSj fnu Hkj
viuh ckr Lo;a dgus dh vuqefr ehV dk cgqr 'kkSdhu gSA firkth ,d <sdpk pykdj /ku ds [ksr esa ikuh
ekaxhA vf/dkjh Hkyk vkneh FkkA cdjk ikys Fks mls [kwc f[kyk;s & yxkrs fiQj nwljs fnu Hkh ;gh Øe
mlus firkth dks viuh ckr Lo;a fiyk;s FksA tc dHkh ekSt esa vkrs rks pyrkA /ku ds ikS/s gjs rks t:j Fks
dgus dh vuqefr ns nhA firkth cdjs ls nks rkM+ yM+k ysrs FksA mM+ku ij [ksr esa /ku ds ikS/ksa dks eqVeqj us
dkairs Loj esa viuh ckr j[kus yxs pd dks ewy uEcj ij dk;e djkus vius vkxks'k esa ys j[kk FkkA vc
^gqtqj ge tkfr ds dksbjh gSa vkSj tks ds fy, mUgksaus u;s fljs ls ç;kl 'kq: firkth ds lkeus nksgjh leL;k [kM+h
tehu mM+ku pd ds :i esa gesa nh dj fn;kA Mh-Mh-lh- eqlyeku Fkk gks x;h FkhA mUgsa le> esa ugha vk
xbZ gS mldh ekfy;r nks vkus dh gS vkSj cdjs dk 'kkSdhu HkhA blfy, jgk Fkk fd os /ku ds [ksr ls eqVeqj
vkSj dadM+&iRFkj gksus dh otg ls firkth cdjs dh jLlh idM+ dj fudkysa ;k ikuh pyk;saA
ml ij [ksrh&ckjh djuk lEHko ugha vueus <ax ls Mh-Mh-lh- ds dSEi gekjs nks pd FksA ,d ?kj ls
gSA gekjs cSy iryh iV~Vh esa ?kwe Hkh dk;kZy; x;sA cdjs dks lgyk;s] Ms<+ fdeh dh nwjh ij Fkk vkSj nwljk
ugha ik,xsaA ckjg vkus dh gekjh fiQj vf/dkfj;ksa dh vksj eq[kkfrc xkao esa] ftlesa gekjk ?kj cuk FkkA ?kj
tehu dh ekfy;r pkj vkus dj nh gksdj cksys ^gqtwj cdjk yk;s gSaA ds ikl okys [ksr esa firkth cjlkrh
x;h gSA bl rjg gesa jdcs dk Hkh gekjk mM+ku pd ewy uEcj ij lfCt;ka yxkrs Fks ftldh flapkbZ
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 75
<sdqy ls gksrh FkhA firkth <sdqy dks cksjh dks lsB dh pDdh ds ikl iQsad mpddj [kM+k gks x;k vkSj firkth
,sls pykrs Fks fd dqvka lw[k tkrk Fkk fn;kA lsB ;g lc rek'kk nwj ls ns[k ds lhus ls viuk lhuk yM+krs gq,
vkSj tc yksx ihus dk ikuh Hkjus vkrs jgs Fks vkSj firkth dh Hkko&Hkafxek cksyk&^rks D;k dj ysaxsA* firkth us
Fks rc firkth dks vk/s ?kaVs ds fy, dks Hkkai x;sA nkSM+rs gq, vk;s vkSj ck?k dh iQqrhZ ls VquVqu ds nksuksa iatks
<sdqy can djuk iM+rk FkkA dq,a dk ukSdj dks firkth dk vkVk igys ij vius iSjksa dks j[krs gq, tksj dk
lksrk rst pyrk Fkk vkSj fiQj vk/s ihlus dks dgk ysfdu firkth lsB /Ddk ekjkA VquVqu bl vçR;kf'kr
?kaVs esa dq,a dk ikuh ikap iQhV rd gks dh ckr dks vulquk dj ?kj pys geys ls laHky ugha ik;k vkSj ihB ds
tkrk FkkA vk;s vkSj fcuk dqN [kk;s&ih;s cy /M+ke ls fxj x;kA fiQj firkth
xkao esa ,d lsB dh vkVk ihlus <sdpk pykus pys x;sA firkth tc mlh iQqrhZ ls VquVqu ds lhus ij cSB
dh pDdh Fkh tks fctyh vkSj Mhty <sdps dh dwM+ dks rhFks ij fxjkrs x;s vkSj fcuk le; xaok, pkj
batu nksuksa ls pyrh Fkh ij batu ls vkSj dwM+ dk ikuh ukyh esa iQSyrs gq, tksjnkj pkVs nksuksa xkyksa ij ckjh&ckjh
filkbZ eagxh FkhA blfy, yksx vkxs c<+rk rks mudks VquVqu dk ls tek fn;kA VquVqu dh vka[kksa ds
fctyh vkus ij gh vkVk filkrs FksA pDdh ij jUuk ekjuk ;kn vk tkrk lkeus va/sjk Nk x;k vkSj og dkrj
vkt firkth dks Hkh vkVk filkuk Fkk vkSj bl rjg iwjk fnu <sdpk pykrs Loj esa cksyk & ^Hkb;k gekj tku
ij vkt gh mudks nwj okys [ksr ij le; VquVqu firkth dh vka[kksa ds ysdj D;k ik,axs\*
cg esa <sdpk Hkh pykuk FkkA lkeus vk tkrkA fiQj firkth nqxuh firkth cksys & ^ge tku ugha
blfy, firkth FkksM+k tYnh esa jÝrkj ls <sdpk mNkyrsA pkj ysus ugha vk;s gSaA ge rqEgkjk 'kku
Fks vkSj lksps dh lqcg&lqcg ykbu ctrs&ctrs [ksr esa jkst ls nwuk ikuh rksM+us vk;s gSaA vkSj vc tkvksA tks
vkus ij vkVk filk ywaxk fiQj clugh yx x;kA fiQj VquVqu ls jUuk dk djuk gks lks dj ysukA pDdh ij rks
esa <sdpk pykus pywaxkA tc firkth cnyk ysus dh ;kstuk cukrs gq, lqcg rqEgkjs ikl gkFkh dk ikWoj Fkk
lsB dh pDdh ij igqaps rks ogk¡ vkVk firkth us <sdpk pykuk can dj vc xhnM+ dSls gks x;sA* firkth
filkus ds fy, ekjk&ekjh gks jgh FkhA fn;k vkSj ?kj ykSV vk;sA eqgYys esa vius vieku ds cks/ ls eqDr gks
lsB dk ,d ukSdj Fkk VquVqu] tks ,d egUr th ds yM+ds muds fe=k pqds Fks vkSj fnu Hkj fcuk [kk;s ih;s
cxy ds xkao dk Fkk vkSj vkVk FksA muls mUgksaus ml fnu dh nkLrku blh dke dks vatke nsus dh mèksM+cqu
ihlrk FkkA firkth us mlls vuqu; lqukbZ rks os VquVqu dks iVddj ekjus esa yxs jgs FksA ?kj vkdj [kkuk [kkdj
ds Hkko ls dgk fd ^esjk vkVk tjk dks rS;kj gks x;s ij firkth us euk lks x;s ij iwjh jkr uhan ugha vkbZ
tYnh ihl nksA ?kj dk vdsyk gwa vkSj dj fn;k vkSj cksys fd ^VquVqu ls eq>s D;ksafd os tkurs Fks fd VquVqu jkr dh
eq>s <sdpk pykus nwj tkuk gSA vxj cnyk ysuk gS vki dks ughaA esjs ,su ckr bruh tYnh ugha Hkwysxk vkSj
vkt ikuh ugha pyk;k rks /ku dh oDr ij detksj iM+us ij gh vki lqcg iapk;r t:j cqykbZ tk;sxhA
iQly lw[k tk;sxh vkSj iwjs lkou dh enn ds fy, vk,axsa vU;Fkk eSa gh mEehn ds eqrkfcd nwljs fnu iapk;r
esgur ij ikuh fiQj tk;sxk] ysfdu mlds fy, dkiQh gw¡A* firkth VquVqu cqyk;h x;hA firkth cqyk;s x;sA
mlus mudh ckr ugha lquhA firkth ds ?kj okil ykSVus ds le; cnyk iapk;r esa r; gqvk fd firkth VquVqu
xsgwa dks pDdh ds >hads okys dwis esa ysus ds mís'; ls xUus ds [ksr esa vius ls ekiQh ekaxsa vkSj gkFk feykdj nksuksa
cksjh dk eqag [kksy dj Mkyus ds fe=k ds lkFk fNi x;sA 'kke dks tc yksx nksLr cu tk,aA firkth ekiQh
fiQjkd esa Fks rHkh VquVqu us firkth ds VquVqu djhc vk x;k rks firkth xUus ekaxus dks rS;kj gks x;s D;ksafd os iapksa
xnZu ij jUuk ekjrs gq, dgk fd ^gV ds [ksr ls fudydj vpkud VquVqu dks ijes'oj ds ntsZ dk ekurs Fks ij
tkb;s ugha rks iV~Vs esa iQsd nwaxk rks ds lkeus vk x;s vkSj cksys ^vkb;s muds ekiQh ekaxus ds igys gh VquVqu
pwj&pwj gks tk;saxsA* vkt firkth VquVqu HkkbZ] eSa cM+h nsj ls bUrtkj dj cksyk fd Bhd vkt ls vkBosa fnu eSa
igyh ckj vius dks viekfur jgk FkkA* budh [kcj ywaxkA bl ckr ij iap
eglwl dj jgs FksA mUgksaus xsgwa dh VquVqu vius nksuksa iatksa ij HkM+d x;s vkSj VquVqu dks xkyh nsdj
76 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
Hkxk fn;sA dkiQh fnu rd VquVqu ,d dj jgs FksA muds ds lkeus okyh lhV tk jgs FksA nwljs fnu clugh ikj ds
cUnwd okys ckcw lkgc ds ihNs&ihNs ij ljnkjth cSBs FksA firkth ds cxy [ksr esa ikuh yxkuk FkkA nksu dk
firkth dks xksyh ejokus ds fy, esa ,d ik¡p lky dk cPpk cSBk FkkA [kEHkk xkM+uk FkkA rHkh ,d Lotkrh;
?kwerk jgk ij os firkth dks xksyh cPpk cgqr gh xjhc ?kj dk yx jgk L=kh jksrh gqbZ fn[kkbZ iM+hA firkth dks
ekjus dHkh ugha vk;sA FkkA ljnkj th ew¡xiQyh Nhydj [kk ns[kdj vkSj tksj&tksj ls jksus yxhA
firkth ds ikl HksM+ dk cquk jgs FksA cPpk dqN cksy ugha jgk FkkA firkth ds dkiQh tksj nsus ij viuh
gqvk ,d dkyk dEcy FkkA os iQly cl gljr Hkjh fuxkgksa ls ljnkjth ihM+k lqukbZA mlds ifr vius NksVs
dh j[kokyh vkSj pksjh ds Mj ls ?kj dh rjiQ Vqdqj&Vqdqj ns[k jgk FkkA HkkbZ dh iRuh dk i{k ysdj ekjrs&
ds ckgj lksrs FksA tc ek?k dk tkM+k ljnkjth iwjh ew¡xiQyh [kkus ds ckn ihVrs FksA vkt mlh ds fy, ekjihV
pje ij gksrk Fkk rks firkth iksjoV fNyds dks dkxt ds Bksaxs esa Hkj dj dj ?kj ls Hkxk fn;s FksA lkjh ftUnxh
(iqvky dk <sj)] tgka dqÙks FkksM+h cPps dh rjiQ c<+k fn;sA bl ckr ij ifr dh xqykeh djus ds ckn mez
txg cuk dj tkM+s dh jkr dkVk firkth cgqr ukjkt gq, vkSj ;fn <yrs gh og ?kj ls cs?kj dj nh x;h
djrs Fks] dks iwjs ek?k eghus viuh firkth ljnjth ls detksj ugha gksrs FkhA tSls nw/ ls eD[kh fudkydj
'kj.kxkg cuk ysrs FksA os iksjoV esa ls rks os ljnkjth dks pyrh Vªsu esa iQsad nh tkrh gSA firkth us iwNk fd
iqvky [khap dj lqjaxuqek txg cuk iVd&iVd dj ekjrs] ij os ,slk vc dgk¡ tkvksxh rks cksyh ;k rks jsy
ysrs Fks vkSj iksjoV dh lqjax esa ?kql ugha dj ik;sA mlds ckn tc dHkh ls dV tkÅaxh ;k fdlh rkykc]
dj eqag ckgj djds dacy vks<+dj dksbZ ljnkj mUgsa fn[kkbZ iM+rk rks mUgsa iks[kjs ;k dq,a esa dwn dj tku ns nwaxh
lks tkrs FksA iksjoV esa lksrs le; og ?kVuk ;kn vk tkrh vkSj os eu ;k fdlh dk pkSdk&cklu dj ywaxh
firkth vkSj dqÙkksa dk lkE;okn tSd gh eu cgqr xfj;krsA firkth dh ;g exj okil ugha tkÅ¡xhA iwjh ftUnxh
yaMu dh dgkuh mÙkj dh vksj ,d /kj.kk muds ejrs ne rd cuh jgh lgrh vkbZ gwaA vc lgk ugha tk jgk
vfHk;ku vkSj çsepan dh dgkuh iwl fd ljnkj ,d fu"Bqj tkfr gksrh gSA gSA firkth cksys ,slh ckr gS rks rqe
dh jkr ds euq"; vkSj dqÙkksa ds ,d ckj firkth lkBh (tYnh dgha ugha tkvksxhA esjs ?kj pyksA tks
lkE;okn dh ;kn fnykrkA jkr esa idus okyk /ku) cks;s FksA lkBh id :[kk&lw[kk ge yksx [kk,axs rqe Hkh
uhyxk;ksa ds [ksr esa ?kql vkus ij dqÙks pqdh Fkh vkSj ,d nks fnu esa gh dVus [kkukA bTtr dh jksVh feysxhA rqEgsa
iksjoV ls fudy dj uhyxk;ksa dks okyh FkhA rHkh xkao ds ,d Bkdqj t+yhy rks ugha gksuk iM+sxkA og vkSjr
Hkwad&Hkwad dj Hkxk nsrs FksA dqN fnuksa lkgc firkth dh lkBh jkr esa dVok le>kus ij eku xbZ vkSj gekjs ?kj
ckn uhyxk;sa <hB gks xbZa vkSj os dqÙkksa fy;sA os irk yxk pqds Fks fd dkSu vkdj jgus yxhA eq>s vkt Hkh ml
dks ekjus ds fy, nkSM+k ysrh Fkha vkSj Bkdqj lkgc mudh lkBh dVok;s gSa A deZB efgyk dk psgjk ;kn gSA fnu
dqÙks cl Hkwadrs jgrs FksA firkth tc os le; dk bartkj djus yxsA vxys Hkj I;kt ds csgu o lCth okys [ksr
dHkh tkx tkrs rks ykBh ysdj lky lkou ds eghus esa Bkdqj lkgc dh fujkbZ djrh jgrh FkhA mldh
uhyxk;ksa dks nwj rd [knsM+ vkrs fiQj dh ,d ch?ks xUus dh iQly tks [kwc esgur ls gekjs ?kj esa lCth] I;kt o
firkth vkSj dqÙks ,d gh iksjoV esa ygygkbZ Fkh] dks jkr esa N%&lkr vkyw vkfn dh iSnkokj nqxquh gks x;hA
lks tkrsA bl rjg firkth dk ek?k yksxksa dks ysdj [kqnok Mkys vkSj og vkSjr e'khu dh rjg dke djrh
dk iwjk tkM+k iksjoV ds lgkjs dV miQukrh clgh esa cgok fn;sA xUuk jgrh Fkh tSls dHkh Fkdrh gh ugha
tkrk FkkA cg dj cgqr nwj pyk x;kA mlds FkhA ,slh vkSjr dh] irk ugha D;ksa]
firkth dh /kj.kk ljnkjksa ds çfr ckn mudh iQly dHkh ugha dkVh mlds ifr us dæ ugha dh eq>s ugha
vPNh ugha Fkh vkSj mudh bl /kj.kk xbZ vkSj mUgsa dHkh oQly dh ekyweA N% eghus ckn ml vkSjr dk
ds ihNs jsy;k=kk dh ,d ?kVuk FkhA j[kokyh Hkh ugha djuh iM+hA ifr firkth dks /edh nsus yxk vkSj
firkth ftl fMCcs esa ;k=kk dj jgs Fks firkth jEek] iQkoM+k ysdj dgus yxk esjh csbTtrh gks jgh gS
ml fMCcs esa ,d ljnkjth Hkh ;k=kk [ksr dh esM+ dh fcyksa dks cUn djus mls vius ?kj ls Hkxk nksA firkth
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 77
HkM+d x;sA cksys&^ml fnu rqEgkjh dh fpye rS;kj dj fy, Fks rHkh jkr ds va/sjs esa twV dk cksjk ysdj
csbTtrh ugha gks jgh Fkh ftl fnu firkth dks ns[kdj cksys vkidks /wi fudy iM+rs vkSj vke ds fdlh Hkh
rqeus mls ?kj ls fudky fn;kA ;fn yxh gS ,d d'k ekj yhft, vkjke isM+ ij p<+ dj Mky fgyk nsrsA ids
og fdlh Bkdqj dk crZu /ks jgh fey tk;sxkA cgqr ehBk xkatk yk;s vke tehu ij fxj tkrs vkSj bl rjg
gksrh ;k jsy ls dV x;h gksrh vkSj gSaA firkth tksxh dh ckrksa esa vk x;sA pkj&ikap isM+ksa ds >ksjus ij vk/k
tsy dh gok [kkuh iM+rh rc rqEgkjh fpye Fkke fy, vkSj d'k yxkus cksjk vke gks tkrkA fiQj mls ihB ij
csbTtrh ugha gksrhA vkt mls tc esjs yxsA pwafd os cpiu ls pjokgs FksA ykn dj ?kj ykSV vkrsA tc Bkdqj
?kj esa bTtr dh jksVh vkSj vkJ; vBkjg lky xk; pjk;s Fks] [kwc nkSM+ lkgc lqcg tkrs rks ,d Hkh vke
fey x;k rks rqEgkjh csbTtrh gksus Hkkx fy, Fks iQsiQM+k cgqr etcwr gks Vidk ugha feyrkA blh Øe esa
yxh] rks gksrh jgs eSa ,slk gjfxt ugha x;k FkkA ,slk d'k yxk;s dh xkats firkth dh eqykdkr 'kadj ls ml
d:axkA* mldk ifr firkth ds pfj=k dh fpye yi ls cj x;hA tksxh le; gks x;h tc 'kadj vke >ksjus
ds ckjs esa mYVh&lh/h viQokgsa mM+kus cksys&'kkck'k! vkSj fpye ys fy,A ds fy, igys ls isM+ ij p<+k FkkA
yxk fiQj Hkh firkth fopfyr ugha tksxh dk etkd firkth ij Hkkjh iM+ fiQj nksuksa yksx vkilh rky&esy
gq,A ikap&N% lky ckn tc ml x;kA pwafd igyh ckj gh xkatk gkFk cukdj vk/k&vk/k vke ck¡V dj
vkSjr ds yM+ds cM+s gks x;s vkSj yxk;s Fks blfy, xkatk yx x;k vkSj ?kj pys vk;sA vke bruk vf/d
nqfu;knkjh le>us yxs rks vius cki mudh vka[kksa ds vkxs vU/sjk Nk iQyrs Fks fd Bkdqj vius cSyksa rd
ls vyx gksdj viuh eka dks esjs ?kj x;kA /jrh ?kwerh gqbZ utj vkus dks vke f[kykrs Fks ij fdlh fj;k;k
ls fyok x;sA esjh eka us ml vkSjr dks yxhA cspSu gksdj clugh ds ikuh esa dks dHkh Hkh ,d vke ugha ysus nsrs
lkM+h&diM+s nsdj vJqiwfjr us=kksa ls Nkrh cjkcj Mwc dj [kM+s gks x;s vkSj FksA ;fn fdlh fj;k;k dks vke rksM+rs
fonkbZ dh vkSj le;&le; ij vkrs rhu ?kaVs [kM+s jgus ds ckn xkats dk idM+ ysrs rks mlh vke ij fnu Hkj
jgus dks dgkA u'kk mrjk rc mtkyk fn[kkA fiQj mYVk yVdk;s jgrsA blfy, fdlh
firkth dHkh fdlh ls Mjs ughaA firkth ikuh esa gh dku idM+ dj dh vke rksM+us dh fgEer ugha gksrh
lPpkbZ ds fy, igkM+ ls Hkh Vdjkus xkatk u ihus dh dle [kk;s vkSj Fkh ij firkth vius ckxh rsoj ds
dk ne&[ke j[krs FksA xjhch esa dHkh xkats dks gkFk ugha yxk;kA dkj.k gj lky vke pksjh ls rksM+dj
firkth ds ikl vDlj gh esgeku fnu vkSj jkr ,d djus ds ckn [kkrs jgrs Fks vkSj dHkh vius [ksr esa
vkrs jgrs FksA ?kj esa dHkh Hkh esgeku Hkh /ku dh iQly ugha gqbZ vkSj vke ugha yxk;kA
ds vkoHkxr esa deh ugha gksrh FkhA eqvkj dkVuk iM+k fiQj ogh gy& firkth tc gy tksrdj ?kj ykSVrs rks
eka vDlj vle; vk;s esgekuksa dks iQky fudkyuk iM+kA vc /ku rks mUgsa rqjUr gqDdk&fpye pkfg,
f[kykdj Hkw[ks lks tkrh FkhA dM+kgh] x;k gh x;k dkfrd dh cqvkbZ gks gksrkA ,d feuV dh nsjh Hkh cjnk'r
cVqyh <addj dyNqy ls >wB&ewB tk; ;gh lcls cM+h fpUrk FkhA ;fn ugha djrsA ,d ckj tc os gy
dk [kM+[kM+krh jgrh fd vHkh blesa dkfrd dh cqvkbZ ugha gqbZ rks tksrdj ykSVs rks fpye p<+kus esa nsj
lCth oxSjg cph gSA eSa fudky dj vkRegR;k ds vykok dksbZ jkLrk 'ks"k gks x;h D;ksafd ml fnu eSa csj ds isM+
[kk jgh gwaA ugha cpsxkA fiQj ogh gkM+ rksM+ ls fxj x;k Fkk vkSj flj iQV x;k FkkA
dgrs gSa Dokj dh /wi cgqr rst gksrh esgurA [kSj] dkfrd dh cqvkbZ tSls ysfdu bldh lwpuk Mj ds ekjs
gSA firkth /wi esa dkiQh nsj ls eqVeqj rSls gks x;h vkSj fdlku fiQj ,d mudks ugha nh x;h D;ksafd esjh fiVkbZ
fudky jgs FksA eqVeqj us /ku dks nck vkl fy, thus yxsA gksuh r; FkhA tc mUgsa fpye le;
fn;k FkkA lw[ks dh otg ls eqVeqj firkth vke ds 'kkSdhu Fks ij ,d ij ugha feyh rks gqDds dks cktjs ds
p<+ x;k Fkk vkSj /ku ds ikSèks nc x;s isM+ Hkh vke dk ugha Fkk xkao esaA ts [ksr esa iQsad fn;s vkSj chM+h ihuk 'kq:
FksA firkth cxhps esa lqLrkus pys x;sA Bkdqjkas ds <sj lkjs vke ds cxhps Fks dj fn;sA ,d fnu firkth dks chM+h
ogka tksxh viuh Vhe ds lkFk xkats firkth dks tc vke [kkuk gksrk rks ihrs egUr th us ns[k fy;k vkSj cksys
78 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
&^vc ;s ejasxsA* ij NksVh&eksVh pksjh djus dk vkns'k vaf/;kjh jkr FkhA mel ,oa ePNjksa
bruk lqudj firkth us tyrh ns nsrs Fks ij ge Hkkb;ksa dh fgEer ds dk vkard iQSyk gqvk FkkA jeyk mel
gqbZ chM+h dks rksM+dj iQsad fn;k vkSj tokc nsus ij bl dke dks oks Lo;a ,oa ePNjksa ds dkVus ls bruk cspSu gks
cktjs ds [ksr ls gqDdk [kkst yk;s gh vatke ns nsrs FksA fdlh Hkh çdkj x;k fd Å¡pkbZ ij jsy ykbu gksus ls
vkSj iqu% gqDdk ihuk 'kq: dj fn;kA dk vijk/cks/ ugha djrs FksA blds gok ,oa ePNjksa ds de dkVus dk
firkth dk ,d u'kk dHkh ugha ihNs mudh lkeUroknh O;oLFkk ls vUnktk yxkrs gq, jsy ykbu ij ysV
cnykA oks Fkh lqrhZ] ftls yksx [kSuh cxkor okyh lksp FkhA os dgrs Fks x;kA lkspk FkksM+k vkjke dj ys rkfd
ds uke ls Hkh tkurs gSaA firkth dks eSa fd xkstjksa ds lkS iSj gksrs gSaA vxj ,d jkr dks igjk ns ldsA ijUrq jeyk
dHkh&dHkh [kSuh cuk dj nsrk Fkk ij iSj VwV Hkh tk; rks D;k iQdZ iM+sxk\ bruk Fkdk Fkk fd jsy ykbu ij ysVrs
eSaus dHkh [kSuh ugha [kkbZA ge pkj firkth ukfLrd FksA dHkh fdlh gh mls cgqr xgjh uhan vk xbZA dc
HkkbZ FksA firkth yxHkx gj u'kk dj nsoh&nsork dh iwtk ugha fd;sA dgrs jsy lhVh ctkrs gq, vk;h vkSj dc
pqds Fks ij gekjs fdlh HkkbZ us dHkh Fks ;s viuh rks lqj{kk dj ugha ldrsA jeyk uhan esa gh jsyxkM+h ls dV x;k
dksbZ u'kk ugha fd;kA fpYg] dkSos buds Åij xUnk djrs fdlh dks irk gh ugha pykA firkth
,d ckj firkth ?kj cuok jgs jgrs gSaA mudk rks dqN ugha fcxM+rk FkksM+h nwj VsyhiQksu ykbu ds rkjksa ij
FksA ?kj dh /ju vkSj caM+sj de iM+ fiQj ;s gekjh D;k enn dj ik,axs\ os igjk ns jgs FksA tc lqcg ds pkj cts
jgh FkhA mUgksaus dke jksd fn;k FkkA edj laØkfUr rFkk Hkknks ds d`".k i{k rks jeyk dks [kkstrs gq, jsy ykbu ij
rHkh ,d fnu muds dqN lkFkh ?kj ij dh vekoL;k dks lky esa nks ckj vk;s vkSj ogka dk utkjk ns[kdj os
vk;s vkSj dke cUn gksus dk dkj.k gou djrs Fks blds ihNs Hkh ,d x'k~ [kkdj fxj iM+sA jeyk dh yk'k
iwNkA fiQj r; gqvk fd iwjc ds dgkuh Fkh & iksLVekVZe ds fy, Hkst nh x;hA
floku esa tXxk flag dh tks lh/h ckr mu fnuksa dh gS tc vaxzstksa firkth nq[kh eu ls ?kj ykSV vk;s
uhe gS og caM+sj ds fy, fcYdqy dk jkt FkkA xkao&xkao esa igjsnkjksa dh vkSj vaxzsth jkt ls mUgsa uiQjr gks
Bhd gSA mls jkr esa vkjh ls dkVdj Vksyh cuh FkhA Vksyh cukus dk dke x;hA os ;gh lksprs Fks fd og fnu
ykus dh ckr r; gqbZA mlh jkr uhe xkao ds eqf[k;k ij FkkA igjsnkjks dh dc vk;sxk tc ns'k vktkn gksxkA
dV xbZ vkSj ?kj ykdj mls iqvky ls Vksyh jkr dks jsyos ykbu rFkk jeyk ds choh&cPps vukFk gks x;s
<ad fn;k x;k fiQj lw[k tkus ij VsyhiQksu ds rkjksa dh j[kokyh ,fj;k ij mudh [kcj ysus okyk dksbZ ugha
bLrseky fd;k x;kA blh çdkj ds fglkc ls djrh FkhA gj eqf[k;k ds FkkA firkth gou djrs le; jeyk
jkeo`{k cuZoky ds ?kj ds ckgj /ju ftEes jsy iVjh dh j[kokyh dh dh vkRek dh 'kkfUr ds fy, nks
j[kh FkhA mls Hkh mBk ykus dh ;kstuk lhek r; Fkh vkSj ;fn fdlh eqf[k;k vkgqfr;ka vo'; Mkyrs FksA ;gh
cuh D;ksafd /ju muds dPps ?kj ls dh lhek esa jsy ykbu m[kM+h ;k mudh iwtk Fkh!
fudyh Fkh vkSj mudk iDdk ?kj cu VsyhiQksu dk rkj dVk fey tk; rks ,d fnu vkleku esa dkyh
pqdk Fkk vkSj vc mUgsa /ju dh ?kksM+fg;k lkgc dk tqYe lguk r; ?kVk;sa f?kj vk;haA rsth ls vaèksjk Nkus
vko';drk ugha FkhA bl çdkj FkkA xkao Hkj dh 'kker vk tkrh FkhA yxk A [ksr esa xsgwa dkVdj cks> cka/
firkth xjhch esa fdlh dh blfy, gj gky esa igjsnkj dks viuh dj j[kk x;k FkkA ,slk yx jgk Fkk
vuko';d ,oa fu"ç;ksT; oLrq dh ckjh ds fglkc ls Vksyh ds lkFk igjk dHkh Hkh dkys&dkys es?k xjtrs gq,
pksjh djok dj mls ç;ksx esa ysuk nsuk vfuok;Z FkkA Hkknks ds d`".k i{k cjl iM+saxsA Bhd mlh le; firkth
dksbZ vijk/ ugha ekurs Fks vkSj rc ds dh vekoL;k ds fnu firkth dh dgha ls vpkud çdV gq,A muds
yksx tkudj Hkh vutku cu tkrs Fks igjs okyh Vhe esa jeyk uke dk gkFk esa iQkoM+k Fkk ftlls os [ksr
fd pyks mldk ?kj rks cu x;kA gyokgk Hkh FkkA jeyk firkth dk Nhy dj lery dj jgs FksA mudk
firkth tks dHkh&dHkh vfr iDdk nksLr FkkA ml fnu jeyk us bjknk [ksr esa frjiky fcNkdj xsgwa dh
vko';d gksus ij vkSj dke u pyus cgqr esgur fd;k FkkA Hkknks dh ('ks"k i`"B 66 ij)
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 79
fy[kh&i<+h

'kSysUæ dqekj f=ikBh ds nksgs
MkW- 'kSysUæ dqekj f=kikBh vius <ax ds vkneh Hkh gSa vkSj jl&jlk;u ds Kkrk HkhA mudk tUe cukjl ftys (vc
pankSyh) ds HkysgVk xk¡o esa gqvkA dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls mUgksaus fpfdRlk foKku esa çksiQslj ds- ,u- mMqIik ds
funsZ'ku esa ih&,p-Mh- dh mikf/ çkIr dh vkSj cjlksa rd lefUor xzkeh.k fodkl dsaæ] dk'kh fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; esa
leUo;d jgs vkSj ogha ls lsokfuo`Ùk gq,A f=kikBh esa 'kq: ls gh dqN [kkl djus dk tT+ck Fkk vkSj mUgksaus cukjl]
fetkZiqj vkSj lksuHkæ ds xk¡oksa esa Hkwfe dh moZjk dk vè;;u djus ds lkFk gh xk¡o&xk¡o esa fpfdRldh; ikS/ksa dh [ksrh
ds fy, yksxksa dks çsfjr fd;kA mUgksaus blds fy, <sjksa yksxksa dks çf'kf{kr Hkh fd;k ftuesa ls vusd yksx Lo;a fpfdRld
cudj vkjksX; ds {ks=k esa mYys[kuh; dk;Z dj jgs gSaA gfjr Økafr ds mrkj ds ckn tc udyh [kk|&inkFkksaZ vkSj
vkS"kf/;ksa us [kqysvke yksxksa ds LokLF; vkSj thou ls va/k/qa/ f[kyokM+ fd;k gS] 'kSysUæ f=kikBh ,d ckj fiQj ls vius
dke esa lfØ; gSaA oLrqr% os eu ls fdlku gSa vkSj çd`fr&çse mudh jxksa esa fgyksj ekjrk gSA mudh rhu çdkf'kr
d`fr;ksa esa vkS"k/h; ikS/ksa dh [ksrh % ifjp; ,oa ç;ksx rFkk eSustesaV vkWQ :jy gsYFk ,.M vk;qosZnk rFkk xzkeh.k LokLF; ,oa
ifjokj dY;k.k gSaA os ,d laosnu'khy dfo gSa vkSj b/j chp mUgksaus nksgk vkSj xty fo/k esa <sjksa dfork,a fy[kh gSaA bu
dforkvksa esa u fliQZ xk¡o ds eqgkojs gSa cfYd foxr vkSj vkxr ftanfx;ksa ds fp=k Hkh i;kZIr :i esa feyrs gSa tks tYnh
gh lk/kj.k tu ds nq%[k&lq[k vkSj laosnuk ls ,dkdkj gks tkrs gSaA çLrqr gaS muds dqN nksgs %

iFkjhyh /jrh gqbZ tgjhyk vkdk'k! csyxke gksus yxh lÙkk laln nwj!
ekVh Hkw[k ijkslrh ikuh nsrk I;kl!! mBdj turk gks xbZ yM+us dks etcwj!!
eaafnj ds vUnj cus efLtn dh ehukj! etcwjh csVh cuh iSlk cuk xokg!
iSSnk gksxk bl rjg ,d u;k lalkj!! ysu&nsu O;kikj esa #dk gqvk gS C;kg!!
Hkk"kk gksxh Hkw[k dh [kwu vkSj cUnwd! unh uko dh lafxuh ukfod gS irokj!
eq[kM+k uDly dk c;ka dj nsxk nks Vwd!! lk>h lk>h ftanxh lk>k gS lalkj!!
tyus ij fNM+ds ued ljdkjh vkns'k ! VwVh gqbZ etkj ij xqe 'kghn dk uke!
gqvka&gqvka djus yxs xhnM+ iwjs ns'k!! dgk¡xbZ lEosnuk fdldks djsa ç.kke!!
xk¡/h ij Hkkjh iM+s usrk ohj lqHkk"k! thou bd laU;kl gS ;k fiQj Hkksx&fcykl!
vUnj&ckgj ns'k ds tkxk bd fo'okl!A jk/k lhrk æksinh rhuksa dks cuokl!!
tkr&ikar ds uke dk VwVsxk O;kikj! dqlhZ ds Åij p<+k c<+dj Hkz"Vkpkj!
jks,xh turk vxj Hkksxsxh ljdkj!! nq;ksZ/u ds lkeus xka/kjh ykpkj!!
gkFk cM+k ljdkj dk ftl ij vk ?kgjk;! ywyh&yaxM+h vkf'kdh dkuh&dksarj lksp!
ftank ls eqnkZ yM+s eqnkZ ftank [kk;!! iRFkj fny bUlku ij yxus yxh [kjksap!!
fn[krh gS [kkeks'k ij pyrh jgrh pky! lkou&Hkknksa dh dld iwjk djs dqokj !
jktuhfr dh xanxh djs gky&csgky!! ckyh iQwVs /ku dh lkFk cktjk&Tokj!!
cgqer dh ljdkj esa c<+ tkrk gS dke! nq/gaM+ esa j[kus yxh iQqVgaM+ gj lkeku!
dqrkZ dkWyj fdpZ ij fNVds xa/ reke!! nqygu yxrk lkl dk djrh gS vieku!!
tu eu x.k D;k cksyrk ckjh&ckjh ns[k ! fu"dyad vkSj fu"diV dy cy Ny ls nwj!
chp eqag vkSj ukd ds vkrh dSls js[k!! cPps djrs gSa Lo;a Nwus dks etcwj!!

80 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
fy[kh&i<+h

dqN dfork,a le; ds lkFk viuk vFkZ [kksyrh gaS vkSj mudk lUnHkZ gekjs pkjksa rjiQ ekStwn jktuhfrd vkSj lkaLÑfrd i;kZoj.k ls gesa cgqr
f'kír ls tksM+ nsrk gSA cqf¼yky iky dh dforkvksa esa ;g fo'ks"krk feyrh gSA gekjk vkt dk jktuhfrd vkSj lkaLÑfrd ik[kaM ls Hkjk
lkoZtfud thou vkSj mlij loksZPp vf/dkj j[krk oxZ bu dforkvksa ds dsaæ esa gSA buds fufgrkFkZ cgqr egRoiw.kZ gSaA 13 tuojh 1958
dks eè;çns'k ds fNanokMk ftys ds HkekM+k xk¡o esa tUes iky ,d fdlku vkSj pjokgk leqnk; ls rkYyqd j[krs gSaA nks gtkj nl esa mudk ,d
dfork ladyu jktk dh nqfu;k çdkf'kr gks pqdk gSA os ,d tuoknh lksp&fopkj okys dfo vkSj x|dkj gSaA fiQygky NÙkhlx<+ iqfyl ls
LoSfPNd lsok fuo`fÙk ds ckn os Lora=k ys[ku dj jgs gSa vkSj 562] ,e vkbZ th] U;w cksjlh ] nqxZ esa jgrs gSaA

iQdZ fganh] mnwZ] rfey csfM+;k¡
jktk esa gh os dksbZ lwjek ugha Fks
vkSj jk{kl esa ns[kks] oks ns[kks ,slk dgus ds fy,
iQdZ fliQZ bruk vka/h dh rjg /wy mM+krk muds ikl dqN Fkk Hkh ugha
pyk vk jgk gS og
jk{kl ds lhax ce /ekdksa ds lkFk muds ikl Fks
fn[kkbZ nsrs gSa ekuokf/dkj dh nqgkbZ nsrk yypkus okys nkuksa ds dqN pqXxs
jktk ds ugha ge lcdk dqN iQans dqN gFkdaMs dqN gFkdfM+;k¡
gekjh iwjh nqfu;k dk dqN vuFkZ okys Hk;
çfrLi/kZ u;k jktk
bUgha dks mUgksaus
mudh nqfu;k dk lkr leqUnj ikj ls [kwc iQSyk;k
loZekU; fu;e gS iwjs BkB&ckV ls - vkSj ges'kk gh vfoftr jgs
çfrLi/kZ ! fdlh lwjek dh rjg -
fo/krk
ftlesa mudh fliQZ 'ksj dks /ekZRek dh inoh
laxfBr iw¡th gksrh gS ftudh ck¡gksa esa
fparu cl mlh ij ! jkr dh jaxjsfy;ksa esa 'ksj ds xys esa iM+h
T;knk ykHk] T;knk 'kks"k.k ! iwjk 'kgj flldrk jgk rqylh ekyk ns[kdj
vk'p;Z pfdr gksrs gSa ge
mudh bl nqfu;k esa ftudh IysVksa esa ncs ik¡o og ?kkr yxkdj
fpfM+;k ds fy, 'ksj dk ekal rd iatksa ds cy pyrk gS
dcwrj ds fy, ltrk jgk
vkneh ds fy, eu gekjk mldh HkRlZuk djrk gS
dksbZ txg ugha gksrh - ftuds dVksjksa esa ij ge mldh bTtr djrs gSa
fliQZ efnjk dk ;kSou gh mlds xys esa iM+h ekyk dks
u;k jktk Nydrk jgk vn~Hkqr dgrs gSa
ge rks my>s gSa
ek'kkYykg tkfr]/eZ os gh vius detksj gksus ij yfTtr gksrs gSa
o.kZ esa gh gekjh fdLer fy[krs jgs vkSj 'ksj dks /ekZRek dh inoh ns nsrs gSa -
ckj&ckj@gj ckj -

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 81
fy[kh&i<+h
ewypan lksudj dh xtysa
ewypan lksudj ds ys[ku esa og lkgl çpqj ek=kk esa feyrk gS ftlds vHkko esa fganh lkfgR; viuh ,sfrgkfld
Hkwfedkvksa ls dV x;k gSA bl lkgl dks cpk, j[kus ds fy, os vyksdfç;rk vkSj vcksys dk [krjk Hkh mBk ysrs gSaA
blfy, ewypan dh ilan&ukilan yYyks&pIiks ls ugha lkiQxksbZ ls curh gSA mudk tUe ikap ekpZ 1946 dks bykgkckn
ds ,d fuEueè;oxhZ; ifjokj esa gqvk FkkA muds nknk usg: ifjokj ds ,l ,l usg: vkbZ lh ,l ds fo'kky cxhps dk
Bsdk fy;k djrs Fks vkSj vius cM+s dqucs ds lkFk mlh esa jgrs Hkh FksA cpiu esa ewypan dks dbZ ckj usg:] fot;y{eh
iafMr vkSj bafnjk xk¡/h dks ns[kus dk ekSdk feyk vkSj blfy, os vius fe=ksa ls jkSc xkaBrs fd ^lqYyso] vkt rks gekjs
fdgk¡tokgYyky vk;s jgsA* os 'kq: ls gh es/koh Fks vkSj vius ?kj ds igys O;fDr gSa ftlus mPp f'k{kk çkIr dhA
mUgksaus mÙkj çns'k jkT; lM+d ifjogu fuxe esa ukSdjh çkIr dh vkSj ogha ls ç/ku dkfeZd çca/d ds :i esa fjVk;j
gq,A ys[ku esa yksx ppkZ djkdj uke iSnk djrs gSa ysfdu ewypan vius csckd ys[ku ls pfpZr gSaA mudh dqy ukS iqLrdsa
Ni pqdh gSaA fiQygky os 48] jkt jkts'ojh uxj] fxyV cktkj] cukjl esa jgrs gSaA

1 2
eSaus ns[kk mUgsa epyrs gq, nsf[k;s vc ekSu dks vkokt esa <yrs gq,
oDr ds lkFk&lkFk <yrs gq, gkFk esa ysdj dye vYiQkt esa <yrs gq,
b'd dh ckr esa xbZ mez ;s csijksa dh NksfM+;s er csijksa dks nsf[k;s
gqLu ns[kk ugha fi?kyrs gq, v'kZ ij tkrs gq, ijokt esa <yrs gq,
jkg igpku dh cu tk,xh Mj jgk gS cqycqyksa ls nsf[k;s lÕ;kn vc
bu xyh dwpksa ls fudyrs gq, vc peu dks nsf[k;s gdlkt esa <yrs gq,
gqLu dh vkx D;k gS iwNks er Fkk dHkh vankt mudk tks Mjkus dk gesa
yÝ+t csfgl gqvk gS tyrs gq, nsf[k;s gedks mlh vankt esa <yrs gq,
ckr djrs jgs 'kjhvr dh Bku dj cSBk Fkk eSa ns[kw¡xk mudks oDr ij
idM+s tkrs jgs fiQlyrs gq, fn[k jgk oks oDr vc vkxkt esa <yrs gq,
viuh cqfu;kn esa fdjnkj u j[k D;ksa ugha fn[krk mUgsa bu Hkw[ks&uaxksa dk gqtwe
oukZ 'kjek,xk cnyrs gq, csclh esa bUdykch lkt esa <yrs gq,
#rcs okys 'kgj esa vk;s gSa lkiQxksbZ dk rek'kk gS fn[kkus ds fy,
vkvks ns[ksa mUgsa Vgyrs gq, fn[k jgh gS yksd'kkgh jkt esa <yrs gq, !

82 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
fy[kh&i<+h
3 4
gksyh & nhokyh ds volj vkrs gSa gj lky exj eq>s yxrk gS gksxk iQk;nk dqN rks tekus dks
eqiQfyl tscksa dks ?kk;y dj dj nsrs csgky exj mBkrk gw¡dye viuk Hkje ;s vktekus dks
dkyk eqag dkyh djrwrsa mtyh iks'kkdksa ds yksx v¡/sjs esa fn[kkbZ nsrh gS tks jkS'kuh eq>dks
vkrs gSa vius psgjs ij eydj lq[kZ xqyky exj mlh ds okLrs eSa <wa<rk gw¡gj cgkus dks
eSa Hkh vkalw dh ckrksa dks djrk gw¡ij <ax vyx fl;klr vkSj mYiQr dh gS fiQrjr ,d gh tSlh
esjs vkalw cngkyh esa yxrs gSa [kq'kgky exj oiQk ds uke ij nksuksa gqbZa iSnk Ndkus dks
esjh ckrksa dk edln gS 'kCn&'kCn gS vFkZ Hkjk djsa ckrsa rks dkSeh ,drk dh jkr&fnu ysfdu
ukle>ksa ds gks tkrs gSa xqLls ls eqag yky exj lnk Bsaxs is vius j[krs gSa dkSeh rjkus dks
vPNh&vPNh ckrsa djrs uSfrdrk ds Bsdsnkj ftls vkrh Fkh mcdkbZ dHkh lqurs gh esjk uke
'kke <ys lsok esa pkgsa lkdh iq"V dyky exj ogh O;kdqy gS vc utnhfd;k¡eq>ls c<+kus dks
jkSud pkgs ftruk gal ys viuh eLrh esa Mwch tjk bu tqxuqvksa ds gkSalys rks nsf[k;s vc ;s
ohjkuk rks ohjkuk gS ohjkuk gj gky exj dgsa ge Hkh p<+saxs vkleka ij txexkus dks
lkjs pkjkxj gSa mldh eqV~Bh esa /u ds cy ij dHkh vk¡[ksa feykus dh Hkh fgEer Fkh ugha ftuesa
cngteh dh chekjh ds vkxs gSa daxky exj ! ogh yydkjrs gSa vc [kM+s iats yM+kus dks !

5 6
csfiQØ gks ds tkÅaxk nq'okfj;ksa ds lkFk thou ,d la=kkl gS lkgsc
vÕ;kfj;ka d:¡xk eSa vÕ;kfj;ksa ds lkFk thuk ysfdu I;kl gS lkgsc
oks Å¡ph pht gSa cgqr D;ksa gkFk vk;saxs gj iRFkj esjs gh lj ij
jgrs gSa ,s'kxkg esa cndkfj;ksa ds lkFk esjk lj D;k [kkl gS lkgsc
vc D;k crkÅ¡nksLrks eSa iklck¡dk gky nhnkj&,&mEehn gh dj ysa
oks f[kyf[kyk ds g¡lrk gS ykpkfj;ksa ds lkFk gkfde dk ?kj ikl gS lkgsc
varj feVk ;w¡'kkgksa vkS laU;kfl;ksa ds chp 'kk;n tydj dksbZ ejh fiQj
v[kckj esa oks Nirs gSa cl ukfj;ksa ds lkFk gksyh dk mYykl gS lkgsc
njdkj gksxh fiQj fdlh user dh D;ksa mUgsa lwiu[kk dh ukd gS lgeh
dqN nsj eqLdjk ysa tks fdydkfj;ksa ds lkFk jke dk fiQj ouokl gS lkgsc
cTe&,&vnc esa ns[kw¡xk vius jdhc dks ukjh vc egiwQt dgk¡gS
fudyk gw¡vkt ?kj ls eSa rS;kfj;ksa ds lkFk og'kh ?kj btykl gS lkgsc
D;ksadj u vius etZ ls gks mfUl;r eq>s rkjugkj gqvk fiQj Hkw[kk
thrk jgk eSa mez Hkj chekfj;ksa ds lkFk 'kcjh fiQj [kYykl gS lkgsc !

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 83
esjs fiz; ys[kd

LØSi ls fLØIV cukus
okys dFkkdkj latho
gfjUæ çlkn

la eè;oxhZ
tho dk tUe 6 tqykbZ 1947 dks] ckaxj dyka xkao]tuin lqYrkuiqj ds ,d fuEu
; fdlku&Jfed ifjokj esa gqvk FkkA buds firk dk uke jke'kj.k çlkn
rFkk ekrk dk uke t;jkuh nsoh FkkA latho dk fookg ukS&nl lky dh mez esa muds
ekrk firk dh bPNkuqlkj fgUnw jhfr&fjokt ds vuqlkj gks x;k Fkk ij xkSuk 1962 esa
gqvkA xkSus ds lky ns'k ;q¼jr FkkA muds oSokfgd thou esa Hkh ns'k dh lhek tSlk
ruko cuk jgk ijarq fLFkfr ges'kk fu;a=k.k esa jghA muds cpiu ds fnu vR;ar
dfBukbZ esa xqtjsA ifjokj esgur&etwjh ls gh py jgk FkkA ?kj esa fctyh ugha FkhA
?kj dh vkSjrsa tkar ls vukt filrh FkhaA vukt ihlus esa dkiQh jkr gks tkrh Fkh vkSj
[kkuk curs&curs os lks tk;k djrs FksA mudks vDlj jkr esa txkdj [kkuk f[kyk;k
tkrk FkkA latho dh tUe frfFk Hkh xkao ds vU; cPpksa dh rjg okLrfod u gksdj
muds dkdk ds vkns'kkuqlkj xkao ds Ldwy ds gsM&ekLVj lkgc }kjk 'kks/ dj
fy[kh x;h gSA tUe ds le; mudk ifjokj ,d la;qDr ifjokj FkkA ifjokj esa
chl&iPphl lnL; Fks vkSj mudk Hkj.k&iks"k.k Ms<+ ch?kk mitkÅ rFkk pkj ch?kk
Ålj Hkwfe ij fuHkZj FkkA latho dk cpiu vfr vHkkoxzLr Fkk ftldh Nk;k vkt
rd fo|eku gSA vkfFkZd vHkko vkSj lkearh 'kks"k.k ls ijs'kku gksdj buds firk vkSj
pkpk foLFkkfir gksdj dqYVh xkao (ia- caxky) igq¡p x;sA
dqYVh esa gh budh çkjafHkd f'k{kk&nh{kk gqbZA latho dh ikfjokfjd fLFkfr dh
>yd mudh dgkuh fi'kkp esa feyrh gSA latho dk ekuuk gS fd mudk tUe ,d
txg u gksdj VqdM+ksa esa dbZ txg gqvkA mudks cpiu ls gh f'k{kk ls yxko FkkA
d{kk esa vOoy LFkku çkIr djus dh otg ls latho dh Ldwy iQhl ekiQ gks tkrh
FkhA ikapoha d{kk esa latho dk nkf[kyk dqYVh ds dsanqvk bafXy'k gkbZ Ldwy esa
djk;k x;kA if'pe caax eè; f'k{kk ifj"kn dh nloha dh d{kk dh ljdkjh ikB~;
iqLrd esa dFkkdkj latho dh dgkuh /kod dks LFkku fn;k x;k gSA ;g blfy, Hkh
lq[kn yxrk gS fd ftl Ldwy ls mUgksaus ekè;fed ijh{kk ikl dh vkt mlh Ldwy
esa mudh dgkuh i<+kbZ tk jgh gSA ;gha ugha] vklulksy ds ftl fMxzh dkWyst ls
mUgksaus X;kjgoha d{kk ikl dh Fkh og dkth ut:y bLyke fo'ofo|ky; ls lac¼
gS vkSj bl fo'ofo|ky; ds ch-,- ds ikB~;Øe esa mudk miU;kl lko/ku! uhps
84 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
vkx gS dks 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA ukSdjh ds ckotwn mu vkfFkZd fLFkfr ,d turk ÝySV dk vykWVesaV gks
latho us rsjg lky dh mez esa gkbZ esa dksbZ fo'ks"k lq/kj ugha gqvkA ldkA vkt Hkh os turk ÝySV esa
Ldwy rFkk l=kg lky dh mez esa vkfFkZd raxh ds pyrs os dqYVh esa ,dykSrs iq=k larks"k vkSj iq=ko/w ds
ch-,l&lh- ikl fd;kA dydÙkk ls V~;w'ku i<+kus yxs vkSj dqN fnuksa esa lkFk rM+d&HkM+d ls nwj lknxh iw.kZ
bUgsa ,lksfl,'ku vkWiQ bafLVV~;wV ekLVj th ds uke ls çfl¼ gks x;sA thou O;rhr dj jgs gaS vkSj vHkh Hkh
vkW i Q ds f eLV (Hkkjr) ls tc dqYVh dk bLikr dkj[kkuk can ys[kdh; ÅtkZ ls vksr&çksr gSaA
jlk;u'kkL=k dh mikf/ çkIr gqbZ tks gks x;k rks mudks LoSfPNd latho orZeku esa lar jSnkl ij ,d
,e-,l-lh- mikf/ ds led{k ekuh lsokfuo`fÙk ysuh iM+hA igys os dqYVh 'kks/ijd miU;kl fy[kus esa O;Lr
tkrh gSA latho ds HkkbZ mUgsa esa gh jgdj lkfgR; lk/uk djuk gSaA
bathuh;j ;k MkWDVj cukuk pkgrs Fks pkgrs Fks ij le; ds pØ us mUgsa LØSi ls fLØIV cukus okys
ij vFkkZHkko ds dkj.k ;g laHko ugha fnYyh iagqpk fn;kA fnYyh vkdj dFkkdkj latho fganh lkfgR; esa ,d
gks ldkA latho dks varr% dqYVh esa latho jktsaæ ;kno dh gal if=kdk ds vyx eqdke j[krs gSaA os dgkuh ;k
gh bLikr dkj[kkus esa dsfeLV dh lg&laiknd cus ij gkykr T;kas ds miU;kl fy[kus ds igys dfBu Je
ukSdjh fey x;hA /hjs&/hjs latho R;ksa cus jgsA latho ds ikbZ&ikbZ tksM+s djrs gSa vkSj jpuk dks ewrZ :i nsus ds
pkj iqf=k;ksa vkSj ,d iq=k ds firk cu x;s iSlksa ls fdlh rjg fnYyh ds igys Hkjiwj 'kks/ djrs gSaA ;gh otg
x,A x`gLFkh dk cks> c<+rk x;k vkSj fpYyk xkao esa Mh-Mh-,- }kjk fufeZr gS fd latho dh dgkfu;ka vkSj

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 85
miU;kl 'kks/ijd gksrs gSaA vijk/] bl miU;kl esa latho xjhch dks gks ftl ij latho dh ys[kuh u pyh
Vhl] ck?k] vkjksg.k] taxy tgk¡ ls ifjHkkf"kr djrs gq, dgrs gSa ;gk¡rks gksA bruk oSfoè;iw.kZ ys[ku fdlh
'kq: gksrk gS] lw=k/kj] Qkal vkfn esa iQVh gqbZ yqxjh flyus ds fy, ?kj esa fojys ys[kd us gh fd;k gksxkA
latho ds Je vkSj 'kks/ dks c[kwch lqbZ vkSj Mksjk rd ugha gSA latho latho dks vc rc dFkkØe
ns[kk tk ldrk gSA latho dh viuh jpukvksa ds ekè;e ls ;g lEeku] banq 'kekZ Le`fr varjkZ"Vªh;
dgkfu;ksa vkSj miU;klksa ds eq[; ik=k dgus dk ç;kl djrs gSa fd loZgkjk lEeku] fHk[kkjh Bkdqj yksd lEeku]
lekt esa gkf'k;s ij iQasds x, yksx gSa lekt dks 'kksf"kr cuk;s j[kus ds fy, igy lEeku] lq/k Le`fr lEeku] o"kZ
ftUgsa dsaæ esa j[k dj mUgksaus loZgkjk /kfeZd ik[kaM dk lgkjk fy;k tkrk 2013 ds fy, Jhyky 'kqDy Le`fr
oxZ dh ihM+k vkSj osnuk dks mtkxj gSa vkSj Hkwr&çsr] LoxZ&ujd] lEeku] mÙkj çns'k fganh laLFkku }kjk
fd;k gSA os 'kksf"kr oxZ dh iSjoh iki&iq.; vkfn çiapksa dk lgkjk fn;k tkus okyk lkfgR; Hkw"k.k lEeku
djrs utj vkrs gSaA ekui=k] çsreqfDr] ysdj Hkksyh&Hkkyh vkSj fujhg turk vkfn ls lEekfur fd;k tk pqdk gSA
QSlyk] Vhl] vijk/] fyVjspj] dks Bxk vkSj Nyk tkrk gSA latho latho dks >wB cksyus ls 'k[l uiQjr
lkxj&lhekar] ek¡] eqnZxkg] ?kj pyks lko/ku! uhps vkx gS miU;kl ds gSaA os ftl cLrh esa jgrs gSa og
nqykjhckbZ vkSj nqfu;k dh lcls glhu ekè;e ls iwathifr;ksa] jktusrkvksa ds vfdapu yksxksa dh cLrh gSA pkgs
vkSjr latho dh vfoLej.kh; edM+tky esa my>h xjhc turk dh cLrh ds cPpksa dk Ldwy esa ,Mfe'ku
dgkfu;ka gSaA latho us ntZuksa miU;kl fujhgrk] va/fo'oklksa vkSj dqçFkkvksa djkuk gks ;k cLrh ds fdlh chekj
vkSj dqN cky miU;kl fy[ks gSaA ij tcnLr rjhds ls çgkj djrs utj dks vLirky esa HkrhZ djkuk gks os
ldZl] lw=k/kj] taxy tgk¡ ls 'kq: vkrs gSa- latho fd dgkuh Qqyok dk lnSo rRij jgrs gSaA latho lekt esa
gksrk gS] vkdk'k paik] jg x;h fn'kk,a iqy Hkz"V ljdkjh nÝrj ds ckcqvksa HkkbZ&pkjk vkSj lejlrk ds fgek;rh
blh ikj] Qkal] vgsj latho }kjk fd iksy [kksyrh gSA bl miU;kl esa gSa vkSj gj rjg ds 'kks"k.k dks tM+ ls
fy[ks x, miU;kl gSaA Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj Hkwfe leL;k dks lekIr djuk pkgrs gSaA mudk dguk
latho ds dFkk lkfgR; esa çeq[krk ls mBk;k x;k gSA ;ks¼k gS fd 'kjhj ds ftl fgLls esa ihM+k
lkekftd] vkfFkZd] jktuSfrd vkSj dgkuh esa Hkkjrh; tkfrokn dh gksrh gS fnekx ckj&ckj mlh fgLls
/kfeZd rRoksa dh isphnxh vkSj ccZjrk vkSj la?k"kZ dh dgkuh gS rks ij tkrk gS] Bhd mlh rjg lekt
nq#grk ijr nj ijr [kqyrh pyh chgM+ ,d ,slh ukjh Mkdw lhrcknsoh dk tks rcdk nck&dqpyk vkSj
tkrh gSA mudh gj jpuk ,d cM+k ij gq, vU;k; vkSj vR;kpkj dh 'kks"k.k dk f'kdkj gS è;ku ckj&ckj
foe'kZ [kM+k djrh utj vkrh gSA dgkuh gS tks jktuhfr ds xfy;kjksa ls m/j gh tkrk gSA blfy;s esjs fy,
ekDlZoknh fopkj/kjk ls çHkkfor gksus gksrs gq, ns'k dh laln rd igqprh gS loZgkjk oxZ ij fy[kuk T;knk lgt
ds ckotwn volkn vkSj vU; vkSj vius dks vU; jktusrkvksa ls jgkA latho dks bl ckr dk eyky gS
dgkfu;ka esa os ekDlZokn ij gh ç'u csgrj crkrh gSA nLrwj dgkuh fd bruk fy[kk ij mlls D;k iQk;nk
fpUg yxkrs utj vkrs gSaA vijk/ jkt?kjkuksa dh 'kku&'kkSdr vkSj ukjh gqvk\ D;k lekt dh lksp vkSj ns'k
dgkuh latho dh ,d csfelky vkSj 'kks"k.k dh dgkuh gSA latho dh ds gkykr esa dksbZ lq/kj gqvk\
fo'oLrjh; dgkuh gS ftls fy[krs dgkuh cq¼iFk ckS¼ /eZ ds ckotwn blds os vuojr fy[k
le; os cjlksa dksVZ&dpgjh vkSj vuq;kb;ksa ds cq¼ ds fl¼karksa vkSj jgs gSaA budh ys[kuh dh ekuoh;
Fkkuksa dk pDdj yxkrs jgsA lw=k/kj muds ekxZ ls HkVd tkus ij çdk'k laosnuk,a thou ds okLrfod /jkry
miU;kl tks fHk[kkjh Bkdqj dh Mkyrh gSA vfo"dkj dgkuh can gksrs ij Hkh ewrZ :i ysrh jgrh gSaA latho
thouxkFkk gS] esa latho vo/h {ks=k dy&dkj[kkus] etnwjksa dh tcju vius l'kDr ys[ku ds cycwrs
ds gksrs gq, Hkh Hkkstiqjh Hkk"kk ds lkFk NaVuh] etnwjksa ds 'kks"k.k vkSj lkfgfR;d f{kfrt ij ,d flrkjs dh
U;k; djrs utj vkrs gSaA blds ihNs csjkstxkjksa dh iQkSt [kM+h gksus dh rjg nsnhI;eku jgsaxsA
mudh xgu 'kks/ijd n`f"V gh gSA nkLrku gSA 'kk;n gh dksbZ ,slk fo"k; ●●●

86 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
iqj[kksa dh nqfu;k

Le`fr;ksa esa [kks;s ugha gSa firk
jkenso flag

es fdlku
js firkth (Lo- t;çdk'k flag) Le`fr;ksa esa [kks ugha x;s gSaA esjs firkth 'kq¼ :i ls
FksA ns'k esa tc Hkh vkSj tgk¡Hkh fdlkuksa dh ppkZ gksrh gS] esjs ekul iVy ij
vius fnoaxr firk dh gh Nfo mHkj vkrh gSA tc Hkh vius xk¡o esa gksrk gw¡] [ksrh&fdlkuh
ls tqM+h <sj lkjh phtsa mudh ;kn fnykrh jgrh gSaA iwjs xk¡o&tokj esa mudh [;kfr ,d
vPNs fdlku ds :i esa FkhA yksx mUgsa usrkth dgrs Fk] gkykafd jktuhfr ls mudk dqN
Hkh ysuk&nsuk ugha FkkA fdlkuksa vkSj [ksr&etnwjksa esa mudh ,d fo'oluh;rk FkhA
[ksrh&fdlkuh ls tqM+s gj elys ij yksx muls lykg ysus vkrs FksA
mudk O;fDrRo çHkko'kkyh FkkA fo'ks"k voljksa ij os vPNs diM+ksa vkSj twrksa ds 'kkSdhu
Fks] ysfdu vkerkSj ij ?kqVuksa rd /ksrh vkSj ckag okyh xath ds Åij xeNk mudk ckuk
FkkA tkM+ksa esa /ksrh ds Åij Åuh diM+s vkSj eUdh dSi t:j igurs FksA [ksrksa dh vksj
fudyrs rks muds gkFk esa ykBh vkSj Nkrk Hkh gksrkA cjlkr ds fnuksa esa uaxs ikao gh fudyrs
vkSj ykSVrs rks ?kqVuksa rd dhpM+&dknks fpidk gksrkA
gyokgs vkSj [ksr&etnwjksa] ftUgsa gekjs ;gk¡tu dgk tkrk gS] ds lkFk mudk fj'rk cgqr
vkReh; FkkA os mudh xyfr;ksa ij vkx&ccwyk Hkh [kwc gksrs
ysfdu fi?kyrs Hkh nsj ugha yxrhA ;gh otg jgh gksxh fd gekjs
rhu gyokgs cq<+kis rd gekjk gh gy tksrrs jgsA mu fnuksa etnwjh
esa vukt gh fn;k tkrk FkkA [ksr&etnwjh ds vykok muds ikl
nwljk jkstxkj de gh FkkA vkt dh rjg os iatkc] gfj;k.kk ;k
fnYyh ugha tkrs FksA u gh eujsxk tSlh ;kstuk;sa FkhaA chih,y
Ldhe Hkh ugha FkkA [ksrh ls [kkyh le; esa firkth us ?kj ds nwljs
dke ds fy, jksVs'ku dj j[kk Fkk rkfd lcdks dqN u dqN
etnwjh feyrh jgsA ysfdu dbZ ckj muds cPpksa ds lkeus
iQkdkd'kh dh ukScr vk tkrh vkSj os vfxze ds :i esa vukt
ekaxus vk tkrs rks] firkth [kwc fcxM+rs fd ^igys okyk rks l/k;s
ugha--- NksM+ nks gekjk dke--- rqe yksxksa ds ihNs rks ge daxky gks
tk;saxs!] os pqipki lqurs jgrs] gVrs gh ughaA vkf[kj esa] firkth
dks gh n;k vk tkrh] os vukt Hkh nsrs vkSj [kkuk Hkh f[kyok nsrsA
mu fnuksa gekjs ;gk¡eq[; iQly /ku gh gqvk djrh FkhA jksiuh
ds le; dkiQh la[;k esa etnwjksa dh t:jr iM+rhA etnwj tqVkus
esa [kwc ekjkekjh gksrh ysfdu firkth dks etnwjksa dh dHkh fnDdr ugha gksrhA ?kj esa gh
mudk ty[kbZ (uk'rk) vkSj [kkuk curkA uk'rs esa os çk;% eM+qvk dh jksVh] ued] fepZ]
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 87
I;kt vkSj vpkj cgqr pko ls [kkrsA v{kr] nwc vkfn ls mldk pqekou
mudk ekuuk Fkk fd ;g isV esa dkiQh djrhA xk¡o ds yksx dbZ fnuksa rd
nsj rd fVdrk gSA ?kj esa tc jksfV;k¡ ns[kus vkrsA xk¡o esa bl ckr dh ppkZ
curha rks firkth gkFk ls rkSydj gks tkrh fd usrk th cgqr cf<+;k cSy
ns[krs fd otu de rks ugha gSA bu [kjhns gSaA firkth mUgsa pk;
jksfV;ksa dks diM+s esa ck¡/dj os Lo;a fiyk&fiykdj crkrs fd ^igys
[ksr ys tkrsA dqN vfrfjDr jksfV;ka flags'oj LFkku x;s] ogk¡ugha ilUn
Hkh j[k ysrs rkfd fdlh dh [kqjkd vk;k rks cueu[kh x;s ysfdu ogk¡
vf/d gks rks de u iM+sA jksiuh ds Hkh ugha tek rks [kxM+k fd'kuxat
ckn 'kke dks [kkuk [kkus ?kj ij vkrsA pys x;sA*
ftl fnu dnok&i[kkj (jksiuh dk dh rS;kjh esa tqV tkrsA /ku rS;kj gksus ukSdj jgus ds ckotwn firkth cSyksa
vkf[kjh fnu) gksrk] firkth muds ds ckn Hkh os ml vUu dk nkuk dks çk;% vius gkFkksa dqV~Vh&lkuh
fy, fo'ks"k Hkkstu cuokrsA pkoy & fdlh Hkh :i esa rcrd xzg.k ugha f[kykrsA dHkh&dHkh ued vkSj xqM+
nky & lCth ds vykok d<+h&cM+h] djrs tc rd uokUu iwtk ugha gks Hkh feykrsA mUgsa f[kykrs gq, fujUrj
ctdk vkSj ikiM+ Hkh gksrkA tkrh vkSj nsoh&nsorkvksa dks Hkksx ugha laokn Hkh djrsA dHkh xkfy;ka nsrs rks
jksiuh ds ckn Hkh firkth yx tkrkA dHkh iqpdkjrs HkhA dHkh fdlh
lqcg&'kke [ksr ns[kus t:j tkrsA chtksa ds laj{k.k ds çfr Hkh mudh fj'rsnkjh esa tkrs rks cSyksa dk Hkkstu
/ku tc iQwVus ij gksrk rks mudh xtc dh fu"Bk FkhA /ku dVus ds Hkh de gks tkrkA ykSVdj vkrs rks
x'r jkr esa Hkh gksrhA mu fnuksa igys gh os [ksrksa esa ?kwe&?kwedj lcls igys cFkku ij gh tkrsA mUgsa
HkSalokjksa dk dkiQh miæo gksrkA os fpfUgr dj ysrs fd fdl [ksr ds ns[krs gh cSy vius dku [kM+s dj
xEgjk;s /ku dks gh pjk nsrsA firkth /ku dks cht ds fy, j[kuk gSA ;g iwaN fgykus yxrsA muds isV dks lVk
nks&rhu lkfFk;ksa ds lkFk VkWpZ vkSj muds fy, cgqr ifo=k dk;Z FkkA os ns[kdj igys rks ukSdj thru dks
Hkkyk ysdj Ms<+&nks cts jkr esa gh vius gkFk ls iqvky dk usB rS;kj Mk¡Vrs vkSj ukn esa iM+h lkuh dks ,d
[ksrksa dh vksj fudy tkrsA dbZ ckj os djrs Fks] ftlesa cht j[kk tkrk FkkA ckj vius gkFkksa feyk nsrsA cSyksa ds
idM+s tkrs rks iapk;r esa mUgsa tqekZuk iqvky ls cus xksykdkj usB ij feV~Vh xys dh ?kafV;ka ctus yxrha vkSj os
fd;k tkrkA gkykafd lkewfgd :i ls dk ysi yxkdj ihBkj (fils gq, pHkj&pHkj [kkuk 'kq: dj nsrsA
tksxokj Hkh j[kk tkrk ysfdu HkSalokj pkoy dk ?kksy) ls NksVh lh vYiuk firkth blds ckn gh pk; ihrsA xk¡o
brus ncax gksrs fd tksxokj dks Vsjrs ij xk; dk xkscj] flUnwj vkSj nwc dh esa gekjh cSyxkM+h Hkh lcls vPNh
gh ughaA blh fo"k; ij eSaus iapSrh ifÙk;ka fpidk;h tkrh FkhaA /ku dh gksrhA vukt <ksus ls ysdj iUæg
dgkuh fy[kh FkhA pwafd firkth dh dkSu lh çtkfr gS ;g Hkh fy[k fn;k fdyksehVj nwj cktkj vkSj jsyos
/kd vPNh Fkh] blfy, muds bl tkrk FkkA firkth ds gkFkksa j[kk gqvk LVs'ku tkus ds fy, ;gh lk/u FkkA
vfHk;ku dk vlj Hkh gksrkA HkSalokj cht dHkh ^ekj* ugha tkrk FkkA os Lo;a vius funsZ'ku esa bls rS;kj
lrdZ gks tkrsA djokrsA ifg;k] rsryk] iQj vkSj
firkth dks vPNs cSy j[kus dk Hkh
tqvk os [kqn pqurs FksA /qjh ij twV dk
tc iwjh rjg iQwVus ds ckn /ku dh cgqr 'kkSd FkkA vPNs da/ksa vkSj lhax
lu yisV dj vUMh ds rsy esa ifg;s
ckfy;k¡ >qd tkrha rks firkth dh okys cSyA gekjs cSyksa dk vDlj
dks Lo;a rqykrsA rkfd cSyksa dks xkM+h
[kq'kh ge muds psgjs ij i<+ ysrsA pedrk gqvk liQsn jax gh gksrkA tc
[khapus esa vklkuh gksA xkM+h ds Åij
dHkh&dHkh os çxV :i esa dgrs Hkh Hkh u;s cSy [kjhnuk gksrk os lyker
dk VIij os [kkl dkjhxj ls gh
fd Hkxoku us pkgk rks blckj fe;ka dks lkFk ysrs vkSj dbZ gkV ?kwe
cuokrsA tks fVdkÅ ds lkFk&lkFk
dV~Bkeu tkuk pkfg,! os [kfygku vkrsA tc ilUn vkrk rHkh [kjhnrsA
lqUnj Hkh gksrk FkkA VIij rHkh yxk;k
?kj ij cSy ds vkrs gh ek¡Fkkyh esa
88 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
tkrk Fkk tc ?kj dh efgykvksa dks ckcw] ge ekfyd ds dke dk dqN laHkkyuk iM+rkA
'kgj vkuk&tkuk gksrk FkkA ugha ysaxs! /U; ekfyd] tks vkt ge firkth dks Mk;jh j[kus dk cgqr
firkth us vkBoha d{kk ls gh eq>s ;gk¡gSaA gekjs ikl clus ds fy, dksbZ 'kkSd FkkA os cukjl ls çdkf'kr
eqjyhxat ds Ldwy gkWLVy esa ns fn;k tehu ugha FkhA ge rks ekek yksxksa ds Bkdqj çlkn ,.M lal ls çdkf'kr
FkkA NqfV~V;ksa esa ;gh cSyxkM+h esjs ;gk¡jgrs Fks u! muyksxksa us ,d /qj Mk;jh gh ysrs] blfy, fd blesa xzg]
fy, Hksth tkrh vkSj [kqyus ij tehu ugha fn;kA ,d fnu ekfyd u{k=k] iwf.kZek&vekoL;k vkSj rht
igq¡pkus tkrhA çk;% cspu eaMy gh cSyxkM+h ls blh lM+d ls vk jgs Fks] R;ksgkjksa dk fooj.k gksrkA ckdh
gekjh xkM+hokuh djrk FkkA cSyksa dks ge xkM+h Nsaddj [kM+s gks x;s fd viuk lkjk fglkc&fdrkc vkSj
rst Hkxkus ds fy, dHkh&dHkh cSyksa ekfyd ge pys gh tk;saxs bl xk¡o ysu&nsu blh esa fy[krsA mUgsa fdlku
dks nqvkyh ls ihVrk Hkh FkkA ls\ bZ tehu vkigh yksxksa dh FkhA dfo ?kk?k dh dkiQh dgkorsa ;kn Fkha
dHkh&dHkh firkth Hkh cktkj ds ekfyd us dgk & tkvks] blh esa ?kj tks muds fdlkuh esa dke vkrh FkhA
dke ls gekjs lkFk gh tkrsA cspu cuk yks!--- dksu eq¡g ls ge firkth dks fof/or iwtkikB esa dHkh
;fn ,dckj Hkh nqvkyh pykrk rks #i;k&iSlk ysaxs\ Å Hkh muds tkus #fp ugha jghA ;g lc ek¡ds ftEes
mls ihNs fcBkdj Lo;a xkM+h pykus ds ckn\ tc Hkh feyus tkrs Fks] fcuk FkkA ysfdu os bldh O;oLFkk esa dksbZ
yxrsA mudh fVVdkjh ij gh cSy pk; fiyk;s ugha vkus nsrs FksA--- dksrkgh ugha djrs FksA tc rd [ksrh
ljiV nkSM+us yxrsA ftu fnuksa ge firkth vius dks dHkh [kkyh ugha djrs jgs] [ksr gh mudk lcls cM+k
gkWLVy esa Fks mUgha fnuksa ^rhljh j[krs FksA ftu fnuksa [ksrh&ckjh dk iwtkLFky jgkA mudh rhFkZ;k=kk gn ls
dle* fiQYe fjyht gqbZ FkhA ^rky* ugha gksrk mu fnuksa Hkh muds gn flags'oj LFkku rd gksrh] tgk¡
cSyxkM+h ds çfr esjk ^iS'ku* rHkh ls ikl gtkj dke gksrsA 'kke ds le; Hkxoku f'ko dk çfl¼ eafnj gS vkSj
LFkk;h gks x;kA esjh 'kknh ds le; çk;% njokts ij gh cSBrsA yksx vkrs ;g gekjs xk¡o ls 20&25 fdyksehVj
rd nwljs lk/u miyC/ gks x;s Fks rks muds lkFk xi'ki Hkh djrs vkSj gh nwj gSA nks&pkj o"kksZa esa dHkh
ysfdu eSa tc viuh u;h uosyh mudk gkFk vius Vs#vk ij py jgk cS|ukFk /ke pys tkrs FksA esjs
nqYgu dh fonkbZ djkdj vius gksrkA Vs#vk ij os twV dh cgqr eqxyljk; vkus ds ckn nks&rhu ckj
LVs'ku ij mrjk rks ckcwth us ogh vPNh Mksjh ck¡V ysrs FksA bu Mksfj;ksa dk'kh fo'oukFk esa n'kZu&iwtu ds
cSyxkM+h Hksth Fkh] VIij esa vkxs&ihNs dk dbZ rjg dk bLrseky FkkA bUgha fy, x;s gksaxsA gk¡] ,d ckj eSa mUgsa
ijns c¡/okdjA Mksfj;ksa dks vyx&vyx jaxksa esa ç;kx ds dqEHk esys ys x;k FkkA dHkh
[ksrh&fdlkuh ls tqM+k gekjs ?kj dk jaxdj os cSyksa ds fy, jkl] ukFk vkSj dgha tkus dk çksxzke cukrk rks mUgsa
gj vkStkj fof'k"V gksrk] gy&iQky ixgk vkfn cukrsA dHkh fdlh vkSj xk¡o tkuk gh t:jh yxrkA
ls ysdj] dqnky] [kqjih] g¡fl;k] ds vkxzg ij cuk nsrs rks yksx ns[krs ckn esa viuh <yrh mez esa os 'kke
nfc;k vkSj [kUrh rdA vo/ 'kekZ gh le> tkrs fd ;g rks usrkth ds ds le; guqeku pkyhlk dk ikB
(tks c<+bZ ds lkFk yksgkj dk dke Hkh gkFk dh cuh jLlh gS! djds gh fcLrj ij lksus tkrs FksA
djrs Fks) mudk gj lkeku eu ls firkth esa [ksrh&fdlkuh ds vykok ysfdu Hkxoku f'ko muds LoHkkfod
rS;kj djrs FkkA firkth ds fu/u ds vPNs O;oLFkkid ds Hkh xq.k FksA nsork FksA xk¡o esa tc u;k edku cu
ckn vo/ 'kekZ us Jk¼deZ ds fy, ftldh t:jr xk¡o esa lHkh ifjokjksa jgk Fkk rks ckgj ds cjkens esa lhfyax
ydM+h ds dqN t:jh lkeku cuk, dks gksrhA fdlh Hkh ifjokj esa ds Bhd uhps f'ko ds fp=k okyk
FksA dk;ZØe lEiUu gksus ds ckn Hkh 'kknh&C;kg gks ;k vkSj dksbZ vk;kstu VkbYl yxok;k Fkk] ftlds uhps ,d
tc os viuk esgurkuk ysus ugha vk;s ^bLVhesV* firkth ls gh cuokrsA pkSdh fcNh jgrh FkhA xjeh ds fnuksa
rks eSa Lo;a muds ?kj x;k vkSj iwNk mudk ^bLVhesV* fdiQk;rh vkSj esa os mlh pkSdh ij lksrs FksA ftUnxh
fd vkidk fdruk gqvk rks mudh ^ijiQsDV* nksuksa gksrkA T;knk cM+s ds vkf[kjh fnuksa esa viuh ogh pkSdh
vk¡[ksa McMck x;ha] cksys&ugha jkenso vk;kstu esa rks HkaMkj Hkh mUgsa gh mudk LFkk;h fcNkSuk cu x;k FkkA os
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 89
vk¡[ksa Åij dj f'ko ls xqgkj yxkrs nsrsA gkjdj eq>s xk¡o tkus dk çksxzke ysfdu cgqr rsth ls os ^csM fjMu*
&ckck] vkc y, pyvA cukuk iM+rkA firkth nks&rhu fnu gksrs x;sA xk¡o dk MkDVj jathr fdlh
bruk 'kkjhfjd Je djus ds ckn Hkh igys ls gh viuk cSx lfj;kus yxrsA rjg eèksiqjk tkrk vkSj nok,¡ys vkrkA
firkth dks e/qesg vkSj mPp jDrpki 'kke dks xkM+h idM+uh gksrh rks nks eèksiqjk ds dqN MkWDVjksa ls mlds
dh chekjh dSls gks x;h] ;g lcds cts fnu esa /ksrh&dqrkZ igudj rS;kj is'ksoj lEcU/ FksA os viuk ,Mokbl
vk'p;Z dk fo"k; Fkk! njvly ;s gks tkrsA ns nsrs ysfdu vkus dks rS;kj ugha gksrsA
nksuksa chekfj;k¡mUgsa ruko ls gh feyh 2008 esa tc gekjk iwjk bykdk firkth esa mBus&cSBus dh rkdr Hkh
gksxhA bruh lgt ftUnxh thus okys dkslh unh dh foHkhf"kdk >sy jgk ugha jg x;h FkhA [ksrh&fdlkuh dk
firkth dks Hkh pkj csfV;ksa dh 'kknh FkkA bruh Hkh"k.k rckgh dk eatj cM+k ;ks¼k bruk ykpkj Hkh gks tk;sxk]
vkSj esjh i<+kbZ ds [kpZ us rks ruko dHkh fdlh us ugha ns[kk FkkA jsy vkSj ;g vuqeku fdlh dks ugha FkkA
fn;k gh gksxkA i<+kbZ lekIr djus ds lM+d ekxZ èoLr gks pqds FksA ysfdu mudh ;kn~nk'r vc Hkh cgqr
ckn Hkh eSa rhu&pkj o"kksaZ rd cM+s&cM+s iqy cg x;s FksA esjs xk¡o esa vPNh FkhA lkjs cPpksa dh çxfr iwNrs
csjkstxkj gh FkkA bl lcesa mUgsa tku ck<+ dk ikuh ?kqlk Fkk ysfdu ,d&nks jgrsA ,d fnu lqcg&lqcg gh
ls I;kjh dbZ ch?ks tehu cspuh iM+h fnu esa gh mlus viuh fn'kk cny iwNk&f'kokuh (esjh NksVh csVh) dk
FkhA [ksrh esa ykxr c<+ x;h Fkh vkSj yhA ysfdu xk¡o rks Vkiw cu gh x;k ih,pMh esa ,Mfe'ku gqvk\ eSaus
ml vuqikr esa mit de gks jgh FkhA FkkA ckgj ls vkus&tkus ds lkjs jkLrs crk;k fd vkt gh baVjO;w gSA mUgksaus
tehusa ugha fcdrha rks eq>ij ukSdjh cUn gks x;s FksA Bhd mUgha fnuksa gkFk tksM+dj vius f'koth dh vksj
djus dk ncko Hkh ugha jgrkA ?kj dk firkth dbZ jksxksa ls f?kj x;s FksA mUgsa ns[kk &t; egknso! 'kke dks tc eSaus
vdsyk csVk Fkk] blfy, os pkgrs Fks iQkfyt ekjus ds lkFk&lkFk mudh crk;k fd f'kokuh dk ih,pMh ds
fd eSa Hkh [ksrh gh d:aA eSaus VhplZ çksLVsV vkSj ikbYl okyh leL;k fiQj fy, lsysD'ku gks x;k gS rks cgqr [kq'k
Vªsfuax Tokbu fd;k rks mUgsa cgqr [kq'kh mHkj x;h FkhA xk¡o ds MkWDVj ls gh gq,A ek¡ ls dgk &dy çlkn p<+k
gqbZ fd vklikl gh iksfLVax gksxh vkSj mudh çkFkfed fpfdRlk 'kq: gqbZA nhft,xkA
eSa nksuksa dke dj ywaxk tSls nwljs yksx esjh nks cguksa dk ifjokj foLFkkfir firkth dk [kkuk&ihuk yxHkx cUn
djrs FksA ysfdu VhplZ dh cgkyh gksdj iVuk igq¡pk rks eSa mUgsa gks x;k FkkA vk/k di nw/ Hkh ugha ih
vHkh vfuf'pr Fkh vkSj rHkh esjk eqxyljk; ys vk;kA xk¡o igq¡pus dk ikrsA cgqr eqf'dy ls ewax nky dh
jsyos ls cqykok vk x;kA firkth ds ,d u;k jkLrk [kqyk rks eSa jsyos esa FkksM+h lh f[kpM+h [kkrsA fnuHkj dksbZ u
LokLF; dks ns[krs gq, eSaus tehusa ^fld fjiksVZ* nsdj xk¡o ds fy, dksbZ muls feyus vkrk jgrkA
cVkbZ ij fnyok fn;kA fiQj Hkh os pyk] lkFk esa iRuh Hkh x;hA cgqr [kkldj [ksrh&ckM+h ls tqM+s yksx tc
vius funsZ'ku esa gh [ksrh djokrsA dfBukbZ >syrs gq, geyksx xk¡o vkrs rks muesa ÅtkZ dk lapkj gks
e/qesg gksus ds 20&25 o"kksaZ rd igq¡psA lkspdj x;k Fkk fd tSls Hkh gks tkrkA os gj [ksr dk gky iwNrsA ck<+
ijgst vkSj nokvksa ds fu;fer lsou mUgsa ys vkÅaxkA ysfdu nks ckj xkM+h ls dgk¡&dgk¡ fdruh {kfr gqbZA
ls mudk LokLF; Bhd jgkA ckn esa eaxok dj okil djuk iM+kA os jksus ikuh vc mrj jgk FkkA ,d fnu vius
çksLVsV dh leL;k gqbZ rks ch,p;w ds yxrs fd vc ge dgha ugha tk;saxsA cVkbZnkj egsljh eaMy ls eSa ;gh lc
cM+s MkDVj ls mudk vkijs'ku ,d fnu rks mUgksaus dgk fd jkr HkS;k iwN jgk Fkk fd fdl&fdl [ksr esa
djok;kA eSa pkgrk Fkk]ek¡ ckcw th esjs lius esa vk;s vkSj cksys fd xk¡o ls /ku cpk gS \ egsljh crk dj pqi gks
vc ;gha jgsa ysfdu eghuk rqe dgha er tkvksA dgha tkvksxs rks x;k rks firkth us dgk &m¡pdk dksyk
chrrs&chrrs muds xk¡o tkus dh /qu rqe ugha cpksxsA os viuk iQkfyt okyk thjk Hkh ugha Mwck gksxk! egsljh
'kq: gks tkrhA eSa fdlh u fdlh cgkus okyk gkFk FkksM+k lk mBkrs vkSj dgrs] us esjh vksj ns[krs gq, dgk &gk¡
Vkyrk jgrkA os cPpksa dh rjg ftn ns[kks] vc ;g gkFk mB jgk gSA ;gha ekfyd] thjk /ku Hkh cp x;k gS---
ij mrj tkrs vkSj cksyuk de dj Bhd gks tk;sxkA nsf[k;s] ekfyd dks lc ;kn gSA
90 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
firkth b/j m/j ns[kdj egsljh gqbZA firkth us 'kk;n ikuh ekaxk! ek¡ ;gk¡ tc Hkh vkrs] mudk gsYFk
dh rjiQ gkFk c<+krsA ;g [kSuh ds us pEep ls ikuh fiyk;kA FkksM+h nsj psdvi t:j djok nsrk FkkA
fy, b'kkjk gksrkA eSa tkucw>dj ogk¡ ckn gh ek¡us vkokt nh &jkenso--- lcdqN Bhd FkkA xk¡o tkus ds igys
ls gV tkrkA ykxS NkS] ckcwth u; NfFkUg (yxrk eSaus muls dgk fd pfy;s ,d
firkth dks fcLrj ij iM+s&iM+s gS ckcwth ugha gSaA) eSa vkSj m"kk vPNk dqrkZ&/ksrh ys yhft,!
^csMlksj* 'kq: gks x;k FkkA mUgsa fnu gM+cM+krs gq, cjkens esa vk;sA eSaus geyksx ;gk¡ dh e'kgwj diM+s dh
esa nks&rhu ckj djoV fnykdj]eSa mudk psgjk viuh vksj fd;k rks nwdku gSUMywe lsUVj x;sA eSaus ,d
vkSj ek¡feydj ikmMj fNM+drsA ek¡ og yq<+d x;kA os lpeqp tk pqds [kknh eVdk dk diM+k ilUn fd;k
dks vc Hkh mEehn Fkh fd os Bhd FksA eSa le> ugha ik jgk Fkk fd vHkh vkSj ,d tksM+h ijelq[k /ksrhA
gks tk;saxsA D;k d:aA ek¡ dh #ykbZ jkr ds firkth us dher tkuh rks dgk &
12 flrEcj dh 2008 dh jkr ukS lUukVs dks phjdj 'kk;n nwj&nwj vc bruk eagxk diM+k ysdj D;k
cts jathr mUgsa batsD'ku nsus vk;k rks rd igq¡p x;h FkhA Ms<+&nks cts jkr gksxk\ rc muds bl ^vc* 'kCn ij
dgk &Hkb;k]vc nok&batsD'ku dk ls gh gekjk iwjk dquck tqVus yxk è;ku ugha fn;k FkkA nqdku ds
dksbZ vlj ugha gks jgk gSA jkr esa nl FkkA m"kk] ek¡dks D;k laHkkyrh][kqn ekfyd vkSj vius fe=k ljnkj lqjsUæ
cts eSa mudh cxy esa gh dqlhZ ij jks jgh FkhA pkfp;k¡] HkkfHk;k¡ flag th ls tc eSaus fcy cukus ds
cSBk FkkA esjh iRuh m"kk Hkh vkdj jks&jksdj mUgsa lkaRouk ns jgh FkhaA eSa fy, dgk rks mUgksaus gkFk tksM+
[kM+h gqbZ vkSj firkth ls iwNk fuokZd FkkA eSaus vius vk¡lw tTc dj fy;kA vkidk gksrk rks cuk nsrs]
&ckcwth FkksM+k lk nw/ ys vkosa\ fy, FksA mUgsa cpk ugha ikus dk tgk¡ ckcwth ds diM+s dk fcy ugha
firkth us /hjs&/hjs utjsa mBk;h esjs eu esa vijk/cks/ Fkk] ogha bl cuk;saxsA cfYd ,d nthZ dks
&gk¡] ys vkvks! ysfdu pkj&ik¡p ckr dk FkksM+k lqdwu Fkk fd firkth cqykdj flyus Hkh ns fn;kA firkth
pEep ihus ds ckn gkFk ds b'kkjs ls dh vfUre nks bPNk,a iwjh gks jgh dh e`R;q ds dkiQh fnuksa ckn tc eSaus
euk dj fn;kA fiQj iwNk &rqeyksx FkhaA xk¡o esa vfUre lk¡l ysus dh mudk cDlk [kksyk rks ns[kk] og
[kkuk [kk fy,\--- lks tkvks vc! vkSj esjs gkFkks eq[kkfXu dhA esjh /ksrh&dqrkZ rgkdj j[kk gqvk FkkA ek¡
geyksx Hkhrj okys dejs esa ysV vuqifLFkfr esa os tc Hkh chekj us crk;k fd eSaus dgha tkrs gq,
x;s]ftldh f[kM+dh firkth ds iM+rs vkSj mUgsa yxrk fd vc os ,dckj dgk Hkh fd bldks igu
fljgkus [kqyrh FkhA eSaus iwjh f[kM+dh ugha cpsaxs rks mUgsa Bhd gksus ls D;ksa ugha ysrs rks cksys fd n'kgjs ds
[kksy nh rkfd ckgj dh fdlh Hkh T;knk bl ckr dh fpUrk gksrh fd le; igusaxs! firkth ds fy, og
vkgV ij tkx ldwaA firkth ds ikl jkenso rks ugha gS] eq>s vkx dkSu n'kgjk vk;k gh ughaA mlh ckj
ls mBus ds igys esjh utj f'ko dh nsxk \ gkykafd]ml fnu eq[kkfXu nsus mUgksaus viuh ilUn ls ckVk dEiuh
rLohj ij x;h vkSj eSaus cgqr fueZe ds ckn eSa bruk jks;k ftruk thou esa dk osyosV dk twrk Hkh [kjhnk FkkA
gksdj çkFkZuk dh fd vc bl d"V dHkh ugha jks;k FkkA flj ls firk dk ftls dqN gh ckj iguk gksxkA
ls eqDr dj nhft,! lk;k mBuk lquk djrk Fkk]igyh ckj firkth dk og twrk eSaus laHkky
fcLrj ij ysVs&ysVs eSa vkSj m"kk eglwl dj jgk FkkA dj j[k fn;k FkkA vkt Hkh tc dHkh
viuk nq[k lk>k djrs jgs fd firkth dks xqtjs vkB o"kZ chr xk¡o tkrk gw¡rks ekfuZax okd ds le;
fdruk dfBu le; gS geyksxksa ds x;sA muds bLrseky dh dbZ phtsa mlh twrs dks igurk gw¡A esjs dne
fy,! ckcwth dks dqN gks x;k rks eSaus laHkky dj j[kh gSaA muds FkksM+s Lor% vius [ksrksa dh vksj eqM+ tkrs
cPps ns[k Hkh ugha ik;saxs! gquj Hkh eSa ugha lh[k ldk ysfdu gSa] tgk¡firkth gj lqcg tk;k djrs
csfV;ka]ukrh&ufruh dksbZ rks ugha vk ç;kl djrk gw¡rks ,d vkRefo'okl FksA
ik;sxk! Lor% pyk vkrk gSA e`R;q ds Ng ●●●
,d cts ds yxHkx dqN vkgV eghus iwoZ os eqxyljk; vk;s FksA
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 91
yksd&Qksd

esgurd'k yksxksa ds esgurd'k xhr&jkx
lqHkk"k pUnz dq'kokgk

oS vFkZ
'ohdj.k dh ubZ vFkZO;oLFkk esa lkekftd laca/ksa dks /rk crk dj ,d vekuoh;
uhfr fufeZr gks pqdh gS tks dsoy /u dh yksyqirk dks lkoZHkkSfed dj jgh gSA
ogka lkekftd dyk] laLd`fr vkSj lkfgR; ds fy;s dksbZ LFkku ugha cpk gSA mudh
dyk,a nsg dh ekalyrk ls mitrh gSa vkSj vFkZ dh xeZtks'kh esa fuxy yh tkrh gSaA
lkekftd laca/ksa dks loZO;kih cukus dh dyk dsoy yksd dykvksa esa jgh gSA yksd
dyk,a] yksd la?k"kksZa ds chp tuerh gSa blfy, os lnk izfrjks/h rsojksa dks ÅtkZ
iznku djrh gSa rFkk tu vkanksyuksa dks l'kDr cukrh gSaA
lewg dks ,dtqV djus esa yksd laxhr ,oa yksd ok|ksa dh Hkwfedk egRoiw.kZ
jgh gSA os lfn;ksa ls fofHkUu Hkw[kaMksa esa ,dkRedrk jprh jgh gSaA elyu fd tc
xkao dk Je'khy rcdk vkSj taxy dk vkfnoklh lkr leanj ikj ds ckjs esa tkurk
u Fkk] okLdksfMxkek vkSj dksyEcl us nqfu;k dh [kkst u dh Fkh rc Hkh nf{k.k
vizQhdk] :l vkSj felz ds taxyksa esa tks ok| ;a=k ;Fkk <ksyd] >ky] ckalqjh ;k
MiQyh ctrh Fkh] os vkdkj&izdkj esa dekscs'k oSls gh Fkha tSls fd vius ns'k esaA
yksd&laLd`fr;ksa esa lkewfgdrk] lejlrk dk lekos'k] laosnu'khyrk dks
,dkReoknh cukus ds xq.k izkjaHk ls jgs gSaA vc iz'u mBrk gS fd fcuk ,d&nwljs ds
ckjs esa tkus&le>s ,slk dSls gqvk\ leku vkdkj&izdkj ds ok|;a=kksa] xk;dh ds
rjhdksa] u`R; dh Hkafxekvksa dk fuekZ.k gj dgha Bhd mlh izdkj gqvk] tSls fd gok]
ikuh] vka[k vkSj ukd dkA ;kuh fd izd`fr dh fufeZfr ls rkjrE; cuk dj
yksdlaLd`fr;kas dk fodkl gqvk gSA os mruh gh iqjkuh gSa ftruh fd gekjh l`f"VA
,sls gh reke rF; euq"; ds fodklØe esa ftthfo"kk ÅtkZ ds :Ik esa] lekt dh
uhjlrk dks nwj djus esa] ljlrk :ih ?kqyu'khy laLd`fr dks LFkkfir djus esa vkSj
lcls c<+dj lekt esa laosnukRed vkosxksa dks LFkkfir djus esa] yksd laLd`fr;kas
dks lgstrs vk;s gSaA yksd laLd`fr;ksa ds lgkjs Hkh ge thoar lektksa dks le>us dk
gfFk;kj gkfly djrs vk;s gSaA
vè;{k fdlh Hkh lekt dh laosnukRed vuqHkwfr;ksa dk fodkl] yksdlaLd`fr;ksa ds
yksdjax lkaLÑfrd lfefr fcuk laHko ugha gSA lejlrk vkSj HkkbZpkjk dks cpk;s j[kus ds fy;s Hkh
l`tu
yksdlaLd`fr;ksa dk cpk jguk t:jh gSA vaxzsth dfo Vsuhlu us dgk gS fd &^ftl
Mh&4@140 fo'kky [k.M
xkserh uxj] y[kumQ 226010 lekt esa yksdxhr ugha gksaxs] ml lekt esa ikxyksa dh la[;k vf/d gksxhA* vkt
oS'ohdj.k ds u;s tekus esa tgka /uyksyqirk] lkekftdrk] lejlrk] HkkbZpkjk ds
fy;s [krjk cu pqdk gks] oSls esa lkewfgdrk dh vo/kj.kk] fey cSBdj ,d lkFk
xkus&ctkus] euksjatu djus] vius Je dh Fkdku] Hkw[k&I;kl vkSj ?kksj xjhch ds

92 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
chp ftthfo"kk dks cpk;s j[kus esa vkuan gh ugha mBk;k] mudh xk;dh vfHk;ku NsM+kA vkt lSdM+ksa dh
dkjxj yksdlaLd`fr;kas dkss lEeku ds laosnukRed Hkkoksa dks lqu] vka[kksa la[;k esa bu yksd u`R;ksa dh ubZ Vhesa
nsuk cgqr t:jh gks x;k gSA dks ue fd;k]vius eu esa xquk] lfØ; gks pqdh gSaA dqN cky
mYyflr gq, vkSj yksd dykdkjksa dykdkjksa dh lgHkkfxrk Hkh ns[kh tk
o"kZ 2008 esa esjs eu esa vk;k
dks lEeku dh utjksa ls ns[kuk 'kq: jgh gSA geus bl dke dks ,u-th-vks-
fd Je'khy lekt ds ikl yksd
fd;kA vc os dsoy Hkh[keaxs u jgs laLd`fr dh rjg ugha fd;k vkSj u
lkfgR; dk tks foiqy HkaMkj gS] tks
vfirq eaph; yksd dykdkj le>s dksbZ ljdkjh enn yhA gekjh rkdr
okfpd ijaijk esa pys vk jgs
tkus yxsA blls Lo;a ?kqearw yksd gekjs xkao vkSj tokj ds yksx gSaA
Je'khy xhrksa] 'kkjhfjd dkS'ky dks
dykdkjksa dk eku c<+kA mudks thou mUgha ds cy ij ge izfr o"kZ Ms<+ lkS
iznf'kZr djus okys u`R;ksa vkSj
dh lkFkZdrk le> esa vk;hA nwljh ls vf/d yksd dykdkjksa dks eap
'kkL=kh;rk ls ijs laxhr dks mHkkjus
vksj xaobZ lekt dks iQwgM+ vkdsZLVªk iznku djrs vk jgs gSaA
okys ns'kt ok|;a=kksa dk HkaMkj gS] ;k
laLd`fr ds fo#¼] viuh ijaijkxr ,d vksj tgka yksdlaLd`fr;ksa
mUgsa LFkkuh; Lrj ij rS;kj dj ysus
izfrjks/h laLd`fr fey xbZA izfrjks/h ds uke ij Hkkstiqjh fiQYeksa }kjk
dh tks dyk gS] mldks lEeku iznku
laLd`fr dh ckr eSa blfy, dg jgk O;kolkf;d vkSj v'yhy okrkoj.k
fd;k tk;sA geus xaobZ dykdkjksa]
gwa fd yksdjax ds eap ij Hkkooknh dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk jgk gS] Hkkstiqjh
;qodksa vkSj fdlkuksa dks ysdj
iru'khy xk;dh ds ctk; reke tu yksdxhrksa dks fod`r dj] galh vkSj
^yksdjax lkaLd`frd lfefr* dk
dfo;ksa ds xhrksa dks xk;k x;kA ;g etkd dk ik=k cuk;k tk jgk gS ogha
xBu fd;k vkSj ,d vfHk;ku xkaoksa
dke mUgha LFkkuh; dykdkjksa us lfn;ksa ls xzkeh.k efgykvksa }kjk
esa Hkh[k ekaxus okys yksd dykdkjksa
fd;k] tks vc rd vilaLd`fr;ksa dks viuh osnuk] nq[k&rdyhiQ dh
dh ryk'k esa pyk;kA ,drkjk]
<ks jgs FksA iwokZapy esa vghj tkfr;ksa vfHkO;fDr ds lk/u ds :Ik esa
[ktM+h vkSj lkjaxh ctkdj Hkh[k
}kjk iQ#okgh ;k vghjÅ u`R;] yksdxhrksa dks laosnukRed vuqHkwfr
ekaxus okys dykdkjksa dks tc geus
gqM+dk] i[kkot vkSj iaofj;k u`R;ksa ds :Ik esa viukus dh laLd`fr dks
lkekU; izf'k{k.k ds ckn eap ij
dks u;k thou iznku djus dk gkf'k;s ij <dsyus dk dke fd;k tk
mrkjk rks xaobZ lekt us mUgsa lewg esa
^yksdjax lkaLd`frd lfefr* us jgk gSA yksdjax lkaLd`frd lfefr us
xkus&ctkus vkSj lquus dk dsoy
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 93
gj o"kZ yksdjax dk;ZØeksa esa j[kuk laHko gh ugha gSA
xkao dh vui<+ ;k vYi iapk;rh jkt O;oLFkk dk
f'kf{kr efgykvksa dks eap orZeku Lo:Ik xkaoksa dh
ij mrkj dj dtjh] lksgj] lejlrk dks rksM+ jgk gSA
ihfM+;k] jksiuh&lksguh xhr ogka vlkaLd`frd ekgkSy
vkSj tarlkj dks izLrqr dj fufeZr dj jgk gSA rsth ls
yksdxhrksa vkSj L=kh ds izfr lRrk vkSj yaiVbZ ds u;s
lEeku dk Hkko iznf'kZr dsUnz fufeZr gks jgs gSaA
fd;k gSA laLFkk us vc rc vkdsZLVªk tSls iQwgM++
gqM+dk] i[kkot] iQ#okgh] dk;ZØeksa dh pisV esa
/ksfc;kÅ] tkaf?k;k] dgjok] ;qok vk jgs gSaA vU;k; ij
fcjgk] vfgjÅ vkSj iaofj;k vk/kfjr O;oLFkk dks
u`R;ksa dks LFkku fn;k gS rFkk foLrkj ls tkudkjh miyC/ djkbZA yksd dh lejlrk
ckdqe ds dfoÙk] tksxh xk;dh] bldk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd jlwy dks Lohdk;Z ugha gksrh gSA yksd&laLd`fr
fuxqZu xk;dh vkSj ,drkjk oknu dks bXuw ds Hkkstiqjh ikB~;Øe esa 'kkfey vke turk dks tksM+rh gS tcfd
LFkku fn;k gS rks dOokyh] tkjh] fd;k x;kA blh izdkj laLFkk }kjk O;oLFkk ^iQwV Mkyks vkSj jkt djks*
vkYgk] pbrk] dchj xk;dh rFkk yksdjax&2 iqLrd dk izdk'ku fd;k dh uhfr ij pyrh gSA og yksdxhrksa
tuin ds egRoiw.kZ Hkkstiqjh dfo;ksa x;kA ;s nksuksa iqLrdsa vkjk ,oa Nijk ds egRo dks gYdk djus ds fy,
dh jpukvksa dks eap ij izLrqr dj fo'ofo|ky; ds ,e-,- (Hkkstiqjh) iQwgM+iu dk i;kZ; cukrh gSA
,d lkaLd`frd vkSj lkfgfR;d ikB~;Øe esa 'kkfey dh xbZ gSaA yksdxhrksa esa tuekul dh izxfr'khy
okrkoj.k dk fuekZ.k fd;k gSA vc blds vykok ns'k ds egRoiw.kZ psruk dh vfHkO;fDr dks ihNs <dsy
rd tuin ;k mlds vklikl ds lkfgR;dkjksa dks xehZ ds ekSle esa fn;k tkrk gS ;k mu ij xaok:iu dk
reke egRoiw.kZ foHkwfr;ksa ;Fkk& xkao esa cqykdj laLFkk us xaobZ thou eqYkEek p<+kdj L=khfojks/h vkSj
nsosUnz dqekj caxkyh] xksj[k ikaMs;] dh dBksjrkvksa vkSj ljyrkvksa ls v'yhyrk dk i;kZ; cuk fn;k x;k
/jh{k.k feJ] jkek/kj f=kikBh ifjfpr djkus dk Hkh dke fd;k gSA gSA okLro esa yksdxhrksa dk ;g ewy
^thou*] eksrh ch-,-] fHk[kkjh Bkdqj] gj o"kZ fdlh u fdlh fo"k; ij pfj=k ugha gSA ;g yksdxhrksa dk
jlwy] egsUnz feJ] fcjgk xk;d vk;ksftr fopkj xks"Bh esa ns'k ds cktkjhdj.k gSA yksd laLd`fr;ksa ds
fcljke] jek 'kadj fonzksgh vkfn dks lSdM+ksa lkfgR;dkjksa us Hkkx fy;k gSA laj{k.k ds uke ij ns'k esa djksM+ksa
;kn fd;k gS rks vatuh vkSj jekifr lekt ds fodkl ds lkFk xaobZ #i;s [kpZ fd;s tk jgs gSa ftudk
jfl;k dks lEekfur Hkh fd;k gSA dke&/a/ksa esa cnyko vk;k gSA dksbZ ldkjkRed izHkko ugha iM+ jgkA
laLFkk us yksdlaLd`fr;ksa ds thou;kiu dh 'kSfy;ka cnyh gSaA reke laLFkk,a] yksdxhrksa dks ek=k
laj{k.k ds uke ij dsoy eap fygktk yksdxhrksa dk Lo:Ik Hkh laxzgky;ksa esa j[kus ;ksX; cuk jgh gSaA
izLrqfr;ksa ds ekè;e ls euksjatu cnyk gSA bl lcds ckotwn vkt Hkh bu lcds ckotwn ^yksdjax
iz/ku dk;ZØeksa rd [kqn dks lhfer xkao Je vk/kfjr lekt gSA cs'kd lkaLd`frd lfefr* tksfx;k tuwch
ugha j[kkA dsoy ukS o"kksZa esa laLFkk us ogka lkekftdrk vkSj laosnuk dk iV~Vh] iQkftyuxj] dq'khuxj dk ;g
dbZ egRoiw.kZ iM+koksa dks ikj fd;k {kj.k gqvk gSA xaobZ thou esa tks >wB] NksVk lk iz;kl yksd laLd`fr;ksa ds
gSA tSls fd xqeuke yksd dykdkj ywV vkSj iQwV izos'k dj xbZ gS mls laj{k.k vkSj lao¼Zu dh fn'kk esa
jlwy dh [kkst djus dk Js; blh fu;af=kr djus ds fy, lejlrk ds mEehn txkrk gSA
laLFkk dks tkrk gSA jlwy ij laLFkk us fodkl dh t:jr gSA yksd thou ●●●

vius 'kks/ijd iqLrd&yksdjax&1 esa esa] yksdxhrksa ds fcuk lejlrk cuk,
94 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
yksd&Qksd jsfy;k cSfju

jsy u gksrh rks lkjk-----
vkseizdk'k vfer

vk nst'kHkkjrh; thou dh dYiuk jsy ds fcuk vlaHko gS- jsy us fodkl dh ;k=kk dks
ds dksus dksus rd igqapk fn;k gS vkSj 'kk;n gh ,slk dksbZ Hkkjrh; ifjokj gks
ftlij fdlh u fdlh :i esa bldk çHkko u iM+k gks- ;g çHkko vusd :iksa esa gks
ldrk gS- elyu dksbZ jsy dh ukSdjh djrk gks- dksbZ vius ?kj&xk¡o ls nwljs 'kgjksa
;k jkT;ksa esa x;k gks- fdlh ds xk¡o ls gksdj jsy xqtjrh gks- jsy dk lk/u u gksus ls
lkeku u igq¡p ikrk gks- lqnwj taxyksa vkSj igkM+ksa ls jsy xqtjrh gks vkSj 'kkar&,dkar
esa jgus okys yksx taxyksa&igkM+ksa dh dVkbZ vkSj xk¡o mtM+us ls çHkkfor gks jgs gksa-
dgus dk eryc jsy fdlh u fdlh :i gj fdlh ds thou ls tqM+h gS vkSj mlds
thou dks ,d ,slh /kjk ls tksM+ fn;k gS ftls ge vk/qfudrk dg ldrs gSa- cs'kd
blds vPNs vkSj cqjs nksuksa i{k gSa-
jsy Hkkjr esa 1858 esa vkbZ- eqacbZ ds foDVksfj;k VfeZuy ls Bk.ks rd ,d lokjh xkM+h
ds :i esa bldk vkxkt gqvk- foDVksfj;k VfeZuy vkt N=kifr f'kokth VfeZul
vFkok lh ,l Vh ds :i esa tkuk tkrk gS vkSj bldh ,sfrgkfld bekjr ds ,d
fgLls esa ,d laxzgky; gS tgk¡1858 ds fVdV] lhVh] dSi] Mªsl] >afM;k¡] ySai]
ykyVsu tSlh <sjksa phtksa ds lkFk jsy egdes ds mu yksxksa dh rLohjsa Hkh çnf'kZr gSa
tks ml le; jsy ds ç'kklu] ifjpkyu vkSj j[kj[kko ls tqM+s Fks- mu fnuksa fVdVksa
ij ckdk;nk ;k=kh dk uke gksrk Fkk tks gkFk ls fy[kk gksrk Fkk vkSj ;g ;k=kk fdjk;s
ds fygkt ls yDtfjvl gqvk djrh Fkh-
lkSHkkX; ls jsy us flusek ds tUe ds lkFk gh mlls fj'rk tksM+ fy;k vkSj vkt
rd ;g cuk gqvk gS- igyh fiQYe gh Vªsu dk vkxeu (,jkboy vkWQ v Vªsu) uke
ls cuh Fkh- Hkkjr vkSj vesfjdk ;kuh ckWyhoqM vkSj gkWyhoqM esa dbZ ,slh fiQYesa cuh
gSa ftudh lkjh ?kVuk,¡Vªsu esa gksrh gSa- fganh fiQYeksa esa Vªsu esa fiQYek, x, nks n`';ksa esa
ghjks cPps ls toku gks tkrk gS- ,d Vªsu dh ;k=kk ds nkSjku ghjks fgjksbu vej çse ds
ca/u esa ca/ tkrs gSa- jsyos ;kMZ esa ifjR;Dr fMCcksa esa ftUnxh dV tkrh gS- lSdM+ksa
?kVukvksa ds lkFk flusek esa jsy dk vkd"kZ.k cuk gh jgsxk-
yksd esa jsy dk vn~Hkqr LFkku vkSj egÙo gS- lfn;ksa] lglzkfCn;ksa ls fLFkj
yksd thou esa jsy ifjorZu dk çrhd gS- bl ifjorZu us vusd rjg ds dqrwgy]
vkd"kZ.k] vUos"k.k] lq[k] nq%[k vkSj la;ksx&fo;ksx dks iSnk fd;k gS- ;g xzkeh.k
thou dh ikjaifjd ikfjokfjd lajpuk esa ,d L=kh ds nk#.k vdsysiu dh tUenkrk
Hkh ekuh tk ldrh gS- vusd yksdxhrksa esa fL=k;ksa us viuh ihM+k dk dkj.k jsy dks
ekuk gS- elyu& jsfy;k cSfju fi;k dks fy, tk, js mldk ekuuk gS fd vxj jsy u
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 95
/kj dks jsyos ;kMZ vkSj
ifjR;Dr fMCcs dh i`"BHkwfe
ls fy[kk gS rks lat; lgk;
dh yEch dgkuh irax esa Hkh
jsyos ds fdukjksa ij ij cls
ctctkrs thou dk
fo'oluh; fp=k.k gS -
dgkuhdkj jkenso flag us jsy
ij ,d VhVhbZ ds ut+fj;s ls
cgqr dqN fy[kk gSA mudh
lokZf/d pfpZr dgkuh dkys
dksV dk lQsn fnu cgqr
ekfeZd dgkuh gS tks ,d
jsydehZ ds }aa} vkSj
ekuoh;rk dks n'kkZrh gSA
egku :lh miU;kldkj
gksrh rks esjk ifr esjh vk¡[k ds lkeus ml mYykl esa nh[krk gS ftlesa ifr fudksykbZ vkL=kksOLdh ds
gksrk- ,d nwljs yksdxhr esa L=kh dekdj ?kj ykSVk gS- jsy ogka [kq'kh çfl¼ miU;kl vfXunh{kk dh iwjh
dgrh gS fd iwjc ls jsfy;k ifPNe ls dk dkj.k cu xbZ gS&dydrok ls i`"BHkwfe Økafr ds nkSjku :l esa jsy
tgft;kA fi;k ds ys xby gks@jsfy;k cyeqvk eksj vk; xbysa gksA jsy lekt dh iVfj;ka fcNkus dks ysdj gS- eqacbZ
gks xby lofr;k@fi;k ds ys xby ds vyx&vyx lksiku ij vyx tSls 'kgj esa yksdy ;gk¡dh thou
gks ysfdu ,d vU; xhr esa L=kh tc vyx vFkZ j[krh gS- xzkeh.k L=kh ds js[kk gS- mlds fcuk lcdqN BIi gks
oLrqfLFkfr dk vkdyu djrh gS rc fy, og ubZ nqfu;k dk çrhd gS- ,d tkrk gS- ,d yksdy ds nks LVs'kuksa ds
og dgrh gS fd jsfy;k u cSjh L=kh us viuk vuqHko crk;k chp cgqr nsj rd #d tkus ij
tgft;k u cSjhA mgs iblok cSjh u @ gS&ifgys&ifgys ge xbyh ctfj;k@ ;kf=k;ksa ds euksHkkoksa dks ysdj ,d
xfy;k xfy;k HkVdkos@ mgs iblok ns[ks Mhty xkM+h gks l[kh@oksgh Mhty ejkBh dgkuhdkj us cgqr gh
cSjh ukA xfM+;k ij lS;ka d uksdfj;k@Hkstyk [kwclwjr dgkuh fy[kh gS- çfl¼
tksM+k lkM+h gks l[khA ,sls ,d ugha fganh dfo vkyksd/Uok us jsy 'kh"kZd
iwokaZpy tSls fiNM+s bykds ls
gtkjksa vuqHko gSa tks yksd esa ekStwn ls ,d cgqr I;kjh lh dfork fy[kh
vaxzstksa us gtkjksa yksxksa dks ikuh ds
gSa- yfyr dyk esa jsy vkSj mlds gS&gj Hkys vkneh dh ,d jsy gksrh
tgkt esa ykndj fiQth] xq;kuk vkSj
vklikl dk thou ges'kk vkd"kZ.k gS@tks ek¡ ds ?kj dh vksj tkrh
ekjh'kl tSls }hiksa esa xUus dh [ksrh
dk dsaæ jgk gS- cM+s&cM+s fp=kdkjksa us gS@lhVh ctkrh gqbZ /qvka mM+krh gqbZA
ds fy, igq¡pk;k- cgqr lh fL=k;k¡
tu&thou dks ckjhdh ls idM+us ds
vius ifr;ksa ds lkFk mu }hiksa esa cgqr igys gekjs xk¡o esa enkjh
fy, jsyos LVs'kuksa vkSj IysViQkeksZa dks
pyh xbZa ysfdu cgqr lh bl mEehn vkrk Fkk vkSj Hkkyw upkdj yksxksa ls
viuh deZLFkyh cuk;k gS- lkfgR; esa
esa vius xk¡o esa jg xbZa fd dqN gh dgrk vxj isV u gksrk rks fdlh ls
jsy vusd fo/kvksa esa ekStwn gS-
fnuksa esa ifr iSlk dekdj ykSV HksaV u gksrh blh dh rtZ ij dgk tk
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa ds lkfgR; esa jsy ij
vk,xk ysfdu og fnu dHkh u vk;k- ldrk gS fd jsy u gksrh rks ;g lkjk
vk/kfjr miU;kl] dgkfu;ka vkSj
ifr ;k rks ej&[ki x;k ;k ogha [ksy u gksrk!
dfork,aa çk;% fey tkrh gSa- fganh esa
x`gLFkh clk yh- L=kh ;gk¡ bartkj ●●●
dFkkdkj latho us vius miU;kl
djrh jg xbZ- bldk ,d nwljk igyw
96 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
?kwerkvkbZuk

jktsaæ ;kno Le`fr O;k[;ku vkSj
jkenso flag dk dgkuh ikB
dgkuh laHkkfy, viuk
jkt&ikV i<+hA ,d
laiUu x`gLFk fclw ckcw
vkSj muds ukSdj xqyok
ds lEcU/ ds cgkus ;g
dgkuh Je vkS j
HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k rFkk
euq"; ds LokFkZ vkSj
vekuoh; O;ogkj ij
cgqr xgjh fVIi.kh
djrh gSA dgkuh us
ifjppkZ dk ekgkSy
xjek fn;kA dgkuhdkj
jketh ;kno us viuh
fVIi.kh esa dgk fd cgqr
l/h gqbZ Hkk"kk esa fy[kh
xbZ ;g dgkuh ,d
ukSdj ds Hkksysiu vkSj
jfookj 28 vxLr dks xkao ds etcwr dj jgs gSaA ,sls esa jktsUæ
,d ekfyd dh pkykdh ds chp
yksx] ihiqYl fotu vkSj uojpuk ;kno dks ;kn djuk lcls vf/d
?kwerh gqbZ 'kks"k.k ds HkkSfrd vkSj
dkWUosaV Ldwy okjk.klh ds la;qDr t:jh gS A xt+ y dkj vkS j
HkkoukRed lHkh vkStkjksa ls xqykeh
rRoko/ku esa vk;ksftr ^,d 'kke vEcsMdjoknh fopkjd ewypan
dks cuk;s j[kus dh cs/d dgkuh gSA
,d dFkkdkj* dk;ZØe dks jktsaæ lksudj us jktsaæ ;kno Le`fr
oLrqr% ;g vekuoh;rk vkSj LokFkZ
;kno Le`fr&fnol ds :i esa euk;k O;k[;ku nsrs gq, dgk fd jktsaæ th
dh dgkuh gSA gkyk¡fd Hkk"kk ,d
x;k- lapkyu djrs gq, dFkkdkj ,oa fganh ds ,dek=k ,sls ys[kd vkSj
/ks[ksckt ekè;e gS ftldk pkSdl
xkao ds yksx ds laiknd jketh ;kno laiknd Fks tks viuh dfe;ksa dks Hkh
bLrseky u djus ls ckr cuus dh
us dgk fd ;g ,d [krjukd vkSj ugha c['krs Fks vkSj fuHkhZdrk ds
txg fcxM+ tkrh gS tSlk fd bl
çfrfØ;koknh le; gS ftlesa turk ekeys esa vkt Hkh mudk dksbZ lkuh
dgkuh ds lkFk Hkh gqvk gSA
ds gd ds fy, vkokt mBkus okys ugha gS- muds u jgus ls vkt gekjh
lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ MkW ysfuu
yksxksa vkSj rkfdZdksa dks ekjk tk jgk yM+kbZ yM+us okyk dksbZ ugha gSA blds
j?kqoa'kh us dgk fd fclw ckcw
gSA yksx Hk; ls ;k rks pqi gks x, gSa ckn fganh ds çfl¼ dFkkdkj jkenso
eè;oxhZ; Nn~e vkSj nksgjsiu dk
;k fiQj lÙkk ds lkFk vius fj'rs flag dk dFkkikB gqvk- mUgksaus viuh
vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 97
:id gS tks Åij ls rks n;koku vpsr gS- eqxyljk; ls vk;s yky jksVh&csVh dk lEcU/ gks vkSj lekt
fn[krk gS ysfdu vUnj ls og jDr cgknqj 'kkL=kh fMxzh dkWyst ds çkpk;Z cnysA dFkkdkj MkW- lat; xkSre us
pwlrk gSA gekjs ns'k esa çxfr'khyrk ,oa çfl¼ dgkuhdkj MkW- vfuy fopkj vkSj vkUnksyu ls vyx gksdj
ds vkoj.k esa fNis ,sls yksxksa dh dksbZ ;kno us dgk fd okLro esa ;g bl dgkuh dks le>us dh odkyr
deh ugha gS tks Åij&Åij cgqr dgkuh ns'k ds O;kid fgLls esa ik, dhA iQknj vkuan us dgk fd
dgkfu;ksa esa gkf'k;kbZ thou dk
cgqr fo'oluh; fp=k.k gksuk
pkfg,A dk;ZØe dh vè;{krk
dj jgs dfo&vkykspd MkW
jkeçdk'k dq'kokgk us dgkuh dks
mlds ;qx&lUnHkksZ esa ns[krs gq,
bls dkaxzslh dgkuh crk;kA mudk
dguk Fkk fd fclw ckcw dk pfj=k
vkSj O;ogkj iwjh rjg ls dkaxzslh
O;ogkj gS ftlesa mnkjrk dh
i;kZIr pkluh gS ysfdu 'kks"k.k
dk pkdw fujarj viuk dke
djrk jgrk gSA phtsa vkSj
fLFkfr;ka cnyh gSa vkSj mUgha ds
eísutj ge ns[k ldrs gSa fd vc
;s ckrsa dgk¡igqaph gSa\
dk;ZØe esa vkuan ijekuan]
yPNsnkj ckrsa djrs gSa ysfdu ?kj esa tkus okys vufxur xqyok vkSj fclw dqekj fot;] d#.kk flag] vatw ckS¼]
vius ukSdjksa ls vekuoh; crkZo ckcw ds pfj=kksa ds cgkus lekt esa Jqfr ukxoa'kh] ujksÙke f'kYih] dkW-
djrs gSaA ysfuu us dgk fd lo.kksZa dks py jgh 'kks"k.k dh vuojr pDdh dsnkjukFk] t yk dkSy O;xz] v'kksd
nfyrksa] vfr'kwæksa vkSj fiNM+ksa ls dh vksj cgqr cM+k ladsr NksM+rh gS- vkuan] lqjsUæ oktisbZ] fouksn ik.Ms;]
{kek;kpuk djrs gq, rhu gtkj lky tks xqyok vk/k eu vkSj N% ilsjh 'kSysUæ dqekj flag] vkseçdk'k
ls py jgs 'kks"k.k vkSj neu dk dk iQdZ u le>rk gks vkSj thou Hkj vfer] vydchj] jkgqy] jkevkljs]
i'pkÙkki djuk pkfg,A dgkuh ij viuk fglkc u ekaxrk gks og tc /esZUæ xqIr lkfgy] MkW- ijekuUn
cksyrs gq, ewypan lksudj us bls vUr esa fdlh vkSj ds lgkjs NksM+ flag ;kno] MkW- nw/ukFk ;kno] jktho
fLFkj dgkuh crkrs gq, dgk fd ;g fn;k tkrk gS rc vekuoh;rk vkSj xksaM] paæHkw"k.k] Mk- ,e ih flag] MkW-
dgkuh gesa dgha ys ugha tkrh ;g erycijLrh vius pje ij igq¡p lbZn uksekuh] euh"k xkSre] lqthr
bldh lhek gSA D;k bls ys[kd dk tkrh gSA blesa tkfr dk mYys[k ugha dqekj ;kno fiUuw vkSj lqjs'k çrki
c;ku eku ysuk pkfg,\ tcfd blesa gS ysfdu Hkkjrh; lkekftd ;FkkFkZ esa vkfn mifLFkr FksA dk;ZØe dk
xqyok tSls Hkksys vkSj fclw ckcw tSls bl rjg ds Je&laca/ksa dks tkfr ls lapkyu vkSj /U;okn Kkiu jketh
prqj ds chp ys[kd dk çfrfuf/Ro vyx ugha ns[kk tk ldrkA MkW- ;kno us fd;kA
djus okyk dksbZ ik=k Hkh gksuk pkfg, jkelq/kj flag us bls cgqr ekuoh;
çLrqfr&vydchj]
Fkk ftlls ;g laHko gksrk fd cjlksa dgkuh crk;k vkSj dgk fd ge vc
okjk.klh-
ds 'kks"k.k dk f'kdkj ik=k vius gd pkgrs gSa fd lekt ds ncs&dqpys
vkSj thou ds fy, fdruk lpsr ;k yksx geesa lkFk cjkcjh ls jgsaA geesa

98 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016
ewypan lksudj dh dfork,a egRoiw.kZ jktuhfrd Loj
xkao ds yksx] ihiqYl fotu ,oa ljdkjh neu dh f[kykiQr dj jgs Fks jpukRed fodkl fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA
uojpuk dkWUosaV Ldwy ds la;qDr og lc vius nkSj esa ewypan lksudj MkW- jkelq/kj flag us dgk fd ;s
rRoko/ku esa çsepan dh ,d lkS ds Hkh jpukRed ljksdkjksa ds dsaæ esa dfork,s¡ dsoy jktuhfrd dfork,a
NÙkhloha t;arh ds ekSds ij cukjl esa gSA os bDdhloha lnh ds nwljs n'kd ugha gSaA buesa vius le; dk lp
igyh ckj ^,d dfo ,d 'kke* esa Hkh tkfr&O;oLFkk] czkã.kokn vkSj cksyrk gSA ewypan th viuh xtyksa ls
dk;ZØe J`a[kyk dh igyh dM+h dk lkekftd neu vkSj /kfeZd ,d u;h tehu rksM+rs fn[kkbZ iM+ jgs
vk;kstu gqvk ftlds dsaæ esa Fkha iQklhokn ls yM+ jgs gSaA bu dforkvksa gSaA dk;ZØe dh vè;{krk djrs gq,
vEcsMdjoknh fpard vkSj 'kk;j ij ckrphr dks vkxs c<+krs gq, 'kk;j tkus&ekus 'kk;j es;kj lusgh us dgk
ewypan lksudj dh dfork,aA ;g vydchj us dgk fd ge cjlksa ls fd ;|fi 'kk;j vkSj dfo fdlh dks
vk;kstu fnYyh esa lu nks gtkj vkB ns[k jgs gSa fd cukjl ds Nn~e vkSj Hkh vius ls Js"B ugha ekurk ysfdu
ls dFkkdkj jketh ;kno }kjk 'kq: ik[kaMh okrkoj.k esa ewypan th tSlk eq>s cgqr [kq'kh gS fd ewypan th
fd;k x;k Fkk ftlesa vt; d`".k] rdZ'khy O;fDr Hkkjh vlqfo/k iSnk gekjs chp ,d csgrjhu 'kk;j ds :i
eaxys'k Mcjky] dqcsjnÙk] vCnqy djrk jgk gSA esa ekStwn gSaA mudh dforkvksa esa ,d
fcfLeYykg uUn Hkkj}kt] f{kfrt ;gk¡yksx ,d nwljs ls Bdqjlqgkrh fodklØe gS tks mudh lkekftd
'kekZ vkSj fnus'k dqekj 'kqDy dh djrs gSa vkSj oSpkfjd :i ls le> ds iq[rkrj gksrs tkus dk lcwr
jpukvksa dk ikB vkSj ifjppkZ gqbZ FkhA csflj&iSj dh ckrsa djrs gSa ysfdu gSA
bl ckj dk ;g dk;ZØe eqækjk{kl ewypan th viuh rY[kh ls bl cukjl esa ;g vius <ax dk vuwBk
vkSj egk'osrk nsoh dh Le`fr dks vkoj.k dks rkj&rkj dj nsrs gSa vkSj dk;ZØe gS tks fdlh ,d jpukdkj
lefiZr FkkA ewypan lksudj us bldk ifj.kke ;g gksrk gS fd os dks lEiw.kZrk esa is'k djrk gSA 'kk;j
rdjhcu ,d ?kaVs rd viuh misf{kr fd;s tkrs gSaA fnYyh ls vk;s vkuan ijekuUn] t yk dkSy O;xz vkSj
dforkvksa vkSj xt+yksa dk ikB fd;kA pfpZr ;qok i=kdkj vfHk"ksd jkes'oj us Hkh ewypan lksudj dh
blds ckn muij ,d iqjtks'k ifjppkZ JhokLro us dgk fd ewypan th dks jpuk'khyrk ij vius fopkj j[ksA
gqbZA xkao ds yksx dh dk;Zdkjh eSa i<+rk jgk gw¡ ysfdu vkt eq>s bl dk;ZØe esa tkx`fr jkgh] iQknj
laiknd ,oa jaxdehZ vi.kkZ us ewypan budks brus djhc ls lquus dk ekSdk vkuan] d#.kk flag] v'kksd vkuan]
lksudj dh jpuk'khyrk dks çsepan feyk gSA MkW- vk'kh"k dqekj] larks"k dqekj
dh ijEijk dk foLrkj crkrs gq, dgk eq>s yxrk gS fd mudh dfork,a ;kno] jes'k ;kno] MkW- xksj[kukFk]
fd çsepan ,d x|dkj Fks vkSj vius le; dh lcls xaHkhj vkSj MkW- fy;kdr vyh] Jo.k dqekj
ewypan lksudj ,d dfo gSa ysfdu egRoiw.kZ jktuhfrd dfork,a gSa ;kno] MkW- vuwi Jfed] dkerk
nksuksa jpukdkjksa ds chp ,d vn~Hkqr D;ksafd mudh jsat cgqr cM+h gSA muesa çlkn] jktsUæ çlkn] lhrkjke
rkyesy gS tks le; dh la[;kewyd tgkukckn ds ujlagkj dh ckrsa gSa rks vutku] ujksÙke f'kYih] ;ksxsUæ
lhekjs[kk dk fu"ks/ djds muds chp csjkstxkjh vkSj jkstxkj dk Nykok nsus fo;ksxh vkSj Mh ds pkSjfl;k ^jk?kos'k*
ledkyhurk dks lcls t:jh i{k okyh O;oLFkk dh vksj ladsr Hkh gSaA vkfn 'kkfey FksA dk;ZØe dk
cuk nsrk gSA muesa çd`fr vkSj cktkj ds chp py lapkyu vi.kkZ vkSj /U;okn Kkiu
çsepan ftl o.kZ&O;oLFkk vkSj tkfr jgs Hk;kud la?k"kksaZ dk ftØ gS vkSj vkseçdk'k vfer us fd;kA
& O;oLFkk ls yM+ jgs FksA ftl mudh dfork;s¡ nfyr foe'kZ dh
lkekftd tM+rk vkSj vekuoh;rk ij ,dkaxh dforkvksa ls cgqr vkxs tkdj vkseçdk'k vfer] fetkZiqj
çgkj dj jgs Fks] vius le; esa ftl [kM+h gksrh gSaA mudh xtyksa esa mudk ●●●

vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016 xk¡o ds yksx 99
?kwerk vkbZuk
'kEHkqukFk flag tUe'krokf"kZdh lekjksg
okjk.klh esa gq, 'kEHkqukFk flag iz;ksxokn] ubZ dfork vkSj 'kEHkqukFk izlkn ikaMs;] izdk'k mn;] fouksn
tUe'krokf"kZdh lekjksg ds eq[; flag rFkk MkW- of'k"B vuwi us uoxhr fuxe] fouksn JhokLro] MkW- lqjs'k]
vfrfFk MkW- fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh us ijEijk vkSj iz;ksx rFkk MkW- 'kEHkqukFk fxfj/j d#.k] vf=k Hkkj}kt] fgeka'kq
dgk fd 'kEHkqukFk flag dk ewY;kadu flag fo"k; ij viuk O;k[;ku izLrqr mikè;k;] MkW- vuqjk/k cuthZ] jatuk
fliQZ ,d dfo ds :Ik esa ugha cfYd fd;kA f}rh; l=k esa MkW- ftrsUnzukFk jk;] t; izrki eYy] e/qdj feJ]
,d iz[kj vkykspd] 'kks/drkZ] feJ dh vè;{krk esa 'kEHkqukFk falg dk HkksykukFk f=kikBh] ujksRre f'kYih]
ukVddkj] lEiknd o iqjkrRoosRrk ds x| lkfgR; fo"k;d l=k esa MkW- bUnhoj fl¼ukFk 'kekZ] pUnu csrky] jketh
:Ik esa Hkh gksuk pkfg,A fof'k"V vfrfFk us 'kEHkqukFk flag dh leh{kk n`f"V] MkW- ;kno] MkW- ds-ih- izdk'k] lq"kek feJk]
MkW- lw;Z izlkn nhf{kr us dgk fd MkW- jkelq/kj flag us 'kEHkqukFk flag dk yrk feJk] d#.kk flag] pUnzcyh
'kEHkqukFk flag dk O;fDrRo cgqvk;keh bfrgkl cks/ rFkk MkW- vtqZu frokjh us 'kkL=kh MkW- nsoh izlkn dqaoj] dey
FkkA cht O;DrO; nsrs gq, MkW- v#.ks'k i=kdkj o lEiknd 'kEHkqukFk flag u;u e/qdj] fpfUrr cukjlh] ujsUnz
uhju us dgk fd 'kEHkqukFk flag okfpd fo"k; ij viuk O;k[;ku izLrqr fd;kA ukFk nwcs vfMx vkfn lkfgR;dkj ,oa
ijEijk ds dfo FksA mudh dfork /wi bl volj ij MkW- ekgs'oj frokjh] dfo mifLFkr FksA /U;okn Kkiu
esa iRrh dh rjg fgyrh gSA MkW- gfjjke f}osnh] dqekj vuqie] cqf¼ukFk jktho dqekj flag us fd;kA
cqf¼ukFk feJ dh vè;{krk esa nsofj;k feJ] of'k"B vuwi] vkse /hjt] vkse &jktho dqekj flag] okjk.klh
ls vkbZa MkW- izse'khyk 'kqDy us izdk'k flag] ;'k ekyoh;] MkW- jktsUnz

bafM;k bulkbM ds f'koewfrZ fo'ks"kkad dk yksdkiZ.k
bafM;k bulkbM if=kdk ds laiknd dgkA rn~Hko ds laiknd vkSj ofj"B f'koewfrZ dks vius nkSj dk lcls
v#.k flag us lky Hkj dh esgur ls dgkuhdkj vf[kys'k us f'koewfrZ dh yksdfç; dFkkdkj dgkA dFkkdkj
f'koewfrZ ds O;fDrRo vkSj d`frRo ij jpuk'khyrk vkSj ljksdkjksa dks bfrgkl latho us vius vè;{kh; oDrO; esa
,d HkO; fo'ks"kkad fudkyk vkSj bldk ds vkbZus esa fo'ysf"kr djrs gq, dgk dgk fd f'koewfrZ dh lkjh dgkfu;ka
mruk gh HkO; yksdkiZ.k y[kuÅ ds fd f'koewfrZ ds ys[ku esa mudk le; miU;kl dk ?kuhHkwr :i gSa ysfdu
;'kiky lHkkxkj esa gqvkA cksyrk gSA miU;kldj vkSj dFkkØe esgur ls Hkkxus ds dkj.k bUgksaus bUgsa
ofj"B dFkkdkj vCnqy fcfLeYykg us ds laiknd 'kSysUæ lkxj us f'koewfrZ iwjk miU;kl ugha cuk;kA
f'koewfrZ dh dgkfu;ksa ds ;FkkFkZ vkSj dh dgkuh ^lhjh miek tksx* dks dk;ZØe dk lapkyu fdj.k flag us
muls Vdjkrh gqbZ fL=k;ksa dh ppkZ djrs loZJs"B vkSj fo'oLrjh; dgkuh fd;kA
gq, mUgsa ^yM+kdqvksa dk fyD[kkM+* crk;kA dFkkdkj enu eksgu us &xksiky d`".k pØorhZ] y[kuÅ

vkbZuk nj vkbZuk dk yksdkiZ.k
dfo&xt+ydkj Mh ,e feJ ds xty yksdkiZ.k ds ckn xkf;dk Jherh latho] gfjvkse] f'koewfrZ vkSj lqHkk"k
laxzg vkbZuk nj vkbZuk dk yksdkiZ.k ekyfodk gfjvkse us viuh e/qj jk; vkfn us Hkkx fy;kA dk;ZØe dk
dSljckx y[kuÅ ds t;'kadj çlkn vkokt esa bl laxzg ls nks xtysa lapkyu dkS'ky fd'kksj us fd;kA bl
gkWy esa laiUu gqvkA dFkkdkj latho lqukdj leka cka/ fn;kA blds ckn volj ij uxj ds vusd Louke/U;
dh vè;{krk esa laiUu gq, bl dk;ZØe ifjppkZ 'kq: gqbZ ftlesa 'kk;j lkfgR;dkj ekStwn FksA
esa fof'k"V vfrfFk dey u;u ikaMs FksA vkseçdk'k unhe] dey u;u ikaMs] &dkS'ky fd'kksj] y[kuÅ
100 xk¡o ds yksx vDVwcj&uoEcj] 2016